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SOUNDE

141

SOUS

sound-bow is the point of greatest thick made generally by boiling flesh of some 6. To macerate, as lime, and render fit for ness, and is considered as unity in stating kind in water with various other ingre- plaster or mortar. the proportions of the bell.

dients. Soups are of many different kinds: Sour (sour), v. i. 1. To become acid: to acSounde, v.t. (See SOUND, a.) To make as, brown soup, white soup, hare soup, turtle quire the quality of tartness or pungency sound, to heal Chaucer.

soup, pease soup, &c.-Portable soup, a sort to the taste; as, cider sours rapidly in the Sounder (sound'er), n. That which sounds; of cake formed of concentrated soup, freed rays of the sun.-2. To become peevish, specifically, in teleg. a device, consisting of from fat, and, by long-continued boiling, crabbed, or harsh in temper. an electro-magnet with an armature having from all the putrescible parts.

What betwixt shame and pride, a lever attached thereto, used in lieu of a Soup (soup), n. A sup; a drop or small quan New things and old, himself and her, she sour'd register, the communications being read by tity; a considerable quantity of drink or of To what she is.

Tennyson. sound alone, any thin food. (Scotch.)

Source (sors), n. (Fr. source, 0. Fr. sorce. Soundert (soun'der). n. A herd of wild

I daresay he wad gar them keep hands aff me for sorse, from sursa, a late feminine partiswine. Beau. & Fl.

and he wad gar them gie me my soup porridge and cipial form, from L. surgo, to rise, contr. Sounding (sound'ing), p. and a. 1. Causing bit meat.

Sir W. Scott.

for surrigo, for sub-rego-sub, under, and sound: sonorous; making a noise.--2. Hav Soup (sop), v.t. 1. To breathe out, as rego, to direct. See REGENT.) 1. The spring inz a magnificent or lofty sound : bombas. words. Camden.– 2. To sup; to swallow. or fountain-head from which a stream of tic; as, mere sounding phrases. Wickliffe.

water proceeds; any collection of water Sounding (sound'ing), n. 1. The act of one Soupt(söp), v.t. To sweep; to pass with within the earth or upon its surface in which who or that which sounds, in any of the pomp. Souping in side robes of royalty.' a stream originates; as, the St. Lawrence senses of the verbs, -2.pl. The depths of 9. Hall.

has its source in the great lakes of America. water in rivers, harbours, along shores, and soupçon (söp-son), n. (Fr., 0. Fr. souspeçon, * The hidden sources of the Nile.' Addison. even in the open seas, which are ascertained a suspicion) A very small quantity; a

Great floods have flown in the operation of sounding. The term is taste; as, water with a soupçon of brandy.

From simple sources.

Shak. also used to signify any place or part of the | Soupet (sop), v. i. (Fr, souper, to sup. See ocean where a deep sounding-line will reach SUP.) To sup; to take the evening meal.

2. First cause : original: one who or that the bottom; also, the kind of ground or Chaucer.

which originates or gives rise to anything; bottom where the line reaches.-In sound Souper, n. Supper. Chaucer.

as, ambition, the love of power and of fame. ings, so near the land that a deep-sea lead Souper (sop'er), n. In Ireland, a name ap

have been the sources of half the calamities will reach the bottom-To strike soundings, plied in derision to a Protestant mission

of nations; intemperance is the source of to find bottom with the deep-sea lead. ary or convert from Popery, from the fact

innumerable evils to individuals. Sounding-board (sounding-bõrd), n. 1. A that the missionaries are said to assist their

Famous Greece, canopy over a pulpit, &c., to direct the sound work by distributing soup to their converts.

That source of art and cultivated thought. Waller. of a speaker's voice toward the audience. -- Soup - kitchen (sop'kich-en), n. A public

Thou source of all my bliss, and all my woe,

That found'st me poor at first, and keep'st me so. 2 In building, a board used in the deafening establishment supported by voluntary con

Goldsmith of floors, partitions, &c. See SOUND-BOARD tributions for preparing and supplying soup Sour-crout (sour'krout), n. Same as Sauer. ING-3 The upper surface board of a wind to the poor.

kraut. chest in an organ. - 4. A thin board over Souple (so'pl), n. (Scotch.] 1. That part | Sourdet (sörd), v.i. (Fr. sourdre, from which the strings of a pianoforte, violin, of a flail that strikes the grain; the swiple. L. surgere, to rise. See SOURCE.) To rise ; guitar, &c., are stretched, and which pro 2. A piece of wood used as a cudgel. Sir

to spring or issue; to have or take its source, pagates and enhances the sound. Called W. Scott.

as a spring or river. also Sound-board.

Souple (SÖ'pl), a. Supple; active ; subtle; Sourdet (sör'det), n. Same as Sourdine, 1. Sounding-lead (sound'ing-led), 12. The pliant. Chaucer. [Old English and Scotch.) Sourdine (sör-dến), n. (Fr.) 1. A sordine; weight used at the end of a sounding-line.

A souple jad she was and strang. Barns. a mute. See MUTE, 3.-2. A stop on the Sounding-line (sound'ing-lin), n. A line

harmonium, which, by limiting the supply for trying the depth of water. Soup - maigre (söp-ma'gr), 1. (Fr.) Thin

of wind to the lower half of the instrument, Sounding-post (sound'ing-põst), n. In soup made chiefly from vegetables, a little

enables the performer to play full chords music, a small post in a violin, violoncello, butter, and some spices.

with softness. &c., set under the bridge for a support, and Soup-ticket (söp'tik-et), n. A ticket given

Sour-dock (sourdok ), n. Sorrel (Rumex for propagating the sounds to the body of to the poor to authorize them to receive

Acetosa). the instrument. soup at a soup-kitchen.

Sour-eyed (sour'id), a. Having a cross or Sounding-rod (sound'ing-rod), n. A gradu. Soupy (sop'i). a. Like soup: having th

sullen look. Sour-eyed disdain.' Shak. ated rod or piece of iron used to ascertain consistence or appearance of soup. “A

Sour-gourd (sour görd), n. A name given the depth of water in a ship's hold. soupy fog. Jean Ingelow. (Colloq.)

to trees of the genus Adansonia and their Soundless (sound'les), a. Incapable of Sour (sour), a. (A. Sax. súr, sour, acid;

fruit. The Ethiopian sour-gourd is A. digibeing sounded or fathomed; unfathomable.

Icel. súrr, Dan, suur, D. zuur, O.H.G. súr,
Mod. G. sauer; also found in Celtic: W. and

tata, known also as the baobab or monkeyHe apon your soundless deep doth ride. Shak.

bread. The sour-gourd is A. Gregorii, or Armor. sur-sour. Sorrel is from this word Soundless (sound'les), a. Having no sound;

cream-of-tartar tree. See ADANSONIA. through the French. 1. Having an acid noiseless, silent: dumb. Shak.

Sour-gum (sour'gum), n. See BLACK-GUM.

taste; sharp to the taste; tart: acid; as, Soundly (sound'li), adv. (From sound, en

Souring (sour'ing), n. 1. That which makes vinegar is sour; sour cider; sour beer. tire.] In a sound manner; as, (a) thoroughly;

acid. 'A double squeeze of souring in his

The mellow plum doth fall, the green sticks fast, satisfactorily; well.

aspect.' Smollett. -2. A local name for the Or being early pluck'd is sour to taste. Shak. Good Catesby, go, effect this business soundly.

crab-apple. Shak. 2. Harsh of temper; crabbed; peevish; aus. Sourish (sour'ish), a. Somewhat sour; mo() Healthily; heartily. (c) Severely; lustily; tere; morose; as, a man of a sour temper. derately acid; as, sourish fruit; a sourish with heavy blows; smartly; as, to beat one Lofty, and sour, to them that lov'd him not;

taste. Boyle. soundly. I had swinged him soundly.' But to those men that sought him, sweet as summer. Sour-krout (sour krout), n. Same as Sauer. Shak. (d) Truly; without fallacy or error;

Shak. kraut. as, to judge or reason soundly. (e) Firmly: 3. Afflictive; hard to bear; bitter; disagree. |

Sourly (sourli), adv. In a sour manner; as, : doctrine soundly settled. ) Fast; able to the feelings; distasteful in any man. as, (a) with acidity; acidly. (6) With peevishclosely; so as not to be easily awakened; as, ner.

ness; with acrimony. to sleep soundly.

Let me embrace thee, sour adversity. Shak,

And when a woman woos, what woman's son Soundness (sound'nes ), n. The state of 4. Expressing discontent, displeasure, or Will sourly leave her till she hath prevailed! Shak, being sound; as, (a) freedom from imperfec peevishness; as, he never uttered a sour

word. tion, defect, or decay; wholeness; entire

(c) Discontentedly. ness; as, the soundness of timber, of fruit,

As bad dispositions run into worser habits, the

The lord treasurer often looked on me with a sour of the teeth, of a limb. &c.

evening doth not crown but sourly conclude the day. (6) An unim countenance.

Swijl

Sir T. Browne. paired state of the bodily or mental organs 5. Gloomy; dismal; sad; as, a sour retreat Sour-milk (sour'milk),n. A name for butteror faculties: healthiness; as, soundness of from mankind. Addison. Sour melancholy.' milk. Local.] mind; soundness of the body; the sound Shak.-6. Spoiled by keeping, as milk; / Sourness (sour'nes ), n. The state or qua. ness of the constitution; the soundness of rancid; musty. Sour grapes. See under lity of being sour; as, (a) acidity, sharpness health

GRAPE. - SYN. Acid, sharp, tart, acetous, to the taste; tartness; as, the sourness of I would I had that corporal soundness now. Shak. acetose, harsh,acrimonious, crabbed, dogged, vinegar or of fruit. (b) Asperity; harshness (c) Firmness; validity; strength; solidity; currish, peevish.

of temper. Sour (sour), n. A sour or acid substance.

Take care that no sonrness and moroseness mingle This presupposed, it may stand then very well with The sweets we wish for turn to loathed sours. with our seriousness of mind.

R. Nelson, strength and soundness of reason even thus to answer.

Shak.
Hooker. Sour (sour), v.t. 1. To make acid; to cause

Sourock (sör ok), n. Sorrel. [Scotch.) () Truth; rectitude; freedom from error to have a sharp taste.

Hegh, gudeman! but ye hae been eating sourocks or fallacy: orthodoxy; as, soundness of

instead o' lang kail.

Galt. So the sun's heat, with different pow'rs, faith. -SYN. Firmness, strength, solidity,

Ripens the grape, the liquor sours. Swift.

Sour-sop (sour'sop), n. 1. The large succuvalidity, sanity, healthiness, truth,rectitude, 2. To make harsh, cold, or unkindly.

lent fruit of Anona muricata. It is closely orthodowy.

allied to the custard-apple. It is of considSound-post (sound post), n. A prop inside

Tufts of grass sour land. Mortimer.

erable size, often weighing upwards of 2 lbs. a violin, &c. See SOUNDING-POST.

3. To make harsh in temper; to make cross, It is greenish on the outside, and covered Sounet v.i. To grow sound; to become crabbed, peevish, or discontented; as, mis with prickles: the pulp is white, with a whole Chaucer.

fortunes often sour the temper.-4. To cause pleasant slightly acid flavour. - 2. A cross Soune, ri To sound; to be consonant to; to gloom; to cloud. (Rare.)

crabbed person. to harmonize with; hence, also, to tend And now Adonis

Sour-tree (sour'trē), n. Same as Sorrel Tree. towards: followed by unto, in, or into.

Souring his cheeks cries, 'Fie, no more of love!" See SORREL. Chaucer

Shak. Soup (sőp), n

Sour-wood (sour'wöd), n. Same as Sorrel 5. To make uneasy or less agreeable; to em(Fr. soupe, a word of Ger

Tree. bitter. manic origin; G. suppe, D. soep, Dan, suppe,

Hail, great king!

Sous (ső), n. Properly the plural of sou, a Ioel. aúpa soup. broth, &c. Akin sup,

To sour your happiness I must report

French coin, but by some writers used with rip, sop) A kind of broth; a sort of food

The queen is dead.

Shak. a singular meaning. 'Not a sous to save me SOUSE

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SOVEREIGNTY

cowouthwest windsouth-western waterpro

the aming from thwesterest'ern), so; as, to

from gaol' Arbuthnot. “Would not have
cared a sous.' Sterne.
Souge (sous), n. (A form of sauce (which
see).] 1. Pickle made with salt; sauce. -
2. Something kept or steeped in pickle; espe-
cially, the ears, feet, &c., of swine pickled.

And he that can rear up a pig in his house
Hath cheaper his bacon, and sweeter his souse.

Tusser.
3. The ear: in contempt. With souse erect
or pendant, winks or haws, snivelling. J.

Fletcher.
Bouse (sous), v.t. pret. & pp. soused; ppr.
80using. 1. To steep in pickle.

Oil, though it stink, they drop by drop impart;
But souse the cabbage with a bounteous heart.

Pepe, 2. To plunge into water.

They soused me over head and ears in water when I was a boy.

Addison.
Bouse (sous), v.i. [Coinp. G. sausen, to rush.)

To fall suddenly on; to rush with speed, as
a hawk on its prey.
Jove's bird comes sousing down from upper air.

Dryden.
Souse (sous), n. A violent attack, as of a
bird striking its prey; hence, a blow. Spen-
ser.
Souse (sous), v.t. To strike with sudden
violence, as a bird strikes its prey.
The gallant monarch is in arms;
And like an eagle o'er his airy tow'rs,

To souse annoyance that comes near his nest. Shak. Souse (sous), adv. With sudden violence. 'Run souse against his chaps.' Young. (Familiar.) Souse, Source (sous, sõrs), n. [Fr. sous, under, below.) In arch. a support or underprop. Groilt. Souslik (sys'lik), n. A pretty little rodent quadruped, the Spermophilus citillus. See SUSLIK Soustenu, Soutenu (sös'te-nö, sö'te-nő ). [Fr., sustained.) In her, a term applied when a chief is, as it were, supported by a small part of the escutcheon beneath it, of a different colour or metal from the chief, and reaching, as the chief does, from side to side, being, as it were, a small part of the chief of another colour, and supporting

the real chief. Soutane (80-tån'), n. (Fr., from L. L. sub

tana, from L. subtus, beneath.) A white woollen cassock worn by the Roman Catholic clergy as an under-garment beneath the rochet. Souter (so'těr), n. (A. Sax. sutere, from L. sutor, a shoemaker, from suo, to sew.) A shoemaker; a cobbler. (Old English and Scotch.) A conqueror! a cobbler! hang him souter!

Beau. & FI. Souterly (sö'tér-li), a. Like a cobbler; low; vulgar. (Old English and Scotch. ]

You souterly knaves, shew you all your manners at once ?

Old play. Souterraint (söt'er-an), n. [Fr. See SUBTERRANEAN.) A grotto or cavern underground.

Defences against extremities of heat, as shade, grottoes, or souterrains, are necessary preservatives of health.

Arbuthnot. South (south), n. [A. Sax. süth, probably for sunth, from sunne, the sun; Icel. suthr, sunnr, Dan. syd, sönden, O.H.G. sund, Mod. G. süd, south. 1. One of the four cardinal points of the compass, directly opposite to the north. The north and south are opposite points in the horizon, each ninety degrees, or the quarter of a great circle, distant from the east and west. The meridian of every place is a great circle passing through the north and south points.-2. The region, tract, country, or locality lying opposite to the north, or situated nearer the south point than another point of reckoning. The queen of the south.' Matt. xii. 42. "The palms and temples of the south,' Tennyson.-3. The wind that blows from the sonth. When tempest of commotion, like the south

Borne with black vapour, doth begin to melt. Shak. South (south), a. Situated in the south, or in a southern direction from the point of observation; lying toward the south; pertaining to the south; proceeding from the south. When he quieteth the earth by the south wind.' Job Xxxvii. 17. - The South Sea, a name formerly applied to the Pacific Ocean, especially the southern portion of it. - South Sea Bubble or Scheme, a disastrous financial speculation which arose in England in the beginning of last century. It originated with the directors of a jointstock company, which, in consideration of

certain exclusive privileges of trading to the Southly +(south'li), ade. Toward the south;
South Seas, offered the government easier southerly.
terms for the advance or negotiation of loans Southmost (south'most), a. Furthest to.
than could be obtained from the general ward the south.
public. In 1720 the proposal of the company Southness (south'nes), n. The name given
to take over the entire national debt in con Ito a tendency of a magnetic needle to point
sideration of 5 per cent was accepted by the toward the south.
House of Commons, and possessing other Southron (SUTH'ron), n. A native or inhab-
sources of revenue the directors held out itant of a southern country or of the southern
promises to the public of paying as much as part of a country; specifically, a term for-
60 per cent on their shares. It became soon merly applied in Scotland to a native of
apparent that such magnificent promises South Britain; an Englishman.
could never be fulfilled, and in a few months' Southsay,t Southsayer.t See SOOTHSAY,
time the collapse came which ruined thous SOOTHSAYER.
ands, from the chancellor of the exchequer Southward (south'werd), adv. Toward the
down to the pettiest speculator.

south; as, to go southward.
South (south), adv. Toward the south; from Southward (south'werd), a. Lying or sitn.
the south.

ated toward the south; directed towards the His regiment lies half a mile at least

south. "The sun looking with a southward Sonth from the mighty power of the king. Shak. eve upon him.' Shak.-The southward, the

Such fruits as you appoint for long keeping gather southern regions or countries. in a fair and dry day, and when the wind bloweth not

Countries are more fruitful to the southward than south.

Bacon.
in the northern parts.

Raleigh.
South (south), vi 1. To move or turn to-

Southwest (south-west'). n. The point of wards the south; to veer toward the south.

the compass equally distant from the south 2. In astron, to arrive at or pass the meridian

and west. of a place; as, the moon souths at nine.

Southwest (south'west), a. 1. Lying in the Southcottian (south-kot'i-an), n. One of the

direction of the southwest; as, a southwest followers of Joanna Southcott, a religious

country.-2. Coming from the southwest; as, fanatic, who was born in Devonshire in 1750. She first pretended to a divine mission, and

Southwester (south-west'er), n. 1. A held herself out as the woman spoken of in

strong, southwest wind.-2. A waterproof the book of Revelation. In 1814 she an

hat with a flap hanging over the neck, worn nounced herself as the mother of the pro

in bad weather. Frequently contracted into mised Shiloh, whose speedy advent she pre

Sou'wester. dicted. Her death, in December of that year,

Southwesterly (south-west'er-li), a 1. In did not undeceive her disciples, and the sect

the direction of southwest or nearly so.continued to exist for many years.

2. Coming from the southwest or à point South-down (south'doun ), n. One of a

near it; as, a southwesterly wind. noted breed of English sheep; mutton from

Southwestern (south-west'ern), a. In the this sheep. (See SHEEP.) His curdiest

direction of southwest or nearly so; as, to salmon declined, his wonderful south-down

sail a southwestern course. sent away scarcely tasted.' Lever.

Southwestward (south-west'werd), a, and South-down (south'doun ), a. Of or per.

adv. Towards the southwest. taining to the South-downs of England;

Souvenance, Sovenance + (sö've-pans, so'as, South-down sheep.

ve-nans), n. (Fr.) Remembrance. Spelled Southeast (south'ēst), n. The point of the

also Sovenaunce. Spenser. compass equally distant from the south and

Souvenir (SO-ve-nēr'), n. (Fr.) That which east.

reminds or revives the memory of anything: Southeast (south'ēst), a. In the direction

a remembrancer; a keepsake; as, a souvenir of, pertaining to, or coming from the south

of a person; a souvenir of a visit to a place. east; as, a southeast wind.

Soverainly, t adv. Above all, Chaucer. Southeaster (south'ēst-er), n. A wind from

Sovereign (sov'er-in), a. (O.E. soreraine, the southeast.

souvereyn, from 0. Fr. soverain, Mod. Fr. Southeasterly, Southeastern (south-est'.

souverain; It sovrano, soprano; from LL ér-li, south-ést érn), a. Same as Southeast.

superanus, from L. super, above, over. The Souther (sou'Ther), n. Solder. (Scotch.)

g seems to have got into this word from a Souther (south'er), n. A wind from the

fancied connection with reign. See Sorsouth.

RAN) 1. Supreme in power; possessing suSoutherliness (SUTH'er-li-nes), n. State of

preme dominion; independent of and unbeing southerly.

limited by any other; highest in power; Southerly (sUTH'er-li), a. 1. Lying in the

hence royal; princely. The remembrance south or in a direction nearly south; as, a

of his most sovereign name.' Shak. southerly point. -2. Coming from the south

None of us who now thy grace implore or a point nearly south.

But held the rank of sovereign queen before. Dryer. I am but mad north northwest : when the wind is And sovereign law,-that states collected will. .. southerly

Sits empress, crowning good, repressing ill..
I know a hawk from a handsaw,
Shak.

Sir W. Jones.
Southern (sufH'ern). a. [A. Sax. suthern, 2. Efficacious in the highest degree; effec-
from súther, suth, south. See SOUTH.] 1. Be tual: said especially of medicines. A sor-
longing to the south; situated in the south; ereign preservative of God's people.' Hooker.
lying on the south side of the equator; as, And telling me, the sovereigni'st thing on earth
the southern hemisphere; southern latitudes; Was parmacety for an inward bruise. Skak.
southern signs; &c. -- 2 Coming from the

3. Supreme; paramount; excellent; comsouth; as, a southern breeze.

manding. 'A man of sovereign parts.' Shak. Men's bodies are heavier when southern winds blow Yond same sovereign cruelty.' Shak. than when northern.

Bacon,

Sovereign state, a state having the adminSouthern (SUTH'ern), n. Same as Southron. istration of its own government, being not Southern Cross (SUTH'ern kros). n. In dependent on or subject to another power. astron, a small bright constellation (Crux) Sovereign (sov'er-in), n. 1. One who exerin the southern hemisphere, the principal cises supreme control; a supreme ruler; the stars of which are arranged in the form of person having the highest poweror authority a cross.

in a state or the like, as a king, queen, emSoutherner (SUTH'ern-er), n. An inhabitant

peror, &c.; a monarch. or native of the south, especially of the

Let me kiss my sovereign's hand. Shak, southern states of America.

By my sovereign and his fate I swear. Dryden. Southernliness (sUTH'ern-li-nes), n. State

2. (a) A gold coin current at 228. 6d. from of being southerly. Southernly (sUTH'érn-li), adv. Toward the

the reign of Henry VIII. to that of James I. south.

(6) A gold coin of the value of 208., and Southernmost (sUTH'érn-most), a. Furthest

weighing 123 274 grains Troy, the standard toward the south.

of the English coinage at the present day.Southernwood (SUTH'ern-wyd), n. A plant

SYN. King, prince, monarch, potentate,

ruler. nearly allied to the wormwood, Artemisia

To exer-
Abrotanum.

| Sovereignize+ (sov'er-in-iz), v.i.
It is found in almost every
cottage garden, and was formerly employed

cise supreme authority.
in medicine as a stomachic and stimulant.

Nimrod was the first that sovercignized over men, See ARTEMISIA.

Sír T. Herbert.

Sovereignly (sov'er-in-li), adv. Supremely: Southing (south'ing), n. 1. Tendency or motion to the south.-2. The time at which

in the highest degree. (Rare.) the moon or other heavenly body passes the

He was sovereignly lovely in himself. Bopie. meridian of a place.-3. In navig, the differ- | Sovereignty (sov'er-in-ti), n 1. The state of ence of latitude made by a ship in sailing to being a sovereign; the supreme power in a the southward.

state; the possession of the highest power

SOVRAN

143

SPADDLE

or of uncontrollable power; monarchical come sour. The whole is then put into a span.) 1. Extension, considered indepen. sway.

sieve, which allows the milky liquid to pass dently of anything which it may contain; Then 'tis most like

through into a barrel or other vessel, but extension in all directions: extension conThe sovereignty will fall upon Macbeth. Shak. retains the husks. The starchy matter gra sidered in its own nature without regard to 2 Predominant power or character; supre. dually subsides to the bottom of the barrel. anything external, or that which always remacy: supreme excellence. Shak.-3. Me The sour liquor is then decanted off, and mains the same and is infinite and immov. dicinal efficacy. Shak.

about an equal quantity of fresh water able ; room: in this sense called absolute Sovran (sov'ran), n, and a. Same as Sove added. This mixture, when boiled, forms space. reign, and etymologically a more correct sowens. In England it is more commonly Pure space is capable neither of resistance nor mospelling. Since he who now is sovran can called Nummery. Written also Sowins. tion.

Locke, dispose and bid what shall be right.' Milton. These souins, that is, flummery.' Mortimer. Making no attempt to analyse the notion of space, O Father ... thy sovran sentence.' MilSee where Norah with the sowins comes. Swift.

it will be sufficient for present purposes to say

that we know space as an ability to contain bodies. I ton 'O sovran Blanc . . . sole sovran of

Sower (so'èr), n. 1. One who sows or scatters am aware that this is no definition properly so called, the vale." Coleridge.

seeing that as the words 'contain and bodies' both Sow (sou), n. (A. Sax sugu, L.G. suge, seed.-2. That which sows seed; a sowing

imply ideas of space, the definition involves the thing 0.D. souce, sogh, Mod. D. zeug, 0.H.G. , machine.-3. One who scatters or spreads; a

to be defined. But leaving out as irrelevant all con. Mod. G. sau, Dan. and Sw. so, sow. Cog.

disseminator; a breeder: a promoter. 'Term siderations of the mode in which we come by our L sus, Gr. hus, sow. Perhaps from root ing Paul... a souer of words, a very babbler

ideas of space, and of bodies as occupying space, it

will I think be admitted that the antithesis between $u, to bring forth (whence son).) 1. The or trifler.' Hakewell.

bodies and an ability to contain bodies truly repre. female of the hog kind or of swine.-2. An

They are the sowers of suits, which make the sents the contrast in our conceptions of the sensible insect; a milleped; the sow-bug. - 3. In

court swell, and the country pine.
Bacon, non-ego (matter) and the insensible non-ego (space).

H. Spencer. founding. (a) the name given by the work. Sower, n. A sore or buck in its fourth year.

2. Any quantity or portion of extension; the men to the main channel in the floor of Chaucer.

interval between any two or more objects; a smelting furnace into which the liquid Sowing-machine (so'ing-ma-shēn), n. A

as, the space between two hills or two stars: metal is first made to enter. The side machine for depositing seeds in the soil,

in this sense called relative space. channels which branch off from the sow either equally over its surface or in rows. are termed pigs, while the metal which Various machines of this kind have been

A heavy balustrade, ornamented from space to

space with huge grotesque figures of animals. fills the sow is called sow-metal, and that contrived.

Sir W. Scott, which fills the pigs pig - metal. (b) The Sowins (sõ'inz), n. pl. See SOWENS.

3. Quantity of time; duration; also, the inpiece of metal cast in this channel; an

Sowl. Sowlet (soul), v. t. (Prov. E. also sole, terval between two points of time. Nine oblong mass of metal.-4. A military struc

to pull or haul, to pull by the ears; comp. times the space that measures day and ture of the nature of a movable covered

Prov. G. zaueln, to tug, to drag.) To pull night.' Milton. shed, anciently used in sieges to cover and by the ears; to pull about.

God may defer his judgment for a time, and give a protect men who were employed in sapping He'll go, he says, and sowie the porter of Rome people a longer space for repentance. Tullotson, and mining operations. - To have, take, or gates by the ears.

Shak.

4. A short time; a while. To stay your get the right (or wrong) sow by the ear, to Sowlet (soul), n. See SOUL.

deadly strife a space.' Spenser. (Rare.)-5. In pitch upon the right or wrong) person or Sowm (soum), n, and v. See next entry. printing, (a) the interval between words in thing; to come to the right or wrong) con Sowming (soum'ing). [Sowm is probably printed matter. (b) A kind of blank type, clusion

the same as sum, Sc. soum, soom, and rouin, with a shorter shank than the letter types, You hate & wrong sow by the car. Hudibras. from A. Sax. rúm, room, space.) A term for separating words.-6. In music, one of Sow (s0), 0.t pret. sowed; pp. sowed or soton; used in Scots law in conjunction with rowm the four intervals between the five lines of a

staff. Spaces are named from the notes that ing.--Sowming and rowming, the term now ppr. sowing. (A. Sax. sduan (pret. seów; pp. aiseen; so Sc. sau, 800, saun), Icel. sd, Dan.

applied to the action whereby the number occupy them; thus, the spaces of the bass

of cattle to be brought upon a common by staff counting upwards are known as A, C, sage, G. säen, Goth. saian. From same

E, and G; those of the treble staff, F, A, the persons respectively having a servitude root as L. sero, satum, to sow (whence season) Seed is from this stem.) 1. To scat

of pasturage may be ascertained. The cri and E. ter, as seed upon the earth, for the purpose

terion is the number of cattle which each of Space (spås), v.i. To rove; to pace; to

the dominant proprietors is able to fodder roam about. of growth; to plant by strewing; as, to sou

And loved in forests wild to grain; to sore beans. Plant nettles or sow

during winter. A soum of land is as much space.' Spenser. lettuce' Shak. • When to turn the fruitful

as will pasture one cow or ten sheep, or in Space (spās), v.t. pret. & pp. spaced; ppr. soil, and when to sove the corn.' Dryden, some places one cow and five sheep; and,

To arrange at proper intervals; strictly speaking, to sowm the common is to to arrange the spaces in; specifically, in Whatsoever a man soweth that shall he also reap.

ascertain the several soums it may hold, printing, to arrange the spaces and inter

Gal. vi. 7. 2. To scatter seed over for growth; to sup

and to roum it is to portion it out amongst vals in or between so that there may be no ply or stock with seed. the dominant proprietors.

glaring disproportion; as, to space a Sown (son), pp. of sow.

graph; to space words, lines, or letters. And so the fields and plant vineyards, which may

To space out, to widen the intervals between yield fruits of increase.

Sowtert (sou'ter), n. Same as Souter.
Ps. cvii. 37.

Sow-thistle (sou'this-1). 12.
The intellectual faculty is a goodly field, and it is

words or lines in a page for printing.

The common the worst husbandry in the world to sow it with

name of several British species of plants of Spacefult (spås'fyl), a. Wide; extensive.

Sir M. Hale. the genus Sonchus, said to be eaten by swine Spaceless (spāsles), a. Destitute of space. 3 To spread abroad; to cause to extend; to

Coleridge. disseminate; to propagate; as, to sow dis

Sov (soi), n. 1. A kind of sauce prepared in Space-line (spās lin), n. In printing, a thin cord China and Japan from a small bean, the piece of type-metal, not so high as type, to

put between and increase the width of the fruit of the Soja hispida. It is eaten with Barn to afflict my Marcia's family, And som dissension in the hearts of brothers.

fish, cold meat, &c. There are two or three lines, and for other purposes: generally

Addison. qualities of soy, but the Japan soy is reck called a Lead 4 To scatter over: to besprinkle. Sowed oned the best. -2. The plant from the seeds | Space-rule (spås’röl), n. In printing, a fine with stars the heaven thick as a field.' of which the sauce is prepared. See SOJA. fine cast type high, and to any length re. Milton Soya (soi'a), n. Same as Sowa.

quired, used for printing the lines in tabular Sow (56), p. To scatter seed for growth and Soylet (soil), v.t. To solve.

matter. the production of a crop.

Likewise mayest thou soyle all other texts,

Spacially (spä'shi-al-li), ado. As regards They that sow in tears shall reap in joy..

Tyndale. or with reference to space. Written also Ps. cxxvi. 5. Soylet (soil), n. 1. Soil. -2. In hunting, the Spatially. Sow (6), v.t. To sew.

mire in which a beast of the chase wallows; Things, spacially, are either inclusive or co-exclusive. Sowa (sõ'a). n. An umbelliferous plant the prey. Spenser.

Sir W. Hamilton cultivated in India. It is the Anethum Sowa, I Soyled (soild), p. and a. (See SOIL, v.t., to Spacious (spa'shus), a. (Fr. spacieux ; L. the aromatic seed of which is much used by feed.) High-fed; pampered. The fitchew spatiosus. See SPACE] 1. Inclosing an exthe natives in cookery as well as for medi and the soyled horse.' Shak.

tended space; vast in extent; wide extended. cinal purposes.

Soymida (soi-mi'da), n. [Telugu name.) A A spacious plain outstretched in circuit.' Sowans (soanz), n. pl. Same as Sowens. genus of plants, nat. order Meliacea, pecil Milton. Sowar (sou'ar), n (Hind.) A trooper; a liar to the East Indies. The bark of S. febri.

The spacious firmament on high, mounted soldier belonging to the irregular fuga, the rohuna of Hindustan, is a useful

With all the blue ethereal sky. Addison. cavalry. tonic in India in intermittent fevers, and

2. Having large or ample room; not conSowbane (sou'bán), n. Another name for has been employed successfully in this

tracted or narrow; roomy; as, a spacious nettle-leaved goosefoot (Chenopodium mu country in cases of typhus. It is a tall tree

church, hall, or the like. -SYN. Wide, exral) Called also Hog's-bane. with paripinnate leaves and large panicles

tensive, ample, capacious, roomy. Sow-bread (son'bred), n. A plant of the genus of flowers, and yields a strong timber. Called

Spaciously (spa'shus-li), adv. In a spaCyclamen, the C. europæum, so named also Redwood.

cious manner; widely; extensively. from its roots being said to be the principal Soynedt (soind). p. and a. (Fr. soigner,

Spaciousness (spa'shus-nes), n. The quafood of the wild boars of Sicily. care for.) Filled with care; alarmed.

lity of being spacious; largeness of extent; Sow-bug (sou'bug), n. An isopodous crus Sozzle (sozl), v.t. (From 8088. ] 1. To mingle

extensiveness; roominess. taceous animal; a milleped. confusedly. (Local.)- 2. To spill or wet

The spaciousness of house was such that it had 80wce (sous), n. and .t. Same as Souse. through carelessness; to move about con

three galleries, each of thein a mile long. Hakewill, Sowens (30'enz), n. pl. (Sc. sowen, weaver's fusedly or carelessly. [United States.) Spadassin (spa-das'in), n. (Fr., from It. paste, is the singular. Comp. A. Sax, sedio, Spa (epa), n. A general name for a mineral spada, a sword, from L. spatha, a broad flat alue, paste) A nutritious article of food spring, or the locality in which such springs instrument, a broad pointless sword.) A made from the farina remaining among the exist; from Spa, a celebrated watering swordsman; a bravo; a bully. busks of oats, much used in Scotland. The place in Belgium.

Bully swordsmen, 'spadassins' of that party, go husks (called in Scotland seeds), after being

She has been as healthy as the German spa.

swaggering; or indeed they can be had for a trifle of separated from the oatmeal by the sieve,

Sheridan, money.

Carlyle. still retain a considerable portion of fari. Spaad (späd), n. (D. spaath, G. spath, spar.] Spaddle (spad']), n. (Dim. of spade.) A little Daceous matter. A quantity of the husks A kind of mineral; spar.

spade. is steeped in water till the farinaceous mat Space (spás), n. (Fr. espace, from L. spatium.

Others destroy moles with a spaddle, waiting in the ter is dissolved, and until the liquid has be- space, from root spa, to stretch; comp. mornings and evenings for them. Mortimer.

SPADE

144

SPANDREL

Spade (spād), n. [A. Sax, spadu; LG. D. teller. ‘A spaer o' poor folk's fortunes.' rope fastened at both ends so that a pur. Dan. and Sw. spade, Icel. spadi, G. spaten, Blackwood's Mag.

chase may be hooked to its bight. Also, a borrowed from L. spatha=Gr. spathe, any Spae-wife (spá'wif), n. A female fortune double rope, having thimbles attached bebroad blade of wood or metal. From the teller. (Scotch.)

twixt its two parts, and used as a fair-leader Latin come also It. spada, Sp. espada, Fr. Mapy remembered that Annaple Bailyon wandered for ropes.-5. A pair of horses; a yoke of épre, a sword.) 1. An instrument for dig. through the country as a beggar and fortune-teller, animals; a team. It is generally applied in ging or cutting the ground, provided with or spae-wife.

Sir W. Scott.

America to a pair of horses of nearly the a broad blade of iron, with a cutting edge, Spagyric, t Spagyricalt (spa-jir'ik, spa-jir same colour, and otherwise nearly alike. and having a stout handle, adapted to be ik-al), a. (Fr. spagirique, formed from Gr. which are usually harnessed side by side. used with both hands and one foot.-To call spao, to draw, to separate, and ageiro, to

In South Africa it is applied generally to a spade a spade, to call things by their assemble, to bring together.) Chemical or other animals than horses, as to a yoke of proper names even though these may seem alchemical

oxen. a little coarse; to speak plainly and without Spagyrict (spa-jir'ik), n. A chemist, espe- Span (span), v.t. pret. & pp. spanned; ppr. mincing matters. To call a spade a spade, cially one devoted to alchemical pursuits. spanning. 1. To measure by the hand with a bawd a bawd.' John Taylor.

Spagyristt (spaj'ir-ist), n. 1. A chemist or the fingers extended, or with the fingers I have learned to call wickedness by its own terins:

alchemist.-2. One of a sect of physicians encompassing the object; as, to span a space a fig a fig, and a shade a spade. John Knox. who pretended to account for the changes or distance; to span a cylinder. -2. To mea

which occur in the human body in health sure or reach from one side of to the other: 2. One of the four suits of cards, from the

and disease, in the same manner as the as, a bridge spans the river. spade-like figures on each of the cards of chemists of their day explained those of the the suit: in this sense used in the plural,

This soul doth span the world. Herbert. inorganic kingdom. though the singular may be used for a single

The rivers were spanned by arches of solid maSpahee, Spahi (spa'hē, spå'hi), n. [Turk.

sonry card of the suit; as, to lead spades, or to lead

Prescott. sipahi Per. sipahee. See SEPOY.] 1. One a spade. The figure was originally designed of the Turkish cavalry. The Spahis were

| 3. Naut. to confine with ropes; as, to span to represent the head of a pike; but the disbanded, along with the Janissaries, in

the booms.-4. To shackle the legs of, as a name is, perhaps, derived directly from 1996 - 2 A native Algerian cavalry-soldier | Span (span). v.

horse; to hobble. (Local.] Spanish espada, sword-these cards among

To be well matched for in the French army. the Spanish bearing the figure of a sword.' Spaid (spåd), n. A hart three years old.

running in harness; as, the horses span well Goodrich.

(United States.) Spail (spál), v. t. (See SPALE.) In mining, Spade (späd), v.t. To dig with a spade; or to break up, as ore, into small pieces for the

Span (span), pret. of spin. to pare off the sward of land with a spade. purpose of easily separating it from the

Spanæmia (spa-nē' mi-a), n. (Gr. spania, Spade (spād), n. A hart three years old. rock. Written also Spale.

scarcity, and haima, blood.] In pathol. Written also Spaid.

poverty of blood; that condition of the blood Spail (spal), n. A chip. See SPALE. Spade (spād), n. [L. spado, a eunuch.] 1. A

in which its solid constituents are diminSpairge (spărj), v.t. (Fr. asperger, from L. eunuch.-2. A gelded beast.

ished. Written also Spanemy. spargo, to scatter, to besprinkle. To dash; Spade-bayonet (spăd'bã-on-et), n. A broad.

Spanæmic, Spanemić (spa-nē'mik), a. In as, to spairge water; to bespatter by dashing bladed bayonet which may be used for dig. any liquid; to sully by reproach. [Scotch.)

med. relating to spanæmia; having the ging shelter holes or rifle-pits.

quality of impoverishing the blood. Spait (spät), n. See SPATE. Spade-bone (späd'bon), n. The shoulderSpake (späk). One of the forms of the pre

Spanæmic, Spanemic (spa-nē'mik), A blade; the scapula. terite of speak, the other, and more com

medicine having the power, real or fancied, Spadeful (spăd'fyl), n. As much as a spade

of impoverishing the blood. monly used form, being spoke. will hold.

Spancel (span'sel), n. (A. Sax, spannan, to Spade-guinea (spåd'gi-nē), n. A guinea Still she spake on, and still she spake of power. join, and sal, a rope, a fastening.) A rope

Tennyson. with a spade-formed shield bearing the coat

to tie a cow or a horse's hind legs. (Local.) of arms on the reverse.

Spake-net (spāk'net), n. A net for catching Spancel (span'sel), v.t. pret. & pp. spanSpade-handle (spád-han'dl), n. In mach, crabs.

celled; ppr. spancelling. a pin held at both ends by the forked end Spalacotherium (spal'a-kő-thé"ri-um), n.

To tie the legs of a horse (Gr. spalax, spalakos, mole, and therion, a of a connecting-rod. Goodrich.

or cow with a rope. Spade-husbandry (spåd'huz-band-ri), n. wild beast.) An extinct genus of mole-like

(Local.) A mode of cultivating the soil and improvinsectivorous marsupials, founded by Owen

Spancelled (span'seld), ing it by means of deep digging with the on the teeth and jaw-bones found in the

pp. In her an epithet spade instead of the subsoil-plough. dirt-beds of Purbeck, Dorsetshire.

for a horse that has the Spade-iron (gpåd'i-ern), n. In her. the term Spalax (spalaks), n. [Gr., a mole.) A genus

fore and hind leg of the of rodent animals of which the Spalax used to denote the iron part or shoeing of a

near side fettered by spade. typhlus or slepez may be taken as the type.

means of fetterlocks fasSpadiceous (spá-dish'us), a. (L. spadiceus, See SLEPEZ.

Spancelled. tened to the ends of a from spadix, a light red colour.) 1. Of a Spale (spål), n. [D. spell, a chip; 0. and

stick. light red colour, usually denominated bay.

Prov. G. spellen, to split. Akin spelk, spalt, | Span-counter (span'koun-ter), n. An old Sir T. Browne.-2. In bot. said of a sort of

split.] A chip or splinter of wood. (Scotch.) game thus played: one threw a counter on

Spale (spăl), v.t. In mining, (a) to inflict a aggregate flower, having a receptacle com

the ground, and another tried to hit it with mon to many florets, within a spathe, as in

fine upon for breach of some rule of the his counter, or to get it near enough for him palms, Dracontium, Arum, &c. mine. (6) Same as Spail.

to span the space between them and touch Spadicose (spa'di-kos), a. In bot. growing

Spall (spal), v.t. To split; to splinter. See both the counters. In either case he won; on the spadix. SPALE, SPAIL.

if not, his counter remained where it fell, Spadille, Spadilio (spa-dil, spa-dil'yo), n.

Spall (spąl), n. In masonry, a chip driven and became a mark for the first player, and (Fr. spadille, Sp. espadilla, dim. of espada. off by the hammer.

so alternately till the game was won. Called Šee SPADE.) The ace of spades at ombre Spall, Spalle (spal), n. [O. Fr. espaule, It.

also Span-farthing, Span-feather. and quadrille. spalla, the shoulder, from L. spathula,

Tell the king, from me, that for his father's sake, spatula, a dim. of spatha, a broad flat Spading (spād'ing), n. The operation of

Henry the Fifth, in whose time boys went to spon wooden instrument. See SPADE.) The digging with a spade; the operatiou of par

counter for French crowns, I am content he shall shoulder. Spenser. (Old English and Scotch.) reign.

Skad. ing off the surface or sward of grass land Spalt (spalt), n. (See SPALE.) A whitish

Span-dogs (span'dogz), n. pl. A pair of iron by means of the paring scaly mineral, used to promote the fusion

hooks or bars, with sharp claws at one end, of metals. spade with an intent to

linked together and used to grapple timber, burn it, and thus imSpalt (spalt), a. (Akin to split, spelk, &c.) |

the fangs of the extended ends being driven prove the land. 1. Brittle; liable to break or split. (Local.)

into the log. Spadix (spå' diks), n.

Of all oke growing in England, the park oke is the Spandrel (span'drel)n. [Old forms spaun(L.) In bot. a form of softest, and far more spalt and brickle than the hedge

dere, splaundrel, from 0. Fr. esplanader, to oke.

Holinished. the inflorescence of

level, plane, lay even. Gee ESPLANADE] plants, in which the

2. Frail; clumsy; heedless; pert. (Local. In arch. the irregular triangular space comflowers are closely ar

Spalt (spadt), v.t. andi. (Dan spalte, to split. prehended between the outer curve or exranged round a fleshy

See SPALE.) To split off, as chips from timradius, and the whole

ber. (Provincial English.) surrounded by a large

Span (span), n. (A. Sax. span, sponn, a span leaf or bract called a

(the measure); Icel. spönn, Dan. spand, D. spathe, as in palms and

span, G. spanne, the measure of a span, all arums. See cut INFLOR

from verb signifying to extend, to stretch, ESCENCE.

to measure, seen in A. Sax, and 0.H.G. span. Spado (spá'do), n. (L.) dix of Arum macula

a, Spathe, and , Spa

nan, to clasp, join, measure, span, probably 1. A castrated animal; tum,

also in L. spatium, space; Gr. spao, to draw. a gelding. -2. In civil In sense 5 the word seems to come directly

SS, Spandrels. law, one who from any cause has not the

from the D. span, a span or yoke, the origin power of procreation; an impotent person, being the same.] 1. The space from the end

trados of an arch, a horizontal line drawn Spadroont (spa-drön'), n. (Fr. and Sp. esof the thumb to the end of the little finger

from its apex, and a perpendicular line from padon, It, spadone. See SPADE.) A cut-andwhen extended; nine inches; the eighth of

its springing; also, a space on a wall, between thrust sword, lighter than a broadsword. a fathom.--2. A short space of time.

the outer mouldings of two arches, and a Spae (spā), v. i. and t. (A Scandinavian word: Life's but a span; I'll every inch enjoy. Farquhar.

horizontal line,or string-course, above them Icel. spá, Dan. spade, to foretell; comp. G. For, indeed, 't is a sweet and peculiar pleasure likewise between similar mouldings and the spähen, to look; L. specio, to see.) To fore

To possess but a span of the hour of leisure

line of another arch rising above, and intell; to divine; to forbode; as, to spae one's

In elegant pure and aerial minds.

Keats.

closing the two. In Gothic architecture the fortune. [Scotch.)

3. In arch. an imaginary line across the spandrels are usually ornamented with tra. Spae-man (spā'man), n. A prophet; a di- | opening of an arch or roof by which its ex cery, foliage, &c. Britton.-Spandrel rall, viner; a soothsayer. (Scotch.)

tent is estimated; the spread or extent of a wall built on the extrados of an arch fille Spaer (spå'ér), n. One who spaes; a fortune- an arch between its abutments.-4. Naut. a ing in the spandrels.

SPANE

145

SPAR

[graphic]

Spane (spán), v. t. [A. Sax. spanu, spana, fawning submissiveness; hence, a mean, Spanker (spang ker), n. [From spank, to go Prov. E spean, spone, & teat. Lit. to teat, cringing, fawning person.

quickly.) i. One that takes long strides in that is, to deprive of the pap.] To wean.

I am your spaniel; and, Demetrius,

walking; a fast-going or fleet horse. (Colloq.) [Provincial English and Scotch.

The more you beat me I will fawn on you. Shak. 2. Naut. a ship's driver; a large fore-andSpanemy (spa-nē'mi), n. Same as Spance- Spaniel (span'yel), a. Like a spaniel; fawnmia,

ingly submissive; mean; servile; cringing. Span-farthing, Span-feather (span' får Low-crooked courtesies, and base spaniel

Thing, span'feTH-ér), n. See SPAN-COUNTER fawning.' Shak.
Spangt (spang).12. [See SPANGLE.) A spangle | Spaniel (span'yel), v. i. To fawn; to cringe;
or shining ornament; a thin piece of metal to be obsequious. Churchill.
or other shining material Glittering Spaniel (span yel), v.t. To follow like a
spangs.' Spenser.

spaniel. The hearts that spaniel'd me at
Spangt (spang), v.t. To spangle; to set with heels.' Shak.
spangles. Crimson velvet spang'd with Spaniel-like (span'yel-lik),a. Like a spaniel.
stars of gold.' Barnfield.

Spaniel-like, the more she spurns my love, Spang (spang), v.i. [Ákin to span.) To leap; The more it grows and fawneth on her still. Shak. to spring. [Scotch.)

Spanish (span'ish), a. Pertaining to Spain. Spang (spang), v. t. To cause to spring; also

Spanish (span'ish), n. The language of to span or measure by the hand. (Scotch.]

Spain. Spang (spang), n. 1. A spring; the act of

Spanish - bayonet (span'ish-bā-on-et), n. springing. -2. A span. (Scotch.)

The popular name of a species of Yucca, Spangle (spang'gl), n. [Dim. of spang, a

growing in Central America, having very spangle; A. Sax. spange, a buckle, a clasp.

sharp-pointed rigid leaves. probably also a brooch, a stud, and the like;

Spanish - black (span'ish-blak), n. A soft D. sping, Icel. spong, a spangle, a stud; black, prepared by burning cork, used in

SS. Spanker. perhaps from root of span.) 1. A small

painting. plate or boss of shining metal; a small cirSpanish-broom (span'ish-bröm), n. A plant

aft sail set upon the mizzen-mast of a ship enlar ornament of metal stitched on an

or barque, the top extended by a gaff, the of the genus Spartium, the S. junceum. It article of dress.-2. Any little thing sparkhas been cultivated in British gardens for

foot by a boom. It is also called the Mizzen. ling and brilliant, like pieces of metal; a upwards of 300 years. A good fibre is ob

3. A tall person; anything larger than comsmall sparkling object. The rich spangles tained from the macerated twigs, which is

mon. [Colloq.] that adorn the sky.' Waller. made into thread in Languedoc, and into

Spanking (spangk'ing), p. and a. [Colloq.) They would pelt me with starry spangles and shells. cord and a coarse sort of cloth in Dalmatia.

1. Moving with a quick lively pace; dashing; Tennyson,

freegoing. -- 2. Stout; large; considerable; Spanish-brown (span'ish-broun), n. A spe

solid. (Colloq. ] 3. A spongy excrescence on the leaves and cies of earth used in painting, having a dark tender branches of oak; an oak-apple. reddish-brown colour, which depends upon

He sent the governess away with a first-rate character and a spanking present.

W. Collins. Spangle (spang'gl), e.t. pret. & pp. spangled; the sesquioxide of iron. ppr. spangling. To set or sprinkle with | Spanish-burton (span'ish-ber-ton), n. See -Spanking breeze, a strong breeze. spangles; to adorn with small distinct bril BURTON.

Spanless (span'les), a. Incapable of being liant bodies; as, a spangled breastplate. Spanish-chalk (spanish-chak). n. A variety spanned or measured. What stars do spangle heaven with such beauty? of steatite or soap-stone, obtained from

Span-long (span'long), a. Of the length of
Arragon in Spain.
Shak.

a span. Span-long elves.' B. Jonson. Let the splendour fall

Spanish-cress (span'ish-kres), n. A species Spanner (span'ér), n. 1. One that spans. To spangle all the happy shores. Tennyson, of pepperwort, of the genus Lepidium (L.

2. The lock of a fusee or carbine, or the Cardamines). Loudon.

fusee itself.-3. A screw-key; an iron instruSpangle (spang'gl), 0.1. To glitter; to glisten.

Spanish-elm [Bare)

ment used in the manner of a lever for (span'ish-elm). n. An evergreen tree of Mexico and the West Indies.

tightening up the nuts upon screws.-4. A Spangler (spang'gler), 12. One who or that

cross brace.-5. In a marine steam-engine, which spangles.

yielding a tough elastic wood of a fine grain Keats. Spangly (spang'gli), a. Of or pertaining to

the lever of parallel motion or rod which (Cordia gerasacanthus). Spanish-Ferreto (span'ish-fer-ra'to). n. A

connects the jointed rods with the radius4 spangle or spangles; resembling or conrich reddish brown, obtained by calcining

bar. Also, in some of the earlier engines, sisting of spangles; glittering; glistening. copper and sulphur together in closed cru

the hand-bar or lever by which the valves Bursts of spangly light.' Keats. cibles. Weale.

were moved for the admission and shuttingSpaniard (span'yérd), n. A native of Spain.

off of the steam. Spaniel (span'yel),n. [O. Fr. espagneul, Mod.

Spanish-fly (span'ish-fli), n. A coleopterous
insect, the Cantharis vesicatoria, about

Span-new (span'nū), a.
Fr. Epagneul, lit a little Spanish dog, from

(O.E. spannewe, New L Hispaniolus, Spanish, from L. His

inch long, and of a bright green colour, with

sponnewe, Icel. spán-nýr, span-new, lit. pania, Spain.] 1. The name given to several

chip-new, splinter-new, from spon or span, bluish-black legs and antenna, used in vesi. varieties or distinct breeds of the canine

A. Sax. spón, a chip or splinter; Icel, spánn, catories or compositions for raising blisters. See CANTHARIS.

G. span, a chip. In allusion to work fresh race, all more or less elegant. Their distinguishing characteristics are a rather broad Spanish-grass (span'ish-gras), n. Same as

from the hands of the workman; so Dan. muzzle, remarkably long and full ears, hair Esparto Grass. See ESPARTO.

splinterny, lit. splinter-new. See also SPICKplentiful and beautifully waved, particuSpanish-juice (span'ish-jus), n. The ex

AND-SPAN.) Quite new; bran-new; fire-new.

Am I not totally a span-new gallant, tract of the root of the liquorice, Glycyrlarly that of the ears, tail, and hinder parts rhiza glabra.

Fit for the choicest eye? Beau, & FI. Spanish-moss (span'ish-mos), n. See BAR

Spannishing, t n. 10. Fr. espanouissement, BA-HISPANICA.

Fr. épanouissement, from L. expando-ex, Spanish-nut (span'ish-nut), n. A bulbous out, and pando, to spread.] The blow of a plant, the Morca Sisyrinchium of the south flower. Romaunt of the Rose. of Europe.

Span-piece (span' pēs), n. In arch. the Spanish-potato (span'ish-po-tā-to), n. The collar-beam of a roof. sweet-potato (Convolvulus Batatas).

Span-roof (span'röf), n. In arch, a name Spanish-red (span'ish-red), n. An ochre, sometimes given to the most common roofresembling venetian red, but slightly yel

ing which is formed by two inclined planes lower and warmer.

or sides, in contradistinction to a shed or Spanish-soap (span'ish-sõp),n. See CASTILE lean-to roof. SOAP.

Span-saw (span'są), n. A frame-saw. Spanish-white (span'ish-whit), n. Origin Span-worm (span'werm), n. A name fre

ally, a white earth from Spain, used in quently given in the United States to caterSpaniel painting: at present, a pigment prepared

pillars of moths of the family Geometridæ, of the thighs and legs.

of which the canker-worm is an example, from chalk which has been separated in an The prevailing colimpalpable form by washing.

from their appearing to measure the ground our is liver and white, sometimes red and white or black and white, and sometimes

Spanish-windlass (span'ish-wind-las), n. step by step as they proceed. Called also deep brown, or black on the face and breast,

| An apparatus used in ships for setting up Looper.

rigging, &c. It consists of a wooden roller, Spar (spår), n. [A. Sax. spæer, spærstân, a with a tan spot over each eye. The English

about which a rope is wound, having an kind of stone.) In mineral a term emspaniel is a superior and very pure breed; iron bolt inserted in its bight for heaving

ployed to include a great number of crysand, although the name spaniel would seem the roller round.

tallized, earthy, and some metallic subto indicate a Spanish origin, it is most pro- Spank (spangk), v.t. [Probably from span.

stances, which easily break into rhomboidal. bably indigenous. It was much used in the

Comp. Sc. spang for span.) To strike with cubical, or laminated fragments with poldays of falconry to start the game. The the open hand; to slap.

ished surfaces, but without regard to the smaller spaniel or King Charles's dog (Canis Spank (spangk), n. A sounding blow with

ingredients of which they are composed. brccipilis, Linn.) is a small variety of the the open hand.

Hence, a specific epithet must be employed paniel used as a lapdog. The Maltese dog

Spank (spangk), v.i. (From span(which see); to express the constituent parts as well as and the lion-dog (Canis leoninus) are also all species of spaniel. The water-spaniels,

comp. Sc. spang, to leap.) To move with the figure; as, for instance, calcareous spar,

a quick lively step between & trot and a large and small differ from the common

fluor-spar, gypseous spar, adamantine spar, spaniel only in the roughness of their coats,

Iceland-spar, &c. Among miners, the term gallop; to move quickly and with elasti. city.

spar is frequently used alone to express any and in uniting the aquatic propensities of

Here a gentleman in a natty gig, with a high-trot- bright crystalline substance, but in minerthe Newfoundland dog with the fine hinting ting horse, came spanking towards us over the com alogy, strictly speaking, it is never so emqualities of their own race. Spaniels possess

mon.

Thackeray.

ployed. a great share of intelligence, affection, and Spanker (spang' ker), n. [From spang, a Spar (spär), n. [OE. Sparre, Icel. sparri, obedience, which qualities, combined with spangle. See SPANGLE.) 1. A small copper sperra, a spar, a rafter; Dan. sparre, a rafter; auch beauty, make them highly prized as coin. Sir J. Denham. - 2. A gold coin. 0.H.G. Sparro, Mod. G. sparren, a beam, a companions. — 2. Used as an emblem of [Provincial English.]

bar.A long piece of timber of no great

ch, chain; ch, Sc. loch;

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, Fr. ton; ng, sing;

TH, then; th, thin;

w, wig; wh, whig; zh, azure.-See KEY.

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