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Crsa Minor, so called from being near the north pole — Parallax stars, those having a sensible parallax, as Arcturus, Capella, Poliris, Ac —The watery star, the moon. 'Nine changes of the watery star.' Shale. —2. In ■■v.--/ a heavenly body supposed to have inBueuce over a person's life; a configuration of the planets supposed to influence fortune. Hence the expression,' You may thank your ttan tor such and such an event.'

Let those who are in favour with their stars

Of public honour and proud tides boast. Sfutk.

1 That which resembles ft star; specifically, (a) an ornamental figure rayed like a star worn upon the breast to indicate rank or


A little dry old nun. without a star.

Not like A king. Shak.

(6) A radiated mark in writing or printing; an asterisk; thus, *: used as a reference to s note in the margin or to fill a blank in writing or printing where letters or words are omitted, (c) In pyrotechny, a small piece of inflammable composition, which burns high in air with a coloured flame, depending onthecharacteroftheingredientsemployed, and presents the appearance of a star. — 4. A person of brilliant and attractive qualities, especially In a public capacity, as a distinguished and brilliant theatrical performer. — ;>. In her. the estoile. a charge frequently borne on the shield, which differs from the mullet in having its rays or points waved instead of straight, and in having usually six of these points, while star of eight points. the mullet has only five, and these straight. When the number is greater the points are waved and straight alternately, —ft In fort, a small fort having flveormore points, orsallent and re-entering angles flanking one another. Called also


Star Forts.
Hexagonal Star Fort. Octagonal Star Fort.

Star-fort, Star of BethUhem, a plant of the genus Ornithogaluin (0. umbeliatum), growing in pastures and woods. —Star of the earth, Plantago Coronopus, growing in dry, sandy places —Order of the Star, an order of knighthood formerly existing in France, founded In 1300, in imitation of the order of the Garter in England, which was then recently instituted —Star of India, an order of knighthood instituted in 1S61 to commemorate the direct assumption of the government of India by Queen Victoria There are three classes of knights -Knights Grand Commanders (G.C.S.I.), Knights Commanders, (K.C.S.I.), and Companions (C a L X The insignia of the order are a collar, badge, and star. The collar

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the lower part of the collar. The badge is a flve-pointed star, suspended from the crown, with an oval medallion attached containing an onyx cameo profile bust of Queen Victoria and the motto. The star of the order is a flvepointed star of diamonds, surrounded by an azure belt bearing the motto in diamonds, and having wavy rays of gold all round it — Star is frequently used in the formation of compounds of very obvious signification; as, star-aspiring, star-beam, star-bespangled, star -bestudaed, star •bright, star-broide red, star-crowned, star-directed, star-led, starpaved, star-roofed, star-sprinkled, and the like.

Star (star), v.t. pret. A pp. starred; ppr. starring. To set or adorn with stars or bright radiating bodies; to bespangle; as. a robe starred with gems. 'Shall star the black earth with brilliance.' Tennyson,

Star (star), v.i. To shine as a star; to be brilliant orprominent; to shine above others, as an eminent theatrical performer; to appear as an actor in a provincial theatre among inferior players.

Star (star), n. [Heb. shetar, shtar, a deed or contract.] An ancient name for all deeds, releases, or obligations of the Jews, and also for a schedule or inventory. See StarChamber.

Star-anise (star'an-is), n. llUcium anisafi'ui, a plant inhabiting China, nat. order Magnoliaceae. It derives its name from the stellate form of its fruit, which is about 1 inch in diameter. This fruit forms a considerable article of commerce amongBt Asiatic nations. It is commonly used as a condiment In the preparation of food, and native physicians prescribe it as a stomachic and carminative, while Europeans employ it to aromatize certain liquors.

Star-apple(8tar'ap-1), n. The popular name of several species of Chrysophyllum. whose fruit is esculent Chrysophyllum Cainito is the most important species. It is a native of the West Indies. The fruit resembles a large apple, which in the inside is divided into ten cells, each containing a black seed, surrounded by a gelatinous pulp. It is eaten in the warm climates of America by way of dessert.

Star-blasting (star'blast-ing), n. The pernicious influence of the stars.

Bless thee from whirlwinds, star-blasting, and taking.

Star-blind (star'blind), o. [A. 8ax. stareblind, Dan. starbliiul,sta?rblind, D sterblind, O. staarblind; Dan. star, D. and G. staar, cataract, glaucoma; from same root asstare. ] Purblind; seeing obscurely, as from cataract: blinking.

Starboard (stiir'bord), n. [A. Sax. stedrbord; that is, steer-board, from ste6ran, to steer, the old rudder being a kind of large oar used on the right side of the ship. See STEER.] Naut. the right hand side of a ship or boat when a spectator stands with his face towards the head, stem, or prow: opposed to port or old larboard. See PORT.

Starboard (staiJb6rd(). a. A'aut. pertaining to the right hand side of a ship; being or lying on the right side; as, the starboard shrouds; starboard quarter; starboard tack.

Starch (starch), «. [From starch (adjective), a softened form of stark, stiff, strong; A. Sax. stearc, rigid, stiff; G. starke, strength, starch, stark, strong. See Stark] (cshi0oj or C12H20Ol0-) A proximate principle of plants, universally diffused in the vegetable kingdom, and of very great importance. It occurs in seeds, as in those of wheat and other cereal grains, and also in leguminous plants; in roots, as in the tubers of the potato; in the stem and pith of many plants, as in the sago plant; in some barks, as in that of cinnamon; and in pulpy fruits, such as the apple Finally, it is contained in the expressed juice of most vegetables, such as the carrot, in a state of suspension, being

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Starch Granules in Potato.

deposited on standing. The starch of commerce is chiefly extracted from wheat flour. When pure, it is a snow-white powder of a glistening appearance, which makes a crackling noise when pressed with the finger. It is composed of transparent rounded grains, the size of which varies in different plants,those of the potato being among the largest, and those of wheat and rice the smallest. It is insoluble in cold water, alcohol, and ether; but when heated with water it is converted into a kind of solution,which,on cooling, forms a stiff semi-opaque jelly. If dried up. this yields a translucent mass, which softens and swells into a Jelly with'water. It is employed for stiffening linen and other cloth. When roasted at a moderate heat in an oven it is converted into a species of gum employed by calico-printers; potato starch answers best for this purpose. (See DEXTRINE.) Starch is convertible into sugar by dilute sulphuric acid. Starch forms the greatest portion of all farinaceous substances, particularly of wheat flour, and it is the chief ingredient of bread. The woodcut shows the cells of the common potato (Solatium tuberosum) filled with starch granules, a a. — 2. A stiff formal manner; starchedness; as, to take the starch out of a person.

This professor is to infuse into their manners beautiful political starth which may qualify them far levees, conferences, visits, &c. Addison.

Starch* (starch), a. [See the noun] Stiff; precise; rigid. 'Misrepresenting sobriety as a starch and formal thing.' KiUingbeck.

Starch (starch), p. t. To stiffen with starch. 'With kerchief starch'd and pinners clean.' Gay.

Star-Chamber (star'cham-ber), n. [Said to be so called because the roof was ornamented with stars, or from certain Jewish contracts and obligations,calledtffarrs(IU-b. shetar, pronounced shtar), preserved in it.] Formerly, a court of civil and criminal jurisdiction at Westminster. It consisted originally of a committee of the privy-council, and was remodelled during the reign of Henry VIII., when it consisted of four high officers of Btate, with power to add to their number a bishop and temporal lord of the council, and two justices of the courts of Westminster. It had jurisdiction of forgery, perjury, riots, maintenance, fraud, libel, and conspiracy, and in general of every misdemeanour, especially those of public importance; it was exempt from the intervention of a jury, and could inflict any punishment short of death. Under Charles I. the scope of the Star-chamber was extended to cases properly belonging to the courts of common law, solely for the purpose of levying fines. Its process was summary, and often iniquitous, and the punishment it inflicted often arbitrary and cruel. This court was abolished by statute 16 Charles I.

Starched (starcht), p. and a. 1. Stiffened with starch. 'The starch'd beard.' J5. Jonton.—2. Stiff; precise; formal. 'A starched squeezed countenance, a stiff formal gait' Swift

Starchedness (starcht'nes), n. The state of being starched; stiffness in manners; formality. 'The starchedness of Mb own nation.' L. Addison.

Starcher (starch'er), n. One who Btarches, or wboBe occupation is to starch.

Starch-hyacinth (staruh'hi-a-sinth), n. A plant, the Muscari racemosum, of the same nat order with the hyacinth, and named from the smell of the flower. Called also Musk-hyacinth and Grape-hyacinth.

St archly (starch'li), adv. In a starchy manner; with stiffness of manner; formally. 'Talk starchly, and affect ignorance of what you would be at' Swift.

Starchness (starch'nes), n. Stiffness of manner; preciseness.

Starch-sugar (starch'shu-ger), n. See GluCose.

Starchy (starch'i), a. 1. Consisting of starch; resembling starch.—2, Stiff; precise; formal in manner; as, a starchy personage.




Btar-connert(star'kon-er), n. A star-gazer. Gascoigne.

Star-crossed (stiir'krost), a. Not favoured by the stars; ill-fated. 'A pair of starcross'd lovers.' Shak.

Stare (star), n. [A. Sax. steer, Icel. stari, Sw. stare, G. staar, gtahr, same origin as L sturnus, a starling. The root is possibly that of star, from the speckled coat of the bird. Starling is a diminutive] A starling: a common name in various localities. Sir T. Elyot; Pennant; Selby; F. 0. Morris.

Stare (star), v.i. pret stared; ppr. staring [A. Sax. starian, to stare, to gaze; D. and L.G. staren, G. starren, Icel. stara. The literal meaning is to look fixedly, the root being that of c and Sw. starr, stilT, rigid, fixed, £. stark, stiff, strong. Stern and starve are also akin, and Bo are L. sterilis, ban-en; Gr. stereos, Ann. See also StarBliki>.] 1. To look with fixed eyes wide open . to fasten an earnest look on some object; to gaze, as in admiration, wonder, surprise, stupidity, horror, fright, impudence, Ac.

Look not big, nor start, nor fret. Shak.

2. To stand out stiffly, aa hair; to be prominent; to t>e stiff; to stand on end; to bristle. 'The staring straws and jaggs in the hive.' Mortimer. Art thou some god, some angel, or some devil. That makest my blood cold, and my hair to stare t Ska*.

Stare (star), v.t. To affect or influence by staring, as to drive away or abash; to look earnestly or fixedly at; to look at with either a bold or vacant expression.

I will stare him out of his wits. Shak.

The wit at his elbow gare him a touch upon the shoulder, and stared him in the face with so bewitching a grin that the whistler relaxed his fibres.


To stare in the face, fig. to be before the

eyes,or undeniably evident. 'The law . . .

that stares them in the face, whilst they are

breaking it.' Locke. Stare (star), n. The act of one who stares;

a fixed look with eyes wide open. 'A vacant stare.' Tennyson. Starer (star'er), n. One who Btares or gazes.

'Stupid starers* Pope. Stirfe,* pret. of stem. Died; perished.

Chaucer. Star-finch (stitr'nnsh), n. A name given to

the redstart. Star-fish (star'Ash), H. A term in its widest

application embracing all the echinoderms


i. Sun Star -fish [Seiaster faf/osa). a. Bullhorn Starfish (listerias aHrantiaas).

comprised in the orders Ophiuroldea and Asteroidea, but more commonly restricted to the members of the latter order, of which the common genus Asterias may be taken as the type. It is covered with a tough leathery skin beset with prickles, and has the form of a star, with five or more rays radiating from a central disc. In the middle of the under surface of the disc is situated the mouth, opening into a digestive system which sends prolongations into each ray. If the prickly skin be removed it will be seen to be supported by a series of plates beautifully jointed together. On the under surface of each ray the plates exhibit a series of perforations, through which, in the living state, the ambulacra or tubular feet can be protruded so as to effect locomotion. Starfishes are found in almost all tropical and European seas, and some species are found as far north as Greenland. The cut shows two common British species, the one belonging to the five-rayed stara, the other to the sun-stars, with many rays. The latter has the rays twelve to fifteen in number.

Star-fort (star'fort), n. See Stab, 6.

Star-fruit (stiir'frst), n. See Actinocarpcs.

Stargazer (star'gaz-er), n. l. One who gazes at the stars; a term of contempt for an astrologer, sometimes used humorously for an astronomer. Is. xlvil. 13.—2. A species of acanthopterygfous fishes of the Perddss

family, the Uranoscopus scaber, inhabiting the Mediterranean, and so called beoause the eyes are situated on the topof the nearly cubical head, and directed towards the heavens.

Stargazing (star'gaz-ing), n. The act or practice of observing the stars with attention; astrology. Sictft.

Stargazing (stilr'gaz-ing), a. Looking at or admiring the stars.

Star-grass (star,gras),n. 1. Star-wort(which see).—2. Hypoxis erecta, a small grass-like plant, having star-shaped yellow flowers.—

3. A smooth, stemless, very bitter plant, of the genus Aletris, having fibrous roots, and small flowers in a wand-like spiked raceme.

Star-hawk (star'hak), n. [Perhaps for sparhawk. ] A species of hawk. Ainsworth.

Staring (staring), a. 1. Gazing fixedly; looking with fixed gaze; fixed. 'Staring eyes.* Spenser. 'A staring look.' Surrey.— It Standing stiffly up; bristling.

Staring (staring), adv. Staringly; so as to stare wildly. 'Squire South, stark, staring mad.' Arbuthnot.

Staringly (star'ing-li), adv. In a staring manner; with fixed look.

Star-Jelly (Btar'jel-li). ?i. Star-shoot (wldch see).

Stark (stark), a. [A.Sax. steare, stiff, hard, rough; G. and Sw. stark, D. sterk, Icel. sterkr. The root is that of G. starr, stiff. It is also fn K. stare, stern. Starch is a softened form.] 1. Stiff; rigid, as in death.

Many a nobleman lies start and still",

Under the hoofs of vaunting enemies. Shak.

2. Strong; rugged; powerful.

A stark moss-trooptne Scot was he
As e'er couched Border lance by knee.

S*r If. Srott.

3 t Entire; perfect; profound; absolute.

Consider the start security

The commonwealth is in now. fl. jfottsoH.

4. Mere; gross; pure; downright 'Pronounces the citation stark nonsense.' Collier.

Stark (stark), adv. Wholly; entirely; absolutely; as, stark mad; stark blind; stark naked. 'Held him strangled in his arms till he was stark dead.' buller.

Starkly t (stark'li), adv. In a stark manner; stiffly; strongly.

As fast loctcM up in sleep, as guiltless labour
When it lies starkly in the traveller's bones. Shak.

Starless (star'les), a. Having no stars visible or no starlight; as, a starless night.

Starlet (star'Iet), n. A small star.

Nebulae tiny be comparatively near, though the starlets of which they are made up appear extremely minute. H. Sfencrr.

Starlight (starlit), n. The light proceeding frointne stars.

Nor walk by moon
Or glittering starlight, without thee is sweet.

Starlight (starlit), a. Lighted by the stars, or by the stars only. 'A starlight evening and a morning fair.' Dryden.

Starlike (starlik), a. 1. Resembling a star; Btellated; radiated like a star; as, starlike flowers.—2. Bright; lustrous; shining; luminous. 'The star-like sorrows of immortal eyes.' Tennyson,

The having turned many to righteousness shall confer a starltke and immortal brightness. Boyle.

Starling (starling), n [Dim. of stare, a starling. See Stare] Au insessorial bird belonging to the conlrostral family of Cuvier's great order Passeres, of the genus Sturnus and family Sturnidre. The common starling, Sturnus vulgaris. Is found in almost all parts of Europe; it is between 8 and 9 Inches in length. The colour is blackish, with blue, purplish, or cupreous reflections, and each feather is marked at the extremity

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live much about buildings, and nestle in holes of walls, crannies of rocks, and openings in hollow trees. They are often kept fn cages, and may he taught to whistle some tunes, and even to pronounce words and sentences. Called also Stare.

Starling (star'lingXn. 1. In hydraulic engin. one of a number of piles driven in outside the foundations of the piers of a bridge, to break the force of the water. Written also Sterling— %\ A penny of sterling money. Chaucer.

Starlit (starlit), a. Lighted by stars; as, a starlit night.

Star-monger (star'mungger), n. An astrologer; a quack. Swift.

Star-nose (sUr'noz), n. A North American genus (Condylura) of moles (Talpids?), distinguished by bearing at the extremity of its muzzle a remarkable structure of fleshy and somewhat cartilagiuous rays disposed in the form of a star.

Starost (star'ost), n. In Poland, a nobleman possessed of a castle or domain, called a starosty.

Starosty (star'os-tl), n. [See above.] In Poland, a name given to castles and domains conferred on noblemen for life by the crown.

Star-pagoda (star'pa-gS-da).n. A gold coin of the East Indies. In Madras its value is 7s. Gd.

Star-proof (star'prof), a Impervious to the light of the stars. 'Branching elm starproof.' Milton.

Star-read,' Star-redet (star'redyn. [Star, and rede, counsel.] Knowledge of the stars; astronomy. 'Who in star-read were wont have best insight.' Spenser.

Starred (start!), p. and a. 1. Studded, decorated, or adorned with stars. Milton.— 2. Influenced by the stars: usually in composition; as, ill-starred. 'Starr'd most unluckily.' SJ\ak. 3. Cracked, with many rays proceeding from a central point; as, a starred pane of glass; a starred mirror.

Star-reed (starred 1 n. A Peruvian plant of the genus Aristolochia. the A. fragrantissitna, the root of which is highly esteemed in Peru as a remedy against dysenteries, malignant inflammatory fevers, colds, rheumatic pains, cVc. Lindley.

Starriness (sta^i-nes), n. The state of being starry.

Starry (starT), a. [From sfar.] 1. Abounding with stars; adorned with stars. 'Above the starry sky." Pope.—2. Consisting of or proceeding from stars; stellar; stellary; aa, starry light; starry flame. 'The starry influences. Sir W. Scott. — 3. Shining like stars; resembling Btars; as, starry eye*. 'Garlands pied and starry sea-flower crowns.' Shelleyi. Having rays arranged like those of a star; shaped like a star; stellate; stelliform. — 5, Connected with the stars. 'The starry Galileo.' Byron.

Star-shake (star'shak), n. A defect in timber, consisting in clefts radiating from the pith to the circumference.

Star-shine (star'shin). n The shine or light of a star or stars; starlight. 'By star-shine and by moonlight.' Tennyson.

Star-shoot, Star-shot(star'shdt, star'shot). n. A gelatinons substance often found in wet meadows, and formerly supposed to be the extinguished residuum of a shootingstar. It is, however, of vegetable origin. being the common nostoc. See XosTOC

I have seen a good quantity of that jelly, by the vulgar called a star-shoot, as if it remained upon the extinction of a falling star. Baton*

Star-shooter (star'shot-er), n. A contemptuous term for the early observers of the heavens.

Star-shot, n. See Star-shoot.

Star-Slough (star'sluf), n. Same as Starshoot.

Star-spangled (star'spang gld). a Spotted with stars; as, the star-xjHiuglcd banner, or national flag of the I'nited States.

Star-spotted (star'spot-ed), a. Spotted or studded with stars.

Star-Stone (star'stdn), n. 1. A rare variety of sapphire. When cut. and viewed in a direction perpendicular to the axis, it presents a peculiar reflection of light In the form of a star.—2. Same as Psarolite.

Start (start), v.i. [O.E. sterte, sturte, stirte; not in A. Sax. or Icel.; allied to D start N Dan. styrte, O. stiirzen, to precipitate, to rush or hurl headlong. From root of stir } 1. To move suddenly and spasmodically; to move as if by a twiteh; to make a sudden and involuntary motion of the body, caused START

by surprise, pain, or any sudden feeling or emotion.

I start as from seme dreadful dream.

And often ask myself if yet awake. Dryden.

t To shrink; to wince.

With trial fire touch me his finger-end;

. . , but if he start, I: i> the flesh of a corrupted heart. Shah.

% To make a sudden or unexpected change of place; to rise or otherwise move quickly; to spring from a place or position; to dart; as, to start from one's seat; to start aside; to start out of the way of something. 'Make thy two eyes, like stars, start from their spheres.' Shak.

Out into the road I started. Tennyson.

4. To change condition at once; to make a sudden or instantaneous change.

Our Ion*,- wax candles with short cotton wicks,. . .
Start into light, and make the lighter start,

James Smith.

5. To set out; to commence a course, as a race, a journey, or the like; to begin or enter any career or pursuit.

At once they start, advancing in a line. Dryden.

6. To be moved from a fixed position; to lose its hold; to be dislocated; as, the nail has started; the stave started,—To start after, to set out in pursuit of; to follow.—To start ttgainxt, to become a candidate in opposition to; to oppose.—To start for, to become a candidate for, as for some office.—To start up, to rise suddenly, as from a seat or couch; to come suddenly into notice or importance.

The mind often works in search of some hidden idea, though sometimes they start itf in our minds of their own accord. Lock*.

Start (start), v.t. 1. To alarm; to disturb suddenly; to startle. 'Every feather starts you.' Shak.

Upon malicious bravery dost thou come.

To start oiy quiet J Shak.

1 To rouse suddenly from concealment; to cause to flee or fly; as, to start a hare or a woodcock; to start game —3. To produce suddenly to view; to conjure up.

Brutus will start a spirit as soon as Caesar. Shak.

4. To invent or discover; to bring within pursuit

Sensual men agree in the pursuit of everypleasure they can start. Sir If. Temple.

5. To begin; to commence; to set agoing; to originate; as, to start an enterprise; to start a newspaper.

I was engaged in conversation upon a subject which the people love to st\trt in discourse. Addison.

6. To move suddenly from its place; to make to lose its hold; to dislocate; as, to start a uail; to start a bone. — 7. Naut. to empty, as liquor from a cask; to pour out; as, to start wine into another cask.—To start an anchor, to make it lose its hold of the ground. — To start a tack or a sheet, to slack it off a little.

Start (start), n. 1. A sudden Involuntary twitch, spring, or motion, caused by surprise, fear, pain, or the like; as, a start of surprise.

The fnght awaken'd Arcitc with a start. Dryden.

2. A sudden voluntary movement or a change of place.—3- A quick movement, as the recoil of an elastic body; a shoot or spriug. Bacon; A* Greta. —4. A bursting forth; a •ally; as, tttarU of fancy. Sir ft. L'Estrange. To check the starts and sallies of the soul.


5. A sudden fit; sudden action followed by intermission; a spasmodic effort; a hasty or capricious impulse; as, to work by fits and starts.

For she did speak tn starts distractedly. Shak.

Nature docs nothing by starts and leaps, or in a fcurrj Sir ft. L'Estrange.

%■ A sudden beginning of action or motion; s sudden rousing to action; the setting of something agoing.

How murh I had to do to calm his rage!

Now tear I this will give it start again. Shak.

"Yirtt motion from a place; act of setting cut; first motion in a race; the outset.

The start of first performance is all. Bacon.

Yon Hand hke greyhounds in the slips,
Straioj£g upon the start. Shak.

—Totjet or have the start, to be beforehand *ith another; to gain the advantage in a similar undertaking: to get ahead: with of. 'rtbotud get the start of the majestic world.' Siak.

She might hare forsaken him, if he had not rot the sun uf her. Dryden.


Start (start), n. [A. Sax. steort, a tall, an extremity; L.G. stert, D. staart, Icel. stertr, G. sterz, the tail of an animal.] The tail of an animal; something like a tail; hence, a plough-tail; a handle. Hence the name of the bird redstart; that is, red tail. [Obsolete or provincial. ]

Starter (start'er), n. One who starts; as, (a) one who sets out on a race, a journey, a pursuit, or the like, (b) One who or that which sets persons or things in motion, as a person who gives the signal for the beginning of a race, a lever or rod for setting an engine in motion, or the like, (c) One who shrinks from his purpose; one who suddenly moves or Biiggests a question or an objection, (d) A dog that rouses game.

Startful (start'ful), a. Apt to start; skittish. (Rare.]

Startfulness (stait'fuLnes), n. Aptness to start [Rare.]

Star-thistle (star'this-i). n. A plant of the genus Centaurea, the C. Calcitrapa, which grows in gravelly, sandy, and waste places in the middle and south of England, especially near the sea, and is remarkable for its long spreading spiny bracts. — Yellow star-thistle, the Centaurea solstitialis, occasionally seen in fields and waste places, principally in the east and south of England, and near Dublin. It is also called St. Barnaby's Thistle—Jersey star-thistle, the Centaurea Isnardi, which grows in pastures In Jersey and Guernsey.

Starting-bar (start'ing-bar), n. A hand lever for moving the valves Bo as to start a steam-engine.

Starting-holet (start'ing-hol), n. A loophole; evasion; a subterfuge. Shak; Dr. a. More.

Startingly (start'ing-11), ado. By sudden fits or .starts; spasmodically.

Why do you speak so startingly and rash? Shak.

Starting-place (start'ing-plas), n. A place at which a start or beginning is made. Sir J. Denham,

Starting-point (start'ing-point), n. The point from which anything starts; the point of departure.

Starting-post (start'ing-pdst), n. A post, stake, barrier, or place from which competitors in a race start or begin the race.

Startish (starfish), a. Apt to start; skittish; shy: said of horses. [Colloq.l

Startle (starUlt, v.i. [Dim. of start] To move spasmodically or abruptly, as on feeling a sudden alarm; to start 'At last she startled up.' Hood.

Why shrinks the soul Back on herself, and startles at destruction? • Addison.

Startle (starOl), v.t. pret & pp. startled; ppr. startling. l.To excite by sudden alarm, surprise, or apprehension; to shock; to alarm; to fright.

The supposition at least that angels assume bodies need not startle us. Lo<ke.

2. To deter; to cause to deviate. [Rare.]

They would find occasions enough, upon the account of his known affections to the king's service, from which It was not possible to remove or startle him. Clarendon.

Stn. To start, shock, fright, frighten, alarm, surprise.

Startle (start!), n. A sudden motion or shock occasioned by an unexpected alarm, surprise, or apprehension of danger; a start.

After having recovered from my first startle, I was well pleased with the accident. SpectUitor,

Startling (startling), p. and a. Impressing suddenly with fear or surprise; Btrongly exciting or surprising; shocking; as, sistartUng discovery.

Startlingly (starfling-li), adv. In a startling manner.

Startlish (start'lish), a. Apt to start; Btartish. [Colloq.]

Start-upt (start'up). n. 1. One that comes suddenly into notice; an upstart

That young start-up hath all the glory of my overthrow. Shak.

2. A kind of rustic shoe with a high top or half gaiter. 'His hose about his heels, and huge start-ups upon his feet' Sir W. SeoU, Start-upt (startup), o. Suddenly coming into notice or importance; upstart 'A new start-up sect* Bp. Warburton.

Whoever weds Isabella it shall not be Father Falconara's start-up son. H. Walpole.

Starvation (star-va'shon), n. [This is one of those words which have a Latin termination tacked on to an Anglo-Saxon base; comp. flirtation, talkative, readable, &c. It


was first used, according to Horace Walpole, by Henry Dundas, the first Lord Melville, in a speech on American affairs in 1775, which obtained for him the nickname of Starvation Dundas. It is now in perfectly good use. ] The state of starving or being starved; a suffering extremely from cold or want of food.

Starvation, we are also told, belongs to the class of "vile compounds,' from being a mongrel; as if English were not full of mongrels, and as if it would not be In distressing straits without them.

Fitxedward Hall.

Starve (starv), v.i. [A. Sax. steorfan, pret. titearf, to perish of hunger or cold; L.G. starven, D. sterven, G. sterben, to die. The root is probably the same as in G. starr, stiff; E. stare, L. torpeo (for storpeo), to be rigid or torpid.] l.f To die; to perish; to be destroyed.

For our redemciouii lie star/upon the rood.


2. To perish with or suffer extremely from hunger; to suffer extreme poverty or want; to be very indigent.

Sometimes virtue starves, while rice is fed. Pope.

3. To perish or die with cold; to suffer extremely from cold. * Starving with cold as well as hunger.' Irving.—4. To be hard put to it through want of anything.

The pens of historians, writing thereof, seemed sta* veafoi matter, in an age so fruitful of memorable actions. Fuller.

Starve (starv), v.t. pret. &pp starved; ppr. starving. 1. To kill or distress with hunger; to distress or Bubdue by famine; as. to starve a garrison into a surrender. 'Give them life whom hunger starved half dead.' Shak.

Attalus endeavoured to starve Italy by stopping their convoys of provisions from Africa.


2. To destroy by want; as, to starve plants by the want of nutriment—3. To kill, afflict, or destroy with cold. 'Comfortless, as frozen water to a starved snake.' Shak

From beds of raging fire to starve in ice
Their soft ethereal warmth. Milton.

4. To deprive of force or vigour.

The powers of their minds are starved by disuse.

Starveling (staiVIing), a. Hungry; lean; pining with want

Poor starveling bant, how small thy gains! Swift.

Starveling (startling), n. An animal or plant that is made thin, lean, and weak through want of nutriment * And thy poor starveling bountifully fed.' Donne. Starwort (Btar'wert), n. 1. The popular name of plants of the genus Callitriche; known also by the name of water starwort. They are obscure floating plants of no known use.—2. A small plant of the genus Stellnria, having star-shaped flowers; chickweed.— Sea starwort, a British herbaceous plant of the genus Aster, the A. Tripolium. It has pale blue flowers with a yellow disc, and grows in salt marshes.

Stasis (stas'is}, ». [Or., a stationary posture.] In mea. a stagnation of the blood or other fluids in the body. Statal (stat'al), a. Of or relating to a state, as distinguished from the general government. [Rare.]

Statant (sta'tant), a. [From L. sto, to stand.] In her. a term for beasts when borne in a standing position with all four legs upon the ground

Statarian t (sta - ta' ri an), a- Steady; well-dis'A detachment of your statarian Abr. Tucker.


Lion statant.

ciplined. soldiers.*

Statarianlyt (sta-ta'ri-an-li), adv. In a statarian manner. 'My statarianly disciplined battalion.' Abr. Tucker.

Stataryt (sta'ta-ri), a. [h. statarius. See State] Fixed; settled. 'The set and statary times of paring nails aud cutting of hair.* Sir T. Broirne.

State (stat). n. [O. Fr. estat, state, case, condition, circumstances, dec; Mod.Fr. Hat; L. status, state, position, standing, from sto, to stand. See Stand.] 1. Condition as determined by whatever circumstances; the condition or circumstances of a being or thing at any given time; situation; position; as, the state of one's health; the state of public affairs; the rouds are in a wretched state; to be in a state of uncertainty. 'Nor laugh with his companions at thy state.' STATE



Shak. 'The past and present stateot things.' Dryden. 'The state of the question.' Boyle. 1 Runic; condition; quality.

Fair dame, I am not to you known.

Though in your state of honour I am perfect. Shak.

3. Royal or gorgeous pomp; appearance of greatness.

In state the monarchs march'd. Dryden.

Where least of stale there most of love is shown.


4. Dignity; grandeur.

She instructed him how he should keep state, yet with a modest sense of his misfortunes. Bacon.

f> t A person of high rank. 'She is a duchess, a great state.' Latimer.

The hold design
Pleas'd highly those infernal states. Milton.

fl. Any body of men constituting a community of a particular character in virtue of certain political privileges, who partake either directly or by representation in the government of their country; an estate; as, the states of the realm in Great Britain are the Lords, spiritual and temporal, and the Commons. See EsTATB.—7. A whole people united into one body politic; a civil and self - governing community; a commonwealth: often with the, and signifying the body politic to which the party speaking belongs.

In Aleppo once. Where a malignant and a turban'd Turk Beat a Venetian and tradue'd the state. Shak. Municipal law is a rule of conduct prescribed by the supreme power in a state. Btackstone.

8. The power wielded by the government of a country; the civil power, often as contrasted with ecclesiastical; as, the union of church and state—9. One of the commonwealths or bodies politic which together make up a federal republic, which stand in certain specified relations with the central or national government, and as regards internal affairs are more or less independent— 10. t A republic, as opposed to a monarchy. Dryden.—11. t A seat of dignity; a throne.

This chair shall be my state. Shak.

12 ( A canopy; a covering of dignity. 'His high throne, under state of richest texture spread.' Milton.—13.t Estate; possession.

Strong was their plot. Their states far off, and they of wary wit. Daniel.

u.i The highest and stationary condition or point, as that of maturity between growth and decline, or as that of crisis between the increase and the abating of a disease. Wiseman. —15. That which is stated or expressed in writing or in words or figures; a statement; a document containing a statement.

He sat down to examine Mr. Owen's states.

Sir IV. Scott.

[When state is used adjectivally, or as the tlrst element in a compound, it denotes public, or what belongs to the community or body politic; as, state affairs; state policy. ] State (stat), v.t. pret. <fcpp. stated; ppr. stating. 1. To8et;tosettle;toe8tablish. [Rare]

Who calls the council states the day. Pofe,

2, To express the particulars of; to set down in detail or in gross; to represent fully in words; to make known specifically; to explain particularly; to narrate; to recite; as, to state an opinion; to state the particulars of a case.

I pretended not fully to state, much less demonstrate, the truth contained in the text. Atterbury.

—To state itt\ to assume state or dignity; to act or conduct one'sself pompously. 'Rarely dressed up, and taught to state it.' Beau. A Fl.

State t (stat), a. Stately. 'So stiffe and so state.' Spenser.

State-ball (stafbal), n. A ball given by a sovereign; a ball at a palace.

State-barge (stat'barj), ». A royal barge, or one belonging to some civil government.

State-bed (stat'bed), n. An elaborately carved or decorated bed.

State-ca.rrlage(stat'kar-rij),n. The carriage of a prince or sovereign, used when he appears publicly in state.

State-craft (Btat'kraft). n. The art of conduct!ng state affairs; state management; statesmanship.

The Normans were contentious in the extreme. They were unscrupulous in state-craft. SirE. Creasy.

State-criminal (stat'krim-in-al), n. One who commits an otfence against the state, as treason; a political offender.

Stated(stat'ed). a. 1. Settled; established; regular; occurring at regular intervals; not occasional; as. stated hours of business.—

2. Fixed; established; as, a stated salary.

'The stated and unquestionable fee of his

office.' Addison. Statedly (Btat'ed-li),adc. At stated or settled

times; regularly; at certain intervals; not

occasionally. Stateful t (stat'ful), a. Full of state; stately;

■ A stateful silence.' Marston State-house (stat'hous), n. The building in

which the legislature of a state holds its sittings; the capitol of a state. [United States.] Stateless (stiit'les), a. Without pomp. Statelily(stat'li-li).arfp. In a stately manner.

'Thou steppest statelily.' Sir It. Taylor.

[Rare] Stateliness (statli-nes), n. The condition

or quality of being stately; loftiness of mien

or manner; majeBtic appearance; dignity;


For stateliness and majesty what is comparable to a horse! Dr. H. More.

It is a poor error to figure them as wrapped up in ceremonial stateliness, avoiding the most gifted men of a lower station. Carlyle.

Stately (statli), a. 1. August: grand; lofty: majestic; magnificent 'High cedars and other stately trees.* Raleigh—2. Elevated: dignified; magisterial. 'A stately style.' Shak. 'Think 1 am grown on the sudden wonderfully stately and reserved.' Swift.

Stately (stat'li), adv. Majestically; loftily. * Stately tread, or lowly creep.' Hilton.

Statement (stat'ment), n. 1. The act of stating, reciting, or presenting verbally or on paper—2. That which is Btated; a fonnal embodiment in language of facts or opinions; a narrative; a recital; the expression of a fact or of an opinion; as, a verbal statement; a written statement.

State-monger (stat'mung-ger), n. One versed in politics, or one who dabbles in state affairs.

State-paper (stnt'pa-per), n. A paper relating to the political interests or government of a state.

State-prison (Btat'pri-zon), n. 1. A jail for political offenders only—2. A public prison or penitentiary. [United States.]

State - prisoner (stat' pri - con - er), n. One confined for a political offence.

Stater (stat'er), n. One who states.

Stater(sta'ter),n. [qt. stater] Thenameof certain coins current in ancient Greece and Persia. A gold stater of Athens was worth about 10*.; a silver stater about 3*. Gd.; a Persian gold stater, £1, 1«.

State-room (stat'rbm), ft, 1. A magnificent room in a palace or great house.—2. A small, elegantly fitted up cabin, generally for two persons, in a steamer.—3. An apartment in a railway sleeping-carriage.

States-general (stats'jen-er-al), n. pi. The bodies that constitute the legislature of a country, in contradistinction to the assemblies of provinces; specifically, the name given to the legislative assemblies of France before the revolution of 17S9, and to those of the Netherlands.

Statesman (stats'man), n. 1. A man versed in the arts of government; usually, one eminent for political abilities; a politician.

The corruption of a poet is the generation of a statesman. Pofe.

2. One employed in connection with the administration of the affairs of government

It is a weakness which attends high and low; the statesman who holds the helm, as well as the peasant who holds the plough. South.

3 A small landholder, as in Cumberland. [Provincial.]

Statesmanlike (stnts'man-lik), a. Having the manner or wisdom of statesmen; worthy of or becoming a statesman; as, a statesmanlike measure.

Statesmanly (stats'man-li), adv. Relating to or befitting a statesman; statesmanlike. De Quince y.

Statesmanship (stats'man-ship), n. The qualifications or employments of a statesman; political skill.

Stateswoman (stats'wn-man), n. A woman who meddles in public affairs. B. Jonxon.

State-SWOrd (stat'sfird), n. A sword used on state occasions, being borne before a sovereign by a person of high rank.

State-trial (stat'tri-al), u. A trial of a person or persons for political offences.

Static (stat'ik), a. Same as Statical.

Statical(*tat'ik-al),a. [SeeSTATICs.] 1. Pertaining to bodies at rest or in equilibrium. 2. Acting by mere weight without producing motion; as, statical pressure.—Statical electricity, electricity produced by friction. See Galvanism.

[merged small][graphic]

Static e latifolia.

slightly connate; the BtamenB attached to the base of the petals; and the nut oneseeded, inclosed in the calyx. Several species are natives of Britain, growing near the sea, most of them on muddy shores and in salt marshes. A number are cultivated in Britain, among them being S. latifolia, a Siberian species with blue flowers. The root of one species, 5. caroliniana, a very' powerful astringent, is used in North America for all the purposes of kino and catechu. Statics (stat'iks). n, [Fr. statique, from Gr. statiki, the science which ascertains the properties of bodies at rest, statics, from statikot, causing to stop or stand. Same root as stand. ] That branch of dynamics which treats of the properties and relations of forces In equilibrium— equilibrium meaning that the forces are in perfect balance, so that the body upon which they act is in a state of rest According to the classification still employed by many writers on the subject the word statics is used in opposition to dynamics, the former being the science of equilibrium or rest, and the latter of motion, both together constituting mechanics. But among more recent authors mechanic* is used to express not the theory of force and motion, but rather its application to the arts. The word dynamics is employed as expressing the science which treats of the laws of force or power, thus corresponding closely to the old use of the term mechanics; and this Bclence is divided into statics and kinetic*, the first being the science which treats of forces considered as producing rest, and the second as treating of forces considered as producing motion. The two great propositions in statics are that of the lever and that of the composition of forces; but it also comprehends all the doctrines of the excitement and propagation of forces or pressures throngh the parts of solid bodies by which the energies of machines are produced.—Social statics, that branch of sociology which treats of the forces which constitute or regulate society as it exists for the time being.

Station (sta'shon), n. [L. statio. stationis, from sto, to stand; Er. station. See Stanp j 1.1 The act or mauuerof standing; attitnde; posture; pose.

An eye like Mars to threaten and command;
A station like the herald Mercury.
New-lighted on a heaven-kissing; lull. Shak.

it A state of rest; a standing.

Her motion and her station all are one. SA*k.

All progression is performed by drawing on f>t impelling forward what was before in start** at at quiet. Sir T. SHMW

3. The spot or place where anything stands, particularly where a person habitually Btands or is appointed to remain for a time; post assigned; as, the station of a sentinel 'The cherubim taking their station* to guard the place.' MUtoiu—i. Situation; position.

The fig and date, why love they to remain

In middle station and an even plain? frier.

6. Employment; occupation; business; sphere or department of duty.

No member of a political body so mean, but ft may be used in some station or other. Sir A\ L'Estranf*. STATION



6 Condition of life; social position; rank;
itate. 'They in France of the beat rank and
station.' Shak.

When vice prevails, and impious men bear sway,
The post of honour U a private station. Addison.

7 !□ ■practical atom, the place selected for planting the instrument with which an obwrvatiou is to be made, an angle taken, or such in surveying, levelling, measurin;- heights and distances, Ac. —8. The place where the police force of any district is assembled when not on duty; a district or brunch police-office.—9. A building or buildings erected for the reception of passengers sod goods intended to be conveyed by railway; a place where railway trains regularly stopfnr the taking on of passengers or goods. 10. EccUs. (a) the faat of the fourth and sixth days of the week, Wednesday and Friday,, hi memory of the council which condemned Christ, and of his passion. (6) A church, among Roman Catholics, where indulgences are to be had on certain days, (c) One of the places at which ecclesiastical processions pause for the performance of an act of devotion; formerly, the tomb of a martyr or some similar sacred spot; now, one of those representations of the successive stages of our Lord's passion which are often placed round the naves of large churches, and by the side of the way leading to sacred edifices, and which are visited in rotation.—11. In tool and hot. the peculiar locality where each species naturally occvat. Military station, a place where troops are regularly kept iu garrison.— Xaral station, a safe and commodious shelter or harbour for the warlike or commercial ships of a nation, where there is a dockyard and everything requisite for the repair of ships.

Station (sta'shon), v.t To assign a station or position to; to appoint to the occupation of a post, place, or office; as, to station troops on the right or left of an army; to station a sentinel on a rampart; to station ships on the coast of Africa or in the West Indies; to station a man at the head of the department of finance: often with reflexive pronouns; as. to station one's self at a door; hence, stationed = having taken up a station.

Not less one glance he caught
Thro' open d-xtr* of Ida staticn'd there.
I'ruhakcn. clinging to her purpose. Tennyson.

Stations! (sta'ahon-al), a. Pertaining to a station.

Stationariness (sta'shon-a-ri-nes), n. The quality of being stationary; fixity.

Stationary (sta'shon-a-ri), a. [L. stationarius] l. Remaining in the same station or place; not moving; not appearing to more; stable; fixed; as, the sun becomes stationary in Cancer in its advance into the northern signa.

Io amonomy a planet is said to be at its station, or to l< i&itto'iarj. when its motion in right ascension eeas«. or its apparent place in the ecliptic reifcaua for a few days unaltered. Brandt Hr Cox.

£ Xot remaining In the same condition; neither improving nor getting worse; neither growing greater nor less. — Stationary distaus, a name given by some authorities to certain diseases which depend upon a particular state of the atmosphere, and which prevail in a district for a certain number of years, and then give way to others. iJiingtvon.—Stationary engine, a steam-engine m a fixed position, which draws loads on a railway by means of a rope or other means of communication, extending from the stati"a of the engine along the line of road.

Station-bill (sta'ahon-hil), n, Naut. a list containing the appointed posts of the ship's company when navigating the ship.

Sution-clerk (sta'shon-klark), n. A clerk %t s railway station.

Stationer (sta'shon-er), n. [Probably the name was first given to persons selling books, relics. Arc, In connection with some Nation in the ecclesiastical sense; comp. 'I only say, that your standing stationers, ;«nd assistants at your miracle-markets and miracle-forges, are for the most part of lewdest life.' Sheldon. Or simply from booksellers originally having a station or ■tall (L.L. statio) at fairs or In marketplaces.] l.f A bookseller or publisher.

^jr* modern tragedies are beautiful on the stage, ■*■ V« Tryph'Mi trie stationer complains they are «w<wl asked far in his shop. Drydtn.

i One who sells paper, pens, pencils, ink, and various other materials connected with •riting.

Stationery (sU'shon-er-i), n. The articles

usually sold by stationers, as the various materials employed in connection with writing, such as paper, account-books, pens, pencils, Ink, and even writing-cases, portfolios, pocket-books, albums, inkstands, and the like— Stationery office, an office in London which is the medium through which all government offices, both at home and abroad, are supplied with writing materials. It also contracts for the printing of reports, Ac.

Stationery (Bta'shon-er-i). a. Belonging to a stationer; as, stationery goods.

Station-house (sta'shon-hous), n. A place of arrest or temporary confinement; a policestation.

Station-master (sta'shon-mas-ter), n. The official iu charge of a station; specifically, the person in charge of a railway station.

Station-pointer (sta'shon-point-er), n. In sum, an instrument for expeditiously laying down on a chart the position of a place from which the angles subtended by three distant objects, whose positions are known, have been measured.

Station-Staff (sta'shon-staf), n. An instrument for taking angles in surveying.

Statism (stat'izra), n. The art of government; hence, in a depreciative sense, policy.

Hence it is that the enemies of God take occasion to blaspheme, and call our religion statism. South.

Statist (stat'ist), n. 1.1 A statesman; a politician; one skilled in government 'Statists Indeed, and loversof their country.' Milton. 2. A statistician [As in this meaning the word Is derived from statistics, when so used it seems better to pronounce it stat'ist]

Statistic (stvtis'tik). a. Same as Statistical.

Statistical (sta-tis'tik-al), a. Of or relating to statistics; as, the statistical department of the British Association; statistical reports; statistical inquiries.

Statistically (sta-tia'tik-al-11), ado. In a statistical manner; by the use of statistics.

Statistician (stat'is-tiBh"an), n. One versed in statistics; one who collects, classifies, or arranges facts, especially numerical facts, relating to the condition of a community or state, with respect to extent, population, wealth, Ac.

Statistics (sta-tis'tiks), n. [Kr. statistique, from Gr. statos, fixed, settled, from stem sta-, to stand. See Stand.] 1. A collection of facts relating to a part or the whole of a country or people, or of facts relating to classes of individuals or interests indifferent countries; especially, those facts which illustrate the physical, social, moral, intellectual, political, industrial, and economical condition or changes of condition, and which admit of numerical statement and of arrangement in tables. —2. That department of political science which classifies, arranges, and discusses statistical facts.

StatistolOgy (stat-Js-toro-ji), n. [Statistics, and Gr. logos, discourse.] A discourse or treatise on statistics.

Stative (sta'tiv), a. [L. stativus, stationary, stativa, a stationary camp, from sto, to stand.] Pertaining to a fixed camp or military posts or quarters.

Statoblast (stat'6-blast), n. [Gr. statos, stationary, and blastos, a bud] A peculiar internal bud developed in the body cavity of some of the molluscoid Polyzoa, and which, on being liberated on the death of the parent organism, ruptures and gives exit to a young polyzoon of essentially the same structure as the adult This mode of reproduction is called reproduction by internal gemmation. The fact that those statoblasts contain no germinal vesicle nor germinal spot, and never exhibit the phenomenon of yolk cleavage, as well as the conclusive fact that true ova and ovary occur elsewhere in the same individual, are quite decisive against their being eggs. They are therefore simply internal gemma? or buds.

Statuat (stat'u-a), n. [L] A statue. 'Even atthebaseofPompey's statua.' Shak. 'Like dumb statuas or breathing stones.' Shak.

Statuary (stat'u-a-ri), n, [Fr. statuaire, from L statuarius, from statua, a statue] 1. The art of carving or making statues; the art of modelling or carving figures representing persons, animals, &c.: a branch of sculpture. 'Architecture and statuary.' Sir W. Temple.—% Statues regarded collectively. — 3. One that professes or practises the art of carving or making statues.

On other occasions the statuaries took their subjects from the poets. Addison.

Statue (stat'u), n. [Fr. statue, L. statua, from statuo, to set, to place, from stem of

sto, to stand.] 1. A lifelike representation of a human figure or animal in some solid substance, as marble, bronze, iron, wood, Ac, or in some apparently solid substance; a sculptured, cast, or moulded figure of some size and in the round.—2. A picture. Massinger. [Obsoleteand rare.]—Equestrian statue, a statue in which the figure is represented as seated on horseback. Statue (stat'u), v.t. To place, as a statue; to form a statue of.

The whole man becomes as if stained into stone and earth. Fetiham.

Statued(stat'ud), o. Furnished with statues.

'Pacing in sable robes the statued half

Longfellow. Statuesque (stat-u-eskO, a. Partaking of or

having the character of a Btatue.

In such statuesque, taper-holding attitude, one fancies De Launay might have left Thurtot, the red clerks of the Bassoche, Cure* of Saint-Stephen, and all the tag-rag-aiid-bobtail of the world to work their wilL Car/y/e.

Statuesquely(stat-u-esk1i). adv. In a statuesque manner; in the manner of a statue. 'Statuesquely simple.' J. R. Lowell.

Statuette (stat-u-et'X n. [Fr] A small statue; a statue Bmnller than nature.

Statuminatet (sta-tu'min-at), v.t. [L. statumino, statuminatum, Uom statumen, a support, a prop, from statuo, to place.] To prop; to support as with a pole or prop. B. J orison.

Stature (stat'fir), n. [Fr., L. statura, from sto, statum, to stand.] 1. The natural height of an animal body; bodily tallness: generally used of the human body. 'Foreign men of mighty stature.' Dryden. 2.t A statue. Drayton. [An erroneous usage.]

Statured (stat'urdX a. Arrived at full stature. [Rare.]

Status (sta'tus), n. II.."] 1. Stunding or position as regards rank or condition. 'A pin a-e . . . decisive of a man's social status.' 0. W. Holmes.—2. Position of affairs.— Status quo, the condition in which the thing or things were at first; as, a treaty between belligerents, which leaves each party in statu quo ante bellum, that is, with the same posses* sion and rights they had before the war began.

Statutable (stat'Ot-a-bl), a. [From statute) 1. Made or introduced by statute; proceeding from an act of the legislature; as, a statutable provision or remedy.—2. Made or being in conformity to statute; standard.

I met with one who was three inchesabove five feet, the statutable measure of that club. Addison.

Statutably (stat'ut-a-bli), adv. In a manner agreeable to statute.

Statute (stat'ut), n. [Fr. statut, t. statutum, from statuo, to set up, to fix, to determine. See Stand] 1. A law proceeding from the government of a state; an enactment of the legislature of a state; a written law; in Britain, an act of parliament made by the sovereign by and with the advice of the Lords and Commons. Some ancient statutes are in the form of charters or ordinances, proceeding from the crown, the consent of the Lords and Commons not being expressed. Statutes are either public or private (iu the latter case affecting an individual or a company); but the term is usually restricted to public acts of a general and permanent character. Statutes are said to be declaratory of the law as it stood before their passing; remedial, to correct defects in the common law, and penal. Imposing prohibitions and penalties. Statute is commonly applied to the acts of a legislative body consisting of representatives. In monarchies not having representative bodies, the laws of the sovereign are called edicts, decrees, ordinances, rescripts, Ac. —2. The act of a corporation or of its founder, intended as a permanent rule or law; as, the statutes of a university.—3. \n foreign and civil law, any particular municipal law or usage, though not resting for its authority on judicial decisions or the practice of nations. Burrill; Worcester. 4. A statute-fair. [Provincial English.]—Statute labour. In Scotland, the amount of work appointed by law to be furnished annually for the repair of highways not turnpike.—Statute law, a law or rule of action prescribed or enacted by the legislative power, and promulgated and recorded in writing; also, collectively, the enactments of a legislative assembly, In contradistinction to common late.

Statute-book (stat'ut-huk), n. A register of statutes, laws, or legislative acts.

This, however, does not appear in the statute-bock. UmUmm.

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