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[>.- other is in a declining state, and the superabundance of hands is continually increasing.

stdant Smith.

Superabundant (su'per-a-bun"daut), a. Abounding to excess; being more than is sufficient 'Superabuiuiant real." Swift. Superabundantly (su'per-a-bun"dant-li), adt. In a superabundant manner; more thui sufficiently.

Nothing but the uncreated infinite can adequately fit and superabundantly satisfy the desire. Cheyne.

Superacidulated (su'per-a-sid"u-lat-edX a.

Acidulated to excess.
Superadd (su-per-ad'). v. t. To add over and

above; to add or join in addition.

The peacock laid it extremely to heart that he bad not the nightingale's voice superadded to the beauty of his plumes. Sir Jt. £,' Estrange.

The strength of a living creature, in those external motionv, hi something distiJ-t from and superadded to its naiural gravity. Bfi. Irilbins.

8uperadQition(9U'per-ad-di"ahonXJi. l.The act of superadding or adding something over and above. —2. That which is superadded.

Let the same animal continue long in rest, it will perhaps double its weight and bulk; this superadditut b nothing uut fat. Arbu'hnot.

Superadvenient (Bu'per-ad-ve"ni-ent), a. [Prefix super, and adcenietit] 1. Coming upon; coming to the increase or assistance of something.

The soul of man may have matter of triumph when he has done bravely by a superadvenient assistance of his God Dr. H, More.

1 Coming unexpectedly. [Rare.] Superaltar (super-alter), H. A ledge or shelf over or at the back of an altar for supporting the alt&r-cro&s, vase and Uowers,*tc. Called also Retable.

Superangelic (su'per-an-jel"ik). o. More than angelic; superior in nature or rank to the angels; relating to or connected with a wurld or state of existence higher than that of the angels. Mitotan. Superannuate (su-per-an'nu-at), v.t. [See below,] l. To impairordisqualifybyoldage and ianrmity; as, a superannuated magistrate.—1 To allow to retire from service on a pension, on account of old age or infirmity; to give a retiring pension to; to pendon; as, to superannuate a seaman. Superannuate t (su-per-an'nu-at), v.i. [Prefix super, above, beyond, and il annus, a year.] 1. To last beyond the year.

The dying in the winter of the roots of plants that are annual scemeth to be partly caused by the overexpence of the sap; into stalk and leaves, which being prerented, they wiU superannuate. Bacon.

2 To become impaired or disabled by length of years; to live until weakened or useless. "Some superannuated virgin that hath lost her lover.' Howell.

Superannuation (su-per-an'nu-a"shon^ n. 1 The state of being too old for office or business, or of being disqualified by old age; senility; decrepitude. 'The mere doting of superannuation.' Pownall. 'Slyness blinking through the watery eye of superannuate!*.' Coleridge.—2. The state of being superannuated or removed from office .employment, or the like, and receiving an annual allowance on account of old age, long service, or infirmity.—3 The pension or annual allowance granted on account of long service, old age, and the like. Saparb (su-perb'l, a. [Fr. superbe; L. wperbus, proud, from super (which see).] 1. Grand; magnificent; august; stately; splendid; as, a superb edifice: a superb colonnade.—-2. Rich; elegant; sumptuous; showy; si superb furniture or decorations. 'In a t'iperb and feather'd hearse.' Churchill.—

3 Very fine; first-rate; as, a superb exhibition.

Superbipartient (su'per-bi-par'shi-ent), n. JL super, over, bit, twice, and partiens, partientU, ppr. of partio, to divide] A Dumber which divides another number oearly, but not exactly, into two parts, leaving the one part somewhat larger than the other.

Superbly (su-peWli), ado. In a superb, magniriL-ent, or splendid manner; richly; elegantly; as, a book superbly bound.

Superbneaa (su-perb'nes), n. The state of i«-mg superb; magnificence.

Supercargo (au-per-kar'go), n. Lit. a person over the cargo; a person in a merchant ahip whose business is to manage the sales and superintend all the commercial concerns of the voyage.

Supercelestial (sti'per-6e-le8"ti-al). a. ottuated above the firmament or great vault oi heaven 'Any supercelestial heaven.' JtaUijn.

Supercharge (su'per-chiirj), v.t. lu Iter, to place one bearing on another.

Supercharge (su'per-chiirj), n. In her. one figure borne upon another.

Superchery (su-perch'e-ri), n. [Fr. supercherie] Deceit; cheating; fraud.

Superciliary (su-per-sil'i-a-ri), a. [L. supercilium, the eyebrow — super, above, and cilium, an eyelid.] Pertaining to the eyebrow; situated or being above the eyelid.— Superciliary arch, the bony superior arch of the orbit.

Supercilious (su-per-sll'i-us). a. [L. superciliosus. See above.] 1. Lofty with pride; haughty; dictatorial; overbearing; as, a supercilious officer.

They (school-boys) would be glad to leam that a man is called supercilious because haughtiness with contempt of others is expressed by the raising of the eyebrows or supercilium. Trench.

2. Manifesting haughtiness, or proceeding from it; overbearing; arrogant; as, a supercilious air; supercilious behaviour. 'The deadliest sin, I say, that same supercilious consciousness of no sin.' Carlyle. Superciliously (su-i>er-siri-us-li), adv. In a supercilious manner; haughtily; with an air of contempt

Frederick superciliously replied that he could dispense with the assent of the Patriarch. Afilman.

Superciliousness (su-per-siri-us-nes), n. The state or quality of being supercilious; haughtiness; an overbearing temper or manner. Boyle.

Supercilium (su-per-siTi-um), n. pi. Supercilia (su-per-sil'i-a). [JL, an eyebrow.] 1. In anat. the eyebrow; the projecting arch, covered with short hairs, above the eyelid.—2. In anc. arch, the upper member of a cornice. It is also applied to the small fillets on each side of the scotia of the Ionic base.

Supercolumniatlon (su'ner-ko-lura-ni-a"ahon), n. In arch, the placing of one order above another.

Superconception (su'per-kon-sep"shon), n. A conception after a former conception; superfetation.

Superconsequencet (su-per-kon'se-kwens), n. Remote consequence. Sir T. Browne.

Supercrescence (su-per-kres'ensY n. [L. super, and crescentt growing. ] That which grows upon another growing thing; a parasite. Sir T. Browne. [Rare.]

Supercrescent (su-per-kres'entX «• Growing on some other growing thing. [Rare.]

Super-cretaceous (su'per-kre-ta"6hus), a.

See SUPRA-CRETACKOUS.

Supercurious (su-per-ku'ri-us), a. Extremely or excessively curious or inquisitive. Evelyn.

Superdominant (sG-per-dom'in-ant), n. In music, the note above the dominant; the sixth note of the diatonic scale; thus, A is the superdomiiuint in the scale of C, E in the scale of G, and so on.

Supereminence (sii-per-em'in-ens), n. The state of being supereminent; eminence superior to what is common; distinguished eminence; as, the supereminence of Cicero as an orator.

Me was not for ever beset with the consciousness of his own supereminence. Pro/. Wilson.

Supereminency t (su-per-em'in-en-si). n. Same as Supereminence.

Supereminent (su - per - em' in - ent), a. Eminent in a superior degree; surpassing others in excellence, power, authority, and the like. 'Revealing to us his supereminent, sovereign authority, uncontrollable dominion, and unquestionable authority over us.' Barrow.

Few of that profession have here grown up to any supereminent height of learning, livelihood, or authority. Fuller.

Supereminently (super-em'in-ent-li), adv. Iu a supereminent manner; iu a superior degree of excellence; with unusual distinction. Barrow.

Supererogant (su-p&r-er'd-gant), a. Supererogatory (which see).

Supererogate (su-per-er'6-gat). v.i. [L. supererogo, supererogatuin, to pay over and above — super, over, above, and erogo, to spend or pay out after asking the consent of the people—*, ex. out, and rogo, to ask.] To do more than duty requires; to make up for some deficiency in another by extraordinary exertion.

The fervency of one man in prayer can not super, erogate for the coldness of another. Milton.

It was their (the Crusaders') very judgment that hereby they did both merit and sufit reroute; and by dying for the cross, cross the score of their own sins, score up God as their debtor. Fuller.

Supererogation (su'per-er-o-ga"shon), «. The act of one who supererogates; performance of more than duty requires.— Works of supererogation, in the A Cath. Ch. a class of good works which are considered as not absolutely required of each individual as conditions to salvation. Such good deeds, it is believed, God may accept in atonement for the defective service of another.

There is no such thing as worts of supererogation; no man can do more than needs and is his duty to do, by way of preparation for another world.

Tillotson.

Supererogative (su-per-er'd-gat-iv), o. Supererogatory. [Rare.]

Supererogatory (au-per-er'd-ga-to-ri), a. Partaking of supererogation; performed to an extent not enjoined or not required by duty; as, supererogatory services. Howell.

Superessential (su'per-es-Ben"shal), a. Essential above others, or above the constitution of a thing.

Superethlcal (su-per-eth'ik-alX a. Transcending the ordinary rules of ethics; more than ethical.

Moral theology contains a supercthical doctrine, as some grave divines hare ridiculously called it. kolingbroke.

Superexalt (su'per-egz-alt"), v.t. To exalt to a superior degree.

Cod having supertxalted our Lord ... is therefore said to have seated him at his right hand.

Barrorv.

Superexaltatlon (su'per-egz-alt-a"shon),n. Elevation above the common degree.

Superexcellence(su-per-ek'sel-lens), n. Superior excellence.

Super excellent (su-per-ek'sel-lent), a. Excellent in an uncommon degree; very excellent.

Suffer him to persuade us that we are as gods. something so sufierexceilent, that all must reverence and adore. Dr. H. More.

Superexcresconce (*u'per-ekB-kre3"ens), n. Something superfluously growing.

Superfecundation(su'pei-fe-kun-da"shon), n. [L. super, over, &ud fecundus, fruitful.] The impregnation of a female already pregnant; superfetation; superconception. See Superfetation.

Superfecundity (su'per-fe-kund"i-ti), n. Superabundant fecundity or multiplication of the species.

Superfetate (su-per-fe'tat), v.i. [L superfeto—super, over, after, and/cto, to breed.] To conceive after a prior conception.

The female brings forth twice in one month, and so is said la superfetate, wlucli . . . is because her eggs are hatched in her one after another. A'. Grew.

Superfetation, Superfcetation (su'per-feta"'Bhon), n. [See above.] 1. A second conception after a prior one, and before the birth of the first, by which two fetuses are growing at once in the same womb; superconception. The possibility of superfetation in the human female has beeu vigorously opposed by some eminent physicians and as vigorously defended by others. Some believe that up to the third month of gestation a second conception may follow the first, and that this will satisfactorily account for all the cases of superfetation on record.—2. An excrescent growth. [Rare.]

It then became a super/etarion upon, and not an ingredient in, the national character. Coleridge.

Superfete t (su'per-fet), v.i. To superfetate. Howell.

Superfete t (su'per-fet), v.t. To conceive after a former conception. Howell.

Superflce t (su'per-fls), «. Superficies; surface. Dryden. See Superficies.

Superficial (BU-per-flsh'al), a. [L. superficuxlis, from superficies, a surface. See SUPERFICIES.] 1. Lying on or pertaining to the superficies or surface; not penetrating the substance of a thing; not sinking deep; as, a superficial colour; a superficial covering.

From these phaenomena several have concluded some general rupture in the superficial parts of the earth. T.. Burnet.

•2. Reaching or comprehending only what is apparent or obvious; not deep or profound; not learned or thorough; not comprehending or connected with the essential nature or cause of things. 'A very«/jxr/icHi/,ignoraut. unweighing fellow.' Shak. * A vain, superficial writer, who prided himself in leading the way on more topics than the present' Disraeli.

Their knowledge is so very superficial, and so illgrounded, that it is impossible for them to describe in what consists the beauty of these works. Dryden.

Supernciallst (su-per-flsh'al-ist), n. One who attends to anything superficially; one

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of superficial attainments; a sciolist; a amatt'Ter. Superficiality (su-per-fish'i-aT'i-ti), n.

1. Ttie quality of being superficial; want of depth or thoroughness; shallowness.

She despised superficiality, and looked deeper than the colours of thing*. L>t*no.

2. That which is superficial or shallow; a superficial person or thing. 'Purchasing acquittal by a still harder penalty, that of being a triviality, superficiality, self-advertiser, <fec.' Carlyle.

Supernciallze (BU-per-flsh'aMz), v.t. To treat or regard in a superficial, shallow, or slight manner.

Superficially (su-per-flsh'al-li), ado. In a superficial manner; as, (a) on the surface only; as, a body superficially coloured. (6) Without close attention; without going deep; without penetration; without searching to the bottom of things; slightly; not thoroughly.

You have both said well.
And on the cause and question now in li.md
Have glozcd, but superficially. Shalt.

Superflcialnesa (su-per-flsh'al-nes), n. The state of being superficial; as, (a) shallowness; position on the Burface. (6) Slight knowledge; shallowness of observation or learning; show without substance.

Superficiary (su-per-nsh'i-n-ri), a, [L. «uperficiarius.] In law, situated on another's land. W. Smith.

Superficiary (su-per-fish'i-a-ri), n. In law, one to whom a right of surface is granted; one who pays the quit-rent of a house built on another man's ground.

Superficies (su-per-flsh'ez), n. [L., from super, upon, and fades, face] 1. The surface; the exterior part or face of a thing. A superficies consists of length and breadth without thickness, and therefore forms no

Sart of the substance or solid content of a ody; as, the superficies of a plate or of a ■phere. Superficies is rectilinear, curvilinear, plane, convex, or concave.—2. In law, everything on the surface of a piece of ground or of a building, which is so closely connected with it by art or nature as to constitute a

Eart of the same, as houses, treeB, and the ke; particularly, every thing connected with another's ground, and especially a real right that is granted to a person. Burrill.

Superfine (su per-fin'), a. l. Very fine or most fine; surpassing others in fineness; as, superfine cloth.—2. Excessively or faultily subtle; over-subtle; as, the superfine distinctions of the schools. Locke.

Superflneneas (su per-fin'nes), n. Quality of being superfine.

Superfluence (su-per'flu-enB), n. [L. super, andyfuo, to flow.] Superfluity; more than is necessary. Hammond. [Rare.]

Superflultance t (su-per-flu'it-ans), n. [L. super, and fiuito, to float] The act of floating above or on the surface; that which floats on the surface. * Spermaceti, which Is a superfluitance on the Bea." Sir T. Browne.

Superfluitantt (su-per-flu'it-ant), a. Floating above or on the surface.

Superfluity (su-per-flu'i-ti), n. [Fr. superfinite", L. superfluitas—super, and fiuito, to float, in tens, oifiuo, to flow.] 1. A quantity that is superfluous or in excess; a greater quantity than is wanted; superabundance; redundancy; as, a superfluity of water or

Jro visions. 'Superfluity of naughtiness.' am. i. 21.

There ii a superfluity of erudition in his novels that verges upon pedantry. Edin. Rev.

2. Something that Is beyond what is wanted; something used for show or luxury rather than for comfort or from necessity; something that could be easily dispensed with; as, the luxuries and superfluities of modern life.

Superfluous (BU-per'flu-uB), a. [L. superfiuus, overflowing—super, &udfiuot to flow.]

1. More than is wanted or sufficient; unnecessary from being in excess of what is needed; excessive; redundant; as, a composition abounding with superfluous words.

Superfluous branches
We lop away, that bearing boughs may live.

Shak.

2. t Supplied with superfluities; having somewhat beyond necessaries. 'The superfluous and lust-dieted man.' Shak.— 3. t Unnecessarily concerned about anything.

I see no reason why thou shouldst be so sttperfluens to demand the time of the day. Shak.

—Superfluousinterval, in music, an interval that exceeds a true diatonic interval by a semitone minor. —Superfluous polygamy

(Polygamic superflua), a kind of inflorescence or compound flower, in which the florets of the disc are hermaphrodite and fertile, and those of the ray, though female or pistilliferous only, are also fertile. —Stn. Unnecessary, useless, exuberant, redundant, needless.

Superfluously (su-per'flu-us-li), ado. In a superfluous manner; with excess; in a degree beyond what is necessary. 'Doing nothing superfluously or in vain.' Dr. H. More.

Superfluousnesa (su-per'flu-us-nes), n. The state of being superfluous or beyond what is wanted.

Superflux (su'per-fluks), n. [Prefix super, and fiux.] That which is more than is wanted; a superabundance or superfluity.

Expose thyself to feel what wretches feel.
That thou tnayst shake the superflux to them.

Let him lay down his brothers, and 'tis odds but we will cast him in a pair of ours (we have a superflux) to balance the concession. Lamd.

Superfcetation, n. See Scperfetation.

Superfollation (8u'per-f6-Ii-a"shon), n. Excess of foliation. 'The disease of superfoliation . . . whereby the fructifying juice is starved by the excess of leaves.' Sir T. Browne.

Superfrontal (su-per-frontfal). n. Eccles. the part of an altar-cloth that covers the top, as distinguished from the a ntependium, or part which hangs down in front.

Superheat (su'per-het), v.t. To heat to an extreme degree or to a very high temperature; specifically, to heat, as steam, apart from contact with water until it resembles a perfect gas.

Superheater (su'per-hfit-er), n. In steam engin. a contrivance for increasing the temperature of the steam to the amount it would lose on its way from the boiler until exhausted from the cylinder. This end is frequently attained by making the steam travel through a number of small tubes several times across the uptake or foot of the chimney before it enters the steampipe.

Super-hive (au'per-hiv), n. A kind of upper story to a hive, removable at pleasure.

Superhuman (su-per-hu'man), a. Above or beyond what is human; hence, sometimes, divine.

It is easy for one who has taken an exaggerated view of his powers to invest himself with a superhuman authority. Dr. Motley.

Superhumeral (su-por-hu'mer-al), n. [L. super, above, and humerus, the shoulder.] Eccles. a term of no very definite application, being sometimes applied to an archbishop's pallium and sometimes to an amice. Pug in.

Superimpose (su'per-im-poz"), v.t. pret. &

ftp. superimposed; ppr. superimposing. To ay or impose on something else; as, a stratum of earth superimposed on a different stratum.

Superlmposition (su-per-im'p6-zi"shon), n. The act of superimposing or the state of being Buperimposed on something else.

Superimpregnation (su'per- im-preg-na"shon), n. The act of impregnating upon a prior impregnation; impregnation when previously impregnated; superfetation.

Superincumbence, Superincumbency (su'per-in-kum"bens, su'per-in-kum"ben-si), n. State of lying upon something.

Superincumbent (BQ'per-in-kum"bent). a. Lying or resting on something else; as, a superincumbent bed or stratum. Woodward.

Superinduce (su'per-in-dus"), v.t. pret. & pp. superinduced; ppr. superinducing. To bring in or upon as an addition to something.

Long custom of sinning superinduces upon the soul new and absurd desires. South.

Superlnducement (su'per-in-dus"ment), n.

The act of superinducing. Superinductlon (su'per-in-duk"shon), n.

The act of superinducing.

A good inclination is but the first rude draught of virtue; the superinduction of ill habits quickly defaces it. Scuth.

Superinfuse (su'per-In-fuz"), v.t To infuse over.

Superinfection (su'per-in-Jck"shon), n. An injection succeeding another.

Superlnspect (su'per-in-spekt"), v.t. To oversee; to superintend by inspection.

Superinstltutton(su'per-iu-sti-tu'shon), n. One institution upon another, as when A. is instituted and admitted to a benefice upon a title, and B. is instituted and admitted upon the presentation of another.

Superlntellectual(su'per-in-tel-lek/'tu-al), a. Being above intellect.

Superintend (su'per-in-tend"), v.t [L super intendo, to have the oversight ot] To have or exercise the charge ami oversight uf; to oversee with the power of direction; to take care of with authority; as, an officer superintends the building of a ship or the construction of a fort.

The king will appoint a council, who mar superintend the works of this nature, and regulate whit concerns the colonies.' Baeen.

Sys. To oversee, overlook, supervise, overrule, guide, regulate, control

Superintendence (super-in-ten'Meni), Tl The act of superintending; care and oversight for the purpose of direction, and with authority to direct. 'An admirable indication of the divine superintendence and management' Sir J, Derham, $wi. Inspection, oversight, supervision, care, direction, control, guidance.

Superlntendency (su'per-in-ten"den-si), n. Same as Superintendence. 'Such an universal superintendency has the eye and hand of Providence over all.' Swth.

Superintendent (su'per-in-ten"dent). n. 1. One who superintends or has the oversight and charge of something with the power of direction; as, the superintendent of an almshouse or workhouse; the sttperintendent of public works; the superintendcut of customs or finance—2. A clergyman exercising supervision over the church and clergy of a district, but without claiming episcopal authority. Goodrich. — SYN. Inspector, overseer, supervisor, manager, director, curator.

Superintendent (su'per-in-teii"dent), «Overlooking others with authority; overseeing. 'The superintetulcnt deity who hath many more under him.' StillingfitfL

Superlntender (9u'per-in-ten"der)1 n. Oue who superintends or who exercises oversight; a superintendent.

We are thus led to see that our relation to the Saperintender of our moral being, to the Depositor)* d the supreme law of just and right, is a relation of incalculable consequence. U'kexelL

Superlnvestlture (Bu'per-invest'i-tur), a.

An upper vest or garment [Rare.] Superior (su-pe'ri-er), a. [L. compar. of

superus, upper, high, from super, above.

See SUPER.] 1. More elevated in place;

higher; upper; as, the superior limb of the

sun; theffupmor part of an image. —2.Higher

iu rank or office; more exalted in dignity;

as, a superior officer; a superior degree of

nobility.

Tyrants are upon their behaviour to a ruprriw power. Sir R. L'Hstremfl.

3. Higher or greater in excellence; sarpaaing others in the greatness, goodness, extent, or value of any quality; as, a man of superior merit, of superior bravery, of superior talents or understanding.

He laughs at men of far superior xm&erttza&Dp to his for not being so well dressed as himself.

B Sortfl.

4. Being beyond the power or influence of; too great or firm to be subdued or affected by; as, a man superior to revenge:, used onl* predicatively.

There is not on earth a spectacle more worthy rliaa a great man superior to his sufferings. Addum.

5. In logic, greater in extension or comprehension; more comprehensive; wider.

Biped is a genus with reference to m;*n and bird, but a species with respect to the supm*r ercta animal. J. S. Mill

0. In bot, (a) growing above anything; thus, a calyx is said to be superior when it appears to grow from the top of an ovary, and the ovary is superior when growing above the origin of the calyx, (6) Next the axis; belonging to the part of an axillary flower which -is toward the main stem. Called also Posterior, (c) Pointing toward the apex of the fruit; ascending: said of the radicle. —Superior courts, the highest courts in a state; in England, a name given to Uw courts of Chancery, Queen's Bench, common pleas, and exchequer at Westminster. Id Scotlaud the superior court* are the Court of Session, Court of Justiciary, and court of exchequer. — Superior planets, ttoow planets which are more distant from the sun than the earth, as Mars, Jupiter, Saturn. Uranus, and Neptune. — Superior conjunction, in astron, see Conjunction. Superior (su-pe'ri-er), n. 1. One who fat superior to or above another; one who ii higher or greater than another in social

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station, rank, office, dignity, power, excellence, ability, or qualities of any kind.

Behold him humbly cringing watt

Upon the minister of state;

View him soon after to inferiors

Aping the conduct of superiors. Goldsmith.

Specifically— 2, The chief of a monastery, convent, or abbey.—3. In Scots law, one who or whose predecessor has made an original grant of heritable property on condition that the grantee, termed the vassal, shall annually pay to him a certain sum (commonly called feu-duty) or perform certain services.—4. In printing, a small letter or figure used as a mark of reference or for other purposes; thus, aB or x2: so called from its position, standing above or near the top of the line.

Superioress (su-pe'ri-er-es), n. A woman who acta as chief in a convent, abbey, nunnery, and the like; a female superior; a lady snperior.

Superiority (su-pe'ri-or"i-tiX n. 1. The state or quality of being superior; the condition of one who or that which is superior, more advanced or higher, greater or more excellent than another in any respect; as, superiority

in age. rank, ordignity; to attain superiority

over a people.

The person who advises does in that particular exercise a superiority over us. thinking us defective in our conduct or understanding. Addison.

2. In Scots laic, the right which the superior enjoys in the land held by the vassal. (See Scpkrior, 3} The superiority of all the lands in the kingdom was originally in the sovereign.—Sts. Pre-eminence, excellence, predominancy, pre valency, ascendency, odds, advantage.

Superiorly (su-pe'ri-er-Ii), adv. 1. In a superior manner.—2. In a superior position. Superjacent (su-p6r-ja'sentX a. [L. super, above, and jacens, jacentis, ppr. otjaeeo, to lie.] Lying above or upon. 'The inclined broken edges of a certain formation covered with their own fragments beneath superjacent horizontal deposits.' W he well. Superlation* (su-per-la'shon), n. [L. superlatio See Superlative.] Exaltation of anything beyond truth or propriety.

There ire words th.it as much raise a style as others can depress it; super Lino n and overaiuchness amplifies- B. Jonson.

Superlative (su-peVla-tiv), a. [L sitperlativus, from superlatus, pp. of super/ero, to carry over or beyond—super, over, and fero, to carry. 1 L Raised to or occupying the highest pitch, position, or degree; most eminent; surpassing all other; supreme; as, s man of superlative wisdom or prudence, of superlative worth; a woman of superlative beauty. •Superlative and admirable holiness.' Bacon.

lugratitade and compassion never cohabit in the same breast, which shows the superlative malignity of this vice. South.

2. In gram, applied to that form of an adjective or adverb which expresses the highest or utmost degree of the quality or manner; as, the wwnaftue'degreeof comparison. Superlative (feUl^rTa-tiv), n. 1. Thatwhich i*hiffhestorof most eminence. —2. Ingram, (a) the superlative degree of adjectives or adverbs, which is formed by the termination -est, as meanest, high?«f, brave*?.; or by the use of most, as most high, most brave; or by let*?, as least amiable, (b) A word in the superlative degree; as, to make much use of superla tiees.

Sense have a violent and turgid manner of talking aavi thinking; they are always in extremes, and proc«or*ce concerning everything in the superlative.

Watts.

Superlatively (su-perna-tiv-Ii), adv. 1. In a superlative manner or manner expressing the utmost degree.

I shall not speak super hit n>ely of them, but that I may truly say, they are second to none in the Christiaa world. Bacon,

Z In the highest or utmost degree.

The Supreme Being is a spirit most excellently rWioa*. superlatively powerful, wise, and good. Btntley.

SaperlatlvenesB (su-perla-tlv-nes), n. The »tate of being superlative or in the highest degree.

Buperlunar, Superlunary (su-per-lu'ner, •u-per-UYua-ri), a. [Super, and lunar, lunary ) Being above the moon; not sublunary or of this world. 'The head that turns at tyrprriunar things.' Pope. 'Superlunary frlicrtie*.' Young.

Supermedlal (su per-me di-al), o. Lying or being above the middle.

Supermolecule (su-per-niol'e-kul), n. A compounded molecule or combination of two inoleculeB of different substances.

Supermundane (Bu-per-mun'dan), a. Being above the world.

Supernacular (su-per-nak'u-ler), a. Having the quality of supernaculum; of first-rate quality; very good: said of liquor.

Some white hermitage at the Haws (by the way, the butler only gave me half a glass each time) was mpcrnacular. Thackeray.

Supernaculum (BU-per-nak'u-Ium), n. [L.L.supernaculum~ super, above, over, and G. nagel, a nail. The term was borrowed from the Continent.] It A kind of mock Latin term intended to mean upon the nail, used formerly by topers. Narcs.

To drink supernaculum was an ancient custom not only in England, but also in several other parts of Europe, of emptying the cup or glass, and then pouring the drop or two that remained at the bottom upon the person's nail that drank it, to show that he was no flinchcr. Brand.

2. Good liquor, such as one will drink till not enough is left to wet one's nail.

For the cup's sake I'll bear the cupbearer.—
Tis here, the supernaculum! twenty years
Of age, if 'tis a day. Byron.

Supernal (su-per'nalX a. [L. supernus, from super, above. See SUPER.] 1. Being in a higher or upper place or region; situated above us; as, supernal regions. 'All the heavens and orbs supernal.' Raleigh. 2. Relating to things above; celestial; heavenly. 'That supernal J udge that stirs good thoughts.' Shah. 'Errands of supernal grace.' Milton.

Supernatant (su-per-na'tant). a. [L. supernatant, supernatantis, ppr. of supernato— super, above, over, and nato, to swim.] Swimming above; floating on the surface; as, oil supernatant on water; supernatant leaves. Boyle.

Supernatatlon (su'per-na-tii"shon),». The act of floating on the surface of a fluid. Bacon; Sir T. Browne.

Supernatural (su-per-nat'u-ral), a. Being beyond or exceeding the powers or laws of nature; not occurring through the operation of merely physical laws, but by an agency above and separate from these. It is stronger than preternatural, and is often equivalent to miraculous.

No man can give any rational account how it is possible that such a general flood should come by any natural means. And if it be supernatural, that grants the thing I am proving, namely, such a Supreme Being as can alter the course of nature.

Bp. IVilkins. Cures wrought by medicines are natural operations; but the miraculous ones wrought by Christ and his apostles were supernatural. Boyle.

The supernatural, that which is above or beyond the established course or laws of nature; that which transcends nature; supernatural agencies, influence, phenomena, and so forth; as, to laugh at a belief in the supernatural.

Supernaturalism (su-per-nat'u-ral-izm), n. 1. The state of being supernatural.—2. A term used chiefly in theology, in contradistinction to rationalism. In its widest extent supernaturalism is the doctrine that religion and the knowledge of God require a revelation from God. It considers the Christian religion as an extraordinary phenomenon, out of the circle of natural events, and as communicating truths above the comprehension of human reason. See RationalIsm.

Supernaturalist (su-per-nat'u-raUst), n. One who upholds the principles of supernaturalism. See Supernaturalism, 2.

Supernaturallstlc(8U-pernat'ural-ist"ik)1 a. Relating to supernaturalism.

SupernaturaUty (su-per-nat'Q-rari-ti), n. The state or quality of being supernatural.

Supernaturalize (su-per-nat'u-ral-Iz). v.t. To treat or consider as belonging or pertaining to a supernatural state: to elevate into the region of the supernatural; to render supernatural

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number] 1. Exceeding a number stated or prescribed; as, a supernumerary officer in a regiment. 'The odd or supernumerary six hours.' Bolder.~-2. Exceeding a necessary or usual number.

The additional tax is proportioned to the supernumerary expense this year. Addison.

Supernumerary (su-per-nu'mer-a-ri), n. A person or thing beyond the number stated, or beyond what is necessary or usual; especially, a person not formally a member of an ordinary or regular body or staff of officials or employe*, but retained or employed to act as an assistant or substitute in case of absence, death, or the like; as, the supernumerary took the wounded officer's place during the tight; a supernumerary who can play leading actor's parts at an hour's notice. Superordlnatlon (su'per-or-di-na"ahon). n. The ordination of a person to fill an office still occupied, as the ordination by an ecclesiastic of one to fill his office when it becomes vacant by his own death or otherwise.

After the death of Augustine. Laurenttus, a Roman, succeeded him, whom Augustine, in his lifetime, not only designed for, but ordained in that place. . . . Such a super ordination in such cases was canonical, it being a tradition that St. Peter in like manner consecrated Clement his successor in the Church of Rome. Fuller,

Superparticulart (su'per-par-tik"u-ler), a. A term applied to a ratio when the excess of the greater term is a unit, as the ratio of 1 to 2, or of 3 to 4.

Superpartlent t (su-per-piir'shi-ent), a. [L. superpartiens, superpartientissuper, over, and partiens, ppr. of partio, to divide.] A term applied to a ratio when the excess of the greater term is more than a unit, as that of 3 to 5. or of 7 to 10.

Superphosphate (su-per-foB'fat), n. A phosphate containing the greatest amount of phosphoric acid that can combine with the base. Superphosphate of lime, formed by treating ground bones, bone-black, or phos

f>hurite with sulphuric acid, is much used n agriculture as a fertilizer. Superplantt (su'perplant), n. A plant growing on another plant; a parasite; an epiphyte.

No superplant is a formed plant but mistletoe.
Bacon.

Superpleaset (su-per-plex'), v.t To please exceedingly.

He is confident It shall superpleast

Judicious spectators. B. yonson.

Superplust (su'per-plus). Same as Surplus. Goldsmith,

Superplusaget (su'per-plua-aj), n. That which is more than enough; excess; surplusage.

Superpolitic (su-per-pomik).a. More than politic. 'Superpolitic design.' Jer. Taylor.

Superponderatet (su-per-pon'der-at), v.t. To weigh over and above.

Superpose (su-per-poV), v.t. pret A pp. superposed; ppr. superposing. (Fr. superposer, from prefix super, and poser, to lay. See Pose.] To lay upon, as one kind of rock on another.

Superposition (flu'per-p6-zish"on),n. 1, The act of superposing; a placing above; a lying or being situated above or upon something. 2. In geol. the order in which mineral masses are placed upon or above each other, as more recent strata upon those that are older, secondary rocks upon primary, tertiary upon secondary, Ac—3. In geom. the process by which one magnitude may be conceived to be placed upon another, so as exactly to cover it, or so that every part of each shall exactly coincide with every part of the other. Magnitudes which thus coincide must be equal.

Superpralse (su-per-praz'), v.i. To praise to excess. 'To vow, and swear, and superpraise my parts.' Shak.

Superproportion (su'per-pr6-pdr"shon), n. Excess of proportion.

Superpurgation (su'per-p£r-ga"Bhon), n. More purgation than is sufficient. Wiseman.

Sup erre flection (su'per-re-flek"shon), n. The reflection of an image reflected. Bacon.

Super-regal (sii-per-re'gal), a. More than regal. H arburton.

Superreward (su'per-re-ward"), "■ <■ To reward to excess. 'Superrewarded by your Majesty's benefits which you heaped upon me.' Bacon.

Super-royal (su-per-rol'al), a. Larger than royal, the name of a large speciesof printing paper.

Supersaliency (su-per-sali-en-si), n. [See below.] The act of leaping on anytl'

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Supersalient (su-pftr-sali-ent), a. [Prefix gaper, and L. sa/iens, leaping, ppr. of salio, to leap.] Leaping upon. [Rare. J

Super salt (su'per-salt), n. An obsolete chemical term foraaalt with a greater number of equivalents of acid than base: opposed to subsalt.

Supersaturate (su-per-sat'u-rat), vX To saturate to excess; to add to beyond saturation.

Super saturation (su'per-sat-u-ra"8hon). n. The operation of saturating to excess, or of adding beyond saturation; the state of being thus supersaturated.

Superscapular (su-per-skap'u-lerV a. Situated above the scapula or shoulder-blade; as, the superscapular muscles.

Superscribe (su-per-skrib'), v.t. pret. «fc pp. superscribed; ppr. superscribing. [L. superscribo—super, over or above, and scribo, to write ] 1. To write or engrave on the top, outside, or surface; to inscribe; to put an Inscription on. 'An ancient monument, superscribed.' Addison. — 2. To write the name or address of one on the outside or cover of; as, to superscribe a letter.

Superscript t (su'per-skript), n. The address of a letter; superscription. Shak.

Superscription (su-per-skrip'shon),n. l.The act of superscribing.—2. That which is written or engraved on the outside or above something else; especially, an address on a letter.

The superscription of his accusation was written Over, TUB KING OF THE JEWS. Mark XV. 30.

Supersecular (su-per-sek'u-Ier), a. Being above the world or secular things. 'Celebrate this feast . . . not in a worldly but supersecular manner.' Bp. Hall.

Supersede (su-persed'), v.t. pret. & pp. superseded; ppr. superseding. [L. supersedes, to sit over, to be superior to, to refrain, to omit — super, and sedeo, to sit. ]

1. To make void, inefficacious, or useless by superior power, or by coming in the place of; to set aside; to render unnecessary; to suspend.

In this genuine acceptation of chance, nothing is supposed that can supersede the known laws of natural motion. Bentley.

2. To come or be placed in the room of; to displace; to replace; as, an officer is superseded by the appointment of another person.—Syn. To suspend, setaside, replace, displace, overrule, succeed.

Supersedeas (su-per-se'dS-as), n. [L., 2d pers. sing. pres. subj. of superseded. 8ee Supersede.] In law, a writ having in general the effect of a command to stay, on good cause shown, some ordinary proceedings which ought otherwise to have proceeded.

Supersedere (su'p6r-se-de"re), n. In Scots law, (a) a private agreement amongst creditors, under a trust-deed and accession, that they will supersede or sist diligence for a certain period, (b) A judicial act by which the court, where it Bees cause, grants a debtor protection against diligence, without consent of the creditors.

Supersedure (su-per-se'dur), n. The act of superseding; supersession; as, the supersedure of trial by jury.

Superseminatet (su-per-sem'i-nat), v.t. To scatter seed over or above; to disseminate.

That cannot be done with Joy, when it shall be indifferent to any man to supcrsetoiuate what be pleases. Jer. Taylor.

Supersensible (su-per-sen'si-bl), a. Beyond the reach of the senses; above the natural powers of perception; supersensuaL—The supersensible ,th&t which is above the senses; that which is supersensuaL 'The felt presence of the supersensible.' Brit. Quart Rev.

Supersensltlveness (su-per-sen'si-tiv-ues), n. Morbid sensibility; excessive sensitiveness.

Super sensual (su-per-sen'su-al). a. Above or beyond the reach of the senses.

Supersensuous (su-per-seu'su-us), a. 1. Supersensible; supersensuaL —2. Extremely sensuous; more than sensuous.

Superserviceable t (su-per-ser'vis-a-bl), a. Over serviceable or officious; doing more than is required or desired. 'A . . . superserviceable, finical rogue.' Shak.

Supersession (su-per-se'ahon), n. The act of superseding or setting aside; supersedure.

The general law of diminishing return from land would have undergone, to that extent, a temporary supersession. J. S. Mill.

Supersolar (su-per-Bfiler), a. Above the sun. 'The supersolar blaze.' Emerson. [Rare]

Superstition (su-pfer-sti'Bhon), n. [L. superstitio, superstitionis, originally a standing still at, a standing in fear or amazement, hence excessive religious fear, superstition, from supersto, to stand over—super, over, and sto, to stand.] 1. A belief or system of beliefs by which religious veneration is attached to what is altogether unworthy of it; belief in and reverence of things which are no proper objects of worship; a faith or article of faith based on ignorance of or on unworthy ideas regarding the Deity. See extracts.

(Teachers who shall) the truth With superstitions and traditions taint. Milton. Superstition (is) any misdirection of religious feeling; manifested either in showing religious veneration or regard to objects which deserve none; that is, properly speaking, the worship of false gods; or, in the assignment of such a degree, or such a kind of religious veneration to any object, as that object, though worthy of some reverence, does not deserve; or in the worship of the true God through the medium of improper rites and ceremonies. IVkatety.

As a rule superstition is to be regarded as a parody of faith, the latter being a belief founded on credible authority or other sufficient evidence, while superstition is a belief on insufficient evidence or on no evidence at .ill. ?. H. Blunt.

2. A practice or observance founded on such a belief; a rite or practice proceeding from excess of scruples iu religion; excess or extravagance in religion; the doing of things not required by God, or abstaining from things not forbidden.—3. Credulity regarding the supernatural, or regarding matters beyond human powers; belief in the direct agency of superior powers in certain events, as a belief in witchcraft, magic, and apparitions, or that the divine will is declared by omens or augury; that the fortune of individuals can be affected by things indifferent, by things deemed lucky or unlucky; or that diseases can be cured by words, charms, or incantations.

Sir, your queen must overboard; the sea works high, the wind is loud, and will not lie till the ship be cleared of the dead.

That's your superstition. Shak.

4. Excessive nicety; scrupulous exactness.

Superstitionlst t (Bu-per-sti'Bbon-ist), n. One addicted to superstition. Dr. H. More.

Superstitious (su-p^r-sti'shus), a. 1. Believing superstitions; holding superstitions; addicted to Buperstition; over-scrupulous and rigid in religious observances; full of idle fancies and scruples in regard to religion; as, superstitious people.—2. Pertaining to, partaking of, or proceeding from Buperstition; as, superstitious rites; superstitious observances.

The noblest of you will take the staff and sandal in superstitious penance, and walk afoot to visit the graves of dead men. Sir W*. Scott.

3. Over-exact; scrupulous beyond need;

idolatrously devoted.

Have I with all my full affections

Still met the king? loved him next heaven? obeyed

him? Been out of fondness superstitious to him? Skak.

—Superstitious use, In law, the use of land, Ac, for the propagation of the rites of a religion not tolerated by the law.

Superstitions. Credulous, Bigoted, The superstitious are too ceremonious or scrupulous in matters of religious worship; the credulous are too easy of belief; the bigoted are blindly obstinate in their creed. The opposite extreme of superstition is irreverence; of credulity, scepticism. Credulity is the most inconsistent, and fanaticism the most intolerant. of the religious affections. Angus.

Superstitiously (su-per-sti'shus-li), adv. Iu a superstitious manner: fa) with excessive regard to uncommanded rites or unessential opinions and forms in religion.

You arc like one that superstitiously
Doth swear to the gods. SkaJk.

(b) With too much care; with excessive exactness or scruple. 'Too scrupulously and superstitiously pursued.' Watts, (c) With extreme credulity in regard to the agency of superior beings in extraordinary events.

Superstltlousness (su-per-Bti'shus-nes), n. The state or quality of being superstitious; superstition.

Superstrata (su-p6r-stran'). v.t. To overstrain or stretch. Bacon. IRare.]

Superstratum (su-per-stra'tum), n, A stratum or layer above another, or resting on something else. Byron.

Superstruct (su-per-strukf), v.t. [L. superstruo, superstructum—swper.over.and struo, to build.] To build upon; to erect. [Rare]

This is the only proper basis on which to superstruct first innocence and then virtue. Dr. H. Mere.

Superstruction(su-per-struk'slion),n. l.The act of erecting or building upon.—2. That

which Is erected on something else; a superstructure.

My own profession hath taught me not to erect new sttperstructions on an old ruin.

it>7. JDenkam.

Superstructure (su-per-stnik'tiv), a. Built or erected on something else. Hammond,

SupersttfTiCture(su-p6r-struk'tu.r),n. 1. Any structure or edifice built on something else; particularly, the building raised on a foundation. This word is used to distinguish what is erected on a wall or foundation from the foundation itself. — 2. Anything erected on a foundation or basis; as, in education we begin with teaching languages as the foundation, and proceed to erect on that foundation the siipenrfrucfure of science.— 3. In railway engin. the sleepers, rails, and fastenings of a railway, in contradistinction from a road-bed.

Supersubstantlal (Bu'per-sub-stan'aha)), a. More than substantial: beyond the domain of matter; being more than substance. 'Heavenly supersubstantial bread.' Jer. Taylor.

Supersubtle (su-per-sut'1), a. Over-subtle; cunning; crafty in an excessive degree. 'An erring barbarian and a supersubtle Venetian.' Shak.

Super/temporal (su-per-tem'po-ral), a. and n. Transcending time, or independent of time; what is independent of time.

Plotinus and Numenius, explaining Plato's ser.se, declare him to have asserted three supertempvrolt or eternals, good, mind or intellect, and the sod of the universe. Cudwortk,

Superterrene (su'per-te-ren"), a. Being above ground or above the earth; superterres trial.

Superterrestrlal (su'p£r-te-res"tri-al), a. Being above the earth, or above what belongs to the earth.

Supertonic (su-per-ton'ik). n. In »i««>, the note next above the key-note; the second note of the diatonic scale: thus. D is the supertonic of the scale of C; A the supertonic of the scale of G; and so on.

Super-totus (su'per-td-tus). n. (L., over all 1 In anc.costume,same as Balandrana. Strvtt.

Supertragical(su-per-traj'ik-al),a. Tragical to excess.

Supertuberation (su'p6r-tu-ber-a"shnn\ n. The production of young tubers, as potatoes, from the old ones while still growing.

Super-tunic (su'per-tu-uik). n. An upper tunic or gown.

Supervacaneous t (su'pAr-va-ka"ne-us), a. [L. supervaeaneussuper, over, above, and vaco, to make void.] Superfluous; unnecessary; needless; serving no purpose.

1 held It not altogether supervacaneous to take a review of them. Jfoweil.

Supervacaneouslyt(su'pcr-va-ka"ne-us-10. ado. In a superfluous manner; needlessly

Supervacaneousnessl (su'per-va-kaV'ne-u*nes), n. heedlessness; superfluousness.

Supervene (su-per-ven'), v.i. pret. supervened; ppr. supervening, [h. superveMosuper, above, over, and pernio, to come. ]

1. To come upon as something extraneous; to be added or joined.

Such a mutual gravitation can never supersede to matter, unless impressed by divine power. Bentury.

2. To take place; to happen.

A tyranny immediately supervened. Burke.

Supervenient (su-per-ve'ni-ent), a, 1. Coming upon as something additional or extraneous; superadvenient; added; additional.

That branch of belief was in him supervenient to Christian practice. H*n%n*cnd.

2. Arising or coming afterwards. Blackstone.

Supervention (su-pcr-ven'shon), n. The act of supervening.

Supervlsal (su-per-vtz'al). n. The act of supervising; overseeing; inspection; superintendence.

Supervise (super-vi?/), 1.1 pret. A pp. supervised; ppr. supervising. [L. super, over, above, and tmto, to look at attentive!}', from video, visum, to see.] 1. To oversee for direction; to superintend; to inspect; a*, to supervise the making of a railway— 2.t To look over so as to peruse; to read; to read over.

You find not the apostrophes, and so miss rhc accent: let me supervise the canzonet. Skak

Superviaet (sO'per-vix), «. Inspection.—On

the supervise, at sight Shak. Supervision (su-p£r-viV.hon), n. The act of

supervising; superintendence; direction; as,

to have the supervision of a coal-mine. Supervisor (su-pex-vbrer), n. 1. One who

supervises; an overseer; an inspector; a

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superintendent; as. the supervisor of a coalmine; a supervisor of the customs or of the excise.—2.t A spectator; a looker-on. Shak, —3. t One who reads over, as for correction. 'The author and supervisors of this pamphlet' Dryden.

Supervisory (&u-per-vi'zo-ri), a. Pertaining to or having supervision. Supervlve (fu-per-viv'), v. t [L super, over, above, and vivo, to live.] To live beyond; to outlive; to survive; as, the soul will rupe reive all the revolutions of nature. [Rare]

Supervolute (su'per-vd-lut"). a. [L. super, upon, and voiutus, rolled] In bot having one edge rolled inwards, and enveloped by the opposite edge, also rolled inwards, as the leaves of an apricot-tree. Supervolutive (su-per-voru-tiv), a. In bot applied to an aestivation or vernation in which the leaves are supervolute. Supination (-i]-i'i-n;Vslii»ii), n, [L. mtpinatio, lupiitationis, frohi supino, to bend backward. See Supine.] 1. The act of lying or state of being laid with the face upward.— 2. The movement in which the forearm and hand are carried outward?, so that the anterior surface of the latter becomes superior; or the position of the hand extended outwards with the palm upwards. Supinator (su pin'at-er), u. [See SupinaTion.) In anat a name given to Uiobo muscles which turn the hand upwards, as the supinator longus and the supinator bretis.

Supine (»u-pin'), a. fL supinus. bent backwards, lying on the back, sloping, negligent, connected with sub, and Or. hypo, under.] L tying on the back or with the face upward: opposed to prone,— 2. Leaning backward; inclined; sloping: said of localities.

If the vine
On rising ground be plac d. or hills supine,
Ettead thy loose battalions. Drydtn.

2. Negligent; listless; heedless; indolent; thoughtless; inattentive; careless.

He became pusillanimous and supine, and openly exposed to any temptation. Woodward.

Supine (su'pin). n. [L. supinum (verbum), from supinus, lying on the back, bent or thrown back ward a Why the part of the verb has this name is not obvious ] A part of the Latin verb, really a verbal noun, iimilar to our verbals in -ing, with two casea One of these, usually called the first supine, ends in urn, and is the accusative case. It always fallow a a verb of motion; as, oAt'i't deambuiatum, he has gone to walk, or he has gone a-walking. The other, called the second supine, ends in u of the ablative case, and is governed by substantives or adjectives; as, facile dictu, easy to be told, literally, easy in the telling.

Supinely (su-pinli), adv. In a supine manner; (a) with the face upward. (6) Carelessly; indolently; listlessly; drowsily; in a heedless, thoughtless state.

Benettli a verdant laurel's ample shade, ...
Horace, immortal bard I supinely laid. Prior.

Supineneae <su-pin'nes), n. The state of being supine: <«) a lying with the face upward- (6) Indolence; listlessne&s; drowsiness; heedlessness; as, many of the evils of life are owing to our own supineness.

Sapinityt (su-pin'i-ti), n. Supineness. 'A "ipwu/y or neglect of enquiry.' Sir T. Erowrte.

Slippage t (sup'aj), n, [From sup.] What may be supped; pottage. Hooker.

Suppaipation (sup-pal-pa'shon), n. [From L suppalpor, to caress a little—sub, under, indicating a little, and palpo, to caress ] The act of enticing by soft words. Bp.

am.

Supparasitatioilt (sup-par'a-si-OV'shon), n. \L wupparasitor—Kub. and parasitus, a parasite.] The act of nattering merely to gain Uvonr. Bp. Hall.

Supparasitet (sup-par'a-sit), v.t [See above.] To flatter; to cajole. Clarke.

Suppawn(sa-pan'). See Srpawn.

Suppedaneout (sup-pe-da'ne-us), a. [L. mppodaneum, a footstool—sub, under, and V*', pedis, the foot] Being under the feet

J*rT. Browne.

fappedlt&tet (anp-ped'i-tat), el [L. supptdtfo, suppeditatum—eub, under, *ndpes, ffiis. the foot ] To supply; to furnish. Bp. ieargon.

Suppeditation* <snp-ped'i-ta"abon), n. [L. niypfdUatio. suppeditationis. See above.] "upply; aid afforded. Bacon,

Supper (sup'6r), n, [O.E. toper, O.Fr. so

per, super, Mod. Fr. souper. See Sup] The evening meal; the last repast of the day.

I have drunk too much sack at suffer. Shak. Your supper Is like a Hidalgo's dinner; very little meat and a great deal of table-cloth. Longfellow.

Lord's supper. See under LORD. Supper (sup'er), v.i. To take supper; to

sup. Supperless (sup'erdes).a. Wanting supper;

being without supper; as, to go supperless

to bed.

Swearing and supperless the hero sate. Pope.

Supper-time (sup'er- tim), n. The time when supper is taken; eveuing.

It is now high suppcr-tinte, and the night grows to waste. Sh'tk.

Supplant (sup-plantO, v.t [Tr. supplanter, from L. supjilantare, to trip up one s heels, to throw to the ground, to overthrow—sub, under, and planta, the sole of the foot. ] l.t To trip up, as the heels. 'Supplanted down he fell.' Milton.—2. t To overthrow; to cause the downfall of. Massinger. 3.t To remove; to displace; to drive or force away. * Lest. . . the people . . . supplant you for ingratitude.' Shak:

I will supplant some of your teeth. Shak.

We must supplant those rough rug-headed kerns.

Shak.

4. To remove or displace by stratagem; or to displace and take the place of; as, a rival supplants another in the affections of his mistress, or in the favour of his prince. 6. To displace; to uproot 'Supplant the received ideas of God.' Landor.—Sys. To remove, displace, supersede, undermine.

Supplantation (sup-plan-ta'shon), n. The act of supplanting. Coleridge.

Supplanter (sup-plant'er), n. One who supplants or displaces. South.

Supple (supT), a. [ft. souple, from L. suppiex, suppliant, bending the knee — sub, under, and plico, to fold See Ply, v.t)

1. Pliant; flexible; easily bent; as, supple joints; supple Angers. 'That are of suppler joints' Shak. 'The supple knee.* Milton.

2. Yielding; compliant; not obstinate.

makes not the will supple, it Locke.

If punishment . hardens the offender.

3. Capable of moulding one's self to suit a purpose; bending to the humour of others; flattering; fawning. 'Having been supple and courteous to the people.' Shak.— SYN. Pliant, flexible, yielding, limber, lithe, flexile, compliant, bending, nattering, fawning, Bervile.

Supple (supl), v.t. pret. & pp. suppled; ppr. suppling. 1. To make soft and pliant; to render flexible; as, to supple leather.

To supple a carcass, drench it in water. Arbuthnot.

2. To train, as a horse for military purposes.

3. To make compliant, submissive, humble, or yielding. 'A mother persisting till she had bent her daughter's mind, and suppled her will' Locke.

Supple (sup'l), v.t. To become soft and pliant 'The stones . . . suppled into softness.' Dryden.

Supple-chappedt (supl-chapt), a. Having a supple jaw; having an oily tongue. 'A supple-chapped flatterer.' Marston.

Supple-jack (sup'1-jak), n, A popular name given to various strong twining and climbing shruba The supple-jack imported into Europe from the West Indies for walkingsticks is the barked branches of one or more species of Paullinia, nat order Sapindacen. The name is also given to a rhamnaceous twiner (Bcrchemia volubUis), found in the Southern States of America,

He was in form and spirit like a suppie-faek, . . . yielding but tough; though he bent he never broke. IV. frvitijr.

Supplely (supl-li), adv. Softly; pliantly; mildly. Cotgrave.

Supplement (suple-ment), n, [L supplementing from suvpleo, to fill up, to make full—sub, and pleo, to fill. See Supply]

1. An addition to anything; by which its defects are supplied, and it is made more full and complete. The word Is particularly used of an addition to a book or paper.—

2. t Store; supply.

We had not spent
Our ruddie wine a ship-board; supplement
Of large sort each man to his vessel drew.

Chaptnan.

3. In trigon. the quantity by which an arc or an angle falls short of 180 degrees or a semicircle; or it is what must be added to an arc or angle in order to make a semicircle or two right anglea Hence, two angles which are together equal to two right angles, or two arcs which are together

[graphic]

equal to a semicircle, are the supplements of each other. Thus, in the figure, the angle Bce is the supplement of the angle Bca, and BCA is the supplement of Bce; also, the arc EB is the supplement of the arc B a and Ba is the supplement of i; it. Hence, when an angle is expressed in degrees,minutes, and seconds, its supplement is found by subtracting the degrees, minutes, and seconds from 180°.—Letters of supplement. in Scots law, letters obtained on a warrant from the Court of Session, where a party is to be sued before an inferior court, and does not reside within its jurisdiction. In virtue of these letters the party may be cited to appear before the inferio*judge. — Oath in supplement, in Scots law, an oath allowed to be given by a party in his own favour, in order to turn the semipUna probatio, which consists in the testimony of but one witness, into the plena probatio, afforded by the testimony of two witnesses. Supplement (sup'le-meut), v.t. To fill up or supply by additions; to add something to, as a writing, &c

Causes of one kind must \xsttfpiementtd by bringing to bear upon them a causation of another kind. is. Taylor.

Supplemental, Supplementary (sup-lemeu'tal, BUp-le-menrta-ri), a. Of the nature of a supplement; serving to supplement; additional; added to supply what is wanted; as, a supplemental law or bilL —Supplemental air. Same as liesidual Air. See under ResiDual.— Supplemental arcs,in fri«/on. arcs of a circle or other curve which have a common extremity, and together subtend an angle of 180° or two right angles at the centre. Thus in the figure under Supplement, A B ami B E are supplemental arcs. Also the chords of such arcs are termed supplemental chords.—Supplemental triangle, a spherical triangle, formed by joining the poles of three great circles. — Supplemental versed £uu,in<rio^n. the subvened sineorthedifferenue between the versed Bine and the diameter.

Supplementation (sup'l e-m en-ta"shon). n. The act of supplementing, filling up, or adding to. Kingsley.

Suppleness (supT-nesV n. 1. The quality of being supple or easily bent; pliancy; pliableness; flexibility; as, the suppleness of tho joints.— 2. Readiness of compliance; the quality of easily yielding; facility; as, the suppleness of the will.—SrN. Pliancy, pliableness, flexibility, limberness, litheuess, facility, compliance.

Suppletive (sup'le-tiv), a. Supplying; suppletory.

Suppletory (suple-to-ri), a. [From L. suppleo, supptetum, to supply.] Supplying deficiencies; supplemental.— Suppletory oath. Same as Oath in Supplement. See under Supplement.

Suppletory (suple-to-rl), n. That which is to supply what is wanted. Jer. Taylor.

Suppllal (sup-pli'al), n. The act of supplying or the thing supplied. 'The suppUal of our imaginary and therefore endless wants.' Warburton.

It contains the choicest sentiments of English wisdom, poetry, and eloquence; it may be deemed a sufplial of many books. C. Richardson.

Suppliancet (sup-pli'ans), n. 1. The act of supplying; assistance.—2. That which fills up or occupies; that which gives satisfaction or gratification; pastime; diversion.

A violet in the youth of primy nature.
Forward, not permanent, sweet, not lasting,
The perfume and suppiiance of a minute. Shak.

Suppllance (supTi-ans), n. The act of supplicating; supplication; entreaty. 'When Greece her knee in suppiiance bent* Halleck.

Suppliant (Bupli-ant), a. [Fr. suppliant, ppr. of supplier, to entreat, from L. supplico, to supplicate (which see).] 1. Entreating; beseeching: supplicating; asking earnestly and submissively.

The rich grow suppliant, and the poor grow proud. Dryden.

2. Manifesting entreaty; expressive of humble supplication. 'To bow and sue for grace with suppliant knee.' Milton. Suppliant (sup'11-ant), n. A humble petitioner; one who entreats submissively.

Spare this life, and hear thy suppliant's prayer.
Drydtn.

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