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shall announce the names of the members absent with leave of the house and the names of the members absent without leave and enter the names of all absentees upon the journal.

Conduct of Religious Erercises.

Rule 14. He shall arrange for the conduct of religious exercises at the opening of each session of the house.

Publication and Correction of Journal.

Rule 15. He shall make up and complete the journal of the house in conformity with the rules, supervise the daily publication thereof and make such corrections therein from day to day as may be necessary.

Order of Business.

Rule 16. He shall keep the several orders of business separate and distinct, and shall prepare and place on the desk of each member each day a list of the business on his desk under each order of business.

Printing, Announcement of Printing and Enrollment of Bills.

Rule 17. He shall attend to the printing of all bills, acts or documents ordered printed by the house. He shall announce each day the numbers and titles of all bills, both house and senate, which have been printed and placed upon the files of the members and the numbers and titles of bills which have been enrolled and presented to the governor.

Responsibility for Care of Bills; Presentation of Enrolled Bills to

Governor.

Rule 18. He shall be responsible to the house for the care and preservation of each bill introduced into the house and for each bill received from the senate up to the time of its return to that body, which responsibility shall only be relieved by a receipt from a proper person when the bill passes from his possession. When a bill has been finally passed by the two houses he shall present to the governor an enrolled copy thereof printed in accordance with the statute relating thereto, taking a receipt therefor showing the day and hour at which such copy was deposited in the executive office.

Appointment of Assistants.

Rule 19. The clerk shall appoint as assistants in the performance of the duties required of him a journal clerk, bill clerk, three proofreaders, a reading clerk, financial clerk, and such other assistants as the house may by resolution authorize, who shall be subject to his orders and to summary removal by him on failure to properly perform the duties assigned them, the reason for such removal to be reported forth with to the house.

Incapacity of Clerk.

Rule 20. In case of the inability of the clerk, from sickness or other cause, to perform the duties of his office, temporarily, the journal clerk shall be charged with the responsibility of the clerk and shall perform his duties.

Notices in cases of Extra Sessions.

Rule 21. Whenever the legislature shall be called to meet in extraordinary session, the clerk of the house shall notify to be present at the opening of the session such of the clerks and employes of the house as the speaker of the house shall designate.

SERGEANT-AT-ARMS. Powers and Duties.

Rule 22. The sergeant-at-arms shall be the chief of police of the house. He shall have charge of the keepers of the cloak and committee rooms, janitors and messengers, and control of all police regulations. He shall attend to the heating, lighting and ventilation of the hall of representatives, committee rooms and connecting corridors. He shall serve all subpoenas and warrants issued by the house or any duly authorized officer or committee.

CHAPTER III.

MEMBERS. Conduct in Debate.

Rule 23. When any member is about to speak in debate, or present any matter to the house, he shall rise from his seat, and respectfully address himself to "Mr. Speaker;" he shall confine himself to the question under debate, and avoid personalities.

Members Called to Order.

Rule 24. If any member in speaking transgress the rules of the house, the speaker shall, or any member may, call him to order; in which case the member so called to order shall immediately sit down and shall not rise unless to explain or proceed in order.

Times Members May Speak.

Rule 25. No member shall speak more than once on the same question without leave of the house, unless he be the mover of the matter pending or chairman of the committee who reported it, in which case he shall be privileged to speak twice.

Voting.

Rule 26. Every member who shall be within the bar of the house when the question is stated from the chair shall vote thereon, unless he be directly interested in the question, and no member shall be obliged to vote on any question unless he be within the bar when the question is so stated.

Recording of Votes; Demands for Votes.

Rule 27. The vote of no member shall be recorded by the clerk, unless such member shall be in his seat when he gives his vote; and, if the vote of any member be demanded during the calling of the roll on any question, it shall be the duty of the speaker to direct such member who may be away from his seat but within the bar of the house to return to his seat and announce his vote. If a member shall refuse to vote after being directed so to do by the speaker he shall be deemed to be in contempt of the house and shall suffer such punishment as the house may direct, and a statement of the contempt and the determination of the house shall be entered on the journal.

Conduct During Roll Call.

Rule 28. While the speaker is putting any question, or while the roll is being called by the clerk, no member shall walk out of or cross the house; nor in such case or when a member is speaking, shall entertain private discourse or pass between him and the chair.

Conduct on Adjournment.

Rule 29. When the house adjourns, the members shall keep their seats until the speaker announces the adjournment.

CHAPTER IV.

COMMITTEES.

STANDING COMMITTEES.

Names and Number of Members.

Rule 30. All standing committees shall be appointed at the com. mencement of the session.

The committees on city corporations, education, fish and fisheries, general taxation, liquor traffic, private corporations, public lands and forestry interests, railroads, revision and amendment of the statutes, state affairs and ways and means shall consist of nine members each.

The committees on apportionment, elections and revision and amend. ment of the constitution and judiciary shall consist of thirteen members each.

All other committees shall consist of five members each. The standing committees of the house shall be as follows: 1. Agricultural College. 2. Agriculture. 3. Apportionment. 4. Central Michigan Normal School. 5. City Corporations. 6. College of Mines. 7. Drainage. 8. Education. 9. Elections. 10. Federal Relations. 11. Fish and Fisheries. 12. Game Laws. 13. General Taxation.

14. Geological Survey.
15. Horticulture.
16. Industrial School for Boys.
17. Insurance.

Ionia State Hospital. 19. Judiciary. 20. Kalamazoo State Hospital. 21. Labor. 22. Liquor Traffic. 23. Local Taxation. 24. Lumber and Salt. 25. Michigan Employment Institution for the Blind. 26. Michigan Farm Colony for Epileptics. 27. Michigan Home and Training School. 28. Michigan Reformatory. 29. Michigan School for the Blind. 30. Michigan School for the Deaf. 31. Michigan Soldiers' Home. 32. Michigan State Prison. 33. Military Affairs. 34. Mines and Minerals. 35. Newberry State Hospital. 36. Northern State Normal School. 37. Pontiac State Hospital. 38. Printing 39. Private Corporations. 40. Public Health. 41. Public Lands and Forestry Interests. 42. Railroads. 43. Religious and Benevolent Societies. 44. Revision and Amendment of the Constitution. 45. Revision and Amendment of the Statutes. 46. Roads and Bridges. 47. Rules and Joint Rules. 48. State Affairs. 49. State Capitol and Public Buildings. 50. State House of Correction and Branch of the State Prison in the

Upper Peninsula. 51. State Industrial Home for Girls. 52. State Library. 53. State Normal College. 54. State Psychopathic Hospital. 55. State Public School. 56. State Sanatorium. 57. Supplies and Expenditures. 58. Towns and Counties. 59. Traverse City State Hospital. 60. University. 61. Village Corporations. 62. Ways and Means. 63. Western State Normal School.

Chairman of Committees.

Rule 31. The first named member of any committee shall be the chairman, unless the committee by a majority of its number elect a chairman.

Sitting of Committees During Sessions of House.

Rule 32. No committee shall sit during the sessions of the house, without special leave of the house.

Notice of Adverse Reports.

Rule 33. All standing committees before reporting without recommendation or adversely to any bill shall notify the member presenting such bill when and where he may meet such committee to explain the same; such notice to be given by mail in the house post office twentyfour hours, or in person at any time, before so reporting.

COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE.

General Orders of the Day.

Rule 34. All bills reported favorably by any committee of the house shall be ordered printed and referred to the committee of the whole. Such bills shall be kept on file in the order of their reference for consideration by the committee of the whole, and such file shall be called the "general orders of the day.” Appropriation bills shall be considered an exception to this rule and shall be placed at the head of the general orders each day and shall be given preference in printing over other bills.

Consideration of Bills.

Rule 35. When the house shall have arrived at the "general orders of the day,” it shall go into a committee of the whole upon such orders, or a particular order designated by a vote of the house, and no business shall be in order until the whole are considered or passed, or the committee rise; and unless a particular bill is ordered up by the house the committee of the whole shall consider, act upon or pass the general orders according to the order of their reference.

Reading; Debate; Amendment.

Rule 36. In committee of the whole bills shall be read and debated by sections, leaving the bill as a whole to be last considered. The body of the bill shall not be defaced or interlined, but all amendments shall be entered on separate pieces of paper, and reported to the house by the chairman standing in his place.

Motion that Committee Rise.

Rule 37. A motion that the committee rise shall always be in order and shall be decided without debate.

Reconsideration.

Rule 38. A motion to reconsider shall be in order in committee of the whole.

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