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and nomos, a rule.) The art of cultivating Aguiler,t n. [Fr. aiguille, a needle.) A Ahu (a'hû), . One of the native names of
the ground; agriculture.
needle-case. Chaucer.

the common gazelle of Asia. See GAZELLE. Agrose, pret. of agrise.

Aguise, Aguizet (a-gez), v.t. (See GUISE.) A-hull (a-hul), a. or adv. (Prefix a, and Agrostemma (ag-ro-stem'ma), n. (Gr. agros, To dress; to adorn. Wherewith above all hull.] Naut. a word used with regard to a a field, and stemma, a wreath.) A Linnæan knights ye bravely seem aguised.' Spenser. ship when all her sails are furled, and her genus of plants, nat, order Caryophyllaceve. Aguiset (a-gēz'), n. Dress. Their fashions helm lashed on the lee-side on account of It is now generally regarded as a section of and brave aguise.' Dr. H. More.

the violence of a storm; she then lies nearly the genus Lychnis, from which it only differs Aguish (ā'gū-ish), a. 1. Chilly; somewhat with her side to the wind and sea, her head in the elongated segments of the calyx limb, cold or shivering; also, having the qualities somewhat turned toward the direction of in the petals being without a prominent scale of an ague; as, an aguish fever.

the wind : applied also to a ship deserted at the base of the expanded portion, and in Her aguish love now glows and burns. Granville. and exposed to tempestuous winds. the capsule opening by valves alternate with 2. Productive of agues; as, an aguish locality.

A-hungered (a-hung' gérd), a. (Prefix a and not opposite to the calyx segments. A. Aguishness (a'gu-ish-nes), n. The quality

(for op), intens., and hungered; it is the same (Lychnis) Githago (the common corn-cockle), of being aguish; chilliness.

word as Piers Plowman's afyngered, from with large entire purple petals, is the only | Agynous (a'jin-us), a. (Gr. a, without, and

A. Sax. of-hyngrian, to be very hungry. Anspecies belonging to the section as now gynē, a female.) 'In bot. applied to plants

hungered is a form of this word.) Pinched límited. having no female organs.

with hunger; hungry.. Agrostis(a-gros'tis), nr. (Gr, agrostis, the name Ah (a). (A natural cry expressive of sudden

A-hungryt (a-hung'gri), a. (Prefixa, intens., of several grasses.) A genus of grasses, con- emotion; comp. G. ach, L. ah, Gr. a, a,

and hungry.. See A-HUNGERED.) Hungry. sisting of many species found in the tem- Skr. a, ah, ah.). An exclamation expressive ai (arē), n. The three-toed sloth (Bradypus

I am not a-hungry.' Shak. perate and cold climates of the world. They

of pain, surprise, pity, compassion, comare valuable as pasture-grasses. The genus plaint, contempt, dislike, joy, exultation,

tridactylus or torquatus), so called from hav. is distinguished from other grasses by having &c., according to the manner of utterance.

ing a feeble plaintive cry somewhat like its

name. See SLOTH. membranous and awnless empty glumes. The Aha (ä-hä'). (A lengthened form of ah, or grasses belong to this genus. formed of ah and ha; comp. G. aha, Skr.

Aiblins (āb'linz), adv., (Probably from able, Agrostography (a-gros-togʻra-fi), n. A deaho, ahaha.] An exclamation expressing

and adv. term. lins=ling in darkling; comp. scription of grasses. triumph, contempt, or simple surprise;

Sc, backlins, backwards; or from if, Goth. Agrostology (a-gros-tol'o-ji), n. (Gr. agrostis, but the senses are distinguished by very

ibai, G. ob, and same termination.] Perhaps; a grass, and logos, speech.] That part of different modes of utterance, and different

peradventure; possibly. [Scotch.) botany which relates to grasses. modifications of features. Ps. xxxv. 21.

But fare-ye-weel, auld Nickie-ben! Aground (a-ground'), adv. or a. (Prefix a=at | Aha (ä'hä), n. (See HA-HA.] A sunk fence,

Oh wad ye tak'a thought and men',

Ye aiblins might-I dinna kenor on, and ground.) 1. On the ground - a not visible without near approach. More

Still hae a stake.

Burns. nautical term signifying that the bottom of commonly spelled Ha-ha or Hah-hah.

Aich's Metal (ichs met'al), n. An alloy of a ship rests on the ground for want of suffi- Ahead (a-hed'), adv. [Prefix a, on, at, and

iron, copper, and zinc, said to be more tena. cient depth of water:-2. Fig. brought to a head.) 1. Headlong; without restraint; head cious and ductile than gun-metal, named stop for want of resources, matter, and the foremost.

from the patentee Johann Aich. Called like; as, the speaker is aground.

It is mightily the fault of parents, guardians, tutors, also Sterro-metal. Agroupment(a-grop'ment),n. [Fr. agrouper. and governors, that so many men miscarry. They

Aid (ad), v.t. [Fr. aider, O. Fr. ajuder, to to group. See GROUP.] The arrangement of suffer them at first to run ahead, and when perverse

help; Pr. aidar, ajudar, adjudar, L. adjua group in a picture or in statuary; grouping.

inclinations are advanced into habits, there is no
dealing with them.

Sir R. L'Estrange. tare, freq. of adjuvo, adjutum, to help-ad,
Aguardiente (a'gwär-de-ent"ā),n. (Šp..contr.
for agua ardiente, burning water.) 1. A
2. In or to the front; in advance; before; as,

to, and juvo, jutum, to help.) To help; to second-class brandy made from the red wines they walked ahead of us all the way; he

assist; to come to the support or relief of; of Spain and Portugal, as also from the refuse soon ran ahead of us; specifically (naut.),

to succour, either by furnishing strength or

means to effect a purpose, or by preventing of the grapes left in the wine-press, the scrap

before or in front of a vessel, or in the di. ings of casks and vats, and deposits in bottles, rection to which a vessel's head is directed;

or removing obstacles.-Syn. To help, assist, generally flavoured with anise.

support, sustain, succour, relieve.
It is the
farther forward : in opposition to astern;

Aid (åd), n. (Fr. aide, 0. Fr. aïde, ajude. See popular spirituous beverage in these coun- as, to lie ahead; to move ahead.

the verb.) i. Help; succour; support; astries. ---2. A Mexican alcoholic drink distilled The east end of the island bore but a little ahead

sistance. from the fermented juice of the agave.

of us.


Sweet father, I behold himn in my dreams Called also Pulque (which see).

-To run ahead of one's reckoning (naut.), Gaunt, as it were the skeleton of himself, Agua-toad (ä'gwä-töd), n. The Bufo agua, to sail beyond the places erroneously esti. Death-pale, for lack of gentle maiden's aid,

Tennyson. family Bufonidæ, a gigantic species of toad mated in the dead-reckoning as the ship's found in intertropical America and the West station.-To go ahead, a phrase originating

2. The person or thing that aids or yields Indies. It is one of the noisiest of its tribe,

assistance; a helper; an auxiliary; an assistin the United States, but now common in

ant. uttering a loud snoring kind of bellow, chiefly Britain, signifying to push forward; to be

It is not good that man should be alone; let us during night. It is very voracious, and being enterprising or speculative: generally used,

make unto him an aid, like unto himself. believed to devour rats, has been largely as an admonition, in the imperative mood,

Tobit viii. 6. imported from Barbadoes into Jamaica to 'go ahead;' and not rarely as an adjective; 3. In law, a subsidy or tax granted by parkeep down the swarms of rats that destroy as, a go-ahead person.

liament to the crown for various purposes. the plantations.

Aheap (a-hēp'), a. or adv. [Apparently from 4. In feudal law, a tax paid by a tenant to Ague (ā'gū), 16. (Fr. aigu, acute; fièvre aigue prefix à, on or in, and heap; but possibly his lord; originally a gift, which afterward (LL febris acuta), acute fever; L. acutus, the word, in first extract at any rate, is really became a legal right. The aids of this kind sharp. See ACUTE, ACID.) 1. The cold fit or another form of the O. E. awhape, to aston- were chiefly three: (a) to ransom the lord rigor which precedes a feveror a paroxysm of ish. See AWHAPE.) 1. In a quiver or trem- when a prisoner; (b) to make the lord's eld. fever in intermittents.-2. A periodical fever, ble with terror; having received a shock of est son a knight; (c) to marry the lord's eldan intermittent, whether quotidian, tertian, fear.

est daughter. Aids were abolished by 12 or quartan, the paroxysm leaving the patient

When some fresh bruit

Car. II. xxiv.-5. An aide-de-camp, so called in apparent health, and returning daily, or

Startled me all aheap! and soon I saw

by abbreviation.

The horridest shape that ever raised any awe. every second or third day. It arises from


Aid (ād), n. A Staffordshire mining term marsh miasmata, a temperature above 60° 2. Huddled together through fear; in a

for a vein of ore going downwards out of the being however apparently required to pro- crowd.

perpendicular line. duce it.-3. Chilliness; a chill or state of

Aidance (ād'ans), n. Aid; help; assistance. So did that sudden Apparition scare shaking not resulting from disease.

All close aheap those small affrighted things (fairies). "The means and aidances supplied by the Ague (á'gú), v.t. To cause a shivering in; to

Hood, Supreme Reason.' Coleridge. [Rare.) strike with a cold ft. Heywood. (Rare.} Aheight+(a-hīt), adv. [Prefix a, on or at, and Aidantt (ād'ant), a. Helping; helpful sup. Ague-cake (ā'gű-kák), n. The tumour caused height.) Aloft; on high. 'Look up aheight.' | plying aid. by enlargement and hardening of the spleen. Shak,

Be aidant and immediate It is often the consequence of intermittent Anight (a-hi), adv. [Prefix a, on, and high.} In the good man's distress.

Skak. On high. One heav'd ahigh, to be hurled Aide-de-camp, (ad-de-kon), n. pl. AidesAgued (á'gůd), a. Chilly; having a fit of ague; down below.' Shak.

de-camp (ād-de-kon). (Fr.) Milit. an officer shivering with cold or fear; characterized by Ahint, Ahin (a-hint', a-hin'), prep. or adv. whose duty is to receive and communicate shivering. With slight and agued fear.'Shak. Behind. [Scotch.)

the orders of a general officer, to act as his Ague-drop (ä'gū-drop), n. A solution of the Aholdt (a-hõld'), adv. Near the wind, so as secretary, and the like. Written also Aidarsenite of potassium, or the liquor arseni. to hold or keep to it; as, to lay a ship ahold. de-camp: alis of the Pharmacopæia. It is also known Shak.

Aider (ăd'ér), n. One who helps; an assistant as Fouler's Solution.

Ahouai (a-höfi), m. The native name of a or auxiliary; an abettor; an accessory. Ague-fit (á'gú-fit), n. A paroxysm of cold or Brazilian tree, the Cerbera Ahouai, nat. All along as he went, were punished the adherents shivering; chilliness. order Apocynaceae. It is 20 feet high, its and aiders of the late rebels.

Burnet. This ague-fit of fear is overblown.

leaves thick and succulent, the wood stinks Aidful (ad'fựl), a. Giving aid; helpful. Shak.

abominably, and the kernels of the nuts are 'Aidful to the distresses of God's people.' Ague-proof (á'gū-pröf),a. Proof against ague, very poisonous. Written also Ahovai. Bp. Hall. (Rare. ) I am not ague-proof.' Shak.

Ahoy (a-hoi'), exclam. (Longer form of hoy! Aidless (ād'les), a. Without aid; helpless; Aguerry (a-gwe'ri), v.t. (Fr. aguerrir, from A word used chiefly at sea in hailing.

without succour; unsupported. guerre, war.) To inure to the hardships of Ahriman (a'ri-man), n. (Per. ahriman, Zend, Aid-majort (ād'mā-jer), n. The former title war; to instruct in the art of war. 'An army angro-mainyus, the malignant destroying of the adjutant of a regiment. the best aguerried of any troops in Europe.' spirit.] The evil genius or demon according Aiglet (agʻlet), n. In her. an eaglet or young Lord Lytileton.

to the dualistic doctrine of Zoroaster. Ah- eagle. Ague-spell (a'gū-spel), n. A spell or charm to riman is the personification of malignity, Aiglet (ägʻlet), n. See AGLET, cure or prevent ague. His pills, his balsams, the original source of all moral and physical Aigre (a'gėr), n. The flowing of the sea. and his ague-spells. Gay.

evil, the chief of the devils and malignant See EAGRE. Ague-tree (ä'gû-trē), n. A name sometimes spirits, the king of darkness and of death, Aigret (a'ger), a. (Fr., from L. acrem, sharp. applied to sassafras on account of its febri. and the eternal foe of Ormuzd and his king- See ACRID, ACID.) Sharp; sour. 'Like aigre fuge qualities dom of light and life.

droppings into milk.' Shak.

fever or ague.





Aigremore (a'gèr-mor), n. (Fr.; origin un- [Formerly common, but now rare in this cool.' Tennyson. - 4. Utterance abroad; known.) A name given to charcoal when in sense.) (6) To direct the intention or pur- publication; publicity. that state of preparation for the making of pose; to attempt to reach or accomplish; to You gave it air before me. Dryden. gunpowder which renders it fit for the ad- tend toward; to endeavour; as, a man aims mixture of the other constituent materials. at distinction, or aims to be rich: in all its

Wind is used in like manner. Hence-5.6 InAigret, Aigrette (a'gret, ā-gret), n. [See senses followed by at before the object where

telligence; information; advice. EGRET.) 1. A name of the small white heron. the object is expressed. - To cry aim, in It grew from the airs which the princes and states

abroad received from their ambassadors and agents See EGRET.-2. In bot. same as Egret.-3. A archery, to encourage the archers by crying


Bacon. plume or ornament for the head composed out aim when they were about to shoot. of feathers or precious stones.

Hence it came to mean to applaud or en. 6. In music, (a) a tune; a short song or Aiguille (ā'gwil), n. (Fr., a needle. See courage in a general sense.

piece of music adapted to words; also, the AGLET.) 1. An instrument used by military

It ill beseems this presence to cry aim

peculiar modulation of the notes which engineers and others for piercing a rock, To these ill-tuned repetitions.


gives music its character; melody; as, a soft for the lodgment of gunpowder in a mine or

air. (6) A song or piece of poetry for sing. blast-hole. -2. A name given to the needle. Aim (ām), v.t. To direct or point to a par.

ing; as, the air, 'Sound an Alarm.' (c) The like points or tops of granite, gneiss, quartz,

ticular object; to level at; as, to aim a mus- soprano part in a harmonized piece of and other crystalline rocks and mountain

ket or an arrow, the fist or a blow; to aim music.-7. Any piece of poetry. The re

a satire or a reflection at some person or masses; also applied to sharp-pointed masses

peated air of sad Electra's poet.' Müton. vice. of ice on glaciers and elsewhere.

(Rare. ]—8. The peculiar look, appearance, Aiguillette (ā'gwil-et), n. (Fr., a dim. of

Aim (am), n. 1. The pointing or directing and bearing of a person; as, the air of a aiguille, a needle. See AGLET.] 1. A point

of a missile; the direction of anything to a youth; a graceful air; a lofty air.-9. The or tag at the end of a fringe or lace. –

particular point or object with a view to general character or complexion of anything; 2. Milit, a tagged point hanging down from strike or affect it, as a spear, a blow, a dis

appearance; semblance. the shoulder; also, a braid or cord worn from course or remark.

Too great liberties taken (in translation) in varying shoulder to shoulder in some military uni- Each at head levelled his deadly aim Milton. either the expression or composition, in order to give forms.

a new air to the will be apt to have a very 2. + The direction in which a missile is bad effect.

Bp. Loark Aiguisé (ā-gwēz-a), a. (Fr. aiguiser, to

pointed; the line of shot; hence, fig. the di. As it was communicated with the air of a secret, it sharpen.) In her. applied to a cross with rection in which anything tends.

soon found its way into the world,

Pope its four ends sharpened, but so as to terminate in obtuse angles. Written also Eguisé.

And when the cross blue lightning seem'd to open 10. pl. An affected manner; manifestation

The breast of heaven, I did present myself Aigulet (a'gu-let), n. (See AGLET.) A tag

of pride or vanity; assumed haughtiness:

Even in the aim and very flash of it. Shak. or point. Golden aigulets.' Spenser.

chiefly in the phrase to give one's self airs. Ail (äl), v. t. (O. E. eylen, A. Sax. eglian, to 3. The point intended to be hit, or object

Mrs. Crackenbury read the paragraph in bitterfeel pain, to ail; eglan, to give pain; egle, intended to be effected; the mark. "To be

ness of spirit, and discoursed to her followers about trouble, grief; egl, egel, that which pricks, the aim of every dangerous shot.' Shak.- the airs which that woman was giving herself. a thistle, an 'ail' or beard of barley (Prov. 4. purpose; intention; design; scheme; as,

Thackeray. E.); allied to Goth. aglo, affliction; aglus, men are often disappointed of their aim. 11. pl. The artificial motions or carriage of troublesome; perhaps to Sw. agg, a prick; But see, how oft ambitious aims are crost.


a horse. - 12. In painting, (a) that which exE. to egg on, and perhaps ache, A. Sax. ace,

presses action; manner; gesture; attitude. ache, pain, and therefore to widely-spread 5.7 Conjecture; guess.

(b) The representation of the effect of the root ak. See ACID.) To affect with pain or un- He that seeth no mark, must shoot by aim. Bp. Jewel. atmospheric medium, through which naeasiness, either of body or mind; to trouble; It is impossible by aim to tell it. Spenser.

tural objects are viewed. - To take the air, to to be the matter with: used to express some

go abroad; to walk or ride a little distance - To give aim, in archery, to stand near the uneasiness or affection whose cause is un

-To take air, t to be divulged; to be made butts to tell the archers where their arrows known; as, what ails the man? I know not

public; as, the story has taken air. Air is alight. The terms are 'wide on the shaft what ails him.

frequently found in composition, and as the What aileth thee, Hagar? Gen. xxi. 17. (right) hand;" wide on the bow (left) hand;"

compounds are in many cases words of ob* short;' 'gone;' the distances being meaRarely used of a specific disease ; thus we

vious meaning, only those which have a sured by bow-lengths. See BOW-HAND.seldom say a pleurisy ails him, but someSYN. End, object, scope, drift, design, pur

peculiar or specific sense are entered below thing ails him, nothing ails him.

in alphabetical order.
pose, intention, scheme.
Ail (ăl), v.i. To feel pain; to be in pain or

Air (ar), v.t.
Aim-criert (am'kri-er), n. 1. One who en-

1. To expose to the air; to give trouble.

access to the open air; to ventilate; as, to couraged an archer by crying aim when he And much he ails, and yet he is not sick. Daniel.

Hence-2. To

air clothes; to air a room. was about to shoot. Hence-2. An encour

expose ostentatiously; to display; to bring All (al), n. Indisposition or morbid affection; ager generally; an approving on-looker; an ailment. Pope. abettor. “Thou smiling aim-crier at princes’

before public notice; as, to air one's views.

'Airing a snowy hand and signet ring.' TenAilanthus, Ailantus (ā-lan'thus, ā-lan'tus), fall.' Markham, n. (From ailanto, the Malacca name for Aimer (am'èr), n. One that aims.

nyson.-3. To expose to heat; to warm; as, to

air linen; to air liquors. one species, signifying tree of heaven.) A

Aim-frontlet (am'frunt-let), n. A piece of Air, Ear (ar), a. and adv. Early. [Scotch.) genus of large timber-trees, nat, order Sim

wood fitted to the muzzle of a gun so as to *An air winter's a sair winter.' Scotch pro arubaceæ. A. glandulosus is a handsome

make it level with the breech, formerly in verb. tree of India and China, attaining a height use among gunners. E. H. Knight.

Aira (ār'a), n. [Greek name of a kind of of 60 feet. It is planted in France and Ger- Aimless (ām'les), a. Without aim; pur- darnel. ) Hair-grass, a genus belonging to many to shade public walks, and has been poseless.

the nat. order Gramineæ, characterized by called false varnish-tree. The Bombyx Cyn.

The Turks, half asleep, ran about in aimless con- two-flowered spikelets. The species are thia, a species of silk-worms, feeds on its


Dryden, widely distributed in temperate regions, leaves. In Japan the produce of silk

but few are of much value as fodder plants. worms fed on this tree is very large, and the Aimlessly (ām'les-li). adv. Without aim;

purposelessly. material, though wanting the fineness and

A. ccespitosa (the tufted hair-grass) is from gloss of mulberry silk, is produced at far Ain (án), a. (See OWN.) Own. (Scotch.)

2 to 4 feet high, growing in meadows and less cost, and is more durable.

Aince, Aines (āns), adv. Once. [Scotch.) boggy heaths, where its tufts are useful as Ailet (il), n. Same as Aisle.

Ainent (a'nent), a. (0. Fr. aner (the Mod. Fr. stepping-places. It affords a fine cover for Alleron (ál'èr-on), n. Same as Ailette (which aller), to go, from L. adnare, originally to

game, and constitutes the bulk of bog-hay swim to.) In her, running: applied to beasts.

on moors. Its long, narrow, rough leaves see) Ailette, Aillette Ainsell (an'sel), n. Ownself. [Scotch.)

wound the skin if drawn smartly across it. Ain't, An't (ant). (al-let'), n. (Fr.,

A vulgar corruption of

Airable (ār'a-bl), a. Suitable to be sung are not; sometimes also used for is not and Howell. [Rare and obsolete.) little wing.) One of the small am not.

Air-balloon (är-bal-lön) n. See BALLOON. square shields of

Air (ar), n. (Fr. air, Pr, air, aire, L. aër, Gr. Air-bath (är'bath), n. 1. The exposure of the

aër, air.] 1. The fluid which we breathe. Air is person to the action of the air, recommended arms worn upon the shoulders of inodorous, invisible, insipid, colourless, elas

by Dr. Franklin. - 2. An arrangement for knights during a

tic, possessed of gravity, easily moved, rare. drying substances by exposing them to air part of the mid

fied, and condensed, essential to respiration of any temperature desired.

and combustion, and the medium of sounds. Air-bed (ar'bed), n. dle ages; the pro

A bed made by inflattotype of the mo.

Atmospheric air is composed by volume of ing an air-tight bed-shaped bag with air, dern

1. A vesicle epaulet.

20 or 21 oxygen and 80 or 79 nitrogen; by Air-bladder (ār'blad-dér), n.

Ailettes. Called also A ileron. weight, of 23 oxygen to 77 nitrogen. These

filled with air. Ailment (alment), n. Disease; indisposition;

gases are not chemically united, but mixed The pulnionary artery and vein pass along the morbid affection of the body: but the word mechanically. Air contains also anno of car

surfaces of these air.Wadders in an infinite number


of ramifications. is not applied ordinarily to acute diseases.

bonic acid, aqueous vapour, and varying Ailurus (al-u'rus), n. (Gr. ailouros, a cat. )

proportions of ammonia, nitric acid, ozone, 2. A bag situated under the back-bone of A genus of carnivorous quadrupeds, family

and organic matter. The body of air sur- certain fishes, and which, being full of air, Ursidæ. A. refulgens, the only known spe

rounding the earth is called the atmosphere. is supposed to assist in breathing, and in cies, is the panda (which see).

The specific gravity of the air is to that of regulating the buoyancy of the animal Aim (ām), v.i. (O. Fr. esmer, acsmer, to aim

water nearly as 1 to 828, and 1000 cubic Air-bone (arbon), n. Å bone with a large or level at, purpose, reckon; Pr. aymar,

inches at mean temperature and pressure cavity filled with air, as in birds. Owen. aesmar, adesmar, to reckon-L. ad, to, and weigh 30 grains. Air is necessary to life; Air-brake (är brak), n. A railway brake apestimare, to value, consider, reckon. See being inhaled into the lungs, the oxygen is plied by means of condensed atmospheric

air. ESTEEM.) 1. To direct a missile towards an

separated from the nitrogen, and it is supobject. -2. To point to in a figurative sense;

posed to furnish the body with heat and Air-braving (ärbrāv-ing), a Defying the to direct the mind to an object; specifically,

animation. By the ancient philosophers air influence of the air. 'Air-braving towers." (a) to guess; to conjecture,

was considered one of the four elements. - Shak.

2. In chem same as Gas; thus oxygen was Air-brick (år'brik), n. An iron box, comIn sadness, cousin, I do love a woman.I aimed so near, when I supposed you loved.

called dephlogisticated air.-3. Air in mo- moniy made of the size and shape of a brick, Shk tion; a light breeze. 'The summer airs blow and perforated with holes, placed in the





An ap

the top

A cer

walls of houses so as to facilitate the trans- readiness. It is placed in a vessel called a stems and leaves of aquatic plants, and in mission of air, and thus promote ventila- generator, where it is exposed to a current the stems of endogens. tion.

of air, and various contrivances are adopted Air-pipe (ārpīp), n. A pipe used to draw Air-built (ár/bilt), a. Erected in the air; to promote the evaporation, and prevent the foul air out of, or conduct fresh air into having no solid foundation; chimerical; as, too rapid cooling which the evaporation is close places. Specifically, (a) a pipe used to an air-built castle; air-built hopes. liable to bring about.

draw foul air from a ship's hold by means of Air-cane (arkan), 1. An air-gun fitted up Air-grating (ārsgrāt-ing), n. A grating to a communication with the furnace, and the in a walking-stick. admit air for ventilation.

rarefaction of the air by the fire. This pipe is Air-casing (árkás-ing), 12. An air-tight Air-gun (ār'gun), n. A kind of gun in which intended to supply the combustion with the casing of sheet-iron around a pipe to prevent

air of the hold, by preventing the access of undue transmission of heat or cold; speci

other air to the fire. (6) In mining, a pipe fically, the casing round the base of the

or tube made of wood or iron, for conductfunnel of a steam-vessel, to prevent too great

ing or conveying fresh air into levels having a transmission of heat to the deck.

but one communication with the atmoAtr-cell (ár’sel), n. In bot. one of the cavi

sphere. ties in the leaves, stems, or other parts of


Air-plant (ārplant), n. 1. A general name plants, containing air. They are well seen

for the orchids belonging to the genus in the bladders of sea-weeds, and are found highly-condensed air is used to project the Aerides (which see). —2. A general term apin other aquatic plants, which they serve ball.

A common variety is shaped like a plied to epiphytes which derive all their to float. Called also Air

rifle or musket, a hollow spherical ball, into food from the atmosphere. See EPIPHYTE. chambers. -2. In anat. (a)

which air has been forced by a condensing Air-poise (ār'poiz), n. An instrument to the minute bronchial cells

syringe, being attached to it and serving as measure the weight of the air. constituting the texture of

a reservoir for the condensed air. A por Air-port (ār/port), n. A name given to large the lungs, into which the

tion of this air escapes into the barrel, by scuttles in ships' bows for the admission of air is conveyed by the ulti

the opening of a valve, each time the trig- air when the other ports are down. The mate ramifications of the

ger is drawn, so that it presses against the Americans call their side-ports also by this windpipe, for the oxygenaball precisely in the same way as gunpow

name. tion of the blood; (b) the

der. Air condensed to both of its bulk gives | Air-pump (ar'pump), n. A most valuable dilatations of the trachea

about half the velocity of gunpowder. pneumatic machine, for the purpose of exor air-tube in insects form

Air-holder (arhöld-ér), n. 1. A vessel for hausting the air from a closed vessel called ing the respiratory appa- Air-cells in Gulf

holding air for various purposes; as (a) for a receiver, and thereby producing what is ratus.

weed (Sargassum

the purpose of counteracting the pressure called a vacuum, which, however, is only Air-chamber (brochăm- vulgare). of a decreasing column of mercury; (6) for partial. It was invented by Otto Guericke bér), n. 1. Air-cell (which

the purpose of keeping up a moderate and in 1654, but has since been much improved. see). -2. A cavity in a hydraulic machine, steady current of air. In the latter case The air-pump acts by the elastic force of air, such as a fire-engine, the air in which, on the air is contained in an inverted vessel and gradually exhausts the air from the being compressed by the admission of water which rises and falls in a tank of water, and receiver by means of a piston, with a proper into the chamber, by its elastic force acts as has the air supplied to it by one pipe and valve, working in a cylindrical barrel or a spring, and equalizes the flow of the liquid. carried off by another.-2. A gasometer. tube, somewhat after the manner of a comAir-condenser (är-kon-dens'ér), n.

Air-hole (ār'hõl), n. 1. An opening to admit mon water-pump; each successive stroke paratus for condensing air. It consists of a or discharge air.--2. In founding, a fault in rarefies the air more and more, a barometer close vessel with a syringe attached to it, a casting, caused by a bubble of air passing gauge showing the extent of the rarefaction. which is used for injecting air into the from a core outwards, and which is retained The exhaustion is limited by the elasticity vessel until the requisite degree of conden. in the metal. Called also a Blow-hole.

of the remaining air being no longer capable sation be produced.

Airily (āri-li), adv. In an airy manner; of opening the valves. Air-pumps are variAir-cone (ar’kon), n. A cone in a marine- gaily.

ously constructed; the most common forms engine to receive the gases which enter the Fanny bade her father good-night, and whisked hot-well from the air-pump, whence, after

off airily.

Dickens. ascending, they escape through a pipe at Airiness (āri-nes), n. 1. Exposure to a free

current of air; openness to the air; as, the Air-course (är kors), n. A general name for airiness of a country-seat.—2. Gaiety; levity; the passages in a coal-mine intended for as, the airiness of young persons. ventilation.

tain talkativeness and airiness in their (the Air-cushion (ār’kųsh-on), n. A cushion French) tongue.' Sterne. made by inflating a bag with air,

Airing (ār'ing), n. 1. An exposure to the Air-dew (år'dū), 11. Manna. (Rare.] air, or to a fre, for warming or drying. Air-drain (är dran), n. A cavity formed 2. Exercise in the open air; a short excurround the external walls of a building to sion. prevent the earth from lying against them Airing-stage (är'ing-stāj), n. A platform on and causing dampness.

which powder is dried by exposure to sun Alr-drawn (ar'dran), a. Drawn or depicted and air. in the air. The air-drawn dagger.' Shak. Air-jacket (ár/jak-et), n. A jacket inflated Air-drill (är dril), n. A drill driven by the with air, or to which bladders filled with pressure of condensed air. E. H. Knight. air are fastened to render persons buoyant Air-engine (aren-jin), n. An engine in in water. which air, heated or compressed, is employed | Airless (ārʻles), a. Not open to a free curas the motive power. Condensed-air engines rent of air; wanting fresh air or communi. have two barrels and two pistons wrought have been found to be the best and safest cation with open air.

by a toothed wheel, as that represented in lor working the rock-drill in mining opera- Air-level (ār'lev-el), n. A name sometimes the annexed cut. See VACUUM.-The air. tions, the waste air serving to ventilate the given to a spirit-level (which see).

pump of a steam-engine is the pump by mine and reduce the oppressive heat. Airlingt (ārling), n. A thoughtless, gay per- which the condensing water and condensed Airer (ár/ér), n. 1. One who airs, or exposes son.

steam are drawn off from the condenser. It to the air. -2. A screen for drying clothes, &c. Slight airlings will be won with dogs and horses. is an appendage of every condensing engine, Atr-escape (āres-kāp), n. A contrivance

B. Fonson, but is not, of course, requisite in highfor permitting air which has collected in Air-lock (ār'lok), n. An air-tight chamber pressure or non-condensing engines. See water-pipes to escape.

in a caisson in which operations are being cut STEAM-ENGINE. - Air-pump bucket, an Air-exhauster (ár'egz-hast-ér), n. 1. An carried on under water, communicating by open piston with valves on the upper surair-trap by which collected air may escape one door with the outer air and the main

face opening upwards so as to admit the from water-mains, &c.-2. A contrivance for entrance shaft of the caisson, and by an- air and water in the down-stroke, and lift it removing exhausted air from any place in

other door with the chambers filled with with the up-stroke of the pump. tended to be ventilated.

condensed air in which the men are at work. Air-sac (är sak), n. In physiol. one of the Alr-filter ár fil-tér), n.

A contrivance for Before entering the latter chambers one membranous bags or receptacles of air filtering or purifying air. The common must pass through the air-lock, where one lodged in the hollow bones, the cavities of method is to make the air pass through

remains until the air within it has been the body, and the quills of birds, and coma wire screen, and then expose the current brought to the same degree of compression municating with the lungs. They enlarge to the action of water. as that in the working chambers.

the respiratory surface, accelerate circula. Air-fountain (ar'fount-an), n. An appara- Air-machine (ār'ma-shēn), n.

In mining, tion, and thus increase muscular energy. tus for producing a jet of water by the the apparatus by which pure air is forced They are also supposed to render the body elastic force of air compressed in a close into parts badly ventilated, and the foul specifically lighter, and to supply the place Vessel, and made to act on the surface of air extracted.

of a muscular diaphragm. the water to be raised. Airn (arn), n. Iron. [Scotch.)

Air-scuttle (ār'skut-1), n. Same as Air-port. Air-funnel (är fun-nel), n. Naut: a cavity Airo-hydrogen (är-o-hi'dro-jen), a. Pertain. Air-shaft (àr'shaft), n. A passage for air formed by the omission of a timber in the ing to a mixture of atmospheric air and into a mine, usually opening in a perpenupper works of a vessel, to promote the hydrogen. - Airo-hydrogen blowpipe, a blow- dicular direction, and meeting the adits or ventilation of the hold.

pipe in which atmospheric air and hydrogen horizontal passages, and so causing a free Air-furnace (är'fer-nās), n. A term used to are burned together in order to produce an circulation of fresh air through the mine. denote a furnace which has no blast, but intense heat.

Air-slacked (ārslakt), a. Slacked or pul. only & natural draught.

Airometer (ār-om'et-ér), n. [Air, and Gr. verized by the action of air, or of the moisAir-gas (ārgas). n. An inflammable illumi- metron, a measure.) Same as Air-holder (6). ture in the atmosphere; as, air-slacked lime. pating gas made by charging ordinary at- Air-passage (ārpas-āj), n. 1. In anat. one of Air-stove (ārstov), n. A stove which is mospheric air with the vapours of petro- the tubes by which air is admitted to the employed to heat a current of air directed letim, naphtha, or some similar substance. lungs, comprising the larynx, trachea, bron- against its surface by means of pipes, which The substance so used is called gasolene, chial tubes, and their minute ramifications. heated air is then admitted to the apartment and must be such as to evaporate with great

2. In bot. a large intercellular space in the requiring to be heated.






Airt, Airth (ārt, arth), n. (Gael, aird, point is frequently, though incorrectly, termed from L.L. adjuxtare, to apply, fit, or fix to of the compass; or perhaps connected with the middle aisle, and the lateral divisions -L. ad, to, and juxta, nigh.] A sort of tube Icel. ott, ætt, a quarter of the heavens.) side aisles. Sometimes incorrectly written fitted to the aperture of a vessel through Point of the compass; direction. (Scotch.) Isle. See figure showing ground plan of a which water is played.

cathedral under CATHEDRAL. Or a' the airts the wind can blaw

Akbeer (ak bēr),n. A red powder thrown on I dearly like the west. Burns.

the clothes and person at Hindu festivals.

Aket (ak), n. and v. Same as Ache. Airt (ārt), v.t. To direct. (Scotch. ]

His limbs must ake with daily toil opprest. Prior. Air-thermometer (ar'thér-mom"et-ér), n. A thermometer in which air is employed as

Akee (a-ke'), n. The fruit of Blighia sapida, a substitute for mercury and spirit of wine.

nat. order Sapindaceæ, a native of Guinea, Of these there are several kinds, but the

whence it was carried by Captain Bligh to most important is Leslie's Ditferential Ther

Jamaica in 1793, and thence disseminated mometer. They are well fitted for measur

over the West Indies and South America. ing high degrees of heat, but are difficult to

It is much esteemed as a fruit. The plant manage, wherefore Regnault prefers vapour

is a tree 30 or 40 feet high; the leaves someof mercury. See Differential Thermometer under DIFFERENTIAL. Air-thread (är'thred), n. A name given to the filaments attached by spiders to the tops or ends of branches of shrubs or trees, and serving to support the spider when in quest of prey. Air-tight (ār'tīt), a. So tight or close as to be impermeable to air. A vessel or tube is said to be air-tight when it possesses that degree of closeness which prevents the pass

Akee Fruit. age of air under the circumstances in which it is placed.

what resemble those of the ash; the flowers Air-trap (ār'trap), n. A contrivance for

are small and white; the fruit is oblong, excluding the effluvia arising from drains

ribbed, of a reddish-orange colour, and conand sinks. Also, a recess at a knee of a

tains several large seeds partly imbedded water-main, for receiving and retaining air

in a white, succulent, and slightly acid aril, that may be liberated from the water. It

which is the part eaten, and is very grateis provided with a valve for taking off the

ful to the palate. air from time to time, as it accumulates.

Akehorn, f n. Acorn. Chaucer. Air-trunk (ār'trungk), n. A contrivance to

Akele,t v.t. (Prefix a, and kele, A. Sar. cilan, prevent the stagnation of putrid effluvia in

to cool.) To cool. Chaucer. jails or apartments where many people are

Aker-staff (a'kér-staf), n. (Aker = acre, field. ] collected. It is merely a square open tube,

Aisle, Salisbury Cathedral.

In agri. an instrument for clearing the coulpassing from the ceiling to the open air

ter of the plough.

Furnished with aisles. A above the roof, by which the heated air Alsled (ild), a.

Aketon (ak'ton), n. The acton (which see).

church which in its breadth is divided into Akimbo (a-kim'bo), a. (Prefix a, on, and escapes. Air-tube (ār'tūb), n. 1. In zool. a name

three or five parts is sometimes called a kimbo (which see).] Arched; crooked. The

three or five aisled church. given to certain horny passages for air in

arms are akimbo when the hands are on the the abdomen of some aquatic insects.

Ait (āt), n. [Another form of eyot, an islet.) hips and the elbows arched outwards. With

A small island in a river or lake. “Fog up 2. Naut. a small iron tube hung in a coal

one arm akimbo. Irving. the river, where it flows among green aits Akin (a-kin'), a. or adv. (Prefix a, of, and box from the deck, and filled with water,

and meadows.' Dickens. for the purpose of ascertaining the temper

kin. See KIN.] 1. Related by blood: used Aitchbone (äch'bon), n. Edgebone (which ature of the coals by a thermometer as a

of persons; as, the two families are near precaution against spontaneous combus. Aitch-piece, H-piece (ach'pēs), n. see).

akin. -2. Allied by nature; partaking of the

That tion. E. H. Knight.-3. The tube of an at

same properties; as, envy and jealousy are mospheric railway (which see under ATMO

part of a plunger-lift in which the clack or near akin. Pity's akin to love.' Southern

valve of a pump of any description is fixed. SPHERIC).

Aknee (a-nē'), adv. On the knee. (Rare.)

See PUMP. Air-valve (ār'valv), n. A valve applied to

Oath. (Scotch.)

Aknee they fell before the prince.
Aith (āth), n.

Southey steam-boilers to prevent a vacuum when Aitiology (i-ti-ol'o-ji), n. [Gr. aitia, a cause,

Akrokeraunian (ak’ro-ke-ra"ni-an), a. Same the steam is condensing in the boiler; the and logos, a discourse.) The doctrine of

as Acroceraunian. safety-valve fixed at the top of the boiler of

The vast Akrokerauthe steam-engine. efficient, as opposed to final, causes.

nian walls.' Tennyson. Aits (atz), n.

Al, t a. adv. n.

Oats. (Scotch.) Air-vessel (ar'ves-sel), n.

All. In hydraulics, a vessel in which air is condensed by press Aiver, Aver (ā'ver), n. (Norm. and O. E., Ala (āla), n. pl. Alæ (a'lē). (L., a wing.) ure, for the purpose of employing the reacfrom L.L. averia, horses, cattle, pl. of averi

1. In bot. one of the two side petals of a tion of its elasticity as a moving or as a re. um, wealth, from Fr. avoir, L. habere, to

papilionaceous blossom, or the membranous gulating power. Such vessels are employed have.) A work-horse. (Scotch.)

expansion of an organ, as of a fruit, seed, Aix-beds (ās'bedz), n. pl. in fire-engines and force-pumps.

stem, &c. See WING.-2. In anat, a term

In geol. thick Air-way (ār'wa), n. A passage for air; spefresh-water tertiary strata, occurring near

applied to many parts; as, ala auris, the cifically, a passage for the admission of air Aix, in Provence, in France, consisting of

upper and outer part of the external ear; to a mine. To maliciously ill up, obstruct, calcareous marls,calcareo-siliceous grits and

alæ nasi, the lateral cartilages of the nose,

&c. or damage an air-way is, by 24 and 25 Vict.

gypsum, and full of fossil fishes, insects, and

plants. xcvii., a felony punishable by penal servi.

Alabandine (al-a-ban'din), n. Manganese tude or imprisonment at the discretion of Aizle (yz'l), n. [A. Sax. ysela, ysla, a spark,

glance or blende. It is a sulphide of man

ganese. the judge.

an ember.) A hot cinder; an ember.

(Scotch.) Airy (â'ri), a. 1. Consisting or having the

Alabarches (al-a-bärkēz), n. In ancient character of air; ethereal.

times, the chief magistrate of the Jews in • The thinner

Aizoon (ā-zo'on), n. [L. aizoon, from Gr. and more airy parts of bodies.' Bacon. aeizoon, ever-living - aei, ever, aye, and

Alexandria, whose duty lay chiefly in raising 2. Relating or belonging to the air; high in zoon, living. ) A genus of prostrate herba

and paying taxes. Written also Arabarcher. air. 'Airy navies grappling in the central ceous plants, nat. order Ficoideæ, and con

Alabaster (al'a-bas-tér), n. [L. alabaster, blue.' Tennyson. --3. Open to a free current taining about twenty species natives of sub

from Gr. alabastros, from Alabastron, a vilof air; as, an airy situation. – 4. Light as

tropical regions. They are very tenacious lage in Egypt where there were quarries of of life. A. canariense and A. hispanicum

this mineral.] 1. A marble-like mineral of air; resembling air in being impalpable or abound in soda.

which there are two well-known varietiesinvisible; unsubstantial; hence, fig. without reality or sincerity; trifling; empty; as, airy

Ajar (a-jär'), adv. [In 0. E. also achar and the gypseous and the calcareous. The former onchar, lit. on the turn, from prefix a, on,

is a crystalline granular variety of sulphate ghosts; airy notions. at, and jar or char, A. Sax. cerre, a turn,

of calcium or gypsum (Ca 80,21,0). It is The poet's pen... gives to airy nothing seen also in char or chare, charwoman.) On of various colours, as yellow, red, and gray, A local habitation and a name.

the turn; neither quite open nor shut; partly

but is most esteemed when pure white. I hold ambition of so airy and light a quality that opened: said of a door,

Being soft it can be formed by the lathe or it is but a shadow's shadow.

Ajee (a-jë'), adv. (Prefix a, on, at, and jee or

knife into small works of art, as vases, sts5. Gay; sprightly; full of vivacity and levity; gee, to move, to move to one side.) Awry; off

tuettes, &c. For this purpose the snowlight of heart; lively. the right line; obliquely; wrong. [Scotch.)

white, fine-grained variety found near Flo

rence is especially used. Calcareous alaHis light airy brilliancy has suddenly become

His brain was a wee ajee, but he was a braw preacher for a' that.

Sir W. Scott. solemn, fixed in the earnest stillness of eternity

baster is a variety of carbonate of lime

occurring as a stalactite or stalagmite in Carlyle. Ajuga (a-jū'ga), n. A genus of plants, nat. caverns of limestone rocks.-2. A vessel for 6. In landscape-painting, showing that pro- order Labiatæ, containing about fifty spe- holding odoriferous liquors or ointments, per recession of all parts which expresses cies of annual or perennial herbs occurring originally so called because made of alabas. distance and atmosphere. in the temperate regions of the Old World.

ter, but the name was applied also to similar Airy (a'ri), n. Same as Aerie.

Four of the species are British, inhabiting vessels of other materials, as gold. Aisle (il), n. (O. Fr. aisle, Fr. aile, a wing, an pastures chiefly. A. reptans is the com- Alabaster (al'a-bas-ter), a. Made of alaaisle; L. ala, a wing; the s does not properly mon bugle.

baster, or resembling it. An alabaster belong to the word.) The wing of a build - Ajuru (a-ū’ru), n. The Brazilian generic column.' Addison. ing: usually applied to the lateral divisions name for parrot.

Alabastrian (al-a-bas'tri-an), a. Pertaining of a cathedral or other church, which are Ajust, t v.t. To adjust; to apply. Chaucer. to or like alabaster. separated from the central part, called the Ajutage (a'jūt-āj), n. (Fr. ajoutage, some- Alabastrine (al-a-bas'trin), a. Of, or per nave and choir, by pillars or piers. The nave thing added, from ajouter, to join, and this taining to, or resembling alabaster. - AlaALABASTRITE




bastrine positive, in photog. the name given Alantin, Alantine (a-lan'tin), n. [G. alant, Alarum (a-lär'um), n. [A .corruption of to a collodiou positive in which the film, elecampane.) An amylaceous or starchy alarm.) 1. A watchword or signal indicatafter being coloured with dry pigments, is substance obtained from elecampane; inulin ing danger or the nearness of an enemy. rendered permeable to varnish, and thus (which see).

Strike alarum, drums.

Shak. shows the colour in the collodion itself. Alar (ā'lär), a. [L. ala, a wing.) Pertaining 2. Any loud noise or disturbance. Though Alabastrite (al-a-bas'trīt), n. (L. alabas- to or having wings or alæ.

it pass your patience and mine to endure triles, alabaster. See ALABASTER.] 1. A Alarged t (a-lärjd'), pp. 1. Given largely.- her loud alarums.' Shak. name sometimes given to alabaster. Hence- 2. Enlarged. Wickliffe.

Alarum (a-lärum), v.t. To rouse to a sense 2. A vase, box, or other vessel formed of Alarla (a-lā'ri-a), n. [L. ala, a wing.) A of danger, as by sounding an alarm; to alabaster.

genus of Algæ, inhabiting the colder parts alarm. Alabastron (al-a-bas' tron), n. Same as of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The

Withered murder Alabaster,

membranous frond is from 3 to 20 feet long Alarum'd by his sentinel the wolf Alabastrus (al-a-bas'trus), n. (L.L., from and has a thick midrib. A. esculenta is

(Whose howl's his watch), thus with his stealthy pace Moves like a ghost.

Skak. alabaster.) À name given to a flower-bud. variously called badderlocks, henware, or

Same as It was originally applied to the rose-bud. muslins. The nutritious midrib, stripped Alarum-bell (a-lär'um-bel), n. Written also Alabastrum. of the membranes on each side, is eaten.

Alarm-bell. Shak. Alack (a-lak'), interj. (Probably a form of See BADDERLOCKS.

Alary (a'la-ri), a. [L. ala, a wing.] 1. Relatalas.) An exclamation expressive of sorrow. Alarm (a-lärm'), n. [Fr. alarme, alarm,

ing to the wings of birds and insects. The Alackl when once our grace we have forgot, from It. all'arme,= L. ad arma, to arms.

alary system of insects,' Wollaston.-2. In Nothing goes right.

anat, and bot. wing-shaped. Shak. The Dan. larm and G. lärm, noise, are from Alackaday (a-lak'a-dā), interj. [Alas-the- the same source.] 1. A summons to arms,

Alas (a-las'), exclam. [Fr. hélas, O.Fr. alas, day! Comp. Well-a-day!) An exclamation as on the approach of an enemy; any sound,

ha las, hailas; Pr. ailas, fem. ai lassa; It. uttered to express regret or sorrow. Written outcry, or information intended to give

ahi lasso-ahi, ah, and lasso, weary, unfornotice of approaching danger.

Sound an also Alack-the-day. (Obsolescent. ]

tunate, from L. lassus, weary.] An exclaJoel ii. 1.

mation expressive of sorrow, grief, pity, Alack-the-day

alarm in my holy mountain. ... I pray you tell me is my boy alive or dead.

concern, or apprehension of evil : in oid Shak. 2. A hostile attack; a tumult; a broil; a dis

writers sometimes followed by day or while; Alacrify (a-lak'ri-fi), v.t. (L. alacer, alacris,

turbance. cheerful, and facio, to make.) To make

Remove your siege from my unyielding heart;

as, alas the day, alas the while. See ALACK

To love's alarnis it will not ope the gate. Shak. ADAY. cheerful; to rouse to action; to excite. Crowds of rivals for thy mother's charms

Alas the day! I never gave him cause. Shak. Alacrious (a-lakóri-us), a. Cheerful; lively.

Thy palace fill with insults and alarms, Pope. For pale and wan he was (alas the while!) Spenser. "Twere well if we were a little more alacrious and

3. A sudden fear or painful suspense excited | Alasmodon (a-las/mó-don), n. A genus of exact in the performance of the duty. Hammond.

by an apprehension of danger; apprehension; bivalve molluscs, the river pearl-mussels of Alacriously (a-lak'ri-us-li), adv. Cheerfully.

North America. Alacriousness (a-lakóri-us-nes), n. Brisk

terror; as, there is nothing in his illness to

cause alarm.-4. A mechanical contrivance, Alatet (a-lāt'), adv. (Prefix a, of, and late.] ness. To infuse some life, some alacriousin the character of a clock or watch, for

Of late; lately. ness into you.' Hammond.

awakening persons from sleep or rousing Where chilling frosts alate did nip, Alacrity (a-lak'ri-ti), n. [L. alacritas, from

There flasheth now a fire.

Greene. their attention.-5. In fencing, an appeal or alacer, alacris, cheerful.] Cheerfulness;

challenge.--Alarm, Terror, Consternation. Alated, Alate (a'lāt-ed, a'lat), a. (L. ala, a gaiety; sprightliness; more usually, a cheerAlarm is a sudden shock of fear agitating the

wing; alatus, winged.] Winged; having ful readiness or promptitude to do some feelings and especially arising from some

membranous expansions like wings. Speact; cheerful willingness; as, the soldiers danger to ourselves or others dear to us; ter

cifically, (a) in bot. applied to stems and advanced with alacrity to meet the enemy. ror, excessive fear, affecting the understand

leaf-stalks when the edges or angles are I have not that alacrity of spirits ing and the will, though not necessarily ac

longitudinally expanded into leaf-like borNor cheer of mind that I was wont to have. Shak. companied by any apprehension of danger

ders. (6) In conch. applied to shells having Alactaga (a-lak-tā'ga), n. The jumping it might be caused by some supposed super

an expanded lip. rabbit of Siberia, a rodent of the family natural appearance for instance; consterna- A latere (a lat'er-ė). (L.) From the side; Dipodidæ or jerboas. tion, overwhelming fear accompanied with

from beside a person : used in the phrase Aladinist (a-lad'in-ist), n. [From Aladdin, a certain amount of astonishment, caused

Legate a latere. See under LEGATE. a learned divine under Mohammed II. and by something both terrible and unexpected, Alatern, Alaternus (al’a-tèrn, al-a-térnus), Bajazed II.] A free-thinker among the Mo

completely paralyzing the mental faculties. N. A species of Rhamnus or buckthorn often hammedans. Syn. Fright, affright, terror, consternation,

planted in English town gardens; Rhamnus A-la-grecque, A-la-grec (ä-lä-grek). (Fr., dismay, agitation, disquiet, disquietude.

Alaternus. See RHAMNUS. after the Greek fashion.) In arch. a name Alarm (a-lärm'), v.t. i. To call to arms for Alauda (a-la'da), n. The genus of insessorial for one of the varieties of the fret ornament, defence; to give notice of danger; to rouse

birds to which the lark belongs, containing used for running freizes, borders, &c., and to vigilance and exertions for safety.-2. To many species, found in all parts of the globe, surprise with apprehension of danger; to

and distinguished everywhere for their vigidisturb with terror; to fill with anxiety by

lance and their singing on the wing when the prospect of evil. When rage misguides

soaring upward in

the air. See LARK, me, or when fear alarms.' Tickell. Alarm-bell (a-lärm'bel), n. A bell that

Alaudida (a-la'di. gives notice of danger, as the approach of

dē), n. pl. The lark A-la-grecque. an enemy, fire, &c. 'On the gates alarm.

family. (See LARK.) bells or watch-bells.' Milton.

The larks are somefrequently seen in ancient Roman pave- Alarm-clock (a-lärm' klok), n. A clock

times classed as a ments. which can be so set as to ring loudly at a

sub-family (AlauAlameda (a-la-mē' da), n. (Sp.) A public particular hour, to wake from sleep or ex

dinæ) of the finches walk planted with trees. cite attention.

(Fringillidæ). A-la-mi-re (ä-lä-mērā), n. [A, la, mi, re, Alarmed (a-lärmd'), a. Indicating alarm;

Alb, Albe (alb), n. notes on the musical scale.) In music, the as, an alarmed look.

(L. alba, white (vesname of the note A in the acute and super- Alarm-gauge (a-lärm' gāj), n. An auto

tis, garment, underacute hexachords of Guido Aretino's system matic contrivance in a steam - engine by

stood).] A clerical of notation. which notice is given when the pressure of

vestment worn by Alamodality (al'a-mo-dal'i-ti), n.

steam becomes too high, or the water too

Roman Catholic mity to the prevailing mode or fashion of low in the boiler.

priests while offici. the times. (Rare.) Alarm-gun (a-lärm'gun), n. A gun fired as

ating in the more Alamode (ä-lä-mod'), adv. [Fr. à la mode, a signal of alarm.

solemn functions of after the fashion.) According to the fashion Alarming (a-lärm'ing), a. Calculated to

the divine office. It or prevailing mode: sometimes used as an rouse alarm; of such a nature as to excite

is a long robe of adjective; as, 'alamode beef-chops.' Mac- apprehension; as, on the fifth day alarming

white linen reachaulay. symptoms appeared.

ing to the feet, Alamode (ä-lä-mõd'), n. A thin glossy silk Alarmingly (a-lärm'ing-li), adv.

bound round the for hoods, scarfs, &c. alarming manner; with alarm; in a manner


waist by a cincture, A-la-mort (á-la-mort), a. (Fr., to, at, or to excite apprehension.

and fitting more after the manner of death, formed on the

closely to the body than the surplice. In This mode of travelling seemed to our ancestype of a-la-mode; or a corruption of all tors wonderfully, and indeed, alarmingly rapid.

front at the foot, embroidery or orphrey. amort. The corresponding phrase all alive

Macaulay. work, of a form usually square or oblong, is

One that excites gives probability to the latter suggestion. Alarmist (a-lärm'ist), n.

attached, and at the wrists several enrichBee AMORT.) In a half-dead or die-away

alarm; one who is prone to take alarm, and ments appear. These ornaments are called condition; depressed; melancholy.

to circulate and exaggerate any sort of bad the apparels of the alb. It was originally Tis wrong to bring into a mixed resort,

news, particularly in regard to political the common dress of ecclesiastics. What makes some sick and others a-la-mort. matters.

Each priest adorn'd was in a surplice white, Cowper. He was frightened into a fanatical royalist, and The bishops donn'd their albs and copes of state. Aland + (a-land'), adv. (Prefix a, at or on, became one of the most extravagant alarmists of

Fairfax. and land.) At or on land.

those wretched times.

Macaulay. Albacore (alba-kör), n. [Sp. albacora, Pg. And in mid ocean left them moored aland. Alarm-post (a-lärm'post), n. A place to

albacor, albacora, Fr. albicore, from Ar. Dryden. which troops are to repair in case of an

bakr, a young camel, a young cow or heifer, Aland,t Alaun,t n. [Sp. alano.) A kind of

and the article al.] A name given to sevalarmı. mastiit chiefly used for hunting the boar. Alarm-watch (a-lärm'woch), n. A watch

eral fishes of the tunny or mackerel kind, Around his char there wenten white alauns that can be so set as to strike rapidly at a especially to the Pacific tunny (Thynnus Twenty and mo, as gret as any stere, To hunten at the leon or the dere.

pre-arranged hour, to awaken from sleep or Pacificus). Written also Albicore. Chaucer.

Albadara (al-ba-dä'ra), n. The Arabian Alane (A-lan), ado. Alone. [Scotch.). rouse attention.

cabalistic name for the sesamoid joint of Alant (al'ant), n. [See ALAND.] In her, a

You shall have a gold alarm-watch, which, as
there may be cause, shall awake you.

the great toe, to which extraordinary gifts mastiff dog with short ears.

Sir T. Herbert. were anciently ascribed. cd, chain; eh, Sc loch; 8. go; j, job; Ó, Fr. ton;

ng, sing;

TH, then; th, thin; w, wig; wh, whig; zh, azure. See KEY.

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