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Si les races, in anat. applied to

Haring the form of grapes, or being Acki

ACHE

26

ACID

ACIDIFEROUS

aci

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seur taste

. (Strong acids require large diln- Aci
tix with Fater to make this perceptible.)
) Salubility in water. (3) The power of
changing most organic blue and violet co- Aci:
lars into red, and of restoring original

tin:
evidores altered by an alkali
. (4) The power

bod d decomposing most carbonates, causing efervescence. (5) The power of uniting in

frui definite proportions with the metals, called busca, forming salts, the metal replacing & ht bydragen of the acid. (6) The power Acig d exchanging the whole or part of their bydrager for an alkaline metal presented to them in the form of a hydrate: this last is the only essential property of acids. Leidiferons (as-id-if'ér-us), a. {E. acid, and I forn to bear.) Bearing, producing, or matining acids, or an acid.--Acidiferous minerals, minerals which consist of an earth tmbined with an acid, as carbonate of lime, Jamhite, &c. Ladifiable (a-sid'i-fi-a-bl)

, a. (From ACID of C
in.) Capable of being acidified or con peng
Terted into an acid.

the
Iridification (a-sid'i-fi-ka" shon), n. The vals
uter process of acidifying or changing into
naid

the E
Andijer (a-sid7-11-ér), . One who or that retra
which acidifies
; an acetifier; specifically, in

the den that which has the property of con incle terting a substance into an acid.

Acipe Letify (a-sidi-fi), e.t. pret

. & pp. acidified; sturg mr acidifying

. (E. acid, and L. facio, to rione maki) To make acid; to convert into an Aciw

some Avdimeter (As-id-im’et-ér), n. [E. acid, and oper Ct . retron, measure.} An instrument for Acke. determining the purity or strength of acids, Acke traded on the principle mentioned under Ack

a fre keisimetry (as-id-im’et-ri), n. The mea navig starat of the strength of acids; especi. Sailo y the process of estimating the amount of Ackn

TOWE

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A coming shower your shooting corns presage shield or hatchment affixed to the dwelling priv., and chlamys, a mantle.) A term ap-
Old aches throb, your hollow tooth will rage. house of a deceased person or in a church. plied to plants which have neither calyx

Swift.
This pronunciation was used, on the stage

nor corolla, and whose flowers are conseat least, even in the present century, being

quently destitute of a covering, or naked; required by the metre in such passages as

without floral envelope. the following

Achlya (ak'li-a), n. pl. [Gr. achlys, gloom,

obscurity-from the doubt regarding their I'll rack thee with old cramps; Fill all thy bones with res; make thee roar.

affinities.] A remarkable group of water Shak.

plants referred by some botanists to the Ache (āk), v.i. (See the noun.) To suffer

algæ, but by others supposed to be aquatic pain; to have or be in pain, or in continued

forms of some fungi. They grow parasitipain; to be distressed. The sense aches at

cally on dead flies lying in water, on fish, thee.' Shak. See under noun.

frogs, or decaying plants. They look like Achean (a-kē'an), a. Pertaining to Achaia

little gelatinous tufts, and are composed of in Greece, and a celebrated league or con

colourless filaments. federacy established there. This state lay

Achmite (ak'mit), n. Same as Acmite. on the Gulf of Corinth, within Peloponnesus.

Achor (ā'kor), 12. (Gr. achór, dandruff.] Written also Achæan, Achaian.

Scald-head, a disease of infants, the face, Achean (a-kē'an), 12. A native or inhabitant

and often the neck and breast, becoming of Achaia.

incrusted with thin yellowish or greenish

scabs. Acheenese (ach'ēn-ēz), a. Pertaining to

It arises in minute whitish pustules Acheen in the island of Sumatra.

which discharge a viscid fluid, which dries Acheenese (ach'ēn-ēz), n. sing. and pl. A

into a scab, and is believed to be due to the native or inhabitant of Acheen.

growth of a fungus. Acheilary (a-kila-ri), a. (Gr. a, priv., and

Achorion (a-kor'i-on), n. [See ACHOR.) A

Funeral Achievement or Hatchment. cheilos, the lip.) Without a lip; specifically,

name sometimes given to the fungus which in bot. a term denoting the absence of the

produces the disease achor.
Achiever (a-chev'ér), n. One who achieves
labellum or lip in monstrous flowers of
or accomplishes.

Achras (ak'ras), n. (Gr. achras, the wild
Orchidacea.
Achillea (a-kil-lē'a), n. [From a belief that

pear-tree.) A genus of tropical trees, nat.
Acheked,t pp.
Choked. Chaucer.
Achilles used a plant of this genus to cure

order Sapotaceæ, with entire leathery leaves, Achelor. Ashlar.

and yielding a copious milky fluid when Telephus.) A genus of plants; the milfoil Achene, Achenium (a-kēn', a-kē'ni-um), n.

wounded. One species, A. Sapota (called genus. See MILFOIL. (Gr.a, priv., and chaino,

also Sapota Achras), is the sapodilla plum. Achilleid (a-kil'le-id), n. A name (rendered

See SAPODILLA. to yawn, to gape.] In familiar by Grote, the historian of Greece) Achromatic (ak-ro-mat’ik), a. (Gr.

a, priv., bot. a small dry car

given to those books (i. viii. and xi. -xxii.) pel, containing a single of the Iliad in which Achilles is prominent.

and chroma, chromatos, colour.) Destitute seed, which does not

of colour; transmitting light without deThey are supposed to have formed a separate open or dehisce when

composing it into its primary colours; as, and original poem, afterwards enlarged and ripe. It is exemplified

an achromatic lens or telescope. - Achroexpanded by additions, descriptive of various in the common butter- Achene-Lettuce and

matic lens, a lense usually composed of two episodes in the Trojan war, in which other cup and other members Ranunculus. heroes than Achilles figure conspicuously,

separate lenses, a concave and a convex of the nat. order Ranthe whole forming an epic of the Trojan

one, made from substances, as crown-glass unculaceæ, as well as in the orders Bora

and flint-glass, having different refractive war, and called the Iliad. Those critics ginaceæ, Compositæ, &c.

and dispersive powers, with the curvatures who recognize a personal Homer as the auAchernar (a-ker'när), n. Same as Acarnar. thor of the Iliad and Odyssey suppose that

so adjusted that the chromatic aberration Acherontia (ak-ėr-on'shi-a), n. A genus of

produced by the one is corrected by the the Achilleid was an earlier effort, afternocturnal lepidopterous insects, family

other, and light emerges from the compound wards developed, or that he found the Sphingidæ. A. atropos is the death's-head

lens undecomposed. - Achromatic telescope, Achilleid and made it the nucleus of a more moth, or death's-head hawk-moth. See extended epic.

microscope, a telescope or microscope in under DEATH'S-HEAD.

which the chromatic aberration is corrected, Achillis tendo (a-killis ten'do), n. (L.) In Acherset (ak'èr-set), n. An ancient measure anatthe tendon of Achilles; the strong

usually by means of an achromatic object

glass. of corn, supposed to be about 8 bushels. tendon of the gastro-cnemius and soleus Achromaticity (ak’ro-ma-tis”i-ti)

, n. State Acheta (ak'e-ta), n. [L. acheta, the male

muscles, which is inserted in the heel: so cicada, Dor. achetas, lit. the chirper, from

of being achromatic. called because the heel was said to have Gr. 7cheo, to sound.) A generic name somebeen the only vulnerable part of the hero.

Achromatism (ak-rõ'ma-tizm), n. The state times used as equivalent to Gryllus. See Achimenes (a-kim'ē-nēz), n. (Perhaps from

of being achromatic; want of colour. See

ACHROMATIC. GRYLLIDE.

L. achæmenis, name of an Indian plant.) A Achetidæ (a-ket'i-dē), n. pl. (Acheta, and

genus of tropical and sub-tropical American

Achromatize (a-krõ'ma-tiz), v.t. To deGr. eidos, resemblance.) A name given by

prive of colour. plants, nat. order Gesneraceæ, much cultisome naturalists to the Gryllidæ, or cricket vated in our hothouses on account of their

Achromatopsy (a-krõ'ma-top-si), n. (Gr. ; family. See GRYLLIDÆ. ornamental character. Many new forms,

priv., chróma, colour, and opsis, sight.) Ache-weed (ák'wēd), n. See GOUTWORT.

Colour blindness, or inability to see or disdeveloping greater variety and attractiveAchia, Achiar (a'cha, ach'är), n. An Indian

tinguish colours. ness than are to be found in the original Achronic, Achronical (a-kron’ik, a-kron’name for the pickled shoots of the young

kinds, have been obtained in the cultivated bamboo (Bambusa arundinacea), used as a

ik-al), a. See ACRONYC. state. They grow to from 1 to 2 feet high. condiment. Aching (åk'ing), p. and a. Enduring or

Acicula (a-sik'ü-la), n. pl. Aciculæ (a-sik'üAchievable (a-chēv'a-bl), a. (See ACHIEVE.] causing pain; painful.

). [L. acicula, a needle.] A name given Capable of being achieved or performed.

by naturalists to a spine or prickle of an What peaceful hours I once enjoy'd,

animal or plant. To raise a dead man to life doth not involve con

How sweet their memory still ; tradiction, and is therefore, at least, achivable by

But they have left an acking void

Acicular (a-sik'ü-ler), a. [L. acicula, dim.
Omnipotence.

Barrow,
The world can never fill. Cowper.

of acus, a needle; allied to L. acies, Gr. aké, Achievance (a-chev'ans), n. Performance; | Achiote (ä-chi-ö'tā), n. (Sp., from achiolt,

a point. See ACID] Having the shape of a achievement. His noble acts and achieve

needle; having sharp points like needles ; the original Indian name of the tree.] The Sir T. Elyot. (Rare.) ances.

needle-shaped; as, an acicular prism is one Achieve (a-chev'), v.t. pret. and pp. achieved;

arnotto-tree, and the dye obtained from it. with the crystals long, slender, and straight,

See ARNOTTO. ppr. achieving. (Fr. achever, to finish; 0. Fr.

as actinolite. chever, to come to the end, from 0. Fr. cheve; Achira (å-chēʻra), n. A plant of the genus Acicularly (a-sik'ü-lèr-li), adv. In an aciFr. chef, the head or end, from L. caput, the

Canna (C. edulis), with a large esculent root, cular manner; in the manner of needles or head. See CHIEF.) 1. To perform or exe

yielding tous-les-mois, a starch superior to prickles. cute; to accomplish, as some great enter

the ordinary arrow-root. Its tubers are Aciculate, Aciculated (a-sik'ú-lāt, a-sik'ü

eaten as food in Chili and Peru. prise; to finish or carry on to a final and

lăt-ed), a.
Achirite (ak'i-rit),
n. (After Achir Maned, Aciculiform (a-sik'ü-li-form), a. [L. acicula,

Needle-shaped; acicular. prosperous close.

who first brought it from Siberia, and tried And now great deeds had been achieved. Milton.

a needle, and forma, shape.) Having the
to dispose of it for emerald.] Emerald form of a needle or needles.
2. To gain or obtain, as the result of exer malachite.
tion; to bring about, as by effort.

Aciculus (a-sik'ü-lus), n. [Dim. of acus, a
Achirus (a-ki'rus), n. [Gr. a, priv., and cheir, needle. I In bot. a strong bristle.
Show all the spoils by valiant kings achieved. Prior. a hand.) A genus of fishes, family Pleuro Acid (as'id), a. (L. acidus, sour, from root
I have achieved that reputation, I suppose. Dickens. nectida (flat-fishes), distinguished from all ac, al, a point, seen in acus, a needle; acuo,
Achieve (a-ch?v'), v.i. To accomplish some

the other genera by the total want of pec to sharpen; acies, the point or edge of a

toral fins: hence their name. They abound enterprise; to bring about a result intended. mostly in the East and West Indies, keeping

sword; acer, sharp; acco, to be sour; aceFights dragon-like, and does achieve as soon near the shores and furnishing a plentiful

tum, vinegar, and in Gr. akë, akron, a point.
As draw his sword.
Shak.

The Greek ok, seen in oxys, sharp,okys, swift,
Achievement (a-chēv'ment), n. 1. The act of

supply of wholesome food to the inhabi. L. oculus, the eye, is a modified form of the

tants. They resemble the common sole in achieving or performing; an obtaining by

same root. The A. Sax. ced, eccd, vinegar, is exertion; accomplishment; as, the achieve- Achlamydate (a-klam'id-āt), a. (Gr.a, priv., appearance.

one of the few non-ecclesiastical words borment of one's object. — 2. That which is

rowed bythe Anglo-Saxons from the Romans and chlamyx, chlamydos, a cloak.J In zool. achieved; a great or heroic deed; something not possessing a mantle; as, achlamydate

This root appears in many English words accomplished by valour or boldness.

(mostly from the Latin), as acrid, acrimony, Branchiogasteropoda. The imagination of Xerxes was inflamed with the Achlamydeæ (a-kla-mid'é-ė), n. pl. A

acumen, acute, ague, axe, edge, &c.) Sour, prospect of rivalling or surpassing the achievements of dicotyledonous plants which want both

group sharp, or biting to the taste; having the of his glorious predecessors. Bp. Thirlwall, calyx and corolla, as the willows, oaks, and Acid (as'id), n.

taste of vinegar; as, acid fruits or liquors, 3. In her, an escutcheon or ensign armorial:

A sour substance: specif. birches. a term now generally applied to the funeral | Achlamydeous (a-kla-mid'ê-us), a. (Gr. a,

cally, in chem. a compound having all of

most of the following properties :-(1) A Fate, far, fat, fall; mē, met, hér; pine, pin; note, not, möve; tūbe, tub, bull; oil, pound; ü, Sc. abune;

y, Sc. fey.

soil in any liquid by finding how much of a

to ac sazlan alkaline solution is required to ledge erectly neatralize a measured quantity of

You he ata solution.

The
Ardity

, Acidness (a-sid'i-ti, as'id-nes), .
The quality of being acid or sour; sour- Ackn
tartaess; sharpness to the taste.

ackno
ksidulate (a-sid’u-lac), v.t. pret, & pp. acidu-

prefi lated; ppr. acidulating. [Fr. aciduler, to lenari nikelightly sour; Lacidulus, slightly sour. the 1

nize char recos a cer as, to to ac tures

He also.

The that confe

Thi St. Ja 2. To sciou

[graphic]

Sex Aun.) To tine-
fmwith an acid; to
make vid in a mo-
tenute degree. Ar-

.
Widulous (a-sid'ii-
2). 6. L acidulus,
lightly soar. Bee
km. Slightly sour;
nebeid; ea cream of
gar, granges, goose
beros, be
milena (17-40mm), .
10, a needle, and

jurna, farm.] Shaped
makeous (43-iu-8
be) a Lacinus,
Imate or ker.
hilo kernels.
Vinara 8-kin' -

L, krom Gr.
demais, Persian
wak, Parchenek, a
tantunl-shen,

liftir
with, and ek, a di- Figure wearing the
mative termina-
Trejdsbort straight
Sess, woru on the right side, peculiar to

e Bythians, Medes, and Persians. is us
Wisasáform (as in-as’i-form), 4. [L acin-
keinoetar, Gr. akinakes, and L. forma,

ca) Pormed like or resembling a scime1, 2, en acinaciform leaf, that

a thich has one edge conDe el sharp and the other Straight and thick, as in Mesem

conse 3. TO

bene

4. TC

ackn nitio

or it the Acki trast

smartons (03-in-i-ri-us), 0. In
VL torent with little spheri-
en salted vesicles resembling
prands as in some alge
Instalvineta), Agents

ante egiphytal orchids, from
istral America, much prized in

alloran (vain.Com).. IL Sudenpe-stume, and forma,

and а се of sc tacit to a the refer not; to a are acti We

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ACOLD

Acknowledger (ak-nol'ej-ér), n. One who
acknowledges.
Acknowledgment (ak-nol' ej- ment), n.
1. The act of acknowledging; as, (a) confes-
sion; avowal; as, the acknowledgment of a
fault. (b) The act of recognizing the exist-
ence, authority, truth, or genuineness of; as,
the acknowledgment of a God or of a public
minister; the acknowledgment of a deed.

Imniediately upon the acknowledgment of the
Christian faith, the eunuch was baptized by Philip.

Hooker (c) The owning of a benefit received, accompanied with gratitude; an expression of thanks; as, to render one's acknowledg. ments for a kindness. — 2. Something given or done in return for a favour. Smollett. Acknowledgment money, in law, money paid according to the customs of some manors by copyhold tenants on the death of a lord. Ack-pirate (ak'pi-rāt), . See ACK-MAN. Aclide (ak'lid), n. [L. aclis, aclidis, a small javelin.) A heavy missive weapon formerly used. It was formed of a short thick club studded with sharp points, and was attached to a cord which enabled the soldier

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shape) Having the form of grapes, or being Acknowledged (ak-nol'ejd), p. and a. Well ACIDIFEROUS

27
sour taste. (Strong acids require large dilu- Acinose, Acinous (as'in-os, as'in-us), Q. (L.
tion with water to make this perceptible.] acinus, a grape-stone.) Consisting of minute
(2) Solubility in water. (3) The power of granular concretions.
changing most organic blue and violet co Acinus (as'in-us), n. pl. Acini (as'in-1). (L.,
lours into red, and of restoring original a grape-stone.) l. In anat. a name some-
colours altered by an alkali. (4) The power times given to certain glands or glandular
of decomposing most carbonates, causing bodies, as the pancreas.-2. In bot. one of the

effervescence. (5) The power of uniting in small grains which make up some kinds of be a per

definite proportions with the metals, called fruit, as the blackberry, raspberry,&c.; also, PNE

bases, forming salts, the metal replacing a grape-stone.
the hydrogen of the acid. (6) The power Acipenser (as-i-pen'sėr), a. (L.] A genus
of exchanging the whole or part of their
hydrogen for an alkaline metal presented
to them in the form of a hydrate: this last
is the only essential property of acids.
Acidiferous (as-id-if'er-us), a. (E. acid, and
L. fero, to bear.) Bearing, producing, or
containing acids, or an acid. - Acidiferous
minerals, minerals which consist of an earth
combined with an acid, as carbonate of lime,

Acipenser-Head of Sturgeon.
aluminite, &c.
Acidifiable (a-sid'i-fi-a-bl), a. (From ACID of cartilaginous ganoid fishes, family Aci.
IFY.) Capable of being acidified or con penseridæ or Sturionidæ, distinguished by
verted into an acid.

the bony scales or plates arranged at inter-
Acidification (a-sid' i-fl-kā"shon), 1. The vals along the body in five longitudinal
actor process of acidifying or changing into TOWS. The gills are free as in osseous fishes,
an acid.

the snout long and conical, and the mouth Acidifier (a-sid'i-fi-ér), n. One who or that retractile, toothless, and projecting from

which acidifies; an acetifier; specifically, in the under surface of the head. The genus pidh

chem, that which has the property of con includes the sturgeon, sterlet, huso, &c.
verting a substance into an acid.

Acipenseridæ (as'i-pen-se"ri-dē), n. pl. The
Acidify (a-sid'i-fī), v.t. pret. & pp. acidificd; sturgeon family, otherwise called the Stu-
ppr. acidifying." [E. acid, and L. facio, to rionidæ.
make.] To make acid; to convert into an Aciurgy (as-i-ér'ji), n. [Gr. akis, a point or
acid.

something sharp, and ergon, operation.)
Acidimeter (as-id-im'et-ér), n. (E. acid, and Operative surgery. [Rare.]
Hours:

Gr. metron, measure.) An instrument for Ackelet v.t. See AKELE.
determining the purity or strength of acids, Acketon (ak'ton), n. Same as Acton.
founded on the principle mentioned under Ack-man (ak'man), n.

A sailor's term for
ACIDIMETRY.

a fresh-water thief, or one who steals on
Acidimetry (as-id-im'et-ri), n. The mea navigable rivers. Called also an Ack-pirate.
surement of the strength of acids; especi Sailor's Word-book.
ally the process of estimating the amount of Acknow (ak-no'), v.t. [A. Sax. oncnawan,
acid in any liquid by finding how much of a to acknowledge.) To recognize; to acknow-
standard alkaline solution is required to ledge; to confess.
exactly neutralize a measured quantity of You will not be acknown, sir, why, 'tis wise:
the given solution.

Thus do all gamesters, at all games dissemble.
Acidity, Acidness (a-sid'i-ti, as'id-nes), n.

B. Yonson.
The quality of being acid or sour; sour. Acknowledge (ak-nol'ej), v. t. pret. & pp.
ness; tartness; sharpness to the taste. acknowledged; ppr. acknowledging. [Verbal
Acidulate (a-sid'ú-lát), v. t. pret. & pp. acidu prefix a, and knowledge, 0. E. cnawlece,
lated; ppr. acidulating. (Fr. aciduler, to knawlage, knowleche, to acknowledge; from
make slightly sour; L. acidulus, slightly sour. the noun (which see).] 1. To own or recog-
See ACID.) To tinc-

nize by avowal as possessing a particular ture with an acid; to

character, or as having certain claims; to make acid in & mo

recognize or admit as justly represented in derate degree. Ar

a certain light; to assent to the truth of; buthnot.

as, to acknowledge the existence of a God; Acidulous (a-sid'ū.

to acknowledge the inspiration of the Scrip-
lus), a. (L. acidulus,

tures; to acknowledge a child.
slightly sour.
See

He that acknowledgeth the Son hath the Father
ACID.) Slightly sour;

also.

1 Jn. ii. 23. sub-acid; as cream of

The influence attributed to Cecrops ... indicates tartar,oranges,goose

that Athens was acknowledged as the head of this

confederacy.
berries, &c.

Bp. Thirlwall.
Aciform (as'i-form),a.

The ambassador was acknowledged at the court of
St. James.

Macaulay.
(L. acus, a needle, and
forina, form.] Shaped

2. To own or confess, as implying a con-
like a needle

sciousness of guilt. Acinaceous (as-in-a'.

I acknowledged my sin unto thee. I said, I will

Ps. xxxii. 5. shus), a. [L. acinus,

confess my transgressions. a grape-stone or ker

3. To own with gratitude; to own as a nel.] Full of kernels.

benefit.

Milton.
Acinaces (a-sin'a-

They his gifts acknowledge not.
sez), n. (L., from Gr.

4. To own or avow receiving; as, please to akinakės, a Persian

acknowledge this letter.-5. To show recogsword; Per. ahenek, a

uition by some act, as by a bow, nod, smile,
short sword-ahen, a

lifting the hat, &c., as a mark of friendship
sword, and ek, a di.
Figure wearing the

or respect; to salute; as, she met him in
minutive termina Acinaces,

the street, but barely acknowledged him.-tion. JA short, straight

Acknowledge, Confess. Acknowledge, as con-
dagger, worn on the right side, peculiar to

trasted with confess, and applied to things,
the Scythians, Medes, and Persians.
Acinaciform (as-in-as'i-form), a. [L. acin-

and know that we are at fault in acting in
aces, a scimetar, Gr. akinakés, and 1. forma,
form.) Formed like or resembling a scime-
tar; as, an acinaciform leaf, that
is, one which has one edge con-
Vex and sharp and the other
straight and thick, as in Mesem.
bryanthemum
Acinarious (as-in-afri-us), a. In
bot. covered with little spheri-
cal stalked vesicles resembling
grape-seeds, as in some alge.
Acineta (a-sin-e'ta), n. A genus
of noble epiphytal orchids, from
Central Ainerica, much prized in
our hothouses.

Acinaciform
Acintform (a-sin'i-form), a. [L.
acinus, a grape-stone, and forma,
In clusters like grapes; in anat. applied to
many glands.

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The state

to draw it back after having launched it
against an enemy.
Aclinic (a-klin'ik), a. (Gr. neg. prefix a,
and klino, to incline.] Having no inclina-
tion.- Aclinic line, the name given by Pro-
fessor August to an irregular curve in the
neighbourhood of the terrestrial equator,
where the magnetic needle balances itself
horizontally, having no dip. It has been also
termed the Magnetic Equator.
Acme (ak-mē), n. [Gr. akmē, a point. Root
ak. See ACID.) 1. The top or highest point;
the furthest point attained; the utmost
reach. Its acme of human prosperity and
greatness.' Burke.-2. The maturity or per:
fection of an animal.-3. In med. the height
or crisis of a disease. — 4. People of mature
age collectively. (Rare.]

He must be one that can instruct your youth,
And keep your acme in the state of truth.

B. Jonson.
Acmite (ak'mit), n. [Gr. akmē, a sharp
point.} A mineral of a brownish- black or
reddish - brown colour, isomorphous with
augite, consisting of bisilicate of iron, sili-
cate of soda, and alumina: so called from
the form of its crystals. It is, perhaps, an
altered form of pyroxene (which see).
Acne (ak'nē), n. (Gr. aknè] A small hard
pimple or tubercle on the face, due to in-
flammation in a hair follicle or sebaceous
gland. One variety occurs on the nose of
drunkards. Called also Lycosis.
Acnestis (ak-nes'tis), n. (Gr. aknéstis, froma,
priv., and Inao, to rub or gnaw.] That part
of the spine in quadrupeds, extending from
between the shoulder-blades to the loins,
which the animal cannot reach to scratch.

Naut. A-cock Bill (a-kok' bil), a. or adv. a term denoting (a) the position of an anchor when it hangs down by its ring from the

To

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is usually to admit that we ourselves see
a certain way, to allow the truth or justice
of some stricture to which we are directly or
tacitly subjected, as to acknowledge a fault,
to acknowledge our ignorance; confess, on
the other hand, is to make known, whether
referring to anything alleged against us or
not; to confess sins is to make them known,
to acknowledge them is to admit that they
are sins. Confess is generally applied to
actions of more moment than acknowledge.

Barque, with Yards A-cock Bill.
We confess sins and crimes; we acknowledge
errors, mistakes, and faults.

cat-head; and () the position of the yards All that was required of him to insure forgiveness

when they are topped up at an angle with was to acknowledge that he was in fault.

the deck.

Miss Braddon, Acoie, 1 v.i. (See Accor.) To make quiet.
Leaf.
And both confess'd

Chaucer.
Humbly their faults and pardon begg'd. Milton.

Acold + (a-kõld), a. (Prefix a for on, or for

Comp. old intens. prefix of, and cold.

Cold. known; recognized; admitted; as an acknow

aweary, athirst, ahungered, awry.)

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Shak.

Poor Tom's acold. ledged rascal; an acknowledged fact.

w, wig; wh, whig; zh, azure. ---See KEY,

ACOLLÉ

28

ACQUAINTANCE

ACQUAINTANCESHIP

of acq

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tion a

SYN. depuintanet, Familiarity, Intimacy. Ac

win, queuntuace

, knowledge arising from occasteal intercourse; familiarity, knowledge Acquis

not d vising from frequent or daily intercourse; indistan, unreserved intercourse, inter- abiliti

taste. ale d the closest possible kind. Sz ra tis acquaintance less with the famous Acquis tres of age, than with the noblemea and ladies.

Dryden.

It is
Tu jalurity produces neglect has been long
thered

Fohnson.
The intimay between the father of Eugenio and

2. Tha grs produced a tender friendship between his this la Se Abela

Hazikesworth,

sition fit . Fasiliarity, intimacy, knowledge, cog

acquir Agnaintanceship (ak-kwant'ans-ship), Ph. nature satz of being acquainted.

ments, imuaintanti (ak-kwantant), l. A person posses: with bbom one is acquainted See AC nal th

called Hrad bis readers are become old acquaintants. always

Swift. bezainted (al-kwanted), p. and a. 1. Karin uspaintance ; informed; having persal wowledge. -—27 Known; familiarly SYN. A itava; not new. "Things acquainted and

Acquir Aguaintedness (ak-kwant'ed-nes), 92. State

acquir: Acquir

acquist

profess laguest (al-twest), 9. {Fr. acquét, 0. Fr. Acquir

Noar

the ear.

His

enlarge

ant.

the acal

kleing acquainted. [Rare.]
Layer tofana (ak-wä to-fa'na), 12. (It.]
SE AQUA TOFANA
upuest

, an acquisition. See ACQUIRE, AC-
PETITS) 11 The act of acquiring; ac-
format"Countries of new acquest' Acquis
Ben-2 | The thing gained; an acquisi- acquire
te; a place acquired by force. 'New ac- Acquis.
posts and encroachments.' Woodward. Three
I Inlase, propertynot descended by inherit- site.'
zue, but acquired by purchase or donation. Acquis
Lyriesce (ak-kwi-es), p. 2. pret

, & pp. acqui- sitio, F used; por, aequiescing. L. acquiesco, to QUIRE. 1st to zequiesce-ad, to, and quiesco, to ha quiet; quies, rest; Fr. acquiescer.] 1. To

as well sf satisfied, or apparently satisfied, or to as without opposition and discontent; thing a als implying previous opposition, td

unifor einse

, or dislike, but ultimate compliance ACQUDI ir silmission; as, to acquiesce in the dis

The pensations of Providence.

third of Ters were traşeled to acquiesce in a government Acquis

[Rare. He died 2. Dis

takes

Acollé (a-kol-ā), p. and a. See AOCOLLÉ. Acopic (a-kop'ik), a. [Gr. akopos, removing Acotyledonous (a-kot'il-e"don-us), a. Hav-
Acology, Akology (ak-ol'o-ji), n. [Gr. akos, weariness, from negative prefix a, and kopos, ing no seed-lobes.
a remedy, and logos, a discourse.] The doc a striking, hence suffering, toil, weariness, Acouchy (a-kösh'i), n. (Fr. acouchi, agouchi,
trine of remedies or the materia medica. from kopto, to strike.] In med. fitted to name in Guiana.) An animal belonging to
Acolyte (ak'o-līt), n. (Fr., from L.L. acoly relieve weariness; restorative. Buchanan. the Cavidæ or guinea-pig family, the olive
thus, an acolyte; Gr. akolouthos, a follower.) Acoraceæ (a-kor-a'sē-ė), n. pl. Sweet-flags; cavy or Surinam rat, a small species of
1. One who waits on a person; an attendant. a nat. order of herbaceous plants, of which Agouti inhabiting Guiana.
With such chiefs, and with James and John the genus Acorus is the type.

are Acoumeter (a-koum'et-ér), n. [Gr. akouo, as acolytes.' Motley.-2. In the R. Cath. Ch. generally included in the Araceæ, from to hear, and metron, measure.) An instru.

which they differ only in having hermaphro ment for measuring the acuteness of the
dite flowers. See ACORUS, SWEET-RUSH. sense of hearing.
Acorn (a'korn), n. [A. Sax, æceren, cecern, Acousmatic (a-kous-matsik), n. See Acous-
an acorn; Goth. akran, fruit; Icel. akarn, TIO, n. 2.
Dan. agern, D. aker, L. G. ecker, O.H.G. ack Acoustic (a-kous'tik), a. (Gr. akoustikos,
eran, an acorn; the word seems originally from akouo, to hear.) Pertaining to the
to have meant simply, fruit, as in Gothic, sense or organs of hearing, or to the doctrine
though in early English it seems to have of sounds. - Acoustic duct, in anat. the
been regarded as a compound of oak, A. Sax. meatus auditorius, or external passage of
ac, and corn. It is probably allied to acre

See AUDITORY.--Acoustic vessels,
(which see).] 1. The fruit of the oak; a one in the anc, drama, brazen tubes or vessels,
celled, one-seeded, oval nut, which grows shaped like a bell, used to propel the voice
in a permanent cup. In bygone times acorns of the actors, so as to render them audible
were used as human food, and are still eaten to a great distance, in some theatres 400
in different parts of the Continent in scarce

feet.
years. They form an excellent food for Acoustic (a-kous'tik), n. 1. In med, a remedy
swine.

for deafness or imperfect hearing (Rare.)
The first settlers of Boston were reduced to the 2. A name given to such of the disciples of
necessity of seeding on clams, mussels, ground-nuts, Pythagoras as had not completed their five
and acorns.

B. Trumbull.

years' probation. Called also Acousmatics.
2. Naut. a small ornamental piece of wood, Acoustical (a-kous'tik-al), a. Of or belong-

of a conical or globular shape, sometimes ing to the science of acoustics; acoustic.
Acolytes.
fixed on the point of the spindle above the

This principle, which is important in many acousti.
vane, on the mast-head,

cal problems, is, in the one now before us, unimportto keep the vane from

Whervell. the second of the inferior orders of clergy, whose office it is to follow and serve the being blown off.-3. See

Acoustician (a-kous-ti'shan), n. One skilled superior orders in the ministry of the altar, ACORN-SHELL

in the science of sound; a student of acous

tics. light the candles, prepare the elements of Acorn-cup (ā'korn-kup), the sacraments, &c.-3. In astron. an atten16. The capsule of the

The transverse vibrations were the only ones acorn. dant or accompanying star or other heavenly

noticed by the earlier acousticians. The acorn - cups

Whewell. body; a satellite.

of the Quercus Ægilops,

Acoustics (a-kous'tiks), n. [See ACOUSTIC, Acolyth, Acolythe (ak'o-lith). See Acounder the name valonia,

a.] The science of sound, teaching the have become an imporLYTE.

cause, nature, and phenomena of the vibratant article of commerce, Acolythist, Acolothist (a-kol'i-thist, a-kol

tions of elastic bodies which affect the o-thist), n. Same as Acolyte. large quantities being

organ of hearing. The manner in which Acomber,+ v.t. To encumber; to clog; to used in tanning. See VA

sound is produced, its transmission through LONIA overwhelm.

air and other media (sometimes called diaAcorned (ā'kornd), a.

coustics), the doctrine of reflected sound, or And lette his sheep acombered in the mire. 1. Furnished or loaded

echoes (sometimes called catacoustics), the Chaucer.

with acorns; specifically, Acorn of Coasting properties and effects of different sounds, Acondylous, Acondylose (a-kon'di-lus, a in her. said of an oak re

Craft.

including musical sounds or notes, the struckon'di-los), a. (Gr. neg: prefix a, and kon presented on a coat of

ture and action of the organ of hearing, are dylos, a joint.) In bot. jointless.

arms as loaded with acorns.-2. Fed with all treated of under acoustics. Aconite (ak'on-it), n. [L. aconitum, Gr. acorns.

Acquaint (ak-kwānt'), v.t. [O.Fr. accointer; akoniton.) The plant woll's-bane or monk's Acorn-oil (ā'korn-oil), n. An oil expressed Pr, accoindar; L.L. accognitare, to make hood, Aconitum Napellus. See ACONITUM. from acorns.

known, from L. ad, to, and cognitus, known, - Winter aconite (Eranthis hyemalis) See Acorn-shell (ā'korn-shel), n. 1. The shell from cognosco, cognitum, to know, same root ERANTHIS.

of the acorn. — 2. One of the cirripeds of the as in know, can, ken, cunning, quaint, &c.) Aconitic (ak-on-it'ik), a, Of or pertaining genus Balanus, allied to the barnacles, called 1. To make known; to make fully or intito aconite. -Aconitic acid, a tribasic acid by this name from a supposed resemblance mately known; to make familiar; as, to (CH,08) obtained from species of the genus of some of the species to acorns. See BA acquaint one's self with a subject; time and Aconitum. It occurs as an amorphous mass, LANUS, CIRRIPEDIA.

circumstances may acquaint a man with and forms three classes of salts.

Acorus (ak'o-rus), n. [L., from Gr. akoros, many a strange experience.
Aconitin, Aconitine (ak-on'it-in), n. (See the sweet-flag.) A genus of plants, nat. A man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief.
ACONITUM.) (C3, H47 NO.) A highly poison order Araceae A. Calamus, the Calamus

Isa. liii. 3. ous narcotic alkaloid, got from the roots aromaticus of druggists, is the sweet-flag or

2. To inform; to communicate notice to; as, and leaves of several species of Aconitum. sweet-rush. See SWEET-RUSH.

a friend in the country acquaints me with It forms white powdery grains, or a com Acosmia (a-koz'mi-a), n. [Gr. a, priv., and

his success: with is used before the subject pact, vitreous, transparent mass; is bitter, kosmos, order or beauty. ] Irregularity in of information, if a noun; of was formerly acrid, and very soluble in alcohol. It is an disease, particularly in crises; also,ill-health, used, but is now obsolete or considered imimportant anodyne in neuralgia, and con with loss of colour in the face. (Rare or proper. tracts the pupil of the eye. One-tenth of obsolete.]

But for some other reason, my grave sir, a grain is sufficient to kill a sparrow in Acosmism (a-koz'mizm), n. [Gr. neg. prefix

Which is not fit you know, I not acquaint stantly. a, and kosmos, the world in a state of order.)

Shak.

My father of this business. Aconitum (ak-on-i'tum), n. (L.; Gr. akon The denial of the existence of an eternal Syn. To inform, apprise, disclose, communiiton, a poisonous plant, like monk's-hood. } world. Dean Mansel.

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or loss

dite da se regard as just

De Quincey.
Iba be satisfied of the truth or correctness
do thing; to rest convinced; as, to ac-
riasis an opinion
ketat tever compares his notions with those of
Da sadly acquiesces in his first thoughts.

Spectator,
3. Lo snear, assent, agree, submit, con-

a proj

acquis Acquis

acquis Acquis 1. Stat

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acquis Acquis

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esthessence (ak-kwi-es'ens), n. The act

angelisaing or giving a quiet assent; a a proj flat submission, or submission with ap- ' phren. Jabet onzent: distinguished from avowed Piesak on the one hand, and on the other acquir wa spposition or open discontent; as, an

the us Second in the decisions of a court, or

OLOGY. the lotment of Providence. Certain Acquis bestimet murmurs of acquiescence. Sir W. Leporescency (ak-kwi-es'ens-si), n. Same

Acquit besteasent (ak-kwi-s'ent), a. Disposed apiese, disposed to submit; submis

Lepas wir),.. pret. & pp. acquired; one's

Set stammer; sugar acquires a

is about by being burned. A mere guli by stain, procure, &c.; as, to Acquit

to book on loan. taisesti estate by right of repre.

Whereby a man, on the death

cate, make known. A genus of poisonous plants, nat. order Acosmist (a-koz'mist), n. One who holds Acquaintable (ak-kwānt'a-bl), a. Easy to Ranunculace. The species are hardy, her the doctrine of acosmism.

be acquainted with; affable. Chaucer. baceous plants, many of them of great Acosmistic (a-koz-mist'ik), a. Pertaining | Acquaintance (ak-kwant'ans), n. 1. A state beauty. The Bish or Bikh of Nepaul, used to the doctrine of acosmism.

of being acquainted, or of having more or in poisoning arrows, &c., is derived from a Acosmium (a-koz'mi-um), n. A group of less intimate knowledge: used with referplant of this genus, supposed to be a variety Brazilian plants belonging to the nat. order ence both to persons and things. of A. Napellus. See WOLF'S-BANE.

Leguminosæ, now included in the genus If there be no great love in the beginning, yet Acontiadæ (a-kon-ti'a-dē), n. pl. A family Sweetia

heaven may decrease it upon better acquaintance, of saurian reptiles, of which the genus

Shak.
Acotyledon (a-kot-il-ē"don), n. (Gr. a, priv.,

when we are married. Acontias is the type. It includes three and kotyledon, any cup-shaped cavity, from

Such knowledge, however, and fitness for judg. genera. See ACONTIAS.

kotylė, a hollow.] In bot. a plant whose ment as springs from special skill, and from a familiar Acontias (a-kon'ti-as), n. [Gr. akontias, a seeds, called spores, are not furnished with

acquaintance with the mechanical processes of cer.

tain arts, trades, and manufactures, will often be dart, from akon, a dart.] 1. A genus of tímid

found in this class.

Sir G, C, Lewis. lacertian reptiles, group Scincoidei, which

2. A person known to one, especially a perhave rudiments only of the hind limbs,

son with whom one is not on terms of great allied to the slow-worm of Britain. They

intimacy; as, he is not a friend, only an occur in alniost all regions, particularly

acquaintance. the warm and dry. A. meleagris is sometimes called dart-snake, from its manner

We see he is ashamed of his nearest acquaintances. of darting on its prey. This snake -like

3. The whole body of those with whom one is animal is about 3 feet in length, of a light

A cotyledones.

acquainted : in this sense without a plural, gray colour, with black spots resembling 1. Spores of lichens, germinating; 2, Spores of horse.

the word being plural in meaning. [Todd eyes; the belly perfectly white. It is a na

tails (Equisetacea), germinating: 3. Spores of suggests that acquaintance in this use is tive of Africa and the Mediterranean isles.

mosses, germinating.

catachrestic for acquaintants, on type of 2. In bot. a genus of Brazilian plants, nat.

accidence for accidents.) order Araces, with spots on their stems cotyledons or seed-lobes. In the natural

Mine acquaintance are verily estranged from me.
like those of the reptiles so called.
system of Jussieu the Acotyledones form a

Job xix, 13
Acopt (a-kop), adv. ĮPrefix a, on, and cope.) class which corresponds with the Crypto -To cultivate one's acquaintance, to endex-
At the top.
It stands acop. B. Jonson. gamia of Linnæus. See COTYLEDON.

vour to become intimate with a person. Fāte, fär, fat, fall; mē, met, hér; pine, pin; note, not, móve; tūbe, tub, bull; oil, pound; ü, Sc. abune; y, Sc. ley.

as; nuresisting. "A mind naturally to, ani kurlescently (ak-kwi-ex'ent-li), adv. In guilt,

agains lentett (ak-kwiet), v.t. (L.L. adquieto, duty; { make quiet -L ad, to, and quietus,

prison spaz'Acquiet his mind from stir

it is gurability (ak kwir'a-biloi-ti), n. State

acquit payme Till life 3. Wit

et Johnson

ppr. a to set

Pent manner.

or disc

nounce

Di tender quiet: to compose; to ay Sir A. Shirley fuis paquirabile. Poley. (Rare.) oyunable (ak-kwir' a-bl), a. Capable of

a gaired.

les conquering. Louiro, to get-ad, to, par to look or search for: Fr. ac

SQUES?.) To get or gain, the obA bilaz komething which is more or less

ut which becomes vested or ina the subject; as, to acquire a title, ke barelug, Habits,skill, dominion, &c.;

Pray G (6) To self; in ba indiffe releas Acquii

Ne do To be

any reason is not expressed by

Blackstone. Tak mequired in a moment, but step by

Bartou.

Midst That

Acquis acquit

ACQUAINTANCESHIP

29

ACRE-SHOT

Gr. agros, Per a rom root ag, ak, as in Iy

Acquaintance, Familiarity, Intimacy. AC SYN, To get, obtain, gain, attain, procure, Acquittal (ak-kwit'al), n. The act of acquaintance, knowledge arising from occa win, earn, secure.

quitting, or state of being acquitted; spesional intercourse; familiarity, knowledge Acquired (ak-kwird), p. and a.

Gained ;

cifically, in law, (a) a judicial setting free arising from frequent or daily intercourse; not originally conferred by nature; as, or deliverance from the charge of an offence intimacy, unreserved intercourse, inter abilities

natural and acquired; an acquired by pronouncing a verdict of not guilty. course of the closest possible kind. taste.

(6) Freedom from entries and molestations Nor was his acquaintance less with the famous Acquirement (ak-kwir'ment), n. 1. The act by a superior lord for services issuing out of poets of his age, than with the noblemen and ladies. of acquiring, or of making acquisition lands. Cowell.

Dryden. That familiarity produces neglect has been long

It is very difficult to lay down rules for the acquire. Acquittance (ak-kwitans), n. 1. The act of

Addison. observed.

Johnson,
ment of a taste.

acquitting or discharging from a debt or any The intimary between the father of Eugenio and 2. That which is acquired; attainment. [In

other liability; the state of being so disAgrestis produced a tender friendship between his this latter sense acquirement is used in oppo

charged. sister and Amelia.

Hawkesworth.
sition to natural gift or endowment; as, elocu-

Now must your conscience my acquütance seal. Shak. Syn. Familiarity, intimacy, knowledge, cog tion and skill in music and painting are

2. The writing which is evidence of a disnizance. acquirements, genius a gift or endowment of

charge; a receipt in full, which bars a further Acquaintanceship (ak-kwant'ans-ship), n. nature. It denotes especially personal attain demand. State of being acquainted.

ments, that is, attainments inherent in the Acquaintantt (ak-kwant'ant), n. A person

You can produce acquittances for such a sum. Shak. possessor, in opposition to material or exterwith whom one is acquainted. See AC

nal things gained, which are more usually 3. The act of clearing one's self. “Being susQUAINTANCE, 3.

called acquisitions; but this distinction is not pected and put for their acquittance to take He and his readers are become old acquaintants. always observed.

the sacrament of the altar. Jer. Taylor. Swift. Acquainted (ak-kwanted), p. and a. 1. Vav

His acquirements by industry were enriched and Acquittance + (ak-kwit'ans), v.t. To acquit. enlarged by many excellent endowments of nature

Your mere enforcement shall acquittance me ing acquaintance; informed; having per

Sir 7. Hayward.) From all the impure blots and stains thereof. Shak. sonal knowledge. -2. Known; familiarly SYN. Attainment, acquisition, gain. known; not new. Things acquainted and

Acrase t (a-krāz'), v.t. [Fr. écraser, to break, familiar to us.' Shak. Acquirer (ak-kwir'er), n. A person who

to destroy. See CRAZE.) To impair; to acquires. Acquaintedness (ak-kwānt'ed-nes), n. State

destroy. My substance impaired, my credit of being acquainted. [Rare.]

Acquiring + (ak-kwir'ing), n. Acquirement; acrased.' Gascoigne. Acqua tofana (ak-wä tö-fá'na), n. [It.) acquisition. The acquirings of his father's

Acrasy,t Acrasiat (ak'ra-si, a-krā'si-a), n. profession.' Sir R. Naunton. See AQUA TOFANA,

(Gr. akrasia, intemperateness--Q, priv., and Acquiry + (ak-kwi'ri), n. Acquirement. Acquest (ak-kwest), n. [Fr. acquét, 0.Fr.

kratos, power.) Excess; surfeit; intemperacquest, an acquisition. See ACQUIRE, AC

No art requireth more hard study and pain toward ance; incontinence.

the acquiry of it than contentment. Barrow. QUISITION.) 1.1 The act of acquiring; ac

Acrasies, whether of the body or mind, occasion

Cornish. quirement. Countries of new acquest.' Acquisible (ak-kwiz'i-bl), a. Capable of being great uneasiness. Bacon.-2. The thing gained; an acquisiacquired. (Rare.]

Acrazet (a-krāz), v.t._[Prefix a, intens., and tion; a place acquired by force. New ac- Acquisitet (ak'kwiz-it), a. Acquired; gained.

craze (which see).) To make crazy; to inquests and encroachments.' Woodward. Three (notions) being innate, and five acqui fatuate. I acrazed was.' Mir. for Mage. 3. In law, property not descended by inheritsite.' Burton.

Acre (ā'kér), n. [A. Sax, acer, vecer, a field; ance, but acquired by purchase or donation. Acquisition (ak-kwi-zi'shon), n. (L. acqui

this is a widely-spread word, comp. D. akker, Acquiesce (ak-kwi-es'), v. i. pret. & pp. acqui

sitio, from acquiro, acquisitum. See AC Icel. akr, Dan, ager, G. acker, Goth, akrs, esced; ppr. acquiescing. (L. acquiesco, to QUIRE.) 1. The act of acquiring; as, a man arable land, & field; and the cog. L. ager, rest, to acquiesce-ad, to, and quiesco, to takes pleasure in the acquisition of property

Armenian agarah, Skr. be quiet; quies, rest; Fr. acquiescer.] 1. To as well as in the possession. The acquisition

. rest satisfied, or apparently satisfied, or to or loss of a province.' Macaulay. -2. The

ago, Icel, aka, to drive, the word probably rest without opposition and discontent; thing acquired or gained: generally, but not

meaning originally the place to or over usually implying previous opposition, un uniformly, applied to material gains. See which cattle were driven; a pasture. Acorn easiness, or dislike, but ultimate compliance ACQUIREMENT, 2.

is probably from this root, meaning originor submission; as, to acquiesce in the dis The Cromwellians were induced to relinquish one. ally fruit or produce.] 1. Originally, an open, pensations of Providence.

third of their acquisitions.

Macaulay.

ploughed, or sowed field. This signification They were compelled to acquiesce in a government Acquisitive (ak-kwiz'it-iv), a. 1. Acquired. was gradually lost after the acre was made which they did not regard as just. De Quincey. (Rare.)

a definite measure of surface, which was first 2. To be satisfied of the truth or correctness He died not in his acquisitive, but in his native soil. done by an act passed in the thirty-first year of something; to rest convinced; as, to ac

Wotton. of Edward III. “My bosky acres and my quiesce in an opinion.

2. Disposed to make acquisitions; having unshrubbed down.' Shak. 'Over whose He that never compares his notions with those of

a propensity to acquire property; as, an acres walked those blessed feet.' Shak.others readily acquiesces in his first thoughts. acquisitive disposition.

2. A quantity of land, containing 160 square Spectator. Acquisitively (ak-kwiz'it-iv-li), adv. In an rods or perches, or 4840 square yards. This SYN. To concur, assent, agree, submit, con acquisitive manner; by way of acquisition. is the English statute or imperial acre which sent, accede. Acquisitiveness (ak-kwiz' it-iv-nes), n.

is employed over the United Kingdom and Acgulescence (ak-kwi-es'ens), n.

The act 1. State or quality of being acquisitive; its colonies and in the United States, though of acquiescing or giving a quiet assent; a a propensity to acquire property. -2. In Scotland and Ireland have respectively an silent submission, or submission with ap phren. the organ to which is attributed

acre of theirown, which is still to some extent parent consent: distinguished from avowed the function of producing the desire to used in measurements. The Scotch acre consent on the one hand, and on the other acquire and possess in general, apart from is larger than the English, as it contains from opposition or open discontent; as, an the uses of the objects. See cut PHREN 6104:128 square yards, 48 Scotch acres being acquiescence in the decisions of a court, or OLOGY.

equal to 61 English acres. The Irish acre in the allotments of Providence. "Certain Acquisitor(ak-kwiz'it-er), n. One who makes is also larger than the English, inasmuch as indistinct murmurs of acquiescence. Sir W. acquisitions. C. Richardson. (Rare.) 100 Irish acres are nearly equivalent to Scott.

Acquist + (ak-kwist'), n. [ See ACQUEST. ] 162 English acres. --God's acre, God's field; Acquiescency (ak-kwi-es'ens-si), n. Same New acquist of true experience.' Milton. the church-yard. as Acquiescence. Acquit (ak-kwit'), v. t. pret. & pp. acquitted;

I like that ancient Saxon phrase, which calls Acquiescent (ak-kwi-es'ent), a. Disposed ppr. acquitting. [Fr. acquitter, to discharge, The burial-ground God's acre! It is just; to acquiesce; disposed to submit; submis to set at rest with respect to a claim--L. ad, It consecrates each grave within its walls, sive; easy; unresisting. 'A mind naturally to, and quietus, at rest, quiet.] 1. To release And breathes a benison o'er the sleeping dust. acquiescent.' Johnson, or discharge from an obligation, accusation,

Longfellow. Acquiescently (ak-kwi-es'ent-li), adv. In

Acreable (ā'kér-a-bl), a. According to the guilt, censure, suspicion, or whatever is laid an acquiescent manner, against or upon a person as a charge or

acre; measured or estimated in acres or by Acquiett (ak-kwi'et), v.t. (L.L. adquieto,

the acre. duty; to set free; specifically, in law, to proto make quiet - L. ad, to, and quietus, nounce not guilty; as, the jury acquitted the

The acreable produce of the two methods was quiet.) To render quiet; to compose; to

nearly the same.

Complete Farmer. prisoner; we acquit a man of evil intentions: set at peace. 'Acquiet his mind from stir it is followed by of before the thing; to Acreage (ā'kér-āj), n. The number of acres Sir A. Shirley.

acquit from is obsolete.-2. To make full in a piece of land; acres taken collectively; Acquirability (ak-kwir'a-bil'i-ti), n. State payment for; to atone for. (Rare.]

as, the acreage of Britain. of being acquirable. Paley. (Rare.).

Till life to death acquit my forced offence. Skać. No coarse and blockish God of acreage Acquirable (ak-kwir'a-bl), a. Capable of

Stands at thy gate for thee to grovel to. Tennyson. being acquired.

3. With the reflexive pronoun, (a) to clear Acquire (ak-kwir), v.t. pret. & pp. acquired; one's self.

Acred (ā'kérd), a. Possessing acres or landed ppr. acquiring. [L. acquiro, to get-ad, to, Pray God he may acquit him (himself) of suspicion !

property: used chiefly in composition; as,

Shak. and quero, to look or search for: Fr. ac

* Large - acred men.' Pope. Many-acred (6) To behave; to bear or conduct one's men. quérir. See QUEST.) To get or gain, the ob

Sir W. Jones. ject being something which is more or less

self; as, the soldier acquitted himself well Acre-dale (a'kér-dāl), n. {A. Sax. cecer, a permanent, or which becomes vested or in

in battle; the orator acquitted himself field, and dæl, a division. See DEAL.) Land herent in the subject; as, to acquire a title,

indifferently. - SYN. To clear, discharge, in a common field, different parts of which estate, learning, habits, skill, dominion, &c.; Acquit (ak-kwit'), pp. Acquitted.

release, set free, absolve, pardon, forgive. are held by different proprietors. [Provinto acquire a stammer; sugar acquires a

cial English.] brown colour by being burned. A mere Ne do I wish

Acre-fight (ā'kér-fit), n. [Acre, a field, and temporary possession is not expressed by

To be acquit from my continual sinart. Spenser. fight.) A kind of duel in the open field acquire, but by obtain, procure, &c.; as, to Acquite (ak-kwit), v.t. To requite.

formerly fought by single combatants, obinin (not acquire) a book on loan.

English and Scotch, on the debatable land Midst foes (as champion of the faith) he ment Descent is the title whereby a man, on the death That palme or cypress should his paines acquite.

between the frontiers of their respective of his ancestor, acquires his estate by right of repre.

kingdoms. wentation, as his heir at law.

Blackstone.

Acquitment (ak-kwit'ment), n. The act of Acre-shot (ā'ker-shot), n. [Acre, a field, No virtuse is acquired in a moment, but step by

acquitting, or state of being acquitted; ac and shot, proportion, reckoning. See Scor. ? step. Barrow. quittal. (Rare.)

A local land-tax or charge. Dugdale.

ring you."

Carczu.

ACRID

30

ACROPETAL

ACROPODIUM

an orna l.pptimm (ak--p0 di-um), n. [Gr. alro8,

ment. the Lop, and pous , foot.) In zool. the upper

the sma lag of the whole foot. kropolis (a-krop'o-lis), 7 (Gr. akros, high. angles al pole

, a city. The citadel of a Grecian statues city, uscally situated on an eminence com to deno mwding the town, and strong by nature or

on the art; that of Athens contained some of the buildin inest buildings of the city, such as the Par acroteri tezao and Erechtheum.

tremity karagaurus (akéró-en-rus), 1. [Gr. akros, foot, & elbene, and Aura, a lizard.) An extra- Acrotha primary fossil reptile, with thirty or forty (Gr. aku testo, sind a broad cheek-bone process, oc- frond, a cutting in the trias sandstones of South term for

only at kzospire (akro-spir), 91. (Gr. akros, highest, leaves. al perira , a spire

, or spiral line.) The first Acrothy arhich rises above the ground when corn akros, ziantes; also the rudimentary stem or best dat which appears in malted grain; broad to he developed plumule of the seed. of thym

nospired (?!'rö-spird), 2. Having or ex. Acrotic Litag the acrospire; especially, in malt Gr. akro haking

, a term applied to the grains of bar- ing exte a všeh bare sprouted so far as to exhibit Acroton wilde or plumule end, the root or radicle extreme

having rosperous (a-kro'spor-us), a. (Gr. akros, base. kommit

, and sporos, seed] A term apel- Acrylic 19 de one of the two modes in which acrolein, het is formed in fungi. In this method ably sme be pats are naked and produced at the tion of

med. ar

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to al cells. For the other method see

and its

Act (akt) Latesa (3-ros), prep. (Prefix a, and cross] 1. Irem side to side: opposed to along, allied to which is in the direction of the length; to E. aca brut

; quite over; as, a bridge is laid to produ una a river. – 2 Intersecting ; passing food; the *** ay angle; as, a line passing across ing moti wide

How bo kuros (2-17089, adv. 1. From one side to

2. To be

Acrid (ak'rid), a. (L. acer, acris, acre, sharp; taining to deep learning, and opposed to on the top, and odous, odontos, a tooth] A
Fr, ücre; root ac. (See ACID.) The termina exoteric. Aristotle's lectures were of two term common to those lacertian reptiles
tion in this word may have arisen from a kinds: acroatic,acroamatic,or esoteric, which which have their teeth united at the top of
spurious form acridus perhaps used in mo were intended for hearing only and were the alveolar ridge.
dern scientific Latin.] 1. Sharp or biting to not committed to writing, and were deli. Acrodont (ak'ro-dont), a. Pertaining to or
the taste; pungent; bitter; as, acrid salts. vered to a class of select disciples, who had resembling the acrodonts; characterized by
2. Severe; virulent; violent; stinging. 'Acrid been previously instructed in the elements an arrangement of the teeth like that of the
temper.' Cowper. Acrid substances are of learning; and exoteric, which were deli acro nts.
those which excite in the organs of taste a vered in public. The former respected be Acrodus (akorõ-dus), 7. [See AERODONT.]
sensation of pungency and heat, and when ing, God, and nature; the principal subjects A genus of placoid fossil fishes, vulgarly
applied to the skin irritate and inflame it. - of the latter were logic, rhetoric, and policy. styled fossil leeches, with large enamelled
Acrid poisons, including those also called

We read no achroamatic lectures. Hales.

striated teeth. The teeth especially are corrosive and escharotic, are those which irri

Aristotle was wont to divide his lectures and read

common in the chalk and oolite. tate, corrode, or burn the parts to which they

ings into acroamatical and exoterical. Hales. Acrogen (ak'ro-jen), n. (Gr. akros, high, on are applied, producing intense burning sen

the top, and gennai, to produce.) An acsation, and acute pain in the alimentary Acroamatics (ak’rő-a-mat"iks), n. pl. Aristotle's lectures on the more subtle parts of

rogenous plant. In bot. The acrogens form canal. They include concentrated acids

a division of the Cryptogamia, distinguished and alkalies, compounds of mercury, arphilosophy. See A CROAMATIC.

by the habits of growth and the mode of senic, copper, &c. Acroatic (ak-ro-at’ik), a. [Gr. akroatikos,

impregnation from the Thallogens. They Acrid (ak’rid), n. An acrid poison. 'A

pertaining to hearing, from akroaomai, to
hear. ] Abstruse.

have true stems with leafy appendages (ex. powerful acrid.' Pereira.

Same as Acroamatic (which see).

cepting the Riccias and Marchantias), and Acridia, Acridii (a-krid'i-a, a-krid'i-l), n. pl. Acroatics (ak-ro-at’iks), n. pl. Same as Ac

the embryonic sac is impregnated by the See ACRIDIDE. roamatics.

spermatozoids. They are divided into two Acridian (a-krid'i-an), n. One of the AcriAcrobat (ak'ro-bat), n. (Gr. akrobateo, to

groups :-(a) Those composed wholly of didæ.

cellular tissue, the charas, liverworts, and Acrididæ (a-krid'i-dé), n. A family of or

go on tip-toe, to climb upwards - akros,
high, on the tip of anything, and baino, to

mosses; and (0) Those in which vascular
thopterous insects containing the grasshop-
go.] A rope-dancer; also, one who prac-

tissue is present, the ferns, horsetails, pillpers. All the species of this family can leap. tises high vaulting, or similar feats of per

worts, and club-mosses. The age of acroAcridity (a-krid'i-ti), n. Same as Acridness.

gens, in geol. the carboniferous era, when Acridness (ak'rid-nes), n.

sonal agility, as tumbling, throwing somer-
The quality of
saults, &c.

acrogens were the characteristic vegetable
being acrid or pungent.
Acrobates (a-krob'at-ēz), n. [Gr. akros, high, Acrogenous (a-kroj'en-us), a.

forms. Acrimonious (ak-ri-mo'ni-us),a. 1. Abound

Increasing ing in acrimony or acridness; acrid; bitter; and baino, to go.) A sub-genus of Petau

by growth at the summit, as the tree-ferns; corrosive.

rus, a genus of marsupial animals, family If gall cannot be rendered ac

pertaining to the acrogens. rimonious and bitter of itself.' Harvey.Phalangistidæ, indigenous to Australia, con

Acrognathus (a-krogʻna-thus), n. [Gr.akros, 2. Fig. severe; bitter; virulent; caustic;

high, and gnathos, the jaw.) A genus of stinging: applied to language, temper, and

fossil fishes of the salmon family, occurring the like. Acrimonious contempt. John

in the lower chalk. son. 'An acrimonious conflict.' Macaulay.

Acrography (a-krogʻra-fi), n. [Gr. akros, [The latter is now the commoner sense.]

high, and graphö, to write or engrave.) The Acrimoniously (ak-ri-mo'ni-us-li), adv. In an acrimonious manner; sharply; bitterly;

art of producing designs in relief on metal

or stone by etching, for the purpose of pungently.

printing from them along with type, and Acrimoniousness (ak-ri-mo'ni-us-nes), n.

Opossum Mouse (Acrobates pygmæus). thus superseding wood-engraving. The state or quality of being acrimonious.

Acroket a. Crooked; awkward. The matAcrimony (ak'ri-mo-ni), n. [L. acrimonia,

taining the opossum mouse (A. pygmæus), ter is acroke.' Chaucer. Written also A. sharpness, from acris, sharp (see ACID), and

one of the smallest of the Marsupialia. It crooke. affix monia.] 1. A quality of bodies which

is hardly larger than a mouse, and has a Acrolein, Acroleine (a-krõʻlē-in). n. (Gr. corrodes, dissolves, or destroys others; also,

parachute. harshness or extreme bitterness of taste; Acrocarpi (ak-rõ-kärp'i), n. pl. [Gr. akros,

akros, high, on the top, and L. oleum, oil.)

(C, H40.) A colourless limpid liquid obpungency.

highest, and karpos, fruit.) In bot. a divi. tained by distilling glycerine with acid poThose milks (in certain plants) have all an acri.

sion of the mosses containing the species in tassium sulphate. This substance is promony, though one would think they should be leni.

Bacon.

which the capsule terminates the growth of duced by the destructive distillation of fatty 2. Fig. sharpness or severity of temper; bita primary axis.

bodies, such as an ordinary candle; it has a terness of expression proceeding from anger,

Acrocarpous (ak-rõ-kärp'us), a. In bot. ap most intensely irritating odour. Acrolein

plied to mosses whose flower terminates ill-nature, or petulance; pungency, viru

is the aldehyde of the allyl series. See the growth of a primary axis; of or pertain ALLYL. lence. 'Acrimony and indignation.' South. 'Acrimony of voice and gesture.' Bp. Hacket. ing to the Acrocarpi.

Acrolith (ak'ro-lith), n. [Gr. akros, high, - Acrimony, Asperity, Harshness, Tartness.

The flower of mosses either terminates the growth

extreme, and lithos, 'a stone.] In arch, and Acrimony expresses a high degree of bitter

of a primary axis (acrocarpous), or the flower is sculp. a statue, of which only the extremi

placed at the end of an axis of the second or third ties are stone. ness of language proceeding from a soured order (pleurocarpous).

Sachs. or malignant temper; asperity refers rather

Acrolithan (a-krolith-an), a. Pertaining to the manner than the disposition, and Acrocephalic(akʼro-sē-fal"ik), a. (Gr. akros, to an acrolith; formed like an acrolith; as, does not necessarily imply any malignity of

high, and kephalē, the head.) In ethn.a term an acrolithan statue. temper, but may be due to a feeling of just

applied to the pyramidal or high-skulled Acromial (a-krõ'mi-al), a. In anat. relating
tribes of men, or to their skulls.

to the acromion.
indignation; harshness generally implies an
undue measure of asperity; tartness ex-

Acroceraunian (ak'ro-se-ra”ni-an), a. [Gr. Acromion (a-krõ'mi-on), n. [Gr. akros, high, presses a comparatively slight degree of

akron, a summit, and keraunos, thunder.) extreme, and omos, shoulder.) In anat. that bitterness, and usually implies also a cer

An epithet applied to certain mountains process of the spine of the scapula which tain amount of wit.

in the north of Epirus in Greece. They receives the extreme part of the clavicle,

project into the Adriatic, and were so No order of men have an enmity of more acrimony.

and gives attachment to part of the deltoid Fohnson

tive.

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mutter, CTOSEVİR.

effect a With arms across, level electing on his country's loss. Dryden. mind.

He han Abrezely , contrarily. "Things go across.'

3. To b In der Wage -34 Used as a kind of ex

self, as versation when a sally of wit miscarried, offices. a altzion to failure when jousting, as at

e quintain 'Good faith, aeross! Shak. Who thir - Se break actes, in tilting, to allow one's

by arkwardness to be broken across 4. To pe be body of the adversary, instead of by characte

he is on Sir P. Sidney,

action;

actions kraste (-kros'tik), it (Gr. akrostichion, has acted u srede – ukros , extreme, and stichos,

tages. elan er versa.] 1. A composition in verse, Act (akt) which the first, or the first and last, or

form. sta other letters of the lines, taken in olar. Varm a patne, title, motto, &c., which To act he be subject of the poem. 'Anagrams,

Industry Bergtats , acroaties. Burton. - 2. A

and facilit ex poema of which the initial letters Se live, or stanzas, were made to run as the letters of the alphabet in their

on the Twelve of the psalms are of this

countert dauder, of which Pealm cxix. is the best

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An upper surface of the tarsus. Act (akt fantaseutic (akro-tel-i'tik),c. (Gr.azeros, power; t Yan given to anything added to the

palm of hymn, 23 doxology. sabun akra, highest.) 1. In arch.

a) Gr akrotērion a sum

besteham (akuzo-teri-um), 11. pl. Acro

termed from being often struck with light and trapezius muscles. The orators of the opposition declared against ning. Written also Akrokeraunian. Acromonogrammatic (a-krom'o-no-gramhim with great animation and asperity. Macaulay.

The thunder-hills of fear,

mat''ik), n. and a. (Gr. akros, extreme, My needful seeming harshness, pardon it.

The acroceraunian mountains of old name. monos, alone, and gramma, a letter.) A
Tennyson.

Byron.
The popular harangue, the tart reply. Cowper. Acrochordon (ak-rő-kord'on), n. (Gr., from

term applied to a poetical composition in Acrisia (a-kris'i-a), n. [Gr. neg. prefix a,

which every verse begins with the same akros, high, extreme, and chordē, a string.) letter as that with which the preceding and Irisis, judgment.) A condition of dis. An excrescence on the skin, with a slender verse ends. ease in which no judgment can be formed, base.

Acro-narcotics (ak’ro-når-kot"iks), n. pl. or in which an unfavourable judgment must Acrocinus (ak-ro-si'nus), n. [Gr. akron, [Gr. akros, extreme, and E. narcotics. ] A be given. Dunglison.

point, kineo, I move.) A genus of longicorn division of poisons, chiefly of vegetable Acrisy (ak’ri-si), n. (See ACRISIA. ) (Rare.] coleopterous insects, family Cerambycidæ, origin, which irritate and inflame the ali

1. Same as Acrisia.--2. Injudiciousness. so called from having the spine on each side mentary canal, and act on the brain and
Acrita (ak'ri-ta), n. pl. (Gr. akritos, indis. of the thorax movable. A longimanus, the spinal cord, producing stupor, coma, para-
cernible.) A name of the lower Radiata, harlequin beetle of South America, is the lysis, and convulsions. Called also Narcotico-
now called xrotozoa, having no distinct dis type. It is 24 inches long, with antennæ 5, acrids or Narcotico-irritants.
cernible nervous system, as sponges.

and fore-legs alone 4 inches in length. Acronyc, Acronycal (a-kron'ik, a-kron'ikAcritan, Acrite (ak'ri-tan, ak'rīt), n. One Acrocomia (ak-ro-ko'mi-a), n. [Gr. akros, al), a. (Gr. akros, extreme, and nya, night.} of the Acrita.

extreme, and komē, a tuft.) A genus of Acritical (a-krit'ik-al), a. In med. (a) having

In astron. culminating at midnight: said tropical American plants, nat. order Pal of a star which rises as the sun sets, and no crisis; as, an acritical abscess." () Giv. maceæ, allied to the cocoa-palm. The spe sets as the sun rises, and is, therefore, diing no indications of a crisis ; as, acritical cies include some of the most majestic rectly opposite the sun: opposed to cosmical. symptoms.

palms, 30 or 40 feet high, and crowned with Spelled also, though improperly, A cronic, Acritude (ak'ri-tūd), n. [See ACRID.) An a tuft of gigantic leaves. A. aculeata has a A cronical. acrid quality; bitterness to the taste; biting stem as thick as a man's body, and yields Acronycally (a-kron'ik-al-li), adv.

In an heat. [Rare.]

a small round fruit, with a thin, sweetish, acronycal manner; so as to culminate at Acrity f (ak'ri-ti), n. [L. acritas, sharpness. astringent pulp, and a nut with a white midnight. A star is said to rise and set See ACRID, &c.] Sharpness; keen severity; edible kernel. See MACAW-TREE.

acronycally when it rises as the sun sets, strictness. The acrity of prudence, and Acrodactylum (ak-rő-dak'til-um), n. (Gr. and sets as the sun rises. severity of judgment.' Bacon.

akros, high, uppermost, and daktylos, a Acropetal (ak'ro-pet-al), a. (Gr. akros, top. Acroamatic, Acroamatical (akʼro-a-mat". digit.] The upper surface of each digit in and petalon, a leaf.) In bot. having an ik, ak'ro-a-mat"ik-al), a. (Gr. akroamatikos, a bird.

origin successively nearer the top of the from akroaomai, to hear.] Abstruse; per Acrodont (ak'ro-dont), n. [Gr. akros, high, axis, as leaves. Fáte, fär, fat, fall; mē, met, hér; pine, pin; note, not, move; tübe, tub, bull; oil, pound; ú, Sc. abune; y, Sc. tey.

same po villain t form the

of; as, to Senetically (a-kros'tik-al-li), adv. In the

to actua humour. Self-love.

Leste (akros'tük), a. That relates to or lakas an aerostie, 48, acrastic verses.

in acrostic starstum(ak-sö-tär'si-um), n. (Gr.akros, sh, uni tarsos, tarsus, sole of the foot.]

Most P

teleute, end) Eccles. an ap

or whic

the caus

ante '-ter), 1. Same as Acroterium. katatal ak tö-e'ti-al), a. Pertaining to Basketsium; as, aeroterial ornaments.

a deed.

tion of t

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In ac very po positiou Gatherin Ix act to

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