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Massachusetts, proposal of James II. Navy, impressment for, 261; fcgging

to tax, 514; constitution of, super- in, abated, 563.
seded, 522.

Negroes freed by landing in England,
Maynooth College, founded, 456; 272; in Scotland, 273; the slave-

Peel's endowment of, 457; popular trade and slavery abolished, 133,
opposition to, ib.

232, 275.
Mazzini, J., his letters opened by gove New Brunswick, the constitution of,
ernment, 281.

526.
Meetings. See Public Meetings. Newfoundland, the constitution of,
Melbourne, Viscount, his ministries, 526.

76, 77; receives deputation of Newport, the Chartist attack on, 236.
workingmen, 220; reception of New South Wales, a legislature
delegates from trades' unions, 233, granted to, 527; transportation to,
framed the Tithe Commutation Act abolished, ib.; democratic constitu-
417; and the first Irish Corporations tion of, 535.
Bill, 473.

Newspapers, the first, 104, 106, 107;
Melville, Lord, impeachment of, a blow stamp and advertisement duries
to the Scotch Tories, 56.

first imposed, 108; increased, 172;
Meredith, Sir W., his speech against removed, 214, 215; improvement in
capital punishments, 555.

newspapers, 123, 180; commence-
Middle classes, the, strength given to ment of “the Times" and other

Whigs by adhesion of, 61, 69, 202; papers, 123, n.; measures of repres-
a combination of the working and sion, 174, 196.
middle classes necessary to success- New Zealaud, constitution granted to,
ful agitation, 216, 236.

537.
Middlesex, electors of, cause of, sup- Nonconformists. See Dissenters.

ported by public meetings, 126. Nortolk, Duke of, his eldest son ab-
Military and Naval Oflicers' Oaths jured the Catholic faith, 1780, 322,
Bill, the, 356.

n.; his Catholic Officers' Relief Bill,
Militia, the, Catholics in, 333.

356; enabled by Act to serve as Earl
Miller, tried for publication of a libel, Marshal, 365.
115.

" North Briton," the, proceedings
Mines, labor of children, &c. regulated against, 111, 112, 246.
in, 567.

North, Lord, in office, 26, 28; driven
Ministers of the Crown, increasing in- from ottice, 32; the Coalition, 34;

fluence of public opinion over, 28, his measure to conciliate the Ameri-
61, 123, 201; the principles of coali- can colonies, 523.
tion between, 38, 86; responsibility Nottinghain Castle, burnt by mob,
of ministers to their supporters, 66,

219.
83; the premiership rarely held by Nova Scotia, responsible government
the head of a great family, 95; re- in, 533.
vision of salaries of, 548.

Nugent, Lord, his bill for Catholic
Mohun, Lord, cudgelled Dyer for a relief, 362; obtained relaxation to
libel, 107.

Irish commerce, 488.
Moravians. See Quakers.
Muir, T., trial of, at Edinburgh for OCCASIONAL CONFORMITY ACT, the,
Official salaries, revision of, since the intimidation of, by the silk-weavers,
Retorm Act, 518.

sedition, 145; comments thereon in 308.
Parliament, 150.

O'Connell, Mr., leads the Irish party,
Municipal Corporations. See Corpo- 73; heads the Catholic Association,
rations.

201; agitates for repeal of the Union,
Mutiny Act (Ireland), made perma- 223; trials of, 224, 2:27; released on
nent, 490; repealed, 193.

writ of error, 228; returned for

Clare, 371; his reëlection required,
NAPOLEON, First Consul of France, 380; his motions on Irish tithes and

demands the suppression of the Church, 448–153.
press, 176; the dismissal ot' refugees, O'Connor, F., presents the Chartist

286; trial of Peltier for libel on, 177. petition 238.
Naturalization Act, passing of, 286. Ociennial Act, the, (Ireland,) 485.

125; by the Protestant Associations,
Oliver, the government spy, 276. 129; relations of the Church and
Opinion, liberty of, the last liberty to Parliament, 421; supremacy of, over
be acquired, 102; the press, from the Irish Parliainent, 483; Parlia-
James I. till the accession of Geo. ment since the Retorm Act, 576;
III., 104; the “ North Briton pros- vast amount of public business, ib.
ecutions, 110; the law of libel, 114; Parliament (Ireland), state of before
political agitation by public meet- the Union, 479; exclusion of Catho-
ings, 12+; by associations, 127; lics, ib. 482; expired only on demise
democratic associations, 134; repres- of the crown, 181; Puyning's Act,
sive measures, 1792-99, 139; Napo- 482; supremacy of the English
leon and the English press, 176; the Parliament, 483; agitation for in-
press, before the Regency, 179; re- dependence, 490, 492; submits to
pressive measures under the Regen- the permanent Mutiny Bill, 490; in-
cy, 182; the contest between au- dependence granted, 493; corrupt
thority and public opinion reviewed, influence of the government, ib.;
200; the Catholic Association, 20+; motions for Parliainentary Reform,
the press under Geo. IV., 210; its 495; the Union carried, 503.
freedom established, 213; the Reform Parnell, Sir H., the originator of the
agitation, 216; for repeal of the present financial policy, 574.
Union, 223; Orange lodges, 229; Party, influence of, in party govern-
trades' unions, 232; the Chartists, ment, 17; origin of parties, 18; par-
231; the Anti-Corn Law League, ties under the Stuarts, and after the
239; political agitation reviewed, Revolution, 19, 20; Whigs and To-
212. See Press; Political Associa- ries, 20; their distinctive principles,
tions; Public Meetings.

22, 23, 90; parties on the accession
Orange societies, suppressed by Act, of George Ill., 24, 27; the Ameri.

206; revived, 208; organization of, can war a test of party principles,
229, 499; in the army, 230; dis- 29; secessions of the Whigs from
solved, 231; peculiar working of Parliament, 30, 51, 168; overtures
Orange societies, ib.

to the Whigs, 32; commencement
Orsini conspiracy, the, plotted in Eng- of a democratic party, ib.; crisis on
land, 289.

death of Lord Rockingham, 33; the
Oxford University, state of feeling at, Coalition, 34-36; ruin of the Whigs,

on Catholic relief, 351; admission 37; principles of coalition, 38; the
of dissenters to degrees at, 100. Tories under Mr. Pitt, 38, 47; the

Whigs and the Prince of Wales, 40,
PAINE, T., tried for seditious writings, 54, 58; effect of the French Revolu-
135.

tion upon parties, 42, 45; position
Palmer, the Rev. T. F., trial of, for of the Whigs, 43, 46, 49; the To-

sedition, 148; comments thereon in ries in Scotland, 49; schism among
Parliament, 150.

the Tories, 52; parties on Pitt's re-
Palmerston, Viscount, adhered to Mr. tirement from oilice, ib.; the Whigs

Canning, 64; in the Duke of Well- in office, 1806, 53-55, 341; coalesce
ington's ministry, 63; in office, 85; with Lord Sidmouth's party, 53;
secession of the Peelites, 87; his the Tories reinstated, 55; position
overthrow in 1857 and 1858, 88, 290; of the Whigs, 56; the strength they
his second ministry, 90.

derived from the adhesion of the
Papal aggression, 1850, the, 422;- middle classes, 57, 202; the Tories

Court, diplomatic relations with, under Lord Liverpool, 58-63; un-
Bill, 425, n.

der Canning, 63; influence of na-
Paper-duty, the, abolished, 215. tional distress, and of proceedings
Parish, the, local attairs of, adminis- against Queen Caroline, upon par-
tered by vestries, 461.

ties, 60, 61; increase of liberal feel.
Parliament, secessions of the Whigs ing, 61: effect of the Catholic ques-

from, 30, 51, 168; repression of the tion upon parties, 63, 66, 344, 353,
press by Parliament, 107; attempted 376; party divisions atter Mr Can.
ning's death, 65; he Duke of Well. Peel, Mr. See Peel, Sir R.
ington's ministry, ib.; secession of Peel, Sir R., the first, his Factory
liberal members from his cabinet, Children Act, 567.
66; the Whigs restored to office, Peel, Sir R., his commercial policy,
68; supported by the democratic 62, 573; seceded from Canning on
party, 69; Whig ascendency atter the Catholic question, 63; opposes
the Reform Acts, 70; state of parties, that measure, 354, 360; brings
ib.; the Radicals, 71; the Irish par- the Relief Act, 66, 376; his first
ty, 73; the Tories become “Con- ministry, 76; his policy, and fall,
servatives,” 75; increase in power, ib., 454; his relation to the Con-
ib.; break up of Earl Grey's min- servatives, 79, 82; his second min-
istry, ib.; dismissal of Lord Mel- istry, 79; his free-trade policy, 80;
bourne's ministry, 76; Liberals re- repeal of corn-laws, 81, 239, 572;
united against Sir R. Peel, ib.; his his obligations as a party leader,
liberal policy alarms the Tories, ib.; 83; obtains the bishops' consent to
parties under Lord Melbourne, 77; the repeal of the Corporation and
à conservative reaction, 78; effect Test Acts, 368; proposes to retire
of Peel's free-trade policy upon the from the Wellington ministry, 374;
Conservatives, 80, 82; the obliga- loses his seat at Oxford, 375; the
tions of a party leader, 83; the Irish Franchise Act, 379; his Dis.
Whigs in office, 84; Lord Derby's senters Marriage Bills, 394; plan
first ministry, 85; coalition of Whigs for commutation of Irish tithes,
and Peelites under Lord Aberdeen, 452; resists the appropriation ques.
86; fall of his ministry, 87; the tion, 453; proposes endowment to
Peelites retire from Lord Palmer- Maynooth and the Queen's Cole
ston's first administration, ib.; his leges, 456; his scheme for Irish
overthrows, in 1857 and 1858, 88; corporate reform, 475; the first inin.
Lord Derby's second ministry, 89; ister to revise the criminal code,
passed the Jewish Relief Act, 390; 557.
Lord Palmerston's second admin- Peers, the Catholic, restored to the
istration, 90; fusion of parties, ib.; privilege of advising the Crown,
essential difference between Con- 328, 360; exempted from the oath
servatives and Liberals, ib.; party of supremacy, 359; the Catholic
sections, 91; changes in the char- Peers Bill, ib.; take seats in the
acter, &c., of parties, 92; politics House of Lords, 380; creation of,
formerly a profession, 93; effects of to carry the Union with Ireland,
Parliamentary Reform on parties, 504.
96; the conservatism of age, 97; Peltier, J., trial of, for libel, 177.
statesmen under old and new sys- Perceval, Mr., in office, 55, 58, 345.
tems, ib.; patronage, an instrument Peto, Sir M., his Dissenters Burial
of party, 98; review of the merits Bills, 396.
and evils of party, 100; the press Phillimore, Dr., his Catholic Marriages
an instrument of party, 107, 123,

Bill, 363.
124; opposition of the Whigs to a Pillory, punishment of, abolished, 559.
repressive policy, 141, 195; to the Pitt, Mr. w., Tory principles never
Six Acts, 196; the Habeas Corpus completely adopted by, 29, 34, n.,
Suspension Bills, 160, 253–259 : the 39; entered Parliament as a Whig,
Treasonable Practices, &c., Bills, 33, 36; the leader of the Tories, 39;
165-169; the Irish Church appro- his first ministry a coalition, 37;
priation question adopted by the his policy contrasted with Mr.
Whigs, 453; abandoned by them, Fox's, 34, n., 39; his feelings to-
451.

wards the French Revolution, 42,
Patronage, an instrument of party, 140; attempted coalition with Fox,

98; the effect of competition, 100; 44, 53; joined by portion of the
abuses of colonial patronage, 528; Whigs, 45; the consolidation of his

surrendered to the colonies, 530. power, 47, 140; dangerous to liber-
Patronage Act (Scotland), 413. See ty, 50; his liberal views on Catho-
also Church of Scotland.

lic question, 52, 334-340, 506; his

retirement from office, 52; his re- 123; laws for repression of the
turn, 53; the Tory party after his press, 165, 172, 174, 188, 196; the
death, 55; member of the Consti- press and foreign powers, 176; the
tutional Information Society, 128, press not purified by rigor, 203;
137; commences a repressive policy, complete freedom of the press, 213;
139; brings in the Seditious Meet- fiscal laws affecting, ib.; public
ings Bill, 166; opposes relief to dis- jealousies of, 215.
senters, 327-326, 330; his proposal Prisons, debtors', 269; improved
for commutation of Irishtithes, state of, 559.
445; his Irish commercial proposi- Protection, &c., against Republicans'
tions, 496; carried the Union with Society, the, 114.

Ireland, 503; his India Bill, 544. Protestant associations, the, 129, 320;
Pius IX., his brief appointing bishops the petition, and riots, 130, 320.

in England, 423; and against the See also Orange Societies.
Queen's Colleges, 458.

Protestant Dissenters Ministers Bills,
Plunket, Vr., bis advocacy of Catho- 319.
lic relief, 358, 361

Protesting Catholic Dissenters, bill
Police, modern system of, 561.

for relief of, 327.
Political associations, commencement Public meetings, commencement of

of, 124, 126, 128; for Parliamentary political agitation by, 124, 126;
Retorm, 127, 216; Protestant asso- riotous meetings of the silk-weavers,
ciations, 129-132, 320; anti-slave- 125; meetings to support the Mid
trade, 133, 232; democratic, 134, dlesex electors, 126; for Parliamen-
136, 163, 169, 172; proceeded tary Reform, 1779, ib.; in 1795,
against, 145, 15t; suppressed, 173, 163; in 1831, 218; of the Protestant
185, 197; associations for suppress- Association, 130, 320; to oppose the
ing sedition, 143, 203; for Caibolic Sedition and Treason Acts, 170; in
relief, 204; finally suppressed, 209; the manufacturing districts, 1819,
for repeal of the Union with Ire- 190; for Catholic relief, 208; for re-
land, 2:23; Orange lodges, 229; peal (Ireland), 224; of the trades'
trades' unions, 232; the Chartists, unions, 233; the Chartists, 234, 237;
234; the Anti-Corn Law League, the Anti-Corn-Law League, 210;
239.

laws to restrain public meetings,
Ponsonby, Mr., chosen leader of the 166, 185, 196.
Whigs, 57.

Public Opinion. See Opinion, Lib-
Poor-laws, the old and new systems, erty of; Press, the; Political Asso-

563; in Scotland and Ireland, 565. ciations; Public Meetings.
Population, great increase of, in the Publishers, criminally liable for acts

manufacturing districts, 192; its of servants, 114.
etfect on the position of the Puritans, the, under Queen Elizabeth,
Church, 410.

295; under James I. and Charles II.,
Post-Office. See Letters, Opening at. 300, 302; numbers imprisoned, 304.
Poyniny's Act, the, 482.

See also Dissenters.
Pratt, Lord Chief Justice. See Cam-
den, Lord.

QUAKERS, number of, imprisoned,
Presbyterians, in England, 296; in temp. Charles II., 304; motions for

Scotland, 298, 302; in Ireland, 299, relief of, 831; excepted trom Lord

454. See Church of Scotland. Hardwicke's Marriage Act, 362; ad-
Press, the, under censorship, 103; mitted to the Commous on making

from the Stuarts to accession of an affirmation, 382. See also Dis-
George III., 104-109; the attacks senters.
on Lord Bute, 110; general war- Quarter Sessions, courts of, county
rants, 111; the prosecutions of, rates administered by, 477; etforts
1763-1770, 112; publishers liable to introduce the representative sys-
for acts of servants, 114; the rights tem into, ib.
of juries in libel cases, 114-122; Quoen's Colleges, Ireland, founded,
the progress of free discussion, 458; opposition from Catholic cler
123, 180, 201, 210, 215; caricatures,

gy, 459.

Quoad Sacra ministers, the, in the Rockingham, Marquess, Whigs re-
Church of Scotland, 410.

stored to power under, 33, 95; his

death, 33; his administration con-
RADICAL PARTY. See Party.

sent to the independence of Ireland,
Reeves, Mr., his pamphlet condemned, 492.
170.

Roman Catholics, the first Relief Act,
Reform in Parliament, carried by the 1778, 129, 319; the riots in Scotland

Whigs, as leaders of the people, 69; and London, 129, 320; the Scotch
influence of, on parties, 96; on otti- Catholics withdraw their claims for
cial emoluments, 548; on law re- reliet, 129, 321; the penal code of
form, and amendment of the crim- Elizabeth, 293; Catholics under
inal code, 519, 55,3 ; on the spirit and James I., Chas. I., and Croni well,
temper of the judges, 552; on the 300-302; the passing of the Test
condition of the people, 562; on com- Act, 30+; repressive measures, Wm.
mercial and tinancial policy, 571; 11.-Geo. I., 306–308; the Catho-
on Parliament, 576; the tirst reform lics, at accession of Geo. III., 308,
meetings, 126; and in Ireland, 194; 314, 318; their numbers, 309, n.;
re:orm discouraged from the exam- later instances of the entorcement
ple of the French Revolution, 138, of the penal laws, 319; bill to re-
198, 201; repressed as seditious, strain education of Protestants by
145-149, 162, 190; cause of, pro- Catholics, 321; the case of the Pro-
moted by political agitation and testing Catholic Dissenters, 327;
unions, 216; review of reform agi- another measure of reliet' to English
tation, 223.

Catholics, 1791, ib. ; first measures
Reformation, the, effect of, upon Eng- of relief to Catholics in Ireland and

land, 292; doctrinal moderation of, Scotland, 330, 331, 197; the Catho-
294; in Scotland, 298; in Ireland, lics and the militia, 333; effect of
299.

union with Ireland on Catholic re-
Reformatories, instituted, 561.

liet, 51, 333; Catholic claims, 1801-
Retugees. See Aliens.

1810, 336–317; the Army and Navy
Regent, the Prince. See Wales, Prince Service Bill, 312; the Regency not
ot.

favorable to Catholic claims, 348;
Registration of births, marriages, and freedom of worship to Catholic sol-
deaths, Act lor, 395.

diers, 319; the Catholic Question,
Religious liberty, from the Reforma- 1811-1823, 350-361; treated as an

tion to Geo. III., 291-308; com- open question, 353, 361; Acts for re-
mencement of relaxation of the pe- Ti-t ot' Naval and Military Officers,
pal code, 313; Corporation and Test 356; the Catholic Peers' Bill, 351;
Acts repealed, 367; Catholic eman- the Catholic Question in 1823, 361;
cipation carried, 376; admission to etforts for relier of English Catholics,
the Commons by affirmation, 382; ib.; the laws affecting Catholic mar-
Jewish disabilities, 390; registra- riages, 362, 363; Ottice of Earl Mar-
tion of bjiths, marriages, and deaths, sbal Bill, 364; Sir F. Burdett's mo.
395; the Dissenters' Marriage Bill, tivn, 365; State provision for Cath.
ib. ; admission of dissenters to the olic clergy carried in the Commons,
universities, 397; dissenters' chap- 366; the Duke ot' Wellington's mine
els, 400; church-rates, 102. See istry, 65, 366; repeal of the Corpora-
also Church of England; Church in tion and Test Acts, 367; Catholic
Ireland; Church of Scotland; Dis- relief in 1828, 370; the Act, 66-68,
senters; Jews; Quakers; Roman 376, 508; the Catholic peers take
Catholics.

their seats, 380; Catholic emancipa-
Revenue laws, restraints of, on per- tion too long deferred, 381; number
soual liberty, 263;

ottices of Catholic members in House of
thrown open to alissenters and Cath- Commons, ib.; Biils for reliet' in re-
olics, 331, 367, 376.

spect of Catholic births, marriages,
Revolution, the effect on the press, and deaths, 392–396; tinal repeal ot'

106; the Church policy after, 304. penalties against Roman Catholics,
Revolution Society, the, 136.

402; numbers, &c. of, iu Englanc,
VOL. II.

38

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