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CALIFORNIA

INTRODUCTION.

EXERCISES DESIGNED TO AID IN SECURING DISTINCT.

NESS AND ACCURACY IN ENUNCIATION.

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VOWEL-CONSONANTS. W in wine.

y in yard.

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ANALYSIS TO DEVELOP AND ILLUSTRATE EACH SOUND

REPRESENTED IN THE PHONIC CHART.

VOWEL SOUNDS. 1st SOUND.

This character represents the sound of e heard in we.

Pronounce—me, knee, here, peer, leave, seize, field, key, marine, antique, receive, torpedo.

Again pronounce each word, specially dwelling on the ē sound, then utter the sound alone twice with force, thus: memē ē: knee-ē ē, &c.

Substitute the character © for its sound in the above words, and omit the silent letters. They will then be represented as follows when written :

Represented-mē, nē, hēr, pēr, lev, sēz, feld, ke, marēn, antēk, rècēv, torpēdo.

20 SOUND. ā

This character represents the sound of a heard in nid.

Pronounce—ale, day, prey, neigh, bait, great, fate, haste, heinous, heyday, jail.

Again pronounce each word, specially dwelling on the à sound, then utter the sound alone twice, with force, thus : ale—ā ā: day—ā ā: prey—ā ā, &c.

Substitute the character ā for its sound in the above words, and omit the silent letters. They will then be represented as follows when written :

Represented—al, dā, prā, nā, bāt, grāt, fāt, häst, hānus, hādā, jāl.

30 SOUND.

This character represents the sound of e heard in ě earth,

Pronounce-earn, earl, her, were, sir, fur, word, player.

Bring out this sound in the manner directed for ē and ā. These words are represented when ő is used for its sound. Thus:

Represented—ērn, ērl, hêr, wêr, sẽr, fếr, wērd, plāēr.

4TI SOUND.

This character represents the sound of a heard in air. å

Pronounce-care, stare, flare, there, where, share, fair, prepare, chair.

Bring out this sound as already directed, then substitute the character and write the words. Be careful in giving this sound to avoid the á sound sometimes heard for it. The difference in the sounds will be seen in the following two words (spelled alike), thus-prayer, one who prays—is prāēr, but prayer, the petition offered, is prâr.

5TI SOUND.

This character represents the sound of a heard in ma. ä

Pronounce-pa, father, sergeant, calm, hearth. This is the first, finest, and most natural sound in the language; it belongs both to man and brute, and is the first sound uttered in their cry. It is the principal sound in the first two words of childhood : ma -pa. Do not be afraid of overdoing this sound.

6TH SOUND.

Ô

This character represents the sound of o heard in nor

Pronounceor, for, war, fall, ought, bought, caught, awful, autumn, awkward, thoughtful, sawing.

7TH SOUND.

o

This character represents the sound of o heard in hole.

Pronounce-old, oar, soar, tore, four, door, swore, before, mow, row, bureau, prorogue.

8TH. SOUND.

This character represents the sound of o heard in do. o

Pronounce—to, tool, fool, move, prove, who, through, true, rule, routine, rheum, uncouth.

These eight sounds may be called the long vowel sounds. Each of them, except the 7th, has a corresponding short sound, represented as follows:

1ST SOUND.

i

This character represents the sound of i heard in it.

Pronounce—in, bin, limb, busy, business, biscuit, car. riage, ridge, bridge, hinder, women.

Pronounce and represent as directed for the long vowel sounds.

2D SOUND. ě

This character represents the sound of e heard in men.

Pronounce-end, red, head, friend, heifer, any, many, deaf, again, yet, yes, preface, says.

3D SOUND.

ů

This character represents the sound of u heard in up.

Pronouncecup, mug, but, rough, some, enough, young, front, honey, color, blood, cousin, son, tongue.

4TI SOUND.

å

This character represents the sound of a heard in at.

Pronounce-add, mad, cat, hat, rag, wag, plaid, catch, fallow, album, tapestry, raillery, tassel.

5TH SOUND.

å

This character represents the sound of a beard in ask.

Pronounce-chant, class, grass, fast, draft, craft, raft, shuft, prance, pass, vast, pastor.

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