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fut appelle de tous ceux qui le voyoient et entendoient parler, le Chevalier sans ame."
2. " Monsieur, luy dist l'Escuyer, quand bien Tous voudriez aller en Knfer et demourer avecques les damnes, je ne Tous abandonneray jamais. Ce sage et amiable escuyer fut cause que ce pauvre et desole Prince ne perdit du tout le sens: car il le consoloit souvent, et quand il disoit quelque chose hors de raison, il le reprenoit et luy monstroit sa faute. Ce neantmoins, il ne luy peut jamais ostcr de la fantasie qu'ayant transforme son ame en sa dame bien aiuice, et la luy ayant bailie en sa puissance, veu que sadame estoit perdue, il falloit pareillement inferer de la, que son ame estoit perdue et egaree."
46. — " pource que le martel amoureux ne cessoit point de leur battre le eoeur."
188. Constantinople besieged by the Pagan king.
"Les dances et festes estoyant si ordi • naires, que plusieurs que aToyant mene grande feste le soir de devant, aTec leurs dames, estoient portez le lendemain morts dedant la Tille, a cause des continuelles escarmouches des ennemis."
Brussels before the battle of Waterloo.
261. Foligant, an enchanter, and of the race of the giants, rides a giraffe. Oronzia, the Amazon, kills him.
Bernard's ItleofMan. 1683. 16th edition.
Epistle to the reader.
Doubts which prevented certain grand jury gentlemen from bringing in their Billa Vera against some suspected witches.
He published a Guide to Grand Jurymen in cases of Witchcraft,—being himself a full believer; in twenty-eight chapters. "The death of five brethren and sisters lately condemned and executed for witches, one more yet remaining, formerly brought before a judge, and now in danger to be questioned
again, hath moved me to take this pains; not to prevent justice, nor to hinder legal proceedings, but that I may not be mistaken nor wronged as I was once, and more should have been, had not the wisdom and goodness of so reverend a judge (Denbam) accepted graciously of my upright apology against vain accusers."
He made a petition which Judge Denham approved, and he now repeats it the thirteenth time, that a Divine should be appointed to instruct the prisoners daily: "Twelve pence a quarter of one parish with another in our county (Somerset), would encourage some compassionate holy man thereunto." And that there be "means to set them also on work, that they might get somewhat for food and for raiment."
The Meditation for the Prisoners seems to have been imitated by Bunyan. And so has a passage in the Epistle Dedicatory been, in the beginning of the Holy War.
16. One of the principal informers, or enemies of virtueis " Scrupulosity." "This is an unsociable and snappish fellow: he maketh sins to himself more than the law condemneth, and liveth upon fault-finding. Weaker Apprehension is his father, and Mrs. Understanding his mother, and an Uncharitable Heart his nurse."
23. Sir Silly, one made all of good meaning, who will qualify the fact by thinking no harm, or intending well. "This Sir Silly is he that maketh simple souls plead good meaning for all their foolish superstitions, blind devotions, and licentious merriment."
79. No power can make that sin which God hath not shewn to be so. This is forcibly put in his odd way.—80.
123. " Covetousness, thou art here indited by the name of C, in the Town of Want, in the County of Never-full, that from the day of thy first being thou hast been the root of all evil. Thou art also indited for bribery, extortion, oppressions, usury, injustice, cozenage, unmercifulness, and a multitude of outrageous villanies."
129. Master Church's evidence against Covetousness.—146.
131. Master Commonweal's.
132. Master Household's.
136. Master Neighbourhood's. 149,150.
137. Master Goodwork's.
There is quite as much wit in this book as in the Pilgrim's Progress, and more curious traits of the times,—but it wants the charm of story.
139. Poverty's depopulation of estates. 144.
142. What companions made Poverty poor.
216, 7. This also Bunyan has imitated in the poem prefixed to his Second Part.
Sir Philip Sidney.
Dean Lockif.r thought Sannazari's "Arcadia" had given the hint to him,— but only, as it appears, as being written in prose, interspersed with verses.—Sr-ENCE's Anecdotes, p. 158.
Drayton calls "the noble Sidney"—
"That herse1 (?) for numbers and for prose, That throughly paced our language, as to shew
The plenteous English hand in hand might go
With Greek and Latin; and did first reduce
Playing with words and idle similies,
See the Theatrum Poetarum.
Drayton, in the Preface to the "Barons' War," calls Spenser "our first great reformer," i.e. of verse.
1 The meaning is doubtful here. It would seem to imply the same as the Latin Felix, and the Greek o uaicapi'rijc, as applied to the departed.
J. W. W.
Peei.e says— "And you the Muses, and the Graces three, You I invoke from Heaven and Helicon; For other patrons have poor poets none But Muses and the Graces to implore. Augustus long ago hath left the world; And liberal .Sydney, famous for the love He bare to learning and to chivalry, And virtuous Walsingham nre fled to Heaven." Vol. ii. p. 220.
Ben Jonson said that Sydney had an intention to have transformed all his " Arcadia" to the stories of King Arthur.—Ilawthornilen Extracts, p. 85.
This is impossible. He might have thought of composing a poem or romance on those stories.
Ben says his daughter, the Countess of Rutland, was nothing inferior to her father in poetry.—Ibid. p. 89.
See there an anecdote concerning her and Overbury.
Sir Philip Sidney was no pleasant man in countenance, his face being spoiled with pimples, and of high blood; and rare Ben said this, and that "my Lord Lisle, now Earl of Worster, his eldest son (?) resembleth him."—Ibid. p. 90.a
L Ung observes, that Ben Jonson was only thirteen when Sydney died, and was very unlikely to know any thing of his personal appearance.
His mother, " after she had the little pox, never shewed herself in court thereafter, but masked."—Ibid. p. 95.
His niece, Lady Mary Wroth. "unworthily married to a jealous husband."—Ibid, p. 94.
"Shortly you shall hear news from Damtetas," is used in one of Dryden's comedies, as an allusion which the audience would understand.— Wild Gallant. Plays, i. 38.
J As far as I recolleet, Lord Brooke, in his Life of Sir Philip Sidney, not only speaks of his "neglected dress, and familiar maimers, but inward greatness."—Reprint by Silt Koekton Brydoes, vol. i. pp. 15, 16.—.1. W. W.
Hannah More sajs in a letter, (2, 131), "I do almost think the Tyburn Chronicle a more interesting book than Sydney's 'Arcadia;' for however cheap one may hold the morals of the heroes of the former work, it exhibits a delineation of the same strong passions which actuated 'Macedonia's madman and the Swede,' and furnishes out the terrible catastrophes to tragedies, only operating with a difference of education, circumstances, and opportunity."
Could she ever have read his 'Arcadia,' or even looked into it? or did she talk after Horace Walpole?
Baretti says there are some hundred pastoral dramas (Italian,) still to be found in the collections of the curious. "But as pastoral life never existed but in the innocent imagination of love-sick girls, pastoral plays could never allure the many, and support themselves long."—Monthly Review, vol. 39, p. .58.
The " Gentle Shepherd" disproves this.
Horace Walpole had "the billiardsticks with which the Countess of Pembroke and Arcadia used to play with her brother, Sir Philip."—Letters, vol. 4, p. H5.
Sir E. Brtdges, Recollections of Foreign Travel, &c. vol. 1, p. 242, says,— "His taste lay in a smiling, colloquial, goodnatured humour; his melancholy was a black and diseased melancholy, not a grave and rich contemplativeness."
Robert Green. "for to do,"—a common mode of expression with him, and "For-because." Stage directions, 2, 67, 42.
P. 306. Fashions of female dress.
There is in his manner a resemblance both to Burton and Barrow. It is an accumulative style.
"It is surprising that Johnson, whose own mind had been necessarily turned to the archaiology of our language, by having fulfilled the Herculean task of an English Dictionary, did not seem to have himself much relish for our old poetical writers. The fact is, that he loved ratiocination in poetry rather than imagination, that is, he preferred ingenious and vigorous versification to poetry."—Sir Egerton Brydges' Preface to the Theat. Poett. xvii.
Is supposed to have been the son of Richard Chaucer, vintner, who gave to the church of St. Mary, Aldcrmary, "one tenement in a street called the Old Royal, in the parish of St. Michael, per annum .£50 towards the maintenance of a priest; gave also to the same church his tenement and and tavern, with the appurtenance in the Royal-street, the corner of Kerion-hmc,— and was buried in that church." — MalColm's London, vol. ii. p. 329-30, from Stowe.
A miniature of him in a vellum MS. of his poems in the Museum.
The Squire's Tale "is said to be complete in Arundel House library."—PhilLips.
A supplement to it by John Lane, Theatr. Poet, (xxiii.) liv.1
"The Prince and Coryphaeus, generally so reputed, till this age, of our English poets; and as much as we triumph over
1 Sir Eukrton Brydges' Genevan Edit, is here referred to. The reader will find there an account of John Lane. —J. W. W.
his old-fashioned phrase and obsolete words, one of the first refiners of the English language."—Ibid.1
"Drtden (Preface to his Fables) says, 'I have often heard the late Earl of Leicester say that Mr. Cowley himself was of opinion that Chaucer was a dry old-fashioned wit, not worth reviving; and that having read him over at my lord's request, he declared he had no taste of him.'
"This fact, says Sib J. Hawkins, is as difficult to account for as another of the same kind. Mr. Handel made no secret of declaring himself totally insensible to the excellences of Purcell's compositions."— Hist. Mus. vol. ii. p. 105.
131. "Patience doth conquer by out-suffering all."
150. "Mild is the mind where honour builds his bower: And yet is earthly honour but a flower."
1G9. "Barons, now may you reap the rich renown
That under warlike colours springs in field, And grows where ensigns wave upon the plains."
The Olfl Wives' Tale is truly an Old Wife's Tale dramatized,—an original and happy thought.
I think lluaneb.ingo is as likely (o have given Spenser a hint for Braggadochio, as the brothers are to have been the origin of Comus.
P. 72. —" not by the course of heaven,
By bowels of a sacrificed beast,
73. "O Heaven, protect my weakness with thy strength."
"ravish my earthly sprite, That for the time a more than human skill May feed the organons of all my sense; That when I think, thy thoughts may be my guide,
And when I speak, I may be made by choice The perfect echo of thy heavenly voice."
This is in a speech of David's to Solomon.
74. The eagle.
"With eyes intcntive to bedare2 the sun." 101. "The twenty-coloured rainbow."
* See Nakks' Gloss, in v. dare. I may add to the quotations there, "fall down as dured lurks," from the Third Part of the Homily against Peril of Idolatry,-p. 235.-J. W. W.
124. "And thrive it so with thee, as thou dost mean: And mean thou so as thou dost wish to thrive."
142. "From thence to Rome rides Stukely all aflaunt."
158. " Our fair Eliza, or Zabata fair."
He gives as a reason for annexing the Tale of Troy to his farewell to Norris and Drake on their Portugal voyage, "that good minds, inflamed with honourable reports of their ancestry, may imitate their glory in highest adventures; and my countrymen, famed through the world for resolution and fortitude, may march in equipage of honour and arms with their glorious and renowned predecessors the Troyans."
172. "You follow Drake by sea, the scourge of Spain, The dreadful dragon, terror to your foes, Victorious in his return from Indc, In all his high attempts unvanquish'd."
193-210-11. Elizabeth's champion, Sir Henry Lea, resigning the championship to the Earl of Cumberland. 1590.
204. Sir Fulk Grevile.
205. " And haste they make to meet, and meet they do,
And do the thing for which they meet in haste."
210. Elizabeth's birth-day.
"The day, the birth-day of our happiness, The blooming time, the spring of England's peace."
221. " Harington, well letter'd and discreet,
That hath so purely naturalized Strange words, and made them all free denizens."
221. "the fairest Phaer1
That ever ventured on great Virgil's works."
1 See Wood's Athena Oion. in v. Thomui Phaser. He translated " Nine Books of Virgil's" iEncidos."—J. W. W.
225. "I laid me down, laden with many
(Jly bedfellows almost these twenty years.)"
226. "Fast by the stream where Thames and Isis meet,
And day by day roll to salute the sea,
To forage England plough'd the ocean up,
226. "Sleeping or waking as alone I lay, Mine eyes and ears and senses all were served
With every object perfect in his kind." 266. A character of the watermen.1
Ben Jonson disliked him, merely, Gilford thinks, from a difference in taste. Ben Jonson, vol. i. p. 155, N.
Ben Jonson, vol. viii. p. 278, N. Vol. v. p. 250-1, N. and proof in the text.
In his volume of " Certain Small Works" heretofore divulged, and now again corrected and augmented, is a prefatory poem to the reader, which is not in the edition of his poetical works,—nor in Anderson. It falls a little into Wither's pedestrian strain, but has value for its feeling, as well as for contributing to the poet's own history.
It shows that he bestowed much aftercorrection upon his poems, so that the editions ought to be carefully compared.2
1 The third volume of Pkele's works was published by Mr. Dyce in 1839. It contains Sir Clyomon and Sir Clamydes, An Eclogue Gratulatory, Sjieeches to Queen Elizabeth at Theobalds, and the Anglorum Fcrire.
2 See Sodtjiey's remarks on " well-lan;riiae;ed Daniel," in hh British Pnet$, p. 572.—J. W.W.