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Mr. Coates. Bible Society.

English Orthography. Elphinstone. Pinkerton. Gil's Logonoraia Angliea, 1621, 4to. is said in Rodd's Catalogue to be the first attempt to write the English language as it is spoken.

Freemasons.

Popular Songs and Ballads! Tract Societies.

Want of a Dictionary. Skaiting.
Country Sports.

Population. Bills of Mortality. Proportion of the Sexes. Lotteries.

Nunneries — Protestant. Connect this with the chapter on Prostitution. See Mary Astell, in the Biographies.

The Varment Club. Four-in-hand Club.

Patent Coffins. Funerals. Burial-places. At Lambeth they probe! before they open a grave.

Bullion. Richmond. Windsor.

Tunbridge. Hastings. Winchelsea. Rye. Brighton.

Bristol, nfracombe.

The Wye. Merthyr. Hereford. Worcester.

Norwich. Nottingham.—So through the cave country.

Fools.

When or where did this character originate?

Charles the Fifth had an excellent fool, Don Frances; he was staunch to the last, forwhen some assassins had mortally wounded him, and his wife hearing a disturbance at the door, enquired what was the matter? "Nothing, Mistress," said he; "they have only killed your husband." A fool, Perico de Ayala, who was his friend, begged him to pray for him in the next world, Frances replied," Tie a string round my little finger, lest I should forget it."—Flobesta's Espanola, p. 123.

Perico de Ayala, the Marquis of Villena, once ordered his wardrobe-keeper to give the fool un sayo de hrocado; the man only

gave him the mangos and faldamentos. Away went Perico to the court brotherhood, and requested them to bury one who had died at the Marquis's, and then away went the funeral procession, with the little death bell tinkling before them. The marquis seeing them at his door, asked why they came? "For the body," said the fool, "as the chamberlain only gave him the trimmings." —Ibid. p. 125.

A knight once asked him what were the properties of a turquoise V "Why," said the fool, " if you have a turquoise about you, and should fall from the top of a tower and be dashed to pieces, the stone would not break."—Ibid. p. 124.

It is a good remark of Davies (Dramatic Miscellanies), that fools seem to have been employed to supply the want of free society. A jest from an equal was an insult; yet conversation wanted its pepper, and vinegar, and mustard.

IJ i Him, Lockyer's reign at Bristol, 6000 houses were planned; an increase which would have required at least 60,000 inhabitants, they were houses of such size. It was like the South Sea infatuation.

Spermaceti manufactory. No dog was safe in the neighbourhood, and no horse.

Debat and his Sermons. My Uncle T., having heard the text of one, could name the texts for the next six weeks; which he did once for a wager. When Debat was told this, he readily answered, " I am very glad to find that any one of my congregation is so attentive."

My Uncle T. made a good stand against erecting the pulpit so, as that the preacher should have his back to the altar. "I shall live," he says, " to see a great many asses

'The turquoise, it is well known.'was thought to possess the rare power of giving warning to its owner, as it l<x>ked pale or bright, irue as a turquoise became a proverb, and is used by Ben Jonson.—J. W. W.

get up in that pulpit; and I should not like to hear them braying at the congregation, and at the Altar and the Decalogue."

Lack of employment for females.

George I.i Kins. Man walking on the water. Colliers. Penpark, Hoi, and Tucker. Mr. Levi. A conjurer at Mangotsfield.

Moravians.

English loyalty. Vivat Rex et Regina on the play bills.

Cbimping.

Pbtnne was imprisoned at Dunstcr under Cromwell.

Minehead in 1772 a place of respectable trade. A West India trade in connection with Barnstaple or Bristol, and pilchards to the amount of 300 or 400 barrels arrived and exported to the Mediterranean.

Use of saffron in old times.

Our fashionables might almost keep Ramadan all the year round, without altering their present mode of life.—Koran, vol. i. p. 34.

Fob low-born gentry I heard T. Southey use a strong expression:—"Fellows," he called them, "who have not nails enough to scratch their heads with."

George Robabt's mother died during the great election at Bristol, and her death was kept secret till it was over, because he was too active a man to be spared. Just when this had been settled between him and T. Southey, T. went to the post office and found a letter to tell him his own mother was dead. That also was not made known till after the poll was closed.

On the authority of James the waggoner's son, it is stated that every Bristol apprentice must draw a truck, in order to acquire his freedom.

Cheddar. The whole parish clubbed their milk to make a cheese for the lord of the manor (the late Lord Weymouth, so called, 1772), when he came of age. Tasting it, it proved not good, and was therefore not presented. When it was scooped out, the cavity was large enough to hold a girl of thirteen.

Glastonbury waters. The history of one patient here is very remarkable. When a lad, he was so terrified at the ghost of Hamlet at Drury Lane, that in consequence of the shock, a humour broke out, and settled in the king's evil. After all medicines had failed, he came to these waters, and they effected a thorough cure. Faith cured what fear had produced.

Japan ink and Japan blacking.

The celebrated Belleish convent soap can only be had in a fair and unadulterated state at the original Opificium of C. Mason & Co., No. 116, Pall Mall.

Russia oil, which restores hair on bald heads, and prevents it from growing grey; and of which no bottles are genuine unless they have the Russian eagle on the outside, and are signed in red ink by the proprietors, Mochrikufsky and Prince, to counterfeit which is felony. May we not hint that the difficulty of counterfeiting would be greatly increased if Mochrikufsky would sign his name in the Russ character.—Mockery en verdad.

Bajazet's oriental depilatory. Athenian wiggery.

Bloom of Circassia. Milk of roses. Violet soap. Almond paste. Palmyrene soap. Pearl dentrifice.

The man who makes pearl soap advertises for old pearls.

Udor Kallithrix, or Circassian water. Neureticopeklicon.

The celebrated Polish vegetable soap paste, prepared by M. Delcroix in Poland Street, from a recipe of M. Brufkosky, his friend, an eminent chemist at Warsaw, the sole inventor of this precious composition, which has been universally approved of by persons of the first rank inhabiting that blank and frozen country.

Athenian wiggery.

High beds. Feather bed.

Mas. K. knew a servant man, remarkably parsimonious, who gave an itinerant female quack ten guineas for a bottle of stuff, which was to bring hair on his head (he having been bald twenty years), if he rubbed one tea spoonful every night, and took another, as long as the bottle lasted. He bargained very hard to let it be pounds.

Patent elastic India cotton invisible petticoats, manufactured for the spring.

Beactt improved, preserved, and rendered permanent by the habitual use of the Sicilian soap, or Italian washing paste, prepared from cosmetic flowers, balsams, and herbs collected in Sicily and the fruitful plains of Italy. The use of this soap renders the operation of shaving most luxuriously agreeable.

"By Divine Providence,"—Wither's balm of Quito.

The Reverend Mr. Barclay, of the antibilious pill, and solvent nervous specific drops, is now metamorphosed into Barclay oni.

At Brough, four bells the largest in the county. One Brunskili, who lived upon Stanemore, and had many cattle, said one day to one of his neighbours, " Dost thou hear how loud these bulls low? and if all these cattle should low (crunen is the word), might they not be heard from Brough hither?" The man said yes. "Well then," said he, 'Til make them all crime together." And he sold them, and bought these bells for the church.'

1 The reader should refer to the ballad. See Poemi, p. 466. One vol. edit. To croon, says Brocket, in v. is to " bellow like a disquiet ox." Dut. Krrnnen.—J. W. W.

[ There is a well here, once an object of pilgrimage; but whether dedicated of St. Mary or St. Winifred, now doubtfuL

Thb Provence rose, as it is called, was found by a nurseryman near London, at a farmer's in Suffolk. He took a slip, nurst it secretly till he had offsets in abundance, then advertised it perseveringly, and made a fortune! He gave the farmer a very handsome piece of plate, which is shown at the house with great pleasure and pride.

Old Winstone! benefit advertisement at Jacob's Well, " that on that night Cynthia would appear in all her glory."

Turner knew a man retired from business, whose daily employment was to angle in one of the round citizen-garden fishponds, where he had some unlucky gold and silver fish, &c. One fish, which hod once lost on eye by the hook, used to bite so often as to provoke him. "Hang that fellow," he would say ; "this is the sixth time I have caught him this season."

He knew another man, a spent merchant, in like manner retired, who was miserable till he invented, as an amusement, the daily work of emptying a water cistern by a pint measure I

At Knightsbridge, William Ick, purveyor of asses' milk to the royal family.

Regularity of a stage-coachman's life. At one house where he called about half past seven, he said at going away, "In a week I shall see you by daylight."

Citt wall at Salisbury. Mud walls in that neighbourhood thatched. AValking to Hale, I saw a cripple boy playing with his crutches; leaning on the one, he used the other as a bat to play with the stones in the road.

Park paling.

Bi.ACKniRD is the commonest name of a horse in Somersetshire.

At the Bridge-water arms, the poor traveller who arrives in the night mail can get no tea, " the key is not left out." This is because cold meat and spirits pay better. There is in the room an Argands lamp, a stationer's almanack, a list of constables,pawnbrokers, and fire engines on one paper, and on another a table of the posts, when they enter and when they go out.

The mayor of Stafford has a very beautiful mausoleum near the road 6ide. I never saw a building in better taste.

At Congleton, an immense silk manufactory; the largest I ever saw in front.

Gbeat glasses on the mantelpiece at Stowe, said by the waiter to be 100 years old.

Psalmody is regularly taught in these northern counties. Once in five or six years a teacher comes to Keswick, and all the young in the parish who have good voices, learn of him at their own expense; it is a part of education as regularly as dancing is. They teach in the church, and the bell rings at evening, after all other work, for the purpose. This is necessary every five or six years, because by that time they are in want of tenors. After the teaching, the poorer parents go about asking money, to help bear the expense.

Nightingales heard in Lord Lonsdale's gardens at Whitehaven, 1808.

Forty years ago they slept naked in this place.1

Mrs. Wilson's father, who was clerk of the parish, had only one shirt with sleeves, which was for Sundays.

When last in Legberthwaite, I saw a little water wheel made by the boys in a dyke by the road side; an interesting boy's work.

Candlemas is the day for lending money here,—the nearest Saturday to it, or if it be in the middle of the week, the two near

1 i.«. at Keswick. Legberthwaite mentioned below is near Leathes' Wnter.—J. W. W.

est. Men who never appear in the market any other day come then, with their money bags. "The shabbiest coats," says Mr. Edmondson, "carry the money bags to market, and the sprucest rides home with it."

Half way up Skiddaw 1 saw scratched on a stone:—

"Hail, lofty hill!

Thee whom great nature bade arise,
And lift thy lofty summit to the clouds.
Hail, lofty mountain, hail!"

View from the bottom of the first summit, where the vale and lake are seen lying immediately below; the mountain arch forming the foreground, and the whole descent lost.

The ladder at Bowder stone is now painted white, and has a rail on each side; a complete ladies' ladder! being thereby rendered seemingly more safe, and really less secure.

Newcastle.On the way from Durham three coal waggons travelling up hill by steam. Patent shot tower—it declined from the perpendicular—a man proposed to undermine it on the opposite side, and load that side so as to make it sink. It was done, and the building sinking on one side became again perpendicular. But the patent is evaded by dropping shot down an old coal pit.

The castle has a draw-well half-way up. The entrance through a lousy-looking old clothes house. One church whose tower Sir C. Wren said was worth coming from London to see. The walls threatened with destruction.

Monkchester its old name.

Near Moffatt, a dog used for many years to meet the mail and receive the letters for a little post town near.

Ramjam House between Stamford and Grantham.

Carr's Folly, near St. Helen's. How surely these pleasure houses of one generation, become monuments in the second!

Whitton Weir.—Castle there, and tomb to Mr. Farrel, erected in the church by his pupils.

Tins odd inscription over au inn at Garstang—

"Address to Commercial Travellers. So much opposition from the south, and from the head inn and second inn, I can expect but little. Yet to that little every attention shall be paid, by good supplies, moderate charges, and grateful acknowledgment."

Dan Vers addressed Mr. Lightbody by the name of Heavysides. A better blunder of the same kind was made to a schoolmistress near Reading, whose name was Littleworth, and who was once addressed Mrs. Goodfornothing.

Huntingdon, S. S. has married Lady Saunderson, once Lady Mayoress.

A Pony bought at Banbury and taken to London, found his way back. James Rickards knew the circumstances. A sheep driven from Radnorshire into Essex for the London market, returned to his old pasture two succeeding years. This poor Thomas assured me of, naming place, owner, &c.

The dust at Christ's Hospital. — It has been made a question at law whether the Hospital can dispose of it, or whether it belongs to the Ward of Farringdon Within, in which it is situated.

Stage coaches write licensed to carry so many insides, which is useless, because they cannot by any possibility stuff in more; it is the number of outsides that ought to be specified to public view.

Burnett's uncle and the night-marc. He tells us this other story. He had a mare turned out in Sedgemoor—a woman vehe

mently suspected of witchcraft had cattle also on the waste, and twice or three times prevented him from going to see his mare by saying she had seen her, and he need not go. At last, however, he went. He found the mare dead in the midst of a thicket, standing upright, her head raised, her eyes wide open. This woman went on crutches, —an unlucky lad had once offended her, and she began to strike him with her crutches, he ran away, but in vain, she followed as fast as a greyhound, beating him with both crutches, till she had well nigh killed him. There was an old elm in the village where she lived, one bough of which grew out at right angles from the tree; it was the general belief that she had bent it down to that shape by riding upon it.

There is a wild tradition of Sir Francis Drake current in Somersetshire, that when he set out on his voyage he told his wife if he was away ten years she might then marry again. Ten years elapsed, during which Madam Duck was as true as Penelope, but when they were over she accepted the offer of a suitor. On her way to church a huge round stone fell through the air close by her, and fixed upon the train of her gown, —and she turned back, for she said she knew it came from her husband. It was not long before he returned, and in the shape of a beggar asked alms of her at his own door: in the midst of his feigned tale, a smile escaped him, and she recognized him and led him in joyfully. The stone still remains where it fell. It is used as a weight upon the harrow of the farm, and if it be removed from the estate always returns.

Birmingham.—Baskerville's dog by him. "Alas, poor Tray!" Hammering at three in the morning. Ale-houses called smockahops. Tripe and cow-heel cried at seven in the evening. Near 3000 houses empty last war. John Hunter's opinion. Smoke of the steam engines.

My garter's loose. You tread on my toes. Cream of the jest.

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