The Fruit Culturist, Adapted to the Climate of the Northern States: Containing Directions for Raising Young Trees in the Nursery, and for the Management of the Orchard and Fruit Garden

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M.H. Newman, 1847 - 216 páginas
 

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Página 30 - In these latter cases, the food absorbed from the earth by the root of the stock is communicated slowly and unwillingly to the scion ; under no circumstances is the communication between the one and the other as free and perfect as if their natures had been more nearly the same ; the sap is impeded in its ascent, and the proper juices are impeded in their descent, whence arises that accumulation of secretion which is sure to be attended by...
Página 129 - ... of the leaves. The r'eniform glands grow also on the footstalks of the leaves, but those on the leaves are placed within the serratures, connecting, as it were, the upper and lower teeth of the serratures together ; their leaves, when taken from a branch of a vigorous growth, have more glands than the leaves of the globose varieties. It will, however, sometimes happen that glands are not discernible on some of the leaves, especially on those produced on weak branches ; in this case, other branches...
Página 30 - ... peaches or almonds, the scion is, in regard to fertility, exactly in the same state as if it had not been grafted at all; while on the other hand, a great increase of fertility is the result of grafting pears upon quinces, peaches upon plums, apples upon white thorn, and the like. In these latter cases, the food absorbed from the earth by the root of the stock, is communicated slowly...
Página 49 - An incision is made lengthwise through the bark of the stock, and a small cut at right angles at the top, the whole somewhat resembling the letter T, Fig.
Página 128 - The form of the glands, as well as their position, is perfectly distinct ; they are fully developed in the month of May, and they continue to the last permanent in their character, and are not affected by cultivation. The globose glands are situated, one, two, or more, on the footstalks, and one, two, or more on the tips or points of the serratures of the leaves. The reniform glands grow also on the footstalks of the leaves, but those on the leaves are placed within the serratures, connecting, as...
Página 49 - A bud is then taken from a shoot of the present year's growth, by shaving off the bark an inch or an inch and a half in length with a small part of the wood directly beneath the bud.
Página 121 - The borer sometimes proves a formidable enemy. It is the larva of an insect which attacks the wood of the trunk, near the surface of the ground, and works inwards, usually upwards, but sometimes downwards, to a distance of several inches into the wood, during the summer season. "As the borer frequently destroys the tree, various means of prevention have been resorted to. The remedies described for the apple-borer are found useful. When the insect has once obtained possession, the best method appears...
Página 94 - ... sold them. This is a serious evil, to say nothing of the disappointment to the purchaser ; for, unless the mistake be detected at first, the longer the tree grows before it is discovered, the more time will have been lost in its cultivation ; and, be it remembered, this time is irrecoverable.
Página 147 - On shaking it well, I caught five curculios , on jarring it with the hand, I caught twelve more ; and on striking the tree with a stone, eight more dropped on the sheets. I was now convinced that I had been in an error ; and calling in the necessary assistance, and using a hammer to jar the tree violently, we caught in less than an hour, more than two hundred and sixty of these insects.

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