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-it confounds the careless labourer, nation. The Father of All sees that but in your Majesty it ought solely to it is impossible for you personally to produce the effect of an exquisite assist in all the parts of this great Christian vigilance, which is neces- vineyard-sees the indispensable nesary for the better discharge of your cessity you lie under to avail yourself duties. Jesus Christ our Lord, who of the aid of labourers in its culture; adopted it, and the church which pro- but if you seek, O King! to secure mulgates it to us, expect this good your own and our happiness,-if you from it.

seek to shun the fulfilment of this “ He will miserably destroy those dreadful denunciation, - you must wicked men, and will let out his vine- watch without ceasing, and apply it yard unto other husbandmen.” From to the husbandmen to whom you en. this sentence there is no appeal; the trust the cultivation ; when they do Lord has said it, and it shall be ful- not fulfil their obligations, “ destroy filled. The husbandman who ne- the wicked men." To persuade you, glects the culture of his land, or the Sire, to adopt this vigilance will form king who governs not his kingdom the subject of my discourse. Nothing with equity, alike subject themselves can be more worthy of your care. To to be despoiled of them. Terrible explain it with the utility I desire to anathema ! such that even the Jews your great soul, and to the whole na. who heard it uttered (saith the Evan- tion, I stand in need of the Divine as. gelist) cried out, “ God forbid.” But, sistance-Ave Maria. in respect to ourselves, can such evil befal us ? No; trusting in the recti- “ He will miserably destroy those tude of your Majesty, I hope it can- wicked men, and will let out his vinenot; yet it is needful to fear it, lest yard unto other husbandmen." the evil should befal us.

First, What life, what efficacy is From not doing this, Belshazzar in the word of God? The apostle lost his kingdom, his life, and his Paul hath well explained this, where soul, although a holy Daniel at his he says, “ The word of God is quick side had timeously predicted the ruin and powerful, and sharper than any of his throne. Saul lost the sceptre, two-edged sword, piercing even to the his life, and his soul, for his mal- dividing of the soul and spirit, and of administration, notwithstanding the the joints and marrow; and is a disprayers and mediation of so great a cerner of the thoughts and intents of prophet as Samuel. Rehoboam saw the heart."* This ineffable quality, his kingilom fall in pieces, and pass “ which may be considered as existinto other hands, in punishment of ing in every word which the Alhis caprice, and because he despised mighty addresses to his creatures," the counsel of the ancients.* Ahab particularly applies to the terrible sed. experienced even a more unfortunate tence which he this day pronounces lot for his perverse conduct, though against the wicked husbandmen of the great prophet Elias had so often the vineyard: “ He will miserably deforewarned him. The Romans lost stroy those wicked men." No one the Spanish dominions, the Goths can meditate on this denunciation atsaw them pass under the Moorish tentively, without experiencing the yoke ; and in our days the whole of most salutary effects. It is sufficient Europe

to reform the inost careless husbandBut whither am I wandering ?- man, administrator, or king. Your Majesty is an eye-witness-is he If you respect not my words, attend, who has most nearly felt this testi- O King, to those of the exalted Saint mony of the certain truth, this evi- Theresa of Jesus, glory of Spain, and dence of the infallibility of the sen- delight of the heavenly Jerusalem. tence which Jesus Christ, “ through This enlightened virgin was tenderly the Evangelist,” this day lays before interested for, and warmly attached us. Your remembrance of it, and to, the throne of St Ferdinand, which meditations upon it, ensure your own you worthily occupy. She had also a felicity and the happiness of the whole particular regard for your immortal

ancestor, the just, the prudent Philip * “ But be forsook the counsel which the old men gave him."-2d Chron. Chap. X. verse 8.

• Heb. Chap. IV. verse 12.

the Second, and having compassion the vineyard upon others, who will on him, because surrounded by flat- cultivate it with advantage. “ He terers, he had no one near him to tell shall come and destroy those husbandhim the truth, though, considering men, and shall give the vineyard to the circumstances in which he was others.” then placed, it was necessary he should At present may I not expect from be warned of it, the Saint herself re- your guiltless heart equal, or even solved to admonish him, because she greater fruits, than those words of loved him. Her heart was nigh to Saint Theresa produced in that of your fail her, but encouraging herself, she heroic ancestor Philip the Second ? said, “ It is better that my heart Surely I cannot doubt it. Already, should suffer, than that my king and methinks, I see you vigilantly driving his kingdom should be lost.” She from your side, those who do not love could not ascend into this cathedral you, those who will not tell the truth to preach before him, for although unto you. Already, methinks, I beshe was a doctor of theology, being a hold you cleansing the public offices woman excluded her, but as ambas- from that filth which (if I may be sadress of the King of kings, she ad allowed the expression) hath so ini. dressed unto Philip a letter, which, quitously been introduced into them, being read, comprehended in two lines, in these latter times of trouble and that which I feel it a duty incuinbent confusion. Already, methinks, I perupon me to inculcate in this sermon, ceive you visiting the labourers in the viz. “ Remember, Sire, that Saul was vineyard, examining their labours, a chosen and an anointed king” and striving that it may bring forth

Having perused this paper, that its fruit in due season. If this you great prince was (saith the history) do not, know, O King, that this you somewhat astonished, but on reflec- ought to do, to render yourself and tion, he soon became sensible that your kingdom happy. For example, God spake to him through the medi- there are in the vineyard of Spain laum of this celestial heroine. He be- bourers (or ministers) of state.“ Those thought himself of that carelessness ought to be men with clean hands, which had led him into peril, he be pure intentions, and of upright conbecame watchful and zealous for the duct : Men who would not allow happiness of his kingdom, and grew themselves to be biassed by self-inteso perfect hiniself, that not long there- rest, by friends, relations, or connecafter, the virgin Estitania, of the tions, or by those who are destitute of apostles, “ the daughter of the saint,” merit, in managing the national probeheld him come forth triumphantly perty, or in the distribution of situafrom the tribunal of God, favoured tions, (or employments. But is this by the most holy virgin, to whom he the case ? Alas! Sire, I go forth from had rendered so many services. considering this great obligation, and

I, O King, possess not that fervour I find the people see, sigh, and weep, of soul which inspired Saint Theresa that directly the contrary takes place. of Jesus, but I yield to none in my I find that scarcely is any one entered desire for your happiness, and the upon an elevated employment, when welfare of your kingdom ; in which, he raises up his whole house, fainily, " as is known to you,” I am deeply and friends, “ and this in the face of interested, because I love you, I do all the nation," forgetful that among not flatter you, but speak the truth those regarding him are a thousand of unto you. I repeat with my holy acknowledged merit, who are thereby mother, “ Remember, immortal Fer- injured, and defrauded of their rights: dinand, that Saul was a king, that he A thousand, who, though justly enwas chosen by God, and anointed by titled to employment, are denied it, his prophet; but in the end he was while it is bestowed on those who deforsaken by the Lord, lost his life, his serve it not, sometimes even as the soul, and his kingdom, because he did wages of iniquity, through the medianot fulfil his obligations.” This sen- tion and interest of an accomplice of tence of the saint's is, as it were, an their crimes. What horror, Sire! abridgment of the words of the evan, that such abuses should prevail. The gelist, by which we are this day told vineyard brings forth only weeds and that the Father of families will punish thorns, (these are resentments, clathe wicked husbandmen, and bestow mours, and complaints,) which canVOL. V.


not be remedied, but by driviug from cause that power eclipses justice, the midst of it these perverse hus- because fuvour has inclined the babandmen, fulminating against them lance to the opposite side,- because the sentence of the Almighty,“ De- his rights are sepulchred without a stroy those wicked men."

chance of resurrection before the world There are also warlike labourers in end. Others lament the want of the Spanish vineyard. The individuals money to render their just claims efof this department have a right, “ as fectual ; without which their labours the defenders of their country," that and fatigues, they see, are lost. Thou. justice should be rendered to their sands of sufferers complain because heroism,-that equity should be ob- that, under the name of fees in proserved in the distribution of rewards secuting their causes, they have been and ranks,--that merit should obtain robbed of all they had, and left proa preference, and that activity and strate in the depth of misery, from valour should take the lead of lazi- which they can never extricate them, ness and cowardice. This is peculiar selves, unless Jesus Christ descend to ly needful in a profession where ho- give them his hand, as he did to the nour holds so prominent a place. But is paralytic person mentioned by the this the reality? Ah, Sire! Thousands Evangelist. The conduct of these of military men of merit deplore the wicked husbandmen, Sire, is grievous want of justice,--the scandalous dise to the nation,-fills it with sorrow,order which (contrary to your good forces it on to the fatal verge of most intentions) prevails in this branch of dangerous discontent, and imperiousthe service of the state. Thousands ly demands that your majesty should of men of valour see others who, by apply to them the sentence of the intrigues and interest, enjoy a ficti- Most High,“ Destroy those wicked tious fame, elevated above them, true men." merit being obscured by that which is SECOND, Wherefore is it, Sire, afunreal. Thousands of brave men ter singing songs of triumph over fowho have been faithful to their coun- reign foes, that we are in such dantry, see others, though tarnished by ger from domestic enemies? Can it disloyalty, “ yet covered by the veil be possible, after all the labours of of interest,” receive those ranks, in your Majesty in search of men to exjustice, due to the former. Thou- ecute their duties faithfully and prosands of heroes, their bodies full of mote our happiness, that the vineyardt honourable scars, who are entitled to of our nation produces only weeds and the highest rewarıls which can be be- thorns in place of fruit ? Can it be stowed, find themselves oppressed by possible that so inany magistrates and want, scattered through the nation, ministers who have given such proofs of nay, sometimes even in prison, be- fidelity towards you, the country, and cause no one in power will raise his religion, who have suffered so much, face to obtain justice for them,-be- and even exposed their lives for you cause no one compassionates their and them,-Can it be possible that misfortunes. These men cry aloud, such men are careless or unfaithful raising their hands to Heaven, pray- in the discharge of their obligations? ing that the justice of your Majesty Alas, from hence I think I hear - may apply to the delinquents the sen- each of the ministers exclaim, the natence of the Father of families, “ De- tion is not unhappy through my stroy those wicked men.”

fault-I cannot do more- labour Finally, there are in the vineyard constantly-I watch incessantly to of Spain innumerable judicial labour- ascertain what is just, and to act as ers in tribunals, governments, and a behoves me; but unfortunate mau ! variety of situations in which they an unseen hand, a man-enemy, sows ought to administer justice ; but what discord, and renders my exertions confusion and disorder exists among useless-What a misfortune! I am them? I throw a glance around the not to blame, says another magistrate whole Peninsula,- 1 examine the sen. -I execute what the king commands timents of its inhabitants,-I hear and the laws prescribe I study to detheir words, and reflect on their com- cide correctly-I endeavour to avoid plaints. All Spain resembles one injuring true merit; but unhappy great hospital, where each one bewails man! the man-enemy, the hidden hand, his miserable lot. One complains be- oversets and ruins all my labours

. What grief! I hear the veteran and observe those who present themselves meritorious generals of the army de- unto you, even although they come clare, “ We do all in our power for with plans and projects of economy the felicity of our soldiers, we are in favour of the nation ;-look upon clamorous in their behalf,—we strive their hands as they retire, and if flesh that they may want for nothing,—we stick to the nails, (“ that is," if they solicit an equitable distribution of hold any employment or place under ranks and rewards, and make repre- government, &c. &c.) doubt not but sentations through every channel' they belong to him whom we seek, for the better organization of the that they are of those who do much army,-but miserable men! The man- evil,-of those who have given occaenemy frustrates our ideas, renders sion to the new proverb which even our plans ineffectual, and subjects us the children in the streets repeat, to all to the greatest wants.” Thus, wit, Long live Ferdinand, let us go Sire, do many of the labourers whom and rob. you have appointed to cultivate this in the last place, this man-enemy great vineyard excuse themselves. is he who renders useless or torpid

But to whom pertains this hidden the wise and just determinations of hand? Who can be the man-enemy your Majesty, and deprives the greatwho renders vain the healing inten- er part of the nation of the good it tions of your Majesty and the labours should derive from them. To what of your husbandmen? Ah, Sire! be fatal consequences do not these disoron the alert, he is not far distant who ders lead ? The ministers of the altar is guilty of all this evi)--he walks in feel them, your soldiers lament them, the midst of us-we may easily find and they furnish the enemies of the him if we seek him with care. Ale throne with grounds for censuring, ready I behold him-I shall declare and reasons for slandering it. li: tine, who he is ;-but no, in this place the Sire, this man-enemy is, as Saint Ausinner may not be named. I shall gustine says, the devil clothed in give his marks without naming him. Hesh, and so subtle is he, that he inThe man-enemy is he who seeks not sinuates himself into your very cabipeace,-he who fattens upon discord, net, scatters discord even there, and

he who amuses himself by looking banishes from you those two angels upon Spaniards disunited and quarrel whom God placed by your side for ling,- he who shews himself insensi- companions, counsellors, and comble of the declaration of the Saviour, forters, (you will understand that I that a kingdom divided internally mean the two princest your brothers,) cannot stand,-he who despises the and thus deprived of their support, prayer of the same Divine Master, the devil, the world, and the flesh, can which supplicates the Eternal Father more easily assail you. that all may be united by the bonds Now, O King, your vigilance and of love, as the ties of nature unite the justice should shine forth in the disfather and the son,-he who values covery and punishment of this monnot the zeal and industry with which ster of the human species. From the the Apostle Paul strove to impress moment you do this, the precious this most important truth upon the vineyard which the Eternal Father hearts of Christians. He is properly has committed to your care will bean antichrist, a wild beast, that ought gin to flourish, and to bring forth to be banished to the woods and fruit. The sweat of your many husthickets, where he may herd with his bandmen shall no longer be in vain ; fellows.

nor will you need to enforce against The man-enemy is also he who, them the sentence of the text. The shouting aloud, Long live Ferdinand, the country, and religion, introduces himself into the government, over

• In Spanish, “ Viva Fernando y va. turns all order by his dissimulation,

mos robando." gratifying his own ravening ambition + Don Carlos, acknowledged as legiti. with employments, salaries, and ho- mate by the late Cortes, and Francisco nours, at the expence of the innocent Pablo, declared by the Cortes illegitimate, and suffering nation. This enemy is and who is supposed to be the son of Goeasily recognised. Let your Majesty doy the Prince of the Peace.

grasses shall be richer than those of in this great work, and the blessing the land of promise, “ that is," im of the Highest shall be upon you and mense benefits shall accrue to religion upon your kingdom. Humanity is and our country, and Spain be the not incompatible with justice, both acknowledged princess of all the Ca- are splendid attributes of majesty, tholic kingdoms. Then shall you be use them with that prudence and able to render a good account to the firmness which present exigencies regreat Father of all, saying with truth quire, and you shall not only worthily and confidence, Behold, O Lord, the sustain the character of Catholic vineyard which thou hast entrusted prince-of the faithful husbandman to thy servant's care,-I found it full of the Spanish vineyard, but your of thorns, and weeds, and brambles, Majesty shall participate in that in, but now it flourishes and yields its effable eulogium, which is for its exfruit abundantly ; or, in other words, cellence applied to the Eternal King, I received this kingdom without peace, “ Rer pucificus magnificatus est, cum without union, without obedience, jus vultus desiderat universa terra.without tranquillity, divided into fac- Ferdinand the Just, the Pacific, has tions and parties, made, as it were, into immortalized his name; all his faitha likeness of the infernal regions ; but ful vassals desire to look upon his now, O Lord, behold it united-in amiable countenance. peace-in tranquillity-the minds of God of my life! Jesus of my heart, the people reconciled and submissive hear our supplications, and render efa to Thce, to Thy church, and to Thy fectual our prayers in favour of thy servant.

servant our beloved Ferdinand, and But what! do you, Sire, fear my of his Catholic kingdom. Thou hopes shall be in vain? No assured- knowest that the builder of the house ly; your purity of life, your love of laboureth, and the watchman of the equity, your upright intentions, your city watcheth in vain, if thou appliest compassion for the poor and destitute, not the hand of thy adorable provin -the prodigies by which God hath dence, to consummate the undertakbrought you to the throne of this he- ing. Grant us thy especial favour to roic kingdom, all assure us that God enable us to co-operate in this good himself will complete the work,--the work; bestow on us that fervid cha. cause is his, and from his hand will rity which thou broughtest into the come a remedy for all. He who can world,—that spirit of peace which the make the lion and the lamb live to- angels announced to the shepherds, gether in the same hut, shall cause and which thou didst so often recomthe Spaniards, whose opinions are mend to thy disciples to preach and most opposed, to embrace each other, impress upon the minds of the sons of eat at the same table, and sleep under Adam, saying, Peace to you-peace the same roof.* Co-operate, O King, be with you.--My peace be upon you.

Thus, O Lord, we shall have such

hearts and such souls as thou requir. When the preacher exhorts his Ma. est. We shall be useful husbandmen jesty to co-operate in the reconciliation and in the vineyard of this Catholic naunion of Spaniards, it is not without making tion, and we shall go forward in comsome distinction. The disunited are in three pany with the best king whom we classes. First, The incorrigibly wicked, have enjoyed through thy mercy, towho are consequently irreconcileable. These wards the city of peace, where we ought to be banished from the midst of us. shall behold thy face in glory. In the second class are those who remain Grant this, Ó Lord! Amen. apart from the cause of the King through doubt or irresolution ; if these repent, it will be proper to receive them, but not in. has set a good example, admitting to re. to confidence or a participation of employ, conciliation and even to employment some ment, until by their conduct (which ought to of the opposite party, whom he knew debe carefully watched by government) they served them. This is just and right a. shew themselves worthy of both. Thus mong Catholics. The third class are the government will preserve its authority, those weak and fickle persons who resem. and get quit of hundreds of enemies, viz. ble weathercocks, and who are little to be the relations, friends, and dependants of feared, though it is proper to keep an eye the reconciled person. In this the King over them.

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