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ITALY.

evidently the result of laborious re seen the first edition; but the second, search, which however, so far from lately published, justifies the combeing dry, is highly interesting by mendations which have been bestownumerous historical anecdotes and ed upon it. The perfect knowledge extracts from scarce books. Mey, which the author evinces of the Gerrick's object was to make a chrono- man language, which he writes with logical classification of the various the greatest purity, enables him to descriptions of arms and armour, compare the grammatical forms of which, notwithstanding the preceding the two languages, and to explain works of Grose and Daniel, was still the points in which they differ. This a literary desideratum. He has suc- Grammar, we may add, is adopted cessfully executed his task, and af- in some of the German Universities. forded much valuable information to We once heard of a German and the historian, as well as a most English Dictionary published, or welcome authority to artists of announced, by a Mr. Lloyd, but are every description, to whom a known ignorant whether this is the same ledge of costume is necessary: person, or indeed whether such a We were pleased also at seeing dictionary ever was published. many other English works of merit, such as Parry's Voyage, Lyall's Ac The literary intercourse with Italy count of the Russians, Lady Morgan's is unfortunately so infrequent and Salvator Rosa, of which a transla- dilatory, that in general we can give tion is already published, &c. In fact, but little more than the title of some our translators are so on the alert tó new work, and that too very often lay hold of every thing that is pube some months after the publication. lished both in France and England, Among those of which we have latethat there is reason to be surprised ly had some account, the followthat so many French and English ing appear the most deserving of nobooks are sold in Germany, especial- tice The History of Italy from 1789 ly when we consider how many En- to 1814, by Charles Botta, published glish books in particular are at Florence, in 4 vols. 4to. A French printed in Germany. Thus we have translation in 5 vols. 8vo. has just very neat editions of all the novels appeared in Paris. Considering the attributed to Sir Walter Scott, as vast importance of the period which well as his poetical works; the poems it embraces, we would willingly have of Lord Byron, Southey, &c. It may given some more particular account be considered as a proof of the extent of this history; but it was only a few to which English literature is studied hours before writing this that we reamong us, that Archdeacon Nares'ceived both the Italian original and Glossary of Old Words has been the French translation, and can at reprinted at Vienna. A really good present only say that we believe we English and German Dictionary is, shall not be judging too favourably however, still a desideratum. The if we pronounce that the historian of one most in use is founded on Bain the American War is fully equal to ley's Dictionary, which has gone his subject, and that he has surpassthrough twelve or thirteen editions. ed himself in this new and remarkThe first nine editions were very de- able production - The History of fective; the two or three following, Ancient and Modern Italy, by L. edited by Dr. Fahrenkruger, were far Bossi, of which the 1st vol. was pubsuperior; the last, published a few lished in 1819, is now complete in months ago, is edited by a Mr. Wag- 19 vols. 8vo. with 100 plates-Ramner. It is in 2 vols. 8vo. In En- poldi's Annals of the Musselmen, glish Grammars we abound; most of svo. the first 5 vols. of which come them are below criticism ; others are down only to the 10th century of our very respectable, but being written era–The State of Literature, Sciby Germans are not so satisfactory ence, and Art, among the Romans, as might be wished. The best we from the foundation of the city till have seen, and of which our critical the time of Augustus, by Federico journals speak in the highest terms, Cavriani, 2 vols. 8vo. A second ediis by a Mr. Lloyd, who, from the tion of Cicognara's splendid work, the preface, appears to be an Englishman History of Sculpture, revised and enlong resident in Germany. We had not larged by the author The 32d No.

re

NORWAY

POLAND.

RUSSIA.

FRANCE.

of Etrusian Monuments, designed 2 vols. 8vo. The journals of the opand engraved by F. Inghirami-Mo- posite party differ so widely in their nography of the Serpents of Rome judgment of this work, that it is and its environs, by Professor L. hardly possible to form an opinion on Melaxa, 4to. with coloured plates. it. M. Pigault Lebrun has publish

ed two volumes of a concise Critical The Principles of Legislation, 3 and Philosophical History of France. vols. 8vo. by Mr. N. Treskow, are It was hardly to be expected that spoken of in high terms.

the author of many popular novels

could be thoroughly qualified for the Letters of John III, King of Po- task of an historian; but the attempt land, to Queen Maria Casimire, dur- and the execution do him credit, and ing the Campaign before Vienna in his work merits a place among the 1683.

historians of France. M. Pouque

ville's history of the Regeneration of A supplement to the History of Greece, 4 vols. 8vo. is a highly inthe Huns, the Turks, and the Mo- teresting work, full of curious anecguls, containing an Abridgment of dotes, and of facts hitherto unknown, the History and Dominion of the or imperfectly so, and which throws Usbecks in Great Bucharia, from great light on the state of the Ottotheir settlement in the country till man Empire. The History of the 1709, and the continuation of the celebrated Ali Pacha, which is given History of Kharesen, from the death at great length, might, we think, have of Aboul-Ghari Khan to the same heen much abridged; the chief partime, by Joseph Senkouski, 4to. ticulars of the life of that extraor

dinary personage being previously The attention of the public has known. been so deeply and almost exclusive Natural History.-Le Vaillant's ly engaged by important political Birds of Africa being out of print, a matters, that not only have the jour- second edition is announced in fisty nals for some time past been extreme- numbers, making 6 vols. in folio, at ly barren of literary intelligence, but 25 francs per number, or in 4to. at among the works published a more 15 francs. Unfortunately the work than ordinary proportion is dedicated is not complete ; the history of the to temporary and political topics. Un. Gallinaceæ, of the Strand Birds (or der these circumstances our report Waders), and of Water fowl, being will be brief.

wanting. The author has long since The Drama.-A few successful had the descriptions and the drawtrifles have appeared at the minor ings ready; and it is expected, if the theatres, but no tragedy or comedy public gives sufficient encouragement has been brought forward at the to the second edition of the first six principal theatres. M. Lemercier volumes, that the remainder will be has published his tragedy of Ri- published to complete the work. Sechard III. and Jane Shore, in which cond editions are published of Abbé he has made considerable changes for Hauy's Mineralogy, 4 vols. 8vo. with the better. The 3d livraison of M. 120 plates in 4to. and of his CrysJouy's works, contains two comedies, tallography, 2 vols. Svo. with 84 The Inheritance, or the Manners of plates, revised and much enlarged the Age, and the Intrigues of the by the author. Court, the representation of which Voyages.-M. Freycinet's Voyage was prohibited.

round the World is ordered to be History, Memoirs, and Biography. published. It will make eight vols. -Maria Antoinette at the Concier- 4to. with 340 plates. Two of the gerie, contains an interesting account volumes, with 110 plates, will conof the sufferings of the Queen, and tain the narrative of the expedition. of the exertions of Mademoiselle Fou- The other divisions are zoology and ché and the Abbé Maguin, who suc- botany, &c. each of which may be ceeded in obtaining access to the purchased separately. Numerous dungeon where she was confined, and publications appearing in successive in administering to her the conso- parts or numbers, and of which we lations of religion. History of the have already spoken, are regularly French Revolution, by F. A. Mignet, continued.

VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS. We are sorry to say that official treat. The consequences were easily dispatches have been received from foreseen; the most determined valour, Africa, confirming in their fullest ex. which, to do our troops justice, they tent the reports to which we alluded throughout exhibited, could not resist in our last, with respect to the defeat long so overwhelming a superiority of and destruction of the British forces force. Our troops were not merely in that quarter of the world. It ap- routed but literally cut in pieces, all the pears that the Governor, Sir Charles officers, with the exception of one or M'Carthy, wearied by the represen- two, who escaped in the bush by a tations of the Fantees, a friendly miracle, were killed, and Sir Charles tribe, of the hostile intentions of the M‘Carthy himself was wounded, Ashantee race, determined upon taken prisoner, and then savagely marching forth to reduce them to assassinated. One of the few who obedience,- he had planned a junc- escaped declares that he saw the tion with a division of troops under Governor's head fixed entire upon a Major Chisholm, commanding him- pole, surrounded by the jaw bones of self in person a body of about 2000 eighty of our officers; it seems, it is men, British and Fantees. The a custom with these barbarians thus Ashantee General, however, whose' to mutilate the heads of all their priforce amounted to about 10,000, an soners of rank. Accounts of this disticipating the plan of the campaign, mal event had reached Sierra Leone, attacked the division under the Go- where it had caused a very melanvernor, before the junction could be choly sensation, the Governor having effected. The battle commenced a been universally beloved by all ranks little before two in the afternoon, of people. Two of the Council had and was carried on with great bra- fallen along with him. Such are the very by both parties till about four details of this affair, too fully con o'clock, when it was discovered that firmed by the arrival of Captain our ammunition was completely ex- Laing who brought the dispatches. hausted, and that the quantity with We observe that some of the private which our troops had been suffered letters from Sierra Leone recomto commence the engagement a- mended an European reinforcement of mounted to but twenty rounds per 2000 men to avenge

this defeat. man! The Governor, it seems, had Upon this subject, we would meregiven particular orders upon this ly ask “ cui bono ?” The valour of vefy point to the ordnance store our troops is too well proved to sufkeeper, who is alleged most strange- fer any stain from an overthrow ly to have neglected them, and some caused chiefly by want of ammuniprivate letters go the length of de- tion, and we have yet to learn what claring that when, towards the close advantage is to be derived from even of the battle, some of the supposed the success of our colonization in ammunition kegs were opened, they that most destructive climate. Sierra were found to contain nothing but Leone has already been the grave of macaroni ! Of course, we give these much valour and some talent. Its podetails merely on the faith of private litical or commercial returnsare at best letters. There does not seem, how- but equivocal. It has been chiefly ever, to be the slightest doubt that advocated and patronized by a cervery great neglect rests somewhere, tain party in this country, whose enthe British ammunition being totallý tire political vision seems jaundiced exhausted within two hours after the by negroes and bounded by the slave commencement of the attack! When trade. Even in this measure of phithe Ashantee General, who appears lanthropy, and as such we certainly to have acted with considerable skill esteem it, we fear the policy of Enthroughout, perceived our fire begin- gland can only be effectually exerted ning to slacken, he immediately di- by erasing from her own annals the rected a general attack in front, and stigma of giving it continuance or dispatched a large force towards our countenance but the domestic atforce to intercept it in case of a re- mosphere is as yet too cloudy to en

able us to see our way clearly enough dow of Riego. She died in London to undertake a crusade against the within the last month, her gentle world for Fantee emancipation, and spirit having gradually pined itself for our own parts, we would rather away ever since the intelligence of see the whole jaw-extracting Ashan- her husband's fate had been commutee tribe fat and hearty amongst the nicated to her. When she found hersugar canes of Jamaica, than let self dying, she dictated a testamenthe head of another Sir Charles tary paper, expressing her gratitude M'Carthy ornament the shambles to England for the refuge it had afof their sovereign butcher. We forded to her in her misfortunes, and would recommend the theorists upon declaring it to be a sacred duty to this subject to read the communica- the memory of her murdered husband tion made by Mr. Brougham to the to publish to the world that his priHouse of Commons in our parliamen- vate sentiments had ever accorded tary abstract, which proves how lit- with the public principles, to the tle even the most civilized of our maintenance of which he fell a vicEuropean allies are disposed to se- tim. Having performed this solemn cond our philosophic sacrifices. act of virtuous affection—thereby re

Every intelligence from Spain con- deeming a brave man's name from firms the deplorable state to which the calumnies which crafty despotism Royal perfidy and priestly fanaticism would fling on it—she breathed her have reduced that country. Ferdi- last in the arms of her sister, who nand may be said to be kept on his shared her exile and helped to allethrone, and the two factions from viate its sufferings. almost devouring each other, by the Those who under the idea of supfear of the French army of occupa- porting legitimacy are assiduously tion. A new treaty has been entered employed in giving it its death blow, into, by which they are to remain have again rendered Portugal the until January 1825, when of course, scene of discord and commotion. another can continue them till the The conspiracy, to which we alluded following new year's day, and so on, in our last, between the Queen and till the new year's days of fraud and Don Miguel, the Infant of Portugal, treachery shall have been numbered. against the authority of the King, was There was a report of an insurrection of so serious a nature that his Majesty against Ferdinand, headed by one of was obliged to take refuge on board his brothers—it has not been con- the Windsor Castle, one of our ships firmed, and is perhaps premature- of war which had anchored within we should be curious to hear the cannon shot of the shore. He was grounds upon which one of Ferdi- accompanied by all the foreign amnand's brethren would rebel against bassadors, and immediately followed him-it is impossible for any one to by his unnatural son, who was insustain his family name better than veigled thither by a stratagem. The he does, unless indeed the Portu- King severely reprimanded and forguese Queen, his sister, may dispute gave him, after having denounced the palm with him; by the bye, she his conduct in a public proclamahas bred uncommonly well—her son, tion, released the multitude he had Don Miguel, seems every way wor- presumed to imprison, deprived thy of the mother and the uncle- him of his military command, and legitimacy never whelped a purer finally ordered him out of the kingspecimen, as our readers will see by dom on his travels. Had the king the accounts from Portugal. The always displayed even any disposiSpanish amnesty has made its ap- tion to such firmness, he need not pearance in Madrid : we are glad to have had so painful an occasion as observe, that the traitor Abisbal is this for its exercise. From the offione of the exceptions--the document cial papers published by the French would neither have been complete, and British embassies, it would seem characteristic,nor consistent, haditnot as if Miguel, during his temporary inculpated some friend or follower. usurpation, for such it really was, We grieve at being obliged to add to had filled the prisons completely, the number of Ferdinand's victims and had actually, amongst others, the interesting and unfortunate wi- incarcerated the chaplain to the

French embassy. It was at first much whether their most inert memsupposed that so desperate an at- ber would not outnumber far the tempt would not have been made most active witness for the Suppreswithout the secret countenance of sion of Vice men. France, but the circumstance to which One of those unaccountable powe have just alluded, together with litical intrigues which bave so invathe prompt determination evinced by riably distinguished the old regime the French ambassador, seems to set in France, has just been played off all suspicion on that subject at rest in the capital of that country. A Indeed there is no calculating either party, consisting chiefly of Priests from analogy or probability upon and Ultras, headed by Chateaubriant, what such a creature as this Miguel the War Minister, has succeeded in might attempt-never rising to the throwing out the measure for the relevel of reason himself, he baffles duction of the rentes, proposed by every process of reasoning in others. the Minister Villele, in the House of That he has however a strong party Peers. The King has sided with the in Lisbon, we fear the fact of his ab- defeated party, and thrown Chateausence being thought neccessary must briant out of the Ministry, an event evince. He arrived at Brest, with which has moved exceedingly the his favourite bull-fighter, his pet- Coteries of Paris. The rejection of dog, and many other royal associates the measure is popular-though not

- he made the best of his way to exactly perhaps with Mr. RothsParis, and was introduced at Court, child:- as to its consequence, the where, as it appeared, his dog and dismissal of Chateaubriant, it exhir himself had studied in the same bits the rather singular spectacle of school, and were of course equally a defeated Minister displacing a triintelligible in the French tongue; he umphant 'one-if indeed any thing was obliged to be invited to dinner can be singular in France. As to on the next Sunday through the me Chateaubriant himself, we believe the dium of an interpreter. As the French world cares very little whether he is Royal Sunday dinner is a public one, in or out of officemas no great friends the good people of Paris will of to the Holy Allies we rejoice at it course have an opportunity of be, as great admirers of every thing apholding their august visitor in person proaching to a moral retribution, we dinner however is a meal at which are not sorry for it-Chateaubriant the Royal Host need not fear a com was alternately the abject idolater of parison with any one. The King of Napoleon, and the still more abject Portugal having passed his birth- toad-eater to the Bourbons-he has, day, the 13th of May, on board the therefore, in his disgrace, an alternaWindsor Castle, landed again upon tive consolation- if he cannot solace the 15th, and was received, say the himself in his closet by perusing his papers, with acclamations of joy. He rhapsody in behalf of St. Louis, he had previously distributed honours has only to retire to his chapel and to the most distinguished, and evin- drop his tears into the bottle of holy ced, as it is said, his sense of justice water which he brought from the still farther by ordering the Queen river Jordan to baptize the King of to a convent. He is undoubtedly Rome. placed in a situation which requires There are no accounts from South a union of great prudence with great America on which any reliance can firmness, qualities, in which, if he be placed. Some say that Canterac, now fails, he may be spared their the Spanish Royalist leader in Peru, exercise, at least on a throne, in a has, since the rejection of the Conmuch shorter time than he imagines. stitutional system by Ferdinand, His Brazilian successor has, it seems, joined Bolivar, and declared for the promulgated a constitution which has independence of that country ; others, given much satisfaction to his sub- that an tion has taken place in jects—he and his Queen have public- which Bolivar was defeated. Neither ly sworn to obey it—it is quite won of these very contradictory reports derful what a quantity of oaths the can be traced to any authentic source, Kings and Queens of this august and it is more than probable that race have taken lately. We question they have been both propagated for

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