Imágenes de páginas
[blocks in formation]

and nomos, a rule.) The art of cultivating Aguiler,t n. (Fr, aiguille, a needle.) A Ahu (a hú), n. One of the native names of the ground; agriculture. needle-case. Chaucer.

the common gazelle of Asia. See GAZELLE. Agrose, pret. of agrise.

Aguise, Aguizet (a-gēz'), v.l. (See GUISE.) A-hull (a-hui'), a. or adv. (Prefix a, and Agrostemma (ag-ro-stem'ma), n. (Gr. agros,

To dress; to adorn. Wherewith above all hull.} Naut. a word used with regard to a a tield, and stemma, a wreath.) A Linnæan knights ye bravely seem aguised.' Spenser. ship when all her sails are furled, and her genus of plants, nat, order Caryophyllaceae. Aguiset (a-gēz'), n Dress. Their fashions helm lashed on the lee-side on account of It is now generally regarded as a section of and brave aguise.' Dr. H. More.

the violence of a storm; she then lies nearly the genus Lychnis, from which it only differs Aguish (ā'gă-ish), a. 1. Chilly; somewhat with her side to the wind and sea, her head in the elongated segments of the calyx limb,

cold or shivering; also, having the qualities somewhat turned toward th irection of in the petals being without a prominent scale of an ague; as, an aguish fever.

the wind : applied also to a ship deserted at the base of the expanded portion, and in Her aguish love now glows and burns. Granville. and exposed to tempestuous winds. the capsule opening by valves alternate with 2. Productive of agues; as, an aguish locality.

A-hungeredt (2-hung' gérd), a. (Prefix a and not opposite to the calyx segments. 4. Aguishness (a'gu-ish-nes), n. The quality

(for of), intens., and hungered; it is the same (Lychnis) Githago (the common corn-cockle), of being aguish; chilliness.

word as Piers Plowman's afyngered, from with large entire purple petals, is the only Agynous (a'jin-us), a. (Gr. a, without, and

A. Sax, of-hyngrian, to be very hungry. Anspecies belonging to the section as now gynė, a female.) In bot. applied to plants

hungered is a form of this word.) Pinched limited. having no female organs.

with hunger; hungry. Agrostis(a-gros'tis), n. (Gr. agrostis, the name Ah (a). (A natural cry expressive of sudden A-hungry (a-hung'gri), a. (Prefix a, intens., of several grasses.) A genus of grasses, con emotion; comp. G. ach, L. ah, Gr. a, a,

and hungry. See A-HUNGERED.) Hungry. sisting of many species found in the temSkr. a, ah, ah.). An exclamation expressive Ai (a'e), n. The three-toed słoth (Bradypus

'I am not a-hungry.' Shak. perate and cold climates of the world. They

of pain, surprise, pity, compassion, comare valuable as pasture-grasses. The genus plaint, contempt, dislike, joy, exultation,

tridactylus or torquatus), so called from havis distinguished from other grasses by having &c., according to the manner of utterance.

ing a feeble plaintive cry somewhat like its

name. See SLOTH. membranousand awnless empty glumes. The Aha (a-ha'). (A lengthened form of ah, or dent-grasses belong to this genus. formed of ah and ha; comp. G. aha, Skr,

Aiblins (ab'linz), adv., (Probably from able, Agrostography (a-gros-tog'ra-fi), n. A deaho, ahaha.] An exclamation expressing

and adv. term. lins=ling in darkling; comp. scription of grasses. triumph, contempt, or simple surprise ;

Sc. backlins, backwards; or from if, Goth. Agrostology(a-gros-tol'o-ji), n. (Gr. agrostis, but the senses are distinguished by very

ibai, G. ob, and same termination.) Perhaps; a grass, and logos, speech.] That part of different modes of utterance, and different

peradventure; possibly. [Scotch.) botany which relates to grasses. modifications of features. Ps. xxxv. 21.

But fare-ye-weel, auld Nickie-ben!

Oh wad ye tak' a thought and men', Aground (a-ground), adv. or a. (Prefix a=at Aha (ärhä), n. [See HA-HA.) A sunk fence,

Ye aiblins might-I dinna kenor on, and ground. Í 1. On the ground - a not visible without near approach. More

Still hae
a stake.

Burns. nautical term signifying that the bottom of commonly spelled Ha-ha or Hah-hah.

Aich's Metal (ichs met'al), n. An alloy of a ship rests on the ground for want of suff

Ahead (a-hed'), adv. (Prefix a, on, at, and iron, copper, and zinc, said to be more tenacient depth of water:-2. Fig. brought to a head.] ì. Headlong; without restraint; head cious and ductile than gun-metal, named stop for want of resources, matter, and the foremost.

from the patentee Johann Aich. Called like; as, the speaker is aground.

It is mightily the fault of parents, guardians, tutors, also Sterro-metal. Agroupment (a-gröp'ment), n. (Fr. agrouper. and governors, that so many men miscarry. They Aid (ad), v.t. [Fr. aider, O.Fr. ajuder, to to group. See GROUP.] The arrangement of suffer them at first to run ahead, and when perverse

help; Pr. aidar, ajudar, adjudar; L. adjua group in a picture or in statuary; grouping.

inclinations are advanced into habits, there is no
dealing with them.

Sir R. L'Estrange.
Aguardiente (a'gwär-de-ent"ā),n. (šp..contr.

tare, freq. of adjuvo, adjutum, to help-ad, for agua ardiente, burning water.)

to, and juvo, jutum, to help.) To help; to 1. A 2. In or to the front; in advance; before; as, second-class brandy made from the red wines they walked ahead of us all the way; he

assist; to come to the support or relief of;

to succour, either by furnishing strength or of Spain and Portugal, as also from the refuse soon ran ahead of us; specifically (naut.),

means to effect a purpose, or by preventing of the grapes left in the wine-press, the scrap

before or in front of a vessel, or in the diings of casksand vats, and deposits in bottles, rection to which a vessel's head is directed;

or removing obstacles.-Syn. To help, assist, generally flavoured with anise.

support, sustain, succour, relieve. It is the farther forward: in opposition to astern;

Aid (ad), n. (Fr, aide, 0.Fr. aide, ajude. See popular spirituous beverage in these coun as, to lie ahead; to move ahead.

the verb.) i. Help; succour; support; astries.--2. À Mexican alcoholic drink distilled Tbe east end of the island bore but a little ahead

sistance. from the fermented juice of the agave.

of us.


Sweet father, I behold hiin in my dreams Called also Pulque (which see).

-To run ahead of one's reckoning (naut.), Gaunt, as it were the skeleton of himself, Agua-toad (ä'gwä-tód), no.. The Bufo agua, to sail beyond the places erroneously esti Death-pale, for lack of gentle maiden's aid.

Tennyson. family Bufonidæ, a gigantic species of toad mated in the dead-reckoning as the ship's found in intertropical America and the West station. To go ahead, a phrase originating

2. The person or thing that aids or yields Indies. It is one of the noisiest of its tribe, in the United States, but now common in

assistance; a helper; an auxiliary; an assist.

ant. uttering a loud snoring kind of bellow, chiefly Britain, signifying to push forward; to be

It is not good that man should be alone; let us during night. It is very voracious, and being enterprising or speculative: generally used,

make unto him an aid, like unto himself, believed to devour rats, has been largely as an admonition, in the imperative mood,

Tobit viii, 6. imported from Barbadoes into Jamaica to 'go ahead;' and not rarely as an adjective; 3. In law, a subsidy or tax granted by parkeep down the swarms of rats that destroy as, a go-ahead person.

liament to the crown for various purposes. the plantations.

Aheap (a-hēp'), a. or adv. [Apparently from 4. In feudal law, a tax paid by a tenant to Ague (a'gū), n. (Fr. aigu, acute; fièvre aigue prefix a, on or in, and heap; but possibly his lord; originally a gift, which afterward (LL. febris acuta), acute fever; L. acutus, the word, in first extract at any rate, is really became a legal right. The aids of this kind sharp. See ACUTE, ACID.) 1. The cold fit or another form of the 0. E. awhape, to aston were chiefly three : (a) to ransom the lord rigor which precedes a fever or a paroxysm of ish. See AWHAPE.) 1. In a quiver or trem when a prisoner; (b) to make the lord's eld. fever in intermittents. 2. A periodical fever, ble with terror; having received a shock of est son a knight; (c) to marry the lord's eldan intermittent, whether quotidian, tertian, fear.

est daughter. Aids were abolished by 12 or quartan, the paroxysm leaving the patient

When some fresh bruit

Car. II. xxiv.-5. An aide-de-camp, so called in apparent health, and returning daily, or

Startled me all aheap! and soon I saw

by abbreviation.

The horridest shape that ever raised any awe. every second or third day. It arises from


Aid (ad), n. A Staffordshire mining term marsh miasmata, a temperature above 60° 2. Huddled together through fear; in a

for a vein of ore going downwards out of the being however apparently required to pro crowd.

perpendicular line. duce it. --3. Chilliness; a chill or state of

Aidance (ād'ans), n. Aid; help; assistance. So did that sudden Apparition scare shaking not resulting from disease.

All close aheap those small affrighted things (fairies). *The means and aidances supplied by the Ague (a'gū), v.t. To cause a shivering in; to

Hood. Supreme Reason. Coleridge. [Rare.) strike with a cold ft. Heywood. (Rare.) Aheight t (a-hit), adv. [Prefix a, on or at, and Aidantt (ād'ant), a. Helping; helpful; supAgue-cake(ä'gū-kāk), n. The tumour caused height.] Aloft; on high. ‘Look up aheight.' plying aid. by enlargement and hardening of the spleen. Shak.

Be aidant and immediate It is often the consequence of intermittent Ahight (a-hí), adv. (Prefix a, on, and high.}

In the good man's distress,

Skak. On high. One heav'd ahigh, to be hurled Aide-de-camp (ād-de-kon), n. pl. AidesAgued (ä'gūd), a. Chilly; having a fit of ague; down below.' Shak.

de-camp(ād-de-kon). [Fr.s Milit. an officer shivering

with cold or fear; characterized by Ahint, Ahin (a-hint', a-hin'), prep. or adv. whose duty is to receive and communicate shivering. With flight and agued fear.'Shak. Behind. [Scotch.)

the orders of a general officer, to act as his Ague-drop (afgū-drop), n. A solution of the Aholdt (a-hold'), adv. Near the wind, so as secretary, and the like. Written also Aidarsenite of potassium, or the liquor arseni to hold or keep to it; as, to lay a ship ahold. de-camp: alis of the Pharmacopæia. It is also known Shak,

Aider (ád'ér), n. One who helps; an assistant as Fouler & Solution.

Ahoual (a-hö1), . The native name of a or auxiliary; an abettor; an accessory. Ague-fit (a'gu-fit), n. A paroxysm of cold or Brazilian tree, the Cerbera Ahouai, nat. All along as he went, were punished the adherents shivering; chilliness, order Apocynaceae. It is 20 feet high, its and aiders of the late rebels.

Burnct. This ague-fit of fear is overblown.

leaves thick and succulent, the wood stinks Aidful (ād'fyl), a. Giving aid; helpful. Shak.

abominably, and the kernels of the nuts are 'Aidful to the distresses of God's people.' Ague-proof (ä'gū-pröf),a. Proof against ague, very poisonous. Written also Ahovai. Bp. Hall. [Rare.) 'I am not ague-proof.' Shak.

Ahoy (a-hoi'), exclam. (Longer form of hoy!) Aidless (ād'les), a. Without aid; helpless; Aguerry (a-gwe'ri), v.t. (Fr. aguerrir, from A word used chiefly at sea in hailing. without succour; unsupported. guerre, war.) To inure to the hardships of Ahriman (ä'ri-man), n. (Per. ahriman, Zend, Aid-majort (ād'mā-jér), 72. The former title war; to instruct in the art of war. 'An army angro-mainyus, the malignant destroying of the adjutant of a regiment. the best aguerried of any troops in Europe.' spirit.] The evil genius or demon according Alglet (ägʻlet), n. In her. an eaglet or young Lord Lytåeton.

to the dualistic doctrine of Zoroaster, Ah eagle. Ague-spell (aʼgú-spel), n. A spell or charm to riman is the personification of malignity, ) Aiglet (ag'let), n. See AGLET,

cure or prevent ague. His pills, his balsams, the original source of all moral and physical Aigre (ā'gėr), n. The flowing of the sea. and his ague-spells. Gay.

evil, the chief of the devils and malignant See EAGRE. Ague-tree (á gù-trē), n. A name sometimes spirits, the king of darkness and of death, Aigret (a'ger), a. [Fr., from L. acrem, sharp. applied to sassafras on account of its febri and the eternal foe of Ormnuzd and his king See ACRID, ACID.) Sharp; sour. 'Like aigre fuge qualities. dom of light and life.

droppings into milk.


fever or ague.




[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

Aigremore (ārger-mor), n. (Fr.; origin un. (Formerly common, but now rare in this cool.' Tennyson. - 4. f Utterance abroad;
known.) A name given to charcoal when in sense.) (b) To direct the intention or pur publication; publicity,
that state of preparation for the making of pose; to attempt to reach or accomplish; to

You gave it air before me. gunpowder which renders it fit for the ad.

Dryden. tend toward; to endeavour; as, a man aims mixture of the other constituent materials. at distinction, or airns to be rich: in all its

Wind is used in like manner. Hence-5. InAigret, Aigrette (á'gret, ā-gret), n. [See senses followed by at before the object where

telligence; information; advice.
EGRET.) 1. A name of the small white heron. the object is expressed.–To cry aim, in It grew from the airs which the princes and states
See EGRET.-2. In bot. same as Egret.-3. A archery, to encourage the archers by crying

abroad received from their ambassadors and agents

plume or ornament for the head composed out aim whe they were about to shoot.
of feathers or precious stones.

Hence it came to mean to applaud or en 6. In music, (a) a tune; a short song or Aiguille (â'gwil), n. [Fr., a needle. See courage in a general sense.

piece of music adapted to words; also, the AGLET.) 1. An instrument used by military

It ill beseems this presence to cry aim

peculiar modulation of the notes which engineers and others for piercing a rock, To these ill-tuned repetitions.


gives music its character; melody; as, a soft for the lodgment of gunpowder in a mine or

air. () A song or piece of poetry for singblast-hole. -2. A name given to the needle- Aim (ām), v.t. To direct or point to a par

ing; as, the air, 'Sound an Alarm. (c) The like points or tops of granite, gneiss, quartz,

ticular object; to level at; as, to aim a mus soprano part in a harmonized piece of and other crystalline rocks and mountain

ket or an arrow, the fist or a blow; to aim music.—7. Any piece of poetry. The remasses; also applied to sharp-pointed masses

a satire or a reflection at some person or peated air of sad Electra's poet.' Milton.. of ice on glaciers and elsewhere. vice.

(Rare.)–8. The peculiar look, appearance, Aiguillette (ā'gwil-et), n. (Fr., a dim. of Aim (ām), n. 1. The pointing or directing

and bearing of a person; as, the air of a aiguille, a needle. See AGLET.] 1. A point of a missile; the direction of anything to a youth; a graceful air; a lofty air.-9. The or tag at the end of a fringe or lace. — particular point or object with a view to general character or complexion of anything; 2. Milit. a tagged point hanging down from strike or affect it, as a spear, a blow, a dis

appearance; semblance. the shoulder; also, a braid or cord worn from course or remark.

Too great liberties taken (in translation) in varying shoulder to shoulder in some military uni Each at head levelled his deadly aim, Milton. either the expression or composition, in order to give forms.

a new air to the whole, will be apt to have a very 2. The direction in which a missile is bad effect.

Bp. Lowth. Aiguisé (å-gwēz-ā), a. (Fr. aiguiser, to

pointed; the line of shot; hence, fig. the di As it was communicated with the air of a secret, it sharpen.) In her. applied to a cross with rection in which anything tends.

soon found its way into the world.

Pope. its four ends sharpened, but so as to terminate in obtuse angles. Written also Eguisé.

And when the cross blue lightning seem'd to open 10. pl. An affected manner; manifestation Aigulet (ā'gų-let), n. (See AGLET.) A tag

The breast of heaven, I did present myself

of pride or vanity; assumed haughtiness :

Even in the aim and very flash of it. Shak. or point. *Golden aigulets.' Spenser,

chiefly in the phrase to give one's self airs. All (al), v. t. (O. E. eylen, A. Sax. eglian, to 3. The point intended to be hit, or object

Mrs. Crackenbury read the paragraph in bitter. feel pain, to ail; eglan, to give pain; egle, intended to be effected; the mark. "To be ness of spirit, and discoursed to her followers about trouble, grief; egl, egel, that which pricks, the aim of every dangerous shot.' Shak. - the airs which that woman was giving herself.

Thackeray, a thistle, an 'ail or beard of barley (Prov. 4. A purpose; intention; design; scheme; as, E.); allied to Goth. aglo, affliction; aglus, men are often disappointed of their aim. 11. pl. The artificial motions or carriage of troublesome; perhaps to Sw. agg, a prick; But see, how oft ambitious aims are crost. Pope.

a horse.-12. In painting, (a) that which exE. to egg on, and perhaps ache, A. Sax. ace,

presses action; manner; gesture; attitude. ache, pain, and therefore to widely-spread 5.7 Conjecture; guess.

b) The representation of the effect of the root ak. See ACID.) To affect with pain or un He that seeth no mark, must shoot by aim. BP. Jewel. atmospheric medium, through which naeasiness, either of body or mind; to trouble; It is impossible by aim to tell it. Spenser.

tural objects are viewed.-To take the air, to to be the matter with: used to express some

go abroad; to walk or ride a little distance. uneasiness or affection whose cause is un-To give aim, in archery, to stand near the

-To take air, 1 to be divulged; to be made butts to tell the archers where their arrows known; as, what ails the man? I know not

public; as, the story has taken air. Air is what ails him. alight. The terms are 'wide on the shaft

frequently found in composition, and as the What aileth thee, Hagar!

Gen. xxi, 17.
(right) hand;" wide on the bow (left) hand;'

compounds are in many cases words of ob-
*short;' 'gone;' the distances being mea-
Rarely used of a specific disease; thus we

vious meaning, only those which have a sured by bow-lengths. See BOW-HAND.— seldom say a pleurisy ails him, but some SYN. End, object, scope, drift, design, pur

peculiar or specific sense are entered below thing ails him, nothing ails him.

in alphabetical order. Ail (ål), v.i. To feel pain; to be in pain or pose, intention, scheme.

Air (ar), v.t. 1. To expose to the air; to give Aim-criert (ām'krī-ėr), n. 1. One who entrouble.

access to the open air; to ventilate; as, to couraged an archer by crying aim when he

air clothes; to air a room. Hence-2. To And much he ails, and yet he is not sick. Daniel. was about to shoot. Hence-2. An encour

expose ostentatiously; to display; to bring Ail (āl), n. Indisposition or morbid affection; ager generally; an approving on-looker; an

before public notice; as, to air one's views. ailment. Pope. abettor. Thou smiling aim-crier at princes'

Airing a snowy hand and signet ring.' TenAilanthus, Allantus (ā-lan'thus, ā-lan'tus), fall.' Markham.

nyson. —3. To expose to heat; to warm; as, to n. (From ailanto, the Malacca name for Aimer (ām'ér), n. One that aims.

air linen; to air liquors. one species, signifying tree of heaven.) A Aim-frontlet (äm'frunt-let), n. A piece of Air, Ear (ār), a. and adv. Early. (Scotch.) genus of large timber-trees, nat. order Sim

wood fitted to the muzzle of a gun so as to "An air winter's a sair winter. Scotch proarubaceæ. A. glandulosus is a handsome make it level with the breech, formerly in verb. tree of India and China, attaining a height use among gunners. E. H. Knight. of 60 feet. It is planted in France and Ger

Aira (ār'a), n. [Greek name of a kind of Aimless (ām'les), a. Without aim; pur darnel. ] Hair-grass, a genus belonging to many to shade public walks, and has been

poseless. called false varnish-tree. The Bombyx Cyn

the nat. order Gramineæ, characterized by

The Turks, half asleep, ran about in aimless con two-flowered spikelets. The species are thia, a species of silk-worms, feeds on its


Dryden. widely distributed in temperate regions, leaves. In Japan the produce of silk

but few are of much value as fodder plants. worms fed on this tree is very large, and the Aimlessly (āmʻles-li). adv. Without aim;

purposelessly. material, though wanting the fineness and

A. cæspitosa (the tufted hair-grass) is from gloss of mulberry silk, is produced at far

Ain (an), a. (See OWN.} Own. [Scotch.) 2 to 4 feet high, growing in meadows and less cost, and is more durable.

Aince, Aines (āns), adv. Once. [Scotch.) boggy heaths, where its tufts are useful as Allet (il), n. Same as Aisle.

Ainent (a'nent), a. (0.Fr. aner (the Mod.Fr. stepping-places. It affords a fine cover for
Alleron (al'ér-on), n. Same as Ailette (which

aller), to go, from L. adnare, originally to game, and constitutes the bulk of bog-hay
swim to.] In her. running: applied to beasts.

on moors. see)

Its long, parrow, rough leaves
Ainsell (än'sel), n.
Allette, Aillette

Ownseli. [Scotch.)

wound the skin if drawn smartly across it. (al-let'), n. {Fr.,

Ain't, An't (änt). A vulgar corruption of Airable (år'a-bl), a. Suitable to be sung. little wing. 1

are not; sometimes also used for is not and Howell. (Rare and obsolete. ) One of the small am not.

Air-balloon (år-bal-lön') n. See BALLOON. square shields of

Air (ar), n. [Fr. air, Pr, air, aire, L. aër, Gr. Air-bath (är'bath), n. 1. The exposure of the arms worn upon

aēr, air.] 1. The fluid which we breathe. Air is person to the action of the air, recommended the shoulders of

inodorous, invisible, insipid, colourless, elas. by Dr. Franklin.-- 2. An arrangement for knights during a

tic, possessed of gravity, easily moved, rare drying substances by exposing them to air part of the mid

fied, and condensed, essential to respiration of any temperature desired. dle ages; the pro

and combustion, and the medium of sounds. Air-bed (är bed), n. A bed made by inflattotype of the mo

Atmospheric air is composed by volume of ing an air-tight bed-shaped bag with air. dern epaulet.


20 or 21 oxygen and 80 or 79 nitrogen; by Air-bladder (arblad-dér), n. 1 A vesicle Called also Aileron. weight, of 23 oxygen to 77 nitrogen. These

Alled with air. Ailment (ál'ment), n. Disease; indisposition;

gases are not chemically united, but mixed The pulmonary artery and vein pass along the morbid affection of the body: but the word mechanically. Air contains also sobo of car

surfaces of these air-Wadders in an infinite number bonic acid, aqueous vapour, and varying

of ramifications. is not applied ordinarily to acute diseases.

Arbuthnot. Alurus (ál-ú'rus), n. (Gr. ailouros, a cat]

proportions of ammonia, nitric acid, ozone, 2. A bag situated under the back-bone of A genus of carnivorous quadrupeds, family

and organic matter. The body of air sur certain fishes, and which, being full of air, Ursidæ. A. refulgens, the only known spe

rounding the earth is called the atmosphere. is supposed to assist in breathing, and in cies, is the panda (which see).

The specific gravity of the air is to that of regulating the buoyancy of the animal. Aim (ām), v. i. (0.Fr. esmer, aesmer, to aim water nearly as 1 to 828, and 1000 cubic Air-bone (är'bon), n. Å bone with

a large or level at, purpose, reckon; Pr, aymar,

inches at mean temperature and pressure cavity Alled with air, as in birds. Owen. aesmar, adesmar, to reckon-L. ad, to, and weigh 304 grains. Air is necessary to life; | Air-brake (ár'bråk), n. A railway brake apæstimare, to value, consider, reckon. See

being inhaled into the lungs, the oxygen is plied by means of condensed atmospheric ESTEEM.] 1. To direct a missile towards an

separated from the nitrogen, and it is sup air. object. ---2. To point to in a figurative sense;

posed to furnish the body with heat and Alr-braving (ärbräv-ing), a Defying the to direct the mind to an object; specifically,

animation. By the ancient philosophers air influence of the air. 'Air-braving towers.' (a) to guess; to conjecture.

was considered one of the four elements. - Shak. In sadness, cousin, I do love a woman.

2. In chem, same as Gas; thus oxygen was Air-brick (ār'brik), n. An iron box, comI aimed so near, when I supposed you loved. called dephlogisticated air.-3. Air in mo. monly made of the

size and shape of a brick, Shak. tion; a light breeze. "The summer airs blow and perforated with holes, placed in the

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]





the top.

walls of houses so as to facilitate the trans readiness. It is placed in a vessel called a stems and leaves of aquatic plants, and in mission of air, and thus promote ventila generator, where it is exposed to a current the stems of endogens. tion.

of air, and various contrivances are adopted Air-pipe (ārpip), n. A pipe used to draw Air-built (är bilt), a. Erected in the air; to promote the evaporation, and prevent the fous air out of, or conduct fresh air into having no solid foundation; chimerical; as, too rapid cooling which the evaporation is close places. Specifically, (a) a pipe used to an air-built castle; air-built hopes. liable to bring about.

draw foul air from a ship's hold by means of Air-cane (ärkán), n. An air-gun itted up Air-grating (ār'grāt-ing), n. A grating to a communication with the furnace, and the in a walking-stick. admit air for ventilation.

rarefaction of the air by the fire. This pipe is Air-casing (ār'kás-ing), n. An air-tight Air-gun (ār'gun), n. A kind of gun in which intended to supply the combustion with the casing of sheet-iron around a pipe to prevent

air of the hold, by preventing the access of undue transmission of heat or cold; speci

other air to the fire. () In mining, a pipe fically, the casing round the base of the

or tube made of wood or iron, for conductfunnel of a steam-vessel, to prevent too great

ing or conveying fresh air into levels having a transmission of heat to the deck.

but one communication with the atmoAir-cell (ársel), n. In bot. one of the cavi

sphere. ties in the leaves, stems, or other parts of


Air-plant (ār plant), n. 1. A general name plants, containing air. They are well seen

for the orchids belonging to the genus in the bladders of sea-weeds, and are found highly-condensed air is used to project the Aerides (which see).—2. A general term apin other aquatic plants, which they serve ball. A common variety is shaped like a plied to epiphytes which derive all their to float. Called also Air

ritle or musket, a hollow spherical ball, into food from the atmosphere. See EPIPHYTE. chambers. -2. In anat. (a)

which air has been forced by a condensing Air-poise (ār'poiz), n. An instrument to the minute bronchial cells

syringe, being attached to it and serving as measure the weight of the air. constituting the texture of

a reservoir for the condensed air. A por: Air-port (ārport), n. A name given to large the lungs, into which the

tion of this air escapes into the barrel, by scuttles in ships' bows for the admission of air is conveyed by the ulti

the opening of a valve, each time the trig air when the other ports are down. The mate ramifications of the

ger is drawn, so that it presses against the Americans call their side-ports also by this windpipe, for the oxygenaball precisely in the same way as gunpow

name. tion of the blood; (6) the

der. Air condensed to th of its bulk gives Air-pump (är'pump), n. A most valuable dilatations of the trachea about half the velocity of gunpowder.

pneumatic machine, for the purpose of exor air-tube in insects form

Air-holder (arhöld-ér), n. 1. A vessel for hausting the air from a closed vessel called ing the respiratory appa- Air-cells in Gulf

holding air for various purposes; as (a) for a receiver, and thereby producing what is ratus.

weed (Sargassum

the purpose of counteracting the pressure called a vacuum, which, however, is only Alr-chamber (år'chăm vulgare). of a decreasing column of mercury; (b) for partial. It was invented by Otto Guericke ber), n. 1. Air-cell (which

the purpose of keeping up a moderate and in 1654, but has since been much improved. see).-2. A cavity in a hydraulic machine, steady current of air. In the latter case The air-pump acts by the elastic force of air, such as a fire-engine, the air in which, on the air is contained in an inverted vessel and gradually exhausts the air from the being compressed by the admission of water which rises and falls in a tank of water, and receiver by means of a piston, with a proper into the chamber, by its elastic force acts as has the air supplied to it by one pipe and valve, working in a cylindrical barrel or a spring, and equalizes the flow of the liquid. carried off by another.-2. A gasometer.

tube, somewhat after the manner of a comAir-condenser (ār-kon-dens'èr), n. An ap- Air-hole (ār'hõl), n. 1. An opening to admit mon water-pump; each successive stroke paratus for condensing air. It consists of a or discharge air. --2. In founding, a fault in rarefies the air more and more, a barometer close vessel with a syringe attached to it, a casting, caused by a bubble of air passing gauge showing the extent of the rarefaction. which is used for injecting air into the from a core outwards, and which is retained The exhaustion is limited by the elasticity vessel until the requisite degree of conden in the metal. Called also a Blow-hole.

of the remaining air being no longer capable sation be produced.

Airily (ar'i-li), adv. In an airy manner; of opening the valves. Air-pumps are variAir-cone (arkon), n. A cone in a marine gaily.

ously constructed; the most common forms engine to receive the gases which enter the Fanny bade her father good-night, and whisked hot-well from the air-pump, whence, after

off airily.

Dickens. ascending, they escape through a pipe at Airiness (ār'i-nes), n. 1. Exposure to a free

current of air; openness to the air; as, the Air-course (är kors), n. A general name for airiness of a country-seat. -2. Gaiety; levity; the passages in a coal-mine intended for as, the airiness of young persons.

A cerventilation.

tain talkativeness and airiness in their (the Air-cushion (árkųsh-on), n. A cushion French) tongue.' Sterne. made by inflating a bag with air.

Airing (ār'ing), n. 1. An exposure to the Air-dew (ār'dū), 12. Manna. (Rare.] air, or to a Åre, for warming or drying. Air-drain (árdrán), n. A cavity formed 2. Exercise in the open air; a short excurround the external walls of a building to sion. prevent the earth from lying against them | Airing-stage (ār'ing-stāj), n. A platform on and causing dampness.

which powder is dried by exposure to sun Air-drawn (ar'dræn), a. Drawn or depicted and air. in the air. The air-drawn dagger.' Shak. Air-jacket (ār/jak-et), n. A jacket inflated Air-drill (är dril), n. A drill

driven by the with air, or to which bladders filled with pressure of condensed air. E. H. Knight. air are fastened to render persons buoyant Air-engine (ären-jin), n. An engine in in water.

Air-pump. which air, heated or compressed, is employed Airless (ārles), a. Not open to a free curas the motive power. Condensed-air engines rent of air ; wanting fresh air or communi have two barrels and two pistons wrought have been found to be the best and safest cation with open air.

by a toothed wheel, as that represented in for working the rock-drill in mining opera- | Air-level (ár'lev-el), n. A name sometimes the annexed cut, See VACUUM. - The air. tions, the waste air serving to ventilate the given to a spirit-level (which see).

pump of a steam-engine is the pump by mine and reduce the oppressive heat. Airlingt (ārling), n. A thoughtless, gay per which the condensing water and condensed Airer (ärer), 7. 1. One who airs, or exposes son.

steam are drawn off from the condenser. It to the air. -2. A screen for drying clothes, &c. Slight airlings will be won with dogs and horses. is an appendage of every condensing engine, Air-escape (ares-kap), n. A contrivance

B. Fonson, but is not, of course, requisite in highfor permitting air which has collected in Air-lock (årlok), n. An air-tight chamber pressure or non-condensing engines. See water-pipes to escape.

in a caisson in which operations are being cut STEAM-ENGINE.-Air-pump bucket, an Air-exhauster (är egz-hast-ér), n. 1. An

carried on under water, communicating by open piston with valves on the upper surair-trap by which collected air may escape one door with the outer air and the main

face opening upwards so as to admit the from water-mains, &c.—2. A contrivance for entrance shaft of the caisson, and by an air and water in the down-stroke, and lift it removing exhausted air from any place in

other door with the chambers filled with with the up-stroke of the pump. tended to be ventilated.

condensed air in which the men are at work. Air-sac (âr'sak), n. In physiol. one of the Alr-filter är fil-tér), n.

A contrivance for Before entering the latter chambers one membranous bags or receptacles of air filtering or purifying air. The common must pass through the air-lock, where one lodged in the hollow bones, the cavities of method is to make the air pass through

remains until the air within it has been the body, and the quills of birds, and coma wire screen, and then expose the current brought to the same degree of compression municating with the lungs. They enlarge to the action of water, as that in the working chambers.

the respiratory surface, accelerate circulaAir-fountain (ar'fount-án), n.

An appara- Air-machine (ār'ma-shēn), n. In mining, tion, and thus increase muscular energy. tus for producing a jet of water by the the apparatus by which pure air is forced

They are also supposed to render the body elastic force of air compressed in a close into parts badly ventilated, and the foul specifically lighter, and to supply the place Vessel, and made to act on the surface of air extracted.

of a muscular diaphragm. the water to be raised. Airn (arn), n. Iron. (Scotch.)

Air-scuttle (ār'skut-1), n. Same as Air-port. Air-funnel (är fun-nel), n.

Naut. a cavity Airo-hydrogen (ār-o-hi'dro-jen), a. Pertain Air-shaft (ār'shaft), n. A passage for air formed by the omission of a timber in the ing to a mixture of atmospheric air and into a mine, usually opening in a perpenupper works of a vessel, to promote the hydrogen. --- Airo-hydrogen bloropipe, a blow dicular direction, and meeting the adits or ventilation of the hold.

pipe in which atmospheric air and hydrogen horizontal passages, and so causing a free Air-furnace (är fer-nās), n. A term used to are burned together in order to produce an circulation of fresh air through the mine. denote a furnace which has no blast, but intense heat.

Air-slacked (ār'slakt), a. Slacked or pulonly a natural draught.

Airometer (är-om'et-ér), n. (Air, and Gr. verized by the action of air, or of the moisAir-gas (ar'gas), n. An inflammable illumi. metron, a measure.) Same as Air-holder (6). ture in the atmosphere; as, air-slacked lime. nating gas made by charging ordinary at- Air-passage (ārpas-āj), n. 1. In anat. one of Air-stove (är stov), n. A stove which is mospheric air with the vapours of petro the tubes by which air is admitted to the employed to heat a current of air directed lem, naphtha, or some similar substance. lungs, comprising the larynx, trachea, bron against its surface by means of pipes, which The substance so used is called gasolene, chial tubes, and their minute ramifications. heated air is then admitted to the apartment and must be such as to evaporate with great

2. In bot. a large intercellular space in the requiring to be heated.





[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

Airt, Airth (ārt, arth), n. (Gael. aird, point is frequently, though incorrectly, termed from L.L. adjuxtare, to apply, fit, or fix to
of the compass; or perhaps connected with the middle aisle, and the lateral divisions -L. ad, to, and juxta, nigh.) A sort of tube
Icel, átt, cett, a quarter of the heavens.) side aisles. Sometimes incorrectly written fitted to the aperture of a vessel through
Point of the compass; direction. [Scotch. ] Isle. See figure showing ground plan of a which water is played.
Of a'the airts the wind can blaw
cathedral under CATHEDRAL.

Akbeer (ak bēr),n. A red powder thrown on
I dearly like the west.

the clothes and person at Hindu festivals.

Aket (āk), n. and v. Same as Ache.
Airt (art), v.t. To direct. [Scotch.]

His limbs must ake with daily toil opprest. Prior.
Air-thermometer (ār ther-mom'et-ér), n.
A thermometer in which air is employed as

Akee (a-kē), n. The fruit of Blighia rapida, a substitute for mercury and spirit of wine.

nat, order Sapindaceæ, a native of Guinea, Of these there are several kinds, but the

whence it was carried by Captain Bligh to most important is Leslie's Differential Ther

Jamaica in 1793, and thence disseminated

over the West Indies and South America. mometer. They are well fitted for measuring high degrees of heat, but are difficult to

It is much esteemed as a fruit. The plant manage, wherefore Regnault prefers vapour

is a tree 30 or 40 feet high; the leaves somcof mercury. See Differential Thermometer under DIFFERENTIAL. Air-thread (ār'thred), n. A name given to the filaments attached by spiders to the tops or ends of branches of shrubs or trees, and serving to support the spider when in quest of prey. Air-tight (ār'tit), a. So tight or close as to be impermeable to air. A vessel or tube is said to be air-tight when it possesses that degree of closeness which prevents the pass

Akee Fruit. age of air under the circumstances in which it is placed.

what resemble those of the ash; the flowers Air-trap (är'trap), n. A contrivance for

are small and white; the fruit is oblong, excluding the effluvia arising from drains

ribbed, of a reddish-orange colour, and con

tains several large seeds partly imbedded and sinks. Also, a recess at a knee of a water-main, for receiving and retaining air

in a white, succulent, and slightly acid aril,

which is the part eaten, and is very gratethat may be liberated from the water. It

ful to the palate. is provided with a valve for taking off the air from time to time, as it accumulates.

Akehorn,t n. Acorn. Chaucer. Air-trunk (ār'trungk), n. A contrivance to

Akele, t v. t. (Prefix a, and kele, A. Sax. celan,

to cool.) To cool. Chaucer. prevent the stagnation of putrid effluvia in jails or apartments where many people are

Aker-staff (a'ker-staf),n. (Aker =acre,field.]

Aisle, Salisbury Cathedral. collected. It is merely a square open tube,

In agri. an instrument for clearing the coul

ter of the plough. passing from the ceiling to the open air

Aisled (ild), a. Furnished with aisles. A Aketon (ak'ton), n. above the roof, by which the heated air

The acton (which see). church which in its breadth is divided into

Akimbo (a-kimbo), a. (Prefix a, on, and escapes.

three or five parts is sometimes called a 1. In zool. a name

kimbo (which see). Í Arched; crooked.' The Air-tube (ār'tūb), n. three or five aisled church.

arms are akimbo when the hands are on the given to certain horny passages for air in

Ait (ät), n. [Another form of eyot, an islet.] hips and the elbows arched outwards. With the abdomen of some aquatic insects.

A small island in a river or lake. 'Fog up 2. Naut a small iron tube hung in a coal

one arm akimbo.' Irving. the river, where it flows among green aits box from the deck, and filled with water,

Akin (a-kin'), a. or adv. (Prefix a, of, and and meadows.' Dickens.

Icin. See KIN.) 1. Related by blood: used for the purpose of ascertaining the temper:

Aitchbone (ach'bon), 11. Edgebone (which ature of the coals by a thermometer as a

of persons; as, the two families are near see).

akin.—2. Allied by nature; partaking of the precaution against spontaneous combus

That tion. E. H. Knight. -3. The tube of an at- Aitch-piece, H-piece (âch'pēs), n.

same properties; as, envy and jealousy are part of a plunger-lift in which the clack or near akin. Pity's akin to love.' Southern. mospheric railway (which see under ATMO

valve of a pump of any description is fixed. Aknee (a-nē'), adv. On the knee. (Rare.) SPHERIC)

Air-valve (ār'valv), n. A valve applied to
Aith (äth), n. Oath. (Scotch.]

Aknee they fell before the prince. Southey

Akrokeraunian (ak'ro-ke-ra"ni-an),a. Same the steam is condensing in the boiler; the Aitiology (i-ti-olo-ji), n. (Gr. aitia, a cause, and logos, a discourse.) The doctrine of

as Acroceraunian. The vast Akrokerausafety-valve fixed at the top of the boiler of efficient, as opposed to final, causes.


walls.' Tennyson. the steam-engine.

Oats. [Scotch.)
Aits (ātz), n.

Al,+ a. adv. n, All.
Air-vessel (ār'ves-sel), n. In hydraulics, a
vessel in which air is condensed by press-

Aiver, Aver (ā'vėr), n. [Norm. and 0.E., Ala (āla), n. pl. Alæ (a'lē). [L., & wing. }

from L.L. averia, horses, cattle, pl. of averi 1. In bot. one of the two side petals of a ure, for the purpose of employing the reac

um, wealth, from Fr. avoir, L. habere, to papilionaceous blossom, or the membranons tion of its elasticity as a moving or as a rehave.) A work-horse. (Scotch.]

expansion of an organ, as of a fruit, seed, gulating power. Such vessels are employed Aix-beds (ās'bedz), n. pl. In geol. thick

stem, &c. See WING.-2. In anat, a term in fire-engines and force-pumps. fresh-water tertiary strata, occurring near

applied to many parts; as, ala auris, the Air-way (ar'wā), n. A passage for air; spe

Aix, in Provence, in France, consisting of upper and outer part of the external ear; cifically, a passage for the admission of air calcareous marls,calcareo-siliceous grits and

aloe nasi, the lateral cartilages of the nose, to a mine. To maliciously fill up, obstruct, gypsum, and full of fossil fishes, insects, and

&c. or damage an air-way is, by 24 and 25 Vict.


Alabandine (al-a-ban'din), n. Manganese xcvii., a felony punishable by penal servi. Aizle (yz'l), n. [A. Sax. ysela, ysla, a spark,

glance or blende. It is a sulphide of mantude or imprisonment at the discretion of

an ember.) A hot cinder; an ember. ganese.
the judge.

Alabarches (al-a-bär kēz), n. In ancient
Airy (â'ri), a. 1. Consisting or having the
Aizoon (ā-zo'on), n. (L. aizoon, from Gr.

times, the chief magistrate of the Jews in
character of air; ethereal. • The thinner
aeizoon, ever-living- aei, ever, aye, and

Alexandria, whose duty lay chiefly in raising and more airy parts of bodies.' Bacon. zoon, living.) A genus of prostrate herba

and paying taxes. Written also Årabarches. 2. Relating or belonging to the air; high in ceous plants, nat. order Ficoideæ, and con

Alabaster (al'a-bas-tér), n. [L. alabaster, air. 'Airy navies grappling in the central taining about twenty species natives of sub

from Gr. alabastros, from Alabastron, a vilblue.' Tennyson.-3. Open to a free current

tropical regions. They are very tenacious lage in Egypt where there were quarries of of air; as, an airy situation. -- 4. Light as of life. A. canariense and A. hispanicum

this mineral.) 1. A marble-like mineral of air; resembling air in being impalpable or abound in soda.

which there are two well-known varietiesinvisible; unsubstantial; hence, fig. without

Ajar (a-jär'), adv. [In 0.E. also achar and the gypseous and the calcareous. The former reality or sincerity; trifling; empty; as, airy onchar, lit. on the turn, from prefix a, on,

is a crystalline granular variety of sulphate ghosts; airy notions. at, and jar or char, A. Sax. cerre, a turn,

of calcium or gypsum (Ca So, 2H,0). It is The poet's pen gives to airy nothing seen also in char or chare, charwoman.) On

of various colours, as yellow, red, and gray, A local habitation and a name. Shak. the turn; neither quite open nor shut; partly

but is most esteemed when pure white. I hold ambition of so airy and light a quality that opened: said of a door.

Being soft it can be formed by the lathe or it is but a shadow's shadow Shak. Ajee (a-jē'), adv. (Prefix a, on, at, and jee or

knife into small works of art, as vases, sta5. Gay; sprightly; full of vivacity and levity;

gee, to move, to move to one side.) Awry; off tuettes, &c. For this purpose the snowlight of heart; lively. the right line; obliquely; wrong. [Scotch.)

white, fine-grained variety found near Flo

rence is especially used. Calcareous ala

His brain was a wee ajee, but he was a braw His light airy brilliancy has suddenly become

preacher for a' that.

Sir W. Scott.

baster is a variety of carbonate of lime solemn, fixed in the earnest stillness of eternity.

occurring as a stalactite or stalagmite in Carlyle. Ajuga (a-jù'ga), n. A genus of plants, nat.

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

caverns of limestone rocks.-2. A vessel for 6. In landscape-painting, showing that pro order Labiate, containing about fifty spe holding odoriferous liquors or ointments, per recession of all parts which expresses cies of annual or perennial herbs occurring originally so called because made of alabasdistance and atmosphere. in the temperate regions of the Old World.

ter, but the name was applied also to similar Airy (a'ri), 2. Same as Aerie.

Four of the species are British, inhabiting vessels of other materials, as gold. Aisle (il), n. [O. Fr. aisle, Fr. aile, a wing, an pastures chiefly. A. reptans is the com Alabaster (al'a-bas-tér), a.

Made of alaaisle; L. ala, a wing; the s does not properly mon bugle.

baster, or resembling it. 'An alabaster belong to the word.] The wing of a build | Ajuru (a-ū'ry), n. The Brazilian generic column.' Addison. ing: usually applied to the lateral divisions name for parrot.

Alabastrian (al-a-bas'tri-an), a. Pertaining of a cathedral or other church, which are Ajust, t v.t. To adjust; to apply. Chaucer.

to or like alabaster. separated from the central part, called the Ajutage (a'jút-āj), n. [Fr. ajoutage, some Alabastrine (al-a-bas'trin), a, of, or pernave and choir, by pillars or piers. The nave thing added, from ajouter, to join, and this taining to, or resembling alabaster. - Ala






fix to of tube trough

WD ON ivals.

Prier. tapida, Ruinea, ligh to inated merica. e plant 3 some

flowers oblong, nd conbedded zid aril,

y grate.



[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

bastrine positive, in photog. the name given Alantin, Alantine (a-lan’tin), n. [G. alant, Alarum (a-lär'um), n. [A. corruption of
to a collodion positive in which the film, elecampane.] An amylaceous or starchy alarm.) 1. A watchword or signal indicat-
after being coloured with dry pigments, is substance obtained from elecampane; inulin ing danger or the nearness of an enemy.
rendered permeable to varnish, and thus (which see).

Strike alarum, drums.

shows the colour in the collodion itself. Alar (āʻlär), a. (L. ala, a wing.) Pertaining 2. Any loud noise or disturbance. "Though
Alabastrite (al-a-bas'trīt), n. [L. alabas to or having wings or alæ.

it pass your patience and mine to endure
triles, alabaster. See ALABASTER.] 1. A Alarged t (a-lärjd'), pp. 1. Given largely. - her loud alarums.' Shak.
name sometimes given to alabaster. Hence 2. Enlarged. Wickliffe.

Alarum (a-lär'um), v.t. To rouse to a sense
2. A vase, box, or other vessel formed of Alarla (a-lā'ri-a), n. [L. ala, a wing.) A of danger, as by sounding an alarm; to

genus of Algæ, inhabiting the colder parts alarm.
Alabastron (al-a-bas' tron), n. Same as of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The

Withered murder
membranous frond is from 3 to 20 feet long

Alarum'd by his sentinel the wolf
Alabastrus (al-a-bas'trus), n. (L.L., from and has a thick midrib. A. esculenta is

(Whose howl's his watch), thus with his stealthy pace
Moves like a ghost.

alabaster.) À name given to a lower-bud. variously called badderlocks, henware, or

Same as
It was originally applied to the rose-bud. muslins. The nutritious midrib, stripped Alarum-bell (a-lär'um-bel), n.
Written also Alabastrum.
of the membranes on each side, is eaten.

Alarm-bell. Shak.
Alack (a-lak), interj. (Probably a form of See BADDERLOCKS.

Alary (ā’la-ri), a. [L. ala, a wing.] 1. Relat-
alas.) An exclamation expressive of sorrow. Alarm (a-lärm'), n. [Fr. alarme, alarm,

ing to the wings of birds and insects. The
Alack! when once our grace we have forgot,
from It, all'arme,=L. ad arma, to arms.

alary system of insects.' Wollaston.—2. In
Nothing goes right,
Shak. The Dan. larm and G. lärm, noise, are from

anat, and bot. wing-shaped.
Alackaday (a-lak'a-dā), interj. (Alas-the the same source.] 1. A summons to arms,

Alas (a-las'), exclam. [Fr. hélas, O.Fr. alas, day! Comp. Well-a-day!) An exclamation as on the approach of an enemy; any sound,

ha las, hailas; Pr. ailas, fem. ai lassa; It.

ahi la880-ahi, ah, and lasso, weary, unfor-
uttered to express regret or sorrow. Written outcry, or information intended to give
also Alack-the-day. (Obsolescent. )
notice of approaching danger. Sound an

tunate, from L. lassus, weary.) An excla-
alarm in my holy mountain.' Joel ii. 1.-
Alack-che-day ... I pray you tell me is my boy

mation expressive of sorrow, grief, pity,
alive or dead.
Shak. 2. A hostile attack; a tumult; a broil; a dis-

concern, or apprehension of evil: in old

writers sometimes followed by day or while; Alacrify (a-lak'ri-fi), v.t. (L. alacer, alacris,

turbance. cheerful, and facio, to make.] To make

Remove your siege from my unyielding heart;

as, alas the day, alas the while. See ALACK

To love's alarms it will not ope the gate. Shak. ADAY.
cheerful; to rouse to action; to excite.
Crowds of rivals for thy mother's charms

Alas the day! I never gave him cause. Shak.
Alacrious (a-lakʻri-us), a. Cheerful; lively.

Thy palace fill with insults and alarms. Pope. For pale and wan he was (alas the while!) Spenser,
'Twere well if we were a little more alacrious and

3. A sudden fear or painful suspense excited Alasmodon (a-las'mo-don), n. A genus of exact in the performance of the duty, Hammond.

by an apprehension of danger; apprehension; bivalve molluscs, the river pearl-mussels of
Alacriously (a-lak'ri-us-li), adv. Cheerfully.

North America.
terror; as, there is nothing in his illuess to
Alacriousness (a-lak'ri-us-nes), n. Brisk-

cause alarm.-4. A mechanical contrivance, Alatet (a-lāt'), adv. [Prefix a, of, and late.]
ness. To infuse some life, some alacrious-
in the character of a clock or watch, for

Of late; lately.
ness into you.' Hammond.
awakening persons from sleep or rousing

Where chilling frosts alate did nip,
Alacrity (a-lak'ri-ti), n. (L. alacritas, from

There flasheth now a fire.

their attention.—5. In fencing, an appeal or
alacer, alacris, cheerful.] Cheerfulness;

challenge.- Alarm, Terror, Consternation. Alated, Alate (a'lāt-ed, āʻlát), a. (L. ala, a
gaiety; sprightliness; more usually, a cheer-
Alarm is a sudden shock of fear agitating the

wing ; alatus, winged.] Winged; having
ful readiness or promptitude to do some

and especially arising from some

membranous expansions like wings. Spe-
act; cheerful willingness; as, the soldiers

danger to ourselves or others dear to us; ter cifically, (a) in bot. applied to stems and
advanced with alacrity to meet the enemy.
ror, excessive fear, affecting the understand-

leaf-stalks when the edges or angles are
I have not that alacrity of spirits

ing and the will, though not necessarily ac longitudinally expanded into leaf-like bor-
Nor cheer of mind that I was wont to have. Shak.
companied by any apprehension of danger-

ders. (6) In conch. applied to shells having
Alactaga (a-lak-tá'ga), n. The jumping it might be caused by some supposed super-

an expanded lip.
rabbit of Siberia, a rodent of the family
natural appearance for instance; consterna-

A latere (a lat'èr-ė). (L.) From the side;
Dipodide or jerboas.
tion, overwhelming fear accompanied with

from beside a person : used in the phrase
Aladinist (a-lad'in-ist), n. [From Aladdin, a certain amount of astonishment, caused Legate a latere. See under LEGATE.
a learned divine under Mohammed II, and

by something both terrible and unexpected, Alatern, Alaternus (al'a-tèrn, al-a-térnus),
Bajazed II.) A free-thinker among the Mo-

completely paralyzing the mental faculties. n. A species of Rhamnus or buckthorn often
SYN. Fright, affright, terror, consternation,

planted in English town gardens; Rhamnus

Alaternus. See RHAMNUS.
A-la-grecque, A-la-grec (ä-lä-grek). (Fr., dismay, agitation, disquiet, disquietude.
after the Greek fashion.) In arch. a name Alarm (a-lärm'), v.t. i. To call to arms for

Alauda (a-la'da), n. The genus of insessorial
for one of the varieties of the fret ornament,

birds to which the lark belongs, containing
defence; to give notice of danger; to rouse
used for running freizes, borders, &c., and

to vigilance and exertions for safety.-2. To many species, found in all parts of the globe,
surprise with apprehension of danger; to

and distinguished everywhere for their vigi-
disturb with terror; to fill with anxiety by

lance and their singing on the wing when the prospect of evil. When rage misguides

[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

soaring upward in

the air. See LARK. me, or when fear alarms.' Tickell. Alarm-bell (a-lärm'bel), n. A bell that

Alaudidæ (a-la'digives notice of danger, as the approach of

dē), n. pl. The lark A-la-grecque.

family. (See LARK.) an enemy, fire, &c. On the gates alarm.

The larks are somebells or watch-bells.' Milton. frequently seen in ancient Roman pave- Alarm-clock (a-lärm klok), n. A clock

times classed as a ments. which can be so set as to ring loudly at a

sub-family (AlauAlameda (a-la-mē'da), n. (Sp.] A public particular hour, to wake from sleep or ex

dina) of the finches walk planted with trees. cite attention.

(Fringillide). A-la-mi-re (ä-lä-mé'ra), n. (A, la, mi, re, Alarmed (a-lärmd'), a. Indicating alarm;

Alb, Albe (alb), 12. notes on the musical scale.] In music, the as, an alarmed look.

(L. alba, white (vesname of the note A in the acute and super- Alarm-gauge (a-lärm'gāj), n. An auto

tis, garment, underacute hexachords of Guido Aretino's system matic contrivance in a steam - engine by

stood).] A clerical of notation. which notice is given when the pressure of

vestment worn by Alamodality (al'a-mo-dal"i-ti), n. Confor steam becomes too high, or the water too

Roman Catholic mity to the prevailing mode or fashion of low in the boiler.

priests while officithe times. (Rare.] Alarm-gun (a-lärm'gun), n. A gun fired as

ating in the more Alamode (ä-lä-mód'), adv. [Fr. à la mode,

solemn functions of a signal of alarm. after the fashion.) According to the fashion

the divine office. It Alarming (a-lärm'ing), a. Calculated to or prevailing mode: sometimes used as an rouse alarm; of such a nature as to excite

is a long robe of adjective; as, 'alamode beef-chops.' Mac apprehension; as, on the fifth day alarming

white linen reachaulay. symptoms appeared.

ing to the feet, Alamode (ä-lä-mód), n. A thin glossy silk Alarmingly (a-lärm'ing-li), adv.

In an

bound round the for hoods, scarfs, &c. alarming manner; with alarm; in a manner


waist by a cincture, A-la-mort (ä-la-mort), a. [Fr., to, at, or to excite apprehension.

and fitting more after the manner of death, formed on the This mode of travelling . seemed to our ances

closely to the body than the surplice. In type of a-la-mode; or a corruption of all

front at the foot, embroidery or orphreytors wonderfully, and indeed, alarmingly rapid. ainort. The corresponding phrase all alive

Macaulay work, of a form usually square or oblong, is

One that excites gives probability to the latter suggestion. Alarmist (a-lärm'ist), n.

attached, and at the wrists several enrichSee AMOET.) In a half-dead or die-away

alarm; one who is prone to take alarm, and ments appear. These ornaments are called condition; depressed; melancholy

to circulate and exaggerate any sort of bad the apparels of the alb. It was originally 'Tis wrong to bring into a mixed resort,

news, particularly in regard to political the common dress of ecclesiastics.
What makes some sick and others a-la-mort.

Each priest adorn'd was in a surplice white,
Cowper. He was frightened into a fanatical royalist, and The bishops donn'd their albs and copes of state,
Aland + (a-land), adv. (Prefix a, at or on, became one of the most extravagant alarmists of

Fairfar. and land.] At or on land.

those wretched times.

Macaulay. Albacore (alba-kor), n. (Sp. albacora, Pg. And in mid ocean left them moored aland. Alarm-post (a-lärm'post), n. A place to

albacor, albacora, Fr. albicore, from Ar. Dryden. which troops are to repair in case of an

baler, a young camel, a young cow or heifer, Aland, Alaun,t n. (Sp. alano.) A kind of

and the article al.] A pame given to sevalarm. mastiif chiefly used for hunting the boar. Alarm-watch (a-lärm'woch), n. A watch

eral fishes of the tunny or mackerel kind, Around his char there wenten white alawns that can be so set as to strike rapidly at a

especially to the Pacific tunny (Thynnus Twenty and mo, as gret as any stere,

Pacificus). Written also Albicore.
To hunten at the leon or the dere.

pre-arranged hour, to awaken from sleep or
rouse attention.

Albadara (al-ba-dä'ra), n. The Arabian
Alane (a-lán'), ado. Alone. [Scotch.),

cabalistic name for the sesamoid joint of Alant (al'ant), n. [See ALAND.) In her, a

You shall have a gold alarmı - watch, which, as there may be cause, shall awake you.

the great toe, to which extraordinary gifts mnastiff dog with short ears.

Sir T. Herbert. were anciently ascribed. ch, chain; ch, Sc. loch; 8. go; j, job; D, Fr. ton;

ng, sing;

TH, then; th, thin; w, wig; wh, whig; zh, azure. See REY.

3 wing.) als of a branous it, seed,

a term

cris, the mal ear; ne Dose,


of mal

ancient Jews in




rries of

veral of ietiesformer ulphate

It is

d gray,

white. athe or

es, ste

90 ar Flous als

lime nite in seel for ments, alabas. similar

of als baster






« AnteriorContinuar »