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SPECIMEN

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SPECTROSCOPIST

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nate in words, so as to distinguish a thing Speckled (spek'ld), p. and a. 1. Marked Spectacular (spek-tak'ü-lér), a. 1. Pertainfrom every other; as, to specify the uses of with specks or speckles: variegated with ing to or of the nature of a show or spectacle; & plant; to specify the articles one wants spots of a different colour from the ground as, & spectacular drama. Spectacular to purchase.

or surface of the object; as, the speckled sports.' Hickes.-2. Pertaining to spectacles He has there given us an exact geography of

breast of a bird; a speckled serpent. Dryden. or glasses for assisting vision. Greece, where the countries and the uses of their 2. In her spotted over with another tincture. Spectant (spek'tant), ppr. [L. spectans, soils are specified.

Pope. | Speckledness (spek'ld-nes), n. The state of spectantis, ppr. of specto, to behold.) In Specimen (spes'i-men), n. [L. specimen, lit.

being speckled.

her, a term applied to an animal at gaze, or

looking forward; sometimes termed in full that by which a thing is seen and recognized. Specksioneer(spek-shon-ēr).n. (See SPECK. a mark or token, an example or specimen,

blubber.] In whale-fishing, the chief har aspect. The term is likewise applied to any from specio, to look, to behold. See SPECIES.

pooner; he also directs the cutting opera animal looking upwards with the nose bendA part or small portion of anything intended

tions in clearing the whale of its blubber wise. to exhibit the kind of the whole, or of someand bones.

Spectationt (spek-tā'shon), n. [L. spectatio, thing not exhibited; a sample; as, a speci

Speckt (spekt), n. (See SPECHT.] A wood spectationis, from specto. See SPECTACLE.) unen of painting or composition; a specimen

pecker. Written also Speight. [Obsolete Regard; look; aspect; appearance. of one's art or skill.-Specimen, Sample. A or local.]

This simple spectation of the lumgs is differenced specimen is a portion of a larger whole em

Specs, Specks (speks), n. pl. A vulgar ab from that which concomitates a pleurisy. Harvey. ployed to exhibit the nature or kind of that breviation for Spectacles.

Spectator (spek-ta'tor), n. [L., from specto, of which it forms a part, without reference Spectacle (epek'ta-kl), n. [Fr. from L. spec freq. of specio, to look, to behold. See SPEto the relative quality of individual por

taculum,from specto, to behold, freq.of specio, CIES.) One who looks on; one that sees or tions; thus a cabinet of mineralogical speci

to see. See SPECIES.] 1. A show; a gazing. beholds; a beholder; one who is present at a mens exhibits the nature of the rocks from

stock, something exhibited to view; usually, play or spectacle; as, the spectators of a which they are broken. A sample is a por

something presented to view as extraordi. show; the spectators were numerous. tion taken out of a quantity, and implies that

nary, or something that is beheld as unusual There be of them that will themselves laugh to set the quality of the whole is to be judged by

and worthy of special notice; specifically, a on some quantity of barren spectators to laugh too. it, and not rarely that it is to be used as a pageant; a gorgeous or splendid show; an

Shak.

SYN. Looker-on, beholder, observer, witness. standard for testing the goodness, genuineexhibition which is mainly attractive to the

Spectatorial (spek-ta-to'ri-al), a. Pertainness, purity of the whole, and the like. In eye; as, a dramatic spectacle.

ing to a spectator. Addison. many cases, however, the words are used

We are made a spectacle unto the world, and to

angels, and to men. indifferently.

1 Cor. iv. 9.

Spectatorship (spek-ta'tor-ship), n. 1. The

act of beholding. "Some death more long Speciology (spē-shi-ol'o-ji), n. The doctrine In open market-place produced they me,

To be a public spectacle to all.

Shak. in spectatorship.' Shak.-2. The office or of species. Speciosity (spē-shi-os'i-ti), n. The state of 2. Anything seen; a sight. The dreadfull quality of a spectator. Spectator. (Rare.]

Spectatress, Spectatrix(spek-tá'tres,spekspectacle of that sad house of pride.' Spenbeing specious; a specious show; a specious

tà'triks), n. L. spectatric. See SPECTATOR) person or thing. Professions built so

ser.-3. pl. A well-known and invaluable
optical instrument used to assist or correct

| A female beholder or looker on largely on speciosity instead of performance.'

Rowe; some defect in the organs of vision. Spec

Jeffrey. Carlyle. tacles consist of two oval or circular lenses

Spectral (spek'tral), a. 1 Pertaining to a Specious (spē'shus ), a. (Fr. spécieux; L. mounted in a light metal frame which is

spectre; ghostlike; ghostly. speciome, showy, beautiful, plausible, from

made up of the 'bows,'bridge,'and 'sides'or species, look, show, appearance. See SPE

Some of the spectral appearances which he had

been told of in a winter's evening. Sir W. Scott. CTES.) 1.Pleasing to the eye; outwardly

"temples.' The frame is so constructed as pleasing; showy: beautiful; fair. 'A virgine to adhere to the nose and temples, and keep

2. Pertaining to ocular spectra; pertaining

to the solar or prismatic spectrum; exhibitthe lenses in the proper position. Spectacles ful specious, and semely of stature.' Metri. cal Romance of fourteenth century.

ing the hues of the prismatic spectrum; which are merely fixed on the nose are usu

As sweet to the smell as specious to the sight.' ally called eye-glasses. Spectacles with

produced by the aid of the spectrum; as,

spectral colours; spectral analysis. convex lenses are used to aid the sight of Fuller. The rest, far greater part, the aged, or those who are termed long or

Spectrally (spek'tral-li), adv. In a spectral Wildeem in outward rites and specious forms far sighted; and spectacles with concave

manner; like a ghost or spectre. Whittier, Religion satisfied.

Milton.

lenses are used to assist the vision of those Spectre (spek'ter), n. (Fr. spectre; from L. 2. Apparently right; superficially fair, just, who are near-sighted. In long-sighted per

spectrum, an appearance, an apparition,

from specto, to behold. See SPECIES.] 1. An or correct; plausible; appearing well at first

sons the refractive powers of the eye are view; as, specious reasoning: a specious artoo feeble, or the cornea is too much flat

apparition; the appearance of a person who gument; a specious objection. And count tened; hence, the rays of light coming from

is dead; a ghost; a spirit; a phantom. thy specious gifts no gifts, but guiles.' Mil an object after entering the eye do not con

The ghosts of traitors from the bridge descend,

With bold fanatic spectres to rejoice. verge sufficiently soon to be brought to a ton.

Dryden.

Lest the spedire of indefeasible right should stand A man's acts are slavish, not true but specious; his focus, and form a perfect image of the obvery thoughts are false, he thinks too as a slave and

once more in arms on the tomb of the house of York, ject on the retina. The convex lens coun

the two houses of parliament showed an earnest decoward, till he have got Fear under his feet.

teracts this defect by increasing the con sire for the king's marriage with the daughter of EdCarlyle, vergence of the rays, and causing them to ward IV.

Hallam. -Ostensible, Colourable, Specious, Plausible.

meet at the retina. Short-sightedness is a See under OSTENSIBLE. --SYN. Showy, plaus

2. In zool. (a) one of a family of orthopterous defect the very reverse of that which has ible, ostensible, colourable, feasible.

insects. See PHASMIDÆ. (b) A species of been stated, and hence must be corrected quadrumanous mammal (Lemur spectrum, Speciously (spē'shus-li), ado. In a specious

by opposite means, namely, by concave Linn.), so called on account of its nocturnal manner; with a fair appearance; with show

lenses. In both cases the value of spectacles habits, attenuated frame, long and skeletonof right; as, to reason speciously. That

depends upon their being accurately adapted like limbs, and the gliding, stealthy, noisepersonated devotion under which any kind

to the state of the eye. Spectacles with colof impiety is wont to be disguised and put

less motion by which it surprises a sleeping oured lenses, as green, blue, neutral-tint, off more speciously.' Hammond.

prey. Owen. Speciousness (spē'shus-nes), n. The qua

smoke-colour, &c., are used to protect the Spectre-bat (spek'ter-bat), n. See PHYLLO

eyes from a glare of light. Divided spec- STOMIDÆ. fity of being specious; plausible appearance;

tacles have each lens composed of two semifair external show; as, the speciousness of

Spectrological (spek-tro-loj'ik-al), a. Of or circles of different foci neatly united; one pertaining to spectrology; performed or dean argument

half for looking at distant objects, and the Speck (epek), 1. [A. Sax. specca, L.G. spaak,

termined by spectrology; as, spectrological other for examining things near the eye. speck; perhaps from root of spew; comp.

analysis. apot and spit.] 1. A spot; a stain; a blemish;

Another kind, called periscopic spectacles, Spectrology (spek-trol'o-ji), n. [Spectrum,

has been contrived in order to allow con and Gr. logos, discourse. That branch of a small place in anything that is discoloured

siderable latitude of motion to the eyes science which determines the constituent by foreign matter, or is of a colour different

without fatigue. from that of the main substance; as, a speck

The lenses employed in elements and other conditions of bodies by

this case are either of a meniscus or con examination of their spectra. on paper or cloth.

cavo-convex form, the concave side being Spectrometer (spek-trom'et-ér), n. (SpecThe little rift within the lover's lute,

turned to the eye. Spectacles with glazed Or little pitted speck in garner'd fruit,

trum, and Gr. metron, a measure.] An apThat rotting inward slowly moulders all

wings or frames partly filled with crape or paratus attached to a spectroscope for pur

Tennyson. wire-gauze are used to shield the eyes from poses of measurement, consisting of a tube 2 A small particle or patch; as, a speck of dust, &c. Spectacles, as they form an in containing an engraved or photographed stow on a hill. The bottom consisting of strument of binocular power, are usually scale, the image of which is transmitted so gray and with black specks.' Anson's designated a pair of spectacles.-4. The eye; as to appear side by side with the spectrum. Voyages-SYN. Spot, stain, flaw, blemish. the organ of vision.

Spectroscope (spek'tro-skop), n. (SpecSpeck (opek). v.t. To spot; to mark or stain And bid mine eyes be packing with my heart trum, and Gr. slopeo, to look at.) The inin spots or drops. Speck'd with gold.' Mil And called them blind and dusky spectades,

strument employed in spectrum analysis. For losing ken of Albion's wished coast. Shak.

It usually consists of a tube with a slit at Speck (spek). 1. [D. spek, fat; A. Sax. spic, 5. pl. Fig. something which aids the intel one end, and a convex lens called a collibacon.] 1. Blubber, the fat of whales and lectual sight.

mator at the other, from which parallel rays other mammalia. In South Africa, the fat Shakespeare... needed not the spectacles of books of light proceed; a prism, or train of prisms, flesh of the hippopotamus is so called by the to read nature.

Dryden. to separate the differently refrangible rays; Dutch.-2. Bacon.-Speck falls, in whale Syn. Show, sight, exhibition, representation, and a telescope to view a magnified image fishing, falls or ropes rove through blocks pageant.

of the spectrum produced. for hoisting the blubber and bone off the Spectacled (spek'ta-kld), a. Furnished with Spectroscopic, Spectroscopical (spek-trowhale.

or wearing spectacles. As spectacled she skop'ik, spek-tro-skop'ik-al), a. Of or perSpeckle (spek?), n. [Dim. of speck.) A little sits in chimney nook.' Keats.-Spectacled taining to the spectroscope or spectroscopy. spot in anything, of a different substance or bear, a bear of the genus Tremarctos, the Spectroscopically (spek-tro-skop'ik-al-li), colour from that of the thing itself; a speck. sole representative of the Ursidæ in South adv. In a spectroscopic manner; by the use Speckle (spekt), v. t. pret. & pp. speckled; America. So called from the light-coloured of the spectroscope. ppr. speckling. To mark with small spots rings round the eyes having exactly the ap Spectroscopist (spek'tro-skop-ist), n. One of a different colour from the ground or pearance of a pair of spectacles; the rest of who uses the spectroscope; one skilled in surface. the face and body being black.

spectroscopy.

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SPECTROSCOPY

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SPEECH

ative merchant branch of busu Smith.

Spectroscopy (spek'tro-skop-i), n. That
branch of science, more particularly of
chemical science, which is concerned with
the use of the spectroscope and with spec-
trum analysis
Spectrum (spek'trum), n. pl. Spectra (spek'.
tra). 1. A spectre: an apparition.

Lavater puts solitariness a main cause of such spec'rums or apparitions.

Burton. 2. An image of something seen, continuing after the eyes are closed, covered, or turned away. If, for example, we look intensely with one eye upon any coloured object, such as a wafer placed on a sheet of white paper, and immediately afterwards turn the same eye to another part of the paper, we shall see a similar spot, but of a different colour. Thus, if the wafer be red, the seeming spot will be green; if black, it will be changed into white. These images are also termed ocular spectra. 3. The oblong figure or stripe formed on a wall or screen by a beam of light, as of the sun, received through a small hole or slit and refracted by being passed through a prism. This stripe is coloured throughout its length, the colours shading insensibly into one another from red at the one end, through orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo to violet at the other. This analysis is due to the different refrangibilities of the component rays, the violet being the most refrangible and red the least. Besides the coloured rays, the spectrum contains thermal or heating rays, and chemical rays. The heating effect of the solar spectrum increases in going from the violet to the red, and still continues to increase for a certain distance beyond the visible spectrum at the red end, while the chemical action is very faint in the red, strong in the blue and violet, and sensible to a considerable distance beyond the violet end. The actinic rays, or those beyond the violet, may be rendered visible by throwing them upon a surface treated with some fluorescent substance. (See ACTINISM.) A pure spectrum of solar light is crossed at right angles by numerous dark lines, called Fraunhofer's lines (which see), each dark line marking the absorption of a particular elementary ray. By means of these dark lines and certain bright lines analogous to them, to be referred to, facts of the highest importance, especially in chemistry, have been ascertained. For the proper understanding of the import of these lines, five principles require to be kept in view. First, an incandescent solid or liquid body gives out a continuous spectrum. Second, an incandescent gaseous body gives out a discontinuous spectrum, consisting of bright lines. Third, each element when in the state of an incandescent gas gives out lines peculiar to itself. Fourth, if the light of an incandescent solid or liquid passes through a gaseous body, certain of its rays are absorbed, and black lines in the spectrum indicate the nature of the substance which absorbed the ray. Fifth, each element, when gaseous and incandescent, emits

rays they absorb or those they emit, is called Speculative (spek'ü-lát-iv), a. (Fr. spécuspectrum or spectral analysis, and the in- latif. See SPECULATE.) 1. Given to specustrument employed a spectroscope (which lation; contemplative. The mind of man see)

being by nature speculative.' Hooker. Specular (spek'ü-lêr), a. [L. specularis, 2. Pertaining to, involving, or formed by from speculum, a mirror, from specio, to speculation; theoretical; ideal; not verified see. See SPECIES) 1. Having the qualities by fact, experiment, or practice; as, a scheme of a mirror or looking-glass; having a smooth, merely speculative. reflecting surface; as, a specular metal; a

The speculative part of philosophy is metaphysics. specular surface. The skill of specular The speculatite part of mathematics is that which has stone.' Donne.-2. Assisting sight by means no application to the arts.

Fleming. of optical properties.

For they were discussing not a speculative matter, Thy specular orb

but a matter which had a direct and practical connec

tion with the most momentous and exciting disputes of Apply to well-dissected kernels. 7. Philips.

their own day.

Macaulay. 3. Affording view.

3. Pertaining to or affording sight. 'Posted Look once more ere we leave this specular mount.

Milton.

on his speculative height Couper. -Specular iron ore, a hard, crystallized va 4. † Watching; prying. 'My speculative and riety of hematite, consisting of anhydrous officed instruments.' Shak. ferric oxide of a dark-red colour, inclining Counsellors should not be too speculative into their to black.

sovereign's person.

Bacon. Specularia (spek-û-lā'ri-a), n. A genus of

5. Pertaining to, or given to, speculation in plants, nat, order Campanulacea. The spe trade; engaged in speculation or precarious cies are small annual plants, with alternate, ventures for the chance of large profits. entire, or toothed leaves, and sessile, axil

The speculative merchant exercises no one regular, lary, or shortly-stalked blue, white, or violet

established, or well-known branch of business flowers. S. hybrida is a native of the corn

Adam Smith, felds of Great Britain. S. speculum is a Speculatively (spek'ü-lät-iv-li), ado. In a pretty annual, commonly cultivated under speculative manner; as, (a) contemplatively; the name of Venus's looking-glass.

with meditation. (6) Ideally; theoretically: Speculate (spek'ü-låt), v. i pret. & pp. specu in theory only, not in practice; as, proposilated; ppr. speculating. (L. &peculor, specu tions seem often to be speculatively true latus, to view, to contemplate, from specula, which experience does not verify. a lookout, from specio, to see. See SPECIES, It is possible that a man may speculatively prefer &c.] 1. To meditate: to revolve in the mind: the constitution of another country... before that to consider a subject by turning it in the

of the nation where he is born and lives. Srift. mind and viewing it in its different aspects (c) In the way of speculation in trade, &c. and relations; to theorize; as, to speculate Speculativeness (spek'ů - lät-iv-nes). n. on political events; to speculate on the pro The state of being speculative, or of conbable results of a discovery.-2. In com. to

sisting in speculation only. purchase goods, stock, or other things with Speculator (spek'ü-lát-ér), n. 1. One who the expectation of an advance in price and speculates or forms theories; a theorizer.of selling the articles with a profit by means 2. An observer; a contemplator; & spy; a of such advance; to engage in speculation : watcher. Sir T. Browne. frequently applied to unsound business

All the boats had one speculator to give notice when transactions; as, to speculate in coffee, or in

the fish approached.

Braeme. sugar, or in bank stock. Speculate (spek'ü-lät), v.t. To consider at

3. In com. one who speculates in trade; one tentively; to examine; as, to speculate the

who buys goods or other things with the ex

pectation of a rise of price and of deriving nature of a thing. (Rare.)

profit from such advance.
We conceit ourselves that we contemplate absolute
existence when we only speculate absolute privation.

Speculatorialt (spek'ü-la-to"ri-al), a. Specu-
Sir W, Hamilton.

latory. Speculation (spek-Ü-lä'shon). n. 1. The act Speculatory (spek'ü-la-to-ri), a. 1. Exerof looking on; examination by the eye; view. cising speculation; speculative. Carew. Though we upon this mountain's basis by

2. Intended or adapted for viewing or espying.
Took stand for idle speculation,
or idle speculation.

Shak.
Both these were nothing more than speculatory out-

T. Wartort. 2. Mental view of anything in its various ag.

posts to the Akeman-street. pects and relations, contemplation; intellec Speculist (spek'ü-list), n. An observer; a tual examination; as, the events of the day speculator. Goldsmith. (Rare.) afford matter of serious speculation to the Speculum (spek'ü-lum), n. (L., a mirror, friends of Christianity.

from specio, to look, to behold.) 1. A mirror Thenceforth to speculations high or deep

or looking-glass.-2. In optics and astron, a I turn'd my thoughts.

" Milton. reflecting surface, such as is used in reflect

ing telescopes, usually made of an alloy of 3. Train of thoughts formed by meditation;

copper and tin (see Speculum Metal below). a theory or theoretical view.

but frequently now of glass. Those of glass From himn Socrates derived the principles of mo

are covered with a film of silver on the side rality and most part of his natural speculations.

turned toward the object, and must not be 4. That part of philosophy which is neither confounded with mirrors, which are coated practical nor experimental. Fleming. - with tin-amalgam on the posterior side.6. Power of sight; vision.

3. In surg. an instrument used for dilating Thou hast no speculation in those eyes

any passage, as the ear, or parts about the Which thou dost glare with.

Shak.

uterus, with a reflecting body at the end,

upon which a light being thrown the condi. 6. In com. (a) the act or practice of laying

tion of the parts is shown. - 4. In zool. a out money or of incurring extensive risks

bright spot on animals, often iridescent, as with a view to more than the usual success

upon the wing of a duck, tail of a peacock, in trade; the buying of articles of merchan.

&c.-Speculum metal, metal used for mak. dise, shares, stocks, or any purchasable com

ing the specula of reflecting telescopes. It modities whatever in expectation of a rise of

is an alloy of two parts of copper and one price, and thereupon a gain to the buyer; an

of tin, its whiteness being improved by the anticipation on the part of a trader that de.

addition of a little arsenic.
mand will be excessive or that supply will be
deficient: the term is generally used with

Sped (sped), pret. and pp. of speed.

Spede, v.t. To speed; to despatch. Chaucer. some slight meaning of disapprobation. (6)

Spedeful, t a. Effectual;successful. Chaucer. A single act of speculation; a hazardous com

Speecet (spēs), n. Kind; species. B. Jonson. mercial or other business transaction entered

Speech (spēch), n. (A. Sax. spac, speech. into in the hope of large profits. 'A vast

See SPEAK 1. The faculty of uttering arspeculation had failed.' Tennyson.

ticulate sounds or words, as in human beings: The establishment of any new manufacture, of any the faculty of expressing thoughts by words new branch of commerce, or of any new practice of

or articulate sounds; the power of speaking
agriculture, is always a speculation, from which the
projector promises himself extraordinary profits.

God's great gift of speech abused
Adam Smith.

Makes thy memory confused. TerrySON. 7. A game at cards, the leading principle of

2. That which is spoken; language; words which is the purchase of an unknown card on the calculation of its probable value, or

as expressing ideas. of a known card on the chance of no better

My father's of a better nature, sir,

Skal appearing during the game, a portion of the

Than he appears by speech, pack not being dealt. Latham.

Thought is deeper than all speech;

C. P. Cranch. Speculatist (spek'ü-lat-ist), n.

Feeling deeper than all thought.

One who speculates or forms theories; a speculator; 3. A particular language, as distinct from a theorist "The very ingenious speculatist, others; a dialect. Mr. Hume.' Dr. Knox.

I am the best of them that speak this speech. Shak.

S theory of Cocrates derivatural spin w Temather

on the spectrum with those which it absorbs from light transmitted through it. Now, applying these principles to the solar spectrum, we find, from the nature and position of the rays absorbed, that its light passes through hydrogen, potassium, sodium, calcium, barium, magnesium, zinc, iron, chromium,cobalt, nickel, copper, and manganese, all in a state of gas, and constituting part of the solar envelope, whence we conclude that these bodies are present in the substance of the sun itself, from which they have been volatilized by heat. The moon and planets have spectra like that of the sun, because they shine by its reflected light, while, on the other hand, each fixed star has a spectrum peculiar to itself. It has been already said that the incandescent vapour of each elementary substance has a characteristic spectrum, consisting of fixed lines, which never changes. This furnishes the chemist with a test of an exquisitely delicate nature for the detection of the presence of very minute quantities of elementary bodies. Thus, by heating any substance till it becomes gaseous and incandescent and then taking its spectrum, he is able by the lines to read off, as it were, from the spectrum the various elements present in the vapour. Four new elements, viz, rubidium, caesium, indium, and thallium, have thus been detected. The employment of the spectrum for the detection of the presence of elementary bodies, whether by observing the

SPEECH

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SPELL

4. The act of speaking with another; conver- 7.To make to be versed; to acquaint. 'In diet-drinks. V. Chamaedrys, or germander sation; talk.

Chaucer I am sped.' Skelton.-8. To bring speed well, is a very general favourite, on

to destruction; to despatch; to kill; to ruin; account of its being among the very first Look to it that none have speech of her. Sir W. Scott. to destroy.

that opens its flowers in the early spring. It 6. Anything said or spoken; an observation A plague o' both your houses! I am sped. Shak. is sometimes known by the name of bird'sexpressed in words; talk; mention; common A dire dilemma ! either way I'm sped!

eye and forget-me-not. saying

If foes, they write, if friends, they read me dead. Speedy (spēd'i), a. 1. Quick; swift; nimble;

Pore. The duke ... did of me demand

hasty; rapid in motion; as, a speedy flight. Note. - The phrase 'God-speed is now geneWhat was the speech among the Londoners

How near's the other army? Concerning the French journey. Shak, rally considered as equivalent to 'may God

Near, and on speedy foot.

Shak. 6. Formal discourse in public; oration; give you success.' But probably it was ori

2. Quick in performance; not dilatory or harangue; as, the member has made his ginally 'good-speed,' good in Anglo-Saxon

slow; as, a speedy despatch of business. first speech in Parliament. – 7. Speaking; being written god : I bid you or wish you

3. Near: quickly approaching; soon to be utterance of thoughts. I with leave of good speed, that is, good success. See

expected. speech implor'd, replied.' Milton.-Reported SPEED, n. 1.

I will wish her speedy strength. Shak. or oblique speech. See OBLIQUE.-Speech, speed (spea), T. (A. Sax. spea, naste, all Speel (spēl), v.t. and i, (Etym. doubtful.] Harangie, Oration. Speech is generic, and gence, success, prosperity, wealth, from

To climb; to clamber. (Scotch.) Written applies to any kind of address; it is the spôwan, to succeed (see the verb): 0.H.G.

also Speil. thing spoken without reference to the manspuot, prosperity, haste.] 1. Success; for

Speelken (spēl'ken), n. Same as Spellken. ner of speaking it. Harangue is a noisy

tune; prosperity in an undertaking. 'Happy Speer (spēr), v.t. 1o ask. See SPEIR. speech, usually unstudied and unpolished, be thy speed.' Shak.

Speering, Speiring (spēr'ing), n. (Scotch. addressed to a large audience, and specially

O Lord God of my master Abraham, I pray thee,

See SPEIR.) Inquiry; investigation; inforintended to rouse the passions. Oration is Send me good speed this day. Gen. xxiv. 12.

mation got by asking questions; as, to get a formal, impressive, studied, and elabor

The prince, your son, with mere conceit and fear

speerings of a person's whereabouts. Of the queen's speed, is gone.

Shak. ately polished address.

Speett (spēt), v.t. To stab. Speech (spēch), v.i. To make a speech; to 2. Swiftness; quickness; celerity; haste; de

Speeton-clay (spē'ton-klá), n. A dark blue harangue.

spatch; rapid pace or rate; as, a man or a laminated bed of clay, containing nodules of Speech-crier (spéch'kri-er), n. One who horse runs or travels with speed; a bird flies

clay ironstone, found at Speeton, near Scarhawks about printed accounts of the exewith speed; to execute an order with speed;

borough, and supposed from its fossils to cution, and confessions, when any are made,

the steamer went full speed. Rides at

| represent the lower greensand. of criminals, accounts of murders, &c. high speed.' Shak.-3. Impetuosity; head

Speight (spāt), n. (See SPECHT.) A wood. Speech-day (spěch'dă). n. The periodical long violence.

pecker. [Obsolete or local.) examination day of a public school.

I pray you, have a continent forbearance till the Speil (spēl), v. t. and i. Same as Speel. I have still the gold étui your papa gave me when he

speed of his rage goes slower.

Shak.

Speir (sper), v.t. and i. (A. Sax. spyrian, Icel. came to our speeck-day at Kensington. Thackeray.

4. A protecting and assisting power. Saint spyrja, to search out by the track or trace, Speechful (spéch'fyl), a. Full of talk; loqua. Nicholas be thy speed.' Shak.-SYN. Swift

to inquire, from spor, D. spoer, G. spur, a cious (Rare.

ness, celerity, quickness, haste, despatch, track.) To make diligent inquiry; to ask; Speechification (spēch'i-fi-ka"shon), n. The expedition, hurry, acceleration.

to inquire. (Scotch. ] Written also Speer, act of making speeches or of haranguing. Speeder (spēd'ér). n. 1. One who speeds.

Spere, Spier. (Humorous or contemptuous.)

2. A kind of machine for forwarding things Speiss (spis), n. [G.) A residue, consisting Speechifier (spěch'i-fi - ér ), n. One who in manufacture.

of nickel, arsenic, sulphur, with traces of speechifies; one who is fond of making

Speedful (spēd'fyl), a. 1. Full of speed; cobalt, copper, and antimony, found in the speeches; a habitual speech-maker. George

hasty. -2. Successful; prosperous; advan bottoms of crucibles in which smalts or coEliot. (Humorous or contemptuous. ] tageous.

balt-glass has been melted. Speechify (spēch'i-fi), v. i pret. & pp.

And this thing he sayth shall be more speedful and Speke-house (spēk'hous), n. The room in

effectual in the matter. speechified; ppr. speechifying. To make a

Sir T. More. a convent in which the inmates were allowed speech; to harangue. (Humorous or con- | Speedfully (spēd'fyl-li), adv. In a speedful to speak with their friends. Written also temptuous.)

manner; speedily; quickly; successfully. Speak-house. Speechingt (spēch'ing), n. The act of mak Speodily (spēd'i-li), adv. In a speedy man Spektakel, n. An optical glass. Chaucer. ing a speech.

ner; quickly; with haste; in a short time. Spelæan (spē-lē'an), a. (L. spelæum, Gr. Speechless (spéchles), a. 1. Destitute or de.

Haste you speedily to Angelo.' Shak. spēlaion, a cave.] Of or pertaining to a cave prived of the faculty of speech; dumb; mute.

Send speedily to Bertran.' Dryden.

or caves; dwelling in a cave or caves. Those He that never hears a word spoken, it is no wonder

Speediness (spēd'i-nes), n. The quality of primitive spelean people who contended he remain speechless.

Holder. being speedy, quickness; celerity; haste; against and trapped the mammoth.'Fraser's 2. Not speaking for a time; silent; tempor

despatch. Shak. arily dumb. Speechless with wonder, and

Speedless (spēd’les), a. 1. Having no speed. Speiding, Speldron (spel'ding, spel'dron), hall dead with fear.' Addison.

2. Not prosperous; unfortunate; unsuccess- 1. (Sc. speld, to spread out, to expand, from Speechlessness (spēch'les-nes),n. The state ful. Speedless wooers.' Chapman.

root of G. spalten; Sw. spjäla, to cleave, to of being speechless; muteness.

Speedwell (spēd'wel). n. (Probably from divide. See SPALE, SPALL.) A small fish Speech-maker (spēch'mák-er), 12. One who

growing on roadsides, and, as it were, plea split and dried in the sun. (Scotch.] makes speeches; one who speaks much in

santly saluting travellers, or from cheering Spelearctos (spē-le-årk'tos), n. (Gr.spēlaion, public assemblies

them on their way.) The common name of a cave, and arktos, a bear.) A genus of fossil Speed (sped), v. i pret & pp. sped, speeded;

plants of the genus Veronica, nat. order Scro mammalia belonging to the order Carnivora ppr. speeding. [A. Sax. spēdan, to hasten,

phulariacea. The species consist of herbs, un and family Ursidæ or bears. to prosper ; L.G. spoden, spuden, spöden,

der shrubs, or shrubs, with opposite, alter Spelful (spel'fyl),a. Having spells or charms. D. spoeden, G. sputen, to hasten, to advance

Spelk (spelk), n. (A. Sax. spele, from same quickly: from an older strong verb; A. Sax.

root as spelding (which see).) A splinter; a Epbican, to succeed, to prosper, to thrive;

small stick or rod used in thatching. (Pro0.H.G. spuoan, spuon, to succeed. See also

vincial.) the noun.] 1. To make haste; to move with

Spell (spel), n. [A. Sax. spell, a saying, celerity.

speech, tale, charm, incantation, Icel.spjall, If prayers

a saying, story, discourse; 0.G. spel, a hisCould alter high decrees, I to that place

tory, fable, incantation ; Goth. spill, a sayWould speed before thee, and be louder heard.

ing, tradition. This word forms the latter Milton.

part of gospel.) 1.1 A story; a tale. Chau2. To advance in one's enterprise; to have

cer.--2. A charm consisting of some words success; to prosper; to succeed.

of occult power; any form of words, whether An bosest tale speeds best being plainly told. Shak.

written or spoken, supposed to be endowed 3. To have any condition or fortune, good

with magical virtues; an incantation; hence, or ill; to fare.

any charm. Come you to me at night; you shall know how I

Never harm,
Shak.

Nor spell, nor charm
Ships heretofore in seas like fishes sped,

Come our lovely lady nigh. Shak. The rightiest still upon the smallest fed, Waller.

Spell (spel), v.t. pret. & pp. spelled or spelt; Speed (spéd), v.t. 1. To despatch; to send

ppr. spelliny. [A. Sax. spellian, to say, speak, away quickly; to send away in haste..

tell, from spell, a saying, speech; D. spellen, He sped him thence home to his habitation. Fairfar.

to spell (a word); Goth. spillon, to declare, 2. To hasten; to hurry; to put in quick mo Germander Speedwell (Veronica Chamædrys).

narrate, to relate; O. Fr. espeler, Mod. Fr. tion; to accelerate; to expedite. But sped

epeler, to spell, is from the Germanic. ] his steps along the hoarse resounding shore.' pate, or verticillate leaves. The flowers are

1. To tell; to relate; to teach; to disclose. Dryden. of a blue, white, or red colour, having two

Might I that holy legend find,
It shall be speeded well.
Shak. stamens, and are arranged in axillary or

By fairies spelt in mystic rhymes. Warton. 8 To hasten to a conclusion; to carry terminal spikes or racemes. The species

2. To repeat, point out, write or print the through; to execute; to despatch; as, to are numerous, and many of them ornamen

proper letters of in their regular order; to speed judicial acts. Ayliffe. - 4. To assist; tal: they are distributed over all parts of form by letters. to help forward; to hasten. With rising the world, and are especially abundant in the Yes, yes; he teaches boys the horn-book. What sales that sped their happy flight.' Dryden, temperate climates. The number of British

is a, b, spell backward, with the horn on his head?

Shak. á. To favour; to make prosperous; to cause species is considerable. V.officinalis, or com

Rural carvers, who with knives deface to succeed.

mon speedwell, was once extensively used as The panels, leaving an obscure, rude name Heaven so speed me in my time to come. Shak. a substitute for tea, and also as a tonic and In characters uncouth, and spelt amiss. Cowper. 6. To dismiss with good wishes or friendly

diuretic. V. Teucrium, or germander-leaved 3. To read; to read with labour or difficulty: services

speedwell, has much the same properties as to discover by characters or marks: often For I, who bold sage Homer's rule the best,

common speedwell, and at one time entered with out; as, to spell out the sense of an Welcome the coming. speed the going guest. Pope.

into the composition of several esteemed author. To spell out a God in the works of

He that neverness.

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SPELL

154

SPERMATIA

ing.

creation,' South.4. To act as a spell upon; trysail. - Spencer-mast, a small mast on | vated ground, especially on sandy soils, all to fascinate; to charm. Spelr'd with words which a spencer is hoisted.

over the world. They have slender stems, of power.' Dryden. "Such tales as needs Spend (spend), v.t. pret. & pp. spent; ppr, very narrow often whorled leaves, and small must with amazement spell you.' Keats. spending. (A. Sax. spendan, áspendan, bor white fine petalled flowers. S. arvensis 6. To make up; to constitute, as the letters rowed from L. expendo or dispendo, to weigh (corn-spurrey or yarr) is a well-known plant, constitute a word. [Rare.)

out, to dispense.] 1. To lay out; to dispose growing in cornfields. In some parts of the The Saxon heptarchy, when seven kings put to.

of; to part with; as, to spend money for cloth Continent it is sown as fodder. Cattle and gether did spell but one in effect. Fuller.

sheep are fond of it, hens also eat it, and Spell (spel), v.i. 1. To form words with the

are said to lay a greater number of eggs in Wherefore do ye spend money for that which is not bread?

Is. lv. 2. proper letters, either in reading or writing.

consequence.

Sperm (spérm), n 2. To consume: to exhaust; to waste; to Read by rote and could not spell.' Shak.

(Fr. sperme, from L. and 2. To read. squander; as, to spend an estate in gaming

Gr. sperma, a seed, from Gr. speiro, to sow.) or other vices.-3. To bestow; to devote; to

1. The seminal fluid of animals; semen. Where I may sit and rightly spell Of every star that heaven doth shew,

Bacon. --2. A common and colloquial conemploy. And every herb that sips the dew. Milton.

1... am never loth

traction for Spermaceti.-3. Spawn of fishes

To spend my judgment. G. Herbert. or frogs. Spell (spel), v. t. (A. Sax. spelian, to supply

4. To pass, as time; to suffer to pass away. Spermaceti (spér-ma-sēti), n. (L. sperma, the room of another; speling, spelung, a turn, a change. Connections doubtful.] To

They spend their days in wealth, and in a moment

sperm, and cetus, a whale. ) A fatty mago down to the grave.

Job xxi. 13.

terial obtained chiefly from cavities in the supply the place of; to take the turn of at

The lamplighter.. as dressed to spend the

skull of the Physeter or Catodon macrowork; to help; to relieve.

evening somewhere.

Dickens. cephalus, a species of whale generally met Spell (spel), n. (See the above verb.) 1. A 5. To exhaust of force or strength; to waste:

with in the South Seas, but occasionally piece of work done by one person in relief

to wear away; as, a ball had spent its force. also on the coasts of Greenland. (See CACHof another; a turn of work; a single period "Their bodies spent with long labour and

ALOT.) The spermaceti is also found difof labour. thirst.' Knolles. The storm, its burst of pas

fused through the blubber. During the Their toil is so extreme, that they can not endure it above four hours in a day, but are succeeded by

life of the animal the spermaceti is in a sion spent.' Tennyson. -- To spend a mast, to

fluid state, and on the head being opened spells,

break a mast in foul weather.

Carew.' 2. A short period; a brief unbroken time;

Spend (spend), v.i. 1. To make expense; to a while or season; as, we have had a long

make disposition of money. spell of wet weather.-3. Gratuitous helping

He spends as a person who knows that he must forward of another's work; as, a wood-spell.

come to a reckoning.

Sonth. [United States.)

2. To be lost or wasted; to vanish; to be disspell-bound (spelbound), a. Bound as by

sipated: to be consumed; to dissipate or a spell or charm; as, he stood as if spell

spread; as, candles spend fast in a current bound.

of air. Speller (spel'er), n. 1. One that spells; one The vines they use for wine are so often cut that skilled in spelling. - 2. A book containing

their sap spendeth into the grapes.

Bacon. exercises or instructions in spelling; a spell.

The sound spendeth and is dissipated in the open ing-book.-3. In her, a branch shooting out

air.

Bacon. from the flat part of a buck's horn at the Spend-all (spend'al), n. A spendthrift; a top.

prodigal, old play (1609) quoted by Nares. Spermaceti Whale (Physeter macrocephalus). Spelful (spel'ful), a. Full of spells or Spender (spend'er), n. 1. One that spends. charms. Each spellful mystery.' Hoole. Let not your recreations be lavish spenders of your

has the appearance of an oily white liquid. (Rare.]

time; but healthful, short, and apt to refresh you. On exposure to the air the spermaceti con

Tur. Taylor. Spelling (spel'ing), n. The act of one who

cretes, and deposits from the oil. They are 2. A prodigal; a lavisher. Bacon. spells; the manner of forming words with

then separated and put into different barSpendthrift (spend'thrift), n. One who letters; orthography.

rels. Some of the larger whales have been spends his means lavishly, profusely, or im

known to yield 24 barrels of spermaceti, and False spelling is only excusable in a chamber-maid. providently; an improvident person; a pro from 70 to 100 barrels of oil. After being

Swift.

digal. Spelling-bee (spel'ing-bē), n. See under

purified by an elaborate process the sperBEE, 2

The son, bred in sloth, becomes a spendtkril, a maceti concretes into a white, crystallized,

profligate, and goes out of the world a beggar. Spelling-book (spel'ing-byk), n. A book for

brittle, semitransparent unctuous substance

South teaching children to spell and read.

nearly inodorous and insipid. It dissolves Often used as an adjective; as, spendthrift Spellken (spel'ken), n. (D, speel, G. spiel,

in boiling alcohol, and as the solution cools ways. a play, and E. ken.) A play-house; a theatre.

it is deposited in perfectly pure lamellated Spendthriftył (spend'thrift-i), a. Prodigal; (Low slang. )

crystals. It is then called cetin. SpermaTavish; extravagant.

ceti is a mixture of various fatty acids, and Who in a row, like Tom, could lead the van, Spenserian (spen-sē'ri-an), a. Of or relating Booze in the ken, or at the spellkou hustle ?

derivatives of the acids. It is bland and deto the poet Spenser; specifically, applied to Byron.

mulcent, with considerable nutritive qua

the style of versification adopted by Spenser Spell-stopped (spel'stopt), a. Stopped by

lities when taken internally. It is chiefly in his Fairy Queen. It consists of a strophe a spell or spells; spell-bound. Shak.

employed externally as an ingredient in of eight decasyllabic lines, and an AlexanSpell-work (spel'werk). n. That which is

ointments and cerates. It is also largely drine, and has a threefold rhyme, the first worked by spells or charms; power of magic;

used to form candles. and third lines forming one, the second, enchantment. Those Peri isles of light fourth. fifth, and seventh another, and the

Spermaceti (spér-ma-sē'ti), a. Relating to that hang by spell-work in the air.' Moore. sixth, eighth, and ninth the third. It is the

or made of spermaceti. Spelt (spelt). A preterite and past partici

stateliest of English measures, and was

Spermaceti-oil (spér-ma-se'ti-oil), n Same pial form of spell. adopted by Byron in his Childe Harold.

as Sperm-oil. Spelt (spelt), i. [A. Sax. spelt, L. G. and D.

Spermaceti-whale (spér-ma-sē’ti-whal), 7. Spent (spent), pret. & pp. of spend. 1. Worn spelt, G. &pelz, from root of split) An in

The Physeter macrocephalus. out; wearied; exhausted.-Spent ball, a canferior kind of wheat, Triticum Spelta. Called

See SPER

MACETI. non or rifle ball, which reaches an object also German Wheat. without sufficient force to pass through it,

Spermacoce (spér-ma-ko'së). n. (From Gr. Speltt (spelt), v.t. (G. spalten; akin speld.

sperma, seed, and aköke, a point-in allusion or to wound otherwise than by a contusion. ing, spelk.) To split; to break. Feed geese 2. Having deposited the spawn; specifically,

to the capsule being crowned by the calycine with oats, spelted beans.' Mortimer. said of a herring which has spawned.

points.) A genus of plants, the buttonSpelt (spelt), n. See SPALT.

weed, nat. order Rubiaceæ. They are usuSpelter (spel tér),n. (L.G, spialter, G. and D. Sper, t Sperrt (sper), v. t. (Icel. sperra, Dan.

ally annual herbs, sometimes undershrubs, sperre, G. sperren, A. Sax. sparrian (whence spiauter, spelter, zinc; akin pewter. Kindred

with opposite sessile or sub-sessile leaves, forms, the one with and the other without spar, v.t.) To shut in; to bolt in; to fasten

and usually small densely-whorled or capior secure. an initial 8, are not uncommon. Comp. spike,

With massy staples,

tate hermaphrodite flowers in terminal and pike, sneeze, neeze.) A name often ap

And corresponding and fulfilling bolts,

axillary clusters. The species are abundant plied in commerce to zinc.

Sperrs up the sons of Troy.

Shak.

in tropical parts of the world. The roots Spelunct (spe-lungk'), n. (L. &pelunca.) A Sperablet (spē'ra-bl), a. (L. sperabilis, from

of S. Poaya and ferruginca form substitutes cave; a cavern, spero, to hope. Capable of being hoped for;

for ipecacuanha. Spence (spens), n. (O. Fr. despense, a but-1 within the bounds of hope. Bacon.

Spermagone (spér'ma-gon), n (Gr. sperma, tery, from despendre, L. dispendere, dispen. Sperable. Sperrable (spér'a-bl), n. Same

a seed, gonē, generation. In bot. one of sum, to weigh out, to distribute, to disas Sparable.

the thalline capsules or cysts in lichens conpense-dis, distributive, and pendo, to

Cob clouts his shoes, and, as the story tells,

taining spermatia Cooke. weigh.) 1. A buttery; a larder; a place His thumb-nailes paired afford him sperrables. Spermagonium (spér-ma-go'ni-um). where provisions are kept.

Herrick. Spermagonia (spér-ma-go'ni-a). (See SPEREre yet in scorn of Peter's-pence,

Speraget (spér'aj), n. Asparagus. “The MAGONE.) In bot. a spermagone. .. And number'd bead and shrift,

sperage and the rush.' Sylvester, Du Bar Spermarium, Spermary (spêr-ma'ri-um, Bluff Harry broke into the stence, tas.

sperma-ri), n. The organ in male animals And turn'd the cowls adrift. Tennyson,

Speratet (spēʻrāt), a. (L. speratus.) Hoped in which spermatozoa are produced; the 2. In Scotland, the apartment of a house for.

spermatic gland or glands (testes) of the where the family sit and eat.

Spere (spēr), v.t. and i. Same as Speir. male. Spencer (spen'sėr), n. One who has the care Spere (sper), n. In arch. an old term for Spermatheca (sperma-the-ka), n (Gr. of the spence or buttery.

the screen across the lower end of a dining 8perma, seed, and thëkë, case.) A cavity in Spencer (open'sér), n. An outer coat or hall to shelter the entrance.

certain female insects (e.g. queen-bees) in jacket without skirts, named from an Earl | Spere,t n. A sphere. Chaucer.

which the sperm of the male is received Spencer, who, it is said, cut in joke the tails Spere, t n. A spear. Chaucer.

Spermatia (spér-mat'i-a ), n. pl. (A dim. from his coat, and declared a garment of the Spergula (spér'gu-la), n. (From L. spargo, from Gr. sperma, spermatos, a seed.] In bot resulting shape would become fashionable. to scatter, because it expels its seeds.) A linear bodies found in the spermagones of Spencer (spen'sêr), n. Naut, a fore-and-aft genus of plants, nat, order Caryophyllacere. lichens, supposed to be possessed of a fersail set abaft the fore and main masts; a The species are found in fields and culti tilizing power.

sperre.

forms, the one with o akin pewter. Kindred

SPERMATIC

155

SPHALERO-CARPIUM

In anc. arctennis-courtweltus), n. (Gr.

kan.

Spermatic (spér-mat'ik), a. 1. Consisting

Rodentia, that of the striated stem with numerous small branches. of seed: seminal.-- 2. Pertaining to the semen, marmots that have cheek-pouches. The occurring in the oolite. Page. or conveying it; as, &permatic vessels; sper superior lightness of their structure has Sphærenchyma (sfē-reng ki-ma), n. (Gr. matic artery, cord, and veins.

caused them to be called Ground-squirrels. sphaira, a sphere, and enchyma, anything Spermatical (spér-mat'ik-al), a. Spermatic. Eastern Europe produces one species, S. poured out.) A name given to spherical or Bacon

citillus, called also the suslik or zizel. spheroidal cellular tissue, such as is found Spermatism (spèr'ma-tizm), n (Gr. sper. Several species are found in North America. in the pulp of fruits. Treas. of Bot. matiső, to bear or produce seed.] 1. The Spermophorum (spér-mof'o-rum), n. In Sphæria (sfé'ri-a ), n. (From Gr. sphaira, emission of sperm or seed.-2. The theory bot, a cord which bears the seeds of some à globe - from their shape. A genus of that the germ in animals is produced by plants; also, the placenta itself.

fungi, nat. order Sphaeriacei, of very large spermatic animalcules.

Spermotheca (spér'mo-the-ka), n. [Gr. sper. extent and various habit. The species are Spermatize (spér'ma-tiz). vi. To yield ma, seed, and thëkë, case.) In bot. the seed generally found upon decaying vegetable seed; to emit seed or sperm. Sir T. Broune. vessel; the case in which seeds are con matter, as on the bark of the stem and Spermatoblast (sperma-to-blast), n (Gr. tained.

branches of decayed trees, and also on desperma, spermatos, seed, and blastos, a germ.) Sperm-whale (sperm'whäl), n. See SPER caying leaves, on the stems of grasses, and Certain stalk-like filaments in the seminal MACETI and CACHALOT.

on the surface of decaying wood. The speducts upon which the spermatozoa are de Sperr, v.t. See SPER.

cies are very numerous veloped.

Sperset (spers), v.t. To disperse. Spenser. I Sphæriacei (sfē-ri-a'sē-i), n. pl. A large Spermatocele (spér' ma-to-sēl), n. (Gr. sper. Sperver (spér' ver ), n. 1. In arch. an old order of sporidiferous fungi, mostly of mia, spermatos, seed, and kala, a tumour.) name for the wooden frame at the top of a minute dimensions, abundant on decayed A swelling of the spermatic vessels, or ves bed or canopy. Sometimes the term in wood, herbaceous stems, marine alga, dung, sels of the testicles.

cludes the tester or head-piece.-2. In her. and sometimes parasitic on the bodies of Spermato-cystidium (sper'ma-to-sis-tid'i a tent. Written also Sparver.

insects. um), n (Gr. sperma, a seed, and kystis, a Spett (spet), v.t. To spit; to throw out. Sphæridium (sfē-rid'i-um), n. pl. Sphæbladder.) A name given to the supposed When the dragon womb of Stygian dark ridia (sfē-rid'i-a). [Gr. sphaira, a sphere, male organ of mosses.

ness spets her thickest gloom.' Milton. and eidos, resemblance.] In zool. one of Spermatogenous (spér-ma-toj'en-us), a. Spett (spet), n. Spittle Lovelace.

the curious stalked appendages with button(Gr. sperma, spermatos, seed, and gennai, Spetches (spech'ez), n. pl. A name for the like heads, covered with cilia, carried on to produce ) Sperm-producing,

offal of skin and hides, from which glue is the tests of almost all sea-urchins (EchinSpermatoid (spêr'ma-toid), a. (Gr. sperma, made.

oidea). These sphæridia are supposed to spernatos, seed, and eidos, form.) 8 Spetum (spē'tum), n. A kind of spear used be organs of sense, probably of taste. H. A. like; resembling sperm or semen.

in the fifteenth century. See cut SPEAR. Nicholson. Spermatology (sper-ma-tol'o-ji), n. (Gr. Spew (spū), 0.t. [Spelled also Spue.) (A. Sax. Sphæristerium (sfē-ris-te'ri-um), n. [L., aperina, spermatos, seed, and logos, dis spiwan, to spit, to spew; cog. D. spouwen, from Gr. sphairistérion, from sphairistěs, a course.) Scientific facts regarding sperm. spuren, to vomit; G. speien, O. G. spiwan, ball-player, from sphaira, a globe, a ball.) Spermatoon (spér'ma-to-on), n. pl. Sper Icel. spýja, Goth, speiuan, to vomit, to spit: In anc. arch. a building for the exercise of matoa (sperma-to-a). (Gr. sperma, sper. these Teutonic forms being cognate further matas, seed, and oon, egg.) A cell constitut with L. spuo, to vomit, which appears to Sphæroblastus (sfé-ro-blas'tus), n. (Gr. ing a nucleus of a sperm-cell.

have given rise to the spelling spue. Spit sphaira, a sphere, and blastos, a sprout. ) Spermatophore (sperma-to-for), n. [Gr. is from same root.] 1. To vomit; to puke; | In bot. a cotyledon which rises above-ground, sperma, spermatos, seed, and phoreo, to to eject from the stomach.-2. To eject; to bearing at its end a spheroid tumour. bear.) One of the cylindrical capsules or cast forth. Hollow places spero their watery Sphærococcoidea (sfē'rő-ko-koi'dė-a), n. pl. tubular sheaths which in some animals store.' Dryden.-3. To cast out with abhor (Gr. sphaira, a sphere, kokkos, a berry, and carry or surround the spermatozoa Some rence.

eidos, resemblance.) A natural order of times called the Noring Fiaments of Need Spew (spū), v. i To vomit; to discharge the rose-spored alga, with spores contained in

contents of the stomach. Better 'twas necklace-like strings, comprising several of Spermatophorous (spér-ma-tof'o-rus), a. that they should sleep or spew.' B. Jonson. our most beautiful species belonging to the Bearing or producing sperm or seed; sem- Spewer (spū'ér), n. One who spews.

genera Delesseria and Nitophyllum. Its iniferous

Spewiness (spū'i-nes), n. The state of be members are found in most parts of the Spermatorrhea (spér'ma-to-rē"a), n. (Gr. ing spewy, moist, or damp. The coldness world. sperm, spermatos, seed, and theo, to flow. 1 and spewiness of the soil.' Bp. Gauden. Sphærodus (sfē'ro-dus), n. (Gr. sphaira, a Emission of the semen without copulation. Spewy (spú'i), a. Wet; boggy; moist; damp. globe, and odous, a tooth.] A fossil genus Spermatozoid (sperma-to-zorid), n. [Gr. The lower valleys in wet winters are so spenry, that of fishes from the colitic and cretaceous sperma, spermatos, seed, zoon, a living crea they know not how to feed them. Mortimer. strata. ture, and eidos, resemblance.) A minute Sphacel (sfas'el), n. Gangrene. See SPHA Spherogastra (sfe-rô-gas°tra), 7. pl. (Gr. ciliated thread-like body, exhibiting very CELUS.

sphaira, sphere, and gastër, belly.) The true active spontaneous motion, found in the Sphacelate (sfas'é-lát), v.i. (See SPHACE spiders. Called also Araneidae (which see). antheridia of cryptogamic plants, and re

LUS.) 1. To mortify; to become gangren. Sphærosiderite (sfē'ro-sid"ér-it). See SPHEgarded as analogous to the spermatozoon of ous, as flesh. - 2. To decay or become cari ROSIDERITE. animals, as possessing fecundative power ous, as a bone.

Spherospore (siễrb-spör ), m. In bọt, the Spermatozoon ( sperma-to-zo"on), n. pl. Sphacelate (sfas'ő-lät), v.t. To affect with quadruple spore of some algals. Spermatozoa (sperma-to-zo"a) (Gr. sper gangrene.

Spbærularia (sfē-ru-la'ri-a), n. A nematode ma guermatos, seed, and zoon, a living being] Sphacelate. Sphacelated (sfas'ē-låt, sfas'. or round parasitic worm existing in certain One of the microscopic animalcular-like e-lät-ed), a. In bot. decayed, withered, or

species of bees. The female is nearly an bodies developed in the semen of animals, dead.

inch in length, and consists of little else each consisting of a body and a vibratile Sphacelation (sfas-ē-lä'shon), n. The pro than a mass of fatty tissue with reproductive filamentary tail, exhibiting active move

cess of becoming or making gangrenous; organs, neither mouth, esophagus, intesments comparable to those of the ciliated mortification.

tine, nor anus being present. The male is zoospores of the algæ, or the ciliated epi. Sphacelism. Spbacelismus (sfas'é-lizm, only about the 28,000th part the size of the thelial cells of animals. Spermatozoa are stas-e-liz'mus), n. A gangrene; an inflam female. essential to impregnation. mation of the brain.

Sphærulite (sfē'rû-lit). See SPHERULITE. Speran-cell (spèrm'sel). n. A cell contained

Sphacelus (sfas'ē-lus), n (Gr. sphakelos, Sphagnei, Sphagnaceæ (sfag'nė-i, sfag-na'. in the liquor seminis, in which are developed

from sphazo. to kill. In med. and surg. se-ė), n. pl. A family of cladocarpous the spermatoa or nuclei from which the (a) gangrene; mortification of the flesh of a

mosses of peculiar habit, disspermatozoa originate. living animal. (6) Death or caries of a bone.

tinguished especially by the Spermic (spêr'mik), a. Of or pertaining to Sphæralcea (stē-ral-se'a), n. [Gr. sphaira,

mode of branching, the strucsperm or seed. a globe, and alkea, marsh-mallow. The car

ture of the leaves, sporanges, Spermidium (sper-mid'l-um), n. (From Gr. pels are disposed in a round head.) A genus

and antheridia, and by the gerim, seed, and eidos, resemblance. In of plants, nat. order Malvaceæ, much resem

absence of roots, except in bot a small seed-vessel, more commonly bling Malva in habit. The species are trees

the early stages of growth. called an Achene. or shrubs, with toothed or three to five lobed

See SPHAGNUM. Spermoderm (spermo-derm), n. (Gr. sper. leaves and flowers of a reddish or flesh colour.

Sphagnous(sfag'nus),a. (See ma, seed, and derma, skin.] In bot. the With the exception of one or two natives of

below.) Pertaining to bogwhole integuments of a seed in the aggre the Cape of Good Hope, they are confined

moss; mossy. gate properly. the testa, primine, or exter to tropical America. They are all of them

Sphagnum (sfag' num), n. nal membrane of the seed of plants. elegant flowers, and thrive well in gardens

(Gr.sphagnos, a kind of moss. Spermogonia (spér-mo-gö'ni-a), n. pl. Same in this country. S. cisplatina is used medi

A genus of mosses, the only as Sperrragonia Treas. of Bot cinally in Brazil as a demulcent, in the same

one of the nat. order SphagSperm-oil (sperm'oil), n. The oil of the manner as marsh-mallows are in Europe.

nei. The plants of this genus spermaceti-whale, which is separated from Sphæranthus (sfē-ran'thus), n. [From Gr.

are widely diffused over the the spermaceti and the blubber. This kind sphaira, a globe, and anthos, a flower - in

surface of the earth in temof oil is much purer than train-oil, and allusion to the globular heads of the flowers.)

perate climates, readily rebumas away without leaving any charcoal A genus of much-branched, glutinous,

cognized by their pale tint, on the wicks of lamps. In composition it smooth, or downy annual weeds with winged

fasciculate branchlets, and duters but slightly from common whale-oil. stems,oblong or lanceolate decurrent leaves,

apparently sessile globose Spermologist (spér-mol'o-jist), n. (See and flower-heads in dense spherical clusters,

capsules. They are aquatic SPERMATOLOGY. One who treats of sperm nat, order Compositæ. They are common

plants, and constitute the of seeds in tropical parts of the Old World. Some

great mass of our bogs in Spermology (aper-mol'ö-ji), n. (Gr. sperma, of them are bitter and aromatic.

swampy and moory districts. seed, logos, discourse. ] That" branch of Sphæreda (sfē-rē'da), n. (Gr. sphaira, a Sphagnum,

The formation of peat in science which investigates sperm or seeds; sphere, and eidos, resemblance-in allusion

such situations is often a treatise on sperm or seeds.

to the globular berry-like bodies terminat owing, in a great measure, to these plants. Spermophilus (spér-mof'i-lus), n. (Gr. sper. ing the branchlets.] A name applied to cer Sphalero-carpium (sfal'èr--kärpi-um), n. Na, seed, and philco, to love.) Cuvier's tain vegetable organisms, consisting of a (Gr. sphaleros, delusive, and karpos, fruit)

plants, cons of our district

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