« AnteriorContinuar »
"Tht bodies bolstered out with bumbast
and with bags, Thy rowles, thy ruffs, thy cauls, thy coifs, thy jerkins, and thy jaggs, Thy curling and thy cost, thy friesling and thy fare— To court, to court, with all those toyes, and there set forth such ware."
"with sweet enticing bait I fisht for many a dame,
And warmed me by many a fire, yet felt I
not the flame. But when at last I spied that face that
pleased me most, The coals were quick, the wood was dry,
and I began to tost." Ibid.
Geegoeia Garcia.. Origen de lot Indios. The mariner's compass was known to Adam, the angelic doctor St. Thomas, and with him toda la Eacuela de los Teologos, teaching that he knew all things which God has made, and all arts, crafts, and sciences,— and better than any one else. Vide p. 13. This Glorioso Doctor he calls him presently, where he proves that Noah knew everything also. They twain were the great encyclopedists of the old world, and Ephraim Chambers and Dr. Abraham Rees of the new.
Piebre d'automne. Dr. Dove made some, and when making it, as it blackened and thickened said, "Verily this must be the true pissasphaltum."
Pig-case,—for making brawn,—to keep the pig in.
The pigtail of the field, a small strip in grass.
Pitylisma,1 a name of one of the exercises described by the ancient physicians as of
1 On turning to Fas. J£con. llippocrat. in v. wiruXoic, I find these words: —" Inter corporis gymnasia recenset Galenus, lib. de San. tuenda 2." I have not Galen at hand—J. W. W.
great service in chronic cases. It consisted in a person's walking on tip-toe, and stretching his hands as high above his head as he could, keeping the whole body also as much upon the stretch as might be. In this condition the patient was to walk as fur as he was well able, all the while moving about both hands as much as he could in all directions.
Bei.i.armine at his death bequeathed onehalf of his soul to the Virgin Mary, and the other half to Christ! It is said that he would not allow his own vermin to be molested, saying that they had no other paradise than the present existence, and that it was cruel to deprive them of it.
I Should like to see the tales which Jean Pierre Camus, Bishop of Bellay, wrote to inspire horror and disgust for love.
Chambehlatne, who wrote the Anglise Notitia, had notice given upon his monument, thathe had caused some of these books, wrapt in cere-cloth, to be buried with him, as they might possibly be of use to a remote age.
John Zephaxiah Holwell (of the Black Hole) published Dissertations on the Origin, Nature, and Pursuits of intelligent Beings, &c. 1788 ; wherein he argues that men arc fallen angels, condemned to suffer in human bodies for the sins committed in their former state.
Hortensius the orator used to irrigate his fine plane trees with wine, of which he left at his death 10,000 casks!
Nicholas Vauguelin, Seigneur des Ivetaux, a French poet, and preceptor to Louis XIII. retired to a handsome house in the Fauxbourg St. Germaine, where, fancying that happiness was to be found in a pastoral life, he habited himself as a shepherd, and his mistress, who was a player on the harp, as a shepherdess, and led imaginary flocks along the walks in his garden, singing pastoral songs to his paramour's harp.—See Moeebi.
John Aventine, the Bavarian historian, published in 1532 (Ratisbon) a work upon the art of conversing and counting by the fingers.
At Littleburne, in Kent, aged 86, the wife of S. Maple, who had a single lock of hair growing from her head measuring 7 feet 9 inches.—M. Magazine, July, 1814.
Squashes and pumpkins certainly degenerate if grown near gourds; the latter even communicate an emetic quality to their neighbours. In like manner melons will degenerate if planted near squashes and pumpkins. An action was brought against a gardener in Charles II.'s time for selling cabbage-seed instead of cauliflower-seed. On trial it appeared that both had been planted near each other by the purchaser, and to this error, the gardener contended, was owing the degeneracy of the true seed which he had sold. He was cast, but later discoveries show that he was right.
Potatoes. Cycl. chapter of names. A list also from the Old Testament.
Willy Calvkbt, lying flat on his face, and Isabel and Kate, one on each side, trying to kiss him. John Ponsonby exhibited a similar scene here upstairs. An infant St. Anthony in point of persecution, though not of temptation.1
Petebsbubgh. In the coldest and brightest weather, you see an infinite multitude of little shining darts or spicule; flying in all directions through the sky. They seem to be about a quarter of an inch in length; they have not more thickness than the finest hair, and their golden colour, glancing as they shoot through the deep azure sky, has
1 This is a domestic scene, and the names will be familiar to many readers.—J. W. W.
a great deal of beauty."—Richardson's Anecdotes of the Russian Empire, p. 53. Arrows of frost. Arrows of love in the snail. So peradventure disease has its arrows, thought the doctor.
"Two Russian peasants saluting one another, have by the suddenness and intenseness of the frost, had their beards unexpectedly frozen together."—Ibid.
"Behold the world, how it is whirled round, And for it is so whirled is named so."
Sib J. Davis's Poem on Dancing.
The Greeks called those persons AevrtpoKOT/xoi, who had been thought dead, and had recovered after the celebration of the funeral rites. Such persons were not admitted to the holy rites, or allowed to enter the temple of the Eumenides, till they had been purified by being let through the lap of a woman's gown, that they might seem to be born again.
The Greeks used pieces of wood eroded by a worm for seals. Dexs they called the worm, which is the larva of a beetle.
James Bowdoin, Governor of Massachusetts, a philosopher and statesman, wrote treatises to "prove by phenomena and Scripture the existence of an orb which surrounds the whole material system, and which may be necessary to preserve it from that ruin to which, without such a counterbalance, it seems liable, by that universal principle in matter, gravitation." He supposes that the blue expanse of the sky is a real concave body encompassing all visible nature, that the milky way and the lucid spots in the heavens are gaps in this orb, through which the light of exterior orbs reaches us, and that thus an intimation may be given of orbs on orbs, and systems on
1 yupiartv ii?oc tTKwXntoc iyyivofitvov tviov (iXov. Schol. in Iks. 'Epv. »•«< 'Hucp. v. 418.-J.W.W.
Bj-9terns innumerable, and inconceivably grand.
F. Mabtehe says that some abbesses formerly confessed their nuns, but their excessive curiosity carried them such lengths that there arose a necessity for checking it.
Mb. Jamlesom tells us that among the ancient Scandinavians the manner of extolling a person was to call him or her, not the flower of the family, but the leek of the family.
In Rees's Cyclopaedia it is very gravely said, under the word Abb£, that the abbes are a numerous and useful body,—persons of universal talents and learning,—held in esteem and respect by people of various descriptions, and particularly by the female sex, to whom they are devoted!
'Aicatcla, a purple bag filled with earth or sand, and borne by the Greek emperors and princes in the left hand, to remind them of mortality.
Acidalius edited a treatise entitled, Mulieres rum esse Homines, — to appease the ladies, he said; the author was right, for women certainly more resembled angels.
The number of adepts is believed to be never more or less then twelve.
Jelurus, the Egyptian God of the Cats, —a man with a cat's head. Sir Thomas' might have sat for him.
Agla.—Ctcl. the initials of "thou art strong in the eternal God." This word the Jews applied to the Deity, and wrote it in the three angles, and the middle of two triangles laid one above the other, which they called the shield of David, saying it was a security against wounds, would extinguish fire, and do other wonders.
1 A splendid cat belonging to the cat's Eden of Greta Hall.-J. W. W.
Aotei, posts or obelisks, sacred to Apollo, or Bacchus, or Mercury, with sometimes a head of one of them, placed in the vestibule of houses for their security, and as Steph. Byz. says, serving like our directing posts, —which is most likely.
Aixumeb, a term in heraldry, when the eyes of a beast are drawn red or sparkling.
The Guernsey lily (Amaryllis Sarniensis), a native of Japan, became naturalized in Guernsey by the shipwreck of a vessel returning from Japan. Some bulbs being cast on shore, took root in the sand, and Mr. Ilatton, the governor, observing the beauty of the flower, propagated it."
Wobthy is this book to be written with indelible ink upon incombustible paper of amianthus.
SlB EDMl SDBKBEY GoDFBET, "I find
murdered by rogues," or "By Rome's rude finger die."
Pilate's question, "Quid est Veritas," makes the best answer, " Est vir qui adest."
Ahastatica,—Resurrection plant. The Rose of Jericho, or Rosa Maris?, is one. The dry woody plant being set for some time in water, will dilate and open, so as to disclose the seed vessels and seed.
Palcmbula, a Latin term of endearment, but so was Anaticula. Odd that in vulgar life this last should so long have been preserved.
The mite was anciently thought the limit of littleness, but we arc not now surprised to be told of animals twenty-seven millions of times smaller than a mite! A mite! how vastly swifter does it run than a race-horse! Cyclopaedia.
Auimalcukc have been discovered equal in size only to twenty-seven ten thousand billion parts of a cubic inch! And Leeu
* See Third Series, p. 628.—J. W. W.
wenhoeck calculates that a hundred millions of animalcules which are discovered in common water, are not altogether so large as a grain of sand. Query, may w e not for Leeuwenhoeck read Lying-hoax!
The ancients say there was a stone found in Arcadia of the colour of iron, which, if it were once heated red-hot, never grew cool again. They called it Apsyctos. A "warming stone" is used in Cornwall and Yorkshire, to lay at the feet in bed, because of its property of retaining heat. Near Cordoba, also, there is such a stone, which retains heat for twenty-four hours.
The Aspalax of Aristotle has been discovered. Olivier brought it from the Levant. It lives under ground, and certainly has no eyes; the skin is not even pierced in the place of the eyes.
Naples, or Italy itself, might properly be called Sol-fa-terra.
Bezozzi. See the history of these two musical brothers. Cyclopaedia. See also Damiani for a Burney-Mus-Doc-ism.
The earliest account of the contagious catarrhal fever, or influenza, published by Boeckel, 1580, who calls it a new disease, which had grievously afflicted, not Germany alone, but almost all Europe.
Cabamuel's scheme was, to write about 100 volumes in folio, which all powers were to compel all their subjects to read. (?)— Cycl. Were these to supersede all other books?
There is a painter known by the name of Hellish Breughel, because of his infernal subjects.
Biiffalmacco was engaged to paint a whole-length St. Christopher, twelve braecia high. The wall not being high enough, he painted him lying on his back, and turned
up the legs perpendicularly to the body. This was cutting the coat indeed according to the cloth. But Dr. D.D. must have canvas enough, &c.
Ringelberq recommended bearing burdens as the best exercise for men of study. He had a gown lined with lead, as much as he could lift with both hands, which he used to wear, and thus write and exercise at the
same time. Dr. , following this rule,
has his wig lined with lead,—a needless precaution, when the head was already so well lined with the same materials.
Caftabeli.1, the singer, lived in a palace of his own building, over which was this inscription, "Amphion Thebas, ego domum ;" and he purchased for his nephew and heir a dukedom,—Sante Dorato!
Db. Spukzheim, the craniologist, shows that there is a great difference between the skulls of men and of women; that in Germany the difference is greater than in England, in England than in France, where, indeed, it scarcely exists at all.
The canary fanciers in London have a pattern bird engraved and coloured, as the standard of perfection at which they are to aim, with his characteristic requisites explained in technical terms. So Nobs might have been the fugel horse.
Dido was Jezebel's grand-daughter, says Rees's Cyclopaedia!
Louis Bebtband Castel. See Cyclopaedia for his scheme of a Clavecin Oculaire, and the music of colours. See also Clavecin, ibid.
The Cyclopaedia says that the petrified child at Copenhagen is actually what it is said to be. It was cut out of a woman at Sens, 1582, having been in her about twenty years. As far as petrifying the heart, such changes arc but too common.
Thornet Arbeai', canon of Langres, wrote a treatise colled Orchesographia, and the art of expressing a dance by characters like imisic, was practised after his time. Bcauchamps so much improved it, that he was pronounced the inventor by a decree of the French parliament. And, in 177.5, Mr. Steel published an essay in which he undertook to record in his notation how Garrick played his principal parts. Choregraphy, however, as it was called, prevailed for half a century, and Dr. Burney tells us he learnt to dance by it—at least under a dancing-master by whom it was used.
Signoracornaro-piscopi A. It was proposed to give her a seat among the doctors of theology, at Padua; this the Bishop opposed; but she was made a doctor in philosophy, 1678, in the cathedral of that city.
The craw-fish discharges itself of its stomach, and, as M. Geoffroy thinks, of its intestines also. These, as they putrify and dissolve, serve for food to the animal; during the time of the reformation, the old stomach seems to be the first food which the new one digests.
Seventy-two kinds of cross\n heraldry. —Cycl. See them named.
"the panther is so greedy of men's excrements, that if they be hanged up in a vessel higher than his reach, he sooner kills himself with the overstretching of his windless body than he will cease from his intended enlerprize." Qumre f
A Hot iron for warming old men's feet is called a Damsel, or Nun. I have named Mrs. Coleridge's bottle, therefore, the Friar.
Coi.tie timber,—so called when the heart is loose, and slips out.
Double stars, so near each other as to appear one; and it requires the strongest glasses to ascertain that they are two distinct
bodies. Here may be a communication,— and perhaps a war of world against world!
Doth Fx FlQUO, a celebrated performer on the German (lute, is said to have slit his tongue in order that he might excel all others in what is called double-tonguing.
In beating the drum there is the roll, the swell, the llaui, and the ruffle, &c. See Cycl.
The Romans used to breed up boys for dwarfs! by inclosing them in a box, or binding them with bandages.
Eneorema, those parts of the urine which float about in the middle resembling a cloud, formed, according to Boerhaave, chiefly of muriatic salt.
'^Lvrikiyiln, term by which Aristotle defines the soul, and which has so puzzled all critics and commentators, that Ilermolaus Barbarus is said to have consulted the devil about it. He renders it — perfectihabia; and somebody need consult the devil to explain this also.
Considering the matter entitatively, that is to say, secundum entitatem.
Erhesia, a mixture of honey, myrrh, saffron, and palm-wine, beaten together, and taken mixed in milk, to make people beget handsome children. An ancient prescription.
Dr. Smith named a plant Goodenia, in honour of the Bishop of Carlisle, not recollecting that Goodenovia would have been nearer the original and equally unexceptionable. But he constructed the former after the example of Tournefus, "who not without much consideration, contrived to form Gundelia out of Gundelscheimer."
Gun barrels (the twisted sort) made of old horse-shoe nails.