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nes even thousine and without Spagyric
Spade (spād), n. [A. Sax. spadu; L.G. D.
Dan, and Sw. spade, Icel. spadi, G. spaten, borrowed from L. spatha=Gr. spathe, any broad blade of wood or metal. From the Latin come also It. spada, Sp. espada, Fr. epse, a sword.) 1. An instrument for digging or cutting the ground, provided with a broad blade of iron, with a cutting edge, and having a stout handle, adapted to be used with both hands and one foot.-To call a spade a spade, to call things by their proper names even though these may seem å little coarse; to speak plainly and without mincing matters. To call a spade a spade, a bawd a bawd.' John Taylor.
I have learned to call wickedness by its own terins: a fig a fig, and a stade a spade. John Knox. 2. One of the four suits of cards, from the spade-like figures on each of the cards of the suit: in this sense used in the plural, though the singular may be used for a single card of the suit; as, to lead spades, or to lead a spade. The figure was originally designed to represent the head of a pike; but the name is, perhaps, derived directly from Spanish espada, sword-these cards among the Spanish bearing the figure of a sword. Goodrich. Spade (spād), v.t. To dig with a spade; or
to pare off the sward of land with a spade. Spade (spăd), n. A hart three years old.
Written also Spaid. Spade (spād), n. (L. spado, a eunuch.] 1. A
eunuch.-2. A gelded beast. Spade-bayonet (spädbå-on-et), n. A broadbladed bayonet which may be used for digging shelter holes or rifle-pits. Spade-bone (spád'bon), n. The should
blade; the scapula Spadeful (spăd'ful), 12. As much as a spade
will hold. Spade-guinea (spād'gi-nē), n. A guinea with a spade-formed shield bearing the coat of arms on the reverse. Spade-handle (spád-han'di), n. In mach. a pin held at both ends by the forked end
à of a connecting-rod. Goodrich. Spade-husbandry (spådhuz-band-ri), 7
A mode of cultivating the soil and improying it by means of deep digging with the spade instead of the subsoil-plough. Spade-iron (spăd'i-érn), n. In her. the term used to denote the iron part or shoeing of a spade. Spadiceous (spá-dish'us), a. (L. spadiceus, from spadix, a light red colour i 1. Ola light red colour, usually denominated bay. Sir T. Browne.-2. In bot. said of a sort of aggregate flower, having a receptacle common to many florets, within a spathe, as in
palms, Dracontium, Arum, &c. Spadicose (spá'di-kos), a. In bot. growing
on the spadix. Spadille, Spadilio (spa-dil', spa-dil'yo), n. (Fr. spadille, Sp. espadilla, dim. of espada. See SPADE.) The ace of spades at ombre and quadrille. Spading (spád'ing), n. The operation of digging with a spade; the operation of paring off the surface or sward of grass land by means of the paring spade with an intent to burn it, and thus improve the land. Spadix (spá' diks), n.
L) In bot. a form of the inflorescence of plants, in which the flowers are closely arranged round a fleshy radius, and the whole surrounded by a large leaf or bract called a spathe, as in palms and arums. See cut INFLORESCENCE. Spado (spå'do), n. (L.] dix of Arum macula
a, Spathe, and , Spa1. A castrated animal; tuom a gelding.-2. In civil lau, one who from any cause has not the power of procreation; an impotent person. Spadroont (spa-drön'), n. (Fr. and Sp. espadon, It. spadone. See SPADE] A cut-andthrust sword, lighter than a broadsword. Spae (spā), v. i and t. (A Scandinavian word: Icel. sp, Dan, spaae, to foretell; comp. G. spähen, to look; L specio, to see.) To foretell: to divine; to forbode; as, to spae one's fortune. [Scotch.) Spae-man (spā'man), n. A prophet; a di.
viner; a soothsayer. (Scotch.) Spaer (spå'èr), n. One who spaes; a fortune
teller. 'A spaer o' poor folk's fortunes.' rope fastened at both ends so that a purBlackwood's Mag.
chase may be hooked to its bight Also, a Spae-wife (spā'wif), n. A female fortune double rope, having thimbles attached beteller. (Scotch.)
twixt its two parts, and used as a fair-leader Many remembered that Annaple Bailyon wandered
for ropes.-5. A pair of horses; & yoke of through the country as a beggar and fortune-teller, animals; a team. It is generally applied in or spae-wife.
Sir W. Scott. America to a pair of horses of nearly the Spagyric, t Spagyricalt (spa-jir'ik, spa-jir'. same colour, and otherwise nearly alike. ik-al), a. (Fr. spagirique, formed from Gr.
which are usually harnessed side by side. spao, to draw, to separate, and ageiro, to
In South Africa it is applied generally to assemble, to bring together.) Chemical or other animals than horses, as to a yoke of alchemical.
oxen. Spagyrict (spa-jir'ik), n. A chemist, espe Span (span), v.t. pret. & pp. spanned; ppr.
cially one devoted to alchemical pursuits. spanning. 1. To measure by the hand with Spagyristt (spaj'ir-ist), n. 1. A chemist or the fingers extended, or with the fingers alchemist.-2. One of a sect of physicians encompassing the object; as, to span a space who pretended to account for the changes or distance; to span a cylinder. -2 To meawhich occur in the human body in health sure or reach from one side of to the other, and disease, in the same manner as the as, a bridge spans the river. chemists of their day explained those of the
This soul doth span the world. Herbert inorganic kingdom.
The rivers were spanned by arches of solid saSpahee, Spahi (spå'hē, spä'hi), n. [Turk.
sonry. sipahi, Per. sipahee. See SEPOY.] i. One of the Turkish cavalry. The Spahis were
3. Naut. to confine with ropes; as, to span disbanded, along with the Janissaries, in
the booms.-4. To shackle the legs of, as a 1826.-2. Á native Algerian cavalry-soldier
horse; to hobble. (Local.] in the French army.
Span (span), v. To be well matched for Spaid (spād), n. A hart three years old.
running in harness; as, the horses span well
United States.) Spail (spål), v. t. (See SPALE.) In mining, to break up, as ore, into small pieces for the
Span (span), pret. of spin. purpose of easily separating it from the
Spanæmia (spa-né' mi-a ), n. (Gr. spanis, rock. Written also Spale.
scarcity, and haima, blood.] In patkol
poverty of blood; that condition of the blood Spail (spāl), n. A chip. See SPALE.
in which its solid constituents are diminSpairge (spārj), v.t. (Fr. asperger, from L.
ished. Written also Spanemy. spargo, to scatter, to besprinkle) To dash; | as, to spairge water; to bespatter by dashing |
Spanæmic, Spanemic (spa-në'mik), a. In any liquid; to sully by reproach. (Scotch.)
med. relating to spanæmia; having the Spait (spāt), n. See SPATE.
quality of impoverishing the blood. Spake (spāk). One of the forms of the pre
Spanæmic, Spanemic (spa-nē'mik), * A terite of speak, the other, and more com
medicine having the power, real or fancied,
of impoverishing the blood monly used form, being spoke.
Spancel (span'sel), n. (A. Sax. spannan, to Still she spake on, and still she sake of power. I join, and sal, a rope, a fastening.) A rope
Tennyson. to tie a cow or a horse's hind-legs. (Local) Spake-net (spākʼnet), n. A net for catching Spancel (span'sel), v.t. pret. & pp. spencrabs.
celled; ppr. spancelling Spalacotherium (spal'a-ko-thē"ri-um), n.
To tie the legs of a horse (Gr. spalat, spalakos, mole, and therion, a
or cow with a rope wild beast.) An extinct genus of mole-like
(Local.] insectivorous marsupials, founded by Owen
Spancelled (span'seld on the teeth and jaw-bones found in the
pp. In her. an epithet dirt-beds of Purbeck, Dorsetshire. .
for a horse that has the Spalax (spal'aks), n. (Gr., & mole.) A genus
fore and hind leg of the of rodent animals of which the Spalar
near side fettered by typhlus or slepez may be taken as the type.
means of fetterlocks lasSee SLEPEZ
Spancelled. tened to the ends of a Spale (spal), n. [D. spell, a chip : 0. and
stick Prov. G. spellen, to split. Akin spelk, spalt,
Span-counter (span koun-ter), n. An old split] A chip or splinter of wood. [Scotch. ]
game thus played: one threw a counter 01 Spale (spål), v.t. In mining, (a) to inflict a
the ground, and another tried to hit it with fine upon for breach of some rule of the
his counter, or to get it near enough for hins mine. (6) Same as Spail.
to span the space between them and touch Spall (spal), v.t. To split; to splinter. See both the counters. In either case he von SPALE, SPAIL.
if not, his counter remained where it fell, Spall (spal), n. In masonry, a chip driven and became a mark for the first player, and off by the hammer.
so alternately till the game was won. Called Spall, Spalle (spal), n. (O. Fr. espaule, It. also Span-farthing, Span-feather. spalla, the shoulder, from L spathula,
Tell the king. from me, that for his father's sake. spatula, a dim. of spatha, a broad flat
Henry the Fifth, in whose time boys went to spor wooden instrument. See SPADE.] The
counter for French crowns. I am content he shad shoulder. Spenser. [Old English and Scotch.) reign.
Sat. Spalt (spalt), n. (See SPALE.) A whitish scaly mineral, used to promote the fusion
Span-dogs (span'dogz), n. pl. A pair of iron
hooks or bars, with sharp claws at one eura, of metals.
linked together and used to grapple timber, Spalt (spalt), a. (Akin to split, spelk, &c.] 1. Brittle; liable to break or split. [Local.) |
the fangs of the extended ends being driven
into the log. of all oke growing in England, the park oke is the
Spandrel (span'drel). n. [Old forms sparnsoftest, and far more spalt and brickle than the hedge
dere, splaundrel, from 0. Fr, esplanader, to oke.
level, plane, lay even. See ESPLANADE] 2. Frail; clumsy; heedless; pert. (Local. In arch. the irregular triangular space conSpalt (spalt), v.t. and i Dan. spalte, to split. prehended between the outer curve or el See SPALE.) To split off, as chips from timber. (Provincial English.) Span (span), n. [A. Sax. span, sponn, a span (the measure); Icel. spönn, Dan. spand, D. span, G. spanne, the measure of a span, all from verb signifying to extend, to stretch, to measure, seen in A. Sax, and O.H.G. spannan, to clasp, join, measure, span, probably also in L. spatium, space; Gr. spao, to draw. In sense 5 the word seems to come directly
$s, Spandrels from the D. span, a span or yoke, the origin being the same.] 1. The space from the end of the thumb to the end of the little finger
trados of an arch, a horizontal line drawn when extended; nine inches; the eighth of
from its apex, and a perpendicular line from a fathom.-2. A short space of time.
s springing; also, a space on a wall, between
the outer mouldings of two arches, and a Life's but a span; I'll every inch enjoy. Farquhar. horizontal line,or string-course, ab For, indeed, 't is a sweet and peculiar pleasure
likewise between similar mouldings and the To possess but a span of the hour of leisure
line of another arch rising above, and In elegant pure and aerial minds.
closing the two. In Gothic architecture 3. In arch. an imaginary line across the spandrels are usually ornamented wit opening of an arch or roof by which its ex cery, foliage, &c. Britton.-Spandre tent is estimated : the spread or extent of a wall built on the extrados of an a an arch between its abutments.-4. Naut. a ing in the spandrels.
trados of an arch fill
Snana (span. t. A. Sax. spanu, spana. | fawning submissiveness; hence, a mean, Spanker (spang ker), n. (From spank, to go Prov. E spean, spene, a teat. Lit. to teat, cringing, fawning person.
quickly.) 1. One that takes long strides in that is, to deprive of the pap.) To wean. I am your spaniel; and, Demetrius,
walking; a fast-going or fleet horse. (Colloq.) Provincial English and Scotch.)
The more you beat me I will fawn on you. Shak. 2. Naut. a ship's driver; a large fore-andSpanemy (spa-ne'mi), 11. Same as Spanæ. Spaniel (span'yel), a. Like a spaniel; fawn.
ingly submissive; mean; servile; cringing. Span-farthing, Span-feather (span'fär.
Low-crooked courtesies, and base spaniel
to be obsequious. Churchill.
spaniel. The hearts that spaniel'd me at Spangt (spang), et. To spangle; to set with heels.' Shak. spangles. Crimson velvet spang'd with | Spaniel-like (span'yel-lik),a. Like a spaniel. stars of gold.' Barnfield.
Spaniel-like, the more she spurns my love, Spang (spang), o... (Ákin to span.) To leap; The more it grows and fawneth on her still. Shak. to spring (Scotch)
Spanish (span'ish), a. Pertaining to Spain. Spang (spang), t.t. To cause to spring; also
Spanish (span'ish), n. The language of to span or measure by the hand. [Scotch.)
Spain. Spang (spang), n. 1. A spring; the act of
Spanish - bayonet (span'ish-bā-on-et), n. springing --2 A span. (Scotch.)
The popular name of a species of Yucca, Spangle (spang gl), n. (Dim. of spang, a
growing in Central America, having very spangle; A Sax. spange, a buckle, a clasp,
sharp-pointed rigid leaves. probably also a brooch, a stud, and the like;
Spanish - black (span'ish-blal D. spong, Icel. spong, a spangle, a stud; black, prepared by burning cork, used in
Ss, Spanker. perhaps from root of span.] 1. A small
painting. plate or boss of shining metal; a small cir
aft sail set upon the mizzen-mast of a ship Spanish-broom (span'ish-bröm), n. A plant cular ornament of metal stitched on an
or barque, the top extended by a gaff, the of the genus Spartium, the S. junceum. It article of dress -2. Any little thing spark
foot by a boom. It is also called the Mizzen. has been cultivated in British gardens for ling and brilliant, like pieces of metal; a upwards of 300 years. A good fibre is ob
3. A tall person; anything larger than comsmall sparkling object. The rich spangles
mon. (Colloq.] tained from the macerated twigs, which is that adorn the sky' Waller. made into thread in Languedoc, and into
Spanking (spangk'ing), p. and a. [Colloq.) cord and a coarse sort of cloth in Dalmatia.
1. Moving with a quick lively pace; dashing; They would pelt me with starry spangles and shells.
freegoing. -2. Stout; large; considerable; Tennyson. Spanish-brown (span'ish-broun), n. A speA spongy excrescence on the leaves and cies of earth used in painting, baving a dark
solid. [Colloq. ] tender branches of oak; an oak-apple. reddish brown colour, which depends upon
He sent the governess away with a first-rate char. acter and a sparking present.
W. Collins. Spangle (spang'gl), 0.pret. & pp. spangled; the sesquioxide of iron. ppr. gangling. To set or sprinkle with Spanish-burton (span'ish-ber-ton), n. See
-Spanking breeze, a strong breeze. spangles to adorn with small distinct bril BURTON.
Spanless (span'les), a. Incapable of being liant bodies; as, a spangled breastplate. Spanish-chalk (span'ish-chak), n. A variety
spanned or measured. What stars do spangle heaven with such beauty? of steatite or soap-stone, obtained from
Span-long (span'long), a. Of the length of Arragon in Spain.
Span-long elves.' B. Jonson.
Spanner (span'er), n. 1. One that spans.To spargle all the happy shores. Tennyson, of pepperwort, of the genus Lepidium (L.
2. The lock of a fusee or carbine, or the
fusee itself.-3. A screw-key; an iron instruSpangle (spang'gl),c.i. To glitter; to glisten.
ment used in the manner of a lever for (span'ish-elm), n. An evergreen tree of Mexico and the West Indies,
tightening up the nuts upon screws.-4. A Spangler (spang gler), n. Oue who or that yielding a tough elastic wood of a fine grain
cross brace.-5. In a marine steam-engine, which spangles Keats.
the lever of parallel motion or rod which Spanglý (spang'gli), a. Of or pertaining to
(Cordia gerasacanthus). 1 spangle or spangles; resembling or con
connects the jointed rods with the radiusSpanish-Ferreto (span'ish-fer-ra'to), n. A
bar. Also, in some of the earlier engines, sisting of spangles; glittering ; glistening. rich reddish brown, obtained by calcining
the hand-bar or lever by which the valves Barsts of spangly light.' Keats.
copper and sulphur together in closed cru
cibles. Spanlard (span yerd), n. A native of Spain.
were moved for the admission and shuttingWeale.
off of the steam. Spaniel (span'yel). 10. Fr. espagneul, Mod.
Spanish-fly (span'ish-fli), n. A coleopterous
Span-new (span'nū), a. (O.E. spannewe,
sponnewe, Icel. spán-nýr, span-new, lit. bluish-black legs and antennæ, used in vesipania, Spain.) 1. The name given to several
chip-new, splinter-new, from spon or span,
A. Sax. spón, a chip or splinter; Icel. spánn, varieties or distinct breeds of the canine catories or compositions for raising blisters.
G. span, a chip. See CANTHARIS. race, all more or less elegant.
In allusion to work fresh Their distinguishing characteristics are a rather broad
from the hands of the workman; so Dan. Spanish-grass (span'ish-gras), n. Same as
splinterny, lit. splinter-new. See also SPICKmuzzle, remarkably long and full ears, hair Esparto Grass. See ESPARTO.
AND-SPAN.) Quite new; bran-new; fire-new. plentiful and beautifully waved, particu
Spanish - Juice (span'ish-jūs), n. The exlarly that of the ears, tail, and hinder parts tract of the root of the liquorice, Glycyr
Am I not totally a span-new gallant, rhiza glabra.
Fit for the choicest eye? Beau, & FI. Spanish-moss (span'ish-mos), n. See BAR- Spannishing,t n. (0.Fr. espanouissement, BA-HISPANICA.
Fr. épanouissement, from L. expando-ex, Spanish-Dut (span'ish-nut), n. A bulbous out, and pando, to spread.] The blow of a plant, the Moræa Sisyrinchium of the south
flower. Romaunt of the Rose. of Europe.
Span-piece (span' pēs), n. In arch. the Spanish-potato (span'ish-pota-to), n. The
collar-beam of a roof. sweet-potato (Convolvulus Batatas).
Span-roof (span'röf), n. In arch. a name Spanish-red (span'ish-red), n. An ochre,
sometimes given to the most common roofresembling venetian red, but slightly yel
ing which is formed by two inclined planes lower and warmer,
or sides, in contradistinction to a shed or Spanish-soap(span'ish-söp),n. See CASTILE lean-to roof. SOAP.
Span-saw (span'sa), n. A frame-saw. Spanish-white (span'ish-whit), n. Origin Span-worm (span'werm), n. A name freally, a white earth from Spain, used in
quently given in the United States to caterSpaniel painting; at present, a pigment prepared
pillars of moths of the family Geometridæ, from chalk which has been separated in an
of which the canker-worm is an example, of the thighs and legs. The prevailing col. impalpable form by washing.
from their appearing to measure the ground our is liver and white, sometimes red and white or black and white, and sometimes
Spanish - windlass (span'ish-wind-las), n. step by step as they proceed. Called also
An apparatus used in ships for setting up Looper. deep brown, or black on the face and breast,
rigging, &c. It consists of a wooden roller, Spar (spår), n. [A. Sax. spær, spærstån, a with a tan spot over each eye. The English about which a rope is wound, having an
kind of stone.) In mineral, a term emmaniel is a superior and very pure breed; iron bolt inserted in its bight for heaving
ployed to include a great number of crysind, although the name spaniel would seem to indicate a Spanish origin, it is most prothe roller round.
tallized, earthy, and some metallic subtably indigenous. It was much used in the
stances, which easily break into rhomboidal, Spank (spangk), v.t. (Probably from span. days of falconry to start the game.
cubical, or laminated fragments with polComp. Sc. spang for span.) To strike with The the open hand; to slap.
ished surfaces, but without regard to the smaller spaniel or King Charles's dog (Canis
ingredients of which they are composed. brecipilis, Linn) is a small variety of the Spank (spangk), n. Å sounding blow with
Hence, a specifie epithet must be employed spaniel used as a lapdog.
the open hand.
to express the constituent parts as well as and the lion-dog (Canis leoninus) are also comp. Sc. spang, to leap.) To move with
the figure; as, for instance, calcareous spar, Stall species of spaniel. The water-spaniels,
a quick lively step between a trot and a fluor-spar, gypseous spar, adamantine spar, large and small differ from the common
Iceland-spar, &c. Among miners, the term gallop; to move quickly and with elasti. spaniel only in the roughness of their coats, city.
spar is frequently used alone to express any and in uniting the aquatic propensities of Here a gentleman in a natty gig, with a high-trot. bright crystalline substance, but in minerthe Newfoundland dog with the fine hunting ting horse, came spanking towards us over the com alogy, strictly speaking, it is never so emqualities of their own race. Spaniels possess
Thackeray. ployed. * great share of intelligence, affection, and Spanker (spang' ker), n. (From spang, a Spar (spär), n. [O.E. sparre, Icel. sparri, obedience, which qualities, combined with spangle. See SPANGLE.) 1.1 A small copper sperra, a spar, a rafter; Dan. sparre, a rafter; much beanty. make them highly prized as coin. Sir J. Denham. - 2. A gold coin. 0.H.G. sparro, Mod. G. sparren, a beam, a companions -2 Used 39 an emblem of (Provincial English.)
bar.) A long piece of timber of no great
thickness; a piece of sawed timber; a pole: 6. To forbear to inflict or impose upon; to somewhat resemble the perches in form, the now chiefly technical or local; as, (a) a com withhold from.
body being generally of an ovate form and mon rafter of a roof, as distinguished from
Saare my sight the pain
covered with large scales. The dorsal fin is the principal rafters. (6) Naut. a long beam:
Or seeing what a world of tears it cost you.
single, is not protected by any scales, and
Dryden. a general term for masts, yards, booms, and
its anterior rays are not spinous. The pee7. To save, withhold, or gain, as from some gaffs. (c) The mast or jib of a derrick; one
toral and ventral fins are sharp-pointed; the of the elevated inclined timbers which form engrossing occupation or pressing necessity.
tail-on potched. The gill-cover is shining, sheers for the masting and dismasting of
All the time he could spare from the necessary cares of his weighty charge he bestowed on prayer
and has no proper spines or denticulationis. vessels. (d) The bar of a gate.
and serving of God.
Knolles. Spart (spår), v.t. pret. & pp. sparred; ppr. sparring. [A. Sax. sparran, sparrian, to
Spare (spár), v. i. 1. To live frugally; to be bar, to shut, lit. to shut with a spar. See
parsimonious or frugal; not to be liberal or the noun. Sperr is another form.] To bar;
profuse. A niggardly host and more spar. to shut, close, or fasten with a bar.
ing guest.' Shak.
Who at some times spend, at others spare, Calk your windows, spar up all your doors.
Divided between carelessness and care, Pope.
B. Jonson. Spar (spår), v.i. pret. & pp. sparred; ppr.
12. To use mercy or forbearance; to forgive; sparring. (0. Fr. esparer (It. sparare), to
to be tender; as, strike and do not spare. ffing out the hind legs, to kick, from L.
Spare (spår), a. (A. Sax. spor, moderate, ex, out, and parer, to ward off, to parry
spare; Icel. spari (in compounds), spare, re(which see). The word was originally used
served. See the verb.) 1. Scanty; not plenin cock-fighting, sparring being the com
tiful or abundant; as, a spare diet.-2. Parmencement of a cock-fight.] 1. To rise and
siinonious; chary; sparing. strike with the feet or spurs : said of cocks. He was spare but discreet of speech.
Gilthead (Chrysophrys aurata)
Carew. A young cock will spar at his adversary before his 3. Over and above what is necessary; which The teeth are sometimes acute, and somespurs are grown.
Gilbert White may be dispensed with; not wanted; super times broad and rounded, and adapted for 2. To move or flourish the fists in front of
fluous; as, I have no spare time on my crushing the shells of Mollusca and Crusthe body, as in boxing; to move the arms in
hands. If that no spare clothes he had to tacea, upon which these fishes chiefly feed. a way suitable for immediate attack or de
give.' Spenser.-4. Held in reserve; not The palate is toothless, and the mouth not fence; to fight with boxing-gloves; to box. required for present use; used in an emer protractile. The Sparidæ are mostly inhabi
tants of warm climates. They are edible, and Come on,' said the cab driver, sparring away
gency; as, a spare anchor; a spare bed. like clockwork.
5. Lean; wanting flesh; meagre; thin. Too some of them highly esteemed. British exspare of flesh." Tennyson.
amples are the gilthead (Chrysophrys ats. 3. To quarrel in words; to dispute; to wran
O give me the spare men, and spare me the great rata) and the sea-bream (Pagrus Centre gle. (Colloq.)
Shak, dontus). The sargus of the Romans (Sargus Spar (spår), n. In boxing, (a) a preliminary 6. Slow. [Provincial English. -SYN. Scanty,
Rondeletii) and the sheep's-head of North motion or flourish of the partially bent arms parsimonious, superfluous, lean, meagre,
America (S. ovis) belong to this family. in front of the body; a movement in which thin.
Sparing (spår'ing), a. 1. Scanty; little. the boxer is prepared to act offensively or defensively. (6) A boxing-match; a contest
Sparet (spár), n. 1. Moderation; restraint. of this there is with you sparing memory or none
Bacon with boxing-gloves. Holland.-2. Parsimony; frugal use ; econ
2. Spare; not abundant; abstemious. Oh, oh!' cried out Murray, entering the room at omy.
Good air, solitary groves, and sparing diet, sus the moment, and Ruby faced out and had a spar
cient to make you fancy yourself one of the fathers with him.
of the desert.
Pepe. of them.
Bacon. Sparable (spar'a-bl), n. (Corruption of spar. 3. An opening in a gown or petticoat; a
3. Saving; parsimonious; chary. row-bill, from the shape.) A kind of nail placket. Skelton.
Virgil being so very sparing of his words, and lear. driven into the soles of shoes and boots. Sparefult (spārful), a. Sparing; chary.
ing so much to be imagined by the reader, can RETE
be translated as he ought in any modern tongue. Sparable tin, a Cornish name for small crys
Fairfax. tals of tin-stone, from their imaginary re Sparefulnesst(spār'fyl-nes), n. The quality 4. Willing to pity and spare; merciful. semblance to this species of nail.
of being spareful; sparingness. Sir P. Sid. Their king : : . was sparing and compassionate Sparadrap (spar'a-drap), n. (Fr.) A cere ney.
towards his subjects. cloth.
Sparely (spår'li), adv. In a spare manner; Sparingly (spår'ing-li), ado. In a sparing Sparage, Sparagus (spar'āj. spar'a-gus), n. sparingly. Milton
manner; as, (a)not abundantly. 6)Frugally: Asparagus. (Obsolete or vulgar.)
Spareness (spår'nes), n. State of being lean parsimoniously; not lavishly. Sparblet (spar'bl), v.t. (O. Fr. esparpiller, to or thin; leanness.
Commend but sparingly whoin thou dost love. scatter.) To disperse; to scatter; to rout. Sparer (spār'er), n. One that spares; one
Sir . Desde Fabyan. that avoids unnecessary expense.
(c) Abstinently; moderately. Spar-deck (spär'dek),n. Naut. a term some
By nature far from profusion, and yet a greater Christians are obliged to taste even the innocent what loosely applied, though properly sig
sparer than a saver.
Atterbang. pifying a temporary deck, consisting of spars
Sparerib spār'rib). n. Spare. lean, and (d) Seldom; not frequently. supported on beams, laid in any part of a
rib.) The piece of a hog taken from the The morality of a grave sentence affected by Locan vessel. It also means the quarter - deck,
is more sparingly used by Virgil. side, consisting of the ribs with little flesh gangways, and forecastle of a deep-waisted
Dagen on them. vessel, and is applied to the upper entire
(e) Cautiously; tenderly; with forbearance. deck of a double-banked vessel without an
Sparganium (spär-gá'ni-um), n. [From Gr. Touch this sparingly, as 'twere far off. Skak. open waist.
Sparganon, a Allet, because of the ribbon
Sparingness (spār'ing-nes), n. The quality Spare (spār), v. t. pret. & pp. spared; ppr. like leaves. ) A genus of plants, nat. order
of being sparing; as, (a) parsimony: want Typhaceæ. The species are monecious, and sparing. (A. Sax. sparian, Icel. and Sw.
of liberality. The sparingness of our alms." the flowers are arranged in dense spherical spara, Dan. spare, G. and D. sparen, to
Dr. H. More. 6) Caution; wariness. spare. Same root as L. parco (for sparco), heads; the leaves are linear. These plants
Spark (spärk), n. (A. Sax. spearca, LG. are found commonly in ditches and marshes to spare.] 1. To use frugally; not to be proof the northern hemisphere. Three of them
8parke, D. spark, sperk, also sprank, a spark fuse of; not to waste; to dispense cautiously.
From the same root as spring, sprinkle, are common in Great Britain, where they The rather will I spare my praises towards him;
and probably as L. spargo, to scatter, to are known by the name of Bur-reed. knowing him is enough. Shak,
sprinkle. In meanings 4 and 5 the origin Sparganosis (spår'gan-o-sis), n. (This Thou thy Father's thunder didst not spare.
may be different; comp. Icel. sparkr, lively. word should be spargosis, from Gr. spargað, Milton.
sprightly.) 1. A small particle of fire or to swell to bursting. Sparganosis properly 2. To part with without inconvenience; to
igpited substance which is emitted from means a wrapping in swaddling-clothes. ] do without; to dispense with. "Nor can we
bodies in combustion. In pathol. extreme distension of the breasts 8pare you long.' Dryden. by milk. Dringlison.
Man is born unto trouble as the sparks fly upward.
Job v. j. I could have better spared a better man. Shak. Sparge (spärj), v.t. (L. spargo, to sprinkle. 2. A small shining body or transient light; a 3. To omit: to forbear: to withhold: to reSee ASPERSE.) To dash or sprinkle; to throw
sparkle. frain from; as, we might have spared this water upon in a shower of small drops. See
All the haft twinkled with diamond sparks. Tersen. toil and expense.
3. A small portion of anything active or vivid: Be pleased your politics to spare. Dryden.
that which, like a spark, may be kindled into spargo, to sprinkle, and facio, to make.) In this sense often with an infinitive as ob The act of sprinkling.
flame or action. If any spark of life be yet
remaining.' Shak. The operation was performed by spargefaction in To pluck and eat my fill I spared not. Milton. a proper time of the moon.
We have here and there a little clear light, and But, if thou spare to fling Excalibur,
some sparks of bright knowledge.
4. A brisk, showy, gay man.
sparks and cleanest beaux. perforated nozzle: used for damping paper, 4. To use tenderly; to treat with pity, mercy,
lover: a gallant; a beau.--Electric spark. clothes, &c.; specifically, a copper cylinder or forbearance; to forbear to afflict, punish,
See under ELECTRIC used by brewers for dashing or sprinkling. or destroy. 'Spare us, good Lord.' Com.
Spark (spärk), v.i. 1. To emit particles of Spar-hawk (spår hak), n. A sparrow-hawk.
fire; to sparkle. Her eyes do park as My husband is thy friend; for his sake spare me.
stars.' P. Fletcher. ---2 To play the spark Shak. Sometimes the spar-hawk wheel'd along. Tennyson.
or gallant. A sure sign that his master 5. To hold in reserve for the use of another;
was courting, or, as it is termed, sparku. Spar-hung (spår'hung), a. Hung with spar, to give; to afford; to grant; to allow. as a cave.
within." W. Irving. My youth can better spare my blood than you. Sparida (spā'ri-de), n. pl. (L. sparus, the Spark-condenser (spårk'kon-den-sér). 12
gilt-head, and Gr. eidos, likeness.) A family 1. In elect, an instrument having a glass cage Where angry Jove did never spare One breath of kind and temp'rate air.
of acanthopterygious, teleostean fishes, of in which a spark may be passed between the Roscommon. which the genus Sparus is the type. They battery connections. It is used for burning
metals or obtaining the spectra of gases, and
Our sparkful yonth." Camden.
Is anything more sparšish and better-humoured thaa Venus' accosting her son in the deserts of Libga!
Walsh. 2 Showy; well dressed; fine.
Adasto besparkis, tricked himself up with all the gay feathers he could muster. Sir R. L'Estrange. Sparkle (spār kl), v. pret. & pp. sparkled; Ppr. sparkling. [Freq. from spark (which sec). 1To emit sparks; to send off small ignited particles, as burning fuel, &c. .To shine as if giving out sparks; to glitter; to glisten; to flash with small flashes: to twinkle; as, a brilliant sparkles; sparkling
But their eyes, especially those of the women, are
of expression, sometimes sparkling with fire, and S ites melting with softness.
Tis now scarce honour
Leland, Sparkle (spārkl), n. 1. A spark; a luminous particle; & scintillation. Some sparkles of his fiery temper.' Prescott. "Sent & blast of markles up the flue.' Tennyson.—2 Luminosity: lustre.
I hold my beauty,
As right and rich as hers. Beas, & Fl.
Tieaven's twinkling sparklets.' Cotton.
sparling.) A smelt
The calf of the leg. Wicklife.
en bar. Sparrow (spa'ro), n. [0.E. sparue, A. Sax. petrus, Goth. sparwa, Dan. puro, Icel.
Fort, G. spar, sperling, sparrow.) A small m orial bird of the genus Pyrvita (P. domatica), family Fringillidee, and sub-order Conirostres. This well-known bird is the constant attendant on man wherever it Is found. It inhabits the British Islands
nail other parts of Europe, and has been inwodaced into North America and Australis. The habits of the common sparrows,
eir amazing fecundity, their strong attachment to their young, the truculent battles
in which they will occasionally engage in Sparthe, t n. [Icel. spartha.) An axe or
the common broom (Sarothamnus) in the Sparrow-bill(spa'rő-bil), n. See SPARABLE. calyx being split above, and thus one inSparrow-grass (spa'ro-gras), n. A corrup stead of two lipped. S. junceum (Spanishtion of Asparagus.
broom) inhabits the south of Europe. It Sparrow-hawk (spa'ro-hak), n. [So named has yellow sweet-scented flowers, and green from its being destructive to sparrows. The rush-like twigs. Its seeds are emetic, purcommon name of a hawk well known in gative, diuretic, and tonic, and are employed Britain. Only one species belongs to Britain, medicinally in cases of dropsy. See SPANISHthe Accipiter nisus, A. or Nisus fringilla BROOM. rius, a small hawk, about 12 inches in length. Spar-torpedo (spär-tor-pe'do), n. A torpedo It is a bold, active bird, very destructive to carried on the end of a spar rigged over
board from the bows of a vessel, and fired
sudden, and more or less violent contracSparrow-hawk (Accipiter nisus).
tion of one or more muscles or muscular
fibres. Spasm is either clonic or tonic. In pigeons and small birds. The sparrow-hawk clonic spasm the muscles or muscular fibres of Australia (A. torquatus) is marked by a contract and relax alternately in very quick collar of numerous bars of white. Its habits succession, producing the appearance of are very similar to those of the European agitation, as in epilepsy. In tonic spasm the sparrow-hawk. The American sparrow-hawk muscles or muscular fibres contract in a is the Falco sparverius, Linn. It is similar | steady and uniform manner, and remain in size to the sparrow-hawk, but rather allied contracted for a comparatively long time, to the kestrel.
as in tetanus. Some cases of spasm appear Sparrow-wort (spa'rő-wert), n. The com to be intermediate between these two varie
mon name of plants of the genus Passerina. ties.-2. A sudden, violent, and generally Sparry (spår'i), a. Resembling spar or con fruitless effort; &e, a spasm of repentance.
sisting of spar; spathose; abounding with Spasmatical (spaz-mat'ik-al), a. Relating spar.
to spasnis; spasmodical, As the rude cavern's sparry sides
Spasmodic (spaz-mod'ik), a. [Fr, spasmoWhen past the miner's taper glides. F. Baillie.
dique; Gr, spasmos, spasm, and eidos, like-Sparry anhydrite. Same as Cube-spar, a
ness. ] 1. Relating to spasm ; consisting in sub-species of prismatic gypsum found in
spasm; convulsive; as, a spasmodic affecthe salt-mines of Halle, &c. - Sparry iron,
tion; spasmodic asthma; spasmodic cholera sparry iron ore, a carbonate of iron. Called
2. Marked by strong effort, but of brief dualso Spathic or Spathose Iron, Siderite. The
ration; violent and short-lived; as, spasmodic clay ironstones, or the clay-bands and black
efforts ; spasmodic industry. - Spasmodic bands of the coal and other formations, be
school, a name given in ridicule to certain long to this family of iron ores.
authors, including Philip Bailey, Gilfillan, Sparse (spårs), a. (L. sparsus, pp. of spargo, Alexander Smith, &c., whose writings were to strew, to scatter, to bestrew, sprinkle, considered to be distinguished, to a greater akin to Gr. speiro, to sow.] 1. Thinly scat or less degree, by an overstrained and untered: set or planted here and there; not
natural style. dense; as, & sparse population.-2. In bot. Spasmodic (spaz-mod’ik), n. A medicine not opposite, nor alternate, nor in any ap
good for removing spasm; an antispasmodic. parent regular order: applied to branches, Spasmodical (spaz-mod'ik-al), a. Relating leaves, peduncles, &c.
to spasm: spasmodic. Sparset (spårs), v.t. To disperse; to scatter.
lisperse; to scatter. Spasmodically (spaz-mod'ik-al-li), adv. In As when the hollow flood of air in Zephire's cheek a spasmodic manner. doth swell
Spasmology (spaz-mol'o-ji), n. [Gr. spasmos, And sparseth all the gathered clouds. Chapman,
spasm, and logos, discourse.] The doctrine Sparsedly (spårs'ed-li), adv. In a scattered
of spasms. manner; dispersedly.
Spastic (spastik), a. (Gr. spastikos. See Sparsely (spårs'li), adv. In a scattered or SPASM.) Relating to spasm; spasmodic. sparse manner; thinly.
Spasticity (spas-tis'i.ti), n. 1. A state of Sparseness (spårs'nes), n. The state of
spasm. -2. The tendency to or capability of
Spat (spat), pret. of spit.
that which is ejected.] The spawn of shell-
petty combat; a little quarrel or dissension. hound; hence,a cruel or bloodthirsty person. (United States.) o Spartan dog,
Spat (spat), v.i. To dispute; to quarrel.
Thy mind is spotted, spatted, spilt,
Thy soule is soyld with sinne. Kendall. parto-grass, as mats, nets, cordage, ropes, Spat, Spatt (spat), n. A short spatterdash, &c.
reaching to a little above the ankle. [Scotch.]
er te fine This was Spaul (spel), 2 [See SPALE] A fragment
35 substanse of stone: a spall Hr Et tes manc, bioosi, Spawling (spal'ing), 1. Saliya thrust eat
carelessly; spawl Marble floors with drunken spawlings shine.' Congrese. Spawa (span), . (It has no plural.) (Perbada from A Sar. spiman, to spew or spit out; of from A San. spana, spenu, Prov. &pean qane, & teat The term spot, young gys ters, gives some support to the former etymology) 1. The eggs or ova of fishes, frogs, Ac., from which, when fertilized by the mines, a new progeny arises that contistes the species in the oviparous fishes with distinct seses the eggs are impregnated Externally, and arrive at maturity withons the sid of the mother. The same being deposited by the female, the male then pours upon it the impregnating Buid. La the ovoriviparous fishes sexual intercourse
tekss place, and the eggs are bate is The time the uterus Fishes exhibit a great variety
in regard to the number of their eget la some the number is small, while in others iis prodigiously great. In the spawn 8 cod-fish, for example, no fewer than three and a half millions of eggs have bez loul In general, before spawning, fish forsake the deep water and approach the shore, and some fish leave the salt water and ascend the Izers before spawning, and then retum again. - Aay product or offspring: an eJeression of contempt "Slander, men best os of bell' Tennyson Tas not the one of such as these The eyed with Panic blood the conquered soak
A zene izen to the buds or branches which are produced from underground stems of plants. The white fibroos testter forming the matrix from which fungiere pirodacod; the mycelium of fungi. Spev (spaa, t.t. 1. To produce or deposit,
- fishes do their eggs. - 2 To bring forth; to generate: in contempt
What practices such principles as these te frezer, when they are laid out to the sun, you say
Lace Spawn (span), .i I To deposit eges, as fish er frogs - 2 To issue, as offspring : in con
e mai del Nasall Smité gumu siste shed to the stres e nch Soutie as the type
It is so la gonlity, and the mother of so many mes that spas frotni, that a child should be teonge spin the greatest abhorrence of it Laste Sparner (span'ér), n. The female fish
The barbel... both the SAINST and the maker cover thear spaun with sand.
1z. Ifaites Spay (spá), e.t (A Celtic word: Man spain, Gael spoth, to castrate; same root as L qado, Gr. spadon, a eunuch.) To extirpate the oraries of: a process applied to female animals, to incapacitate them for producing young The operation is performed generally when the animal is young and is meant to prevent conception and promote fattet.
hems sodden me around Sant Spac (gl) .
to speak D. and LG speken, A. Sot Fulgar spaken, to cred wood connect. G. sprechen,
spatia Spatulate så fist instruct] The
she footca) tra's secospisze bez werbe Sparin (sarin (0.FT. exparent ("a Soren Se-cu cred yes.
Sute in s bons Cotonure, also esparPepe Tey are te acts of trupecal
near Va r
. sperrin, It sparenio Asa sad Air:
in dobtal) A disease of horses affectSpatbose sputt osa In bot relating.
in the hock-joint, or joint of the hind-leg. to or i. Sed like a spatbe: sashacers
between the knee and the fetlock It oc? Is mineral sparty of the nature of spar!
curs in two forms: (a) bog or blood sparin, OCRITA in bruad plates or lamellæ : folie
in which the joint is distended by synovia ated ia texture. - Sathur iron Same as
or joint oil () Bone sparin, or spavin Soal Iron
proper, where there is a morbid deposition Spathous (spath'us), a. In bot. same as of bony substance, such as to unite separate Spathuve.
bones - a form which is sometimes incurSpathulate (spath'ü-lat). Same as Spatu
Spavined (spav' ind), a. Affected with Spatial (spā'shi-a!), a. Of or pertaining to spavin. 'A blind, sparined, galled hack, space.
that was only fit to be cut up for a dog. Spatially (spå'shi-al-li), adr. Having refer
kennel.' Goldsmith. ence to or as regards space. Written also Spaw (spa), n. Same as Spa. Spacially (which see)
Spawder (spa'dér), n. An injury arising Spatiatet (spā'shi-át), v.i. (L. spatior, spa
from the legs of animals being forced too tiatus, from spatium, space. See SPACE.)
far asunder on ice or slippery roads. (ProTo rove; to ramble.
vincial.] Confined to a narrow chamber he could spatiate
Spawl (spal), v. i. (Contr. from A. Sax. spadl, at large through the whole universe. Bentley.
spatl, spittle, from spætan, spatan, to spit. Spatter (spat'tér), v. t. (Freq. from old spat,
See SPIT.) To throw saliva from the mouth akin to spit, spot, spout, and spew; comp.
in a scattering form ; to disperse spittle in sputter) 1. To scatter a liquid substance
a careless dirty manner. on; to sprinkle with anything liquid or Why must he sputter, spawl, and slaver it? Swift. semi-liquid that befouls; to bespatter; as, Spawl (spal). n. Saliva or spittle thrown to spatter a coat; to spatter the boots with out carelessly. Dryden.
Spay (spá), th [Other forms are spaie, sparid,
spade, spayade; origin unknown] The male I of the red-deer in his third year. Spayade (spå'àd), n. (See above.) In ker.
& stag in his third year. Speak (spēk), v.i pret spoke (spate archaie, poetical); pp. spoken (spoke obs. or vnlgar) ppr. speaking. (O.E. speken, A. Sax. specs sprecan, D. and LG. spreken, G. sprechen, to speak Wedgwood connects it with LG. spaken, to crack with drought, comparing Sc. crack, familiar talk, conversation, with E. crack, a fissure. As to the orixion of the comp. speckled, Sc. sprecklet, A. Sar. meccan, toreccan, to rouse.] 1. To utter words or articulate sounds; to express thoughts by words; as, man everywhere is able to speak
Speak, Lord, for thy servant heareth 1 Sair tia. 2. To utter a speech, discourse, or harangue; to express thoughts in more formal language than in ordinary talk or conversation; to utter thoughts in a public assembly.
Many of the nobility made themselves popolar by speaking in parliament against those things which were most grateful to his majesty. Clarerden.
The man seemed to be able to speak in po other way; and, I have little doubt, spoke as bombastically as he talked. 3. To talk; to express opinions; to dispute.
We must srcak by the card, or equivocation will undo us. 4. To discourse; to make mention; to tell by writing.
Lucan speaks of a part of Cesar's arıny that came to him from the Leman lake.
The Scripture speaks only of those to whom it speaks
ud to be able to be as bombosis.