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want your nonsense about legitimacy. poleon agreed amongst themselves. All the monarchs of Europe are fools, There can be no doubt as to the with their legitimacy. That is not como unhappy terms on which the French mon sense: the people want no more of
lived with each other at Longwood. that. I must speak to your Prince
Lieutenant, now Lieutenant-Colonel Regent. He has sense and spirit, and
Jackson, who resided some time would understand what I have to say to him. Europe, and especially France,
there with the orderly officer, says, are too enlightened to be caught by the
• the court of Longwood, like the stupid nonsense which the old Monarchs entourage of more powerful soveand their courts talk about legitimacy, reigns, was not free from jealousies, divine right, the throne, and the altar. envy, and much uncharitableness. The less they wish to grant liberty to Bertrand and Montholon were never their subjects, the more they must speak on friendly terms, while Montholon to them about it. I do not wish it any and Gourgaud were at openly avowed more than they, you may be sure. I
enmity. The two ladies, Mdmes. know well that now.a-days, it requires a
Bertrand and de Montholon only mod of iron to rule men, but it must be
interchanged formal calls once or gilded, and we must make them believe, when we strike them, that they direct
twice a year.
On July the 10th, 1816, we find the blow themselves. It is necessary al. ways to talk of liberty, equality, justice,
a letter of O'Meara to Sir Thomas and disinterestedness, and never grant
Reade, in which are these passages : any liberty whatever. No change of They (meaning Montholon andCo.) system is required, but only a change are sufficiently malignant to impute of language, and provided we talk to the all these things (enumerating compeople of liberty and equality, I answer plaints about the supply of meat, for it that they may be easily oppressed
wine, &c.) to the Governor, instead and made to pay down to their last
of setting them down as beivg owing farthing, without being tempted to rise in insurrection, or feeling really any dis
to the neglect of Balcombe's people.
Every little circumstance is carried content.
directly to Bonaparte, with every These are remarkable admissions, aggravation that malignity and falseand will by-and-bye do more to de hood can suggest to evil disposed and stroy the prestige of Bonapartism in cankered minds.' Contrast this with France than even the sway of the the published Voice from St. Helena. Emperor Louis Napoleon.
In August, 1816, Sir H. Lowe In July, 1816, Sir H. Lowe dis. had one of his five interviews with covered that letters were brought Napoleon, principally with a view of to the island contrary to the provi. making known to him the rude and sions of the act of Parliament, by unruly conduct of General Bertrand. the servants of persons arriving in Bonaparte of course took the part of an official capacity. Some of the Bertrand, when Sir Hudson, with letters in question were brought by great dignity said, 'I am a subject the valet de chambre of Baron of a free government. Every kind Sturmer, who had been fourteen of despotism and tyranny I hold in years in the French service, and ac- abhorrence, and I will repel every companied Joseph Bonaparte to accusation of my conduct in this Spain. The danger that might arise respect as a calumny. from communications of this kind In September, 1816, Sir Hud. will be obvious to the meanest capa. son Lowe forwarded to Earl Bathcity. But the governor, while in urst a letter of O'Meara's, which forming Lord Bathurst, resorted to stated that Bonaparte made him an no extraordinary precautions.
offer of 6000f. yearly, in addition to At the time that Napoleon and his allowance from the British Gohis suite were thus illegally receiv. vernment, whereupon the doctor ing letters, the ex-emperor himself asked to be allowed a similar sum admitted that the British Govern to that offered him by Bonaparte. ment could not remedy the continual In observing upon this letter to privation in the island of objects of Lord Bathurst, Sir H. Lowe said primary necessity.
that, having had experience of While the ex-emperor and the O'Meara's zeal and useful informa. governor were at open war, it is not tion he felt induced to solicit consito be supposed that the suite of Na deration to his claim.
A great outcry was made in entirely on the unsupported asserO'Meara's book, and in the volumes tion of O'Meara, in a work written of Gourgaud, Montholon, &c., be many years afterwards, when his cause Napoleon sold some of his object was to vilify as much as posplate to be broken up, ostensibly to sible the character of the Governor. provide a larger supply of what In the middle of November, 1816, Lord Coke quaintly calls 'victual; Sir H.Lowe discovered a clandestine but this after all was but a pretence, correspondence, which led to the for Sir H. Lowe had fixed the ex. arrest of Las Casas and his ultimate penses of Longwood at 12,0001. a removal from the island. Previous year, which sum was 40001. a year to his leaving, Las Casas admitted more than his Government had that the state of Bonaparte's mind authorized him to allow. The ob- was one of great irritation, that he vious way to have had more pro must be looked on as a sick man, vend’ at command would have been and great allowances made for him. to dismiss some of the large retinue Having made this admission, he of fifty-five persons, all of whom went on to say, that the suite of the insisted upon luxuries. But in thus ex-emperor were all more irritable acting they would have deprived and more ready to believe evil than themselves of a grievance, and this he was himself. In truth, every was not their cue.
effort made by the Governor for the On the 8th July, 1816, Sir Charles comfort of his prisoner was misconStuart, the British ambassador at strued. In November, 1817, Sir Paris, informed Lord Castlereagh Hudson sent some excellent coffee that he had received intelligence that to Longwood, thinking it would be one Carpenter, an American citizen, acceptable. So it was considered was equipping a fast-sailing vessel by Bonaparte himself, but Monthoin the Hudson river, for the pur- lon calls it an inexplicable idea of pose of facilitating the escape of performing an act of politeness, and Bonaparte from St. Helena. In he intimates that Cipriani, the consequence of this, M. de Richelieu maitre-d'hotel, suspected that the induced Sir C. Stuart to recommend coffee might be poisoned, and would that apparent security should not not use it until it had been 'sublead to a relaxation of a vigilant mitted to a variety of tests. Ciprisystem. And it is in the teeth of ani, he says, thought me mad when these suggestions and recommenda. I put the case into his charge to be tions that people complain of the used by the chief cook. This inci. vigilance of Sir H. Lowe.
dent shows how perverted were the To read O'Meara's Voice, one minds of the French at St. Helena, would suppose that the suite of the and how difficult it was to please ex-Emperor were all martyrs and persons so disposed to misconinjured innocents. In his private strue the commonest act of politecorrespondence with Finlaison, how ness. ever, O'Meara states the whole Many have doubted, though party, with the exception of one or we have never been of the num: two, to be the greatest gluttons and ber, whether Napoleon ever had epicures he ever saw.
really an intention of invading Eng. *Under date of November 5, 1816, land; but in January, 1817, he O'Meara says, in his Voice, that Sir stated to O'Meara, who records the Hudson desired him to write an circumstance in a letter to Sir H. opinion on the health of Bonaparte, Lowe, that it was his firm intention cautioning him, that in writing it he to invade England, and to head the must bear in mind that the life of expedition himself. To the same one man was not to be put in com. person he boasted of the exact inpetition with the mischief he might formation he obtained from Eng. cause were he to get loose—that land. He stated that the emigrants Bonaparte had been a curse to the were on all occasions his best inforworld, and had caused the loss of mers, and that he paid at times as many thousands of lives. No hint large a sum as 20001. and 30001. per or trace of this appears in O'Meara's month to a lady of high rank, who -private letters, or in any of the sent him regular accounts of all he papers of Sir H. Lowe, and it rests desired to know. Speaking of Pel
down to rags.
tier, he said, he was a polisson, a known that the ex-emperor was briccone, a man who would write possessed. anything for money and for any, In August, 1817, Bonaparte quar. body. He offered me a hundred relled with Gourgaud, and they did times to change his style and write not speak for more than a fortnight. for me. Several of the editors of the Gourgaud at this time expressed English newspapers made similar himself strongly to Count Balmain, offers, but I did not then attach the Russian commissioner, in disapsufficient importance to it. Not so probation of the mode in which Bo. the Bourbons. In 1814 the editor naparte had conducted himself toof the Times wrote for them, and wards Sir H. Lowe personally, and was paid about 30001. annually, be observed that had he been in the sides taking a great number of Governor's situation he would have copies.
confined them more closely. He The pamphlet of a man named (i.e. Sir H. Lowe) has good right to Santini, a porter of Bonaparte's closet complain. at St. Helena, produced a consider O'Meara observes in his Voice, able impression in London in 1817. * that there was not enough to keep We now learn that this was written a good table, yet he also states that by Colonel Maceroni, an officer who they used thirty pounds of beef in had served under Murat.
soup every day, which was boiled Lord Amherst, our ambassador to China, arrived at St. Helena on the It has been said that Napoleon 27th June. Sir Hudson was glad could not take exercise. If he did to avail himself of his presence to not take exercise it was his own introduce any amelioration into fault, as he had twelve miles of range the situation of Bonaparte, which, in which he might ride or drive. on conversation, it might appear We must say, having conscientiously advisable to allow. Lord Am gone through the volumes, that the herst did not obtain an interview Governor exhibited nervous with him until the evening before anxiety to furnish everything on & his departure, when he entered liberal scale, and in every mode and most fully into every subject, past
so to perform his strict and present, respecting his situation duty as not unnecessarily to give on the island. Lord Amherst told
annoyance or pain. Many of the Sir Hudson Lowe that Napoleon little complaints which the ex-emhad made bitter complaints, and he peror made might have been put asked him whether he ought to make right in a moment if Napoleon had them known to the Prince Regent not resolutely determined to hold and Ministers. Sir Hudson said
no personal intercourse with the that he wished him to make known Governor. It is no doubt a painful all that Bonaparte had mentioned, and a humiliating thing to see upon which Lord Amherst replied,
The queller of the Nations • In such case, sir, I shall think it
Now daily squabbling o'er disputed my duty, as an honest man, to say rations ; at the same time I consider them but the fault was not Sir Hudson unfounded.' Soon after the Voice Lowe's, but Bonaparte's, and we from St. Helena appeared, in 1822, may well say with ByronSir Hudson Lowe wrote to Lord
Weep to perceive him mourning as he Amherst, and called his attention to
dines, certain misrepresentations in the O'er curtailed dishes, and o'er stinted book, upon which Lord Amherst,
wines; who was then at Montreal, replied O’er petty quarrels, upon petty things; that he did not use the expression, Is this the man who scourged or feasted nor anything like the expression,
Behold the scales on which his fortune attributed to him. Before Las Casas had left, Napo
hangsleon obtained an order for all that
A surgeon's statement, and an earl's
harangues. he had left in England, without
A bust delayed, a book refused, can giving him any real security, or even shake parting with a single article of those
The sleep of him who kept the world valuable personals of which it was awake.
In February,1818, the illtreatment was informed of the expected event which Gourgaudexperiencedinduced – Well, gentlemen,' said he to him to apply for permission to leave Major Gorrequer and Mr. Henry, the island. He lived miserably, and, he was England's greatest enemy, to use his own words, like a dog; and mine, too; but I forgive him seldom saw Bonaparte; and having everything. On the death of a great declined to receive 12,000 francs from man like him, we should only feel the ex-Emperor as a pecuniary obli- deep concern and regret.' gation, was refused a loan of 2001. From a perusal of these volumes, or 3001. by Bertrand. As he was we arrive at the conclusion that quite penniless, Sir Hudson Lowe Napoleon was unequal to the task sent him an order on his own of bearing adversity with dignity, or banker, in London for 1001.
even with resignation. He conThe third and last volume con- tended to use the words of Latains an account of O'Meara's dis- martine, quoted by Mr. Forsyth), obedience of orders-of his expul. with adversity as if it had been a sion from the mess of the 66th human offence, and in that struggle Regiment-of the discovery of a he resorted to quibble, to trick, clandestine correspondence, impli- to misrepresentation, and falsecating Mr. Balcombe and others, hood, to make men believe that he —and of his dismissal from the was the victim of malice and of pernavy.
secution. The letter of Mr. Croker, in which Napoleon was unfortunate in the the dismissal was conveyed, is an choice of his companions in exile. admirable production, and we re. They were his mere instrumentsgret we cannot print it at length. In the puppets of his will, and they be. a letter to the Admiralty, O'Meara came accomplices in his system of had stated that Sir Hudson trickery and deceit. We agree with Lowe had made to him observations Mr. Forsyth in thinking that Napoon the benefit which would result leon outraged Sir H. Lowe with to Europe from the death of Napo- every species of insult. His conleon, of which event he spoke in a stant habit was to speak of him in manner which, considering his situa epithets which no gentleman should tion and mine, was peculiarly dis use, and, we regret to say, with an tressing to me.'
habitual disregard of truth. It is impossible, says Mr. Croker, As to Sir Hudson Lowe, like most to doubt the meaning which this men who have done their duty, and passage was intended to convey, and have become unpopular in doing it, my lords can as little doubt that he was neglected by the Government the insinuation is a calumnious false- he served. The only reward he hood; but if it were true, it was received was the commandership of your bounden duty not to have lost the forces at Ceylon. He died in a moment in communicating it to 1844, in the 75th year of his age, the Admiral on the spot, to the and so poor that he left no provision Secretary of State, or to their Lord for his unmarried daughter. Under ships. Either the charge is in the these circumstances, the late Sir R. last degree false and calumnious, or Peel recommended Miss Lowe for you can have no possible excuse for a small pension, which at the time having suppressed it. In either was at his disposal, in recognition case, my Lords consider you to be an of the services of her father. improper person to continue in his It only remains to us to say that Majesty's service, and they have Mr. Forsyth has executed his task directed your name to be erased with care and circumspection, and, from the list of naval surgeons ac- on the whole, very creditably. Now cordingly.
and again the style appears a little There is little new in the account pompous and prosy-something like contained in the last volume of the the summing up of a judge in an progress of Napoleon's fatal illness important case--but the editor is and death. On this part of the careful and conscientious, though volume, therefore, it is unnecessary somewhat too judicial in his manner to dwell. When Sir Hudson Lowe and mode of treatment.
MY FIRST NIGHT IN THE JUNGLE.
By CAPTAIN HARDBARGAIN. MAN is indeed the creature of
• What! to sit up all night long circumstance! thought I, as I in the midst of the jungle? sat, one evening in July, lounging • Yes, sir, we do it-we village on a sofa in the handsome drawing Shicarees. Before I was regularly room of my Club, with the current taken into service by a gentleman, number of Fraser in my hand. I lived in the village of Gouldacope, Here am I with shiny boots on, near the pool of water I have been reading over a little sketch of one speaking about, and always sat up of my last nights in the jungle, and on moonlight nights by that water. wondering at its fervour as if I had Deer and hog abound, and I genenever felt what I there described ! rally got a shot at one or the other; Ten to one in another eighteen sometimes a tiger, bear, or cheetah, months I shall again be enjoying came down, but only having my meditation and moonlight in a simi matchlock, I never interfered with lar situation, and then shall have as them since my brother was killed, great difficulty in realizing this arti
five years ago ;-he fired at a tiger, ficial life in London !' And these which jumped on him, and killed serious elderly gentlemen around him on the spot.' me, who are devouring the evening • Let us go and see the place, at papers with the assistance of their
any rate,' said Hardbargain; and double glasses, what adventures and we were on our legs again, and, with hair-breadth 'scapes may they have guns sloped over our shoulders, and not passed through in a long career? stiffened limbs from a twelve-miles all forgotten now as though such walk over rough ground in intoleraoccurrences had never been. In the bly hot weather, walked ourselves reverie occasioned by these reflec- supple again. tions, my eyes fixed themselves on It was about mid-day when we a very major-ish elder in a black suddenly passed out of the shady stock, whom I forthwith divested of forest, and stood on the margin of his Muftee, and arrayed in scarlet, the pool, or, more properly speakwith sword in hand, at the head of ing, puddle. Yes, a large puddle his company, on the retreat to Co of very dirty water, smelling very runna,' when I was abashed to per much of cattle, and trodden all ceive that he was eyeing me over round and about by innumerable his glasses, as if he thought I had hoofs—cows, buffaloes,calves, sheep, dined; so I retired into the library, and goats, had all left their marks carrying my thoughts with me, and without number; but among all this commenced this sketch of my first kneaded mud, a practised eye would night in the jungle.
detect the pointed, game-looking • The country is so dried up at pugg* of Samber and spotted deer, this time of the year
marks of a slide on the slippery always scarce, but the moon is within clay here, and the deep hole there, two days of the full, if you would where the heavy Sing-wallaht had like to sit up at night, sir? and I sunk up to the knee in the soft mud, know of a little pool about a koss while he slaked a two days' thirst. off, in the midst of the jungle, and Pigs too, large and small, told the if it is not dried up yet, you would tale of a sounder in the neighbourget many shots there.'' Bussassa hood. The fore foot of a hyena, 80 the Shicaree thus delivered himself large and round that it might have to his youthful employer, Ensign been mistaken for a leopard's, was Hardbargain, in reply to his lamen there, but the Shicaree's eye would tations that his first expedition into have known the beast at once for the the jungle would probably be boot. cowardly hyena, when he looked for less, three out of his five days' leave the hind foot, and saw it was only having expired without having seen half the size, even if the unretractile anything larger than a Muntjak. claw had not left its impression. * Foot-mark,
+ Stag carrying antlers,