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be presumed not to have under- ter, being a gentleman, to kisse the Pope's stood.*
foote, I feare what part they will make me The following extracts are taken kisse, being but his serving man. from the first edition.
A Scholler on Horse-back. (23.) Of a Country Man and a Constable. (1.)
A scholler, an vnskilful rider, being to A simple country-man hauing terme bu« passe through a riuer, offred to water his sines in London, and being somewhat late horse before hee rid him in so deepe as to abroad in the night, was staid by a consta
the foote-locke, his friend that was with ble, and somewhat hashly entreated. The him, fearing he would founder him, cald poore man obseruing how imperiously he vpon him to ride in deeper, the other not commanded him, demanded of him what well vnderstanding his meaning, sayd to hee was ? to whom he replyed, “ I am the his friend ; “First stay till he hath drunke constable, and this is my watch.” “ And off all this, and then I will ride him in I pray you, sir, for whom watch you ?” farther, where hee may haue his belly saith the man.
“Marry (answered the full.” constable), I watch for the king.” “For One that eate of a Beare. (31.) the king ?” replyes he againe simply, A woman hauing eaten of the right side " then I beseech you, sir, that I may passe of a beare, which some say makes good quietly and peaceably by you to my venison, tooke a conceit, that she had an lodging, for I can bring you a certificate exceeding great rumbling and rowling in from some of my neighbours who are now her belly, and for remedy sends to aske in towne, that I am no such man.
advise of the doctour, who perswaded her A Young Heire. (14.)
to knock a mastiffe dog in the head, and A young heire not yet come to age, but
eat so much of him, and so no doubt but desirous to bee suited with other gallants, the flesh of him would worry the beare in and to bee furnisht with money and com
her belly. modities to the purpose, the creditor de A young Master of Arts. (44.) manded his bond; hee granted it condition A young master of art the very next ally, that his father should not know of it, day after the commencement, hauing his therefore wisht it to bee done very priuatelycourse to common place in the chappell, Vpon this promise all things were conclud. where were diuers that the day before had ed, and the time came when he should took their degree, tooke his text out of the seale it. But when hee beganne to read in eighth chapter of lob, the words were the beginning of the bond nouerint vni. these ; “ We are but of yesterday, and nersi-Bee it knowne unto all men—he know nothing." This text (saith he) doth cast away the bond, and absolutely refused fitly diuide it selfe into two branches, our to seale it, saying, “ if it be knowne vnto standing, and our understanding ; all men, how can it possibly bee, but it standing in these words, wee are but of must come to my father's eare?”
yesterday, our vnderstanding, we know One trauelling to Rome. (22.)
nothing. A gentleman of England trauelling with
Two Schollers. (47.) his man to Rome, desirous to see all fa Two schollers of one colledge in the vnishions, but especially such rarities as were uersitie, the one called Paine, the other there to be seene, was, by the mediation of Culpepper, were both in fault, but Paine some friends there resident, admitted into in the lesse, the other in the greater : but the Pope's presence; to whom his holinesse when the fault came to be censured, the offered his foote to kisse, which the gentle. fault was not lesse then expelling the colman did with great submission and reue- ledge: but Culpepper, thegreater delinquent,
This his man seeing, and not be- yet finding more friends, had his sentence fore acquanted with the like ceremony, tooke off, and liberty to remaine still in presently makes what speed he can to get the house, but the other suffered for exout of the presence; which some of the ample. A master of art of another house wayters espying, and suspecting his hast, comming to visit a friend of his that was stayd him, and demanded the cause of his of the colledge where this was done, so suddaine speed; but the more they im. amõgst other discourse, askt what became portune him, the more he prest to be gone: of the businesse betweene the two schollers, but being further vrged, he made this short hee told him in briefe, how Paine that was answer—truely, saith he, this is the cause in the least fault was punisht, and Culof my feare, that if they compell my mas- pepper in the greater pardoned ; who in.
* This edition ascribed to Archee has a different title from the preceding. “A Banqvet of Jests, or a Collection of Court, Camp, Colledge, Citie, Country Jests. In two books.” It is also printed for Royston, as is the sixth, which professes to be “ much enlarged for the delight of the reader.” Mr. Granger mentions another so late as 1660, with Armstrong's portrait prefixed. Never having seen it, we are unable to say whether the Jester has a better title to this than to the preceding.
stantly replyed, Nay, then I thinke Ovid answere, if all men would make that vse did prophecie of this when hee said, of it that I doe, it would seeme as parPæna perire potest, culpa perennis erit.* donable, as I shal make it appeare exWishers and Woulders. (80).
cusable in me. For my own part, I neuer One desiring a scholler to turne the old see an ace, but I apprehend that vnity ancient English prouerbe into Latine, which ought to bee betwixt man and wife. Wishers and woulders
If a duce, the loue which should bee beWere neuer good househoulders : twixt neighbours. If a tra, if two of my That I will presently, saith the scholler, parishioners bee at ods, how needfull á
thing it is for a third person to reconcile Oh si ! oh si!
them, and make them friends, and so of Otiosi.
the rest. Nor doe I looke vpon a king, A Welch Reader. (116.)
but presently I apprehend the alleageance A Welchman reading the chapter of the due to my prince and soueraigne. Nor on genealogie, where Abraham begat Isaac,
a queene, but I remember her sacred maand Isaac begat Jacob, ere he came to the iesty, and the reuerence belonging to her midst hee found the names so difficult, that
estate. Nor doe I cast mine eye vpon a he broke off in these words—, and so they knaue but he puts me in mindé either of begat one another till they came to the end you, master iustice, or you, master offiof the chapter.”
ciall, or of some other of my good friends.
The iustice and officiall were answerd, and Of Card Playing. (150.)
the plaine honest parson, for his iest sake, A parson in the country liveing amog both applauded and excused. his parishioners' and neighbors wel, would sometimes, at his retired hours for his In the 259th jest, mention is made recreatio, play at cards amongst them, for of Stratford-upon-Avon, and it is no which he was much enuied of a puritane slight testimony of the esteem in iustice, and the official of the diocese. which Shakspeare was held by his These meeting on a market day amongst contemporaries, and the age immethe chiefe men of the countrey where the diately succeeding them, to find it parson was there present, his two aduer- recorded in our little book of pleasant saries began in the ordinary openly to re taunts and merry tales, as
a town proue him at the table for prophane card most remarkable for the birth of famu's playing, not fitting his calling. Who hearing them with some impatience, and
William Shakespeare.” Much has been the rest attending how he could acquit
written on the proper mode of himselfe, he thus began : Right worship spelling the poet's name, and it may full and the rest of my friends, I am here be allowable to remark, that in the charged by master iustice and master offi- edition of 1640 this is corrected, or ciall to be a common card-player, to which I altered to Shakspeere.
Epist. ex Ponto, lib, i. ep. 1. lin. 64. The true reading however is
Pæna potest demi, culpa perennis eritwhich would be equally applicable.
“ Heu quanto minus est, cum reliquis versari
Under innumerous lamps-
Like aged misers that all day
And here the wise man stops ;
Each doth his way unravel
Within, and not without;
And the good man in black.
How many hearts are shook !
Charms he no more night's ear?
Thy garden dinners at ten!
Lilliput chickens boilà ;
And salads scarcely soild.
Loud rockets rush on high,
Lights, like the smiles of hope ;
The row, and riot call !
Ned WARD, Jun.
GOETHE. (Review of Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship, continued.) To be an eidoloclast is not a plea- “ Life,” through the analysis of an sant office, because an invidious one. accomplished German Scholar of Whenever that can be effected there. Norwich-and the “ Faust,” through fore, it is prudent to decline the various channels, have left such an odium of such an office upon the idol impression of Mr. Goethe's state of himself. Let the object of the false feeling and his talents in this country, worship always, if possible, be made as leaves us happily no body of parhis own eidoloclast.
As respects tial prejudices to contend with. "We Wilhelm Meister, this is possible: need not waste time in deprecating and so far, therefore, as Goethe's unreasonable prepossesions: for, expretensions are founded on that novel, cept amongst his clannish coterie of Goethe shall be his own eidoloclast. partizans in London (collectively not For our own parts we shall do no enough to fill the boudoir of a bluemore than suggest a few principles stocking), there are no such prepossesof judgment, and recall the hasty sions. Some indeed of that coterie reader to his own more honourable have on occasion of our former arthoughts, for the purpose of giving ticle pushed their partizanship to the an occasional impulse and direction extent of forgetting the language of to his feelings on the passages we gentlemen. This at least has been shall quote-which passages, the reported to us. We are sorry for very passages of Goethe, will be them; not angry on our own their own sufficient review and Mr. count, nor much surprised. They Goethe's best exposure. Something are to a certain degree excusably indeed is already known of him in irritable, from the consciousness of this country. Wilhelm Meister will being unsupported and unsteadied by but confirm an impression already general sympathy.
Sectarians are made. “ The Sorrows of Werther,” by allowably ferocious. However we itself—" Stella,” through the Anti- shall reply only by recalling a little jacobin Review of former days,-the anecdote of Jolin Henderson,* in the
The two authorities for all authentic information about J. Henderson are, l. The Funeral Sermon of Mr. Aguttar; 2. A Memoir of him by Mr. Cottle of Bristol, inserted in Mr. Cottle's Poems. We know not whether we learned the anecdote from these sources, or in conversation with Mr. Cottle many years ago.
spirit of which we mean to act. to the great indignation of the Mayor Upon one occasion, when he was -and infinite fun of the goodnatured disputing at a dinner party, his op- aldermen. So also, when the transponent being pressed by some argu- lator tells us that it is to be feared ment too strong for his logic or his that many will condemn Wilhelm temper, replied by throwing a glass Meister in spite of Schegel's vociferaof wine in his face : upon which Hen- tion, we reply, “ You're in the right derson, with the dignity of a scholar on't, sir:"they will do so; and who felt too justly how much this Schlegel is not the man, neither hoyish petulance had disgraced his an- William nor Frederick, to frighten tagonist to be in any danger of imitat- them from doing so. We have exing it, coolly wiped his face, and said tracted this passage however for the
“ This, sir, is a digression: now, sake of pointing the reader's eye to one if you please, for the argument.” word in it: “ many will judge it by
And now, if you please, for our the common rule." What rule ? we argument. What shall that be? ask. The translator well knows that How shall we conduct it? As far there is no rule: no rule which can as is possible, the translator of Wil- stand in the way of fair and imparhelm Meister would deny us the be- tial criticism; and that he is conjurnefit of any argument: for thus ing up a bugbear which has no explaintively he seeks to forestal us istence. In the single cases of (Pref. xii.)—“Every man's judgment epic and dramatic poetry (but in these is, in this free country, a lamp to only as regards the mechanism of the himself:” (Free country! why we fable) certain rules have undoubtedhope there is no despotism so abso- ly obtained an authority which may lute, no not in Turkey, nor Algiers, prejudice the cause of a writer; where a man may not publish his not so much however by corrupting opinion of Wilhelm Meister !) “ and sound criticism, as by occupying its many, it is to be feared, will insist on place. But with regard to a novel, judging Meister by the common rule; there is no rule which has obtained and, what is worse, condemning it, any “prescription" (to speak the let Schlegel bawl as loudly as he language of civil law) but the golden pleases." This puts us in mind of a rule of good sense and just feeling ; diverting story in the memoirs of an and the translator well knows that old Cavalier, published about a year in such a case if a man were disposed and a half since by Sir Walter Scott: to shelter his own want of argument at the close of the war he was under- under the authority of some going some examination (about pass mon rule,” he can find no such ports, as we recollect) by the Mayor rule to plead. How do men geneof Hull: upon which occasion the rally criticise a novel? Just as they mayor, who was a fierce fanatic, said examine the acts and conduct, moral to him some such words as these : or prudential, of their neighbours. “ Now, Captain, you know that God And how is that? Is it by quoting has judged between you and us: and the Nichomachean Ethics of Aristohas given us the victory-praise be tle? Do they proceed as the French unto his name and yet you see
Consul did when the Dey of Tunis how kindly the Parliament treats informed him that he meant to cut you. But, if the victory had gone off his head! Upon which the other way, and you of the malignant party had stood in our shoes, The Consul quoted Wicķefort -I suppose now, Captain, you
And Puffendorf and Grotius ; would have evil entreated us; would
And proved from Vattel have put all manner of affronts upon
Such a deed would be quite atrocious. us; kicked us peradventure, pulled our noses, called us sons of w
No: they never trouble Puffen“ You're in the right on't, sir,”: dorf and Grotius; but try the case was the reply of the bluff captain, “ proprio marte," appealing only to
• One objection only we have heard to our last article from any person not a partizan of Goethe: being plausible, and coming from a man of talents, we reply to it. “ Surely," says he, “it cannot be any fault of Goethe's that he is old.” Certainly not: no fault at all, but a circumstance of monstrous aggravation connected with one particular fault of Wilhelm Meister, &c.