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SEEL

SEGREGATE

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move alteror this purpossee-saw; a vie

Seelt (sel). 1. (A. Sax. sæl, a good time Seemly (sēm'li), a. (Icel. scemiligr, samr, Seg (seg), n. Sedge; also, the yellow floweror opportunity, luck, prosperity.) Time; becoming, fit, seemly. See SEEM.) Becom- de-luce (Iris Pseudacorus). [Provincial.) opportunity; season: used frequently as the ing; fit; suited to the object, occasion, pur Seg. Segg (seg), n. A castrated bull; a bull second element in a compound; as, hay-seel, pose, or character; suitable; decent; pro castrated when full grown; & bull-segg hay-time: barley-seel, wheat-seel, &c. [Pro per. Not rustic as before, but seemlier (Scotch,) vincial English clad.' Milton

Segart (sē-gär). See CIGAR. Seelilyt (sel'i-li), adv. In a silly manner.

Suspense of judgment and exercise of charity were Seget n. A siege. Chaucer, Seely (sėli), a (A. Sax. salig, lucky, pro safer and seemlier for Christian men than the hot Seggar(seg'går), n. (Prov. E. &aggard, saggar, sperous See SEEL, time, SILLY.) 1. Lucky: pursuit of these controversies.

Hooker.

contr. for safeguard. Comp. seggard, a ridfortunate; happy. To get some seely home Seemly (sem'li), adv. In a decent or suit ing surtout. The case of fire-clay in which I had desire. Fairfax.-2. Silly; foolish; able manner.

fine stoneware is inclosed while being baked simple; artless Spenser.

There, seemly ranged in peaceful order stood

in the kiln. Written also Sagger. Seem (sēm), t. i. (A. Sax. séman, gesêman, to Ulysses' arms, now long disused to blood. Pope.

Seghol (se-göl'), n. A Hebrew vowel-point, compose, to conciliate, to adjust, to judge,

or short vowel, thus -indicating the Seemlyhed,+ Seemlyhoodt (sēm'li - hed, to seem, to appear, from root of same (which

sound of the English e in men. see).] 1. To appear; to look like; to pre

sém'li-hyd), n. Same as Seeinlihead. Spen.

Segholate (se-göl'ät), a. Marked with a ser. sent the appearance of being; to be only in

seghol Seen (sēn), pp. of see, appearance and not really. That we were

Segment (seg'ment). n. (L. segmentum, all as some would seem to be.' Shak. So Seep (sép), vi. To flow through pores; to

from seco, to cut.] 1. A part cut off or shall the day seem night.' Shak. ooze gently; to sipe. (Scotch and United

marked as separate from others; one of the States.) Thou art not what thou seem'st. Shak.

parts into which a body naturally divides Seepy (sēp'i), a. Oozing; full of moisture; All see'd well pleas'd; all seem'd, but were not

itself; a section; as, the segments of a calyx; specifically, applied to land not properly Milton. drained. (Scotch and United States.)

the segments of an orange; the segments 2 To appear: to be seen: to show one's self

or transverse rings of which the body of Seer (se'ér or sēr). n. 1. One who sees. 'A or itself, hence, to assume an air; to pre

an articulate animal or annelid is comdreamer of dreams, and a seer of visions.' tend My lord, that so confidently seems

posed.-2. In geom, a part cut off from any Addison. - 2. A prophet: a person who foreto undertake this business.' Shak.

figure by a line or plane. A segment of sees future events. 1 Sam. ix. 9. "Thou

a circle is a part of There did seem in him a kind of joy to hear it. death-telling seer.' Campbell.

the area contained by Shak.

She call'd him lord and liege, 3. To appear to one's opinion or judgment;

an arc and its chord. Her seer, her bard, her silver star of eve. to be thoaght: generally with a following

Tennyson.

as ACB. The chord is clause as nominative. Seer (sēr). n. A weight which varies all

sometimes called the It seems to me that the true reason why we have over India; in Bengal there are forty seers

base of the segment. so few versions which are tolerable, is because there to a maund, which is about 74 pounds avoir

An angle in a segment are so few who have all the talents requisite for dupois.

is the angle contained translation.

Dryden.
Seerhand (sērhand), n. A kind of East In-

by two straight lines [Hence, 'it seems to me'=I think, I am in- | dian muslin, which, from its retaining its

drawn from any point clined to believe.)-4. To appear to one's clearness after washing, is particularly

in its arc, and terminself, to imagine: to feel as if; as, I still seem adapted for dresses,

ating in the extremities of its chord to hear his voice: he still seemed to feel Seership (sē'er-ship or sēr'ship), 1. The

or base. - Similar segments of circles are the motion of the vessel-It seems, it would office or quality of a seer.

those which contain equal angles, or whose appear; it appears: used parenthetically, Seer-sucker (sēr'suk-er). n. A blue and arcs contain the same number of degrees. (a) nearly equivalent to, as the story goes; white striped linen, imported from India. Segment of a sphere, any part of it cut as is said; as we are told. Seer-wood (sēr'wyd), 7. Dry wood.

off by a plane, not passing through the A prince of Italy, it seems, entertained his mistress See-saw (sē'sa), n. (A reduplicated form of

centre. upon a great lake. Addison. sau, the motion resembling the act of saw.

Segment (seg-ment). vi. To divide or be(6) Used sarcastically or ironically to con ing.) 1. A child's game, in which one sits on come divided or split up into segments; demn the thing mentioned, like forsooth; each end of a board or long piece of timber specifically, in physiol. applied to a mode of as, this, it seems, is to be my task. For. balanced on some support, and thus the two

reproduction by semi-fission or budding. merly seem was often used impersonally in move alternately up and down.-2. A board

See extract. such phrases as me seems, him seemed, 'the adjusted for this purpose.-3. Motion or ac Before this occurs, however, if it does not divide, people seemed' (it seemed to the people. tion resembling that in see-saw; a vibratory

the vegetal unit segments or buds, the bud grows

into a unit similar to its parent, and this in its turn Chaucer); hence, meseems as a single word. or reciprocating motion. 'A see-saw between

also segments or buds.

Bastian. Seemer (sém'ér), n. One who seems; one the hypothesis and fact.' Sir W. Hamilton.

Segmental (seg-ment'al), a. Pertaining to, who makes a show of something; one who 4. In whist, the playing of two partners,

consisting of, or like a segment. -Segmental carries an appearance or semblance. so that each alternately assists the other to

organs, certain organs placed at the sides Hence we shall see, win the trick; a double ruff.

of the body in Annelides, and connected Il power change purpose, what our seemer's be. See-saw (sē'sa), a. Moving up and down

with excretion. Shak. or to and fro; undulating with reciprocal Seering (sem'ing), p. and a. 1. Appear

Segmentation (seg-men-ta'shon), n. The motion. His wit all see-sau, between that ing: having the appearance or semblance, and this.' Pope.

act of cutting into segments; a division into whether real or not. 'Showed him a seem- | See-saw (sē'sa), v.i. To move as in the game

segments; the state of being divided into ing warrant for it.' Shak. "The father

segments. see-saw; to move backward and forward, of this seeming lady.' Shak.-2. Specious or upward and downward.

Segment-gear (seg'ment-gēr), n. In mech. or plausible in appearance; as, seeming

a curved cogged surface occupying but an

So they went see-sating up and down from one friendship. That little seeming substance.'

arc of a circle. end of the room to the other.

Arbuthnot. Shat

Segment-saw (seg'ment-sa), n. 1. A saw Seeming (sém'ing), n. 1. Appearance; show;

See-saw(sé'sa), v.t. To cause to move in a which cuts stuff into segmental shapes. semblance, especially a false appearance. see-saw manner.

2. A veneer saw whose active perimeter con

'Tis a poor idiot boy, She that, so young, could give out such a

sists of a number of segments attached to a

Who sits in the sun and twirls a bough about, seeming. Shak.

And, staring at his bough from morn to sunset,

disc.-3. In surg, a nearly circular plate of He is a thing made up of seemings.

steel serrated on the edge, and fastened to See-saws his voice in inarticulate noises, 7. Baillie.

Coleridge. a handle; used in operations on the bones 2. Fair appearance.

He ponders, he see-saws himself to and fro.

of the cranium, &c. These keep

Lord Lytton. Seening and savour all the winter long. Shak.

Segment-shell (seg'ment-shel), n. In arSeethe (sēTH). v. t. pret. seethed, (sod, ob

tillery, an elongated shell consisting of a 3.+ Opinion: judgment; estimate: appresolete); pp. seethed, sodden (sod, obsolete);

body of iron coated with lead and built up hension. Nothing more clear unto their ppr. seething. [A. Sax. seothan, siðthan, to

internally with segment-shaped pieces of seeming.' Hooker. seethe; Icel sjótha, G. sieden, to boil.) 1. To

iron, which, offering the resistance of an His persuasive words impregn'd boil; to decoct or prepare for food in hot

arch against pressure from without, are With reason to her seeming.

Alilton.
liquor; as, to seethe flesh. Sodden water.'

easily separated by the very slight bursting Seemingt (sém'ing), ado. In a becoming or Shak.

charge within, thereby retaining most of seemly manner; seemly.

Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.

their original direction and velocity after

Ex. xxiii. 19. Bear your body more seeming, Audrey. Shak. 2. To soak; to steep and soften in liquor.

explosion. Seemingly (sēm'ing-li), adv. In a seeming * Cheeks mottled and sodden.' W. Collins.

Segment-wheel (seg'ment-whel), n. A manner, apparently: ostensibly; in appear There was a man-sleeping-still alive; though

wheel a part of whose periphery only is ance; in show, in semblance. seethed in drink, and looking like death.

utilized. This the father secmningly coinplied with.

D. Ferrold. Segnitude, Segnityt (seg'ni-tūd, seg'ni-ti), Addison.

Seethe (sētu), v i. pret, seethed; ppr. secth. n. [From L. segnis, sluggish.) Sluggishness; They depend often on remote and seemingly dis. ||

ing. To be in a state of ebullition; to boil, dulness; inactivity. proportioned causes. Atterbury. to be hot

Segno (sen'yo), n. (It., sign.) In music, a Seemingness (sēm'ing-nes), n. Fair appear Lovers and madmen have such seething brains. sign or mark used in notation in connection ance; plausibility; semblance. Sir K.

Shak. with repetition, abbreviated :8.-Al segno, Digby.

Thus over all that shore,
Save for some whisper of the secthug seas,

to the sign, is a direction to return to the Seemless t (Bem'les), a Unseemly; unfit; A dead hush fell.

Tennyson. sign. -Dal segno, Irom the sign, is a direcindecorous. Chapinan. Seether (sēTH'er), n. One who or that which

tion to repeat from the sign. Seemllhead, Seemlihedt (sēm'li-hed), n.

seethes; a boiler; a pot for boiling things. Seemliness; comely or decent appearance.

Segreant (sē'gré-ant), a. In her. a term

applied to a griffin when standing upon its

She sets the kettle on: Seemlilyt (sém'li-li), ado. Decently; come

Like burnished gold the little seether shone.

hind-leys, with the wings elevated and enlily.

Dryden. dorsed Seemliness (sēm'li-nes), n. The state or Sefatian (sē-fa'shi-an), n. One of a sect of Segregate (së'gré-gát), v. t. pret. & pp. se

quality of being seemly; comeliness; grace; Mohammedans who hold peculiar views gregated; ppr. segregating. (L. segrego, setitness; propriety; decency; decorum. Cam with regard to the essential attributes of gregatum-se, apart, and grego, to gather God. They are opposed to the Motazilites.

rd, from grex, gregis, a

tion reserocating mu fact.' So

two pather to

SEGREGATE

22

SEJANT

nic, Secearthquakan earth

flock or herd.] To separate from others; to set apart.

They are segregated, Christians from Christians, under odious designations.

Is. Taylor Segregate (sē'grē gāt), v.i. To separate or go apart; specifically, in crystal. to separate from a mass and collect about centres or lines of fracture. Segregate (sé'grē-gåt), a. Separate; select. A kind of segregate or cabinet senate.' Wotton. - Segregate polygamy (Polygamia segregata, Linn.), in bot, a mode of inflorescence, when several florets comprehended within an anthodium, or a common calyx, are furnished also with proper perianths, as in the dandelion Segregation (sē-grē-gå' shon). n. 1. The act of segregating, or the state of being segregated; separation from others; a parting; a dispersion. A segregation of the Turkish fleet.' Shak.-2. In crystal, separation from a mass and gathering about centres through cohesive attraction or the crystallizing process. Dana. Segue (seg'wà). [It., it follows; L. sequor, to follow.) In music, a word which, prefixed to a part, denotes that it is immediately to follow the last note of the preceding movement. Seguidilla (seg-i-dēl'ya), n. A Spanish forin of versification; a merry Spanish tune.

The common people still sung their lively seguridillas.

Prescott. Seid (sed), n. (Ar., prince. One of the descendants of Mohammed through his daughter Fatima and his nephew Ali. Seidlitz-powder (sidlits-pou-der), n. A powder intended to produce the same effect as seidlitz-water; composed of tartrate of potassa and soda (Rochelle-salt) with bicarbonate of soda in one paper, and tartaric acid in another paper, to be dissolved separately in water, then mixed, and taken while effervescing. Seidlitz-water (sid' lits-wa-ter), n. The mineral water of Seidlitz, a village of Bohemia. Sulphate of magnesia, sulphate of soda, and carbonic acid are its active ingredients. Seie,t Sey,t pret. & pp. of see. Saw; seen.

Chaucer. Seigneurial (sen-yo'ri-al), a. (See SEIGNIOR. ) 1. Pertaining to the lord of a manor; manorial. Sir W. Temple.-2. Vested with large powers; independent. Seignior (sēn'yér), n. (Fr, seigneur, It. signore, Sp. señor, Pg. senhor; from L. senior, elder, senex, old.) 1. In the south of Europe, a title of honour. See SIGNIOR. — Grand Seignior, a title sometimes given to the Sultan of Turkey. -2. In feudal law, the lord of a fee or manor.--Seignior in gross, a lord without a manor, simply enjoying superiority and services. Seigniorage, Seignorage (sēn'yér-aj), n.

1. Something claimed by the sovereign or by a superior as a prerogative; specifically, an ancient royalty or prerogative of the crown, whereby it claimed a percentage upon bullion brought to the mint to be coined or to be exchanged for coin; the profit derived from issuing coins at a rate above their intrinsic value.

If government, however, throws the expense of coinage, as is reasonable, upon the holders, by mak. ing a charge to cover the expense (which is done by giving back rather less in coin than is received in bullion, and is called 'levying a seigniorage'), the coin will rise to the extent of the scignionage above the value of the bullion.

9. S. Mal. 2. A royalty; a share of profit; especially, the money received by an author from his publisher for copyright of his works. Seigniorial (sēn-yo'ri-al). The same as Sei

gneurial. Seigniorize (sēn'yér-iz), v.t. To lord it over.

Fairfax. (Rare.] Seigniory, Seignory (sēn'yér-i), n. (Fr. seigneurie. See SEIGNIOR.) A lordship; power or authority as sovereign lord. See SIGNIORY.

O'Neal never had any scignory over that country, but what he got by encroachment upon the English.

Spenser. Seil (sel), v.t. (Sw. sila, to strain.) To

strain through a cloth or sieve. (Scotch.) Sein,t pp. of see. Seen. Chaucer. Sein, Seine (sēn), n (Fr. seine, from L. sagena, Gr. sagêné, a seine.) A large net for catching fish. Also written Sean.

The seine is a net of about forty fathoms in length, with which they encompass a part of the sea, and draw the same on land by two ropes fastened at his ends, together with such fish as lighteth within his precinct.

Carew.

Seinde,t pp. of senge (singe). Singed. Chau Seizable (sēz'a-bl), a. Capable of being cer.

seized: liable to be taken. Seine-boat (sēn'bot). n. A fishing-boat, of Seize (sēz), v. t. pret. & pp. seized; ppr. seiz. about 15 tons burden, used in the fisheries ing. (Fr. saisir, to seize; Pr. sazir, to take on the west coast of England to carry the possession of; It, sagire, to put in posseslarge seine or casting-net.

sion of — according to Diez, from 0.H.G. Seine-fisher (sēn'fish-ér), n. A seiner.

sazian, to set, bisazjan, to occupy.] 1. To Seiner (sën'er), n. A fisher with a seine or fall or rush upon suddenly and lay hold on; net. Careu.

to gripe or grasp suddenly. Seint, tn. A cincture; a girdle. Chaucer.

Then as a tiger, who by chance hath spy'd Seintuarie, t n. Sanctuary. Chaucer.

In some purlieu two gentle fawns at play. Seip (sép), v. i. (See SIPE.) To ooze; to Straight couches close, then rising changes oft leak. (Scotch.

His couchant watch, as one who chose his ground, Seir-fish (sērfish), n. A fish of the genus

Whence rushing, he might surest seise thein both.

Milton. Cybium (C. guttatum), family Scomberidæ,

2. To take possession by force, with or withbearing a close resemblance to the salmon

out right. in size and form as well as in the flavour of

At last they seize its flesh. It is one of the most valuable The sceptre, and regard not David's son. Milton. fishes of the East Indian seas.

3. To have a sudden and powerful effect on; Seise (sēz), v. t. In lav, see SEIZE. Seisin (sē'zin), n. See SEIZIN.

to take hold of; to come upon suddenly; to Seismic, Seismal (sis'mik, sis'mal), a. (Gr.

attack; as, a fever seizes a patient. seismos, an earthquake, from seio, to shake.] And hope and doubt alternate seize her soul. Pope Of or pertaining to an earthquake. -- The

4. To take possession of, as an estate or seismic area, the tract on the earth's surface

goods, by virtue of a warrant or legal auwithin which an earthquake is felt. -Seis

thority. mic vertical, the point upon the earth's sur.

It was judged by the highest kind of judgment, face vertically over the centre of effort or

that he should be banished, and his whole estate confocal point, whence the earthquake's im fiscated and scised.

Bacon. pulse proceeds, or the vertical line connecting these two points. Goodrich.

5. To fasten; to fix. Seismograph (sis'mo-graf), n. (Gr. seismos, So down he fell before the cruell beast, an earthquake, and grapho, to write.] An

Who on his neck his bloody claws did seise,

Srenser. electro-magnetic instrument for registering

6. Naut. to fasten two ropes, or different the shocks and concussions of earthquakes. See also SEISMOMETER.

parts of one rope, together with a cord.

7. To make possessed; to put in possession Seismographic (sis-mo-graf'ik), a. Pertain

of: with of before the thing possessed; as, ing to seismography; indicated by a seismo

A B was seized and possessed of the manor. graph.

• All those his lands which he stood seized Maps or charts constructed so as to indicate the

Of' Shak. Whom age might see seized of centres of convulsion, lines of direction, areas of disturbance, and the like, are termed seismographic.

what youth made prize.' Chapman.

Page. If his father died seized, the infant being noble, Seismography (sis-mog'ra-fi), n. A descrip could not be called on to defend a real action, tion or account of earthquakes.

Brougham. Seismologist, Seismologue (sis-mol'o-jist, [In this, what may be called its legal sense, sis'mo-log), n. A student of, or one versed often written Seise. )- 8. To lay hold of by in, seismology.

the mind; to comprehend. The labour of future seismologues will be in a

The most penetrating sagacity in seizing great great degree thrown away, unless the cultivators of

principles of polity are to be constantly found in the science in all countries... shall unite in agreeing

writings of the philosophers.

Brougham. to soine one uniform system of seismic observation.

R. Mallet. Seize (sēz), v.i. To grasp; to take into posSeismology (sis-mol'o-ji), n. [Gr. seismos, session: with on, or upon, to fall on and an earthquake, and logos, discourse.] The grasp ; to take hold of; to take possession science of earthquakes; that department of of. "Thee and thy virtues here I seize upon.' science which treats of volcanoes and earth Shak. quakes.

Even Jezebel projects not to seize on Naboth's Seismometer (sis-mom'et-ér), n. [Gr. seis

vineyard without a precedent charge. Dr. H. More. mos, a shaking, an earthquake, and metron, Seizer (sēz'ér), n. One who or that which a measure.] An instrument for measuring seizes. the direction and force of earthquakes and i Seizin (sēz'in), n. [Fr. saisine, seizin, from similar concussions. There are various con

saisir, to seize. See SEIZE.) In lau,(a) postrivances for this purpose, the most perfect session. Seizin is of two sorts – seizin in of which is perhaps the form used in the deed or fact and seizin in law. Seizin in observatory on Mount Vesuvius. It consists

fact or deed is actual or corporal possession; of a delicate electric apparatus, which is seizin in laro is when something is done set to work by the agitation or change of which the law accounts possession or seizin, level of a mercurial column, which records

as enrolment, or when lands descend to an the time of the first shock, the interval be heir but he has not yet entered on them. tween the shocks, and the duration of each; In this case the law considers the heir as their nature, whether vertical or horizon seized of the estate, and the person who tal, the maximum intensity, and in the case wrongfully enters on the land is accounted of horizontal shocks the direction is also

a disseizor. (6) The act of taking possession. given.

(c) The thing possessed; possession.- Livery Seismoscope (sīs'mo-skop), n. (Gr. seismos, of seizin. See LIVERY.-Seizin-ox, in Scots

an earthquake, and skopeo, to see.) A seis law, a perquisite formerly due to the sheriff mometer (which see).

when he gave infeftment to an heir holding Seisura (sė-zhū'ra), n. [Gr. seió, to shake, crown-lands. Spelled also Seisin. oura, tail.) A genus of Australian birds | Seizing (séz'ing), n. Naut. the operation belonging to the family Muscicapidæ or fly. of fastening together ropes with a cord;

also, the cord or cords used for such fastening Seizor (sēz-or), n. In law, one who seizes or

takes possession. Seizure (sēz'ür), n. 1. The act of seizing or taking sudden hold; sudden or violent grasp or gripe; a taking into possession by force or illegally, or legally a taking by warrant; as, the seizure of a thief; the seizure of an enemy's town; the seizure of a throne by a usurper; the seizure of goods for debt

All things that thou dost call thine Worth seizure do we seize into our hands. Skak. 2. Retention within one's grasp or power; possession; hold.

Make o'er thy honour by a deed of trust, Seisura inquieta (Restless Seisura).

And give me seizure of the mighty wealth.

Dryden. catchers. The S. volitans is the dish-washer 3. The thing seized, taken hold or possession of the colonists of New South Wales.

of.-4. A sudden attack of some disease. Seity (sé'i-ti), 12. (L. se, one's self.) Some Sejant, Sejeant (sē'jant), a. (Norm.; Fr. thing peculiar to a man's self. Tatler. séant, ppr. of seoir, from L. sedeo, to sit.) (Rare.]

In her. sitting, like a cat, with the fore-legs

Seigniort for copyright, an author pecially,

[graphic]

SEJOIN

SELF

straight: applied to a lion or other beast. a number; a taking by preference of one Sejant addorsed, sitting back to back: said or more from a number.-2. A number of of two animals. -Sejant

things selected or taken from others by preaffronté, borne in full

ference. - Natural selection, that process face, sitting, with the

in nature by which plants and animals best fore-paws extended side

fitted for the conditions in which they are ways, as the lion in the

placed survive, propagate, and spread, while crest of Scotland. --Se

the less fitted die out and disappear; surjant rampant, sitting

vival of the fittest; the preservation by with the two fore-feet

their descendants of useful variations arislifted up.

ing in animals or plants. Sejoin (sé - join'), v. t.

This preservation of favourable individual differ. (Prefix 8€, apart, and Lion sejant.

ences and variations, and the destruction of those join.) To separate.

which are injurious. I have called Natural Selection, There is a season when God, and nature, sejoins

or the Survival of the Fittest... Several writers

have misapprehended or objected to the term natural man and wife in this respect. 1. Whately.

selection. Some have even imagined that natural se Sejugous (ső-jū'gus), a. (L. sejugis-sex, six, lection induces variability, whereas it implies only the and jugum, a yoke.) In bot. having six pairs

preservation of such variations as arise and are beneof leaflets

fcial to the being under its conditions in life. Darwin. Sejunction (sé-jungk'shon), n. (L sejunc- Selective (sê-lek'tiv), a. Selecting; tending tio, sejunctionis – se, from, and jungo, to to select. Selective providence of the Aljoin. The act of disjoining; a disuniting; mighty,' Bp. Hall. separation. A sejunction and separation Selectman (sē-lekt'man), n. In New Eng. of them from all other nations on the earth' land, a town officer chosen annually to Bp. Pearson.

manage the concerns of the town, provide Sejungible (sé-jun'ji-bl), a. Capable of be for the poor, &c. Their number is usually

ing disjoined or separated. Bp. Pearson. from three to seven in each town, and these Seke, a Sick. Chaucer.

constitute a kind of executive authority. Sekos (sēkos), n. (Gr., selos, a pen, a sacred Selectness (sē - lekt'nes), n. The state or

inclosure, a shrine] A place in an ancient quality of being select or well chosen. temple in which were inclosed the images Selector (sē - lekt'er). n. (L) One that of deities.

selects or chooses from among a number. Selachian (sē-lā'shi-an), n A fish belong Inventors and selectors of their own sysing to the section Selachii.

tems.' Dr. Knox. Selachii (sé-lá'shi-i), n. pl (Gr. selachos, a Selenate (sel'en-át), n. A compound of cartilaginous fish, probably a shark) A sec selenic acid with a base; as, selenate of tion of elasmobranchiate fishes, which in. soda. cludes the sharks and dog-fishes.

Selene (sé-lē'nē), n. (Gr., from selas, light, Selaginaceæ (sé-la'ji-ná"se-é), n. pl. A small brightness.) In Greek myth. the goddess of nat, order of perigynous exogens, consisting the moon, called in Latin Luna. She is the of herbs or small shrubs chiefly from South daughter of Hyperion and Theia, and sister Africa, and allied to Verbenacea and Myo of Helios (the sun) and Eos (the dawn). poruces, but differing from them in their Called also Phæbe. anther being always one-celled only. They Selenic (se-len'ik), a. Pertaining to seleare herbs or small shrubs, with alternate nium; as, selenic acid (H, Se 0.). This acid leaves and blue or white (rarely yellow) is formed when selenium is oxidized by fusion flowers in heads or spikes.

with nitre. It is very acid and corrosive, and Selbite (sel'bit). n. An ash-gray or black resembles sulphuric acid very much. It has a ore of silver, consisting chiefly of silver car great affinity for bases, forming with them bonite, found at Wolfach in Baden, and salts called selenates. the Mexican mines, where it is called plata Selenide (sel'en-id), n. A compound of se

lenium with one other element or radical. Selcouth t (selköth), a. (A. Sax. sclcúth, Seleniferous (sel-e-nif'er-us), a. [Sele.

athe -- xel, seld, rare, and cúth, known.) | nium, and L. fero, to produce.) Containing Rarely known; unusual, uncommon; strange. selenium; yielding selenium; as, selenij. Yet nathemore his meaning she ared

erous ores. But wondred much at his so selcouth case. Spenser, Selenious (se-lēni-us), a. Of, pertaining

to, or produced from selenium.-Selenioris Seldt (seld), ado. Rarely; seldom. Shak.

acid (HSe 0,), an acid derived from seleSeldt (seld), a. Scarce.

nium. It forms salts called selenites. Seldent ado. Seldom Chaucer.

Selenite (sel'en-it), n (From Gr. selēnē, the Seldom (sel'dom), ado. [A. Sax. seldan,

moon.] 1. Foliated or crystallized sulphate eeldon, seldum, Icel. sjaldan, Dan. sielden, D. zelden, G. selten; from A. Sax. seld, 0.G.

of lime. Selenite is a sub-species of sul

phate of lime, of two varieties, massive and selt, Goth sild, rare, whence sildaleiks,

acicular.-2. One of the supposed inhabitstrange, odd.) Rarely; not often; not fre

ants of the moon. quently. Wisdown and youth are seldom joined in one. Hooker.

Selenitic (sel-e-nit’ik), a. 1. Pertaining to

selenite; resembling it or partaking of its -Seldom or never, very rarely, if ever.

nature and properties.-2. Pertaining to the * Seldom or never changed.' Brougham.

moon. Seldom (sel'dom). a. Rare : unfrequent.

Selenium (8ė - lē'ni-um), n. (From Gr. The seldom discharge of a higher and more

selēnē, the moon, so named by Professor poble office.' Milton.

Berzelius from its being associated with tel. Seldomness (sel'dom-nes), n. Rareness;

lurium, from L. tellus, the earth.) Sym. Se. infrequency; uncommonness.

At wt. 79.5. A non-metallic element exThe selitomness of the sight increased the more in. tracted from the pyrite of Fahlun in quiet longing.

Sir P. Sidney

Sweden, and discovered in 1818 by BerzeSeld-shownt (seld'shồn), a. Rarely shown lius. In its general chemical analogies it is or exhibited. Shak.

related to sulphur and tellurium. It gener. Select (se-lekt). 1.1. (L. seligo, selectum ally occurs in very small quantity in some se, from, and lego, to pick, cull, or gather) of the varieties of iron pyrites and as an To choose and take from a number; to impurity in native sulphur. When pretake by preference from among others; to cipitated it appears as a red powder, which, pick out; to cull; as, to select the best when heated, melts, and on cooling forms a authors for perusal; to select the most brittle mass, nearly black, but transmitting interesting and virtuous men for associates. red light when in thin plates. When heated A certain number,

in the air it takes fire, burns with a blue Though thanks to all, must I select from all. Shak.

flame, and produces a gaseous compound, Select (se-lekt2a Taken from a number oxide of selenium, which has a most peneby preference; culled out by reason of ex trating and characteristic odour of putrid cellence: nicely chosen; choice; whence, horse-radish. preferable; more valuable or excellent than Seleniuret, Selenuret (se - lēn'ũ-ret), n. others; as, a body of select troops.

See SELENIDE. And happy constellations on that hour

Seleniuretted (sē - lēn'ū-ret-ed), a. ConShed their relactest induence. Milton.

taining selenium; combined or impreg

nated with selenium. -Seleniuretted hyA few reled spirits bad separated from the crowd, and formed a fit andience round a far greater teacher.

drogen (H,Se), a gaseous compound of hy.

Macaulay. drogen and selenium obtained by the action Selectedly (sê-lekt'ed-li). adv. With care of acids on metallic selenides. It has a in selection Prime workmen ... se smell resembling that of sulphuretted hy. Lectedly employed.' Heynood.

drogen, and when respired is even more Selection (se-lek'shon), m. (L. selectio, se poisonous than that gas. Seleniuretted lectionis See SELECT.] 1. The act of se hydrogen is absorbed by water, and precipilecting or choosing and taking from among tates most metallic solutions, yielding selen

ides, corresponding to the respective sulphides. Selenocentric(se-lē'no-sen"trik), a. Having relation to the centre of the moon; as seen or estimated from the centre of the moon. Selenograph (se-lē'no-graf). n. (See SELEXOGRAPHY.] A delineation or picture of the surface of the moon or part of it. Selenographer, Selenographist (sel-epog'ra-fér, sel-é-nogʻra-fist), n. One versed in selenography. Selenographic, Selenographical (se-le'. no-graf'ik, se-lê'no-graf"ik-al), a. Belonging to selenography. Selenography (sel-e-nog'ra-fi), n. (Gr. selênē, the moon, and graphó, to describe.] A description of the moon and its phenomena; the art of picturing the face of the moon. Selenological (se-le'no-loj"ik-al), a. Of or

pertaining to selenology. Selenology (sel-e-nol'o-ji), n. (Gr. selēnē, the moon, and logos, description.) That branch of astronomical science which treats of the moon. Self (self). (A.Sax. self, selfa, a pronominal word common to the Teutonic tongues; 0. Sax. self, D. zelf, Dan. selv, Icel. sjálfr, G. selb, selbst, Goth. silba; probably formed by compounding the reflexive pronoun se, si (=L. 8e), seen in Icel. sér, to himself, sik, self, G. sich, with some other word. In the oldest English (A. Sax.) as well as later self was a kind of pronominal adjective, most commonly used after the personal pronouns, but also, in the sense of same, standing before nouns, quite like an adjective. Thus the following forms occur: ic self, or ic selfa, I myself ; min selles, of myself; me selfum, to myself; me seline (acc.), myselt; thủ selja, thyself; he sella, hímselt; silfe, we ourselves; on thêm sylfan geare, in that same year, &c. The dative of the personal pronoun was also prefixed to self. the latter being undeclined, as ic me self. I myself; he him selt, he himself; and these forms gradually led to the forms myself thysell, ourse, yourself, &c., in which the genitive or possessive form is prefixed to self. After this it was not unnatural for self to be often regarded as a noun with the plural selves, like other nouns ending in f. In him. self, themselves, the old dative is still retained.) A pronominal element affixed to certain personal pronouns and pronominal adjectives to express emphasis or distinction; also when the pronoun is used reflexively. Thus for emphasis, I myself will write; I will examine for myself. Thou thyself shalt go, thou shalt see for thyself. The child itself shall be carried; it shall be present itself. Reciprocally. I abhor my. self; he loves himself; it pleases itself; we value ourselves. Except when added to pronouns used reflexively, self serves to give emphasis to the pronoun, or to render the distinction expressed by it more emphatical.

I myself will decide, not only expresses my determination to decide, but the determination that no other shall decide. Himself, hersel, themselves, are used in the no. minative case, as well as in the objective. Jesus himself baptized not, but his disciples.

Jn. iv, 2. Sometimes self is separated from my, thy. &c., as. my wretched sell; To our gross selves' (Shak.); and this leads to the similar use of self with the possessive case of a noun; as, 'Tarquin's self' (Shak.), giving self almost the character of a noun, which it fully takes in such cases as are illustrated in next article. Self (self), n. 1. The individual as an object to his own reflective consciousness; the man viewed by his own cognition as the subject of all his mental phenomena, the agent in his own activities, the subject of his own feelings, and the possessor of faculties and character: a person as a distinct individual: one's individual person; the ego of metaphysicians.

A man's self may be the worst fellow to converse with in the world.

Pope. The sell, the I, is recognized in every act of intelligence as the subject to which that act belongs. It is I that perceive, I that imagine, I that remember, I that attend, I that compare, I that feel, I that will, I that am conscious.

Sir W. Hamilton. 2. Personal interest; one's own private interest.

The fondness we have for self ... furnishes another long rank of prejudices.

Watts. Love took up the harp of life, and smote on all the

chords with might; Smote the chord of self, that, trembling, passed in inusic out of sight.

Tennyson.

SELF

24

SELF-DENYING

moment.

viction.

3. A flower or blossom of a uniform colour, by one's own act or by one's own authority; Self-consciousness (self-kon'shus-nes), 1. especially one without an edging or border as, a self-assumed title.

State of being self-conscious; consciousness distinct from the ground colour. -Self is Self-assumption (self-as-sum'shon), n. Self of one's own states or acts. the first element in innumerable compounds, conceit. 'In self-assumption greater than I am as justly accountable for any action done generally of obvious meaning, in most of in the note of judgment.' Shak.

many years since, appropriated to me now by this which it denotes either the agent or the ob Self-assured (self'a-shord), a. Assured by

self-consciousness, as I am for what I did the last

Locke. ject of the action expressed by the word one's self. with which it is joined, or the person on Self-banished (self'ban-isht), a. Exiled Self-considering (self - kon-sid'ér.ing), p. behalf of whom it is performed, or the voluntarily. Pope.

and a. Considering in one's own mind; deperson or thing to, for, or towards whom or Self-begotten (self-be-got'u), a. Begotten liberating. Self-considering, as he stands, which a quality, attribute, or feeling ex by one's self or one's own powers. * That

debates.' Pope. pressed by the following word, belongs, is self-begotten bird in the Arabian woods." Self-consumed (self-kon-sümd'), a. Condirected, or is exerted, or from which it Milton.

sumed by one's self or itself. proceeds; or it denotes the subject of, or Self-blinded (self-blind'ed), a. Blinded or Self-consuming (self-kon-súm'ing), a. Conobject affected by, such action, quality, at led astray by one's own actions, means, or

suming one's self or itself. 'A wandering, tribute, feeling, and the like. Goodrich. qualities. Self-blinded are you by your

self-consuming fire.' Pope. Selft (self), a. Same; identical; very same; pride.' Tennyson.

Self-contained(self'kon-tánd) a. 1. Wrapped very. Self still has this sense when followed Self-born (seirborn), a. Born or begotten

up in one's self; reserved; not expansive or by same. See SELF-SAME. by one's self or itself; self-begotten. From

communicative. 'Cold, high, self-contained, Shoot another arrow that self way

himself the phænix only springs, self-born.' and passionless.' Tennyson.-2. A term apWhich you did shoot the first. Shak. Dryden.

plied (especially in Scotland) to a house I am made of that self metal as my sister. Shak. Seli-bountył (self-boun'ti), n. Inherent having an entrance for itself, and not apAt that self inoment enters Palamon.

proached by an entrance or stair common Dryden. kindness and benevolence.

to others. -Self-contained engine, an engine Self-abased (self'a-bāst), a. Humbled by

I would not have your free and noble nature,
Out of self-bounty, be abused.

Shak.

and boiler attached together, complete for conscious guilt or shame.

working, similar to a portable engine, but Self-abasement (self-a-băs'ment),n. 1. Hu Self- breatht (self' breth), n. One's own without the travelling gear. E. H. Knight. miliation or abasement proceeding from

speech or words. 'Speaks not to himself Self-contempt (self'kon-temt), n. Contempt consciousness of inferiority, guilt, or shane.

but with a pride that quarrels at self for one's self. Tennyson. 2. Degradation of one's self by one's own breath.' Shak.

Self-contradiction (self'kon-tra-dik"shon), act. Self-centration (self-sen-tra'shon), n. The

n. The act of contradicting itself; repugEnough! no foreign foe could quell

act of centring or state of being centred on nancy in terms. To be and not to be at the Thy soul, till from itself it fell,

one's self. Yes! self basement paved the way

same time, is a self-contradiction; that is, a To villain-bonds and despot sway.

Self-centred (self'sen-térd), a. Centred in
Byron.

proposition consisting of two members, one sell.

of which contradicts the other. Addison. Self-abasing (self-a-bās'ing), a. Humbling Self-charity! (self' char-i-ti), n. Love of Self-contradictory (self'kon-tra-dik"to-ri), by the consciousness of guilt or by shame. one's self. Shak.

a. Contradicting itself. Doctrines which Self-abhorrence (self-ab-hor'ens), n. Ab- Self-closing (self'klóz-ing), a. Closing of are self-contradictory.' Spectator. horrence of one's self.

itself: closing or shutting automatically; as, Self-control (self-kon-trol'), n. Control exSelf-abhorring (self-ab-hor'ing), a. Abhor a self-closing bridge or door.

ercised over one's self; self-restraint; selfring one's self.

Sel pured (self-kul'érd), a. All of one command. Tennyson. Self-abuse (self-a-būs'), n. 1. The abuse of colour: applied to textile fabrics in which self-convicted (self-kon-vik'ted), a. Conone's own person or powers. Shak.-2. Onan the warp and weft are of the same colour.

victed by one's own consciousness, knowism; masturbation. Self-command (self'kom-mand), a. That

ledge, or avowal. Self-accused (self'ak-küzd), a. Accused by steady equanimity which enables a man in

Guilt stands self-convicted when arraigned. one's own conscience. every situation to exert his reasoning fa

Sat'age. Self-accusing (self'ak-kūz-ing), a. Accusing culty with coolness, and to do what exist. Self-conviction (self-kon-vik'shon), n. Conone's self.

ing circumstances require; self-control. viction proceeding from one's own conThen held down she her head and cast down a Hume.

sciousness, knowledge, or confession. self accusing look.

Sir P. Sidney. Self-commitment (self-kom-mitment), n. No wonder such a spirit, in such a situation, is Self-acting (self'akt-ing), a. Acting of or

A committing or binding one's self, as by a provoked beyond the regards of religion or self-ton. by itself: applied to any automatic contrivpromise, statement, or conduct.

Suif!. ances for superseding the manipulation Self-communicative (self-kom-mū'ni-kā- Self - covered (self-kuv'èrd), a. Corered, which would otherwise be required in the

tiv), a. Imparting or communicating by its clothed, or dressed in one's native semown powers.

blace. management of machines; as, the self-act

Shak ing feed of a boring-mill, whereby the cut

Self-complacency (self-kom-pla’sen-si), n. Self-created (self-kré-åt'ed), a. Created by ters are carried forward by the general mo

The state of being self-complacent; satis one's self; not formed or constituted by antion of the machine.

faction with one's self or with one's own other. Self-action (self-ak'shon), n. Action by or

doings.

Self-culture (self-kultūr), n. Culture, trainoriginating in one's self or itself.

Self-complacent (self-kom-plā'sent), a. ing, or education of one's self without the Self-activity (self-ak-tiv'i-ti), n. Self-mo

Pleased with one's self or one's own doings; aid of teachers. Prof. Blackie. tion or the power of moving one's self or

self-satisfied. A self-complacent repose Self-danger (self-dán'jer), 12. Danger from itself without foreign or external aid.

superior to accidents and ills.' Dr. Caird. one's seli. Shak.

Self-conceit (self-kon-set), 1. A high opinion Self - deceit (self-de-sēt'), n. Deception reIf it can intrinsically stir itself, it must have a principle of self-activity which is life and sense.

of one's self; vanity. - Egotism, Self-conceit, specting one's self, or that originates from Boyle. Vanity. See under EGOTISM.

one's own mistake; self-deception Self-adjusting (self-ad-just'ing), a. Adjust Thyself from Aattering self-conceit defend,

This fatal hypocrisy and self-deceit is taken notice ing by one's self or by itself.

Sir 7. Denham.

of in these words, Who can understand his errors?

Cleanse thou me from secret faults. Adison. Self-admiration (sell'ad-mi-rā"shon), n. Self-conceited (self-kon-sēt'ed), a. Having Admiration of one's self. self-conceit: vain; having a high or over

Self-deceived (self-de-sevd'), a. Deceived Self-affairs (self'af-farz), n. pl. One's own weening opinion of one's own person or

or misled respecting one's self by one's own private business. Shak. merits.

mistake or error. Self-affected (self-af-fekt'ed), a. Well-af A self-conceited fop will swallow anything.

Self-deception (self-de-sep'shon), n. D. fected towards one's self; self-loving. Shak.

Sir R. L'Estrange. ception concerning one's self, proceeding Self-affrighted (self-af-frit'ed), a. Fright- Self-conceitedness (self-kon-set'ed-nes), n.

from one's own mistake. ened at one's self, Shak.

The quality or state of being self-conceited; Self-defence (self-dé-fens'), n. The act of Self-aggrandizement (self-ag'gran-diz vanity: an overweening opinion of one's defending one's own person, property, or ment), n. The aggrandizement or exalta own person or accomplishments. Locke. reputation. tion of one's self.

Self-condemnation (self'kon-dem - nā". I took not arms, till urged by self-defence, Self-annihilation (self'an-ni-hi-lā"shon), n. shon), n. Condemnation by one's own con

The eldest law of nature.

Rowe. Annihilation by one's own act. Addison. science.

--The art of self-defence, boxing; pugilism. Self-applause (self-ap-plaz'), n. Applause Self-condemning (self-kon-dem'ing), a. Byron. of one's self. Not void of righteous self Condemning one's self. “Self-condemning Self-defensive (self-de-fen’siv), a. Tending applause.' Tennyson. expressions. Boswell.

to defend one's self. Self-applying (self-ap-pli'ing), a. Apply. Self-confidence (self-kon'fi-dens), n. Confi. Self-delation (self-de-lä'shon), n. (See DEing to or by one's self. Watts.

dence in one's own judgment or ability: re LATION.) Accusation of one's self. Bound Self-approbation (self'ap-pro-bă"shon), n. liance on one's own opinion or powers with to inform against himself to be the agent Approbation of one's self. out other aid.

of the most rigid self-delation.' Milman. Self-approving (self-ap-pröv'ing), a. Ap Self-confidence is the first requisite to great under

Self-delusion (self-de-lü’zhon), n. The deproving one's or one's conduct or char takings.

Fohnson. lusion of one's self, or delusion respecting acter. Self-confident (self-kon'fi-dent), a. Confi.

one's self. South One seif-approving hour whole years outweighs

The denial of Of stupid starers and of loud huzzas. Pope.

dent of one's own strength or powers; rely. Self-denial (self-de-ni'al), n.
ing on the correctness of one's own judg-

one's self; the forbearing to gratify one's Self-asserting, Self-assertive (self-as ment, or the competence of one's own

own appetites or desires. sért'ing, self-as-sert'iv), a. Forward in as powers, without other aid,

The religion of Jesus, with all its self-dentals, vir. serting one's self, or one's rights and claims; Self-confiding (self-kon-fid'ing), a. Confid

tues, and devotions, is very practicable. Hatts. putting one's self forward in a confident ing in one's own judgment or powers; self. Self-denying (self-de-ni'ing), a. Denying way. confident. Pope.

one's self; forbearing to indulge one's own Self-assertion (self-as-ser'shon), n.

The

Self-conscious (self-kon'shus), a. 1. Con appetites or desires. 'A devout, humble, act of asserting one's self or one's own scious of one's states or acts as belonging to sin-abhorring, self-denying frame of spirit." rights or claims; a putting one's self for one's self. Self-conscious thought.' Caird. South. - Self-denying ordinance, in Eng. ward in an over-confident or assuming 2. Conscious of one's self as an object of ob. hist, a resolution passed by the Long Parmanner.

servation to others; apt to think much of liament in 1645, that 'no member of either Self-assumed (sell'as-sümd), a. Assumed how one's self appears to others.

House shall, during the war, enjoy or exe

SELF-DENYINGLY

25

SELF-LEFT

mination own power Locke.

Wblication. (sell'fást! surface od or heller or

srest: partiddison.

Come with

cute any office or command, civil or mili being's own nature, and independent of any Self-importance (self-im-port'ans), n. High tary."

other being or cause, an attribute peculiar opinion of one's self; pride. Cowper. Seli - denyingly (self-de-ni'ing-li), adv. In to God.

Self-important (self-im-port'ant), a. Im& self-denying manner.

Living and understanding substances do clearly portant in one's own esteem; pompous. Self-dependent, Self-depending (self-de demonstrate to philosophical enquirers the necessary

Self - imposed (self'im-pozd), a. Imposed

self-existence, power, wisdom, and beneficence of pendent, self-de-pending), a. Depending

their Maker.

Bentley

or voluntarily taken on one's self; as, a selfon one's self. 'Self-dependent power.' GoldSelf-existent (self-egz-ist'ent), a. Existing

imposed task. smith. by one's or its own nature or essence, in

Self-imposture (self-im-pos'tür), n. ImposSelf-destroyer (self-de-stroi'ér), n. One

ture practised on one's self. South, who destroys himself. dependent of any other cause.

Self - indignation (self'in-dig-ná"shon). n. Self-destruction (self-de-struk'shon), n. The

This self-existent Being hath the power of perfec.

Indignation at one's own character or action, as well as of existence in himself. N. Grew. destruction of one's self; voluntary destruc

tions. Opposite and more mixed affections, tion Sir P. Sidney. Self-explanatory (self-eks-plan'a-to-ri), a.

such as, i. self-indignation.' Baxter. Self-destructive (self-de-struk'tiv).a. Tend. Capable of explaining itself; bearing its | Self-indulgence (self-in-dul'jens), n. Free ing to the destruction of one's self. meaning on its own face; obvious.

indulgence of one's passions or appetites. Self-determination (sell'dē - tér-min-a' Self - explication (self'eks-pli-kā"shon), n.

'Love of ease and self-indulgence. Sir J. shon),n. Deterinination by one's own mind;

The act or power of explaining one's self or Hawlins. or determination by its own powers, with

itself. 'A thing perplexed beyond self-ex-Self-indulgent (self-in-dul'jent), a. Indulgout extraneous impulse or influence. Locke. plication.' Shak.

ing one's self; apt or inclined to gratify Self-determining (self-de-têr'min-ing), a. Self-faced (self'fast), a. A term applied to

one's own passions, desires, or the like. Capable of self-determination, the natural face or surface of a flagstone,

Self-inflicted (self-in-flik'ted), a. Inflicted in contradistinction to dressed or heuon. Every animal is conscious of some individual, sel

by or on one's self; as, a self-inflicted punSelf - fed (self'led), a. Fed by one's self or moving, self-determining principle.

ishment. Martinus Scriblerus. itself. Milton.

Self - insufficiency (sell' in-suf-A'shen-si), Self-devoted (self-de-võt'ed), a. Devoted Self-feeder (self-fēd'ér), n. One who or that

11. Insufficiency of one's self. Clarke. in person, or voluntarily devoted. which feeds himself or itself; specifically, a

Self-interest (self-in'tér-est), n. Private Self-devotement (self-de-võt'ment), n. The self-feeding apparatus or machine.

interest; the interest or advantage of one's devoting of one's person and services volun Self-feeding (self-fēd'ing), a. Capable of

self. tarily to any difficult or hazardous employ feeding one's self or itself; keeping up auto

Self-interested (self-in'tér-est-ed), a. Hay. ment. matically a supply of anything of which

ing self-interest: particularly concerned for Self-devotion (self-de-vo'shon), n. The act there is a constant consumption, waste, use, one's self; selfish Addison. of devoting one's self: willingness to sacri or application for some purpose ; as, a self Self-invited (self-in-vit'ed), a. Come withfice one's own interests or happiness for the feeding boiler, furnace, printing-press, &c. out being asked; as, a self-invited guest. sake of others; self-sacrifice. Self-fertilization (self'fer-til-iz-å"shon). n.

Self-involution (self'in-vo-lū"shon), n. InSell - devouring (self-de-vour'ing), a. De In bot. the fertilization of a flower by pollen

volution in one's self; hence, mental abstracvouring one's self or itself. “Self-devouring from the same flower. The evil effects of

tion; reverie. silence, Sir J. Denham. close interbreeding or self-fertilization.'

Self-involved (self-in-volvd'), a. Wrapped Self-diffusive (sell-dif-füz'iv). a. Having Darwin.

up in one's self or in one's thoughts. Tenpower to diffuse itself; diffusing itself. Self-fertilized (self'ler-til-izd"), p. and a. In

nyson. Vorris.

bot. fertilized by its own pollen. See ex Selfish (sell'ish), a. Caring only or chiefly Self-disparagement (self-dis-par'áj-ment), tract.

for self; regarding one's own interest chiefly Tk. Disparagement of one's self.

A selffertilized plant ... means one of self. or solely; proceeding from love of self; inToward self-disparagement affords fertilized parentage, that is, one derived from a

fluenced in actions solely by a view to priflower fertilized with pollen from the same flower, To meditative spleen a grateful feast. Wordsworth. ... or froin another flower on the same plant.

vate advantage; as, a selfish person; a selfish Sel-dispraise (self-dis-prāz'), n. Dispraise,

Darwin.

motive. The most aspiring, selfish man.' censure, or disapprobation of one's self.

Self-flattering (self-flat'tèr-ing),a. Flatter Adilison. There is a luxury in self-dispraire. Wordsworth.

ing one's self. Self-flattering delusions." That sin of sins, the undue love of self, with the Watts.

postponing of the interests of all others to our own, Self-distrust (self-dis-trust'), n. Distrust Self-flattery (self-flatter-i), n. Flattery of

had for a long time no word to express it in Eng. of or want of confidence in one's self or in

lish. Help was sought from the Greek, and from one's self.

the Latin Philauty' had been more than once one's own powers. It is my shyness, or Self-gathered (self-gafl'érd), a. Gathered,

attempted by our scholars, but found no acceptance. my self-distrust." Tennyson.

wrapped up, or concentrated in one's self This failing, men turned to the Latin ; one writer Seif-educated (sell-ed'u-kát-ed), a. Edu or itself.

trying to supply the want by calling the man a'suist, cated by one's own efforts or without the There in her place she did rejoice,

as one seeking his own things (sua), and the sin

itself, 'suicism. The gap, however, was not really aid of teachers.

Self-gather'd in her prophet-mind. Tennyson.

filled up, till some of the Puritan writers, drawing on Self-elective (self-e-lek'tiv), a. Having Self-glorious (self-gló'ri-us), a. Springing our Saxon, devised 'selfish' and 'selfishness,' words the right to elect one's self, or, as a body, from vainglory or vanity; vain; boastful.

which to us seem obvious enough, but which yet are of electing its own members. * Free from vainness and self-glorious pride.'

not more than two hundred years old. Trench. As oligarchy on the self-elective principle was thus Shak.

Selfishly (self'ish-li), adv. In a selfish manestablished.

Brougham,

Self-governed (self-gu'vernd), a. Governed ner; with regard to private interest only or Self-endeared (self-en-dērd').a. Enamoured by one's self or itself; as, a self-governed chiefly. Pope. of one's self, sell-loving. Shak. state.

Selfishness (self'ish-nes), n. The quality of Sell - enjoyment (self-en-joi'ment), n. In. Self-government (self-gu'věrn-ment), n being selfish; the exclusive regard of a perterpal satisfaction or pleasure. 1. The government of one's self; self-control.

son to his own interest or happiness; the Self-esteem (sell-es-tēm'). n. The esteem 2. A system of government by which the

quality of being entirely self-interested, or or good opinion of one's seli. Milton. mass of a nation or people appoint the

proceeding from regard to self-interest Self-estimation (self'es-ti-mä"shon), 72. The rulers; democratic or republican govern alone, without regarding the interest of esteem or good opinion of one's self. ment; democracy.

others; as, the selfishness of a person or of Self-evidence (self-ev'i-dens), n. The qua It is to self-government, the great principle of

his conduct. lity of being self-evident. By the same popular representation and administration-the sys. Selfishness (is) a vice utterly at variance with the self-evidence that one and two are equal to

tem that lets in all to participate in the counsels happiness of him who harbours it, and as such, con

that are to assign the good or evil to all-that we three. Locke.

demned by self-love.

Mackintosh. may owe what we are and what we hope to be. Self-evident (self-ev'i-dent), a. Evident

D. Webster Selfishness and self-love are sometimes conwithout proof or reasoning; producing cer- Self - gratulation (self'grat-ū-lā"shon), n. founded, but are properly distinct. See also tainty or clear conviction upon a bare pre Gratulation of one's self. Shak.

SELF-LOVE and extracts there. sentation to the mind; as, a self-evident pro Self-harming (self'harm-ing), a.

Selfishness is not an excess of self-love, and conposition or truth. or hurting one's self or itself.

sists not in an over-desire of happiness, but in placing Many politicians of our time are in the habit of Self-heal (self'hēl), n. A British plant of your happiness in something which interferes with, laying it down as a self-evident proposition, that no the genus Prunella, the P. vulgaris. See

or leaves you regardless of, that of others. Il'hately, people ought to be free till they are fit to use their, 1 PRUNELLA. Also, a plant of the genus Sani- | Selfism (self'izm), n. Devotedness to self ; freedom

Macaulay.
cula (which see).

selfishness. (Rare.) Self-evidently (self-ev'i-dent-li), adv. By | Self-healing (sell'hēl-ing), a. Having the Selfist (sell'ist). n. One devoted to self; a means of self-evidence; without extraneous

power or property of healing itself; as, the selfish person. The prompting of generous proof or reasoning.

self-healing power of living animals and feeling, or of what the cold selfist calls quixThese two quantities were self-evidently equal. vegetables

otism.' Jer. Taylor. (Rare.) Whewell. Self-help (selfhelp), n. Assistance of or by Self-evolution (self'ev-o-lū"shon), n. De

Self-justification (selt'jus-ti-fi-kā"shon), n. one's self; the use of one's own powers to Justification of one's self. velopment by inherent power or quality.

attain one's ends. S. Smiles. Self-exaltation (sell'egz-al-tá"shon), n. The

Self-justifier (self-jus'ti-fi-er), n. One who Self - homicide (self-hom'i-sid), n. Act of exaltation of one's selt.

excuses or justifies himself. killing one's self; suicide. Hakewill. . Self-examinant (self-egz-am'in-ant), n. One

Self-killed (self' kild), a. Killed by one's Selfhood (self 'hud), n. Individual or in self. Shak. who examines himselt.

dependent existence; separate personality: Self-kindled (self-kin'did), a. Kindled of The bumiliated self en minant feels that there is individuality. All that had been manly evil in our nature as well as good. Coleridge.

itself, or without extraneous aid or power. in him, all that had been yonth and selfhood | Dryden. Self-examination (self'egz-am-i-na"shon), in him, flaming up for one brief moment.' Sell-knowing (self-no'ing), a. Knowing of 7. An examination or scrutiny into one's Harper's Monthly Mag. (Rare.)

itself, or without communication from anown state, conduct, and motives, particu. Self-idolized (self'i-dol-izd), a. Idolized by other. Milton. larly in regard to religious affections and 1 one's self. Couper.

| Self-knowledge (self-nolej), n. The knowduties South

Self - ignorance (self-ig'no-rans), n. Igno- ledge of one's own real character, abilities, Self-example (sell-egz-am'pl), n. One's own rance of one's own character or nature. worth, or demerit. example or precedent. Shak

Self-ignorant (self-ig'no-rant), a. Ignorant Self-left (self'left), a. Left to one's self or Bell-existence (self-egz-ist'ens), n. The qua of one's self.

to itselt. lity of being self-existent; inherent exist. Self-imparting (self-im-pärt'ing), a. Im

His heart I know how variable and vain, ence, the existence possessed by virtue of a parting by its own powers and will. Norris.

Self-left.

Milton.

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