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due siano uno, intendo, peroche l'amore tongues divided, partly by nature and partly unisce tutti due gli amanti, et gli fa uno; by art, and thus are enabled to hold two ma quattro a che modo? Phi. Trasforman- | distinct conversations at the same time with dosi ognun di loro nell' altro, ciascuno di two different persons.”—M. Review, vol. 72, loro si fa due, cioè amato et amante insieme; p. 356. et due volte due fa quattro, si che ciascuno di loro è due, et tutti due sona uno et quat- Two hearts found in a partridge. Ametro.”—Leone Medico (Hebreo) Dialogi di rican Phil. Trans. The paper is by M. Amore, p. 132.
d'Aboville.-Ibid. vol. 76, p. 293.
Si vous entendiez, respondit Tyras, de HERCULES in heaven, and in the shades. quelle sorte par l'infinie puissance d'amour, C. Odyssey, vol. 11, p. 735. deux personnes ne deviennent qu'une, et une en devient deux, vous connoistriez que 56 The division of ourselves (if I may use l'amant ne peut rien desirer hors de soy- the expression) between vice and virtue." mesme. Car aussi tost que vous auriez en- -PERCIVAL STOCKDALE, Mem. vol. 1, p. tendu comme l'amant se transforme en l'
63. aimé, et l'aimé en l'amant, et par ainsi deux ne deviennent qu'un, et chacun toutesfois estant amant et aimé, par consequent est deux, vous comprendriez, Hylas, ce qui vous
Round or Square. est tant difficile, et avoueriez, que puis qu'il ne desire que ce qu'il aime, et qu'il est
Teres atque rotundus, l'amant et l'aimés ses desires ne peuvent
The steady honest man is τετράγωνος,
, sortir de luy mesme." —Astrée, p. ii. tom.
like a die: throw him which way you will, he lights upon a square.—Adam Little
3, p. 452.
Ton, p. 154.
“ It is a matter of dispute what is the principle of individuation in men: or what | ’Avịp ảyalòs kai terpáywvos ävev fóyo. it is which causes one man to be a different ARISTOTLE.-H. MORE, Ecc. Preface, ix. individual person
from another."-JENKIN, Reasonableness, vol. 2, p. 397.
“ A LA physionomie de ce dernier, on A FATHER and son are one person.
juge bien que veritablement c'estoit un
homme rond et sans ambition de fortune.” Pama Cayet. Coll. Un. tom. 55, p. 42.
- Astrée, tom. 4, p. 830. CHARBON, p. 46-7. For a moral turn,Smith's Sermons, p. 119.
ERASTE's valet, Gros-René, prides him
self on being “homme fort rond de toutes Chev. DU SOLEIL, vol. 3, p. 80.
les manières.”—MOLIERE, vol. 1, p. 248, The infanta Lindabrides writes to him, “lors que je me ressouviens de ce que vous
“ The inconcussable steadiness of the avez esté envers moy, et ce que vous estes square 'perchance might be the reason that maintenant, je ne peux croire autre chose the prince of philosophers, in his Ethics, sinon qu'il y a au monde deux Chevaliers termeth a constant-minded man, even equal qui s'appellent du Soleil, et que vous estes
and direct on all sides, and not easily overautre que celuy qui souloit estre mien." thrown by any little adversity, hominem
quadratum, a square man.”—PUTTENHAM, “DIODORNE said, and Monboddo believes, p. 83 that in Taprobana the inhabitants have their
" DETTE mi fur di mia vita futura
The podagric unguent of the “
animal, that nature had stored it with a bal-
that all its parts, even the excrementitious
one, were endued with medical virtues. A “One of the eminentest of our London physician of Jena, Joh. Andrea Gratz by physicians was wont, as an excellent secret, name, wrote a treatise upon this, entitled to employ in some of his choice remedies Elaphographia, sive Cervi Descriptio Phythat peculiar saltpetre which he had drawn sico-Medico-Chymica.—Ibid. pp. 281-2. out of the earth digged up in churchyards." -BOYLE, vol. 1, p. 210.
“The parliament of Paris, at the solicita
tion of the Parisian physicians (among whom “I HAVE seen a good quantity of that Guy Patin was the most conspicuous), projelly that is sometimes found on the ground, hibited the use of antimony in medicine. and by the vulgar called a star-shoot, as if This restriction, after some years, was reit remained upon the extinction of a falling moved; but it was a long time indeed bestar; which being brought to an eminent fore the French physicians could get the physician of my acquaintance, he lightly better of their prejudices, or rather of their digested it in a well-stopt glass for a long timidity, in regard to the employment of time, and by that alone resolved it into a those active remedies which are derived from permanent liquor, which he extols as a spe- the chemical preparations of this and other cific to be outwardly applied against wens." metallic substances, and which give to the -Ibid.
practice of physic a vigour and efficiency
that it formerly wanted.”—Ibid. p. 596, N. SIR THEODORE MAYERNE's MS. Ephemerides.
MARTIN LISTER describes a cimex of the Ellis's Orig. Letters, second series, vol. largest size, of a red colour, with black spots, 3, p. 246.
as to be found in great abundance upon henHis remarks upon this patient's circum
bane. “It is observable," he says, “ that stances.
that horrid and strong smell with which the
leaves of this plant affect our nostrils, is very King Solomon's Portraiture of Old Age, much qualified in this insect, and in some by John Smith, M.D. a philosophical dis
measure aromatic and agreeable; and there Among other ingenious observa
we may expect that that dreadful narcosis tions, he remarks, that the expressions of
so eminent in this plant, may likewise be Solomon, Eccles. xii. probably denote the usefully tempered in this insect; which we same doctrine of the circulation of the blood
refer to trial.”—Ibid. pp. 602-3. as Harvey's; the pitcher being interpreted for the veins; the fountain for the right
“ Isaac Vossius commended the skill of ventricle of the heart; the cistern for the the Chinese physicians in finding out by their left; the wheel for the circulation."—Abr.
touch, not only that the body is diseased, Phil. Trans. vol. 1, p. 86.
(which, he said, was all that our practitioners
knew by it,) but also from what cause or I Otherwise called “Tremella Nostoc." See
from what part the sickness proceeds. Third Series, p. 763.-J. W. W.
make ourselves masters of this skill, he would
have us explore the nature of men's pulses, a stench that a thousand wounds exposed till they became as well known and as fa- to the summer heat could not have equalled miliar to us as a harp or lute is to the players it. And though I thought I had sufficiently thereon; it not being enough for them to armed my senses against it, that is, my ears know that there is something amiss which with cotton, my nose with pessaries, my spoils the tune, but they must also know mouth with sponges, all dipt in vinegars and what string it is which causes that fault.” | treacles, yet, as if touched with a thunder-Ibid. vol. 2, p. 63.
bolt, I was struck with a violent trembling
of my body. Having broken the glass, I “Our foresters," says Sir G. MACKENZIE, gave some of this horridly-stinking salt to " allege, that when deer are wounded, they to M. Reshel to taste, and then I tasted it lie on a certain herb which grows plentifully myself, and it was found to have an acriin our forests, and that by its virtue the
mony as great as aqua regis." To this acribleeding is stanched, and the wound healed.
mony he ascribed all the phenomena which I took a quantity of it, and reduced it to a occur in the plague.-Ibid. p. 491. salve, with wax and butter. Its effect was, that it healed too suddenly, so that I durst
The same physician thought he preserved not venture to use it for any deep wound, himself by setons in the groin, thinking that but for superficial scars it has a very sud
the venom would find its way into his sysden operation.
It is the Asphodelus Lan- tem, and that the safest course was thus to castriæ Verus of Johnstone;' or the Lanca- open a way out for it.—Ibid. p. 492. shire Asphodel.”—Ibid. p. 227.
A SADDLER's daughter at Burford had an Johannes Baptista ALPrunus, physi- | imposthume which broke in the corner of cian to the Empress Eleonora, in A.D. 1670,
one of her eyes, out of which came about at Prague, lanced a plague-boil in one of thirty stones, splendid, and as large as pearls. his patients. Having conceived that the
-Ibid. vol. 3, p. 81. way for him to penetrate into the most latent quality of this pestiferous venom was
Medicine among the Egyptians wholly by chemistry; not with knives, but glasses, They thought the heart increased two
built upon astrological or magical grounds. —not with iron, but fire,- I collected the
drachms in weight annually till men were virulent matter, and putting it in a retort,
50 years old, then decreased in the same and luting a receiver to it very close, I ap- proportion, so that no one could live beyond plied degrees of fire. At first came over a
the age of 100.-Ibid. p. 681. water, then a more fat and oily matter, and at last a salt ascended into the neck of the DR. ARCHIBALD PITCAIRN endeavoured, retort. The fire being removed, and the after Borelli and Bellini, to ccount for the glasses separated, there came forth so great principal phenomena, natural and morbid,
which occur in the animal body,-upon maThe discovery is subsequent to the old edi. thematical principles !—Ibid. vol. 4, p. 46. tion of GERARDE by JOHNSON, where it is sta
See the passage. ted, “ it is not yet found out what use there is of any of them in nourishment or medicines :" p. 97. No scholar, but knows the Dictamnus
A girl with horns on various parts of her of VIRGIL. Æn, xii. v. 411; Cf. Cic. de N. D. body.-Ibid. vol. 3, p. 229. ii. 50.
Bishop HACKET says in the Christian Consolutions, which were long given to Jeremy Claws instead of nails.-Ibid. 4, p. 176. Taylor, “ The hart wounded with an arrow, runs to the herb dittany to bite it, that the shaft may fall out that stuck in his body :"
A BoY three years without eating and vol. i. p. 129. Ed. Heber.-J. W. W.
drinking.—Ibid. vol. 6. p. 459.
Ibid. vol. 7, p. 543, tuburculated skin.- of singing, to the admiration of all about vol. 10, p. 562.
her, several fine tunes, which her sister had
learnt in her presence some time before, but Cassini saw a Russian at Florence who
of which she had not then seemed to take during two different years in his life had in his body an electrical virtue similar to that any particular notice.—Ibid. vol. 9, p. 370. of the torpedo.- Monthly Review, vol. 66,
A man who had lost the use of his speech
for about four years, recovered it, by being Sir John Floyer in his Pharmacobasa- extremely frightened in a dream. The nos, or Touchstone of Medicines, attempted dream was that he had fallen into a furnace to account for their virtues by their taste of boiling wort, and be called for help.— and smell.-Phil. Trans. Abr. vol. 4, p. 458.
Ibid. p. 465. M. DE CHERAC, who was first physician Ibid. pp. 495-8. Medicines said to be into Louis XV. maintained that it is as much sinuated into the body by electricity.—vol. the duty of a physician to enforce discipline 10, p. 13. to the sick, as of a general to enforce it in an army.-Ibid. p. 497.
Nicolas Reeks born with both feet turnLiniments for the itch“ may be made ed inwards, and pronounced incurable. Ap
prenticed at eleven years of age to a taylor, agreeable enough, and of a good smell, as
in six years sitting cross legged had proparticularly is that compounded of the oint
duced a manifest alteration; in less than ment of orange flowers, or roses, and a small quantity of red precipitate.”—Dr. like those of other men : he ran away and
two years more, his feet and legs became MEAD. Ibid. vol. 5, p. 4.
entered as a marine.-Ibid.
P. When the small pox is epidemical in the main land over against Skie Isle as in the
THERE were two kinds of Usnea Humana, isle itself, the natives bathe their children
—the crustacea et villosa ; the former was in the infusion of juniper wood, and they most esteemed, and any of the crustacean generally escape ; when this is neglected lichens, but more properly the common they often die.—Ibid. p. 379.
grey-blue pitted lichenoides of Dillenius.
The villosa was a species of the genus hypPearls prescribed, to all those that are num; any moss that happened to grow on able to pay for them.-Ibid. p. 366. Gold a human skull was thought efficacious. and silver also.—p. 368.
Ibid. vol. 40, p. 252. MANY swallowed the stones of sloes and Tue cup moss was long accounted a specherries, thinking they would prevent any cific for hooping-cough. Willis had great danger of surfeit, or indigestion from the faith in it. Ibid. fruit.—Ibid. vol. 6, p. 253.
Strict laws, vigilantly enforced, preDopdridge relates that a clergyman's served New England from the small pox lady, whose husband was of some eminence generally, Boston excepted, where it struck in the literary world, in a frenzy after a root, 1649, and was often epidemical.-Ibid. lying in (which was quickly removed) found | vol. 12, p. 229. during the time of it such an alteration in the state and tone of her nerves, that though Family at Maryport (the Harrises) who she never ha before nor
ince any ear for could not distinguish colours.—Ibid. vol. 14, music, nor any voice, she was then capable / p. 143.
Dr. WHITE (of York, 1778) says
Suidas and Cedrenus report that Soloeases which usually in private practice of an mon wrote of the remedies of all diseases, easy cure, are often very tedious in hospi- and graved the same on the sides of the tals, and apt to assume anomalous symp- | porch of the temple, which they say Hezetoms. Healthy persons, admitted for the kiah pulled down, because the people negcure of recent wounds and other accidents, lecting help from God by prayer, repaired soon become pale, lose their appetite, and thither for their recovery.-RALEIGH, b. 2, are generally discharged weak and emaciated, but soon recover by the benefit of fresh air. In some hospitals the cure of a On ne doit pas craindre d'avancer compound fracture is rarely seen; in pri- que la medecine est de toutes les sciences vate practice and a pure air, such cases physiques celle qui a donné lieu au plus seldom fail.”—Ibid. p. 326.
grand nombre de speculations.”—Trans.
Preface to Sprengel. “ The Philosopher says that the phancy is seated in the middle region of the brain A GOOD severe jest of Henri IV. to the above the eyes, which upon great and sud- Parisians. If they instead of accepting his den wrath calls up the spirits hastily into gracious offers should be by famine conitself, and with that swift motion they are strained “ de se rendre la corde au col, heated, and seem to flame in the eyes."- au lieu," said he, “ de la miséricorde que Bp. HACKET, p. 423.
je leur offre, j'en ôterai la misère, et ils au
ront la corde." — Coll. des Mem. vol. 51, “WOMEN, in certain circumstances to us unknown, are every now and then capable of very far exceeding the usual number of RHAZES cured stomach complaints with children at a birth."- Phil. Trans. Abr. vol. cold water and butter inilk, and recom16, p. 301.
mended chess for melancholy persons.
SPRENGEL, vol. 2, p. 292. Horns on women.-Ibid. vol. 17, p. 28.
AVICENNA prescribes gold, silver, and preJULIAN calls Jupiter to witness that he
cious stones to purify the blood. And bugs had often been cured by remedies which
(les punaises, aljesajes) for the quartain Æsculapius directed him to use.
fever and for hysterics. — Ibid. vol. 2, p. this,” says Dr. Jenkins, “supposing the
319. truth of the fact, doth not prove that false God to have had more skill than a physician
With him the practice began of gilding might have had, but only shows that devils may have such knowledge of the nature of
pills.—Ibid. p. 320. things, as to give prescriptions in physic."-Reasonableness of the Christian Religion,
GILBERTUS ANGLICUS. His treatment of vol. 1, p. 349.
lethargy was to fasten a sow in the patient's
bed. And in cases of apoplexy he admi- Il faut que nous fassions comme ces nistered ant's eggs, scorpion's oil, and lion's bons Medecins, qui ayans bien préparé les flesh, in order to induce fever ; but Sprenhumeurs par quelques legers remèdes, les gel asks how lion's flesh was to be got in chassent après tout-à-fait par de plus fortes England ?-SPRENGEL, vol. 2, p. 406. medecines."-Astrée, pt. 2, tom. 3, p. 394.
FICINUS advises old men to drink the MR. NEWTON's wife took tincture of soot. blood of healthy young persons, as a means 1776.
of prolonging life.-Ibid. vol. 2, p. 464.