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thods by which generous persons in middling circumstances, during these trying times, may keep up their charitable subscriptions :—First, by selling nil or most of their jewels, trinkets, hoarded coins, &c. Secondly, by leaving off or diminishing the use of wine, spirituous liquors, tobacco, and snuff. Thirdly, by decreasing expenses;— there are professors who keep carriages or horses, some of which they could do very well without. And lastly, by disusing the expensive custom of treating parties at dinner or supper. Here I must also add that if reputable persons would restrict their families during this season to the use of cheap provisions; they would thereby have more to spare for the poor."—Evangelical Magazine, March 1813.
"This opinion of Inspiration, called commonly Private Spirit, begins very often from some lucky finding of an error generally held by others; and not knowing, or not remembering by what conduct of reason they came to so singular a truth (as they think it, though it be many times an untruth they light on), they presently admire themselves, as being in the special grace of God Almighty, who hath revealed the same to them supernaturally, by His Spirit."—Hobbbs, p. 36.
Sectarianism of the wilder sort—like love
"que siempre en estas materia?
aquello que no se sabe
es aquello que mas prenda."
D. Fbanc. de Roxas. Los Vandos de. Verona.
A Dignitabt of the Church is said to have found Bolingbroke reading Calvin's Institutes, and being asked his opinion of the book, to have replied,—" We do not think upon such topics: we teach the plain doctrines of virtue and morality, and have long laid aside those abstruse points about grace." "Look you, Doctor," said Boling
broke, " you know I don't believe the Bible to be a divine revelation; but they who do can never defend it on any principle but the doctrine of grace. To say truth, I have at times been almost persuaded to believe it upon this view of things,— and there is one argument which has gone very far with me, which is, that the belief of it now exists upon earth, when it is committed to the care of such as you, who pretend to believe it and yet deny the only principles on which it is defensible."
Madan relates this as communicated to him by a person to whom Bolingbroke reported the conversation.
Secession of the Baptists from the Evangelical Magazine, because in A Concise View of the Present State of Evangelical Religion throughout the World, which the Editors admitted "without making themselves responsible for every sentiment they contain,"— (for thus they premised),—this sentence occurred :—" The Particular Baptists have greatly enlarged their numbers, not perhaps so much from the world by awakenings of conscience in new converts, as from the different congregations of Dissenters and Methodists." This was complained of by the Baptist Brethren. The Editors took the subject into consideration, and came to this resolution:—" That the Editors having reconsidered the paragraph complained of, are by no means convinced that it contains any mistake in j>oint of fact; and they are further of opinion, that recurring to the subject in the Magazine can have no possible good effect." Upon this the secession followed; and the Editors in announcing it, say—" While it is painful to separate from brethren whom we respect and love,—we feel ourselves liberated from the restraint which our connection with them laid upon us, to refrain from all observations in favour of Infant Baptism, which we firmly maintain, in common with our fellow-Christians in general throughout the world. To this important subject, therefore, we shall occasionally recur; and endeavour to defend our practice as freely as others oppose it; at the same time by no means ranking it with the essentials of vital religion, or treating those of a contrary spirit with asperity."
The sale of the Evangelical Magazine is stated in this notice to exceed 20,000. More than eighty poor widows of evangelical ministers were annually assisted with sums of four or five pounds from its profits. In this manner, since its commencement in 1793, £6000 had been distributed, besides several hundreds to missions.
After Lord Exmouth's victory, some British speculators sent bricks and tiles to Algiers, expecting to find a sure market for them, in a city which had, as they supposed, been battered to pieces.
Revival of religion at Bristol in Rhode Island. — Evangelical Magazine, January 1813, p. 30.
"Wanted, in the vicinity of Cavendish Square, an improver in the millinery and dress-making business. If seriously disposed, the more desirable." Is this an inventor of fashions ?—Ibid. Feb. 1813.
"Sirrah," said an old Scotch minister to Mr. Hidyburton when a boy, " unsanctified learning has done much mischief to the kirk of God."
'"Or all discourse, governed by desire of knowledge, there is at last an end; either by attaining, or by giving over."—Hobbes, Leviathan, p. 30. At Cateaton Street we had not this consolation in view!
"Last of all, men, vehemently in love with their own new opinions, (though never so absurd), and obstinately bent to maintain them, gave those their opinions also that reverenced name of conscience, as if they would have it seem unlawful to change or speak against them; and so pretend to know they are true, when they know at most but that they think so."—Ibid. 31.
"Without steadiness, and direction to some end, a great fancy is one kind of madness; such as they have, that, entering into any discourse, are snatched from their purpose by every thing that, comes in their thought, into so many and so long digressions and parentheses, that they utterly lose themselves. Which kind of folly I know no particular name for."—Ibid. 33.
A Tame crow at a public-house in Swallwell, Durham, bred there from a young one. It used to fly at large during the fine season, and return in winter. Sometimes, in summer, it would visit the village, perch in the trees, and come down to take meat or bread from those who offered it to their old acquaintance. It would alight upon their shoulder, and take the food from the hand.
* Names of Gooseberries, at the Annual Gooseberry Show, held at the house of Mr. Robert Huxley, Sign cf the Angel, Chester. Mr. Blead's,— Creeping Ceres,
Glory of England,
Golden Lion. Mr. Cooper's,—Worthington's Conqueror,
Yellow Seedling. Mr. Huxley's,—Royal Sovereign.
GETrr. Llotd had two hunters, whose names were Heretick and Beelzebub.
The London bills of mortality for 1812 enumerate 1550 of old age; 4942 of consumption; 3530 convulsions; 1287 smallpox; 4 of grief; 1 of leprosy.
In 1 ts 11 only one single case of small-pox at Copenhagen,—such had been the progress of vaccination.1
At Mr. Mummery's academy, near the seven mile stone, Lower Edmonton, young gentlemen arc boarded and educated at ] twenty-six guineas per annum, including ! washing. For the accommodation of those parents who may be desirous of sending ! their daughters to the same school with ! their sons, Mrs. Mummery takes young ladies on the same terms."
Mast Bateman, the Taunton witch.
* "For, as for witches," says Hobbes, "I think not that their witchcraft is any real power, but yet that they are justly punished for the false belief they have, that they can do such mischief, joined with their purpose to do it if they can;—their trade being nearer to a new religion than to a craft or science."—Leviathan, p. 7.
A Man and woman, for coining, were hanged at the same time with Patch the murderer.
"Caution to officers going abroad, and to sportsmen in general. Whereas the Patent Elastic Antiera Enodros Absorbent Military Fulax Kleistrow will be ready for inspection in a few days. And as whenever talents are on the tapis, iinbecillity and avarice are ever on the watch, this is solely to caution those persons whose ardent imaginations might lead tliein to support those servile and illiberal imitations which we have no doubt will be offered to the public." —Courier, Dec. 28, 1813.
"It was a good race, the winner being much spurred."
"As for whipping such a dishonest brute as Ilambletonian, it would answer no end but to make him swerve, or bolt, or probably stop him outright; but of spurring
1 I have noticed before the great care taken on this head. See <«;>ra, p. 394.
he had a good bcllyfull in the late race, and it must be owned in his favour, he ran very truly to it."
"Diamond is in the second degree from Herod; Ilambletonian from Eclipse. The Ilerods are in general hard and stout; the Eclipses, jadish, sj>eedy, and uncertain."
1799. The Ilambletonian and Diamond of their day, Sandy-o'er-the-lee, a few years since the property of Mr. Baird at Newhythe, and Whitelegs, about the same period belonging to Sir Hedworth Williamson, Baronet; horses by which, at a moderate computation, their owners may be supposed to have realized £5000 a-piece, are at this time running together in one of the diligences between Glasgow and Edinburgh.
"As a sportsman, I cannot but congratulate you, and all true lovers of the British turf, upon the late evident increase of the noble and heroic sport of horse-racing."
Fitness of having summer and winter apartments in great houses.
Absurdity of verandas in the streets of London, and by the side of its dusty roads.
Hedge-hog crocus pots.
"On Saturday, January 1, 1814, will be published, continued weekly, at Swansea, a provincial newspaper, in the Welsh language, under the title of Seren Gamer."
"St. Paul's, Covent-Garden, Dec. 24, 1813. "Whereas many of the sepulchral stones and buildings in the above churchyard are, through the lapse of time, fallen into a very ruinous and dilapidated state; notice is hereby respectfully given to the families and friends of those to whom such sepulchral conveniences may have been appropriated, that unless the same shall be put into decent repair within the space of three months from this time, they must be considered as exclusively the property of the
parish. — Robert Joy.— S. L. Curlcwis.—
James Sant, Churchwardens."
Sir Rowland Hhx bought Dash, a favourite pointer of Colonel Thornton, for 120 guineas, and a cask of Madeira, on condition that if the dog were disabled for sporting at any time he should be resold to the Colonel for fifty guineas, to breed from. Which repurchase accordingly took place.
The history of Baillie the renegade, who was going to cut off Arthur Aikin's head because I had spoken of him in the Annual Review, is to be found in Da. Neale's Travels, p. 232.
* Mrs. Whitbread hired a servant in Cornwall, who at the time of hiring thought herself bound to let the lady know that she had once had a misfortune. When the woman had been some time in service, by a slip of the tongue she spoke of something which had happened to her just after the birth of her first child. "Your first," said Mrs. Whitbread, " why, how many have you had then?" "O ma'am," said she," I've had four." "Four!" exclaimed the mistress, " why, you told me you had had but one. However, I hope you will have no more." "Ma'am," replied the woman," that must be as it may please God."
"W Hen we reason in words of general signification, and fall upon a general inference which is false; though it be commonly called error, it is indeed an Absurdity, or senseless speech. For error is but a deception, in presuming that somewhat is past, or to come; of which, though it were not past, or not to come, yet there was no impossibility discoverable. But when we make a general assertion, unless it be a true one, the possibility of it is inconceivable. And words whereby we conceive nothing but the sound are those we call absurd, insignificant, and nonsense.
"I have said that a man did excel all other animals in this faculty, that when he con
ceived any thing whatsoever, he was apt to inquire the consequences of it, and what effects he could do with it. And now I add this other degree of the same excellence, that he can by words reduce the consequences he finds to general rules, called theorems, or aphorisms: That is, he can reason, or reckon, not only in number, but in all other things, whereof one may be added unto, or subtracted from another.
"But this privilege is allayed by another, and that is by the privilege of absurdity, to which no living creature is subject but man only. And of men, those are of all most subject to it who profess philosophy." — Iiobbes, pp. 19, 20.
"They that have no science, are in better and nobler condition with their natural prudence, than men that by mis-reasoning, or by trusting them that reason wrong, fall upon false and absurd general rules.—Ibid. p. 21."
Wortley Stuart's motion for a change of ministry: "The resolutions of a monarch are subject to no other inconstancy than that of human nature; but in assemblies, besides that of nature, there ariseth an inconstancy from the number. For the absence of a few that would have the resolution once taken continues firm, (which may happen by security, negligence, or private impediments,) or the diligent appearance of a few of the contrary opinion, undoes to-day all that was concluded yesterday." — Ibid, p. 96.
"Good reason had Xcnocrates to give order that children should have certain aurielets or bolsters devised to hang about their ears for their defence, rather than fencers and sword players; for that these are in danger only to have their ears spoiled with knocks or cuts by weapons; but the others to have their manners corrupted and marred with evil speeches."—Plutarch, p. 52.
"The reply of that great sufferer, the noble Marquis of Worcester, to the maior of Bala in Merionethshire, who came to excuse himself and town for his lordship's bad lodging: 'Lord! what a thing is this misunderstanding! I warrant you, might but the king and parliament conferre together as you and I have done, there might be as right an understanding as betwixt you anil I. Somebody hath told the parliament that the king was an enemy; and their believing of him to be such hath wrought all the jealousies which are come to these distractions; the parliament being now in such a case as I myself am in, having green ears over their heads, and false ground under their feet.' The parlour where the marquis lay was a soft and loose ground, wherein you might sink up to the ancles: the top of the house was thatcht with ill-threshed straw, and the corn which was left in the straw wherewith the house was thatcht, grew, and was then as green as grass." — Batlt's Worcester Apothegvu. Foci-is, Pretended Saints, p. 187.
"There is a place near St. Paul's, called in old records Diana's Chamber, where in the days of Edward I., thousands of the heads of oxen were digged up; whereat the ignorant wondered, whilst the learned well understood them to be the proper sacrifices to Diana, whose great temple was built thereabout. This rendereth their conceit' not altogether unlikely who will have London so called from Llan-Dian, which signifieth in British the temple of Diana. And surely conjectures, if mannerly observing their distance, and not impudently intruding themselves for certainties, deserve, if not to be received, to be considered."— Fulijsb's Church History, p. 1.
"The learned know that the Tauropolia were celebrated in honour of Diana. And when I was a boy," says Camden, "I have seen a stag's head fixed upon a spear, (agreeable enough to the sacrifices of Diana) and
1 The learned Selden is the author of the conceit hero alluded to. The reader is referred hi the notes in the Clar. Press edit, of Fullek'h Church Hltt,n<i.—3. W. W.
'carried about within the very church with great solemnity and sounding of horns. And I have heard tliut the stag which the family of Baud in Essex were bound to pay for certain lands, used to be received at the steps of the quire by the priests of the church, in their sacerdotal robes, and with garlands of flowers about their heads. Whether this was a custom before those Bauds were bound to the payment of that stag, I know not; but certain it is that ceremony savours more of the worship of Diana, and the Gentile errors, than of the Christian religion."— Camden, p. 315.
Neighbourhood of Smithfield and Warwick Lane. It is become a more fatal place for oxen, and perhaps also for the souls of the inhabitants; for of an idolater there is more hope than of a heretic. The true Diana's worship has disappeared.
The seraphim or musical glasses, towbich the above title is truly appropriate from their divine harmony, offer "a powerful attraction to the lovers of harmony in general, and particularly to taste and science, in the decline of the wonted powers of instrumental performance, from the gentle movement whereby the music of the seraphim is produced; whilst to the sensibility of pain or sorrow it infuses the balm of consolation by the most soothing and delightful harmony." — Courier, January 1st, 1814.
Aceremont respecting a peculiar tenure for lands in the parish of Broughton, Lincolnshire, takes place at Castor church every Palm Sunday. A person enters the churchyard with a green silk purse, containing ten shillings and a silver penny, tied at the end of a cart whip, which he smacks thrice in the porch, and continues there till the second lesson begins; when he goes into the church and smacks the whip three times over tlx clergyman's head. After kueeling before the desk during the reading of the lesson, he presents the minister with the purse, anil