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HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

GENERAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON LABOR

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTY-NINTH CONGRESS

DRA

FIRST SESSION

ON

H.R. 8998 and H.R. 8999

BILLS TO MORE EFFECTIVELY PROHIBIT DISCRIMINA-
TION IN EMPLOYMENT BECAUSE OF RACE, COLOR, RELI-
GION, SEX, OR NATIONAL ORIGIN, AND FOR OTHER

PURPOSES

HEARINGS HELD IN WASHINGTON, D.C.

JUNE 15; JULY 19, 20, AND 21, 1965

Printed for the use of the Committee on Education and Labor

ADAM C. POWELL, Chairman

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COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

ADAM C. POWELL, New York, Chairman CARL D. PERKINS, Kentucky

WILLIAM H. AYRES, Ohio EDITH GREEN, Oregon

ROBERT P. GRIFFIN, Michigan JAMES ROOSEVELT, California

ALBERT H. QUIE, Minnesota FRANK THOMPSON, JR., New Jersey

CHARLES E. GOODELL, New York ELMER J. HOLLAND, Pennsylvania

JOHN M. ASHBROOK, Ohio JOHN H. DENT, Pennsylvania

DAVE MARTIN, Nebraska ROMAN C. PUCINSKI, Illinois

ALPHONZO BELL, California DOMINICK V. DANIELS, New Jersey

OGDEN R, REID New York JOHN BRADEMAS, Indiana

GLENN ANDREWS, Alabama JAMES G. O'HARA, Michigan

EDWARD J. GURNEY, Florida RALPH J. SCOTT, North Carolina HUGH L. CAREY, New York AUGUSTUS F. HAWKINS, California CARLTON R. SICKLES, Maryland SAM GIBBONS, Florida WILLIAM D. FORD, Michigan WILLIAM D. HATHAWAY, Maine PATSY T. MINK, Hawaii JAMES H. SCHEUER, New York LLOYD MEEDS, Washington

LOUISE MAXIENNE DARGANS, Chief Clerk

RUSSELL C. DERRICKSON, Staff Director
C. SUMNER STONE, Special Assistant to the Chairman

Dr. GRACE HEWELL, Education Chief
LEON ABRAMSON, Chief Counsel for Labor-Management
MICHAEL J. BERNSTEIN, Minority Counsel for Education and Labor
CHARLES W. RADCLIFFE, Special Education Counsel for Minority

GENERAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON LABOR

JAMES ROOSEVELT, California, Chairman JOHN H. DENT, Pennsylvania

ALPHONZO BELL, California ROMANC. PICINSKI, Illinois

CHARLES E. GOODELL, New York
DOMINICK V. DANIELS, New Jersey DAVE MARTIN, Nebraska
AUGUSTUS F. HAWKINS, California
EDITH GREEN, Oregon

JAY H. FOREMAN, Counsel
II

CONTENTS

Hearings held in Washington, D.C.:

Page

June 15, 1965.

1

July 19, 1965.

29

July 20, 1965.

59

July 21, 1965.

89

Statement of -

Biemiller, Andrew J., director, Department of Legislation, AFL-CIO,

accompanied by Tom Harris, associate general counsel, AFL-CIO.- 21, 90

Fowler, Hon. George H., chairman, New York State Commission on

Human Rights.-

59

Kemp, Hon. James, commissioner, Illinois State Fair Employment

Practice Commission.-

Mitchell, Clarence, director, Washington Bureau, National Associa-
tion for the Advancement of Colored People

11,90
O'Shaughnessy, James B., representing Illinois State Chamber of Com-

merce, accompanied by Robert M. Perry, manager, Labor Relations
Department, Illinois State Chamber of Commerce

30

Roosevelt, Hon. Franklin D., Jr., Chairman, Equal Employment

Opportunity Commission..

Statements, letters, supplemental material, etc.:

Chamber of Commerce of the United States, statement of...

56

Gordin, Burton I., executive director, Michigan Civil Rights Commis-

sion, letter to Chairman Roosevelt .

284

Rules of Michigan Civil Rights Commission.

285

Howden, Edward, executive officer, California Fair Employment

Practice Commission.-

292

Legislative history and analysis of title VII of the Civil Rights Act of

1964: Equal employment opportunity

116

Miller, Lambert H., general counsel, National Association of Manufac-

turers, letter to Chairman Roosevelt..

291

Rice, Theron J., legislative general manager, Chambe of Commerce

of the United States, telegram to Chairman Roosevelt.

27

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, statement of.

26

Vivian, Hon. Weston E., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Michigan...

115

EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY, 1965

TUESDAY, JUNE 15, 1965

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

GENERAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON LABOR
OF THE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met at 6:05 p.m., pursuant to call, in room 2175, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. James Roosevelt (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Representatives Roosevelt, Pucinski, Daniels, Hawkins, Bell, Green, O'Hara, and Reid.

Mr. ROOSEVELT. The subcommittee will come to order, please.

The committee meets at this rather late hour, as I am sure you all know, due to the objections of one Member of the Congress to our sitting during the general debate this afternoon.

I apologize to Mr. Mitchell and Mr. Biemiller for the late hour. I want to extend to you my appreciation for your cooperation.

I want to also thank the members of the committee who are present for their cooperation.

The historic Civil Rights Act of 1964 provides in title VII for the protection of equal employment opportunities. It was the General Subcommittee on Labor of the Committee on Education and Labor which heard extensive testimony on and wrote and reported the measure that ultimately evolved into title VII. This is an area of great concern to all members of the Committee on Education and Labor and, therefore, Chairman Powell has requested this subcommittee to hold these early hearings on several recently introduced bills which would amend certain provisions of that title.

Part of the urgency is the consideration, the eminent consideration, of other legislation which would be affected by the ability of the past legislation to be effective. Two of those bills, H.R. 8998, introduced by myself, and H.R. 8999, introduced by my colleague from New York, the Honorable Ogden Reid, are identical. The committee is very happy to have Mr. Reid present this afternoon,

(H.R. 8998 and H.R. 8999 follow :)

[H.R. 8998, 89th Cong., 1st sess. ]

A BILL To more effectively prohibit discrimination in employment because of race, color,

religion, sex, or national origin, and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress asscinbled. That (a) section 701 (b) of the Civil Rights Act or 1964 is amended

(1) by striking out "twenty-five" and inserting in lieu thereof "eight",
(2) by striking out the first proviso, and
(3) in the second proviso, by striking out further.

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