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his son James, aged 11. They were inter vid Kennedy, Esq. one of his Majesty's red in one grave.

Justices of the Peace, and Deputy Lieute19. At Perth, Mrs Stewart of Bon. nant for the county of Cumberland skeid.

30. At Abbeville, suddenly, Marma21. At Newton-upon-Ayr, Mr James duke Constable Maxwell, Esq. of EveringTurner, aged 100. He was a serjeant in ham, in the county of York, and Nithsdale the King's army in the year 1745.

in Scotland. After the funeral ceremony, - At Glassmount, Alexander, youngest which was performed with great pomp, ac son of the late Burridge Purvis, Esq. of cording to the Catholic ritual, Miss Max. Glassmount

well walked round her father's coffin, and - At London, a few days after his r2. kissed it several times.- Paris paper. turn from India, Lieutenant Thomas Car. - At London, Major-General Thomas michael, of the Hon. East India Company's Hawkshaw, late of the Hon. East India service.

Company's Bengal establishment. 22. At Grange,Burntisland, Jane, young. - At Edinburgh, William Lawson, est daughter of Mr James Hamilton, AC- Esq. late of Girthead. comptant-General of Excise.

July I. Anne Sophia Shipley, daughter - At London, Mary, Baroness Mor of William Green, Esq. of Stanway Hall; daunt, of Turvey, aged 82. By her death and, in the evening of the same day, her this old Peerage descends to his Grace the twin sister, Harriet Mary Francis. Duke of Gordon.

- At Dunbar, of scarlet fever, Marion 23. At Clunie, parish of Terregles, Mr Hepburn, eldest daughter of George San. Samuel M‘Minn, farmer, aged 81. dilands, Esq. ; and, on the 3d, George

- At Milton, the infant son of Sir Da. Macfarlane, son of Mrs Sandilands and vid Hunter Blair.

the late Duncan Macfarlane, Esq. Glas- At Airdrie, the Rev. Andrew Dun- gow. canson, minister of the Associate Congre- - At Kelso, in the 102d year of his age, gation there, in the 52d year of his age, John Wight, for many years fisherman at and 27th of his ministry.

Craigover, near Maxton. - At Bath, Captain Philip Dumaresq, 2." At Auchencairn, in the parish of

Kirkmahoe, aged 75, Mrs Mary Anderson, - At Paris, John Robinson, Esq. M. P. relict of the late Alexander Walker, Esq. & Lieutenant-General in the army, and Co. of Auchencairn. lonel of the 60th foot.

- At Inverness, in his 67th year, uni24. At Cheltenham, Lieutenant-General versally regretted, Mr James Wills, who Charles Reynolds, of the Hon. East India has been one of the teachers of the Inver. Company's service, on the Bombay estab. ness Academy since its institution. lishment

- At Newbyth, Mrs Maria Hearsy Ga- At Edinburgh, Mr John Richmond, vin, spouse of Robert Baird of Newbyth, merchant, Blair Street.

25. At Bath, John Blackwood, Esq. late 3. At Edinburgh, Mr Alexander Wal. of Quebec, a Member of Council of the ker, formerly a brewer and bailie of that province of 1.ower Canada.

city. 26. Of an apoplectic fit, Thomas Philip At Vicwfield, near Stirling, Major Lamb, Esq. M. P.

Alexander Stewart, Fasnacloich, in the - At Hursley Park, in Hampshire, Sir 84th year of his age. William Heathcote, Bart. He represented - At Edinburgh, Major Thomas the county of Southampton in three suc. Broughame, late of the Hon. East India cessive Parliaments, but retired from pub. Company's service. lic life at the general election of 1806, on - At Paris, Laurence Oliphant, Esq. account of ill health.

of Gask. 27. At Middleton House, John Hepburn James Hill, Esq. of Busby. Mitchelson, youngest son of the late Archic 4. At Glammis, Patrick Proctor, Esq. bal Mitchelson, Esq. of Middleton.

of Halkerton. 28. At Dumfries, Miss Lawrie of Crofts. - At Newabbey, Miss Isabella Ander.

- At Leith, William Chisholm, Esq. son, daughter of John Anderson, Esq. of late merchant in Inverness, and for many Fermoy, Ireland. years one of the Magistrates of that town. 5. At Edinburgh, Ann Hamilton, young

29. At Paris, the Hon. Alice Emily est daughter of Alexander Blair, Esq. wri. Perry, second daughter of Lord Louvaine, ter to the signet. in the eleventh year of her age.

- At Edinburgh, Mr John Ranken, 30. At Crosby Lodge, near Carlisle, in late of Portugal Street, Lincoln's Inn fields consequence of a fall from his horse, Da. London.

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George Ramsay and Co. Printers, Edinburgh.

THE

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE,

AND

LITERARY MISCELLANY,

BEING A NEW SERIES OF

The Scots Magazine,

SEPTEMBER 1819.

CONTENTS.

er over

Character of the late Mr James Watt. 203 | The Banished Man, on a distant View Specimens of American Literature. of his Country, which he is quitting “ The Author's Account of Himself.” for ever..

como coronamar262 - The Voyage.”_" Rural Life Historical Illustrations of Shakespeare ib. in England "comanaccorsom.. 206

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC Remarks on the Different Translations

INTELLIGENCE. of Virgil..man como ....214 Journal of a Visit to Holland. Letter Highland Society of London.-PreserIV. marco

vation of Grain.-Pyroligneous Acid. Remarks on the Transactions of the

-Crystal Mine in France avorrano.265 Wigwam Society.commmmmcom 220 Works preparing for Publication ....267 Tour into the District of Harz. 226 Monthly List of New Publications ....268 The Runaway; a Tale, in Four

MONTHLY REGISTER. Parts mamma

www.casa.... 230

Foreign Intelligence.com Notice from the Brazils ...............232 British Chronicle

m a mmamman272 Biographical Sketch of Macdonald, Au. British Legislation ... thor of Vimonda w owow ... 233 | Public Amusements, &c.

278 Notice from Rome............ ......237 ) Appointments and Promotions, &C.....280 A Sermon, preached before the King of Meteorological Table paranormmm.282

Spain, in the Royal Chapel..........239 Agricultural Reportra u ma 1b. Remarks on the Cession of Pargana 245 Commercial Report.ansarannaroroonan. 284 Abstract of Dr Clarke's Travels in The late Duke of Buccleuch and

Scandinavia mwema comme 249 Queensberry ... wwwmmm 287 Thoughts on Trial by Jury in Civil | The late Adam Rolland, Esq.mmm..290 Cases in Scotland.muroweremmoor 258 | Births, Marriages, Deaths ...... ...291

EDINBURGH: PRINTED FOR ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE AND COMPANY,

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** The Correspondents of the EDINBURGH MAGAZINE AND LITERARY MISCELLANY are respectfully requested to transmit their Communications for the Editor to ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE and Company, Edinburgh, or LongMAN and COMPANY, London; to whom also orders for the Work should be particularly addressed.

Printed by George Ramsay & Co.

THE

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE, ..

AND

LITERARY MISCELLANY.

SEPTEMBER 1819.

CHARACTER OF THE LATE MR JAMES mirable contrivances, it has become a WATT. *

thing stupendous alike for its force Death is still busy in our high

and its flexibility,- for the prodigious places :--And it is with great pain

power which it can exert, and the that we find ourselves called upon, so

ease, and precision, and ductility, soon after the loss of Mr Playfair, to

with which it can be varied, distrirecord the decease of another of our

buted, and applied. The trunk of an illustrious countrymen, and one to

elephant that can pick up a pin or whom mankind has been still more

rend an oak is as nothing to it. It largely indebted. Mr JAMES WATT,

can engrave a seal, and crush masses the great improver of the steam

of obdurate metal before it, -draw engine, died on the 25th ult. at his

out, without breaking, a thread as seat of Heathfield, near Birmingham,

fine as gossamer, and lift a ship of in the 84th year of his age.

war like a bauble in the air. It can This name fortunately needs no

embroider muslin and forge anchors, commemoration of ours; for he that

-cut steel into ribbands, and impel bore it survived to see it crowned with

loaded vessels against the fury of the undisputed and unenvied honours;

winds and waves.

It would be difficult to estimate and many generations will probably pass away before it shall have“ ga

the value of the benefits which these thered all its fame.” We have said

inventions have conferred upon the that Mr Watt was the great improver

country. There is no branch of inof the steam-engine ; but, in truth,

dustry that has not been indebted to as to all that is admirable in its struc

them; and in all the most material, ture, or vast in its utility, he should

they have not only widened most rather be described as its inventor. It

magnificently the field of its exertions,

but multiplied a thousandfold the was by his inventions that its action was so regulated as to make it capable

amount of its productions. It is our of being applied to the finest and

improved steam-engine that has fought most delicate manufactures, and its

the battles of Europe, and exalted and power so increased as to set weight

sustained, through the late tremendand solidity at defiance. By his ad

ous contest, the political greatness of our land. It is the same great power

which now enables us to pay the in• This notice of the character of Mr

terest of our debt, and to maintain Watt appeared first in the Scotsman newspaper. It follows 50 appropriately the

the arduous struggle in which we are character of Mr Playfair in our last Num.

still engaged, with the skill and capi. ber, that we make no hesitation of trans

tal of countries less oppressed with ferring it to our pages. Indeed, our read. taxation. But these are poor and ers will probably discover that they both narrow views of its importance. It proceed from the same eloquent and dis.

has increased indefinitely the mass of criminating pen.

human comforts and enjoyments, and

rendered cheap and accessible all over skilled in chemistry and the arts, and the world the materials of wealth and in most of the branches of physical prosperity. It has armed the feeble science, might perhaps have been cons hand of man, in short, with a power jectured ; but it could not have been to which no limits can be assigned, inferred from his usual occupations, completed the dominion of mind over and probably is not generally known, the most refractory qualities of matter, that he was curiously learned in many and laid a sure foundation for all branches of antiquity, metaphysics, those future miracles of mechanic medicine, and etymology, and perfectpower which are to aid and reward ly at home in all the details of archithe labours of after generations. It is tecture, music, and law. He was to the genius of one man too that all well acquainted, too, with most of the this is mainly owing; and certainly no modern languages—and familiar with man ever before bestowed such a gift their most recent literature. Nor on his kind. The blessing is not only was it at all extraordinary to hear the universal, but unbounded; and the great mechanician and engineer defabled inventors of the plough and tailing and expounding, for hours tothe loom, who were deified by the ere gether, the metaphysical theories of ring gratitude of their rude contem- the German logicians, or criticising poraries, conferred less important be- the measures or the matter of the nefits on mankind than the inventor German poetry. of our present steam-engine.

His astonishing memory was aided, This will be the fame of Watt with no doubt, in a great measure, by a future generations; and it is sufficient still higher and rarer faculty-by his for his race and his country. But to power of digesting and arranging in those to whom he more immediately its proper place all the information he belonged, who lived in his society and received, and of casting aside and reenjoyed his conversation, it is not, per- jecting, as it were instinctively, whathaps, the character in which he will ever was worthless or immaterial. be most frequently recalled-most Every conception that was suggested deeply lamented or even most high- to his mind seemed instantly to take ly admired. Independently of bis its place among its other rich furnigreat attainments in mechanics, Mr ture, and to be condensed into the Watt was an extraordinary, and in smallest and most convenient form. many respects a wonderful man. Per. He never appeared, therefore, to be haps no individual in his age posses- at all encumbered or perplexed with sed so much and such varied and ex- the verbiage of the dull books he peract information,-had read so much, used, or the idle talk to which he or remembered what he had read so listened; but to have at once extractaccurately and well. He had infinite ed, by a kind of intellectual alchemy, quickness of apprehension, a prodigie all that was worthy of attention, anii ous memory, and a certain rectifying to have reduced it for his own use, to and methoclising power of understand- its true value and to its simplest form. ing, which extracted something pre- And thus it often happened that a cious out of all that was presented to great deal more was learned from his it. His stores of miscellaneous know- hrief and vigorous account of the ledge were iminense,--and yet less theories and arguments of tedious astonishing than the command he had writers, than an ordinary student at all times over them. It seemed as could ever have derived from the most if every subject that was casually painful study of the originals,-and started in conversation with him, had that errors and absurdities became been that which he had been last oc- manifest from the mere clearness and cupied in studying and exhausting ; plainness of his statement of them, - such was the copiousness, the pre- which might have deluded and percision, and the admirable clearness of plexed most of his hearers without the information which he poured out that invaluable assistance. upon it without effort or hesitation. It is necdless to say, that, with Nor was this promptitude and com- those vast resources, his conversation pass of knowledge confined in any de- was at all times rich and instructive gree to the studies connected with his in no ordinary degree: but it was, if ordinary pursuits. That he should possible, still more pleasing than wise, have been minutely and extensively and had all the charms of familiarity,

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