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Cited in Names in full and dates.

Dict. as Smith, Rev. Sydney (div, and essayist; 1771-1845).

S. Smith or Sydney Smith. Smith, Sir Thos, (Sec. of State ; 15141577),

Sir T. Smith. Smith, Will. (Dean of Ches.; 1711-1787), Dean Smith. Smith, Wm., LL.D. (Class. Dicts.), . Dr. W. Smith, Sinith, Will. Robertson (bib. critic),

Prof. W. R. Smith. Smollett, Tobias (novelist; 1721-1771). . Smolbett. Smyth, Admiral W. H. (Sailor's Word. book; 1788-1865),

Admiral Smyth. Somerville, William (poet; 1677-1742), . Somerville. Song of Solomon,

Cant. South, Robt., D.D. (divine; 1633-1916), South. Southern, Thos. (dramatist; 1660-1746), Southern. Southey, Robt. (1774-1843),

Southey, Southwell, Robt. (poet, &c.; 1560-1595). Southwell, Spalding, John (Troubles in Scot., 16241645),

Spalding. Spectator, The (1711-1712),

Spectator. Spelman, Sir Henry (hist.; 1562-1641), Spelman. Spence, Rev. Joseph (scholar and misc. writer; 1699-1768),

Fos. Spence. Spencer, Herbert (philosophical writer), H. Spencer. Spencer, John, D.D. (bibl. critic; 16301695),

Dr. Spencer Spenser, Edmund (poet; 1553-1599), Spenser. Sprague, Chas. (Amer. poet; 1791–1875), Sprague. Sprague, W. B.(Amer. divine; 1795-1876),

W. B. Sprague. Sprat, Thos. (Bp. of Roch.; 1636–1713),

Sprat or Bp. Sprat. Spring, Gardiner, D.D., LL.D. (Amer. div.; 1785-1873),

Dr. G. Spring Stackhouse, Thos. (divine; 1680-1752), Stackhouse. Stafford, Anthony (relig. works, 1604-1635), Stafford.

.

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Cited in
Names in full and dates.

Dict. as
Sage, John (Scotch bishop; 1652-1711), Bp. Sage.
St. John, Jas. Aug. (travels, &c.; 1801-
1875).

7. A. St. John. Saintsbury, George (critic).

G, Saintsbury. Sala, Geo. Augustus (misc. writer), G. A. Sala, Sancroft, Wm., D.D. (Abp. of Cant.; 1616-1693).

Abp. Sancroft. Sanders, Rich. (astrol.; works 1653-84), Rich. Sanders. Sanderson, Robt., D.D. (Bp. of Linc.; 1587-1662),

Bp. Sanderson or Sanderson, Sandys, Edwin, D.D. (Abp. of York; 1519-1588).

Abp. Sandys. Sandys, Sir Edwin, M.P. (Europa Spe. culum, &c.; 1561-1629).

Sir E. Sandys. Sandys, George (poet; 1577-1644). Sandys. Sanford, Jas. (translator; works 1567-1576). Sanford. Sankey, W.H.O. (Mental Diseases, 1866). Sankey. Saturday Review,

Sat. Rev. Savage, Marmion W. (novelist; d. 1872), M.W.Savage. Savage, Rich. (poet; 1696–1743). . Savage. Savile, Sir Henry (antiq.; 1549–1621), Sir H. Savile. Saxe, John Godfrey, LL.D. (Amer. poet), 3. G. Saxe. Sayce, Arch. Henry (philol.).

A. H. Sayce. Schmidt, Alex. (Shak, Lexicon, 1875), Schmidt. Sclater, W., D.D. (theol.; d. 1626), . Dr. Sclater. Scott, John, D.D. (theol.; 1638-1694). Dr. 3. Scott. Scott, Michael (novelist; 1789-1835), Mich. Scott. Scott, Thos., D.D. (commentator ; 17471821),

Th. Scott. Scott, Sir Walter (1771-1832),

Sir W. Scott. Secker, Thos., LL.D. (Abp. of Cant.; 1693-1768).

Secker. Sedgwick, Catherine Maria (Amer. novelist; 1789-1867),

Miss Sedgwick. Sedley, Sir Chas. (dramatist; 1639-1701), Sedley, Seelye, Julius Hawley (Amer. philosoph.), F.H. Seelye, Selby, Prideaux John (naturalist; 17801867).

Selby. Selden, John (polit. writer; 1584-1654). Selden. Seward, Anna (poetess; 1747-1809), . Anna Seward. Seward, Wm. (biog.; 1747-1799).

Seward. Sewell, Geo., M.D. (dramas, &c.; d. 1726), G. Sewell. Shadwell, Thos. (dramatist; 1640–1692), Shadwell, Shaftesbury, Anthony Cooper, Earl of

(Characteristics of Men; 1671-1713). . Shaftesbury. Shakspere, Williamn (1564-1616).

Shak. Sharp. John, D.D. (Abp. of York; 16441714),

Abp. Sharp. Sharpe, Jas. B. (surg.; works 1815-32), Sharpe. Sharpe, Rev. John (trans. Wm. of Malmes., 1815). .

. Rev. F. Sharpe. Sharpe, Samuel (Egyptologist; 18001881),

S. Sharpe. Sheffield, John (Duke of Buck.; 1649– 1720),

Sheffield. Sheil, Rich. Lalor (Irish polit.; 1793-1851), Shiel. Sheldon, Rich. (relig. works, 1611-1622). Sheldon. Shelford, Robert (relig. writer; 2602-1635), Shelford. Shelley, Percy Bysshe (1792-1872), Shelley. Shelton, Thos. (trans. of Don Quixote, 1612-20),

Shelton. Shenstone, William (poet; 1714-1763), Shenstone. Sheridan, R. B. (1751-1816), .

Sheridan, Sherlock, Thos., D.D. (Bp. of London; 1678-1761),

Bp. Sherlock. Sherwood, "Robt. (Eng. and French Dict., 1632),

Sherwood. Shipley, Rev. Orby (Gloss. Eccles. Terms, 1872).

Rev. Orby Shipley. Shirley, Sir Anthony (traveller; 15651630)

. Sir A. Shirley. Shirley. James (dramatist; 1596-1666), . Shirley. Shuckford, Sam., D.D. (hist., &c.; d. 1754), Shuckford. Sibbald, Sir Robt. (naturalist and antiq.; works 1661-1711),

Sir R. Sibbald. Sibbes, Rich., D.D. (relig. writer; 15771635).

Dr. Sibbes. Simmonds, Peter Lund (Dict. Trade. Products),

Simmonds. Sinclair, Sir John, LLD., M.P. (Statist.

Acc. of Scotland; 1754-1835).. Sir . Sinclair. Skeat, Walter Will. (philol.),

Skeat. Skelton, John (poct; 1460-1529).

Skelton. Skelton, Rev. Philip (1707-1787). · Philip Skelton, Skinner, Rev. John (Scotch poct; 17211807).

Skinner. Skinner, Robert, D.D. (Bp. of Wor.; 1590-1670),

BP. R. Skinner. Smalridge, Geo., D.D. (Bp. of Bris.; 1663-1719). .

Bp. Smalridge or Smalridge, Smart, Benj. H. (lexicog.; 1787-1872). Smart. Smart, Christopher (poet; 1722-1770), . C. Smart Smellie, Wm. (miscel. writer; 1740-1795), IV. Smellie. Smiles, Samuel (Self Help, &c.),

Smiles. Smith, Adam (polit, econ.; 1723-1790), Adam Smith. Smith, Albert (novelist, &c.; 1816-1860), Albert Smith. Smith, Alex. (poet; 1830-1867),

Alex. Smith Smith, Edmund (poet; 1688-1710), Ed. Smith, Smith, Goldwin (prof, and writer on hist. and politics),

Goldwin Smith, Smith, Horace (miscel, writer; 1779-1849), H. Smith. Smith, James (Reject. Addresses; 17751839).

James Smith, Smith, John, M.D. (Solomon's Portraiture of Old Age, 1666).

Dr. John Smith. Smith, Philip (hist.).

P. Smith, Smith, Samuel S., D.D., LL.D. (Amer. div.; 1750-1819).

Dr. S. S. Sunith.

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Cited in Nanies in full and dates.

Dict, as Taylor, Bayard (poet and trans.; 18251878),

Bayard Taylor, Taylor, Sir Henry (dramatist), Sir H. Taylor, Taylor, Isaac (philos.; 1787-1865),

Is. Taylor Taylor, Rev. Isaac (Words and Places, &c.),

Isaac Taylor Taylor, Jeremy (Bp. of Dromore; 16131667).

Fer. Taylor, Taylor, John ('water poet;' 1580-1654). John Taylor, Taylor, John, D.D. (Unitarian writer; 1694-1761),

. Dr. John Taylor. Taylor, William, of Norwich (English Synonyms, &c.; 1765-1836).

W. Taylor. Teinple, Sir W. (statesman; 16281699),

Sir W. Temple or Temple. Tennant, Wm., LL.D. (poet and linguist; 1784-1848).

Tennant. Tennent, Sir J. E. (Ceylon; 1804-1869).

Sir 7. E. Tennent. Tennyson, Alfred,

Tennyson. Teonge, Henry (Diary, 1675-1679). . Henry Teonge. Terry, Edward (traveller; d. 1660), . E. Terry. Thackeray, Wm. Makepeace (novelist; 1811-1863),

Thackeray, Thirlwall, Connop (hist.; 1797-1875), Bp. Thirlwall. Thomas, Lord Cromwell, Old play,

Thom. Lord Cromwell, Thomson, Sir C. Wyville (naturalist; 1830-1882),

Sir Wyville Thomson. Thomson, James (poet; 1700-1748). . Thomson. Thomson, Mowbray (Story of Cawn. pore, 1859)

Capt. M. Thomson. Thomson, Wm., D.D. (Abp. of York), Abp. Thomson, Thomson, Sir Williain (physicist and mathematician),

Sir W. Thomson. Thorold, Rev. Ant. W. (divine). .A.W. Thorold. Thorpe, Benj. (Ang.-Sax. scholar; 1808-1870), Thorpe. Thorpe, Thomas B. (Amer, artist and journalist).

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Barrett, W. A., Mus. Bac, Terms), Barrett. Stanhope, Lady Hester (travels; 1776– 1839),

. Lady Stanhope. Stanhope, Philip Henry, Earl (hist.; 18051875),

Ld. Stanhope. Stanihurst, Rich. (hist., poet; 1545-1618). Stanihurst. Stanley, Arthur Penrhyn, D.D. (hist. ; 1815-1881),

Dean Stanley Stanley, Henry M. (African trav.). H. M. Stanley. Stansbury, H. (Description of Utah; 1806-1863).

Howard Stansbury. Stapleton, Thos. (antiq.; 1806-1850), Stapleton, Statistical Account of Scotland (1791-99).

Stat. Account, Scotland. Steele, Sir Richard (essayist ; 1671-1729). Steele. Steevens, George (Shak. comment.; 17361800),

Steevens. Stephen, Henry John (jurist; 1787–1864). Serjt. Stephen. Stephen, Sir James (essays, &c.; 17891859),

Sir F. Stephen. Stephen, Leslie (critic and essayist). Leslie Stephen, Sterling, John (essayist; 1806-1844). . Sterling. Sterne, Rev. Laurence (Tristram Shandy; 1713-1768).

Sterne. Sternhold, Thos. (psalmist; d. 1549). Sternhold, Stewart, Dugald (metaph.; 1753-1828), D. Stewart. Still, Bp. John (Comedy of Gammer Gurton's Needle; 1543 (?)–1608),

Bp. Still Stillingfleet, Edwd., D.D. (Bp. of Wor.; 1635-1699).

Stillingfieet. Stirling, Jas. Hutchinson, LL.D. (philo. sopher),

F.Hutchinson Stirling. Stocqueler. J. H. (milit. writer).

Stocqueler. Stoddart, Sir John (journalist, &c.; 17731856),

Sir . Stoddart. Storinonth, Rev. Jas. (Eng. Dict.; 18251882).

Stormonth. Story. Joseph, LL.D. (Amer. jurist; 1779-1845),

Story Stow. John (antiq., 1525-1605),

Storu. Stowell, Sir Wm. Scott, Lord (judge; 1745-1836).

Lord Storvell. Strangford, Percy, Viscount (philol., &c.; 1825-1869).

Lord Strangford. Strickland, Agnes (hist.; 1796-1874), Miss Strickland. Strutt, Joseph (antiq.; 1742-1802), Strutt. Strype, John (eccles, biog., &c.; 1643-1737). Strype. Stuart, Moses (Amer. philol.; 1780-1852), Mos. Stuart. Stuart, Robt. (Dict. of Arch., 1830), . R. Stuart. Stubbes, Philip (moral writer; Anat. of Abuses, 1583).

Stubbes. Stukeley, Win. (antiq.; 1687-1765), Stukeley. Suckling. Sir John (poet ; 1609-1642). Suckling. Sully. James, M.A. (psychol.), James Sully. Surrey, Henry Howard, Earl of (poet; 1516-1547).

Surrey. Swan, John (Speculum Mundi, 1635). · Swan, Swift, Jonathan (1667-1745). .

Swift. Swift, Zephaniah (Amer. jurist ; 1759-1823). 2. Swift. Swinburne, Algernon Charles (poet). . Swinburne, Swinburne, Henry (traveller; d. 1803). H. Swinburne. Sydney, Sir Henry (statesman; d. 1586), Sir H. Sidney. Sydney, Sir Philip (poet, &c.; 1554-1586), Sir P.Sidney. Sylvester, Sir Joshua (translator: 15631618),

Sylvester; or Sylvester, Du Barlas.

.

Tallourd, Sir Thomas Noon (poet, &c.; 1795-1854).

Talfourd. Tannahill, Robt. (Scotch poet; 1774–1810), Tannairill, Tate, Nahum (poet; 1657-1715),

Tate. Tatler, The (1709-1710).

Taller,

T.B. Thorpe Thurlow, Edw. (Lord-chan.; 1732-1806), Ld. Thurlow. Thynn, Fran. (antiq.; 1545-1608). . Fr. Thynx. Tickell, Thomas (poet; 1686–1740),

Tickell. Tillotson, John, D.D. (Abp. of Cant.; 1630-1694),

Tillotson.
Todd, Henry John (Ed. of Johnson's
Dict.; 1763-1845), ·

Todd
Todhunter, Isaac (math.).

Todhunter. Tollet, Geo. (Notes on Shakspere; d. 1779), Tollet. Tomlins, Har. N. (law; works 1816-1819), Tomlins. Tomlinson, Chas. (physicist).

C. Tomlinson. Tooke, John Horne (philol.; 1736 1812),

Horne Tooke, Tooke, Wm. (Hist. of Russia; 1744-1820). Tooke. Tooker, Wm. (Canon of Exeter; d. 1620), Canon Tooker. Topsell, Edw. (naturalist; works 1599-1608), Topsell. Tourneur, Cyril (dramatist; works 16051613),

Tourneur. Trapp, Joseph, D.D. (poet; 1679-1747), Trapp. Treasury of Botany, Maunder's, Treas. of Bot.

Do. Natural History, do. Treas. of Nal. Hist. Trench, R. Chenevix (Abp. of Dublin),

Abp. Trench or Trench, Trollope, Anthony (novelist).

Trollope. Trollope, Frances (novelist; 1790-1863), Mrs. Trollope. Trollope, Thos. A. (novelist, &c.), T. A. Trollopt. Trumbull, Benj., D.D. (Aier. hist.; 1735-1820),

B. Trumbull. Trumbull, john, LL.D. (Amer. lawyer;

1750-1831). Tucker, Abraham (philos.; 1705-1774), Abr. Tucker. Tucker, Josiah, D.D. (theol. and politics; 1711-1799). .

Dean Tucker. Tulloch, John, D.D. (Prof. of Divinity), Dr. Tulloch. Tunstall, Cuth., Bp. (1474-1559), Turberville, Geo. (poet; 1530-1600), . . Turberville, Turnbull, Rich. (divine; works 15911606).

Rich. Turnbull. Turner, Sharon (hist.; 1768-1847).

S. Turner Tusser, Thos. (bucolic poetry; 1515-1580). Tusser. Twain, Mark (humorist),

S. L. Clemens Twining. Thos. (trans. of Aristotle, 1789). Twining. Twisden, Sir Roger (antiq.; 1597–1672),

Sir R. Twisden. Tylor, Edw. B. (archæol, and ethnol),. E. B. Tyler. Tyndale, Will. (reformer; 1480-1536).

Tyndale, Tyndall, John, LL.D. (physicist), Tyng. Dudley Atkins (Amer. divine; 18251858),

Dr. Tyng Tyrwhitt, Thos. (Ed. of Chaucer, &c.; 1730-1786).

Tyrwhitt. Tytler, Sarah (novelist; pseud, for Hen. rietta Keddie),

S. Tytler.

Fudge Trimbull.

Bp. Tunstall.

Prof. Tyndall.

7. Udall or Udal.

Udall.

Udall, John (divine; d. 1592).
Udall, Nich, (comedy of Ralph Roister

Doister; 1506-1564).
Ure, Andw., M.D. (Did, of Arts, &c.;

1778-1857),
Urquhart, Sir T. (trans, of Rabelais; d.

16602), *Ussher, jas., D.D. ' (divine and hist.;

1580-1656),

Ure,

Urqutart.

Abp. Ussher

Valentine, Thos. (Sermons, 1642-1647).

Vaionline Vanbrugh, Sir John (dramatist; 2666 1726)

Sir . Vanbrugk. Vaughan, Henry (Sacred Poems, &c.; 1621-1695),

H, Vaughan.

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Wake, Wm., D.D. (Abp. of Canter.; 1657-1736).

Abp. Wake, Wakefield, Gilbert (theol.; 1756-1801). Wakefield. Walker, John (lexicog.; 1732-1807). Walker. Wallace, Alfred Russell (biologist and trav.).

A. R. Wallace. Wallace, Rob., D.D. (Prof. of Church Hist., journalist),

. Dr. Wallace, Waller, Edmund (poet; 1605-1687). Waller. Wallis, John (math., &c.; 1616-1703). Wallis. Walpole, Horace (Earl of Orford; 17171797).

H, Walpole or Walpole. Walpole, Sir Robert (statesman; 1676 1745),

Sir R. Walpole. Walsall, Sam. (Sermons, 1615). . Walsall, Walsh, J. H. (Domestic Economy, &c.). 7. H. Walsh. Walsh, Robt., LL.D. (chaplain at Con. stantinople; wrote 1820-1840),

R. Walsh. Walsh, Wm. (poet; 1663-1707),

Walsh. Walton, Izaak (Complete Angler; 15931683)

Ix. Wallon. Wandesforde, Chris., Viscount Castle

comer (statesman; 1592-1640), Watdeserde. Warburton, Eliot B. G. (Travels, &c.; 1810-1852)

Eliot Warburton. Warburton, Wm., D.D. (Bp. of Glouc.; 1698-1779).

Warburton. Ward, R. P. (Law of Nations; 1765-1846), R. Ward. Ward, Sam. (divine; 1577-1639). . S. Ward. Ward, Seth, D.D. (Bp. of Salisbury; 1617-1689).

Bp. Ward. Ward, Thomas (anti-Protestant writer; 1652-1708).

T. Ward. Warner, Will. (poet; 1558-1609).

Warnier, Warren, Samuel (novelist, &c.; 1807-1877), Warren. Warton, Joseph (poet; 1722-1800), 3. Wartor. Warton, Thos. (poet; 1728-1790). . . T. Warton, Washington, George (Pres. U.S.; 17321799)

Washington. Waterhouse, Edwd. (heraldry; 1619-1670), Waterhouse. Waterland, Daniel, D.D. (divine ; 1683

Waterland. Watson, Robert, LL.D. (hist.; 17301781),

Dr. R. Watson. Watson, Thos., D.D. (Bp. of Linc.; d. 1582),

By. Watson. Watson, Sir Thos., M.D.,

Sir T. Watson.
Watson, Will. (Call to Repent, 1691), W. Watson.
Watts, Henry (Dict. of Chem.), Watts' Dict. of Chem.
Watts, Isaac, D.D. (poet and moralist;
1674-1748),

Watts.
Weale, John (Dict. of Terms, 1873). . Weale.
Webbe, Win (Discourse of English
Poetrie; d. after 1591),

W. IV'ebbe. Webster, Daniel (Amer. statesman; 17821852).

D, Webster. Webster, John (dramatist; 15852-1654?). Weóster. Webster, Noah (lexicog.; 1958-1843), N. Webster. Wedgwood, Hensleigh (philol.). . Wedgwood. Weever, John (antiq.; 1576–1632).

Weever.

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AUTHORS QUOTED,

xvii

Cited in Names in full and dates.

Dict. as Wilson, John (Christopher North; 17851854),

Prof. Wilson. Wilson, Jno. Leighton (African mission.). 7.L.Wilson. Winslow, Forbes B., M.D. (1810-1874).

Dr. Forbes Winslow. Winwood, Sir Ralph (Affairs of State; 1564-1617),

Sir R. Winwood, Wirt, Wm. (Amer. lawyer; 1772-1834). Wirt. Wiseman, Nicholas (cardinal; 1802–1865),

Cardinal Wiseman.
Wiseman, Rich. (surg.; works 1672–1686), Wiseman.
Withals, Jno. (Dict., 1568).

Withals.
Wither, George (poet; 1588-1667), Wither.
Wodhul, Michael (poet; 1740-1816).. Wodkul.
Wodroephe, Jolin (gram.; works 1623). Wodroephe.
Wodrow, Robt. (eccles. hist.; 1679-1734) Wodrow.
Wolcot, John (Peter Pindar; 1738-1819), Dr. Wolcot.
Wolfe, Charles ('Burial of Moore;'
1791-1823).

Wolfe.
Wollaston, T, Vernon (naturalist), T. V. Wollaston.
Wollaston, Wm. (theol., &c.; 1659-1724), W. Wollaston.
Wolsey, Thos., Cardinal (1471-1530), Wolsey.
Wood, Anthony à (antiq.; 1632-1695)

.. Wood.
Wood, Mrs. Henry (novelist), . Mrs. H. Wood.
Wood, Rev. J. G. (naturalist), . F.G. Wood.
Wood, Shakspeare (Guide to Anc. and
Mod. Rome, 1875), .

Shakspeare Wood.
Woodward, Chas., F.R.S. (Study of Po-
larized Light, 1848), .

C. Woodward. Woodward, John, M.D. (naturalist; 16651728),

Woodward. Woolton, Jno., D.D. (Bp. of Ex.; 15351593).

Bp. Woolton. Worcester, Jos. Emerson (lexicog.; 17841865).

Worcester. Worcester, Marquis of (Century of In.

ventions ; 1601-1667), · Marquis of Worcester.
Wordsworth, Wm. (1770-1850). .Wordsworth.
Wotton, Sir Henry (poet, &c.; 1568-1639), Wotton.
Wotton, Sir H. (Remains and Life),

Reliquia Wottoniane.
Wotton, Wm., D.D. (1666–1726), . . Dr. W. Wotton.
Wrangham, Francis (scholar and misc.
writer; 1770-1843),

Wrangham.
Wren, Mat., D.D. (Bp. of Her.; 1595-1667), Bp. Wrent.
Wright, Thos. (lexicog. and antiq.; 1810-
1877),

Wright.
Wyatt, Sir Thos. (poet; 1503-1542), . Wyatt.
Wyche, Sir Peter (trans.; wrote 1664-1669), Sir P.Wyche.
Wycherley, William (dramatist; 1640-
1715),

Wycherley.

Cited in Names in full and dates.

Dict, as West, Gilbert, LL.D. (poet and religious writer; 1700?-1756),

West. Westfield, Thos., D.D. (divine; d. 1644), Dr.Westfield. Westminster Review,

West. Reo.
Wharton, Henry (eccles. antiq. ; 1664-
1694),

H. Wharton.
Wharton, J. J. S. (Law Lexicon), Wharton.
Whately, Rich., D.D. (Abp. of Dub.;
1787–1863),

Whately.
Whately, Wm. (divine; 1583-1639), W. Whately.
Wheatley, Chas. (divine; 1686-1742). Wheatley.
Wheatstone, Sir Chas. (physicist; 1802-
1875).

Wheatstone.
Whewell, Will. (scientist and philos.;
1795-1866),

Whewell. Whichcote, Benj., D.D. (moral writer; 1610-1683),

Which cote. Whiston, Will. (theol., trans. of Josephus; 1667-1752),

Whiston.
Whitaker, Tobias, M.D. (works 1638–
1663).

Tob. Whitaker.
Whitby, Daniel (theol.; 1638-1726). Whitby.
White, Rev. Gilbert (of Selborne; 1720-
1793),

Gilbert White.
White, John, M.P. (pol.writer; 1590–1644). John White.
White, Rich. Grant (Words and their
Uses, &c.),

. R. G. White.
Whitehead, Will. (poet; 1715-1788). . W. Whitehead.
Whitgift, John, D.D. (Abp. of Cant.;
1530-1603),

Whitgift.
Whiting. Nicholas (Hist. of Albino and
Bellama, 1637).

Whiting.
Whitlock, Bulstrode (statesman; 1605-
1676),

Whitlock. Whitney, Wm. Dwight (philol.). Whitney. Whittier, J. Greenleaf (Amer. poet),

Whittier. Wickliffe, John (reformer; 1324-1415), . Wickliffe. Wilbour, Chas. Edwin (Amer, writer), C. E. Wilbour, Wilkes, John (polit.; 1727-1797), .

Wilkes. Wilkins, John, D.D. (Bp. of Ches.; 16141672),

BP. Wilkins. Wilkinson, Jas. John Garth, M.D. (trans. of Swedenborg).

3.7. G. Wilkinson. Willet, Andrew, D.D. (biblical sch.; 15621621),

Willet. Williams, Sir Chas. Hanbury (political

squibs, &c.; 1709-1759), . Sir C. K. Williams. Williams, Helen Maria (poems, &c.; 1762-1827).

H. M. Williams. Williams, Prof. Monier (Sanskrit sch.),

Prof. M. Williams. Williams, Sir Roger (milit. writer; d. 1596).

Sir R. Williams. Williamson, Capt. Thos. (Oriental Sports, 1807),

Capt. Williamson. Willis, Nath. Parker (Amer. poet, &c.; 1807-1867),

N. P. Willis. Willmott, Robt. Aris (miscel, writer; 1809-1863),

Willmott. Willoughby, Fra. (naturalist; 1635–1672), Willoughby. Wilson, Arthur (dramas, &c.; 1596-1652),

Arth, Wilson,
Wilson, Daniel, D.D. (Bp. of Calcutta;
1778-1858).

Bp. Wilson,
Wilson, Daniel, LL.D. (archæol.). . Dr. Wilson,
Wilson, Prof. George (chemist and phy.
siol.; 1818-1859),

Prof. G, Wilson.

Yarrell, Will. (naturalist; 1784-1856), Yarrell.
Yelverton, Sir Henry (law; 1566-1630), Sir H. Yelverton.
Ponge, Chas. Duke (Eng. hist.), . Prof. Yonge,
Yorkshire Glossary, 1855..

. Yorks. Gloss.
Youatt, Will. (vet, surg.; 1777-1847), Yotuat.
Young, Arthur (writer on agriculture;
1741-1820),

Arthur Young
Young. Arthur, D.D. (divine; d. 1759), Dr. A. Young.
Young, Arthur (Nautical Dictionary, 1863), A. Young.
Young. Sir Chas. Geo., D.C.L. (herald.;
1795-1869),

Sir C. Young
Young, Edwd. (poet; 1684-7765).

Young.
Young. John, M.D. (Prof. Nat. Hist.,
Glas, Univ.), .

Prof. Young
Yule, Col. Henry (orientalist and geog.), H. Yule,

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EXPLANATIONS

REGARDING PRONUNCIATION AND CHEMICAL SYMBOLS.

PRONUNCIATION.

as in

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as in

move.
tube.

a, a.

u,

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far. fat. fall. me. met. her.

bull.

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e, ė,

oil.

ou,

In showing the pronunciation the simplest and most easily understood method has been adopted, that of re-writing the word in a different form. In doing so the same letter or combination of letters is made use of for the same sound, no matter by what letter or letters the sound may be expressed in the principal word. The key by this means is greatly simplified, the reader having only to bear in mind one mark for each sound. Vowels.

Accent.—Words consisting of more than one syllable å, fate.

not.

receive an accent, as the first syllable of the word labour, ä,

the second of delay, and the third of comprehension. The tub.

accented syllable is the most prominent part of the word, Sc. abune (Fr.u). being made so by means of the accent. In this dictionary oi,

it is denoted by the mark'. This mark, called an accent, pine.

pound. pin.

&c. fey (=e+i).

is placed above and beyond the syllable which receives the

accent, as in the words la'bour, delay, and comprehen'sion. Consonants.

Many polysyllabic words are pronounced with two ac

cents, the primary and the secondary accent, as the word ch, chain.

then. ch, Sc. loch, Ger. nacht. th,

excommunication, in which the third, as well as the fifth j, job.

wig: wh,

wohig.

syllable is commonly accented. The accent on the fifth Fr. ton. zh,

syllable is the primary, true, or tonic accent, while that on . sing.

the third is a mere euphonic accent, and consists of a slight The application of this key to the pronunciation of resting on the syllable to prevent indistinctness in the utterforeign words can as a rule only represent approximately ance of so many unaccented syllables. Where both accents the true pronunciation of those words. It is applicable, are marked in a word, the primary accent is thus marked", however, to Latin and Greek words, as those languages are and the secondary, or inferior one, by this mark', as in the pronounced in England.

word excommu'nica'tion.

note.

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By means of chemical symbols, or formulas, the composition of the most complicated substances can be very easily expressed, and that, too, in a very small compass. An abbreviated expression of this kind often gives, in a single line, more information as to details than could be given in many lines of letterpress. Elements. Symbols. Elements.

Symbols. When a synıbol has a small figure or number underAluminium, Mercury (Hydrargyrum), . Hg

written, and to the right of it, such figure or number indiAntimony (Stibium),

Molybdenum,

Μο
Arsenic,
Nickel,
cates the number of atoms of the element.

Thus-02
Barium,
Niobium,

signifies two atoms of oxygen, S; five atoms of sulphur, and Bismuth, Nitrogen,

Cho ten atoms of carbon. Boron,

Osmium, Bromine, Oxygen,

When two or more elements are united to form a chemiCadmium, .

cd
Palladium,

cal compound, their symbols are written one after the Cæsium, Phosphorus,

other, to indicate the compound. Thus-H,O means water, Calcium,

Platinum,
Carbon,
Potassium (Kalium),

a compound of two atoms of hydrogen and one of oxygen; Cerium, Rhodium,

C12 Hy0u indicates cane -sugar, a compound of twelve Chlorine, Rubidium,

atoms of carbon, twenty-two of hydrogen, and eleven of Chromium,

Ruthenium, Cobalt,

Selenium,

oxygen. Copper (Cuprum), Silicon,

These two expressions as they stand denote respectively Didymium,

Silver (Argentum),
Ag a molecule of the substance they represent, that is

, the Erbium, Sodium (Natrium),

smallest possible quantity of it capable of existing in the Fluorine,

Strontium, Gallium, Sulphur,

free state. To express several molecules a large figure is Glucinium,

Tantalum,

Ta

prefixed, thus: 2 H2O represents two molecules of water, Gold (Aurum),

Tellurium, Hydrogen,

4(C12H2Ou) four molecules of cane-sugar. Thallium, Indium,

Thorium,

Th When a compound is formed of two or more compounds Iodine, .

Tin (Stannum),

Sn the symbolical expressions for the compound are usually Iridium,

Titanium,

Ti Iron (Ferrum),

connected together by a comma; thus, the crystallized Tungsten (Wolfram), Lanthanium, .

Uranium,

magnesic sulphate is MgSO4, 7H,0. The symbols may also Lead (Plumbum), Vanadium,

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be used to express the changes which occur during chemical Lithium, Yttrium,

action, and they are then written in the form of an equaMagnesium, Mg

Zn
Manganese,
Mn Zirconium,

tion, of which one side represents the substances as they

exist before the change, the other the result of the reaction. When any of the above symbols stands by itself it indi. Thus, 2 H,+0=2 H,0 expresses the fact that two molecates one atom of the element it represents. Thus, H cules of hydrogen, each containing two atoms, and one of stands for one atom of hydrogen, O for one atom of oxygen, oxygen, also containing two atoms, combine to give two and Cl for one atom of chlorine. (See Atom, and Atomic molecules of water, each of them containing two atoms of theory under Atomic, in Dictionary.)

hydrogen and one of oxygen.

Pb
L

Zinc,

Z Zr

LIST OF THE ABBREVIATIONS

BOLS

USED IN THIS DICTIONARY.

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part of the te In this disties

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Ir.

lit.

s can be re en giras

, in

a. or adj. stands for adjective.
abbrev. abbreviation, abbreviated.
ace.

accusative.
act.

active. adv.

adverb agri.

agriculture. alg.

algebra. Amer.

American. anut.

anatomy.

ancient antiq.

antiquities. aor,

aorist, aoristic. Ar.

Arabic. arch.

architecture. archeol. archæology. arith.

arithmetic. Armor.

Armoric. art.

article. A. Sax.

Anglo-Saxon. astrol.

astrology astron.

astronomy: at. Wt.

atomic weight. aug

auginentative. Bav

Bavarian dialect. biol.

biology: Bohem.

Bohemian. bot.

botany.
Braz.

Brazilian.
Bret.

Breton (=Armoric).
Bulg.

Bulgarian.
Catal.

Catalonian.
curp.

carpentry. Culis.

causative.
Celt.

Celtic.
Chal.

Chaldee.
chem.

chemistry chron.

chronology. Class.

Classical (=Greek and

Latin). cog.

cognate, cognate with. colloq

colloquial. com.

commerce. coinp.

compare. compar. comparative. conch.

conchology. conj.

conjunction. contr.

contraction, contracted.
Corn.

Cornish.
crystal. crystallography.
Cym.

Cymric.
D.

Dutch.
Dan.

Danish.
dat.

dative. def.

detinite. deriv.

derivation. dial.

dialect, dialectic. dim.

diminutive. distrib.

distributive. dram

drama, dramatic. dyn.

dynamics.

English. eccles.

ecclesiastical. Egypt. . Egyptian. elect.

electrieity. engin.

engineering engr.

engraving entom.

entomology. Eth.

Ethiopic. ethn.

ethnography,ethnology. etym.

etymology. Elur.

European erclam. exclamation. fem.

feminine. fig

figuratively, FI

Flemish. fort.

fortification. Fr.

French. freq.

frequentative.

Frisian. fut.

imber under number in

This! sulphur

, and

galv. stands for galvanism.

p. stands for participle.
genit.
genitive.

palæon. palæontology.
geog:
geography.

part.

participle.
geol.
geology.

pass.

passive.
geom.
geometry.

pathol.

pathology.
Goth.
Gothic.

pejor.

pejorative.
Gr.
Greek.

Per.

Persic or Persian. gram. grammar.

perf.

perfect.
gun.
gumnery

pers.

person.
Heb.
Hebrew.

persp.

perspective.
her
heraldry.

Peruv.

Peruvian.
Hind.
Hindosianee, Hindu, or

Py.

Portuguese.
hist.
history: (Hindi. phar.

pharmacy.
hort.
horticulture.

philol.

philology.
Hung.
Hungarian

philos.

philosophy. hydros. hydrostatics.

Phón.

Phoenician.
Icel.
Icelandic

photog. photography.
ich.
ichthyology.

phren.

phrenology
imper.
imperative.

phys. geog.

physical geography. imperf. imperfect.

physiol. physiology. impers. impersonal.

pl.

plural.
incept.
inceptive.

PI.D.

Platt Deutsch.
ind.
indicative.

рпеит.

prenmaties.
Ind.
Indic.

poet.

poetical.
indef.
indefinite.

Pol.

Polish.
Indo-Eur. Indo-European.

pol. econ. political economy.
inf.
intuitive.

poss.

possessive.
inteus.
intensive.

PP.

past participle.
interj.
interjection.

Ppr.

present participle. Irish.

Pr.

Provençal.
Iran.
Iranian.

prep.

preposition.
It
Italian,

pres.

present.
L.
Latin.

pret.

preterite.
lan..
language.

priv.

privative.
Lett.
Lettish.

pr'oni. pronunciation, pronounced.
L.G.
Low German.

pron

pronoun. literal, literally.

pros.

prosody:
Lith.
Lithuanian.

prov.

provincial.
L.L.

late Latin, low do. psychol. psychology.
mach.
machinery.

rail

railways.
тапиf.
manufactures.

į R.Cath Chi.

Roman Catholic Church. I nasc. masculine.

rhet.

rhetoric.
math.
mathematics

Rom.antiq . Roman antiquities.
mech.
mechanics.

Rus.

Russian.
med.
medicine.

Sax.

Saxon.
Med. L.
Medieval Latin.

Se.

Scotch.
in ensur.
meusiration.

Scand.

Scandinavian.
metal.
metallurgy.

Scrip.

Scripture. metaph. metaphysics.

sculp

sculpture.
meteor.
meteorology.

Sem.

Semitic.
Mex,
Mexican.

Serv.

Servian.
M.H.G.
Middle High German.

sing

singular.
milit.
military.

Skr.

Sanskrit. mineral. inineralogy.

| Slav.

Slavonic, Slavic. Mod. Fr. Modern French.

Sp.

Spanish
myth.
mythology.

sp. gr.

specific gravity. N. Norse, Norwegian.

stat

statute. noun

| subj.

subjunctive.
nat. hist.
natural history.

superl.

superlative. Nat. order natural order.

surg.

surgery
nat. phil. watural philosophy.

surveying.
naut
nautical.

Sw.

Swedish.
navig.
navigation.

sym.

symbol.
neg
negative.

syn.

synonym.
neut.
neuter.

Syr.

Syriac.
N.H.G.
New High German. Tart.

Tartar.
nom.
nominative.

technol.

technology.
Norm.
Norman.

teleg.

telegraphy. North. E. Northern English.

term.

termination.
nimis,
mumismatics.

Teut

Teutonic.
obj.
objective.

theol.

theology
obs.
obsolete.

to.ricol.

toxicology
obsoles.
obsolescent.

trigon.

trigonometry.
0. Bulg. Old Bulgarian (Ch. Slavic). Turk.

Turkish.
0.E.
Old English (i.e. English typog.

typography,
between A Saxon and

var.

variety of species). Modern English). v.i

verb intransitive. 0. Fr. Old French.

V.n.

verb neuter.
OH.G.
Old High German.

v.t.

verb transitive. 0. Prus. Old Prussian.

W.

Welsh.
0, Sax.
Old Saxon.

future. G.

German. Gael.

Gaelie.

zool.

zoology. ornith. ornithology.

obsolete.

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spectively at is the ng in the

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E., Eng.

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