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ACANTHOCEPHALA

ACANTHO-DERMA

Vse species occurs in the liver of the cat,
Esther in the alimentary canal of the

Acantho-derma (a-kan'tho-der"ma),n. (Gr. akantka, a spine, and derma, the hide.) A as of fossil

, cartilaginous, hard-skinned fishes with strong fin-spines, allied to Ba

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Anthodes (ak-an-thở'dez), 1. [Gr, alanth, a spine, and eidos, resemblance.) A mous of fossil fishes, from the carboniferous strata

, with strong bony spines. Acanthodidæ (ak-an-tho-di-dē), n. pl. A family of fossil fishes, including the genus Acanthodes (which see). Acanthoid (a-kan'thoid), a. [Gr. akantha, a pine) Spiny. Acanthophis (8-kan'tho-fis), n. [Gr. akantha, a priekle, and ophis, a serpent] A genu of venomous colubrine snakes, the spe. dai cf which are of small size, reside on dry lani, and feed upon frogs, lizards, and small mammals. They have the tail furnished vitha borny spur at the end, whence the

gezate name

. A. antarctica, the death-adder, n inhabitant of Australia, is considered the Det renomous reptile of that country. Acanthophorous (ak-an-tho-for-us), a. (Gr. skandha, a thor, and phero, to bear.] Hav

na prodocing spines or prickles. Amarthopteri (ak-an-thop'ter-i) n. pl. (Gr. dentka, a spine, and pteron, a wing.) A quo df spine-finned osseous fishes, in moen clasifications generally regarded as a gh-order of the order Teleostei, and equiTalent to the Acanthopterygii (which see). Acanthopterous (ak-an-thop'tėr-us), a. Of fertaining to the Acanthopteri. Acanthopterygian (a-kan'thop-te-rij"i-an),

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Cf or pertaining to the Acanthopterygii. Acanthopterygian (a-kan'thop-te-rij"i-an), ! An acanthopterygian fish. Acanthopterygii (8-kan’thop-te-rij'i-1), n. Gr. abantha, a thorn, and pterygion, les in of a fish, from pteryx, a wing.) One

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Aby (a-bi'), v.t. pret. & pp. abought or abied. tained that the Son, though similar to, was originally thirty-six, is now forty-two, (A. Sax. abicgan, to buy back, to pay for, O. E. not the same as the Father; others, that he among whom are two engravers. The Royal abygge, abugge, abegge, to pay a penalty, to was both distinct and dissimilar.

Scottish Academy of Painting, Sculpture, aby-prefix a, back, and bicgan, to buy. It Acacia-tree (a-kā'shi-a-trē), n. A name and Architecture was founded in 1826 on is occasionally written abuy. See BUY] To sometimes applied to the false acacia or the model of the London Academy. It was give or pay an equivalent for; to pay the locust-tree (Robinia pseudacacia).

incorporated in 1838, and consists of thirty penalty of; to atone for; to suffer for. Acacio (a-ka'shi-7), 12. (See ACAJOU.) A academicians. — Academy figure, in paint. Whose hardie hand on her doth lay,

heavy durable wood of the red-mahogany ing, an academic study; a drawing or paintIt dearely shall aby, and death for handsell pay. character, but darker and plainer. Called ing of the human figure nude, or partially Spenser. also Acajou.

draped, such as is made by students of She hath dearly abied it. Sir W. Scott.

Acacy + (ak'a-si), 12. [Gr. akakia a, priv., painting.
Abyme. Same as Abysm. Written also and kakos, bad.] Freedom from malice. Acadian (a-kā'di-an),a. Belonging to Acadia
Abirne.
Ash.

or Nova Scotia.
Abysm (a-bizm'), n. [O.Fr. abisme, from Academe (ak'a-dēm), n. [See ACADEMY.) Acadian (a-ká'di-an), n. A native or inha-
L. L. abissimus, a superl. form from abyssus, 1. The garden at Athens where Plato taught; bitant of Acadia or Nova Scotia.
an abyss. The Romans affixed the superl. the Academy.-2. An academy. "This your Acajou (ak'a-jö), n. [Fr. acajou, Sp, acaju,
affix sometimes to nouns as well as to ad. academe.' Tennyson.

Pg. acaju, cajú, It. acagiù, cajiú, mahojectives. Thus Plautus has oculissimus, from Our court shall be a little academe. Shak. gany, probably from Malay kāyu, a tree.] oculus, the eye, and the writers of the empire

Nor hath fair Europe her vast bounds throughout

1. A kind of heavy red mahogany; acacio.dominissimus, from dominus, a lord.] A An academe of note I found not out. Horvell, 2. A gum and resin from the stem of the gulf. The abysm of hell.' Shak. Academial (ak-a-dē'mi-al), a. Pertaining

mahogany-tree. Abysmal (a-biz'mal), a. Pertaining to an to an academy. Johnson. [Rare.]

Acaleph, Acalephan (ak'a-lēs, ak-a-lē'fan), abyss; bottomless; profound; fathomless; Academiant (ak-a-dē'mi-an), n. A member

A member of the order Acalephie, or inimeasurable. of an academy; a student in a university or

sea-nettles. Spelled also Acalephe. Geology gives one the same abysmal extent of college. 'That new-discarded academian.'

Acalephæ (a-ka-lē'fē), n. pl. [Gr. akalēphe, time that astronomy does of space. Carlyle. Marston.

a nettle.] A name sometimes applied to
The Jews were struck dumb with abysmal terror.
Academic, Academical (ak-a-dem'ik, ak-a-

a large number of marine animals included
Macaulay.
dem'ik-al), a. [L. academicus; Fr. acadé.

in the sub-kingdom Cælenterata, and re-
Abyss (a-bis), n. [Gr. aby8808, bottomless
mique.] 1. Belonging to the school or phi.

presented chiefly by the Meduside and -a, priv., and byssos, bottom, Ionic for losophy of Plato: in this sense the form

their allies, in popular language known bythos.] 1. A bottomless gulf; any deep imacademic is exclusively, or almost exclu

as sea-nettles, sea-blubbers, jelly-fish, &c. measurable space; anything profound and sively, used.-2. Belonging to an academy,

As a strictly scientific term, Acalephæ, unfathomable, whether literally or figuraor to a college or university; as, academic

however, is not now used, the forms once tively; specifically, hell; the bottoniless pit. studies. — Figure of academic proportions,

included under it being now distributed Thy throne is darkness, in the abyss of light. in painting, a figure of little less than half

among the Discophora and Lucernarida Milton. Some laboured to fathom the abysses of metaphy. the size of nature, such as it is the custom

(both in class Hydrozoa), and the Ctenosical theology.

Macaulay.
for pupils to draw from the antique and

phora (in class Actinozoa). The most typi2. In her. the centre of an escutcheon. from life; also, any figure in an attitude

cal of the Acalephæ, the Medusidæ, are Abyssal (a-bis'al), a. Relating to or like an conventional, or resembling those chosen in

gelatinous, free-swimming animals, consist. abyss. - Abyssal zone, in phys. geog. that

life academies, for the purpose of displaybeit or zone of the sea farthest from the

ing to the students muscular action, form, shore, and above 100 fathoms deep - 80

and colour to the best advantage. named by Professor E. Forbes in dividing Academic (ak-a-dem'ik), n. 1. One who bethe bottom of the sea into zones when de longed to the school or adhered to the phiscribing its plants and animals.

losophy of Plato.-2. A student in a college Abyssinian (ab-is-sin'i-an), a. Belonging

or university. A young academic.' Watts. to Abyssinia or its inhabitants.

Academical (ak-a-dem'i-kal), n. 1. A memAbyssinian (ab-is-sin'i-an), n. 1. A native ber of any academical club.-2. pl. The cosor inhabitant of Abyssinia.-2. A member tume proper to the officers and students of of the Abyssinian Church.

a school or college. Abyssust (a-bis'us), n. Same as Abyss. Academically (ak'a-dem"ik-al-li), adv. In

Acalephæ. Th. Jackson.

an academical manner. Acacia (a-kā'shi-a), n. (L. acacia, Gr. akakia, Academician (ak'a-dē-mi'shan), n. A mem 1, Medusa pellucens.

2, Rhizostoma Cuvieri. an Egyptian tree, the thorny acacia, from

ber of an academy or society for promoting akē, a point.] 1. A genus of plants, nat. arts and sciences; particularly, (a) a mem

ing of an umbrella-shaped disc containing -order Leguminosæ, sub-order Mimoseæ, for ber of the Royal Academy of Arts; (6) a

canals which radiate from the centre whence the most part natives of Arabia, Barbary,

member of the French Academy. See ACA hangs the digestive cavity. All have thread and the East Indies. As objects of ornaDEMY, 3.

cells or urticating organs (see NEMATOment the acacias are usually of striking Academism (a-kad'em-izm), 'n. The doc. PHORE) which discharge minute barbed beauty. Some of the species produce catetrines of the Academic philosophy.

structures that irritate the skin like the chu, as A. Catechu, and some exude gum- Academist (a-kad'em-ist), 11. 1. An Aca sting of a nettle, hence the name of the arabic, as A. Verek, A. arabica, A. vera

demic philosopher. - 2. A member of an group.
academy. Ray.

Acalephoid (a-ka-lē'foid), a. Like an acaleph
Academy (a-kad'ê-mi), n. (L. academia,

or medusa. (Less commonly used than
Gr. acadēmeia, the Academy, from the hero

Medusoid.}
Acadêmus, to whom the ground originally Acalycine, Acalycinous (a-kali-sin, ak-a;
belonged which formed the garden in which lis'in-us), a. (Gr. a, not, and kalyx, a cup.]
Plato taught.] 1. Originally, a garden, grove,

In bot. without a calyx or flower-cup.
or villa, near Athens, where Plato and his Acanaceous (ak-a-nă'shus), a. (Gr. akanos,
followers held their philosophical confer a prickly shrub.) In bot. armed with prickles:
ences; hence, Plato and his followers col said of some rigid prickly plants, such as
lectively; the members of the school of

the pine-apple.
Plato.

Acantha (a-kan'tha), n.

[Gr. akantha, a
Had the poor vulgar rout only been abused into

spine or thorn.] 1. In bot. a prickle.-2. In
such idolatrous superstitions, as to adore a marble zool. a spine or prickly fin.-3. In anat one
or a golden deity, it might not so much be wondered of the acute processes of the vertebræ, the
at; but for the Academy to own such a paradox,-
this was without excuse.

spine of the tibia, or the spina dorsi.

Sordh.
2. A school or seminary of learning, hold-

Acanthaceæ (ak-an-thā'se-e), n. pl. A nat.
ing a rank between a university or col-

order of plants, having for its type the genus

Acanthus. The species are common in all
lege and an elementary school; also, a school
for teaching a particular art or particular

tropical countries, and consist of herbaceous

plants or shrubs, with opposite leaves and
sciences; as, a military academy.-3. An
association for the promotion of literature,

monopetalous corolla. They have mucila

ginous and bitter properties. Acacia arabica.

science, or art, established sometimes by Acanthaceous (ak-an-tha'shus), a. Armed

government, and sometimes by the voluntary with prickles, as a plant; belonging to the (Egyptian thorn), A. Adansoni; the bark of union of private individuals. The mem order Acanthacex. others yields a large quantity of tannin, as bers (Academicians), who are usually divided Acanthice (a-kan'this-ė), n. [Gr. akanthike A. decurrens and A. mollissima. Several into ordinary, honorary, and corresponding mastiché, the juice of a prickly plant that species afford timber of good quality, as members, either select their own depart furnished a kind of mastic -akantha, a A. elata, tylocarpa, odoratissima, Sundra, ment or follow those prescribed by the thorn.) The sweet juice of ivy buds. &c. -2. In med. the inspissated juice of constitution

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466 Spines of the dorsal, anal, and veutral fins

of Acanthopterygii e the two primary divisions of the osseous Sehen established by Cuvier, now forming a group or sub-order of the order Teleostei,

of including by far the greatest number of dinary fishes. They are characterized by faring one or more of the first rays of the aan the form of unjointed spines. In some species the first dorsal fin is represented by A few unetanected spines. The first rays of Bestal fins consist of simple spines, and each Featul in has usually one. The swimalder it in all a shut sac. They include De merch, mackerel

, gudgeon, weever, Bekleback, basse, flying-fish, mullet, braize, hemy, be. Many fishes belonging to this Juanthopterygious (a-kan/thop-te-rij": le) la sol having the characters of the Acanthopterygii or spine-finned fishes; Melancing to the Acanthopterygii

. santhotenthis a-kar/thô-tư this), n (Gr. A batha, a színe, and teuthis, a cuttle-fish.) A Asm of fossil cuttle-fishes occurring in Sa volite. The internal bone or osselet (bel

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ja zud eura, a tail.) A genus of

yollal ergeon or lancet fishes and thong tin thus) 1, L. canthus, in ACACIA.] 1. The plant bear's. Work, or bankarsine, a genuis of prickly

ta walaus, tad in capitals of the

of the society, and at regular Acanthichthyosis (ak-an-thik'thi-7'sis), in; several species of acacia, known popularly meetings communicate the results of their [Gr. akantha, a thorn, and ichthys, a fish) as gum-arabic (which see).-3. A name given labours in papers, of which the more impor In med. spinous fish skin disease. by antiquaries to an object somewhat like tant are afterwards printed. The French Acanthine (a-kan'thin), a. (See ACANTHUS.) a roll or bag seen on medals in the hands

Academy, the Academy of Inscriptions and Pertaining to or resembling the plant Acani. of several consuls and emperors of the lower Belles-lettres, the Academy of Sciences, the thus; made of material derived from a empire, the purpose of which has not yet

| been discovered.

of Moral and Political Sciences compose the Acanthocephala, Acanthocephali (a-kans. Acacian (a-kā'shi-an), n. In eccles. hist. a French National Institute, The Royal Aca thô-sefa-la, a-kantho-sefa-li, n. p. [Gr, member of certain sects of the fifth century, demy of Arts, in London, was founded in akantha, a spine, and kephalé, the head.] so denominated from their leaders, A cacius, 1768 ‘for the purpose of cultivating and im. An order of mouthless Entozoa, having bishop of Cæsarea, and Acacius, patriarch proving the arts of painting, sculpture, and curved hooks on a retractile proboscis to of Constantinople. Some of them main architecture.' The number of academicians, attach themselves to the tissues of animals Fāte, fär, fat, fall; mē, met, hér; pine, pin; note, not, möve; tūbe, tub, bull; oil, pound; ü, Sc. abune; y, Sc. fey

este) is the part mest generally preserved. Bentheras (a-kanthus), a. (Gr. akantha, beatkarus (ak-an-thūrus), . (Gr. akan

subopterygious fishes, distinguished by Ber ompressed shape and lancet-like

e) Spinos.

pesual in each side of the tail, popu.

Substha from akantha, a prickle or

anta

, mat order Acanthaceae.-2. In arch. umetent reakabling the foliage or leaves

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One species occurs in the liver of the cat, Corinthian and Composite orders, and said halting short;complete; having the complete another in the alimentary canal of the to have been invented by Callimachus, who number of syllables; as, an acatalectic verse. swine.

took the idea of the Corinthian capital from Acatalectic (a'kat-a-lek"tik), n. A verse Acantho-derma (a-kan'tho-dér"ma),n. [Gr. observing an acanthus surrounding a tile which has the complete number of syllables. akantha, a spine, and derma, the hide.] A

Acatalepsy (a-kat'a-lep-si), n. [Gr. akatagenus of fossil, cartilaginous, hard-skinned

lēpsia, incomprehensibility-a, priv., kata, fishes, with strong fin-spines, allied to Ba

down, and lēpsis, a taking, from lab, lēp, es,

root of lambanā, to take.] 1. Impossibility Acanthodes (ak-an-thởodez), .. [Gr. akan

of complete discovery or comprehension; in. tha, a spine, and eidos, resemblance.] A

comprehensibility ; specifically, a term emgenus of fossil fishes, from the carboniferous

ployed to denote the doctrine held by the strata, with strong bony spines.

ancient academics and sceptics, that human Acanthodidæ (ak-an-thó di-dē), n. pl. A

knowledge never amounts to certainty but family of fossil fishes, including the genus

only to probability. (Rare.]— 2. In med. Acanthodes (which see).

uncertainty in the diagnosis or prognosis of Acanthoid (a-kan'thoid), a. (Gr. akantha,

diseases. a spine.] Spiny.

Acataleptic (akat-a-lep'tik), a. Incompre

Acanthus.
Acanthophis (a-kan'tho-fis), n. [Gr. akan-

hensible; not to be known with certainty.
tha, a prickle, and ophis, a serpent.). A ge covered basket which had been placed over Acataleptic (a’kat-a-lep'tik), n. One who
nus of venomous colubrine snakes, the spe-
a tomb.

believes that we can know nothing with cies of which are of small size, reside on dry Acanthylis (a-kan'thi-lis), n.

(Gr. akan certainty. land, and feed upon frogs, lizards, and small

thyllis, a kind of finch, dim. from akanthis, All sceptics and Pyrrhonians were called arata. mammals. They have the tail furnished the siskin.] A genus of American, Indian, leptics

Fleming with a horny spur at the end, whence the ge and Australian birds of the swallow family. Acatert (a-kāt'ér), n. [Norm. and 0. E. achatneric name. A. antarctica, the death-adder, Acanticonite, Acanticone (a-kan'ti-kon-it, our, acatour, a purchaser. See CATERER. ) an inhabitant of Australia, is considered the

a-kan'ti-kon), n. (Gr. akanthis, the siskin, and A purveyor; a caterer. 'Robin Hood's bailiff most venomous reptile of that country.

konis, powder, from the greenish colour of its or acater.' B. Jonson, Acanthophorous (ak-an-tho'for-us), a. [Gr. powder.) A variety of prismatic epidote, an Acates t (a-kāts'), n. pl. [Lit. things bought; akantha, a thorn, and phero, to bear.) Hay.

almost obsolete synonym of Pistacite. See Fr. achat, a purchase. See ACATER.] Viands. ing or producing spines or prickles. EPIDOTE.

Setting before him variety of acates, and Acanthopteri (ak-an-thop'tėr-i), n. pl. [Gr. A capella (ä kä-pellä), adv. [It.] In the those excellently dressed.' Shelton. akantha, a spine, and pteron, a wing.) A style of church or chapel music: applied to Acatharsia (a-ka-thär'si-a), n. (Gr.) In group of spine-finned osseous fishes, in mo

compositions sung without musical accom med. (a) the Alth or sordes proceeding from dern classifications generally regarded as a paniments; thus, mass a capella is a mass a wound; impurity of blood. (6) Omission sub-order of the order Teleostei, and equi purely sung

of a purgative. valent to the Acanthopterygii (which see). Acardia (a-kärdi-a), r. (Gr. a, priv., and Acatharsy (a-ka-thär'si), n. Same as AcaAcanthopterous (ak-an-thop'ter-us), a. Of

kardia, the heart.] The state of being tharsia. or pertaining to the Acanthopteri.

without a heart, as is the case with some Acathistus (ak-a-this'tus), n. [L.L.) In the Acanthopterygian (a-kan'thop-te-rij"i-an), fætuses or monstrous births.

early Greek Ch. a thanksgiving hymn to a. Of or pertaining to the Acanthopterygii. Acardiac (a-kär'di-ak), a. (Gr. a, priv., and the Virgin sung at Constantinople on the Acanthopterygian (a-kan'thop-te-rij"i-an),

Icardia, the heart.) Without a heart. Saturday of the fifth week of Lent.
An acanthopterygian Aish.

Acardiac (a-kär'di-ak), n. A fætus without Acatryt (a-kā'tri), n. (Lit. place for the
Acanthopterygit (a-kan'thop-te-rij"i-1), n. a heart.

acates. See ACATES, ACATER.) The room pl. [Gr. akantha, a thorn, and pterygion, Acaricide (a-kär'i-ssd), n. A substance that or place allotted to the keeping of all such the fin of a fish, from pteryx, a wing.) One destroys acari or mites.

provisions as the purveyors purchased for Acarid (ak'a-rid), n. One of the Acarida. the king. Acarida (a-kari-da), n. pl. [Gr. akarēs, too Acaules (a-kal’ēz), n. pl. [4, priv., and L. short to be cut, small, tiny - a, priv., and caulis, a stem. See ACAULOUS. 1 Plants keiro, to cut.] A division of Arachnida, in which have either a very indistinct stalk or cluding the mites, ticks, and water-mites. Of none at all, as lichens, fungi, algae, &c. the true mites, the domestic or cheese mite Acaulescent (a-kal-es'ent), a. (Gr. a, priv., and the itch-mite are examples. The garden and kaulos, a stem.) In bot. stemless: a term mites (Trombididæ) and spider-mites (Gana applied to a plant in which the stem is

sidae) live upon plants; the wood-mites (Ori apparently absent. 0

batidæ)and harvest-ticks(Leptidæ)are found Acauline (a-kal'in), a. Same as Acaulous. amongst moss and herbage, or creeping on Acaulous, Acaulose (a-kæl'us, a-kąl'os), a. trees and stones; while the true ticks (Ixo [Gr. aly, priv., and kaulos, a stalk, the same didæ) attach themselves parasitically to the word as L. caulis, a stem, and E. Jole, kail, bodies of various mammals, as sheep, oxen, cauliflower,] In bot. without a conspicuous

dogs, &c. The water-mites (Hydrachnidae) stem, called caulis, as the Carduus acaulis, a, b, c, Spines of the dorsal, anal, and veutral fins

are parasitic for at least a portion of their or dwarf plume-thistle. of Acanthopterygii.

existence upon water-beetles and other aqua- Accable, tv.t. [Fr. accabler, to overburden, to

tic insects. The mouth in all is formed for overwhelm.) To overwhelm; to oppress; to of the two primary divisions of the osseous suction, and there is no definite line of demar overburden. fishes established by Cuvier, now forming a cation between the unsegmented abdomen Honours rather raise men's spirits than accable group or sub-order of the order Teleostei,

Bacon. and including by far the greatest number of

2

Accapitumt (ak-kap'i-tum), n. [L. ad, to, ordinary fishes. They are characterized by

and caput, capitis, the head.] In feudal law, having one or more of the first rays of the

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money paid by a vassal upon his admission fins in the form of unjointed spines. In some

to a feud; the relief due to the chief lord. species the first dorsal fin is represented by

Accedas ad curiam (ak-se'das ad kū'ri-am), a few unconnected spines. The first rays of

n. (L., that you go to the court.] In law, the anal fins consist of simple spines, and each

foi erly a writ obtainable by one who had ventral fin has usually one. The swim

received false judgment (or believed so) in bladder is in all a shut sac. They include

a court-baron or hundred-court, issued by the perch, mackerel, gudgeon, weever,

Acarida.

the chancery, and directed to the sheriff, stickleback, basse, flying-fish, mullet, braize,

directing him to make record of the judgtunny, &c. Many fishes belonging to this 1, Itch-mite (Sarcoples scabiei). 2, Cheese-mite

ment and return it to the King's Bench or division are used as food.

(Acarus domesticus). 3, Harvest-tick (Leprues au-
tumnalis).

Common Pleas, that its validity in law
Acanthopterygious (a-kan'thop-te-rij".

might be inquired into. i-us), a. In zool, having the characters of and the cephalo-thorax. Also called Aca Accede (ak-sēd'), v.i. pret. & pp. acceded; the Acanthopterygii or spine-finned fishes; rida, A caridans, A carina, and Monomeroso ppr. acceding. [Fr. accéder, to assent, from belonging to the Acanthopterygii. mata.

L. accedo-ad, to, and cedo, to move, to yield Acanthoteuthis (a-kan'thô-tū"this), n. [Gr. Acaridæ (a-kar'i-dē). See ACARIDA.

or give place.] 1. To agree or assent, as to alcantha, a spine, and teuthis, a cuttle-fish.] Acaridan (a-kar'i-dan), n. One of the a proposition, or to terms proposed by anA gerus of fossil cuttie-fishes occurring in Acarida.

other; to become a party, by agreeing to the oolite. The internal bone or osselet (bel- | Acarina (a-ka-ri'na). See ACARIDA.

the terms of a treaty or convention. ernite) is the part most generally preserved. Acarnar (a-kär'när), n. [ Arab. ikhir-an This obvious reflection convinced me of the ab. Acanthous (a-kan'thus), a. [Gr. akantha, nahr, extremity of the river, An-nahr, the surdity of the treaty of Hanover, in 1725, between a spine.) Spinous.

river, being the Arabic name of the constel France and England, to which the Dutch afterwards Acanthurus (ak-an-thūrus), n. [Gr. akan lation Eridanus.] A bright star of the first

acceded.

Chesterfield. tha, a spine, and oura, a tail.] A genus of

magnitude in the constellation Eridanus. 2. To join or be added. acanthopterygious fishes, distinguished by Written also Achernar, Akharnar.

And vain were courage, learning; all, their compressed shape and lancet-like Acarpous (a-kär pus), a. (Gr. akarpos, un Till power accede.

Shenstone. spines placed on each side of the tail, popu fruitful - a, priv., and karpos, fruit. ] In 3. To succeed, as an heir; to come to by inlarly called surgeon or lancet fishes and bot. not producing fruit; sterile; barren. heritance; as, Queen Victoria acceded to the thorn-tails.

Acarus (ak'a-rus), n. The typical genus of throne in 1837.-SYN. To agree, assent, con-
Acanthus (A-kan'thus). n. [L. acanthus, insects belonging to the Acarida, comprising sent, comply, acquiesce.
Gr. akanthos, from akantha, a prickle or the mites and ticks.

Accelerando (a-chal'er-an"do). [It.] In thor See ACACIA.] 1. The plant bear's- Acast + (A-kast'), a. An old sea-term for lost music, a direction indicating that a passage breech, or brankursine, a genus of prickly or cast away.

is to be played gradually quicker. plants, nat order Acanthacem. -2. In arch. Acatalectic (a'kat-a - lek" tik), a. [Gr. Accelerate (ak-sel'ér-āt), v.t. pret. & pp. acan ornament resembling the foliage or leaves akatalēktos, not defective at the end-a, celerated; ppr. accelerating. [L. accelero, of the acanthus, used in capitals of the priv., kata, down, and lēgā, to cease.] Not acceleratum, to hasten-ad, to, and celer, ch, chain; ch, Sc. loch; g, go; , job; †, Fr. ton;

ng, sing;

TR, then; th, thin; w, wig; wh, whig; zh, azure.—See KEY.

In

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ending or contributing to a crime; as, he

ACCEPTANCY

ACCELERATION

18

ACCEPTANCE

ble the common deceptance of it not only A isle bat odious.' South. - Acceptance with Gw, in the forgiveness of sins and recepe into God's favour. Aseptancy (ak-sep'tan-si), 17. Act of accept23, 2ceptance. Here's a proof of gift

, there's no proof

, sir, of acceptancy. E.B.Browning. t Acceptant(ak-sep'tant), n. One who accepts; a scepter. Spectator. Aceptation (ak-sep-ta'shon), n. 1. The act of Elepting or receiving; also, kiud reception;

A receiving with favour or approbation; a state of being acceptable; favourable regard. "Celties of acceptation.' Sir P. Sidney. Same things are of great dignity and acceptation

Hesker.

a Tás is a faithful saying, and worthy of all accep.

i Timn. i.

15 ? The meaning or sense in which a word represion is understood or generally rexited; as, a term is to be used according

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to its usual acceptation.

My words in common acceptation

Cold sever give this provocation. Gay. septed (ak-sept'ed), 4. Acceptable.

Bengals now is the accepted time; behold, now is the baye alration

2 Cor. vi. 2. Asepter, Acceptor (ak-sept'ér, ak-sept'or), 1 la person who accepts; specifically, in ren, the person who accepts a bill of exchange sto bind himself to pay the sum contained b7-91 One who favours unduly; a reSeter Cad is n accepter of persons, neither riches nor party at a means to procure his favour.

Chillingworth. Aoseptilation 1 (ak - sep'ti - la" shon), n.

nereptilatio, acceptilationis,acceptum, receipt , and latio

, a carrying, from fero, laten, to carry.) 1. In civil and Scots laic, the verbal extinction of a verbal contract, with a declaration that the debt has been paid when it has not, or the acceptance of waething merely imaginary in satisfaction Ac of a Terbal contract. Wharton. Hence | [F 1 Ere renission or forgiveness, as of sins.

hi le pastiácation which comes by Christ is by impuSen ad acsegtilation, by grace and favour,

Fer. Taylor dosphont (ak-sep’shon), n. 1. The received

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CI hi

Shat.

swift. See CELERITY.] 1. To make quicker; to Accendibility (ak-send'i-bil'i-ti), n. The stress falls, as the first and third parts of cause to move or advance faster; to hasten; quality of being accendible.

the bar in common time. to add to the velocity of; to give a higher Accendible (ak-send’i-bl), a. (See ACCEND.] Accentor (ak-sent'èr), n. [L. accentor, one rate of progress to; as, to accelerate motion Capable of being inflamed or kindled.

who sings with-ad, to, and cano, to sing ) or the rate of motion; to accelerate the Accension (ak-sen'shon), n. The act of 1. In music, one that sings the leading part transmission of intelligence; to accelerate kindling or setting on fire, or the state of 2. A genus of insessorial birds, family Sylthe growth of a plant, or the progress of being kindled; inflammation.

viidæ, sub-family Accentorine, A. modi. kuowledge.

Accensor (ak-sen'ser), n. [See ACCEND.] laris is our well-known hedge-sparrow, Take new beer and put in some quantity of stale

One who sets on fire or kindles; specifically, hedge - warbler, shufile-wing, or dunnock. beer into it, and see whether it will not accelerate the

in the R. Cath. Ch. a minister or servant See HEDGE-SPARROW. clarification.

Bacon. whose business it is to light and trim the Accentorinæ (ak-sen'to-ri"nē), n. pl. A subLo! from the dread immensity of space candles and tapers.

family of dentirostral birds, of the order Returning with accelerated course

Accent (ak'sent), n. [L. accentus, an accent, Insessores and family Sylviidæ, including The rushing comet to the sun descends. Thomson.

-ad, to, and cano, cantum, to sing. See the genus Accentor. 2. To bring nearer in time; to bring about,

CHANT.] 1. A superior stress or force of Accentual (ak-sentū-al), a. Pertaining to or help to bring about, more speedily than

voice upon certain syllables of words, which accent; rhythmical. would otherwise have been the case; as, to

distinguishes them from the other syllables. accelerate the ruin of a government; to Many English words, as as'pir-a"tion, have

The term figurate which we now employ to distin

guish florid from simple melody was used to denote accelerate a battle.- Accelerated motion, in

two accents, a secondary and primary. In that which was simply rhythmical or acentual. mech. that which continually receives fresh uttering the word aspiration we observe

W. Mason accessions of velocity. If the accessions be

the first and third syllables are distin- Accentuate (ak-sent'û-át), v.t. pret. & pp. always equal in equal times the motion is

guished-the third by a full sound, which accentuated; ppr. accentuating. To mark said to be uniformly accelerated, as that of

constitutes the primary accent; the first, or pronounce with an accent or with accents; a heavy body descending by gravity; but if

by a degree of force in the voice which is to place an accent or accents on, the accessions of velocity in equal times

less than that of the primary accent, but Accentuation (ak-sent'ü-ā"shon), n. The either increase or decrease, the motion is

evidently greater than that which falls on act of accentuating, or state of being accensaid to be variably accelerated. Accelerated

the second and fourth syllables. Some tuated; the act of pronouncing or marking force is the increased force which a body

words, as in-com'pre-hen'si-bil''i-ty, have with an accent or accents; the act of giving exerts in consequence of the acceleration of two secondary or subordinate accents.

accent. its motion. - Accelerating force is the force

When the full accent falls on a vowel, that Accept (ak-sept'), v.t. [L. acceptare, freg. which produces an accelerated motion, as

vowel has its long sound, as in vo'cal; but of accipio, acceptum, to take to one's self, to gravity

when it falls on an articulation or conson accept-ad, to, and capio, to take.) 1. To Acceleration (ak'sel-ėr-ā"shon), n. The act

ant, the preceding vowel is short, as in take or receive, as something offered; to of accelerating or state of being accelerated;

hab' it. Accent alone regulates English receive with approbation or favour; as, he as, (a) the act or process of increasing velo

verse. Accent must not be confounded with made an offer which was accepted. city or progress; the state of being quick

emphasis, the latter being used in reference If you accept them, then their worth is great. Skak. ened in motion or action. (6) The short

to some one word or part of a sentence to Bless, Lord, his substance, and accept the work of ening of the time between the present which a speaker wishes to draw attention, his hands.

Deut. xxxiii. 11. and the happening of any future event;

by giving it a more marked pronunciation. 2. To take what presents itself or what befalls specifically, in law, the shortening of the

2. A mark or character used in writing to one; to accommodate one's self to; as, to time for the vesting in possession of an ex. direct the stress of the voice in pronuncia

accept the situation. pectant interest. (c) In physiol. and pathol.

tion, or to mark a particular tone, length increased activity of the functions, particu. of vowel sound, or the like. There is com

They carry it off well, these fair moving mountains,

and like all French women accept frankly their natural larly of the circulating fluids. — Acceleration monly only one such sign used to mark the fortunes.

Fraser's Magazine, of the moon, the increase of the moon's

stress or accent in English, except in works 3. To listen favourably to; to grant. mean angular velocity about the earth, the on elocution, in which are employed the

Sweet prince, accept their suit. moon now moving rather faster than in

three Greek accents, namely the acute (1), ancient times. This phenomenon has not the grave (), and the circumflex (^or^).

4. To receive or admit and agree to; to accede been fully explained, but it is known to be In elocution the first shows when the voice

or assent to; as, to accept a treaty, a proposal, partly owing to the slow process of diminuis to be raised, and is called the rising

an amendment, an excuse: often followed by tion which the eccentricity of the earth's

inflection; the second, when it is to be de of; as, accept of the terms.-5. To receive in a orbit is undergoing, and from which there pressed, and is called the falling inflection;

particular sense; to understand; as, how is results a slight diminution of the sun's in

and the third, when the vowel is to be this phrase to be accepted ?-6. In com. to fluence on the moon's motions. - Diurnal uttered with an undulating sound, and is

acknowledge, especially by signature, as callacceleration of the fixed stars, the apparent called the compound or waving inflection.

ing for payment, and thus to promise to pay: great diurnal motion the stars than of

3. A peculiar or characteristic modulation as, to accept a bill of exchange - 7. In a deliberthe sun, arising from the fact that the sun's or modification of the voice, such as that

ative body, to receive in discharge of a duty apparent yearly motion takes place in a found in a given district or in a particular

committed; as, the report was accepted. direction contrary to that of his apparent

rank of society, or as expressive of passions Acceptt (ak-sept), n. Consent or acceptance, daily motion. The stars thus seem each day or sentiments; manner of speaking or pro

We will suddenly to anticipate the sun by nearly 3 minutes

nouncing. A perfect accent.' Thackeray. Pass our accept and peremptory answer. Shak. 56 seconds of mean time.- Acceleration of a The tender accents of a woman's cry.

Capable,
Acceptable (ak - sep' ta-bl), a.

Prior. planet, the greater rapidity with which it

Your accent is something finer than you could pur.

worthy, or sure of being accepted or received moves as it approaches the sun.--Accelera chase in so removed a dwelling.

Shak.

with pleasure; hence, pleasing to a receiver: tion and retardation of the tides, certain

gratifying; agreeable; welcome; as, an ac4. Words, language, or expressions in genedeviations between the time of the actual

ceptable present. occurrence of high water at any place and ral.

The woman whom thou mad'st to be my help what it would be if it occurred after the Words, on your wings, to heaven her accents bear, So fit, so acceptable, so divine.

Milton. Such words as heaven alone is fit to hear. lapse of a uniform mean interval. In spring

Dryden.

Acceptableness, Acceptability (ak-sep'taand neap tides the sun's action does not 5. In music, a stress or emphasis given to bl-nes, ak-sep'ta-bil"i-ti), n.

The quality alter the time of high water, as in the for

certain notes or parts of bars in a composi. of being acceptable or agreeable to a receiver, mer case the solar and lunar tides are syn

tion, divided into two kinds- grammatical, or to a person with whom one has intercourse chronous, while in the latter the time of and rhetorical or æsthetic. The first is per Acceptably (ak-sep'ta-bli), adv. In an acceptactual or lunar low water and of solar high

fectly regular in its occurrence, always fall. able manner; in a manner to please or give water are the same. But in the first and ing on the first part of a bar; the æsthetic satisfaction. third quarters of the moon there is acceler. accent is irregular, and depends on taste Let us have grace whereby we may serve God ation or priming of high water, as the solar and feeling.-6. In math. (a) in alg. a mark acceptably.

Heb. xii. 28. wave is to the west of the lunar; and in the

used in order to avoid the confusion arising Acceptance (ak-sep'tans), : second and fourth quarters there is retardfrom the use of many letters in an algebrai accepting: (a) the act of taking

or receiving cal problem or a diagram, and also on other ation or lagging, for an analogous reason.

anything offered; receiving with approbaAccelerative (ak-sel'ér-át-iv), a. Tending

accounts. In this way the same letter or tion or satisfaction ; favourable reception. to accelerate; adding to velocity; quicken

letters, being distinguished by accents, may Such with him finds no acceptance.' Milton. ing progression. be used to represent different magnitudes

They shall come up with acceptance on my altar. Accelerator (ak-sel'ér-at-ér), n.

or quantities; thus abc and a'b'd may stand One who

is. Ix. 7 or that which accelerates; a hastener. for magnitudes as different in value as those ()The act of agreeing to terms or proposals, Hence-(a) A post-office van. (b) In anat.

represented by different letters. (b) In geom. and thereby becoming bound; the act of taka muscle which contracts to expel or ac

and trigon, an accent at the right hand of a ing some obligation on one's self; specifically, celerate the passage of the urine. (c) In

number indicating minutes of a degree; two in law, an agreeing to the offer or contract of photog. a name given to any substance which accents, seconds, &c.; as, 20° 10' 30" = 20 de. another by some act which binds the person shortens the time of exposure either in the grees, 10 minutes, 30 seconds. (c) In mensur. in law; thus, if a person receiving an estate camera or the printing frame.

and engin. a mark used to denote feet and in remainder takes rent on a lease made by Acceleratory (ak-sel'ér-a-to-ri), a. Acceler inches; thus, 3' 6"=3 feet, 6 inches.

his predecessor, this is an acceptance of the ating or tending to accelerate; quickening

Accent (ak - sent'), v.t. 1. To express the terms of the lease, and binds the party receivmotion.

accent of; to pronounce or utter with a ing to abide by the terms of the lease; in coin. Accendt (ak-send'), v.t. (L. accendo, accen

particular stress or modulation of the voice; an engagement by the person on whom a bill sulin, to kindle - ad, and candeo, to be

as, to accent a word properly.-2. To give of exchange is drawn to pay the bill, usually white, to shine, from root can, as in canus, expression to; to utter.

made by the person writing the word hoary, white: the same stem gives also E.

Congeald with grief, can scarce implore 'accepted across the bill and signing his candle, candid, &c.) To set on fire; to kindle. Strength to accent, Here my Albertus lies

name, or simply by writing his name across

Dr. Wotton. or at the end of the bill. Our devotion, is sufficiently accended, would burn

3. To mark with an accent or accents; as, to of exchange that has been accepted, or the up innumerable books of this sort. Dr. H. More

proper

rased a word; acceptation.

That is hath been esteemed the due and
ception of this word, I shall testify, Hammond,
? Tie stoffatouring onequally; preference.

Acepcioun of persons. "Wickliffe.
Acceptive t (ak-septiv), a. Ready to accept.
The people generally are very acceptine and apt to
plaid any zeritable work. B. Jonson.
Aceptor

. See ACCEPTER
Loseytress (ak-sep’tres), n. A female who
& Kare)
dostrze (ak-sérs'), 1.t. (L. accerso, to
wanayon.) To call out or forth; to summon,
en army. Hall
Lean (adisea), (L acceseus, from accedo,
Weetne lear, to approach. See ACCEDE.]
1. A coming to; near approach; admittance; | f

Ac I a AC

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That means of way by which a thing may besproched;specifically,in arch. a passage nu bilding communicating between two or Durapartments; a corridor; as, the access is

8 e S a

1. The act of

Al scoot stronged.

Milton. dimission to sexual intercourse.

Deseng tertuet access of the husband shall be pre. wines the contrary be short, Blackstone, Mafitionincrease; accession. tra dhe ndence of thy looks, receive access in

The attack or return of a fit or paroxysm Orave, a da lever; accession.

Milton

Lisessarily (akoses-sa’ri-i), ado. In the

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nuouwery to rebellion See ACCESSORY. burgebrity (ak ses-si-bil"i-ti), 7... The

aliter quality of being accessible or

accent a word in order to indicate its pro sum contained in it.-3. The sense in which Accendent (ak-sen'dent), n. An accensor nunciation. - Accented parts of a bar, in a word or expression is understood; signifi(which see).

music, those parts of the bar on which the cation, meaning; acceptation, 'An assertion Fåte, fär, fat, fall; , met, her; pine, pin; note, not, move; tūbe, tub, bull; oil, pound; ü, Sc. abune; y. Sc. fey.

Milton

shumiting wyproach

ACCEPTANCY

19

under the common acceptance of it not only Accessible (ak-ses'si-bl), a. Capable of being false but odious.' South. - Acceptance with approached or reached; easy of access; God, in theol. forgiveness of sins and recep approachable; attainable; as, an accessible tion into God's favour.

town or mountain. Accessible by a bold Acceptancy (ak-sep'tan-si), n. Act of accept and sudden attack.' Sir W. Scott. Most ing; acceptance.

frankly accessible, most affable most Here's a proof of gift,

sociable.' Barrou. Proofs accessible to all But here's no prooi, sir, of acceptancy. E.B.Browning. the world.' Buckle. Acceptant(ak-sep'tant), n. One who accepts;

There is a very great amount of labour employed in an accepter. Spectator.

rendering the product accessible to those for whose use

. Acceptation (ak-sep-tā'shon), n. 1. The act of accepting or receiving; also, kind reception; Accessibly (ak-ses'si-bli), adv. So as to be

accessible. a receiving with favour or approbation; a state of being acceptable; favourable regard. Accession (ak-se'shon), n. [L. accessio. See "Coldness of acceptation.' Sir P. Sidney.

ACCEDE.) i. The act of acceding; the act

of agreeing or assenting, as to proposals; the Some things are of great dignity and acceptation act of becoming joined, as to a party; as, with God.

Hooker.

his accession to my demands was long postThis is a faithful saying, and worthy of all accep.

i Tiin. i. 15.

poned; a king's accession to a confederacy. lation.

2. Increase by something added; that which 2. The meaning or sense in which a word

is added; augmentation; as, an accession of or expression is understood or generally

wealth or territory. received; as, a term is to be used according to its usual acceptation.

The only accession which the Roman Empire re

ceived was the province of Britain. Gibbon. My words in common acceptation Could never give this provocation. Gay.

3. The act of arriving at a throne, an office,

or dignity; as, the accession of Queen VicAccepted (ak-septed), a. Acceptable.

toria; the accession of the house of Stuart. Behold, now is the accepted time; behold, now is the day of salvation.

2 Cor. vi. 2.

Nobody could pretend that the law had been altered since his (William's) accession.

Macaulay. Accepter, Acceptor (ak-sept'ér, ak-sept'or),

4. In law, a mode of acquiring property, by n. 1. A person who accepts; specifically, in

which the owner of a corporeal substance, com, the person who accepts a bill of exchange which receives an addition by growth or so as to bind himself to pay the sum contained

by labour, has a right to the thing added or in it.--2. One who favours unduly; a re

the improvement, provided the thing is not specter.

changed into a different species. Thus the God is no accepter of persons, neither riches nor

owner of a cow becomes the owner of her poverty are a means to procure his favour,

Chillingworth,

calf. --5. In med. the attack, approach, or Acceptilation (ak - sep'ti - lā" shon), n.

commencement of a disease. - Deed of acces[L. acceptilatio, acceptilationis-acceptum,

sion, in Scots law, a deed executed by the a receipt, and latio, a carrying, from fero,

creditors of a bankrupt, by which they aplatum, to carry.] 1. In civil and Scots law,

prove of a trust given by their debtor for the the verbal extinction of a verbal contract,

general behoof, and bind themselves to conwith a declaration that the debt has been

cur in the plans proposed for extricating paid when it has not, or the acceptance of

his affairs. something merely imaginary in satisfaction

Accessional (ak-se'shon-al), a. Additional. of a verbal contract. Wharton. Hence

(Rare.]

The specific and accessional perfections which the 2. Free remission or forgiveness, as of sins.

human understanding derives from it. Coleridge. Our justification which comes by Christ is by impu. Accessit (ak-ses'sit), n. [L., he came near.] tation and acceptilation, by grace and favour.

Fer. Taylor.

In English universities, a term applied to Acceptiont (ak-sep'shon), n. 1. The received

a certificate for a person second in merit. sense of a word; acceptation,

Accessive (ak-ses'iv), a. Additional. Hop

kins. That this hath been esteemed the due and proper Accessorial (ak-ses-sõ'ri-al), a. Pertaining acception of this word, I shall testify, Hammond. 2. The actof favouring unequally; preference.

to an accessory; as, accessorial agency; ac

cessorial guilt. Accepcioun of persons.' 'Wickliffe.

In the Acceptive (ak-sep'tiv), a. Ready to accept. Accessorily (ak"ses-soʻri-li), adv.

manner of an accessory; not as principal The people generally are very acceptive and apt to but as a subordinate agent. applaud any meritable work.

B. Jonson.

Accessoriness (ak"ses-so'ri-nes), n. The Acceptor. See ACCEPTER.

state of being accessory, or of being or acting Acceptress (ak-sep'tres), n. A female who

in a secondary character. accepts. [Rare.)

Accessory (ak'ses-sõ-ri), a. (L. accessorius, Accerset (ak-sérs'), v.t. (L. accerso, to

from accessus, accedo. See ACCEDE.) 1. [Of summon.) To call out or forth; to summon, persons.] Acceding; contributing; aiding in as an army. Hall. Access (ak'ses), n. [L. accessus, from accedo,

producing some effect, or acting in subor

dination to the principal agent: usually in to come near, to approach. See ACCEDE.] a bad sense; as, John was accessory to the 1. A coming to; near approach; admittance; felony.-2. (Of things.) Contributing to a admission; as, to gain access to a prince. general effect; aiding in certain acts or I did repel his letters, and denied

effects in a secondary manner; belonging to His access to me.

Shak.

something else as principal; accompanying; 2. The means or way by which a thing may as, accessory sounds in music; accessory be approached; specifically, in arch. a passage muscles. - Accessory valves, in zool. small in a building communicating between two or more apartments; a corridor; as, the access is by a neck of land. All access was thronged.

Milton. 3. Admission to sexual intercourse.

During coverture access of the husband shall be presumed, unless the contrary be shown. Blackstone. 4. Addition; increase; accession.

I, from the influence of thy looks, receive access in cvery virtue.

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ACCIDENTAL

Milton. 6. The attack or return of a fit or paroxysm

a a, Accessory Valves of Pholas chiloensis. of disease, as of a fever; accession.

additional valves, as those placed near the The first access looked like an apoplexy. Rp. Burnet. umbones of the genus Pholas among MolAccessarily (ak"ses-sa'ri-li), adv.

In the lusca. - Accessory action, in Scots law, an manner of an accessary; accessorily.

action in some degree subservient or ancilAccessariness (ak"ses-sa'ri-nes), n. State of

lary to another action.-- Accessory obligabeing accessary; accessoriness.

tion, in Scots law, an obligation annexed to Accessary (ak'ses-sa-ri), n. An accomplice;

another obligation. Thus, an obligation for an accessory

the regular payment of interest is accessory Accessary (ak'ses-sa-ri), a. 1. Additional;

to the

obligation to pay the capital.

Accessory (ak'ses-so-ri), n. 1. In law, one Among many secondary and accessary causes that

who is guilty of a felony, not by committing support monarchy, these are not of least reckoning.

the offence in person or as principal, but by

Milton. 2 Acceding or contributing to a crime; as, he

being in some way concerned therein, as by

advising or commanding another to commit was accessary to rebellion. See ACCESSORY, the crime, or by concealing the offender, Accessibility (ak'se3-si-bil"i-ti), n.

The or in any way helping him to escape punishcondition or quality of being accessible or

ment. An accessory before the fact is one of admitting approach.

who counsels or commands another to com

mit a felony, and is not present when the
act is executed; after the fact, when one
receives and conceals, or in any way assists,
the offender, knowing him to have com-
mitted a felony. In treason there are no
accessories, all implicated being treated as
principals. See ABETTER. — 2. That which
accedes or belongs to something else, as its
principal; something that contributes to an
effect; an accompaniment. The aspect and
accessories of a den of banditti.' Carlyle.
Specifically, in the fine arts, a secondary
object introduced as illustrative or explan-
atory of the scene, or contributing to the
general effect and harmony of the piece;
generally, anything introduced into a work
which is not absolutely necessary. Vases,
columns, armour, &c., in historical paint-
ings and portraits, are accessories. - SYN.
Accomplice, abettor, assistant, coadjutor,
ally.
Acciaccatura (at'chäk-kä-tö"rä), n. [It.)
In music, a grace-note one semitone below
the note to which it is prefixed.
Accidence (ak'si-dens), n. (A corruption of
accidents. See ACCIDENT, 4.) That part of
grammar which treats of the accidents or
inflection of words; a small book containing
the rudiments of grammar.

I do confess I do want eloquence,
And never yet did learn mine accidence.

John Taylor. Accident (ak'si-dent), n. [L. accidens, falling-ad, and cado, to fall, whence case, cadence, casual, decadence, &c.] 1. Chance or what happens by chance; an event which proceeds from an unknown cause, or is an unusual effect of a known cause, and therefore not expected: often in the sense of an unforeseen and undesigned injury to human life or limb; casualty; mishap: in second extract equivalent to specimen of an injury.

All of them, in his opinion, owe their being to fate, accident, or the blind action of stupid matter.

Dwight. No, nothing particular. Rather a good accident brought into the casualty ward.

Dickens. 2. Anything which takes place or begins to exist without an efficient intelligent cause and without design. * The accident of an accident.' Lord Thurlow.

In his (the atheist's) eyes the universe is but a happily ordered acrident. Dr. T. Brown. 3. In logic, a property or quality of a thing which is not essential to it, nor is one of its invariable signs; a predicable which may be present or not, the essence of the species remaining the same; as, whiteness in paper. All qualities are called accidents, in opposition to substances, as sweetness, softness, &c. 4. In gram. something belonging to a word, but not essential to it, as gender, number, and case.

See ACCIDENCE. – 5. In her. a point or mark, not essential to a coat of arms.-SYN. Chance, contingency, casualty, misfortune. Accidental (ak-si-dental), a. 1. Happening by chance or accident, or unexpectedly; taking place not according to the usual course of things; casual; fortuitous; opposed to constant, regular, or intended; as, an accidental visit. -2. Non-essential ; not necessarily belonging; adventitious; as, songs are accidental to a play.-Accidental colours, in optics, the imaginary complementary colours seen after fixing the eye for a short time on a bright-coloured object, and then turning it suddenly to a white or light-coloured surface. If the object is blue, the accidental colour is yellow; if red, green; thus, if we look fixedly at a red wafer on a piece of paper, and then turn the eye to another part of the paper, a green spot is seen. - Accidental lights, in painting, secondary lights which are not accounted for by the prevalent effect; effects of light other than ordinary daylight, such as the rays of the sun darting through a cloud, or between the leaves of a thicket of trees, or the effects of moonlight, candle - light, or burning bodies.- Accidental point, in persp. that point in which a right line drawn from

accessory.

Accidental Point.

the eye parallel to another given right line, cuts the picture or plane. Thus, suppose AB to be the line given in perspective, CFE

os partes parts performed by instru

mpanying a voice, or several

ACCIDENTAL

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ACCOMMODATE

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V Accommodate (ak-kom’mo-dāt), a. Suit

1 ale; it; adapted. Means accommodate to the end' Sir R. L'Estrange. Atenmodatelyt (ak-kom'mo-dat-li), adv. Suitably , fitly.

C Cal these Moses... held fit to give an account comundatiy to the capacity of the people,

Dr. H. More
Locommodatenesst (ak-kom'mo-dat-nes),
1 Fitness Aptness and accommodate-
was to the great purpose of men's salva-

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Aommodating (ak-kom’mo-dat-ing), a. A
Chainz, yielding to the desires of others;

f
goed to comply and to oblige another;
2.0 ecuatrodating man; an accommodat-

AC ng disposition Accommodation (ak-kom'mo-dā"shon), n. 1 domniaodatio, accommodationis. "See

a CONNODATE) 1. The act of accommo

Р dating; as, (a) adjustment; adaptation ;

I specially

, the adaptation or application of me thing to another by analogy, as the Terts of a prophecy to a subsequent event. c Many of these quotations were probably intended bez sore than accommedations,

p

Paley. b) Adjustment of differences; reconcilia

th ta, es d parties in dispute. "To come to

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letadecommodation. Macaulay. (c) Pro-
Fisa of conveniences; the act of supplying

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22's Church had recently been opened for

datin of the inhabitants of this new zuter.

Macaulay.
. The state of being accommodated; fit-
Dess; state of adaptation : followed by to,
wrestimes by with
The organization of the body with accommodation

Hale.
Series' main design

was to bring all the
Erseries of Christianity to a full accommodation
ve te peral notion of man's reason, South.
1 Anything which supplies a want, as in
met tase, refreshment, and the like;
sything furnished for use; a convenience:

applied to lodgings; as, accommodatake man and beast Areas of Shakspere in each pocket, a small bende riba thange of linen slung across his shoultes, a caken cudgel in his hand, complete our Wearas's accommendations.

AO

Sir W. Scott. 4. Specifically, in com. a loan of money, aber directly, or by becoming security for tha repayment of a sum advanced by another, as by a banker. - Accommodation bill ft muta

, a bill or note of exchange drawn ul wstepted to raise money on, and not

D sia like a genuine bill of exchange in paymetod a debt

, but merely intended to acsumedate the drawer: colloquially called wind bill and a lite. --Accommodation

h

the perspective plane, D the eye, CD the Accipitres (ak-sip'i-trēz), n. pl. (See ACCI bending up, as the slopes of a stratum to-
line parallel to AB; then is o the acciden PITER.] The name given by Linnæus and wards an anticlinal axis. See cut ANTI
tal point. - Accidental, Casual, Fortuitous, Cuvier to the rapacious birds, zow usually CLINAL.
Contingent, Incidental. Accidental is ap called Raptores (which see).

Acclivet (ak-k]īv), a. (L. acclivus, acclivis,
plied to what falls out, as it were, by chance, Accipitrinæ (ak-sip'i-tri"nē), n. pl. The sloping.) Rising; steep. * The way easily
and not in the regular course of events. hawks, a sub-family of raptorial birds, fa ascending, hardly so acclive as a desk.'
Casual is applied to such occurrences as, mily Falconidæ, with the wings shorter Aubrey.
coming by chance, have no immediate con than the tail, and the bill short and hooked Acclivitous (ak-kliv'i-tus), a. Rising with
sequences beyond themselves: it is the acci from the base. They pounce on their prey a slope; acclivous. 18. Taylor.
dental combined with the unimportant, when flying, and mostly inhabit cold cli- Acclivity (ak-kliv'i-ti), n. L. acclivitas, an
Fortuitous (almost equal to accidental) is mates.

acclivity-ac for ad, to, and clivus, a slope, applied to what occurs without any known Accipitrine (ak-sip'i-trin), a. (See ACCIPI from root cli seen in clino, inclino, to incline, cause, and in opposition to what has been TER.] Of or pertaining to the Accipitres or Gr. klino, to bend, incline, E. lean (which foreseen. A thing is contingent when it is raptorial birds; seizing; rapacious; as, the see).] A slope or inclination of the earth, such that, considered in itself, it may or accipitrine order of birds.

as the side of a hill, considered as ascending, may not happen, but is dependent for its Accismus (ak-sis'mus), n. [L., from Gr. in opposition to declivity, or a side descendhappening on something else. Incidental is alismos, coyness, affectation.] In rhet. a

ing; specifically, in fort. the talus of a applied to what falls into some regular feigned refusal; an ironical dissimulation. rampart. course of things, but forms no essential part Smart.

Acclivous (ak-kliv'us), a. (L. acclivus, acthereof.

Accitet (ak-sit), v. t. [L. ad, and cito, freq. clivis, sloping. See ACOLIVITY.] Rising, as This is accidental to a state of religion, and there of cieo, citum, to call. See CITE.] 1. To a hill with a slope. fore ought to be reckoned among the ordinary diffi call; to cite; to summon.

Accloy,t Accloyet (ak-kloi'), v. t. (See CLOY.] culties of it.

Tillotson.

He by the senate is accited home. Shak. To cloy; to encumber; to embarrass with These are casual breaks in the general system.

superfluity. 2. To incite; to prompt; to move.

W. Irving As chance is the operator assigned in a fortuitous

What accites your thoughts to think so? Shak.

(It) with uncomely weeds the gentle wave acdoyes. concourse of atoms, we would know what this chance,

Spenser this wise and ingenious artist, is. Henry Brooke. [In this example perhaps a misprint for Accoastt (ak-kost), v.i. [See COAST.) To fly With an infinite being nothing can be contingent. excite.)

near the earth. Whether high towering Paley. Acclaim (ak-klām), v.t. (L. acclamo-ac for or accoasting low.' Spenser. (Rare.). By some persons religious duties appear to be ad, and clamo, to cry out, whence claim, Accoilt (ak-koil'), v. i.* Same as Accoyl regarded as an incidental business.

H. Rogers. clamour, &c.] 1. To applaud. [Rare.] Accolt (ak-kol'), v. t. (Fr. accoler, to embrace Accidental (ak-si-dent'al), n. Anything

How gladly did they spend their breath in acclaim. -prefix ac for ad, to, and L. collum, Fr. col, happening, occurring, or appearing acci ing thee,

Bp. Hall. the neck.) To embrace round the neck. Surdentally, or as if accidentally; a casualty; 2. To declare or salute by acclamation.

rey. a property not essential. [Rare.]

While the shouting crowd

Accolade (ak-ko-lād'), n. (Fr, accolade, the
He conceived it just that accidentals ... should Acclaims thee king of traitors. Smollett. accolade, lit. an embracing of the neck; It.
sink with the substance of the accusation, Fuller.
Acclaim (ak-klām), v.i. To applaud.

accolata-L. ad, to, and collum, the neck; Conceive, as much as you can, of the essentials of Acclaim (ak-klām'), n. A shout of joy; ac

Fr. accoler, to embrace, donner l'accolade, any subject, before you consider its accidentals. clamation.

to dub a knight. See COLLAR.] 1. A cereWatts. Specifically, (a) in music, a sharp, flat, or

The vaulted firmament

mony used in conferring knighthood, an

With loud acclaims, and vast applause is rent. natural which does not occur in the clef,

ciently consisting in putting the hand on

Dryden. and which implies some change of key or Acclamate + (akskla-māt), v.t.

the knight's neck, afterwards in giving a

(L. acclamo, blow with the naked fist, and still later with modulation different from that in which the

acclamatum. See ACCLAIM.) To applaud. the flat of a sword, which last is the form piece began. (6) In her. an additional mark Waterhouse.

in which the ceremony is now observed. in a coat of arms not essential to its char

Acclamation (ak-kla-ma'shon), n. (L. acclaacter. (c) In med. texture resulting from

2. In music, a brace or couplet connecting matio. See ACCLAIM.) 1. A shout or other several staves. morbid action: chiefly employed in this demonstration of applause made by a mul Accolent (ak'kő-lent), n. [L. accolens, ppr. sense by French writers, but adopted by titude, indicating joy, hearty assent, appro of accolo-acfor ad, to, and colo, to till, dwell, some English. (d) in painting, one of those

bation, or good wishes. Acclamations are fortuitous or chance effects, occurring from

whence culture, &c.} ' A bordérer; one who expressed by hurrahs, by clapping of hands, dwells on or near the border of a country. luminous rays falling on certain objects, by and often by repeating such cries as Long Ash. which they are brought into stronger light live the queen! Vive l'empereur ! Vive la Accollé (ak-kol-a), a. than they otherwise would be, and their

(Fr. accolé, Norm. république ! &c.

accollé, embraced round the neck, coupled shadows are consequently of greater intenThose Presbyterian members of the House of

See sity.

-ac for ad, to, and col, the neck. Commons who had been expelled by the army, reAccidentalism (ak-si-dent'al-izm), n. 1. The turned to their seats, and were hailed with acclama.

ACCOLADE.) ' In her. (a) gorged; collared: condition or quality of being accidental; tions by grcat multitudes.

Macaulay.

applied to animals with collars, &c., about accidental character.-2. That which is ac When they (the Anglo-Saxons) consented to any.

their necks. (6) Wreathed; entwined. (c) cidental; accidental effect; specifically, in thing it was rather in the way of acclamation than

Situated side by side, as two shields. by the exercise of a deliberate voice. Burke. Accollé (ak-kol-a), n. The accolade (which painting, the effect produced by accidental rays of light. Rusīcin. See ACCIDENTAL, 2. In archaeol. a representation in sculpture

see). or on medals of people expressing joy.

Accombination (ak-kom'bin-ā"shon),n. The
n. (d).
Accidentality (ak'si-den-tal"i-ti), n. The Acclamatory (ak-klam'a-to-ri), a Express act of combining together. Quart. Rev.
quality of being accidental; accidental char ing joy or applause by acclamation.

Accommodable (ak-kom'mo-da-bl), a. Cap-
Acclimatation (ak-kli'ma-tā"shon), n. (Fr.)

able of being accommodated, made suitable, acter.

I wish in short to connect by a moral copula natu Acclimatization (which see). “The Acclima or made to agree; adaptable. Rules acral history with political history, or, in other words, tation Society of Nantes.' Times newspaper.

commodable to all variety.' Watts. [Rare.) to make history scientific, and science historical-to Acclimate (ak-kli'māt), v.t. pret. & pp. ac

Accommodableness (ak-kom'mo-da-bl. take from history its accidentality, and from science climated; ppr. acclimating. [Fr. acclimater,

nes), n. The state or condition of being acColeridge. its fatalism. to acclimate. See CLIMATE.) To habituate

commodable. Todd. (Rare.) Accidentally (ak-si-dent'al-li), adv. In an to a foreign climate; to render proof against Accommodate (ak-kom'mő-dāt), v.t. pret

. accidental manner; by chance; casually;

the prejudicial influences of a foreign cli & pp. accommodated; ppr. accommodating. fortuitously; not essentially.

mate; to acclimatize : more especially ap [L. accommodo, to apply or suit-ac for ad, I conclude choler accidentally bitter and acrimo. plied to the adaptation of human beings to to, and commodo, to profit or help, from con, nious, but not in itself.

Harvey,
new climates; as, to acclimate settlers; to

with, and modus, measure, proportion, limit, Accidentalness (ak-si-dent'al-nes), n. The acclimate one's self. Natives and accli.

or manner. See MODE.) 1. To make suitquality of being accidental. mated Europeans.' J. Crawfurd.

able, correspondent, or consistent; to fit; Accidentaryt (ak-si-dent'a-ri), a. Accidental. Acclimatement (ak-klimát-ment), n. Ac to adapt; as, to accommodate ourselves to Holland. climation. (Rare.)

circumstances; to accommodate the choice Accidentiaryt (ak-si-den'shi-a-ri), a. Per-Acclimation (ak'kli-mā"shon), n. The pro

of subjects to the occasions. taining to or learning the accidence.

cess of acclimating, or state of being accli. 'Twas his misfortune to light upon an hypothesis You know the word 'sacerdotes' to signify priests, mated; acclimatization.

that could not be accommodated to the nature of and not the lay-people, which every accidentiary Acclimatization (ak'kli-mat-iz-ā"shon), n.

things and human affairs.

Locke. boy in schools knoweth as well as you. B). Morton. The act or process of acclimatizing, or state Hence, favoured. Accommodated by the Accidie,+ n. [L.L. accidia, acedia, sloth, of being acclimatized; the modification of place.' Shak. [Rare.]–2. To show fitness from Gr. akēdia, ease, indifference, and in physical constitution which enables a race or agreement in; to reconcile, as things ecclesiastical Greek, sloth.) Sloth ; negli or individual to live in health in a foreign

which are at variance or which seem incongence; indolence. Chaucer.

country. (Some writers use this word only sistent; to bring into harmony or concord; Accipenser. [Erroneous spelling.) Same as with regard to animals and plants, using as, to accommodate prophecy to events. Acipenser. acclimation when speaking of man.)

Part know how to accommodate St. James and St. Accipientt (ak-sip'i-ent), ạ. (L. accipiens, Acclimatize, Acclimatise (ak-klimat-iz), Paul better than some late reconcilers. Norris. accipientis, ppr, of accipio. See ACCEPT. Í v.t. pret. & pp. acclimatized; ppr. acclimat 3. To adjust; to settle; as, to accommodate A receiver

izing. To accustom or habituate to a foreign differences. - 4. To supply or furnish; to Accipiter (ak-sip'i-tér), n. [L. accipiter, a climate; to adapt for existence in a foreign provide with certain conveniences; to give bird of prey, not from accipio, to receive, to climate, especially to adapt a race or stock accommodation to; as, I can easily accomtake, but from root ak, signifying sharpness for permanent existence and propagation; modate you; my house can accommodate a and swiftness, and pet, to fly, like Gr. Okyp as, to acclimatize plants; to acclimatize teros, swift-winged.] 1. One of the order of animals. "Young soldiers, not yet acclima

large number of guests: followed by with birds Accipitres or Raptores.

when what is supplied is expressly menSee RAP tized, die rapidly here.' Times nerospaper. tioned; as, to accommodate a man with apartTORES.-2. In surg, a bandage applied over Acclimature (ak kli'mat-ür), n. Act of ments; to accommodate a friend with money. the nose: so called from its resemblance to acclimating, or state of being acclimated. Syn. To suit, adapt, conform, adjust, reconthe claw of a hawk.

[Rare. ) Accipitraryt (ak-sip'i-tra-ri), n. A falconer. Acclinal (ak-kli'nal), a. [L. acclino, to bend Accommodate (ak-kom'mo-dát), v,i. To be

cile, serve, oblige, assist, aid. Nash.

up. See ACCLIVITÝ.] In geol. leaning or conformable. Boyle. (Rare.) Fāte, får, fat, fall; mē, met, her; pine, pin; note, not, move; tube, tub, bull; oil, pound; ü, Sc. abune; 9, Sc. ley.

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arhishamil yompany is Accommodation Ladder. Tapitel by 8 and Med II. to make and maintain for the evermodation of the owners and occupiers lend adjoining the railway, as gates, prehens, culverts

, fences, &c. Lummodative (ak-kom'mo-dat-iv), a. Tinishing socommodation Losyanodator (ak-kom' tao-dát-ér), n. One Varenummodates or adjusts. desemodel (ak-kom-ord), 0.t. To accommoAasemanablet (ak-kun'pan-a-bl), a. (See

nepast.) Sociable. Sir P. Sidney. bissmpanjer (ak- kum' pa-ni-er), kusmpaniment (ak-kum'pa-ni-ment), n. tempaquement. See ACCOMPANY.]

thing that attends as & circumstance, be prouhyal thing, or for the sake of

Specifeally, (m) in music, the sub

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