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ACROPODIUM

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ACTINIADÆ

Acropodium (ak-ro-põ'di-um), n. (Gr. akros, an ornament, the apex or angles of a pedi portions, called scenes. - 4. The result of the top, and pous, foot.) In zool, the upper ment. The term is generally restricted to public deliberation, or the decision of a surface of the whole foot.

the small pedestals placed on the apex and prince, legislative body, council, court of Acropolis (a-krop'o-lis), n. [Gr. akros, high, angles of a pediment for the support of justice, or magistrate; a decree, edict, law, and polis, a city.) The citadel of a Grecian statues or other ornaments. It is also used statute, judgment, resolve, award, determicity, usually situated on an eminence com to denote the pinnacles or other ornaments nation; as, an act of parliament; an act of manding the town, and strong by nature or on the horizontal copings or parapets of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotart; that of Athens contained some of the buildings, and which are sometimes called land.-5. In English universities, a thesis finest buildings of the city, such as the Par acroterial ornaments. — 2. In anat. an ex maintained in public by a candidate for a thenon and Erechtheum.

tremity of the human body, as a hand, a degree, or to show the proficiency of a Acrosaurus (ak'ro-84-rus), n. (Gr. akros, foot, &c.

student. At Oxford, the occasion when extreme, and sauros, a lizard. An extra- Acrothalliginæ (ak-ro-thalli-ji"nē), n. pl. masters and doctors complete their degrees ordinary fossil reptile, with thirty or forty (Gr. akros, extreme, thallos, a thallus or is also called the act. --6. In law, an instruteeth, and a broad cheek-bone process, oc frond, and gennao, to produce.) In bot. a ment or deed in writing, serving to prove curring in the trias sandstones of South term for cryptogamic plants which increase the truth of some bargain or transaction; Africa.

only at the top, and have thalli in place of as, I deliver this as my act and deed. - Act Acrospire (ak’ro-spir), no. (Gr. akros, highest, leaves.

of bankruptcy. See under BANKRUPTCY. and speira, a spire, or spiral line.) The first Acrothymion (ak - ro-thim'i-on), n. (Gr. Act of faith, auto de fé (which see).- Act of leaf which rises above the ground when corn akros, extreme, and thymos, thyme.) In God, in law, an accident or event which germinates; also the rudimentary stem or med. & rugose wart, with a narrow basis and takes place without human intervention, Arst leaf which appears in malted grain; broad top, compared by Celsus to the flower and is beyond man's control, as the consethe developed plumule of the seed. of thyme. Called also Thymus.

quences arising from storms, lightning, &c., Acrospired (ak'ro-spīrd), a. Having or ex. Acrotic (a-krotik), a. (L. L. acroticus, from and which no party is bound to make good hibiting the acrospire; especially, in malt. Gr. akros, extreme.) Belonging to or affect to another, independently of special conmaking, a term applied to the grains of bar ing external surfaces; as, acrotic diseases. tract.-Act of grace, a term sometimes apley which have sprouted so far as to exhibit Acrotomous (a-krot'o-mus), a. [Gr. akros, plied to general pardons at the beginning the blade or plumule end, the root or radicle extreme, and tomos, a cutting.) In mineral. of a new reign, &c.-Act of indemnity. See also appearing

having a cleavage parallel to the top or INDEMNITY. - Act of Parliament. See PARAcrosporous (a-kro'spor-us), a. (Gr. akros, base.

LIAMENT. -- Act of sederunt, an ordinance a summit, and sporos, seed.) A term

apel- Acrylic (a-kril'ik), a. Of or pertaining to of the Court of Session under authority of lative of one of the two modes in which acrolein.- Acrylic acid (C3H40,), an agree an act of the Scottish Parliament passed in fruit is formed in fungi. In this method ably smelling liquid, produced by the oxida 1540, by which the judges are empowered the spores are naked and produced at the

tion of acrolein. This acid is monobasic, to make such statutes as may be necessary tips of cells. For the other method see and its salts are very soluble in water. for expediting justice.- Action, Act. See ASCIGEROUS.

Act (akt), v. i. (L. ago, actum, to exert power, ACTION. . Across (a-kros), prep. [Prefix a, and cross.) to put in motion, to do; Gr. ago, to lead; Acta (ak'ta), n. pl. (L.) 1. Acts.--2. Spe1. From side to side: opposed to along, allied to Icel. aka, to drive, and probably cifically, proceedings in a legal or ecclesiwhich is in the direction of the length; to E. acre (which see).] 1. To exert power; astical court. - Acta Sanctorum, the Acts athwart; quite over; as, a bridge is laid to produce effects; as, the stomach acts upon of the Saints, the name sometimes applied across a river. – 2. Intersecting; passing food; the will acts upon the body in produc to all collections of accounts of ancient over at any angle; as, a line passing across ing motion.

saints and martyrs, both of the Roman and another. How body acts upon the impassive mind. Garth.

Greek Churches, but specifically the name Across (a-kros), adv. 1. From one side to

of a work begun by the Bollandists, a society another; crosswise. 2. To be in action or motion; to carry into

of Jesuits, in 1643, and not yet completed, With arms across, effect a purpose or determination of the

portions of it still appearing at intervals, He stood, reflecting on his country's loss. Dryden. mind.

it being carried on in the order of the calHe hangs between in doubt to act or rest. Pope. 2. Adversely; contrarily. "Things go across.

endar. Mir. for Mag8.-3.Used as a kind of ex3. To behave, demean, or conduct one's

Actæa (ak-tē’a), n. (L. actoa, herb-christoclamation when a sally of wit miscarried, self, as in morals, private duties, or public

pher, Gr. aktē,aktea, the elder, from the leaves offices. in allusion to failure when jousting, as at

resembling those of the elder.) A genus

He most lives the quintain. ''Good faith, across !' Shak. Who thinks most, feels the noblest, acts the best.

of plants, nat. order Ranunculaceæ, found - To break across, in tilting, to allow one's

P. 3. Bailey. in Europe, the north of Asia, and America. spear by awkwardness to be broken across 4. To perform, as an actor; to represent a

The species are possessed of nauseous and by the body of the adversary, instead of by character; to feign; as, he acts very well;

deleterious properties. Two American spethe push of the point. he is only acting. To act up to, to equal in

cies are considered to be a remedy for the One said he brake across.

bite of the rattlesnake-hence called rattleSir P. Sidney.

action; to perform an action or series of Acrostic (a-kros'tik), n. (Gr. akrostichion, actions correspondent to; to fulfil; as, he

snake herbs. A. spicata is called in England

herb-christopher and bane-berry. an acrostic - akros, extreme, and stichos, has acted up to his engagement or his advan

Actian (ak'shi-an), a. Relating to Actium, order or verse.] 1. A composition in verse,

tages. in which the first, or the first and last, or

a town and promontory of Epirus; as, AcAct (akt), v.t. 1. To transact; to do or perform.

tian games, which were instituted by Aucertain other letters of the lines, taken in

Thou wast a spirit too delicate

gustus to celebrate his naval victory over order, form a name, title, motto, &c., which To act her earthy and abhorrid commands. Shak. Anthony, near that town, Sept. 2, B.C. 31. is the subject of the poem. Anagrams, Industry doth beget ease by procuring good habits

They were celebrated every five years. chronograms, acrostics.' Burton. -- 2. A

and facility of acting things expedient for us to do. Hence, Actian years, reckoned from that Hebrew poem of which the initial letters

Barrow. era. of the lines, or stanzas, were made to run

2. To represent as real; to perform on or as Actinenchyma (ak-tin-en'ki-ma), n. (Gr. over the letters of the alphabet in their

on the stage; to play; hence, to feign or aktis, aktinos, a ray, and enchyma, infuorder. Twelve of the psalms are of this

counterfeit; as, to act Macbeth; to act the sion.) The radiated cellular tissue of some character, of which Psalm cxix. is the best same part nightly. With acted fear the

medullas; stellate cellular tissue. example.

villain thus pursued.' Dryden.-3. To per-| Acting (akt'ing), p. and a. Performing duty, Acrostic (a-kros'tik), Q. That relates to or

form the office of; to assume the character service, or functions; often applied to one contains an acrostic; as, acrostic verses.

of; as, to act the hero.-4. To put in action; who does the real work of an office for a Acrostically (a-kros'tik-al-li), adv. In the to actuate.

nominal or honorary holder of the post; one manner of an acrostic.

Most people in the wodd are acted by levity and who does interim duty for a superior in the Acrotarsium (ak-ro-tärsi-um), n. (Gr. akros,

humour.

Souti.

case of the latter's absence or decease. highest, and targos, tarsus, sole of the foot.

Self-love, the spring of motion, ads the soul. Pope. In anat. the upper surface of the tarsus. Act (akt), n. 1. That which is being done

The day after Captain Kearney's decease, his

acting successor made his appearance aboard. or which has been done; the exertion of

Marryal. Acroteleutic (akrô-tel-u”tik), a. [Gr. akro8, power; the effect of which power exerted is

Actinia (ak-tin'i-a), n. A genus of zoophytes, extreme, and teleutë, end.] Eccles. an ap

the cause; as, the act of giving or receiving; belonging to the Radiata of Cuvier, regarded pellation given to anything added to the

& deed.

In this sense it denotes an opera as the type of the class Actinozoa, sub-kingend of a psalm or hymn, as a doxology.

tion of the mind as well as of the body. dom Coelenterata, in modern classification. Acroter (ak'ro-ter),n. Same as Acroterium.

Waller.

Illustrious acts high raptures do infuse. Acroterial (ak-rõ-tē'ri-al), a. Pertaining to

The body is cylindrical, and is attached by

one extremity, the mouth occupying the the acroterium; as, acroterial ornaments. -In the act, in the actual performance or

middle of the upper or free extremity. TenAcroterium (ak-ró-tē'ri-um), n. pl. Acrocommission: said especially of persons who

tacles, disposed in concentric tircles, surare caught when engaged in some misdeed.

round the mouth, which, when spread, reA

This woman was taken in the very act. Jn. viii. 4. semble the petals of a flower; whence the -In act to, prepared or ready to; on the popular name animal-flowers, sea-anemones very point: implying a certain bodily dis (which see). They are not perfectly radial position or posture; as, in act to strike. in symmetry, the common polyp of the sea.

shore (A. mesembryanthemum) having the Gathering his flowing robe, he seemed to stand In act to speak, and graceful stretched his hand.

oral aperture slightly elliptical, the long

Pope. axis being marked by a tubercle at either 2. A state of reality or real existence, as op end; the animal thus presents a faint but posed to a possibility; actuality.

well-marked indication of bilateral symme

try. They move by alternately contracting The seeds of plants are not at first in act, but in possibility, what they afterwards grow to be.

and expanding their base, and by their ten

Hooker tacles. The species are often of brilliant AAA, Acroteria.

3. A part or division of a play performed colours, and many of them are eaten. See

without interruption, in which a definite ACTINOZOA. teria (ak-rõ-të'ri-a). [Gr. akrotērion, a sum. and coherent portion of the plot is repre Actiniadæ (ak-tin-i'a-de), n. pl. A family mit, apex, from akros, highest.] 1. In arch.

sented; generally subdivided into smaller of Colenterata, belonging to the order Heli

See TARSUS.

Herther apostles except St. Peter. The garded

Sa ulisting: present; 23, in the actual Acuiti

ypatun himself, in opposition to origi- Acuity

Yotel, opposed to potentiality: Aculea

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everse, are the determi. at-ed)

ACTIVE

ACTINIC

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ACTIVE

Such

Actual turet (ab'tir) . That which is active.

makin Is relizore, both to reason and experience,

Chaucer.
For det vercbeth en his passive.

ideat

stated Astirely (ak'tir-li)

, adv. In an active man17,1 tion; in a state of action; nimbly; seeks resnih, energetically; also in an active sig. J. H. Beation; 2), a word is used actively. Actual Atirement t (ak'tiv-ment), 1. Business; Actual

in trut pojedt

. Bp. Reynolds.
drtiveness (aktir-des), n. The quality of

festati being active; the faculty of acting; nimble Of all y 1$; quickness of motion : less used than

Any th Pet strange agility and activeness do our com. Actual Da tables and dancers on the rope attain to. of bein

Bp. Wilkins. Activity (ak-tivi-ti), it . The state or qua ing to

Actuar lity of being active; the active faculty; ac

busine tire farve, or a specific exertion thereof; imbizness; agility; briskness; also, the

Society hat it diligent and vigorous pursuit of

Actuar haasi; 16, a man of activity

. It is applied

clerk, basins er things. All those activities,

a term bély and mental, which constitute our ráary idea of life.' H. Spencer.

cally, la pa w ice increaseth the activity of cold. Bacon,

constit kless (aktles), a. Without action or

cation savings

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the year.

it A poor, young, actless, indigested joint-st Southern. (Rare.]

ance cc Leten (alton), 4. [Ër. hoqueton, 0. Fr, ac0 necessa i, eaqueton, Sp. al-coton, Ar. al-g'oton, busines hon being originally padded with cotton.) questio A kind of rest or tunic made of taffeta or a реrѕс Junther, quilted, worn under the habergeon nuities tot d mail to save the body from range

, and sometimes worn alone like a reversi bufonatthe coat of mail itself. His acton Actuat you all of black.' Percy Relig.

Ppr, ac Ye was his helmet hack'd and hew'd, action; Is ater pierced and tore.

Sir W. Scott.

are act Meiten also A cketon, Acqueton, Hacqueton. Mend

ambition Actor (ak tér), 12. 1. One that acts or per

minds ar farza ; specifically

, one that represents a earuter or acts a part in a play; a stage- said of

2. To i plaza - In law, (a) an advocate or procva in civil courts or causes. (b) A plaintiff.

The li to this sense properly a Latin word.]

living sp

be actua Actress (aktres), 1. A female who acts or

3. To Sorelles , indeos, admitted Fame as an actress in

Addison

Taylor Specifically , a female who represents or acts

Actuato spurt in a play. (In explanation of numer

South. hanges in our old plays, it is to be ob- . Actuat pared that actresses were not introduced being !

I have to have consequ

anthoida, of which the genus Actinia is the They are reproduced by germs thrown out the sum of the products of the masses of type. See ACTINIA.

at the mouth, by gemmules or buds devel the bodies by the integral of the products Actinic (ak-tin'ik),a. 1. Pertaining to actin oped on the base of their disk, and by divi of the velocities, and the elements of the ism; specifically, pertaining to the chemical sion, each separated part becoming a com spaces passed over is constantly a maximum rays of the sun.-2. In photog. applied to a plete animal They present that strange or minimum.'-Action, Act. In many cases compound lens when the real image which generative phenomenon known as meta action and act are synonymous, but some it gives upon the screen is such that a large genesis or alternation of generation. They, distinction between them is observable. number of those coloured rays which exert with the Hydrozoa, constitute the sub-king Action seems to have more relation to the chemical action upon the substances com dom Coelenterata.

power that acts, and its operation and proposing the sensitive tablet are combined Actinozoon (ak-tin'o-zā"on), n. [See ACTINO cess of acting; and act more relation to the with sufficient of the luminous rays to ren ZOA.) An individual member of the Actino effect or operation complete. Action is also der the image visible. See ACTINISM. zoa, whether simple or compound.

more generally used for ordinary transacActiniform (ak-tin'i-form), a. [Gr. aktis, Action (ak'shon), n. [L. actio. See ACT.) tions, and act for such as are remarkable aktinos, a ray, and L. forma, form.] Having 1. The state or manner of acting or being or dignified; as, all our actions should be a radiated form.

active, as opposed to rest; activity; active regulated by prudence; a prince is distinActinism (ak'tin-izm), n. (Gr. aktis, aktinos, exertion; energy manifested in outward acts; guished by acts of heroism or humanity. a ray.] 1. The radiation of heat or light; bustle or traffic of life; as, a man of action. Act is individual, but we speak of a course or that branch of natural philosophy which A life of civic action.' Tennyson.

of action. treats of the radiation of heat or light.

It is necessary to that perfection of which our Actionable (ak'shon-a-bl), a. Furnishing 2. The property of the chemical part of the present state is capable that the mind and body ground for an action at law; characterized sun's rays, which, as seen in photography, should both be kept in action.

Fohnson.

by something for which an action at law produces chemical combinations and decom I myself must mix with action lest I wither by de. may be sustained; as, to call a man a thief positions. A ray, when decomposed by re spair.

Tennyson. is actionable, fraction through a prism, is found to pos 2. An act or thing done; a deed; an exploit; Actionably (ak’shon-a-bli), adv. In an acsess three properties, viz. the luminous, the a feat; specifically, in ethics, any result of tionable manner; in a manner that may heating, and the chemical or actinic, the activity regarded as proceeding from a subject to legal process. two latter acting at opposite ends of the moral agent.

Actionary, Actionist (ak'shon-a-ri, ak'. spectrum. The actinic property or force,

The Lord is a God of knowledge, and by him ac

shon-ist), n. A proprietor of stock in a or actinism, begins among the violet rays, tions are weighed.

1 Sam. ii. 3. joint-stock company; one who owns actions and extends a long way beyond the visible 3. The exertion of power or force by one

or shares of stock. [Rare.] spectrum.

thing on another; agency; operation; im- Action-sermon (ak’shon-sér’mon), n. In Actinocarpus (ak'tin-o-kär"pus), n. (Gr. pulse; as, the action of wind upon a ship's

the Scotch Church, the sermon preached aktis, aktinos, a ray, and karpos, fruit.) A sails.-4. In poetry and the drama, the con

prior to the dispensation of the communion. genus of plants, nat order Alismaceæ; star

nected series of events on which the interest Action-takingt (ak’shon-tāk-ing), a. Litigi. fruit. A. Damasonium is a British plant, of the piece depends; the main subject or

ous; accustomed to seek redress by law in growing in ditches and pools, mostly in a

fable as distinguished from an incidental place of by the sword: a term of contempt. gravelly soil.

action or episode. The unity of action is A lily-livered, action-taking knave.' Shak. Actino-chemistry (ak'tin-o-kem"is-tri), n. regarded as one of the dramatic unities. Actious t (ak'shus), a.

Active; full of acti. Chemistry in its relation to actinism. See

This action should have three qualifications: first,

vity. Warner. (Very rare.) ACTINISM. it should be one action ; secondly, it should be an

Actitation (ak-ti-ta'shon), n. [L. actito, Actinograph (ak-tin'ö-graf), n. [Gr. aktis, entire action; and thirdly, it should be a great ac actitatum, to act or plead frequently, only aktinos, a ray, and graphò, to write.) An in

tion.

Addison, spoken of lawsuits and dramas; double strument for measuring and registering the 5. In rhet. gesture or gesticulation; the ex freq. from ago, actum, to act.] Frequent variations of actinic or chemical influence in

ternal deportment of the speaker, or the action; specifically, the debating of lawthe solar rays, the intensity of which bears no accommodation of his attitude, voice, ges

suits. (Rare.) direct relation to the quantity of light, but tures, and countenance to the subject, or to Activatet (ak’tiv-åt), v. t. To make active; varies at different periods of the day and of the thoughts and feelings of the mind.

to intensify. There are several forms of this

Suit the action to the word, the word to the action. Snow and ice, especially being helpen, and their instrument, all of them depending on the

Shak. cold activated by nitre or salt, will turn water to ice, same principle, namely, the depth of the 6. In physiol. any one of the active processes

and that in a few hours.

Bacon, blackening effect of the chemical rays al going on in an organized body; some mani- Active (ak’tiv), a. [L. activus; Fr. actif, ac lowed to fall on a sensitive piece of paper festation of vital activity; the performance tive. See ACT.] 1. Having the power or for a given time.

of a function; as, the action of the stomach property of acting; having the property of Actinoid (ak'tin-oid), a. (Gr. aktis, aktinos, or the gastric juice on the food; a morbid causing change or communicating action or a ray, and eidos, likeness.] Resembling a action of the liver. Among these actions motion; having the power to exert an influray or rays; radiated.

some are distinguished as voluntary, as the ence; as, attraction is an active power; the Actinoida (ak’tin-oid-a), n. pl. A class of contractions of the voluntary muscles; in active powers of the mind: opposed to passmarine Radiata; the same with Actinozoa voluntary, as those of the lungs and heart; ive.-2. Having the power of quick motion, (which see)

mixed, as those of respiration, deglutition, or disposition to move with speed; nimble; Actinolite (ak-tin'o-lit), n. (Gr. aktis, akti &c., reflex, which doubtless include most lively; brisk; agile; as, an active animal. nos, a ray, and lithos, a stone.) A mineral,

involuntary actions, but correspond also to Hence—3. Busy; constantly engaged in accalled by Werner strahlstein (ray-stone), those performed by voluntary muscles under tion; pursuing business with vigour and nearly allied to hornblende, and consisting the influence of stimuli which do not reach assiduity: opposed to dull, slow, or indolent, chiefly of silica, calcium, magnesium, and the consciousness.—7. In law, (a) a suit or as, an active officer. It is also opposed to iron. -Actinolite schist, a metamorphic rock process, by which a demand 'is made of a

sedentary; as, an active life. Hence-4. In consisting principally of actinolite, with an right; a claim made before a tribunal. Ac com. indicating much business; as, an active admixture of mica, quartz, or feldspar; its tions are real, personal, or inixed; real, or demand for iron; freights are active.-6. In texture is slaty and foliated.

feudal, when the demandant claims a title a state of action, operation, or motion; acActinolitic (ak-tin'o-lit"ik), a. Like or per to real estate; personal, when a man de tually proceeding; accompanied by overt taining to actinolite.

mands a debt, personal duty, or damages in action: opposed to dormant or suspended. Actinometer (ak-tin-om'et-ér), n. (Gr. ak lieu of it, or satisfaction for an injury to Active hostilities.' Motley.

tis, aktinos, a ray, and metron, measure.) person or property; and mixed, when real An instrument for measuring the intensity

The world hath had in these men fresh experience estate is demanded, wit damages for a ow dangerous such active errors are.

Hooker. of the sun's actinic rays. Several of these

wrong sustained.

Actions are also civil or instruments have been invented based upon penal; civil, when instituted solely in be

6. In med. applied to certain medicines

which produce quick and notable changes the production of certain chemical reac half of private persons, to recover debts or tions by means of the chemical rays. damages; penal, when instituted to recover

upon the body; also, to the method of

treatment in which active remedies are Actinometric (ak-tin'o-met"rik), a.

Of or a penalty imposed by way of punishment. belonging to the actinometer, or the mea (6) The right of bringing an action; as, the

used. - 7. Requiring action or exertion: surement of the chemical action of the sun's law gives an action for every claim.-8. (A

practical; operative; producing real effects: French usage.) A share in the capital

opposed to speculative; as, the active duties

of life.-8. In gram. (a) with some grammariActinosoma (ak-tin'o-sõ"ma), n. (Gr. aktis,

stock of a company, or in the public funds; in ans, expressing action; as, an active verb.

the plural, stocks. —9. In painting and sculp. aktinos, a ray, and soma, body.] A term employed to designate the entire body of

Active verbs are subdivided into two classes, (a) the attitude or position of the several any actinozoon, whether this be simple (as parts of the body, as expressive of the pas

namely, active intransitive and active tran. in the sea-anemones) or composed of several sions or emotions by which it is actuated.

sitive; the former implying action confined zoöids (as in most corals). (b) The effect of a figure or figures acting

to the actor; as, I walk, run, think; the latter Actinote (ak'tin-ot), n. [Gr. aktis, aktinos,

action passing from the actor to an object; together. (c) The principal event which as, I chase the

hare; I teach the boy. (6) With a ray.) A radiated mineral, consisting of forms the subject of a picture or bas-resilicate of calcium and magnesium, lief. – 10. Battle; fight; engagement be

other grammarians, same as Transitive.

Active capital or wealth, money or property Actinozoa (ak-tin'o-zö"a), n. pl. [Gr. altis, tween troops, whether on land or water. that may readily be converted into money, aktinos, & ray, and zoon, an animal.) A class

How many gentlemen have you lost in this action! and used in commerce or other employment of radiated, soft marine zoophytes, embrac

Shak, for profit. -- Active commerce, the commerce ing the sea-anemones, corals, sea-pens,&c.,in 11. The mechanism of a pianoforte, organ, in which a nation carries its own and foreign which the stomach acts also as a lung, and is or other compound instrument of the same commodities in its own ships, or which is separated from the mouth by a space divided kind. - 12. The movement or works of a prosecuted by its own citizens, as contrainto chambers by partitions bearing the re watch or clock.-13. In the manege, gene

distinguished from passive, in which the productive organs. Some are compound, ral movements of the limbs and body; as, a productions of one

country are transported living on a polypidom, some adhere to rocks, horse of fine action. - Quantity of action, in by the people of another. - Active or living &c., and some are free. All have beautifully physics, the product of the mass of a body force, in physics, same as Vis viva(which see) rayed tentacula arranged around the mouth, by the space it runs through and its velo - Active symptoms, in pathol, symptoms of which, when displayed, present in some city.

Principle of least action, Lagrange's excitement. Syn. Agile, alert, brisk, vigorgenera, as Actinia, no remote resemblance name for a law of motion which he enunci ous, nimble, lively, quick, sprightly, prompt, to some of our finest composite flowers. ates thus:--'In a system of moving bodies, industrious, operative, Fáte, fär, fat, fall; mē, met, hér; pine, pin; nõte, not, möve; tūbe, tub, byll; oil, pound; ü, Sc. abune; 9, Sc. fey.

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tfter the Restoration In Shakspere's fine male parts were performed by boys. La fine, one night

, was impatient to have but the Replay begin. "Sire, said Davenant, they

Actuat a daring the queen." Memoirs of Count

or puts Site of the Apostles. One of the books

Actuos

of acti te New Testament, the authorship of tabia la comuna only ascribed to St. Luke. It

Bailey stay with the ascension of Christ, and

Actuos Dia a dccount of the early spread of the

or stat ere, and more especially of the part Bayed tezein by St. Paul, little being said

whis Atal Ati-al), Q. 1. Acting or existing

incide, und objectively; existing in act; real;

Stirlin estrely operative, effectual: opposed to

Acture

Shak. Destal castery, ct the burning the body by a

Actus

passen has the best efect, in a diñerent way, by means Rare.

Crucikshark.
Se a cobbler, even when not at work,

Acuate
ACID.)
COITOS

Immc bauchin the bloc Acuate Ashmi

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rays.

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as a wobbler dontial; whereas, when
alba, te vas a cobblet actual.

Sir W. Hamilton
en te Getres, introducing new offices, nominated

Byas, et those of the first class actual
era, and those of the second class

Brougham.
Febebat but conceives a crime in thought
Tens the danger of an actual fault. Dryden.

Mohon d aiair - 3 Active. Beside banking and other actual performances.? Sak.- Artual vás, in theol that committed

[blocks in formation]

inherited from Adam.

the ca stalky (ak-to-ali-ti), n. 1. The state of Tality, as opposed to ideality

aga a echiality of relation--this nudity of testamen, unl poudrey without an atmosphere.

acuity

Sting. & you the ab armed

Si loin me the bands of friendships: masag

terunad, that is, the possibilities

spicul

with 1 and w

dim

ACTIVE

33

ACUPUNCTURE

Activet (ak'tiv), n. That which is active. Actualization (ak'tū-al-iz-a"shon), n. A bot. having prickles or sharp points; pointed: It is well knowc, both to reason and experience,

making real or actual; the reducing of an used chiefly to denote plants having prickles every adive worcheth on his passive. Chaucer, idea to a state of actuality or realness; the fixed in the bark, in distinction from thorns, Actively (ak'tiv-li), adv. In an active man state of being made actual. “He (Aristotle) which grow from the wood. -2. In zool. ner; by action; in a state of action; nimbly; seeks the idea only in its actualization. having a sting briskly; energetically; also in an active sig. J. H. Seelye.

Aculeate (a-kü'lē-āt), n. A hymenopterous nification; as, a word is used actively. Actualize (ak'tū-al-iz), v.t. To make actual. insect, one of the Aculeata. Activementt (ak'tiv-ment), n. Business; Actually (ak'tū-al-li), adv. 1. In fact; really; Aculeate (a-kū'lē-at), v.t. pret. & pp. acule

in truth.-2. With outward and active mani. employment. Bp. Reynolds.

ated; ppr. aculeating. To make pointed; Activeness (ak'tiv-nes), n. The quality of festation.

to sharpen. [Rare.) being active; the faculty of acting; nimble or all your sex, yet never did I know

Aculeiform (a-kü'le-i-form),a. Formed like ness; quickness of motion : less used than Any that yet so actually did shew

a prickle. Such rules for patience, such an easy way. Dryden. Aculeolate (a-kūle-o-låt), a. In bot. having activity

What strange agility and activeness do our com Actualness (ak'tū-al-nes), n. The quality small prickles or sharp points. Gray. mon tumblers and dancers on the rope attain to. of being actual. [Rare. )

Aculeous (a-kū'le-us), a. In bot. having Bp. Wilkins.

Actuarial (ak-tū-a'ri-al), a. Of or pertain prickles; aculeate; thorny. Sir T. Browne. Activity (ak-tiv'i-ti), n. The state or qua

ing to an actuary or actuaries, or to the Aculeus (a-ků'le-us), n. pl. Aculei (a-kū'lity of being active; the active faculty; ac

business of an actuary; as, the Actuarial lē-1). [L.] In bot, a hard, sharp, conical hair, tive force, or a specific exertion thereof; Society of Edinburgh.

or cellular process of the epidermis or bark nimbleness; agility; briskness; also, the Actuary (ak'tü-a-ri), n. (L. actuarius, & of plants; a prickle. habit of diligent and vigorous pursuit of

clerk, a registrar.) 1. A registrar or clerk: Acumen (a-kū'men), n. [L. acumen, from business; as, a man of activity. It is applied

a term of the civil law, and used originally acuo, to sharpen.) Quickness of perception; to persons or things. All those activities,

in courts of civil law jurisdiction; specifi the faculty of nice discrimination; mental bodily and mental, which constitute our

cally, (a) a clerk that registers the acts and acuteness or penetration; keenness of inordinary idea of life.' H. Spencer.

constitutions of the lower house of convo sight. His learning, above all kings chrisSalt put to ice increaseth the activity of cold. Bacon.

cation. (6) An officer appointed to keep tened, his acumen, his judgment, his memActless (akt'les), a. Without action or savings-banks' accounts.-2. An official in a ory.' Sir E. Coke. spirit. "A poor, young, actless, indigested joint-stock company, particularly an insur-Acuminate(a-kū'min-āt), a. (L. acuminatus, thing.' Southern. (Rare.] ance company, whose duty it is to make the

sharpened, from acumen.} Acton (ak'ton), n. (fr. hoqueton, 0. Fr. aco necessary computations required in the

Pointed; acute; specifically, ton, auqueton, $p. al-coton, Ar. al-q'oton, business, and generally to advise on all

in bot. having a long taperfrom being originally padded with cotton.) questions relating to statistics and finance;

ing termination: applied to A kind of vest or tunic made of taffeta or a person skilled in the doctrine of life an.

leaves. When the narrowleather, quilted, worn under the habergeon nuities and insurances, who is in the habit

ing takes place at the base or coat of mail to save the body from of giving opinions upon cases of annuities,

it is so expressed, e.g. acubruises, and sometimes worn alone like a reversions, &c.

minate at the base, when buffcoat; the coat of mail itself. His acton Actuate (ak'tū-āt), v. t. pret. & pp. actuated;

used without any limitait was all of black.' Percy Reliq. ppr. actuating. (From act.] 1. To put into

tion it always refers to the Yet was his helmet hack'd and hew'd,

action; to move or incite to action;

as, men

apex of the leaf. His acton pierced and tore. Sir W. Scott. are actuated by motives or passions.

Acuminate (a-kü'min-át), Written also A cheton, Acqueton, Hacqueton.

v. t. To render sharp or See GAMBESON.

Men of the greatest abilities are most fired with ambition; and, on the contrary, mean and narrow

keen. 'To acuminate deActor (ak'tér), n. 1. One that acts or perminds are the least actuated by it. Addison.

spair.' Cowper. [Rare.) forms, specifically, one that represents a 2. To invigorate; to develop; to strengthen:

Acuminate f (a-kü'min-át), character or acts a part in a play; a stage

Acuminate Leaf. said of inanimate objects.

v.š. To taper to a point; to player.—2. In laro, (a) an advocate or proc

rise like a cone. tor in civil courts or causes. (6) A plaintiff.

The light made by this animal depends upon a

living spirit, and seems by some vital irradiation to They (the bishops). acuminating still higher (In this sense properly a Latin word. )

be actuated into this lustre. Sir T. Browne. and higher in a cone of prelaty, instead of healing Actress (ak'tres), n. A female who acts or

up the gashes of the church ...

. . fall to gore one performs anything.

3.1 To carry out; to execute; to perform. another with their sharp spires, for upper places and

Jer.
To actuate what you command.'

precedence. Virgil has, indeed, admitted Fame as an actress in

Milton. the Æneid.

Addison.
Taylor.

Acuminated (a-kü'min-āt-ed), a. Sharpened
Specifically, a female who represents or acts
Actuate (ak'tü-át), a. Put into action.

to a point; acuminate. a part in a play. (In explanation of numerSouth. (Rare.)

This is not acuminated and pointed, as in the rest, Actuation (ak-tū-ā'shon), n. The state of but seemeth, as it were, cut off, ous passages in our old plays, it is to be ob

Sir T. Browne. served that actresses were not introduced being put in action; effectual operation.

Acumination (a-kü'min-a"shon), 1. 1. Act till after the Restoration. In Shakspere's I have presupposed all things distinct from him of acuminating, or state of being acumitime female parts were performed by boys. to have been produced out of nothing by him, and

nated; sharpening; termination in a sharp The king, one night, was impatient to have

consequently to be posterior not only to the motion,
but the actuation of his will. Bp. Pearson,

point. -2. Something with a sharp point; a the play begin. Sire, said Davenant, they Actuator (akstī-āt-ér), n. One who actuates

pointed extremity. are shaving the queen. Memoirs of Count

The coronary thorns ... did also pierce his tende Grammont.) or puts in action.

der and sacred temples to a multiplicity of pains, by Actuose (ak'tū-os), a. Acts of the Apostles. One of the books

Having the power their numerous acuminations. Bp. Pearson, of the New Testament, the authorship of

of action; having strong powers of action. 3. Acuteness of intellect. [Rare.) which is commonly ascribed to St. Luke. It Bailey. [Rare.)

Wits, which erect and inscribe, with notable zeal

and acumination, their memorials in every mind begins with the ascension of Christ, and Actuosity (ak-tú-os’i-ti), n. (Rare.) 1. Power

they meet with.

Waterhouse, or state of action.-2. In metaph. a state of gives an account of the early spread of the gospel, and more especially of the part

activity which is complete in itself without Acuminose, Acuminous (a-kü'min-os, aplayed therein by St. Paul, little being said

leading to any result which must be re kü'min-us), a. In bot. having a sharp or of the other apostles except St. Peter. The

garded as its completion. "That actuosity tapering point. (Rare.) narrative comes down to 62 A.D.

in which the action and its completion co- Acupression (ak-ū-pre'shon), n. AcupresActual (ak'tü-al), a. 1. Acting or existing

incide, as to think, to see.' J. Hutchison sure (which see) really and objectively; existing in act; real; Actureť (ak’tūr), n. Action; performance.

Acupressure (ak-ū-pre'shūr), n. (L. acus, a effectively operative; effectual: opposed to

needle, and E. pressure.] In surg. a method virtual, potential, nominal, speculative. Shak.

of stopping hæmorrhage in arteries in amThe actual cautery, or the burning the body by a

Actus (ak'tus), n. [L.) In law, a road for putations, &c., consisting in pressing the red-hot iron, is opposed to the virtual cautery, which

passengers riding or driving; a highway. artery closely by means of a pin or needle produces the same effect, in a different way, by means (Rare.)

or bit of inelastic wire, introduced through of caustics and escharotics.

Cruikshank, Acuatet (ak'ü-át), v.t. pret. & pp. acuated; the sides or flaps of the wound, instead of So Alfenus was a cobbler, even when not at work, ppr. acuating. (L. acuo, to sharpen. See tying with a thread. that is, he was a cobbler potential; whereas, when

There are various busy in his booth, he was a cobbler adual.

ACID.) To sharpen; to make pungent or modes of inserting the pin.
Sir W. Hamilton.
corrosive.

Acupuncturation (ak-u-pungk'tūr-ā"shon), Peter the Great, introducing new offices, nominated Immoderate feeding upon pickled meats, and de

n. Pricking with a needle; acupuncture. the eldest Boyars, or those of the first class actual bauching with strong wines, do infame and acuate Acupuncturator (ak-ū-pungk'ta-rat-er), n. privy-councillors; and those of the second class the blood.

Harvey. An instrument for performing the operation privy-councillors.

Brougham.
For he that but conceives a crime in thought

Acuate t (ak'ū-át), a. Sharpened; pointed. of acupuncture.
Contracts the danger of an actual fault. Dryden.
Ashmole.

Acupuncture (ak-ü-pungk'tūr), n. (L. acus, 2. Now existing; present; as, in the actual | Acuition t (ak-ū-i'shon), n. [From L. acuo, a needle, and punctura, a pricking. See position of affairs. - 3.7 'Active. Beside

to sharpen.) The sharpening of medicines PUNCTURE.) 1. A surgical operation reher walking and other actual performances.

to increase their effect, as by the addition sorted to in certain complaints, as in headShak. - Actual sin, in theol. that committed of a mineral acid to a vegetable acid.

aches and lethargies, &c., and consisting in hogy a person himself, in opposition to origi- Acuityt (a-kü'i-ti), n. Sharpness. The the insertion of a delicate needle or set of nal sin, inherited from Adam.

acuity or bluntness of the pin that bears needles beneath the tissues. This operation Actuality (ak-tü-al’i-ti), n. 1. The state of the card.' Perkins.

has for many ages been practised, and is being actual, as opposed to potentiality; Aculeata (a-kū’lē-ā”ta), n. (See ACULEATE.] still in high repute in China, Japan, and reality, as opposed to ideality.

Sting-bearers, a name sometimes given to India. In modern surgery it is confined to It will be found that Pope himself has no small

a group of hymenopterous insects, in which muscular, tendinous, and aponeurotic parts, portion of this actuality of relation-this nudity of

the abdomen of the females and neuters is and is employed chiefly to relieve neuralgic description, and poetry without an atmosphere.

armed with a sting, consisting of two fine and chronic rheumatic pains, the needles

Crabbe. 2. That in which anything is realized.

spiculæ, with reverted barbs, connected being sometimes used to conduct a gal

with a poison reservoir. It includes bees Nature and religion are the bands of friendships;

vanic current, and sometimes made hollow and wasps. etcellency and usefulness are its great endearments;

to convey an anodyne or sedative into the

tissues. – 2. A mode of infanticide in some and the circumstances of converse, are the

deterini. sendety and neighbourhood, that is, the possibilities Aculeate, Aculeated (a-kū' lē-āt, a-kūlē.

at-ed), a. (L. aculeus, a spine, a prickle, countries, a needle being forced into the nations and actualities of it.

Fer. Taylor. dim, of acus, a needle. See ACID.] 1. In brain through the spinal marrow, &c. ch, chain; ch, Sc. loch; 6, go; j, job; , Fr. ton; ng, sing; TH, then; th, thin; w, wig; wh, whig; zh, azure.-See KEY.

distrgorata; ppr. adcorporating. [See and Pr

Sesuar, add still one more; add this

is further, subjoin; as, to what I

in de Though the verb in this phrase spinous od object, yet it is often really

ADAPTORIAL

Each gun

form klaptorial (sd-ap-tő'ri-al), a. Tending to

as, to plagt or dit; suitable. (Rare.) llar (idar), [Posaibly from Heb. adar, Adda

tian pierdar, from the eruberarico of vegetales in this month in Palestine) A Hebrew (whid bath, answering to the latter part of Adda Peruary and the

beginning of March, the Adda treilib of the sacred and sixth of the civil (Hip

one o Llarde (2-där'si)

, 1. [Gr. adarkēs.) A salt size o ish concretion on reeds and grass in marshy The le mod in Galatia

. It is soft and porous, nifice al bas been used to cleanse the skin in beauti kerter, tetters, &c.

spiral Larsen (3-lar kon), - In Jewish antiq. a points ndid osta Forth about 258. Sterling. The mane Learnishing mark of the piece was a of hai med archer

large Marte (2-där mā), th A Spanish weight, W&S u e alteenth of an otince.

covere klase, tel Same as Adaze. Chaticer. the ba hlatis ad'at-is), n. Á muslin or species of betton cloth from India. kammti (a-dant'), nt. (See DAUNT.) TO madeAdaunted the rage of a lyon B. Stelton. bavi (-da'), t.t. [Prefix a, intens., and bez in Por. E to dannt or frighten; conlestad by Wedgwood with such words as lel taga, to silence; M.H.G. dagen, gedyrt to be still; Hessian dachen, to allay csill] 1 To daunt; to quell; to cow. Tzight thereo did greatly him adaw. Spenser.

by the

ACURU

34

ADAPTNESS Acuru (akko-rô), n. The name in India of Acyanoblepsy (a-si'an-o-blep-si), n. [Gr. a, Adamantean (ad'a-mant-ē"an), a. Hard as a fragrant aloe-wood.

priv., kyanos, blue, blepo, to look on.) A adamant. Acutangular (a-kūt'ang-gū-ler), a. Acute defect in vision, in consequence of which

Useless the forgery angular (which see). Warburton. the colour blue cannot be distinguished.

Of brazen shield and spear, the hammer'd cuirass, Acute (a-kūt'), a. (L. acutus, sharp-pointed, Ad, prefix. (Akin to the L. conjunctions et,

Chalybean temper'd steel, and frock of mail from acuo, to sharpen. From root ac, ak, and, too, at, still, moreover, and to E. at

Adamantean proof.

Milton. a point. See ACID.) 1. Sharp at the end; (which see).) A Latin preposition signify Adamantine (ad-a-mant'in), a. 1. Made of ending in a sharp point: opposed to blunt ing to; and appearing as a prefix in a great

adamant; having the qualities of adamant: or obtuse; specifically applied bot. to a number of words of Latin origin, in which

impenetrable. In adamantine chains shall leaf or a division of the case the final letter is usually assimilated to

death be bound.' Pope. floral envelope ending

the first letter of the word to which it is in a sharp point; and in prefixed; thus, in acclaim, affirm, alligation,

From its adamantine lips geom. to an angle less approve, arrive, attrition, &c., the ac, af,

Flung a death-cloud round the ships. Campbell. than a right angle. See al, ap, &c., are all modified forms of ad. In

2. Resembling the diamond in hardness or ACUTE-ANGLED.-2. Posascend, ascribe, the d has been lost alto

in sparkling lustre. -Adamantine spar, (a) sessing, exhibiting, or gether.

a very hard, hair-brown variety of corun. characterized by nice Adact + (a-dakt), v.t. [L. adigo, adactum

dum, often of adamantine, or diamond-like discernment or discrimad, to, and ago, to lead or drive.] To drive;

lustre. It yields a very hard powder used ination; perceiving or to compel. Fotherby.

in polishing diamonds and other gems. () using minute distincAdactyl (a-dak'til), a. In zool. applied to a

A hair-brown sapphire. (c) Corundum, from tions, or characterized Acute Leaves. locomotive extremity without digits or toes.

its hardness or peculiar occasional lustre. use of such; Written also Adactyle.

See CORUNDUM. characterized by keenness of insight: op- Adactyl (a-dak'til), n. [Gr. a, priv., and

Adamic (a-dam'ik), a. Pertaining to Adam. posed to dull orstupid:(a) applied to persons; daktylos, a digit.] In zool. a locomotive ex

-Adamic earth, common red clay, from a as, an acute reasoner. The acute and in tremity without digits. Written also Adac

notion that Adam means red earth. genious author.' Locke. (6) Applied to tyle.

Adamite (ad'am-it), n. Eccles. one of a sect mental endowments; as, the author pos- Adage (ad'āj), n. (Fr. adage; L. adagium,

of visionaries of the second century, who sesses an acute reasoning faculty. In the adagio, a proverb, by some derived from

pretended to establish a state of innocence, following passage Shakspere uses the word adigo, to adduce—ad, to, and ago, to bring;

and, like Adam, went naked. They abin the sense of reaching a high pitch, pecu by others from ad, to, and aio, Skr. ah, to say,

horred marriage, holding it to be the effect liarly great; but as he puts it in the mouth to speak.) A proverb; an old saying, which

of sin. Several attempts have been made of a pedant, Schmidt suggests that it may has obtained credit by long use; a wise

to revive this sect, one as late as the fifteenth be purposely misused. observation handed down from antiquity.

century. The gift (of alliterative rhyming) is good in those Unless the adage must be verified,

Adamitic (ad-am-it'ik), a. Of or pertaining in whom it is acide.

That beggars mounted run their horse to death.

to, or resembling the Adamites. (C) Applied to mental performances; as, the

Shak. Nor is it other than rustic or Adamitic impudence reasoning of the author is very acute.-- Aphorism, Axiom, Maxim, Apophthegm,

to confine nature to itself.

Fer. Taylor. 3. Applied to the senses, having nice or quick

Adage, Proverb, Byword, Saw. See under | Adansonia (ad - an-so'ni-a), n. (From M. sensibility; susceptible of slight impressions; APHORISM.

Adanson, a French botanist who travelled having power to feel or perceive small ob

Adagialt (a-dā'ji-al), a. Proverbial.

• That

in Senegal.) A genus of plants, nat. order jects; as, a man of acute eyesight, hearing, Adagio (a-dä'jó), a. and

adv. (It.) In music, adagial verse.' Barrow.

Sterculiaceæ.

A. digitata is the African or feeling.

calabash-tree, or baobab-tree of Senegal. Were our senses made much quicker and acuter,

slow; slowly, leisurely, and with grace. (See BAOBAB.) A. Gregorii, the only other the appearance and outward scheme of things would When repeated, adagio, adagio, it directs have quite another face to us.

species, is the cream-of-tartar tree of North Locke. the performance to be very slow.

Australia. See CREAM-OF-TARTAR TREE 4. Keen; sharp: said of pain. - 5. High in Adagio (a-dä'jo), n. In music, a slow move under CREAM. pitch; shrill: said of sound: opposed to ment.

Adapis (ad'a-pis), n. [Gr. a, intens., and grave: in this sense specifically applied to Adagyt (ad'a-ji), n.

Same as Adage.

dapis, a rug.) An extinct thick-skinned an accent which elevates or sharpens the Adalantado (ad'a-lan-tä"do), n.

Same as

mammal of the tertiary formation, somevoice.-6. In med. a term applied to a disease

Adelantado. which is attended with more or less violent Adalid (ad-a-lēd), n. [Sp.) A commander.

what resembling a hedgehog, but about

three times its size, discovered by Cuvier in symptoms, and comes speedily to a crisis, as Irving.

the plaster quarries near París. Its teeth a pleurisy: opposed to chronic.-Syn. Sub- Adam (ad'am), n. (Heb. ādām, a human combine the characters of the Anoplothetle, ingenious, keen, penetrating, sharp,

being, male or female, perhaps so called rium and the tapir. shrill.

from his ruddiness (ādam, to be red). Ge Adapt (a-dapt'), v.t. [L. ad, to, and apto, to

senius.] 1. The name of the first man; the Acute (a-kūt'), v.t. To render the accent

fit; Gr. hapto, to cling to, to overtake; Skr. acute. (Rare.]

progenitor of the human race.-2. Jocularly, åp, to come to, to obtain.] 1. To make suitHe acutes his rising inflection too much.

a serjeant or bailiff: explained by the comWalker.

able; to make to correspond; to fit or suit; mentators as referring to the fact that the Acute-angled (a-kūt'ang-gld), a. Having

to proportion. buff worn by the bailiff resembled the native sharp or acute angles, or angles less than buff of our first parent.

words ord post will adapt the very sounds, as well as

Pope.
right angles.-An acute-angled triangle, one
that has all its angles less than right angles.
Not that Adam that kept the garden, but that

For nature, always in the right,
Adam that keeps the prison.
Shak.

Swift

To your decays, adapts my sight. Acute-angular (a-kūt'ang-gu-lér), a. 1. Hav. ing an angle less than a right angle.-2. In

3. The frailty inherent in human nature, 2. Specifically, to remodel, work up, and bot. applied to stems with sharp corners or

regarded as inherited from Adam in conse render fit for representation on the stage, as edges, as in the Labiatæ. quence of the fall.

a play from a foreign language or a novel. Acutely (a-kútóli), adv. In an acute manner; And whipp'd the offending Adam out of him. Shak. Adaptability (a-dapt'a-bil'i-ti),n. The quasharply; keenly; with nice discrimination. -Adam's apple, (a) Pomum Adami, the

lity of being capable of adaptation. Acutenaculum (ak’ū-tē-nak"ū-lum), n. (L. prominence on the fore part of the throat

Adaptable (a-dapt'a-bl), a. That may be acus, a needle, and tenaculum, a holder, formed by the anterior part of the thyroid Adaptableness (a-dapt'a-bl-nes), n.

adapted.

Same from teneo, to hold.) In surg. a needle with a handle, which is used to send it faster idle notion that a piece of the forbidden Adaptation (ad-ap-tā'shon), n. 1. The act through the skin, &c., in stitching a wound. fruit stuck in Adam's throat and occasioned Acuteness (a-kut'nes), n. The quality of the tumour. (b) A variety of the lime

of adapting or making suitable; the state of being acute; as, (a) the quality of being (Citrus Limetta) with a depression, which

being suitable or fit; ħtness, sharp or pointed; as, the lance-shaped is fancifully regarded in Italy as the mark

The exquisite adaptation of the almost numberless, windows form at their vertex angles of vary of Adam's teeth. See CITRON.- Adam and

though small asperities of the one, and the numerous
little cavities of the other.

Boyle, ing degrees of acuteness.: Oxford Glossary.

Eve, the popular name in the United States (6) Fig. the faculty of nice discernment or for a terrestrial orchid (A plectrum hiemale).

2. That which is adapted; specifically, a perception; quickness or keenness of the -Adam's needle, the popular name of a

play translated or constructed from a foreign senses or understanding. By an acuteness genus of liliaceous plants, Yucca (which

language or a novel, and rendered suitable of the senses or of mental feeling we per see). - Adam's ale, Adam's wine, water.

for representation; as, this comedy is a free ceive small objects or slight impressions; (Colloq.)

adaptation from a French author. by an acuteness of intellect we discern nice Adamant (ad'a-mant), n. [L. adamas, ada

Adaptedness (a-dapt'ed-nes), n. distinctions. mantis, Gr. adamas, the hardest iron or Adapter (a-daptér), n.

being adapted; suitableness.

1. One who or that Mr. Colbert ... was a man of probity, of great steel, anything inflexible, the diamond; lit. industry, and knowledge of detail; of great experithe unconquerable-Gr. a, priv., and dama),

which adapts; specifically, one who transence and acuteness in the examination of public

lates, remodels, or works up, rendering fit
to tame. See TAME and DIAMOND.) 1. A
accounts.

Adam Smith.
term formerly sometimes equivalent to

to be represented on the stage, as a play
(c) In rhet, or music, sharpness or elevation
diamond, but generally, as is now the case,

from a foreign tongue or from a novelof sound. (d) In med. violence of a disease, used vaguely to express any substance of Adaptiont (a-dapʻshon), n. Adaptation;

the

2. In chem. same as Adopter (which see). which brings it speedily to a crisis.

llo moderate; to abate.
aasbate the brightness of his beame
Abercer of his fames somewhat adata.

Spenser
Hati (-da'), 0. To moderate; to become
les Thement

Head Her statusul corage gan apal, ladingite sprits meekly to adaw. Spenser,

It is al: bar, Adawet (a-da'), v.i. (Prefix a, in fraria. les, and 0.2 and Sc. dau, to wake out of of the o thep, to dawn; 4. Sax dagian, dægian, Icel

. Addecin daya

, to become day, from A. Sax. deg, and dec bei ispr, day.) To awake

tain the Bese, a man that wakith out of his slep,

decimat le may not sodeynly well taken keep, Sayan a thing, ee seen it parfytly

Addeem to that he be adaad verrayły.

Clancer deem.)

tence. Harle, Adawlut (a-dalėt), . (Hind.) la he Last Indies, a court of justice, civil

2. To de kh7 (4-dit), adr. (Prefix a, for on or of,

to accou af day, a genitive form of day.) 1. On or

She scom berit in the phrase now a days.—2 In Addend daytime

(ad-den

additio

Mrs. Thrale, Adder ( Page -dir, nt. (Prefix a, intens., and

addere, and L.CO

an adde e propose of catching; as in the phrase,

A. Sax. aylandum vulgus, to catch the rabble:

0.H.G. paid often as an adjective to meretricious

a viper probab] seen in

Unto

I have mirable nights;

but I shift pretty

[graphic]

a lo dazzle Sir T. More.
La mengandum (ad kap-tan'dum). [L] For

may be

Goth, nathair to be th

ridæ, t1

Sant to catch popular favour or ap:8, ad captandum oratory, kanporatet (al-korpā-rät)

, t.t. pret. & VAKRATE) To unite, as one body with

L addo, to add_ad, to, and de voyat, sa place, to give.] 1. To set or put

adder. Iptuato join or unite, as one thing or

артот, , by marther, in an aggregate; as, add

viper, , your stune - To connect in some way;

tain an

2 or 3 fi el pod uste sise armour with thy prayers,

olive, r Shak.

yellowį het best priester honours to his age than man

The na , eded fearing God.

Skak.

poisono

-Great the already tail let me add this. - To add the sea we mayhent; to increase; to make some

It is 50

North Adder-1

State of

Retskrea said, I will add to your yoke.

[graphic]

1. Add to put together 80 as AdderWm vedeate or whole; annex, liSounder ADD, 1.1.1-2. To per-| found

den vids to one's regret rounde

Join to at an end, as &

lai topeber the ideas of two

W I to be or serve as an addi-Adder

impenetrable hardness: it is chiefly a rheAcutiator (a-ku’shi-ätoer), m. In the

act of fitting

"Wise contrivances and pru. torical or poetical word. middle ages, a person whose office was to

dent adaptions.' Cheyne.

As an adamant harder than flint have I made thy Adaptive (a-daptiv), a. Tending to adapt: sharpen instruments. Before the invention

forehead.

Ezek. iii. 9. of firearms such officers attended armies

suitable. Coleridge. [Rare.] But who would force the soul, tilts with a straw to sharpen their weapons.

Against a champion cased in adamant. Wordsworth,

Adaptiveness (a-dapt'iv-nes), n. The qualAcutifoliate (a-kūt-i-foli-āt), a. [L. acutus,

2. Loadstone or magnet ; a sense not un. Adaptlyt (a-dapt'li), adv. In a suitable or

ity of being adaptive; suitableness. sharp, from acuo, to sharpen, and folium, common in our earlier writers, though it is

convenient manner. a leaf. ] In bot. having sharp-pointed leaves. not easy to see why the word should have

Prior. Gray.

For active horsemanship adaptly fit. assumed this meaning. Acutilobate (a-kūt-i-lobát), a. [L. acutus,

The state of

Adaptness t (a-dapt'nes), n.

You draw me, you hard-hearted adamant, sharp, and lobus, a lobe.) In bot. having

And yet you draw not iron, for my heart

being fitted. Adaptness of the sound to acute lobes: said of certain leaves. Gray. Is true as steel.

Shak. the sense. Bp. Newton.
Fāte, fair, fat, fall; mē, met, her; pine, pin; note, not, möve; tübe, tub, bpul; oil, pound; ü, Sc. abune; y, Sc. ley.

[Provin Adder-1

fly or bolt.

iki. xii. 14.
Dievases, yet receives rain still,
landia bakancelach this store. Shak.

this ha greater

Leica s kis will

Ave, Miljon, et

Locke.
Fornson

south
maculo
Adder-
5 or 6 in
also th
Trachi
ista.

bet sted with to; as, the con

in diffe

ADAPTORIAL

35

ADDITION

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Adaptorial (ad-ap-tõʻri-al), a. Tending to form the arithmetical operation of addition; kind of supernatural efficacy in curing the
adapt or fit; suitable. (Rare.)
as, this boy can add very rapidly.

bites of adders. They are believed by archæAdar (a'där), Th. [Possibly from Heb. adar, Adda (ad'da), n. A small species of Egyp ologists to have been anciently used as splendour, from the exuberance of vegeta tian lizard (Scincus officinalis); the skink spindle-whorls, that is, a kind of small fly. tion in this month in Palestine.) A Hebrew (which see),

wheels to keep up the rotatory motion of month, answering to the latter part of Addable (ad'a-bl), a. See ADDIBLE.

the spindle. Some stones or beads of this February and the beginning of March, the Addax (ad'aks), n. A species of antelope kind or similar were by one superstitious twelfth of the sacred and sixth of the civil (Hippotragus (Oryx) nasomaculatus), and tradition said to have been produced by a year.

one of the largest of the genus, being of the number of adders putting their heads toAdarce (a-där'si), 1. [Gr. adarkēs.) A salt size of a large ass, with much of its make. gether and hissing till the foam became ish concretion on reeds and grass in marshy The horns of the male are particularly mag consolidated into a bead, which was supgrounds in Galatia.

It is soft and porous, nificent. They are about 4 feet long, and posed to be a powerful charm against disease. and has been used to cleanse the skin in beautifully twisted into a wide-sweeping Called also Serpent-stone and Druidical leprosy, tetters, &c.

spiral of two turns and a half, with the Bead. Adarcon (a-där kon), n. In Jewish antiq, a points directed outwards. It has no proper Adder's-tongue (ad'érz-tung), n. A species gold coin worth about 258. sterling. The mane on the back of the neck; but has tufts of fern, of the genus Ophioglossum, whose distinguishing mark of the piece was a of hair on the forehead and throat, and spores are produced on a spike, supposed to crowned archer.

large broad hoofs to tread on the sand. It resemble a serpent's tongue. See OPHIOAdarme (a-där må), n. A Spanish weight, was unknown to modern naturalists till dis GLOSSUM the sixteenth of an ounce.

covered by the German traveller Rüppel on Adder's-wort (ad'érz-wert), n. Snakeweed Adase, t v.t. Same as Adaze. Chaucer. the barren sands of Nubia and Kordofan. (Polygonum Bistorta), so named from its Adatis (ad'at-is), *. A muslin or species of

supposed virtue in curing the bite of serfine cotton cloth from India.

pents. Called also Bistort. Adauntt (a.dant'), v.t. (See DAUNT.) To

Addibility (ad-i-bili-ti), n. The condition of subdue. Adaunted the rage of a lyon

being addible; the capability of being added. savage. Skelton.

"The

endless addition or addibility (if any one Adawt (a-da'), v.t. [Prefix a, intens., and

like the word better) of numbers.' Locke. daw, in Prov. E. to daunt or frighten; con

[Rare.] Dected by Wedgwood with such words as

Addible (ad'i-bl), a. Capable of being added. Icel. thagga, to silence; M.H.G. dagen, ge.

The clearest idea we can get of infinity is the dagen, to be still; Hessian dachen, to allay

confused, incomprehensible remainder of endless,

addible numbers, which affords no prospect of stop or still.] 1. To daunt; to quell; to cow.

or boundary.

Locke. The sight thereof did greatly him adaw. Spenser.

Addice t (ad'dis), n. Same as Adze (which 2. To moderate; to abate.

see) Gins to abate the brightness of his beame

Addict (ad-dikt), v.t. (L. addico, addictum, And fervour of his flames somewhat adawe.

to devote-ad, to, and dico, to dedicate.] To Spenser.

devote or give up entirely; to apply habituAdawt (a-da'), v. i. To moderate; to become

ally; to habituate; to attach closely:generally less vehement.

Head of Addax (Hippotragus nasomaculatus). with a reflexive pronoun, and sometimes in Her wrathful corage gan apal,

a good sense, but, as now used, more often And haughtie spirits meekly to adaw. Spenser.

It is also found in the woody parts of Caf in a bad; as, to addict one's self to intemAdaw,t Adawet (a-da'), v.i. (Prefix a, in fraria. It is the strepsiceros (twisted-horn) perance, to gambling, or the like. "The tens., and 0. E. and Sc. dar, to wake out of of the older writers.

same addicted fidelity.' Milton. Addicted sleep, to dawn; A. Sax. dagian, dægian, Icel. Addecimate (ad-de'si-māt), v.t. (L. ad, to, from their births so much to poesy.' Drayton. daga, to become day, from A. Sax. dæg, and decimus, tenth.) To take or to ascer

They have addicted themselves to the ministry of Icel. dagr, day.) To awake. tain the tithe or tenth part of; to tithe; to the saints.

1 Cor. xvi. 15.
But sire, a man that wakith out of his slep,
decimate. Bailey.

There has always prevailed among that part of
He may not sodeynly well taken keep.
Upon a thing, ne seen it parfytly

Addeemt (ad-dēm'), v.t. [Prefix ad, to, and mankind that addict their minds to speculation
Td that he be adawed verrayly. Chaucer, deem.] 1. To award; to adjudge; to sen a propensity to talk much of the delights of retire-

ment.

Adventurer.
tence.
Adawlet, Adawlut (a-da'lėt), n. (Hind.)
Unto him they did addrer the prize. Spenser.

Charles came forth from that school with social
In the East Indies, a court of justice, civil

habits, with polite and engaging manners, and with or criminal

2. To deem; to judge; to determine; to esteem; some talent for lively conversation, addicted beyond to account.

measure to sensual indulgence, incapable of selfAdays (A-dăz'), adv. [Prefix a, for on or of,

denial and of exertion, without faith in human virtue and days, a genitive form of day.) 1. On or She scorns to be addeemed so worthless-base. Daniel.

or in human attachment, without desire of renown, in days, as in the phrase now adays.-2. In Addendum (ad-den'dum), n. pl Addenda and without sensibility to reproach, Macaulay. the day-time. (ad-den'da). [L.] A thing to be added; an

-To addict one's self to a person,t to attach I have miserable nights; ... but I shift pretty addition; an appendix to a work.

or devote one's self to a person: a sense borMrs. Thrale. Adder (ad'ér), n. [A. Sax, cetter, O. E. addre,

rowed from the Romans, who used the word Adazet (a.dáz), 0.t. (Prefix a, intens,, and addere, O. and Prov. E. and Śc. edder, D.

(addico) for assigning debtors in servitude daze.) To dazzle. Sir T. More.

and L.G. adder, Dan. otterslange, G. otter, to their creditors. 'Yours entirely addicted,
Ad captandum (ad kap-tan'dum). [L.) For
an adder, a viper. These forms recall the

madam.' B. Jonson.
the purpose of catching; as in the phrase,
A. Sax. ator, ætter, Icel. eitr, Dan. adder,

I am neither author or fautor of any sect; I will
ad captandum vulgus, to catch the rabble:
0.H.G. eitar, venom, poison, Icel. eitr-orm,

have no man addict himself to me; but if I have
applied often as an adjective to meretricious viper, O.H.G. eiten, to burn, yet this anything right, defend it as truth's. B. Fonson.
attempts to catch popular favour or ap-
may be a casual resemblance, and more

Addict t (ad-dikt), a. Addicted
plause; as, ad captandum oratory.
probably the word has lost an initial n,

If he be addiet to vice,
Adcorporatet (ad-korpo-rāt), v.t. pret. & seen in A. Sax. nædre, næddre, neddre, O.

Quickly him they will entice. Shak.
pp. adcorporated; ppr. adcorporating. [See
and Prov. E. nedder, Icel. nadr, nadra,

Addictedness (ad - dikt' ed-nes), n.

The
ACCORPORATE.) To unite, as one body with

Goth. nadrs, G. natter, Ir. and Gael.
another; to accorporate.
nathair, O.W. neidr, which would appear

quality or state of being addicted. My

former addictedness to make chymical
Add (ad), v.1. [L. addo, to add-ad, to, and
to be the same word as L. natrix, a snake,

experiments.'. Boyle.
do, to put, to place, to give.] 1. To set or put
adder. For a similar variety of form comp.

Addiction (ad-dik'shon), n. The act of
together; to join or unite, as one thing or
apron, napron.] A venomous serpent or

devoting or giving up in practice; the som to another, in an aggregate; as, add viper, an ophidian reptile, family Vipe

state of being devoted; devotedness; devothree to four; add still one more; add this ridæ, the Vipera communis, found in Bri

tion. *An addiction to certain sciences,
to your store.-2. To connect in some way;
tain and over Europe. It is rarely above

Warburton.
to bestow.
2 or 3 feet long, and has black spots on an

His addiction was to courses vain. Shak.
Add proof unto mine armour with thy prayers.

olive, rich deep brown, or dirty brownish

Shak. yellow ground. Its bite is rarely fatal to man. Ad diem (ad di'em). (L.) In law, at the day. And to add greater honours to his age than man The name is often vaguely used for any Addison's Disease (ad'di-sunz diz-ēz'), n. could give him, he died fearing God. Skak. poisonous serpent of the family Viperidæ.

A structural disease of the supra-renal 3. To say further; to subjoin; as, to what I -Great sea-adder, an acanthopterygian fish,

capsules characterized by anæmia, extreme have already said let me add this. - To add the sea stickleback (Gasterosteus spinachia).

prostration, and the brownish olive-green to, to augment; to increase; to make some It is 5 or 6 inches long, with fifteen or sixteen

colour of the skin. Called also Supra-renal addition to. [Though the verb in this phrase spinous rays on the back. It occurs in the Melasma or Bronzed-skin Disease, first dehas no expressed object, yet it is often really North Sea.

scribed by Dr. Addison. transitive.)

Adder-bolt (ad'ér-bõlt), n. The dragon-fly. Additament (ad-dit'a-ment), n. (L. additaRehoboam said, I will add to your yoke. (Provincial.]

mentum, an addition, from addo, additum,
i Ki. xii. 14 Adder-ily (ad'ér-fi), n. A name of the dragon to add. See ADD.) An addition, or the
The sea, all water, yet receives rain still,
And in abundance addeth to his store.

fly or Libellula. Sometimes called Adder. thing added. [Rare.]
Shak,
bolt.

In a palace there are certain additaments that
- Add, Annex. Add, to put together so as Adder-grass (ad'ér-gras), n. A name in the contribute to its ornament and use. Sir M. Hale,
to form an aggregate or whole; annex, li south of Scotland for the common Orchis Addition (ad-di'shon), n. (L. additio, from
terally to tie to, to join to at an end, as a maculata. See ORCHIS.

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addo, to add.) 1. The act or process of smaller thing to a greater.

Adder-pike (ad'ér-pīk), n. A species of fish, adding: opposed to subtraction or diminuAs easily as he can add together the ideas of two 5 or 6 inches long, found on our coast. Called tion; as, a sum is increased by addition; to days or two years.

Locke, also the Lesser #eever or Sting-fish. It is the increase a heap by the addition of more.
Heannered a codicil to his will. Fohnson, Trachinus vipera, family Percidæ,of natural. Specifically, in arith. the uniting of two or
SYN. Adduce, adjoin, annex.
ists. See WEEVER.

more numbers in one sum; also, the rule or Add (ad), v.i' 1. To be or serve as an addi Adder-stone (ad'er-stön), n. The name given branch of arithmetic which treats of adding tion; to be added: with to; as, the con in different parts of the country to certain numbers. Simple addition is the adding of sciousness of folly often adds to one's

regret.

rounded perforated stones or glass beads numbers, irrespective of any things denoted [See To add to under ADD, v.t.)-2. To per found occasionally, and supposed to have a by them, or the adding of sums of the same

up.

d po

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