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Thomas D. Harman
HE December issue of Industry, managed always to establish a close and
the official publication of the cordial relation between the reader and
Merchants' and Manufacturers' the publisher and editor—the most

Association, Pittsburg, presents valuable asset a paper of his class can as a frontispiece an exceptionally good have. engraving of a portrait of Thomas D. As president of the Pittsburg Board Harman, president of the Pittsburg of Trade, the largest commercial and Board of Trade and treasurer and civic body of the Smoky City, Mr. Hargeneral manager of The National Stock- man has been conspicuous in laboring man and Farmer.

for the city's advancement and this in While Mr. Harman is still on the a city where it is the usual thing for men sunny side of life (and will be until to "do things.” he is a hundred), he has made an No small portion of Mr. Harman's enviable record in publishing and busi- fame rests on his ability as

an after ness circles.

dinner speaker, but he is one of the He was one of the founders of The few fortunate men who can tell a good National Stockman and Farmer, and to story without detracting from his his twenty-five years' work there in standing as a level headed business man. every department of the paper, can be "Mr. Harman has frequently been attributed the remarkable success of spoken of for Congressional and Guberthat sterling publication.

natorial honors, but has steadfastly deProbably there has never been in the clined to allow his name to be used in agricultural field a better circulation this connection." builder than Mr. Harman, especially in A good fellow, a gentleman, and building circulation that "sticks” year square as they make them, is a fair after year.

estimate of Thomas D. Harman. In the conduct of this paper he has

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The Future of the Automobile

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A Symposium URING the past five years the Olds, of Olds & Sons' engine works, growth of Automobile Advertis Lansing, Micn. ing has been very rapid. At the After describing the mechanism and

present time it occupies more vehicle in detail, the account says: space in the leading magazines than any "It carries two passengers besides the opother single line. Advertised foods and erator and it is the intention to couple on an. foodstuffs come next.

other vehicle behind if wishing to carry more

passengers. The steam from the engines is Is the automobile a fad? Will Auto

entirely done away with by an ingenious conmobile Advertising soon die, as did trivance of the inventor, and there is no smoke. Bicycle Advertising ?

The engines couple on direct, so that there is AGRICULTURAL ADVERTISING asked

no gearing whatever, and the rig runs

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quietly as an ordinary carriage. The boiler number of automobile manufacturers

and engines at the rear end are inclosed by to answer this, and some other questions ; curtains which shut out all view of the maamong them "What was the first Auto chinery, so there is nothing about it to scare mobile to be advertised?” The answers

horses and they do not seem to mind it any

more than an ordinary carriage. Its usual are presented herewith.

speed on good roads is fifteen miles per hour, and it will ascend any ordinary grade.

“The vehicle as a whole includes many new merits. Mr. Olds states that its great advan. tages are that it never kicks or bites, never tires out on long runs, and during hot weather he can ride fast enough to make a breeze without sweating the horse. It does not require care in the stable, and only eats while it is on the road, which is no more than at the rate of 1 cent per mile. Weight 1,200 pounds."

What Leading Manufacturers Say About

the Future of the Automobile The automobile is a vehicle. It is not a fad. When its newness among vehicles wears off, the public mind will accept it as a rational form of transportation. Its adoption as a prevailing type will begin in earnest. Eventually it will haul the world's goods and the world's people—the rich and the proletariat. It will cause a gradual reorganization of traffic which will have a sweeping influence upon the whole character of society. The greatest influence upon the customs and habits of people and upon the trend of their ideas has always been methods of communication.

The motor car will give both local and cosmopolitan communication a new aspect. It affects the movements of individuals and of masses. It will have tremendous influence upon the suburban conditions by giving country dwelling places a new attraction for city workers. It will spread the residents of smaller communities into the country and will draw those who have been land separated closer together. The motor car will reorganize traffic upon city streets and eventually replace the

Without attempting to decide the question as to which was the first automobile advertised, we reproduce herewith, in reduced form, a wood cut of a "Gasoline Steam Carriage,” which appeared in the Scientific American, May 21, 1892. This, as the article which accompanied it, states, “was invented by Ransom E.

drivers will be in evidence and the popularity of motoring travel may then be expected to increase by leaps and bounds.

We mention touring at considerable length because the outlook for the future development and use of the automobile along the other lines suggested is so obvious as to call for no extended comment.--Electric Vehicle Company.

horse in such traffic. It will be the universal feeder to railways of all kinds. It will cause the gradual creation of good highways. It will affect the raising of crops by destroying a large market for certain grains. It will change the very manners of society and will influence the labor world. The limits of its influence are almost beyond conception. They cannot be analyzed, but analysis is immaterial. The fact exists. The Packard Motor Car Company believes in the permanency and importance of the motor car industry. It is building its cars and its business for the future.

The purpose of the present industry is to seek growth in all possible directions and to disabuse the public of the erroneous idea that an automobile is merely the plaything of the rich, a toy of which to tire, another bicycle to be laid away to rust.-Packard Motor Car Company, Detroit, Mich.

Automobiling is not a fad. The automobile has come to stay. If we thought otherwise we should not be in the business.

There are many people who are always ready to take up any sort of new thing, question or agitation for the mere reason that others are doing the same thing, and use of automobiles by some motorists may be based upon no more reasonable grounds than are to be found at the bottom of any popular and passing aberration; but this class of automo. bile users is small and so unimportant as to have no practical bearing upon the future of the industry for which we may expect a sound and healthy growth along four differentiated lines, namely, vehicles for runabout service, closed cars for city and town use, touring cars and commercial wagons and trucks. If one

were looking for obstacles in the way of future development he would possibly find it most convenient to locate them in the touring car connection. Careful consideration, however, shows the outlook for the touring car to be quite as stable as for the runabout, coach and utility types.

The American people are inherently fond of travel by independent methods and the touring car fully meets this preference. The motoring tourist is not hampered by the uncertainties of horseflesh, nor by cut and dried routes, nor by time tables. He can lay out his course and go where he pleases at will and he also finds his method of travel more exhilarating and more healthful than any other mode. Hitherto the growth of touring has undoubtedly been somewhat set back through the carelessness and ig. norance of drivers and resulting accidents, at least 95 per cent of which could have been avoided; but it is beginning to be realized that only the careful and skilled operation of cars is worth while. Eventually only competent

The automobile industry long ago passed the experimental stage. The self-propelled vehicle is now firmly established.

So far most manufacturers have devoted their attention to the pleasure vehicle and during the past six or seven years the pleasure car has been developed from a most un. dependable means of conveyance, until today there are

dozens of different makes, constructed upon practically the same principle, any one of which may be depended upon for satisfactory and efficient service.

For long drives or rough or hilly roads the car propelled by a gasoline engine has so far proved to be the most satisfactory type.

We believe that in the Studebaker car we have achieved the maximum of power efficiency with our four cylinder four cycle gasoline engine, employing a low tension Simms-Bosch magneto to supply the current for a makeand-break spark. This system of ignition guar. antees a very large and hot spark in each cylinder and does away with spark plug troubles, and with batteries, short circuiting, commutators, and many other annoyances.

The heart of the car is the engine and the Studebaker has a perfect heart action.

For town driving and business or profes. sional requirements, the electric car is the ideal means of locomotion. The controlling mechanism is so simple that practically anyone can operate it, and it is always in readiness. The driver simply steps to his seat, releases his brakes, shoves the lever down a notch or two and moves off.

We build electric cars suited for every requirement of social or business life. The

real triumph of the self-propelled vehicle, however, is yet to come. Its maximum of public usefulness will be attained, not in the pleasure vehicle, but in the commercial vehicle. The pleasure vehicle is an article of luxury; the commercial vehicle is a necessity, and the self-propelled commercial vehicle is rapidly securing recognition in the business world.

The great future of the motor car we believe lies in this direction; and so strongly are we convinced that just as soon as business men appreciate the advantage of the self-propelled delivery wagon or truck, over the horse drawn vehicle, both in increased efficiency and decreased cost, the horse drawn vehicle will be supplanted, that today we are manufacturing a

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