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SOMETIME

134

SONCHUS

Shak.

2. At some distance.

not the most marvellous characteristic of of Night (Nox). In works of art, Sleep and It must be done to-night, and something from the

this condition. The person affected may Death are represented alike as two youths palace.

Shak. perform many voluntary actions implying sleeping or holding inverted torches in their Sometime (sum'tim), adv. 1. Once; formerly. to all appearance a certain degree of per-| hands. Dr. W. Smith,

Herne the hunter sometime a keeper here ception of the presence of external objects. Somone,t v.t. To summon Chaucer. Writin Windsor forest.' Shak.-2. At one time The somnambulist gets out of bed, often ten also Sompne. or other; now and then

dresses himself, goes out of doors, and walks Sompne, t v.t. Same as Somone. Chaucer. Nothing in him seem'd inordinate, frequently over very dangerous places in Sompnour, t Somnour. n. An officer et

ployed to summon delinquents to appear in Save sometime too much wonder of his eye. Shak. safety. On awaking in the morning he is

either utterly unconscious of having stirred ecclesiastical courts: now called an appar. Sometime (sum'tim), a. Having been for

during the night, or remembers it as a mere litor. Chaucer. merly; being or existing formerly; former;

| Son (sun), nu, (A. Sax. sunu, Icel. sonr, sunr, late; whilom.

dream. Sometimes the transactions of the Our sometime sister, now

somnambulist are carried much farther; he Sw. son, Dan. sön, Goth. sunus, O.H.G.SUN. our queen.' Shak.

will mount his horse and ride, or go to his Mod. G. sohn. The word is widely spread, Ion, our sometime darling, whom we prized

usual occupation. In some cases somnam. and the Sanskrit form of it is not very dif. As a stray gift, by bounteous Heaven dismissed.

Talfound.

bulists are capable of holding conversation. ferent from the English, víz, sünil, son. The Sometimes (sum'timz), adv. 1. At times: Somnambulism occurs in the sensitive and root meaning is seen in Skr. su, to beget) at intervals; not always; now and then; as, excitable, often in conjunction with other 1. A male child; the male issue of a parent, we are sometimes indisposed, sometimes oc nervous affections, and is hereditary. Arti father or mother; as, Jacob had twelve sonu; cupied, sometimes at leisure; that is, at some

ficial somnambulism is induced in mesmer Ishmael was the son of Hagar by Abraham times.

ism, and the consciousness is for the time It is also used of animals. A black bull, It is good that we be sometimes contradicted.

entirely absorbed by one set of ideas. See the son of a black cow.' Darwin.-2. A male Yer. Taylor, MESMERISM.

descendant, however distant; hence in the 2. Once; formerly; at a past period indefi Somnambulist (som-nambū-list), n. One plural, sons signifies descendants in general, nitely referred to.

who is subject to somnambulism; a person a sense much used in the Scriptures. That fair and warlike form, who walks in his sleep.

Adam's sons are my brethren. Shak, In which the majesty of buried Denmark Somnambulistic (som-nam'bữ-lis'tik), a

3. One adopted into a family; any young Did sometimes march. Relating or pertaining to somnambulism;

male dependant; any person in which the Used adjectively. 'My sometimes royal affected by somnambulism.

relation of a son to a parent is perceived or master's face.' Shak. Somnert (sum'ner), n. A suinmoner; an

imagined Somewhat (sum'whot), n. 1. Something, apparitor.

The child grew, and she brought him unto Pharaoh's though uncertain what.

Somner and Sumner, however, are current as pro. daughter, and he became her son. Eu ii. to There's somewhat in this world amiss per names. Another form of this word is Summers,

4. The compellation of an old man to a young Shall be unriddled by and by.

upon which the remark has been made that those Tennyson.

proper names which seem to be derived from the one, of a confessor to his penitent, of a priest 2. More or less; a certain quantity or degree,

seasons, are only so in appearance. String is a or teacher to his disciple: a term of affection indeterminate; a part, greater or less.

topographical term, and Winter same as Vintner, Somewhat of his good sense will suffer in this trans. Autumn being non-existent.

Be plain, good son, and homely in thy drift. Shat

Latham. fusion, and much of the beauty of his thoughts will Somnial (som'ni-al). a. (L. somnium, a

And Samuel arose and went to Eli, and said, Here

am I : for thou didst call me. And he answered. I be lost.

Dryden. dream.) Pertaining to or involving dreams; called not, my son; lie down again. Sam. ii. & Somewhat (sum'whot), adv. In some de. relating to dreams. The somnial magic

5. A native or inhabitant of a country. gree or measure; rather; a little; as, this is superinduced on, without suspending, the somewhat more or less than was expected; 1 active powers of the mind. 'Coleridge. (Rare.]

Britain then he is somewhat aged; he is somewhat disap Somniative (som'ni-at-iv), a. Pertaining to

Sees arts her savage sons controul. Pope. pointed; somewhat disturbed. dreaming; relating to or producing dreams.

6. The produce of anything. Somewhen (sum'when), adv. At some time, Coleridge. (Rare.]

Earth's tall sons, the cedar, oak, and pine. indefinitely. At a later time, somewhen Somniculous t (som-nik'ü-lus), a (L. som

Sir R. Blackmore. before the eighth century.' Dr. J. A. H.

7. A person whose character partakes so niculosus, drowsy, from somnus, sleep.) Murray. (Rare.) Inclined to sleep; drowsy.

strongly of some quality or characteristic Somewhere (sum'whår), adv. In or to some Somniferous (som-nif'er-us), a. (L. somnifer

as to suggest the relationship of sou and place or other unknown or not specified; -somnus, sleep, and fero, to bring; Fr.

parent; as, sons of light; sons of pride. in one place or another; as, he lives some somnifère.) Causing or inducing sleep; so

They are villains, and the sons of darkness. Skat. where in obscurity. Somewhere gone to porific; as, a somniferous potion. Burton.

When night

Darkens the street, then wander forth the sents dinner.' Shak. Somnific (som-nifik), a. (L. 8omnus, sleep,

of Belial. Somewhile (sum'whil), adv. Once; for a and facio, to make.) Causing sleep; tending time. Spenser. (Obsolete or poetical.) to induce sleep; somniferous; soporific.

8. The second person of the Godhead; Jesus Somewhither (sum' whiTH-ér), adv. To Somnifugous (som-nif'ü-gus),a. (L. somnus,

Christ, the Saviour: called the Son of God, some indeterminate place. sleep, and fugo, to put to flight.] Driving

and Son of Man. Somewhither would she have thee go with her. away sleep; preventing sleep.

The Father sent the Son to be the Saviour of the

world. Shak. Somniloquence (som-nil'o-kwens), n. The

John iv. 14 Somite (sõ'mit), n. (Gr. sõma, a body.) A act or custom of talking in sleep; somnilo

The term son of God is also applied in Scripsingle segment in the body of an articulated quism.

ture to an angel; and also to a true believer, animal. H. A. Nicholson.

Somniloquism (som-nil'-kwizm), n. Som who is the son of God by adoption Somme, t a. Some. Chaucer. niloquence, or sleep-talking.

As many as are led by the Spirit of God they are Somme,t n. A sum. Chaucer. Somniloquist (som-nil'ö-kwist), n. One who

the sons of God

Rom. vii. 14 Sommellt (som-mă-y or som-mål.y), n. talks in his sleep.

Sonance (so'nans). n. 17 A sound; a tune; (Fr., sleep, repose, from L. somnus, sleep. ) Somniloquous (som-nil'ö-kwus). a. (L a call. Shak.-2. Sound; the quality of be 1. Sleep; slumber.-2. In music, a grave air somnus, sleep, and loquor, to speak.) Apt ing sonant. in old serious operas, so named as inducing to talk in sleep.

Sonant (so'nant), a. (L. sonans, ppr. of sono, sleepiness.

Somniloquy (som-nil'o-kwi), n. (See above.) to sound.) 1. Pertaining to sound, soundSommer, tn. Summer Chaucer.

A talking in sleep; the talking of one in a ing.--2. In pronunciation, applied to certain Sommer (sum'ér), n. In arch. same as Sum state of somnipathy.

alphabetic sounds, as those of the vowels, mer. Ency. Brit.

Somnipathist (som-nip'a-thist), n. A per semi-vowels, pasals, and flat mutes, as b, d, Sommering (sum'ér-ing). See SUMMERING. son in a state of somnipathy.

0, 2, 9, the sound of which is prolonged Sommerset (sum'ér - set), n. Same as Somnipathy (som-nip'a-thi), n. [L. somnus, or uttered with some degree of resonance Somersault.

sleep, and Gr. pathos, suffering.) Sleep or intonation, in opposition to aspirates, as Somnambular (som-nam'bû-ler), a. Of or from sympathy or some external influence, 8, th, and hard mutes or surds, as , PL relating to somnambulism or sleep. Som as mesmerism.

Sonant (so'nant). n. In pronunciation, 3 nambular repose.' E. B. Browning.

Somnium (som'ni-um), n. [L., from somnus, sonant letter. See the adiective, No. 2. Somnambulate (som-nam'bû-lát), vi. (L. sleep.] A dream.

Sonata (so-nä'ta), n. [It, from It, and L somnus, sleep, and ambulo, ambulatum, to Somnolence, Somnolency (som'no-lens, sonare, to sound.) In music, a term originwalk.) To walk in sleep; to wander in a som'no-len-si). 1. (L.L. somnolentia, som ally applied to any kind of composition for dreamy state, as a somnambulist. Carlyle. nulentia, from L somnulentus, sleepy, from instruments, in contradistinction to vocal Somnambulation (som-nam'bu-lä"shon), n. somnus, sleep.) 1. Sleepiness; drowsiness; compositions, which were called cantatas. (L. somnus, sleep, and ambulatio, ambula inclination to sleep.

The name was subsequently, however, retionis, a walking, from ambulo, to walk.)

On the box sat a fat and red-faced boy in a state of stricted to compositions for solo instruThe act of walking in sleep; somnambulism. somnolency.

Dickens. ments (generally the pianoforte). Sonatas Somnambulator (som-pam'bu-lát-ér), n.

2. In pathol. a state intermediate between

are of a certain form, consisting of several Same as Somnambulist. sleeping and waking.

movements-at first three, the allegro, Somnambule (som-nam'bül). n. A somSomnolent (som'no-lent), a. (See above.)

adagio, and rondo, to which afterwards a nambulist; a sleep-walker. Quart. Rev. Sleepy; drowsy; inclined to sleep.

fourth was added, the minuetto or scherzo Somnambulic (som-nam'bu-lik), a. Walk

- which differ from each other in time and ing in sleep; pertaining to or practising

He had no eye for such phenomena, because he had a somnolent want of interest in them.

sentiment, but are held together by the somnambulism; somnambulistic. Quart.

De Quincey. general character pervading them all Rev.

Somnolently(som'no-lent-li), adv. Drowsily. Sonchus (son kus), n. L.. Gr. songchos, the Somnambulism (som-nam'bû-lizm), n. (See Somnolism (som'no-lizm), n. The state of SOW-thistle.) A genus of plants, nat, order SOMNAMBULATE) A peculiar perversion of being in magnetic sleep; the doctrine of Compositæ, sub-order Cichoracex. The spethe mental functions during sleep, in which magnetic sleep.

cies are inhabitants of Europe, Asia, Africa, the subject acts automatically. The organs Somnopathist (som-nop'a-thist), n. Same and America, and four are natives of Great of sense remain torpid and the intellectual as Somnipathist.

Britain, where they are known by the name powers are blanted. During this condition | Somnopathy (som-nop'a-thi), n. Same as of sow-thistle. The most common species some instinctive excitation may take place, Somnipathy.

is S. oleraceus (the common sow-thistle). It and there may be the production of im Somnus (som'nus), n. In class. myth. the has downy subumbellate flower - stalks: pulses, in consequence, of different kinds. personification and god of sleep, described small yellow flowers, and a conical involu. Walking in sleep is the most palpable, but as a brother of Death (Mors), and as a son cre when in seed, and is greedily fed upon

SONCY

135

SOOP

one.

by many animals. It grows in waste places,

aste places, Sonless (sun'les), a. Having no son; without quality of vielding sound when struck. or the borders of fields, and hedges. a son. Make her sonless.' Marston,

coming in collision with another body; as Soncy (son'si), a. 1. Lucky; fortunate. [Old Sonne, n. The sun. Chaucer.

the sonorousness of metals. (6) Having or and provincial. 1-2 Plump and full of per Sonnet (son'et), n. [Fr. sonnet, from It. son giving a loud or clear sound; as, the sonorBODI See SONSY.

netto, a dim. from L. sonus, a sound. See Queness of a voice or an instrument. (C) MagSondt i Sand Chaucer.

SOUND.] 1. A form of verse of Italian origin, nificence of sound. Sonde, n. (From send.] A message: a consisting of a short poem of fourteen lines, Sonship (sun'ship), n. The state of being sending; a visitation, a dispensation. Chau two stanzas of four verses each, called the a son, or of having the relation of a son;

octave, and two of three each, called the ses filiation. 'Admission or adoption into sonSondeli (son'de-li), n. A species of shrew or tette, the rhymes being adjusted by a particu ship.' Waterland. The badge and cogni. insectivorous mammal, a native of India. lar rule. The octave of the propersonnet con zance of sonship.' Dr. H. More. Bee MONDJOC ROU.

sists of two quatrains, the rhymes of which Sonsy, Sonsie (son'si). a. (Gael, and Ir. Sonent ade. Soon Chaucer.

are restricted to two - one for the first, sonas, prosperity, happiness.) Lucky; forSong (song), n. [A. Sax. sang, song, from fourth, fifth, and eighth lines; the other for tunate; happy; good-humoured; well-consingan, to sing. See SING.) i. That which the second, third, sixth, and seventh. In the ditioned; plump; thriving; having sweet is song or uttered with musical modulations sestette, which is commonly made up of two engaging looks. (Provincial English and of the voice, whether of the human voice or tercets, the rhymes may be two or three, va Scotch.) that of a bird : a singing.-2 A little poem riously distributed. The sonnet generally Sontiest (son'tiz), n. A corruption perhaps to be sung, or uttered with musical modula consists of one principal idea, pursued of sanctity, or of Fr. santé, health. The tione, a ballad The term is applied to either through the various antitheses of the differ form santy also occurs. a short poetical or musical composition, but ent strophes. The lightness and richness of By God's sonties, 'twill be a hard way to hit. Shak. most frequently to both in union. As a the Italian and Spanish languages enable poetical composition it may be largely de. their poets to express every feeling or fancy | Soocey (S0'se), n. A mixed striped fabric of

silk and cotton in India. Simmonds. fined a short poem divided into portions of in the sonnet; but with us it has been found returning measure, and turning upon some most suitable to grave, dignified, and con

Soochong (ső-shong). n. Same as Souchong. single thought or feeling. As a union of templative subjects.-2. A short poem; a

Soodra, Sooder (södra, sö'der). n. The poetry and music, it may be defined a very | ballad; a song. "And sung his dying sonnets

fourth or lowest caste into which the Hinhrief lyrical poem, founded commonly upon to the fiddle.' Dr. Wolcot.

dus are divided. It comprehends the artiagreeable subjects, to which is added a me

sans and labourers. Written also Sudra.

I have a sonnel that will serve the turn. Shak. lody for the purpose of singing it. As de

See CASTE.

Soofee (ső-fē'), n. Same as Sofi, Sufi. notips a musical composition song is used | Sonnet (son'et), v.1. To compose sonnets. to signify a vocal melody of any length or

Nor list I sonnet of my mistress' face,

Soofeeism (sö-'izm), n. Same as Sofism, character, and not confined to a single

To paint some blowesse with a borrow'd grace. Sufism.

Bp. Hall. Dorement; but as regards performance, it

| Sooja (so'ja), n. The Japanese name of the Sonneteer (son-et-ér), v. i. To compose sonis generally confined to an air for a single

sauce known in this country by the name of nets; to rhyme. 'Rhymers sonneteering in voice-airs for more than one voice being.

soy (which see) their sleep.' E. B. Browning. however, sometimes called part-songs. See

Soojee (so'jē), n. In Hindustan, a granular Sonneteer (son-et-êr), n. [Fr. sonnetier.) A PART-SONG.-3. A lay; a strain ; & poem.

preparation of wheat. It is a kind of semo. composer of sonnets or small poems; a small Sothing but songs of death.' Shak.

lina. poet: usually in contempt.

Soolt (söl), n. A relish eaten with bread. The bard that first adorn'd our native tongue,

What woful stuff this madrigal would be,
Te'd to his British lyre this ancient song.

See SOUL
Dryden.
In some starv'd hackney sonneteer or me. Pope.

Soon (sön), adv. (0.E. sone, sune, A. Sax. 4. Poetry in general; poetical composition; Sonneting (son'et-ing), n. The act of com sôna, soon; 0.Fris. són, Goth. suns, 0.D. poesy: verse. posing sonnets, or the act of singing.

saen, soon, immediately. Probably from The subject for heroic JONE Leavie groves now mainely ring,

pronominal root seen in A. Sax. se, Skr. sa, Pleas'd me. Milton. With each sweet bird's sonneting. W. Browne.

that.) 1. In a short time; shortly after á A mere trifle; something of little or no Sonnetist (son'et-ist), n.

any time specified or supposed; as, soon

A sonneteer. 'A valde; 29, I bought it for a mere song.-An

after sunrise: soon after dinner; I shall soon new-found sonnetist.' Bp. Hall. old song, a trifle; an insignificant sum.

return; we shall soon have clear weather. Sonnetize (son'et-iz), v.i. To compose sonI do not intend to be thus put off with an old song. nets.

Now doth he frown,
Dr. H. More.

And 'gins to chide, but soon she stops his lips. The cost sould be a trifle-an old song.

| Sonnet-writer (son'et-rit-ér), n. A writer Byron.

Shak. of sonnets; a sonneteer.

2. Early; without the usual delay; before STX, Sonnet, ballad, canticle, carol, canSonnish,ta. Like the sun or the beams of

any time supposed. zonet, ditty, hymn, descant, lay, strain, the sun; sunny. Chaucer.

How is it that ye are come so soon to-day?.. Sonnite (sun'it), n. One of a Mohammedan

Ex. ii. 28. Song, pret. of sing. Sung or sang. Spenser.

sect; a Sunnite. See SUNNITE, SUNNAH. 3. Easily; quickly; shortly. Song-bird (song'berd), n. A bird that sings.

Sonometer (so-nom'et-ér), n. L. Sonus, The song.birds are chiefly confined to cer

Small lights are soon blown out, huge fires abide. sound, and Gr. metron, a measure.] 1. An

Shak. tain families of the order Insessores.

apparatus for illustrating the phenomena 4. Readily; willingly; gladly. In this sense Song-craft (song'kraft), n. The art of com

exhibited by sonorous bodies, and the ratios generally accompanied by would or some posing songs; skill in versification. Writ

of their vibrations, by the transverse vibra other word expressing will. ten with little skill of song-craft.' Longfel tions of tense strings or wires.-2. An instrulone

I would as soon see a river winding am ng woods ment consisting of a small bell fixed on a or in nueadows, as when it is tossed up in so many Songtul (song'ful), a. Disposed or able to table for testing the effects of treatment for whimsical figures at Versailles.

Addison. sing: melodious.

deafness.-3. In elect, an apparatus for testsongish (song'ish), a. Consisting of or con

5. So early as; no later than: used in ing metals by bringing them in contact with

several old phrases; as, soon at night, that taining songs. (Rare.] an induction coil, with which is associated

is, this very night; this evening The song is part must abound in the softness and a telephone and microphone. Each metal, Tariety of numbers, its intention being to please the

We'll have a posset for't soon at night, in faith, at acting differently on the coil, produces a beaning Dryden.

the latter end of a sea-coal fire.

Shak, different sound. Songless (song'les), a. 1. Destitute of the Sonorific (so-no-rif'ik), a. (L. Sonus sound,

Similarly, 'soon at five o'clock;' 'soon at power of song: as, songless birds.-2. Withand facio, to make.] Producing sound; as,

supper-time.' Shak.-As soon as, 80 soon as, out song, not singing. the sonorific quality of a body. Watts.

immediately at or after another event; as, Silent rows the songless gondolier. Byron. Sonority' (so-no'ri-ti), n. Sonorousness.

as soon as the mail arrives, I will inform Song-sparrow (song'spa-rő), n. 1. A name Athenaeum (Rare.)

you. Bometimes given to the hedge-sparrow Sonorous (so-nõrus), a. (L. sonorus, from It came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the (which see)-2A bird of the finch family, sonus, sound. See SOUND.) 1. Giving sound, camp, that he saw the calf and the dancing. found in North America; the Fringilla me as when struck; resonant; sounding; as,

Ex. xxxii. 19. lodia metals are sonorous bodies. "Sonorous metal

-Sooner or later, at a future time, near or

remote. Songster (Bong'stér). n. (A. Sax. sangestre, blowing martial sounds.' Milton.-2. Loud female singer-sang, a song, and fem.

The establishment of limited constitutional governsounding; giving a clear, loud, or full-volterm. -estre. About the fourteenth century

ment will sooner or later be made universal. umed sound; as, a sonorous voice. "A deep

Brougham. mgater began to be applied to males.) sonorous sound.' Longfellow. -3. Yielding

-Early, Socn, Betimes. See under EARLY. 1. One who sings; one skilled in singing: not sound; characterized by sound; sonant; as, often applied to human beings, or only in

Syn. Early, betimes, quick, quickly, promptthe vowels are sonorous.-4. High sounding;

ly, presently. slight contempt. -2. A bird that sings; as, magnificent of sound. the little songster in his cage.

Soont (sön), a. Speedy; quick. "A soon and

The Italian opera, amidst all the meanness and prosperous issue.' Sir P. Sidney. Make Songstress song'stres). n. (Songster and familiarity of the thoughts, has something beautiful

your soonest haste.' Shak. term. 88. The word has thus a double fem. and sonorons in the expression,

Addison.

Soondree (sön'drē), n. The native name of termination. See SONGSTER.) A female -Sonorous figures, a name given to those

a tree found on the coasts of India wherever singer. The voice and skill of a real song figures which are formed by the vibrations

the tides occasionally rise and inundate the tress' T. Warton.

produced by sound. Thus, when some fine land. It belongs to the genus Heriteria (H. Song-thrush (song'thrush), n. The mavis sand is strewed on a disc of glass or metal,

robusta), and is said to give name to the or throatle (Turdus musicus). See MAVIS. and a violin-bow drawn down on its edge, a

Sonderbunds, or great forest of soondree Soniferous (so-nif'er-us).a. (L. Bonus, sound, musical note will be heard, and at the same trees, a woody tract of country on the Bay and fero, to bear. Conveying sound; pro instant the sand will be in motion, and

of Bengal, forming the delta of the Ganges. ducing sound. A distinction has been made gather itself to those parts which continue

Written also Sundra-tree. hetween Boniferous bodies and sonorous at rest, that is, to the nodal lines, forming

Soonee (sön'é), n. One of a Mohammedan bodies, the latter class being such as produce what are termed sonorous figures. See No

sect; a Sunnite. of originate sound, and the former such as dal Lines under NODAL.

Soonlyt (son'li), adv. Quickly; speedily. convey the sound, or rather the vibrations Sonorously (so-nõrus-li), adv. In a sonorof the latter, to the ear.

A inason meets with a stone that wants no cutting. ous manner; with sound; with a high sound.

and soonly approving of it, places it in his work. Son-in-law (sun'in-la), n. A man married Sonorousness (80-nö'rus-nes), n. The state

Dr. H. More. to one's daughter.

or quality of being sonorous; as, (a) the Soop (söp), v.t. To sweep. (Scotch.)

[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]

Somery, verts hallad, holds H

[graphic]

SOOPING

136

SOPHISTICATION

I do defy

Shak.

. A captious

Sophisterus reasoner aan

Sooping (söp'ing), n. (Scotch.] 1. The act of which soothes, softens, or assuages; a flat sophisms which do play with double senses sweeping:- 2. What is swept together: gen terer.

and false debate.' Spenser. erally in the plural.

When a false argument puts on the appearance of Soord + (sörd), n. The skin or outside of

The tongues of soothers.

a true one, then it is properly called a sophiss or bacon. Bp. Hall.

Soothfast (söth'fast), a. (Sooth and fast. fallacy. Soorma (sór'ma), n. A preparation of anti- Comp, steadfast.] True; truthful; of scrupu If such miserable sophisms were to prevail, there mony with which Indian women anoint the lous veracity.

would never be a good house or a good government in the world.

Macaulay. eyelids. Simmonds.

Abandon all affray, be soothfast in your sawes. Sooshong (sö-shong), n. A kind of black

Mir. for Mags.

Sophist (sof'ist), n. (L. sophista, from Gr.

sophistës, a sophist. See SOPHISM.) 1 Oritea. See SOUCHONG

Soothfastness (söth'fast-nes), n. TruthfulSoosoo (SÖ'ső), n. The Bengalese name of a ness; reality.

ginally, a wise man; a clever man; one who

stood prominently before the public as disSoothing (SÖTH'ing), p. and a. Flattering; cetaceous mammal, the Platanista gangeti.

tinguished for intellect or talent of some cus. It resembles the dolphin in form, and softening; assuaging.

kind; specifically, in Greek hist, one of a class attains a length of about 12 feet.

Soothingly (SÖTH'ing-li), adv. In a sooth-
It in-

of leading public teachers in ancient Greece habits the Ganges: is most abundant in the ing manner; with flattery or soft words. sluggish waters of its delta, but is found also Soothly t (söth'li), adu.

during the fifth and fourth centuries B.C. At [A. Sax. sóthlice.

first there were found among this class men as far up the river as it is navigable.

See SOOTH.] In truth; really. "Soothly to Sootsöt), [A, Sax, sốt,Icelsót, Dan.dod,LG. tell them I have seen your face.' Sir M.

of the highest accomplishments that the

age could furnish, who taught whatever Hales. sott. Comp. Gael, suith, Ir. suithche, suthche, soot.) A black substance formed by combus Soothsay (söth'sā), v... [Sooth and say.)

was known of astronomy, geography, and tion, or disengaged from fuel in the process To foretell; to predict. Acts xvi. 16.

physics, as well as the newly started contro

versial discussions in ethics and metaphy, of combustion, rising in fine particles and Soothsayt (söth'så), n. 1. A true saying ; & adhering to the sides of the chimney or pipe prediction.

sics, and the general public comprehended

In wittie riddles and in wise conveying the smoke. The soot of coal and soothsayes.' Spenser. – 2. A portent; an

under this name Socrates, Plato, Aristotle,

and their disciples and followers. As the that of wood differ very materially in their omen. composition, the former containing more

professional teachers, however, unlike the And but that God turne the same to good sooth-say, carbonaceons matter than the latter. Coal

The ladie's safetie is sore to be dradd.

philosophers named, taught for pay, and Spenser.

as their ranks became swelled by shallow soot contains substances usually derived Soothsayer (söth'să-er), n. One who fore

and superficial associates, the title sophist from animal matter; also sulphate and hy- tells or predicts; a foreteller; a prognosti

gradually acquired a predominating bad drochlorate of ammonia, and has been used cator

sense, coming to mean, in the language for the preparation of the carbonate. It

A soothsayer bids you beware the ides of March. of Aristotle, a pretender to knowledge, a contains likewise an empyreumatic oil; but

Shak. its chief basis is charcoal, in a state in which Soothsaying (söth'să-ing), n. 1. A foretell

man who employs what he knows to be fal

lacy, for the purpose of deceit and of getting it is capable of being rendered soluble by ing; a prediction.

money,' and the members of the profession the action of oxygen and moisture; and

Divinations, and soothsayings, and dreams are vain. hence, combined with the action of the am

were publicly condemned as men who spent

Ecclus. xxxiv. 5. moniacal salts, it is used as a manure, and

their time in verbal niceties, verbal quibbles, 2.A true saying; truth.

and philosophical enigmas. -- 2. A captious acts very powerfully as such.

Sootiness (söt'i-nes), n. The quality of be

The soot of wood has been minutely analysed, and

or fallacious reasoner; a quibbler. ing sooty or foul with soot; fuliginousness. Sootish (söt'ish), a. Partaking of soot; like

Sophister (sof'ist-êr), n found to consist of fifteen different sub

(See SOPHIST) stances, of which ulmin, nitrogenous mat soot; sooty.

1. A professional teacher of philosophy; a

Things become black and ter, carbonate of lime, water, acetate and

sophist; hence, a quibbling disputant; a sootish.' Sir T. Browne. sulphate of lime, acetate of potash, carbon Sooty (söt'i), a. (See SOOT.) Pertaining |

plausible fallacious reasoner. aceous matter insoluble in alkalies, are the to, producing, consisting of, covered with,

A subtle traitor needs no sopkister. Shat. principal containing, or resembling soot; fuliginous:

Alcidimus the sophister hath arguments to prove

that voluntary and extemporal far excelleth premedy Soot (söt), v.t.

dusky; dark. By fire of sooty coal.' Milton. To cover or foul with soot.

tated speech.

Hocker. *Sooted o'er with noisome smoke.' Chap

Under the sooty flag of Acheron.' Milton.

2. In the University of Cambridge, a student тап. Sooty (söt'i), v.t. To black or foul with

advanced beyond the first year of his resi

soot. Sootied with noisome smoke.' ChapSoote,t Sote, t a. Sweet. Sir K. Digby. Sooterkin (söt'er-kin), n. (Comp. Prov. E. man.

dence. The entire university course coDand Sc. sotter, Prov. G. suttern, to boil

sists of three years and one term. During | Sop (sop), n. (Closely connected with sup,

the first year the students have the title of gently.) A kind of false birth fabled to be coup; Icel. soppa, sopi, a sop, a sup; Sw.

freshmen, or first-year men; during the produced by the Dutch women from sitting soppa, broth, soup; D. sop, L.G. soppe, a sop. ) over their stoves; hence, an abortive pro

second, second-year men, or junior sophs or 1. Anything steeped or dipped and softened

sophisters; during the third year, third-year in liquor, but chiefly something thus dipped posal or scheme. Swift: Carlyle. Sootflake (sőt'fák), n.

men, or senior sophs or sophisters; and in in broth or liquid food, and intended to be A flake or particle

the last term, questionists, with reference of soot; a smut; a smudge.

eaten. "The waters ... should make a The sootflake of so many a summer still

to the approaching examination. In the sop of all this solid globe.' Shak.

older American colleges, the junior and Clung to their fancies.

Tennyson. Sops in wine, quantity for quantity, inebriate more senior classes were originally-and in some than wine itself,

Bacon. Sooth (söth), n. (A. Sax. soth, true, truth;

of them are still called junior sophisters Dan. sand, Icel. sannr, Goth. sunis, true.

2. Anything given to pacify: so called from and senior sophisters. This word has lost an n; comp. tooth, soft. the sop given to Cerberus to pacify him, in Sophistert (sof'ist-ér), v.t. To maintain by It would appear to have been originally a the ancient story.

a fallacious argument or sophistry. Fore. present participle, corresponding to Skr.

To Cerberus they give a sop,

Sophistic, Sophistical (so-fistik, ső-fistiksant, being, and therefore meaning lit. 'be

His triple barking mouth to stop. Swift. al), a. (Fr. sophistique. See SOPHISM.) Faling,' or 'that is.') 1. Truth; reality.

Sops were given to the congressional watch-dogs laciously subtle; containing sophistry; not

of the free states. To some, promises were made, He looks like sooth; he says he loves my daughter,

sound; quibbling; as, sophistical reasoning by way of opiates; and those whom they could I think so too. Shak. neither pay nor drug were publicly treated with in

or argument False pretence and sophistic solence and scorn.

W. Chambers.

reasoning.' Burke, Used frequently in asseverations. 3.1 A thing of little or no value. Piers Plore

His argument, though ingenious, is altogether som In sooth, I know not why I am so sad. Shak.

phistical

Macaulay. man.-Sop in wine,t the clove-pink (Dian2.Prognostication. Spenser. thus Caryophyllus), probably because it was

Sophistically (ső-fistik-al-li), adı. In a 80Sooth (söth), a. 1. True; faithful. Chau dipped in wine to give it flavour. Spenser.

phistical manner:fallaciously. Bolingbroke cer: Spenser. -2. Pleasing: delightful. Jel Sop (sop), v. t. pret. & pp. sopped; ppr. sop

argues most sophistically.' Swift. lies soother than the creamy curd.' Keats.

The ping. To steep or dip in liquor.

Sophisticalness (SO-fis'tik-al-nes). 7. [Rare. 13. Cajolery; fairness of speech.

state or quality of being sophistical Sopet (sõp). Soap.

Sophisticate (so-fistik-át), v. t. pret. & pp. 80That e'er this tongue of mine, Soper,t n. Supper. Chaucer. That laid the sentence of dread banishment Soph (sof), n. (L. sophista. See SOPHISM. ]

phisticated; ppr. sophisticating. (LL 80On this proud inan, should take it off again

phisticare, from L. sophisticus, sophistical: 1. In the English universities, abbreviation With words of sooth.

Shak.
of Sophister.

lit. pertaining to a sophist. See SOPHIST.) Soothe (SÖTH), v. t. pret. & pp. soothed; ppr. Three Cambridge soples, and three pert Templars

1. To corrupt; to pervert; to wrest from the

truth. soothing. [A. Sax. gesothian, to flatter, from

came,.. 80th, truth.

If the passions of the mind be strong they easily (See SOOTH.)

Each prompt to query, answer, and debate.
The original

Pope.
sophisticate the understanding.

Heaker. meaning would be to assent in a servile 2. In the American colleges, abbreviation of The only persons among the heathens who sophis manner to another, to be ready in every Sophomore.

ticated nature and philosophy in this particular were case to assert that what he says is sooth.] Sophi (so'fi), n. A title of the king of Per

the Stoicks.

South 1. To please with blandishments or soft sia. Same as Soft.

2. To adulterate: to render spurious by adwords; to cajole; to flatter; to humour. Sophic, Sophicalt (sof'ik, sof'ik-al), a. (Gr. mixture; as, to sophisticate liquors. Is't good to soothe him in these contraries! Shak. sophos, wise, sophia, wisdom.] Teaching They purchase but soolisticated ware. Dryden. Can I soothe tyranny?

Dryder,
wisdom. Harris.

SYN. To adulterate, debase, corrupt, vitiate I've tried the force of every reason on him,

Sophime, n. A sophism; a subtle fallacy. I sophisticate. Sophisticated (SÕ-fistik-at, Soodi'd and caress'd, been angry, sooth'd again. Chaucer.

so-fistik-at-ed), a. Adulterated, not pure; Addison Sophism (sof'izm), n. (Fr. sophisme, from Gr.

not genuine. 2. To soften; to assuage; to mollify; to calm; sophisma, a clever or cunning contrivance,

So truth, when only one supplied the state, as, to soothe one in pain or passion, or to a trick, a quibble such as the sophists used, Grew scarce and dear, and yet sophisticate. 800the pain. & sophism, from sophizomai, to play the

Dryden. Music hath charins to soothe the savage breast. sophist, from sophos, clever, skilful, wise. 1

Sophistication (8ő-fis'ti.ki"shon), n. 1. The Congreve. A specious proposition: a specious but falla

act of adulterating: a counterfeiting or de 3. To gratify; to please; to delight. Sooth'd cious argument; a sublety in reasoning: an

basing the purity of something by a foreign with his future fame.' Dryden. --Syn. To argument that is not supported by sound

admixture; adulteration. soften, assuage, allay, compose, mollify, reasoning, or in which the inference is not The drugs and simples sold in shops generally are tranquillize, pacify, mitigate. justly deduced from the premises; any fal

adulterated by the fraudulent avarice of the sest

especially if the preciousness may make their sepsisSoother (SÖTH'èr), n. One who or that lacy designed to deceive. 'Full of subtile

Borld.

tication very beneficial

gopen

of terra

SOPHISTICATOR

137

SOREDIFEROUS

of same on. Painful; from pressure

. The act or art of quibbling or arguing in a Sopranist (so-prä'nist), n. A treble singer. matter of any kind. The soil and sordes plausible or fallacious manner. Skill in spe- Soprano (SÔ-pra'no), n. It. pl. Soprani (so'- wherein mineral masses were involved and cial pleading and ingenuity in sophistication.' pra'nē), E. pl. Sopranos (ső-prä'noz). In concealed.' Woodward. Ura Couden Clarke.-3. A fallacious argu music, (a) the highest species of female voice, Sordet (sor'det), n. Same as Sordine, ment intended to deceive; a quibble.

whose ordinary easy range is from C below Sordid (sordid), a. (Fr. sordide, from L. They are both as rank sophistications as can be ;

the treble staff to G or A above it. Highly | sordidus, from sordeo, to be dirty, foul, filthy, sheer begriags of the question.

L. Hun. trained voices can frequently take four from sordes, dirt, filth, nastiness.] 1. Filthy; Sophisticator (so-fis'tik-at-ér). n. One who

notes higher, some even reaching to F in foul; dirty; gross. (Obsolete or poetical.] sophisticates, one who adulterates; one who

alt. The mezzo-soprano compass is about There Charon stands, who rules the dreary coast;

a third lower, viz. from injares tbe purity and genuineness of any.

A to F. (6) A A sordid god.

Dryden. thing by foreign admixture. That the sosinger having such a voice. In both senses

2. Vile; base; mean; as, vulgar, sordid morequivalent to Treble, the English term, péuticators of wine may suffer punishment

tals. ---3. Meanly avaricious; covetous; nigabove any ordinary thief.' Tob. Whitaker. which is falling out of use among musicians.

gardly. Sophistry (sof'ist-ri), n. 1. Fallacious reaSorancet (sor'ans), n. Sore; soreness.

He may be old soning; reasoning sound in appearance only. Seldom or never complain they of any sorance in

And yet not sordid, who refuses gold. other parts of the body. Holland,

Sir . Denham, These men have obscored and confounded the na

SYN. Filthy, foul, dirty, gross, vile, base, tare of things by their false principles and wretched Sorb, Sorb-tree (sorb, sorb'trē), n. (Fr.

avaricious, covetous, niggardly. அப்ப.

South,
sorbe, L. sorbus, the sorb or service-tree. )

Sordidity (sor-did'i-ti), n. Sordidness; 2. Argument for exercise merely. Felton, The service-tree (Sorbus domestica) or its

meanness; abjectness. Weary and ashamed -Fallacy, Sophistry. See under FALLACY.

fruit.

2.

of their own sordidity and manner of life.' [From Gr. Sophomore (sof'o-mor), 1.

Sorb-apple (so

The fruit of the

Burton. phoe, wise, and môros, foolish.) In Amerservice-tree.

Sordidly (sor'did-li), adv. In a sordid manican colleges, one belonging to the second Sorbate (sor'bät), n. A salt of sorbic acid.

ner; meanly; basely; covetously. of the four classes; one next above a freshSorbefacient (sor-bē-fá'shi-ent), n. L. sor

Sordidness (sordid-nes), n. The state or beo, to absorb, and facio, to make.] In med.

quality of being sordid; as, (a) filthiness; Sophomoric, Sophomorical (sof-o-mor'ik, that which produces absorption.

dirtiness. sol-o-morik-al), a Pertaining to a sopho

Sorbefacient (sor-bē-få'shi-ent), a. In med.
producing absorption.

Providence deters people from sluttishness and more; inflated in style or manner. (Ameri

Sorbent (sorb'ent). An absorbent. (Rare.] can)

sordidness, and provokes them to cleanliness. Ray. Sophora (so-foʻra), n

(6) Meanness; baseness. The madnesses of Sorbet (sorbet), n. (Altered from sophēra,

A kind of beverage; sherbet. Smollett.

Caligula's delights, and the execrable sorthe Arabic name of a papilionaceous tree.)

didness of those of Tiberius.' Sorbic (sorbik), a. Pertaining to the sorA genus of plants, nat order Leguminosæ.

Cowley.

(c) Niggardliness. The species are ornamental shrubsand trees,

bus or service-tree; as, sorbic acid.-Sorbic found in central and tropical Asia, also in the

acid (C2H4O2), an acid obtained fronı mount- Sordine (sor'den), n. A mute for a musical ain-ash berries.

instrument. See MUTE, 3. warm parts of North America, and the equi

Sordino (sor-de'no), n. Sorbile+ (sorbil), a. (L. sorbeo, to absorb. ) noctial and sub-tropical parts of South Amer

(It.) Same as Sor. ien They have pinnate leaves, and terminal That may be drank or sipped.

dine. -Con sordini, with the mutes on.-

Senza sordini, with the mutes off. racemes or panicles of whitish flowers, but

Sorbine, Sorbite (sor'bin, sor'bit), n. (Ce
H206) A crystalline, unfermented sugar,

Sore (sör), a. differ greatly in general appearance, some

(A. Sax. sir, sore, painful, being trees, others shrubs, and one or two

isomeric with grape and milk sugar, existing also a sore, sorrow, pain; Icel. sdrr, sore, herbaceous plants.

aching, painful, sár, a sore, a wound; Dan. in the ripe juice of the mountain-ash berries The species best known in England are S. japonica and S. chinensis. (Pyrus Aucuparia).

saar, Goth. sair, a wound; 0.H.G. sêr, grief,

a wound; Sc. sair, sare, sore, heavy, excesSophta (sof'ta).

Sorbitiont (sor-bi'shon), n. (L. sorbitio, sor-
See SOFTA.

sive. Of same origin is sorry, while sorrow bitionis, from sorbeo, to drink.] The act of Sopitet (sop'it), v.t. (L. sopio, sopitum, to

is connected.) drinking or sipping. put to sleep. See SOPORIFEROUS.) To lay

1. Painful: being the seat

of pain; tender and painful from pressure; asleep, to put to sleep or to rest; to lull.

Sorbonical (sor-bon'ik-al), a. Belonging to
a Sorbonist.

as, a boil, ulcer, or abscess is very sore; a Disputes arising concerning religion, which

Sorbonist (sorbon-ist), n. A doctor of the wounded place is sore; inflammation renwere not then quite sopited.' A. Wood. Sorbonne, in the University of Paris.

ders a part sore. "A sore eye.' Shak. His Sopiting (so'pit-ing), 11. In Scots law,

wounds will not be sore.' Shak.-2. Tender,

For he a rope of sand could twist setting at rest; quashing.

As tough as learned Sorbonist. Hudibras. as the mind; easily pained, grieved, or vexed; What could a woman desire in a match more than

feeling aggrieved; galled; as, he felt very the son

Sorbonne (sor-bon), n. A celebrated instiof a very dangerous claim and the alliance of a son-in-law noble, brave, well-gifted, and tution founded in connection with the Uni.

sore on the subject of his defeat. ghly connected.

Sir 17. Scott versity of Paris in 1252 by Robert de Sorbon. Malice and hatred are very fretting, and apt to Sopition + (so-pish'on), n. (See SOPITE.) chaplain and confessor of Louis IX. The

make our ininds sore and uneasy. Tillotson. The state of being put to sleep; sleep; slum college of the Sorbonne was one of the four 3. Violent with pain or trouble; severe; ber; dormancy. Dementation and sopition constituent parts of the faculty of theology grievous; distressing; as, a sore disease; sore reason' Sir T. Browne.

in the University of Paris. It exercised a evil or calamity; a sore night. "Punished Sopor (

spor), n. (L.) A deep sleep from high influence in ecclesiastical affairs and with sore distraction.' Shak. which a person can with difficulty be on the public mind, especially in the six

My loins are filled with a sore disease. awakened To awake the Christian world teenth and seventeenth centuries. It was

Common Prayer. out of this deep sopor or lethargy.' Dr. H. suppressed during the revolution and de 4. Violent; accompanied with great exerYore.

prived of its endowments. At the recon tion; severe. Soporatet (so' por-át), v.t. (L eoporo, struction of the university in 1808 the build

Sore hath been their fight soporatum, to put asleep. See SOPOR ingerected for it by Richelieu, and still called

As likeliest was when two such foes met armed.

Milton. ITEROUS) To lay asleep. the Sorbonne, was given to the theological

5. Criminal: evil. Soporiferous (só-po-rif'er-us), a. (L. sopo faculty in connection with the faculties of mer - sopor, soporis, a heavy sleep and science and belles-lettres.

To lapse in fulness is sorer than to lie for need.

Shak. fero, to bear to bring. Sopor is from the Sorbus (sor'bus), n. A Linnæan genus of Sore (sör). n. (See above.] 1. A place in an root sop (whence also somnus, sleep), Skr. plants, comprising the mountain-ash, rowan

animal body where the skin and flesh are map, to sleep.) Cansing sleep or tending tree, and service-tree. See PYRUS, MOUNT

ruptured or bruised, so as to be tender or to prodace it; soporific. AIN-ASH, SERVICE-TREE.

painful; a spot on the surface of the body While the whole operation was performing I lay in Sorcerer (sor'sér-ér), n. (Fr. sorcier, a sor

where there is pain; a boil, an ulcer, a a profound sleep by the force of that soporiferous cerer, from L.L. sortiarius, one who throws

wound, &c. 'A salve for any sore.' Shak. teedicine. Swift. a lot or declares a lot, from L. sors, sortis,

2. Grief : affliction; mental pain or trouble. Soporiferously (50-po-rif'er-us-li), adv. In a lot (whence also sort). As to the form of

Sore (sor), adv. (A. Sax. sáre. See the ada soporiferous manner; so as to produce this word comp. fruiterer, Fr. fruitier.) A

jective.] 1. With painful violence; intensely; conjuror; an enchanter; a magician. 'Drug.

severely; grievously. Soporiferousness (50-po-rif'er-us-nes), n. working sorcerers that change the mind.'

Thy hand presseth me sore. Common Prayer. The quality of being soporiferous or of causShak.

2. Greatly ; violently; deeply; as, he was ing sleep.

The Egyptian sorcerers contended with Moses.

sore afflicted at the loss of his son. Soporific (sö-po-rif'ik), a. (L sopor, sleep, and facio, to make.) Causing sleep; tending

Sore sigh'd the knight, who this long sermon heard. Sorceress (sor'sér-es), n. A female sorcerer.

Dryden. to cause sleep; as, the soporific virtues of Bring forth that sorceress condemn'd to burn. Shak.

3. Sorely; sadly. opinm.

Sorcerous (sor'sér-us), a. Pertaining or be That whereas through our sins and wickedness we The clear harangue, and cold as it is clear,

longing to sorcery. Med'cines black and are sore let and hindered in running the race set beFalls so gorific on the listless ear. Cowper, sorcerous.' Chapman.

fore us.

Kingsley. Soporific (s6-po- rif'ik), n. A medicine, Sorcery (sor'sėr-1), n. (O.Fr. sorcerie. See Soret (sor), v.t. To wound; to make sore. drug, plant, or other thing that has the SORCERER.) Divination by the assistance or And the wyde wound ... quality of inducing sleep.

supposed assistance of evil spirits, or the Was closed up as it had not been sor'd. Spenser. Soporous, Soporose (soʻpor-us, so'por-os), power of commanding evil spirits; magic; Sore, v.i. To soar. Chaucer. L soporus, from sopor, sleep.) Caus enchantment; witchcraft; charms.

Sore (sor), n. (Fr. saure, sor, sorrel, reddish. ing sleep: sleepy. So much of adder's wisdom I have learn'd

Both bird and quadruped are so called from Sopper (sop'er). n. One who sops or dips in To fence my ears against thy sorceries. Milton. their colour.) 1. A hawk of the first year. hoor something to be eaten.

Sord + (sord), n. Sward. "An altar... 2. A buck of the fourth year. See SOREL. Soppy (sop'i), a. Sopped or soaked in liquid; rustic of grassy sord.' Milton.

Sorecidæ, Soricidæ (ső-res'i-dē, ső-ris'i-dē), starated; like a sop.

Sordavalite (sor'da-val-it), n. A mineral, n. pl. (L. sorex, soricis, a shrew-mouse, and L (Yarmouth) looked rather spongy and soppy, I so named from Sordarala, in Finland. It is Gr. eidos, resemblance.) A family of in

Dickens. nearly black, rarely gray or green; and con sectivorous mammals, comprehending the Sopra (sūʻpra). [It, from L. supra, above.) tains silica, alumina, magnesia

shrews, shrew-mice, musk-rats, &c. In purie, a term sometimes used to denote of iron.

Sorediferous (ső-ré-dit'er-us), a. (Soredium, the upper or higher part; as, nella parte di Sordes (sor'dēz), n. [L] Foul matter; ex and L. fero, to bear.) In bot. bearing soapra, in the upper part; di sopra, above. cretions; dregs; filthy, useless, or rejected | redia.

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SOREDIUM

138

SORTES

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of orde

Soredium (sõ-rē'di-um), n. pl. Soredia (SO heap.) In bot, a name applied to a fleshy
'di-a). (From Gr. soros, a heap.) In bot. mass composed of many flowers, seed-ves-
one of the little mealy patches scattered sels, and receptacles consolidated so as to
over the surface of the thallus in lichens. form an anthocarpus or compound fruit,
Sore-falcon (sor'fa-kn), n. A falcon of the as pine-apple, bread-fruit, mulberry.
first year. See SORE, a hawk.

Sorraget (sor'āj), n. (Probably from Fr. sur,
Sorehon (sor'hon), n. In Ireland, formerly above.) The blades of green wheat or bar-
a tax imposed upon tenants for the main. ley.
tenance of their lord or his men; a custom Sorrancet (sor'ans), n. Same as Sorance.
which subjected a tenant to maintain his Sorrel (sor'el), a. (A dim. form from 0. Fr.
chieftain gratuitously, whenever the latter sor, sore, sorrel: origin doubtful.] Of a red-
wished. Spenser.

dish or yellowish brown colour; as, a sorrel Sorel (sor'el), n. [Dim. of sore, a buck.) 1. A horse. buck of the third year, the order being Sorrel (sor'el), n. A reddish or yellow brown fawn, pricket, sorel, sore. — 2. The colour colour. sorrel.

Sorrel (sor'el), n. (Fr. surelle, a species of Sorel (sor el), a. Same as Sorrel.

sorrel, from 0.H.G. súr, sour. See SOUR.) Sorely (sörli), adv. In a sore manner; griev The popular name of certain species of Ruously; greatly; violently; severely; as, to mex, as R. Acetosa, R. Acetosella, &c., so be sorely pressed with want; to be sorely named from its acid taste. (See RUMEX.) wounded.

The wood sorrel is Oxalis Acetosello ; the Soreness ( sor'nes), n. The state of being mountain sorrel is Oxyria reniformis; the sore; as, (a) tenderness; painfulness; as, the red or Indian sorrel is Hibiscus Sabdariffa. soreness of a boil, an abscess, or wound. --Sorrel tree, a North American tree of the (6) Tenderness of mind or susceptibility of genus Andromeda, the A. arborea, which mental pain: the state of having the feel sometimes attains the height of 50 feet. It ings galled. "The soreness of his late pangs is well adapted for an ornamental plant.of conscience.' Dr. H. More.

Salt of sorrel, binoxalate of potash. Sorex (so'reks), n. A genus of insectivorous Sorrily (sor'i-li), adv. In a sorry or wretched maminals, the type of the family Sorecidæ, manner; meanly; despicably; pitiably. including the shrew-mice.

Thy pipe, O Pan, shall help, though I sing sorrily. Sorghum (sor'gum), n. (From sorghi, its

Sir P. Sidney. Indian name.) A genus

Sorriness (sor'i-nes), n. The state or quality of grasses, the species

of being sorry or pitiful; meanness; poor. of which are known by

ness; despicableness. the general name mil

Sorrow (sor'o), n. (O. E. sorwe, sorewe, A. let. They are tall grasses

Sax. sorg, sorh, care, sorrow; Icel. Dan. and with succulent stems,

Sw. sorg, G. sorge, Goth. saurga - sorrow. and are found in the

From same root as sore, sorry.) The untropical parts of Asia,

easiness or pain of mind which is produced whence they have spread

by the loss of any good, real or supposed, or to the warmer parts of

by disappointment in the expectation of Europe. S. vulgare is the

good; grief at having suffered or occasioned largest of the small

evil; regret; sadness; mourning. cereal grains, and is

Why, I am sorry for thee, gentle Silvius. called guinea - corn and

Wherever sorrow is relief would be. Shak. Indian millet. The dif

This is truth the poet sings, ferent kinds are called

That a sorrow's crown of sorrow is remembering jowar in India, where

happier things.

Tennyson. many of the inhabitants

- A filiction, Grief, Sorrow. See under AF. live upon these small dry

FLICTION.-SYN. Affliction, grief, sadness, grains, as upon rice. It

Sorghum vulgare mourning. has been introduced into (Indian millet). Sorrow (sor'o), v.i. (See the noun.) To be the south of Europe,

affected with sorrow; to suffer mental pain where it is chiefly used for feeding cattle

from evil experienced, feared, or done; to and poultry, but it is also made into cakes.

feel sorry; to grieve; to be sad. Soricidæ, n. See SORECIDÆ. Sorites (ső-ri'tēz), n. (L., Gr. söreitēs, from

Now I rejoice, not that ye were made sorry, but

that ye sorrowed to repentance. 2 Cor. vii. 9. soros, a heap. In logic, an abridged form

Fortune had left to both of us alike of stating a series of syllogisms in a series

What to delight in, what to sorrow for. Shak. of propositions so linked together that the predicate of each one that precedes forms SYN. To grieve, mourn, weep, lament, bethe subject of each one that follows. till a conclusion is formed by bringing together | Sorrowedt (sorod), pp. Accompanied with the subject of the first proposition and the sorrow; full of sorrow. Shak. predicate of the last. Thus:

Sorrowful (sorro-fyl), a. 1. Full of sorrow; All men of revenge have their souls often exhibiting sorrow; sad; depressed; dejected. uneasy.

"A woman of a sorrowful spirit.' 1 Sam. i. 15. Uneasy souls are a plague to themselves.

Old Titus' sorrowful house.' Shak. 2. ProNow to be one's own plague is folly in the

ducing sorrow; exciting grief; mournful; as, extreme.

a sorrowful accident.-3. Expressing grief; Therefore all men of revenge are extreme

accompanied with grief. 'Sorrowful meat.' fools.

Job vi. 7.-SYN. Sad, mournful, dismal, disA sorites has as many middle terms as consolate, drear, dreary, grievous, lamentthere are intermediate propositions between able, doleful, baleful, distressing the first and the last; and, consequently, it

Sorrowfully (sor'ö-fyl-li), adv. În a sorrowmay be drawn out into as many syllogisms. ful manner; in a manner to produce grief. Soritical (ső-rit'ik-al), a. Pertaining to or

Sorrowfulness (sor'ö-fyl-nes), n. State of resembling a sorites.

being sorrowful; grief. Sorn (sorn), v.i. (Perhaps from 0. Fr. sorner. Sorrowless (sor'ö-les), a. Without sorrow. to play tricks, to jest, to cheat.) To obtrude | Sorry (sor'i), a. (A. Sax. sûrig, sari, from one's self on another for bed and board. sår, sore. See SORE.) 1. Grieved for the (Scotch.)

loss of some good; pained for some evil exSorner (sor'nėr), n. One who sorns; one who perienced, apprehended, or done: often used obtrudes himself on another for bed and as expressing slight or transient regret; as, board. In Scots law, one who takes meat I am sorry you cannot come; he is sorry he and drink from others by force or menaces cannot accommodate you. without paying for it. This offence was I am sorry for thee, friend; 'tis the duke's pleasure. formerly so prevalent in Scotland that the

Shak. severest penalties were enacted against it, 2. + Melancholy; dismal; mournful; sad. 'A and at one period it was punishable with sorry sight as ever seen with eye.' Spenser. death.

The place of death and sorry execution.' Sororal (so-ro'ral), a. (L. soror, sister.) Of Shak.-3. Poor; mean; vile; worthless; as, or pertaining to a sister or sisters; sisterly. a sorry slave; a sorry excuse. "Coarse comThe sororal relation.' H. Mann.

plexions and cheeks of sorry grain.' Milton. Sororicide (ső-rõ'ri-sid), n. (L. soror, sister, A slight and sorry business.' Bentley.and cædo, to strike, to kill.] 1. The murder SYN. Afflicted, mortified, vexed, chagrined, of a sister. -2. The murderer of a sister. mean, vile, poor, worthless, paltry. (Rare.)

Sort (sort), n. (Fr. sorte, sort, kind, species, Sororize (sor'o-riz), v.i. (L. soror, sister : on from L. 8Or8, sortie, a lot, condition; also type of fraternize.) To associate as sisters; Fr. sort, lot, fate, from same Latin word.) to be in communion or sympathy, as sisters. 1. A kind or species; any number or collec[Rare.

tion of individual persons or things characSorosis (ső-ro'sis), n. [From Gr. sūros, a terized by the same or like qualities; a class

or order; as, a sort of men; a sort of horses: a sort of trees; a sort of poems or writings

We are spirits of another sort. Shać. Things are ranked under names into serts or species only as they agree to certain abstract ideas.

Lecke 2. Manner; form of being or acting.

Flowers, in such sort worn, can neither be smelt nor seen well by those that wear them, Hooker

To Adam in what sort shall I appear? Miltor. Is there no sort of condoning a mistake in the world!

W. Black, 3. Degree of any quality.

I shall not be wholly without praise, if in some ser? I have copied his style.

Dryden 4. A number or collection of things which are of the same kind or suited to each other, or which are used together; a set; a suit. Johnson.-5. Condition above the vulgar; rank.

Is signior Montanto returned from the wars!-! know none of that name, lady; there was none such in the army of any sort.

Skak. 6. A company or knot of people; a flock; a troop. Spenser.

Some mile o' this town, we were set upon

By a sort of country fellows. B. Jenson 7. Lot; chance; fate; destiny. Chaucer,

No, make a lottery. And by device, let blockish Ajax draw The sort to fight with Hector

Shak, -Out of sorts, (a) in printing, out of type of a particular letter. (6) Out of order; not in one's usual state of health; unwell

(Colloq.) Sort (sort). v.t. 1. To separate, as things having like qualities, from other things, and place them in distinct classes or divisions; to assort; to arrange; as, to sort cloths according to their colours; to sort wool or thread according to its fineness.

Shell fish have been by some of the ancients com pared and sorted with insects.

Bacen. Rays which differ in refrangibility may be parted and sorted from one another.

Nraten 2. To reduce to order from a state of confusion. But God sort all!' Shak.-3. To conjoin; to put together in distribution,

When she sorts things present with things past.' Sir J. Davies.-4. To choose from a number; to select.

Send his mother to his father's house,
That he may sort her out a worthy spouse.

Charax.
5.1 To suit: to render conformable; to con-
form; to accommodate.

I pray thee sort thy heart to patience. Shah. 6.To assign; to appropriate. Shak.-7. To correct by stripes; to punish; to chastise (Scotch.) Sort (sort), v.i. 1. To be joined with others of the same species.

Nor do metals only sort with metals in the earth, and minerals with minerals,

Woodward. 2. To consort; to associate.

The illiberality of parents toward children makes thern base, and sort with any company. Bacon. 3. To suit; to fit.

They are happy whose natures sort with their vocations.

Bacon. 4. To terminate: to issue; to have success; to fall out. Things sort not to my will." Herbert.-5. To agree; to come to an agreement. Sortable (sort'a-bl), a. 1. Capable of being sorted.-2. Suitable; befitting. Nothing sortable either to his disposition or breeding.' Howell. Sortablyt (sort'a-bli), adv. Suitably: fitly. Sortalt (sort'al), a. Pertaining to or desig:

nating a sort. Locke. Sortancet (sort'ans), n. Suitableness; agreement. Shak. Sorter (sort'er). n. One who separates and

arranges; as, a letter-sorter; a wool-sorter, Sortes (sor'tēz), n. pl. (L., pl of sots, lot, decision by lot. A kind of divination by the chance selection of a passage from an author's writings. This was a practice common in ancient times and in the middle ages. The method pursued by the ancients was generally to write a number of verses of a favourite poet on separate slips, put them in an urn, draw out one at random, and from its contents infer good or bad for tune. This means of arriving at a knowledge of the future was known as Sortes Homericæ, Sortes Virgiliane, &c., according to the name of the poet from whose works the lines were chosen. Among the Christians of the middle ages the Bible was tised for a similar purpose; the book being opened by hazard, or å pin stuck between the

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