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hundred pounds of me, and found Cain is well described. Sir, Monte yourself unable to repay me by un- gomery is very dear to me." Burke luoked for failures, I would not there observed, " That of all modern fore deprive you of freedom, to glut poets, Wordsworth was said by my baffled avarice; but if I found out some to be the greatest."-Johnson, you had picked my pocket of the mo- “ Wordsworth, Sir, is a glorious but ney, I would trounce you, Sir, with solemn poet. I should like to write a well-merited dungeon.” I ventur- his life whenever it was to be written, ed to admire Lord Byron's pictures of I would read Milton well, before 1 sat the sunny shores of Greece. John- down to the task ; but I think his life son, “ Lord Byron is a classical write more correct than Milton's. (Here er. I like his words on Athens and Burke smiled.) I never read Words. its suburbs well.”-Boswell, “ How worth but I think of Milton." As 1 do you like his descriptions of rural was desirous of putting in a word in scenes in general ?"-Johnson, “ I this interesting conversation, I declar think them good; but you know that ed my opinion, that many of this I hate the country. He has lavished poet's performances were childish and pretty language on a dull subject. insipid. Johnson, “ So they are, Sir, Trees are very insipid thinge-only but then he redeems himself manfully fit for pipe boring. I wish, Sir, he in many solemn lines. Peter Bell is a had immortalized Fleet Street in his simple business; but then it has had its Spenserian verses. Why did he not castigation. Benjamin the Wag " lay the scene of his Corsair in the Here the MS. became so illegible, Strand, and make him a river pirate that in my attempts to wrench a We should then have seen poetical meaning from it, I awoke. justice done to him at the Thames
S. D. Police Office.”-Boswell, “ Surely, Sir, that would have injured the splendourand interest of the poem." ADDIsox's VISION OF MIRZA com. Johnson, “ Not it, Sir; the Thames PARED WITH PLATO's APOLOGUE is as good as the Hellespont, only it is OF ERUS. too near home." Burke remarked, " that many English scenes were ro
MR EDITOR, mantic and beautiful, and that it was From a late perusal of the Tatler wonderful that they were not more and Spectator, which are now, I am resorted to by the poets." Johnson, afraid, become rather unfashionable “ Sir, a genius might extract beauty reading in this age of novelty, I was from the Fleet prison, if he chose to struck with the resemblance which set about it."-Boswell, “ That he several of the most beautiful allegomight, Sir, for loveliness is not ex- ries in them bear to some fine Greek
empt from confinement.” I could not models in that style of writing. The · refrain from this harmless jest, be- choice of Hercules, every body is accause I felt that it was a very fair one, quainted with. It is one of the most and because I longed to brighten the striking allegories ever conceived, and conversation as much as lay in my comes near to the spirit of some of the power. No man, I hold, can be sacred parables : that of Nathan, for blameable in uttering a good witti- example. There are wany other cism. At any rate, I was guilty of beautiful Grecian allegories pot so no rudeness, for any jest escaped the well known, because they have been observation of the party in whose pre- far surpassed by our English essayists, sence it sparkled. I now asked Dr who, though they imitated, greatly Johnson if he adınired Montgomery ? excelled their masters. It is now beJohnson, “ Yes, Sir, he is an unafo come customary to traduce the genius fectedly pious and pathetic writer ; of our great poets, when any casual and I love to read his works.” Sir imitation or any borrowed scrap can Joshua thought there was a fine air be traced by critics; and it seeins to of humanity spread over his poetry. give certain minds a similar gratiJohnson, “ Montgomery is a feeling fication with contemporary scandal man; and his poetry coines simply and abuse, when they see genius from his heart. The World before stripped of its mysterious glory, and the Flood is a grand poem. The reduced to a humble dependence on power of music over the wandering ordinary human resources. Thus we have seen Milton's immertal poem lish and Grecian allegories may not traced to Du Bartas, and the Diving be so apparent. I can only answer Comedia to authors so obscure, that for my own feelings : it struck me the critics can safely make them say forcibly. But you will be better whatever they please without danger able to judge from the following ab. of detection. The plagiarisms, as they · stract, which is taken from the conhave been maliciously called, of clusion of Plato's celebrated treatise Shakespeare, are with some a never called the Republic-a long fanciful failing topic; but all the critics in the dialogue, which in our times would world will never convince us that very justly be called Utopian. Othello is the worse although its story is almost literally borrowed from
Plato's Apologue of Erus. an Italian novel, * 'or Macbeth, for Erus, the son of Armenius the having been copied, both in plot and Pamphylian, died in battle, but, being expression, from Hollinshed's Chroni. carried home, revived on the twelfth cle. We assert the same of Addi- day, and told what he had seen in the son. His Vision of Mirza is one of other world during his temporary the finest productions ot genius which death. was ever written ; and has received There were, he said, two gulfs in the stamp of public approbation so the earth, and opposite to these two unanimously, and it goes so deeply others in the heavens, between which into the fancy, even of school-boys, sat the judges of a crowd of spirits, that no criticism, however learnell or who were coming successively before however witty, could dissolve the them. The just went by the right charm. Our memory looks back with hand upward to heaven, the unjust to delight to Mirza walking alone on the the left down ward, each having the mountain-the Genius and his celes- accounts of what they had done along tial music--the vision of the sea—the with them. From the second openarched bridge and the happy islands; ings above and below were passing and what is no less wonderful, we are spirits, who seemed to have come from charmed with the concluding picture a long journey, and who met in a of the valley of Bagdat, - even after meadow, and mutually asked concem the lofty fancies of the vision; so ing the upper and the nether regions. simple and so true to nature is it Their journey, they said, was of a drawn.
thousand years, and during that peIn tracing a resemblance between riod the wicked received tenfold puthis masterpiece of poetry and Plato's nishments for whatever evil they had Apologue of Erus, we do not, there committed. Tyrants and others who fore, so much detract from Addison, had been atrociously wicked were not as raise him to a level with the im permitted to come up through the mortal Grecian. He has fully caught opening at all, for, whenever they apall his spirit, and all his fancy, and he proached, its mouth narrowed and has added to the charm by giving his closed with loud bellowing, and men narrative all the graceful sweetness of fire appeared, and bound them with and simplicity of Xenophon. The chains, and dragged-them over thorns, style of Xenophon, indeed, seems to tearing off their skin, and leading have been his model, and he could them to Tartarus. The spirits, after not have chosen a happier ; but he being seven days in the meadow, ashad too much poetry in his disposi- cended, and perceived a pillar of light tion to keep himself undeviatingly in like unto a rainbow, stretched over the plain path of his unrivalled mas- the whole earth and heaven. This is ter. In his inode of thinking he cer- the belt of the sky, from the extremitainly resembled Plato; in his mode ties of which hangs the distaff of Fate, of writing he as certainly resembled having a spindle and point of adaXenophon. The result has been a mant, and a various wheel with eight fine con bination of the best qualities circles or spheres. On each of these of both.
sits a Syren, uttering a monotone, To some of your readers the coin- but altogether the eight monotones cidence I have remarked in the Eng- compose one harmony. The daugh
ters of Fate-Lachesis, Clotho, and * Dunlop'e Hist. of Fiction. . Atropos--git at a little distance on thrones, crowned, and robed in white, Pledge that the lapse of coming years .. singing in harmony with the Syrens. Shall never from my heart efface At intervals they severally, with their The memory of those hours of bliss, mother, turn the different circles.
circles Too bright for such a world as this, The spirits being arrived at this place,
* When seated near thy gentle side,
I sailed by many a lovely isle, went to Lachesis, where a prophet ar
* Where rude rocks frown, and vallies smile,
w ranged them, and, taking the lots and Lone-echoing to the rippling tide. the models of life from the knees of Lachesis, placed them before the spi- And as we pass d each fairy scene rits, and, making a speech, told them Quick shifting on our way, to choose what demon or genius they Where worldly bearts had never been, wished to be guided by. He thon No harbour meet for such as they threw the lots, and each took the Then would we dream the life we'd love, number which fell to him, and fol
to Could we from jarring men remove,
And find a peaceful shelter there, lowed in order to make choice of his
A cottage home in some green dell, models, and, whatever model he chose,
moderne chose, where we with Innocence might dwell the corresponding demon or genius Amid these haunts so lonely fair. accompanied.-( Pluto de Repub. Lib. X.)
How sweet, we thought, 'twould be to
roam, It will be perceived that Plato has
When morning roses breath'd
Their freshening odour, round the home gone farther than Addison, and dis
Whose modest roof their boughs en. closed the secrets which, to Mirza,
wreath'd ; were beyond the rock of adamant, and And when the sun assum'd his power, enveloped in mist. This has added To shade us from the sultry hour, much to the effect, but has rather ta- Where none could on our steps intrude, ken from the beauty and the repose And talk of sorrows now o'erpast, of the Greek allegory; it is more, in- Hopes newly crown'd, and joys at last deed, like the terrible pictures of Found in Love's own best solitude ! Dante's Inferno than the calmness of But chief how sweet at day's decline, Addison, and might, perhaps, have Calm twilight's blushing hour, given rise to some of the fancies of My hand encircling softly thine, the great Italian. May not the pillar To sit within some secret bower, stretching over the whole earth and And gaze upon that star so bright, heaven be the original of Mirza's Diffusing pure its dewy light bridge ?
The star that gems the brow of Even, · I contend not for the entire resem.
Which seems its pensive watch to keep blance of the two pieces. They are
O'er those who rapturously weep
'Mid thoughts that steal to earth from in many points, as you perceive, very
heaven! distinct. But there is, withal, something of a coincidence which, I think, And while those dreams so soft, so fair, must strike you. The subject-the Pictur'd what must not beground-work of the whole-is in both
in both I watch'd thy changing cheek and aircompletely the same, and a grander
These heavenly eyes were bent on me ;
That thrilling hand was press'd in mine, couid not be conceived than the Im
And moments pass'd us more divine mortality of Man.
Than all that fancy could impart; There is sill a much closer resem- Our hearts were mingled by a spell blance, which has not, I believe, been We lovedalas ! we loved too well hitherto remarked, between the Vic Too well, since doom'd so soon to part. sion of Mirza and the Pictu ce of Cebes
Then, Oh, farewell !--since we must part on the same subject, of which I shall,
Though bright those hours have been, perhaps, give you some account the The
Though warm as sunshine to my heart, first spare moment I can command. Remembrance of each vanished scene !
-A , Farewell !-through every chance and
Where'er our severed footsteps range,
Still may thine eyes to bliss awaken!
Yet sometimes heave a sigh for him, FAREWELL then, dearest! let these tears, (Ia memory's distance, rising dim,) This last and long embrace,
"The fond, the faithful the forsaken!
JOURNAL OF A VISIT TO HOLLAND. range, or King of the Netherlands, is LETTER V.
perpetual president. Here a consider
able collection of models connected (Continued from p. 219.) with the arts and sciences are shown, DEAR J
all of which are constructed with This day was occupied much neatness and precision, particuSaturday, in
; in taking a more parti. larly those for exhibiting the struc2d August. cular view of Rotterdain, ture of the wind and water-mills emand in delivering various letters of in- ployed for draining the lands. But I troduction, with which the party had was sorry to observe, from this exhibeen provided, both to English and bition of philosophical apparatus, that Dutch families. These letters pro- the arts and sciences in Holland have cured us friends, whom we afterwards made little or no advancement for the left with regret, and whose kind hos- last 20 or 30 years. The collection of pitality and attention will always be minerals is very trifling ; but there is remembered with pleasure. In these a magnet, about eight inches square, peregrinations we were again delight capable of carrying about 120 pounds ed with the number and variety of the weight, which actually drew a key shipping of this port, which were seen out of my hand when held within an of all sizes ; and we learned that not inch and a half of it. This magnet, a few of them were constantly inha, powerful as it is, however, comes far bited by the skippers and their fami- short of some now in Britain. Lies,-a custom now pretty prevalent
... In Holland, you know, among the owners of track-boats on
great freedom of conscience the canals of England. Others were 34 August. is allowed in matters of reused as extensive stores for grain and ligion, for even the dissenting clergy other merchandise,-a plan highly have a stipend from the state. This convenient for moving from place to being Sunday, though ignorant of the place in such a country as Holland, language, it became an object of intea which is everywhere furnished with rest to see the forms. The princithe means of inland navigation. Other pal church of Rotterdam is that of St vessels or huiks were furnished as Lawrence; but I can only give you shops, in particular with extensive some very general account of the exa collections of earthenware. Among ternals of the worship. You underthe inhabited boats, those which go stand the Dutch Church to be Protesta up the Rhine, some of which carry ant, and the forms, of course, differ 600 tons, have neat and even elegant- little from those of the Scots Presby ly fitted rooms upon eck. The Duch terians; they, indeed, closely resemare also extremely fond of water-par- ble what I have seen in some of the ties, and have many pleasure-boats remote parts of the north of Scotland. upon the Meuse, which are hand. While the congregation is assembling, somely fitted up, and display no little which it seems to do rather in a straga ornament and gilding. It was re- gling and irregular manner, the clerk markable, that, among the shipping or precentor mounts the desk, and ocof all nations, not above one or two cupies the attention of those assemFrench ships were to be seen in the bled by reading the Scriptures in an whole port of Rotterdam; for such audible voice. The men come struthaul been the intolerable tyranny of ting through the venerable aisles, Bonaparte and the French while they covered with their hats, which they remained masters of Holland, that the continue to wear in their seats, ex Dutch have now the least possible cepting during prayers and some other intercourse with them. Having met parts of the service. The women of with a late chief magistrate of a very all ranks are furnished with a fan, considerable port of Great Britain, which occupies one of their hands, now extensively in business as a mer- and with it they generally screen their chant of Rotterdam, whose obliging faces, and thus sit under much seemmanners endear him to all who have ing constraint during the whole time the pleasure of his acquaintance, he of the service. They cannot, howa had the goodness to accompany us to ever, resist the temptation of squinte the Exchange, and to the Museum, ing occasionally to a side at a strange belonging to the Philosophical Society face from behind the fan, which is of Batavia, of which the Prince of Ce done with a very bad grace. VOL. V.
After the congregation has listened and decorated with much ornament. for a considerable time to the prelec- It is said that the people of this tions of the clerk, a small bell is rung, city, vying with those of Haarlem, on which the parson is seen approach have built a larger instrument than ing with a slow and somewhat solemn the one so much celebrated of that pace towards the pulpit. On reaching place, but as the organ of St Law. the stair leading to it, he leans upon rence is not yet finished, this question the rail in a stooping posture, and still remains to be determined. The seems occupied for a time in prayer; organ of Rotterdam is between fifty he then slowly mounts the steps, and and sixty feet in height, and is, therereads a psalm, on which the people fore, the largest instrument in Holrise from their seats, as was formerly land. But the most remarkable piece the practice, and is still the case in of furniture in the church of St Lawsome parts of Scotland. The clergy rence of Rotterdam, is the screen or have bands, but instead of the long ballustrade, made of massive brass, black gown they wear a kind of black set upon a parapet of red and white scarf, which hangs behind almost to variegated marble, for separating the the ground. I shall not detain you nave from the choir of the church. longer on this subject, but may ob- This, with its cornice of elegant traserve, that, from the general appear- cery, may truly be termed a superb ance of the minister and the people, I piece of work. The brass screen is could not help thinking that they were exquisitely carved and highly pomore like a Scots congregation of the lished. The whole is about forty beginning of the eighteenth than one feet in extent, and twenty feet in of the nineteenth century.
height, of which the marble parapet The Dutch, with their usual cau- forms about four feet. Excepting the tion, set about their work of reforma- screen wall, the organ, and the pulpit, tion in a more quiet manner than the this church may be said to have little reformers of the Church of Scotland, that is interesting in the interior. We who absurdly enough proceeded to were not a little surprised, indeed, to level to the ground many of those find the careless and slovenly manner venerable structures which formerly in which this building is kept, and ornamented that country, the scanty you will rather be astonished to learn, remains of which are now at once the that the Dutch have as little taste for objects of regret and admiration. In- cleanliness in their places of worship, stead of such conduct, the prudent as they are pertinaciously troublesome Dutch (as was well observed by one in scrubbing at home; the seats, floors, of our travelling party) reformed their and walls of the churches, being genereligious tenets without the removal rally thickly coated with dust. even of the small bell which formerly During the first part of the service, called the Popish priest from his stall, the beadles are busily employed in and is now used for warning their carrying earthen pots with ignited Protestant clergy from the vestry. peat ashes set in little square oaken All the ancient rhurches of Holland, boxes perforated in the top with nulike those of other countries, are built merous holes. These fooi boxes are much upon one and the same plan, handed about in a very uncouth and with a nave and transept in the form indecorous manner to the ladies, who of a cross, with a steeple, which is sit each with one of these boxes under generally carried to a great height. their feet; and it seemed not a little The building materials here are uni- ridiculous to see the poor sextons in versally brick. The interior fitting, as the month of August in a state of perin the days of Popery, is often without spiration, with the fatigue and labour any pews or fixed seating. The pul- of carrying and handing these ashpit is of oak tiniber, very richly carv- boxes to the congregation in all direced, and the walls and side aisles are ge- tions during divine service. Upon nerally decorated with numerousmonu- conversing with some of the English mental designs. There is also an or- residents here, they seemed to think gan of great power in all the principal that the box of hot ashes was by no churches. The church of St Law- means a bad thing, and that in the rence of Rotterdam, in particular, is winter season it was considered partiprovided with a very large and power- cularly necessary in Holland for peotul instrument, built with great taste, ple of sedentary habits. In remark