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aut sideaiy to be a les secrecy. imation; notice; it todries from Par tu station. Specific tn by one pers sada business tra

zettally engag yine party to an i lik ar drasta drag

, to consult wi Quesult one who

des sabject; to ta sal or skillult pre, and the likeDemmendation Anfamation nc Darboat (al-ris

bo! cap retel employed beration berlate (ad-vijil-AE med

, to, and na tachtal] Towate


hazard; to put in the power of unforeseen in front of, opposite – ad, to, and verto, or allude: now always with the preposition events; as, to adventure one's life.

versum, to turn.

See VERSION.) A mis to before the object regarded, formerly My father fought for you, and adventured his life

cellaneous collection of notes, remarks, or sometimes with upon; as, he adverted to far. Judg. ir. 17. selections; a commonplace book.

what was said, or to a circumstance that 2. To venture on; to attempt. "Leander These parchments are supposed to have been

occurred. The mind of man being not would adventure it.' Shak.

St. Paul's adversaria.

Bp. Hall. capable at once to advert to more than one Adventure (ad-ven'tūr), v.i. and t. 1. TO Adversarious (ad-ver-sā'ri-us), a. Adver thing.' Ray. run all hazards; to take any risk. sary. Southey. (Rare.)

As I cannot be conscious of what I do not per. I would adventure for such inerchandize. Shak. Adversary (ad'ver-sa-ri), n. [L adversarius,

ceive, so I do not perceive that which I do not advert 2. To run the hazard of; to risk : with an opposite, opposing, an antagonist, an ad

upon. That which makes me feel makes me advert.

Wollaston. infinitive.

versary See ADVERSE.] 1. An enemy; a - Advert, Alude, Refer.
foe; an'antagonist; an opponent.

Advert, to turn
I will adventure to be banished myself. Shak.

to directly, and it may be abruptly; allude, Adventureful (ad-ven'tūr-fyl), a. Given

The Lord will take vengeance on his adversaries. lit. to play upon--to refer to a thing slightly

Nah, i. 2. to adventure; full of enterprise.

and without making any direct mention of Specifically-2. An opponent or antagonist Adventurer (ad-ven'tūr-ér), n. 1. One who

it, it may be in a very vague and uncertain in a suit at law; an opposing litigant. Mat. attempts or takes part in bold, novel, or

manner; refer, lit. to carry back-to bring v. 25; Luke xii. 58.- Adversary, Antagonist, extraordinary enterprises; thus the volun

a thing already well known into notice; to Enemy. Adversary, one who is opposed to mention or speak of directly. teers who went out in the reign of Queen

another, without necessarily having hostile Elizabeth to prey on the Spanish treasurefeelings, one who takes an opposite side; it

He adverted to the king's well-known disinclinaships returning from America were adven

tion to and inaptitude for business, the supineness does not necessarily involve so close and

of the nation, and the lethargy of parliament. turers; Sir Francis Drake had under him personal a relation as that which exists be

Smollett. 2000 such adventurers. The Young Adven

tween antagonists, an antagonist being one These specches of Jerome and Chrysostom do turer was an epithet applied to Prince w strives personally against another for

seem to allude unto such ministerial garments as Charles Edward Stuart. In modern times


were then in use. victory, the two being directly pitted against the word has almost lost this honourable

each other; an enemy is one who entertains To do good is the great duty to which Solomon signification, usually meaning-2. One who feelings of personal hostility, and thus at

refers in the text.

Sharp. tries to keep up a certain status in society, tempts, or at least desires, to injure a per- Advertt (ad-vėrt), v.t. To advise, warn, or and advance his fortune by expedients of a

son. — SYN. Antagonist, opponent, opposer, counsel. more or less discreditable, if not dishonest foe, enemy.

I can no more, but in tuy name advert character; one who tries to push his forAdversary (ad'vėr-sa-ri), a. 1. Opposed;

All earthly powers beware of tyrant's heart. tunes by underhand or equivocal means; opposite to; adverse. Adversary forces.

Mır. for Mags. one who lives by a system of imposition.

Bp. King. (Rare or obsolete.)-2. In law, | Advertence, Advertency (ad-vėrt'ens, ad3. One who engages in an adventure or

having an opposing party, in contradistinc vert'en-si), n. A turning or directing of the speculation; a speculator; a shareholder in

tion to unopposed; as, an adversary suit. mind; attention; notice; regard; considerworking a mine.

Adversation (ad-ver-sā'shon), n. The state ation; heedfulness. Adventuresome (ad-ven'tür-sum), a. Bold;

of being adverse; adverseness; opposition. To this difference it is right that advertence should daring; incurring hazard. See VENTURE

Adversative (ad-vérs'at-iv), a. Expressing be had in regulating taxation, F. S. Mill. SOME.

difference, contrariety, or opposition; as, an Adventuresomeness (ad-ven'tūr-sum-nes),

Advertent (ad-vert'ent), a. Attentive; heed. adversative conjunction; thus, in the sen ful. 'Advertent lest he should be deceived." The quality of being bold and venture

tence, John is an honest man, but a fanatic, Sir M. Hale. some.

koristility (al-vít'a

beteg atricable ore 2, ppetizacy

ar M. Boh Sawy

baba at-Tix a-bU Laper to be advised puan be care of putzetatisable az aydas, aad

but has an adversative force, and is called Advertently (ad-vért'ent-li), adv. In an Adventuress (ad-ven'tūr-es), n. A female an adversative conjunction.

advertent manner. adventurer; a female capable of bold enAdversative (ad-vérs'at-iv), n. A word de

Advertise (ad-vér-tiz', formerly pronounced terprises, especially enterprises of equivocal noting contrariety or opposition.

ad-vér tiz), v.t. pret. & pp. advertised; ppr. character. Adverse (ad'vers), a. (L. adversus, opposite

advertising. (Fr. avertir, avertissant, to It might be very well for Lady Bareacres .. and -ad, to, and versus, turned, from verto, to

warn, to inform, from L. adverto, to turn, other ladies ... to cry fie at the idea of the odious

turn.) 1. Acting in a contrary direction; adventuress making her curtsey before the sove

or direct towards--ad, to, and verto, to turn. reign.


conflicting; counteracting ; opposing; as, See VERSION.) 1.7 To inform; to give notice,

adverse winds. Adventurous (ad-ven'tūr-us), a. 1. Inclined

advice, or intelligence to, whether of a past or willing to incur hazard or engage in ad. With adverse blast up-turns them from the south. or present event, or of something future.

Milton. ventures; bold to encounter danger; daring;

I will advertise thee what this people will do to thy 2. Opposed to; hostile; inimical; as, an ad people in the latter day.

Num. xxiv. 14 courageous; enterprising.

verse party; adverse criticism.-3. Opposing In many a doubtful fight,

I thought to advertise thee, saying, Buy it before desire; contrary to the wishes or to supposed the inhabitants and elders of my people. Ruth iv. 4, Was never known a more advent'rous knight.

good; hence, unfortunate; calamitous; per-

In this sense it has of before the subject of 2. Full of hazard ; attended with risk ; ex nicious; unprosperous; as, adverse fate or

information when the subject is a noun; as, posing to danger; requiring courage; as, an circumstances.

to advertise a man of his losses. -2. To give adventurous undertaking.

He lived, we are told, to experience sport of ad.

information to the public concerning to And followed freedom on the adventurous tide. verse fortune.


make public intimation of, as of anything Trumbull. - Adverse leaf, in bot. a leaf which has its

for sale, lost or found, a meeting or enter-Rash, Reckless, Adventurous. See under

margin turned towards the stem.- Adverse RASH. — SYN. Bold, enterprising, daring,

tainment, or the like; as, to advertise goods possession, in law, occupancy of realty with

for sale, a house to let, a meeting of sharecourageous, rash, foolhardy. out molestation which may at length ripen

holders, a Christmas pantomime.- 3. To Adventurously (ad-ven'tūr-us-li), adv. In

into an unimpeachable title.-SYN. Oppoan adventurous manner; boldly; daringly.

instruct; to assist with counsel; to advise. site, opposing, contrary, inimical, hostile,

Wherein he might the king his lord advertise They are both hanged, and so would this be, if he unfortunate, calamitous, unprosperous.

Whether our daughter were legitimate. Shak.
durst steal anything adventurously. Shak. Adverset (ad-vers'), v.t. To oppose. “For-
Adventurousness (ad-ven'tūr-us-nes), n. tune should him adverse,' Gower.

SYN. To apprise, inform, make known, an-
The quality of being adventurous.
Adversely (ad'vérs-li), adv. In an adverse

nounce, proclaim, promulgate, publish. Adverb (ad'vėrb), n. [L. adverbium-ad, to, manner; oppositely; inimically; offensively; Advertise (ad-ver-tiz), v.i. To make public and verbum, a word, a verb.) In gram. one unfortunately; unprosperously; in a manner

announcement of goods for sale orof anything of the indeclinable parts of speech, so called contrary to desire or success.

of which it is desired to inform the public; from being frequently joined to verbs for

If the drink you give me touch my palate adversely,

to announce one's wishes or intentions by the purpose of limiting or extending their I make a crooked face at it.


advertisement; as, if you wish to succeed signification; as, I fear greatly; I readily Adverseness (ad'vėrs-nes), n. 1. Opposition;

in business, advertise, admit. They may also qualify adjectives;

We have witnessed in later times scenes of blood repugnance. as, very cold; naturally brave; and other

enacted under his successors, and torments as cruel

This would account for an adverseness to all our as the torture which he had abolished, inflicted on adverbs; as, very generally acknowledged; overtures for peace,

Hallam. the very spot where he had advertised for a free
much inore clearly. Adverbs may be placed
either before or after the words they qua-
2. Adversity; unprosperousness; as, adverse-

statement of all the grievances of which his Italian
subjects could complain.

ness of circumstances.
lify. They may be classified as follows:
1. Adverbs of time, as now, then, never, &c.

Adversifoliate, Adversifolious (ad-vers'. Advertisement (ad-vêr'tiz-ment), n. 1.1 The
l-fo'li-āt, ad-vérs'i-fo'li-us), a. [L. adversus,

giving of notice; information; intelligence.
2. Of place, as here, there, where, &c. 3. Of
opposite, and folium, a leal.] In bot. having

An advertisement of danger.' Bp. Burnet. degree, as very, much, nearly, almost, &c. 4. Of affirmation, negation, or doubt, as yes, opposite leaves: applied to plants where the

*This advertisement is five days old.' Shak. leaves are arranged opposite to each other

2.1 Instruction; advice; moral admonition. no, perhaps, &c. 5. Of manner, as well, on the stem.

"That is an advertisement to a proper maid badly, clearly, &c.

to take heed.' Shak.-3. A written or Adverbial (ad-verb'i-al), a.

1. An event, or
1. Pertaining Adversity (ad-vérs'i-ti), n.
series of events, which oppose success or

printed notice intended to make something
to or having the character or structure of
an adverb. -2. Much inclined to use ad-
desire; misfortune; calamity; affliction; dis-

known to the public; especially a printed tress; state of unhappiness.

and paid notice in a newspaper or other verbs,

public print He is also wonderfully adverbirl in his expressions,

Ye have rejected God, who saved you out of all and breaks off with a Perhaps' and a nod of the

your adversities.

i Sam. X. 19.

The best evidence of the enormous increase of head upon matters of the most indifferent nature.

Sweet are the uses of adversity,

advertising since that year (1853), will be found in the
Which, like the toad, ugly and venomous,

increase of newspapers, the advertisements in which

are one of the main sources of their profits. Adverbially (ad-verb'i-al-li), adv. In the • Wears yet a precious jewel in his head. Shak.

M Culloch. manner or with the force or character of an 2. Applied to a crabbed, cruss-grained per- | Advertiser (ad-ver-tīz'ér), n. One who or adverb.

son. Well said, adversity.' Shak. - SYN. that which advertises: a title often given Adversablet (ad-vérs'a-bl), a. Contrary to; Calamity, misfortune, affliction, distress, to newspapers. opposite to. Bailey,


Advertising (ad-ver-tiz'ing, formerly proAdversaria (ad-ver-sā'ri-a), n. [L. adversa - Advert(ad-vért), v. i. [L. adverto-ad, to, and nounced ad-vêr'tiz-ing), a. 1. Fond of using ria (scripta), lit. (writings) opposite each verto, to turn. } "To turn the mind or atten. advertisements; furnishing many advertiseother, a note-book, journal, from adversus, tion; to regard, observe, or notice; to refer ments to newspapers; as, an advertising

then we advice. . tensregeyaz topgeneet in Ardent, expedi hableness admaloyd being advi

way (ft quien

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firm. - 2.t Monitory, or active in giving design; as, I speak advisedly; an enterprise favour of; to defend by argument before a
advice or intelligence.
advisedly undertaken.

tribunal; to support or vindicate.
As I was then
Advisedness (ad-vīzed-nes), n. The state

This is the only thing distinct and sensible which
Advertising and holy to your business,
of being advised; deliberate consideration; has been advocated'

Not changing heart with habit, I am still

prudent procedure.
Attorney'd at your service.

The most eminent orators were engaged to advo.
Advisementt (ad-viz'ment), n. 1. Counsel; cate his cause.

Milford Advesperatet (ad-ves'pėr-āt), v.i. (L. ad advice. vesperascit, it grows towards evening-ad,

2. In Scots law, formerly to transfer from I will, according to your advisement, declare the to, and vesper, evening.) To draw towards

an inferior court to the Court of Session, as evils which seem most hurtful.

Spenser, evening. Bailey.

an action while still pending, or after judg2. Deliberation; circumspection; consultaAdvice (ad-vis'), n. {0. Fr. advis, opinion;

ment had been given, in order that the tion. hence, expressed opinion, counsel-L. ad,

judgment might be reviewed. See ADVO-
Among those that do all things with adpisement
to, and visum, seen or judged proper, as in

there is wisdom. Prov. xiii. 10 (Trans. 1539).
the expression visum est, it has seemed good

Advocate (ad'vo-kát), v.i. To act as an ad.

vocate; to plead. To advocate in my own to me, I think. See Vision.] 1. An opinion Adviser (ad-vizér), n. 1. One who gives ad. recommended, or offered, as worthy to be

vice or admonition; also, in a bad sense, child's behalf.' Dawbeny. [Rare.) followed; counsel; suggestion. What ad

one who instigates or persuades. Specifi Advocateship (ad'vo-kat-ship), n. The office rice give ye?' 2 Chr. X. 9.-2. Deliberate cally--2. In politics, one of the royal counsel.

or duty of an advocate. consideration; reflection; cogitation.

lors or ministers, who are legally responsible | Advocatesst (ad'vo-kāt-es), n. A female ad-
for the sovereign's acts in his or her official

vocate. (Rare.]
That's not suddenly to be performed, but with
advice and sitent secrecy.

The advisers whom necessity had compelled

God hath provided us with an advocatess.
3. Information; notice; intelligence; as, we
Charles to call around himn were by no means men

Fer. Taylor. hare late advice from Paris of the outbreak

after his own heart.

Macaulay. Advocation (ad-vo-ka'shon), n. 1. The act of & revolution. Specifically-4. In com. a Advisership (ad-vīz'er-ship), n. The office of advocating; a pleading for; plea; apology. Dotification by one person to another in of an adviser. (Rare.]

My advocation is not now in time. Shak. respect of a business transaction in which Advising (ad-vīz'ing), n. Advice; counsel. they are mutually engaged, as information

Fasten your car on my advisings. Shak,

2. In Scots law, a form of process, the object given by one party to another, by letter, as

of which was to remove a cause from an into the bills or drafts drawn upon him. -- To Advisot(ad-vīz'o), n. Advice; consideration.

ferior to the Supreme Court, in order that take advice, to consult with others; specific'Counsels and advisos.' Whitlock.

a judgment might be reviewed, or that

1. Having power ally, to consult one who has a special know. Advisory (ad-vīz'o-ri), a.

future procedure might be conducted in the to advise. ledge of a subject; to take the opinion of a

Court of Session, Abolished in 1868, a sim-
professional or skilful man, as a physician,
The general association has a general advisory

ple appeal being substituted.
superintendence over all the ministers and churches.
lawyer, and the like.-SYN. Counsel, admo-

B. Trumbull.

Advocatus Dei (ad-võ-kā'tus dē'i), n. (L.) nition, recommendation, exhortation, per

Same as God's Advocate. See under ADYOsuasion, information, notice, intelligence. 2. Containing advice; as, their opinion is

CATE. merely advisory. Advice-boat (ad-vis'bot), n. A small, swift

Advocatus Diaboli (ad-vo-ka'tus di-a'bo-li), sailing vessel employed to carry despatches Advizet (ad-vīz), v.t. and i. Same as Advise.

n. (L.) Same as Devil's Advocate. See Spenser. or information.

1. The act of

under ADVOCATE. Advocacy (ad'vo-ka-si), n. Advigilatet (ad-vij'il-át), v.t. (L. advigilo, pleading for; intercession. — 2.1 Judicial Advoke (ad-vök'), v.t. (L. advoco, to sumadvigilare-ad, to, and vigilo, to watch, from

mon-ad, to, and roco, to call.) To transfer vigil, watchful. s To watch diligently, Bailey.

pleading; lawsuit. Chaucer.
Advocate (ad'vo-kāt), . (L. advocatus, one

to a higher court. (Rare and obsolete.) Advisability (ad-viz'a-bil"i-ti), n. Quality summoned to aid, counsel, or plead for- (He) had privately prevailed with the pope to adof being advisable or expedient; advisable

See voke the cause to Rome.

Fuller. ad, to, and voco, vocatum, to call. ness; expediency.

VOICE, VOCAL.] 1. One who pleads the Advolationt (ad-vo-lā'shon), n. (L. ad, to, Mr. Benjamin Allen was holding a hurried consul. cause of another in a court of law. Speci. tation with Mr. Bob Sawyer on the advisability of

and volo, volatum, to fly.) Act of flying to bleeding the company generally.

fically, (a) the title given to the counsel

something. Bailey. who practised in the ecclesiastical and ad- Advolutiont (ad-vo-lū'shon), n. [L. ad, to, Advisable (ad-viz'a-bl), a. (See ADVISE.) miralty courts in England, which, as sepa and volvo, volutum, to roll.] A rolling to1. Proper to be advised prudent; expedient; rate courts, are now extinct. (6) The title

wards something. Bailey. proper to be done or practised.

given in Scotland, first, to the counsel prac | Advoutrert(ad-vou'trér), n. [O. Fr. advoutre, Some judge it advisable for a man to account with tising before the supreme court, and, second,

advoultre, from L. adulter, an adulterer, his heart every day, and this, no doubt, is the best and surest course. to those procurators or solicitors who act

See ADULTERATE.) An adulterer,
before the inferior courts at Aberdeen, and

Advoutresst (ad-vou'tres), n. An adulteress. 2. Open to advice.

are members of the society there.-2. One Advoutroust (ad-vou'trus), a. Adulterous. He was so strangely advisable that he would adwho defends, vindicates, or espouses a cause

Advoutry (ad-vou'tri), n. (See ADVOU. rert unto the judgement of the meanest person. by argument; a pleader in favour of; an

TRER.) Adultery. 'A marriage compounded Bp. Fell. upholder; a defender; as, an advocate for

between an advoutry and a rape.' Bacon. SIN. Prudent, expedient, proper, desirable. peace or for the oppressed.

Advowee (ad-vou-7'), n. Advisableness (ad-viz'a-bl-nes), n.

One who has the The

That cause seems commonly the better that has quality of being advisable or expedient.

right of advowson. the better advocate.

Sir W. Temple. Advisably (ad-vīz'a-bli), adv. With advice.

Advowson (ad-vou'sn), n. 10. Fr. advoesin, Advise (ad-viz), v.t. pret. & pp. advised; ppr.

In Scrip. Christ is called an advocate for his right of presentation to a church living, advising. (Fr. aviser. See ADVICE.] 1. To

people. We have an advocate with the from L. advocatio, advocationis, a calling to give counsel to; to offer an opinion to, as

father.' 1 Jn. ii. 1.-3. Eccles. (a) a person one for help. In the early ages of the worthy or expedient to be followed; as,

church ecclesiastics could not appear before appointed to defend the rights and revenues

I advise you to be cautious of speculation.

of a church or monastery. (6) Formerly, lay tribunals. They therefore had recourse 2. To give information to; to communicate

the patron of a church or owner of an ad to the aid of laymen to plead their cause, potice to; to make acquainted with: fol

'VOwson. See Advowson.-Faculty of ad and these persons receive the name of adlowed by of before the thing communicated;

vocates, in Scotland, a society of lawyers, vocates, Fr. advoués. In the decline of the as, the merchants were advised of the risk.

who practise in the highest courts, and who Roman Empire, when defence from violence SYN. To counsel, admonish, inforın, apprise,

are admitted members after following a cer was more necessary than legal skill, the acquaint, make known.

tain course of study, undergoing the pre church selected as their advocates powerful Advise (ad-vīz'), v.i. 1. To deliberate,

scribed examinations, and paying the requi nobles able to defend her property from weigh well, or consider; to reflect.

site fees. It consists of about 400 members, rapine and plunder or enrich her by dona

and from this body vacancies on the bench tions, and in return conferred on them the Now,reader, close thy book, and then advise, Bc wisely worldly, but not worldly wise. Quarles.

are supplied. -Lord advocate, in Scotland, right of presentation to livings. Advocatio

the principal crown counsel in civil cases, thus came to mean not only defence in a Advise, and see what answer I shall return to him the public prosecutor of crimes, and an im court, and protection, aid, and support gene

2 Sam. xxiv. 13. portant political functionary in the manage. rally, but also the right of presentation to Sometimes followed by a kind of reflexive ment of Scottish affairs. His tenure of a living, to which last meaning advowson is or complementary pronoun; as, 'advise thy

office ceases with that of the administra. now restricted. Patronus, the Latin name self of what word 'I shall bring again to him tion with which he is connected. He is as for an advocate in the court, a protector, 1 Chr. xxi. 12.

sisted in the discharge of his duties by the benefactor, has undergone a similar change Advise you what you say: the minister is here.

solicitor-general and four advocates-depute, of meaning, and now signifies the person in

Shak. appointed by himself. The lord advocate whom such a right vests. ] The right of There's for thy labour, Montjoy,

has usually a seat in parliament, and before presentation to a vacant benefice, Go, bid thy master well advise himself. Shak.

Advowthe Union he had his seat ex officio. He sons are of three kinds, presentative, colla2. To take counsel; to join others in deli is called also Crown Advocate, Queen's (or tive, and donative; presentative when the berating; to seek the advice of another or King's) Advocate.-Judge advocate,in courts patron presents his clerk to the bishop of others: followed by with; as, I shall advise martial, a person who manages the prosecu the diocese to be instituted; collative when with my friends as to what

is to be done. tion.- Devil's advocate, (a) in R. Cath. Ch. a the bishop is the patron, and institutes or Advised (ad-vizd'), p. and a. 1. Cautious; person appointed to act as accuser of any collates his clerk by a single act; donative prudent; acting with deliberation.

one proposed for canonization at the exa when a church is founded by the king, and Let him be ... advised in his answers. Bacon.

mination preceding this rite, and to state assigned to the patron, without being subWith the well advised is wisdom. Prov. xiii. 10.

all possible objections to its consummation. ject to the ordinary, so that the patron con

Hence, (b) a scandal-monger; one given to fers the benefice on his clerk without pre2. Donc, formed, or taken with advice or deliberation; intended; as, an advised act

bring forward malicious accusations. ---God's sentation, institution, or induction. Ador scheme.

advocate, in R. Cath. Ch. the defender of vowsons are also appendant, that is, annexed

the character of the person proposed for to a manor; or in gro88, that is, annexed to
We bave no express purpose ... nor any advised

canonization at the examination preceding the person of the patron.
this rite.

Advoyer, Avoyer (ad-voi'èr, a-voi'ér), n. Advisedly (ad-viz'ed-li). adv. With delibera Advocate (ad'vo-kāt), v.t. pret. & pp. advo (Fr. avoyer.) A chief magistrate of a town tion or advice; heedfully; purposely; by cated; ppr. advocating. 1. To plead in or canton in Switzerland.

that sent me.

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Adwardt (ad-ward). Same as Award. Spen breastplate covered with metal scales, and of ginger or extract of capsicums mixed

made terrible by the head of the Gorgon with sugar placed in the bottles before Adynamic, Adynamical (a-di-nam'ik, a-di Medusa, being also fringed with serpents. filling them converts this into gingerade; nam'ik-al), a. (See ADYNAMY.) Weak; des

while essence of lemon, with citric acid and titute of strength. --Adynamic fevers, a term

sugar, gives lemonade. Al water from employed by Pinel to denote malignant or

natural springs is more or less aerated; and putrid fevers, attended with great muscular

the flat, mawkish taste of recently boiled debility.

water is due to the absence of carbonic acid Adynamon (a-din'a-mon), n. (See ADY

gas and atmospheric air. Aerated waters NAMY.] A factitious wine made of must

are made on a small scale for domestic use boiled down with water, or of new white

by means of a gazogene, in which bicarbonate wine and water, often given to the sick when

of soda and tartaric acid are used to evolve pure wine would be injurious.

the carbonic acid. Adynamy (a-din'a-mi), n. [Fr. adynamie,

Aeration (ā-er-ā'shon), n. 1. The actor operaGr. adynamia,a, priv., and dynamis, power.]

tion of combining or saturating with a gas, as In med. weakness; want of strength occa

carbonic acid or common air. -2. In physiol. sioned by disease; a deficiency of vital

the change in the circulating fluids of animals power.

effected by the agency of air, as the arteriali. Adytt (ad'it), n. Same as Adytum.

zation of the venous blood by respiration in Adytum (ad'i-tum), n. pl. Adyta (ad'i-ta).

the higher animals and the corresponding [L. adytum, Gr. adyton, an adytum, a shrine,

changes in the lower animals. — Aeration of a place not to be entered--a, priv., and dyo,

soils, the exposing of them to the action of to go into, to enter.) 1. A secret place of

air by means of ploughing, harrowing, &c. retirement in the ancient temples, esteemed Pallas wearing the Ægis.-From an antique statue.

Aerator (ā'ér-at-ėr), n. (L. aer, the air.) the most sacred; the innermost sanctuary

1. A blower; a contrivance for fumigating or shrine. From this place the oracles were Hence—2. Anything that protects. Under wheat and other corn, to bleach it and given, and none but the priests were per the imperial ægis.' Gretton.

destroy fungi and insects.-2. An apparatus mitted to enter into it. The Jewish sanc- Ægle (ē'glé), n. (Gr. aiglē, splendour, a female for making aerated waters. tum sanctorum or Holy of Holies was a name in Greek mythology.) A genus of Aerial (ä-ě'rí-al), a. (L. aërius. See AIR.) similar part of the temple of Jerusalem. plants, nat. order Aurantiacere, with sep 1. Belonging or pertaining to the air or 2. The chancel or altar-end of a church. arate stamens. A. Marmelos (the Bengal atmosphere; inhabiting or frequenting the Adze, Adz (adz), nn. [O. E. addice, A. Sax. quince, golden apple, or bhel) has a delicious air; growing, existing, or happening in the adese, an adze.] A cutting instrument used aperient fruit, somewhat like an orange. air; produced by or in the air; as, aerial for chipping the surface of timber. It con A perfume and a yellow dye are got from regions; aerial perspective; aerial songsters; sists of a blade of iron form

the rind, and a cement from the mucus of aerial roots; aerial ascents. The aerial ing a portion of a cylindrical the seed.

blue.' Shak. 'Aerial honey and ambrosial surface, ground to an edge Ægophonic, a. Same as Egophonic.

dew. Dryden.-2. Consisting of air; parfrom the concave side outÆgophony, n. Same as Egophony:

taking of the nature of air; as, aerial par. wards at one end, and hav

Ægrotat (e-gro'tat), n. (L., he is sick.) In ticles.—3. Reaching far into the air; high ; ing a hole or socket at the

Eng. universities, a medical certificate given lofty; elevated; as, aerial spires ; aerial other end for the handle.

to a student showing that he has been pre flight.-4. Possessed of a light and graceful Adze (adz), v.t. To chip or

vented by sickness from attending to his beauty. shape with an adze; as, to duties.

Some music is above me; most music is beneath adze logs of timber. Æneid (ē-nē'id), n. [L. Æneis, genit. Æne.

I like Beethoven and Mozart-or else some of Æ. The symbol used to deidis or Æneidos.) An epic poem written by

the aerial compositions of the older Italians.

Coleridge. note the third class of wood

Virgil, of which Áneas, a Trojan, is the hero. -Aerial acid, an old name for carbonic en and composite ships in

It describes the taking of Troy by the Greeks, acid, from a belief that it entered into the Lloyd's register. See A1. the subsequent wanderings of Æneas, and the

composition of atmospheric air. - Aerial Æchmodus (ēk'mo-dus), n.

Adze. final settlement of himself and companions plants, those which absorb their food from [L., from Gr. aichmē, a point, in Italy

the atmosphere,as lichens, epiphytal orchids, and odous, a tooth.] A genus of fossil ganoid Æolian (ē-oʻli-an), a. Same as Eolian. fishes, family Lepidoidei, remarkable for Æolic, n. and a.. See EOLIC.

&c.-Aerial perspective. See under PER

SPECTIVE.-Aerial tints, in painting, tints their small, sharp-pointed teeth, found in Æolidæ (ē-ol'i-dē), n. pl. A family of

or modifications of colour by which the the lias. nudibranchiate gasteropod molluscs.

expression of distance is attained.- Aerial Aedilis (ē-di'lis), n. [L.) Same as Edile. EOLIDA.

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figures, those by which painters seek to North. Æolina (ē-o-li'na), n. [From Æolus, the

represent the fabled inhabitants of the Aefauld (ā-fald'), a. [Sc. ae, one, and fald, god of the winds.) A modification of the

air, as demons, genii, gnomes, &c.- Aerial fold} [Scotch] 1. Honest; upright; with accordion invented by Wheatstone before

images, images which are caused by the out duplicity.-2. Rarely used to denote the concertina. the unity of the divine essence in a trinity | Æolipile. Same as Eolipile.

convergence of rays of light reflected or

refracted from objects through strata of air of persons. Barbour.

Æolist (ē'ol-ist), n. (From Æolus, the god of of different densities, the images appearing Aefauldness (á-fald'nes), n. Honesty; up the winds.) A pretender to inspiration. Swift. rightness; straightforwardness; singleness Æolophon (é-ol'o-fon), n.

suspended in the air, as the different kinds

(From Æolus, of mirage; also those images perceived by of heart; freedom from duplicity. [Scotch.) the god of the winds, and Gr. phònē, voice.) looking into or towards a concave mirror. Ægagrus (ē-gagrus), n. [Gr. aigagros--aix, Another name for the Seraphine.

Aerial poisons. Same as Miasma.-Aerial aigos, a goat, and agros, a field.] A wild species Æolus (ē'ö-lus), n. [L., the god of the winds. ]

railway, a railway supported in the air by of ibex (Capra aegagrus), found in troops on An apparatus for renewing the air in rooms.

posts, such as is to be seen in some of the the Caucasus, and many Asiatic mountains. Æon, n. Same as Eon.

towns of the United States.-Aerial rocks, It is believed to be the original source of at | Æpyornis (ē-pi-or'nis), n. [Gr. aipys, least one variety of the domestic goat. In aipyos, high, and ornis, a bird.) A genus

in geol. same as Eolian rocks (which see its stomach and intestines, as in those of

under EOLIAN). of gigantic birds found fossil in Madagascar.

Aerially (ā-ē'ri-al-li), adv. In an aerial other artiodactyles, are found the concre It had three toes like Dinornis, but it is not

manner; so as to resemble air or the tions called bezoar-stones.

certain whether it ought to be classed with atmosphere. Ægean (e-jē'an), a. See EGEAN. the cursorial birds or with the raptorial.

Your eyes Ægeriidæ (ē-jér-i'i-dē), n. pl. [From the typi Its eggs measured 14 inches in length: the

Touched with a somewhat darker hue. cal genus Aegeria, which name again is taken bird which laid them may well have been

And less acrially blue,

Tennyson. from that of the Roman pymph Egeria.) A the roc of eastern tradition. Written also Aerian (ā-ē'ri-an), n. Eccles. one of a branch family of Lepidoptera, section Heterocera, Epiornis.

of Arians, so called from Aerius, who maincomprising a moderate number of interest- Æquisonant, a. Same as Equisonant. tained that there is no difference between ing insects. The larvæ live in the interior Ararian (ē-rá'ri-an), n. [L. ærarius, from bishops and priests. of the branches or roots of trees. Some of æs, æris, bronze, bronze money.) A Roman Aerides (ā-er'i-dez), n. [L. aer, the air.) A them feed upon the apple. One species citizen of the lowest class of free-men, who genus of epiphytal plants, nat, order Orchid(Ægeria tipuliformis) is destructive to cur paid only a poll-tax, and had not the suf aces. These plants have distichous leaves, rant-bushes, feeding on the pith. frage.

and large brightly-coloured and sweetÆgiceras (é-jis'ér-as), n. [Gr. aix, aigos, a Aerate (ā'er-āt), v.t. pret. & pp. aerated; scented flowers. They are natives of the goat, and keras, a horn.) A genus of small ppr. aerating. (See AIR.] 1. To combine warmer parts of Asia, and are extensively trees, nat, order Myrsinacea, natives of the with carbonic acid or other gas, or with cultivated in hothouses. swampy shores of India and Australia. Their air. -2. In physiol. to change the circulating Aerie (e'rē), n. [Fr, and Pr. aire, Norm. seeds germinate while still on the trees, and fluids of animals by the agency of the air; aery, aire, L.L. aeria, aerea, aria, area, an send down perpendicular roots into the mud, to arterialize. Aerated waters, a term aerie. Littré, Mahn, and Fr. Müller refer and thus form impenetrable thickets, consti applied to a variety of acidulous and alka all these forms to the L. area, an open tuting the only vegetation for miles along line beverages, more or less impregnated

space, an area, a plot or bed of ground, &c.; some coasts, particularly of Sumatra. with carbonic acid. Aerated waters are in later times a waste uncultivated place, Ægilopical, a. Same as Egilopical.

brisk, sparkling, or effervescing beverages, though the connection of meanings is not Ægilops, n. Same as Egilops.

of a pungent, and sometimes of a pleasantly very clear; probably L. aer, air, may have Ægis (ējis), n. [Gr. aigis, a goat skin, the acidulous taste. The most common, car had some influence on the form of the word, ægis, from aix, a goat.] 1. In Greek myth. bonic acid water, usually called soda-water, aeries being situated aloft in the air. originally the skin of the goat Amalthea is made on a large scale by pouring dilute Wedgwood considers aer to have been the which suckled Zeus, and which skin was sulphuric acid on carbonate of lime, whiting, origin of the word through the notions of afterwards worn by him as part of his ar or chalk. Carbonic acid gas is evolved, air, climate, and hence residence.] 1. The mour or as a covering of his shield; also which is received into a reservoir, and then nest of a bird of prey, as of an eagle or the shield itself. In later times the regis by means of a pump or otherwise forced hawk.-2. A brood of eagles or hawks. 3. An was represented as part of the armour of into water, which takes up five times its eagle, [Rare. ) Pallas Athena, and appears as a kind of volume of gas. A small quantity of essence Your acric buildeth in our acris's nest. Shak,

Dan ben Suppo

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E. H. Knight

4. An elevated spot. [Rare and poetical.] weighing air, or for ascertaining the density Æschynite, Same as Eschynite.
Wherever beauty dwell,
of air and gases.

Æsculaceæ (ēs-kū-lā'sē-ė), n. (L. cesculus,
In gulf or aerie, mountain or deep dell. Keats. Aerometric (á'ér-o-met"rik), a. Pertaining the winter or Italian oak.) A group of
Written also Eyry, Eyrie.
to aerometry; measuring air.

plants, also called Hippocastanece, included Aeriferous (ā-ér-iffér-us), a. (L. aer, air, Aerometry (ā-er-om'et-ri), n. The science in the Sapindaceae. The species are handand fero, to carry:), Conveying air, as the of measuring the weight or density of air some trees or small bushes, chiefly remarklarynx an bronchial tubes, and the hea and gases, including the doctrine of its able for their large seeds, with an extensive of insects.

pressure, elasticity, rarefaction, and con hilum. The seeds are bitter, and contain a Aerification (a'er-i--kā"shon), n. 1. The densation.

large quantity of starch and a considerable act of combining air with anything; the Aeronaut (ä'ér-o-nat), n. [Gr. aēr, air, and proportion of potash. They are used as state of being filled with air. -2. The act of nautés, a sailor, from naus, a ship.] One food, and also as cosmetics. The horsebecoming air

or of changing into an aeriform who sails or floats in the air; an aerial chestnut belongs to this group. See HIPPOstate, as substances which are converted navigator; a balloonist.

CASTANER. from a liquid or solid form into gas or an

Aeronautic, Aeronautical (ā'ér-o-nąt'ik, Esculus (ēs kū-lus), n. (L.) The horse. clastic vapour; the state of being aeriform.

ä'er-o-nət"ik-al), a. Pertaining to aeronau chestnut, & genus of trees. See HORSEAeriform (ā'ér-i-form), a. (L. aer, air, and tics or aerial sailing.

CHESTNUT. forma, form.) Having the form or nature Aeronautics (ā'ér-o-nat”iks), n. The doc Æsir (ē'sér), n. [Nom. pl. of Icel. 888, a god.) of air, or of an elastic invisible fluid. The trine, science, or art of floating in the air, In Scand. myth. the general name for the gases are aeriform fluids. as by means of a balloon.

heathen gods of Scandinavía. See As. Aerify (á'ér-i-fi), v.t. pret. & pp: aerified; Aeronautism (ā'ér-o-pat-izm), n. The prac Æsthesia (ēs-thē'si-a), n. [Gr. aisthesis, Ppr. aerifying. (L. aer, air, and facio, to tice of ascending and floating in the atmo sensibility.) Perception; feeling; sensibility. make.] 1. To infuse air into; to fill with air, sphere, as in balloons.

See ANÆSTHESIA. or to combine air with.-2. To change into Aerophane (á'ér-o-fán), 17. (Gr. aēr, air, and | Æsthesiometer (es-thē'si-om"et-ér), n. (Gr. an aeriform state.

phanos, light, bright. ) A light kind of gauze aisthēsis, perception, from aisthanomai, to Aerocyst (a'er-o-sist), n. (Gr. aēr, air, and or imitation crape. E. H. Knight

perceive, and metron, a measure.) In med. kystis, a bladder.] In bot, the air-vessel, or Aerophobia (ā'ér-o-fõ"bi-&), 11. (Gr. aēr, air, an instrument for testing the tactile sensibladder, by means of which many alge, as

and phobos, fear.) A dread of air, that is, of bility of the human body in health and Ficus vesiculosus, are supported in the

a current of air: a symptom common in cases disease, by ascertaining, through the appli. water, and oceanic species, as the Gulf-weed,

of hydrophobia, and occasionally observed cation of the points of the instrument to float on the surface. in other diseases,

the skin, the shortest distance at which two Aerodynamics (ā'ér-6-di-nam"iks), n. (Gr. Aerophyte (ā'ér-o-fīt), n. (Gr. aēr, air, 1 points can be perceived as distinctly sepaaër, air, and dynamis, power.) The science and phyton, a plant.) A plant which lives rate. which treats of the motion of the air and exclusively in air, absorbing all its food from | Esthetic, Æsthetical (és-thet'ik, és-thet'. other gases, or of their properties and me.

it alone, as some orchids and bromelias; an ik-al), a. (Gr. aisthélikos, from aisthanomai, chanical effects when put in motion. aerial plant. See EPIPHYTE.

to perceive by the senses.] 1. Pertaining to Aerognosy, Aerography (ā-er-og'no-si, Aeroscepsy, Aeroscopy (ā'ér-o-skep"si, ă the science of taste or beauty; pertaining 4-ér-ogʻra-fil), 11. {Gr. aer, air, and gnosis, ér-osko-pi), n. (Gr. aer, air, and skopeo, to to the sense of the beautiful. -2. In metaph. knowledge, grapho, to describe.) Aerology explore.] 1. The investigation or observa pertaining to sensation, (which see). (Rare.)

tion of the state and variations of the atmo- Esthetic, Esthetick (és-thet'ik), n. In Aerohydrodynamic (ā'ér-o-hi'dro-di-nam" sphere. — 2. The faculty of perception by metaph. the doctrine of sensation. --Transik), a. (Gr. aër, air, hydôr, water, and the medium of the air, supposed to reside cendental æsthetic, in the Kantian philodynamis , power.) Acting by the power of in the antennæ of insects.

sophy, the doctrine of pure sensation, or air and water. - Aerohydrodynamic wheel, Aerosite (a'ér-o-sit), n.

Dark red silver ore; that part of the Kantian metaphysics which an apparatus invented by M. Calles, a Bel. pyrargyrite.

treats of what is given in sense indepengian engineer, for transmitting power to a Aerosphere (alér-o-sfēr), n. Same as Atmo dently of all experience, namely, of what great distance. It consists of a wheel sub sphere.

Kant calls the forms of sensation, space,

and time.
merged in water, under which air forcibly Aerostat (a'èr-o-stat), . [Gr. aēr, air, and
driven through a tube is discharged so as

statos, sustaining, from histēmi, to stand.) Æsthetically (@s-thet'ik-al-li), adv. Accord. in ascending to make the wheel revolve. A machine or vessel sustaining weights in ing to the principles of asthetics; with rethe air; a name given to air-balloons.

ference to the sense of the beautiful. Aerolite (á'er-o-lit), n. [Gr. aër, air, and Aerostatic, Aerostatical (a'èr-o-stat"ik, Estheticism (ēs-thet'i-sizm), n. 1. The lithos, a stone.) A stone falling from the air

alér-o-stat''ik-al), a. 1. Pertaining to aero principles or doctrines of æsthetics.--2. Ator atmospheric regions; a meteoric stone;

statics.—2. Pertaining to aerostation, or the tachment to esthetics; a proneness to ina meteorite. There have been many conjec art of aerial navigation. --Aerostatic press, dulge and cultivate the sense of the beautitures as to the source of aerolites. By some

a machine for extracting the colouring mat ful. they have been supposed to be projected by

ter from dye-stuffs. consists of a box Æsthetics (ēs-thet'iks), n. The science of lunar volcanoes to a distance beyond the

divided in the centre by a perforated plate. deducing from nature and taste the rules sphere of the moon's attraction; by others On this the dye-stuff is placed, and a second and principles of art; the theory of the fine they have been thought to be formed in the plate similarly pierced is placed above it. arts; the science or that branch of philoso. air by the union of simpler forms of matter The extracting liquor is poured on the top, phy which deals with the beautiful ; the volatilized from the earth's surface; but and on the air being exhausted from the doctrines of taste. Written also Esthetics. they are, most probably, cosmical bodies of under part of the vessel the liquor is forced Æstho-physiology (ēs'tho-fiz'i-ol"o-ji), n. the same nature as shooting-stars, revolving through the substance by atmospheric pres (Gr. aisthanomai,

to perceive, and E. phyround the earth, and falling into it when

sure. -Aerostatic balance, an instrumenty siology.) The physiology of sensation; that they come within the sphere of its attrac on the principle of the barometer, for as part of physiology which treats of the organs tion. Some of them are large, weighing certaining the weight of the air.

of sense and the parts of the body which 15 tons. They are all found to agree in

Aerostatics (a'ėr--stat'iks), n. 1. The exercise subsidiary functions. H. Spencer. their constituent parts, and are covered

science which treats of the weight, pressure, Æstiferous (ēs-tif'ér-us), a. [L. æstus, heat, with a thin, slag-like crust of a deep black and equilibrium of air and other elastic and Sero, to bear.) Producing heat. colour, probably produced by strong, tran

fluids, and of the equilibrium of bodies sus- Estival, a. Same as Estival. sient heating in their rapid passage through

tained in them.-2. Aerostation (which see) | Æstivate, vi. Same as Estivate. the air. Their exterior is roug

with Aerostation (ä'er-7-stā"shon), n. 1. Aerial Estivation, See ESTIVATION. small projections, and they are destitute of navigation; the science of raising, suspend. Aëtheogamous (ā-ē'the-og'a-inus), a. [Gr. gloss. Internally their texture is granu

ing, and guiding machines in the air, or of aēthēs, unusual, and gamos, marriage.) In lated, and of a grayish colour; they appear

ascending in air-balloons.—2. The science bot. a term applied to denote such plants as composed of a number of small spherical of aerostatics. (Rare. }

propagate themselves in an unusual man. bodies and metallic grains imbedded in a

Aero-steam Engine (ā'ér-o-stēm" en-jin), n. ner; originally proposed as a substitute for Bofter matter When analyzed they are

(Gr. aēr, air, and E. steam-engine.) An en cryptogamic (which see); but restricted by found to consist of twenty-two of the ele

gine in which the expansive power of com Decandolle to such plants as have vessels ments found in terrestrial minerals, the

bined heated air and steam is used in driving as well as cellular tissue, such, namely, as most prominent components being malle a piston. E. H. Knight.

ferns, lycopodiums, and their allies. able metallic iron and nickel.

Æruginous, Ærugineous (ē-rö'jin-us, ē-rö. Ether. Same as Ether. Aerolith (á'ér-o-lith), nl.

Same as Aerolite. jin'ê-us), a. (L. cruginosus, from ærugo, Æthiops Mineral. See Ethiops Mineral. Aerolithology (atér-o-lith-ol"o-ji), n. (Gr.

rust of copper.) 1. Partaking of verdigris Æthrioscope (@th'ri-o-skop), n. [Gr. aithder, air, lithos, a stone, and logos, discourse.)

or the rust of copper, or pertaining to that rios, clear, pertaining to the open air, and The science of aerolites. Dana.

substance. -2. Resembling verdigris in ap skopeó, to see.) An instrument for measurAerolitic (å' ér-6-lit'ik), a. Relating to pearance.

ing the minute variations of temperature aerolites.

Ærugo (ē-rögo), 12. (L.) Verdigris (which due to different conditions of the sky. It Aerologic, Aerological (á'ér-o-loj"ik, a'èr see) —rugo nobilis, a greenish crust found consists of a differential thermometer, both 6-loj"ik-al), a. Pertaining to aerology:

on antiqne bronzes, of the same composition bulbs of which are within a cup-shaped Aerologist (x-or-ol'o-jist), n. One who is as the mineral atacamite (which see).

mirror, one of them in the focus of the Aery (ā'ér-i), a. Airy; breezy; exposed to mirror, so as to be peculiarly affected on Aerology (ā-ér-ol'o-ji), n. [Gr. aer, aeros, air. the air; elevated; lofty. (Rare and poetical.] being exposed to the sky. The cup is kept and logos, description.] That branch of

covered with a lid, except when the instruphysics which treats of the air, its constitu

The shepherd's pipe came clear from aery steep.

Keais. ment is being used. ent parts, properties, and phenomena. Aery - light (ā'ér-i-līt), a. Light as air. Æthusa (é-thu'sa), n. [Gr. aitho, to burn.) Aeromancy (her-o-man"si), n. (Gr. aër, air, Milton.

A genus of poisonous plants, nat, order and manteia, divination.) Divination by Æschynanthus (ēs-kin-an'thus), n. (Gr.

Umbelliferæ. Æ. Cynapium is fool's parsmeans of the air and winds or atmospheric aischynomai, to be modest, and anthos, a ley (which see). substances: now sometimes used to denote flower.] A genus of beautiful epiphytal Ætiology. See ETIOLOGY. the practice of forecasting changes in the plants, natives of tropical Asia, nat. order Aëtites (ā-e-ti'tēz), n. (Gr., from aetos, an weather.

Gesneraceæ, with pendent stems and scarlet eagle.] Same as Eagle-stone. Aerometer (ā-ér-om'et-ér), n. (Gr. aēr, air, or orange flowers. They are among the Aface (a-tās'), adv. [Prefix a, in, and face. ] In and metron, measure.] An instrument for most splendid ornaments of our hothouses. face; in front. 'Right aface of him.' Lever. ch, chain: ch, Sc. Toch; go; j, job; 1), Fr. ton; ng, sing; TH, then; th, thin; w, wig; wh, whig; zh, azure.-- See Key.

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Afar (-fär), adv. (Prefix a, in, at, and far; effect or change upon; to influence : with a AFFECT.) 1. The state of having one's feel.
A. Sax. of feor. See FAR.) At a distance personal object, to move or touch by exciting ings affected in some way; bent or disposi-
in place; to or from a distance: used abso the feelings; as, cold affects the body; loss tion of mind; phase of mental disposition;
lutely, or with from preceding or off follow affects our interests; to affect a person with feeling.
ing or both; as, he was seen from afar, or grief.--2. To urge; to incite. Joye.-3. To Affection is applicable to an unpleasant as well as
from afar off; I saw him afar off.

be pleased with; to like; to take pleasure a pleasant state of the miud when impressed by any
The steep where Fame's proud temple shines afar.
in. "How doth your grace affect their mo-

object or quality.

Cogan. Beattie. tion.' Shak.-4. To love; to regard with Specifically, (a) in ethics, one of those prin[Shakspere uses afar off in the sense of in the eelings of a lover. 'The lady whom I ciples of action in man which have persons directly. A kind of tender, made afar of affect.' Shak.-5. To aim at; to aspire to;

for their immediate object, as esteem, gratiby Sir Hugh here.'] to endeavour after.

tude, friendship (benevolent affections), hatAfeard t (a-fērd'), a. [O. E. afered, A. Sax,

In this point charge him home that he affects

red, envy, jealousy, revenge (malevolent af. afæred, pp. of dforan, to frighten.) Afraid. Tyrannical power.

Skak. fections). (6) Desire; inclination; appetite; Be not afeard; the isle is full of noises. Shak. But this proud man affects imperial sway. Dryden. propensity, good or evil; as, virtuous or vile Afer (ā'fér), n. (L.) The south-west wind. 6. To use or adopt by preference; to choose;

affections. Rom. i. 26; Gal. v. 24. (©) + One Milton. to follow after.

of the passions or violent emotions. Aff (af), prep. or adv. [Scotch.) Off.-Aff

Musing meditation most affects

Most wretched man, hands, hands off.-Af-loof, right off from The pensive secrecy of desart-cell. Milton.

That to affections does the bridle ledd. Spenser. memory; without premeditation. Burns. This method, as the most natural and simple, is 2. A settled good-will, love, or zealous at Aff-han', without reserve; frankly.

the one most affected by the early writers. Prescott. tachment; as, the affection of a parent for Aye free af han' your story tell, 7. To tend to by natural afinity or disposi

his child: generally followed by for, someWhen wi' a bosom crony. Burns. tion.

times to or toward, before the object. Aifa (af'fa), n. A weight used on the Guinea The drops of every fluid affed a round figure.

3. f Characteristic susceptibility arising from

Newton. coast, equal to an ounce.

idiosyncrasy or peculiarity of temperament; 8. To make a show of; to put on a pretence Affability (af-fa-bil'i-ti), n. [See AFFABLE.)

natural instinct or impulse; sympathy. The quality of being affable; readiness to of; to assume the appearance of; to pre

converse; civility and courteousness in re-
tend; as, to affect ignorance.

Mistress of passion, sways it to the mood
of what it likes or loathes.

ceiving others, and in conversation; ready Lewis at first affected to receive these propositions
condescension; benignity; mildness.

coolly, and at length agreed to them with the air of 4. 7 Prejudice; bias.

a man who is conferring a great favour. Macaulay. Hearing of her beauty, and her wit,

Well,' he says, 'a

woman may not reign in Eng:

land.' Her a fiability and bashful modesty, 9. To imitate in a constrained and unnatural

Better in England than anywhere, as it

shall well appear to him that without affection will Her wondrous qualities, and mild behaviour, manner.

consider the kind of regiment.' Bp. Aylmer. Shak. SYN. Courtesy, courteousness, urbanity,

Spenser, in affecting the ancients, writ no language.

B. Jonson.

5. An attribute, quality, or property which civility, complaisance. 10. To resemble; to smack of.

is inseparable from its object; as, figure, Affable (af'fa-bl), a. [L. affabilis, affable-af

He hath a trick of Caur-de-Lion's face:

weight, &c., are affections of bodies.-6. A for ad, to, fari, to speak.) 1. Easy of con The accent of his tongue affecteth him. Skak. disease, or any particular morbid state of the versation; admitting others to free conver11. † To render liable to a charge of; to show

body; as, a gouty affection; hysteric affecsation without reserve; courteous; comto be chargeable with.

tion.7. In painting, a lively representation plaisant; of easy manners; condescending;

of passion. Wotton. [Rare.)- 8. † Affectakind or benevolent in manner: now usually

By the civil law, if a dowry with a wise be promised and not paid, the husband is not obliged to

tion. applied to superiors; as, an affable prince. allow her alimony. But if her parents shall become Pleasant without scurrility, witty without affection.

Shak. *An affable and courteous gentleman.' Shak. insolvent by sosne

misfortune, she shall have alimony, 'Affable wolves, meek bears.' Shak.-2. Ex unless you can affect them with fraud. Aylife. SYN. Passion, attachment, tenderness, fondpressing or betokening affability; mild; be12. To appoint; to attach. (Rare.)

ness, kindness, love, good-will. nign; as, an afable countenance: opposed

Affectional (af-fek’shon-al), a. Relating to

One of the domestics was affected to his especial to forbidding. --Syn. Courteous, civil, com



or implying affection. plaisant, accessible, mild, benign, conde

Affectionate (af-fek'shon-át), a. 1. Having scending. SYN. To influence, act on, concern, move,

great love or affection; warmly attached; Affableness (af'fa-bl-nes), n. Affability. melt, soften, subdue, overcome, pretend,

fond; kind; loving; as, an affectionate broAffably (af'fa-bli), adv. In an affable man assume, put on.

ther. -2. Warm in feeling; zealous. (Rare Affectt (af-fekt'), n. 1. Affection; passion; ner; courteously; invitingly.

and obsolete.] Affabroust (af'fa-brus), a. (L. affaber, skilsensation; inclination. * The affects and

In their love of God, and desire to please him, men ful - ad, and faber, an artist.] Skilfully

Bacon. -2. Quality; passions of the heart."

can never be too affectionate.

Bp. Sprat. circumstance. Wiseman made. Bailey. Affectatet (af-fek'tāt), a. Affected. Eliot.

3. Proceeding from affection; indicating Affabulationt (af-fab'ū-lá"shon), n. (L. af

love; tender; as, the affectionate care of a fabulatio-ad, to, and fabula, a fable.] The Affectation (af-fek-tá'shon), n. [L. affectamoral of a fable. Bailey. tio.] 1. An attempt to assume or exhibit

parent. 'An affectionate countenance.' Sir

P. Sidney. what is not natural or real; false pretence; Affained t (af-fānd'), p. and a [Prefix a for artificial appearance or show; as, an affec

He (Lord Russell) had sent to Kettlewell an affecad, to, and feign. ] Laid to one's charge


tionate message from the scaffold. tation of wit or of virtue. falsely or feignedly.

Affectation is an awkward and forced imitation of

4. Strongly disposed or inclined: with to. Errors maliciously affarned to him,

Bp. Hall.
what should be genuine and easy, wanting the beauty

Afectionate to the war with France."
Affair (af-fär'), n. [Fr. affaire--d, to, and that accompanies what is natural.

Locke. Bacon.-Syn. Tender, attached, loving, defaire, from L. facere, to make, do.

2. + Fondness; affection. Bonds of affecta-

voted, warm, fond, earnest. word in formation is parallel to the E. ado.]

Distion ... between man and wife.' Bp. Hall. Affectionated t (af-fek'shon-át-ed), a. 1. Business of any kind; that which is done, Affected (af-fekt'ed), a. 1. Inclined or dig posed; inclined. or is to be done; matter; concern: some posed: followed by to, sometimes by in; as, Be kindly affectionated one to another. (Rom. times used by itself in the plural with the well affected to government.

xii, 10) New Testament, Cambridge, 1683. specific sense of public affairs; administration of the state. 'At the head of affairs.'

It is good to be zealously affected always in a good Affectionately (af-fek’shon-at-li), adv. In thing.

Gal, iv. 18.

an affectionate manner; with affection ; Junius *A talent for affairs.' Prescott. 2. Given to affectation; assuming or pretend

fondly; tenderly; kindly. Being affectionSometimes with the sense of pecuniary afing to possess what is not natural or real;

ately desirous of you.' 1 Thes. ii. 8.
fairs; finances; as, his affairs are embar-
rassed.-2. Function; special business; duty. as, an affected lady. -3. Assumed artificially: Affectionateness (af-fek'shon-at-nes), n.
not natural; as, affected airs.-4. ^ Beloved;

The quality of being affectionate; fondness:
Oh generous youth! my counsel take,
And warlike acts forbear;
as, his affected Hercules.' Chapman.—5. In

good-will; affection. The playfulness of a
Put on white gloves and lead folks out,
alg. same as Adfected.

child, the affectionateness of a woman, and For that is your afiir. Lady M. W. Montagu. Affectedly (af-fekt'ed-li), adv. 1. In an af

the strong sense of a man.' Quart Rev. 3. A partial engagement of troops; a ren. fected or assumed manner; with affectation; Affectioned (af-fek'shond), a. 1. Having a contre; a skirmish. hypocritically; with more show than reality;

certain disposition of feeling; disposed. In this little affair of the advanced posts, I am

as, to walk affectedly; affectedly civil. — Be kindly affectioned one to another. Rom. xii. to. concerned to add that Lieut. B. was killed. 2. Í With tender care; lovingly.

2. Affected; conceited. "An affectioned Wellington's Despatches.

Letters sadly penn'd in blood

ass. Shak. 4. Endeavour; attempt.

With sleided silk feat and affectedly

Affective (af-fektiv), a. That affects or And with his best affair obeyed the pleasure of



excites emotion; suited to affect. 'A preacher the sun. Chapman. Affectedness (af-fekt'ed-nes), n.

more instructive than affective.' Bp. Bur. --4ffair of honour, a duel. lity of being affected; affectation,

net. (Rare. ) Affamish † (af-fam'ish), v.t. (See FAMISA.) Affecter (af-fektėr), n. One who affects, pre- Affectively (af-fektiv-li), adv. In an affectTo starve, tends, or assumes.

ive or impressive manner. Affamishmentt (af-fam'ish-ment), pi. The Affectibility (af-fekti-bil"i-ti), n. The state Affector (af-fekt'er), n. Same as Affecter. act of starving, or state of being starved. of being affectible.

Affectuosity t (af-fek'tû-os'i-ti), n. PassionCarried into the wilderness for the affam- Affectible (af-fekt'i-bl), a. That may be af ateness. Bailey. ishment of his body.' Bp. Hall. fected.

Affectuoust (ai-lek'tü-us), a. Full of pas:
Affatuatet (af-fat'ü-át), v. t. [L. af for ad, Affecting (af-fekting), a. 1. Having power sion; earnest. "Made such affectuous labour.*

and fatuus, foolish.) To infatuate. Milton. to excite or move the passions; tending to Fabian.
Affear (af-fér), v.t. [A. Sax. afæran, ge move the affections: pathetic; as, an affect- Affectuouslyt (af-fek'tū-118-li), adu.

Pasforan, to make afraid. See FEAR.) TO ing spectacle; an affecting speech. -2. Full sionately; zealously. 'St. Remigius prayed frighten

of affectation. 'A drawling affecting rogue.' so affectuously,' Fabian. Affeart (af-fēr), v.t. (See AFFEER.] To con. Shak,

Affeer (af-fér), v. (O.Fr. afferer, affeurer, firm.

Affectingly (af-fekt'ing-li), adv. In an affect or afforer, to assess or value, from feur, Affect (af-fekt), v. t. (L. affecto, to desire, ing manner; in a manner to excite emo market price, fixed rate, from L forum, a to strive after, freq. of afficio, affectum, to tions.

market. ) 1. To confirm.

“Thy title is affect the mind or body-af for ad, to, and Affection (al-fek'shon), n. (L. affectio, affec affeered Shak. Spelled also Affear.–2. In facio, to do.) 1. To act upon; to produce an tionis, the being affected or touched. See law, to assess or settle, as an arbitrary fine.

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