« AnteriorContinuar »
When the German physicians (in the The old system, that the animal spirits fifteenth century) wished to bring on a fe- were secreted by the brain.-Ibid. vol. 4, brile action, they placed the patient between p. 64. All our knowledge comes to the same two fires.-Ibid. vol. 2, p. 478.
thing under different terms, pretty much. AVICENNA held that a certain fifth quality formed the temperament.-Ibid. vol. 3,
Tea brought into use by the Dutch merchants and physicians aiding each other.
Ibid. vol. 5, p. 106-8-11. Luis MERCADO, physician to Philip II. doubted whether the temperament ought to
Nicholas Robinson insisted that no other be so regarded, or whether it were not ra
science had such incontestible pretensions ther the harmony and reunion of the four to certitude as that of medicine.—Ibid. vol. primary qualities.-Ibid. p. 21.
5, p. 171. SPRENGEL calls him the Thomas Aquinas
The apothecary's praise of a physician in of medicine, the first of all scholastic phy- Molière, C'est un homme qui sait la mesicians; and says it is impossible to ima
dicine à fond, et qui, quand on devroit gine“ jusqu'à quel point cet écrivain pousse créver, ne démordroit pas, d'un iota, des les réveries méthodiques."
régles des anciens. Oui, il suit toujours le BARBARossa communicated to Fruncis I. grand chemin, le grand chemin ; et pour
tout l'or du monde, il ne voudroit pas avoir a receipt for mercurial pills.-Ibid. vol. 3,
gúeri une personne avec d'autres remèdes que ceux que la Faculté permet.”—M. DE
POURCEAUGNAC, vol. 5, p. 387. In the fifteenth century, at the court of the German prince, it was part of the chief
« On est bien aise au moins d'être mort physician every morning to examine the sovereign's urine.—Ibid. vol. 3, p. 164.
και προς ιατρό σοφά THOMAS Fyens called it excrementum θροείν επωδας προς τομώντι πήματα." secundæ coctionis; et tire même certains sig
Soph. Ajax. v. 582. nes du son qu'elle produit en tombant de la vessie dans le vase destiné à la recevoir." In the atheistic work called, Man a Ma-Ibid. vol. 3, p. 168.
chine, by St. M. d'Argens (or Mr. de la
Mettrie!), the author says that philosoBoru Severin, and Du Chesne who was phical physicians are the only persons who physician to Henri IV. held that diseases have explored and unravelled the labyrinth proceeded from seed, like vegetables.— Ibid. of man; the only ones who, in a philoso
phical contemplation of the soul, have sur
prised it in its misery and grandeur, with“Roast cat, with goose-grease and spice, out despising or idolizing it; and the only was Benedetto Veltori's remedy for con- ones who have a right to speak on it. yulsions." - Ibid. vol. 3, 181.
Monthly Review, vol. 1, p. 125.
Descartes, he says, said that physic could The Milanese physician, Settali, (16th change the mind and manners together with century) discovered that the general prac- the body.-Ibid. p. 126. tice of applying the actual cautery to the skull, for old catarrhs, was injurious. - WILLIAM CLARKE, the ossified man, in the Ibid. p. 194.
county of Cork.—Ibid. vol. 5, p. 280.
66 when a pa
WOOD-LICE, how to be taken.— Ibid. p. THEODORE ZUINGER of Basil, never took 381 :
a fee except from the rich, who forced it “ The best way is the swallowing them
He used to say, alive, which is very easily and conveniently tient cried ah! ah! for a physician to say clone, for they naturally roll themselves up da ! da! was worthy only of a hangman or on being touched, and thus form a sort of other executioner.”—ZUINGER, p. 2452. smooth pill, which slips down the throat without being tasted. This is the securest WHITE leprosy or elephantiasis; “A peway of having all their virtues. The next culiar malady is this, and natural to the to this is the bruising them with wine, and Egyptians; but look, when any of their taking the expression. If the patient can- kings fell into it, woe worth the subjects not be prevailed with to take them
and poor people! for there were the tubs way than in powder, the best method ever and bathing vessels, wherein they sate in invented for preparing them in that form, the baine, filled with men's blood for their is that ordered in the new London Dispen- cure."--Pliny, lib. 26, c. I. Ph. Holland, satory, which is the tying them up in a thin vol. 2, p. 242. canvass cloth, and suspending them within a covered vessel, over the steam of hot spi- THE Galenists use to cure contraria contes rit of wine; they are soon killed by it, and trariis with medicaments of a contrary temrendered friable.”
per; but the Paracelsists, similia similibus, “Often of service in asthmas, and great making one dolour to expel another.-Putgood has been sometimes done by a long | TENHAM, p. 39. course of them, in disorders of the eyes." This is from Sir John Hill.
“ Your highness
Shall from this practice but make bard your “Vides à medicis, quanquam in adversâ heart."-- Cymbeline, act i. sc. vi. valetudine nihil servi ac liberi differant, mollius tamen liberos clementiusque trac- KAEMPFER, vol. 1, p. 235. Taking the pretari." --Pliny, l. 8, Ep. 24.
scription itself in pills. MUMMIES are known to be most sovereign ARISTOTLE is cited by Olympiodorus to and magistral in medicine.—John Gregory, have known a man who never slept in all
his life. And the strangeness hath been A FEVER cured by music. The cure is
The cure is quitted by an experience of later days.
JOHN GREGORY, p. 63. curious.-M. Review, vol. 9, p. 367-8. It is said of Archbishop Sheldon, that he
The principal ingredient of the weaponoffered £1000 to any person who would
salve is the moss of a dead man's skull, as help him to the gout, looking upon it as
the recipe delivered by Paracelsus to Maxthe only remedy for the distemper in his
imilian the Emperor.—Ibid. p. 63. head, which he feared might in time prove an apoplexy; as in fine it did, and killed MR. VENN the elder, in the last six months him."- Dr. Pope's Life of SETH WARD,
of his life “was often upon the brink of the Restit. vol. 1, p. 52.
grave, and then unexpectedly restored. A
medical friend, the late John Pearson, who Dr. Lister thought that the Small and frequently visited him at this time, observed great Pox were both first occasioned either that the near prospect of dissolution so by the bite, or by eating of some venomous elated his mind with joy, that it proved a creature.-M. Review, January 1754, p. 38. stimulus to life. Upon one occasion, Mr.
Venn himself remarked some fatal appear- serves, and such like Arabian medicinal ances, exclaiming, 'Surely these are good compositions. It is at present become of symptoms !' Mr. Pearson replied, "Sir, in universal and most noxious use. It fouls this state of joyous excitement, you cannot our animal juices, and produces scrophulas, live.'"--Memoir of Mr. Venn, p. 59. scurvies, and other putrid disorders, by re
laxing the solids : it occasions watery swelAr Butterley Lees, near New Mills, on lings, and catarrhal ails: it induces hysthe 5th instant, as the wife of E. Fearnley terics and other nervous disorders; therefore was sealing up the cows, a favourite, which should be sparingly used, especially by the always appeared very quiet, turned her weaker sex; they are naturally of a fibra head, and dreadfully lacerated the left eye laxa."--M. Review, vol. 13, p. 272. of the unfortunate woman. The sight of this
eye Mrs. Fearnley had lost by the small MAISTRE DOUBLET, surgeon to the Duc pox in her childhood, but the obstruction de Nemours :-he cured wounds with nobeing partly removed by the cow, and the thing but clean rags and clean water, with other part by Mr. Burkinshaw, of York, she the help of charms.-See BRANTOME, vol. 9, has actually recovered the sight of her eye p. 22-3. which has so long been closed. She is in her forty-second year.--Tyne Mercury. “The Machaon of those times (A.D. 1754),
Dr. Richard Rock, dispensed from his oneSHEBBEARE published, A.D. 1755, a “Prac- horse chaise his cathartic anti-venereal electice of physic founded on principles in phy- tuary, his itch powder, and bis quintessence siology and pathology hitherto unapplied in of vipers. Being superior to regularity, and physical enquiries." The principle was fire, despising the formality of academical deof which he held the real elementary and grees, he styled himself M.L. He is,” says material existence, and the presence of which the Connoisseur (No. 17);“ a London physihe considered to be the cause of animal heat; / cian, or as Molière would express it, ' C'est and its excess or defect the principal cause un medicin de Londres.'" of all diseases. His directions are to heighten or abate the fire, which amounts to nothing “ WHEN we see a snuff-coloured suit of more than the hot or cold regimen.-M. ditto, with bolus buttons, a metal-headed Review, 12, p. 401, which speaks ill of the cane, and an enormous bushy grizzle, we as author.
readily know the bearer to be a dispenser
of life and death, as if we had scen him M. Review, vol. 13, p. 242. Case of con- pounding a mortar, or brandishing a clyssumption cured by cucumbers.
ter pipe."--Connoisseur, vol. 2, p. 161. A. D. Dr. Gregory's case by lemons.
1755. Mr. Fletcher's own case by cherries.
The two latter were indicated by a crav- Hope that a physician affords :ing for these remedies. The former, the Dr. Δόξαν γαρ τόδ' υγιείας έχει. . happened to think of.
Κρείσσον δε το δοκεϊν, κάν αληθείας απή.
EURIP, Orestes, 238. “As spirits (spiritus ardentes)," says Dr. Douglass's Circular, A.D. 1750, not above “ THE subtil medium proved: or that a century ago, were used only as officinal wonderful power of nature, so long ago concordials, but now are become an endemical jectured by the most ancient and remarkplague every where, being a pernicious in- able philosophers, which they called somegredient, in most of our beverages ; so for- | times æther, but oftener elementary fire, merly sugar was only used in syrups, con- verified. Shewing that all the distinguish
ing and essential qualities ascribed to æther pamphlet-shops are more reputable stages by them, and the most eminent modern phi- for such doctors as himself, than the posts losophers, are to be found in electrical fire, and bye corners occupied by his redoubtand that too in the utmost degree of per- ed rivals, Messrs. West, and Franks, and fection. By R. Lovett, of the Catholic Church Rock, and all the rest of them.”—Ibid. vol. of Worcester. A.D. 1756.”—Monthly Review, 16, p. 466. vol. 15, p. 561.
In Birch's History of the Royal Society, it PARACELSUS and Von Helmont : “ These is said that the Finlanders recover persons desperadoes freed medicine from the yoke who have been drowned two or three days; of Galenism and the Arabians; and yet they but the persons thus recovered almost aldid not point out the true path. All the vital ways lose their vivacity, and their memory and animal motions were explained by the is much impaired.-Ibid. vol. 17, p.
209. furnace or alembic; and all diseases were supposed to arise either from acids or alka- A.D. 1758. DR. MACKENZIE's History of lies.”—Ibid. vol. 16, p. 99.
Health.—Monthly Review, vol. 19, p. 476. Bacon exprest himself strongly in favour “This author supposes that the Paradisiof the Hippocratic method of case writing ; acal food was entirely vegetable. Indeed, but medicine was so divided by the school- the drudgery of providing culinary utensils, physician and the chemist, that it made small and of cookery, he thinks inconsistent with advances.—Ibid.
the state in Paradise.. But, he observes, The next step was, that “acids alkal. fer- fruits are cold and little nutritive; seeds ments, precipitations," all fled before glo- without preparation, hard of digestion, and bules of such and such figure and magni- flatulent; and undressed herbs, still more tude. The circulation of the blood was made harsh and crude. He therefore ingeniously, subservient to the laws of hydraulics; man and not unphysically (says the Reviewer) became a mere mechanical structure, and imagines that the tree of life (which was not diseases were proved to own the power of interdicted to Adam and Eve, which it seems diagrams.-Ibid.
therefore rather absurd to think they never Sydenham, indeed, and some few others, used, and which was pregnant with immorkept to the old Hippocratic method of ob- tality itself,) must have been intended to servation. At last Boerhaave, “ that orna- prevent, or remove, the inconvenience rement of his profession and of his species," sulting from the insalubrity of their comavailing himself wisely of the ancient obser
mon diet. vations, of the chemical, anatomical, and “For Dr. Clarke (vol. 8, sermon 4,) says, mechanical discoveries ; following none im- | Adam was not (as some have, without any plicitly, and using each in its place; he set ground from Scripture, imagined) created physiology and the observation of diseases actually immortal ; but by the use of the on their proper basis.-Ibid. p. 100.
tree of life (whatever is implied under that
expression), he was to have been preserved WOODWARD made not only the passions, from dying. This tree, Dr. Mackenzie but cogitation itself, depend upon bile in chuses to understand in a material physical the stomach.—Ibid. vol. 16, p. 101. sense, to the possibility of which, we con
The reviewer notes this for admiration ! ceive a capacious (?) physician may easily But it is true in certain cases of insanity, subscribe. me teste.
" And the original efficacy of this divine
and sole panacea our learned author thinks A. D. 1757. LEAKE's Lisbon diet-drink. alluded to by St. John in the Apocalypse,
“well apprized that the chap. 22, v. 2.
BERG, 4to. 2s.
“Were it allowable to indulge any imagi- , for a disease; who suppose that any man, nation of our own here, may we not suppose from the creation of the world, ever died of that the eager and ineffectual pursuits after a fever; who believe that fevers are not alan universal panacea to repel diseases, and ways symptomatical. even old age (that approach to death), is natural thirst of recovering a remedy, that Ibid. p. 100. FranciscUs du Port de had once existed in sublunary nature, though signis Morborum, lib. 4, edited by Scuomnow lost.”
A sort of Busbeian medical grammar in “'Tis said some people collect the juices hexameters. which are discharged after, and swim upon, the excrements of cattle in May or June, Bad physicians purged and vomited in and drink it to purge them, and that it does the next world.—BERTUCCI, Viaggio al Somit effectually." — HUTCHINSON, vol 10, p. mo Bene, p. 42. 155.
“I have seen about a quart of man's ex- Monthly Review, vol. 47, p. 29. RICKETS crements, which had been some days dis- in sheep, a disease then (A.D. 1772) about charged, thinned with as much ale, poured forty years' standing in England. The cause into a horse stark mad in that violent dis- ascertained by dissection, to be a maggot in temper they call the staggers, of which they the brain, about one-quarter of an inch long, commonly die in a few hours; and the dis- and of a brownish colour. temper abated, and the horse recovered." -Ibid. p. 206.
Ibid. vol. 48, p. 562. A man in Mexico He calls this in the margin, a common paralytic in both arms, perfectly restored experiment.
by being struck with lightning, which for a
while deprived him of his senses. Some quack administered to James the First an elixir to preserve him from all Ibid. vol. 49, p. 127. “MR. KIRKLAND'S sickness ever after; which he told Buck- tremendous scheme of extinguishing fevers, ingham was extracted out of a turd.”— by boldly drenching the patient both exterBoswell's Sh. vol. 17, p. 141.
nally and internally with cold water."
Monthly Review, vol. 24, March, 1761, p. Ibid.-ARMSTRONG, in his Medical Essays, 145.
says that corns are sprouts of the rheumaInstitutes of health. “Salt and sugar are tism, and not the offspring of mere pressure. to be totally rejected, with all compositions into which they enter. Milk to be avoided, Proor that inoculation leads to idolatry. with but few exceptions." These few, per-| --Monthly Review, vol. 50, p. 71. haps, may include all sucking children. Cheese not to be allowed, unless very spar- In the memorandum of the Society for ingly. Butter as little as possible. Fat, oil restoring drowned persons at Amsterdam, and vinegar forbidden. All spices shunned vol. 2, part 1, A. D. 1774, the thirty-sixth as poison. All pastry and confectionary pro- case is of a man who, in the middle of Jahibited.
nuary, and in a state of drunkenness, fell
into the water, and remained in it an hour Ibid. vol. 34, p. 30, Physiological Re- and a quarter. He was stiff when taken out, searches.
but in two hours gave signs of life, and in The author vents his indignation against two more, walked home. — Ibid. vol. 51, p. the ignorance of those who inistake a fever 556.