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gentry, Lord Eglinton, Lord Cassillis, lents, should be banished to a distant bár. Lord Archibald Hamilton, &c. and pres- barous soil, condemned to pine under the sed very kindly to spend some time with horrid communion of vulgar vice and basethem.
born profligacy, for twice the period that " Poor Burns !-his cabin could not be ordinary calculation gives to the continu. passed unvisited or unwept; to its two lite ance of human life ?11. pp. 253–262. tle thatched rooms_kitchen and sleeping Curran's bad health and his tenplace a slated sort of parlour is added,
led, dency to depressed spirits increased
dency to depressed wirits inor and 'tis now an alehouse. We found the keeper of it tipsy; he pointed to the
upon him so much, that he threw up
his judicial office, and went for his as corner on one side of the fire, and, with a most mal-à-propos laugh, observed, there
musement to Paris immediately after is the very spot where Robert Burns was
the fall of Napoleon. We insert his born.' The genius and the fate of the observations on the manners of the man were already heavy on my heart; but English in his way through London, the drunken laugh of the landlord gave and of the French on his arrival at me such a view of the rock on which he Paris. He does not seem to regard foundered, I could not stand it, but burst either people with so favourable an into tears.
eye as he had thrown upon our 66 On Thursday we dinc with Lord own countrymen : but it is
own countrymen ; but it is astonishEglinton, and thence I hope to pursue our ing with what uncertain anties little tour to Lochlomond, Glasgow, Edin
man subject to variations of spirits burgh, &c. These places are, at this time of the year, much deserted : however,
looks upon the objects around him. we shan't feel it quite a solitude ; and, at
You can never trust his judgment; all events, public buildings, &c. do not go he is either in a heaven or a hell. to watering places, so that still something Yet the pictures drawn by a man will be visible," &c.
of genius under such feelings are, “ The preceding, (says his biographer,) perhaps, the most interesting of any is not the only record that Mr Curran --they are given always with their has left of his admiration of Scotland. full colouring; and in reading them His defence of Mr Hamilton Rowan con- a mild sentiment of pity mingles with tains a short but glowing eulogium upon our admiration of their author. the genius of that country, for whose splendid services in the cause of the hu.
" London, June 1814. man mind no praises can be too great.
“ I am not many days in London ; yet After speaking of the excessive terror of am I as sick of it as ever I was of myself. French principles, by which juries were No doubt it is not a favourable moment governed in their verdicts, he proceeded : for society ; politics spoil every thing; it i There is a sort of aspiring and adventu. is a perpetual tissue of plots, cabals, lov rous credulity, which disdains assenting to
anxiety, and disappointment. Every thing obvious truths, and delights in catching at
I see disgusts and depresses me; I look the improbability of circumstances, as its
back at the streaming of blood for so best ground of faith. To what other cause
many years ; and everything every can you ascribe that in the wise, the re
where relapsed into its former degra. flecting, and the philosophic nation of
dation. France rechained-Spain again Great Britain, a printer has been gravely
saddled for the priests - and Ireland, found guilty of a libel, for publishing those
like a bastinadoed elephant, kneeling to resolutions to which the present minister
receive the paltry rider; and what makes of that kingdom had actually subscribed the idea the more cutting, her fate the work his name? To what other cause can you
of her own ignorance and fury. She has ascribe what, in my mind, is still more as.
completely lost all sympathy here, and I tonishing :-in such a country as Scotland
see no prospect for her, except a vindictive -a nation cast in the happy medium be- oppression and an endlessly increasing taxtween the spiritless acquiescence of sub- ation. God give us, not happiness, but missive poverty and the sturdy credulity
patience! of pampered wealth-cool and ardent
“ I have fixed to set out for Paris an adventurous and persevering—winging her
Tuesday with Mr W. He is a clever eagle fight against the blaze of every man, pleasant, informed, up to every thing, science, with an eve that never winks and can discount the bad spirits of a friend, a wing that never tires-crowned as she is and has undertaken all trouble. I don't with the spoils of every art, and decked go for society, it is a mere name; but the with the wreath of every muse, from the thing is to be found nowhere, even in this deep and scrutinizing researches of her chilly region. I question if it is much * Hume to the sweet and simple, but not less sublime and pathetic, morality of her *" Mr Curran alludes to the sentence Burns-how from the bosom of a country of Mr Muir, Palmer, &c. who had been like that, genius, and character, and ta- transported for sedition."
better in Paris. Here the parade is gross, “ Milton, you see, with all his rigour, and cold, and vulgar; there it is, no doubt, was not insensible of these lachrymæ ree more flippant, and the attitude more rum. There is one thing that ought to graceful; but in either place is not socie- make us humble and patient. When we ty equally a tyrant and a slave? The are close enough for the inspection of judgment despises it, and the heart re others, we soon find that • life is eternal nounces it. We scek it because we are war with woe.' Many, too, are doomed idle, we are idle because we are silly ; the to“ suffer alone;' and, after all, would not natural remedy is some social intercourse, a truly generous nature prefer the monoof which a few drops would restore ; but poly of its own ills rather than fling any we swallow the whole phial, and are sicker part of them upon a kindred bosom ? of the remedy than we were of the dis “You ask me about polities. Regardease. We do not reflect that the variety ing myself, my answer is I had no object of converse is found only with a very few, in Parliament except the Catholic question, selected by our regard, and is ever lost in and that I fear is gone. Westminster will a promiscuous rabble, in whom we cannot probably be a race of bribery, equally have any real interest, and where all is disgraceful and precarious. * Burdett's monotony. We have had it sometimes at conduct has been quite that of a friend the Priory, notwithstanding the bias of and a man; he would have been most ar. the ball that still made it roll to a particu- dent, and what was to me most grateful, lar side. I have enjoyed it, not long on a public ground. I dined with him since, for a few hours in a week with as yesterday ;-at first the party was numesmall a number, where too there was no rous—the masquerade, about ten, crained snartness, no wit, no pretty affectation, them down to three, my compagnon de voyno repartee; but where the heart will talk, age and myself ; till one it was quite a the tongue may be silent-a look will be a coterie, with no wine; there's no playing sentence, and the shortest phrase a vo on an instrument with many strings; half lume. No; be assured if the fancy is not of them form only base accompaniments. led astray, it is only in the coterie that the “ I thought to have gone incog. to Pathirst of the animal being can be slaked, ris, but my excellent friend, the Duke of or the pure luxury and anodyne of his Sussex, insisted on my taking a letter to life be found. He is endeared and exalted Monsieur : by being surpassed; he cannot be jealous
“ So now cocked hats, and swords, and of the wealth, however greater than his,
laces, which is expended for his pleasure, and which, in fact, he feels to be his own.
And servile bows and low grimaces ;
As Well might an alderman become envious
For what at court the lore of Pascal of the calapash in which his soul delights
Weighed 'gainst the crouchings of a rasbefore the Lord. But we are for ever mistaking the plumage for the bird : per. “As to my stay there, everywhere is haps we are justly punished by seeking to me nowhere ; therefore, if it depends kappiness where it is not given by nature on me, I shall drop off when I'm full, or to find it."
Mr W. will haul me along. If our friends
have any wish, it ought to decide, and “ We sat down at eight, sixteen strong, shall do so. I cannot endure to be conbut it had nothing of a coteric. I sat next scious of any retaliating sulk in myself ; a pleasantish sort of lady ; but, alas! a and I know that heaven loveth the cheer look of attention is not a look of affiance: ful giver. Yours," &c. there are graciousnesses that neither iden. In another letter he says. . tisy por attract; and as to the atmosphere that sported on her dimples, I would just " Since my arrival here my spirits have as soon have had a thimbleful of common been wretchedly low : though treated with air. After all, how rare the coincidences great kindness, I find nothing to my mind. that conciliate affection and exclusive con- I find heads without thinking, and hearts fidence !--how precarious !
without strings, and a phraseology sailing
in ballast-every one piping, but few For either
dancing. England is not a place for soHe never shall find out fit mate, but such As some misfortune brings him, or mistake ;
*" It was expected at this time that there Or whom he wishes most shall seldom would shortly be a vacancy in the repregain.
sentation for Westminster, in which event Or if she love, withheld Mr Curran had been encouraged to offer By parents, or his happiest choice too late himself as a candidate, but he never enterShall meet already linked and wedlock, ed warmly into the scheme. This is the bound
political project to which he adverts more To a fell adversary, his hate or share' than once in his subsequent letters."
ciety; it is too cold, too vain, without your shoes, in your plate, almost in your pride enough to be humble, drowned in mouth. Such community of secretions, dull fantastical formality, vulgarised by with, I think, scarcely any exception, is not Tank without talent, and talent foolishly to be borne. Then the contrast makes is recommending itself by weight rather than worse--gaudiness more striking by filth : by fashion-a perpetual war between the the splendid palace for the ruler, the ho. disappointed pretension of talent and the vels and the siuk for the ruled; the fine stupid overweening of affected patronage; box for the despot, the pigeon-holes for means without enjoyment, pursuits with the people; and it strikes me with sadness, out an object, and society without conver, that the women can be little more than sation or intercourse : perhaps they ma. the figurantes, much more the property nage this better in France-a few days, I and that a very abused property, than the think, will enable me to decide.” pp. 345, proprietors ; receiving a mock reverence, 316.
merely to carry on the drama, but neither
cherished nor respected. What a reflection, So much for London-now for Pa- if, as I fear, it is true that the better half of ris.
the species, (tor such I really think them, « Paris, Aug. 3, 1814. when titly placed,) should be so sacrificed ! “ DEAR L-I received your kind let. How vile the feeling and the taste, that ter, and thank you for it; levius fit,' &c. can degrade them from being the real diWhen I came here, I intended to have rectors and mistresses of man, to be the scribbled some little journal of what I met. mere soubrettes of society, gilded and I am now sorry I did not. Things so soon smart, and dexterous and vicious, giving become familiar, and appear not worth noup all that exalts and endears them in their tice; besides I have not been well since I proper characters of wives and friends, came here. If I had written, and sent it and partners in good and consolers in ad. to you, it would have been a tissue of verse fortunes ! Even before the revoluastonishment, or affliction, or disgust. I tion, manners were bad enough, but many see clearly I am likely to be drunimed out causes since have rubbed off the gilding: of this sad world. I fear war will soon the banishment of the nobles, the succes unfold her tattered banners on the conti. sion of low men to power, and more than ment. This poor country is in a deplorable all the elevation of plt beian soldiers to high state-a ruined noblesse, a tamished clergy, rank, promoting of course their trulls to a a depopulated nation, a state of smothered station where manners and morals were war between the upstarts and the restored; under their influence; and this added to their finances most distressed ; the military the horrible example set by Bonaparte spirits divided; the most opposite opinions himself in his own interior, putting every as to the lasting of the present form of thing honest or sacred out of countenance things--every thing unhinged : yet I really and out of fashion. Add to this, what sympathise with this worried, amiable, must have sent down the contagion to the and perhaps contemptible, people ; so full lower orders the conscription : the wretchof talent and of vice, so frivolous, so in- ed men marrying without preference mereconstant and prone to change, so ferocious ly to avoid the army, and then running too in their fickleness ; about six revolu. into that army to escape from their illtions within twenty years, and as fresh as chosen partners; all these causes must ever for a new dance. These strange vi. have conspired to make a frightful carnage cissitudes of mau draw tears, but they also in manners and morals too. In short, I teach wisdom. These awful reverses make am persuaded that a single monster has one ashamed of being engrossed by mere done more to demoralize and uncivilize self, and examining a louse through a ni this country than a century can repair. I croscope; ' complain of grief, complain am disposed to attribute to the same causes thou art a man.'
. the growing fanaticism of England. In " I never so completely found my mind Ireland we had little to lose in civilization ; a magic-lantern; such a rapid succession but look at our late extravagancies, and of disjointed images ! the past, the present, see at least how much we have lost in our the future possible. One ought not to be own and in the opinion of others. For hasty in taking up bad impressions, and I years to come, I see no hope ; we have the need not say that three weeks can give anguish of being ourselves the cause of not but little room for exact observation ; but going forward a little in the march of the from what I do see, and learn from others world, but of still remaining a by-word awho have seen long and deeply, I have mong nations. Patriotic affectation is alconceived the worst of social Paris. Every most as bad as personal, but I declare I thing on the surface is abominable; beast. think these things do a good deal in sinklinesses that even with us do not exist; ing my health, which is far from good; they actually seem in talk and in practice my spirits quite on the ground ; and yet to cultivate a familiarity with nastiness. as to Ireland, I never saw but one alterin every public place, they are spitting on native-a bridewell or a guard-house ;
with England the first, with France the about the matter. Yet this is not at other. We might have had a mollification, , all from the spirit of revenge that and the bolts lightened, and a chance of feeling has long died away-it is from progression ; but that I now give up. sheer indifference. We should have
“I really wish the thing with myself felt deeply any insult offered to the over ; and trust me that wish is not irre
dead body of Napoleon. If it had ligious or peevish, but rather a good-hu
been thrown out to the dogs and the moured feeling, that, not wishing to eat more, I may be better by rising from ta.
vultures after he had fallen bravely in ble ; enough is as good as a feast.'
battle, not a man in Britain but would " I am every hour more and more con.
have cried shame, and have blushed firmed as to my ideas of society ; it is not to the bone. As for his living carfor those that think or feel ; it is one fool case, it is scarcely possible to make it getting on the back of many, to fiy from an object of our concern. himself. In France you can scarcely Froin such a point of view, it has a make even that experiment, for all here very singular and spirit-stirring effect agree that at the prosent moment all society to throw our eyes back upon the days is dead. Nor is it wonderful, that, when of his magnificence: the little book, all the actors on the great scene are chang- of which we shall now give an abed, the parts should be badly performed ; but still I have found society, as it is call. stract, places us at once in the midst ed, and met a great deal of kindness, and of his meridian splendour. Here is some persons of talent: but even there I its first sentence: "It was towards found society an orchestra, where the fid. the end of the year 1809, Napoleon dlers were putting one another out, or ra had been just gathering new laurels; ther where one played a solo, and every nothing was wanting to his glory, but other bow was soa ped." pp. 348–354. an heir was awanting to his ambition." There is still a great deal of inte
We have here, accordingly, his hisresting matter to be gleaned from
tory from the time of his union with these volumes, but we must stop for
Marie-Louise. The book, consisting
of two very small volumes, is written the present.
.by Madame Durand, widow of one of (To be continued.)
Napoleon's generals, and who had the
honour of being in the household of RECOLLECTIONS OF NAPOLEON. *
the Empress. It is a very simple and
unexaggerated statement; it neither No man ever filled so great a space “ extenuates nor sets down aught in in the eye of the world as Napoleon, malice,” The Emperor appears in it yet no man in so short a time has so not at all in an unamiable light, but completely disappeared from it. His there is no kind of absurd admiration hold was upon its wonder, not up- of him. As a husband and a father on its affections. The anchor once his conduct seems to have been unexweighed, the “ ship imperial” disap- ceptionable. We see more of him peared, and was forgotten. If he had here in these domestic relations than, perished in the wreck at Waterloo, he perhaps, we were ever permitted to do would have been more talked of at before ; and it is pleasing to find that the present day. His life has been there were softer moments in the soul the death of his name. Napoleon was even of a man whose head was turned eertainly a hero, yet his notions of ho- and whose heart was seared with the nour seem to have resembled, a good most self-idolizing ambition. His sedeal, Sir John Falstaff's; “Who hath cond marriage, it is true, was entirely it? He that died o' Wednesday.” dictated by that ruling passion. His He preferred life, even with St He- desertion of Josephine was unfeeling. lena and Sir Hudson. It is wonder. It was some time before he could reful how little interest every thing in solve upon it, and probably he was his present condition awakens. Al happy to seize upon any little incident though our national honour is un- which could seem to justify it to himdoubtedly implicated in the particu- self. A circumstance of this kind oclars of his treatment, very few among curred. « The Emperor, returning us will give themselves any trouble from Vienna, sent to her to join him
at Fontainbleau. She was accustom* Mes Souvenirs sur Napoleon, sa Fa. ed to appointments of this sort, which mille, et sa Cour. Par Madame Ve. Du she regarded in the light of comGeneral Durand. Paris, 1819.
mands, and she had never failed of
being the first to arrive at these ren- medium of the newspapers. To put dezvous. On this occasion Napoleon a finish to the happiness of Napoleon, had the start of her six hours." Dis- destiny so ordered that this young pleased at having waited for her so Princess, who might naturally have long, he used reproaches in which he seen him only in the light of the perwas not scrupulous about the terms. secutor of her family, who had twice Josephine, hurt, allowed in return a forced herself to fly from Vienna, felt few rather severe expressions to es herself flattered with having captivatcape her. Some of those things were ed the man whom Fame had prosaid on both sides which it is impos- claimed as the hero of Europe ; and sible ever to forget. The word di- she soon experienced towards him the vorce' was pronounced. Froin that most tender attachment." The Prinmoment it became the object of the cess was accompanied by her own Emperor's serious thoughts. In four train as far as Braunaw, where she was months afterwards it took place, and met by the suite whom Napoleon had was probably the origin of his fall, in appointed for her; and of all her Aus. consequence of the immoderate spring trian escort only a Madame Lajinski which his second marriage gave his continued to accompany her. Her ambition.”
new household had been named by the It was not at first known who was sister of the Emperor, Madame Muto be the new Empress. Negociations rat, then Queen of Naples, a designwere entered into with Russia, for a sis- ing woman, who was anxious, but unter of the Emperor Alexander: they successfully so, to obtain an ascendant failed, but there was no repugnance over the young Empress. The Duchess on the part of Marie-Louise." She de Montebello was placed at the head was at that time eighteen years and of the establishment, and many other a half old ;-a majestic stature,-a ladies in inferior departments. Poor noble gait, much freshness and lus- Madame Lajinski did not long keep tre,-fair locks, which had nothing her station. She was an object of jea. uninteresting, eyes blue, but ani- lousy to all the new ladies of honour, mated, hand and a foot which and Madame Murat was applied to to might have served as models,per- have her dismissed. : Marie-Louise, haps a little too much fulness, a de- who wished to be popular with her fect which did not long reinain with new attendants, made no opposition. her in France: Such were her exter. Not only Madame Lajinski was sent nal advantages that were apparent at back to Vienna from Munich, but first sight. Nothing was more gra- likewise a favourite lap-dog, the Princious, more amiable, than her deport cess being madle to understand that ment when she was at her ease, when the passion of Josephine for such anither in the intimacy of friendly conver- mals had contributed to deprive her sation, or in the midst of persons with of her husband's affections. 1 .whom she was particularly connect- As the young Empress approached ed; but, in the world, especially on nearer France, Napoleon practised 2 her first arrival in France, her timid. very refined piece of gallantry. Every ity gave her an air of embarrassment, morning when she rose, a page are which many people erroneously took peared bearing a letter from him, ful for pride. She had received a very of “ honied words," which went very careful education; her tastes were smoothly down, and she regularly simple, her mind cultivated ; she ex. returned an answer by the messenpressed herself in French with almost ger. This elegant intercourse corras much ease as in her native lan- tinued for fifteen days, and it was reguage. Calm, reflecting, good, and marked, that every successive letter feeling, although with little show, she seemed to awaken a new interest in the had every agreeable talent, loved to breast of the Empress. "If by any occupy herself, and was unacquainted accident the messenger was later than with ennui. It was impossible any his usual time of appearing, she was woman could suit Napoleon better. evidently disconcerted, and asked maGentle and peaceable, a stranger to ny questions as to the probable causes every kind of intrigue, she never in- of his delay. Napoleon, in the mean termeddled with public affairs, and, time, was no less impatient to see his in fact, for the most part, knew no- young wife. He was delighted with thing of them, except through the ihe belief that she had become volun