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ABASH, BAY. ] [Scotch.] Aloof; at a shy 2. In astron. the difference between the 2. One who aids or encourages: in a good distance. --To stand abeigh, to keep aloof. true and the observed position of a heavenly sense. Pope. Maggie coost her head fu' high,

body, the result of the combined effect of Abevacuation (ab-e-vak'ü-a"shon), f. [L Look'd asklent and unco skeigh,

the motion of light and the motion of the ab and E. evacuation.) In med. (a) a partial Gart poor Duncan stand abeigh

eye of the observer caused by the annual or evacuation. (6) An immoderate evacuation. Ha, ha, the wooing o't. Burns.

diurnal motion of the earth, or of the motion Ab extra (ab eks'tra). [L] From without Abele, Abel-tree (a-bēl', a'bel-trē), n. [G.

of light and that of the body from which Abeyance (a-bā'ans), n. (Norm. Fr, abbaialbele, alber; M.H.G. alber; 0.H.G. albari;

the light proceeds: when the auxiliary cause aunce, abbaizance, expectation, from abD. abeel; Fr. aubel, aubrelle, perhaps from is the annual revolution of the earth round bayer, to listen with the mouth open, fron L. albellus, whitish, or from L. arbor, It.

the sun, it is called annual aberration, in bayer, baer, baër, to gape, as in crying bah! albero, a tree.] The white poplar (Populus

consequence of which a fixed star may ap See ABASH.] 1. In law, a state of expectaalba), so called from the white colour of its

pear as much as 20":4 from its true position; tion or contemplation; thus, the fee simple twigs and leaves. See POPLAR.

when the auxiliary cause is the diurnal or inheritance of lands and tenements is in Abelian (ā-bel'yan), a. Of or pertaining to rotation of the earth on its axis, it is called abeyance when there is no person in being in

the mathematician Abel. - Åbelian equa diurnal aberration, which amounts at the whom it can vest, so that it is in a state of tion, an irreducible algebraic equation, one greatest to 0":3; and when the auxiliary expectancy or waiting until a proper person of whose roots is inexpressible as a rational

cause is the motion of the body from which shall appear. If, for instance, land is leased function of a second, and shown by Abel to

the light proceeds, it is called planetary to a man for life, remainder to another for be solvable by the solution of a second equa

aberration.-3. In optics, a deviation in the years, the remainder for years is in abeyance tion of a lower degree.-Abelian functions,

rays of light when unequally refracted by a till the death of the lessee for life. Titles of inverse Abelian integrals, analogous to func

lens, or reflected by a mirror, so that they honour and dignities are said to be in abeytions of the amplitude of an ordinary elliptic

do not converge and meet in a point or ance when it is uncertain who shall enjoy integral, and also to inverse circular and

focus, but spread out, forming an indistinct them, as when a nobleman holding his diglogarithmic functions; as, sin. - IX, log.-14.

and coloured image of the object. It is nity descendible to his heirs general dies - Abelian integrals, a class of ultra-elliptic called spherical when the imperfection leaving daughters, the king by his prerogaintegrals first investigated by Abel.

arises from the form of curvature of the tive may grant the dignity to which of the Abelian (a-bel'yan), n..

A member of a sect

lens or reflector, and chromatic when it daughters he pleases, or on the male issue in Africa which arose in the fourth century. arises from the different refrangibility of of one of such daughters. During the time They married, but lived in continence, after

the rays composing white light, the image the title to the dignity is thus in suspension the manner, as they maintained, of Abel, and

of the object being surrounded with prisma it is said to be in abeyance.-2. A state of attempted to keep up the sect by adopting tic colours. In the former case it produces suspension or temporary want of exercise. the children of others. Also called Abel

distortion, and in the latter false colour of onian and Abelite.

There is such a thing as keeping the sympathies the object. In the eye the iris and crystal of love and admiration in a dorinant state, or state Abelmoschus, Abelmosk (a-bel-moskus, line lens prevent these aberrations. Optical

of abeyance.

De Oraincey. ä'bel-mosk), n. [Ar. habb-el-mosk, seed of

instruments corrected for chromatic aber- Abeyant (a-bā'ant), a. In law, being in musk, or abu-el-mosk, father of musk, that

ration are called achromatic.-4. In physiol. abeyance. is, endued with musk.) A genus of plants the passage of a fluid in the living body into Abgregatet (ab'grē-gät), v. t. [L. abgrego, to nat, order Malvaceæ. A. moschatus, or fli.

vessels not destined to receive it, as also the lead away from the flock-ab, away, and biscus abelmoschus, is an evergreen shrub of

determination of a fluid to an organ different grex, gregis, a flock.) To separate from a tropical Asia and America, 3 feet high. The

from that to which it is ordinarily direc ed, nerd. seeds have a musky odour, for which reason

as in vicarious hemorrhage.-5. In zool. and the Arabs mix them with coffee. A. esculen

Abgregation t (ab-grē-gā'shon), 1. [L.L. abbot. deviation of a plant or animal from tus is an Indian annual, 4 feet high, variously

gregatio, from L. abgrego. See ABGREGATE.) the type of its natural group. called ochro, bandikai, gombo, &c. It yields

The act of separating from a flock.

In whichever light, therefore, insect aberration is a much esteemed mucilaginous fruit, used

Abhal (ab'hal), n. A name given in the East viewed by us ... we affirm that it does ... exist. Indies to the berries of a species of cypress in soups and pickles in the W. Indies, Ísle of

T. V. Wollaston. France, &c. All the species yield good fibre. 6. Partial alienation of mind; mental wan

or juniper which are believed to be a powerAbel-tree. See ABELE. dering.-Circle of aberration, the circle of

ful emmenagogue. Written sometimes Al

hel. A bene placito (a bā'ná plach'ē-to)., (It.) coloured light observed in experiments with

Abhominable (ab-hom'in-a-bl), a. In music, at pleasure; indicating that a convex lenses between the point where the

mode of spelling abominable (from its being piece is to be played in the way the per violet rays and that where the red rays

meet. former likes best.

Crown of aberration, a luminous

supposed to be derived from ab homine, Aber (a'ber), n. (Cym. and Pictish equiva circle surrounding the disc of the sun de

from or repugnant to man), ridiculed as lent of Gael. inver. There are three Welsh pending on the aberration of its rays, by

pedantic by Shakspere in the character of forms to denote meeting of waters-aber, which its apparent diameter is enlarged.

the pedant Holofernes. ynver, cynver, compounded of cyn=L. con, Aberuncate 7 (ab-e-rungʻkāt), v.t. (Prefix

This is abhominable which he would call abominable,

Love's Labour Lost. together, and ber, flowing, seen in berad, a ab, and L. erunco, to weed out-e, out, and running of water; Armor. beri, to flow. runco, to weed.) To pull up by the roots;

Abhor (ab-hor), v.t. pret. & pp. abhorred; Cromry, Cymry, Cumberland, Cumbraes, to extirpate utterly. Bailey.

ppr. abhorring. (L. abhorreo, to shrink back Humber, exhibit the word under various Aberuncator (ab-er-rung-kåt-ér), n. An im -ab, from, and horreo, to shudder, to feel forms. See CYMRY, INVER.) A Celtic word plement for extirpating weeds; a weeder horror.] 1. To hate extremely or with prefixed to the names of many places in or weeding machine.

loathing; to loathe, detest, or abominate: Great Britain, and signifying a confluence Abet (a-bet), v.t. pret. & pp. abetted; ppr.

to feel excessive repugnance towards; to of waters, either of two rivers, or of a river abetting. (0. Fr. abetter, abeter, to incite,

shrink from with horror. with the sea; as, Aberdeen, Aberdour, Aber. to lure, to deceive, to befool; O.Fr. abet,

Therefore I say again, gavenny, Aberystwith. deceit; Norm. abet, a bait-prefix a, and

I utterly abhor, yea, from my soul,

Shak, Aberdevine (a-ber'de-vīn), n. The Fringilla root of bait, to incite, set on.

Refuse you for iny judge.

See BAIT.) spinus or siskin, a well-known song - bird, 1. To encourage by aid, countenance, or

Thou didst not abhor the virgin's womb. Te Deus. belonging to the finch family (Fringillidæ), approval: used chiefly in a bad sense, and

2. To fill with horror and loathing. (Rare.] somewhat resembling the green variety of always with a personal object.

It doth abhor me now I speak the word. Skal the canary bird. It is a native of Scandi

They abetted both parties in the civil war, and navia, visiting Britain in autumn and winter. always furnished supplies to the weaker side, lest

-Hate, Abhor, Detest. See under HATE To wander; to err.

there should be an end put to these fatal divisions. Aberr (ab-er), v.i.

Abhort (ab-hor), v.i. 1. To shrink back

Addison, Sir T. Browne. (Rare. )

with disgust, or fear, and shuddering. To 2. To maintain; to support; to uphold: in abhorre from those vices. U dall.-2. To be Aberrance, Aberrancy (ab-er'rans, ab-er

this sense sometimes with a thing for the ran-si), m. [L. aberro, to wander from-ab,

inconsistent with, opposite or contrary to: object. and erro, to wander.] A wandering or devi.

followed by from.

Then shall I soon, quoth he, ating from the right way; a deviation from Abet that virgin's cause disconsolate. Spenser.

Which is utterly abhorring from the end of all law. truth or rectitude. Sir T. Browne. [Rare.) 3. In law, to encourage, counsel, incite, or Abhorred (ab-hord), p. and a.

Hated exAberrant (ab-er'rant), a. (L. aberrans, pp. assist in a criminal act. In Scots law, a of aberro, to wander.) 1. Wandering, stray.

tremely; detested; as, no one is more abperson is said to be abetting though he may horred. ing from the right way.-2. In zool, and bot.

only protect a criminal, conceal him from applied to certain animals and plants which

Abhorrence (ab-hor'rens), na justice, or aid him in making his escape. differ materially from the type of their Hence-4. To lead to or encourage the com

hatred; detestation; great aversion. natural group. mission of

A sensitive abhorrence of proselytism.

Sir G. C. Lewis. The more aberrant any form is, the greater must Would not the fool abet the stealth have been the number of connecting forms, which

Abhorrency t (ab-horʻren-si). n.

Who rashly thus exposed his wealth? Gay. rence. on my theory have been exterminated or utterly lost.


SYN. To aid, assist, support, encourage, sus The first tendency to any injustice Aberrate (ab-errát), v.i. [L. aberro, abertain, back, connive at.

suppressed with a show of wonder and abhorren Abett (a-bet), n. ratum (ab and erro), to wander from.) To

The act of aiding or en

in the parents. wander or deviate from the right way.

couraging, especially in a crime. Chaucer. Abhorrent (ab-horrent), a. [Rare.)

Abetment (a-bet'ment), n. The act of abet testing; struck with abhorrence.
The product of their defective and aberrating vision.

Abettal (a-betal), n.

The arts of pleasure in despotic courts
De Quincey.

Act of abetting; aid.

I spurn abhorrent. Aberration (ab-er-ra'shon), n. [L. aberra

Bailey. (Rare.) tio, from aberro, aberratum--ab, from, erro, Abetter, Abettor (a-bet'er), n. 1. One who

2. Contrary; utterly repugnant; violently abets or incites; one who aids or encourages

inconsistent with: formerly with from, now to wander.) 1. The act of wandering from;

with to. another to commit a crime; a supporter or especially, in a figurative sense, the act of wandering from the right way; deviation encourager of something bad.

This legal, and as it should seem injudicious pro.

fanation, so abhorrent to our stricter principles, *** from truth or moral rectitude; deviation

But let th' a betters of the panther's crime

received with a very faint murmur, from a type or standard.

Learn to make fairer wars another time. Dryden. Abhorrently (ab-horrent-li), adv. So then we draw near to God, when, repenting us

[In law, an abettor, as distinguished from abhorrence. of our former aberrations from him, we renew our an accessory, is more especially one who Abhorrer (ab-hor'ér), n. covenants with him. Bp. Hall. being present gives aid or encouragement)

specifically, in the reign of Charles II.. A



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member of the court party, afterwards verted ovules at the base of each scale. It ism being formed by their temporary com-
called Tories. They derived their name includes many valuable timber-trees, often bination, and they standing to it in the rela-
from their professed abhorrence of the prin rising 130 to 180 feet high, arranged under tion of the particles of water to a cascade
ciples of the Addressers, who endeavoured the genera Pinus, Abies, Picea, Larix, Ced or a whirlpool, or to a mould, into which
to encroach on the royal prerogative. See rus, Araucaria, Dammara, &c.

the water is poured. See BIOGENESIS, HE-

Abietite (ab'i-et-īt), n. (CoH03). A sugar TEROGENESIS.
Great numbers of abhorrers, from all parts of

obtained from the needles of Abies pecti- Abirritation (ab-ir'rit-ā"shon), n. [L ab,
England, were seized by order of the Commons, and nata.

as a dim., and irritatio, irritation.) In committed to custody.


Abietites (ab'i-et-itez), n. (L. abies, the med. a diminished condition of the vital
Abhorrible (ab-hor'ri-bl), a. Worthy or Ar.) A genus of fossil plants, nat. order phenomena of the tissues, inclining to de-
deserving to be abhorred. (Rare.)

Conifera, occurring in the Wealden and bility or asthenia.
Abhorring (ab-hor'ing), n. i. Feeling of ab lower greensand strata.

Abit, t. v.i. third person sing. of abide,

Abigail (ab'i-gal), n. [From the title of Abideth. Chaucer.
I find no abhorring in my appetite. Donne. handmaid assumed to herself by Abigail, Abjectt (ab-jekt'), v.t. (See the adjective.]

wife of Nabal, when carrying provisions to
2.1 Object of abhorrence.

1. To throw away; to cast off or out.
David. See 1 Sam. xx. 5.) A general name For that offence only Almiglity God abjected Saul
They shall be an abhorring to all flesh. Is. Ixvi. 44

for a waiting woman orlady's-maid. [Colloq.] tluat he should no more reign over Israel."
Abib (a'bib), n. (Heb, abib, an ear of corn,
I remember the time when some of our well-bred

Sir T. Elyor.
from abab, to produce the first or early
country-women kept their valet-de-chambre, be-

2. To make abject; to humiliate.
truit-root ab, a swelling.) The first month cause, forsooth, a man was much more handy about It abjected his spirit to that degree that he fell dan-
of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, called also
them than one of their own sex. I myself have seen gerously sick.

Nisan. It begins at the spring equinox, and

one of these male Abigails tripping about the room What is it that can make this gallant so stoop and

with a looking-glass in his hand and combing his answers to the latter part of March and


abject himself so basely?
lady's hair a whole morning together. Spectator
beginning of April. Its name is derived

Abject (ab'jekt), a. (L. abjectus, from abjicio,
from the full growth of wheat in Egypt, Abigeat (ab-ijʻē-at), n. [L. abigeatus, cattle-

to throw away-ab, and jacio, to throw.)
which took place anciently, as it does now,

stealing, from abigeus, a cattle-driver, from Sunk to a low condition; worthless, mean,
at that season.
abigo, to drive away.1 In law, (a) the crime

despicable, low in estimation.
Abidance (a-bid'ans), n. The act of abiding;
of stealing or driving off cattle in droves.

To what base ends, and by what abject ways,
abode; stay. Fuller. [Rare.)
(6) A miscarriage procured by art.

Are mortals urg'd through sacred lust of praise.
Abide (a-bid'), v.i, pret. & pp. abode; ppr.
Abiliatet (a-bil'i-āt), v.t. (See ABLE.) To

enable. Bacon. (Rare.)
abiding. (A. Sax. abidan, gebidan, to abide,

SYN. Mean, base, worthless, low, grovelling,
from bidan, to bide. See BIDE.) 1. To také Abilimentt (a-bil'i-ment), n. Ability.

debased, despicable. up one's abode; to dwell; to reside; to stay

Abiliment to steer a kingdom. Ford. Abject (ab'jekt), n. A person in a low or abfor a shorter or longer time.--2. To remain; Abiliments,t n. pl. Same as Habiliments.

ject condition. Ps. xxxv. 15.
not to depart.

Abilitate+ (a-bil'i-tāt), v.t. To assist. Nicho We are the queen's abjects, and must obey. Shak.
Except these abide in the ship, ye caunot be saved. las Ferrar.

Abjectedness (ab-jekt'ed-nes), n.
Acts xxvii. 31. Ability (a-bil'i-ti), n. [Fr. habilité, L. ha low or despicable condition. [Rare. )
3. To continue in a certain condition; to bilitas, ableness." See ABLE.] 1. The state | Abjection (ab-jek'shon), n. 1. The act of
remain steadfast or faithful. 1 Cor. vii. 40. or condition of being able; power, whether throwing away or down; the act of bringing
4. To inhere; to belong, as an attribute or bodily or mental, natural or acquired, moral, down or humbling; overthrow. (Rare.)
quality; to have its seat.

conventional, or legal; skill or competence The audacite and bolde speche of Daniel signifyeth
Less spirit to curse abides in me. Shak. in any occupation or field of action.

the adjection of the kynge and his realme. Foye. -Abide by, (a) to remain at rest beside.

They gave after their ability unto the treasure of 2. The state of being cast down or away; 'Abide by thy crib.' Job xxxix. 9. () To the work.

Ezra ii. 69.

hence, a low state; meanness of spirit; baseadhere to; to maintain; to defend; to stand

Alas! what poor ability's in me to; as, to abide by a friend; specifically, in

To do him good?

Shak. ness; abjectness.
Scots law, to adhere to as true and genuine: 2. pl. In a concrete sense, talents; mental

That this should be termed baseness, abjection of
mind, or servility, is it credible!

Hooker. said of the party who founds on a deed or gifts or endowments.

The just medium of this case lies between pride writing which the other party desires to Natural abilities are like natural plants, that need and abjection.

L'Estrange. have reduced or declared null and void, on pruning by study,


Abjectly (ab'jekt-li), adv. In a contemptible
the ground of forgery or falsehood. (c) To 3. The being in a condition to meet pecu-

manner; meanly; servilely.
await or accept the consequences of; to rest niary obligations; commercial soundness; Abjectness (ab’jekt-nes), n. The state of
satisfied with; as, to abide by the event or wealth or means.

being abject; meanness; servility.

Out of my lean and low ability
Abide (a-bid'), v.t. 1.1 To wait for; especially,

Abjudicatet (ab-jū’di-kat), v.t. [L. abjudico,
I'll lend you something.


abjudicatum-ab, away,and judico, to judge.
to stand one's ground against.
A draft upon my neighbour was to me the same as

See JUDGE.) To give away by judgment.
Abide me if thou darest.
Shak. money; for I was sufficiently convinced of his ability.


2. To be prepared for; to await; to be in - Ability, Capacity. The former denotes Abjudication (ab'jū-di-kā"shon), n. Rejec-
store for.
rather active power or power to perform,

tion. Knowles. (Rare.]
Bonds and afflictions abide me,

and is used with regard to power of any Abjugatet (ab'jū-gāt), v.t. [L. abjugo, abju3. To be able to endure or sustain, as a pun kind; capacity conveys the idea of recep gatum, to unyoke-ab, from, and jugumi, a ishment, or judgment of God; to remain tiveness, of the possession of resources; it

yoke.) To unyoke. Bailey.
firm under

is potential rather than actual, and may be Abjunctive (ab-jungk'tiv), a. [L. abjungo,
To abide the indignation of the Lord. Joel ii. 11. no more than undeveloped ability. Ability abjunctum, to unyoke.] Isolated; excep-
4. To put up with; to tolerate. (Colloq.)
is manifested in action, while capacity does

tional. (Rare.)
I cannot abide the sinell of hot meat.

It is this power which leads on from the accidental

not imply action, as when we speak of a
capacity for virtue. - Abilities, Talents, and adjunctive to the universal.

is. Taylor
5. [This meaning attaches to the word from

Parts, &c., distinguished under GENIUS. Abjuration (ab-jú-rā'shon), n. (See ABJURE. ]
a kind of confusion with aby, abie. See

SYN. Capacity, talent, faculty, capability, 1. The act of abjuring: a renunciation upon
ABY.) To pay the price or penalty for; to

efficiency, aptitude, aptness, address, dex oath. Formerly in England felons taking
suffer for.
terity, skill.

refuge in a church, and confessing their
If it be found so, some will dear abide it. Shak.

Abilliaments + (a-bil'i-a-ments), n. pl. Same guilt, could not be arrested and tried, but
Ah me! they little know
How dearly I abide that boast so vain. Millon.

as Habiliments, but applied more especially might save their lives by 'an abjuration of
to armour and warlike stores.

the realm,' that is, by swearing to leave the
Abider (a-bid'er), 1. One who dwells or con-

And now the temple of Janus being shut, warlike country, and never to return. -2. A rejection

aðilliaments grew rusty. Wilson, Hist. James I. or denial with solemnity; a total abandon-
Abiding (a-bid'ing), a. Continuingi perma. Abime,t n. [Fr.) An abyss.

ment; as, an abjuration of heresy.'-Oath of
nent; steadfast; as, an abiding faith.
Abidingly (a-bīd'ing-li), adv. In such a
Column and base upbering from abime. Chaucer.

abjuration, an oath asserting the title of the

present royal family to the crown of Engmanner as to continue; permanently. Ab initio (ab in-i'shi-0), n. (L.) From the

land, and abjuring allegiance to that of the Abies (ab'i-es), n. [L] The fir, a genus of beginning.

Pretender. A single oath is substituted for
trees of the sub-order Abietinæ, nat. order Abintestate (ab-in-tes'tāt), a. (L. ab, and this and the oath of allegiance and supre-
Conifera, well known for the valuable tim intestatus, dying without a will-in, and

macy by 21, 22 Vict. xlviii.
ber that is produced by many of the species. testor, to bear witness.] In law, dying with Abjuratory (ab-jū'ra-to-ri), a. Pertaining
It differs from the genus Pinus in the leaves out making a will.

to abjuration.
growing singly on the stem, and the scales Ab intra (ab in'trä). [L.) From within : Abjure (ab-jūr), v.t. pret. & pp. abjured;
of the cones being smooth, round, and thin. opposed to ab extra.

ppr. abjuring.. (L. abjuro, to deny upon
To this genus belong the silver fir (A. picea), Abiogenesis (a-bi’o-jen"ē-sis), n. (Gr.a, priv., oath-ab, and juro, to swear.] 1. To renounce
the great Californian fir (A. grandis), the bios, life, and genesis, generation, produc upon oath; to withdraw formally from; as,
balm of Gilead fir (A. balsamifera), the tion. See BIOGENESIS.] In biol. the doc-

to abjure allegiance to a prince.-2. To relarge-bracted fir (4. nobilis), the hemlock trine that living matter may be produced

nounce or reject with solemnity; to abanspruce fir (4. canadensis), sacred Mexican by not living matter. In the seventeenth

don; as, to abjure errors. 'Magic I here abfir (4. religiosa), Norway spruce fir (A. century this was the dominant view, sanc

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jure.' Shak.-3. Torecant or retract. (Rare. } excelsa). Oriental fir (A. orientalis), white tioned alike by antiquity and authority,

I put myself to thy direction, and spruce fir (A. alba), Douglas' fir (A. Doug. and was first assailed by Redi, an Italian

Unspeak mine own detraction, here abjure lasii), &c. See FIR, PINE.

philosopher. Needham and Buffon, who The taints and blames I laid upon myself. Shak. Abletic (ab-i-et'ik), a. of or pertaining to have been regarded as the supporters of

- Renounce, Recant, Adjure. See under trees of the genus Abies. - Abietic acid this hypothesis, held the doctrine in a very

RENOUNCE.-SYN. To forswear, renounce, (CR1300). an acid discovered in the resin modified degree. They held that life is the

retract, recall, recant, revoke.
of trees of the genus Abies.
indefeasible property of certain indestruc-

Abjure (ab-jūr), v.i. To renounce the realm;
Abietina (abi-et-i"né), n. pl. (L. abies, the tible molecules of matter which exist in all

to swear to forsake the country. fir.) The firs and spruces, a sub-order of living things, and have inherent activities

One Thomas Harding, ... who had abjured in plants, nat, order Coniferæ, having the fer by which they are distinguished from not

the year 1506, was now observed to go often into tile flowers in cones, with one or two in living matter; each individual living organ woods, &c.

Bp. Burnet.





Abjurement (ab-jūr'ment), n. The act of be used, Mr. Fitzedward Hall remarks, Ablude (ab-lūd'), v. i. [L. abludo, to be un. abjuring; renunciation. J. Hall.

Generally, the termination is -ible, if the like, to differ-ab, from, and ludo, to play.) Abjurer (ab-jūrėr), n. One who abjures. base is the essentially uncorrupted stem of To be unlike; to differ. (Rare. ] Abkarl (ab-kärē), n. (Hind. abkar, a maker a Latin infinitive or supine of any conjuga The wise advice of our Seneca not much abluding or seller of spirituous liquors.) Revenues tion but the first. To the rule given from the counsel of that blessed apostle. Bp. Hall in the East Indies derived from various above, however, there are many objections. Abluent (ab lū-ent), a. (L. abluens, abluduties or licenses on spirits, opium, and To all verbs, then, from the Anglo

entis, ppr, of abluo, to wash off - ab, from, from gaming-houses, &c.

Saxon, to all based on the uncorrupted, in and luo, to wash.) Washing clean; cleansing Ablactate (ab-lak'tat), v.t. [L. ablacto, to finitival stems of Latin verbs of the first

by water or liquids. wean-ab, from, and" lac, milk. ] To wean conjugation, and to all substantives, whence- Aõluent (ab'lu-ent), n. In med. that which from the breast. (Rare.) soever sprung, we annex -able only.' See

purifies the blood, or carries off impurities Ablactation (ab'lak-tā"shon), n. (See AB his work On English Adjectives in-Able, with from the system, especially the stomach and LACTATE.) 1. The weaning of a child from Special Reference to Reliable.

intestines; a detergent; also, that which the breast. -2. In hort. a method of graft. | Able (a'bl), a. (0. E. abil, abul, habil, O.Fr.

removes filth or viscid matter from ulcers ing, in which the scion is not separated able, hable, Norm. hable, Fr. habile, skilful,

or from the skin. from the parent stock till firmly united to fit, from L. habilis, suitable, fit, hardy, from that in which it is inserted.

Ablution (ab-lū'shon), n. [L. ablutio,& wash. This is now habeo, to have, hold; from same base are

ing, from abluo, ablutum. See ABLUENT, Q.) called grafting by approach or inarching. ability, habiliment, &c., and suffix -able See GRAFT.

1. In a general sense, the act of washing; a (which see). ] 1. Having the power or means Ablaqueate (ab-lak'we-āt), v.t.

cleansing or purification by water; specifi(L. abla sufficient; as, a man able to perform miliqueo, ablaqueatum, to turn up earth around tary service; a child is not able to reason

cally, (a) the washing of the body as a prea tree.) To lay bare, as the roots of trees. on abstract subjects.

paration for religious duties, enjoined by

Moses and still practised in many countries. Ablaqueation (ab-lak'wē-a"shon), n. A lay Every man shall give as he is able.

Deut. xvi. 17. ing bare the roots of trees to expose them

There is a natural analogy between the ablution to the air and water. Evelyn.

2. Legally entitled or authorized; having of the body and the purification of the soul, Ablation (ab-la'shon), n.

Fer. Taylor. [See ABLATIVE.)

the requisite legal qualification; as, an ille1. A carrying or taking away. gitimate son is not able to take by inheri.

(6) In chem. the purification of bodies by the Prohibition extends to all injustice, whether done tance.-3. In an absolute sense, (a) vigorous;

affusion of a proper liquor, as water to disby force or fraud; whether it be by ablation or preactive.

solve salts. c) In med. the washing of the vention or detaining of rights. Fer. Taylor. His highness came post from Marseilles, of as able

body externally, as by baths; or internally, 2. In med. the taking from the body what

body as when he numbered thirty.


by diluting fluids.-2. The water used in ever is hurtful; an evacuation.-3. In chem. (6) Having strong or unusual powers of


Cast the ablutions in the main. Pogle the removal of whatever is finished or no mind, or intellectual qualifications; as, an longer necessary. able minister.

3. In the R. Cath. Ch. the mixture of wine Ablative (ab'la-tiv), a. (L. ablativus, from

and water with which the officiating priest Provide out of all the people able men. Ex. xviii. 2. ablatus, pp. of aufero, to carry away-ab,

rinses out the chalice after mass, himself away, and fero, to carry.) 1. Taking or tend

- Able for is now regarded as a Scotticism, drinking the same. ing to take away; tending to remove; per

though Shakspere has, Be able for thine Ablutionary (ab-lū’shon-a-ri), a. Pertaintaining to ablation. [Obsolete and rare.) enemy rather in power than use.

ing to ablution. Where the heart is forestalled with mis-opinion,

His soldiers, worn out with fatigue, were hardly | Abluvion (ab-lū'vi-on), n. [L. abluvium. ablative directions are found needfull to unteach

able for such a inarch. Principal Robertson. See A BLUENT.) 1.1 A flood.-2. That which error, ere we can learne truth.

BA. Hall
SYN. Capable, competent, powerful, strong,

is washed off. Dwight. [Rare.) 2. A term applied to a case of nouns in Sans

efficient, effective, skilful, qualified, clever. Ably (ā'bli), adv. In an able manner; with krit, Latin, and some other languages, ori. Ablet (a'bl), v.t. ('For some time the verb

ability. ginally given to the case in Latin because

able was not uncommon. Bishop Bale uses Abnegate (ab'nē-gāt), v.t. (L. abnego, abseparation from was considered to be one it often. Bishop Latimer, Shakspere, Dr.

negatumwab, from, and nego, to deny.) To of the chief ideas expressed by the case. -Donne, Chapman, &c., have it too.' Fitz

deny; to renounce. Ablative absolute, in Latin gram. the name edward Hall.] 1. To enable.

A God-created man, all but abnegating the cha. given to a noun with a participle or some And life by this death abled shall controll


racter of man. other attributive or qualifying word, either

Death, whom thy death slew.

Donne Abnegation (ab-nē-gā'shon), n. [L. abnegaexpressed or understood, in the ablative 2. To warrant or answer for.

tio.) The act of abnegating; a denial; a recase, which is not dependent upon any None does offend, none; I say none, I'll able 'em.

nunciation. Judicious confirmation, judiother word in the sentence.

Shak. cious abnegation.' Carlyle. Ablaut (abʻlout), n. [G., from ab, off, and Able-bodied (á'bl-bo'did), a. 1. Having a

With abnegation of God, of his honour, and of laut, sound.] In philol. a substitution of one sound, strong body; having strength suffi. religion, they may retain the friendship of the court.

Xnox. vowel for another in the body of the root of cient for work; as, 'A dozen able-bodied a word, to indicate a corresponding modi. men.' Addison. -2. Naut. applied to a sea

Abnegative (ab-neg'a-tiv), a. Denying; nefication of use or meaning; as, bind, band, man who is well skilled in seamanship, and

gative. Clarke. [Rare.) bound, bond, G. bund; more especially the classed in the ship's books as such.

Abnegator (ab"ne-gā'tér), n. change of a vowel to indicate tense-change Ablegatet (ab'le-gāt), v.t. [L. ablego, able

negates, denies, renounces, or opposes any. in strong verbs, instead of the addition of a gatum, to send away-ab, away, and lego, Abnet (ab'net), n. {Heb.] The girdle of a

thing. Sir E. Sandys. syllable (-ed), as in weak verbs; as, get, gat, to send as ambassador. To send abroad. got; sink, sank, sunk. It indicates also change Ablegationt (ab'le-gā"shon), n. The act of

Jewish priest. of intransitive verbs into causative; as, sit, ablegating, that is, sending abroad or away;

Abnodate (ab'no-dát), v.t. (L. ab, from, and set; fall, fell; and verbs into nouns, as sit, the act of sending out.

nodus, a knot.] To cut knots from, as trees. seat; sing, song.

An arbitrarious ablegation of the spirits into this

Blount. Ablaze (a-bláz), adv. or a. (Prefix a for on,

The act of or that determinate part of the body.Dr. H. More,

Abnodation (ab'no-dā"shon), n. and Blaze (which see).] 1. On fire; in a Ablen (ab'len), n. Same as Ablet.

cutting away the knots of trees. Bailey. blaze; as, the bonfire is ablaze.-2. Fig. in a Ableness (ā'bl-nes), n. Ability of body or

Abnormal (ab-nor'mal), a. (L. abnormisstate of eager excitement or desire. (Not mind; force; vigour.

ab, from, and norma, a rule. See NORMAL.) used attributively in either sense.)

Not conformed or conforming to rule; devi. Ablepharus (a-blef'ar-us), n. (Gr. a, priv., ating from a type or standard; irregular; The young Cambridge democrats were all ablaze and blepharos, an eyelid.) A genus of harmto assist Torrijos. Carlyle,

contrary to system or law. less lizards, family Scincidæ, with five-toed -Able, -Ible, -Ble. A very common termin feet and only rudimentary eyelids.

An argument is, that the above-specified breeds, ation of English adjectives, especially those Ablepsia, Ablepsy (a-blep'si-a, a-blep'si), n.

though agreeing generally in constitution, habits, voice, colouring,

and in most parts of their structure, based on verbs, representing the L. -abilis, [Gr. ablepsia-a, not, and blepo, to see.)

with the wild rock-pigeon, yet are certainly highly -ibilis, a termination equivalent to the ad Want of sight; blindness. (Rare.)

abnormal in other parts of their structure,

Darwin. jective habilis, fit, suitable. To the bases Able-seaman (a'bl-sē-man), n. See ABLEto which it is attached it generally adds the

Abnormality (ab-nor-mal'i-ti), n. 1. The BODIED, 2. notion of capable of, worthy of, and some Ablet (ab'let), n. (Fr. ablette, able, L.L.

state or quality of being abnormal; deviatimes full of, causing; as, obtainable, capable abula (for albula), from L. albus, albulus,

tion from a standard, rule, or type; irregu. of being obtained; tolerable, capable of being white, whitish, from its colour.

The name

larity; abnormity.-2. That which is abnorborne; laudable, worthy of praise; credible, bleak is given it for the same reason.) A

mal; that in which anything deviates from that may be believed, or worthy of belief; small fresh-water fish, the bleak, the scales

a standard, rule, or type. Abnormalities forcible, full of force; horrible, terrible, full of which are used in making artificial pearls.

in the structure of living beings.' Pop.

Ency. of or causing horror, terror. Many of these See BLEAK.

Abnormity (ab-nor'mi-ti), n.

[See ABNORadjectives, such as tolerable, credible, legible. Abligatet (abʻli-gät), v.t. (L. ab, from, and have been borrowed directly from the ligo, ligatum, to tie.) To tie up so as to

MAL.) Irregularity; deformity. Bailey. Latin or the French, and are in a somewhat hinder from.

Abnormoust (ab-nor'mus), a. Abuormal different position from those formed by Abligationt (abli-gā"shon), n.

(which see).

The act of adding the termination to an already ex tying up so as to hinder from.

A character of a more abnormous cast than his

equally suspected coadjutor. State Trials. isting English word, as in the case of obtain. Abligurition (ab-ligʻū-ri"shon), n. [L. abliable. Adjectives of this kind, with a passive guritio, a consuming in feasting.) Excess;

Aboard (a-bord'), adv. [Prefix a for on, and signification, are the most numerous, and the prodigal expense for food. (Rare.}

board. See BOARD.Within a ship, vessel, base may be Anglo-Saxon or Latin; eatable, Ablins (ab'linz). adv. Perhaps, peradven

or boat. bearable, readable, believable, &c., are of the ture. (Scotch.) See AIBLINS.

He loudly called to such as were aboard. Spenser, former kind. Of those in-able with an active Ablocate (ab'lo-kāt), v.t. [L. abloco-ab. -To go aboard, to enter a ship; to embark. -signification we may mention delectable, away, and locare, to let out, from locus, a To fall aboard of, to come or strike against: suitable, capable. Of a neuter signification place.) To let out; to lease.

said of a ship which strikes against another are durable, cquable, conforınable. All these Ablocation (ab-lo-ka'shon), n. A letting to while one or both are in motion.-To lay are from verbal bases, but there are others hire.

aboard, to board. Shak.

- To get aboard, to derived from nouns, such as actionable, Abloom (a-blöm'), a. (Prefix a, and bloom} get foul of, as a ship.- Aboard main tack, objectionable, peaceable, saleable, service In a blooming state: not used attributively. an order to draw one of the lower corners able. As to when -able and when -ible is to Eliot Warburton.

of the main sail down to the chess-tree.

One who ab




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Aboard (a-börd'), prep. 1. On board; into. as, the abolition of laws, decrees, ordinances, from, and Fr. bord, edge, shore: lit. from the

We left this place, and were again conveyed rites, customs, debts, &c. : seldom applied bank or shore; hence, astray.) At a loss.
aboard our ship.
Fuldings to physical objects.

2. [In this sense perhaps from Fr, à bord, to For the amalgamation of races, and for the aboli That how t'acquit themselves unto the Lord
(the opposite) bank.} From shore to shore;

tion of villenage, she (Britain) is chiefly indebted to They were in doubt, and fatly set abord. Spenser,

the influence which the priesthood in the middle ages across; athwart.

exercised over the laity.

Macaulay. Aboral (ab-o'ral), a. (L. ab, from, and 08,
Nor iron bands aboard
Abolitionism (ab'o-li"shon-izm), n. The

oris, a mouth.] In anat, situated away
The Pontic sea by their huge navy cast. Spenser.
principles of an abolitionist.

from or at the opposite extremity from the Aboardt (a-bord'), n. [Fr. abord, approach, Abolitionist (ab-o-li'shon-ist), n. A person

mouth; as, the aboral end.
address.) Approach.
who favours the abolition of anything: ap-

Abord t (a-bord'), n. (Fr. See BORDER. }
He, at the first aboard of a stranger, would frame plied especially to those who favoured the

1. Arrival; approach. - 2. Manner of accosta right apprehension of him. Sir K. Digby. abolition of slavery in the United States.

ing; address; salutation. Abococked, t n. (See ABACOT.) A cap of Abolla (a-bol'a), n. (L.) In Rom. antiq. a Your abord, I must tell you, was too cold and uni. cloak of thick woollen stuff worn by soldiers,

form. state; an abacot.

Chesterfield His high cap of estate, called abococked, garnished and thus opposed to the toga. It was also Abordt (a-bord'), v. t. (Fr. aborder.] To apwith two rich crowns,.

presented to Kyng worn by philosophers, especially by the proach; to accost. Edward at York.

Stoic philosophers, who wished to affect Aboriginal (ab'o-rij"in-al), a. [L. ab, from, Abodancet (a-bõd'ans), n. [From abode, to

and origo, origin. See ORIGIN.) First; ori. forebode.) An omen. Verbum valde omi

ginal; as, aboriginal people are the first natum, an ill abodance.' Dr. Jackson.

inhabitants of a country. Abode (a-bód), pret. of abide.

It was soon made manifest .. that a people Abode (a-böd'), n. (See ABIDE.) 1.1 Stay;

inferior to none existing in the world had been formed continuance in a place; residence for a

by the mixture of three branches of the great Teu. longer or shorter time. Fled away with

tonic family with each other, and with the aboriginal Britons.

Macaulay. out abode.' Spenser.-2. A place of continuance; a dwelling; a habitation.-To make

Aboriginal (ab-o-rij'in-al), n. An original abode, to dwell or reside.--Syn. Stay, con

inhabitant; one of those found in a country

at the time of the earliest known settletinuance, residence, dwelling, habitation, domicile.

ment. Abodet (a-bod'), n. [See BODE.) An omen;

Aboriginally (ab'o-rij"in-al-li), adv. In or a prognostication.

at first origin; originally; from the very first. High-thundering Juno's husband stirs my spirit with

There are hardly any domestic races ... which true abodes.

have not been ranked . as the descendants of Chapman.

aboriginally distinct species.

Darwin. Abodet (a-bód'), v.t. (See BODE.) To foreshow; to prognosticate; to forebode.

Ab origine (ab õ-rij'i-nē). (L.) From the This tempest

origin or beginning.
Dashing the garment of this peace, aboded

Aborigines (ab-o-rij’in-ēz), n. pl., (L., ap-
The sudden breach on 't.

plied specially to the aboriginal inhabitants Abodet (a-bõd'), v.i. To be an omen; to fore

of Latium, the ancestors of the Roman bode. This abodes sadly.' Dr. H. More.

people. See ABORIGINAL.] 1. The primiAbodementt (a-bõd'ment), n. [From abode,

Romans wearing the Abolla.

tive inhabitants of a country; those found to forebode.) A secret anticipation of some

in a country at the time of the earliest thing future; prognostication; omen.

great austerity of life; whence Juvenal's known settlement. -2. The original fauna Tush! man, abodements must not now affright us.

expression facinus majoris abollæ, a crime and flora of a geographical area.

Shak. of a deep philosopher. The form and mode Aborsementt (a-bors'ment), n. (See ABORT.] Abodingt (a-bõd'ing), n. Presentiment;

of wearing it are seen in the figures annexed. Abortion. Bp. Hall.
prognostication; foreboding. 'Strange omi Aboma (a-boʻma), n. A large species of ser Aborsivet (a-borʻsiv). Same as Abortive.
nous abodings and fears.' Bp. Bull.

pent (Boa Aboma) which inhabits the fens Goodrich.
Aboletet (ab-o-lēt), a. (From L. abolesco, Abomasus, Abomasum (ab-o-ma'sus, ab-ā;
and morasses of South America.

Abort (a-bort), v.i. [L. aborior, abortus, to to decay, to grow out of use.) Old; obsolete.

miscarry. See ABORTION.) 1. To miscarry Abolish (a-bolish), v.t. (Fr. abolir; L. abo

ma'sum), n. [Prefix ab, from, and omasum.] in giving birth. Lord Herbert. -2. To belere, to annul, abolish-ab, from, and oleo,

The fourth stomach of ruminating animals, come aborted; to appear in a rudimentary
olesco, to grow. For term. -ish, see - ISH.) To
lying next to the omasum or third stomach. or undeveloped state; as, organs liable to

do away with; to put an end to; to destroy; Abominable (a-bom'in-a-bl), a. (See ABO-
to efface or obliterate; to make void; to

MINATE.) 1. Deserving or liable to be abo Abort + (a-bort'), n. An abortion Burton. annul; to cancel; to annihilate; to put out

minated; detestable; loathsome; odious to Aborted (a-borted), p. and a. 1. Brought of existence; as, to abolish laws, customs,

the mind; offensive to the senses: in collo. forth before its time.-2. Imperfectly develor institutions; to abolish slavery; to abolish

quial language especially it often means oped; incapable of discharging its functions. idols, Isa. ii. 18; to abolish death, 2 Tim. little more than excessive, extreme, annoy

Although the eyes of the Cirripeds are more or less i. 10. ingly great; as his self-conceit is abominable.

aborted in their mature state, they retain sufficient Or wilt thou thyself

This infernal pit, abominable, accursed. Milton, susceptibility of light to excite retraction of the cirri.
Abolish thy creation, and unmake
For him what for thy glory thou hast made.
2. Excellent; superior.

Abortient (a-bor'shi-ent), a. [L. See
Millon. His short-winded farmer i' the country is wondrous ABORTION.) In bot. sterile; barren.
His quick instinctive hand
wealthy, a most abominable farmer, and therefore

Abortion (a - bor'shon), n. [L. abortio,
Caught at the hilt as to abolisk him. Tennyson,

he may do it in time.


a miscarriage - ab, and orior, ortus, to -- Abolish, Repeal, Abrogate, Annul. Abol3. Numerous; large. See BOMINABLE. —

arise, spring from. See ORIENT.] 1. The ish, to put an end to, to do away with any

SYN. Loathsome, detestable, execrable, odi act of miscarrying, or producing young thing actually existing: applied especially Abominableness (a-bom'in-a-bl-nes), n. ous, hateful, revolting.

before the natural time, or before the to institutions or customs; repeal, to set

fetus is perfectly formed; specifically, the aside a former legislative act by a later one; The quality or state of being abominable,

expulsion of the human fetus after the abrogate, to abolish summarily, as by royal Abominably (a-bom'in-a-bli), ado. Ioan detestable, or odious.

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sixth week, and before the sixth month, will or authority; annul, to make void or

of pregnancy. Before the sixth week it is a no longer of any effect, especially applied abominable manner or degree; execrably;

miscarriage; after the sixth month, premato contracts, agreements, and the like. detestably; sinfully: sometimes equivalent

ture labour. - Criminal abortion, premediFor us to abolish what he hath established, were

merely to excessively or disagreeably; as, tated or intentional abortion procured by presumption most intolerable.

he is abominably vain.

artificial means, and solely for the purpose I could not be sorry to find them mistaken in the

Abominate (a-bom'in-át), v.t. pret. & pp. of preventing the birth of a living child; point they have most at heart, by the repeal of the abominated; ppr. abominating. (L. abomin

feticide.-2. The product of untimely birth; Swift. or, abominatus, to deprecate, as of ill omen

hence, a misshapen being; a monster. Whose laws, like those of the Medes and Persians, --ab, from, and omen, an omen (which see). ]

3. Any fruit or produce that does not come they cannot alter or abrogate. Burke, To hate extremely; to abhor; to detest.

to maturity; hence, frequently in a figuraTell me not of your engagements and promises to (We) do abhor, abominale, and loathe this cruelty, another; your promises are sins of inconsideration

tive sense, anything which fails in its pro

Southern. at best ; and you are bound to repent and annul Abomination (a-bom'in-ā"shon), ?..

1. The

gress before it is matured or perfect, as a Swift.

design or project. — 4. In bot. and zool. the act of abominating or state of being abomiSYN. To end, destroy, do away, set aside,

absence or incomplete development of an
nated; extreme hatred; detestation.
revoke, abrogate, annul, repeal, cancel,

organ in relation to a typical form.
Who have nothing in so great abomination as

Abortive (a-bort'iv), a. 1. Brought forth in those they hold for heretics.

Abolishable (a-bol'ish-a-bl), a. Capable of

an immature state; rudimentary; imper-
2. That which is abominated or abominable;
being abolished, annulled, abrogated, or de.

fectly formed or developed, as an animal or hence, hateful or shameful vice; an act of stroyed, as a law, rite, custom, &c.

vegetable production.
gross wickedness.

Abortive as the first-born bloom of spring,
hope is but deferred; not abolished,
not aboliskable,

Every shepherd is an abomination to the Egyp-

Nipped with the lagging rear of winter's frost. Millon. tians.

Gen. xlvi. 34.
Abolisher (a-bol'ish-ér), n. One who or that

Ashtaroth, the abomination of the Sidonians. Hence-2. Not brought to completion or to

2 Ki. xxiii. 13. which abolishes.

a successful issue; failing; miscarrying; The adulterous Antony most large in his abomi. Abolishment (a-bol'ish-ment), 17. The act


coming to nought; as, an abortive scheme. of abolishing or putting an end to: abroga

3. Producing nothing (or perhaps bringing tion; destruction. (Now rare.) Syn. Detestation, loathing, disgust, aver

to nothing).
sion, loathsomeness, odiousness.

The void profound
He should think the abolishment of Episcopacy Abominet (a-bom'in), v.t.

Abominate. I

Of unessential night receives him next, among us would prove a mighty scandal. Swift. abomine 'em.' Swift.

Wide-gaping; and with utter loss of heing.

Threatens him, plunged in that abortive gulf. Milton. Abolition (ah-o-ll'shon), n. The act of abo- Aboon (a-bün'), prep. or adv. Above. (Scotlishing, or the state of being abolished ; an land and north of England.] See ABUNE. 4. In med. producing or intended to produce annulling; abrogation: utter destruction; Aboord, t Abordt (a-bõrd'), adv. [Prefix a, abortion; as, abortive medicines.-5. Pertain





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Abranchiata (a-brangki-a"ta), 7. pl. 1. Same as Abronchia (which see). —2. The name applied to those vertebrates—mammals

, birds, sad reptiles-whose young have at no time will such as batrachia and fish possess. Abranchiate (a-brang ki-át), a. Devoid of Abrasas (ab-ra-saks), 2. Same as Abraxas. Abrase (a-briz), 4. (See ABRADE) Made clean by rubbing. 'A nymph as pure and simple as the sonle or as an abrase table.' jensen Abrasion (ab-rä'zhon), f. [L abrasio-ab and mado. See ABRADE.) 1 The act of anding; the act of wearing or rubbing off er doen, as by friction or attrition; specifically

, in geol the wearing or rubbing away of meks by icebergs or glaciers, by currents of water laden with sand, shingle, &c., by hown sand, or other means.-2. The substance worn off by attrition. Berkeley.

In surg. (a) a superficial lesion of the skin by the partial removal of the cuticle. (6) A very superficial ulcer or excoriation of the intestinal mucous membrane. Abraom (ab'ram), P [G.) Red ochre, used by cabinet-makers to give a red colour to Abraras (ab-raks'as), T. (The Greek letters 4,6,8,4,3, 4, 8 (4,876, c. £, 2,s) as numerals reas 35.

) 1. A word denoting a power which presides over 365 others, the number 4 days in a year; and used as a mystical fem to express the supreme God, under

Dat mahogany

they appear.

ing to abortion; as, abortive vellum, made of sense of go to work; set about it. • About! tained letters, the last letter being omitted the skin of an abortive calf. - 6. Deformed; my brains.' Shak.-- To bring about, to cause each time until only one letter remained, monstrous. (Rare.)

to happen; to be chief agent in producing; Thou elvish-marked, abortive, rooting hag!

to effect or accomplish. - To come about, to A B RA с D A B RA Thou that wast sealed in thy nativity come to pass; to happen.To go about, (a) A B R А с

A The slave of nature and the son of hell! Shak. lit. to take a circuitous route; hence, to



Abortive (a-bort'iv), n. 1. That which is pro devise roundabout or secret methods of ac-


duced prematurely; an abortion;a monstrous complishing anything; to contrive; to pre-
birth. Abortives, presages, and tongues of pare; to seek the means.

A B R CAD heaven.' Shak.-2. A drug causing or thought Why go ye about to kill me?


Jn. vii. 19.

CA to cause abortion.

A (6) Naut. to change the course; to go on the


с Abortively (a-bort'iv-li), adv. In an abortive other tack: said of a ship.- Ready about,

A B R A manner; immaturely; in an untimely manner. about ship, are orders for tacking.Turn

R If abortively poor inan must die,

about, week about, &c., alternately, on each Nor reach what reach he might, why die in dread?

А в
alternate week, and the like.

Abortiveness (a-bort'iv-nes), n. The state of A woman or two, and three or four undertaker's
being abortive; a failing in the progress to

had charge of the remains, which they

and worn as an amulet, it was supposed to watched turn about.

Thackeray. perfection or maturity; a failure of producing

be an antidote against certain diseases. the intended effect. Abouten,t prep, About. Chaucer.

Mr. Banester saith that he healed 200 in one year Abortment + (a-bortment), n. An untimely About-sledge (a-bout'slej), n. The largest

of an ague by hanging abracadabra about their birth; an undeveloped fetus. The earth

hammer employed by smiths.

It is slung

necks, and would stanch blood, or heal the toothake, in whose womb those deserted mineral round near the extremity of the handle,

although the partyes were no myle of.

MS. in Brit. Muselem. riches must ever lie buried as lost abortand generally used by under workmen, called

Abracalam (ab-rak'a-lam), 11. [See ABRA-
ments.' Bacon.

CADABRA.] A cabalistic word which served
Abote,t pp. of abate. Dejected; cast down. Above (a-buv), prep. (A. Sax. abufan, above.
A triple compound of a, on, at, be, by, and

as a charm amongst the Jews.

Abradant (a-brād'ant), n. [See ABRADE) Abought, t pp. of abye. (See ABY.] Endured; ufa or ufan, high, upwards. The same root

A material for grinding, usually in powder, atoned for; paid dearly for. Chaucer. appears in A. Sax. ofer, E. over, Goth. ufar,

such as emery, sand, glass, &c. Abou-hannes (ab'ö-han'nēz), n. ['Father G. auf, Icel. of, D. booven (be-ov-en), and in

Abrade (a-brād), v.t. pret. & pp. abraded;
John.') The name given by the Arabs to
L. super, Gr. hyper, Skr. upari, above.]

ppr. abrading. (L. abrado, to scrape off
the true Egyptian ibis, the Tbis religiosa.
1. In or to a higher place.

-- ab, away, and rado, to scrape, whence Written also Abu-hannes. See IBIS.

The fowls that fly above the earth.

Gen. i. 20.

raze, razor, &c.) To rub or wear down; to Abound (a-bound), v.i. (Fr. abonder, from 2. Superior in any respect: often, in a moral rub or scrape off; to detach particles from L. abundare, to overflow-ab, and unda, sense, too high for, as too high in dignity or the surface of by friction; as, glaciers abrade a wave.] 1. To be in great plenty; to be fancied dignity; too elevated in character; the rocks over which they pass; to abrade very prevalent.

as, this man is above his business, above the prominences of a surface. Where sin abounded, grace did much more abound. mean actions.-3. More in number or quan Abraded (a-brād'ed), p. and a. In geol. ap

Rom. v. 20. tity than; as, the weight is above a ton. 2. To have or possess in great quantity; to

plied to surfaces of rocks denuded, striated, He was seen by above five hundred brethren at once. be copiously supplied : followed by with

worn, and polished by icebergs or glaciers

1 Cor. xv. 6. or in; as, to abound with provisions; to 4. More in degree than; in a greater degree

passing over them, by currents of water abound in good things.

carrying gravel or fragments of rock, by the than; beyond; in excess of.

action of blown sand, &c. Aboundance t (a-bound'ans), n. Old form

Thou (the serpent) art cursed above all cattle. Abrahamic (á-bra-ham'ik), a. Pertaining of Abundance. Time's Storehouse.

Gen. üi. 14.

to Abraham, the patriarch; as, Abrahamic Abounding (a-bound'ing), n. State of being God ... will not suffer you to be tempted above

covenant. abundant; abundance; increase. South. that ye are able.

1 Cor. x. 13. Above the bounds of reason.

1. One of a

Abrahamite (a'bra-ham-it), n. About (a-bout'), prep. [A. Sax. abutan,


sect of Bohemian deists, which sprang up onbutan, ymbutan, embutan, about, around -Above all, above or before everything else; -prefixes a, on, ymb, or emb, round about, before every other consideration; in prefer

in 1782, professing to hold the faith of Ab

raham. They denied the divinity of Christ, and butan, without. See BUT.] 1. Around; ence to all other things.-Above the rest, on the outside or surface of; in a circle sur especially; particularly; as, one night above

and accepted nothing of the Bible save the the rest. - Above the world, above considering

Lord's Prayer.-2. One of a sect of Syrian rounding; round; as, two yards about the

deists of the ninth century. what people say; also holding a secure posi- Abrahamitical (ābra-ham-it’ik-a!), a: Restem. Bind them about thy neck. Prov. iii. 3; Is. 1. 11. tion in life; having one's fortune made.

whom the Basilidians supposed 365 dependent deities. It was the principle of the Gastic hierarchy, whence sprang their multitude of mons. –2 In antiq. a gem or stone, with the word abrazas engraven on it. 3 A genus of lepidopterous insects, containing the large magpie-moth (Abraxas grosralariata), the larvæ of which are very destructive to our gooseberry and currant arabes

, consuming their leaves as soon as Abrayt (ab-ra), c.i. (As a present tense or inanitive this is a corrupt form. See ABRAD] To awake.

But when as I did out of sleep abray.
1 bound ber not where I left hier wbyleare.

Abrazite (ab'ra-zit), th [Gr. &, neg.,
brazi, w bubble.] A mineral that does not
efcaveste when melted before the blow.
Abrazitic (ab-ra-zit'ik), a. In mineral, not
Herrescing when melted before the blow-
Abread, Abreed (-brēd'), adv. Abroad.
Burne, (Scotch.] Spelled also Abraid.
Abreast (a-brest")

[merged small][graphic][graphic]

ng way, or state of being seized

Wie i witer.-2. In masonry, the joint

lating to Abraham or to the Abrahamites. Hence - 2. Near to in place, time, size, With such an income as that he should be above the world, as the saying is.

Abraham-man (ā'bra-ham-man), n. 1. Orinumber, quantity, &c.

A. Trollope.

ginally, one of a set of mendicant lunatics Get you up from about the tabernacle. Num. xvi. 24. Above (a-buv), .adv. 1. In or to a higher from Bethlehem Hospital, London. The He went out about the third hour.

Mat. xxi. 3. place; overhead: often, in a special sense,
There fell that day about three thousand men.

wards in the ancient Bedlam bore distinc-
(a) in or to the celestial regions; in heaven.
Ex. xxxii. 28.

tive names, as of some saint or patriarch. 3. Over or upon different parts of; here and And winds shall waft it to the powers above. Pope.

That named after Abraham was devoted to there in; backwards and forwards in various (6) Upstairs.

a class of lunatics who on certain days were directions in; throughout.

My maid's aunt has a gown above. Shak.

permitted to go out begging. They bore a Where lies the pain? All about the breast? Shak. 2. Higher in rank or power; as, the courts

badge, and were known as Abraham-men. 4. Near to the person; carried by or appended above. —3. Before, in rank ororder, especially

Many, however, assumed the badge without to the clothes; as, everything about him is in a book or writing; as, from what has been

right, and begged, feigning lunacy. Hence in order, said above.-4. Besides: in the expression over

the more received meaning came to be You have not the Book of Riddles about you, and above.

2. An impostor who wandered about the have you?

And stand indebted, over and above,

country seeking alms, under pretence of
In love and service to you evermore.

lunacy. - To sham Abraham, to feign sick5. Near to in action, or near to the perform


ness. ance of some act; on the point of. [Shakspere has more above in the saine

Matthew, sceptic and scoffer, had failed to sub-
Paul was about to open his mouth. Acts xviii. 14.

sense :
This, in obedience, hath my daughter shown me,

scribe a prompt belief in that pain about

the heart;

he had muttered some words in which the phrase, Hence—6. Concerned in; engaged in; as, what And more above, hath his solicitings,

shamming Abraham,' had been very distinctly is he about?

All given to mine ear.]


Charlotte Brontt. I must be about my Father's business. Luke ii. 49. Above is often used elliptically as a noun, Abraid + (a-brād), v.i. [A. Sax. abredan, 7. Concerning; relating to; respecting; on meaning (1) heaven. 'Every good gift and abregdan-prefix a, and A. Sax, bregdan, account of To treat about thy ransom. every perfect gift is from above.' Jam. i. 17. to move, turn, braid, or weave, from a stem Milton. "He is mad about his throwing into (2) The aforesaid; as, from the above you will the original meaning of which seems to be the water.' Shak. -- About town, frequenting learn. It is equal to an adjective in such that of starting or quick movement, as in the town, especially London.- A man about phrases as, the above particulars, in which O.E. braide, to awake, to cry out suddenly, town, one who frequents fashionable resorts, cited or mentioned is understood.

to scold (whence upbraid); A. Sax. bregd. especially in London.

Above-board (a-buv'bord), adv. In open Icel. bragth, a quick movement, a trick, deAbout (a-bout), adv. 1. Around the outside; sight; without tricks or disguise; as, an

ceit. See BRAID, a.] To awake; to start in circuit; in a circle; círcularly; as, the tree honest man deals above-board.

was six feet about.
Lovers in this age have too much honour to do Abraidt (a-brād'), v. t.

To rouse; to awake.
Prithee, do not turn me about; my stomach is not anything underhand; they do all above-board. Spenser.

(A figurative expression, said to have ori.

Abramis (ab'ra-mis), n. [Greek name of a 2. By a circuitous route. To wheel three or

fish found in the Nile and Mediterranean, ginated in the fact that gamesters, when four miles about.' Shak.-3. On all sides; changing their cards, put their hands under

perhaps a bream.] A genus of fresh-water around. And all about found desolate.' the table.)

malacopterygian fishes, family Cyprinida, Milton.-4. Near to in number, time, place, Above-deck (n-buv'dek), adv. or a. 1. Upon

containing the common bream (Abramis quality or degree; as, about as high, or as deck; as, the above-deck cargo. - 2. F'iy.

brama). There are two other rare British cold.-5. On the point of: with to before without artifice; as, his dealings are all

species, A. blicca(the white bream or bream a verb. [In this sense about may also be above-deck. (Colloq.]

flat) and A. Buggenhagii (the Pomeranian regarded as a preposition. See ABOUT, Above-ground (a-buv ground), adv. Alive ; Abranchia (a-brang-ki-a), 11. pl. Grof prep., 5.)

not buried. Beauty and youth about to perish, finds I'll have 'em, an they lie above-ground. Beau & FI,

without, and branchia, gills.] An order of Such noble pity in brave English minds. Waller,

Annelida without gills or branchia, but re6. Here and there; around: in one place and Abovo (ab óvo). (L.] From the beginning. Abracadabra (ab'ra-ka-dab"ra), n. [Appar

spiring through the whole surface of the another; in different directions. ently related to Abracalam. )" A word of

skin, as the earthworm; or by internal cavi

ties, as the leech. Wandering abord from house to house, 1 Tim. v. 13.

eastern origin used in incantations. When Abranchian (a-brang'ki-an), n. 7. Sometimes used as an imperative with the written on paper as many times as it con order Abranchia. Fåte, fär, fat, fall; mē, met, hér: pine, pin: nõte, not, move; tübe, tuh, bull; oil, pound: i. Sc. abune;

y, Sc. fey.

, adv. (Prefix a, on or at, and breast.] 1. Side by side, with the breasts in a line. The riders rode abreast.' Dryden2 Naut

. lying side by side with Das equally advanced; also, when used to mark the situation of vessels in regard to ther objects, opposite, over against, lying w that the objects are on a line with the

bean: with of Tie Beina

kept too close to the starboard Shal, and grounded abreast of the outer ship of the

Southey. 1 Big up to a certain degree or pitch; up wa certain level; as, to keep abreast of the present state of science.-4. At the same theme; simultaneously.

ébren t therewith began a convocation. Fuller. Abrede, odn. Abroad. Chaucer. Abrenouncet (ab're nouns), v.t. Prefix ab, and remote. To renounce absolutely. Vedat pain of the pope's curse...

cither to abre a bat ires or their livings

Foxe Book of Martyrs.
Abrenunciation (ab'rë-nun-si-"shon), 11.

Benunciativa; absolute denial
wariation of that truth which he so long

al porened' Fuller
Arreption (ab-rep'shon), 1. [L abripio,
trestan, to match away from-ab, from,

nad rayio, raptun, to snatch. See RAVISH.

'An ab.

Altre voir (abri-rwor), . [Fr. abreuvoir, Watering place, from abreuver, O. Fr. Here to water; It abbeverare; L. L abepure

, shebore, from L ad, indicating firmation, and bibo, to drink.] 1. A recep. treenitonta to be filled with mortar. Abricolet (ob'ri-kok), n, Same as Apricot Arbusti aliti-kort), n Same as Apricot. Abridge (abril), tak pret. & pp. abridged; Die diridring. Thr abriger, trom L abbreSalar

One of the

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