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grave fulness, not exhaling, we very honestly prepare tartarous matter for the gout, for the beneficial gout, which gives us pain without danger.”

“ Second, The gout is no constant companion, but allows his patients lucid joyous intervals.

« Human nature is so framed, that no one thing is agreeable to it always, therefore it is well for us, that the world is so full of changes. It is true, that there is some pain in the gout, and ought to be, for constant health has no relish, 'tis an insipid dull thing. That reverend Calvinist, Dr. Twiss, affirms, that 'tis tter to be damned than annihilated. I might, I suppose, with less offence, affirm, that 'twere better to be dead, than never to be sick of the gout. How often have I heard a grave adviser, one that had tried health and sickness for many years, tell the robust, young, riotous fellow, that he knew not the value of health. No, how should he, having never been sick? But why should his sober adviser press him to be careful of his health? That's the way never to understand the deliciousness of itby that time he gets the gout, he'll thoroughly understand the matter, l'll warrant him! Who would spoil the refined pleasure of his recovery, by wishing to have one angry throb, one heavy groan abated him?

Si parvis componere magna liceret, the gout is to health, as ham and tongue to wine, or rather, as Zwn kai yvxn to the lover's congress. I am much of the mind, sir, that by what I have said already, you are a coming proselyte ; but before I have done with you, you shall chuse to part with your eyes rather than your true friend the gout.

“ Third, The gout presents you with a perpetual almanack.

Burometers, thermometers, and other inventions of men, not yet perfect masters of their art, serve more for delight than the use of the curious ; but the useful pains of the gout give your honour trusty prognostics of the seasons. Spinoza will have it, that when a Jewish prophet foretold any thing, he gave a sign, a present sign, which was a confirmation of his prophesy; you have the sign within you, sir, in the internodia of your bones, and are a true prophet all over.

The gout never twitches their nerves, but they will be telling others what changes are towards. Now, that which I propose is this, that people should not think it enough to know thus much of the gout, but study to improve and increase their knowledge ; for no doubt more may be made of this blessing, than ever yet was done by the happy man that has enjoyed it longest. I am persuaded, that if the fortunate patient would be at the pains to observe all the motions of the gout, in his pinchings, smartings, galling accesses, in his gnawing, stabbing, burning paroxysms, he might quickly come to wind a storm, so long before, that in a short time no owners would think their ship safe, but with a gouty master, nor would any experienced seaman, that wanted a ship, offer himself to the merchants but on crutches.

“ Fourth, Gouty persons are most free from the head-ach.

“ The heavy recrements of the blood and nervous juice always fall downward to the gouty joints. The nerves of the head, the fibres and the membranes, and lastly, the skin itself, are all freed from a world of torment by means of the medicinal gout, which attracts to exterior remote parts vicious humours, and there sets them on fire, wastes and evacuates them. Persons much favoured by the gout are at this happy period quite freed from headach. It is possible, says Confucius, for a lame gouty person to be a knave, even in our own country have I known some such; but who ever knew a gouty cripple that was a fool? A Mandarin of the same race remarks that, natural fools never acquire the gout; the sons of gouty persons are defended from dulness and folly, by the sins of their parents, or if in their minority their understandings happen to lie a little backward, they shall no sooner enter on their gouty inheritance, but a bright illumination brings the same forward. The brain becomes so defecated by the gout, that I knew a gentleman but an ordinary writer in common, who, when he had the gout, wrote like an angel.

“ Fifth. The gout preserves its patients from the great danger of fevers. “ Gouty persons, by reason of a fixed dyscrasy of the blood, are not

obnoxious to fevers. As they live free from the dreadful pains of the headach, so likewise from the scorching heat of fevers. I pity the young and healthy not for their present ease, but because of their imminent danger. A cheerful glass may perchance throw him into a fever, and that fever perchance cost him his life ; whereas the man that's blest with the gout, fearlessly ventures the duty of the table, well knowing that when the worst comes to the worst, 'tis but roaring in purgatory some forty days or so, and by that time the gout has carried off clean all food for fever. They turn out, like burnt tobacco pipes, clean and pure, and fit for paradise. Such is à true picture of the fire of the gout which spends the morbific matter that might otherwise throw the body into a hellish fever. So that 'tis a truth, clear as the sun, if more people had the gout, fewer would die of a fever. Having placed these things in so clear a light, I am strongly persuaded that not your Worship only, but the generality of the age will set their prejudices aside, and yield to the happy force of the many useful truths, which by the bright illumination of a violent gout-paroxysm, I have here discovered; so that hereafter, instead of the old parting compliments -save you, sir; God keep you in good healthI question not but we shall saythe gout defend you, sir ; God give you the gout :—for we ought not to hope for a blessing without the means. To wish a man the gout is to wish him that, which withdraws fuel from diseases, and preserves life at so cheap a rate, it costs a man not a penny more than patience.

“ It has been the opinion of some writers, that none can be saved who die of the plague, but in judging of the future state of others, I think it best to venture being mistaken on the charitable side; and, therefore, I would sooner believe that none can be damned who have the gout.

“ Sixth. To crown the honour of the gout, it is not to be cured.

“ The gout defies all your gross galenical methods, and all your exalted chemical preparations ; for the conjunct causes thereof, as the learned Willis confesses, lie in parts so very remote that the virtues of no medicines can reach them; and heaven be praised for it, for why, sir, would you cure (as you call it) the gout, which gives you pain without danger, a better taste of health by an acquaintance with pain ; a knowledge of future things ; freedom from the head-ach, and from fevers ? The doctor and not the gout is your enemy. We may say of every medicaster, whether a college or a stage doctor, habemus confitentem reum; the whole clan of them are homicides by their own confession. The principles of their art, they say, are difficult to be understood, and uncertain to be relied on; and then also the temperament of the body, on which they practise, can be but guessed at; so that the success of the most learned practitioner can be but casual. Now, that after this, these men should be entertained, and so general admittance given to their practice, does evidently prove that the generality of men, when they lose their health, lose their wits too.

“Galen, who is still revered as a God by modern practitioners, acknowledges it impossible to find out a medicine that shall do any great good one way, and not do as much hurt another. Trust to nature. Nature throwing off morbific matter to the remoter parts of the body does desigvedly beget the gout, and make use of that admirable remedy to cure diseases already gotten, and to prevent others. But it is not mere reason which I rely on, when I advise men to trust nature alone for their recovery, and never go to a doctor ; I have the greatest authority to support my advice.

2 Chron. 16. 12.- Asa, in the 39th year of his reign, was diseased in his feet (as I am now, which hinders me from running to my commentators) but I remember the phrase of the Septuagint is εμαλακισθη τας ποδας, his feet were soft and tender-swelled with the gout; that must be the meaning; until his disease was exceeding great, yet in his disease, ev tp uadakıq aute, in the extreme softness and tenderness of his gout, he sought not to the Lord, but to the physician. I do not see how our doctors of physic can evade the force of this text, in defence of their profession ; for it is a very weak and precarious reply, which they make, when they tell us that Asa is blamed, not directly for seeking to the physicians, but for not trusting in the Lord, when he sought to them. Now I will grant these gentlemen, that it is the duty

of patients to trust in the Lord, when they seek to the physicians; nay, it is their duty to trust in the Lord then, above any other time; for then they run themselves into those hazards, that, if the Lord does not help them, they play against the long odds. But I would have these physicians, who make but sorry interpreters of Scripture, to consider that the text sets seeking the Lord, and seeking the physician, in opposition to one another; plainly enough implying that the former was his duty, the latter his fault. But our physicians, it seems, would have the sick seek to the Lord and them both; as if the Lord could not do his own work without them. Let all honest gentlemen, who are preserved by the salutary gout in the land of the living, prefer a bill in parliament against this destructive order of men, that by a strong cathartic act, they may be purged out of his Majesty's dominions : 1 will engage that there's never a family in the nation, but shall by this means, besides their health, save their taxes.

“ But I digress. What I ought chiefly to insist on, is the superlative excellence of the gout, which is never to be removed. The fear of losing a blessing takes off from the pleasure of enjoying it. Thieves may plunder your house, age will ruin your beauty, envy may asperse your reputation, bribes corrupt your faith, but the gout is a sure inheritance; neither thieves nor knaves; neither time, nor envy, nor any thing else, can despoil you of it. A man may himself, if he has a mind to it, squander his estate, blemish his comely form, injure his fame, and renounce his honesty ; but let him get rid of the gout if he can—that blessing he may take comfort in, being secure that it is for his life. They say there's more care and trouble in keeping an estate than getting it; as for the gout, there may be some trouble in getting it, tho' that is mixt with pleasure too, but no man is put to the least care or trouble for the safe keeping of the gout. Possibly a wise and worthy person may secure his virtue against dangerous temptations, but then he must be always upon his guard, but let him take as little care of himself as he pleases, he shall never have the less gout for his loose way of living.”

Our author now concludes his epis- to Botany Bay probably, as an extle of 70 pages, by professing that cellent spot for the study of simples. he is unable to proceed in conse “ You have known,” says he, “an quence of an abatement of his pa- overgrown farrier from abroad make roxysms, sensible," as he observes, a great doctor in England;" and, as « that no man can do honour to the one good turn deserves another, he gout by a just and adequate pane- adds, “ why should not you make as gyric, except he, at the time of good farriers abroad as they do writing, feels it in extremity.”

doctors here?” The fees, it is true, Considering that a work must be will not be so high, but you can't, written before it is dedicated, he he exclaims, “ in conscience expect chuses advisedly to place the dedi as much for killing a horse, as a cation at the end. It is, “ to all the man.” And should they be at a loss numerous offspring of Apollo, whe- for an apology for this professional ther dogmatical sons of art, or em- change, he directs them to say, pirical by-blows ;” and conceiving “ that when the devils were ejected that his epistle will spoil their trade, out of human bodies, they were sufhe recommends them to travel” fered to enter into swine.

E. D.

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GERMANY.

SKETCH OF FOREIGN LITERATURE.

which is a central point of innumerThe Easter Fair at Leipsig.

able ramifications. Besides 60 houses

in the town itself, (half of which, In a letter from Professor B

however, rather carry on business as Whatever complaints may some- commissioners for other houses in times be made of the decline of lite- different parts of Germany,) there rature, it must be owned that they are in Germany, and other countries do not appear to be countenanced by where German is spoken, no less than the German book fair at Leipsig, 300, the greater of which send their

representatives to this fair ; nay, we those of Weigel and Teutner in Leiphad partners of four Paris houses sig, are very useful in diffusing Greek (among which we must particularly literature as much as possible. _Phimention the highly respected firm of lologers were gratified with Bahr's Treuttel and Wurtz), two from Lon- Ctesias, Bornemann's Symposion of don, Black and Bohte, and eight Xenophon, Galen (which will make from houses in Denmark, Sweden, St. 16 volumes), the Greek tragedians Petersburg, aud the Russian pro- (together 20 new editions), Cicero vinces on the Baltic, who attended in alone occupying 16 articles), Hoperson. It is true, indeed, that the race (nearly completed by Döring), voluminous catalogue contains many the Greek lexicographers, the coltrifling articles, many old friends lection of the Roman jurists, the with new faces (i. e. new titles), and Greek dictionaries of Riemer and a great deal of literary rubbish. But Passow, now completed, and several even the mere manufacture gives sub- very good translations, for instance, sistence to a multitude of paper- from the Anthology, by Jacobs, in makers, printers, book-binders, &c. the Life and Arts of the Ancients, &c. How many thousand blossoms and Aratus, by Voss. In ancient fall, in each succeeding spring, un- geography, we had the 12th sheet of productive, to the ground ! But, at Reichard's Orbis Antiquus, containthe same time, the fairest fruit thrives ing ancient Germany, and the work and comes to maturity, et pleno de- belonging to it-Germany under the fundit Copia cornu. The standing Romans; and the new edition of the complaints of the German booksel- Map of Peutinger, executed by Manlers, viz. the plunder of literary pro- nert, under the auspices of the Baperty by piracy, and the restrictions varian Academy, had a great sale. of the censorship, were heard as usual Two-eighths of the new publications on this occasion ; but there was no consist of voyages, travels, descripwhere any impediment to the most tions of countries, &c. in which we active interchange of ideas (let us may observe that the attention of the recollect the sixth edition of the Germans is particularly directed to L con of Conversation, and of the Brazil by the Travels and plates fourth division of the ample and ac of the Prince of Neuwied, and of curate Supplements, from which the the Bavarian academicians, Spix and article Greece was immediately trans- Martins; by the accounts of Freireis lated into English); and freedom of and Von Eschwege, and of Schäffer, expression, within legal bounds, is physician to the Empress of Brazil, everywhere admitted. Cheap edi- who was sent to Vienna, and is now tions are printed to counteract the gone back to Rio de Janiero, his maneuvres of those who thrive by Brazil, published at Altona, may be pirating the property of the rightful supposed to contain the best as well publisher. That of Schiller is now as the latest information. The finest completed. The works of Klopstock book of the fair is Baron Minutoli's and Wieland, on the same plan, are Journey to the Oases and Upper now publishing by Goschen, and those Egypt, edited in a most masterly of Jacobi by a house at Zurich. Se- manner by Professor Tolken, and veral houses have united to publish illustrated with 38 plates and maps. the works of esteemed authors; for in- Nor must we omit the twelfth numstance, Heeren's works, of which the ber of Gau's splendid work on Nubia. last volumes (x. xi. xii.) contain the The great geographical work of account of the Asiatic nations of an- Hassel deserves honourable mention. tiquity, entirely re-written. We con- In theology, in which the dictionaries sider it as a pleasing proof of the of Bretschneider and Gesenius are solidity of the instruction given to particularly to be distinguished, the youth in the German high schools controversy between Catholics and and universities, that nearly one Protestants respecting mixed mareighth part of the new publications riages is the order of the day; as in appertain to the classic literature of medical science, that between dynaGreece and Rome. Series of Greek and mic medicine, and Hahnemann's HoRoman authors, very various in price möopathy, with the profession; and in and size, appear at once at ten dif- jurisprudence, the question of the ferent publishers ; among these the publicity of judicial proceedings. stereotype editions of Tauchnitz, and Literary history has been enriched

by the revised edition of Wachler's a distinct article, not only in the caManual, now completed in three talogue, but in the trade of the Leipparts; the Ancient

History of Greece, sig booksellers. Each of the houses by Otto Müller's Dorians; and mo- in this line has its own Geographer. dern history by the third volume of We leave it to judges in these matRaumer's Princes of the house of ters to decide, whether Weiland, for Hohenstaufen, and Menzel's History the Industriecomptoir, at Weimar ; of our Times. Regenerated Greece Stieler, for Perthes in Gotha; Spohr, alone has employed the pens of 40 for the Kunstcomptoir, at Brunswick; narrators and compilers. Almost or Reichard and Mannert, for Campe, three-eighths of our literary produc- in Nuremberg, deserve the preference; tions belong to the various depart- but they will certainly not overlook ments of natural history, and espe- the fine map of South Germany, by cially botany. Göthe's Morphology Green, publishing by Cotta; the imhas given a great impulse in this proved Historical Atlas, by Kruse ; respect. There is a multitude of Kärcher's Ancient Geography, for Encyclopedias and Historical Dic. Schools ; and the beautiful and actionaries, compressing wisdom into curate maps published at Vienna. pocket books, and cutting up science It is only to be lamented that the into slices: we are rejoiced, how, Austrian government seems to act on ever, at seeing that truly classical pro- the principle of discouraging all kinds duction of German assiduity, Ersch of literary intercourse with other and Gruber's Universal Encyclopedia countries. Thus there were only two advanced another step by the pub- booksellers in person at the fair, from lication of the twelfth part, which all the extensive and flourishing comes to the dramatic poet Brezner. states which compose the Austrian

A great portion of the sum which empire. Scarcely any of the numerthe generality can allot to literature, ous maps published in the Imperial as well as of the time that they can capital were anywhere to be met devote to reading, is absorbed by our with, and only the great topographidaily, weekly, and monthly periodi- cal map of Gallicia and Lodomiria cals, to the multitude of which als in thirteen sections was to be seen in ready existing, the catalogue of the commission at Mr. Vogel's, Leipsig. present fair presents us with an ad- In the department of the fine arts we dition of twenty-four new ones ; one had, besides Gau's Nubia already of the best of these is the Rheinische mentioned, Boisserée's Cathedral of Morgenzeitung, called also “ Cha- Cologne, the 8th number of Lithoris,” edited by Baron Von Erlach, graphic and Copper-plates, after which has been published since the Boisserées gallery of Ancient Paintbeginning of this year, four times a ings at Stuttgard, the 33d number of week, by Groos, at Heïdelburg. If the Lithographic plates from the Roy. the insatiable appetite of the public al gallery of Munich and Schleithat daily devours a novel or à tra- sheim. Ás a magnificent treat for gedy (and to supply which the 300 the eye we were gratified with Mr. circulating libraries of the lowest Whitaker's brilliant work, representkind, scattered through Germany, ing the Coronation of his Majesty the possess an ample store, of novels that King of England, which was brought no person of education reads, and by Bohté from London. Another plays that are never performed) is splendid production, such as we have not left unprovided for in this thick not for many years had from the catalogue, there are, on the other English press, and which is not mere. band, many productions of merit, by ly a book of pictures, is a critical Tieck, Schilling, Laun, Van der inquiry into Ancient Armour, by Dr. Velde, &c.; a volume of tales by F. Meyrick, in 3 vols. large 4to. We Jacobs; Pictures of Switzerland, by have here a vast number of finely Zschokke; the New Thousand and coloured plates of kings, knights; One Nights, that is, such of the tales in and warriors, in various costume and the Arahian Nights as have not before armour. Such a series of accurate been published, translated from Ara- representations chronologically arbic into French, by Mr. Joseph Von ranged would be very valuable withHammer, and from the French ma- out any addition ; but their value is nuscript into German. Maps make greatly enhanced' by a dissertation, JULY, 1824.

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