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ALLOWANCE

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ALMANAC

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tries and ports, the chief of which is called SYN. To hint, refer, suggest, intimate, glance addition has been gradual and imperceptible
tare,
at, advert to.

the owner of the land thus augmented has Allowance (al-lou'ans), v.t. To put upon Alludet (al-lūd'), v.t. To compare.

a right to the alluvial earth; but if the adallowance; to restrain or limit to a certain

To free myselfe from the imputation of partiality,

dition has been sudden and considerable, amount of money or stated quantity of pro I'le at last allside her to a waterman. Fohi Taylor. by the law of England the alluvion is the visions or drink; as, distress compelled the Allumée (al-lum-ē' or al-lum-a). In her. ap

property of the crown, while by the law of captain of the ship to allowance his crew. plied to the eyes of a bear or other beast,

Scotland it remains the property of the perAllowedly (al-lou'ed-li), adv. Admittedly. when they are drawn red and sparkling.

son of whose lands it originally formed part. Lord Lyttleton is allowedly the author of these Allumette (al-ly-met), n. [Fr.] A match Aluvious (al-lū'vi-us), a. The same as Aldialogues. Shenstone. for lighting candles, lamps, &c.

luvial. (Rare.] Allower (al-lou'èr), ». One who allows, per Alluminatet (al-lū'min-át), v.t. To colour; Alluviụm (al-lu'vi-um), 17. [L. alluvio, almits, grants, or authorizes. to embellish.

luvionis, an inundation, alluvius, alluvialAlloxan (al-loks'an), n. (C,H,N041) One of Alluminor t (al-lū’min-or), n. (Fr. enlumi

ad, to, and luo = Gr. louo, L. lavo, to wash. the products of the decomposition of uric neur. See LIMN.] One who anciently illu

Stem seen also in deluge, lave, lotion, dilute, acid by nitric acid. When treated with al minated manuscripts; an illuminator.

&c.) In geol, and phys. geog. a deposit colkalies it produces alloxanic acid, the salts Allurancet (al-Iūr'ans), n. Allurement.

lected by means of the action of water, such of which are termed alloxanates. Allure (al-lūr), v. t. pret. & pp. allured; ppr.

as are found in valleys and plains, consistAlloxanate (al-loks'an-át), n. A salt formed alluring. (Prefix al for ad, to, and lure, Fr.

ing of gravel, loam, clay, or other earths

washed down from the mountains or high by the union of alloxanic acid and a base.

leurrer, to decoy. See LURE.) To tempt by Aloxanic (al-loks-an'ik), a. Pertaining to the offer of some good, real or apparent;

grounds. Great alterations in the limits of or produced by alloxan; as, alloxanic acid. to invite by something flattering or accept

countries are produced by alluvial deposits Alloxantin (al-loks-an'tin), n. (CH.N 07+ able; to draw or try to draw by some pro

along the sea-shores, the banks of rivers or 3 H,0.) A white crystalline substance ob posed pleasure or advantage; as, rewards

at their mouths, forming deltas, valley-bottained when alloxan is brought into contact allure men to brave danger. Allured to

toms (straths), &c. with zinc and hydrochloric acid, with chlo brighter worlds, and led the way.' Gold Ally (al-li'), v.t. pret. & pp. allied; ppr, allyride of zinc, or sulphuretted hydrogen. smith.-Allure, Entice, Decoy. Allure, to

ing. [Fr. allier, to join, to unite; reciprocal Oxidizing agents reconvert this substance attract by a lure or bait, to lead aside or

verb s'allier, to confederate or become allied, into alloxan. Called also Uroxin. onwards by practising upon one's love of

-al for ad, to, and lier, to tie or unite; L. Alloy (al-loi), n. (Fr, aloi, legal standard of pleasure or hope of gain; entice, to seduce

ligo, to bind.] 1. To unite by marriage, coin-à, according to, and loi, law, from L. by flattering promises or fair speech, by

treaty, league, or confederacy; to connect lex, legis, law. In O.Fr. loi had the mean stirring up feelings within us; decoy, to lead

by formal agreement: generally used in pas

sive or with reflexive pronouns.--2. To bind ing of standard alloy for coin, as Sp. ley has

into a spare by artifice or by false appear. still.] 1. A baser metal mixed with a finer; ances; to deceitfully lead into danger.

together; to connect, as by similitude, rethe cheapest metal of a mixture. -- 2. A SYN, To attract, entice, tempt, decoy, se

semblance, or friendship. mixture of different metals; any metallic duce.

Wants, frailties, passions, closer still ally

The common interests, or endear the tic. Pope. compound. Alloys of metallic substances Alluret (al-lūr'), n. Something set up to are either natural or artificial; but those entice; a lure. Sir J. Hayward.

Ally (al-li'), v.i. To be closely united. which are artificial are by far the most im- | Allurement (al-lūr'ment), n. The act of Ally (al-li'), n. A prince or state united by portant. By far the greater number of the alluring, or that which allures; any real or

treaty or league; a confederate; one related metals may be alloyed together in varying apparent good held forth or operating as a

by marriage or other tie: seldom applied proportions. Some of the alloys, however,

motive to action; temptation; enticement; now to individuals, except to princes in their form definite chemical compounds. When as, the allurements of pleasure or of honour.

public capacity. mercury is one of the component parts the Adam, by his wife's allurement, fell. Milton.

The foe, the victim, and the fond ally

That fights for all, but ever fights in vain. Byron. alloy is called an amalgam.-3. Fig. evil Allurer (al-lür'er), n, One who, or that

You must talk much of your kindred and allies mixed with good; as, no happiness is withwhich, allures.

(acquaintance).

B. Jonson, out alloy.

Money, the sweet allurer of our hopes, Alloy (al-loi), v.t. 1. To reduce the purity

Allyl (allil), n. (CH..) A radicle which can

Ebbs out in oceans, and comes in by drops. not exist in the free state. At the moment of a metal by mixing with it a portion of

Dryden.

of its liberation two molecules combine one less valuable; as, to alloy gold with | Alluring (al-lūring), a. Inviting; having silver, or silver with copper. -2. To reduce,

together to form diallyl (2 C,H, or C.H.). the quality of attracting or tempting. 'Each abate, or impair by mixture; as, to alloy flatt'ring hope, and each alluring joy.' Lord

Diallyl is a pungent ethereal liquid. The

hydrate of this substance is called allyl alpleasure with misfortunes. Lyttleton.

cohol (C,H,0) Alloyage (al-loi'āj), n. 1. The act of alloy. | Alluringly (al-lür'ing-li), adv. In an alluring metals, or the mixture of a baser metal ing manner; enticingly.

Allylamine (al-lil'a-min), n. A mobile liquid with a finer, to reduce its purity; the act of Alluringness (al-lurring-nes), n.

having a sharp burning taste, produced by

the action of potash on allyl cyanate. It may mixing metals.-2. A mixture of different lity of alluring or tempting by the prospect

be regarded as ammonia in which one hymetals, an alloy.

of some advantage or pleasure.
All-saints'-day (al'sānts-dā), n. All-Hal- | Allusion (al-lū'zhon), n. (L. allusio.

See
drogen atom is replaced by allyl (NH,C2H5).

A gaseous hydrocarlowmas or Hallowmas, a festival of the ALLUDE.) A reference to something not Allylene (al'lil-én), n.

bon(CH), standing in the same relation to Roman Catholic Church, instituted by Pope explicitly mentioned; an indirect or inciGregory IV., in 835, and dedicated to all dental suggestion of something supposed to

allyl(CH) as ethylene (CH) to ethyl(CH3).

Almacantar (al-ma-kan'tär), n. See ALMU. the saints in general, on account of the im be known; a reference by a speaker to some

CANTAR possibility of allotting a day to each saint. striking incident or passage which serves to Almadie, Almady (al' ma-di), n. (Fr. al. It is celebrated on the 1st November, this illustrate the subject on hand; a hint; as, a

madie; Sp. almadia, from Ar. al-madiyat, a day being chosen because it was one of the classical allusion.

raft.) A boat used in India, about 80 feet four great heathen festivals of the northern

The great art of a writer shows itself in the choice

long and 6 or 7 broad, shaped like a shuttle; nations, the policy of the early Church of pleasing allusions,

Addison.

also, a small African canoe, made of the being, not so much directly to oppose

bark of trees. Some of the larger squarepaganism in many respects, as to supplant Allusive (al-lù'siv), a. Having reference to

something not fully expressed; containing sterned negro boats are also thus desigit by giving a Christian character to its ob

allusions. An unsatisfactory series of hasty nated. servances.

and allusive sketches.' Sir E. Creasy. Almagest (al'ma-jest), n. (A hybrid word All-seed (al'sēd), n. A name applied to two

composed of Ar. al, the, and Gr. magiste very different British plants, the one Poly. Allusively (al-lū'siv-li), adv. In an allusive

manner; by way of allusion; by implication, (biblos), greatest book.) A book or collection carpon tetraphyllum, a small plant found

remote suggestion, or insinuation. Ham of problems in astronomy and geometry, in the south-west of England, the other mond.

drawn up by Ptolemy, and so named by the Chenopodium polyspermum, found in waste

Allusiveness (al-lū'siv-nes), n. The quality Arabs because it was reckoned the greatest places.

of being allusive. "The multifarious allu and most complete on the subjects. The All-sorts (al'sorts), n. A term used in

siveness of the prophetical style.' Dr. H. same title has been given to other works of taverns or beer-shops to denote a beverage More.

a like kind. composed of left drops of liquor of various

Allusory (al-lü'so-rí), a. Allusive. “Express | Almagra (al-ma'gra), n. [Sp., from Ar. aldescriptions mixed together. - All sorts of,

sions figurative and allusory.' War. maghrat, red clay or earth.) A fine deep a low term used in the Southern States of burton.

red ochre, with an admixture of purple, America for acute, capital, excellent; as, all Alluvial (al-Jū'vi-al), a. (See ALLUVIUM.) used in India for staining the person. Somesorts of a fellow.

Almena

The qua

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Pertaining to or having the character of times used as a paint, and for polishing All-souls'-day (al'sõlz-dā), n. The 20 NO

alluvium; deposited or thrown up by the silver and glass, under the name of Indian vember, a festival in the Roman Catholic

action of waves or currents of water; as, red. Church, when prayers are publicly offered

alluvial deposits; alluvial soil. - Alluvial Almain-rivet. See ALMAYNE-RIVET. up for the release of souls from purgatory:

formations, in geol. recent deposits in Alma Mater (alma má'ter). [L., benign All-spice (al'spis), n. The fruit of Eugenia

valleys or in plains of the detritus of the mother, fostering mother.) An epithet first Pimenta, a tree of the West Indies; a spice

neighbouring mountains, brought down given to the earth as the mother of all; then of a mildly pungent taste, and agreeably

chiefly by the action of water. Most of our applied by students to the university where aromatic. Its odour and flavour are sup

river-plains-the haughs, carses, and straths they have been trained. posed to combine those of cinnamon, cloves,

of Scotland, and the dales, holms, and fens Alman (alman), n. Same as Almond-furand nutmeg, hence the pame. Called also

of England -are alluvial, having been de nace. Jamaica Pepper.

posited from the waters either of a river, a Almanac, Almanack (al'ma-nak), n. (Fr. Allude (al-lūd'), v.i. [L. alludo, to smile

almanach, It almanacco, Sp. almanaque, upon or make sport with-ad, and ludo, to

Ar, al-manakh, probably from a root mean. play.) To refer to something not directly Alluvion, Alluvio (al-lû'vi-on, al-Iūvi-), n.

The washing up of sand or earth so as to ing to reckon; Heb. manah.) A table, book, mentioned; to have reference; to hint at by

form new soil; the soil thus formed; allu or publication of some kind, generally an. remote suggestions.

vium: now more especially used as a legal Dual, comprising a calendar of days, weeks, These speeches

do seemn to allude unto such term, and signifying an increase of land on and months, with the times of the rising ministerial garments as were then in use. Hooker.

a shore or bank of a river by the action of of the sun and moon, changes of the moon, - Advert, Allude, Refer. See under ADVERT. water, as by a current or by waves. If the eclipses, hours of full tide, stated festivals

ZA**EEE

ALMANDINE

77

ALMUCE

of churches, stated terms of courts, &c., for emulsin, and also a bitter crystalline sub 1. The place where an almoner resides, or a certain year or years.

Almanacs owed stance called amygdalin, which, acting on where alms are distributed.-2. A receptacle their origin to astrology, and existed in the the emulsin, produces prussic acid; hence for articles; a closet; a cupboard; an ambry. East and in Egypt iu remote ages. The the aroma of bitter almonds when mixed See AMBRY. agricultural, political, and statistical infor with water. Almond-oil is expressed from Almory (al'mo-ri), n. Same as Almonry. mation which is usually contained in popu the kernels. The name almond, with a qua- Almost (almost), adv. [Au and most. In lar almanacs, though as valuable a part of lifying word prefixed, is also given to the Anglo-Saxon the two elements were written the work as any, is comparatively of modern seeds of other species of plants; thus, Java separately, thus: *All most who were predate.- Nautical almanac, an almanac pub almonds are the kernels of Canarium com sent' (Sax, Chron.). We now use a duplicalished annually by the British government, mune.-2. In lapidary work, a piece of rock tion, almost all who were present. ] Nearly; tinder the superintendence of the astrono crystal used in adorning branch candle well nigh; for the greatest part. mer-royal, and always several years in ad sticks: so called from its resemblance to the

Almost thou persuadest me to be a Christian. yance. It contains, among other things, the almond. - Almond of the throat, one of the

Acts xxvi. 28. distances of the moon from the sun and glands commonly known as tonsils.

Almryt (äm'ri), 12. Same as Almonry. fixed stars for every three hours of apparent Almond-cake (a'mund-kák), n. The cake Alms (ämz), n. (A. Sax. almes, celmesse, O.E. time, adapted to the meridian of Greenwich; left after expressing the oil from the almond.

almesse, álmes, almous, almose, &c., Sc. by comparing which with the distances Its powder is used as soap in washing the

awmous, borrowed, like G, almosen, Ice). carefully observed at sea, the mariner may hands.

almusa, Fr. aumosne, aumône, from L. readily infer his longitude to a degree of Almond-furnace (ä'mund-fér-nis), n. (Per eleemosyna, alms, from Gr. eleemosynē, pity, exactness that is found sufficient for most haps corrupted from Fr. allemand, German,

from eleco, to pity, "This English mononautical purposes.

and meaning therefore German furnace.) syllable alms has descended to us from the Almandine (alman-dīn), n. (Fr. almandine, A furnace in which the slags of litharge,

Greek and Latin word of six syllables, and L.L. alamandina, alavandina, alabandina, left in refining silver, are reduced to lead it well exemplifies the remark of Horne a gem brought from Alabanda, a city in by being heated with charcoal, which, com

Tooke that letters, like soldiers, are apt to Asia Minor.] Precious or noble garnet, a bining with the oxygen, forms carbonic acid desert and drop off in a long march." Worbeautiful mineral of a red colour, of various gas, which escapes and leaves the metal cester.] Anything given gratuitously to reshades, sometimes tinged with yellow or

lieve the poor, as money, food, or clothing; pure. blue. It is commonly translucent, some- Almondine (al'mun-din), n. Precious or

a charitable dole; charity. times transparent. It occurs crystallized in noble garnet; almandine (which see).

When thou doest alms, let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doeth,

Mat. vi. 3. the rhombic dodecahedron. See GARNET, But I would throw to them back in mine,

Enoch set himself,
Almandres, t n. An almond-tree. Chaucer. Turkis and agate and almondine, Tennyson.
Alman-rivet (al'man-riv-et), n. Same as

Scorning an alms, to work whereby to live.
Almond-oil (ä'mund-oil), n. A bland, fixed

Tennyson. Almayne-rivet. oil obtained from almonds by pressure, used

-Tenure by free alms, in England, a tenure Almayne-rivet, Almain-rivet (al-mān'

in medicine as a demulcent in catarrhal by which the possessor is bound to pray for riv'et), n. (Fr. allemayne, German.) In affections.

the soul of the donor, whether dead or alive; milit . antig. one of a series of rivets or short Almond-paste (a'mund-pāst), n. A cosmetic

frankalmoigne (which see). [This word (like pieces of metal sliding in slot-holes formed to soften the skin and prevent chaps, com

riches) is strictly a singular, but its apparin the overlapping plates of armour, so that

posed of bitter almonds, white of egg, rose ently plural form has caused it to be often the plates would yield to the motions of the water, and rectified spirit.

regarded as grammatically plural.] human body; first used by the Germans

Almond-tree (ä'mund-trē), n. A species of Alms-deed (ämz'dēd), n. An act of charity; about 1450. The term Almayne-rivets came

Amygdalus (A. communis); the tree which a charitable gift. Acts ix. 36. afterwards to be applied to suits of armour

Alms-drink (ämz'dringk), n. The leavings constructed in this manner.

of drink, such as might be given away in Alme, Almeh (al'mē), n. The name given

alms. in some parts of the East, and especially in

2d Serv. Lepidus is high-coloured. Egypt, to girls whose occupation is to amuse

IST Sero. They have made himn drink alms-drink.

Shak. company with singing and dancing, or to

Alms-fee (ämz'fē), n. Alms-mopey. sing dirges at funerals. The almehs lift

He (Edmund), toward the middle of the tenth cen. their arms in dance. Bayard Taylor.

tury, strictly commands payment of tithe, Almehrab, Almihrab (al-mā' räb, al-me'

and alms.fee.

Kemble. räb), n. (Ar. al, the, and mihrab, the pray

Alms-folk (ämz'fók), n. Persons supported ing-place in a mosque.] Same as Mihrab

by alms. (which see).

Alms-gate (ämz'gāt), n. The gate of reliAlmena (al-me'na), n. A weight of 2 lbs.,

gious or great houses, at which alms were used to weigh saffron in several parts of Asia.

distributed to the poor. Almery (al mér-i), n. Same as Almonry or

Almsgiver (ämz'giv-ér), n. One who gives Ambry.

alms. Almesse,t n. (See ALMS.) Alms.

Almsgiving (ämz'giv-ing), n. The act of Almicantarată (al-mi-kan'tär-ath), n. Same

giving alms. as Almucantar.

Alms-house (ämz'hous), n. A house approAlmightily (al-mi'ti-li), adv. In an almighty

priated for the use of the poor who are sup. manner; with almighty power. I Taylor.

Almond (Amygdalus communis).

ported by the public or by a revenue derived (Rare.)

from private endowment; a poor-house. Almightiness (al-mi'ti-nes), n. The quality produces the almond. The leaves and

Alms-man (ämz'man), n. pl. Alms-men of being almighty; omnipotence; infinite or flowers resemble those of the peach, but the

(ämz'men). i. A person supported by charity The force of his al fruit is longer and more compressed, the

or by public provision. mightine88.' Jer. Taylor. green coat is fibrous, thinner, and drier

Even bees, the little alms-men of spring bowers. Almighty (al-mi'ti), a. (All and mighty. See when ripe, and the shell is not so rugged,

Kcats. MIGHT.] 1. Possessing all power; omnipo The almond - tree is only grown in this 2. A charitable person. Becon. (Obsolete tent; being of unlimited might; being of country for the sake of its beautiful vernal and rare.] boundless sufficiency.-2. Great; extreme. flowers, which appear before the leaves, as Almucantar,t Almucantert (al-mū-kan

Poor Aroar can not live, and can not die,-so that it seldom ripens its fruit even in the south tär, al-mu-kan'tér), ?. [Ar. almuqantarat, he is in an almighty fix.

De Quincey. of England, except in unusually hot sum solar quadrant, clock--al, the, and muqan- Almighty dollar, a phrase forcibly expres mers, preceded by mild and uninterrupted

tarāt, circles parallel to sive of the power of money, first used by springs.

the horizon, from qanWashington Irving in a sketch of a 'Creole Almond -willow (ä'mund-wil-lo), n. The

tara, to bend. Mahn.] Village published in 1837. The idea of this Salix amygdalina, a British species of wil.

In astron. a small circle phrase, however, is much older than Irving's low, the leaves of which resemble those of

of the sphere parallel time, Ben Jonson's Epistle to Elizabeth, the almond-tree, being light green on both

to the horizon; a circle Countess of Rutland,'commencing thus: sides.

or parallel of altitude. Whilst that for which ait virtue now is sold, Almoner (al'mon-ér), n. (O. Fr. almosnier,

When two stars have And almost every vice, almighty gold. I'r. aumônier, L.L. almonarius, eleemosyn.

the same almucantar - The Almighty, the omnipotent God. By arius, from Gr. eleēmosynē, really the same

they have the same the Almighty, who shall bless thee.' Gen. word as E. alms. See ALMS.) A dispenser

altitude. — Almucantar xlix. 25. of alms or charity; more especially an officer

staff, an instrument Almond (ä'mund), n. (Fr. amande, Pr. who directs or carries out the distribution

having an arc of 15°, amandola, It. amandola, corrupted from of charitable doles in connection with reli

formerly used to take L. amygdala, Gr. amygdalē, an almond. gious communities, hospitals, or almshouses,

observations of the sun In G, it appears as mandel, in D. as aman or on behalf of some superior. In England

about the time of its del.) 1. The seed or kernel of Amygdalus there is a lord-almoner, or lord high-al

rising or setting, to find communis oralmond-tree, probably a native moner, an ecclesiastical officer, generally a

the amplitude and the of Barbary. The fruit is a drupe, ovoid, bishop, who formerly had the forfeiture of all

variations of the comand with downy outer surface; the fleshy deodands and the goods of self-murderers,

pass. covering is tough and fibrous; it covers the which he had to distribute to the poor. He

Almuce, Aumuce (alcompressed wrinkled stone inclosing the distributes twice a year the sovereign's

mūs, a'mus), n. (O. Fr. seed or almond within it. There are two bounty, which consists in giving a silver

almuce, aumuce, auvarieties, one sweet and the other bitter; penny each to as many poor persons as the

musse, Pr. almussa, Sp. both are produced fromA.communis, though sovereign is years of age. There is also a

Priest wearing the

almucio, a hybrid word from different varieties. The chief kinds sub-almoner, and a hereditary grand al

Almuce.--From a se.

composed of Ar. al, the, of sweet almonds are the Valentian, Jordan, moner. The office of the latter is now almost pulchral brass and the Teutopic word and Malaga. They contain a bland fixed oil, a sinecure.

seen as G. mütze, a cap, consisting chiefly of olein. Bitter almonds Almonry (almon-ri), n. [L.L. almonarium, D. mutse, Sc. mitch.) A furred hood hav. come from Magadore, and besides a fixed eleemosynarium. See ALMS. Corrupted into ing long ends hanging down the front of oil they contain an azotized substance called ambry, aumbry, or aumery. See AMBRY.) the dress, something like the stole; worn by

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the clergy from the thirteenth to the fif. Aloetic, Aloetical (al-o-et'ik, al-7-et'ik-al), Along (a-long), prep. By the length of, as teenth centuries for warmth when officiat a. Pertaining to or obtained from the aloe distinguished from across; in a longitudinal ing in the church during inclement weather. or aloes; partaking of the qualities, or con direction over; as, the troops marched along Almude (al-mūd'), n. [Pg. almude, Sp. al. sisting chiefly, of aloes.

the banks of the river, or along the highway. mud, Ar. al-muda, a dry measure; allied to Aloetic (al-ő-et'ik), n. A medicine or pre 1 Sam. vi. 12. Heb. mad, a measure.) A variable measure paration consisting chiefly of aloes.

Along (a-long') prep. (A. Sax. gelang, owing for liquids and grain in Spain and Portugal, Aloexylon, Aloexylum (al-o-eks'i-lon, al to, 0.E. ilong, and often contracted into ranging for liquids from 34 to 54 English Ö-eks'i-lum), n. (Gr. aloē, the aloe, and long (see LONG, prep.); allied to gelingan, gallons; for grain, from 34 to 11 pints. xylon, wood.] A genus of plants, nat. order to happen.), Owing to; on account of It Almug, Algum (al'mug, al'gum). n. (Heb. Leguminosæ. A. Agallochum, the only spe was formerly used with a genitive, later almuggim, algummim, translated almug or cies, a tree 60 feet high, said to grow on the with the prepositions on or of, occasionally algum trees.] In Scrip. a tree or wood of high mountains of Cochin-China, produces with. All along of the accursed gold.' unknown species. Max Müller identifies one of the two kinds of calambac, or agal Sir W. Scott. the Hebrew word with the Sanskrit valguka, lochum, a fragrant wood and resinous per I cannot tell whereon it was along, a Malabar name for sandal-wood.

fume, highly prized in the East. The wood But well I wot great strife is us among Chaucer. Alnage (al'nāj), n. (Fr. aulnage, now soft is used for inlaying in cabinet-work, and is 'Tis all along of you that I am thus haunted. ened into aunage, from O.Fr. alne, Fr. aune, highly valued, costing £30 per cwt in Su

Henry Brooke. from L. ulna, Gr. ölenē, an arm, a cubit. matra.

This preposition is now always followed by See ELL.) A measuring by the ell.

Aloft (a-loft), adv. [Prefix a, and loft; Icel. of, and its use is mainly confined to the Alnager, Alnagar (al'na-jér, al'na-gär), n. à lopt. See LOFT.) 1. On high; in the air; vulgar or uneducated. Sir W. Scott no A measurer by the ell; formerly in England high above the ground; as, the eagle soars

doubt used it to give an antique flavour to a sworn officer, whose duty was to inspect aloft

.

his style. He also used the shorter form and measure woollen cloth, and fix upon it There's a sweet little cherub that sits up aloft long similarly (see LONG). a seal.

To keep watch for the life of poor Jack. Dibdin. Alongshore (a-long'shör), adv. By the shore Alnatht (al'nath), n. The first star in the 2. Naut. in the top; at the mast-head; or or coast; lengthwise and near the shore. horns of Aries, whence the first mansion of on the higher yards or rigging; hence, on Alongshore man, a labourer employed about the moon takes its name. Chaucer. the upper part, as of a building.

shipping Alnightt (al'nit), n. A cake of wax with Aloft (a-loft), prep. On the top or surface Alongside (a-long'sīd), adv. Along or by the wick in the midst to burn all night. of; above. Now I breathe again aloft the the side; beside each other; as, to be alongBacon flood.' Shak.

side of the wall; two vessels lie alongAlnus (al'nus), n. The alder, a genus of Alogian (a-lo'ji-an), n. (Gr. a, neg., and

side. plants, nat. order Betulaceæ, inhabiting logos, word.) One of a sect of ancient here. Alongside (a-long'sid), prep. Beside; by the northern temperate regions, and living in tics, who denied Jesus Christ to be the side of; as, the vessel lay alongside the a moist soil. A. glutinosa (the common Logos, and consequently rejected the Gospel wharf. [Here alongside may be regarded alder) is a well-known tree, which grows in of St. John.

as the adverb with of omitted.] damp places or by the sides of rivers. It Alogyt (al'o-ji), n. [L. alogia, from Gr. alogia, Alongst (a-longst'), prep. Along; through supplies excellent charcoal for the manu. from alogos, unreasonable — a, priv., and or by the length of. facture of gunpowder; the bark is valuable logos, word, discourse, reason.) Unreason.

The Turks did keep straight watch and ward in for tanning, and the young shoots for dyeing ableness; absurdity.

all their parts alongst the sea-coast. Knolles. various colours when mixed with other in The error and alogy in this opinion is worse than Aloof (a-löf'), adv. [0.E. a-lofe-prefix a, on, gredients. Its stems, when hollowed out, in the last.

Sir T. Browne. are used for water-pipes and underground Aloin (al'o-in), n. (C-H1g07.) A crystalline

and loof or luff, windward ; to keep aloof is

to keep to wind ward of a person.) At a purposes, and the veiny knots of the wood

bitter principle got from aloes in pale yel distance, but within view; apart; separated.
are cut into veneers by cabinet-makers.
low prismatic needles, grouped in stars.

It is necessary the Queen join, for if she stand
A. incana is the Turkey alder, which grows Alomancy (al'o-man-si), n. *[Gr. hals, salt, aloos there will be still suspicions. Suckling.
to a larger size than the common alder. and manteia, divination.) Divination by My lovers and my friends stand aloof.
A. cordifolia (the heart - leaved alder) is a salt.

Ps. xxxviii. 11. native of Italy, and is one of the most inter- Alonde, t adv. On land. Chaucer.

Aloof (a-löf'), prep. At or to a distance from; esting ornamental trees that have of late Alone (a-lon'), a. or adv. (All and one. The away or apart from. years been introduced into cultivation. all and one were formerly printed as sepa

The great luminary, There are several American species. rate words, thus-‘The Lord is God al one.

Aloof the vulgar constellations thick,
Alody (al'o-di), n. In law, same as Allodium. Robt, of Gloucester. Gower has wher he

That from his lordly eye keep distance due,
Dispenses light from far.

Milton.
Aloe (al'o), n. (Gr. aloe, Heb. ahālim, aha made his mone, within a gardeine all him
loth, the bitter aloe.] 1. The common name one.' G. allein, Dan. allene, D. alleen, alone, Aloofness (a-löf'nes), n. The state of being
of the plants of the genus Aloë, nat. order are all formed in the same way.) 1. Apart aloof, or of keeping at a distance. "Un.
Liliaceae. They are natives of warm cli from another or others; single; solitary: faithfulness and aloofness of such as have
mates, and especially abundant in the applied to a person or thing; as, to remain been greatest friends.' Dan. Rogers.
southern part of Africa. Among the Mo alone; to walk alone.

Alopecurus (a-lo-pē-kūrus), n. (Gr. alopēx, hammedans the aloe is a symbolic plant, It is not good that man should be alone. Gen. ii. 18.

a fox, and oura, a tail.] Foxtail-grass, a especially in Egypt; and every one who re And when they were alone, he expounded all

genus of grasses, natives of temperate and turns from a pilgrimage to Mecca hangs it things to his disciples.

Mark iv. 34.

cold regions. Six species are natives of over his street door, as a token that he has 2. Only; to the exclusion of other

persons

Britain;

some, like A. agrestis, being trouble. performed the journey. In Africa the leaves or things ; sole or solely; as, he alone re

some weeds; others, as A. pratensis, being of some species of aloe are made into ropes, mained (different from he remained alone); Alopecy (al’o-pe-si), n. [L. alopecia, Gr. alo

good fodder plants. See FOXTAIL-GRASS. fishing-lines, bow-strings, and hammocks.

two men alone returned. Several species yield aloes, the well-known

Man shall not live by bread alone. Luke iv. 4.

pekia, from alopex, a fox, because foxes are bitter purgative medicine. Many species

said to be subject to this disease. ) A disease are cultivated in

3.1 Without a parallel; above all things; called the fox-evil or scurf, which is accomBritain, growing rare; par excellence.

panied by a falling off of the hair, not only easily on very dry

Her worth makes other worthies nothing. from the scalp but from the beard and eye.
She is alone.

Shak. soil. - American

brows. Sometimes loosely applied to any

I am alone the villain of the earth. Shak. aloe. See AGAVE.

kind of baldness. 2. pl. A drug, the

[In second sense alone sometimes comes at Alosa (a-lo'sa), n. The genus of fishes, family juice of several spe

tributively before a noun. he alone merits Clupeidæ, including the shad (which see). cies of aloe, ob

of our Lord Jesus Christ.' John Wesley. Alose, + v.t. [ Prefix a, and obs. lose, to tained from the

Even one alone verse sometimes makes a perfect praise.) To praise; to fame. Chaucer. leaves, sometimes

poeme.

Ben Jonson.) Åloud (a-loud'), adv. (Prefix a, and loud. by cutting them

To let alone. See under LET.

See LOUD.) With a loud voice or great across, when the Alonelyt (a-lõn'li), a. Exclusive.

noise; loudly. resinous juice ex

Cry aloud, spare not. Is. Iviii. 1. The alonely rule of the land rested in the queen. udes and is evapor

Fabyan. Alow (a-lo), adv. (Prefix a, and low.) In a ated into a firm Alonelyt (a-lon'li), adv. Only; merely; singly.

low place, or a lower part: opposed to aloft. consistence, some

This said spirit was not given alonely unto him, [Rare.) times by pressing but unto all his heirs and posterity. Latimer.

And now alow and now aloft they fly. Dryden. the juice and muci

Aloneness (a-lõn'nes), n. The state of being Alowe (a-lou'), adv. (Prefix a, on, and lowe, lage out together,

alone or without company. and in other cases Along (a-long'), adv. (This word represents

flame.] A-fire; in a flame. [Scotch.)-TO by dissolving the

Aloë socotrina.
the A. Sax. andlang, endlong, anlong

gang alowe, to take fire, or be set on fire; to
juice out of the cut
Teut. prefix and, ant, ent, and long; G. ent-

blaze; to be burned. leaves boiling and then evaporating lang, along. Comp. Fr. le long de, through

That discreet man Cardinal Beaton is e'en to gang

alowe this blessed day if we dinna stop it. Tennant. down to a proper consistency. There are the length of.] 1. By the length; lengthseveral kinds sold in the shops, as the Soco. wise; in a line with the length.

Aloysia (a-loi’si-a), n, A genus of plants, trine aloes, from A. socotrina, growing in

Some laid along,

nat. order Verbenaceæ, to which belongs a Socotra, an isle near the mouth of the Red

And bound with burning wires, on spokes of wheels shrub, A. citriodora, much cultivated in Sea; the hepatic or common Barbadoes are hung.

Drydın. greenhouses and apartments in Britain for aloes, from 4. sinuata, of the West Indies; 2. In a line, or with a progressive motion; the grateful fragrance which its leaves emit and the fetid or caballine aloes. Aloes is onward; as, let us walk along. A firebrand when slightly bruised. It is popularly known a stimulating stomachic purgative; when carried along leaveth a train. Bacon. --3. In as Verbena, and was formerly known to taken in small doses it is useful for people company; together. He shall to England botanists as Verbena triphylla. of a lax habit and sedentary life. The

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along with you.' Shak. --- All along, the Alp (alp). n. An old and local name for the chemical principle contained in aloes is whole length; through the whole distance;

bullanch. called aloin (which see).

in the whole way or length.

Alp (alp), n. [Gael, alp, a height; W. alp, Aloes-wood (al' öz-wód), n. See AGAL

Ishmael went forth, weeping all along as he went.

a craggy rock or precipice; Ir. ailp, a mass. LOCHUM

Jer. xli. 6. Grimm associates alp with alb, white, in

All 반

[blocks in formation]

allusion to snow-capped hills. See ALBION.) arranged in the customary order; the series obnoxious to the law. These privileges it A high mountain; specifically, in the plural, of letters or characters which form the ele. derived from having been an establishment the great mountain-ranges in Switzerland, ments of written language.-2. A series of of the Carmelites or White Friars (founded the north of Italy, and in Austria, compris dashes, dots, &c., to be used in telegraphy in 1241), and James I. confirmed and added ing the loftiest mountains in Europe.

in the transmission of messages. — 3. First to them by charter in 1608. They were North breath of vernal air from snowy alp. Milton.

elements; simplest rudiments; as, not to abolished in 1697. The name Alsatia is a Hills peep o'er hills, and alps on alps arise. Pope. know the alphabet of a science.

Latinized form of Alsace, a German pro

vince on the frontiers of France, which, Alpaca (al-pak'a), n. (Peruv. paco, alpaco. Alphabet (al'fa-bet), v.t. To arrange in the

order of an alphabet; to mark by letters The al is probably the Ar. art. the, through

ike our own 'debatable land,' was a harbour the Spanish.] 1. A ruminant mammal, of of the alphabet.

for necessitous or troublesome characters

A from both countries. the camel tribe, and genus Auchenia (A. Alphabetarian (al' fa-bet-ā"ri-an), n. Paco), a native of the Andes, especially of learner of the alphabet.

Alsatian (al-să'shi-an), n. 1. A native or Alphabetic, Alphabetical (al-fa-bet'ik, al inhabitant of the province of Alsace (G. fa-bet'ik-al), a. Pertaining to an alphabet; Elsass), in Germany. -2. An inhabitant of furnished with an alphabet; expressed by Alsatia, or Whitefriars, London. an alphabet; in the order of an alphabet, Al-segno (al-sā'nyo), 12. (It.) In music, to or in the order of the letters as customarily the sign: à direction to the performer that arranged.

he must return to that portion of the piece Alphabetically (al-fa-bet'ik-al-li), adv. In marked with the sign :8, and conclude with an alphabetical manner; in the customary the first double bar which follows, or go on order of the letters.

to the word Fine, or the pause Alphabetize (al'fa-bet-īz), v.t.

To arrange

Alsike-clover (al' sik - klõ' vėr), n. [From alphabetically.

Alsike, a place in Sweden.) A species of Alphenic (al-fen'ik), n. [Sp. alfenique, from clover(Trifolium hybridum), with pinkish or Ar. al-fanid, sweetness, sugar; Per. fanid, white flowers. It is called hybrid clover from panid, sugar-candy.] In med. white barley being apparently intermediate between T. sugar, used for colds.

pratense, or common red, and T. repens, Alphitomancy (al-fit'o-man-si), n. (Fr., white or Dutch clover. It is a good pasture

from Gr.alphiton, barley-meal, and manteia, plant. Alpaca (Auchenia Paco).

divination.] Divination by means of barley. Al sirat(al sē'rat), n. [Ar.) In Mohammedan meal.

theol. the bridge extending over the abyss of the mountains of Chili and Peru, and so

Alphonsin (al-fon'sin), n. A surgical instru hell which must be crossed by every one on closely allied to the llama that by some it

ment for extracting bullets from wounds, his journey to heaven. It is finer than a hair, is regarded rather as a smaller variety than

so called from its inventor, Alphonso Ferri as sharp as the edge of a sword, and beset a distinct species. It has been domesticated,

of Naples. It consists of three arms, which with thorns on either side. The righteous and remains also in a wild state. In form

close by a ring, and open when it is drawn will pass over with ease and swiftness, but and size it approaches the sheep, but has back.

the wicked will fall into hell below. a longer neck. It is valued chiefly for its Alphonsine (al-fon'sin), a. Of or pertaining Also (al'so), adv. and conj. (All and 80. A. Sax. long, soft, and silky wool, which is straighter

to any person of the name of Alphonso.- eall-swa, ealswá, alswa, from eall, eal, all, than that of the sheep, and very strong, and Alphonsine tables, astronomical tables pub the whole, and swd, so. See ALS, As.) 1. In is woven into fabrics of great beauty. Its lished in 1488 and succeeding years, under like manner; likewise. flesh is pleasant and wholesome.-2. A fabric the patronage of Alphonso X., king of Cas

As the blame of ill-succeeding things manufactured from the hair or wool of the tile and Leon.

Shall light on you, so light the harmes also. Old play. alpaca, used for shawls, clothing for warm Alp-horn (alp'horn), n. Same as Alpenclimates, coat-linings, and very largely for

2. In addition; too; further. horn. umbrellas.

God do so to me, and more also: for thou shalt Alpen (alpen), a. Of or pertaining to the Alphos, Alphus (al'fos, al'fus), n. [Gr. al

surely die.

i Sam. xiv. 44. phos, white.] That species of leprosy, called Alps; Alpine. The Alpen snow.' J. Fletcher. also vitiligo, in which the skin is rough, with Alsophila (al-soʻn-la), n. (Gr. alsos, a grove, Alpen-horn (al'pen-horn), n. [G. Alpen, the white patches and rose-coloured areolæ. and phileo, to love--from the habitat of the Alps, and horn, a horn.) A very long, power. Alpia, n. See ALPIST.

plant.) A genus of tropical cyatheaceous ful, nearly straight horn, but curving slightly Alpigene (al'pi-jēn), a. (L. Alpes, the Alps, ferns, often becoming magnificent trees, dis

and gigno, genui, to produce.] Produced or tinguished from the allied forms by having growing in alpine regions. [Rare.)

no indusium to the sorus. A. excelsa of Alpine (al'pin), a. [L. alpinus, from Alpes.] Norfolk Island rises to the height of 80 feet. Of or pertaining to, or connected with, the Alstroemeria (al-strē-mē'ri-a), n. [In honour Alps, or any lofty mountain; very high; ele of Baron Claudius Alstræmer, a Swedish botvated; as, alpine plants.

anist.) A beautiful genus of South American Alpine (alpīn), 12. A plant, as for instance

plants, nat. order Amaryllidaceæ,much cultia kind of strawberry, growing on lofty vated in our greenhouses. hills.

Alt (alt). In music, a term applied to the high Alpinery (al-pīn'ér-i), n. A place in a garden notes of the scale. or pleasure-ground, specially adapted for Altaic, Altaian (al-ta'ik, al-tä'yan), a. Perthe cultivation of alpine plants.

taining to the Altai, a vast range of moun. Alpist, Alpia (al'pist, al'pi-a), n. The seed

tains extending in an easterly direction of the canary-grass (Phalaris canariensis), through a considerable part of Asia, and raised largely in the Isle of Thanet for feed forming part of the boundary between the ing birds, especially canaries; the seed of Russian and Chinese dominions.-Altaic or various species of Alopecurus, or foxtail Altaian family of languages, a family of grass, also used for feeding birds.

languages occupying a portion of Northern Alquier (al’kēr), 1. (Fr. from Pg. alquiere, and Eastern Europe, and nearly the whole and that from Ar. al-kayl, a measure pro of Northern and Central Asia, together with perly of grain, from kala, to measure grain.) some other regions, and divided into five A dry as well as a liquid measure in Portu branches, the Ugrian or Finno-Hungarian, gal, containing half an almude, or about 2 Samoyedic, Turkic, Mongolic, and Tungusic. gallons.

Also called Scythian, Ural-Altaic, Tataric, Alquifou, Alquifore (alski-fö, al'ki-for), n. and Turanian.

[Fr. alquifoux, Sp. alquifol: of Arabic origin.) Altair (al'ta-ēr), n. The Arabic name for a Alpen-horn.

A sort of lead ore found in Cornwall, used Aquilæ, the most important star in the conby potters to give a green varnish to their

stellation Aquila. It is one of the stars of and widening towards its extremity, used on wares, and called potter's ore. A small which the lunar distances are calculated and the Alps to convey signals, and formerly by mixture of manganese gives it a blackish tabulated in the Nautical Almanac, and is the Swiss to sound the charge in battle. hue. Called also Arquifoux.

therefore useful in finding the longitude. Called also Alp-horn.

Already (al-red'i), adv. [AU and ready. See Altaite (al-tā'īt), 12. A mineral found, with Alpen-stock (al'pen-stok), n. (G., Alpen, READY.] Before the present time; before petzite, in the Altai Mountains. It consists of the Alps, and stock, a stick.) A strong tall

some specified time, either future, present, lead and tellurium, with a small proportion stick shod with iron, pointed at the end so or past.

of silver, as to take hold in, and give support on, ice

Elias is come already.

Mat. xvii. 12. Altambour (al-tam-bör'), n. (Ar. al, the, and and other dangerous places in climbing the Joseph was in Egypt already.

tumbūr, a kind of lute or guitar, a drum.] Alps and other high mountains.

It has reference to past time, but may be used A large Spanish or Moorish drum. Alpestrine (al-pes'trīn), a. Pertaining or for a future past; as, when you shall arrive Altar (al'ter), n. [L. altare, from a root seen in peculiar to the Alps or other mountainous the business will be already completed, or L. altus, high. ) 1. An elevated place on which regions. Alpestrine diseases.' Dana. (Rare.) will have been completed already.

sacrifices were offered or incense burned to Alpha (al'fa), n. [Gr., from Heb. aleph, from Alst (als), adv. or conj. (Corrupted from A. Sax. a deity. The earliest altars were turf mounds, allus, an ox; perhaps because originally the eall-swd, alswa, that is, all-s0; whence also large flat-topped stones, or other rude elevaoutline of the letter represented an ox's and as.] 1. Also; likewise.-2. As.

tions, natural or artificial; but when temhead, or because the name of the animal Alsatian (al-sā'shi-an), a. 1. Of or pertain ples came to be built altars were made of commenced with this letter.) The first ing to the province of Alsace (G. Elsass), in hewn stone or marble, and became progres. letter in the Greek alphabet, answering to Germany. -2. Of or pertaining to Alsatia, sively more and more adorned. Greek and A, and used to denote first or beginning; formerly a cant name for Whitefriars, a Roman altars were round, triangular, or as, 'I am Alpha and Omega.' Rev. i. 8. It district in London between the Thames and square in form, often adorned with sculpture was formerly used also to denote chief; Fleet Street, and adjoining the Temple, of the most tasteful and elaborate descripas, Plato was the alpha of the wits.

which, possessing certain privileges of sanc tion, and bearing inscriptions. The Jews Alphabet (al'fa-bet). n.

(Gr. alpha and tuary, became for that reason a nest of misbita, A and B.] 1. The letters of a language

had the altar of burnt-offering, which stood chievous characters, who were generally at the entrance to the tabernacle, and after

[graphic]
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Ex. i. 5.

ALTARAGE

80

ALTERCATION

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The qua

wards occupied a corresponding site in the temporary canopy erected over an altar on Altar-vessel (al'tėr-ves'el), n. One of the temple, and the altar of incense, which stood special solemnities. Rev. F. G. Lee.

vessels used in the services of the altar, in the holy place. Both were made of shittim Altar-horn (alter-horn), n. One of the namely, the chalice, paten, and cihorium.

western corners of the altar. The north Altar-wall (al'ter-wal), n. The wall behind
corner is called the Gospel horn, the southern an altar.
the Epistle horn. Rev. F. G. Lee.

Altar-wise (al'ter-wiz), adv. Placed in the
Altarist, Altar-thane (al'ter-ist, al'ter manner of an altar, that is, with its ends
thăn), m. In old law, an appellation given towards the north and south. Abp. Laud.
to the priest to whom the altarage belonged; Altazimuth (alt-az'i-muth), n. (Abbrev. of
also, a chaplain.

altitude-azimuth.] In astron. a telescope so Altar-ledge (al'tér-lej), n. A step or ledge arranged as to be capable of being turned behind an altar, on which the cross, candle round horizontally to any point of the comsticks, and flower-vases are placed. Rev. F. pass, and so differing from a transit-circle, G. Lee.

which is fixed in the meridian. The altazi-
Altar-piece (al'ter-pēs), n. A painting or muth is brought to bear upon objects by
piece of sculpture placed behind or above motions affecting their altitude and azi-
an altar in a church; also the decorative muth. Called also an Altitude-and-azimuth
portion of an altar.

Instrument.
Altar-rail (@l'ter-rāl), n. The low rail or Alter (al'tėr), v.t. (L.L. altero, to change,
balustrade which fences off the sanctuary from alter, another of two-made up of root
from the choir in the chancel.

al, another, seen in alius, Gr. allos, another,
Altar-screen (al'ter-skrēn), n. In arch. and compar. suffix ter, seen in L. uter,
Ancient Heathen Altars.

(a) the partition of stone, wood, or metal, whether, Gr. heteros, another = E. ther in

behind the high altar, separating the choir other, &c.] 1. To make some change in; to wood, and the former was overlaid with brass,

from the east end of the building. (6) The make different in some particular; to vary the latter with gold.--2. In some Christian

shrine or tabernacle work inclosing the in some degree, without an entire change.
churches the term applied to the commun.
ion-table. In the primitive church it was of Altar-side (al'ter-sid), n.
painted or sculptured altar-piece.

My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing
That part of the that is gone out of my lips.

Ps. Ixxxix. 34
wood, subsequently of stone, marble, or altar which faces the congregation.
bronze,adorned with rich architectural orna-

2. To change entirely or materially; as, to
Altar-stairs (al'ter-stārz), n. pl. Stairs lead alter an opinion.
ments, sculptures, and paintings. With the
introduction of Gothic art altar architecture
ing up to an altar.

She promised that no force,
The great world's altar
stairs,

Persuasion, no, nor death could alter her.
acquired a new and exalted character, the
That slope thro' darkness up to God. Tennyson.

Tennyson. simple table being now often developed into Altar-stole (al'ter-stol), n.

3. To exchange. “She that would alter ser-
A medieval

vices with thee.' Shak. – 4. To agitate.
ornament shaped like the ends of a stole,
which hung down in front of the altar.

Altered and moved inwardly.' Milton.

Altered strata, in geol. strata whose con-
cloth. Rev. F. G. Lee.
Altar-table (al'ter-tā’bl), n. A table, gene-

stituent mineral elements have undergone
rally of wood, and supported on four legs,

physical and chemical change, under the

influence of heat and moisture, percolation
on which, in the Church of England, the

of mineral solutions, or of pressure. See
communion elements are placed; the com-
munion table. At first this table was placed

Metamorphic Rocks under METAMORPHIC.
Alter, Change. In general alter is to change
partially, while change is more commonly
to substitute one thing for another, or to
make a material difference in a thing.
Alter (al'ter), v.i. To become, in some re-
spects, different; to vary; to change. The
law of the Medes and Persians, which altereth
not.' Dan. vi. 8.
Love is not love which alters.

Shak.
Alterability (al'ter-a-bil''i-ti), n.
lity of being susceptible of alteration,
Alterable (al'tér-a-bl), a. Capable of being
altered, varied, or made different.
Alterableness (al'ter-a-bl-nes), n. The

quality of being alterable or admitting alter-
Wooden Altar-table, time of James I.-St. Clement's

ation; variableness. Church, Townstall, Devonshire.

Alterably (al'tér-a-bli), adv. In an alterable
by the Reformers in the situation occupied

manner; so as to be altered or varied.
by the old stone altars, namely, attached to Alteraget (al'ter-āj), n. [From alo, alitum
an eastern wall. This position gave umbrage

or altum, to feed, or from alter, another.)
to the Puritans, and Cromwell caused it to

The nourishing or fostering of a child. Sir be removed to the middle of the chancel,

J. Davies. and to be surrounded with seats for the

Alterantt (al'tér-ant), a. Altering; graducommunicants. At the Restoration it was

ally changing. Whether the body be alteralmost universally replaced in its ancient

ant or altered. Bacon. Gothic Altar.-Church of St. Waudru, Mons. position. When used it is covered with a

Alterant (al'ter-ant), n. An alterative (which white linen cloth.

see). (Rare.)

Alteratet (al'tér-át), p. and a. 1. Altered; a structure pointing heavenward, magnifi. Altar-thane. See ALTARIST.

changed.--2. Fickle; changeable. Chaucer. cent as a whole, and full of symbolic mean

Altar-tomb (al'ter-töm),

n. In arch. a raised Alteration (al-tér-ä'shon), n. [L. alteratio. 'ing. See ALTAR-TABLE. tomb, or monument surmounting a tomb,

See ALTER.] The act of altering, making Altarage (alter-aj), n. 1. Offerings made having a general resemblance to an altar:

different, or of varying in some particular; upon an altar or to a church.-2. The pro

the state of being altered; also, the change fits arising to priests from oblations, gifts,

made, or the loss or acquisition of qualities or dues on account of the altar; the small

not essential to the forni or nature of a tithes. Called also Altar-dues.- 3. In Scot

thing. land, formerly an endowment granted for

Appius Claudius admitted to the senate the sons of the saying of masses at a particular altar

those who had been slaves; by which, and succeeding for deceased friends.

alterations, that council degenerated into a most Altar-bread (al'ter-bred), n. Bread pre

corrupt body.

Swift pared for the eucharist. According to the

Alterative (al'ter-åt-iv), a. Causing alterause of the Roman Catholic Church it is

tion; having the power to alter; especially, round and unleavened and stamped with

in med. having the power to restore the an IHS or a crucifix.

healthy functions of the body, without senAltar-card (al'ter-kärd), n. A printed or

sible evacuations. written transcript of certain portions of the

Alterative (al'tér-åt-iv), n. A medicine, as communion service for the use of the priest

mercury, iodine, &c., which, administered officiating at the altar.

in small doses, gradually induces a change Altar-carpet (al'ter-kär-pet), n. Same as

in the habit or constitution, and impercepAltar-cloth.

tibly alters disordered secretions and acAltar-cloth (altér-kloth), n. The cloth that

tions, and restores healthy functions withcovers the altar, and hangs down in front,

out producing any sensible evacuation by the portion hanging down in front being

perspiration, purging, or vomiting. called the antependium, and that which

Altercate (al'tér-kát), v.i. (L. altercor, alcovers the top the super frontal.

tercatus, to wrangle, from alter, another. ] Altar-dues (al'tér-dūz), n. pl. Same as

To contend in words; to dispute with zeal, Altarage, 1.

Tomb of the Black Prince. Canterbury Cathedrat. heat, or anger; to wrangle.
Altar-fire (al'ter-fir), n. Fire on an altar.

Altercation (al-tér-ka'shon), n. (L. alter-
Altar-frontal (al'tér-front-al), 11. Same as altar-tombs are frequently surmounted by catio. See ALTERCATE.) The act of alter-
Antependium.
a recumbent effigy.

cating; warm contention in words; dispute Altar-hearse (al'ter-hers), n. A term some Altar-vase (al'ter-váz), n. A vase for hold. carried on with heat or anger; controversy: times applied to the frame supporting a ing flowers to decorate the altar.

wrangle. "As is the constitution of our

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