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but such seaman shall, for all purposes of protection as an American citizen, be deemed such, after the filing of his declaration of intention to become such citizen. $ 2174, tit. 30, U. S. R. S., 2d ed.

TITLE IV.
CRIMES AGAINST THE OPERATIONS OF GOVERNMENT, AND

AGAINST THE ELECTIVE FRANCHISE AND Civil Rights
OF CITIZENS.

Certain acts in

hibited. Penalty therefor.

Certain acts in connection with naturalization prohibited.
Penalty therefor.

Sec. 608. Every person applying to be adınitted a citiconnecn zen or appearing as a witness for any such person, who naturaliza- knowingly personates any other person than himself, or

falsely appears in the name of a deceased person, or in an assured or fictitious name, or falsely makes, forges or counterfeits any oath, notice, affidavit, certificate, order, record, signature, or other instrument, paper or proceeding required or authorized by any law, relating to or providing for the naturalization of aliens; or who utters, sells, disposes of, or uses as true or genuine, or for any unlawful purpose, any false, forged, ante-dated or counterfeit oath, notice, certificate, order, record, signature, instrument, paper, or proceeding above specified; or sells or disposes of to any person other than the person for whom it was originally issued any certificate of citizenship, or certificate showing any person to be admitted a citizen, shall be punished by imprisonment at hard labor not less than one year, nor more than five years, or by a fine of not less than three hundred nor more than one thousand dollars, or by both such fine and imprisonment. U. S. R. S., 2d ed., § 5+24, tit. 70, ch. 5.

False certificate of naturalization. False cer Sec. 609. Every person who uses, or attempts to use, naturaliza- or aids, or assists, or participates in the use of any certi

ficate of citizenship, knowing the same to be forged, or

Halse cer

tion.

counterfeit, or ante-dated, or knowing the same to have been procured by fraud, or otherwise unlawfully obtained; or who, without lawful excuse, knowingly is possessed of any false, forged, ante-dated, or counterfeit certificate of citizenship, purporting to have been issued under the provisions of any law of the United States relating to naturalization, knowing such certificate to be false, forged, ante-dated, or counterfeit, with intent unlawfully to use the same; or obtains, accepts or receives any certificate of citizenship known to such person to have been procured by fraud or by the use of any false name or by means of any false statement inade with intent to procure, or to aid in procuring, the issue of such certificate, or known to such person to be fraudulently altered or ante-dated; and every person who has been or may be adınitted to be a citizen, who, on oath or by affidavit, knowingly denies that he has been so admitted with intent to evade or avoid any duty or liability imposed or required by law, shall be imprisoned at hard labor not less than one year nor more than five years, or be fined not less than three hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars, or both such punishments may be imposed. $ 5425, tit. 70, U. S. R. S., 2d ed. Fraudulent, etc., certificate of naturalization.

Sec. 610. Every person who in any manner uses for Frauduthe purpose of registering as a voter, or as evidence of a certific right to vote, or otherwise, unlawfully, any order, cer- ization. tificate of citizenship, or certificate, judgment or exemplification, showing any person to be admitted to be a citizen, whether heretofore or hereafter issued or made, knowing that such order or certificate, judgment or exemplification has been unlawfully issued or made; and every person who unlawfully uses or attempts to use any such order or certificate, issued to or in the name of any other person, or in a fictitious name, or the name of a deceased person, shall be punished by imprisonment at hard labor not less than one year nor more than five years, or by a fine of not less than three hundred nor more than one thousand dollars, or by both such fine and imprisonment. $ 5426, same tit.

lent, etc. certificate of natural

aiding,

doing of acts probibited.

Penalty for aiding, etc., the doing of acts prohibited. Penalty for Sec. 611. Every person who knowingly and intention. etc., the ally aids or abets any person in the commission of any

felony denounced in the three preceding sections, or attempts to do any act therein made felony, or counsels, advises or procures, or attempts to procure, the commission thereof, shall be punished in the same manner and to the same extent as the principal party. $ 5427, tit. 70, U. S. R. S., 2d ed.

Certain other penalties.

Certain other penalties.

Sec. 612. Every person who knowingly uses any cer- tificate of naturalization heretofore granted by any court,

or liereafter granted, which has been or may be procured through fraud or by false evidence, or has been or may be issued by the clerk, or any other officer of the court, without any appearance and hearing of the applicant in court and without lawful authority; and every person who falsely represents himself to be a citizen of the United States, without having been duly admitted to citizenship, for any fraudulent purpose whatever, shall be punishable by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars, or be imprisoned not more than two years, or both. $ 5428, same tit.

Provisions of above sections, how to apply.

Provisions of above sections, how to apply.

SEC. 613. The provisions of the five preceding sections (SS 608–612) shall apply to all proceedings had or taken, or attempted to be had or taken, before any court in which any proceeding for naturalization may be commenced or attempted to be commenced. $ 5429, same tit.

Penalties for hinder

Penalties for hindering one from qualifying.

Sec. 614. Every person who, by any unlawful means, ing onder hinders, delays, prevents, or obstructs, or combines and qualifying. confederates with others to hinder, delay, prevent, or

obstruct, any citizen from doing any act required to be done to qualify himn to vote, or from voting at any election in any State, Territory, district, county, city, parish, township, school district, municipality, or other territorial subdivision, shall be fined not less than five hundred dollars, or be'imprisoned not less than one month nor more than one year, or be punished by both such fine and imprisonment. U. S. R. S., 2d edition, $ 5506, tit. 70, ch. 7.

right of

Obstructing the exercise of right of suffrage.

Sec. 615. Every person who prevents, hinders, con- Obstructtrols or intimidates another from exercising, or in exer- exercise of cising the right of suffrage, to whom that right is guar- suffrage. anteed by the fifteenth amendment to the constitution of the United States (1, ante), by means of bribery or threats of depriving such person of employment or occupation, or of ejecting such person from a rented house, lands, or other property, or by threats of refusing to renew leases or contracts for labor, or by threats of violence to himself or family, shall be punished as provided in the preceding section. $ 5507, same tit. Conspiring to prevent the exercise of right secured to him by law.

Sec. 616. If two or more persons conspire to injure, Conspiring oppress, threaten, or intimidate any citizen in the free the exer exercise or enjoyment of any right or privilege secured right seto him by the constitution or laws of the United States, him by or because of his having so exercised the same; or if two or more persons go in disguise on the highway, or on the premises of another, with intent to prevent or hinder his free exercise or enjoynient of any right or privilege 80 secured, they shall be fined not more than five thousand dollars and imprisoned not more than ten years; and shall, moreover, be thereafter ineligible to any office or place of honor, profit or trust created by the constitution or laws of the United States. $ 5508, same tit.

cise of

cured to

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ment.

Punishment.

Sec. 617. If in the act of violating any provision in Punisheither of the two preceding sections any other felony or misdeineanor be committed, the offender shall be punished for the same with such punishment as is attached to such

felony or misdemeanor by the laws of the State in which the offense is committed. $ 5509, tit. 70, U.S. R. S., 2d ed.

zens of egnal protection.

Depriving any citizen of equal protection. Depriving SEC. 618. Every person who, under color of any law,

statute, ordinance, regulation, or custom, subjects, or causes to be subjected, any inhabitant of any State or Territory to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities, secured or protected by the constitution and laws of the United States, or to different punishments pains, or penalties, on account of such inhabitant being an alien, or by reason of his color or race, than are prescribed for the punishment of citizens, shall be punished by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars, or by imprisonment not more than one year, or by both. $ 5510, same tit.

Wrongful voting.

Wrongful voting.

SEC. 619. If, at any election for representative or delegate in congress, any person knowingly personates and votes, or attempts to vote, in the name of any other person, whether living, dead, or fictitious; or votes more than once at the same election for any candidate for the same office; or votes at a place where he may not be lawfully entitled to vote; or votes without having a lawful right to vote; or does any unlawful act to secure an opportunity to vote for himself, or any other person; or by force, threat, intimidation, bribery, reward, or offer thereof, unlawfully prevents any qualified voter of any State, or of any Territory, from freely exercising the right of suffrage, or by any such means induces any voter to refuse to exercise such right, or compels, or in

duces, by any such means, any officer of an election in , any such State or Territory to receive a vote from a person

not legally qualified or entitled to vote; or interferes in any manner with any officer of such election in the discharge of his duties; or by any of such means, or other unlawful means, induces any officer of an election, or officer whose duty it is to ascertain, announce, or declare · the result of any such election, or give or make any

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