Imágenes de páginas




Milton, 2. A fish, Chimotra momtrosa. See CHIK.ERA, 4.

Sea-moss (se'raos), n, A marine plant of the L'cims Corallina (C.officinalis), formerly used in medicine. 'Sea-moss... to cool his boiling blood.' Drayton. See Corallina.

Sea-mouse (se'mous), n, A marine doraibranchiate annelid of the family Aphroditid«, of which the genus Aphrodite is the type. The common sea-mouse (A.aeuleata) of tlie British and French coasts is about

6 or 8 inches long and 2 or 3 in width. With respect to colouring it is one of the most splendid of all animals. The sea-«nice arc easily recognized by two rowsof broad scales covering the back, under which the gills are situated in the form of fleshy crests. The scales are covered by a substance resembling tow. which, while excluding mud and und, admits of the free access of water.

Seam-presser (s£m'pres-er), n. In agrt an implement consisting of two cast-iron cylinders, which follows the plough to press down the newly-ploughed furrows.

Beam-rent (seni'rent), "- A rent along a seam.

Seam-rent* (sem'rent)ta. Having the seams of one's clothes torn out; ragged; low; contemptible. 'Such poor seam-rent fellows.' B. Jonsoa.

Seam-roller (sem'rol-er), n. An agricultural implement; a species of roller consisting of two cylinders of cast-iron, which, following in the furrow, press and roll down the earth newly turned up by the plough.

Seams tert (*em'ater),n. One who sews well, or whose occupation is to sew.

Our schismatic* would seem our teamsters, and our renders will need* be our reformers and repairers. ftp. Gauden.

Seamstress (sem'stres), n. [A. Sax. seamestee, with term, -ess.] A woman whose occupation is sewing; a sempstress.

Seamstressyt (sem'stres-i),"- The business •if a sempstress.

Sea-mud (se'mud), n. A rich saline deposit from salt-marshes and sea-shores. It is also called ooze, and is employed as a manure.

Sea-mule (se'inul), n. The sea-mew or seagull.

Seamy (sem'l), a. Having a seam; containing seams or showing them.

Everything has its (ait, as well as its seamy, side. Sir If. Scatt.

Sean (sen), n. A net. See Seine.

Sea-navel (se'na-vel), n. A common name for a small shell-fish resembling a navel.

8eance(sa'ans),n. [Fr. siance, from L. sedeo, to siL] 1- Session, as of some public body. i In spiritualism, a sitting with the view of evoking spiritual manifestations or holding intercourse with spirits.

Sea-needle (^'ne-dl), n. A name of the gar or garfish. See Oarfish.

Sea-nettle (se'net-1), n. A popular name of tiiose medusae which have the property of stinging when touched.

Seannacnle (sen'a-Che), n. [Gael seannackaidh, one skilled in ancient or remote history, a reciter of tales— seannachar, sagacioos. sran, old.] A Highland genealogist, chronicler, or bard. Sir W. Scott.

Sea-nymph (se'nimf). »- A nymph or goddessof the sea; one of the inferior Olympian divinities called Oceauides.

Her maidens, dressed like sea~nympks or graces, bundled the silken tackle and steered the vessel. S. Sharpe.

Sea-oak (se'ok). n Same as Sea-icrack.

Sea-onion (se'unyun), n. A plant, the Scilla maritiina, or squill.

Sea-ooze (seVoz), n. Same as Sea-mud. Mvrtimer.

Sea-orb (»e'orb), n. A marine fish almost round; the globe-fish.

Sea-Otter (se'ot-er), n. A marine mammal of the genus Enhydra (E. maritia). of the family Mustelidae, and closely allied to the common otter. It averages about 4 feet in length including the tail, which is about

7 inches long. The ears are small and erect, and the whiskers long and white, the legs are short and thick, the hinder ones somewhat resembling those of a seal. The fur is extremely soft, and of a deep glossy black. The skins of the sea-ottereareof great value, and hare long been an article of considerable export from Russian America.

8ea-0Wl (se'oul). n. The lump-fish, belongin? to the genua Cyclopterus.

Sea-pad (se'pad). n. The star-fish.

Sea-parrot (se'par-ot). n A name sometimes given to the puffin, from the shape of iU bill.

Sea-pass (sS'pas), n. A passport carried by

neutral merchant vessels in time of war to prove their nationality and insure them from molestation.

Sea-pea (se'pe). n. A British plant of the genus Lathyrus, L. maritimus.

Sea-pen (se'pen), n. A compound eightarmed polyp, thePennatulaphosphorea, not unfrequently dredged on our coasts. See Alcyonaria.

Sea-perch (se'perch), n. A marine flsh, Labrax lupus, of the family Percidaj, and closely allied to the perch. Its spines, especially the dorsal spines, are strong and sharp, and the gill-covers are edged with projecting teeth that cut like lancets, so that if grasped carelessly it inflicts severe wounds. It is voracious in its habits. Called also Bass and Sea-dace.

Sea-pheasant (.se'fez-ant), n. The pin-tail duck.

Sea-pie (sg'pl). n. A name of the oystercatcher (which see).

Sea-pie (se'pl), n. A dish of food consisting of paste and meat boiled together: Bo named because common at sea.

Sea-piece (se'pgs), n. A picture represent-
ing a scene at sea.
Painters often employ their pencils upon sea-pieces.

Sea-pike (sS'pik), n. 1. Centropomus xtndecimalis, a fish of the perch family, found on the western coasts of tropical America. It resembles the pike in the elongation of its form, and attains a large size. The colour is Bilvery-white, with a green tinge on the back. — 2. Another name for the garfish (which see).

Sea-pincushion (se'pin-kush-on), n. The egg-case of the skate. See Sea-barrow.

Sea-pink (se'pingk), n. A plant of the genus Armeria, nnt order Flumbaginacess, growing on or near the sea-shore. The common sea-pink (A. maritima) is found on all the coasts of Britain and on many of the mountains. It is often used in gardens as an edging for borders, in place of box. Called also Thrift, Sea-thrift.

Sea-plant (se'plant), n. A plant that grows in salt-water; a marine plant

Sea-plantain (se'plan-tan), n. A British plant of the genus Plantago (P. maritima), nat order Plantaginacese.

Sea-poacher (se'pdch-er), n. A British acanthopterygious flsh of the genus Aspidophorus (A. europceus). It i* a small flsh, seldom exceeding 6' inches in length. Called also Armed Bitu-head, Pogge, Lyrie, and Noble.

Sea-pool (se'pbl), n. A pool or sheet of salt water.

I have heard it wished that all land were a sex-pact, Spenser.

Sea-porcupine (se'por-ku-pin), n, A fish, the Diodon Hystrix, the body of which is covered with spines.

Seaport (seaport), n. 1. A port or harbour on the sea.—2. A city or town situated on a harlvour, on or near the sea.

Seapoy (se'poi), n. A sepoy: an improper spelling.

Sea-pudding (se'pud-iug), n. Same as Seacucumber.

Sea-purse (&£'pers), n. See under Sctlli


Sea-purslane (Be'pers-Ian)," A British plant of the genus Atriplex, the A. portulacoides, called also Shrubby Orach. See ORACH.

Sea-pye (se'pi). n. See Sea-pie.

Sea-quake (se'kwak), n. A quaking or concussion of the sea.

Sear (ser), v.t. [A. Sax. scdrian, to dry up, to parch; L.O. s&ren, soren, L.G. sor, moor, O.D. sore, soore, D. zoor, dry; connections doubtful.] 1. To wither; to dry. 'Ascatter'd leaf, sear'd by the autumn blast of grief.' Byron.—% To burn to dryness and hardness tlie surface of; to cauterize; to burn into the substance of; also, simply to burn, to scorch; as, to sear the flesh with an iron. 'Red-hot steel, to sear me to the brain.' Shak. 'The sun that scared the wings of my sweet boy.' Shale.

I'm sear'd with burning steel. Rome.

3. To make callous or insensible.

It was in vain that the amiable divine tried to pive salutary pain to that stared conscience. Macauiay.

4. To brand.

For calumny will sear
Virtue itself. Shak.

To sear up, to close by searing or cauterizing; to stop.

Cherish veins of good humour, and sear uf> those ofUL Str If". Temple.

Sear (ser), a. Dry; withered; no longer green; as, sear leaves. .Spelled also Sere. 'Old age which, like sear trees, is seldom seen affected.' Beau. <t Fl.

My way of life,
Has fallen into the sear, the yellow leaf. Shak.

Sear (ser), n, [Fr. serre, a lock, a bar, from JL sera, a bolt or bar.] The pivoted piece in a gun-lock which enters the notches of the tumbler and holds the hammer at full or half cock.

Sea-radish (sc'rad-tsh), n. A British plant of the genus Raphanus, the It. maritimus. See Raphanus.

Sea-rat (se'rat), n. A pirate. Massinger.

Sea-raven (se'ra-vn). n. An acanthopterygious flsh of the sculpin or bullhead family, genus Hemitripterus. The common species (II. Acadianus), called also yellow sculpin and Acadian bullhead, inhabits the Atlantic shores of North America.

Searce (sers), n, I Also written searse, same. See Sarse. ] A sieve; a bolter. 'A sieve, or searce to dress my meal, and to part it from the bran and husk.' Defoe. [Obsolete or local. ]

Searce (sers), v.t pret. & pp. searced; ppr. searcing. To separate the fine part of, as meal, from the coarse; to sift; to bolt. 'Finely searced powder of alabaster.' Boyle. [Obsolete or local.]

For the keeping of meal, bolt and searce it from the bran. Mortimer.

Scarcer (sers'er), n. One that sifts or bolts. [Obsolete or local.]

Search (serch), v.t. [OK. seiche, cerche, O.Fr. cercher, cerchier. Mod. Fr. chereker, to search; It. ccrcare, to run about, to search; L,L. cercare, circa re, from L. circus, a circle. See Circle.] 1. To look over or through, for the purpose of finding something; to examine by inspection; to explore.

Send thou men, that they may starch the land of Canaan. Num. xiii. 3.

Help to search my house this one time. If I find not what 1 seek, show no colour for my extremity. SMa*.

2. To inquire after; to seek for. 'To search a meaning for the song.' Tennyson.

Enough is left besides to search and know. Mittoit.

3. To seek the knowledge of, by feeling with an instrument; to probe; as, to search a wound.— 4. To examine; to try; to put to the test

Thou hast searched me and known me.

F's. exxxir. t.

—To search out, to seek till found, or to find by seeking. 'To search out truth." Watts. Search (serch), c.i. 1. To seek; to look; to make search.

Satisfy me once more: once more search with me. Shai.

£. To make inquiry; to inquire.

It suffices that they have once with care sifted the matter, and searched into all the particulars. Locke.

Search (serch), n. The act of seeking or looking for something; the act of examining or exploring; pursuit for finding; inquiry'; quest: sometimes followed by for, of, or after. 'Make further search fur my poor Bon.' Shak.

The orb he roam'd With narrow search, and with inspection deep. Milton. The parents, after a lonfj search/or the boy. Rave him up for drowned in a canal. Adaison.

This common practice carries the heart aside from all that is honest in our search ajter truth. It'atts. Throughout the volume are discernible the traces of a powerful and independent mind, emancipated from the influence of authority, and devmed to the search ^truth. Afacaulay.

—Search of encumbrances, the inquiry made in the special legal registers by a purchaser or mortgagee of landB as to the burdens and state of the title, in order to discover whether his purchase or investment is safe. —Right of search, in maritime law, the right claimed by one nation to authorize the commanders of their lawfully commissioned cruisers to enter private merchant vessels of other nations met with on the high seas, to examine their papers and cnrjio, and to search for enemy's property, articles contraband of war. Ac.

Searchable (ierch'a-bl), a Capable of being searched or explored. Cotgrave.

Searchableness (se>ch'a-bl-nes), n. The state of being searchable.

Searcher (serch'er), n. One who or that which searclies, explores, or examines for the purpose of finding something, obtaining SEARCHING



information, and the like; a seeker; an inquirer; an examiner; an investigator.

He whom we appeal to is truth itself, the great searcher of hearts, who will not let fraud go unpunished. Addison.

Avoid the man who practises anything unbecoming A free and open searcher after truth. // 'arts.

Specifically, (a) a person formerly appointed in London to examine the bodies of the dead, and report the cause of their death. (b) An officer of the customs whose business is to search and examine ships outward bound, to ascertain whether they have prohibited goods on board, also baggage, goods, tfce. (c) A prison official who searches or examines the clothing of newly arrested persons, and takes temporary possession of the articles found about them, (d) A civil officer formerly appointed in some Scotch towns to apprehend idlers on the street during church hours on Sabbath.

If we bide here, the searchers will be on us. and carry us to the guard-house for being idlers in kirktime. Sir IV. Scott

(e) An inspector of leather. (Local.] (/) An instrument forexamining ordnance, to ascertain whether guns have any cavities in them. (g) An instrument used in the inspection of butter, tfce, to ascertain the quality of that contained in firkins, &c.

Searching (serch'ing), p. and a. 1. Looking into or over; exploring; examining; inquiring; seeking; investigating.—2. Penetrating; trying; close; keen; as, a searching discourse; a marching examination; a searching wind.

Searchingly (serch'ing-li), adv. In a searching manner.

Searchingness (serch'ing-nes). n. The quality of being searching, penetrating, close, or trying.

Searchless (serchles), a. Eluding search or investigation; inscrutable; unsearchable.

The modest, seeming eye. Beneath whose beauteous beams, belying heaven, Lurk searchless cunning, cruelty, and death.

Thorn sen.

Search-warrant (serch'wor-ant), n. Inlaw, a warrant granted by a justice of the peace to a constable to enter the premises of a person suspected of secreting stolen goods, in order to discover, and if found to seize, the goods. Similar warrants are granted to Bearch for property or articles in respect of which other offences are committed, such as base coin, coiners' tools, also gunpowder, nitro-glycerine, liquors, &c., kept contrary to law.

Sear-Cloth (seYkloth), n. [For cere-cloth.] A waxed cloth to cover a sore; stickingplaster.

Sear-cloth (serTiloth), v.t. To cover with sear-cloth.

Sea-reach (se'rech), n. The straight course or reach of a winding river, which stretches out to seaward.

Searedness (serd'nes), n. The state of being seared, cauterized, or hardened; hardness; hence, insensibility. 'Delivering up the sinner to a stupidity, or searedness of conscience.' SouOi.

Sea-reed (se'red,), n. A British grass of the genus Ammophila {A, arundinacea), found on sandy sca-shorcs, where iU roots assist in binding the shifting soil. See Ammophila.1.

Sea-reeve (se'revY n. An officer formerly appointed in maritime towns and places to take care of the maritime rights of the lord of the manor, watch the shore, and collect the wrecks.

Sea-risk, Sea-risque (se'risk). n. Hazard or risk at sea; danger of injury or destruction by the sea.

He was so great an encourager of commerce, that he charged himself with all the sea-risque of such vessels as carried corn to Koine in the winter.


Sea-robber (se'rob-er), n. A pirate; one that robs on the high seas.

Trade is much disturbed by pirates and sea-rafters. Milton.

Sea-robin (se'rob-in), n. A British acanthopterygious fish of the genus Trigla (T. cuculus), otherwise called the Red or Cuckoo Gurnard. It is about 1 foot long, and of a beautiful bright red colour.

Sea-rocket (se'rok-et), n. A British plant of the genus Cakile, the C. inaritima, growing on the Bea-shore in sand. It belongs to the nat. order Crueifera?.

Sea-room (se'rdm), n. Sufficient room at sea for a vessel to make any required movement; space free from obstruction in which a ship can be easily manoeuvred or navigated.

There is sea-room enough for both nations, without offending one another. Bacon.

Sea-rover <se'rdv-er), n. 1. A pirate; one that cruises for plunder. 'A certain island . . . left waste by sea-rovers.' Hilton.— 2. A ship or vessel that is employed in cruising for plunder.

Sea-roving (se'rov-ing), a. Wandering on the ocean.

Sea-roving (se'rov-ing), n. The act of roving over the sea; the acts and practices of a sea-rover; piracy.

Nor was it altogether nothing, even that wild searoz'in/r and battling, through so many generations. Carlyle.

Searse (sers), v.t. and n. Same as Searce. Sear-spring (seVspring), n. The spring in a gun-lock which causes the sear to catch in the notch of the tumbler. Sea-ruff (se'ruf), "- A marine fish of the genus Orphus.

Sea-salt (se'salt). n. Chloride of sodium or common salt obtained by evaporation of sea-water. See Salt.

Sea-sandwort (se'sand-wert), n. A British maritime perennial plant of the genus Honkenya (//. peploides), nat. order Caryophyllacere. It grows in large tufts on the seabeach, its rhizome creeping in the sand and throwing up numerous low stems with tieshy leaves and small white flowers. Seascape (se'skap), n. |Eormed on the model of landscape.] A picture representing a scene at sea; a sea-piece. 'Seascape —as painters affect to call such things.' Dickens. [Recent, but in good usage.] Sea-scorpion (se'skor-pi-on), n. An acanthopterygious marine fish (Cotttts scorpius) 1 foot in length, with a large spine-armed head. It is very voracious. Sea-serpent(se'ser-peut), n. 1. A name common to a family of snakes, Hydridce, of several genera, as Hydrus. Felamis, Chersydrus, Arc. These animals frequent the seas of warm latitudes. They are found off the coast of Africa, and are plentiful in the Indian Archipelago. They are all, so far as known, exceedingly venomous. They delight in calms, and are fond of eddies and tideways, where the ripple collects numerous fish and medusa;, on which they feed. The


Sea-serpent (Hydrus StoAesii).

Hydrus Stokesii here depicted, inhabits the Australian seas, and is as thick as a man's thigh. Called also Sea-snake.—2. An enormous animal of serpentine form, said to have been repeatedly seen at sea. Its length has been sometimes represented to be as much as 700 or 600 feet, and it has been described as lying in the water in many folds, and appearing like a number of hogsheads floating in a line at a considerable distance from each other. That people have honestly believed they saw such a monster there is no doubt, but naturalists generally suppose that they have been deceived by a line of porpoises, floating sea-weed, or the like, and are rather sceptical as to the real existence of the great sea-serpent. Sea-service(se'ser-vis). n. Service in the royal navy; naval service.

You were pressed for the sea-service, and got off with much ado. Swift.

Sea-shark (se'shark), n. The white shark (Squalus carcharias).

Sea- Shell (se'shel), n. The shell of a mollusc inhabiting the sea; a marine shell; a shell found on the sea-shore. Mortimer.

Sea-shore (se'shor), n. 1. The coast of the sea; the land that lies adjacent to the sea or ocean.—2. In law, the ground between the ordinary high-water mark and lowwater mark.

Sea-sick (se'sik), a. Affected with sickness or nausea by means of the pitching or rolling of a vessel.

Sea-sickness (se'sik-nes), n. A nervous affection attended with nausea and convulsive vomiting, produced by the rolling, but more especially the pitching of a vessel at sea. Its origin and nature are still imperfectly known. It usually attacks those persons who are unaccustomed to a seafaring

life, but persons so accustomed do not always escape. It may attack the strong and cautious, while the debilitated and incautious may go free. It may attack on smooth waters, while a rough sea may fail to produce it. It may pass away after the lapse of a few hours, or last during a whole voyage. One good authority explaius it as an undue accumulation of the blood in the nervous centres along the back, and especially in those segments of the spinal cord related to the stomach and the muscles concerned in vomiting, and recommends as the best remedy against it the application of ice-bags to the spinal column. In some cases its violence may be considerably mitigated by iced brandy, by small doses of opium, by soda-water, or by saline draughts in the effervescent state. Sea-Side (se'sid), n. The land bordering on the sea; the country adjacent to the sea or near it. 'The green sea-side.' Pope. Often used adjectively, and signifying pertaining to the sea-side or coast; as, ;i seaside residence or home. Seaside-grape (se'sld-grap),n. A small West Indian tree of the genus Coccoloba (C uvi/cra), nat. order Polygonacea?, growing on the sea-coasts. The wood is heavy, hard, durable, and beautifully veined, and the fruit, which consists of a pulpy calyx investing a nut, is pleasant and sub-acid, in appearance somewhat resembling a currant. The extract of the wood is so astringent as to have received the name of Jamaica kino.

Sea-8later (se'slat-er), n. Ligia oceanica, a small marine crustaceous animal. Sea-sleeve (se/slev), n. See Calamary. Sea-slug (se'slug), n. A name applied generally to sea-lemons and other gasteropodous molluscs destitute of shells and belonging to the section Nudibranehiata. The name has been derived from the resemblance presented by theBe marine gasteropods to the familiar terrestrial slugs. Sea-snail (se'snal), n. A British malacopterygious fish of the family Discoboli and genus Liparis, the L vulgaris, called also Unctuous Sucker. It is a small flsh, seldom exceeding 4 or 5 inches in length, and derives its popular names from the soft and slime-covered surface of its body. Sea-snake (se'suak), n. Same as Sea-serpent.

Sea-Bnlpe (se'snip), n. 1. The bellows-fish (which see).—2. The dunlin. Season (se'zn), u. [O.E. scson, sesoun, O.Fr. seson, seison, Mod. Fr. saison, Pr. ami Sp. sazon, fit or due time, time of maturity, season, from L. satio,sationis. a sowing, from sero, satum, to sow. Originally, therefore, it meant the time of sowing certain crops, hence season in general ] 1. One of the periods into which the year is naturally divided, as marked by its characteristics of temperature, moisture, conditions of nature, and the like. In the temperate regions of the globe there are four wellmarked divisions or seasons—spring, summer,autumn,and winter. Astronomically the seasons are marked as follows: spring Ib from the vernal equinox, when the sun enters Aries, to the summer solstice; summer is from the summer solstice to the autumnal equinox; autumn, from the autumnal equinox to the winter solstice; and winter, from the winter solstice to the vernal equinox. The characters of the seasons are, of course, reversed to inhabitants of the southern hemisphere. "Within the tropics the seasons are not greatly marked by the rise or fall of the temperature, so much as by dryness and wetness, and they are usually distinguished as the wet and the dry seasons.—

2. A period of time, especially as regards its fitness or suitableness for anything contemplated or done; a convenient or suitable time; a proper conjuncture; the right time.

All business should be done betimes; and there's as little trouble of doing it in season too, as out of season. Sir R. L'Estrange.

3. A certain period of time not very long; a while; a time.

Thou shalt be blind, not seeing the sun for a season. Acts xiii. ii. After the lapse of more than twenty-seven years, in a season as dark and perilous, his own shattered frame and broken heart were laid with the same pomp in the same consecrated mould. Macaulay.

4. That time of the year when a particular locality is most frequented by visitors or shows most bustling activity; as, the Loudon season; the Brighton season. Also, that part of the year when a particular trade,

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profession, or business is in its greatest state of activity; as, the theatrical season; the publishing season; the hay-making or hoppicking season. 5. t That which seasons or gives a relish; seasoning. 'Salt too little which may season give to her fool-tainted flesh.' Shak.

Vra lack the season of all natures, sleep. Shak.

Season (se'zn). v.t. [From the noun (which see). J 1. To render suitable or appropriate; to prepare; to fit

And am I then revenged. To take him in the purging of his soul. When he is fit and seasoned for his passage j Shak.

2. To fit for any use by time or habit; to habituate; to accustom; to mature; to inure; to acclimatize.

How many things by season season'J are To their nght praise and true perfection! Shak. A man should harden and season himself beyond the degree of cold wherein he lives. Addisort.

3. To bring to the best state for use by any process; as, to season a cask by keeping liquor in it; to season a tobacco-pipe by frequently smoking it; to season timber by drying or hardening, or by removing its natural sap.

Only a sweet and virtuous soul.

Like seasoned timber, never gives. G. Herbert.

4_ To fit for the taste; to render palatable, or to give a higher relish to, by the addition or mixture of another Bubstance more pungent or pleasant; as, to season meat with salt; to season anything with spices.

And every oblation of thy meat offering shalt thou seas-j*t with salt- Lev. u. Ij.

5. To render more agreeable, pleasant, or delightful; to give a relish or zest to by something that excites, animates, or exhilarates.

You season still with sports your serious hours.

Dry den.

The proper use of wit is to season conversation.


6. To render more agreeable, or less rigorous and severe; to temper; to moderate; to qualify by admixture. 'When mercy seasons justice * ShaJc.

Season your admiration for a while. Shak.

7. To gratify; to tickle. 'Let their palates be teaton'd with such viands.' Shak,—8. To imbue; to tinge or taint

Season their younger years with prudent and pious principles- yer. Taylor.

Parents firs* season us: then schoolmasters
Denver us to laws. G. Herbert.

9. t To copulate with; to impregnate. Holland.

Season (se'zn), v.t 1. To become mature; to grow lit for use; to become adapted to a climate, as the human body.—2. To become dry and hard by the escape of the natural juices, or by being penetrated with other substance.

Carpenters rough-plane boards for flooring, that they may set them by to season. Moxon.

A t To give token; to smack; to savour.

Lose not your labour and your time together;
It seasons of a fool. Bean. ■'■'- Ft.

Seasonable (se'zn-a-bl), a. Suitable as to time or season; opportune; occurring, happening, or being done in due season or proper time for the purpose; as, a seasonable supply of rain.

This . . . was very serviceable to us on many etbtr accounts, and came at a very seasonable time.


SeasonablenesB (se'zn-a-bl-nesX «■ The state »r quality of being seasonable; opportuneness.

Seatcnap/rness is best in all these things which ha»e their ripeness and decay. ff/. Halt.

Seasonably (se'zn-a-hli). adv. In due time;

In time convenient; sufficiently early; as,to

sow or plant seasonably. Seasonaget (se'zn-aj), n. Seasoning; sauce.

Charity U the grand seasonage of every Christian duty. South.

Seasonal (se'zn-al). a. Pertaining to the feaaons; relating to a season or seasons. "The deviations which occur from the seasonal averages of climate.' Encyc. Brit.

Seasoner («e'zn-er), n. One that seasons; that which seasons, matures, or gives a relish

Seasoning (se^zn-ingj.n. 1. The act by which anything is seasoned or rendered palatable, fit for use, or the like. — £ That which is added to any species of food to give it a higher relish; usually, something pungent or aromatic, as salt, spices, Ac.

Many vegetable substances arc used by mankind ms ttasoMffft. which abound with a highly exalted *i»matk cal; as thyme and savory. Arbnthnot.

3. Something added or mixed to enhance the pleasure of enjoyment; as, wit or humour may serve as a seasoning to eloquence.

Political speculations are of so dry and austere a nature, that they will not go down with the public without frequent seasonings. Addison.

Seasonless (se'zn-les), a. Without succession of seasons.

Season-ticket (se'zn-tik-et), n. A ticket which entitles its holder to certain privileges during a specified period of time, as a pass for travelling by railway, steamboat, or other means of conveyance at pleasure during an extended period, issued by the company at a reduced rate; a ticket of admission to a place of amusement for an extended period, purchased at a reduced rate.

Sea-spider (se'spi-der), n. A marine crab of the genus Maia(3f. sguinado). The body is triangular; the legs 6lender, and sometimes long. Also applied to members of the arachnid a n order Podosomata.

Sea-squirt (se'skwert). n. An ascldian.

Sea-star (se'starv n. The starfish. Sir T. Browne.

Sea - starwort (se'Btar-wert), n. A British maritime plant of the genus Aster (A. Tripolium), nat. order Composite. It is a pretty plant, 6 inches to 2 feet high, with lanceBhaped, smooth, fleshy leaves, and stems terminating in corymbs of purple-rayed flower-heads. Called also Sea-side Aster.

Sea-stick (se'stik), ». A herring caught and cured at sea. A. Smith.

Sea-stock (Be'stok), n. A British plant of the genus Matthiola, if. sinuala. See Mat


Sea-sunflower (se'sun-flou-er), n. The seaanemone, a cudenterate polyp of the genus Actinia.

Sea-swallow (se'swol-lo), n. 1. A provincial name of the storm-petrel (Thalassidroma pelagica).—2. The common tern, so called from its excessively long and pointed wings, and from its forked tail, which render its flight and carriage analogous to those of Bwallows. See Tern.

Sea - swine (Be'swin). n. A common name for the porpoise (which see).

Seat (set), «, [Directly from the Scandinavian: Icel. scetiy set, Sw. safe, a seat, from root of sit; so L.O. silt, G. sitz. The A. Sax. seems only to have had the dim. form sell.]

1. The place or thing on which one sits; more especially in such narrower senses as, (a) something made to be sat in or on, as a chair, throne, bench, stool, or the like. 'The tables of the money changers, and the seats of them that sold doves.' Mat.xxi.12. (6) That part of a thing on which a person sits; as, the seat of a chair or saddle; the seat of a pair of trousers, (c) A regular or appropriate place of sitting; hence, a right to sit; a sitting; as, a seat in a church, a theatre, a railwaycarriage, or the like. —2. Place of abode; residence; mansion; as, a gentleman's country «at.— 3. Place occupied by anything; the place where anything is situated, fixed, settled, or established, or on which anything rests, resides, or abides; station; abode; as, a seat of learning; the seat of war; Italy is the seat of the arts; London the seat of commerce. * While memory holds a seat in this distracted globe,' Siiak.

This castle hath a pleasant seat; the air

Numbly and sweetly recommends itself

Unto our gentle senses. Shak.

Earth felt the wound; and Nature from her seat.

Smiling through all her work, gave signs of woe.


[It was formerly used exactly as we now use site, and may be regarded as having that meaning in the above passage from Shakspere. So also in the following :—

Neither do I reckon it an ill Tax/only when the air is unwholesome, but likewise where the air is unequal. Paeon {O/Building).]

4. Posture or way of Bitting, as of a person on horseback; as, he has a good firm seat.—

5. Apart on which another part rests; as, the seat of a valve.

Seat (set), c. t. 1. To place on a seat; to cause to sit down; as, we seat our guests.

The guests were no sooner seated but they entered into a warm debate. Arbuthnot.

2. To place in a post of authority, in office, or a place of distinction.

Thus hU|h, by thy advice. And thy assistance, is King Richard seated. Shak.

3. To settle; to fix in a particular place or country; to situate; to locate; as, a colony of Greeks seated themselves in the south of Italy, another at Massilia in Gaul.

Sometimes the grand dukes would travel through the vast regions of Central Asia to the court of the

Great Khan, which at this time was seitted on the banks of the river A moor, in Chinese Tartary.


4. To fix; to set firm.

From their foundations, loosening to and fro. They pluck'd the seated hills. Milton.

5. To assign seats to; to accommodate with seats or sittings; to give sitting accommodation to; as, the gallery seats four hundred.

6. To fit up with seats; as, to seat a church; a hall seated for a thousand persons.—7. To repair by making the seat new; as, to seat a

garment — at To settle; to plant with Inabitants; as, to seat a country.

Seatt (set), v.i. To rest; to lie down. 'The folds, where sheep at night do seat' Spenser.

Sea-tang (se'tangV n. A kind of sea-weed; tang; tangle. 'Their neat of sedge and sea-tana.' Longfellow.

Sea-tangle (se'tanti-gl), n. The common name of several species of sea-weeds of the genus Laminaria. L. digitata is the Wellknown tangle of the Scotch.

Sea-term (se'term), n. A word or term used appropriately by seamen or peculiar to the art of navigation. Pope.

Sea-thief (se'thef). n. A pirate.

Sea-thong (se'thong), n. One of the names for the British sea-weed Himanthalia lorea.

Sea-thrift (se'thrift), n. Same as Sea-pink.

Seating(set'ing), n. 1. The act of placing on a seat; the act of furnishing with a seat or Beats.—2. The material for making seats or the covering of seats, as horse-hair, American leather, and the like.

Sea-titling (se'tit-ling). n. A British dentiroetral bird of the genus Anthus or pipits (A. aquaticus or obscurus), abundant on the sea-coast, but rare inland. It is of dark plumage, and a good songster. Called also Shore-pipit

Sea-toad (se'tod). n. The angler or fishingfrog. See Lophius.

Sea-tortoise (se'tor-tois), n. A marine turtle. See Turtle.

Sea-tosBed, Sea-tost (ae'tost), a. Tossed by the sea. 'The sea-tost Pericles.* Shak.

Sea-turn (se'tern), n. A gale, mist, or breeze from the sea.

Sea-turtle (se'ter-tl), n. 1. A marine turtle. 2. A marine bird, the black guillemot (//rut


Sea-unicorn(se'u-ni-korn), n. See NarWal.

Sea-urchin (se'er-chin), n. A name popularly given to the numerous species of the family Echinidaa. See Echinus.

Seave (sev), n. [Dan. siv, a rush, Icel. sef, sedge.1 A rush; a wick made of rush.

Sea-view (se'vu), u. A prospect at sea or of the sea, or a picture representing a scene at sea; a marine view; a seascape.

Sea-wall (se'wal), n. A strong wall or embankment on the shore to prevent encroachments of the sea, to form a breakwater, Ac.

Sea-walled (se'wald), a. Surrounded or defended by the sea. 'Our sea walled garden.' Shak.

Sea-wand (se'wond), n. Same as Sea-girdle.

Seaward (se'werd), a. Directed toward the sea. * To your seaward steps farewell.' Donne.

Seaward (se'werd), ado. Toward the sea.

The rock rush'd sea-ward with impetuous roar, Ingulfd, and to the abyss the boaster bore. Po/e.

Sea-ware (se'war), n. [See Ware ] A term frequently applied to the weeds thrown up by the sea in many situations, and which ate collected and made use of as manure and for other purposes.

Sea-water (se'wa-ter), n. The salt water of the sea or ocean. Sea-water contains chlorides and sulphates of sodium (chloride of sodium = common salt), magnesium, and potassium, together with bromides and carbonates, chiefly of potassium and calcium.

Sea-water shalt thou drink. Shak.

Sea-wax (se'waks), n. Same as Maltha.

Sea-way (se'wa). n. Naut. (a) progress made by a vessel through the waves, (b) An open space in which a vessel lies with the sea rolling heavily.

Sea-weed (se'wed), n. A name given generally to any plant growing in the sea. but more particularly to members of the nat. order Algic. The most important of these plunts are the Fucaeerc, which comprehend the Fuci. from the species of which kelp is manufactured; the Laminaria? or tangles; the Floridew, which includes the Carrageen moss (Chondrus erispus) and the dulse of the Scotch (Rhodoinenia palmata).

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Sea-wife (se'wif), n. An ncanthopterygious

marine fish of the genua Labrus (L. vetula),

allied to the wrasse. Sea-Willow (se'wil-16), n. A polyp of the

genus Gorgon ia. Sea-wlng(se'wing), n. 1. A bivalve mollusc

allied to the mussels—2. A sail. [Rare]

Antony. Claps on his tfa-it I>ii', and like a doting mallard. Leaving the light in height, flies after her. Skat.

Sea-wlthwind (se'with-wind), n. A species of bindweed (Convolvulus Soidanclla).

Sea-wold (se'wold), n. Sea wood or forest; vegetation under the sea resembling a forest.

We would run to and fro, and hide and seek.
On the broad sea wolds. Tennyson.

Sea-wolf (se'wulf), n. A name sometimes given to the sea-elephant, a large species of seal; also to the wolf-fish (Anarrhichas lupus) and to the bass. See Wolf-fish, Bass.

Sea-wormwood (Bg'werm-wudX n. A plant, the Artemisia vtaritima, which grows by the sea.

Sea-worn (se'wdni). a. Worn or abraded by the sea. Drayton.

Sea-worthiness (se'wur-Tiil-nes),n. The state of being sea-worthy.

Sea-wortny (se'wer-THl), a. Applied to a ship in good condition and fit for a voyage; worthy of being trusted to transport a cargo with safety; as. a sea-worthy ship.

Dull the voyage was with long delays. The vessel scarce sea-joortky. Tennyson.

Sea-wrack (se'rak), n. A plant, the Zostera marina; sea-grass. See Grassyvrack.

Seb (seb), n. One of the great Egyptian divinities represented in the hieroglyphics as the father of the gods, a character ascribed to other gods, as Neph, Pthah, rfce. He married his sister Xutpe, and was father of Osiris and Isis. He corresponds to the Greek Kronos.

Sebaceous (se-ba'shus), a. [L.L. sebaceus, from L. sebum, tallow.] 1. Pertaining to tallow or fat; made of, containing, or secreting fatty matter; fatty.— Sebaceous glands, small glands seated in the cellular membrane under the skin, which secrete the sebaceous humour. —Sebaceous humour, a suet-like or glutinous matter secreted by the Bebaceous glands, which serves to defend the skin and keep it soft.—2. In bot. having the appearance of tallow, grease, or wax; as, the sebaceous secretions of some plants. Henslow.

Sebacic (se-bas'ik), a. [See above.] In chem. pertaining to fat; obtained from fat; as, sebacic acid, an acid obtained from oletn. It crystallizes in white, nacreous, very light needles or laminae resembling benzoic acid.

Sebaates (se-bas't&X n. [Gr. sebastos, venerable. ] A genus of acanthopterygious fishes of the family Cottidte. The 5. marinus or Sorvegica Is the Norway haddock, which resembles the perch in form. It abounds on the coast of Norway, and is found at Iceland, Greenland, off Newfoundland, tfce. Other species are found in the Mediterranean, In the Indian and Polynesian seas, at Kamtchatka, the Cape of Good Hope, and elsewhere.

Sebate (se'bat). n In chem. a salt formed by sebacic acid and a base.

Sebestan, Sebesten (Be-bes''ten), n. [It and Sp., from Pers. sapistiln.] The Assyrian plum, a name given to two species of Cordia and their fruit, the C. Myxa and C. latifolia. The fruit was formerly used as a medicine in Europe, but now by the native practitioners of the East only. See Cordia.

Seblferous (se-bifer-us), a. [L. sebum, tallow or wax, and fero. to produce.] Producing fat or fatty matter. In boL producing vegetable wax.

Sebiparous (se-bip'a-rus), a. [L. sebum, tallow, and pario, to produce.] Lit, tallow, fat, or suet producing; specifically applied to certain glands, called also sebaceous glands. See SEBACEOUS.

Sebka (seb'ka), n. A name of salt marshes In North Africa, sometimes so hard on the dried surface that laden camels can traverse them, sometimes so soft that these venturing to enter them siuk beyond the power of recovery.

Sebundy, Sebundee (se-bun'di, se-lmn'de), n. In the East Indies, an irregular or native soldier or local militia-man, generally employed in the service of the revenue and police.

Secale (se-ka'le), n. [L., rye, or black spelt, from seco, to cut. ] A genus of cereal grasses.


to which the rye (S. cercale) belongs— Secale eornutum, ergot or spurred rye, used in obstetric practice. See EutiOT.

Se cam one (sek-a-mo'ne), n. [Altered from squamona, the Arabic name of S. orgyptiaca.] A genus of plants belonging to the nat. order Asclepiadacex, found in the warm ports of India, Africa, and Australia. The species form erect or climbing smooth shrubs with opposite leaves and lax cymes of small dowers. Some of them secrete a considerable portion of acrid principle which makes them useful in medicine. Thus the roots of 5. cmetica, being emetic in action, are employed as a substitute for ipecacuanha.

Secancy (se'kan-si), n. A cutting or Intersection; as, the point of secancy of one line with another.

Secant (seTcant), a. [L. sccans, secantis, ppr. of seeo, to cut (whence section, dissect, &c.).] Cutting; dividing into two parts.—Secant plane, a plane cutting a surface or solid.

Secant (se'kant), n. [See the adjective.] In

?'eom. a line that cuts another or divides it nto parts; more especially, a straight bine cutting a curve in two or more points; in trigon. a straight line drawn from the centre of a circle, whkh, cutting the circumference, proceeds till it meets with a tangent to the same circle. The secant of an arc Is a straight line drawn from the centre of the circle of which the arc is a part, to one extremity of the arc, and produced till it meets the tangent to the other extremity. Thus, A C B is. the secant of the arc c D. The secant of an arc is a third proportional to the cosine and the radius.

Secco (sekTto), n. [It, from L. siccus, dry.] In the Jine arts, a kind of fresco painting in which the colours have a dry sunken appearance, owing to the colours being absorbed into the plaster.

Secede (B€-sed'). v.i. pret. seceded; ppr. seceding. [L. secedose, apart, and ccdo, to go.] To withdraw from fellowship, communion, or association; to separate one's self; to draw off; to retire; specifically, to withdraw from a political or religious organization; as, certain ministers seceded from the Church of Scotland about the year 1733; the Confederate States of America seceded from the Federal Union.

Seceder (se-sed'er), n. One who secedes; in Scottish eccUs. hist, one of a numerous body of presbyterians who seceded from the communion of the Established Church in the year 1733, on account of the toleration of certain alleged errors, the evils of patronage, and general laxity in discipline. Theseceders, or Associate Synod as they called themselves, remained a united body till 1747, when they split into two on the question of the lawfulness of certain oaths, especially the burgess oath necessary to be sworn previous to holding office or becoming a freeman of a burgh. The larger division, who held that the oath might be conscientiously taken by seceders, called themselves Burghers, and their op

ftonents took the name of Antiburghers. but u 1820 the Burghers and Antiburghers coalesced again into the United Associate Synod. In May, 1847. the body of dissenters forming the Relief Church united with the Associate Synod and formed one body .named the United Presbyterian Church. (See lielie/ Church under Relief.) A portion of the body of seceders, who adhered to the principle of an established church, separated in 1800, calling themselves the Original Seceders. They now form the Synod of United Original Seceders. Secern (se-sern'), ».r. [L. secerno, secretum (whence secret)—se, apart, and cerno, to separate.] 1. To separate; to distinguish.

Avcrroes secerns a sense of tidilation and a sense of hunger and thirst. Sir tr' Hamilton.

2. In physiol. to secrete.

The mucus secerned in the nose ... is a laudable humour. Arbutknot.

Secernent (se-ser'nent), n. 1. That which promotes secretion. Darwin.— 2. In anat. a vessel whose function it is to secrete or separate matters from the blood.

Secernent (se-ser'nent), a. In physiol. having the power of separating or secreting; secreting; secretory.

Secernment (sS-sern'ment), n. The process or act of secreting; secretion.

Secesh (ao-sesh'). '» A cant term in the United States for a Secessionist, of which it is an abbreviation.

Secesst (se-ses1), n. [L. secessus. from secedo, secessum. Set* Seckhe.] Retirement; retreat. 'Silent secess, waste solitude.' Dr. II. More.

Secession (se-se'shon), n. [L. secessio, secessionist from secedo, secessum. See SECEDE.] 1. The act of seceding or withdrawing, particularly from fellowship and communion; the act of withdrawing from a political or religious organization.—2. The act of departing; departure.

The accession of bodies upon, or secession thereof from, the earth's surface, disturb not the equilibrium of cither hemisphere. Sir T. Browne.

3. In Scottish cedes, hist, the whole body of seceders from the Established Church of Scotland. See Seceder.

Secessionlsm (se-Be'shon-izm), n. The principles of secessionists; the principle that affirms the right of a state to secede at its pleasure from a federal union.

Secessionist (se-se'shon-1st), u. One who maintains the principle of secessionism; specifically, in the United States, one who took part or sympathized with the Inhabitants of the Southern States of America in their struggle, commencing in 1861, to break away from union with the Northern States.

The author seems to have been struck . . . that the Unionists . . . did not shoot or stab any of the Secessionists. Saturday Rev.

Seche.t v.t. [An old and softened form of seek.) To Beek. Chaucer.

Sechlum (seTti-um), n. [From Gr. sc"kos, a pen or fold in which cattle are reared and fed. The fruit serves to fatten hogs in the mountains and Inland parts of Jamaica, where the plant is much cultivated.] A West Indian edible vegetable, the Sechium edule. The fruit In size and form resembles. a large pear. The plant is a climber, with tendril-bearing stems, rough cordate nveangledleaves.and monoecious yellow flowers, nat. order Cucurbitacerc.

Seckel (sek'eli n. A small delicious pear, ripe about the end of October, but only keeping good a few days.

Seclet (sek'l), n. [Fr. siecle, L. seculum, a generation, an age, a century.] A century.

It is wont to be said that three generations make one secie, or hundred years. Hammond.

Seclude (se-klQdO. v.t. pret. & pp. secluded; ppr. secluding. [L. secludo sc, apart, and claudo, cluda, to shut] 1. To separate or shut up apart from company or society, and usually to keep apart for some length of time; to withdraw into solitude; as, persons In low spirits seclude themselves from society.

I -et Eastern tyrants from the light of heav'n
Seclude their bosom slaves. Thomson.

2.t To shut out; to prevent from entering; to preclude.

Inclose your tender plants in your conservatory, secluding all entrance of cold. Evelyn.

Secluded (se-klud'edX p. and a. Separated from others; living in retirement; retired; apart from public notice; as, a secluded spot; to pass a secluded life.

Secludedly (se-klud'ed-li), adv. In a secluded manner.

Seclusenesst (se-klus'nes), n. The state of being secluded from societv; seclusion. Dr. II. More.

Seclusion (se-klu'zhon). n. The act of secluding or the state of being secluded; a separation from society or connection; a shutting out; retirement; privacy; solitude; as, to live in seclusion. 'A place of seclusion from the external world.* Uorslcy.

Seclusive (se-klu'aivl a. Tending to seclude or shut out from society, or to keep separate or in retirement. Coleridge.

Second (sek'und), a. [Fr., from L. secundus, second, from sequor, secutus, to follow (whence sequence, consequent, persecution, etc., and also sue, pursue, Ac.)] l. Immediately following the first; next the first in order of place or time; hence, occurring or appearing again; other. 'A second fear through all her sinews spread.' Shak.

And he slept and dreamed the second time.

Gen. xlt. sThere has been a veneration paid to the writings and to the memory of Confucius; which is without any s<\ Jhj example in the history of our race.


2. Next to the first in value, power, excellence, dignity, or rank; inferior; secondary; SECOND



as. the silks of China are second to none in quality. 'Art thou not second woman in the realm.' Shak

None I know
Second to me, or like; equal much less. Milton.

3-t landing assistance; helpful; giving aid.

Nay. rather, good my lords, be second to me;
Fear you his tyrannous passion more, alas.
Than tbe queen's life J Shak.

—Second coat, a second coating or layer as of paint,varnish, plaster.itc. —Second distance, in painting, that part of a picture between the foreground and background.—At second hand seeSECOND-HANlt.n.— Second violin, or jidd/e, an ordinary violin, which in concerted instrumental music plays the part next in height to the upper part or air, or in other words, that part which is represented by the alto in vocal music—To play second fiddle, (Jig) to take a subordinate part.

Second (sek'und). n. 1- One next to the first; cue next after another in order, place, rank, time, or the like; one who follows or conies after.

"Tis great pity that the noble Moor Should hazard such a place as his own second With one of an ingraft infirmity. Shak.

Z One who assists and supports another; specifically, one who attends another in a duel, to aid him, mark out the ground or distance, and see that all proceedings between the parties are fair; hence, the principal supporter in a pugilistic encounter.

He propounded the duke as a main cause of divers infirmities in the state, being sure enough of seconds after tbe first onset U'otton.

After some toil and bloodshed they were parted by the sen-ids. Addison.

% f Aid; help; assistance. 'Give Kcond and my love is everlasting thine.' J. Fletcher.— 4 The sixtieth part of a minute of time or of that of a degree, that is the second division next to the hour or degree. A degree of a circle and an hour of time are each divided into 60 minutes, and each minute into GO seconds, often marked thus 60". In old treatises seconds were distinguished as minutit secundat, from minuUx prima, minutes. See Degree.—5. In music, (a) an interval of a conjoint degree, being the difference between any sound and the next nearest sound above or below it! There are three kinds of seconds, the minor second or semitone, the major second, and the extreme sharp second, (6) A lower part added to a melody when arranged for two voices nrinstrumenta.—6 pi A coarse kind of flour; hence, any baser matter.

T.tke thou my oblation, poor but free.
Which is not mu'd with stands. Shak.

Second (sek'und), v.t [L. secundo, Fr. seconder. See the adjective ] 1. To follow in the next place; to follow up. 'Siu is seconded with sin. SouUi. To second ills with ills.' Shot.— 2. To support; to lend aid to the attempt of another; to assist; to forward; to promote; to encourage; to act as the maintainer; to back.

We have supplies to second our attempt. Skak. The authors of the former opinion were presently seconded by other wittier and better learned.


3 In Ugisilatiee or deliberative axxemblies and public meetings, to support, by one's voice or vote; to unite with a person, or act a* his second, in proposing some measure or motion; as, to second a motion or proposition; to second the mover. —4. In the Koyal Artillery and Royal Engineers, to put into temporary retirement, as an officer when he accepts civil employment under ih? crown. He is seconded after six months of such employment, that is, he loses military pay, but retains his rank, <tc, in hia corps. After being seconded for ten rears he must elect to return to military duty or t*> retire altogether.

Secondarily (sek'iind-a-ri-li). adv. I. In a secondary or subordinate manner; not primarily or originally. Sir K. Dip-by.—2. Secondly; in the second place. * First apostles, *econdarily prophets, thirdly teachers.' 1 Cor xii 28.

SecondarinesB (sek'und-a-ri-nes), n. The ttate of l>eing secondary. * The primariness and secondnrines* of the perception.' Norris

Secondary(sek'und-a-ri),fl. [L. seeundarius, from mecitndus. See SECOND. ] 1. Succeeding next in order to the first; of second place, origin, rank, importance, and the like; not primary; subordinate.

Where thrrc i* moral rijjnt on the one hand, no r right can discharge it Sir R. L'Estrange.

As the six primary planets revolve about him, so the secondary ones are moved about them. Benitey.

The supreme power can never be said to be lodged in the original body of electors, but rather in those assemblies of secondary or tertiary electors who chose the representative. Brougham.

2. Acting by deputation or delegated authority; acting in subordination or as second to another; subordinate. 'The work of secondary hands.' Milton.Secondary acids, acids derived from organic acids by the substitution of two equivalents of an alcoholic radical for two of hydrogen. — Secondary amputation, amputation of a limb, Ac, deferred till the immediate effects of the injury on the constitution have passed away.— Secondary battery, in elect a number of metal plates, usually platinum, with pieces of moistened cloth between, which, after being connected for a time with a galvanic battery, become in turn the origin of a current —Secondary circle, in geoin. and astron. a great circle passing through the poles of another great circle perpendicular to its plane— Secondary colours, colours produced by the mixture of any two primary colours in equal proportions. — Secondary conveyances, in law, same as Derivative Conveyances. See under Derivative. —Secondary creditor, in Scots taw, an expression used in contradistinction to Catholic creditor. See under Catholic—Secondary crystal, a crystal derived from one of the primary forms.— Secondary current, in elect, a momentary current induced in a closed circuit by a current of electricity passing through the same or a contiguous circuit at the beginning and also at the end of the passage of the primitive current— Secondary evidence, indirect evidence which may be admitted upon failure to obtain direct or primary evidence.— Secondary /ever, a fever which arises after a crisis or a critical effort, as after the declension of the small-pox or measles. —Secondary platie, in crystal. any plane on a crystal which is not one of the primary planes.—Secondary planet. See Planet. —Secondary qualities of bodies, those qualities which are not inseparable from bodies, as colour, taste, odour, &c — Secondary strata, Secondary rocks, Secondary formation, in geol. the mesozoic strata. See Mesozoic. Secondary tints,in painting, those of a subdued kind, such as grays, Ac. —Secondary tone, in music, same as Harmonic—Secondary use. See under Use. Secondary (sek'und-a-ri), n. 1. A delegate or deputy; one who acts in subordination to another; one who occupies a subordinate or inferior position.

I am too high-born to be propertied.

To be a secondary at control. Shak.

2. One of the feathers growing on the second bone of a bird's wing.—3, A secondary circle. See under the adjective.—4. A secondary planet See under Planet.

Second-best (Bek'und-best), a. Next to the l>est; of second kind or quality. 'The linen that is called second-best.' W. Collins.—To come off second-be$tf to be defeated; to get the worst of it

Second-cousin (sek'und-knz-n),«. The son or daughter of a cousin-german.

Seconder (sek'uud-er). n. One that seconds; one that supports what another attempts, or what he affirms, or what he moves or proposes; as, the seconder of a motion.

Second-flour (sek'und-flour), n. Flour of a coarser quality; seconds.

Second-hand (sek'und-hand), n. Possession received from the first possessor. —A t secondhand, not in the first place, or by or from the first; not from the first source or owner; by transmission; not primarily; not originally; as, a report received at second-hand.

In imitation of preachers at secondhand, I shall transcribe from Bruycre a piece of raillery Tatter.

Second-hand (sek'und hand), a. 1. Not original or primary; received from another.

Some tnen build so much upon authorities they have but a second-hand or implicit knowledge.

Those manners next
That fit us like a nature second-hand;
Which arc indeed the manners of tlie great.

2. Not new; having been used or worn; as, a second-hand book — 3. Dealing in secondhand goods; as, a second-hand l>ookseller.

Second-hand (sek'und-hand), n. A hand for marking seconds on a watch.

Secondine (sek'und-in), n. In bot. tee Secundine,

Secondly (sek'und-li), adv. In the second place.

First, she hath disobeyed the law; and, secondly, trespassed against the husband. Ec. xxiii. 33.

Second-rate (sek'und-rat), n. The second order in size, quality, dignity, or value. 1 Thunder of the second-rate.' Addison.

Second-rate (sek'und-rat), a. Of the second size, rank, quality, or value; as, a secondrate ship; a second-rate cloth; a second-rate champion.

Second-scent (sek'und-sent), n. [Formed on the model of second-sight] A power of discerning things future or distant by the sense of smell. Moore. [Rare.]

Second-sight (sek'uud-sit), n. The power of seeing things future or distant; prophetic vision —a well-known Highland superstition. It is alleged that not a few in the Highlands and Isles of Scotland possess the power of foreseeing future events, especially of a disastrous kind, by means of a spectral exhibition, to their eyes, of the persons whom these events respect, accompanied with such emblems as di note their fate.

Second-sighted (sek'und-ait-ed), a. Having the power of second-sight Addison,

Secre.t n. and a. Secret

Secrecy" (se'kre-si), n. [From secret.] 1. A state of being secret or hidden; concealment from the observation of others, or from the notice of any persous not concerned; secret manner or mode of proceeding; as. to carry on a design in secrecy; to secure secrecy.

This to me
In dreadful secrecy impart they did. Shak.

The lady Anne,
Whom the king hath in secrecy fong married.
This day was view'd in open as his queen. Shak.

2. Solitude; retirement; privacy; seclusion.

Thou in thy secrecy, although alone.
Best with thyself accompanied, seek st not
Social communication. Milton.

It is not with public as with private prayer; in this. rather secrecy is commanded than outward show. Hooker.

3. The quality of being secret or secretive; forbearance of disclosure or discovery; fidelity to a secret; close silence; the act or habit of keeping secrets. 'For secrecy no lady closer. Shak.

Thanks, provost, for thy care and secrecy. Shak.

i. t A secret

The subtle-shining secrecies Writ in the glassy margents of such books. Shak.

Secreett a. Secret Chaucer.

Secrenesse.t u. Privacy; secretness. Chaucer.

Secret (seTtret), a. [Fr. secret, from L. secretus, pp. of secretum, to set apart, secemo—se, apart, and cerno, to sift, distinguish, discern, perceive (whence discern, discrete, concern, concrete, &c); Gr. krino. to separate, search into; Skr.frri,to know.] 1. Apart from the knowledge of others; concealed from the notice or knowledge of all persons except the individual or individuals concerned; private. 'Smile at thee in secret thought Shak.

I have a secret errand to thee, O king. Judg. iii. 19.

2. Not revealed; known only to one or to few; kept from general knowledge or observation; hidden. 'Their secret and sudden arrival.' Shak.

Secret things belong to the Lord our Cod.

IJeut. «ix. 39

3. Being in retirement or seclusion; private.

There secret in her sapphire cell.

He with the Nais wont to dwell. Fenton.

4. Affording privacy; retired; secluded: private. 'The secret top of Oreb. or of Sinai." Milton. 'Abide in a secret place and hide thyself.' 1 Sam. xix. 2.-6. Keeping secrets; faithful to secrets intrusted; secretive; not inclined to betray confidence. 'I can be secret as a dumb man.' Shak.

Secret Romans that have spoke the word.
And will not palter. Shuk.

6. Occult; mysterious; not seen; not apparent; as, the secret operations of physical causes. 'Physic, through which secret art." Shak.—7. Privy; not proper to be seen. 1 Sam. v. 9.

Secret (se'kret). n. [See the adjective] 1. Something studiously hidden or concealed; a thing kept from general knowledge; what is not or should not be revealed; as, a man who cannot keep his own secrets, will hardly keep the secrets of others.

A tilt-bearer revcaleth secrets. Frov xi. 13. To tell our own secrets is often folly; to communicate those of others is treachery. Rambler.

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