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AFFEERMENT

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AFFLICT

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Affeerment (af-fēr'ment), 1. The act of -3. The assignment of anything to its ori. from conscientious scruples refuse or are affeering, or assessing an amercement ac gin; connection by way of descent.

unwilling to take an oath in cases where cording to the circumstances of the case. The relationship of the sense of sinell to the funda. an oath is required from others. False affirAffeeror, Affeerer (af-fēr'er), n. One who mental organic actions is traceable, not only through

mations made by such persons are punishaffeers; a person sworn to assess arbitrary its affiliation upon the sense of taste, but is traceable able in the same way as perjury. fines to what seems a reasonable amount.

directly.

H. Spencer. Affirmative (af-fèrm'at-iv), a. 1. Affirming Afferent (af'fer-ent), a. (L. afferens, affer- Afinage (af'fin-āj), n. [Fr., from affiner, to

or asserting; declaratory of what exists: opentis, ppr. of affero-af for ad, to, and fero, refine. See FINE, a.) The act or process of posed to negative; as, an afirmative propoto carry.) Carrying to, or inwards: used refining metals. Bailey.

sition. especially in physiol; as, afferent vessels; Afinet (af-fin'), v. t. To refine. Holland.

The principle of affirmative syllogisms is, that aferent nerves. Affinedł (af-find'), a. (0.Fr. affiner, to unite, things which co-exist with the saine thing co-exist

with one another.

H. Spencer Aiermed, PP. Confirmed.

from affin, L. affinis, neighbouring, related

Chaucer. Ailettuoso (al-fet-ty-o'ző). (It.) In music,

to-L. ad, to, and finis, a boundary. ] 2. Confirmative; ratifying; as, an act affira direction to sing or play a movement 1. Joined in affinity; akin.

mative of common law.-3. In alg. positive; softly and affectingly. Written also Con

For then the bold and coward,

a term applied to numbers which have the The wise and fool, the artist and unread,

sign + (plus), denoting addition, and opaffetto.

The hard and soft, seem all afhned and kin. Afiance (af-fi'ans), n. (Norm. and 0.Fr.

posed to negative, or such as have the sign Shak,

(minus), denoting subtraction. - 4.7 Posiajaunce, afiance-af for ad, to, and fiancer, 2. Joined by any tie; leagued. A fined or

tive; dogmatic. to betroth, from L.L. fidantiare, derived leagued in office.' Shak. 3. Bound or im

Be not confident and afirmative in an uncertain through fidantia from L. fidans, fidantis, pelled by any kind of affinity.

matter.

Fer. Taylor. the ppr. of fido, to pledge one's faith, fides,

Now, sir, be judge yourself,

Affirmative (af-ferm'at-iv), n. 1. A state. faith.) 1. Marriage contract or promise; Whether I in any just term am affined faith pledged.

To love the Moor.
Skak. ment in which anything is affirmed; an affir-

"The

mative proposition; an affirmation. Accord of friends, consent of parents sought, Affinitatively (af-fin'i-tāt-iv-li), adv. Ву Afhance made, my happiness begins.

affirmatives are indemonstrable.' StillingSpenser, means of affinity.

fleet. -2. A word or phrase expressing assent 2. Trust in general; confidence; reliance. Ainity (af-fin'i-ti), n. (L. afinitas, from

to an affirmation expressed or implied, or The Christian looks to God with implicit affiance. afinis, adjacent, related by marriage-af

answering a question affirmatively; as, yes, Hammond, for ad, to, and finis, boundary.) 1. The re

yea, that is 8o. 'If your four negatives Lancelot, my Lancelot, thou whom I have lation contracted by marriage between a Most love and most a fiance.

make your two affirmatives.' Shak. Tennyson. husband and his wife's kindred, and between Aliance (af-fi'ans), v.t. pret. & pp. affianced; a wife and her husband's kindred; in contra A government is perfect of which the affirmative

can be truly stated in answering these questions. ppr. affiancing. 1. To betroth; to bind by distinction from consanguinity, or relation

Brougham. promise of marriage; to pledge one's faith by blood.

3. That side of a debated question which or fidelity in marriage; as, to afiance a Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh. 1 Ki. iii. 1.

maintains the truth of the affirmation or daughter; to affiance one's self.

2. Agreement; relation; conformity; resem affirmative proposition: opposed to the neTo me, sad maid, he was a fianced. Spenser. blance; connection; as, the affinity of sounds, gative; as, seventy-five voted in the afirma2. To give confidence to. (Rare.] of colours, or of languages.

tive, and thirty-five in the negative.Stranger! whoe'er thou art, securely rest

The art of painting hath wonderful afinity with 4. Naut. the signal flag or pendant by which Afianced in my faith, a friendly guest.

Dryden.
Pope.
that of poetry.

request or order is answered.
Affilanced (af-fi'anst), n. One bound by a
3.7 Intercourse; acquaintance.

Affirmatively (af-férm'at-iv-li), adv. In an promise of marriage; a future husband or About forty years past, I began a happy affinity

affirmative manner; positively; on the affirm

Burton.

with William Cranmer. wife. "With Melissa Florian, I with my

ative side of a question: opposed to nega. afianced." Tennyson. 4. In chem, that force by which bodies of dis tively.

I believe in God. First, in God affirmatively, I beAliancer (af-fi'ans-ér),n. One who affiances; similar nature unite in certain definite pro

lieve he is; against atheism. Secondly, in God ex: one who makes a contract of marriage be portions to form a compound, different in

clusively, not in gods; as against polytheism and tween parties. its nature from any of its constituents idolatry.

Bp. Pearson. Affiant (af-fi'ant), n. In law, one who makes called chemical or elective afinity. See under Affirmer (af-ferm'ér), n. One who affirms. an affidavit. CHEMICAL.-5. In biol. a resemblance in

The burthen of the proof in law resteth upon the Affiche (af-fésh), n. (Fr.) A paper of any general plan or structure, or in the essen

affirmer.

Bp. Branihall. kind or bill pasted or affixed to a wall with tial structural parts, existing between two

Affix (af-fiks'), v.t. [L. afigo, afixum-af the view of being seen or read; a poster. organisms or groups of organisms.

for ad, to, and figo, ficum, to fix.] To subAidation, t Afidaturet (af-6-da'shon, af'A- Affirm (af-fèrm'), v. t. [L. affirmo-- af for

join, annex, unite, or add at the close or end; dät-úr),n. (From L. affido. See AFFIDAVIT.] ad, to, and firmo, to make firm.) I. To as

to append; as, to affix a syllable to a word; A mutual contract of fidelity. sert positively; to tell with confidence; to

to affix a seal to an instrument.—2. To fasten Affldavit (af-fi-da'vit), n. (L. L. third pers. aver; to declare the existence of something;

in any manner; to attach physically. sing. pres. ind. of afido, to pledge one's faith to maintain as true: opposed to deny. 'Af

Should they (butterflies) affix them (eggs) to the -L. af for ad, to, and fides, faith. ] А firming each his own philosophy.' Tennyson.

leaves of a plant improper for their food, such cater. written declaration upon oath; a statement ofone Jesus, which was dead, whom Paul affirmed pillars must needs be lost.

Ray. of tacts in writing signed by the party, and

to be alive.

Acts xxv. 19.

3. To attach, unite, or connect, as in the sworn to or confirmed by a declaration be 2. To make firm; to establish, confirm, or

mind; as, 'ideas with names affixed to them.' fore an authorized magistrate. In England ratify; as, the supreme court affirmed the

Locke. -SYN. To attach, subjoin, append, affidavits are often required when evidence judgment.--SYN. To assert, aver, declare,

fasten, connect, annex, unite. is to be laid before a judge or court.

Evi asseverate, assure, pronounce, protest, Affix (af'fiks), n. A syllable or letter added dence brought before a jury is given orally. avouch, confirm, establish, ratify.

to the end of a word; a suffix; a post-fix; Afiet (al-fi'), v.t. and i. Same as Afy (which Afirm (af-ferm), v.i. 1. To declare or assert as, -ness, -hood, fy, -ize, in goodness, mansee) positively or solemnly.

hood, verify, civilize. Affile, Affyle, t v. t. (Fr. affiler, to sharpen Not that I so affirm, though so it seem

Affixal(af-fiks'al), a. Pertaining to an affix; -af for ad, to, and fil, a thread, an edge; To thee, who hast thy dwelling here on earth.

having the character of an affix. L. filum, a thread.] 'To polish.

Milton.

Affixion (af-fik'shon), n, The act of affixing He moste preche and well affyle his tunge, 2. To declare solemnly before a court or

or state of being affixed. In his scourging. Chaucer magistrate; to make a legal affirmation. See

in his affixion, in his transfixion.' Bp. Hall. Afiliable (af-All'i-a-bl), a. Capable of being AFFIRMATION.

(Rare.] affiliated, or referred to as the origin or Affirmable (af-férm'a-bl), a. That may be

That which is cause,

affirmed, asserted, or declared : followed by Affixture (af-fiks'tür), n.

of; as, an attribute affirmable of every just Atilation (af-flā'shon), n. [L. afflo, afflatum, The distribution of sediment and other geological processes which these marine currents elect, are afiliable upon the force which the sun radiates.

-af for ad, to, and flo, to blow. See BLOW.) Herbert Spencer, Affirmably (af-fèrm'a-bli), adv. In a way

A blowing or breathing on. Afiliate (al-Al’i-āt), v.t. pret. & pp. afiliated; Aftermance (al-term'ans), n. 1. Confirmation; Affilatus (at-fātus), 12. (L. See AFFLATION. ] ppr. affiliating. [L. L. adfiliare, to adopt as a

1. A breath or blast of wind.-2. Inspiration; ratification. son-L ad, to, and filius, a son; Fr. affilier,

communication of divine knowledge or the to adopt, to initiate into the mysteries of a All sentences are liable to the king's afirmance or

power of prophecy; specifically, the inspirareversal.

Brougham. religious order.] 1. To adopt; to receive

tion of the poet. into a family as a son; hence, to bring into 2. Declaratian; affirmation. (Rare.]

The poet writing against his genius will be like a intimate association or close connection. They swear it till affirmance breeds a doubt.

prophet without his a flatus. Fos. Sgence.

Corvper, Is the soul affiliated to God, or is it estranged and

3. In med. a current of air which strikes the 3. In law, confirmation of a voidable act. 1. Taylor.

Affirmant (af-fèrm'ant), n. 1. One who 2 To establish the paternity of: generally

body and produces disease. affirms or asserts. 2. One who makes affir- Affilict (af-flikt'), v.t. (L. aflicto, to trouble, waed in speaking of establishing the pater mation instead of an oath.

harass or annoy, intens. of afligo, to dash nity of bastard children; a woman is said to afiliate a child upon a man. Affirmation (af-fér-ma'shon), n. 1. The act

down-af for ad, to, and fligo, to strike.) Hence-3. To

1.To strike down; to prostrate; to overof affirming or asserting as true: opposed to connect in the way of descent.

negation or denial. — 2. That which is as throw; to rout. How do these facts tend to affiliate the faculty of serted; position declared as true; averment.

And, reassembling our afflicted powers, hearing upon the aboriginal vegetative processes?

Consult how we may henceforth most offend
A. Spencer
That he shall receive no benefit from Christ, is the

Our enemy.

Milton. To receive into a society as a member,

affirmation whereon his despair is founded.

Hammond.

2. To give to the body or mind pain which and initiate in its mysteries, plans, &c. 3. Confirmation; ratification; an establish is continued or of some permanence; to Afiliated societies, local societies connected

ment of what has been before done or de trouble, grieve, harass, or distress; as, one with a central society or with each other. creed.

is afflicted with the gout, or with melancholy, Affiliation (af-fil'i-ā"ahon), n. 1. Adoption; Our statutes sometimes are only the affirmation or with losses and misfortunes. - 3. To aluociation in the same family or society. or ratification of that which by common law was held place in a low or inferior position; to homi. 2. In law, the assignment of a child, as a

before.

Hooker.

liate; to regard with disfavour; to persecute. bastard, to its fathe , and the fixing upon 4. In law, the solemn declaration made by

Men are apt to prefer a prosperous error before an him of the obligation to maintain it. Hence Quakers, Moravians, and any others who

afflicted truth.

Fer. Taylor

man.

in rebellion ?

AFFLICTEDNESS

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AFFRONTIVENESS

AFFUSE

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SYN. To trouble, grieve, pain, distress, har price than B.-4. To be sufficiently confirmed SYN. To terrify, frighten, alarm, dismay, ass, torment, wound, hurt.

or established to be able to stand or bear daunt, intimidate, appal, shock, confound, Amictedness (af-Alikt'ed-nes), n. The state what might otherwise prove injurious: said dishearten, dispirit. of being afflicted: superseded by Affliction. of character, social position, and the like; Affright(af-frit), n. 1. Sudden or great fear;

Thou art deceived if thou thinkest that God de. as, his character could afford this escapade; terror: it expresses a stronger impression lights in the afflictedness of his creatures. Bp. Hall. his constitution could afford such a severe than fear or apprehension, and perhaps less Afflicter (af-flikt'ér), n. One who afflicts, or

strain. (In the two last senses this verb is than terror. causes pain of body or of d.

generally used with an auxiliary, as may, He looks behind him with affright, and before him Afflicting (af-Alikt'ing), a. Grievous; distress might, can, could; and may take an infini. with despair.

Goldsmith. ing; as, an afflicting event.

tive or infinitive clause for the object in 2. The cause of terror; a frightful object. Afflictingly (af-flikt'ing-li), adv. In an afflict stead of a noun; as, I cannot afford to give

The gods upbraid our suf'rings, ing manner. my son an expensive education; a man con

By sending these affrighis. B. Jonson. Affliction (af-flik'shon), n. 1. The state of vinced of his integrity can afford to despise Affrightedly (af-frīt'ed-li), adv. In an being afflicted; a state of pain, distress, or such insinuations.

affrighted manner; with fright. grief. To visit the fatherless and widows

He could afford to suffer
With those whom he saw suffer. Wordsworth.)

Affrighten (af-frit'n), v.t. To terrify; to in afliction.' Jam. i. 27.

affright. Some virtues are only seen in affliction, and some

Affordment (af-ford'ment), n. A donation; Affrightfult (af-frīt'iyl), a. Terrifying; ter. in prosperity. Addison. a grant. Your forward helps and afford

rible; that may excite great fear; dreadful. ments.' H. Lord. 2. The cause of continued pain of body or

Affrightful accidents. Bp. Hai mind, as sickness, losses, calamity, adver- Afforest (af-forest), v.t. [L.L. afforestare, Aftrightment (af-frīt'ment), n. 1. The act

to convert into a forest — af for ad, to, sity, persecution. and foresta, a forest.) To convert ground

of terrifying. Many are the afflictions of the righteous.

Since your affrightment (you) could not make her
into forest, as was done by the first Norman
Ps. xxxiv. 19.

open unto you.
Afliction, Grief, Sorrow. Affliction is
kings in England, for the purpose of afford-

2. The state of being frightened ; affright;
stronger than grief, and grief than sorrow.
ing themselves the pleasures of the chase.

terror. "With as much affrightment as if
Sir J. Davies.
Afliction is acute mental suffering caused
Afforestation (af-for-es-tā"shon), n.

Jer. Taylor.

an enemy were near.' by the loss of something cherished, as

The

el in the field

Trup(as to say sty, od the right

fründe vender afici

AFTILE not adt.

davam'), a. or 06

Burring: glo

slevel with atsitzaches ajat

Passionate words or blows.. act of turning ground into forest or wood

fill the child's friends, health, or fortune, and is personal;

mind with terror and affrightment. Locke. land. grief is suffering caused by something recently past, and may be sympathetic; sor

Richard I, and Henry II. . : . had made new af. | Affront (af-frunt'), v.t. (Fr. affronter, to

forestations, and much extended the rigour of the encounter face to face-af for ad, to, and L. row is a feeling of suffering or regret milder forest laws.

Sir M. Hale. than grief, and may arise from present as

frons, frontis, front, face.] 1.1 Lit. to meet well as from past trouble.-Syn. Calamity,

Afformative (af-form'a-tiv), n. (Prefix af or encounter face to face; to confront; to

for ad, to, and formative.] In philol. an trouble, distress, grief, pain, sorrow, ad

front; to face. affix. Examples of afformatives are-ly as in versity, misery, wretchedness, misfortune.

That he,

as 'twere by accident, might here lingly, -en as in wooden, -ous in virtuous, Affront Ophelia.

Shak. Afflictive (af-flikt'iv), a. Giving pain; caus

The seditious affronted the king's forces. ing continued or repeated pain or grief; Affranchise (af-fran'chiz), v. t. [Fr. affran

Hayward chir, affranchissant, to make free-af for ad, painful; distressing. Spreads slow disease, and franc, free. See FRANK, FRANCHISE.)

2. To offend by an open manifestation of and darts afflictive pain.' Prior.-Syn. PainTo make free.

disrespect; to insult; to offend by insolence; ful, distressing, grievous, calamitous, ad

Affranchisement (af-fran'chiz-ment), n. as, to affront one by giving him the lie. verse, oppressive. The act of making free, or liberating from

Only our foe, Afflictively (af-flikt'iy-li), adv. In a manner dependence or servitude.

Tempting, affronts us with his foul esteem to give pain or grief. Sir T. Browne.

of our integrity.

Millon. Afluence (af'Au-ens), n. (L. afluentia, from Affrapt (af-frap), v.t. and i.. (Prefix af for ad, to, and Fr. frapper, to strike.) To strike.

3. To put to shame or confusion; to put out affluo, to flow to-af for ad, to, and fluo, to

of countenance: it may be unintentionally.

They bene ymnett, both ready to affrap. Spenser. flow.) 1. A flowing to or concourse.

Affront (af-frunt'), n. 1. Opposition to the There is an unusual afluence of strangers this Affray (af-frā'), n. 10. Fr. afrai, esfroi,

face; open defiance; encounter, year. Carlyle. Mod. Fr. effroi, Presfrei, terror, and

This day thou shalt have ingots; and, to-morrow, formerly also outcry, disturbance, from Pr. 2. Fig. an abundant supply, as of thoughts,

give lords th' affront.

B. Jonson. words, but specifically, of riches; hence, esfreyar, esfreidar, to frighten, from L. L.

I walk'd about admired of all and dreaded great plenty of worldly goods;. wealth. exfrigidare - L. ex, intens., and frigidus,

On hostile ground, none daring my affront. cold. Wedgwood and others, however, de

Milton. Many old and honourable families disappeared,

rive the word from L. fragor, a crushing, 2. An act of an insulting or disrespectful and many new men rose rapidly to affluence.

Macaulay. from frag, root of frango, to break (and al character; an open manifestation of disreSYN. Abundance,exuberance, plenty, wealth, lied to E. break). Fray is an abbreviated spect or contumely; an outrage; an insult. opulence. form.) 1.1 Fear.

An affront to our understanding.' AddiAfluency (af'flû-en-si), n. Same as Aflu. Full of ghastly fright, and cold affray. Spenser. son. ence, but rarer. 2. A public Aght; a noisy quarrel; a brawl;

Oft have they violated

The temple, oft the law with foul affronts. Milton. There may be certaia channels running from the a tumult; disturbance; specifically, in law, head to this little instrument of loquacity (a woman's the fighting of two or more persons in a

3. Shame; disgrace; anything producing a tongue), and conveying into it a perpetual lluency

feeling of shame or disgrace. of animal spirits.

public place to the terror of others. [A
Addison.
fighting in private is not in a legal sense an

Antonius was defeated, upon the sense of
Affluent (af'flū-ent), a. [L. affluens, afluen-
affray.)-SYN. Quarrel, brawl, scuffle, en-

which affront he died of grief. Arbuthnot. tis, ppr. of afsluo. See AFFLUENCE. }

counter, hght, contest, feud, tumult, dis - Affront, Insult, Outrage. Affront, an in. 1. Flowing to. Affluent blood.' Harvey. turbance.

tentional act of disrespect, often rendered 2. Wealthy; abounding in goods or riches; | Affray (af-frā'), v.t. (Fr. effrayer, 0. or the more galling as being given in the pres. abundant. "Loaded and blest with all the

Prov. Fr. afraier, effroyer, Pr. esfreyar, es ence of others; insult, a direct and personal affluent store.' Prior. freidar, to frighten. See the noun.) To

attack intended to humiliate or degrade; Afluent (af'flü-ent), n. A tributary stream;

frighten; to terrify; to give a shock to. outrage, an insult or affront of the grossest a small stream or river flowing into a larger

The kettle-drum and far-heard clarionet

kind, implying an extreme breach of the one, or into a lake, and the like.

Affray his ears.

Keats. laws of society. An insult aggravated by
Affluently (af'flū-ent-li), adv. In an affluent
Affrayer (af-frā'ér), n. One who raises, or

personal violence becomes an outrage.
tly.
manner; in abundance; abund
Affluentness (af'flū-ent-nes), n. State of

'Felons, is engaged in, affrays or riots.

Captious persons construe every innocent freedom night-walkers, affrayers.' M. Dalton. [Rare.)

into an affront. When people are in a state of ani. being affluent.

Same 28

mosity, they seek opportunities of offering each other Afilux (af'Aluks), n. (From L. afluo, afluxum. Affraymentt' ('af-frá'ment), n.

insults. Intoxication or violent passion impels men
to the commission of outrages.

Crabt.
See AFFLUENCE.) The act of flowing to; a

Affreight (af-frāt). v.t. . {Prefix af for ad, Affronté (af-frunt-e), a. (Fr.) In her.a)front flowing to, or that which flows to; as, an afflux of blood to the head. Locke. to, and freight.] To hire a ship for the

to front; an epithet given Affluxion (af-fluk'shon), n. The act of flow. transportation of goods or freight. Smart.

to animals that face each ing to; that which flows to. Sir T. Browne. Affreighter (af-frāt'ér), n. The person who

other aspectant on an esSee AFFLUX. hires or charters a ship or other vessel to

cutcheon, a kind of bearing Afforcement, t Afforciament t (af-förs'. convey goods. Crabb.

which is otherwise called

The act ment, af-förs'i-a-ment), n. [O. Fr. afforcement, Affreightment (af-frāt'ment)

, n.

confronté, and stands opof hiring a ship for the transportation of from aforcer, to fortify; L.L. afforciaregoods.

posed to adorsed. (6) Facaf for ad, to, and fortis, strong.) A for

ing the spectator, as the Affrett (af-fret), n. [It. affrettare, to hasten. tress: a fortification for defence. Bailey.

lion in the crest of ScotAfford (af-förd'), v.t. (O.E. aforth, to afford

See FRET, to rub.) A furious onset or
attack.

land. (c) Applied to a sav. (Piers Plowman), from prefix a, and forth;

Affronté. age's head thaton a charge

With the terrour of their fierce affret comp. A. Sax. forthian, geforthian, to furThey rudely bore to ground both man and horse.

is full faced. ther, aid, advance; Sc. forder, to further. )

Spenser. Affrontedlyt (af-frunt'ed-li), adv. In a man. 1. To give forth; to yield or produce, as Affrictiont (af-frik'shon), n. (Prefix af for ner to atfront; provokingly. Bacon. fruit, profit, issues, or results; as, the earth ad, to, and friction.) The act of rubbing. Affronter (

af-frunt'ér), n. One who affronts. affords grain; trade affords profit; distilled See FRICTION. Boyle.

Aftronting (af-frunt'ing), a. Contumelions; liquors afford spirit. -2. To yield, grant, or Affriended, ! Affrended t (af-frend'ed), a.

abusive. *Words affronting and reproachconfer; as, a good life affords consolation in Made friends; reconciled. Deadly foes so

ful.' Watts. faithfully affriended.' Spenser.

Affrontingly (af-frunt'ing-li), adv. In an The quiet lanes of Surrey ... afford calmer re. Affright (al-frit), v. t. (A. Sax. afyrhtian,

affronting manner. treat on every side.

Gilpen.

afyrhtan, to affright-prefix a, intens., and Affrontivet (af-frunt'iv) a. Giving offence; 3. To buy, grant, sell, expend, and the like, fyrhtan,' to frighten. See FRIGAT.) To tending to offend; abusive. How much without loss or injury to one's estate; as, & impress with sudden fear; to frighten; to

more affrontive it is to despise mercy, man can afford a sum yearly in charity; one terrify or alarm.

South. man can afford more expensive wines than

When in their naked, native force display'd,

Aftrontiveness (aft unt'iv-nes), n. The another; A can afford his wares at a lower Look answers look, aftrighting and afraid. Crabbe. quality that gives offence. Ash. [Rare)

2, with showy balanta who logred blemei Tobe tei

Let To tert

Senting with

bawla) ode. linami

, do

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old age.

AFFUSE

53

AFTER-CROP

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Affuse (af-füz'), v. t. pret. & pp. affused; ppr. (c) In or into the presence of; under the Goth. af, E. of. See AFTER.) Naut. a word affusing. [L. ajundo, affusum-af for ad, regard or notice of. 'Afore God, I speak used to denote position at or near, or directo, and fundo, fusum, to pour out.) To simply.' B. Jonson. Notwithstanding all tion towards the stern of a ship; as, the aft pour upon; to sprinkle, as with a liquid. the dangers I laid afore you.' B. Jonson. - part of the ship; haul aft the main sheet, I first aiused water upon the compressed beans.

2. Naut. before; more toward the head of a that is, further towards the stern. -Fore

Boyle. ship than; further forward or nearer the and aft, the whole length of a ship.-Right Affusion (af-fūʻzhon), n. 1. The act of pour stem than; as, afore the windlass.-Afore aft, in a direct line with the stern. ing upon, or sprinkling with a liquid, as the mast, applied to a common sailor who Aft, Aften (aft, af'n), adv. Oft; often. water upon a child in baptism.

does duty on the main deck, and has no (Scotch.]
special office on board the ship.

Aftcastle (aft'kas-l), n.
When the Jews baptized their children, in order

Naut. an elevation to circumcision, it seems to have been indifferent Aforegoing (a-forgo-ing), a. Going before. on the after-part of ships of war, for the whether it was done by immersion or affusion, See FOREGOING, which is chiefly used. purpose of fighting: opposed to forecastle.

Wheatley,

Aforehand (a-förhand), adv. 1. In time After (aft'ér), a. (A. Sax. efter, a compar. 2. In med. the act of pouring water on the

previous; by previous provision; as, he is from af, E. of, -ter being the compar. syllable, body as a curative means, as by a showerready aforehand.

seen as ther in whether, hither, as der in bath, &c.

under.

She is come aforehand to anoint my body. Affyt (af-li'), v.t. [Fr. affier, It. affidare-L.

See OF.) 1. Later in time; subse

Mark xiv. 8. quent; succeeding; as, an after period of af for ad, to, and fides, faith.] 1. To be

2. Well advanced; not behindhand; hence, life: in this sense often combined with the troth; to affiance.

in satisfactory pecuniary circumstances; as, following noun; as, after-ages.—2. Naut. Wedded be thou to the hags of hell, he is aforehand with the world.

Afore, more aft, or towards the stern of the ship; For daring to affy a mighty lord Unto the daughter of a worthless king.

as, the after sails; after hatchway.
Skak.

hand in all matters of power.' Bacon. [Old
English and Scotch.)

After (aft'ér), prep. 1. Behind in place; as, 2. To bind; to join.

Aforementioned(a-förmen-shond), a. Men men placed in a line one after another. Personal respects rather seem to affy me unto that

tioned before in the same writing or dis 2. Later in time; as, after supper. [This synod.

Montagu.
course.

word often precedes a sentence, as a governAffyt (af-fi'), v.i. To trust; to confide.

Aforenamed (a-för'nāmd), a. Named be ing preposition.
I do affy in thy uprightness. Shak. fore.

After I am risen again, I will go before you into

Galilee. Afghan (af'gan), n. 1. A native or inhabi. | Aforesaid (a-förʻsed), a. Said, recited, or

Mat. xxvi. 32.] tant of Afghanistan. -2. The language of mentioned before, or in a preceding part. 3. In pursuit of; in search of; engaged about; the Afghans.-3. A kind of carriage blanket. Aforethought (a-for'thạt), a. Thought of with or in desire for. Afghan (af'gan), a. Of or relating to Afghan beforehand; premeditated; prepense; as, After whom is the king of Israel come out! istan or its people. malice aforethought, which is required to

1 Sam. xxiv. 14. constitute murder.

Ye shall not go after other gods. Afield (a-feld'), adv. [Prefix a,on, and field. ?

Deut. vi. 14. 1. To the field; in the field. “We drove afield. Aforetime (a-för'tim), adv. In time past; As the hart panteth after the water-brooks, so Milton,

Ps. xlii. I. in a former time.

panteth my soul after thee, O God. What keeps Gurth so long afteldt Sir W. Scott. For whatsoever things were written a foretime were 4. In imitation of, or in imitation of the 2. Astray; off the right path.

written for our learning.

Rom. xv. 4. style of; as, to make a thing after a model;

after the antique; after Raphael.-5. AcWhy should he wander afield at the age of fifty-five? | Aforne-casteta. [Aforne=afore, and cast.] Trollope. Premeditated. Chaucer.

cording to; in proportion to; in accordance Aflet (a-fil'), v.t. To file; to polish or re A fortiori (ā for-shi-o'ri). (L. ] Fora stronger with. After its intrinsic value.' Bacon. fine. See AFFILE.

reason. In logic, a term employed in a chain O Lord deal not with us after our sins . . . Neither Afire (a-fir), a. or adv. [Prefix a, on, and of reasoning, to imply that what follows is reward us after our iniquities. Common Prayer. fire.] On fire. a more powerful argument than what has

6. According to the direction and influence The match is left afire. Beau, & FI. been already adduced. It is also used by

of; according to the demands or appetites Aflame (a-flám), a. or adv. (Prefix a, on, and mathematicians in the same signification. of. Mame.) Flaming; glowing. 'Aflame with Afoul (a-foul), adv. or a. [Prefix a, on, and For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die. a glory beyond that of amber and amethyst.' foul.] Not free; in collision; entangled; as,

Rom. viii. 13. George Eliot the brig ran afoul of the steamer.

7. Below in rank or excellence; next to; as, Aflat (a-flat'), a. or adv. [Prefix a, on, and Afraid (a-frād), a. [0. E. affrayd, afrayde, after Shakspere I class Milton as our greatjlal.) On a level with the ground.

&c., pp. of the obsolete verb affray, to est poet.-8. Concerning; as, to inquire after Lay all his branches aflat upon the ground. Bacon.

frighten. See AFFRAY.] Impressed with a person. – After all, when all ‘has been Aflaunt (a-fignt'), a. or adv. In a flaunting

fear or apprehension; fearful : followed by taken into view, and there remains nothing manner; with showy equipage or dress.

of before the object of fear; as, to be afraid more to be added; at last; in fine; upon the His hat all aflaunt and befeathered with of death.

whole; at the most; notwithstanding; as, all kinds of coloured plumes.' Copley.

Be of good cheer: it is I ; be not afraid,

after all, things are not so bad as they

Mat. xiv, 27. looked. Aflight, t v.i. To be terrified; alarmed. Her (Afraid expresses a less degree of fear than

After (aft'ér), adv. 1. Later in time; afterherte aflight.' Gower, Aflight, 1 v.t. To terrify; to alarm. terrified or frightened. In colloquial lan

wards; as, it was about the space of three guage I am afraid is often nearly equivalent

hours after. Judas tooke a speciall pleasure to see thein to I suspect, I am inclined to think, or the so afrighted.

First, let her show her face, and after speak. Skak. Sir T. More.

like, and is regularly used as a kind of polite Afloat (a-flot), adv. or a. (Prefix a, on, and introduction to a correction, objection, &c.,

2. Behind; in pursuit; as, to follow after. float (which see).) 1. Borne on the water;

*I'll after.' Shak. [Though apparently an or to make a statement sound less positive; floating; swinming; as, the ship is afloat.

adverb the word is often, however, really a as, I am afraid you are wrong; I am afraid 2. Fig. moving; passing from place to place; that argument won't hold.]

preposition, the object being understood. ) in circulation; as, a rumour is afloat.-3. Un. Afrancesado (a-frän-thā-sä'Tho), n. [Sp.] After-age (aft'er-āj), n. A later age or time; Nxed; moving without guide or control; as, A term given to the members of that party

posterity. *For all succeeding time and our affairs are all afloat.

in Spain who, during the war of independ after-age.' Oldham. Afoam (a-lom'), adv. ora. (Prefix a, on, and

To after-age thou shalt be writ the man, ence (1808 to 1814), allied themselves to the

That with sinooth air couldst humour best our foam.) In a foaming state; foaming; as, French. the water was all afoam.

tongue.

Milton. Afreet. See AFRIT. Afoot (a-fyt'), adv. or a. (Prefix a, on, and Afresh (a-fresh'), adv. [Prefix a, on, and

Most commonly used in the plural. foot.] 1. Ön foot; borne by the feet; in a fresh.] Anew; again; after intermission, What an opinion will after-ages entertain of their condition to walk, especially after sickness.

religion?

Addison. They crucify to themselves the Son of God afresk.

Heb. vi. 6.

After-birth (aft'er-bérth), n. He distinguished himself as a sick-ourse, till his

That which poor comrade got a fool again. Carlyle. Afric (af'rik), a. Same as African. 'Afric

is excluded from the uterus after the birth 2 In action; in a state of being planned for shore. Milton.

of a child; it includes the placenta, part of execution; as, a design is afoot. African (af'rik-an), a. Pertaining to Africa. umbilical cord, and the membranes of the

ovum. Called also Secundines. Afore (a-for), adv. (Prefix a, at, and fore;

- African hemp, or African bowstring hemp, A. Sax. ætfore, ætforan. Except as a nautical one of the names of the fibre obtained from After-body (aft'er-bo-di), n.

That part of word afore is now obsolete or provincial in the leaves of the Sanseviera guineensis, nat.

a ship’s hull which is abaft the midships or all its senses. It is almost uniformly em

order Liliaceæ. - African oak or teak, a valu dead-flat, as seen from the stern. The term ployed in Scotland for before. Before. (a) able wood for some ship-building purposes,

is, however, more particularly used in exTo front; in the fore part; specifically(naut.), obtained from Oldfieldia africana, nat.

pressing the figure or shape of that part of in the fore part of a vessel. order Euphorbiacere.

the ship.

After-burthent (aft'er-bér-Then), n. The Approaching nigh, he reared high afore

African (at'rik-an), n. 1. A native of Africa. His body, monstrous, horrible, and vast. Spenser. 2. The African marigold (Tagetes erecta).

after-birth: a term frequently employed in ()) In time foregone or past. [Rare.]

the depositions relating to the birth of the

Prince of Wales in 1688.
Il he never drank wine afore, it will go near to
Africanism (af'rik-an-izm), n. A word,

After-cabin (aft'ér-kab-in), n. The best or remore his fit

Skak.
phrase, or custom peculiar to Africa.

stern cabin of a vessel. Sometimes called (c) Before, in position. Africanize (af'rik-an-iz), v. t. 1. To give an

the Saloon.
African character to. — 2. To place under
Will you go on afore!

Shak.
negro domination.
Bartlett. (American. ]

After-clap t (aft'er-klap), n. An unexpected Afore (a-fór), conj. Rather than; before. Afright,+ a. In fear; terrified.

subsequent event; something happening Afore I'll

after an affair is supposed to be at an end.

Chaucer.

Myn herte is sore afright. Endure the tyranny of such a tongue,

“Those dreadful after-claps.' South. And such a prideWhat will you

do?

Afrit, Afreet (af-rit', af-rēt), n. In Moham- After-come (aft'er-kum), n. What comes B. Jonson. medan myth. a powerful evil jinnee or de

after; consequence.

. And how are you to Afore (a-lör), prep. 1. Before. (a) In time. mon. Written also Efreet, Afrite.

stand the after-come?' Hogg. [Scotch.] Il your diligence be not speedy, I shall be there Afront (a-frunt'), adv. [Prefix a, on, and

After-cost (aft'er-kost). n. Later cost; exShak. front.] In front.

pense after the execution of the main de() In position, station, or rank.

These four came all afront. Shak. sign. In the Trinity none is a fore or after another.

Aft (aft), a, or adv. [A. Sax. æft, eft, after, After-crop (aft'er-krop), n. The second

Athanasian Creed. behind; Goth. afta, from A. Sax. af, af, crop in the same year.

Tell truth

afore you.

AFTER-DAMP

54

AGALMATOLITE

AGAL

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After-damp (aft'ér-damp), n. Choke-damp the run or aftermost portion of the hold: seminary of brave military people as in England, or carbonic acid, found in coal-mines after in contradistinction to the fore-peak.

Scotland, and Ireland.

Bacon. an explosion of fire-damp' or light carbur. After-piece (aft'ér-pēs), n. A short drama [The general idea involved in this word is etted hydrogen.

tic entertainment performed after the prin that of return or repetition; as in these After-designed (aft'ér-de-sind), a.

In law,
cipal performance.

phrases - give it back again; give him as designed or specified afterwards.

After-proof (aft'er-pröf), n. Subsequent much again, that is, the same quantity once After-eye (aft-ér-i'), v.t. To keep one in proof or evidence; a fact or piece of evidence more or repeated, &c. There is an idioma. view. subsequently becoming known.

tic use of the word in such phrases as, he Thou shouldst have made him After-rake (aft'ér-răk), n. Naut, that part struck it till it rung again, implying energy As little as a crow, or less, ere let

of the hull of a vessel which overhangs the on the part of the subject or actor, and reTo after-eye him.

Skak.
after-end of the keel.

ciprocal action or return on that of the ob-
After-feed (aft'ér-fēd), n. The grass that After-sail (aft'ér-sāl), n. Naut. one of the ject.
grows after the first crop has been mown, sails on the main and mizzen masts.

He laughed till the glasses on the sideboard rang and not cut a second time as after-math, After-study (aft'er-stu-di), n. A study sub

again.

Dickens.) but fed off. (Provincial. ]

sequent to another, or that is undertaken - Again and again, often; with frequent Aftergame (aft'ér-gām), n. A subsequent at some future time.

repetition. game or expedient; a plan laid after the As a slender introduction to the after study of logic,

This is not to be obtained by one or two hasty readoriginal scheme has failed.

it is not to be despised. Sir W. Harnilton. ings; it must be repeated again and again. Locke. Our first design, my friend, has proved abortive; After-swarm (aft'er-swarm), n. A swarm Again (a-gān', a-gen'), prep. (O. E. and Sc.)

Still there remains an aftergame to play. Addison. of bees which leaves the hive after the first. 1. Against.
After-grass (aft'ér-gras), n. The second | After-taste (aft'ér-tāst), n. A taste which

Through treason, again him wrought. Stellen. crop of grass from lands which have been succeeds eating or drinking.

2. Toward; in the direction to meet. previously mowed the same year.

After-thought (aft'er-thạt), n. Reflection After-grief (aft'er-grēt), n. Grief following after an act; some consideration that occurs

And praide him for to ride again the quene.

Chaucer. on the first outburst. to one's mind too late, or after the perform

Againbuy t (a-gān'bī), v.t. To redeem. There are after-griefs .. which leave behind ance of the act to which it refers.

We hopeden that he should have againbought them scars never to be effaced.

Southey.
After thought, and idle care,
Israel.

Wicklife.
After-growth (aft'ér-groth), n. A second

And doubts of motley hue, and dark despair.

Dryden, Againsing + (a-gănoriz-ing), n. Resurrecgrowth or crop springing up after a previous After-time (aft'er-tīm), n. Succeeding tion The againrising of deede men.' one has been removed; hence, any form or time.

Wickliffe. development naturally arising after any

Wheresoever I am sung or told, Againsawt (a-gān'są), n. Contradiction. change, social or moral. “The after-growths

In after time, this also shall be known. Tennyson.

Againsay + (a-gen sā), v.t. (Again for which would have to be torn up or broken More commonly used in the plural.

against, and say.) To gainsay. For extract through. J. S. Mil.

The mere possession of a fief, or even of a dignity,

see under AGAINSTAND. After-guard (aft'èr-gärd), n.

In the navy,

though originally a means of acquiring nobility, did | Against (a-genst'), prep. [O.E. agenes, the seamen who are stationed on the poop not of itself confer it in after times. Brougham. ayens, agayns, ongaenes, A. Sax. to-gegnes, and quarter-deck of vessels to attend and Afterward, Afterwards (aft'èr-werd, aft'

against. The es is an adverbial or genit. terwork the after-sails, &c. ér-werdz), adv. (A. Sax. afterweard. See

mination and the t does not properly belong After-help (aft'ér-help), n. Secondary help; WARD.) In later or subsequent time. to the word, having been added, like that subsidiary cause. Sir E. Sandys. After-wise (aft'er-wīz), a. Wise after the

in amidst, be ixt. The A. Sax. gegn, again Afterhind (eft'er-hind), adv. {After, and event; wise when it is too late; after-witted.

or against, is only used in compounds; it is hind, as in behind.) Afterwards. Written

the same as gain in gainsay, Icel. gegn, Sw.

There are such as we may call the after-wise, who, also Afterhin, Afterhint. [Scotch.)

when any project fails, foresaw all the

inconveniences

gen, G. gegen, against.] 1. Opposite in place; After-hold (aft'ér-bõld), n. Naut. that por that would arise from it, though they kept their abreast; as, a ship is against the mouth of a tion of the hold lying behind the mainmast. thoughts to themselves.

Addison. river: in this sense it is often preceded by

over.
The Glasgow was in flames, the steward having set After-wit (aft'ér-wit), n. Wisdom that
fire to her while stealing rum out of the after-hold. comes too late.

Aaron lighted the lamps thereof over against the
Southey.

candlestick.

Num. viii. 3. After-hope (aft'ér-hop), n. Future hope.

There is no recalling of what's gone and past; so that after-wit comes too late when the mischief is

2. In opposition to; in contrariety to; adB, Jonson,

done.

Sir R. L'Estrange.

verge or hostile to; as, twenty votes against After-hours (aft'er-ourz), n. pl. Hours that After-wits are dearly bought,

ten; this change of measures is against us; follow; time following. That after-hours Let thy fore-wit guide thy thought. Southwell, against law, reason, or public opinion. with sorrow chide us not.' Shak. After-witted (aft'er-wit-ed), a. Character His hand will be against every man.

Gen. xvi. 12. Afterings (aft'er-ingz), n. pl. 1. The last

ized by after-wit; circumspect when it is 3. Towards or upon; so as to meet; in an milk drawn in milking; strokings.-2. Latter too late; after-wise.

opposite direction to; as, to strike against part of a series of events.

Our fashions of eating make us slothfull and un. a rock; the rain beats against the window; These are the afterings of Christ's sufferings. lusty to labour ... after-witted (as we call it), un. to ride against the wind. - 4. Bearing or

By. Hall

circumspect, inconsiderate, heady, rash. Tyndale. After-leavings (after-le-vingz), n. pl. Re- After-yard (aft'ér-yard), n.

resting upon; as, to lean against a wall.

Naut. a yard fuse. Weale.

5. In provision for; in preparation for. After-Life (aft'ér-lif), n. 1. Future life; re

belonging to the mizzen-mast.
Aft-meal (aft'mél), n. A meal as an acces-

Against the day of my burying hath she kept this, mainder of life.

Jn. xii. 7. sory to the main meal, as dessert to dinner; - Against time, as in the phrases, a match My dead face would vex her after-life. Tennyson. an after or late meal.

against time, a race against time, signifies 2. The life after death,

At af-meals who shall pay for the wine! Thynne. that some specified things have to be done
After-love (aft'er-luv), n. Second or future
Aftmost (aft'most), a. Naut. situated

or distance run before the close of a given love.

time. nearest the stern. Aftermath (aft'er-math), n. (After and math. See MATH.) A second mowing of grass Aft-ward (aft'werd), adv. Naut. towards

I always felt as if I was riding a race against time.

Dickens.
the stern or hinder part of a vessel.
from the same land in the same season.
Also called Lattermath, Rowen, or Rowett

, Aga (á'ga), n. (Turk. agha, a great lord, Againstand t (a-gen'stand), v.t. (Again for
commander.] In the Turkish dominions, a

against, and stand.) To oppose; to withand in some places, when left long on the

stand.
commander or chief officer. The title is
ground, Fog.
given to various chief officers, whether civil

Agait (a-gāt'), adv. Same as Agate.
After-mentioned (aft-ér-men'shond), a.
Mentioned or to be mentioned afterwards;

or military, also to great landholders, and Agalactia (a-ga-lak'ti-a), n. (Gr. a, priv.,
as, the after-mentioned persons.
to the higher officers of the sultan's seraglio.

and gala, galactos, milk.) A deficiency of Aftermost (aft'er-most), a. superl. [A. Sax. Spelled also Agha.

milk in a mother after child-birth.

A cotton fabric Agal-agal (ü'gal-ä'gal), n.

Agabanee (ag-a-ba'nē), n. æftemest, aftermest, a double superlative,

Same as Agarembroidered with silk made in Aleppo.

agar.
mest being from ma+8t, two superlative suf-
fixes. The termination has become falsely Again (a-gen'), adv. (0.E. agen; A. Sax. Agalaxy (ag'a-lak-si), n. Same as Agalactia.
assimilated to most. See HINDMOST.) Hind agen, agegn, ongegn, ongean, again; gén, Agalloch (ag'al-ok),n. Same as Agatlochum
most; naut. nearest the stern: opposed to

gean, gegn, against.' See AGAINST.)' 1. A Agallochum (a-gallok-um). n. (Gr. agal-
second time; once more.

lochon. Origin unknown.) A name given to foremost.

two kinds of fragrant wood largely used

by Afterness (aft'ér-nes), n. The state of be

I will not again curse the ground. Gen. viii, 21,

the orientals as supplying a perfume. The ing or coming after. [Rare.) 2. On another occasion.

agallochum of Cochin-China is obtained from Afternoon (aft'er-nön), n. The part of the For unto which of the angels said be at any time, Aloexylon Agallochum, a leguminous tree day which follows noon, between noon and Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And growing in the mountainous regions of that evening.

again, I will be to him a father, and he shall be to
me a son? And again, ... Let all the angels of

country; while the Indian variety is the Afternoon (aft'ér-non), a. Relating to the

God worship him.

Heb. i. 5.

wood of Aquilaria Agallocha, a large tree after part of the day; as, the afternoon 3. On the other hand; on the contrary.

inhabiting Silhet. Both woods abound in watch.

resin and an essential oil which yield the After-note (aft'ér-not), n. In music, the

The one is my sovereign
the other again

highly esteemed perfume used as incense second or unaccented note, the first of every is my kinsman, whom the king hath wronged. in religious ceremonies. Agallochum is suptwo being naturally accented; one or more

Shak. posed by some to be the almug-tree of Scripsmall notes that are not appoggiaturas, but 4. Moreover; besides; further.

ture. Čalled also Agal-wood, Eagle-wood, belong to the preceding instead of the suc.

Again, there is sprung up Lign-aloes, and Calambae. ceeding note.

An heretic, an arch one, Cranmer. Shak. Agalma (a-galma), n. (Gr., an image.) Ip After-pains (aft’ér-pānz), n. pl. The pains 6. In return; back; in answer; in restitution. law, the impression or image of anything which succeed childbirth.

I knit my handkerchief about your brows;

upon a seal. After-part (aft'er-part), n. 1. The latter And I díd never ask it you again, Shak. Agalmatolite (a-gal-mat'ő-līt), n. (Gr. part.-2. Naut, the part of a ship towards

Bring us word again which way we shall go. agalma, image, and lithos, stone.) A name the stern.

Deut. i. 22. given to a soft stone found in China and After-peak (aft'er-pēk), 1. Naut. the con. & Anywhere else; in any other place.

resembling steatite. It is a clay-slate al. tracted part of a vessel's hold, which lies in There is not in the world again such a spring and tered by heat, and by the addition of alka

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lies from the decomposition of felspar. It women living promiscuously on a common means are used to produce striking varieties contains no magnesia, but otherwise has fund. Brewer.

of colour in these stones. In Scotland also the characters of steatite. It can be cut Agaphite (ag'a-fīt), n. [After a naturalist they are cut and polished, under the name with the knife and polished; and in China Agāphi.) A name sometimes given to the of Scotch pebbles. They are used for rings, is thus formed into works of art, as gro turquoise, more especially the fine blue seals, cups, beads, boxes, handles of smali tesque figures, pagodas, &c. Called also variety of that stone.

utensils, &c. Agate is used by Shakspere Figure-slone, Lard-stone, and Pagodite. Agar-agar (ä'gar-ä'gar), n. The native name as a symbol of littleness or smallness, from Agal-wood (á'gal-wyd), n. (Usually cor of Ceylon moss or Bengal isinglass, a dried the little figures cut in these stones when rupted to Eagle-wood.] See AGALLOCHUM. sea-weed, the Gracilaria lichenoides, much set in rings. Agama (agʻa-ma),n. (Native name in Guinea. ] used in the East for soups and jellies.

I was never manned with an agate till now. A genus of small saurian reptiles, family Agaric (a-gar'ik), n. (Gr. agarikon, a fungus

2 Henry IV. act 1, sc. 2. Iguanidæ. A. egyptiaca changes its colour used as tinder, from Agaria, according to 2. An instrument used by gold wire-drawers, like the chameleon.

Dioscorides, a town of Sarmatia, where this so called from the agate in the middle of it. Agama (ag'am-ė), n. pl. (Gr. a, priv., and fungus abounded.] One of the fungi that 3. Naut. the cap for the pivots of the comgamos, marriage.) A name given by some form the genus Agaricus. By the old herbal

pass-cards, so named because formed of a authors to the large division of flowerless ists the name had a wider range, including hard siliceous stone, a chalcedony or caror cryptogamic plants, which were sup the corky forms growing on trunks of trees, nelian, &c.-4. In printing, a kind of type, posed formerly to be without the sexes of like the female agaric' (Polyporus officin called also Ruby (which see). the more perfect plants.

alis), to which the word was originally ap- Agathis (ag'a-this), n. Same as Dammara. Agami (ag'a-mī), n. (Native name.) The plied. See AGARICUS and POLYPORUS.-Aga- | Agathodæmon (ag'ath-o-dé"mon), n. (Gr.

ric mineral, mountain-mill, or mountain agathos, good, and daimon, a spirit.] The meal, one of the purest of the native carbon.

good genius or spirit, a divinity to whom ates of lime, found chiefly in the clefts of rocks the ancient Greeks drank a cup of unmixed and at the bottom of some lakes in a loose wine at the end of every repast. or semi-indurated form resembling a fungus. Agathosma (a-ga-thoz'ma), n. [Gr. agathos, The name is also applied to a stone of loose pleasant, and osmē, smell.) A genus of consistence found in Tuscany, of which bricks plants, nat, order Rutaceæ, natives of the may be made so light as to float in water, and

Cape of Good Hope. The Kaffirs mix the of which the ancients are supposed to have dried and powdered leaves of A. pulchella made their floating bricks. It is a hydrated with the grease with which they smear their silicate of magnesium, mixed with lime, alu bodies, giving them a smell unbearable by mina, and a small quantity of iron.

Europeans. Agaricia (a-ga-rish'i-a), n. [From Agaricus, Agathotes (a-gath'o-tēz), n. (Gr. agathotēs, a genus of fungi.] The mushroom madre

excellence.) A genus of plants found in pore, a genus of coral madrepores, so named India, nat. order Gentianaceæ. The d. from their resemblance to mushrooms. Chirayta is the officinal chiretta (which see). Agaricini (a-gari-si'nī), n. pl. A group of Agatiferous (ag-at-if'er-us), a.' [E. agaté,

fungi having the fruit-bearing surface ar and L. fero, to produce.]' Containing or Agami (Psophia crepitans).

ranged in radiating gilis, as in the mush producing agates. Craig.
rooms and toad-stools.

Agatine (ag'āt-in), a. Pertaining to or re-
Psophia crepitans, an interesting grallatorial Agaricus (a-gar'ik-us), n. (See AGARIC.) A sembling agate.
bird, family Gruidæ, a native of South Ame large and important genus of fungi, charac- Agatize (aş'ât-ız), v.t. To change into agate.
rica, often called the golden-breasted trum terized by having a fleshy cap or pileus, and - Agatized wood, a kind of hornstone formed
peter. It is of the size of a pheasant, runs a number of radiating plates or gills on by petrifaction.
with great speed, is easily tamed, and be.

Agaty (ag'āt-i), a. Of the nature of agate. comes as docile and attached to man as a

An agaty flint. Woodward. dog.

Agave (a-ga'vē), n. [Gr. agauos, noble.) A Agamic(a-gam'ik), a. (Gr. a, priv.,and gamos,

genus of plants, nat. order Amaryllidaceae, marriage.) In zool. applied to reproduction

comprehending the American aloe, without the congress of individuals of the

plants are generally large, and have a magopposite sex, as by fission, budding, encyst

sive tuft of fleshy leaves with a spiny apex. ment, or parthenogenesis.

They live for many years—ten to seventyAgamida (a-gam'i-dé), n. [Agama, the

before flowering. When this takes place name of a lizard, and Gr. eidos, resemblance.]

the tall flowering stem springs from the A family of lacertilian reptiles, allied to the

centre of the tuft of leaves, and grows very Iguanidæ, characterized by the absence of

rapidly until it reaches a height of 15, 20, palatal teeth, a depressed head, inflated

or even 40 feet, bearing towards the end a skin, and by the caudal scales being imbri.

Agaricus disseminatus.

large number of flowers. The best-known cated. There are many genera found both

species is A. americana, which was introin the Old and in the New World. See which are produced the naked spores. The duced into Europe in 1561. This yields many IGUANIDE.

majority of this species are furnished with important products. The sap, obtained in Agamist (ag'am-ist), n. [Gr. a, priv., and stems, but some are attached to the objects abundance from the plant when the flowergamos, marriage. One who does not marry; on which they grow by their pileus. Over a ing stem is just ready to burst forth, proone who refuses or rejects marriage. 'Aga. thousand species are known, and are ar duces, when fermented, a beverage resemmists and wilful rejecters of matrimony.' ranged in five sections according as the Foxe, Book of Martyrs.

colour of their spores is white, pink, brown, Agamogenesis (a-gam'ö-jen"e-sis), n. [Gr. purple, or black. Many of the species are

priv., gamos, marriage, and genesis, repro edible like the common mushroom (A. cam-
duction.) In zool. the production of young pestris), and supply a delicious article of
without the congress of the sexes, one of food, while others are deleterious and even
the phenomena of alternate generation; par poisonous. See MUSHROOM.
thenogenesis. See AGAMIC.

Agast. See AGHAST.
Agamogenetic (a-gam'ö-jen-et"ik), a. Of Agastric (a-gas'trik), a. (Gr. a, without, and

or pertaining to agamogenesis; produced gastër, gastros, belly.) Without a stomach
without the congress of the sexes.

or proper intestinal canal, as the tape-worm. Agamoid (ag'am-oid), a. Pertaining to the Agate (a-gāt'), adv. (Prefix a, on, and gate, Agamidæ.

a road, a way. See GATE.) On the way; Agamous (ag'am-us), a. [Gr. a, neg., and going; agoing; in motion.

Set him agate gamos, marriage.) In bot. of or pertaining again.' Old play. Set the bells agate.' to the Agama (which see).

Cotgrave. (Old and Provincial English and Agapanthus (ag-a-pan'thus), n. (Gr. agapė, Scotch.) love, and anthos, a flower.)" A small genus Agate (agʻāt), n. (Fr. agate; L. achates, beof ornamental plants belonging to the nat. cause found near a river of that name in order Líliaces. The species are perennial Sicily.) 1. A siliceous semi-pellucid comherbs from South Africa, with large umbels pound mineral, consisting of bands or layers of bright blue flowers. They have been of various colours blended together, the long in cultivation.

base generally being chalcedony, and this Agape (a-gap'), adv. or a. [Prefix a, on, and mixed with variable proportions of jasper, gape.] Gaping, as with wonder, expecta amethyst, quartz, opal, heliotrope, and cartion, or eager attention; having the mouth nelian. The varying manner in which these

materials are arranged causes the agate
Thou art not come to see this courtly show,
Which sets the young agape.

when polished to assume some characteristic
Joanne Baillie.
appearances, and thus certain varieties are

American Aloe (Agave americana). Agape (ag'a-pė), n. [Gr. agape, love.) Among distinguished, as the ribbon agate, the forthe primitive Christians a love-feast or feast tification agate, the zone agate, the star bling cider, called by the Mexicans pulque. of charity, held before or after the commun agate, the moss agate, the clouded agate, The Abres of the leaves are formed into iod, when contributions were made for the &c. In some agates vegetable or animal thread and ropes, and an extract of the poor. Such feasts were held at first without remains have been observed imbedded. leaves is used as a substitute for soap; the scandal, but afterwards being abused, they Agate is chiefly found in trap-rocks and flower-stem, when withered, is cut up into were condemned at the Council of Carthage,

serpentine, often in the form of nodules, slices to form razor-strops.

called geodes. Agates are esteemed the least Agazed + (a-găzd), pp. or a. (This may be Agapemone (ng-a-pem'o-nē), n. [Gr. agapė,

valuable of the precious stones. They are either a word independently formed from love, and mone, abode, from meno,

to remain.} cut and polished in large quantities at prefix a, on or at, and the noun gaze = at The abode of love, an association of

and Oberstein in Saxony, where also artificial gaze, or simply another form of agast, aghast,

[graphic]
[graphic]

wide open.

AD. 397.

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