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kinds of vice, as it were against kind and course of nature."

"— either rouse the deer or unpearch the pheasant."

"— stand in a mammering whether to depart or not."

"— if tall the y term him a lungis, if short a dwarf."

"— if she be well set, they call her a bosse, if slender a hazel twig."

"— their lawns, their leefckies,1 their ruff's."

"lie not like the Englishman, which preferreth every strange fashion before the use of hia country."

"I would not that all women should take pepper in the MM, in that I have disclosed the legerdemain of a few."

Snuff* was not then known,—but here is an expressed fact equivalent to taking it in muff.

"— the oak will soon be eaten with the worm, the walnut tree never."

"— were not Milo's arms brawn-fatten for want of wrestling?"

N. I. Servants who were unfit for any tiling else appointed to take care of the children. An ill custom of which he complains.

Fade always for fade? N. 3, 4. — Extemporaneous speaking. O. Oxford described (as Athens) in his days, as a very profligate place. O. 3. Servants beaten. His notions of gentle education.—P. 2. "Cock mates" playmates. "Querrcllons." Manuary crafts. "Abject," for reprobate. "— surely if conscience be the cause thou art banished the court, I account thee wise in being so precise, that by the using of virtue thou mayest be exiled the place of vice."

1 Here a part of female dress, but what does not appear. Hnlliwell quotes leefekyn from I'alsgrave's Acolmlus, as a term of endearment.

—J. w. w.

3 See The Doctor, &c. 1 vol. edit. p. 479.— J. W. W.

Was Lyly a Puritan when he wrote this first part f

U. 2. — Ladies of the Court.

This also has a Puritan air.

"By experience we see that the adamant cannot draw iron if the diamond lie by it."

Enphues a:ul his England.

"EuruiiEs" was his first work.

"The very feather of an eagle is of force to consume the beetle."

"liens do not lay eggs when they chick but when they cackle."

Dedication to the Earl of Oxford, and to the Ladies and Gentlewomen of England.

"Euphues had rather lie shut in a Lady's coffer than open in a scholar's study."

"— the grisping of the evening."

"— a hermitage where a mouse was sleeping in a cat's ear!"

"— the thrush never singeth in the company of the nightingale."

"Nothing shall alter my mind, neither penny nor pater-noster."

"— Coming home by Weeping cross."

"Every stool he sat on was Penniless bench."3

Philanthus is made to say " the English tongue, which, as I have heard, is almost barbarous."

England "marvellously replenished with people."

"Thou doest me wrong, in seeking a scar in a smooth skin."

Bees " delight in sweet and sound music, which if they hear but once out of tune, they fly out of sight."

F. 3. This whole account of the bees oddly fabulous.

The tortoise taken for the torpedo — plainly.

"— as the viper tied to the bough of the beech tree, which keepeth him in a dead

3 See Nakes' Gins*, on Weeping Cross and Penniless Bench. The latter is well known to all Oxonians.- J. W. W.

sleep, though he begin with a sweet slumber."

"If thou be bewitched with eyes, wear the eyes of a weasel in a ring, which is an enchantment against such charms"

"The Salamander, being a long time nourished in the fire, at last quencheth it."

"As there is but one Phoenix in the world, so is there but one tree in Arabia wherein she buildeth."

"O infortunate Philantus! born in the wane of the moon, and as like to obtain thy wish as the wolf to eat the moon."

"— making a cooling-card against women."

"— all lovers are cooled with a card of ten." (?)

"A lungis"—this word is opposed to a dwarf.

"— the fairer the stone is in the toad's head, the more pestilent her poison is in her bowels."

"— that talk, the more it is seasoned with fine phrases, the less it savoureth of true meaning."

"— delighted to hear her speak — he trained her by the blood in this sort. If," &c.

"— he determined hah nab1 to send his letters."

"Sweet Johns," the same as Sweet Williams?8

"— for me, I am neither of his counsel, nor court."

"Those that have once been bitten with a scorpion, never after feel any sting either of the wasp, or the hornet, or the bee."

"There is no beast that toucheth the herb whereon the bear hath breathed."

"The nightingale is said with continual straining to sing, to perish in her sweet lays."

A. a. 2. London Bridge the pride of the metropolis.

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"Mastiffs, except for necessary uses about their houses, as to draw water, to watch thieves, &c. And thereof they derive the word mastiff—of mase and thief." (?)

"Mineral pearls (?) in England, which is most strange, which as they are for greatness and colour most excellent, so are they digged out of the mainland, in places far distant from the shore."—Ibid.

B. b. 1, 2. The English ladies described, in ironically praising them for what he wished them to be.

B. b. 3. Lords and Gentry. (See p. 70.)

"— this I would have thee take for a flat answer."


"Troth, I am of opinion he is one of those hieroglyphical writers, that by the figures of beasts, plants and of stones, express the mind, as we do in A B C."— Nash, Summer's Last Witt, Old Plays, vol. iv. p. 33.

Thomas Goff.

-three excellent tragedies. Second edit. 1656.

The verses in this volume generally (as in Spanish) begin with a small letter.

Rhyme is frequently introduced.

The Turks talk like Pagans, and drink wine.

P. 9. "Am I not Emperor? he that breathes a No

Damns in that negative syllable his soul."

20. — " shute" the French word, I suppose, but made English, and thus spelt.

74. "These are too fairly promised to be meant."

75. "These men's examples, were we faint and loath,

Would set sharp spurs unto our slow-paced wrath,

And whet our dull edged anger."

91. " Cruel, yet honest, and austerely good."

94. — " when day is past,

And tbe full fancies of mortality
Busy in dreams."

98. — to "ruinate."

99. — " Blest mortals, bad that mother Strangled ber other infant, white-faced day, And brought forth only night!"

106. Bajazet, in his dying rant, threatens to—

"Besiege the concave of this universe,
And hunger-starve the gods."

107. — " excorporate."

112." Oh, I could be a holy Epicure
In tears and pleasing sighs."

129. " Beauty! my Lord,—'tis the worst

part of woman, A weak poor thing, assaulted every hour By creeping minutes of defacing time, A superficies which each breath of care Blasts off; and every humorous stream of


Which flows from forth these fountains of our eyes,

Washeth away—as rain doth winter's snow."

There is much beauty in the rest of this speech also.

— "and in ourselves, yea, in our own true breasts,

We have obedience, duty, careful love."

132. — "in what part of heaven
Shall she be »tellified."

143. One who personates the Ghost of the Father says to the Son— "Know all the torments that the fabulous age

Dream'd did afflict deceased impious ghosts, Heart-biting hunger, and soul-searching thirst.

The ne'er-consumed, yet ever-eaten prey That the devouring vulture feeds upon, Are not Buch tortures as our offspring's crimes:

They, they sit heavy on us, and no date Makes our compassionate affection (affliction ?) cease."

— " O thou, hereditary ulcer."

146. "Think you my mind is waxy, to be wrought into any fashion?"

158. " No sooner shall the Tycian (?) splendid Sol Open heaven's casements, and enlarge the day."

160. A pretty speech of a princess about to be given in marriage.

167. " Bellonaand Erynnes scourge us on, Should wars and treasons cease, why our

own weight Would send us to the earth, as spreading arms

Make the huge trees in tempest for to split."

— "the slaughterman to pasture goes And drags that oxe home first whose bulk

is greatest, The lean he still lets feed."

173. Amuratt says, when the sky is filled with blazing stars and comets,

"How now, ye Heavens, grow you So proud, that you must needs put on

curl'd lodes, And clothe yourselves in periwigs of fire?"

176. "The Heavens are turned court ladies,

And put on other hair besides their own."

"If we want light, we'll from our Whinyards

Strike fire enough to scorch the Universe."

177." How well this weight of steel befits my strength."

184 — " you leave the earth

Not as you went, but by compulsion dragg'd,

Still begging for a morrow from your grave,

And with such shifts you do deceive yourselves,

As if you could deceive mortality."

"Death leads the willing by the hand, But spurs the headlong on, that dare command."

205. "Electro. Have I not lost a father? Yes, yes, and would a river of fresh tears Turn Lethe's stream, and bring him from

the wharf1 With a north-gale of windy-blowing sighs, I could expire my soul, become all tears."

208. "This hand shall rip her breast, And search her inparts, but I'll find it

out." 236.

209. "The saddest tale That ever burden'd the weak jaws of man."

223." Let your tongues be percullised in your jaws."

225. " By Heaven's Parliament." When was this written?

229. Person used for part, as in a play.

231. "This—O what thing's enough To be an attribute to term her by— The Clyteinnestra."

232." And when my heart was tympanized with grief,

Thou lavedst out some into thy heart

from mine, And keptst it so from bursting."

250. "Murder-heap'd

Corpse upon corpse, as if they meant to invite All Hell to supper on some jovial night."

When Orestes and Pylades are about to kill each other, Orestes says— "And let thy rapier drink blood greedily.

As if it loved it, cause it is thy friend.

1 "Duller should'st thou be, than thefat weed That roots itself in ease on Lethe's wharf, Would'st thou not stir at this."

Shakespeare, Hamlet.—J. W. W.

Ply. Why then, dear friend, I thus erect this arm

And will be strong to thee, as thou to me."

262. " Our life consists of air, our state of wind,

All things we leave behind us, which we find, Saving our faults."

These are marvellous plays for their atrocious horrors; one wonders that a scholar should have produced, and Oxford encouraged them. But the author was not wanting in parts of a certain kind.


Phillips says of Ilerrick that he was not "particularly influenced by any nymph, or goddess, except his maid Pru. That which is chiefly pleasant in these pocins, is now and then a pretty flowery and pastoral gale of fancy; a vernal prospect of some hill, cave, rock, or fountain; which, but for the interruption of other trivial passages, might have made up none of the worst poetic landscapes."

Of all our poets this man appears to have had the coarsest mind. Without being intentionally obscene, he is thoroughly filthy, and has not the slightest sense of decency.

1 " In Herrick the southern spirit becomes again the spirit of the antique. In the very constitution of his imagination he was a Greek —yet he sang in no falsetto key—his thoughts were instinct with the true classical spirit; and it was, as it were, by a process of translation that he recast them in English words. It is to this circumstance that we are to attribute his occasional license. His poetry hardly lay in the same plane with the conventional part of our Protestant morality: but his genius never stagnates near the marsh. In his poetry we—

Recognize that Idyl scene

Where all mild creatures without aue,
Amid field flowers and pastures green

Fulfil their being's gentle law."


Ediiib. Rev. Oct. 1849, p. 414.—J. W. W. In an old writer, anil especially one of that age, I never saw so large a proportion of what niay truly be called either trash or ordure.

The reprint of 1825 (250 copies) has in the title-page a wreath with the motto perennis et fragrant. A stinking cabbageleaf would have been the more appropriate emblem. This is a mere reprint, which has faithfully followed all the gross blunders of the original.

P. 8. " When laurel spirts in the fire, and when the hearth Smiles to itself, and gilds the roof with mirth."

60. Farewell to sack—because his head cannot bear it.

62. False teeth used in his time.

70. Some unkind usage from Williams, then Bishop of Lincoln.

93. May-day customs.

97. Endymion Porter, his friend and "chief preserver."

109. Welcome to sack.

Frequent allusions to strawberries d cream.

Metre, 116, 137, 241, 247, 278. 136. Love of music. 139. Harvest-home. 150. To Anthea. Hatred of Devonshire, 154,201. 156-8. Slovenly rhymes. 165. The codpiece served for a pocket. 177. Christmas—" The full twelve holydays."

179. "A man prepared against all ills to come,

That dares to death the fire of martyrdom."

This feeling was not forgotten. 204. " Fob no black-bearded vigil from thy door

Beats with a buttoned1 staff" the poor.

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But from thy warm love-hatching gates,
each may

Take friendly morsels, and there stay
To sun his thin-clad members, if he likes,
For thou no porter keep'st who strikes."

233. Even his fairy poems are filthy. Never was any man's mind more thoroughly unclean.

243. "Thou sent'st to me a true-love knot; but I Retum'd a ring of jimmals,2 to imply Thy love had one knot, mine a triple tye."

260. Imitation of Ben Johnson—whom he often imitates.

280. To his Tomb-maker. Certainly his verses are not in accord with the character which he gives himself here.

Vol. 2.

10. To a primrose.

13. " If so be a toad be laid
In a sheep-skin newly ilaid,
And that tied to man. 'Twill sever
Him and his affections ever."

15. Metre, 158, 211.

23. The Night piece.

30. A bride's household dut ies announced to her. Importance of spinning in domestic economy.

58. The bracelet.

60. His return to London.

66. His Grange.

90. Prue's epitaph.

92. " Wash your hands, or else the fire
Will not tend to your desire;
Unwasht hands, ye maidens, know
Dead the fire, though ye blow."

122. Charms.

123-4. Candlemass ceremonies. 169. The tears to Thamesis. 171. Twelfth Night.

185. A girl's boarding-school at Pulness. The mistress he calls the reverend rectress

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