Interstate Commerce on Railroads, Hearings on H.R. 19730, Further to Promote Safety of Employees and Travelers Upon Railroads by Amending Act, Jan. 17-23, 1917
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accept action Adamson agree agreement American apply appointed arbitration authority award BARKLEY believe bill brotherhoods carrier CARTER CHAIRMAN commission committee companies compel compulsory Congress consideration Constitution contract controversy court desire effect eight-hour employ employees employment enacted enforced engineers Esch fact four gentlemen give going GOMPERS Government HAMILTON hands hear idea individual industrial interests interstate commerce kind labor leave legislation liberty lines managers matter mean mediation MONTAGUE never object officers operation opinion organizations parties passed PERHAM position practical present President proposed provisions question quit railroad railway reason receivers reference regulate representatives result road rule SHEPPARD side Sims speak statement STONE strike suggested suppose thing tion train understand United wages
Página 116 - ... from one State or Territory of the United States, or the District of Columbia, to any other State or Territory of the United States, or the District of Columbia, or from any place in the United States...
Página 125 - But we think the sound construction of the Constitution must allow to the national legislature that discretion, with respect to the means by which the powers it confers are to be carried into execution, which will enable that body to perform the high duties assigned to it, in the manner most beneficial to the people.
Página 144 - If the remedy at law . is sufficient, equity cannot give relief, "but it is not enough that * there is a remedy at law; it must be plain and adequate, or. in other words, as practical and efficient to the ends of justice, and its prompt administration, as the remedy in equity.
Página 116 - That the provisions of this act shall apply to any common carrier or carriers engaged in the transportation of passengers or property wholly by railroad, or partly by railroad and partly by water when both are used, under a common control, management, or arrangement, for a continuous carriage or shipment...
Página 120 - ... it is not within the functions of government — at least, in the absence of contract between the parties — to compel any person, in the course of his business and against his will, to accept or retain the personal services of another, or to compel any person, against his will, to perform personal services for another.
Página 120 - Is this a fair, reasonable and appropriate exercise of the police power of the State, or is it an unreasonable, unnecessary and arbitrary interference with the right of the individual to his personal liberty or to enter into those contracts in relation to labor which may seem to him appropriate or necessary for the support of himself and his family?
Página 120 - The general right to make a contract in relation to his business is part of the liberty of the individual protected by the 14th Amendment of the Federal Constitution.
Página 141 - ... their general intelligence, the elevation of their character, the regulation of their wages and their hours and conditions of labor, the protection of their individual rights in the prosecution of their trade or trades, the raising of funds for the benefit of sick, disabled, or unemployed members, or the families of deceased members, or for such other object or objects for which working people may lawfully combine, having in view their mutual protection or benefit.
Página 121 - Coppage because of his being a member of a labor organization, as it was the legal right of Coppage, if he saw fit to do so, — however unwise such a course on his part might have been, — to quit the service in which he was engaged, because the defendant employed some persons who were not members of a labor organization. In all such particulars the employer and the employee have equality of right, and any legislation that disturbs that equality is an arbitrary interference with the liberty of...
Página 119 - In our opinion that section, in the particular mentioned, is an invasion of the personal liberty, as well as of the right of property, guaranteed by that Amendment. Such liberty and right embraces the right to make contracts for the purchase of the labor of others and equally the right to make contracts for the sale of one's own labor...