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SPADE

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SPANDREL

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Spade (spād), n. [A. Sax. spadu; L.G. D.

Dan, and Sw. spade, Icel. spadi, G. spaten, borrowed from L. spatha=Gr. spathe, any broad blade of wood or metal. From the Latin come also It. spada, Sp. espada, Fr. epse, a sword.) 1. An instrument for digging or cutting the ground, provided with a broad blade of iron, with a cutting edge, and having a stout handle, adapted to be used with both hands and one foot.-To call a spade a spade, to call things by their proper names even though these may seem å little coarse; to speak plainly and without mincing matters. To call a spade a spade, a bawd a bawd.' John Taylor.

I have learned to call wickedness by its own terins: a fig a fig, and a stade a spade. John Knox. 2. One of the four suits of cards, from the spade-like figures on each of the cards of the suit: in this sense used in the plural, though the singular may be used for a single card of the suit; as, to lead spades, or to lead a spade. The figure was originally designed to represent the head of a pike; but the name is, perhaps, derived directly from Spanish espada, sword-these cards among the Spanish bearing the figure of a sword. Goodrich. Spade (spād), v.t. To dig with a spade; or

to pare off the sward of land with a spade. Spade (spăd), n. A hart three years old.

Written also Spaid. Spade (spād), n. (L. spado, a eunuch.] 1. A

eunuch.-2. A gelded beast. Spade-bayonet (spädbå-on-et), n. A broadbladed bayonet which may be used for digging shelter holes or rifle-pits. Spade-bone (spád'bon), n. The should

blade; the scapula Spadeful (spăd'ful), 12. As much as a spade

will hold. Spade-guinea (spād'gi-nē), n. A guinea with a spade-formed shield bearing the coat of arms on the reverse. Spade-handle (spád-han'di), n. In mach. a pin held at both ends by the forked end

à of a connecting-rod. Goodrich. Spade-husbandry (spådhuz-band-ri), 7

A mode of cultivating the soil and improying it by means of deep digging with the spade instead of the subsoil-plough. Spade-iron (spăd'i-érn), n. In her. the term used to denote the iron part or shoeing of a spade. Spadiceous (spá-dish'us), a. (L. spadiceus, from spadix, a light red colour i 1. Ola light red colour, usually denominated bay. Sir T. Browne.-2. In bot. said of a sort of aggregate flower, having a receptacle common to many florets, within a spathe, as in

palms, Dracontium, Arum, &c. Spadicose (spá'di-kos), a. In bot. growing

on the spadix. Spadille, Spadilio (spa-dil', spa-dil'yo), n. (Fr. spadille, Sp. espadilla, dim. of espada. See SPADE.) The ace of spades at ombre and quadrille. Spading (spád'ing), n. The operation of digging with a spade; the operation of paring off the surface or sward of grass land by means of the paring spade with an intent to burn it, and thus improve the land. Spadix (spá' diks), n.

L) In bot. a form of the inflorescence of plants, in which the flowers are closely arranged round a fleshy radius, and the whole surrounded by a large leaf or bract called a spathe, as in palms and arums. See cut INFLORESCENCE. Spado (spå'do), n. (L.] dix of Arum macula

a, Spathe, and , Spa1. A castrated animal; tuom a gelding.-2. In civil lau, one who from any cause has not the power of procreation; an impotent person. Spadroont (spa-drön'), n. (Fr. and Sp. espadon, It. spadone. See SPADE] A cut-andthrust sword, lighter than a broadsword. Spae (spā), v. i and t. (A Scandinavian word: Icel. sp, Dan, spaae, to foretell; comp. G. spähen, to look; L specio, to see.) To foretell: to divine; to forbode; as, to spae one's fortune. [Scotch.) Spae-man (spā'man), n. A prophet; a di.

viner; a soothsayer. (Scotch.) Spaer (spå'èr), n. One who spaes; a fortune

teller. 'A spaer o' poor folk's fortunes.' rope fastened at both ends so that a purBlackwood's Mag.

chase may be hooked to its bight Also, a Spae-wife (spā'wif), n. A female fortune double rope, having thimbles attached beteller. (Scotch.)

twixt its two parts, and used as a fair-leader Many remembered that Annaple Bailyon wandered

for ropes.-5. A pair of horses; & yoke of through the country as a beggar and fortune-teller, animals; a team. It is generally applied in or spae-wife.

Sir W. Scott. America to a pair of horses of nearly the Spagyric, t Spagyricalt (spa-jir'ik, spa-jir'. same colour, and otherwise nearly alike. ik-al), a. (Fr. spagirique, formed from Gr.

which are usually harnessed side by side. spao, to draw, to separate, and ageiro, to

In South Africa it is applied generally to assemble, to bring together.) Chemical or other animals than horses, as to a yoke of alchemical.

oxen. Spagyrict (spa-jir'ik), n. A chemist, espe Span (span), v.t. pret. & pp. spanned; ppr.

cially one devoted to alchemical pursuits. spanning. 1. To measure by the hand with Spagyristt (spaj'ir-ist), n. 1. A chemist or the fingers extended, or with the fingers alchemist.-2. One of a sect of physicians encompassing the object; as, to span a space who pretended to account for the changes or distance; to span a cylinder. -2 To meawhich occur in the human body in health sure or reach from one side of to the other, and disease, in the same manner as the as, a bridge spans the river. chemists of their day explained those of the

This soul doth span the world. Herbert inorganic kingdom.

The rivers were spanned by arches of solid saSpahee, Spahi (spå'hē, spä'hi), n. [Turk.

sonry. sipahi, Per. sipahee. See SEPOY.] i. One of the Turkish cavalry. The Spahis were

3. Naut. to confine with ropes; as, to span disbanded, along with the Janissaries, in

the booms.-4. To shackle the legs of, as a 1826.-2. Á native Algerian cavalry-soldier

horse; to hobble. (Local.] in the French army.

Span (span), v. To be well matched for Spaid (spād), n. A hart three years old.

running in harness; as, the horses span well

United States.) Spail (spål), v. t. (See SPALE.) In mining, to break up, as ore, into small pieces for the

Span (span), pret. of spin. purpose of easily separating it from the

Spanæmia (spa-né' mi-a ), n. (Gr. spanis, rock. Written also Spale.

scarcity, and haima, blood.] In patkol

poverty of blood; that condition of the blood Spail (spāl), n. A chip. See SPALE.

in which its solid constituents are diminSpairge (spārj), v.t. (Fr. asperger, from L.

ished. Written also Spanemy. spargo, to scatter, to besprinkle) To dash; | as, to spairge water; to bespatter by dashing |

Spanæmic, Spanemic (spa-në'mik), a. In any liquid; to sully by reproach. (Scotch.)

med. relating to spanæmia; having the Spait (spāt), n. See SPATE.

quality of impoverishing the blood. Spake (spāk). One of the forms of the pre

Spanæmic, Spanemic (spa-nē'mik), * A terite of speak, the other, and more com

medicine having the power, real or fancied,

of impoverishing the blood monly used form, being spoke.

Spancel (span'sel), n. (A. Sax. spannan, to Still she spake on, and still she sake of power. I join, and sal, a rope, a fastening.) A rope

Tennyson. to tie a cow or a horse's hind-legs. (Local) Spake-net (spākʼnet), n. A net for catching Spancel (span'sel), v.t. pret. & pp. spencrabs.

celled; ppr. spancelling Spalacotherium (spal'a-ko-thē"ri-um), n.

To tie the legs of a horse (Gr. spalat, spalakos, mole, and therion, a

or cow with a rope wild beast.) An extinct genus of mole-like

(Local.] insectivorous marsupials, founded by Owen

Spancelled (span'seld on the teeth and jaw-bones found in the

pp. In her. an epithet dirt-beds of Purbeck, Dorsetshire. .

for a horse that has the Spalax (spal'aks), n. (Gr., & mole.) A genus

fore and hind leg of the of rodent animals of which the Spalar

near side fettered by typhlus or slepez may be taken as the type.

means of fetterlocks lasSee SLEPEZ

Spancelled. tened to the ends of a Spale (spal), n. [D. spell, a chip : 0. and

stick Prov. G. spellen, to split. Akin spelk, spalt,

Span-counter (span koun-ter), n. An old split] A chip or splinter of wood. [Scotch. ]

game thus played: one threw a counter 01 Spale (spål), v.t. In mining, (a) to inflict a

the ground, and another tried to hit it with fine upon for breach of some rule of the

his counter, or to get it near enough for hins mine. (6) Same as Spail.

to span the space between them and touch Spall (spal), v.t. To split; to splinter. See both the counters. In either case he von SPALE, SPAIL.

if not, his counter remained where it fell, Spall (spal), n. In masonry, a chip driven and became a mark for the first player, and off by the hammer.

so alternately till the game was won. Called Spall, Spalle (spal), n. (O. Fr. espaule, It. also Span-farthing, Span-feather. spalla, the shoulder, from L spathula,

Tell the king. from me, that for his father's sake. spatula, a dim. of spatha, a broad flat

Henry the Fifth, in whose time boys went to spor wooden instrument. See SPADE.] The

counter for French crowns. I am content he shad shoulder. Spenser. [Old English and Scotch.) reign.

Sat. Spalt (spalt), n. (See SPALE.) A whitish scaly mineral, used to promote the fusion

Span-dogs (span'dogz), n. pl. A pair of iron

hooks or bars, with sharp claws at one eura, of metals.

linked together and used to grapple timber, Spalt (spalt), a. (Akin to split, spelk, &c.] 1. Brittle; liable to break or split. [Local.) |

the fangs of the extended ends being driven

into the log. of all oke growing in England, the park oke is the

Spandrel (span'drel). n. [Old forms sparnsoftest, and far more spalt and brickle than the hedge

dere, splaundrel, from 0. Fr, esplanader, to oke.

Holinshed.

level, plane, lay even. See ESPLANADE] 2. Frail; clumsy; heedless; pert. (Local. In arch. the irregular triangular space conSpalt (spalt), v.t. and i Dan. spalte, to split. prehended between the outer curve or el See SPALE.) To split off, as chips from timber. (Provincial English.) Span (span), n. [A. Sax. span, sponn, a span (the measure); Icel. spönn, Dan. spand, D. span, G. spanne, the measure of a span, all from verb signifying to extend, to stretch, to measure, seen in A. Sax, and O.H.G. spannan, to clasp, join, measure, span, probably also in L. spatium, space; Gr. spao, to draw. In sense 5 the word seems to come directly

$s, Spandrels from the D. span, a span or yoke, the origin being the same.] 1. The space from the end of the thumb to the end of the little finger

trados of an arch, a horizontal line drawn when extended; nine inches; the eighth of

from its apex, and a perpendicular line from a fathom.-2. A short space of time.

s springing; also, a space on a wall, between

the outer mouldings of two arches, and a Life's but a span; I'll every inch enjoy. Farquhar. horizontal line,or string-course, ab For, indeed, 't is a sweet and peculiar pleasure

likewise between similar mouldings and the To possess but a span of the hour of leisure

line of another arch rising above, and In elegant pure and aerial minds.

Keats.

closing the two. In Gothic architecture 3. In arch. an imaginary line across the spandrels are usually ornamented wit opening of an arch or roof by which its ex cery, foliage, &c. Britton.-Spandre tent is estimated : the spread or extent of a wall built on the extrados of an a an arch between its abutments.-4. Naut. a ing in the spandrels.

trados of an arch fill

SPANE

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SPAR

Snana (span. t. A. Sax. spanu, spana. | fawning submissiveness; hence, a mean, Spanker (spang ker), n. (From spank, to go Prov. E spean, spene, a teat. Lit. to teat, cringing, fawning person.

quickly.) 1. One that takes long strides in that is, to deprive of the pap.) To wean. I am your spaniel; and, Demetrius,

walking; a fast-going or fleet horse. (Colloq.) Provincial English and Scotch.)

The more you beat me I will fawn on you. Shak. 2. Naut. a ship's driver; a large fore-andSpanemy (spa-ne'mi), 11. Same as Spanæ. Spaniel (span'yel), a. Like a spaniel; fawn.

ingly submissive; mean; servile; cringing. Span-farthing, Span-feather (span'fär.

Low-crooked courtesies, and base spaniel
Thing, span'feth-ér), n. See SPAN-COUNTER. fawning.' Shak.
Spangt (spang),n. (See SPANGLE.) A spangle Spaniel (span'yel), v.i. To fawn; to cringe;
or shining ornament; a thin piece of metal

to be obsequious. Churchill.
or other shining material. 'Glittering Spaniel (span'yel), v.t. To follow like a
spange' Spenser.

spaniel. The hearts that spaniel'd me at Spangt (spang), et. To spangle; to set with heels.' Shak. spangles. Crimson velvet spang'd with | Spaniel-like (span'yel-lik),a. Like a spaniel. stars of gold.' Barnfield.

Spaniel-like, the more she spurns my love, Spang (spang), o... (Ákin to span.) To leap; The more it grows and fawneth on her still. Shak. to spring (Scotch)

Spanish (span'ish), a. Pertaining to Spain. Spang (spang), t.t. To cause to spring; also

Spanish (span'ish), n. The language of to span or measure by the hand. [Scotch.)

Spain. Spang (spang), n. 1. A spring; the act of

Spanish - bayonet (span'ish-bā-on-et), n. springing --2 A span. (Scotch.)

The popular name of a species of Yucca, Spangle (spang gl), n. (Dim. of spang, a

growing in Central America, having very spangle; A Sax. spange, a buckle, a clasp,

sharp-pointed rigid leaves. probably also a brooch, a stud, and the like;

Spanish - black (span'ish-blal D. spong, Icel. spong, a spangle, a stud; black, prepared by burning cork, used in

Ss, Spanker. perhaps from root of span.] 1. A small

painting. plate or boss of shining metal; a small cir

aft sail set upon the mizzen-mast of a ship Spanish-broom (span'ish-bröm), n. A plant cular ornament of metal stitched on an

or barque, the top extended by a gaff, the of the genus Spartium, the S. junceum. It article of dress -2. Any little thing spark

foot by a boom. It is also called the Mizzen. has been cultivated in British gardens for ling and brilliant, like pieces of metal; a upwards of 300 years. A good fibre is ob

3. A tall person; anything larger than comsmall sparkling object. The rich spangles

mon. (Colloq.] tained from the macerated twigs, which is that adorn the sky' Waller. made into thread in Languedoc, and into

Spanking (spangk'ing), p. and a. [Colloq.) cord and a coarse sort of cloth in Dalmatia.

1. Moving with a quick lively pace; dashing; They would pelt me with starry spangles and shells.

freegoing. -2. Stout; large; considerable; Tennyson. Spanish-brown (span'ish-broun), n. A speA spongy excrescence on the leaves and cies of earth used in painting, baving a dark

solid. [Colloq. ] tender branches of oak; an oak-apple. reddish brown colour, which depends upon

He sent the governess away with a first-rate char. acter and a sparking present.

W. Collins. Spangle (spang'gl), 0.pret. & pp. spangled; the sesquioxide of iron. ppr. gangling. To set or sprinkle with Spanish-burton (span'ish-ber-ton), n. See

-Spanking breeze, a strong breeze. spangles to adorn with small distinct bril BURTON.

Spanless (span'les), a. Incapable of being liant bodies; as, a spangled breastplate. Spanish-chalk (span'ish-chak), n. A variety

spanned or measured. What stars do spangle heaven with such beauty? of steatite or soap-stone, obtained from

Span-long (span'long), a. Of the length of Arragon in Spain.

a span.
Shak,

Span-long elves.' B. Jonson.
Let the splendour fall
Spanish-cress (span'ish-kres), n. A species

Spanner (span'er), n. 1. One that spans.To spargle all the happy shores. Tennyson, of pepperwort, of the genus Lepidium (L.

2. The lock of a fusee or carbine, or the

fusee itself.-3. A screw-key; an iron instruSpangle (spang'gl),c.i. To glitter; to glisten.

Cardamines). Loudon.

Spanish-elm (Rare]

ment used in the manner of a lever for (span'ish-elm), n. An evergreen tree of Mexico and the West Indies,

tightening up the nuts upon screws.-4. A Spangler (spang gler), n. Oue who or that yielding a tough elastic wood of a fine grain

cross brace.-5. In a marine steam-engine, which spangles Keats.

the lever of parallel motion or rod which Spanglý (spang'gli), a. Of or pertaining to

(Cordia gerasacanthus). 1 spangle or spangles; resembling or con

connects the jointed rods with the radiusSpanish-Ferreto (span'ish-fer-ra'to), n. A

bar. Also, in some of the earlier engines, sisting of spangles; glittering ; glistening. rich reddish brown, obtained by calcining

the hand-bar or lever by which the valves Barsts of spangly light.' Keats.

copper and sulphur together in closed cru

cibles. Spanlard (span yerd), n. A native of Spain.

were moved for the admission and shuttingWeale.

off of the steam. Spaniel (span'yel). 10. Fr. espagneul, Mod.

Spanish-fly (span'ish-fli), n. A coleopterous
insect, the Cantharis vesicatoria, about

Span-new (span'nū), a. (O.E. spannewe,
Pr. payneul, lit a little Spanish dog, from
Sew L Bispaniolus, Spanish, from L. His-
4 inch long, and of a bright green colour, with

sponnewe, Icel. spán-nýr, span-new, lit. bluish-black legs and antennæ, used in vesipania, Spain.) 1. The name given to several

chip-new, splinter-new, from spon or span,

A. Sax. spón, a chip or splinter; Icel. spánn, varieties or distinct breeds of the canine catories or compositions for raising blisters.

G. span, a chip. See CANTHARIS. race, all more or less elegant.

In allusion to work fresh Their distinguishing characteristics are a rather broad

from the hands of the workman; so Dan. Spanish-grass (span'ish-gras), n. Same as

splinterny, lit. splinter-new. See also SPICKmuzzle, remarkably long and full ears, hair Esparto Grass. See ESPARTO.

AND-SPAN.) Quite new; bran-new; fire-new. plentiful and beautifully waved, particu

Spanish - Juice (span'ish-jūs), n. The exlarly that of the ears, tail, and hinder parts tract of the root of the liquorice, Glycyr

Am I not totally a span-new gallant, rhiza glabra.

Fit for the choicest eye? Beau, & FI. Spanish-moss (span'ish-mos), n. See BAR- Spannishing,t n. (0.Fr. espanouissement, BA-HISPANICA.

Fr. épanouissement, from L. expando-ex, Spanish-Dut (span'ish-nut), n. A bulbous out, and pando, to spread.] The blow of a plant, the Moræa Sisyrinchium of the south

flower. Romaunt of the Rose. of Europe.

Span-piece (span' pēs), n. In arch. the Spanish-potato (span'ish-pota-to), n. The

collar-beam of a roof. sweet-potato (Convolvulus Batatas).

Span-roof (span'röf), n. In arch. a name Spanish-red (span'ish-red), n. An ochre,

sometimes given to the most common roofresembling venetian red, but slightly yel

ing which is formed by two inclined planes lower and warmer,

or sides, in contradistinction to a shed or Spanish-soap(span'ish-söp),n. See CASTILE lean-to roof. SOAP.

Span-saw (span'sa), n. A frame-saw. Spanish-white (span'ish-whit), n. Origin Span-worm (span'werm), n. A name freally, a white earth from Spain, used in

quently given in the United States to caterSpaniel painting; at present, a pigment prepared

pillars of moths of the family Geometridæ, from chalk which has been separated in an

of which the canker-worm is an example, of the thighs and legs. The prevailing col. impalpable form by washing.

from their appearing to measure the ground our is liver and white, sometimes red and white or black and white, and sometimes

Spanish - windlass (span'ish-wind-las), n. step by step as they proceed. Called also

An apparatus used in ships for setting up Looper. deep brown, or black on the face and breast,

rigging, &c. It consists of a wooden roller, Spar (spår), n. [A. Sax. spær, spærstån, a with a tan spot over each eye. The English about which a rope is wound, having an

kind of stone.) In mineral, a term emmaniel is a superior and very pure breed; iron bolt inserted in its bight for heaving

ployed to include a great number of crysind, although the name spaniel would seem to indicate a Spanish origin, it is most prothe roller round.

tallized, earthy, and some metallic subtably indigenous. It was much used in the

stances, which easily break into rhomboidal, Spank (spangk), v.t. (Probably from span. days of falconry to start the game.

cubical, or laminated fragments with polComp. Sc. spang for span.) To strike with The the open hand; to slap.

ished surfaces, but without regard to the smaller spaniel or King Charles's dog (Canis

ingredients of which they are composed. brecipilis, Linn) is a small variety of the Spank (spangk), n. Å sounding blow with

Hence, a specifie epithet must be employed spaniel used as a lapdog.

the open hand.
The Maltese dog | Spank (spangk), v. i. (From span(which see);

to express the constituent parts as well as and the lion-dog (Canis leoninus) are also comp. Sc. spang, to leap.) To move with

the figure; as, for instance, calcareous spar, Stall species of spaniel. The water-spaniels,

a quick lively step between a trot and a fluor-spar, gypseous spar, adamantine spar, large and small differ from the common

Iceland-spar, &c. Among miners, the term gallop; to move quickly and with elasti. spaniel only in the roughness of their coats, city.

spar is frequently used alone to express any and in uniting the aquatic propensities of Here a gentleman in a natty gig, with a high-trot. bright crystalline substance, but in minerthe Newfoundland dog with the fine hunting ting horse, came spanking towards us over the com alogy, strictly speaking, it is never so emqualities of their own race. Spaniels possess

inon.

Thackeray. ployed. * great share of intelligence, affection, and Spanker (spang' ker), n. (From spang, a Spar (spär), n. [O.E. sparre, Icel. sparri, obedience, which qualities, combined with spangle. See SPANGLE.) 1.1 A small copper sperra, a spar, a rafter; Dan. sparre, a rafter; much beanty. make them highly prized as coin. Sir J. Denham. - 2. A gold coin. 0.H.G. sparro, Mod. G. sparren, a beam, a companions -2 Used 39 an emblem of (Provincial English.)

bar.) A long piece of timber of no great

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SPAR

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SPARK-CONDENSER

thickness; a piece of sawed timber; a pole: 6. To forbear to inflict or impose upon; to somewhat resemble the perches in form, the now chiefly technical or local; as, (a) a com withhold from.

body being generally of an ovate form and mon rafter of a roof, as distinguished from

Saare my sight the pain

covered with large scales. The dorsal fin is the principal rafters. (6) Naut. a long beam:

Or seeing what a world of tears it cost you.

single, is not protected by any scales, and

Dryden. a general term for masts, yards, booms, and

its anterior rays are not spinous. The pee7. To save, withhold, or gain, as from some gaffs. (c) The mast or jib of a derrick; one

toral and ventral fins are sharp-pointed; the of the elevated inclined timbers which form engrossing occupation or pressing necessity.

tail-on potched. The gill-cover is shining, sheers for the masting and dismasting of

All the time he could spare from the necessary cares of his weighty charge he bestowed on prayer

and has no proper spines or denticulationis. vessels. (d) The bar of a gate.

and serving of God.

Knolles. Spart (spår), v.t. pret. & pp. sparred; ppr. sparring. [A. Sax. sparran, sparrian, to

Spare (spár), v. i. 1. To live frugally; to be bar, to shut, lit. to shut with a spar. See

parsimonious or frugal; not to be liberal or the noun. Sperr is another form.] To bar;

profuse. A niggardly host and more spar. to shut, close, or fasten with a bar.

ing guest.' Shak.

Who at some times spend, at others spare, Calk your windows, spar up all your doors.

Divided between carelessness and care, Pope.

B. Jonson. Spar (spår), v.i. pret. & pp. sparred; ppr.

12. To use mercy or forbearance; to forgive; sparring. (0. Fr. esparer (It. sparare), to

to be tender; as, strike and do not spare. ffing out the hind legs, to kick, from L.

Spare (spår), a. (A. Sax. spor, moderate, ex, out, and parer, to ward off, to parry

spare; Icel. spari (in compounds), spare, re(which see). The word was originally used

served. See the verb.) 1. Scanty; not plenin cock-fighting, sparring being the com

tiful or abundant; as, a spare diet.-2. Parmencement of a cock-fight.] 1. To rise and

siinonious; chary; sparing. strike with the feet or spurs : said of cocks. He was spare but discreet of speech.

Gilthead (Chrysophrys aurata)

Carew. A young cock will spar at his adversary before his 3. Over and above what is necessary; which The teeth are sometimes acute, and somespurs are grown.

Gilbert White may be dispensed with; not wanted; super times broad and rounded, and adapted for 2. To move or flourish the fists in front of

fluous; as, I have no spare time on my crushing the shells of Mollusca and Crusthe body, as in boxing; to move the arms in

hands. If that no spare clothes he had to tacea, upon which these fishes chiefly feed. a way suitable for immediate attack or de

give.' Spenser.-4. Held in reserve; not The palate is toothless, and the mouth not fence; to fight with boxing-gloves; to box. required for present use; used in an emer protractile. The Sparidæ are mostly inhabi

tants of warm climates. They are edible, and Come on,' said the cab driver, sparring away

gency; as, a spare anchor; a spare bed. like clockwork.

Dickens.

5. Lean; wanting flesh; meagre; thin. Too some of them highly esteemed. British exspare of flesh." Tennyson.

amples are the gilthead (Chrysophrys ats. 3. To quarrel in words; to dispute; to wran

O give me the spare men, and spare me the great rata) and the sea-bream (Pagrus Centre gle. (Colloq.)

ones.

Shak, dontus). The sargus of the Romans (Sargus Spar (spår), n. In boxing, (a) a preliminary 6. Slow. [Provincial English. -SYN. Scanty,

Rondeletii) and the sheep's-head of North motion or flourish of the partially bent arms parsimonious, superfluous, lean, meagre,

America (S. ovis) belong to this family. in front of the body; a movement in which thin.

Sparing (spår'ing), a. 1. Scanty; little. the boxer is prepared to act offensively or defensively. (6) A boxing-match; a contest

Sparet (spár), n. 1. Moderation; restraint. of this there is with you sparing memory or none
Killing for sacrifice without any spare.'

Bacon with boxing-gloves. Holland.-2. Parsimony; frugal use ; econ

2. Spare; not abundant; abstemious. Oh, oh!' cried out Murray, entering the room at omy.

Good air, solitary groves, and sparing diet, sus the moment, and Ruby faced out and had a spar

cient to make you fancy yourself one of the fathers with him.

Mrs. Riddel.
Our victuals failed us though we made good spare

of the desert.

Pepe. of them.

Bacon. Sparable (spar'a-bl), n. (Corruption of spar. 3. An opening in a gown or petticoat; a

3. Saving; parsimonious; chary. row-bill, from the shape.) A kind of nail placket. Skelton.

Virgil being so very sparing of his words, and lear. driven into the soles of shoes and boots. Sparefult (spārful), a. Sparing; chary.

ing so much to be imagined by the reader, can RETE

be translated as he ought in any modern tongue. Sparable tin, a Cornish name for small crys

Fairfax. tals of tin-stone, from their imaginary re Sparefulnesst(spār'fyl-nes), n. The quality 4. Willing to pity and spare; merciful. semblance to this species of nail.

of being spareful; sparingness. Sir P. Sid. Their king : : . was sparing and compassionate Sparadrap (spar'a-drap), n. (Fr.) A cere ney.

towards his subjects. cloth.

Sparely (spår'li), adv. In a spare manner; Sparingly (spår'ing-li), ado. In a sparing Sparage, Sparagus (spar'āj. spar'a-gus), n. sparingly. Milton

manner; as, (a)not abundantly. 6)Frugally: Asparagus. (Obsolete or vulgar.)

Spareness (spår'nes), n. State of being lean parsimoniously; not lavishly. Sparblet (spar'bl), v.t. (O. Fr. esparpiller, to or thin; leanness.

Commend but sparingly whoin thou dost love. scatter.) To disperse; to scatter; to rout. Sparer (spār'er), n. One that spares; one

Sir . Desde Fabyan. that avoids unnecessary expense.

(c) Abstinently; moderately. Spar-deck (spär'dek),n. Naut. a term some

By nature far from profusion, and yet a greater Christians are obliged to taste even the innocent what loosely applied, though properly sig

sparer than a saver.
Wotton. pleasures of life but sparingly.

Atterbang. pifying a temporary deck, consisting of spars

Sparerib spār'rib). n. Spare. lean, and (d) Seldom; not frequently. supported on beams, laid in any part of a

rib.) The piece of a hog taken from the The morality of a grave sentence affected by Locan vessel. It also means the quarter - deck,

is more sparingly used by Virgil. side, consisting of the ribs with little flesh gangways, and forecastle of a deep-waisted

Dagen on them. vessel, and is applied to the upper entire

(e) Cautiously; tenderly; with forbearance. deck of a double-banked vessel without an

Sparganium (spär-gá'ni-um), n. [From Gr. Touch this sparingly, as 'twere far off. Skak. open waist.

Sparganon, a Allet, because of the ribbon

Sparingness (spār'ing-nes), n. The quality Spare (spār), v. t. pret. & pp. spared; ppr. like leaves. ) A genus of plants, nat. order

of being sparing; as, (a) parsimony: want Typhaceæ. The species are monecious, and sparing. (A. Sax. sparian, Icel. and Sw.

of liberality. The sparingness of our alms." the flowers are arranged in dense spherical spara, Dan. spare, G. and D. sparen, to

Dr. H. More. 6) Caution; wariness. spare. Same root as L. parco (for sparco), heads; the leaves are linear. These plants

Spark (spärk), n. (A. Sax. spearca, LG. are found commonly in ditches and marshes to spare.] 1. To use frugally; not to be proof the northern hemisphere. Three of them

8parke, D. spark, sperk, also sprank, a spark fuse of; not to waste; to dispense cautiously.

From the same root as spring, sprinkle, are common in Great Britain, where they The rather will I spare my praises towards him;

and probably as L. spargo, to scatter, to are known by the name of Bur-reed. knowing him is enough. Shak,

sprinkle. In meanings 4 and 5 the origin Sparganosis (spår'gan-o-sis), n. (This Thou thy Father's thunder didst not spare.

may be different; comp. Icel. sparkr, lively. word should be spargosis, from Gr. spargað, Milton.

sprightly.) 1. A small particle of fire or to swell to bursting. Sparganosis properly 2. To part with without inconvenience; to

igpited substance which is emitted from means a wrapping in swaddling-clothes. ] do without; to dispense with. "Nor can we

bodies in combustion. In pathol. extreme distension of the breasts 8pare you long.' Dryden. by milk. Dringlison.

Man is born unto trouble as the sparks fly upward.

Job v. j. I could have better spared a better man. Shak. Sparge (spärj), v.t. (L. spargo, to sprinkle. 2. A small shining body or transient light; a 3. To omit: to forbear: to withhold: to reSee ASPERSE.) To dash or sprinkle; to throw

sparkle. frain from; as, we might have spared this water upon in a shower of small drops. See

All the haft twinkled with diamond sparks. Tersen. toil and expense.

SPARGER.
Spargefaction (spär-je-fak'shon), n. (L.

3. A small portion of anything active or vivid: Be pleased your politics to spare. Dryden.

that which, like a spark, may be kindled into spargo, to sprinkle, and facio, to make.) In this sense often with an infinitive as ob The act of sprinkling.

flame or action. If any spark of life be yet

remaining.' Shak. The operation was performed by spargefaction in To pluck and eat my fill I spared not. Milton. a proper time of the moon.

Swift.

We have here and there a little clear light, and But, if thou spare to fling Excalibur,

some sparks of bright knowledge.
Sparger (spärj'ér), n. A sprinkler; usually,
I will arise and slay thee with my hands.

4. A brisk, showy, gay man.
a cup with a perforated lid, or a pipe with a
Tennyson.

The finest

sparks and cleanest beaux. perforated nozzle: used for damping paper, 4. To use tenderly; to treat with pity, mercy,

Prior.-5. A

lover: a gallant; a beau.--Electric spark. clothes, &c.; specifically, a copper cylinder or forbearance; to forbear to afflict, punish,

See under ELECTRIC used by brewers for dashing or sprinkling. or destroy. 'Spare us, good Lord.' Com.

Simmonds. Prayer.

Spark (spärk), v.i. 1. To emit particles of Spar-hawk (spår hak), n. A sparrow-hawk.

fire; to sparkle. Her eyes do park as My husband is thy friend; for his sake spare me.

stars.' P. Fletcher. ---2 To play the spark Shak. Sometimes the spar-hawk wheel'd along. Tennyson.

or gallant. A sure sign that his master 5. To hold in reserve for the use of another;

was courting, or, as it is termed, sparku. Spar-hung (spår'hung), a. Hung with spar, to give; to afford; to grant; to allow. as a cave.

within." W. Irving. My youth can better spare my blood than you. Sparida (spā'ri-de), n. pl. (L. sparus, the Spark-condenser (spårk'kon-den-sér). 12

Shak.

gilt-head, and Gr. eidos, likeness.) A family 1. In elect, an instrument having a glass cage Where angry Jove did never spare One breath of kind and temp'rate air.

of acanthopterygious, teleostean fishes, of in which a spark may be passed between the Roscommon. which the genus Sparus is the type. They battery connections. It is used for burning

ject.

SPARKER

147

SPAT

[graphic]

metals or obtaining the spectra of gases, and
is designed to isolate the atmosphere in
which the experiment is conducted; also to
enable the experiment to take place in an
atmosphere of any required condensation or
tennity.-2. A means of carrying away sparks
from a locomotive chimney to a chamber
where they are extinguished.
Sparker (sparker), n. A contrivance, used
chiefly in the chimneys of locomotives fired
with wood, to arrest sparks, while allowing
the passage of smoke. Called also Spark.
arrester. (American.)
Sparkful (spårkial), a. Lively; brisk; gay.

Our sparkful yonth." Camden.
Sparkish (spårk'ish), a. 1. Airy; gay.

Is anything more sparšish and better-humoured thaa Venus' accosting her son in the deserts of Libga!

Walsh. 2 Showy; well dressed; fine.

Adasto besparkis, tricked himself up with all the gay feathers he could muster. Sir R. L'Estrange. Sparkle (spār kl), v. pret. & pp. sparkled; Ppr. sparkling. [Freq. from spark (which sec). 1To emit sparks; to send off small ignited particles, as burning fuel, &c. .To shine as if giving out sparks; to glitter; to glisten; to flash with small flashes: to twinkle; as, a brilliant sparkles; sparkling

But their eyes, especially those of the women, are

of expression, sometimes sparkling with fire, and S ites melting with softness.

Cook.
& To emit little bubbles; as, sparkling wine.
8rx. To shine, flash, glitter, glisten, gleam,
scintillate, radiate, coruscate.
Sparkle (spårkl), 0.t. (Meaning 2 seems to
have arisen from a confusion with sparpil
(which see).) 1 To emit with coruscations;
to throw out; to shine with. Eyes that
sparkle fire.' Dryden. -2. To scatter; to
disperse.

Tis now scarce honour
For you that never knew to fight but conquer,
To farkle sach poor people. Bean & FZ.
Toe Dases had prepared a navy to come to rob in
Ealand, but it was started

Leland, Sparkle (spārkl), n. 1. A spark; a luminous particle; & scintillation. Some sparkles of his fiery temper.' Prescott. "Sent & blast of markles up the flue.' Tennyson.—2 Luminosity: lustre.

I hold my beauty,
Wash but these sorrows from it, of a sparkle

As right and rich as hers. Beas, & Fl.
Sparkler (spårk'ler), n. One who or that
which sparkles; one whose eyes sparkle.
Addison
Sparklet (spårk'let), n. A small spark.

Tieaven's twinkling sparklets.' Cotton.
Sparkliness t (spårkli-nes), n. Vivacity.
Aubrey.
Sparkling (sparkling). p. and a. Emitting
sparksglittering: brilliant; lively; as,
sparcling wines; sparkling eyes. A mix-
ture of some bright sparkling colours.'
Locke. "Gemmed with sparkling, descrip-
tire verse.' Edin. Rev.
Sparklingly (spárk' ling-li). adv. in a
sparkling manner; with twinkling or vivid
brilliancy.
Sparklingness (spårk'ling-nes), n. The
quality of being sparkling; vivid and twink-
ling lustre
Sparling (spär'ling), n. [G. spierling, a

sparling.) A smelt
Sperlyret (spärlir), 12. [A. Sax, spær-lira.)

The calf of the leg. Wicklife.
Sparoid (spā'roid), a. and n' (L. sparus, the
gilthead, and Gr. eidos, likeness.] Of or
belonging to the Sparida; one of the Sparidze.
Spar-plece (spar pēs), 9. In arch. the
collar-beam of a roof; span-piece. Good
rich
Sparpil, Sparpoilt (spár pil, spår poil), v.t.
10.F. esparpiller, to scatter.] To scatter;
to spread abroad; to disperse. Wickliffe.
Sparret (spár), e.t. [Same as spar, sper.) To
lar, to bolt: to shut Spenser.
Sparret (spår). n. A spar; a wooden bar.

en bar. Sparrow (spa'ro), n. [0.E. sparue, A. Sax. petrus, Goth. sparwa, Dan. puro, Icel.

Fort, G. spar, sperling, sparrow.) A small m orial bird of the genus Pyrvita (P. domatica), family Fringillidee, and sub-order Conirostres. This well-known bird is the constant attendant on man wherever it Is found. It inhabits the British Islands

nail other parts of Europe, and has been inwodaced into North America and Australis. The habits of the common sparrows,

eir amazing fecundity, their strong attachment to their young, the truculent battles

in which they will occasionally engage in Sparthe, t n. [Icel. spartha.) An axe or
troops when excited upon some difference halbert. Romaunt of the Rose.
of opinion arising out of questions of love Spartina (spår-ti'na), n. (From Gr.spartine, a
or nest-property, their familiarity, not to rope made from broom.) A genus of grasses.
say impudence, and their voracity, are fa Two species, S. stricta and S. alternifolia, are
miliar to all. They often do great injury to British plants known by the name of cord-
the cornfields, but they also do great ser grass. The first is a remarkably stiff and
vice to the farmer in destroying grubs, rigid plant, growing in muddy salt marshes
caterpillars, &c., in spring and in the early on the east and south-east coasts of Eng.
part of summer. The tree-sparrow (P. mon land.
tana), the only other British species, is also Spartium (spär'shi-um), n. (From Gr. spar-
very widely distributed. It very closely re- ton, cordage, the use made of the plant in
sembles the common sparrow, but is of early ages.] A genus of ornamental plants,
smaller size. See also HEDGE - SPARROW, nat. order Leguminosae, which differs from
REED-SPARROW.

the common broom (Sarothamnus) in the Sparrow-bill(spa'rő-bil), n. See SPARABLE. calyx being split above, and thus one inSparrow-grass (spa'ro-gras), n. A corrup stead of two lipped. S. junceum (Spanishtion of Asparagus.

broom) inhabits the south of Europe. It Sparrow-hawk (spa'ro-hak), n. [So named has yellow sweet-scented flowers, and green from its being destructive to sparrows. The rush-like twigs. Its seeds are emetic, purcommon name of a hawk well known in gative, diuretic, and tonic, and are employed Britain. Only one species belongs to Britain, medicinally in cases of dropsy. See SPANISHthe Accipiter nisus, A. or Nisus fringilla BROOM. rius, a small hawk, about 12 inches in length. Spar-torpedo (spär-tor-pe'do), n. A torpedo It is a bold, active bird, very destructive to carried on the end of a spar rigged over

board from the bows of a vessel, and fired
either by contact or by electricity.
Sparus (spā'rus), n. (L., the gilthead.) A
genus of acanthopterygious fishes belonging
to the family Sparida. The species are
chiefly known in England by the name of
gilthead, though that name should properly
be restricted to the Chrysophrys aurata, a
fish of an allied genus found plentifully in
the Mediterranean, and which at times
visits the coasts of Great Britain. See SPA-
RIDÆ.
Sparvert (spär'ver), n. The canopy of a bed.

See SPERVER.
Spary (spā'ri), a. Sparing; parsimonious.

Holland.
Spasm (spazm), n. [Fr. spasme, L. spasmus,
from Gr. spasmos, from spao, to draw, to
pull, to wrench.] 1. In med. an abnormal,

sudden, and more or less violent contracSparrow-hawk (Accipiter nisus).

tion of one or more muscles or muscular

fibres. Spasm is either clonic or tonic. In pigeons and small birds. The sparrow-hawk clonic spasm the muscles or muscular fibres of Australia (A. torquatus) is marked by a contract and relax alternately in very quick collar of numerous bars of white. Its habits succession, producing the appearance of are very similar to those of the European agitation, as in epilepsy. In tonic spasm the sparrow-hawk. The American sparrow-hawk muscles or muscular fibres contract in a is the Falco sparverius, Linn. It is similar | steady and uniform manner, and remain in size to the sparrow-hawk, but rather allied contracted for a comparatively long time, to the kestrel.

as in tetanus. Some cases of spasm appear Sparrow-wort (spa'rő-wert), n. The com to be intermediate between these two varie

mon name of plants of the genus Passerina. ties.-2. A sudden, violent, and generally Sparry (spår'i), a. Resembling spar or con fruitless effort; &e, a spasm of repentance.

sisting of spar; spathose; abounding with Spasmatical (spaz-mat'ik-al), a. Relating spar.

to spasnis; spasmodical, As the rude cavern's sparry sides

Spasmodic (spaz-mod'ik), a. [Fr, spasmoWhen past the miner's taper glides. F. Baillie.

dique; Gr, spasmos, spasm, and eidos, like-Sparry anhydrite. Same as Cube-spar, a

ness. ] 1. Relating to spasm ; consisting in sub-species of prismatic gypsum found in

spasm; convulsive; as, a spasmodic affecthe salt-mines of Halle, &c. - Sparry iron,

tion; spasmodic asthma; spasmodic cholera sparry iron ore, a carbonate of iron. Called

2. Marked by strong effort, but of brief dualso Spathic or Spathose Iron, Siderite. The

ration; violent and short-lived; as, spasmodic clay ironstones, or the clay-bands and black

efforts ; spasmodic industry. - Spasmodic bands of the coal and other formations, be

school, a name given in ridicule to certain long to this family of iron ores.

authors, including Philip Bailey, Gilfillan, Sparse (spårs), a. (L. sparsus, pp. of spargo, Alexander Smith, &c., whose writings were to strew, to scatter, to bestrew, sprinkle, considered to be distinguished, to a greater akin to Gr. speiro, to sow.] 1. Thinly scat or less degree, by an overstrained and untered: set or planted here and there; not

natural style. dense; as, & sparse population.-2. In bot. Spasmodic (spaz-mod’ik), n. A medicine not opposite, nor alternate, nor in any ap

good for removing spasm; an antispasmodic. parent regular order: applied to branches, Spasmodical (spaz-mod'ik-al), a. Relating leaves, peduncles, &c.

to spasm: spasmodic. Sparset (spårs), v.t. To disperse; to scatter.

lisperse; to scatter. Spasmodically (spaz-mod'ik-al-li), adv. In As when the hollow flood of air in Zephire's cheek a spasmodic manner. doth swell

Spasmology (spaz-mol'o-ji), n. [Gr. spasmos, And sparseth all the gathered clouds. Chapman,

spasm, and logos, discourse.] The doctrine Sparsedly (spårs'ed-li), adv. In a scattered

of spasms. manner; dispersedly.

Spastic (spastik), a. (Gr. spastikos. See Sparsely (spårs'li), adv. In a scattered or SPASM.) Relating to spasm; spasmodic. sparse manner; thinly.

Spasticity (spas-tis'i.ti), n. 1. A state of Sparseness (spårs'nes), n. The state of

spasm. -2. The tendency to or capability of
being sparse; thinness; scattered state; as, suffering spasm.
sparseness of population.

Spat (spat), pret. of spit.
Sparsim (spår'sim), adv. (L.] Scatteredly;
Sparsim (spärʻsim), adu. [L] Scatteredly; spat (spat), n. (Possibly from root of spit,
here and there.

that which is ejected.] The spawn of shell-
Spartan (spartan), a. Pertaining to ancient fish: specifically, the name given to the de-
Sparta; hence, hardy; undaunted; as, Spar- veloping spawn of the oyster.
tan souls; Spartan bravery: Spartan sim- Spat (spat), n. 1. A blow. (Local. 2. A
plicity of manners.-Spartan dog, a blood-

petty combat; a little quarrel or dissension. hound; hence,a cruel or bloodthirsty person. (United States.) o Spartan dog,

Spat (spat), v.i. To dispute; to quarrel.
More fell than anguish, hunger, or the sea. Shak.

Smart.
Sparterie (spär'tér-i), n. [Sp. esparteria, a Spatt (spat), v.t. To spatter; to defile.
place for making articles of esparto. See
ESPARTO.) A collective name for the vari.

Thy mind is spotted, spatted, spilt,
ous kind of articles manufactured from es-

Thy soule is soyld with sinne. Kendall. parto-grass, as mats, nets, cordage, ropes, Spat, Spatt (spat), n. A short spatterdash, &c.

reaching to a little above the ankle. [Scotch.]

Chuc.

SPEAK

er te fine This was Spaul (spel), 2 [See SPALE] A fragment

35 substanse of stone: a spall Hr Et tes manc, bioosi, Spawling (spal'ing), 1. Saliya thrust eat

carelessly; spawl Marble floors with drunken spawlings shine.' Congrese. Spawa (span), . (It has no plural.) (Perbada from A Sar. spiman, to spew or spit out; of from A San. spana, spenu, Prov. &pean qane, & teat The term spot, young gys ters, gives some support to the former etymology) 1. The eggs or ova of fishes, frogs, Ac., from which, when fertilized by the mines, a new progeny arises that contistes the species in the oviparous fishes with distinct seses the eggs are impregnated Externally, and arrive at maturity withons the sid of the mother. The same being deposited by the female, the male then pours upon it the impregnating Buid. La the ovoriviparous fishes sexual intercourse

tekss place, and the eggs are bate is The time the uterus Fishes exhibit a great variety

in regard to the number of their eget la some the number is small, while in others iis prodigiously great. In the spawn 8 cod-fish, for example, no fewer than three and a half millions of eggs have bez loul In general, before spawning, fish forsake the deep water and approach the shore, and some fish leave the salt water and ascend the Izers before spawning, and then retum again. - Aay product or offspring: an eJeression of contempt "Slander, men best os of bell' Tennyson Tas not the one of such as these The eyed with Panic blood the conquered soak

A zene izen to the buds or branches which are produced from underground stems of plants. The white fibroos testter forming the matrix from which fungiere pirodacod; the mycelium of fungi. Spev (spaa, t.t. 1. To produce or deposit,

- fishes do their eggs. - 2 To bring forth; to generate: in contempt

What practices such principles as these te frezer, when they are laid out to the sun, you say

Lace Spawn (span), .i I To deposit eges, as fish er frogs - 2 To issue, as offspring : in con

[graphic][merged small][merged small]

e mai del Nasall Smité gumu siste shed to the stres e nch Soutie as the type

It is so la gonlity, and the mother of so many mes that spas frotni, that a child should be teonge spin the greatest abhorrence of it Laste Sparner (span'ér), n. The female fish

The barbel... both the SAINST and the maker cover thear spaun with sand.

1z. Ifaites Spay (spá), e.t (A Celtic word: Man spain, Gael spoth, to castrate; same root as L qado, Gr. spadon, a eunuch.) To extirpate the oraries of: a process applied to female animals, to incapacitate them for producing young The operation is performed generally when the animal is young and is meant to prevent conception and promote fattet.

hems sodden me around Sant Spac (gl) .

ing

to speak D. and LG speken, A. Sot Fulgar spaken, to cred wood connect. G. sprechen,

spatia Spatulate så fist instruct] The

Leaf

Le

she footca) tra's secospisze bez werbe Sparin (sarin (0.FT. exparent ("a Soren Se-cu cred yes.

Sute in s bons Cotonure, also esparPepe Tey are te acts of trupecal

near Va r

Ori

. sperrin, It sparenio Asa sad Air:

in dobtal) A disease of horses affectSpatbose sputt osa In bot relating.

in the hock-joint, or joint of the hind-leg. to or i. Sed like a spatbe: sashacers

between the knee and the fetlock It oc? Is mineral sparty of the nature of spar!

curs in two forms: (a) bog or blood sparin, OCRITA in bruad plates or lamellæ : folie

in which the joint is distended by synovia ated ia texture. - Sathur iron Same as

or joint oil () Bone sparin, or spavin Soal Iron

proper, where there is a morbid deposition Spathous (spath'us), a. In bot. same as of bony substance, such as to unite separate Spathuve.

bones - a form which is sometimes incurSpathulate (spath'ü-lat). Same as Spatu

able. late.

Spavined (spav' ind), a. Affected with Spatial (spā'shi-a!), a. Of or pertaining to spavin. 'A blind, sparined, galled hack, space.

that was only fit to be cut up for a dog. Spatially (spå'shi-al-li), adr. Having refer

kennel.' Goldsmith. ence to or as regards space. Written also Spaw (spa), n. Same as Spa. Spacially (which see)

Spawder (spa'dér), n. An injury arising Spatiatet (spā'shi-át), v.i. (L. spatior, spa

from the legs of animals being forced too tiatus, from spatium, space. See SPACE.)

far asunder on ice or slippery roads. (ProTo rove; to ramble.

vincial.] Confined to a narrow chamber he could spatiate

Spawl (spal), v. i. (Contr. from A. Sax. spadl, at large through the whole universe. Bentley.

spatl, spittle, from spætan, spatan, to spit. Spatter (spat'tér), v. t. (Freq. from old spat,

See SPIT.) To throw saliva from the mouth akin to spit, spot, spout, and spew; comp.

in a scattering form ; to disperse spittle in sputter) 1. To scatter a liquid substance

a careless dirty manner. on; to sprinkle with anything liquid or Why must he sputter, spawl, and slaver it? Swift. semi-liquid that befouls; to bespatter; as, Spawl (spal). n. Saliva or spittle thrown to spatter a coat; to spatter the boots with out carelessly. Dryden.

Spay (spá), th [Other forms are spaie, sparid,

spade, spayade; origin unknown] The male I of the red-deer in his third year. Spayade (spå'àd), n. (See above.) In ker.

& stag in his third year. Speak (spēk), v.i pret spoke (spate archaie, poetical); pp. spoken (spoke obs. or vnlgar) ppr. speaking. (O.E. speken, A. Sax. specs sprecan, D. and LG. spreken, G. sprechen, to speak Wedgwood connects it with LG. spaken, to crack with drought, comparing Sc. crack, familiar talk, conversation, with E. crack, a fissure. As to the orixion of the comp. speckled, Sc. sprecklet, A. Sar. meccan, toreccan, to rouse.] 1. To utter words or articulate sounds; to express thoughts by words; as, man everywhere is able to speak

Speak, Lord, for thy servant heareth 1 Sair tia. 2. To utter a speech, discourse, or harangue; to express thoughts in more formal language than in ordinary talk or conversation; to utter thoughts in a public assembly.

Many of the nobility made themselves popolar by speaking in parliament against those things which were most grateful to his majesty. Clarerden.

The man seemed to be able to speak in po other way; and, I have little doubt, spoke as bombastically as he talked. 3. To talk; to express opinions; to dispute.

We must srcak by the card, or equivocation will undo us. 4. To discourse; to make mention; to tell by writing.

Lucan speaks of a part of Cesar's arıny that came to him from the Leman lake.

The Scripture speaks only of those to whom it speaks

ud to be able to be as bombosis.

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