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ed honour of being styled the learned night's time, I had completed my educamember that opened the debate,' or the tion for the Irish senate. very eloquent gentleman who has just sat “. Such was my state, the popular throb down. All day the coming scene had just beginning to revisit my heart, when a been flitting before my fancy, and cajoling long expected remittance arrived from it; my ear already caught the glorious Newmarket; Apjohn dined with me that melody of Hear him, hear him!' Al. day, and, when the leg of mutton, or raready I was practising how to steal a cun- ther the bone, was removed, we offered up ning side-long glance at the tear of gene- the libation of an additional glass of punch rous approbation bubbling in the eyes of for the health and length of days (and Heamy little auditory; never suspecting, alas ! ven heard the prayer) of the kind mother that a modern eye may have so little affi- that had remembered the necessities of her nity with moisture that the finest gunpow. absent child. In the evening we repaired der may be dried upon it. I stood up to the Devils.' One of them was upon the question was Catholic claims or the his legs--a fellow of whom it was imposslave trade, 1 protest I now forget which, sible to decide whether he was most disbut the difference, you know, was never tinguished by the filth of his person or by very obvious—my mind was stored with the flippancy of his tongue, just such an. about a folio volume of matter, but I want, other as Harry Flood would have called ed a preface, and for want of a preface the the highly-gifted gentleman with the dirty volume was never published. I stood up, cravat and greasy pantaloons.' I found trembling through every fibre; but, re- this learned personage in the act of calummembering that in this I was but imitating niating chronology by the most preposterTully, I took courage, and had actually ous anachronisms, and (as I believe I shortproceeded almiost as far as “ Mr Chair. ly after told him) traducing the illustrious man," when, to my astonishment and ter- dead by affecting a confidential intercourse ror, I perceived that every eye was rivetted with them, as he would with some nobleupon me. There were only six or seven man, his very dear friend, behind his back, present, and the little room could not have who, if present, would indignantly repel contained as many more; yet was it, to the imputation of so insulting an intimacy. my panic-struck imagination, as if I were He descanted upon Demosthenius, the glothe central object in nature, and assembled ry of the Roman forum ; spoke of Tully millions were gazing upon me in breath- as the famous contemporary and rival of Ci. less expectation. I became dismayed and cero ; and, in the short space of one half dumb; my friends cried Hear him!'hour, transported the Straits of Marathon but there was nothing to hear. My lips, three several times to the plains of Therindeed, went through the pantomime of ar- mopylæ. Thinking that I had a right to ticulation, but I was like the unfortunate know something of these matters, I looked fiddler at the fair, who, upon coming to at him with surprise ; and, whether it was strike up the solo that was to ravish every the money in my pocket, or my classical ear, discovered that an enemy had mali. chivalry, or most probably the supplementciously soaped his bow; or rather, like poor al tumbler of punch, that gave my face a Punch, as I once saw him, (and how many smirk of saucy confidence, when our eyes like him have I seen in our old Ilouse of met there was something like wager of batCommons! but it is dead, and let us not tle in mine ; upon which the erudite gen disturb its ashes,) grimacing a soliloquy, of tleman instantly changed his invective awhich his prompter behind had most in, gainst antiquity into an invective against discreetly neglected to administer the words. me, and concluded by a few words of So you see, Sir, it was not born with me. friendly counsel (horresco referens) to 'oraHowever, though my friends, even Ap- tor mum,' who, he doubted not, possessed john, the most sanguine of them, despair- wonderful talents for eloquence, although ed of me, the cacocthes loquendi was not to he would recommend him to show it in fube subdued without a struggle. I was for ture by some more popular method than the present silenced, but I still attended his silence. I followed his advice, and I our meetings with the most laudable regu- believe not entirely without effect; for, larity, and even ventured to accompany the when, upon sitting down, I whispered my others to a more ambitious theatre, : the friend, that I hoped he did not think my Devils of Temple Bar,' where truly may I say that many a time the Devil's own work was going forward. Here, warned by fa- * “ Mr Curran here alluded to the cetal experience that a man's powers may be lebrated Mr Flood's custom of distinguish. overstrained, I at first confined myself to a ing the speakers at the London debating simple aye or no,' and, by dint of prac- societies by such ludicrous descriptions of tice and encouragement, brought my tongue their dress, as the eloquent friend to reto recite these magical elements of parlia. form in the thread-bare coat,' the able mentary eloquence with such sound em- supporter of the present ministry with the phasis and good discretion,' that, in a fort. new pair of boots, &c."

dirty antagonist had come quite clean A discriminating contrast is drawn off On the contrary, my dear fellow,' between the eloquence of Curran and said he, every one around me is declare that of Burke the only other pasing that it is the first time they ever saw sage which we can find room to exhim so well dressed.' So, Sir, you see, tract from this intelligent and lively that, to try the bird, the spur must touch

work. his blood. Yet, after all, if it had not been for the inspiration of the punch, 1 “ In addition to the general influence might have continued a mute to this hour; which Burke is supposed to have had upon so, for the honour of the art, let us have the oratory of his countrymen, it has been another glass.'

often observed, that a strong individual 66 The speech which Mr Curran made resemblance may be discovered between upon this occasion was immediately fol. him and Mr Curran. It is very doubtful lowed by a more substantial reward than

praise to say of any one that he differed

pra the applauses of his hearers ; the debate from Burke; still, if the two men be atwas no sooner closed, than the president of tentively compared, it must be admitted, the society dispatched his secretary to the that, in many leading points, they were eloquent stranger, to solicit the honour of strikingly dissimilar. Thus (without athis company to partake of a cold collation, tempting an elaborate analysis of their which proved to consist of bread and cheese respective qualities) to advert to the most and porter ; but the public motives of the obvious differences. Both possessed the invitation rendered it to the guest the most faculties of reason and imagination in a delicious supper that he had ever tasted. high degree ; but the general maxims to

66 From this time till his final departure which those powers conducted them were from London, he was a regular attendant strongly contrasted. In all his general and speaker at debating clubs,-in exer- views of society, Burke's mind discovers cise which he always strongly recommend a deep respect for power, for rank, and ed to every student of eloquence, and to ofhice, and title, and all the solemn plausi. which he attributed much of his own skill bilities of the world. He reviewed the and facility in extemporaneous debate. He history of the world, and, pausing over never adopted or approved of the practice the institutions which had affected its desof committing to memory intended speeches, tiny, reverenced them for the greatness of but he was in the habit of assisting his their effects. Mr Curran looked at insti. mind with ample notes of the leading to- tutions as connected with freedom; and, pics, and trusted to the occasion for ex- where he found a tendency in them to enpression.

slave the human mind, forgot all their im66 The society that he latterly most free posing grandeur in that single evil. Thus, quented was the well-known Robin Hood. Burke's imagination contemplated, with He also sometimes attended a meeting for an awful gravity,' the age of chivalry (the the discussion of religious questions, which times of our canonized forefathers') as a was held on Sunday evenings, at the Brown splendid array of pageantry, gallantry, and Bear in the Strand, and resorted to by per- deeds of arms, with its proud bearings sons of every persuasion, and by many and ensigns armorial,' and all those images who were · honorary members of all faiths.' of power which • carry an imposing and Whenever the claims of the Roman Catho- majestic aspect. The other remembered lics were the subject of debate, he uni- its oppressions, and was never heard to laformly supported them. From his zeal in ment that the age of chivalry was gone.' their cause, and from his dress, (a brown The same leaning to power may be obsurtout over black,) he was supposed by served in Burke's pathetical effusions. His strangers to be a young priest of that or- most affecting lamentations are over fallen der, and was known in the club by the greatness. Mr Curran's pathos was less name of the little Jesuit from St 0. ambitious, but more social and extensive, mers.'” * Vol. I. pp. 39-49.

embracing the sufferings of every rank.

The pathos of the one was more that of * “ The same zeal for the emancipa

the schools—the sublime epic pathos of tion of the Roman Catholics, which distin

antiquity. He was most touched by hisguished him for the rest of his life, produ

torical vicissitudes. He hung over the ced similar mistakes among strangers upon

royal corse and wept from the recollection the subject of his religion. When he was

that the head, now prostrate in the dust, at Paris in 1814, he accompanied some

had lately worn a crown. The other's friends to see Cardinal Fesch's gallery of tea

Gallery of tears were not reserved for the misfortunes paintings. The Frenchman in attendance of the great-he did not disdain to shift there was a good deal struck by Mr Curran's observacions, and, upon the latter's prise," je voyois bien qu'il avoit beaucoup retiring before the others, asked with some d'esprit, mais, mon Dieu ! je n'aurois ja. curiosity who he was. As soon as he heard mais soupçonné que ce petit monsieur fut his name, " Ah!' said he, with great sur- le grand Catholique Irlandois.'"

the scene of distress from the palace to the sense of their importance and their daims, cottage or the dungeon, and to sympathize by gratifying their self-love, and filling with those obscure afflictions which history them with the persuasion, that there was does not condescend to record, but which no truth which they were not fitted to ex. man is destined hourly to endure.

amine and comprehend. “Burke's acquired knowledge was more " Burke is inore instructive and com. extensive, and his mind more scientific and manding than persuasive. He looked upon discursive. He looked upon the great scene the people from an eminence, from which of human affairs as a problem for a philo- he saw them under their diminished forms, sopher to resolve, and delighted in those and betrayed a consciousness that be was wide comprehensive views where much in- above them. The other remained below termediate balancing and combination must -threw himself among them-and, perprecede the final result. No one could suading them that they were equals, by better describe the spirit of a particular that means became the master of their age, or the condition and resources of a movements. powerful empire. Mr Curran's genius was “ This is the most striking distinction in less philosophic, but more popular. He the impressions which they make upon us had more confined his studies to the hu- -that we feel the one to be our superior, man passions and feelings, as he observed and imagine the other to be only a comthem in active operation before him. His panion. In Burke's most exalting concep. general views were derived from his own tions there is a gorgeous display of know. experience rather than from historical in- ledge and intellect, which reminds us of struction. He had witnessed so much of our inferiority and our incapacity to ascend the abuses of power, that he acquired a without his aid. The popular charm of hatred of and contempt for it; and his the other's eloquence is, that it makes us chief skill lay in exposing those abuses. only feel more intensely what we have felt He could best describe a scene of local or before. In his loftiest flights, we are conindividual oppression, and lay bare, for scious of being elevated with him, and for public execration, 6 the infernal workings the moment forget that we soar upon an. of the hearts of the malignant slaves' who other's wing; for the elenients of his suwere its instruments.

blimity are the passions in which we all " Many particulars in which they differe partake; and, when he wakes the living ed may be attributed to their respective si chords to their highest extacy, it is not that tuations. They were contemporaries ; but he strikes one which was never touched bethey lived in such different countries, that fore, but that he gives a longer and louder they might be said to have lived in a dif- vibration to the chords which are never ferent age. Burke's life was passed under still. a political system, which (whatever might “ The history of each exemplifies their be its theoretic imperfections) was diffus- characters. Burke was a philosopher, and ing real blessings all around; and to leave could transplant his sympathies. He went it as he found it was the wise end of all abroad, and passed his life admiring and his efforts. The other lived under a system, enjoying the benefits of his adopted, and which, with · many shows of seeming dearer, and more comprehensive country," pure,' was an actual curse : and his life Mr Curran was a patriot, whose affections, was a long struggle to inspire his country could he have torn them from their native with the spirit to reform it. These differ, bed, would have drooped in another soil. ent objects of each of the one to preserve He staid at home, and closed his days in freedom, of the other to obtain it-gave a deploring the calamities which he had different character to their oratory. Burke's vainly laboured to avert.” wisdom had taught him the dangers of po

Vol. II. pp. 437–443. pular innovation ; and he would have protected, even under the shield of superstition, the institutions over which he watchTHOUGHTS SUGGESTED BY DR CHALed: 'There is a certain oracular pride and MERS'S LATE PAMPHLET. pomp in his manner of announcing im portant political truths, as if they were aw. We have no intention to enter into ful mysteries which the uninitiated crowd the consideration of the practicability were to reverence from afar. Like the of those measures which Dr Chalmers high priest of old, he would have inspired

proposes in this pamphlet (the begina sacred dread of approaching the inmost

ning only of a greater work, in which temple, lest some profane intruder should discover and proclaim that the god was not

they will be much more fully unfoldthere. The spectacle of misrule in Ireland had, on the contrary, impressed upon Mr • The Christian and Civic Economy of Curran's mind the necessity of animating Large Towns. No. I. Remarks applicathe people with a spirit of fearless inquiry. ble to the outset of Dr Chalmers's connec. To do this he had to awaken them to a tion with the Parish of St John's.

ed) for the amelioration of the cha. ty, and would, by the perseverance of a racter and condition of the populace few years, land us in a purer and better geof large cities. It is an object which neration. he has long had ynuch at heart and “ You know, gentlemen, that this as. which habos considered in all its her similation of a town and country parish ings with infinitely more attention than

has been the distinct object of my exerwe certainly are capable of bestowing;

tions, ever since I came amongst you. It won it. We are disposed, indeed, to many difficulties are to be overcome, and

18 is an object, in the prosecution of which believe in the practicability of all much developement both of practice and measures of enlightened benevolence; of principle must be given, ere it be fully and after the wonders which have understood. But you will do me the jusbeen accomplished in our days by tice to believe, that though it is an object those who have visited the prisoners, which, from its very nature, cannot be we are prepared to look forward to a prosecuted with privacy, there is not an series of moral miracles accompanying earthly privilege of which I am more dethe future march of the Gospel, no

sirous, than that I should be suffered to less significant of its divine origin,

prosecute it in peace. than those suspensions of natural laws

" One most essential step towards so de

sirable an assimilation in a large city pawhich attended its first introduction.

rish, is a numerous and well appointed Whatever may be the success of Dr

agency. The assimilation does not lie Chalmers's enterprise, most assuredly here in the external frame-work; for, in a it is uudertaken in a spirit of the small country parish, the minister alone, truest Christian exertion, and it is or with a very few coadjutors of a small impossible to read the following pas- Session, may bring the personal influence sage addressed to his philanthropic of his kind and Christian attentions to coadiutors without feeling our hearts bear upon all the families. Among the warm towards the man, and without ten thousand of a city parish, this is imthe most cordial wishes that he may

possible ; and, therefore, what he cannot go on and prosper.

do but partially and superficially in his

own person, must, if done substantially, “ The great and leading position, then, be done in the person of others. And he, which I have to advance upon this subject, by dividing his parish into small manage. is, that the same inoral regimen which, un. able districts,-and assigning one or more der the parochial and ecclesiastical system of his friends in some capacity or other to of Scotlanı, has been set up, and with so each of them, and vesting them with such much effect, in her country parishes, may, a right either of superintendence or of inby a few simple and attainable processes, quiry, as will always be found to be gratebe introduced into the most crowded of her fully met by the population, and so raiscities, and with as signal and conspicuous ing as it were a ready intermedium of coman effect on the whole habit and character munication between himself and the inhaof their population---that the simple rela bitants of his parish, may at length attain tionship which obtains between a minister an assimilation in point of result to a counand his people in the former situation, try parish, though not in the means by may be kept up with all the purity and which he arrived at it. He can in his own entireness of its influences in the latter si. person maintain at least a pretty close and tuation, and be equally available to the habitual intercourse with the more remarkformation of a well conditioned peasantry able cases ; and as for the moral charm of

-in a word, that there is no such dissi. cordial and Christian acquaintanceship, he milarity between town and country, as to can spread it abroad by deputation over prevent the great national superiority of that portion of the city which has been asScotland, in respect of her well principled signed to him. In this way an influence, and well educated people, being just as ob- long unfelt in towns, may be speedily reservable in Glasgow or Edinburgh, for ex- stored to them; and they, we affirm, know ample, as it is in the most retired of her nothing of this department of our nature, districts, and these under the most diligent who are blind to the truth of the position process of moral and religious cultivation. —that out of the simple clements of atSo that, while the profligacy which obtains tention, and advice, and civility, and goodin every crowded and concentrated mass of will, conveyed through the tenements of human beings, is looked upon by many a the poor, by men a little more elevated in philanthropist as one of those helpless and rank than themselves, a far more purifying irreclaimable distempers of the body polic and even more gracious operation can be tic, for which there is no remedy-do I made to descend upon them than ever will inaintain, that there are certain practica- be achieved by any other of the aministrable arrangements whiclı, under the bles- tions of charity." sing of God, will stay this growing calami. " There is one lesson that we need not VOL. V.

31

teach, for experience has already taught it, mind grasping at a subject in some and that is, the kindly influence which the degree new to it,--and we believe if mere presence of a human being has upon he were to study with attention the his fellows. Let the attention you bestow writings of the older English divines, upon another be the genuine emanation of while he would find in them faculties good will—and there is only one thing which he would readily grant to be more to make it irresistible. The readiest

equal to his own, and learning much way of finding access to a man's heart, is

superior to that of any modern theoto go to his house and there to perform the deed of kindness, or to acquit yourself logian, he would, at the same time, perof the wonted and the looked-for acknow. ceive that, in the management of their ledgment. By putting yourself under the most unearthly doctrines, they can roof of a poor neighbour, you in a manner yet wield them with a calmness and put yourself under his protection, you ren- an equipoise which, while they preder him for the time your superior,—you serve them in all their purity, only throw your reception on his generosity; add irresistibly to their power. and be assured that it is a confidence which But, in the splendid course of will almost never fail you. If Christianity Christian activity, which is now bebe the errand on which you move, it will

fore this remarkable man, we lose open for you the door of every family ;

all sight and all concern, as to any of and even the profane and the profligate will come to recognise the worth of that his supposed or real deficiencies as a principle which prompts the unwearied as divine; and still less can we indulge siduity of your services. By every circuit any regret that he has not been transwhich you make amongst them, you will lated into a Professor's chair, where attain a higher vantage ground of moral we do not imagine his exertions would and spiritual influence-and, in spite of all have been equally serviceable to sothat has been said of the ferocity of a city ciety or honourable to himself. We population, be assured that, in your rounds certainly, without the slightest disof visitation, you will meet with none of it, paragement to the great and eminent even among the lowest receptacles of hu.

men of science of the age, can form man worthlessness. This is the home walk

to ourselves an idea of a Professor of in which you earn, if not a proud, at least a peaceful popularity-the popularity of

Natural Philosophy, which, in these the heart-the greetings of men who, degenerate days, it may not be quite touched even by your cheapest and easiest easy to realize. We could find it. services of kindness, have nothing to give perhaps, in such a man as Barrow, but their wishes of kindness back again; who would have Christianized a Probut in giving these have crowned your pious fessorship (to use Dr Chalmers's sinattentions with the only popularity that is gular and somewhat uncourteous worth the aspiring after-ihe popularity expression) in the manner in which that is won in the bosom of families, and that operation ought to be performat the side of death-beds.” pp. 7–12. ed; but we are doubtful whether Dr

We have been accused, we believe, Chalmers himself would have been of injustice to Dr Chalmers, and of a equally judicious in his mode of infalse representation of some of his terweaving Physics with Faith. An opinions. It was more, however, to a academic philosopher of the present certain harshness and air of presump- day (the only person, by the way, of tion in the exposition of his doctrines, learning and respectability now alive, than to the doctrines themselves, that who still advocates the vulgar and we made any objection, and we never worn-out cause of infidelity, and he has for a moment were blind to his great accordingly met with the appropriate eloquence and to the evident sinceri- distinction of having his works quoted ty which forms one of its principal with approbation by Mr Carlisle) has charms. We are willing, however, to endeavoured to prove, in a fanciful admit, that we may have been pre- book on the Mosaic history, that the cipitate in our strictures; but the ad- twelve sons of Jacob mean nothing mirers of Dr Chalmers may, in their more than the twelve signs of the zoturn, adinit, that he has still some- diac. Is it quite certain that Dr Chalthing to learn, and that the tone of mers might not have taken up the conhis theology may yet come to vibrate trary position, and attempted to shew to a more harmonious and equable that the twelve signs of the zodiac key. Any thing peculiar in it, we were a mere figure of speech for the have ever ascribed, in a good mea- twelve tribes of Israel or the twelve sure, to the rapidity of a powerful Apostles ? At least he leads us to sus

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