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FRANCE.

SKETCH OF FOREIGN LITERATURE.

when he is informed that the temple The Drama.-Eudore and Cymo- of Vesta is burt. Hierocles has set docée, a tragedy, the subject of which it on fire, but the Christians are acis taken from the Martyrs of M. de cused of the crime, and their fate Chateaubriand, has been performed is irrevocably sealed. Cymodocée with entire success at the Theatre comes to die with them; every effort Français. The subject is briefly as to dissuade her is in vain; she refollows:- The Emperor Diocletian ceives the nuptial benediction, and, has given to Eudore, a Greek warrior with her husband and her new breand a hostage to the Romans, the thren, hastens to gather the palm of command of the legions ordered to martyrdom. The beauties of this repel the Gauls. He returns to remarkable production completely Rome victorious, to enjoy the honours cover the defects; among which may of a triumph. Hierocles, the Empe- be reckoned the nullity of the charor's favourite, who governs during racter of Diocletian, the insufficiency his absence, is the secret enemy and of that of Cymodocée, whose conrival of Eudore, and has caused his version is too sudden, and some want mistress Cymodocée, a virgin devoted of perspicuity in the details. Though to the worship of Homer, to be see dramatic poets are allowed to take cretly carried off from the isle of Sa- great liberties with the truth of hismos. Eudore being informed by Cy- tory, the author has surely carried modocée herself of this act of perfidy, this licence too far in the following takes her under his own protection, lines, addressed by Eudore to Dioand Diocletian arriving, decrees that cletian. she shall remain under his care. The Vous ne souillerez pas du sang de vos suyoung virgin sighs for the moment

jets, when she shall be united to her lover Votre gloire échappée aux embûches du at the altars of her Gods, when Eu

trône, dore confesses to her that he has Et ce manteau du sage illustré dans Salone. abandoned that false worship and If this last line means any thing, embraced the Christian religion. it directly alludes to the abdication Using with his mistress the powers and retreat of Diocletian; yet he is of reason and affection, he persuades here on the throne, and must have her also to renounce her false divi- quitted Salone, to resume the impenities, to receive the nuptial bene- rial dignity, which it is notorious he diction at the altars of the Christians, never did. It is not a little singular who had hitherto been tolerated at that this tragedy should be the proRome. Meantime Hierocles is the duction of a man hitherto unknown most inveterate enemy of the Chris- in the literary world, and considertians, and so far succeeds in preju- ably past the meridian of life. His dicing the Emperor against them that name is Garry, lately at the head of he is ready to order their destruction : the college of Carassone, of which he deliberates, however, and permits office he has been deprived after Eudore to defend them. Without having filled it with honour for thirty owning that he is one of their bre- years. thren, he pleads their cause with The Oxford Student, a comedy ardour and success, and Diocletian in three acts, performed at the Odecommands that the oracle shall be on, has been very well received. consulted ; but the oracle pronounces It is by M. Wafflard, the author of against them, and the Christians are several agreeable and successful pea condemned. Eudore then declares tites pièces, who died in the flower himself a Christian ; his soldiers de- of his age.- Arthur de Bretagne, a sire to save him, and even offer to tragedy in five acts, by a M. Chauvet, place him on the throne. He rejects has been brought out with success their offers, persuades them to re- at the Odeon. The subject is from turn to their duty, and prepares to the history of John, King of Engdie with his brethren. Yet the Em- land, and his nephew Arthur. The peror is still inclined to show mercy, French critics say, that though it is and to revoke the barbarous order, impossible to deny that the piece

succeeded, it would not be easy to publications on Buonaparte, whence assign the reason of this success. it is inferred that the author, an old -A new comedy in five acts, and in man of 77, has had some assistance in verse, called Le Mari à bonnes For- the composition of his work. The tunes, is in rehearsal at the first book is quite republican, says a royalFrench theatre.-The Alcade de la ist critic, yet the effect is not bad; Vega, a comic opera in three acts, because, if the author defends the is borrowed from a celebrated piece directorial government of the French of Calderon's, The Alcade de Za- republic, one and indivisible ; on the lamea.

other hand, he victoriously combats Poetry.—The only publication de- the usurpation of Buonaparte, his serving of particular notice is a new pretended election to the imperial Messenienne on Lord Byron, by M. throne, his violent and tyrannical goCasimir Delavigne.

vernment, his council of state, and History, Memoirs, and Biography. his servile tribunals. He does not -The study of history, as we lately declaim, but he proves; and his observed, has become quite the order proofs are the more persuasive, as of the day in France; and, besides he at the same time does justice to the extensive works of which we the genius and military talents of have spoken at length, numerous him whom he assails: and notwithminiature histories, in one or two standing the expression of his repubvolumes, are published; among the lican sentiments, he not only refrains latest that we have noticed are those from any seditious insinuation, but of Germany, of the United States of shows himself moderate, and even North America, and of Poland.-A favourable to the government of the history of the Campaign in Spain, king:—What we said last month of 1823, by Messrs. Hugo and Couché, the Memoirs announced as those of is intended as a continuation of the Condorcet on the Revolution, is conTrophies of the French Armies, infirmed by a letter published in the six volumes. This work will make French Journals, written by the fatwo volumes 8vo. to be published in mous Arthur O'Connor, son-in-law eight numbers; only two have yet of Condorcet, who declares that he appeared. — The first livraison of has examined the letters and manuPolitical Memoirs, towards the His- scripts from which these pretended tory of France under the Empire, Memoirs are stated to be taken. They contains vols. 1 and 2 of Memoirs re- consist, he says, of 29 notes and lative to the Campaign of 1809, by letters to Mr. and Mrs. Suard, which General Pelet.-M. C. Lacretelle has all together would not make above just given to the public two more 34. pages of the printed book. The volumes of his History of France, in- editor ascribes to Condorcet 167 cluding the Legislative Assembly, pages : of these, 45 pages are taken and the first two years of the Con- from the journals or printed works, vention. This division of M. La- so that, adding the 34 pages taken cretelle's labours will extend to the from the notes, there remain 88 pages, establishment of the Empire ; and it for which no authority, either printed is connected with the history of the or manuscript, is given. The verses eighteenth century, before published, ascribed to Condorcet are not in the

as to complete the picture of manuscript. Thus, on the foundathis memorable period, commenc tion of 29 notes, forming scarcely 34 ing, with the regency, and termi- pages, two volumes of 729 pages nating with the most terrible con have been constructed. Even were vulsion that has shaken the founda- these two volumes extracted from the tions of society in modern times.- letters, the title of Memoirs would Two volumes have just issued from still be deception. the press, under the title of Memoirs Fine Arts. The celebrated Voyage of Louis Jerome Gohier, president Pittoresque in Greece, by M. de of the Directory on the 18 of Brn- Choiseul-Gouffier, is at length commaire. This work is said to contain pleted in 3 vols. folio, by the publinew facts, though in no great number, cation of the 4th part. The price of and to be well written. These me- the whole is now 480 francs. "of the moirs continually refute the Memo- second edition of the Description of rial of Las Casas, and other late Egypt, Numbers 139 to 146 are pub

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lished together in one portfolio; an- modern French philosophy, and is other volume of the text is published most highly extolled by the French at the same time. This second edi- journals which advocate the same tion will undoubtedly be finished in cause, such as the Etoile, and the the time fixed, the Minister of the Quotidienne. We have seen the Interior having given the most posi- German edition, and have admired tive orders to complete the first or many eloquent passages; and we splendid edition, which is to be en- here notice its appearance in French, tirely published by the 1st of January, without giving any opinion of the 1825.-A translation of the whole of correctness of the author's system, Lanzi's History of Painting in Italy but recommending the perusal to is announced; it will be in 5 vols. those who are competent judges in 8vo. of which two are published. such matters. A History of the Con

Novels.—The Orphan Girl, or Be- spiracy of General Mallet was anneficence and Gratitude, 4 vols. 12.no. nounced for publication about the by the Countess of Flesselle. The middle of August; but we have not 4th volume contains, Christian, a heard of its actual appearance. Vendean Tale. These two produc- Some suspicions, we understand, were tions are spoken of in high terms.- entertained that a deception on the The Hermits at Liberty, by Messrs. public was intended. Jouy and Jay, 2 vols. in 8vo.; only Theology.-M. Bonstetten has pubone is published, the second is pro- lished an interesting work on the mised for the 1st of September.

Nature of the Proofs of the Existence Natural History. — The 95th live of God. M. Bonstetten, by birth a raison of the Encyclopedie Metho- patrician of Berne, and formerly a dique, consists of vol. xi. part 1. of magistrate, is at present an adopted Medicine, vol. ix. part 2. of Natural citizen of Geneva; he was the pupil History (Insects), vol. ii. part 1. and friend of Bonnet, the confidant of Vermes, containing the Zoophytes. and early companion of the illustrious The 5th volume of the Classical Dic- Müller, connected with all the celetionary of Natural History, by Messrs. brated men of the last half century, Bory de St. Vincent, de Candolle, and every way worthy to have his St. Hilaire, and other eminent natu own name inscribed in that bonourralists, is published. The editors able list.--The Holy Bible, translated have promised many facts, and few from the original texts, with the words, and they have kept their pro- Vulgate, by Eugene de Genoude, mise ; with at least a third part con- is now completed in 23 volumes, sisting of articles not contained in 850.—The first volume of M. B. preceding works of the kind, these Constant's work, On Religion, con5 volumes include vol. x. to vol. xv. sidered in its Source, its Forms, of the preceding dictionary.

and its Developements, has at Politics.-Under this head we men- length appeared; the remainder of tion, in a few words, the Independ- the work, it is stated, will be pubence of the Colonies, considered rela- lished without delay. It would not tively to the Interest and the Policy be candid to judge of such a work by of Europe, by Lieut.-Colonel de this first volume, which is, in truth, G***; the author is convinced that but a long preamble, in which each the subjection of St. Domingo would chapter is a distinct preface, the obbe attended with little difficulty. A ject of which is to remove the difficulpamphlet under the title of Reflec- ties of an arduous subject, to smooth tions on the Reduction of Interest, the way, to prepare the minds of the and the state of Credit, by Jacques readers, to gain over different opiLafitte, excites great interest at this nions by giving some satisfaction to moment, both from the importance of the most opposite. Hence the author the subject and the name of the au- often modifies his own idea, and has thor.- Mr. Haller, whose name has always some qualifying phrase which become celebrated by his abandoning may serve before hand as an answer the Protestant religion to embrace to future objections. A writer who the

Catholic faith, has now published is of the same party with the author, in French his work called the Resto- and is fully disposed to do him jusration of Political Science, vol. i. tice, complains that he is cold, and This work, is directed against the logical, instead of being eloquent ;

GERMANY.

addressing the reason, and leaving Systems of the Science of Life, by the heart unmoved. We must wait M. Droz. (he says) for the completion of the work, to see whether the historian We have very little to report this will become more animated, in pro- month, and of the few works that we portion as the interest of his narra- shall have to name, we shall not be. tive grows more lively; whether his able to say much of our own knowstyle will not at the end have as ledge.—Seven Years, a Contribution much warmth and elevation, as the towards the Secret History of a Northbeginning has good taste and per- ern Kingdom, edited by L. Kruse, spicuity.

4 vols. We have seen some excellent Miscellaneous.-Madame de Genlis tales by this author, and have no has written a large volume, On the doubt that a work in which he is conEmployment of T'ime, which how- cerned must be interesting.--The ever treats almost of every thing Maid of Ithaca, or Ulysses' Crown, except the employment of time. Of 2 vols. by Dr. C. Müller. A journey the twenty-six chapters composing made by the author in the Ionian it, nine of them are upon testaments, Islands, a long residence in Italy and duty, vice and virtue, false glory, Sicily, and chiefly the discovery of an prejudices, literary glory, sensi ancient Greek gold crown in some bility and egotism: eight other ruins in Ithaca, asserted to belong to chapters are employed on modern the palace of Ulysses, have led him civilization; they are a long tirade to write this novel, in which he has against the present age, against mo- interwoven the interesting results of dern inventions and modern philoso- his travels.--An anonymous author phers. Whether in thus waging a having had considerable success in a bellum ad internecionem against Dide- literary hoax on the public, and on rot, Rousseau, Voltaire, &c. Madame Goethe, by publishing a continuation de Genlis is making good use of time, of that author's celebrated work, Wilis a question that may be properly helm Meister's Apprenticeship, before asked. The reader, of course, needs the author had published the genuine not be told that in a work of Madame continuation, which had long been de Genlis there are parts that give advertised, by the title of W. Meister's evidence of superior talent, and Wanderjahre, has now. thought fit to prove that the style of Madame de produce the first volume of the third Genlis has not lost any thing of its division of the hero's adventures, unelegance or its correctness. Such is der the title of W. Meister's Meisterthe chapter on Old Age, which she jahre. This is a poor production, ingeniously compares « to the end of much inferior to the false Wandera great harvest in threatening wea- jahre, of which, however, the third ther, when we hasten to bring under volumes was by no means equal to cover all that we have gathered; the first two.-The Seefahrer (Maevery moment is precious; we are riners), a novel, in three volumes, is unwilling to lose a single one.” spoken of in very high terms.- A The Norman Knights in Italy and Dictionary of Painters, without the Sicily, and General Reflections on author's name, in one vol. has conthe History of Chivalry, particularly siderable merit, but unfortunately that of Chivalry in France, by Ma numerous errors and omissions.-An dame V. de C. * * * * is highly Encyclopedia of Sciences, Arts, and spoken of by the only journal in Professions, publishing at Altenburg, which we have observed any mention deserves mention. Two volumes of it. An Essay on the Education of have appeared, and the remainder Women, by the late Countess of Re- will be given to the public with as musat, published by her son, is a little delay as is consistent with the very interesting work, and does great nature of the work: it is remarkable honour to the heart and the under- for the great number of articles, and standing of the author. The French for the concise yet perspicuous manner academy has adjudged the prize in which they are treated.

It is of 6000 francs for the work most almost needless to say, that nearly useful to morals, published in the every book of any note published in course of the year, to the Essay on France or England is immediately Moral Philosophy, or the different translated into German.

RUSBIA.

great enthusiasm, and who has since Commodore Krusenstern has just written numerous elegant and highly published the first half of the Atlas admirerd poems, has completed a new of the Southern Oceani. This part of one, under the title of the Fountain the atlas consiste of one general and of Baktschisserai, for which M. Po nineteen special charts, accompanied namarew, a bookseller at Moscow, with a quarto volume of 400 pages has just given 3000 rubles; which, as explanatory tezt. The second part, there are only 600 lines, is five rubles containing the northern half of the per line--a thing never before heard of Pacific Oem, will not be ready in in Russia.-The 10th and 11th voless than two years. This work, in lumes of Karamsin's History of the the Russian language, is published Russian Empire are published. at the ezpense of the Emperor, who

DE XWARK. has ordered M. Krusenstem to pre The celebrated Professor Oersted pare an edition in French, which is is preparing a Chemical Nomencla. nearly ready, and will appear in the ture. Professor Rasmussen has puberine of the summer-A young lished the first volume of a Danish poet, of the name of Puschkin, whose translation of the Arabian Nights, first production, written when he was from an Arabic edition published at only thirteen years of age, was re Calcutta. ceived with great and perhaps too

VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

We are truly grieved at being prepared with the best spirit for a obliged to place in the very front vigorous resistance. The sacrament of our foreign intelligence for this was universally administered, and month an event, which we are sure they resolved to die in arms.

The every lover of freedom, literature, plan suggested was to attack the and religion, will deplore, namely, a Turkish tleet with fire ships, while considerable advantage obtained by the batteries on shore kept up a fire the Turks in the capture of the Gre- upon their navy. At five o'clock on cian island of Ipsara. The loss of the morning of the 4th of July the the island itself, though undoubtedly, Turkish squadron approached the considering the circumstances under harbour—the batteries were silent, which it took place, a heavy calamity, and the forts garrisoned by the is nevertheless of little effect com- Schypetars hoisted Turkish colours ! pared with the moral consequences The loyal Greeks hastened to the likely to ensue from it to the cause in spot, and found that the guns were general. The various sources whence spiked by those who were appointed this intelligence comes leaves but to defend them, and who now turned little doubt of its authenticity, and their arms against their employers. they all attribute it to a cause from The treason was but too manifest. which the Greeks have more to fear The Ipsariot sailors commenced a perhaps than any other,-internal terrible fire upon the larger Turkish trenchery. It seems the principal vessels which could not, for want of fort of Ipsara was garrisoned by a depth, approach the shore, and as species of force called Schype- many of the Christians as could, emtars, amounting to fifteen hundred. barked on board the Grecian ships Khoreh, the Capitan Pacha, who and escaped. Those who were not had been lying at anchor at Myti- able to embark escaped to the mounlene for two months, contrived to tains. About eight, the Osmanlis corrupt this mercenary garrison, of- effected a landing and the city was fering to each man, it is said, 1000 fired. The entire time after the dispiastres for the surrender of the bat- embarkation until the place was retories with the defence of which they duced to a mere desart, was employwere entrusted. The unfortunate ed in battle, massacres, and conflagraIpsariots, when informed that their tion. The extermination was comisland was to be the object of attack, plete, and it would appear that the

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