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E. of O. S. who requests that his contribution may not be considered a gratuitous one, or, in the room of remuneration, that he may have “the favour of a gentle damnation,”-must, we grieve to say, take his place amongst the unpaid magistracy of our literary country. We beg therefore to be damning him for his contributions in the heartiest and most gentlemanly way, and to assure him that his little papers shall be covered up and sent home as he directs.

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We should be very glad to insert a few of the stanzas of M. E. A. if we could dispose our readers to peruse them with the same feelings which the writer's very modest and pleasing letter created in us. But unfortunately the verses are not strong enough to go alone.

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Fizgig (an Elegiac writer, we presume, from his name) is kind, in entertaining “a particular regard for us and our interests,”—but we must, under favour, protest against his mode of showing it. A man may regard us, without making us poetical presents.

The five stanzas of Wm. D-ch are wholly inadmissible: is that growl satisfactory?--since the author requests one from Lion's Head.

If M. S. should chance to see our present Number (and what contributor does not look at the next Number?)-she will see that we are compelled to refuse her MS. So the one MS may be had by the other if it be desired. This mode of reply will save us the writing to W

and M. S. the postage.

The gentleman who has taken a musical farewell of his country from Plymouth Sound, will excuse our refusing to become an echo to his sense. His lines, like the lines of the craft around him, appear to have suffered severely in the late storms. Some of them read as heavy as if he had been accustomed to heave the lead with them.

We might perhaps squeeze J. M.'s verses into a February Number ;but that month might not suit. Every place is booked in our December conveyance.

Z.'s two editions of his Elegiac verses have safely come to hand. We can hold him out ng hope--and indeed from the tone of his mind, as betrayed in his sad-coloured poetry, we apprehend he expects none.

Many other articles “ too tedious to mention,” are left at our Publishers'.

THE

London Magazine.

DECEMBER, 1824.

THE FANARIOTES OF CONSTANTINOPLE. The Fanariotes are a class of his beard grow. His successors conGreeks, who inhabit a quarter of Con- tinued to enjoy these advantages: stantinople, called the Fanar, which is they even obtained an augmentation situated on the border of the sea, in of honour. The privilege of wearface of the arsenal, and is the former ing long robes was accorded to them, residence of the European ambassa- and they were permitted to dress dors who have abandoned it for Péra. like Turkish noblemen, with the ex

The Turkish law forbids every ception of the turban, for which was Mahometan to learn the language of substituted a cap trimmed with any infidel nation; from this sapient ermine; they were authorized to ride law it results that the Sublime Porte on horseback, and to be followed by has always need of interpreters to three or four servants, wearing kalmanage its diplomatic affairs. At paks, or huge fur-caps-privilege unfirst Jews, or renegade Christians, heard of for a Greek. These digniwere employed for the purpose; for ties excited the ambition of the Fasome time, however, they have been nariotes; the best off among them replaced by the Fanariotes, whose set about to instruct their children in official duty it has become. At first, Turkish and Italian, and afterwards this office of translator was not one French, that they might in good time of any consideration, and the person arrive at the dignity of wearing a charged with it bore merely the beard, and riding on horseback. name of Grammaticos. When' the After a time, another Drogman, or Grammaticos had read over to the interpreter, was added to the Drogministers the contents of the papers man of the Divan, viz. the Drogman they put into his hands, he retired of the Navy, whose business it is to into the great hall, and waited a accompany

the fleet of the Capitan mong the other servants until he was Pacha when he penetrates into the again called for. In the year 1669, Mediterranean to collect the annual under Mahomet IV, a Grammaticos, imposts. It may easily be imagined named Panayotaki, on his return that these men, the only medium of from the siege of Candia, where he communication between the ignorant had assisted the Grand-Visir, Co- ministers of the Porte and the rest of progli-Achmet, convinced the minis- Europe, quickly gained a very imters that it would be much to the ad- portant influence over the Ottoman vantage of the Sublime Porte to counsels; and it is not common with place the interpreter on a regu. wily and dexterous Greeks to neglect lar footing, and give him official to turn such influence to their own rank and confidence. The Divan advantage. They did not continue applauded the sentiments of Panayo- long satisfied with a moderate sataki, gave him apartments in the lary and the privilege of wearing palace and the title of Divan Terzia a beard and riding on horseback folman, or Drogman of the Divan, and lowed by three servants in kalpaks. after serious deliberation added to They began to cast a longing eye these honours the permission to let upon the provinces of Wallachia and Dec. 1824.

20

Moldavia, which had hitherto been or Moldavia, the Prince takes the governed by the native princes, title of Highness, and surrounds though under the authority of the himself with Wallachians and MolSublime Porte. All means that the davians, who by their fortune or most dexterous intrigue and the most character have the greatest influrestless ambition can employ to gain ence among the Boyards and peoa point, were put into action by the ple of the province to which he is Fanariotes. The unfortunate Bassue appointed. He promises to some rabu Brankovano, the last of the na- places and appointments, to others tive Hospodars, was deposed and the hands of his daughters, which miserably perished, with the whole always go with the highest offices. of his family, accused of the crime These promises are repeated, until of high treason. The Divan, seduced the Prince, having seated himself in by the fallacious promises of their his government, does not feel it neDrogmans, confided the direction of cessary either to keep them or to make these fine provinces to them, and any more. Mavrocordato was the first Fana The morning after his appointment riote Greek who, in 1731, left the the Prince dispatches with all possibanks of the Bosphorus to take pos- ble haste to his province a Fanariote session of the sovereignty of Wal- agent, under the title of Kaïmakam, lachia. The Divan, while it deposed who, until his arrival, performs the part the indigenous princes, and clothed of his representative. The first care of the Fanariotes in their spoils, did not the Kaïmakam is to assemble all the propose to deprive the natives of all grandees of the country, and to deinfluence in their government. Va- mand of them—1st, that the palace rious posts were reserved for the na of his Highness shall be completely tive Boyards, such as those of Chief- furnished anew with the most costly Justice, Mayor, Secretary-General, and elegant materials; and, 2d, that of the districts and cantons. The an immense number of chariots shall place of Governor was filled conjoint- be immediately sent to Constantily by two, the one a delegate of the nople, to transport the goods and Fanariote Prince, and the other a chattels of the Prince and his suite. native Boyard. The Receiver-Ge- Every request is immediately comneral, or Grand Treasurer, was also a plied with; and the Kaïmakam, durnative Boyard. But the high situation ing the one or two months of his of Minister of the Interior and for agency, employs himself in deposing Foreign Affairs, of the Police, the the officers of the former Hospodar, Executors of the Orders of Criminal and installing temporary ones. The Counsel (the Sheriffs), the Grand native Boyards are meanwhile rackIntendant of the Court, the Second ing their inventions to gain the favour Treasurer, the Commercial Judge, of the new Prince. The most obvithe equerries, the military officers, ous and the most powerful means are and a multitude of other posts, were magnificent presents, which all over given to the Fanariotes in the suite the East have a magical influence of the Hospodar, who from the mo on great men.

The richest among ment of their appointment took the them send to Constantinople the most title of Boyard. Four places were superb equipages, which however can reserved to the Mahometans. These only be of service during the jourare, 1. The Divan Effendi, to super- ney'; for the Turkish laws forbid the intend the execution of the Mahome- use of them in the capital. Others tan laws. 2. The Bécheli Aga, who send considerable sums to assist in is charged with the police as regards his outfit. The precautions which Mahometan travellers, since the law the Boyards take in this point are so of the Prophet interdicts all inter- great, that they ordinarily deposit ference with one of the faithful on with their bankers in Constantinople the part of an infidel. 3. The Mech a sum of money to be forwarded to ier-Baschi, or chief

of music. 4. The whatever Fanariote may be elevated to Bayracter, or standard-bearer. the dignity of Hospodar, on the very

From the moment that the Divan day of his nomination. In addition has fixed that this or that Drogman to these prudent largesses, the new shall be promoted to the high Hospodar is besieged with the offers dignity of Hospodar of Wallachia of the richest financiers to a large

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amount, on the credit of his future great magnificence; and proceed by
revenues, and with the knowledge of very short days' marches. The
his present poverty. The very mo Prince dispatches before him one of
ment the election is known, all the his three tails, accompanied by a
tradesmen of Constantinople are seen Boyard, who takes the title of Co-
knocking at the door of his Highness, nakzi, and who performs the part of
and begging him to take the stock of a courier in the most solemn and im-
their entire bazaars off their hands. portant style of announcement. The
But the crowd of bankers, bearers of entertainment is always at the ex-
presents, and tradesmen, is nothing pense of the Greeks who inhabit the
in comparison of the multitude of country through which he passes.
flatterers who flock about his Hospo- He arrives at last within view of his
dariatship. All of them have been principality, about the hundred and
always his fervent admirers—the eu twentieth or thirtieth day from his
logizers of his high qualities: nay, departure from Constantinople, and
their praises may be said, in some makes a halt within a few leagues,
sort, to have determined the Divan that all may be ready the next day
in its wise choice. The dissimulation for his solemn entry.
of the Prince is at least a match for The manner and behaviour of a
the baseness of his flattering friends. Hospodar are sufficiently curious.
Their incense neither changes the His dignity is of a very different kind
countenance nor the purposes of the from that which usually distinguishes
wily Fanariote, who has won his way other great men when they conde-
to his post by the most active and deep- scend to be seen by their inferiors.
laid intrigues, and by the overthrow When he appears in public or in his
of many rivals, bitter enemies, who, palace, if he walks, he lets his head
as they opposed his rise, now com- hang down upon his breast, and half
mence a struggle to procure his fall. shuts his eyes; he feigns deafness,
He promises largely--but his sincerity and pretends not to be able to hear
is only proved after his arrival at Bu- when any question is put to him
charest, or Jassy, whence he forwards which he does not choose to answer.
lists of proscription to the Divan, who He never looks on one side, but keeps
seldom deny the requests of a newly- a constant direct stare, rolling a
appointed Hospodar. Thirty days are chaplet continually between his fin-
the term allowed to the new Prince gers, while with the other hand he
in which he must make his prepara- chinks some newly-struck gold coin,
tions; at the expiration of which, called Roubies, which he keeps in his
should he not be ready to depart, he pocket for that purpose. If he speaks,
is bound to pay a fine of about 161. or it is with a very soft gentle voice and
171. a day to the Agà of the Janissaries. in a sing-song tone-a kind of recita-
This fine he often voluntarily incurs in tive. This is the kind of dignity into
order to leave an agreeable recollec- which an intriguing and hypocritical
tion of him in the memory of the Agà. Fanariote invariably sinks, either as

The Hospodar leaves Constantin the natural consequence of his former
nople with all the honours of a Pacha, habits and his present elevation, or
and leaves near the Divan a represen- because it is understood to accord
tative called the Bâche-Capi-Kaihayà, with the Fanariote notions of what
who is the medium of all correspon- is princely or Hospodariatish.
dence between him and the Grand Nothing can equal the tender at-
Visir. His first station is at the vil- tentions of the Boyards, and espe-
lage of Avaskioy, about three miles cially the Boyards from the Fanar.
from the capital, where he pitches his The latter approach the person of
tent for some days to arrange the ce the Hospodar with most remarkable
remonies of his march. His suite is eagerness; two or three of them seize
composed of 200 armed Greek Alba- his arms and raise him from the
nians and of 300 other persons, ground, so that in walking he scarce-
forming his own household and that of ly reaches the floor with the point of
the Fanariote friends who are per- his toes, while two or three other
mitted to accompany him, and whom lords take up the tail of his robe; and
he immediately, on his arrival, instals thus, with all the air of a wretched
into all the first places of honour. paralytic, he passes into his apart-
The equipages are ordinarily of ments, followed by a train of do-

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