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During the early years of the Revo- day preceding the King's death, lution, he had, as is said, the ambi- Villele is reported to have said in his tion to become Regent, and he headed saloon, “ France is menaced with an opposition to Louis XVI. and a great misfortune; she is going to Marie Antoinette-he failed, and lose her king; but Monsieur is in fled to Coblentz, of which flight he the secret of state, and every thing is has left a bad literary but charac- so arranged that there will be no teristic account; he attempted to change or commotion.” No commoorganize the emigrants, but failed tion there certainly has been, and also; wandered about, occasionally that there may be no change we as a pensioner of Russia and Prussia, certainly give Monsieur Villele the full and an outcast of both; and then be credit for wishing; we never knew a came a guest of England, from which minister who did wish for any, but dependant situation he was rescued whether there will be any or not, by the madness of Napoleon and does not quite depend upon his ipse the winter of 1814. The most re- dixit. His opponents are hard at markable circumstance which occur- work, each in their vocations ; for red to him during his dethronement, instance, Decaze has burst into the and a remarkable one certainly it is, chamber of the late king, thrown is that at an obscure inn near Uloa, in himself upon the dead body, bathed Germany, his forehead repelled a it in tears (a good set-off against the horse pistol ball which was fired holy water) and been carried away against it from an opposite window! in the extreme of Parisian sensibi. There was not even a mark left upon lity! Chateaubriant has published a his legitimate os frontis. His chief pamphlet, lauding the late king as vanity, was an ambition of literature a paragon of creation, only surpassed and mistresses—that the Muses fair- by the man who was to succeed him, ly jilted him, his own publications and has done it so effectually that he are proof, and there certainly has was received with open arms at the been published nothing to prove any new court, warmly welcomed by the success in his less spiritual devotion : Duchess d'Angoulême, and Madame du Cayla was his last smiled on through his sorrow by the avowed favourite, she was an acqui- new made monarch. It requires sition subsequent to his restoration, more than even M. Villele's philosowhich, having been accomplished at phy to predict what all this will end the age of sixty, it is only fair to her in. Charles X. has been of course to say that in all probability her chief proclaimed, and has received several sin was its ostentation. Politically of the public functionaries and bothere is nothing to be said of Louis ; dies, to whom he has declared his his faults and his merits were adopted intention of following in the footsteps or rather dictated—the creation of of his predecessor;" he has also dethe Holy Alliance: he had neither clared his intention of presiding in the
power nor the inclination to rebel person twice a week in his council, against those who created him, and and therefore he will not make any therefore perhaps the sarcasm that subject president. Charles is in his “ he learned nothing and forgot no- sixty-seventh year; he is said to thing,", is more severe than just. be a devotée, which is not unlikely, Upon the whole, we sincerely hope recollecting as we do what he was in we may never see a worse King ei- his youth, and therefore the clergy ther in France or elsewhere. The anticipate good tidings ; but the Christian fortitude of his death is clergy should recollect two things: undoubtedly an example to all men. France is greatly changed, and princes Nothing has occurred in Paris since are apt to change greatly also when the death, except the ceremonies con- they become kings; it is not impossequent upon every royal demise in sible that the clergy and M. Villele France—the closing of the public may both find themselves mistaken places, the court mourning, the sprink- in their calculations. Paris is changeling of the corpse with holy water, able both in its silks and its statesmen. &c. &c. There has been as yet no Some of our readers may perhaps intimation anticipatory of any poli- wish to see how the succession in the tical change; indeed, there has been Bourbon family stands at present ; scarcely time for any. On the Sun- we give the male succession of course,
the Salique law in that country ex. ly issued a decree, declaring him a cluding females from the throne. traitor from the moment he might
Louis is succeeded by his brother Charles land in the Mexican territory, and Philippe Count d'Artois.
appointing General Bravo, dictator, Louis Antoine, Duc d'Angoulême, his to act in the emergency of the Re. són (Dauphin) born Aug. 6, 1775. public. On the 14th July, the Spring
Henry, Duc de Bourdeaux, (son of the arrived at Loto Marina, and Beneski Duc de Berri), born Sept. 29, 1820. landing, applied to General Garcia,
Louis Philippe, Duc d'Orleans, born the Commander in the province, New Oct. 6, 1773.
Santander, for passports for himself This last prince has five sons, the and another person, representing that eldest born in 1810, and the youngest they were come to the country on a in 1842. The ninth in succession is mining speculation, deputed by some the Duc de Bourbon, the father of eminent houses in Ireland, who had the unfortunate Duc d'Enghein, near. also commissioned them to make purly 70 years of age ; there is an anec- chases of land to a large extent. dote told of him which is worth re- Garcia granted Beneski a passport, lating. His proper title is Condè, but refused to grant the second until and when his father died, it of course he saw the person for whom it was devolved on him he had no children intended. Next day, the General left and refused to assume it. “No," was informed that Beneski, after resaid he, “ I am not worthy to be the turning to the ship, had again landed last of the Condè's.” It is a pity with two other persons and proceedthat such a family should cease. ed to the interior. A party was imGrand arrangements are spoken of in mediately dispatched after them, and Paris with respect to the funeral of they were overtaken a few leagues the late King and the coronation of from the place where they landed ; the new one-the sooner the one fol Iturbide was of course instantly dislows the other the better ; a sudden covered by General Garcia, who had, transition from grief to joy will not it seems, been one of his old military much embarrass the Grand Nation. comrades. The decree of the 28th
We shortly noticed in our first sen of April, authorizing his execution as tence the failure of Iturbide, and the a traitor the moment he landed on consequent death of that adventurer. the Mexican territory was read to There never perhaps was so sense- him, but Garcia not choosing to act Jess or hopeless an expedition. Our strictly up to its letter, dispatched readers are aware, that early in May him to abide the decision of the Con last, Iturbide sailed from this country gress of the State, Taumalipa. The in the English brig, Spring, in com- Congress instantly ordered him to be pany with his wife and two children, shot, and their order was accordingand a foreigner of the name of Be- ly carried into force on the very neski. He had been exiled from evening of his arrival at Padilla. Mexico, by the Congress, after his Thus has terminated this extraabdication, and allowed a large pen- vagant and Quixotic adventure. sion on condition of his residing with So far as it has been disclosed, Iturhis family in Italy: after a short time bide seems to have acted in the most he left Italy and came to England, senseless way possible. There does upon information of which event the not appear to have been any previous congress stopped his pension. His plan, or the slightest notice of his excuse for leaving Italy was, that the intention given to any of his partiCounter-revolution in Spain render sans in Mexico, so that his landing, ed his residence there unsafe ; it discovery, and death, were without seems, however, that after his arrival commotion, and almost simultaneous. here, he wrote to Congress detailing The same post apprised his friends of the circumstances of his departure, his arrival and death. A document describing the accounts which he had has been since published in a London received of the distracted state of paper, purporting to be a proclamaMexico, and offering his services tion issued by him upon his landing ; there as a mere soldier and citizen to it does not appear, however, that he restore the peace of the country. The himself ever put forth this paper, so Congress no sooner received this that in all probability it is but the communication than they immediate copy of an original, which circum
stances did not allow of his distribut- sons in authority did their duty ing abroad according to hisintentions. promptly, and the intelligence was He lost little by its suppression ; it transmitted throughout the state with is a jejune, meagre, ill-conceived pro- a rapidity which proves that the duction, which could not have im- roads are not so infested with banposed on the credulity of a less in- ditti, as to impede for a moment the telligent people than those it was means of communication. Indeed, composed to deceive. In this pro- the chief of these bands, Gomez, who clamation, published here without commanded 300 men, and who was a date, he pretends that he comes as considered a partisan of Iturbide's, a mere citizen and soldier, with no had proposed the terms of surrender. views of personal aggrandisement, There can be no doubt that this event but merely to serve his country by will give additional stability to the giving her the benefit of the informa- Government, and therefore must tion he had acquired in Europe, and prove satisfactory to the friends of counteracting the combined plans of freedom. Bolivar is still in Peru, and French and Spanish policy. It is report assigns to him the recapture quite unnecessary to comment on of Lima and Callao; this intelligence such a production---independent of rests merely on report, and reports the personal character of Iturbide, in which the Stock Exchange is 80 who proved himself, when in power, manifestly interested should be reto be neither more nor less than a mere ceived with caution: we shall be military despot; it is a fact, that his most happy next month to be enadeparture from England was publicly bled to publish their confirmation. spoken of in M. Villele's coteries at Having just detailed the fate of Paris as being in contemplation a one ambitious enemy to the cause of month before it happened ; so that freedom, we turn with pleasure to he seems to have kept up a pretty the contrast which the arrival of the good understanding, at least with friend of freedom in the same hemione of the parties whose policy he sphere produces. We might fill an would persuade the Mexicans he entire number with the compliments landed to counteract. His death can paid to General La Fayette on his be considered in no other light than landing in America. The whole poas a national blessing to Mexico; for, pulation received him with open while he lived, his name would have arms; and his progress through the been a rallying word to the ambitious country has been one continued triand disaffected. As it is, the catas- umph. The account of his meeting, trophe seems highly popular with the with the few surviving soldiers of country at large; public rejoicings the revolutionary war is peculiarly every where took place, and the city affecting. La Fayette seems to be of Mexico was illuminated on re- considered in fact as the guest of the ceipt of the intelligence. The na whole nation—a nation of which he tional exultation at the loss of a sig- may be said to be one of the parents. nal enemy has had in it nothing of What, and how enviable, now must inhumanity; on the contrary, the be his sensations! A few years since very first deliberation of the Congress he found her a petty province, strugafter Iturbide's death was the settle- gling fearlessly, but almost hopelessment of a provision on his family, ly, against oppression-he now reand with a liberality which does visits her, free and flourishing, a them infinite honour an annual pena mighty nation, likely to retrieve and sion of 8000 dollars was settled upon transmit all that is valuable amongst his widow. “ He was ambitious, men! How much better and nobler and they slew him,” but their subse- would it be to have died attempting quent conduct shows that the ambi- this, than to have lived and achieved tion to overthrow such a government the enterprise of Iturbide! As their was mere selfishness, and deserved objects have been different, so hapits fate. Some circumstances conse- pily has been their success. quent upon this event disprove many We copy from one of the late French previous accounts which we have re- papers the following piece of refreshing ceived as to the state of the interior of information. « On Thursday the 9th the country. Even in the most remote inst. at eleven o'clock, conformably to district from the metropolis, the per- orders transmitted to the Ambassador
of Great Britain, a funeral service medals and orders to the French solwill be solemnized in the parish diery. Another Constitutional expechurch of St. Germain-en-Laye by dition landed on the Spanish coast, the Bishop of Cybistra, coadjutor of higher up the Mediterranean, and proEdinburgh, on the occasion of the ceeding in the direction of Malaga translation of some mortal remains of will probably furnish him
with an opJames II.? The subjects of his portunity for a fresh distribution. It Britannic Majesty are invited to at- is quite clear from all this, that the tend." When we saw this, we con- French must either keep perpetual ceived it a piece of Parisian plea- possession of the country, or that santry, and only wondered how such where they go, it would
be very pru. a badinage upon legitimacy escaped dent for the beloved Ferdinand to the censorship. The feeling, how- take a trip along with them. As it ever was very different, when we is, he seems afraid even to trust his found by next day's post that the own Spanish troops about his person, disinterment had actually taken place, having engaged for his own especial that a grand procession of priests service, a troop of Saxon body guards. had performed a solemn mummery on The principal part of the Spaniards the occasion, and that the rotten engaged under Valdes in the affair of bones of this old bigot had been al- Tarita escaped to Tangier after its most all but canonized. One part of re-capture by the French. it, however, we must still take the We are glad, in our present numliberty of doubting, and that is, that ber, to be enabled to afford to the any portion of this impiety was com friends of Greece some consolation mitted by any order from our So- for the dismal intelligence which we vereign. It does appear to us to be were reluctantly compelled to convey an impudent libel. The living car to them in our last. Ipsara, whose case of this crowned enemy capture by the Turks under such ejected from the throne and the king- complicated circumstances of treadom, and we cannot see how the chery and cruelty we were obliged to worms can have qualified its moule announce, has been retaken, and with dering remnant for any posthumous a terrible re-action. Soon after the honour ! James was a tyrant in Eng- discovery of the Albanian perfidy, as land—a coward in Ireland, and a many of the Ipsariots as were able bigot in both-we know of no virtue quitted the island, and appealing sucby which his vices were redeemed, cessfully for assistance to the people or of no vice even sufficiently respects of Hydra and Spezzia, returned and able to mitigate the contempt in made a gallant attack upon the Turkwhich kings and people should alike ish fleet, which they succeeded in alhold his memory. The farce was in most totally disabling. The remnant of all probability got up by some of the the Turkish naval force fled, leaving superstitious dotards, who crawl in some thousands of their troops upon the train of the old Catholic regime. the island ; these the Ipsariots totally
The only news from Spain is what destroyed and became once more might have been expected and what masters of their island. There was must be expected as long as the
one act of heroism performed during sent system continues. A band of this re-capture so eminently conspiConstitutionalists, who had taken re cuous that we cannot mingle with fuge in Gibraltar, manned an expedi- the mere general details of that day's tion and succeeded in seizing the for- bravery. A body of Ipsariots under tress of Tarifa with a part of the the command of a Greek named garrison, of which they are said to Maroaki, finding themselves unable have been in communication. The to defend the fortress of Nicholo assistance of the French troops was
which had been entrusted to their obliged to be called in, O'Donnell and protection, hoisted a flag on which his
adherents not being considered was inscribed ‘Liberty or Death,' and sufficient to retake it. The fortress immediately blew up the fort, involvwas retaken by the French after a ing themselves and about twelve hunformal bombardment, and though dred Turks in instant destruction; some of the Constitutionalists were this noble band, worthy of Thermotaken, many escaped. Ferdinand has pylæ, amounted to about eighty. been busy ever since in distributing Surely such a people, however tem
porarily enthralled, cannot be held in We regret much to state that the permanent subjection. Letters from respectable Banking house of Marsh, Constantinople state that the fleet of Stracey, and Graham, has appeared their Capitan Pacha has been reno- in the Gazette. This melancholy, vated, and will take signal retribu- and we fear, far spreading failure, has tion; they also declare that the force been attributed to Mr. Fauntleroy, of the Pacha of Egypt is very formi- one of the juníor partners, who is in
dable. The season is, however, now custody under very serious charges. - far advanced, and we hope their ef- This event has excited a considerable
forts will be impeded–This noble sensation amongst all ranks in the people are a reproach to Christian Metropoliș. Europe, and their fate, if they perish, The harvest, which is very abun• will go down so to the latest posterity dant, has been almost universally —they will not share however the gathered in without any damage. opprobrium of their age, of which we We are sorry to announce the fear even their heroism cannot afford death of Major Cartwright, the Veteany redemption.
ran reformer. He was 87 years of News had been received at the age, and to the last ardent in his Brazils of the late commotions in favourite cause. · Portugal which quite lulled all the apprehensions of an invasion which they fully expected, and to repel which they had made very spirited its universal conclusion, and the weather
The harvest now approaches very near preparations. A grand expedition
may fairly be said to have been on the whole had, however, sailed under the com- propitious. There are, indeed, some farmers mand of Lord Cochrane to repress who, either from want of activity or foresome insurrection which was in pro- sight, have been somewhat injured by the gress on the coast. A report was in late rains, but generally speaking these circulation, that his Lordship was cannot be said to have been the cause of about to return home, and was likely much evil. The crop is allowed to be exto receive some mark of Royal favour. cellent, and the sample of a fair quality. This had been since contradicted by But notwithstanding this almost univerhis friends.
sally allowed excellence of the crops, the The domestic news of this month of wheat carried too soon and in a damp
farmers are making their annual complaints is meagre, as might have been ex
state-of the immense quantity of black pected at the season of the year. barley-and of the crop not being so heavy London is dull and quite deserted.
as was generally anticipated. These we Even the Cabinet Ministers are all observe to be the usual grievances which out of town, and the Lord Chancel are always related about this period of the lor is now decreeing the fate of par- year, and we believe they receive the little tridges and pheasants. Mr. Canning credit they deserve. The barley crop, perhas taken advantage of his leisure haps, is not an average one, and some of it to visit Dublin, where he has not may be a little stained, but the opening been received with much distinction
of the ports will have the effect of lessening - he is too liberal for the Orangemen of lowering the price, since it is said the
the demand for this article, and therefore and too constitutional for the Catho- distillers will use oats in preference. The lics, cf whom all or nothing' seems merchants are reported to be extremely to be now the motto. Perhaps the anxious to buy, both on account of he Foreign Secretary need not wish a smallness of their stocks, and because old better panegyric than this evasion of wheats are said to be not worth buying. extremes—his safest, wisest, and But it is very much to be doubted whether most honourable course is to heed the merchant is so low in his stock as the neither faction and do his duty. farmers generally represent, when com
Parliament stands further proro- pared with former years. It seems, upon gued to the 4th of November, and
a reference to the accounts of the last two there are some rumours that it will years, that the difference in the arrivals of then shortly meet for the dispatch of wheat, barley, and flour, and in the sales business and be dissolved immediately. not in favour, as it appears to us, of this
of the two former, is extremely small, and A very general canvass is going for
We have taken the two weeks at ward in Ireland, and it has begun in the end of August; and the two first in some parts of this country.
September were as follows: