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Abranchiata (a-brang-ki-a"ta), n. pl. 1. Same viare, to shorten; abbreviare, according to mark, in a figurative sense; to be far wrong as Abranchia (which see).--2. The name ap a principle seen in the change of many in one's guess or estimate (6) To be at a plied to those vertebrates--mammals, birds, words from Latin to French, becoming ab loss; to be puzzled, perplexed, bewildered, and reptiles-whose young have at no time brevjare, abbrejare, and finally abréger. non-plussed; to be all or quite at sea —The gills such as batrachia and fish possess. Comp. L. Hierosolyma, Hieronymus, simia, schoolmaster is abroad, education is diffused Abranchiate (a-brang ki-at), a. Devoid of diurnus, vindemia, alleviare, pipionem, among the people, See under SCHOOLgills.

rabies, with Fr. Jérusalem, Jérôme, singe, MASTER. Abrasax (ab-ra-saks'), n. Same as Abraxas. jour, vendange, alléger, pigeon, rage.] 1. To Abrocoma (ab-ro'ko-ma), n. [Gr. habros, Abrase (a-brāz'), a. [See ABRADE.] Made make shorter; to curtail. Abridged delicate, and komē, hair.) A genus of small clean by rubbing. 'A nymph as pure and cloaks.' Sir W. Scott.–2. To epitomize; to rodent, rat-like animals, natives of South simple as the soule or as an abrase table.' shorten by using fewer words, yet retaining America, remarkable for the fineness of B. Jonson.

the sense in substance; to condense: used their fur. More properly Habrocoma, Abrasion (ab-raʼzhon), n. [L. abrasio-ab of writings; as, Justin abridged the history Abrogable (ab'ro-ga-bl), a. Capable of being and rado. See ABRADE.) 1. The act of of Trogus Pompeius.-3. To lessen; to dimin abrogated. abrading; the act of wearing or rubbing off ish;

as, to abridge labour; to abridge power Abrogate ( ab'rő-gāt), v.t. pret. & pp. abroor down, as by friction or attrition; specifi or rights.-4. To deprive; to cut off from: gated; ppr. abrogating. (L. abrogo, to recally, in geol. the wearing or rubbing away followed by of and formerly by from; as, to peal-ab, from, and rogo, to ask or propose, of rocks by icebergs or glaciers, by currents abridge one of his rights or enjoyments. as a law.] 1. To repeal; to annul by an of water laden with sand, shingle, &c., by Nor do I now make moan to be abridged

authoritative act; to abolish by the authorblown sand, or other means.-2. The sub. From such a noble rate.

Shak. ity of the maker or his successor: applied to stance worn off by attrition. Berkeley. 5. In alg. to reduce, as a compound quan the repeal of laws, decrees, ordinances, the 3. In surg. (a) a superficial lesion of the skin tity or equation, to its more simple form.

abolition of established customs, &c.-2. To by the partial removal of the cuticle. () SYN. To shorten, abbreviate, contract, epi

keep clear of; to avoid: so used by a pedant A very superficial ulcer or excoriation of the tomize, condense, compress, retrench, re

in Love's Labour's Lost.
intestinal mucous membrane.
duce, curtail, diminish, cut short.

Perge, good Holofernes, perge; so it shall please
Abraum (ab'ram), n. [G.) Red ochre, used Abridger (a-brij'ér), n. One who or that you to abrogate scurrility.

Shak, by cabinet-makers to give a red colour to which abridges.

-Abolish, Repeal, Abrogate. See under new mahogany

Abridgment (a-brij'ment), n. 1. The act of ABOLISH.-SYN. To repeal, annul, set aside, Abraxas (ab-raks'as), n. [The Greek letters

abridging or state of being abridged; diminu rescind, revoke, abolish, cancel. a, b,7, a, x, a, s (a, b, g, «, 5, 6,s) as numerals tion; contraction; reduction; curtailment; Abrogatet (ab'ro-gāt), a. Annulled; aboexpress 365.] 1. A word denoting a power restriction; as, an abridgement of expenses. lished. which presides over 365 others, the number Abridgment of liberty. Locke.

Abrogation (ab-ro-gā'shon), n. The act of of days in a year; and used as a mystical

It was his sin and folly which brought him under abrogating; repeal by authority of the legisterm to express the supreme God, under that abridgment.

South, lative power, or any competent authority. whom the Basilidians supposed 365 dependent deities. It was the principle of the 2. An epitome; a summary, as of a book; an

Abroma (ab-ro'ma), n. [Gr. a, neg., and abstract or condensation.

broma, food.] A genus of plants, nat. order Gnostic hierarchy, whence sprang their multitude of ons. -2. In antiq. a gem or stone, An abridgment or abstract of anything is the

Sterculiaceæ, tribe Buttneriem. A. augusta whole in little.

Locke.

is a native of the East Indies, and A. fastuwith the word abraxas engraven on it. Here lies David Garrick, describe him who can,

08a of New South Wales. Some of the 3. A genus of lepidopterous insects, contain

An abridgment of all that was pleasant in man. species are evergreen stove shrubs. ing the large magpie-moth (Abraxas gros

Goldsmith Abroodt (a-bröd'), adv. [Prefix a, on, and sulariata), the larvae of which are very de 3. That which abridges or cuts short. brood.] In the act, or as in the act of broodstructive to our gooseberry and currant [Rare.]

ing. bushes, consuming their leaves as soon as Look, where my abridgment comes (namely, that The Spirit of God sat abrood upon the whole rude they appear. which cuts me short in my speech : compare, how.

abp. Sancroft. Abrayt (ab-ra'), v.i. (As a present tense or

ever, meaning 4).

Shak.

Abroodingt (a-bröd'ing), n. The act of infinitive this is a corrupt form. See AB

4. That which shortens anything, as time, brooding over. RAD.) To awake.

or makes it appear short; hence, a pastime. Abrookt (a-bruk), v.t. To brook; to endure.
But when as I did out of sleep abray,
[Rare.)

See BROOK.
I found her not where I left hier whyleare.
Say what abridgment have you for this evening?

Ill can thy noble mind abrook
Spenser. What mask? What music 7

Shak. The abject people gazing in thy face. Shak.
Abrazite (ab'ra-zīt), n. [Gr. a, neg., and
braző, to bubble.] A mineral that does not

-Abridgment, Compendium, Epitome, Ab- Abrotanoid (a-brot'an-oid), n. (Gr. abrotoeffervesce when melted before the blow

stract. An abridgment is a work shortened non, a plant, southernwood, and eidos, form.] pipe.

or abridged by being briefly expressed, or A species of sclerodermatous corals, the Abrazitic (ab-ra-zitsik), a. In mineral, not

by having the less essential parts omitted; Madrepora abrotanoida, an East Indian effervescing when melted before the blow.

a compendium is a condensed view of a reef coral.
particular subject regarded as omplete in

Abrotanum (a-brot'an-um), n. [Gr. abro
Abread, Abreed (a-brēd'), adv. Abroad.

itself; as, a compendium of literature, of the tonon; L. abrotonum; L.L. abrotanum. } Burns. [Scotch.] Spelled also Abraid.

laws of commerce, &c.; an epitome is also a An evergreen plant, of the genus Artemisia, Abreast (a-brest'), adv. [Prefix a, on or at, condensed view, but not necessarily of a

called also southernwood. See SOUTHERNand breast.] 1. Side by side, with the

whole subject, and has more reference to WOOD.

the selection of essential facts than an breasts in a line. The riders rode abreast.

Abrupt (ab-rupt'), a. (L. abruptus, from Dryden. -2. Naut. lying side by side with

abridgment; every epitome is an abridg. abrumpo, to break off-ab, off, from, and stems equally advanced; also, when used to

ment, but every abridgment is not an epi rumpo, ruptum, to break. See RUPTURE. ] mark the situation of vessels in regard to

tome; an abstract is a bare statement of 1. Steep; craggy: applied to rocks, preciother objects, opposite, over against, lying

facts contained in, or of the leading features pices, and the like. -2. F'ig. sudden; without so that the objects are on a line with the of a work. -SYN. Diminution, reduction,

notice to prepare beam: with of. curtailment, contraction, deprivation, re

the mind for the straint, restriction, compendium, epitome,

event; as, an ab. The Bellina kept too close to the starboard shoal, and grounded abreast of the outer ship of the abstract.

rupt entrance enlemy.

Southey
Abroach (a-broch), a. or adv. (Prefix a for

dress.
3. Fig. up to a certain degree or pitch; up
on, and broach (which see).] Broached; let-

Abrupt death,
to a certain level; as, to keep abreast of the
ting out or yielding liquor, or in a position

A period puts and stops

his impious breath. present state of science.-4.7 At the same for letting out; as, the cask is abroach.-To

Shak. time; simultaneously. set abroach, (a) to set running; to cause to

3. Unconnected : Abreast therewith began a convocation.

flow. Fuller

having sudden Abrede,+ adv. Abroad. Chaucer. Hogsheads of ale were set abroach. Sir W. Scott.

2

transitions from Abrenouncet (ab'ré-nouns), v. t. (Prefix ab, () Fig. to give rise to; to spread abroad;

one subject to anand renounce.) To renounce absolutely. to disseminate; to propagate. 'Set mischief

other; as, an abrupt Under pain of the pope's curse ... either to abre. abroach.' Shak.

style. - 4. In bot. nounce their wives or their livings. Abroacht (a-broch'), v.t. To open, as a cask,

suddenly terminaFoxe, Book of Martyrs. Abrenunciation (ab'rē-nun-si-á"shon), n. for the purpose of taking out liquor; to tap;

ting.—Abrupt leaf, Renunciation: absolute denial. to broach.

one that has its 'An ab

Abroachmentt (a-broch'ment), 11. Same renunciation of that truth which he so long

extremity cut off as had professed.' Fuller. as Abbroachment.

it were by a trans

verse line. - Ab Abreption (ab-rep'shon), n. [L. abripio, Abroad (a-brød'), adv. [A. Sax. ombræde, abreptum, to snatch away from-ab, from, that is, on breadth, from on, and brád,

rupt- pinnate leaf, broad. and rapio, raptum, to snatch. See RAVISH.

See BROAD.) At large; widely; 1, Abrupt Root. 2, Abrupt a leaf which has A carrying away, or state of being seized without being confined to narrow limits;

Leaf. 3. Abrupt pinnate. neither leaflet nor

tendril at the end. with expansion; as, a tree spreads its branches

-Abrupt root, one terminating abruptly, as
Abreuvoir (a-brü-vwor), n.

abroad.
[Fr. abreuvoir,
The angry northern wind

if part had been cut off.--SYN. Sudden, una watering - place, from abreuver, O.Fr. Will blow these sands, like Sibyl's leaves, abroad. expected, hasty, rough, blunt, disconnected, abeurer, to water; It. abbeverare; L.L. abe

Shak. broken. perare, abebrare, from L. ad, indicating Specifically, (a) beyond or out of the walls

Abrupt (ab-rupt'), n. An abrupt place; a direction, and bibo, to drink.] 1. A recep of a house, camp, or other inclosure; as, to

vast chasm. (Rare and poetical.] tacle for water.-9. In masonry, the joint walk abroad. (6) Beyond the bounds of a

Or spread his aery light, between stones to be filled with mortar. country: in foreign countries; as, to go

Upborne with undefatigable wings
Gwilt,
abroad for an education; we have broils at

Over the vast abrupt.
Abricockt (abri-kok), 2. Same as Apricot

home and enemies abroad. (c) Extensively; Abruptt (ab-rupt), v.t. To break off; to in-
(which see).
before the public at large.

terrupt; to disturb. 'Insecurity . . . abAbricott ábri-kot), n. Same as Apricot.

He ... began ... to blaze abroad the matter. rupteth our tranquillities.' Sir T. Browne. Abridge (a-brij), vt pret. & pp. abridged;

Mark i. 45

Abrupted (ab-rupt'ed), a. Torn off, torn ppr. abridging. [Fr. abréger, from L. abbre -To be all abroad, (a) to be wide of the asunder.

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Absolutely (al/-lut-li), adv. Completely; thelly; without restrictiou, limitation, or gališation; unconditionally; positively;

ti peremptorils.

i Ausly we cannot discommend, we cannot

f Denizing approve, either willingness to live or for

Hooker. Coomani ne absolutely not to go. Milton. Absoluteness (at'so-lüt-nes), Mh. The state

being absolute; independence; completebess; the state of being subject to no extra is Beras restriction or control; positiveness. Absolution (ab-so-lu'shon), n. [L absolutio. i

* ABSOLVE ) 1. The act of absolving or AL state of being absolved; release from con SE sequences, obligations, or penalties; speci- AI fcally

, in the Roman Catholic and some b other churches, a remission of sins pro- AL sunced by a priest in favour of a penitent. a itotestants ascribe a declarative, but not 81 sa eäicient power to absolution. It anSyltees and assures forgiveness, on the SE stund of repentance, but does not impart AL 1-2 In the following passage the meanmy is daabtful, perhaps finish; polish. f Sex set are tall and big; so some language is

8 agh and great. Then the words are chosen, their vad zaple, the composition full, the absolution percus, and poured out, all grave, sinewy, and

t B. Jonson, Discoveries. Absolutism (ab'so-lüt-izm), 1. 1. State of

i1 being absolute, or principles of absolute

t feriment. If he esserors cannot acquiesce in this, the other

Al

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Absolutist (ab'só-lät-ist), 1. 1. An advocate 1x despotism, or for absolute government. 1 in setapk, one who maintains that it is peable to realize a cognition or concept of

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Beace the necessity which compelled Schelling and de asististe to place the absolute in the indiffer. 2 d subject and object, of knowledge and ex.

Sir W. Hamilton. Absolutistic (ab'so-lüt-ist'ik)

, 2. Pertainbabsolutism. Absolutory (ab-sol'ü-to-ri)

, a. Absolving or capable of absolving. "An absolutory sen

rest.'

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ABRUPTION

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ABSOLUTE
Abruption (ab-rup'shon), n. {See ABRUPT. ] Abscondence+ (ab-skond'ens), n. Conceal.
A sudden breaking off; a sudden termina-

THIUM.] Of the nature of wormwood. "Tenu-
ment.
tion; a violent separation of bodies.

pering absinthian bitterness with sweets.'
Absconder (ab-skond'ér), n. One who ab Randolph.
By this abruption posterity lost more instruction sconds.
than delight.

Absinthiate (ab-sin'thi-āt), v.t. To impreg.
Johnson. Absconsio (ab-skon'shi-o), n. (See ABSCOND.) nate with wormwood.
Abruptly (ab-rupt’li), adv. 1. Precipitously: In anat. and surg, a cavity or sinus.
as, the rocks rise abruptly from the water's Absence (ab'sens), n. [L. absentia, absence,

Absinthin, Absinthine (ab-sin' thin), n. edge.-2. Suddenly, without giving notice,

(C16H.2203.) The crystalline bitter principle from absens, absentis, absent, pres. part. of of wormwood (Artemisia Absinthium). or without the usual forms; as, the minister absum, to be absept - ab or abs, away, left France abruptly.

Absinthium (ab-sin'thi-um), n. (L. absin- 3. In bot, with an and sum, esse, to be. From same base thium, Gr. absinthion, Per. and Chal. afrinabrupt termination; as, an abruptly pinnate are present, entity, &c.) The state of being thin.) The common wormwood (Artemisia leaf. See under ABRUPT,

absent: (a) the state of being at a distance Absinthium), a bitter plant, used as a tonic. Abruptness (ab-rupt'nes), n. 1. The state in place; state of being away: opposed to It belongs to the nat. order Compositæ. or quality of being abrupt; as, (a) the state presence; as, speak no ill of one in his ab- Absis (ab'sis). In astron, see APSIS. or quality of being steep or craggy; precipi senice. (6) The state of being awanting; Absistt (ab-sist'), v.i. (L. absisto, to with. tousness. (b) Suddenness; unceremonious non-existence within a certain sphere; as, draw.) To stand off; to leave off. haste or vehemence.-2. Harshness or rough the absence of evidence. In the absence Absistence+ (ab-sis'tens), n. A standing off; ness in sound.

of conventional law.' Ch. Kent. (c) Inatten a refraining or holding back from. Some other languages, for their soft and melting tion to things present; an example or in- Absit omen (ab'sit õ'men). (L.) May it not fuency, as having no abruptness of consonants, have

stance of inattention. some advantage of the English. Howell.

"To conquer that be ominous! May the omen be falsified ! Abrus (ab'rus), n. (Gr. habros, elegant.) A

abstraction which is called absence.' Lan- Absolute (ab'so-lūt), a. (L. absolutus. See

dor. "Reflecting on the little absences and genus of leguminous plants. A. precatorius,

ABSOLVE.] 1. Freed from limitation or condistractions of mankind.' Addison. - Abor wild liquorice, is a West Indian evergreen

dition; unconditional; as, an absolute pro. climber. Its polished and parti-coloured

sence of mind, the result of the mind fixing mise ; an absolute bond.-2. Unlimited by

its attention on a subject which does not seeds, called jumble beads, were formerly

extraneous power or control; as, an absolute occupy the rest of the company, and which strung and employed as beads for rosaries,

government or prince.—3. Complete in itdraws it away from things or objects prenecklaces, &c. Its root is used in the West

self; finished; perfect; consummate; as, ab. sent, to others distant or foreign.-Decree Indies as liquorice is with us.

solute beauty: now applied in this sense only in absence, in Scots law, a decree pronounced Abscess (ab’ses), n. (L. abscessus, a going

to qualities, but formerly applied also to against a defender who has not appeared away, and in medical language an abscess,

persons. "As grave, as just, as absolute as
and pleaded on the merits of the cause.
from abscedere, to depart, to separate, to

Angelo.' Shak.
Absent (ab'sent), a. 1. Not present; not in

So absolute she seems
gather into an abscess-ab8, away, and cedo,
a certain place or among certain people; at

And in herself complete.

Milton cessum, to go, whence cession, cede, &c.) In

a distance; away; somewhere else. Absent med. a collection of purulent matter, formed from one another.' Gen. xxxi. 49.-2. Not

4. Positive; decided; certain; not in doubt: or deposited in the structure of an organ or

frequent in Shakspere, but now rare. existing somewhere; being awanting; not part; an iniposthume. An abscess is never

The colour of my hair he cannot tell, forming an attribute of something; as, an original disease, but the effect of inflam

Or answers dark, at random: while, be sure, among them refinement is absent; revenge

He's absolute on the figure, five or ten, matory action however excited. is entirely absent from his character,

Of my last subscription. Mrs. Browning: Abscessiont (ab-se'shon), n. (See ABSCESS.)

3. Inattentive to persons present, or to subAn abscess. jects of conversation or surrounding objects;

5. Peremptory; authoritative. Tapped her Abscind (ab-sind), v.t. [L. abscindo, to cut

on the head with absolute forefinger.' Mrs. having the mind withdrawn from wbat is off-ab, from, and scindo, to cut.) To cut off. passing; heedless; as, an absent man is un

Browning.6.7 Absolved; freed. Chaucer. (Rare.] Two syllables abscinded from the civil to the company.

7. In metaph. (a) not relative; as, absolute Johnson.

knowledge, that is, immediate knowledge
What is commonly called an absent man, is com.
Same as Abscissa.
Absciss (ab'sis), 11.

of things as they exist in themselves, as dis-
monly either a very weak or a very affected man.
Abscissa (ab-sis'sa), n. pl. Abscissæ (ab-sis'-

Chesterfield

tinguished from relative knowledge, which sē). (L. abscissus, pp. of abscindo, to cut off. - Absent, Abstracted. An absent man is one

is a knowledge of things as they appear to See ABSCIND.) Any part of the diameter whose mind is so constituted that it uncon

the percipient mind. ) Existing indepen.

dent of any other cause; self-existing; selfsciously wanders from the scene or circumor transverse axis of a conic section, interstances in which he is; but a man is ab

sufficing; existing without condition or recepted between the verstracted from what is present by some

lation; unconditioned; as, God is absolute. tex, or some other fixed overmastering emotion, or some weighty

(c) In the philosophy of Sir W. Hamilton, point where all the matter for reflection concentrating his at

unconditionally limited ; having limits abscissæ begin, and antention on itself.

which belong unconditionally to the object: other line called the Absent (ab-sent'), v.t. 1. To withdraw to

opposed to infinite.-8. In gram. applied to B

A ordinate which is tersuch a distance as to prevent intercourse ;

the case used to express certain circumminated in the curve. to keep away: used with reflexive pronouns;

stances adverbially when the case is not Thus, in the parabolic as, let a man absent himself from the com

determined by any other word in the senfigure BCA, the part of pany. 'If I should yet absent me from

tence; as, the genitive absolute in Greek, the axis Dc intercepted between the semi

and the ablative absolute in Latin.-9. In bed.' Shak.-2. To make absent.

your ordinate BD and the vertex o is an abscissa.

chem. pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol.

Go: for thy stay, not free, absents thee more.
Abscissio infiniti (ab-sis'si-o in-fē-ni'té).

Milton.
-Absolute equation, in astron. the sum of

The

the optic and eccentric equations. (L.) A logical series of arguments in which Absentt (ab'sent), n. One who is not present. we go on excluding, one by one, certain Let us enjoy the right of Christian absents, to pray

apparent inequality of a planet's motion in suppositions from the object whose real for one another.

Bp. Morton.

its orbit, arising from its unequal distances nature we are seeking to ascertain. Thus, we Absentaneous t (ab'sen-ta" nē-us), a. Relat

from the earth at different times, is called may say of a disease it cannot be small-pox, ing to absence; absent. Bailey.

its optic equation; this would subsist if the

The

planet's real motion was uniform. for, &c.; it cannot be scarlatina, for, &c.; Absentation (ab-sen-tā'shon), n. The act and so go on gradually narrowing the range of absenting one's self; absence.

eccentric inequality is caused by the plan. of possible suppositions.

et's motion not being uniform. - Absolute

His absentation at that juncture becomes significant. Abscission (ab-si'zhon), n. (L. abscissio,

Sir W. Hamilton,

term or number, in alg. that term which is from abscindo, abscissum, to cut off.] 1. The Absentee (ab-sen-tē'), n.

completely known, and to which all the

(See ABSENCE.) act of cutting off; severance; removal. Not One who is absent; more narrowly, one who

other part of an equation is made equal; to be cured without the abscission of a mem withdraws from his country, office, estate,

thus, in the equation x? +12x=24, the absober.' Jer. Taylor.--2. The act of putting an

lute term is 24.- Absolute motion, the ahpost, duty, or the like; one who removes to end to; the act of annulling or abolishing. a distant place or to another country: it is a

solute change of place in a moving body, Jer. Taylor ; Sir T. Browne.-3. Retrench term specifically applied generally by way

independent of the motion of any other ment. (Rare.)-4. The sudden termination of reproach to landlords and capitalists,

body.-

Absolute magnitude of a force, the of a disease by death. Hooper. --5. In rhet. who, deriving their income from one coun

intensity of a force measured by weight, as a figure of speech, when, having begun to try, reside in another, in which they spend

by pounds, &c. - Absolute gravity, that by say a thing, a speaker stops abruptly, as their incomes. --Absentee tax, a tax of 48. in

which a body descends freely and perpensupposing the matter sufficiently under

dicularly in a vacuum the pound, imposed in Ireland in 1715 on

or non-resisting stood. Thus, 'He is a man of so much the incomes and pensions of absentees. It

medium; or it may be considered as the honour and candour, and such generosity ceased in 1753. Unsuccessful attempts were

whole force with which a body is impelled but I need say no more.' made in 1773 and 1783 to reimpose it.

toward the centre of attraction, without Abscond (ab-skond'),v.i. [L.abscondo, to hide Absenteeism (ab-sen-tē'izm), n.

regard to modifying circumstances. -SYN. --abs, from, and condo, to hide.] 1. To retire tice or habit which gives the name of an

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Absolvable (ab-solo'a-bl), Q. That may Absolatory(8b-solo'a-to-ri), a. Conferring Abuelation, pardon, or release; having power Absolve (ab-80lv), v.. pret. & pp. absolved; Prebering

. (L abrolto, to set free-ab, tem, and wito, to loose, to solve.] 1. To kit free or release from some duty, obligatan, or responsibility; as, to absolve a perwa from a promise -2. To free from the 024caces or penalties attaching to acteps

: Wacquit; specifically, in eccles. lan. ta borgire or grant remission of sins to; to pouze lorgiveness of sins to.-3. To poria plisk; to finish. The work begun, bow siren atac ted Milton.-4. To solve; a reshte; to explain. 'Absolve we this?'

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Webal sot abraise the donbt. Sir T. Browne. STS. To free, release, exonerate, discharge, Absolver (ab-solvėr)

, n. One who absolves; as that pronounces sin to be remitted. Absolvitor (abi-zolv'i-tor), nt. In law, a less el absolution. – Decree of absolvitor,

Socha lon, a decree in favour of the debender in an action. A decree in favour of te prster is called a decree condemnator. Assant (also-nant), Q. [L. ab, from, anal www,o sonare, to sound. See ABSONwa Wide from the purpose; contrary;

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Dynatet (au să-nát), v.t. To avoid; to

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August (aby's-nus), a, (L. absonus

To discordant, opposed; contrary. 'Ab. wars: 2, la herb an estate in luxury. To engage wholly; as, these

Dobbe, 38 a sponge; to take in

rallin ny, w enguli, as a body in a

Positive, peremptory, certain, uncondi. from public view, or from the place in which absentee; the practice of absenting one's

tional, arbitrary, despotic, unconditioned, one resides or is ordinarily to be found; to

unrelated. self from one's country, station, or estate. withdraw or absent one's self in a private Absenter (ab-sent'èr), n. One who absents

Absolute (ab'ső-lūt), n. In metaph. (a) that manner; to take one's self off ; to decamp; himself.

which exists independent of condition or especially used of persons who go out of the

He (Judge Foster) has fined all the absenters £20

relation; the self-existent unalterable oriway in order to avoid a legal process.-2. To apiece.

Ld, Thurlow.

ginal; the ultimate cause of all phenomena: hide withdraw, or lie concealed. “The mar. Absently (ab'sent-11), adv. In an absent or

always preceded by the definite article

the absolute. mot absconds in winter.' Ray.

inattentive manner; with absence of mind. Abscond t (ab-skond'), v.t. To conceal. Absentment (ab-sent'ment), n. The state of

All philosophy aims at a knowledge of the absolutt under different phases.

Fleming Nothing discoverable in the lunar surface is ever

being absent.

Barrow. (Rare.) covered and absconded from us by the interposition Absinth (ab'sinth), n. Wormwood. See

(6) In the philosophy of Sir W. Hamilton, of any clouds or mists but such as rise froin our own

that which is unconditionally limited; that globe.

A BSINTHIUM
Bentley.
In Absinthe (ab-sant, ap-sait), n. (Fr.) A

to which limits belong in the very nature
Abscondedlyt (ab-skond'ed-li), adv.
popular French liqueur or cordial consist-

of things. concealment or hiding. ing of brandy flavoured with worniwood.

The unconditionally unlimited, or the infinite, the An old Roman priest that then lived abscondedly

Wood. in Oxon.

unconditionally limited, or the absolute, cannot posi. Absinthian (ab-sin'thi-an), «. (See ABSIN

tively be construed by the mind. Sir I. Hamilton Fate, får, fat, fall; mē, met, hér; pine, pin; note, not, move; tūbe, tub, bull; oil, pound; ü, Sc. abune; y, Sc. fey.

The prac

lange, and tonus, sound.) 1 Unmusical

. eu ha our reason. Gancille. Derb absot/), et Labrorben--ab,from, and terbes, to suck in.) 1. To drink in; to by humption, as the lacteals of the body,

Vidmaril

by bronion sen absorbs them all. Cowper, ta wate whilly or sink in expenses; to

tad quite churbed his attention.-5. To

y otteccire in, as by chemical or molembar item, as when carbon absorbs gages.

ABSOLUTELY

13

ABSTERGE

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Absolutely (ab'só-lüt-li), adv. Completely; 6. In med. to counteract or neutralize; as, See under INTERSTITIAL. Cutaneous or wholly; without restriction, limitation, or magnesia absorbs acidity in the stomach. external absorption, in med. the process by qualification; unconditionally; positively; -Absorb, Engross. Absorb rather refers to which certain substances, when placed in peremptorily.

the occupation of one's mind or attention contact with a living surface, produce the Absolutely we cannot discommend, we cannot in anything so that the person is withdrawn same effects upon the system as when taken absoliutely approve, either willingness to live or for. from his external surroundings for the time into the stomach or injected into the veins, wardness to die.

Hooker.

being, a certain amount of passivity being only in a less degree. Thus, arsenic, when Command me absolutely not to go.

Milton. attached to the use of the word; engross is applied to an external wound, will someAbsoluteness (ab'so-lut-nes), n. The state rather to engage one's whole attention and times affect the system as rapidly as when of being absolute; independence; complete energies, thus implying activity; thus one introduced into the stomach; and mercury, ness; the state of being subject to no extra is absorbed in a novel, but engrossed in busi applied externally, has the effect of excitneous restriction or control; positiveness. ness: the words, however, are sometimes ing salivation. Absorption of colour, the Absolution (ab-so-lū'shon), n, (L. absolutio. interchangeable.

phenomenon observed when certain colours See ABSOLVE.] 1. The act of absolving or Absorbability (ab-sorb'a bil”i-ti), n. The are retained or prevented from passing state of being absolved; release from con state or quality of being absorbable.

through certain transparent bodies; thus sequences, obligations, or penalties ; speci. Absorbable (ab-sorb'a-bl), a. Capable of pieces of coloured glass are almost opaque fically, in the Roman Catholic and some being absorbed or imbibed.

to some parts of the spectrum, while allowother churches, a remission of sins pro Absorbed (ab-sorbd'), p. and a. Specifically, ing other colours to pass through freely: nounced by a priest in favour of a penitent. applied to pictures in which the oil has The absorption of light is the same kind Protestants ascribe a declarative, but not sunk into the canvas, leaving the colour flat of phenomenon. - Absorption of light, that an efficient power to absolution.

It an

and the touches dead or indistinct: nearly quality in an imperfectly transparent or nonnces and assures forgiveness, on the synonymous with chilled.

opaque body by which some portion of an ground of repentance, but does not impart Absorbent (ab-sorb'ent), a. Capable of ab incident pencil of light is retained within it-2. In the following passage the mean sorbing fluids; imbibing; swallowing; per the body, while the rest is either transmitted ing is doubtful, perhaps finish; polish. forming the function of absorption; as, ab through it or reflected from it. It is owing Some men are tall and big; so some language is

sorbent vessels; absorbent system. See the to this that a certain thickness of pure high and great. Then the words are chosen, their noun. -Absorbent grounds, in painting, pic water shows a greenish colour, glass a sound auple, the composition full, the absolution ture grounds prepared either in board or bluish-green colour: -- Absorption lines, in plenteous, and poured out, all grave, sinewy, and strong,

spectrum analysis, dark lines produced in a 8. Fonson, Discoveries.

canvas, so as to have the power of imbib

ing the redundant oil from the colours, for spectrum by the absorbing of a portion of Absolutism (ab'só-lūt-izm), n. 1. State of

the sake of expedition, or to increase the the light by a vapour intervening between being absolute, or principles of absolute brilliancy of the colours.

the source of light and the spectroscope. government,

Absorbent (ab-sorb'ent), n. Anything which Absorption spectrum, a spectrum with abIf the emperors cannot acquiesce in this, the other absorbs; specifically, (a) in anat. and physiol. sorption lines.--Absorption of heat, that road is to complete absolutism, Times newspaper. a vessel which imbibes or takes in nutritive quality in an imperfectly polished or opaque 2. Doctrine of predestination or absolute matters into the system; specifically, in the body by which the rays of heat impinging decrees.

vertebrate class of animals, one of a system on its surface enter its body to be distriAbsolutist (ab'solūt-ist), n. 1. An advocate of vessels ramifying through the body and buted afterwards by radiation: absorption for despotism, or for absolute government. forming a connecting link between the di is in inverse ratio to reflection. 2. In metaph. one who maintains that it is

gestive and the circulatory systems, that is, Absorptive (ab-sorp'tiv), a. [Fr. absorptif.] possible to realize a cognition or concept of acting as the media through which matters Having power to absorb or imbibe. the absolute.

are absorbed from the alimentary canal on Absorptivity (ab-sorp-tiv'i-ti), n. The power Hence the necessity which compelled Schelling and the one hand, and from the blood and tissues or capacity of absorption. The absorptivity the absolutists to place the absolute in the indiffer on the other. They are denominated, accord inherent in organic beings.' Dana. (Rare.) ence of subject and object, of knowledge and existence.

Sir I. Hamilton.

ing to the liquids which they convey, lacteals Absquatulate (ab-skwotřū-lát), v.i. To run Absolutistic (ab'só-lüt-ist"ik), a. Pertain

or lymphatics, which both end in a common away; to abscond; to make off. [An Ame. ing to absolutism.

trunk called the thoracic duct. (6) In med. rican vulgarism.) Absolutory (ab-solū-to-ri), a. Absolving or

a medicine which neutralizes acidity in the Absque hoc (abz'kwe hok). (L.) Without

stomach and bowels, as magnesia, prepared this or that; specifically, in law, words used capable of absolving. An absolutory sentence.' Ayliffe.

chalk, &c. (c) In surg. a substance, as cob in traversing what has been alleged, and is Absolvable (ab-solv'a-bl), a.

repeated. That may be

web, sponge, &c., applied to a bleeding surabsolved.

face to arrest hemorrhage, by forming with Abstain (ab-stān'), v.i. [Norm. absteigner, Absolvatory (ab-solv'a-to-ri), a. Conferring

the blood a solid adhesive compound. (a) In Fr. abstenir, to hold one's self back, to ababsolution, pardon, or release; having power

chem. anything that takes up into itself a stain; L. abstineo, to keep from-abs, from, to absolve.

gas or liquid, as a substance which with and teneo, to hold. Contain, tenant, tenaAbsolve (ab-solv'), v.t. pret. & pp. absolved;

draws moisture from the air; also a substance, cious, &c., are from the same stem.] To such as

agnesia, lime, &c., which neutral forbear or refrain from voluntarily espeppr. absolving. L. absolvo, to set free-ab,

izes acids. from, and solvo, to loose, to solve.] 1. To

cially to refrain from what gratifies the

Imbib-
set free or release from some duty, obliga-
Absorbing (ab-sorb'ing), p. and a.

passions or appetites; to refrain; to forbear: tion, or responsibility; as, to absolve a per

ing; engrossing; as, the spectacle was most to withhold; as, to abstain from the use of son from a promise. 2. To free from the

absorbing. Absorbing well, a shaft sunk ardent spirits; to abstain from luxuries. consequences or penalties attaching to ac

through an impermeable bed or stratum Abstain from meats offered to idols. Acts xv. 29. tions; to acquit; specifically, in eccles. lan. into a permeable one so as to carry off

Abstainer (ab-stān'ér), n. One who abstains; to forgive or grant remission of sins to; to water conveyed into it. Such wells are em

specifically, one who abstains from the use of
pronounce forgiveness of sins to.-3. To
ployed in mining and manufactures to carry

intoxicating liquors; a teetotaller.
accomplish; to finish. * The work begun,
off excess of drainage water or water defiled

Abstemious (ab-stė'mi-us), a. [L. abstemius

Called also Dead
how soon absolved.' Milton.-4. To solve;
by noxious substances.

-abs,and root seen in temetum, strong drink. to resolve; to explain.

Well.
Absolve we this?'

teynulentus, drunken; Skr, tim, to be wet. ]
Young .
Absorbitiont (ab'sor-bi'shon), n. Absorp-

1. Sparing in diet; refraining from a free use We shall not absolve the doubt.

tion. Sir T. Browne.

of food and strong drinks; temperate; abSyn. To free, release, exonerate, discharge, Absorptiometer (ab-sorp'shi-om"et-ér), ". Absorptt (ab-sorpt'). Same as Absorbed.

stinent. acquit, pardon.

Under his special eye Absolver (ab-solv'er), n. One who absolves;

[L. absorptio, absorption, and Gr. metron, a Abstemious I grew up and thrived amain. Milton, one that pronounces sin to be remitted. measure.) An instrument invented by Pro Instances of longevity are chiefly among the noste

mious. fessor Bunsen to determine the amount of

Arbuthnot. Absolvitor (ab-solv'i-tor), n. In law, a decree of absolution.- Decree of absolvitor,

gas absorbed by a unit volume of liquid. 2. Characterized by great temperance; very in Scots lar, a decree in favour of the de

It is a graduated tube in which a certain moderate and plain; very sparing; spare; fender in an action. A decree in favour of

quantity of the gas and liquid is agitated as, an abstemious diet: opposed to luxuthe pursuer is called a decree condemnator.

over mercury. The amount of absorption rious or rich.-3. Devoted to or spent in Absonantt (ab'ső-nant), a. (L. ab, from, and

is measured on the scale by the height the abstemiousness or abstinence; as, an abste-
sonans, ppr. of sonare, to sound. See A BSON-
mercury presses up the liquid in the tube. mious life.

Till yonder sun descend, O let me pay
Opis: 1 Wide from the purpose; contrary: Absorption (ab-sorp'shon). n. [L. absorptio.
discordant: opposed to consonant.

To grief and anguish one abstemious day. Pope. Abson

See ABSORB.] The act or process of absorbant to nature.' Quarles.

ing, or state of being absorbed in all the Promoting or favouring abstemiousness; Absonatet (ab'so-nát), v.t. To avoid ; to

senses of the verb; as, (a) the act or process associated with abstemiousness. [Rare.] detest. Ash

of imbibing, swallowing, engulfing mecha Such is the virtue of th' abstemions well. Dryden. Absonoust (ab'ső-nus), a. [L. absonus

nically. (6) The condition of having one's Abstemiously (ab-stē'mi-us-li), adv. In an ab, from, and sonus, sound.] 1. Unmusical. attention entirely occupied with something.

abstemious manner; temperately; with a
2. Fig. discordant; opposed; contrary. 'Ab-
(c) In chem. and physics, a taking in or re-

sparing use of meat or drink.
sonous to our reason.
Glanville.
ception by molecular or chemical action, as

Abstemiousness (ab-stē'mi-us-nes), n. The Absorb (ab-sorb'), v.t. [L. absorbeo-ab,from, absorption of gases, light, heat; as, the ab.

quality or habit of being temperate or sparand sorbeo, to suck in.] 1. To drink in; to sorption of heat by surrounding bodies; ab

ing in the use of food and strong drinks. Blick up; to imbibe, as a sponge; to take in sorption of electricity. (d) In physiol. one

[This word expresses a greater degree of by absorption, as the lacteals of the body, of the vital organic functions by which the

abstinence than temperance.]
2 To swallow np; to engulf, as a body in a
materials of growth and nutrition are ab-

Abstention (ab-sten'shon) n. [L. absten-
whirlpool.
sorbed and conveyed to the organs of plants

tio. See ABSTAIN.] The act of holding off and animals. In vertebrate animals this is And dark oblivion soon absoros them all. Cowper.

or abstaining; abstinence, performed by the absorbent system, consist. 3 To waste wholly or sink in expenses; to

As may well be supposed, this abstention of our ing of the lymphatics and lacteals and their exhaust; as, to absorb an estate in luxury

light cavalry was observed by the Russians with sur. connected glands. Plants absorb moisture

prisc and thankfulness, by the head-quarters staff of 4. To engross or engage wholly; as, these and nutritive juices principally by their the English with surprise and vexation, by the French studies quite absorbed his attention. --5. To roots, but sometimes by their general sur

with surprise and curiosity.

Kinglake. take up or receive in, as by chemical or mole faces, as in sea-weeds, and carbonic acid Absterge (ab-sterj'), v. t. pret. & pp.absterged; cular action, as when carbon absorbs gases. by their leaves. -- Interstitial absorption. ppr. absterging. (L. abstergeo, to wipe off

Se it has a plural; as, the ab.

Imantley abserd'li), ado. In an absurd

one con abundance of rain; but

ABSTERGENT

14

ABSTRUSE

ABSTRUSELY

tren new; out of the way; concealed.

P Elidden in the most abstruse dungeons of ed Bartery.

' Shelton. 2. Remote from apprebension; difficult to be comprehended or d nderstood; profound; opposed to what is p. brions

es
Imst be still confessed that there are some mys. Al
tenis a religiãe, both natural and revealed, as well
oleme abstruse points in philosophy, wherein the
se as well as the unwise must be content with ob-

de
Kartides
Abstruely (ab-strūs li), ade. In an abstruse
TROBET, in a manner not to be easily under-

Watts,

th

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Abstraseness (ah-strüs'nes), n. The state lire quality of being abstruse, or difficult to

th be understood Lestrusion (ab-ströʻzhon), n. The act of

DI teresting away. (Rare.)

1Abstrusityt (åb-strisi-tí), n. Abstruseness; that which is abstruse. Matters of difi. culty and such which were not without detruitier. ' Sir T. Brocene.

ar Absumet (ab-sim), v.1. (I absumo—ab, and HH, to take.) To bring to an end by a

PI radual waste; to consume; to destroy; to

be a to disappear. Boyle Absumption 1 (ab-sump'shon), *. LabAb raptis

. See ABSUME.] Destruction. The total defect or absumption of religion.' Bp. Absurd (ab-ser!'), 0. [L absurdus—ab, and

al purta, deaf, insensible. See SURD.) 1. Act

be per a matter contrary to common sense

W zyrod judgment; inconsistent with com

Aon sense; ridiculous; nonsensical; as, an theurd fellow; an absurd statement; absurd

Ab ab

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A se vrho casol write with wit on a proper sub- Ab en del and stupid; but one who shews it in an Ab Deportes place is as impertinent and absurd.

Addison. specifically–2 In logic or philos. incon

to sistent with reason; logically contradictory; | di impossible; a3, that the whole is less than

to the sum of its parts is an absurd hypothesis; u gorurd proposition. - Absurd, Poolish, Imational, Infatuated, Preposterous. Abwerd, opposed to common sense, and hence da ciciting ridicule or amusement; foolishy characterized by weakness of mind or cines: fodlish conduct is such as gives rise wa certain feeling of contempt; irrational, plainly and evidently opposed to reason; infatuated, driven on by fate, not under the

3. control of reason, possessed or caused by cas misleading but overmastering idea ; yrepaterous is not used of persons, and Then used of actions, modes of procedure, be, espresses a very high degree of absurd15, as much as amounts to putting the cart

*T 1 ju di

abs, and tergeo, to wipe.] 1. To wipe, or make separate, as the spirits or more volatile part Abstractedly (ab-strakt'ed-li), ado. 1. Ina clean by wiping; to wash away. "To absterge, from any substance by distillation: but in separate state, or in contemplation only. belike, that fulsomeness of sweat to which this sense extract is now more generally

Deeming the exception to be rather a case an. they are then subject.' Sir T. Browne.-2. In used. Having abstracted the whole spirit.' stractedly possible, than one which is frequently med. to cleanse by lotions, as a wound or Boyle.

realized in fact.

3. S. Mill. ulcer; also, to purge. See DETERGE. Abstract (ab-strakt'), v.i. To form abstrac 2. In an abstracted or absent manner. Abstergent (ab-stėrj'ent), a. Having cleans tions; to separate ideas; to distinguish be- Abstractedness (ab-strakt'ed-nes), n. The ing or purgative properties.

tween the attribute and the concrete in state of being abstracted; abstractness. Abstergent (ab-stėrj'ent), n. 1. Whatever which it exists. 'Brutes abstract not.' Locke. • The abstractedness of these speculations.' aids in scouring or cleansing, as soap or -To abstract from, to separate our thoughts Hume. fuller's earth.-2. In med. a lotion or other from; to leave out of consideration.

Abstracter (ab-strakt'ér), n. One who absapplication for cleansing a sore: in this Could we abstract from these pernicious effects, stracts; as, (a) one who makes an abstract sense nearly superseded by detergent.

and suppose this were innocent, it would be too or summary. (6) One who purloins. Absterse (ab-stérs'), v. t. To absterge; to light to be matter of praise.

Dr. H. More.

Abstraction (ab-strak'shon), n. (L. abstraccleanse; to purify. Sir T. Browne. (Rare.] Abstract (ab'strakt), a. (L. abstractus, pp. tio. See ABSTRACT, v.t.] 1. The act of abstractAbstersion (ab-stėr'shon), n. (L. abstersio. of abstraho, abstractum. See ABSTRACT, v.t.] ing or separating; the act of withdrawing; See ABSTERGE.) 1. The act of wiping clean. 1. Considered in itself; treated by itself; withdrawal; as, the abstraction of heat from 'Ablution and abstersion.' Sir W. Scott. considered and treated apart from any ap the body. Specifically-2. The act of separ2. In med. a cleansing by medicines which plication to a particular object; as, abstract ating mentally the qualities or properties remove foulness about sores, or humours or mathematics; abstract logic. -2. Not con of an object; the act of considering separobstructions from the system.

crete; very general; hence, abstruse, difficult; ately what is united in a complex object. Abstersion is plainly a scouring off or incision of as, a very abstract subject of disquisition. In Thus, when the mind considers the branch the more viscous humours, and making the humours metaph. an abstract idea is an idea separated of a tree by itself, or the colour of the leaves, more fluid; and cutting between them and the part.

Bacon.

from a complex object, or from other ideas as separate from their size or figure, the act Abstersive (ab-sters'iv), a. Cleansing; hay

which naturally accompany it, as the solidity is called abstraction. So also when it coning the quality of removing foulness. See

of marble contemplated apart from its col siders whiteness, softness, vírtue, existence, DETERSIVE.

our or figure. In gram. and logic, abstract as separate from any particular objects. The seats with purple clothe in order due,

nouns or terms are names of qualities, in Abstraction is the ground-work of classifiAnd let the abstersive sponge the board renew. Pope. opposition to concrete, which are names of cation, by which things are arranged in Abstersive (ab-sters'iv), n. That which

things. Some metaphysicians understand orders, genera, and species. We separate effects abstersion; that which purifies.

by abstract terms all names which are the in idea the qualities of certain objects which Abstersives are fuller's earth, soap, linseed-oil, and result of abstraction or generalization. This are of the same kind, from others which are ox-gall.

Bp. Sprat. latter usage is strongly condemned by J. S. different in each, and arrange the objects Abstersiveness (ab-sters'iv-nes), n. Quality Mill (Log. i. 2, § 4), who applies to such having the same properties in a class or of being abstersive or abstergent. A caustick words the term general names. - Abstract collected body. or a healing faculty, abstersiveness, and the or pure mathematics is that which treats of

If, in contemplating several objects, and finding like.' Boyle.

the properties of magnitude, figure, or quan that they agree in certain points, we abstract the Abstinence (ab'sti-nens), n. (L. abstinentia. tity, absolutely and generally considered, circuinstances of agreement, disregarding the differSee ABSTAIN.] 1. In general, the act or pracwithout restriction to any particular object,

ences, and give to all and each of these objects a

name applicable to them in respect of this agreement, tice of voluntarily refraining from the use of such as arithmetic and geometry. Abstract i.e. a common name, as 'rose;' or again, if we give a anything within our reach; forbearing any

mathematics is thus distinguished from name to some attribute wherein they agree, as frag. action; abnegation. mixed mathematics, in which simple and

rance' or 'redness,' we are then said to generalise. Since materials are destroyed as such by being abstract quantities previously considered

Abstraction, therefore, does not necessarily imply

generalization, though generalization implies ab. once used, the whole of the labour required for their in the former are applied to particular sen stradion.

Whately. protection, as well as the abstinence of the persons sible objects, as astronomy, mechanics, who supplied the means for carrying it on, must be

3. The act of ascending from what is conremunerated.

7. S, Mill.

optics, &c. - Abstract numbers are assem-
blages of units considered independently of

crete and particular to what is abstract and
More specifically-2. The refraining from
any thing or things that they might other-

general; the act of refining or sublimating. indulgence in the pleasures of the table, or

This was an age of vision and mystery; and every wise be supposed to represent. For example, from customary gratifications of any animal

work was believed to contain a double or secondary 5 is an abstract number while it remains or sensual propensities. It denotes either a

meaning. Nothing escaped this eccentric spirit of independent; but if we say 5 feet or 5 miles refinement and abstraction.

T. Warton. total forbearance, or a forbearance of the usual quantity.

it is no longer an abstract but a concrete 4. Something abstract; an idea or notion of

number.-3.7 Having the senses unemAgainst diseases here the strongest fence

an abstract character; an idea or notion Is the defensive virtue abstinence. Herrick,

ployed ; insensible to outward objects; ab having no discoverable relation to fact or

stracted. 'Abstract as in a trance.' Milton. Men flew to frivolous amusements and to criminal

practice; a theoretical, impracticable notion. pleasures with greediness which long and enforced 4. Lacking a concrete object; refined; pure.

What are metaphysics themselves but intricate abstinence naturally produces. Macaulay. [Rare.]

subtilties and fruitless abstractions! Buller.

Love's not so pure and abstract, as they use 3. In a still narrower sense: (a) forbearance

To say, which have no mistress but their muse, 5. A separation from worldly objects; a refrom the use of ardent spirits: in this sense

Donne

cluse life; as, a hermit's abstraction. abstinence is usually preceded by the adjec. | Abstract (ab'strakt), n. 1. That which con 6. Absence of mind; inattention to present tive total. (b) Eccles. the refraining from centrates in itself the essential qualities of objects; the state of being engrossed with certain kinds of food on certain days, as anything more extensive or more general, any matter to the exclusion of everything flesh on Fridays.

or of several things; the essence: now else; as, & fit of abstraction.-7. The taking Abstinency (ab' sti - nen - - si), 1.. Same as almost, if not quite exclusively applied to a for one's own use part of the property of Abstinence. (Rare.)

summary or epitome containing the sub another.-8. In distillation, the separation Abstinent (ab'sti-nent), a. (L. abstinens, stance, a general view, or the principal of volatile parts from those which are fixed. abstinentis. See ABSTAIN.) Refraining from heads of a treatise or writing.

It is chiefly used when a fluid is repeatedly indulgence, especially in the use of food and

You shall there find a man who is the abstract of poured upon any substance in a retort, and drink.

all faults all men follow.

Shak. distilled off, to change its state, or the Abstinent (ab'sti-nent), n. 1. One of a sect When Mnemon came to the end of a chapter he nature of its composition. which appeared in France and Spain in the recollected the sentiments that he had remarked;

Abstractitious + (ab'strak-ti"shus), a. Also that he could give a tolerable analysis and abstract third century, who opposed marriage, conof every treatise he had read just after he had finished

stracted or drawn from other substances, demned the use of flesh meat, and placed the it.

IV'atts. particularly from vegetables, without fer-
Holy Spirit in the class of created beings. –
Specifically-2. In arch. and engin. that por-

mentation. Ash.
2. A name sometimes given to a teetotaller.
tion of the bill of quantities, estimate, or

Abstractive (ab-straktiv), a. 1. Having the Abstinently (ab'sti-nent-li), adv.

In an

account, which contains the summary of the power or quality of abstracting. abstinent manner; with abstinence.

various detailed articles: it is upon this stractive faculty.' 18. Taylor.-2. AbstracAbstortedt (ab-stort'ed), a. (L. abs, and abstract that the prices are applied.-3. A

titious.
tortus, pp. of torqueo, tortum, to wrench.
catalogue; an inventory. (Rare.]

Abstractively (ab-strakt'iv-li), adv. In an
See TORTURE.) Forced away. Bailey.
Abstract(ab-strakt), v.t. (From L. abstraho,

He hath an abstract for the remembrance of such

abstractive manner; in or by itself; abplaces, and goes to them by his note. Shak.

stractly. (Rare or obsolete.)
abstractum, to draw away-abs, and traho,
tractum, to draw, which appears also in 4. In gram. an abstract term or noun.

The life which abstractively is good, by accidents
The concrete 'like' has its abstract likeness;' the

and adherences may become unfortunate. Feltham,
contract, detract, retract, &c., and is allied
to E. drag.) 1. To draw away; to take away;

concretes father and son have, or might have. Abstractly (ab-strakt'li), adv. In an alto withdraw; as, to abstract the attention of

the abstracts 'paternity' and 'filiety' or 'filiation, stract manner or state; absolutely; in :

F. S. Mill. any one. -- 2. To take away mentally; to In the abstract, in a state of separation;

state or manner unconnected with anything separate, as the qualities or properties of an as, a subject considered in the abstract, i.e.

else; in or by itself; as, matter abstractly object in the mind; to consider separately; without reference to particular applications. Abstractness (ab'strakt-nes), n.

considered

The state as, to abstract ideas.-3. To derive the idea Abstract of title, in law, an epitome or of; to receive suggestions of; to deduce. short statement of the evidences of owner

or quality of being abstract; a state of being And thus from divers accidents and acts ship.- Abridgment, Compendium, Epitome,

in contemplation only, or not connected Which do within her observation fall, Abstract. See under ABRIDGMENT.

with any object.

* The abstractness of the The goddesses and powers divine abstracts,

ideas themselves.' Locke. As Nature, Fortune, and the Virtues all.

Abstracted (ab-strakt'ed), pp. and a. 1. Se-
parated.

Abstriction (ab-strik'shon), n. (L. ab, from,
Sir Davies.
4. To select or separate the substance of a

The evil one abstracted stood from his own evil.

and stringo, strictum, to bind.] The act Milton.

of unbinding. (Rare.) book or writing; to epitomize or reduce to

2. Refined; exalted. Abstracted spiritual Abstringet (ab-strinj), v.t. [L. abstringoa summary

love.' Donne.-3. Difficult; abstruse; abLet us aostract them into brief compends. Watts.

ab, and stringo, to bind.) To unbind. stract. Johnson. 4. Absent in mind; in- Abstrude (ab-ströd'), v.t. [L. abstrudo 5. To take secretly for one's own use from attentive.

ab or abs, and trudo, trusum, to thrust.) To the property of another when placed in one's And now no more the abstracted ear attends thrust away. Johnson. power; to purloin; as, to abstract goods The water's murmuring lapse. T. Warton, Abstruse (ab-strus'), a. (L. abstrusus, pp. of from a parcel or money from a bank.-6. To -Absent, Abstracted. See under ABSENT. abstrudo, to thrust away.] 1. Withdrawn

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Vers the horse. Ta perase absurd to call a villain great. Pope la: Rry feclisi, fond old man.

Shak, semed utterly irrational any longer to maintain

Is. Taylor
The people are so infatuated that is a cow falls Ab
Elinta to one but an old woman is clapt up in

Addison. Doseph the error be easily fallen into, it is manibest propesertus.

Is. Taylor. "I Poolish, irrational, ridiculous, preposlapos, consensical, inconsistent, incongruAlmud (ab-sird), n. An act of absurdity.

Thatcheepard that wit and fool delights. Pope. Benedity (ab-tér?i-ti), n (L, absurditas; Paolourdit) 1. The quality of being abhard or inconsistent with obvious truth, DEER, de sound judgment; want of ration. se u blen; the absurdity of his conduct.

That which is absurd; an absurd action: parlioza ol men. Sex. Folly, foolishness, Bestellenes, preposterousness, self-con

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fa

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5. 1

fliction, curensonableness.

in a manner inconsistent with para sa ohi vious propriety Mercedes (ab-férd'nes), A. The same as Akane at hän), n. One of a lower kind pavlity existing in Scotland at a very tely period. The high-steward is said to

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Anadanca (ubun'dans), n. L. abundantia, shes from abundo, to abound (which

A flowess er plenteousness great to louiseEreal plenty; ample sufficieney: ody uplicable to quantity only; as,

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dyer; 18, an abundance of

Fate, får, fat, fall;

mė, met, her;

pine, pin; note, not, möve;

tube, tub, bull;

oil, pound;

ü, Sc. abune; y, Sc. fey.

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from view; out of the way; concealed. peasants: when used absolutely, sometimes abuse; abusive. • The abuseful names of
• Uidden in the most abstruse dungeons of equivalent to abundant wealth or means; hereticks and schismaticks.' Bp. Barlou.
Barbary.' Shelton.-2. Remote from appre riches; affluence; as, to give of one's abun [Rare or obsolete.]
hension; difficult to be comprehended or dance. -SYN. Plenteousness, plentifulness, Abusefulness (ab-üs'ful-nes), 12.

Want or understood; profound; opposed to what is plenitude, plenty, copiousness, riches, afflu absence

of usefulness. [Probably coined by obvious. ence, wealth.

Mr. Ruskin.) It must be still confessed that there are some mys. Abundant (a-bun'dant), al. 1. Plentiful; in And it depends on the person nuch more than on teries in religion, both natural and revealed, as well

great quantity; fully sufficient; as, an abun the article whether its usefulness or abusefulness as some abstruse points in philosophy, wherein the

will be the quality developed in it. Ruskin. dant supply.-2. Abounding; overflowing. wise as well as the unwise must be content with obscure ideas.

Watts.

The Lord . . . abundant in goodness and truth. Abuser (a-búz'ér), 14. One who abuses, in Abstrusely (ab-strūs'li), adv. In an abstruse

Ex. xxxiv. 6, speech or behaviour; one that deceives; a manner; in a manner not to be easily under The history of our species is a history of the evils ravisher. Next thou, th' abuser of thy stood. that have flowed from a source as tainted as it is

prince's ear. Sir J. Denham. • That vile abundant.

In a

The qua

Brougham. Abstruseness (ab-strūs'nes), n. The state

abuser of young maidens. J. Fletcher. or quality of being abstruse, or difficult to - Abundant number, in arith, a number

Abusio (a-bū'zi-6), n. (L) In rhet, a figure be understood. the sum of whose aliquot parts exceeds the

of speech by which words are used with Abstrusion (ab-strö'zhon), n. The act of

number itself. Thus, 12 is an abundant some deviation from their proper meaning. thrusting away. [Rare.)

number, for the sum of its aliquot parts Abusiont (a-bū’zhon), n. 1. Abuse; evil or Abstrusityt (ab-strūs'i-ti), n. Abstruseness; 1+2+3+4+6=16. It is thus distinguished

corrupt usage; reproach. 'Redress the that which is abstruse. • Matters of diffi

from a perfect number, which is equal to the abrusions and exactions. 23 Hen. VIII. culty and such which were not without

sum of all its aliquot parts, as 6=1+2+3; xxxiii. abstrusities.' Sir T. Browne. and from a deficient number, which is

Shame light on him, that through so false illusion Absumet (ab-süm'), v.t. [L. absumo-ab, and greater than the sum of all its aliquot parts, Doth turn the name of souldiers to aousion.

Spenser sumo, to take.) To bring to an end by a

as 14, which is greater than 1+2+7.-SYN. gradual waste; to consume; to destroy; to

Plentiful, copious, ample, plenteous, exu 2. Deceit; illusion. cause to disappear. Boyle. berant, overflowing, rich.

They speken of magic and abusion, Chaucer. Absumptiont (ab-sump'shon), n. L. abAbundantly (a-bun'dant-li), adv.

Abusive ( a-būs'iv), a. 1. Practising abuse; sumptio. See ABSUME.) Destruction. The plentiful or sufficient degree; fully; amply;

offering harsh words or ill-treatment; as, an total defect or absumption of religion.' Bp. plentifully.

abusive author; an abusive fellow.-2. ConGauden. Abune (a-bün'), adv. and prep. [Contr. for

taining abuse, or serving as the instrument Absurd (ab-sérd'), . (L. absurdus-ab, and aboven, abuven, A. Sax. abufan.) Above;

of abuse; rude; reproachful; as, abusive surdus, deaf, insensible. See SURD.) 1. Act

beyond; in a greater or higher degree. words.-3. Misleading or tending to mis

Written also Aboon. [Scotch.] ing in a manner contrary to common sense

lead; employed by misuse; improper. or sound judgment; inconsistent with comA-burton (a-ber'ton), adv. Naut. applied to

In describing these battles, I am, for distinction mon sense; ridiculous; nonsensical; as, an

casks when placed athwartships in the hold. sake, necessitated to use the word Parliament im

That may be absurd fellow; an absurd statement; absurd Abusable (a- būz'a-bl), a.

properly, according to the abusive acception thereof abused.

for these latter years.

Fuller conduct.

Abuse. A man who cannot write with wit on a proper sub-Abusaget (a-būz'áj), n.

SYN. Reproachful, scurrilous, opprobrious, ject is dull and stupid; but one who shews it in an Abuse (a-būz), v.t. pret. & pp. abused; ppr. insolent, insulting, injurious, offensive, reiinproper place is as impertinent and absurd.

abusing. [Fr. abuser; L. abutor, abusus viling.

Addison. Specifically-2. In logic or philos. incon

ab, and utor, to use. See USE.] 1. To use ill; Abusively (a-būs'iv-li), adv. 1. In an abu

to misuse; to put to a wrong or bad use; to sive manner; rudely; reproachfully.-2.1 Insistent with reason; logically contradictory; divert from the proper use; to misapply; as, impossible; as, that the whole is less than

properly; by misuse. 'Words being careto abuse rights or privileges; to abuse words. lessly and abusively admitted, and as inconthe sum of its parts is an absurd hypothesis;

"They that use this world as not abusing it.' stantly retained. Glanville. an absurd proposition. - Absurd, Foolish, 1 Cor. vii. 31.-2. To do wrong to; to act in- | Abusiveness (a-būs'iv-nes), n. Irrational, Infatuated, Preposterous. Abjuriously towards; to injure; to disgrace; to

lity of being abusive; rudeness of language, surd, opposed to common sense, and hence dishonour; to slander.

or violence to the person; ill-usage.
often exciting ridicule or amusement; fool-
ish, characterized by weakness of mind or

He shall not abuse Robert Shallow, esquire. Shak. Abut (a-but'), v.2 (Fr. aboutir, to meet at
I swear 'tis better to be much adused

the end, to border on-a, at, and bout, exsilliness, foolish conduct is such as gives rise

Than but to know't a little.

Shak. tremity. See BUTT.) To be contiguous; to to a certain feeling of contempt; irrational,

Poor soul, thy face is much abused with tears. join at a border or boundary; to form & plainly and evidently opposed to reason;

Shak,

point or line of contact; to terminate; to infatuated, driven on by fate, not under the 3. To violate; to ravish; to defile. - 4. To

rest: with on, upon, against; as, his land control of reason, possessed or caused by treat with contumelious language; to revile.

abuts upon mine; the building abuts on the some misleading but overmastering idea ;

He mocked them, and laughed at them, and highway; the bridge abuts against the solid preposterous is not used of persons, and abused them shamefully.

1 Mac. vii. 34. rock. when used of actions, modes of procedure, &c., expresses a very high degree of absurd

5. To deceive; to impose on; to corrupt or Abutilon (ab-ü'ti-lon), n. [ Arabic name.)

seduce by cajolery. Shakspere has, You A genus of plants, nat. order Malvaceæ, of ity, as much as amounts to putting the cart before the horse.

are a great deal abused,'in the sense of You wide distribution; the Indian mallows. The are much mistaken.

large flowers of the A. esculenturn are boiled 'Tis phrase absurd to call a villain great. Pope. Nor be with all these tempting words abused. Pope.

and eaten in Brazil. Some species are favourI am a very foolish, fond old man. Shak. It seemed utterly irrational any longer to maintain SYN. To misuse, maltreat, injure, deceive,

ite garden and greenhouse plants, of which Is. Taylor, revile, reproach, vilify.

A. vescillarium is an exuberant and showy

climber, The people are so in futuated that if a cow falls Abuse (a-būs'), n. 1. Ill use; improper treatsick, it is ten to one but an old woinan is clapt up in

1. The condiment or employment; application to a

Abutment (a-but'ment), n. prison for it.

Addison.
wrong purpose; improper use or application;

tion of abutting: -2. That which abuts or Though the error be easily fallen into, it is mani as, an abuse of our natural powers; an abuse

borders on anything else; the part abutting; festly preposterous.

Is. Taylor,
of civil rights, or of religious privileges;

specifically, that which receives the end of, Syn. Foolish, irrational, ridiculous, preposabuse of advantages; abuse of words, &c.

and gives support to, anything having a tendterous, nonsensical, inconsistent, incongruPerverts best things to worst abuse, or to

ency to spread or thrust outwards, or in a 0118 their meanest use. Milton.-2. A corrupt

horizontal direction, as the solid part of a Absurd (ab-serd'), 7h. An act of absurdity. practice or custom; an offence; a crime; a

pier or wall against which an arch abuts, or (Rare.] This arch absurd that wit and fool delights. Pope. fault; as, the abuses of government.

from which it springs. See BRIDGE.

Abuttal (a-but'al), n. The abutting or

If abuses be not remedied they will certainly in Absurdity (ab-sérd'i-ti), n. [L. absurditas;

Stif,

boundary of a piece of land ; & portion of Fr. absurdité.] 1. The quality of being ab No, I am that I am, and they that level

land contiguous to another. surd or inconsistent with obvious truth, At my abuses reckon up their own. Shak, Abuttal (a-but'al), v.i. To abut, as pieces reason, or sound judgment; want of ration 3. IIl-treatment of a person; injury; insult;

of land. Spelman. ality or common sense; as, the absurdity of dishonour; especially, ill-treatment in words;

Abutter (a-but'ér), n. That which abuts. such an idea; the absurdity of his conduct. contumelious language. * Exposed to daily Abutting (a-but'ting), p. and a. Approach2. That which is absurd; an absurd action: fraud, contempt, abuse, and wrong.' Milton.

ing or advancing towards each other; conin this sense it has a plural; as, the ab 4. Violation of a female.

tiguous. xurdities of men. --SYN. Folly, foolishness,

Whose high upreared and abutting fronts After the abuse he forsook me. Sir P. Sidney. inconsistency, preposterousness, self-con

The perilous, narrow ocean parts asunder. Shak, tradiction, unreasonableness. 5. Deception.

Abuy (a-bi'), v.t. [See ABY.) To pay the Absurdly (ab-sérd'li), adv. In an absurd This is a strange abuse. Let's see thy face. Shak.

penalty of.

Shak. manner; in a manner inconsistent with Is it some abuse, and no such thing!

When a holy man abuys so dearly such a slight reason or obvious propriety. --Abuse of distress, in law, using an animal

frailty, of a credulous mistaking, what shall become Absurdness (ab-sérd'nes), 11. The same as or chattel distrained, which makes the dis

of our heinous and presumptuous sins? Bp. Hall. Absurdity.

trainer liable, as for wrongful appropri- Abuzz (a-buz), a. or adv. Buzzing; filled with Abthane (abothin), a. One of a lower kind ation.-Abuse, Invective. Abuse as com buzzing sounds: not used attributively. of pobility existing in Scotland at a very pared with invective is more personal and The court was all astir and abuzz. Dickens. carly period. The high-steward is said to coarse, being conveyed in harsh and un

Abvacuationt (ab-vak'ū-a"shon), n. (L. ab, have borne this title.

seemly terms, and dictated by angry feeling from, and vacuo, vacuatum, to empty. } Same Abuna (a-bö'na), n. The head of the Chris and bitter temper. Invective is more com as Aberacuation. tian church in Abyssinia.

monly aimed at character or conduct, and Abvolatet (ab'vo-lat), v.t. [L. av, from, and Abundance (a-bun'dans), n. [L. abundantia, may be conveyed in writing and in refined

volo, volatum, to fly.) To fly from. abundance, from abundo, to abound (which language, and dictated by indignation Abvolation (ab-vo-lá'shon), n. The act of see)! A fulness or plenteousness great to against what is in itself blameworthy. It

flying from. (Rare.) overflowing; great plenty; ample sufficiency: often, however, means public abuse under Abyť (a-bi'), v. i. (A softened form of abide, atrictly applicable to quantity only; as, such restraints as are imposed by position through influence of aby.) To hold out; to abundance of corn; abundance of rain; but and education.' C. J. Smith.

endure. used also of number; as, an abundance of Abuseful (a-būs'ful), a. Using or practising But nought that wanteth rest can long aby. Spenser,

crease.

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