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SOLEMNITY

Soldatesque (sol-da-tesk'), a. [Fr., from Soldiering (söl'jér-ing), n. The state of being

moldat, a soldier. ] Of or relating to a soldier; | a soldier: the occupation of a soldier. soldier-like.

Soldierlike, Soldierly (sol'jèr-lik, söl'jèr-li), His cine clanking on the pavement and waving a. Like or becoming a soldier; brave; marfor him in the execution of military cuts and sol. tial: heroic: honourable. A soldier-like αρκ Ελπιντς

Thackeray, word.' Shak. Solder (solder), u.t. (O.Fr. solder, solider

His own (face) tho' keen and bold and soldierly (Fr.souder), lit. to make solid, to strengthen, Sear'd by the close ecliptic, was not fair, from L. solidies, solid.] 1. To unite by a

Tennyson. metallic cement; to join by a metallic sub

Soldiership (sõl'jér-ship), n. Military qualistance in a state of fusion, which hardens in

ties; military character or state ; martial cooling, and renders the joint solid. Hence

skill; behaviour becoming a soldier. 'Set- Pig. to unite or combine in general; to

ting my knighthood and my soldiership patch up

aside.' Shak. At the Restoration the Presbyterians, and other Hunting is the best school of soldiership. sects, all unite and solder up their several schemes,

Prof. Blackie. to join against the church.

Swift. Soldiery (söl'jèr-i), n. 1. Soldiers collectively; Solder (solder). n. 1. Metallic cement; a a body of military men. metal or metallic composition used in unit I charge not the soldiery with ignorance and coning other metallic substances by being fused tempt of learning, without exception. Swift. between them. Hard solders are such as

2. + Soldiership; military service. Sir P. require a red heat to fuse them; they are

Sidney. employed for joining brass, iron, and the

Soldieryt (söl'jèr-i), a. Of or relating to solmore refractory metals. Soft solders melt

diers; military. 'Soldiery ballads.' Milton. at a comparatively low temperature, and

Soldo (sol'do), n. (It. = Fr. sol, sou.) A small are used with lead and tin, of which metals

Italian coin, the twentieth part of a lira. they are wholly or in part composed. See

Sole (sol). n. [Fr. sole, the sole of the foot. SOLDERING. Hence - 2 Fig. that which

of a shoe, &c., a beam, the fish, from L. solea, unites in any way.

a sandal, a sole, the fish, a sill, of same oriFriendship! mysterious cement of the soul!

gin as solum, the base, the soil, solidus, solid.] Sweet'ner of life! and solder of society: Blair.

1. The under side of the foot. Solderer (sol'dér-ér), One who or a ma From the crown of his head to the sole of his foot chine which solders. une ca s he is all mirth.

Shak. Soldering (sol'dér-ing). n. The process of

The process of uniting the surfaces of metals, by the inter

2. The foot itself. Spenser. (Rare.]-3. The vention of a more fusible metal, which being

bottom of a shoe or boot; or the piece of melted upon each surface, serves, partly by

leather which constitutes the bottom. 'Dancchemical attraction, and partly by cohesive

ing shoes with nimble soles.' Shak. force, to bind them together. The alloy The caliga was a military shoe with a very thick used as a solder must not only be more

sole, tied above the instep.

Arbuthnor. fusible than the metal or metals to be united, 4. The part of anything that forms the botbut must also have a strong affinity for tom, and on which it stands upon the ground; them. The solder usually contains a large the bottom or lower part of anything; as, proportion of the metal to which it is to be

(a) in agric. the bottom part of a plough, to applied, in combination with some more the forepart of which is attached the point easily fusible metal. The surfaces to be

or share. (6) In far. the horny substance united must be made perfectly clean and under a horse's foot, which protects the free from oxide. This is commonly effected

more tender parts. (c) In fort. the bottom by scraping the surfaces; and in order that of an embrasure or gun-port. (d) Naut, a the formation of any oxide may be prevented

piece of timber attached to the lower part during the process, borax, sal ammoniac, or of a rudder, to render it level with the false rosin is used, either mixed with the solder keel. (e) The seat or bottom of a mine: apof applied to the surfaces.-Autogenous sol plied to horizontal veins or lodes. ($) The dering is the union of two pieces of metal floor of a bracket on which a plummerwithout the intervention of any solder, by

block rests. (9) The plate which constitutes fusing them at the point of junction by jets the foundation of a marine steam-engine, of flame from a gas blowpipe or by other and which is bolted to the keelsons. (h) The means.

floor or hearth of the metal chamber in a Soldering-bolt, Soldering-iron (solder furnace. (6) In carp. the lower surface of a ing-bolt, sol'der-ing-i-érn), 7. A tool con plane.-5. A marine fish belonging to the sisting of a copper bit or bolt having a Pleuronectidæ or flat-fishes, of an oblong pointed or wedge-shaped end, fastened to form, with a rounded muzzle. It is the P an iron rod with a wooden handle, and with

solea, Linn., the Solea vulgaris, Cuvier, and which solder is melted and applied in the ordinary method of working. Soldier (soljer), n (O. Fr. soldier, soldoier, from IL soldarius, solidarius, a soldier; ut one who receives military pay, from L. soldus, solidus, military pay; lit. a solid piece of money. (See SOLID) Mod. Fr. soldat, a soldier, is from a form solidatus.) 1. A man engaged in military service; one whose occupation is military; a man who serves in an army; one of an organized body of com

Sole (Solea vulgaris). batants. Then a soldier,

is so called probably from its shape. These Full of strange oaths and bearded like the pard, fish abound on the British coast, and also Jealous ia bonour, sudden and quick in quarrel,

on all the coasts of Europe, except the most Secking the bubble reputation Eve in the cannon's mouth!

Shal,

northern, where the bottom is sandy. They Saldir, from the L solidus, the name of a coin,

furnish a wholesome and delicious article Det originally one who performed military service,

of food. They sometimes ascend rivers, and Do in fulfilment of the obligations of the feudal law, seem to thrive quite well in fresh water. Det upon constraint, and for stipulated pay. Soldier, The sole sometimes grows to the weight of Therefore, in its primary signification is identical with trein of mercenary.

G. P. Marsh.

6 or 7 lbs. The name is also given to certain

other flat-fishes of the genera Monochirus, 2 A common soldier; a private ; a member

Achirus, Brachirus, and Plagusia. of a military company who is not an officer.

Sole (sol), v.t. pret. & pp. soled; ppr. soling. That in the captain's but a choleric word

To furnish with a sole; as, to sole a shoe. Which in the soldier is flat blasphemy. Skak.

Sole (sol), a. (L. solus, alone; same origin as 3 Emphatically, a brave warrior; a man of L. salvus (whence safe, salvation), Gr. holos, military experience and skill, or a man of entire, Skr. sarva, the whole.] 1. Single; distinguished valour.-4. A white ant See being or acting without another; unique; TERUITE-Soldiers and sailors, soldier alone in its kind; individual; only; as, God beetles

is the sole creator and sovereign of the Soldier-beetle (söljer-be-tl). n. A name world. The sole inheritor of all perfections.' given to coleopterous insects of the genus Shak. -2. In law, single; unmarried; as, a Telephorus, from their reddish colour, or femme sole. -Sole corporation. See Corporafrom their combativeness. They are car tion Sole under CORPORATION. -Sole tenant. DİTorons and voracious insects.

See under TENANT.-Syn. Single, individual, solder-crab (söl'jér-krab)). n. A name given only, alone, solitary.

to the hermit-crab. from its extreme com Sole (sõl), adv. Alone; by itself; singly. Boldieress (só jér-es). n. A female soldier.

But what the repining enemy commends,
Ben & Fl.

That breath fame blows; that praise, sole pure, tran-
scends.

Skak.
CR, chain; ch, Sc. loch; g, go; j, job; A, Fr. ton; ng, sing; TH, then; th, thin;

h thin VOL IV.

Solea (so'lē-a), n. (L., a slipper.) 1. The under surface of the foot or hoof of an animal; the sole. --2. The sole; a genus of malacopterygious fishes belonging to the Pleuronectidæ or flat-fish family. $. vulgaris is the common sole. See SOLE Solecism (sol'e-sizm). n. (Gr. soloikismos, said to be derived from Soloi, in Cilicia, the Athenian colonists of which lost the purity of their language.] 1. An impropriety in the use of language, arising from ignorance; a gross deviation from the idiom of a language, or a gross deviation from the rules of syntax. Among modern grammarians the term is often applied to any word or expression which does not agree with the established usage of writing or speaking. As customs change, that which may be regarded as a solecism at one time may at another be considered as correct language. Hence a solecism differs from a barbarism, which consists in the use of a word or expression altogether contrary to the spirit of the language.

There is scarce a solecism in writing which the best author is not guilty of.

Addison.
2. Any unfitness, absurdity, or impropriety.
as in behaviour; a violation of the rules of
society.

To take
Assay of venison or stale fowl by your nose,
Which is a solecism at another's table. Massinger.

The idea of having committed the slightest sole.
cism in politeness was agony to him. Sir W. Scott.
Solecist (sol'e-sist), n. (Gr. soloikistēs.] One
who is guilty of a solecism in language or
behaviour
Solecistic, Solecistical (sol-e-sis'tik, sol-e-
sis'tik-al), a. Pertaining to or involving a
solecism; incorrect; incongruous.

The use of these combinations, with respect to the pronouns, is almost always solecistiarl, Tyrwhitt. Solecistically (sol-e-sis'tik-al-li), adv. In a

solecistic manner. Solecize (sol'e-siz), v.i. (Gr. soloikizo.) To

commit solecisms. Dr. H. More. Sole-leather (sol'leTH-er), n. Thick strong

leather used for the soles of shoes. Solely (sol'li), adv. Singly; alone; only: without another; as, to rest a cause solely on one argument; to rely solely on one's own strength. Me left solely heir to all his lands.' Shak. Solemn (sol'em), a. (L. sollemnis, sollennis, that occurs every year, hence, from the stated occurrence of religious festivals, religious, festal, solemn--sollus, all, every, and L. annus, a year. See SOLID] 1. Marked by religious rites or ceremonious observances; connected with religion; sacred.

Before the solemn priest I have sworn.' Shak. 'Feasts so solemn and so rare.' Shak.

The worship of this image was advanced and a solemn supplication observed every year.

Stillingfieet. 2. Fitted to excite or express awful, reverent, or serious reflections; awe-inspiring; serious; grave; impressive; as, a solemn pile of building. Suits of solemn black.' Shak. With solemn march goes slow and stately by them.' Shak.

There reign'd a solemn silence over all. Spenser,
3. Accompanied by seriousness or impres-
siveness in language or demeanour; impres-
sive; earnest; as, to make a solemn promise;
a solemn utterance. With a solemn ear-
nestness.' Shak.
Why do you bend such solemn brows on me? Shak.
4. Affectedly grave, serious, or important:
as, to put on a solemn face.

The solemn fop, significant and budge;
A fool with judges, amongst fools a judge.

Cowper.
5. Accompanied with all due forms or cere-
monies; made in form; formal; regular: now
chiefly a law term; as, probate in solemn
form.
Solemness (sol'em-nes), n. The state or
quality of being solemn; solemnity; serious-
ness or gravity of manner.

Prithee. Virgilia, turn thy solemness out o' door and go along with us.

Shak. Solemnity (so-lem'ni-ti), n (Fr. solennité. See SOLEMN.] 1. The state or quality of being solemn; grave seriousness; gravity: impressiveness; solemness; as, the solemnity of his manner: the solemnity of the ceremony 2. Affected or mock gravity or seriousness; a look of pompous importance or grandeur.

Solemnity's a cover for a sot. Youorg.
Stateliness; dignity. (Rare.

So my state,
Seldom but sumptuous, showed like a feast,
And won by rareness such solemnity. Shak.

the keelson-engine.

furns or hearth of

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SOLEMNIZATE

130

SOLID

4. A rite or ceremony performed with re- | Sole-plate (sõl'plát), n. In mach. the bed. by a constant solicitation of their senses, draw the ligious reverence; religious or ritual cere plate; as, the sole-plate of an engine.

mind constantly to them.

Locke mony; as, the solemnities at a funeral. Soler,+ Soleret (sol'ér, sol'ér), n. (From L. (c) Endeavour to influence to grant someGreat was the cause ; our old solemnities

sol, sun. See SOLLAR.) A loft or garret; a thing by bribery. From no blind zeal or fond tradition rise, sollar.

The practice of judicial solicitation has even preBut saved from death, our Argives yearly pay

vailed in less despotic countries. These grateful honours to the god of day. I thought to have lodged him in the solere chamber.

Breugkan. Pope.

Sir W. Scott. 5. A proceeding adapted to impress awe or

(d) The offence of inciting or instigating a Soleret (sol'ér-et), n. See SOLLERET. reverence. The forms and solemnities of

person to commit a felony. It is an indictSolert (sol'ért), a. (L.solers, solertis.) Crafty; the last judgment.' Atterbury.-6. In law, a

able offence, although no felony be in fact subtle. Because man was the wisest (or solemn or formal observance; the formality

committed.-SYN. Request, asking, supplimost solert and active) of all animals.' Cud. requisite to render a thing done valid.

cation, entreaty, importunity. worth.. Solemnizatet (so-lem'niz-át), v.t. To sol- | Solertiousness (so-ler'shus-nes). n.

Solicitor (Só-lis'it-ér). n. (See SOLICIT]

The emnize.

1. One who solicits: one who asks with earquality of being solert; expertness; crafti. Solemnization (sol'em-niz-å"shon), n. The

nestness.-2. An attorney; a law agent; one ness; slyness. Hacket. act of solemnizing: celebration.

who represents another in court. Soleship (sol'ship), n. Single state; soleSoon after followed the solemnisation of the mar.

Be merry, Cassio,
ness. (Rare.]
riage.
Bacon.

For thy solicitor shall rather die
This ambition of a sole power . . . this dangerous Than give thy cause away.

Shak. Solemnize (sol'em-niz), v. t. pret. & pp. sol soleship is a fault in our church indeed. emnized; ppr. solemnizing. (O. Fr. solemni

Sir E. Dering,

In England the term was formerly applied ser. See SOLEMN.] 1. To dignify or honour Soleus (só lé-us), n. [L., from solea, a sole.) distinctively to agents practising before the by ceremonies; to celebrate; to do honour A muscle of the leg, shaped like the sole courts of chancery, but by the Judicature to; as, to solemnize the birth of Christ. fish. It serves to extend the foot.

Act of 1873 all persons practising before the To solemnize this day the glorious sun Sol-fa (sol'fa), n. See TONIC SOL-FA.

supreme courts at Westminster are now Stays in his course and plays the alchemist. Skak.

Sol-fa (sol'fä), v.i. In music, to sing the called solicitors. (See ATTORNEY.) In ScotTheir choice nobility and flow'r

notes of the scale in their proper pitch, land the term solicitor is applied to writers Met from all parts to solemnize this feast. Milton. using the syllables do (or ut), re, ini, fa, sol, or general legal practitioners, and is syo2. To perform with ritual ceremonies and la, si, which, when applied to the notes of onymous with attorney in England Generrespect, or according to legal forms: used

the natural scale, that of C, are equivalent ally in the U. States solicitor and attorney especially of marriage. Our nuptial rites to C, D, E, F, G, A, B.

are synonymous, and they also act as counsel. be solemnized.' Shak. Baptisms to be ad Sol-fa (sol'fa), v.t. To sing, as the notes of Solicitor-general (Só-lis'it-ér-jen'er-alr ministered in one place, and marriages to be

a piece of music, to the syllables do, re, mi, An officer of the crown, next in rank to the solemnized in another.' Hooker. - 3. To

fa, sol, la, si, instead of to words. See SOL. attorney-general, with whom he is in fact make grave, serious, and reverential; as, to sto MIZATION.

associated in the management of the legal solemnize the mind for the duties of the | Solfanaria (sol-fä-nä'ri-a), n. [It.) A sul. | business of the crown and public offices sanctuary. phur mine.

On him generally devolves the maintenance Solemnizer (sol'em-niz-ér), n. One who Solfatara (sol-fa-tä'rå), n. [It., name of a of the rights of the crown in revenue cases, solemnizes; one who performs a solemn

volcano near Naples.) A volcanic vent emit patent causes, &c. The solicitor-general of rite.

ting sulphureous, muriatic, and acid vapours Scotland is one of the crown counsel, next Solemnly (sol'em-li), adv. In a solemn or gases.

in dignity and importance to the lord-admanner; as, (a) with religious ceremonies; / Sol - feggiare (sol-fej'i-ä"re), v.i. (It.) To vocate, to whom he gives his aid in protectreverently; devoutly. () With impressive sol-fa.

ing the interests of the crown, in conducting seriousness.

Solfeggio (sol-fej'i-0), n. (It.) In music, prosecutions, &c. I do solemnly assure the reader that he is the only (a) a system of arranging the scale by the solicitorship (sb-lis'it-er-ship). n. Rank or person from whom I have heard that objection.. names do (or ut), re, mi, fa, sol, la, si. (b) An condition of a solicitor. Maskinger

Swill.

exercise in scale singing. See SOLMIZATION. Solicitous (80-lis'it-us). a. (L. sollicitus, (c) With all due form; ceremoniously; forSoli (so'li), pl. of solo. See SOLO.

anxious, disturbed, uneasy. See SOLICIT mally; regularly; as, this question has been

Solicit (so-lis'it), v.t. (Fr. solliciter, from L. Anxious, whether to obtain, as something solemnly decided in the highest courts. (4)

solicito, from sollicitus, agitated, anxious, desirable, or to avoid, as something evil: With formal gravity, importance, or state

solicitous, from sollus, whole, and cieo, eager: concerned; apprehensive: disturbed: liness; with pompous or affected gravity.

citum, to move, to stir, to agitate. See SOLID.) uneasy; restless; careful: followed by about Dryden.

1. To ask from with some degree of earnest or for (rarely of before the object. A Solemnness (sol'em-nes), n. Same as So

ness; to make petition to; to apply to for worldly solicitous temper.' Locke. lemness. obtaining something.

The tender dame solicitous to know Solempnely,t adv. Solemnly. Chaucer.

Did I solicit thee

Whether her child should reach old age or no. Solen (solen), n. (Gr. sõlên, a tube, a kind

From darkness to promote me! Milton. of shell-fish.] 1. A genus of lamellibranchi

No man is solicitous about the event of that which 2. To ask for with some degree of earnest. ate molluscs, forming the type of the family

he has in his power to dispose of.

South Solenidæ, and known by the common name ness; to seek by petition; as, to solicit an

He was solicitors for his advice. Clarendon. office; to solicit a favour. of razor-shell. The species are found in all

Our hearts are pure when we are not solicitexs of parts of the world on sandy beaches or

But would you undertake another suit,

the opinion and censures of men. Per. Tayler.

I had rather hear you to solicit that, shoals, where they burrow vertically, and

Solicitously (so-lis'it-us-li), adr. In a 30

Than music from the spheres. Shak. lie concealed at a depth of about 6 inches,

licitous manner; anxiously; with care and when the tide leaves the beach dry. They [1 and 2 are the ordinary meanings of this

concern. are distinguished by the great length of the verb.-3. To awake or excite to action; to

He would surely have as solicitously promoted respiratory tubes; hence perhaps the name, summon; to invite.

their learning as ever he obstructed it. although it may also apply to the shell, That fruit solicited her longing eye. Milton.

Dr. H. Mart

Solicitousness (ső-lis'it-us-nes). n. The which resembles a tube. -2. In surg, a semi Sounds and some tangible qualities solicit their circle of thin wood, or strips of wood, used proper senses, and force an entrance to the mind.

state of being solicitous; solicitude. Boyle.

Locke. Solicitress (80-lis'it-res), n. for preventing the contact of the bed-clothes

A female who 4. To try to acquire; to try to obtain. (Rare.] solicits or petitions. in wounds, fractures, &c. Solenaceous (ső-lé-na'shus), a. Relating

To solicit by labour what might be ravished by Beauty is a good solicitress of an equal suit, espe to the Solenacea.

arins was esteemed unworthy of the German spirit. cially where youth is to be the judge thereof. Gibbon.

Fruller Soleness (sõl'nes), n. The state of being sole, 5. To disturb; to disquiet; to make anxious: Solicitude (ső-lis'i-tüd), n. (L sollicitudo alone, or being unconnected with others; a Latinism.

See SOLICIT.) The state of being solicitous; singleness. Chesterfield.

Solicit not thy thoughts with matters hid. Milton, uneasiness of mind occasioned by the fear Solenette (sõl-net'), n. (Dim. of sole.) A

But anxious fears solicit my weak breast.

of evil or the desire of good; carefulness; small British fish, Monochirus lingulatulus,

Dryden. concern; anxiety. The great labours of closely allied to the sole. It is seldom more 6. To enforce the claims of; to plead; to act worldly men, their solicitude and outward than 5 inches long, and of a reddish-brown as solicitor for or with reference to.

shows.' Sir W. Raleigh-Care, Solicitude. colour.

Should

Concern, Anxiety. See under CARE-SEX. Solenidæ, Solenacea (ső-lé'ni-dē, ső-le-nál. My brother henceforth study to forget

Carefulness, concern, anxiety, care, trouble. sé-a), n. pl. A family of lamellibranchiate The vow that he hath made thee, I would ever

Solicitudinoust (so-lis'i-tüd-in-us). a. Full molluscs, including the genus Solen and

Solicit thy desert.

Ford.

of solicitude. (Rare.) several others. 7. In law, (a) to incite to commit a felony.

Move circumspectly, not meticulously, and rather Solenite (so'lē-nit), n. [From Gr. sölēn, a (6) To endeavour to bias or influence by carefully solicitous, than anxiously solicitudineas. pipe or tube. A finely-leaved fossil plant offering a bribe to.

Sir T. Bremne. from the oolite series of the Yorkshire coast,

The judge is solicited as a matter of course by the

Solid (solid), a. (Fr. solide, from L solidus, supposed to belong to the order Marsiliaceæ, parties, and they do not approach empty-handed.

solid, firm, compact, from same root as koand so called from its fistular or pipe-like

Brougham. lum, the soil (whence E. soil), sollus, whole shape.

SYN. To ask, request, crave, supplicate, en (whence the sol in solicit, solemn). salous, Solenodon (ső-lē'no-don), n. (Gr. sölēn, a treat, beg, beseech, implore, importune. safe (E. safe). Gr. holos, whole, Skr. sarna, tube, and odous, odontos, a tooth.) A genus

Solicit (so-lis'it), v. To make solicitation whole. 1. Having the constituent particles of insectivorous mammals of the family for some one or for a thing.

80 connected together that their relative Talpidæ, and of which the agouta of Cuba There are a great number of persons who solicit for positions cannot be altered without the apand Hayti is the sole member. See AGOUTA. places.

Addison, plication of sensible force; possessing the Solenoid (sole-noid), n. (Gr. sölēn, a tube, Solicitant (Só-lis'it-ant), n. One who so. property of excluding all other bodies from and eidos, appearance.) In electro-dynamics, licits.

the space occupied by itself; impenetrable: a helix of stout copper wire having the con Solicitation (ső-lis'i-ta"shon), n. The act of hard, firm; compact: opposed to liquid and junctive wire turned back along its axis, so soliciting; as, (a) an earnest request; a seek gaseous. See the noun. as to neutralize that component of the effect ing to obtain something from another with

O, that this too, too solid flesh would melt, of the current which is due to the length of some degree of zeal and earnestness; as, Thaw, and resolve itself into a dew. Shak. the helix, and reduce the whole effect to the solicitation of a favour. (6) Excitement; 2. Not hollow; full of matter; as, a solid that of a series of equal and parallel circular invitation.

globe or cone, as distinguished from a hol. currents.

Children are surrounded with new things, which, low one. - 3. Having all the geometrical

oh ade an abou

SOLID

131

SOLITARY

liquid or gas by evolutiecrease of te

dimensions; having length, breadth, and Solidate (sol'i-dát), v.t. (L. solido, solida- | Solidus (sol'i-dus), n. (L.) The name thickness; cubic; as, a solid foot contains tum, to make solid. See SOLID.) To make given after the time of Alexander Severus 1799 alid inches. - Firm, compact; strong; solid or firm. Covoley.

to the old Roman coin aureus, equivalent as a endid pier: a solid pile; a solid wall. Solidifiable (so-lid'i-fi-a-bl), a. Capable of to £1, 18. 1 d. at the present value of gold. 5. Sound: not weakly. A solid and strong being solidified or rendered solid.

Its value was subsequently much diminonstitution of body to bear the fatigue.' Solidification (so-lid'i-f-kå"shon), n. The ished. A solidus of silver was also coined, Watta - Substantial, as opposed to frivol act or process of making solid; specifically, which also underwent great variations in ous, fallacious, or the like; worthy of credit, in physics, the passage of bodies from the weight and fineness. It is historically repretrust, or esteem; not empty or vain; real; liquid or gaseous to the solid state. It is sented by the soldo of Italy and the sol or true; sust; valid; firm; strong.

accompanied by evolution of heat without sou of France. If solid bappiness we prize,

the body exhibiting a decrease of tempera Solifidian (sol-i-fid'i-an), n. L. solus, alone, Within our breast this jewel lies. Cotton. ture, and in general by change of volume. and fides, faith. One who maintains that

Solidify (so-lid'i-fī), v.t. pret. & pp. solidi-| faith alone, without works, is necessary to 7. Grave; profound; not light, trifling, or

1; ppr. solidifying. (L. solidus, solid, and justification. Hammond. superficial

facio, to make.) To make solid or compact. Solifidian (sol.i.fid'i-an), a Holding the These wanting wit, affect gravity, and go by the Solidify (80-lid'i-fi), v.i. To become solid tenets of Solifidians. Feltham. se af salad men.

Dryden.

or compact; as, water solidifies into ice Solifidianism (sol-i-fid'i-an-izm), n. The & Financially sound or sale; possessing through cold.

tenets of Solifdians. plenty of capital; wealthy; well-established; Solidism (sol'id-izm), n. In med. the doc- Soliform (so'li-form), a. (L. sol, solis, the reliable -9. In bot. of a fleshy, uniform, un trine that refers all diseases to alterations sun, and forma, shape.) Formed like the divided substance, as a bulb or root; not of the solid parts of the body. It rests on sun. Cudworth. (Rare.) Sonry or hollow within, as a stem.-Solid the opinion that the solids alone are en Soliloquize (so-lillo-kwiz), v.i. pret. & pp. angle, an angle forned by three or more dowed with vital properties, and that they | soliloquized; ppr. soliloquizing. To utter a plane angles meeting in a point, but which only can receive the impression of morbific soliloquy; to talk to one's self are not in the same plane, as the angle of a agents and be the seat of pathological phe Soliloquy (ső-lil'o-kwi), n. (L. soliloquium die, the point of a diamond, &c. See AN nomena

-solus, alone, and loquor, to speak.) 1. A GLE-Solid measure. Same as Cubic mea. | Solidist (sol'id-ist), n. One who believes in talking to one's self; a monologue; a talking mure. -Solid square (milit.), a square body of or maintains the doctrine of solidism.

or discourse of a person alone, or not ad. troope: a body in which the ranks and files Solidity (so-lid'i-ti), n. (Fr. solidité, L. 80 dressed to another person, even when others are equal -Solid problem, a problem which liditas. See SOLID. 1 1. The state or quality are present. Bp. Hall. cannot be constructed geometrically, that of being solid : (a) that property of bodies

Lovers are always allowed the comfort of soliloquy. is by the intersections of straight lines and by which the particles cohere with greater

Spectator. circles, but requires the introduction of or less force and cannot be made to alter 2. A written composition, reciting what it is some curves of a higher order, as the ellipse, their relative positions without the applica

supposed a person speaks to himself. parabola, and hyperbola, which, being the tion of sensible force; firmness; hardness; sections of solids, give rise to the term solid

The whole poem is a soliloquy. Prior. density; compactness: opposed to suidity. problem. The algebraic solution of a solid

That which hinders the approach of two bodies Sollped, Solipede (sol'i-ped, sol'i-pēd), n. problem leads to a cubic or biquadratic equa moving one toward another I call solidity. Locke. (L. solus, alone, single, and pes, pedis, a foot. ) tion.-Sex. Hard, strong, compact, firm, (6) Fulness of matter: opposed to hollow! An animal whose hoof is not cloven; one of dense, impenetrable, cubic, substantial, ness. (c) Strength or stability; massiveness.

the Solidungula. The solipedes or firmstable, sound, valid, true, real, just, weighty, (d) Moral firmness; soundness; strength; va

hoofed animals.' Sir T. Browne. profound, grave, important. lidity; truth; certainty: opposed to weakness

Solipedal, Solipedous (so-lip'e-dal, so-lip'. Solid (solid), n. 1. A firm compact body; a

or fallaciousness; as, the solidity of argu e-dus), a. Having hoofs which are not cloven; body the cohesion of whose particles is so ments or reasoning; the solidity of princi.

solidungular. strong that they move in a combined mass ples, truths, or opinions.

Solisequious (80-li-sē'kwi-us), a. (L. sol, and retain their relative positions. A solid His fellow-peers . . . have been convinced by the

solis, the sun, and sequor, to follow.) Folis thus distinguished from a liquid, whose

solidity of his reasoning.

Prior.

lowing the course of the sun; as, the sunparts or particles yield to the slightest im. 2. In geom. the quantity of space occupied

flower is a solisequious plant. pression, and are easily made to move by a solid body. Called also its Solid or

Solitaire (sol-i-tår), n (Fr, solitaire, from amongst each other. In solids the attractive Cubic Content or Contents. The solidity of a

L. solitarius. See SOLITARY.) 1. A person forces of the particles are greater than the body is estimated by the number of cubic

who lives in solitude; a recluse; a hermit. repulsive, and the particles consequently ad

inches, feet, yards, &c., which it contains. Often have I been going to take possession of tranbere sith greater or less force; in liquids the 3. A solid body or mass.

quillity, when your conversation has spoiled me for a attractive and repulsive forces are balanced,

solitaire.

Pope. and in gases the repulsive forces prevail.

Heaven's face doth glow;
Yea, this solidity and compound mass,

2. An ornament for the neck or ears; an ar2. In geom, a body or magnitude which has

With tristful visage, as against the doom,

ticle of jewelry in which a single precious three dimensions-length, breadth, and

Is thought-sick at the act.

Shak.

stone is set.-3. A game which one person can thickness, being thus distinguished from a Srx. Solidness, firmness, density, compac

play alone; particularly, a game played on a surface, which has but two dimensions, and ness, hardness, strength, soundness, validit

board indented with thirty-three or thirtyfrom a line, which has but one. The boun weightiness, certainty, certitude.

seven hemispherical hollows, with an equal daries of solids are surfaces.- Regular solids Solidly (sol'id-li), adu. In a solid manner;

number of balls. One ball is removed from are those which are bounded by equal and as, (a) firmly: densely; compactly; as, the

the board, and the empty hollow thus left regular planes. All other solids are called ir-| parts of a pier solidly united. (6) Firmly;

enables pieces to be captured singly as in regular.-3. In anatomy and medical science truly; on firm grounds.

draughts. The object of the player is to the bones, flesh, and vessels of animal bodies A complete brave man ought to know solidly the are called solide, in distinction from

take all the pieces except one without movthe main end of his being in the world. Sir K. Digby.

ing diagonally or over more than two spaces blood, chyle, and other fluids. Solidness (sol'id-nes), n. 1. The quality of

at a time.-4. A bird of the genus Pezophaps, Solidago (sol-i-di'go), n. (From L. soli

being solid; solidity. The closeness and belonging to the dodo family, but differing du, solid, on account of the vulnerary pro solidness of the wood.' Bacon.--2. Soundperties of the plants.

from the dodo in having a smaller bill and A genus of plants, ness; strength; truth; validity, as of argu

shorter legs. P. solitarius, the only species mat order Compositae, chiefly natives of

ments, reasons, principles, &c. North America, and distinguished by the

of whose existence there is any evidence, is Solidum (sol'id-um), n. 1. In arch. the die

now, like the dodo, extinct, and became so following characters-florets of the ray about

of a pedestal. -2. In Scots law, a complete since 1691, when the island of Rodriguez, five, yellow, furnished with a hair-like pap sum. -To be bound in solidum. to be bound

situated about 300 miles to the east of the pus, anthers without bristles at the base; for the whole debt though only one of several Mauritius, where its remains have been involucre mach imbricated: fruit nearly obligants. When several debtors are bound

found. was first inhabited.-5. The name cylindrical. Most of the numerous species each for his own share they are said to be

given in Jamaica to a species of thrush, Have erect rod - like, scarcely branched bound pro rata.

the Ptilogonys armillatus. It sings very stems, with alternate serrated leaves, and Solidungula (sol-id-ung'gū-la), 12. pl. (L. sol. terminal spikes or racemes of small yellow

sweetly, and is met with among the moun. idus, solid, and un

tain woods. flowers S. Virgaurea (the common golden gula, hoof.] The Tod) is the only British species, and is com

Solitarian (sol - i - tă'ri-an), n. A hermit. family of hoofed Boa in woods and heathy thickets.

The dispersed monks and other solitarians.' quadrupeds, comsolidaret (soli-dar). n.

Sir R. Twisden. (L. solidus, a coin prising the horses,

Solitariety + (sol'i-ta-ri''e-ti), n. State of ovarying value. A small piece of money. asses, and zebras,

being solitary. Cudworth. Here's three solidares for thee; good boy, wink at characterized by

Solitarily (sol'i-ta-ri-li), adv. In a solitary BL, and say thou saw'st me not. Shak. the feet having

manner; in solitude; alone; without comSolidarity (801-i-dari-ti). n. (Fr. solidarité.] only a single per

*pany. The tautual responsibility existing between fect toe, each in

Feed thy people with thy rod, the flock of thine or more persons : communion of in

closed in a single Foot and Foot-bones of the heritage, which dwell solitarily in the wood. Serests and responsibilities. Solidarity, &

broad hoof, with- Horse,showing the single toe. Won which we owe to the French comout supplemen

Solitariness (sol'l-ta-ri-nes), n. 1. The state tuanista' Trench

tary hoofs. Called also Equidae (which of being solitary or apart from others; reEvery attentive regarder of the character of St. see).

tirement, or habitual retirement. 'At home, rase not only as he was before his conversion, but

Solidungular (sol-id-ung'gü-ler), a. Same in wholesome solitariness.' Donne.-2. The a ppears to us till his ead, must have been struck as Solidungulous.

state of not being frequented; solitude : th two things: one, the earnest insistence with Solidungulate (sol-id-ung'gü-lāt), a. and n. loneliness : applied to place; as, the solitache recommends bowels of mercies,' as he calls , retkness, humbleness of mind, gentleress,

Pertaining to, or a quadruped of, the family riness of the country or of a wood.
Barytag forbearance, crowned all of them with that
Solidungula or Equidæ.

Solitary (sol'i-ta-ri), a. (Fr. solitaire: L. soli. Score of chanty which is the bond of perfectness;'

Solidungulous (sol-id-ung'gü-lus), a. Per. tarius, from solus, alone (whence sole)) De other, the force with which he dwells on the sol. taining to the family Solidungula; having 1. Living alone; not having company; deswardy to use the modern phrase) of man; the joint rest, that is, which binds humanity together, the

hoofs that are whole or not cloven; as, the titute of associates; being by one's self; inSe of respecting every one's part in it, and of doing

horse is a solidungulous animal. Sir T. clined to be alone; as, some of the more ce to his efforts to ful6l that part. Matt. Arnold. Brouone.

ferocious animals are solitary, seldom or

hd poriadne

ble with thyrily in the Mis: viitate

in whool not blied to plof a woodire: L. soli,

SOLITARY

132

SOLUTION

tively equivalent in absolute pitch to the notes C, D, E, F, G, A, B of the natural scale (that of C), but according to others they are used as the names of the first, second, third, &c., note of scales founded on any note, do being always the first, tonic, or key note. In the tonic sol-fa method these syllables are thus modified - doh, ray, me, fah, soh, lah, te. See TONIC SOL-FA. Solo (so'lo), n. It. pl. Soli (sõ'le), Eng. pl. Solos (sóloz). (It., from L. solus, alone.) A tune, air, or strain to be played by a single instrument or sung by a single voice without or with an accompaniment, which should always be strictly subordinate. Solograph (solo-graf), n. (L. sol, the sun, and Gr. graphó, to write.) A name sometimes given to pictures on paper taken by the talbotype or calotype process. Simmonds. Soloist (so'lõ-ist), n. A solo singer or per

former. Solomon's Seal (solo-monz sēl), n. The common name of the species of Polygonatum, a genus of liliaceous but not bulbous plants, with axillary cylindrical six-cleft flowers, the stamens inserted in the top of

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Solomon's Seal (Polygonatum vulgare).

never being found in flocks or herds. Those rare and solitary, these in flocks.' Milton.

Hie home unto my chamber, Where thou shalt find me sad and solitary. Shak. 2. Not much visited or frequented; remote from society; retired; lonely; as, a solitary residence or place.-3. Passed without company; shared by no companions; lonely. In groves to lead a solitary life.' Dryden. 4. Free from the sounds of human life; still; dismal.

Let that night be solitary, let no joyful voice come therein.

Job iii. 7. 5. Single; individual; as, a solitary instance of vengeance; a solitary example.

A solitary shriek, the bubbling cry Of some strong swimmer in his agony. Byron. 6. In bot, separate; one only in a place; as, a solitary stipule. A flower is said to be solitary when there is only one to each peduncle; a seed when there is only one in a pericarp.-Syn. Sole, only, alone, lonely, retired, separate, single, individual, desolate, desert. Solitary (sol'i-ta-ri), n. One that lives alone or in solitude; a hermit; a recluse. The accommodations that befita solitary.' Pope. Solitude (sol'i-tud), n. (Fr. solitude, from

L. solitudo, from solus, alone.] 1. A state of being alone; a lonely life; loneliness.

Whoever is delighted with solitude is either a wild beast or a god.

Bacon. 2. Remoteness from society; destitution of company: applied to place; as, the solitude of a wood or a valley; the solitude of the country.

The solitude of his little parish is become matter of great comfort to him.

W. Law. 3. A lonely place; a desert. In these deep solitudes and awful cells, Where heavenly, pensive contemplation dwells. Pope. SYN. Loneliness, solitariness, loneness, retiredness, recluseness. Solivagant, Solivagous (so-liv'a-gant, soliv'a-gus), a. (L. solus, alone, and vagans, vagantis, ppr. of vagor, to wander.] Wandering alone. (Rare.] Solive (so-lēv'), n. (Fr.) A joist, rafter, or piece of wood, either slit or sawed, with which builders lay their ceilings. Sollar (sol'ár), n. (L. solarium, a gallery or balcony exposed to the sun, from sol, the sun.) 1.1 Originally, an open gallery or balcony at the top of a house, exposed to the sun, but latterly used to signify any upper room, loft, or garret. — 2. În mining, the entrance to a mine, especially an entrance of boards. Sollecito (sol-lech'e-to). (It.) In music, a term denoting that the music is to be performed with care. Solleret (sol'ler-et), n. (Fr. solleret, soleret, dim. of 0. Fr. soller, a slipper.) One of the overlapping plates that formed the iron shoe of an armed knight. See accompanying cut, also cut ARMOUR. Sol-lunar (sollü'när), a. (L. sol, the sun, and luna, the moon. See LUNAR.) In pathol. applied to the infuence Sollerets (a) and Jambe (6), supposed to be

fifteenth century. produced on various diseases when the sun and moon are in a state of conjunction. Solmization, Solmisation (sol-miz-a'shon), n. (From the syllables sol, mi.] In music, the act or art of giving to each of the seven notes of the scale its proper sound or relative pitch; an exercise for acquiring the true intonation of the notes of the scale, first by singing them in regular gradation upwards and downwards, and then by skips over wider intervals, an acquirement of the first importance to the learner of vocal music. To facilitate this various expedients have been devised, the most popular being the association of the several sounds with certain syllables, such as ut, re, mi, fa, sol, la, said to have been first used by Guido of Arezzo in the eleventh century — an addi. tional syllable, si, for the seventh of the scale, being introduced at a much later date. These seven syllables are still used by the French, but the Italians substituted do for ut, which was objected to as wanting euphony. According to some musical systems do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, si are respec

to melt.) 1. Susceptible of being dissolved! in a fluid: capable of solution. Sugar is soluble in water, salt is soluble only to a certain extent, that is, till the water is saturated.-2. Fig. capable of being solved or resolved, as an algebraical equation ; capable of being disentangled, cleared up, unfolded, or settled by explanation, as a doubt, question, &c.

Had he denounced it as a fruitless question, and (to understanding) soluble by none, the world rigt: have been spared a large library of resultiess dispetation.

Sir W. Hematen. More soluble is this knot By gentleness than war. Terryson. Solubleness (sol'ü-bl-nes), n. The state or

character of being soluble; solubility. Solum (so'lum), n. [L., the ground.) ID

Scots law, ground; a piece of ground Solus (solus), a. (L) Alone: chiefly used

in dramatic directions, and the like; as, enter the king solus. Sola is the feminine form. Solute (ső-lūt), a. (L. solutus, pp. of solto, solutum, to loose.] 1. Loose; free; discursive; as, a solute interpretation. Bacon.2. Relaxed; hence, joyous; merry.

Bacchus, purple god of joyous wit,

A brow solute and ever-laughing eye. Young 3. In bot. loose; not adhering: opposed to adnate; as, a solute stipule.-4. Soluble; as, a solute salt. Solutet (ső-lût), v.t. 1. To dissolve.—2 To

absolve. Solution (so-lū'shon), n. [Lsolutio, from solvo, to loosen, melt, dissolve. See SOLVEI 1. The act of separating the parts of any body; disruption; breach; as, a solution of continuity. The phrase solution of continuity is specifically applied in surgery to the separation of connection or connected substances or parts, as by a fracture, laceration, &c.2. The transformation of matter from either the solid or the gaseous state to the liquid state through the mediation of a liquid called the solvent, or sometimes the menstruum: the combination of a liquid or a gas to form a homogeneous liquid; the state of being dissolved. When a liquid adheres to a solid with sufficient force to overcome its cohesion, the solid is said to undergo solotion, or to become dissolved. Thus sugar or salt are brought to a state of solution by water, camphor or resin by spirit of wine, silver or lead by mercury, and so on. Solution is facilitated by increasing the extent of surface in a solid, or by reducing it to powder. Heat also, by diminishing cohesion, favours solution, but there are exceptions to this rule, as in the case of lime and its salts, water just above the freezing point dissolving nearly twice as much lime as it does at the boiling-point. If a solid body be introduced in successive small portions into a definite quantity of a liquid capable of dissolving it, the first portions disappear most rapidly, and each succeeding portion dissolves less rapidly than its predecessor, until solution altogether ceases. In such cases the forces of adhesion and cohesion balance each other, and the liquid is said to be saturated. Various solids dissolve in the same liquid at very different rates; thus baric sulphate may be said to be insoluble in water; calcic sulphate requires 700 parts of water for solution; potassic sulphate, 16; magnesic sulphate, 15. When water is saturated with one salt it will dissolve other salts without increase of bulk. It sometimes happens that the addition of a second solid will displace the first already in solution.-3. The liquid produced as result of the process or action above described : the preparation made by dissolving a solid in a liquid; as, a solution of salt; a solution of salt, soda, or alum; solution of iron, &c.Chemical solution, a perfect chemical union of a solid with a liquid, in accordance with the laws of definite proportions. - Mechani. cal solution, the mere union of a solid with a liquid in such a manner that its aggregate form is changed without any alteration of the chemical properties of either the solid or its solvent; thus copper dissolves in nitric acid, but only after conversion by the acid into nitrate of copper; sugar dissolves in water without undergoing any chemical change. - Mineral solution. See under MINERAL.-4. The act of solving, or the state of being solved, explained, cleared up, or removed; resolution: explanation: as, the solution of a difficult question in morality; the solution of a doubt in casuistry.

Something yet of doubt reinains.
Which only thy solucion can resolve. Müton.

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the tube, and the fruit a globose threecelled berry, with two seeds in each cell. Species are found in England and Scotland, as well as on the Continent. They were formerly classed under Convallaria Solpuga (sol-pū'ga), n. See next article. Solpugida (sol-pū'ji-dē), n. pl. A family of arachnidans, order Adelarthrosomata, of which the typical genus is Solpuga or Galeodes. See GALEODES. Solstice (solstis), n (Fr., from L. solstitium

-80l, the sun, and stitium, from sto, statum, to stand.) 1.1 A stopping or standing still of the sun. The supernatural solstice of the sun in the days of Joshua' Sir T. Browne.-2. In astron. (a) the point in the ecliptic at the greatest distance from the equator, at which the sun appears to stop or cease to recede from the equator, either north in summer or south in winter; a tropic or tropical point. There are two solstices--the summer solstice, the first degree of Cancer, which the sun enters about the 21st of June; and the winter solstice, the first degree of Capricorn, which the sun enters about the 22d of December (6) The time at which the sun is at its greatest distance from the equator, and when its diurnal motion in declination ceases, which happens at midsummer and midwinter. Solstitial (sol-stish'al), a. 1. Pertaining to a solstice; as, a solstitial point. The solsti. tial points, those two points in the ecliptic which are farthest from the equator, and at which the sun arrives at the time of the solstices. They are diametrically opposite to each other, and the distance of each from the equator is equal to the obliquity of the ecliptic.-Solstitial colure. See COLURE.-2. Happening at a solstice; especially, with reference to the northern hemisphere, at the summer solstice or midsummer.

Solstitial summer's heat.' Milton. Solubility (sol-ü-bil'i-ti), n. 1. The quality of being soluble; the quality of a body which renders it susceptible of solution; susceptibility of being dissolved in a fluid.-2. In bot. a capability of separating easily into parts, as that of certain legumes to divide transversely into pieces.-3. Capability of being solved, resolved, answered, cleared up, or disentangled, as a problem, question, doubt, or the like. Soluble (solū-bl), a. (L. solubilis, from solvo,

to the influen

salt d; as, a sode by dissol

tional syllab introduced bles are stili tuted

be

do for touch, but the tots are still used

03 do, recording to cted to as waluted

SOLUTIVE

133

SOMETHING

5+ Release: deliverance: discharge.-6. Dis peculiar cavity in the conosarc or connect and others another.-8. Some, in the sense of solution, disunion Solutions of conjugaling medium of the Calycophoridæ (Hydro a part, a portion, is often used without a society. Locice. -- 7. In math. the methodl zoa).

noun, and then is nearly equivalent to a of resolving a problem, whether algebraical Somatology (ső-ma-tol'o-ji), n. (Gr. söma, pronoun: often followed by of; as, we conor geometrical, or of finding that which the somatos, the body, and logos, discourse.) sumed some of our provisions, and the rest problem requires to be found; but the word 1. The doctrine of bodies or material sub was given to the poor. a frequently understood to apply to the stances: opposed to psychology. -2. That

Some to the shores do fly, answer or result of the operation itself. - branch of physics which treats of matter

Some to the woods.

Daniel. In ned the termination of a disease, and its properties.-3. A treatise or teaching Your edicts some reclaim from sin, specially when accompanied by critical regarding the human body.

But most your life and blest example win. Dryden, symptoms; the crisis of a disease. - 9. In Somatome (sở ma-tôm), n [Gr. 8õma, body, In this sense some is very commonly re

civil law, payment; satisfaction of a creditor. and tomē, & cutting.) One of the sections peated, as above, and formerly other some Solutive (sol'ü-tiv ), a. 1. Tending to dis into which certain animal bodies are struc was frequently used in the second place. solve: loosening; laxative. *Abstersive, open turally divided: one of the ideal sections Some was also frequently used pronominally ine, and solutive as mead.' Bacon.-2. Cap into which an animal Body may be regarded as a singular = one. Hence the old and able ot being dissolved or loosened. as divided.

exceedingly common all and some = one and Solvability (sol-va-bil'i-ti), n. 1. Capability Somatotomy (so-ma-tot'o-mi), n. (Gr. sóma, all. We find in Byron even the possessive of being solved; solubility.-2. Ability to somatos, body, and tomē, incision.] The dis some's. Howsoe'er it shock some's self-love.' pay all just debts.

section of the human body; anatomy. (Rare.) In Scotland, as well as in the United States, Solvable (sol'va-b!), a 1 Capable of being Somber (som'bér), a. Same as Sombre: a some is often used by the illiterate in the solvad, resolved, or explained.-2Capable spelling confined to America

sense of somewhat, a little, rather; as, I am of being paid.-3. Solvent Fuller.

Sombre (som'bêr), a.. [Fr, sombre. Accord some better; it is some cold. Solvableness (solva-bl-nes), n. Solvability. ing to Diez from L. sub, under, and umbra. I Some (sum). (A. Sax. -sum, Icel. -8um, Dan. Solve (soly), ut pret. & pp. solved; ppr. a shade.) 1. Dark; dull; dusky; gloomy; as, -som, D. -zaam, G. -sam, all terminations waleing. (L xolvo, solutum, to loosen, re a sombre hue; sombre clouds.--2. Dismal : denoting likeness, being of same origin as lease, free, for se-luo, from se, apart, and melancholy; dull; the reverse of cheerful. same. Comp. -ly, which is equivalent to luo, to let go, to set free.] 1. To explain or With bloodshot eyes and sombre mien.' like.] A termination of certain adjectives: clear up the difficulties in; to resolve: to Grainger.

as in handsome, mettlesome, blithesome, make clear; to remove perplexity regarding; | Sombre (som'bêr), n. Gloom; obscurity; fulsome, lonesome, gladsorne, gamesome. It us to solve difficulties. When God shall sombreness.

indicates a considerable degree of the thing kolve the dark decrees of fate.' Tickell. Sombre (som'bêr), v.t. To make sombre, or quantity; as, mettlesome, full of mettle It is mere trifling to raise objections merely for the dark, or gloomy: to shade.

or spirit; gladsome, very glad or joyous. In sake of answering and setting thein. Watts. Sombrely (som'bêr-li), adu. In a sombre buxom the termination is somewhat dis2. To operate upon by calculation or mathemanner; darkly; gloomily.

guised. matical processes so as to bring out the

Sombreness (son bér-nes), n. State or qua- Somebody (sum'bo-di), n. 1. A person unrequired result; as, to solve a problem. —

lity of being sombre; darkness; gloominess. known or uncertain; a person indeterminate.

Sombrerite (som-brä'rit). n. An earthy STX To explain, resolve, unfold, clear up,

Jesus said, Somebody hath touched me. disentangle. mineral consisting mainly of calcic and alu

Luke viii, 46.

We must draw in somebody that may stand Solvet (solv), R. Solution. Shak. minic phosphates. It forms a large portion

'Twixt us and danger. of some small islands in the Antilles, espeSolvency (sol'veti-si ), n.

Sir . Denham, (See SOLVENT.) The state of being solvent; ability to pay

Somebody, surely, some kind heart will come, cially of Sombrero, and has been used as an

To bury me. artificial manure and for the manufacture all debts or just claims; as, the solvency of

Tennyson, of phosphorus. It is supposed to be the dea merchant is undoubted.

2. A person of consideration.

Before these days rose up Theudas, boasting himSolvend (sol'vend), n.

cayed bones of turtles and other marine
A substance to be
animals. Called also Sombrero-guano.

self to be somebody.

Acts v. 36. dissolved

Sombrero (som-brā'ro), n. (Sp., from sombra, Somedealt (sum'del), adv. In some measure Solutions differ from chemical compounds in retaining the properties both of the solvent and of the

a shade. See SOMBRE.) A broad-brimmed or degree; somewhat. Spelled also Somedel, C. Tomlinson. hat.

Somedele. Solvent (solvent), a. (L. solvens, solventis. Sombrero-guano (som-brā'ro-gwä'no), n. Somegate (sum'gát), adv. Somehow; somepor. of solco. to loosen.]

where. (Scotch.)
Same as Sombrerite.
1. Having the

Sombrous (som'brus), a. Sombre; gloomy. Somehow (sum'hou), adv. One way or other: power of dissolving; as, a solvent body.-2. Able to pay all just debts; as, the merchant

'A certain uniform strain of sombrous gra in some way not yet known; as, the thing is solvent -- 3. Sufficient to pay all just debts; vity.'

must have happened somehow or other.

T. Warton. at the estate is solvent.

Before me rose an avenue

It keeps one on, somehow, and you know it. Solvent (col'vent), n. Any fluid or substance

Dickens. Or tall and somorous pines. Longfellow.

Somert (som'ér), n. A sumpter-horse. that dissolves or renders liquid other bodies: Sombrously (som'brus-li), adv. In a som.

Somersault, Somerset (sum'ér-salt, sum'. a menstruam. Water is of all solvents the brous manner; gloomily; sombrely.

er-set),n. (Corrupted from 0. Fr. soubresault; most universal and useful. The solvent of Sombrousness (som brus-nes), n. State of

It. soprassalto, lit. an overleap; from L. resinous bodies is alcohol, and of some other being sombrous.

supra, over, and salio, to leap. ) A leap by similarly constituted substances. Naphtha, Some (sum), a. (A. Sax. sum, som, some,

which a person turns with the heels thrown od of turpentine, and ether are solvents of one, a certain, also about, as sume ten gear,

over his head, completing a circuit, and caoutchouc: chlorine and aqua regia, or about ten years; Goth. sums, some one, Icel.

again alights on his feet. nitro-muriatic acid, are solvents of gold. In sumr, some, a certain, Dan. somme (pl.),

Somerset (sum'er-set). n. A saddle, the boat cases heat increases the solvent powers some; Dan. and Sw. som, who, which; per

flaps of which are stuffed before and behind of bodies haps of same origin as same.] 1. Expressing

the legs of the rider. Solver (sol'vêr), n. One who or that which a certain quantity of a thing, but indeter

Somervillite (som'er-vil-it), n. A Vesuvian solves or explains. minate; consisting of a portion greater or

mineral, occurring in pale, dull, yellow Solvible (sipi'vi-bl), a. Solvable (which see). less; as, give me some bread; drink some

crystals, related to gehlenite. It is comSoly* (sö'li), ado." Solely. Seeing herself wine; bring some water.

posed chiefly of silica, alumina, lime, and all wly comfortless.' Spenser.

It is some mercy when men kill with speed. Webster. magnesia. Soma (soma), n. A plant belonging to the

2. Expressing a number of persons or things, Somesuch (sum'such), a. Denoting a person hat order Asclepiadaceæ, the Asclepias soda; also an intoxicating drink obtained greater or less, but indeterminate.

or thing of that kind."

Bore from the plant, which played an important us some leagues to sea.'

Something (sum'thing), n. 1. An indeterShak.

minate or unknown event; an affair; a mat

Some theoretical writers allege that there was a part in the great Vedic sacrifices of the an

time when there was no such thing as society. cient Hindus

ter; as, something must have happened to

Blackstone. prevent the arrival of our friends; I shall Soma) (30-maj), n (Hind., a church or as In the above two senses some is also used call at two o'clock, unless something should wmbly.) A sect which has sprung into ex without the noun (see also No. 8); as, give prevent.-2. A substance or material thing istence among the Hindus, professing a pure me some (bread, money, &c.).

unknown, indeterminate, or not specified ; theism, and exercising a system of eclecti. Some trust in chariots, and some in horses. Ps. XX. 7. as, a machine stops because something obclam in regard to Christianity and other 3. Indicating a person or thing, but not

structs its motion, there must be something yatens of religion. Brahmo is very fre known, or not specific and definite: often

to support a wall or an arch. quently prefixed to indicate its monotheistic almost equivalent to the indefinite article;

Looking westward, I beheld character. See BRAHMO-SOMAJ. as, some person, I know not who, gave me

A something in the sky. Coleridge. Somateria (o-ma-tēri-a), n. The genus the information; some man will direct you

I'll give you a drop of something to keep the cold containing the eider-duck. See EIDER. to the house.

out.

T. Hughes. Somatic, Somatical (so-mat’ik, ső-mat'ik Let us slay him, and cast him into some pit, and 3. A part: a portion more or less; an indefial, a. (Gr. sömatikos, from sönna, the body.) we will say, some evil beast hath devoured him. Corporeal; pertaining to a body.

Gen. xxxvii. 20.

nite quantity or degree; a little.

Something yet of doubt remains.
In this sense often followed by or other, or an-
A

Milton. agoestioned that in many cases genius is ed with mustic imperfection

Still from his little he could something spare,
Temple Bar

other. By some device or other.' Shak. Wor-
shipped some idol or another.' Thackeray.

To feed the hungry and to clothe the bare. I was shown that in the British official nosology

W. Harte. Dental diseases were classifed as disorders of the 4. Expressing indeterminately that a thing

4. A person or thing meriting consideration; m tct, the idea of romatic disease as associated is not very great; a little; moderate; as, the each insanity being studiously ignored. Dr. Tuke.

a person or thing of importance. censure was, to some extent, just.-5. Used

If a man think himself to be something, when he Somatics (so-mat'iks), *. pl. Same as Soma before a word of number, with the sense of

is nothing, he deceiveth himself. Gal. vi. 3. about or near; as, a village of some eighty Somatist (so'mat-ist), n. (See above.) One

Something (sum'thing), adv. 1. In some houses; some two or three persons; some who admits the existence of corporeal or seventy miles distant. "Some dozen Romans

degree or measure; somewhat; rather; a material beings only: one who denies the

litčle. He is something peevish that way.' of us.' Shak.-6. Considerable in number or existence of spiritual substances; a materi. quantity. When the object is at some good

Shak. distance.' Bacon. -7. Applied to those of

He will hold thee, when his passion shall have spent Somatocyst (sőʻina-to-sist). n. (Gr. söma,

its novel force, one part or portion; certain; in distinction

Something better than his dog, a little dearer than kimatas, a body, and kystis, & cavity.) A from others; as, some men believe one thing, his horse.

TennVsOn.

| Silent the arriva must have healt; a mat.

talogy

slist

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