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ANECDOTES, HISTORICAL, LITERARY, him singular regard, without forgetAND MSC LLANEOUS,

ting the fathers of the Chartreux of No. IV.

Liget, distant only two leagues, from

whom he derived much consolation.” Monteith of Salmonet.—This Scot. I. 367. tish gentleman wrote in French, and Again, speaking of the Cardinal de his works are now little known. In Retz, Vol. III. p. 346. He apthe entertaining Memoirs of the Abbé proved, by a singular public eulogy, Marrolles, written by himself, there the humble remonstrance of Salmoare soine scattered notices. "

net to Charles II. King of Great BriA. D. 1611. « Sometime after, tain, in the year 1652, when he was having gone to pay a visit to a lord of only archbishop at Corinth, and coadthe court, I was so happy as to meet jutor at Paris.” And in the list of M. de Salmonet.” Here Goujet those who presented their works to the editor adds in a note, “ Robert the Abbé Marolles, p. 360, we find de Mentet de Salmonet, praised by “ Robert de Mentet de Salmonet, a Desmarets in one of his Latin let. Scotishman of great erudition and ters."'? “ He was an excellent per singular probity, has my thanks for son, for whom we are indebted to his Histories of Scotland, England, Scotland. He quite gained my affec- and Montrose, and for his Humble tions by his agreeable and mild ap- Remonstrance to the King of Great pearance, and by the excallent things Britain in 1652." he dropped in conversation ; and we have since often visited each other Burnet, or Burnath, professor at with much friendship. This valuable Montauban.--His System of Ethics, man, who writes in our language like or Moral Philosophy, was published a born Frenchman, joins politeness after his death, at Levden, in 1649, a with great learning, but his fortune thick volume of 1058 pages, exclusive has always been crossed, and being of dedication, index, &c. very neatly attached to the Cardinal de Retz, then printed in small octavo: Gilbert coadjutor of the see of Paris, he has Burnathi, Scotobrit, in Academia encountered nothing but misfortunes. Montalbanensi, Philosophiæ ProfesYet never was there a wiser man, or soris Ethicæ Dissertationes," &c. more respectful towards legitimate Being designed for the instruction of authority, or more disinterested. He collegians, most of the copies have has compossed the History of the Re- perished, and the book is of great cent Troubles in England, and we also rarity. It is one of the clearest and have from his pen a Remonstrance to best systems ever arranged, and writthe King of Great Britain, which may ten in a pure concise easy style, no be classed among the most elegant where tinctured with pedantry or productions in our language.

fanaticism. Goujet adds in a note, that the Re- Montauban was a Protestant place, monstrance appeared anonymously, famous for the siege by Louis XIII. Paris, 1652, small folo, pp. 72, and is Burnath, in one or two passages, resanctioned by the approbation of Gon- futes the opinion of the Papistæ. It dy, the then coadjutor of the arch- is not generally known that the most bishop, (Vol. I. p. 244,) that is, the learned and moderate portion of the Cardinal de Retz:

Protestant clergy in France, during Again, 1652. “M. de Salmonet, the reign of Louis XIII., was from one of the most considerable persons Scotland. There is an Historia Da. for learning and piety found in the norum, extra Daniam, but we want house of the Cardinal de Retz, when an Historia Scotorum, extra Scotiam, imprisoned at Vincennes, was received in my abbey of Baugerais, in Tou- Florence Wilson.-In the French raine, where I kept him for fifteen translation of Alciat's Emblems, months without bearing him compa- Lyons, 1549, 8vo, (and also in the ny, which my occupations at Paris edition 1563, 8vo,) there is a curious prevented. But being master of my dedication by the translator Aneau. house during that time, he used it as “ To the Most Illustrious Prince freely as myself, and received many James Earl of Arran in Scotland, son visits of my relations, and of the chief of the Most Noble Prince James Duke pobility of the country, who showed of Chastel le Heraut, Prince Gover, nor of the Kingdom of Scotland." in Latin,-he alone shews genius, The beginning is worth translation; fire, and invention in a dead lanthe rest only recommending the book guage. to the Earl as worthy of his juvenile attention, on account of the prints Alexander Scot. -The large Greek and verses, and as an assistant in his Grammar, Universa Grammatica Grostudy of the French language. ca, per Alexandrum Scot, Scotum, ap.

“ Being informed, Most Illustrious peared at Lyons, 1605, in a second Earl, of the pleasure you take in the impression. It is an octavo, of near French language, though rather es- 1500 pages, and is a vast compilation tranged from your early youth, only from all the preceding treatises on the xccustomod to your native Scotish Greek grammar, with many original tongue, very remote from ours, I have observations of the author, who must been induced, by my own choice, and have been a stupendous Greek schoafterwards emboldened by the counsel lar. The book is at present little of Mr Florence Wilson, [M. Florent known, but is the more remarkable, Volusen,]'a man, besides his excellent as our nation is little distinguished in manners and virtues, and the know- Grecian literature. From page 613 ledge of the arts and sciences, and all it appears that his preceptor was N. things good and worthy, having also Guilonius. the intelligence and faculty of the classical languages, Greek and Latin, Heretical Parrot.- Beze, in his and of the modern Scotish, (his own,) History of the Reformation in France, French, Italian, and Spanish, all ac- 3 vols. 8vo, Geneva, 1580, informs quired by visiting those nations; by us of a curious circumstance that oc-, his advice, then, conspiring with my curred at Toulouse. A parrot, that own choice, I am emboldened to dedi

had been taught to say Fi de la messe! cate and present to you this little book

was arraigned before the Inquisition of Emblems of the excellent lawyer there, condemned, and publicly burnt M. Alciat, living and flourishing at by the executioner. What a theme this present time,” &c.

for the author of Vert-vert ! The work of Wilson, De Animi Tranquillitate, was first published at Lyons, by that learned and excellent Etymology.-In the curious Me. printer Gryphius, a German, who moires d'ditigny, Tome 1. p. 408, settled there in 1528. There are three may be found a learned satire against editions at Edinburgh in the last cen- the absurdities of etymology, by the tury ; but an editition very rare, and celebrated Huet, bishop of Avranches. little known, is that of Leyden, 1637, It is too long to transcribe, but, in the So, which was in the library of the late rage for Celtic etymons, it might celebrated De Thou. It is very well have been as serviceable as a dose of written, but tedious to read, being in hellebore. gne long perpetual dialogue, in imitation of those of Plato. If divided into Mury.-This unfortunate princess six dialogues, (with little introductory has found many old women to wash descriptions of the scenes around her foul linen. D’Aubigny, the bedLyons,) it would be classical. There chamber chum of Henry IV. and who are two other classical works in Latin, is often only an echo of the sentiments written by Scotish authors, the Ar- of that great monarch, says, “ The genis of Barclay, published among the Catholics must be greatly at a loss for classics cum Notis Variorum ; and martyrs, when they select as one an the Poems of Buchanan, which, even adulteress and a homicide.” in the first editions, by the Etiennes Her return to Scotland was hasten(Stephani) at Paris, bear in the title ed by a contemptuous expression she Poetarum hujus sæculi facile Princi- used to Catherine of Medici, Queenpis. This supreme praise has been Regent of France; Qu'elle ne seroit confirmed by De Thou and others, jamais autre chose que la fille d'un who add the just reason of this high marchand." She was thought to have distinction; that while other modern thus spoken at the suggestion of her Latin poets only spun cantos, or tag- uncle, the Cardinal of Lorraine, who ged ends of ancient verses together, he was sent to the Council of Trent as a alone was original,-be alone thinks kind of exile.

In our last set of anecdotes * we which only tends to heighten the fee were engaged with a French travel- rocity of the populace, as perhaps the ler, who visited England as secretary instigators may one day feel to their to an embassy in 1641. We left him cost, for the stoutest pugilist would examining the objects in the Tower run from the fire-arms of an enemy. of London. It is evident that the The English ladies next engage his sword shown to him as that sent by attention, but in this and a former the Pope (Leo X.) to Henry VIII. portion of his travels in Normandy, was one sent by Julius III. to Philip, he assumes a romantic tone, and disa Prince of Spain, when he married guises the names, that he may not Mary, Queen of England, and Popery hurt living feelings or characters, eiwas restored, to the great joy of Rome. ther by praise or blame. “ They apBut, as Philip's name was most un- pear extremely neat, and better drespopular, the crafty guides had substi, sed than our Parisian dames, chang, tuted that of Henry VIII.

ing their dresses almost every day, “I was about to draw this sword, and their ornaments, for as to their to see if there were any devices on the gloves they are so profuse, that at an blade, when ten or twelve men rush assembly or play they use new ones ed upon me, with outcries of rage. I every hour.” He becomes seriously was embarrassed when our interpre- enamoured with one of the most beau. ter explained, that to draw that tiful and virtuous ladies of the court, sword was an undoubted presage of a whom he calls Clarinda, and describes bloody' war. After many excuses, I his passion as minutely as a modern was still afraid of remaining a prison- female romance ; but we pass many er with the Archbishop of Canter- topics, which might amuse in a pubbury, who had been arrested at the lication of the whole work, same time with Lord Strafford, for “ It was about this period that a the same designs, the same intrigues, quarrel arose in full parliament beaud the same want of conduct in the tween the Earl of Pembroke, great execution. He was in daily expecta. chamberlain, and Lord Montravel, tion of the same fate, either by the eldest son of the Earl of Arundel, axe or by the rope, for the meanness great marshal of England, about some of his birth exposed him to the latter. words on both sides which sounded I began to feel pain in so fatal a spot, like the lie, followed by four or five and amidst such capricious guides, applications of the white wand, which when I was struck with the most the former inflicted on the shoulders beautiful pieces of plate ever fabricate of the latter. This lord had such ined, being three vast vases of silver fluence by his intrigues and his congilt, enriched with a thousand figures, nections, as brother-in-law of the and the marvellous cup of Queen Eli. Duke of Richmond, as to arrest the zabeth, four feet in height, and a foot Earl as if in the King's name, and to and a half wide, relieved with a mil. send him to the Tower, where two lion of devices, where art and indus- days after he resigned his charge, try have surpassed themselves to fi. worth twenty thousand pistoles anish so perfect a work. In going a. year, into the hands of the Earl of way, we saw in a long gallery a hun- Essex, This event made much noise dred and twenty or forty men con- at court, this rigorous procedure astostantly employed in the royal coinage, nishing the English, who have not no foreign money having course, so learned, like the French, a blind obethat strangers lose much in exchange.” dience to the will of the prince, or to

Our traveller's next visit is to West. lose their fortune for such minute minster Abbey, where he is astonish- faults. No gentleman had before taed with the grandeur of the edifice, ken serious offence at hasty blows, and the number of the tombs, while nor was there any point of honour to at St Denis only royal ones exist, fight for such an accident, and only He then proceeds to a bear garden in sharp words pass, though swords are the suburbs, to see bears and bulls cominonly worn; for I must inform fight against dogs, a practice more you, that he who kills his antagonist laudable than the modern pugilism, is infallibly rewarded with a halter,

though he were a knight of the gar* See Number for December 1818, p. ter; and if a stranger were so impru. 498.

dent as to draw his sword in the street,

be would risk his life under the ell- which had refused to dismiss its army, frands of a thousand apprentices, eaa after having received the pay, given ger to support the ancient laws. their words, and a treaty so advan

“ Yet withal they are so proud as tageous to their liberties, to the conDerur to yield the way, give the first tempt of the royal authority. salute, or the place of honour. Like “All these reasons, this great zeal, their wives, they imagine that the could not move the king's resolution, peace and traffic of Europe depend on who shewed, on this occasion, more them; that they have in their power force and constancy than those petty all the wealth of Peru ; that they are sovereigns expected. He told them, the sole arbiters of peace or war; that in a high style, that he had already without their means and their ship- deferred for three months, at their ping the neighbouring countries could entreaties, a journey which his connot subsist; and, fed with such chi- science told him was necessary, to dismeras, they treat other nations with a perse seditious factions, and that at contempt and a pride wholly insup- length he must, as monarch and faportable."

ther of his people, terminate, in a [The vanity of our secretary seems friendly manner, the thousand ema to have encountered some neglect.] barrassinents which had changed the

" If the ladies be profuse in dress, very face of the kingdom during three the courtiers surpass them in idle ex- years. pence. They spend incredible sums " The most skilful politicians of in mere sport, in dresses and orna- the parliament could not approve this ments, to imitate the French, as the speedy departure at such a conjuncmost becoming. They exceed all na- ture, well foreseeing that it would not tions in deep gaming, and in the bold. be easy to reconcile three inimical naDess of their wagers, which at the Ex- tions with arms in hand, and twentychange are excessive on any trifting eight or twenty-nine different sects of news of the march of an army, the religion, by choosing the best, or raevent of a siege, or a battle, so that ther composing a thirtieth, as more they will risk thirty or forty thousand firm and sure. For since their revolt jacobuses on the most feeble grounds. from the Catholic church, they have Their ordinary amusements are pau- fallen into so strange a libertinism, as line, bowls, and piquet, but they are to follow and practise, without disnot very skilful, and shun those Pari- tinction, all the novelties of all the sians, who, being too well known in heresies in Europe. the Marais,* and at their wits' ends, “ His Majesty, without losing an come hither to carry on their little hour, departed in post next day for war, where they contrive, however, Newcastle, where we shall leave him to be repaid for their expences. reviewing his troops, and regaling the

* It is quite amusing to see the chiefs of those of Scotland, winning greatest lords of England, their pipes the lower officers, and the hearts of in their hands, without sword or cloak, the soldiers, gaining followers on all enjoying in Piccadilly the pleasures of sides, and thus assuming a position to an idle life, and filling the air with re-establish, by some signal action, the the odour of tobacco, which they do glory of his sceptre, the honour of his Dot spare, even at the theatre amidst name, his influence, and reputation ; the ladies, or in the first companies.” in fine, to depend on none but God

The manuscript being without chap- and his sword. ters or divisions, our author now re- “ Meanwhile, the queen-mother turns abruptly to politics.

(Mary of Medici) prepared to quit a “The parliament learning the king's country where her presence had exdesign of a visit to Scotland, went in cited such jealousy among the great a body to Whitehall, to remonstrate and the people, that she would not on the inutility of so distant a jour- have been safe, from the insolence of ney, while so many great and import- the apprentices, if any disorder had ant affairs remained to be arranged, happened in the city, or the smallest and such jcalousies and fears among change in the state, as she was suspecta the people. They regarded this visit ed of privately giving to their majesas an idle compliment to a nation ties violent and sanguinary advice,

since mildness and reason had no • Then the fashionable quarter of Paris. power over those brutal souls.

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« They bestowed on her, as in cha- “In passing near Greenwich, we rity, ten thousand jacobuses, as being saw the beautiful and rich magazines hospitable to a poor stranger, or rather of the Indies, with the ships which made for her a bridge of gold, as for go there to trade every three years. an enemy, to drive her more speedily We afterwards saw the royal vessel from the country, and to be delivered called the Sovereign of the Sea, of an at once from all the cares and inquies immense size, and then anchored five tudes caused by her presence.” miles below Rochester, in a deep and

The author here declaims against open place, where we could contemthe ministers and advisers of this un- plate at ease this floating colossium. fortunate princess, as being in fact her You will hardly believe even me, enemies, as well as of their country. when I assure you, that it bears two - “ They persuaded her that Cologne thousand tons, one hundred and twelve would be a more agreeable residence large pieces of brazen ordinance, (ca. than the palace of Luxenbourg, which non de fonte verte,) and six hundred she had built at Paris; that it was seamen, with all sorts of munition and more glorious to her majesty to be the provision for six months. The length mockery of all Germany, than the is two hundred paces, (pas,) the idol and delight of France ; that a breadth twenty-four, thickness three gross and heavy climate was good for and a half, decorated with so many her health, after all her journies and beautiful figures within anl without, voyages ; and that ten thousand livres that two days would be required even a-year, begged of petty princes, for- to enumerate them. The prow is en. merly happy to be themselves pen- riched with a thousand grotesques, of sioners, were far better than two or a gilding so perfect, that it seems fresh three millions from her son, one of from the hard of the artist, not to the most powerful princes in Europe. mention the image of the present king These miscreants did not even spare on horseback, covered with laurels, the paltry pensions of fifty or sixty passing over the bellies of seven vanpoor officers of her household, who, quished kings, who seem to implore after having generously followed the forgiveness. * It is impossible to surperson and fortunes of their good mis- pass the magnificence of the poop of tress, were reduced to despair, by an this floating palace, which represents order to retire.

in relief the marine deities, and the “ More than eight days had elap- winds, and the Cardinal Virtues, large sed since Whitehall had been desert- as human life, with the arms of France, ed, Somersethouse abandoned, and Scotland, and England. We admired London silent as the country, not only the rooins destined for their majesties, from the departure of the court, but the rich gilding, the cleanliness, and on account of the pestilence which the contrivance of a hundred little cahad horribly augmented. To shun binets, so that a numerous court could the danger, the queen had retired to be lodged without much inconveni. one of her country houses, while the ence.” two young princes of Wales and of From the deck they enjoyed the York were at Richmond. We seized rich landscape, and then visited the this opportunity to visit the chief for- lantern of the ship, “ capable of holde tresses of England, I mean the ships, ing twelve persons, so as to seem to which are so many moving citadels, mock all human power, and give laws and so numerous, that we counted be- to an element which admits none." tween London bridge and Rochester This idea of the wooden walls of old eight hundred and fifty, half, ships of England will not be found too prolix. war, half, of trade, all equipped and

J. P. ready for sea. An absolute monarch might convert the whole into a force,

TRANSLATIONS FROM THE CHIcapable of shaking the most powerful

NESE. empire. Ten or twelve thousand sailors are ready, on the first notice, to For the following specimens of flock from all the other ports, and a Chinese composition we are indebted hundred and twenty, or forty thou- to the Quarterly Review for last May. sand infantry, are at once in arms, upon lighting the beacons, which they • It is suspected that the allegory is use, like the Sicilians, to raise the misunderstood. This vanity is not in the people on the approach of an enemy. English style.

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