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Selfless (self'les), a. Having no regard to self; unselfish.

I,o, now, what hearts have meal they never mount As high as woman in her seltess mood. Tennyson.

Selflessness (selfles-nes), n. Freedom from selfishness.

Self-life (self 'lif)," Life In one's self; a living solely for one's own gratification or advantage.

Self-llket (selfllk), o. Exactly similar; corresponding.

Till Sirephon's plaining voice him nearer drew.

Where, by his words, his self like c.»se he knew.

Sir P. Sidney.

Self-limited (self'limited), a. Inpathol. a term applied to a disease which appears to run a definite course, but is little modified by treatment, as small-pox. Self-love (self'luv), n. The love of one's own person or happiness; an instinctive principle in the human mind which impels every rational creature to preserve his life, and promote his own happiness.

And while seiftovm each jealous writer rules. Contending wits become the sport of fools. Pope. Not only is the phrase self-love used as synonymous with the desire of happiness, but it is often confounded with the word selfishness, which certainly, in strict propriety, denotes a very different disposition of mind. D. Stewart.

So long as self-love does not degenerate into selfish, ness it is quite compatible with true benevolence. Fleming.

As to difference between self-love and selfishness see also SELFISHNESS.

Self-loving (self luv-ing), a. Loving one's self. IzTtt'alton.

Self-luminous (self-lu'min-usX a. Luminous of itself; possessing in itself the property of emitting light; thus, the sun, fixed Btars, flames of all kinds, bodies which shtne by being heated or rubbed, are self-luminous.

Self-made (self'mad), a. Made by one's self; specifically, having risen in the world by one's own exertions; as. a self-made man.

Self-mastery (self-mas'ter-i), n. Mastery of one's self; self-command; self-control

Self-mate (self mat), n, A mate for one's •elf. Shak. *

Self-mettlet (selfmet-1), n. One's own fiery temper or mettle; inherent courage.

Anger &■ hke
A full hot horse, who, being allow'd his way.
Self-mettle tires him. Shak.

Self-motion (self-md'shon),n. Motion given by inherent powers, without external impulse; spontaneous motion.

Matter is not endued with self-motion. Cheynt.

Self-moved (self-movd'). a Moved by inherent power without the aid of external impulse. 'Self-mooed with weary wings.' Pope.

Self-movent (self-mdv'ent), a. Same as Self-moving.

Body cannot be self-ejtistent, because it is not selfmovent. N. Grcio.

Self-moving (self-moVing), a. Moving by inherent power, without extraneous influence. Martinwt Scriblerus.

Self-murder (self-mer'der), n. The murder of one's self; suicide.

By all human laws, as well as divine, self-murder has ever been agreed on as the greatest crime.

Sir tr. Tem/le.

Self-murderer (self-merMer-er). n. One who voluntarily destroys his own life; a sulfide. Paley.

Self-neglecting (self-ne-glekt'ing), n. A neglecting of one's self.

Self-love, my liege, is not so great a sin

As tetf-neglect me: ShaJL

Self-offence (self'of-fens), n. One's own

offence. Shak. Self-opinion (setf-6-pin'ynn\ n. 1. One's

own opinion.—1 Exalted opinion of one's

Belf; overweening estimate of one's self;


Confidence as opposed to modesty, and distinguished from decent assurance, proceeds from se(f. opinion, occasioned by ignorance and flattery.

Jeremy Collier.

Self-oplnioned (self-6-pin'yund).a. Valuing one's own opinion highly. 'A bold selfopinioned physician.' South.

Self-originating (self-6-rii'l-nat-ing). a. i >rigfnatmg in, produced by, beginning with, or springing from one's self or itself.

Self-partiality (self-par-shanti), n. That partiality by which a man overrates his own worth when compared with others. Lord Ka meg.

Self-perplexed (self-per-pleksf), «■ Perplexed by one's own thoughts.

Here he looked so setf-ftrfiesd.
That Katie laugh'd. Tennyson.

Self-pity (sclf'pit-i), u. rity ou one's self.

And sweet setf-ptty, or the fancy of it,
Made his eye moist. Tennyson.

Self-pleached (self-plfich'ed), a. Pleached or interwoven by natural growth; intertwined; intertwisted.

Round thee blow setf-pUaektd deep.

Bramble-roses, faint and pale.

And long purples of the dale. Tennyson.

Self-pleasing (self-plez'ing), a. Pleasing

one's self; gratifying one's own wishes.

Bacon. Self-pollution (self-pol-lu'shon), n. Same

as Self-abuse, 2. Self-possessed(^eirpoz-zest),a. Composed;

not disturbed. * Neither seff-possau'd nor

startled.' Tennyson. Self-possession (self-poz-zesh'on), n. The

possession of one's powers; presence of

mind; calmness; self-command. Self-praise (self'priiz), n. The praise of

one's self; self-applause; as, self-praise is

no commendation.

Self-praise is sometimes BO fault. IK Broome.

Self-preference (self-pref er-ens), n. Preference of one's self to others.

Self-preservation (self prez-er-va"shon), n. The preservation of one's self from destruction or injury.

The desire of existence is a natural affection of the soul; it is self-preservation in the highest and truest meaning. Bentley.

Self-preserving (self-pre-zerv'ing), a. Preserving one's seif.

Self-pride (self'prid), n. Pride In one's own character, abilities, or reputation; selfesteem. Cotton,

Self-profit (Belfpro-flt), n. One's own profit, gain, or advantage; self-interest 'Unbiassed by self'-profit.' Tennyson.

Self-propagating (self-prop'a-gftt-ing), a. Propagating by one's self or itself.

Self-registering (self-rej'is-ter-ing), a. Registering automatically; an epithet applied to any instrument so contrived as to record its own indications of phenomena, whether continuously or at stated times, or at the maxima or minima of variations; as. a self-registering barometer, thermometer, or the like.

Self-regulated (self-reg'u-lit-ed), a. Regulated by one's self or itself.

Self-regulative (self-reg'u-lat-iv), a. Tending or serving to regulate one's self or itself. Whew II.

Self-reliance (self-re-li'ausX n. Reliance on one's own powers.

Self-reliant (self-re-H'ant), a. Relying on one's self; trusting to one's own powers.

Self-relying (self-re-li'ing), a. Depending on one's self.

Self-renunciation (Belf're-nun-si-a"shon), n. The act of renouncing one's own rights or claims; self-abnegation.

Self-repellency (self-re-peren-stt, n. The inherent power of repulsion in a body.

Self-repelling (self-re-pel'ing), a. Repelling by its own inherent power.

Self-repetition <self'rep-e-ti"shon), n. The act of repeating one's own words or deeds; the saying or doing of what one has already said or done.

Self-reproach (selfre-proch'). n. The act of reproaching or condemning one's self; the reproach or censure of one's own conscience.

Self •reproached (selfre-proch f). a. Reproached by one's own conscience.

Self - reproaching (selfre-proch 'ing), a. Reproaching one's self.

Self-reproachingly (self-re-prdch'ing-li), adv. By reproaching one's self.

Self-reproof (self-re-prof), n. The reproof of one's self; the reproof of conscience.

Self-reproved (self-re-provd'). a. Reproved by consciousness or one s own sense of guilt

Self-reproving (self-re-proVing), a. Reproving by consciousness.

Self-reproving (self-re-proVing). n. Reproof of one'sown conscience; self-reproach. Shak.

Self-repugnant (self-rfe-pug'nant), a. Repugnant to itself; self-contradictory; inconsistent

A single tyrant may be found to adopt as inconsistent and self-repugnant a set of principles, as twenty could agree upon. Brougham.

Self-repulsive (selfr§-pul'siv), a. Repulsive in or by one's self or itself.

Self-respect (self-rd-spekf), n. Respect for one'B self or one's own character.

Self - restrained (self-re-strand'), a. Restrained by itself or by one's own power of

will; not controlled by external force or authority. •

Power, self-rest rained, the people best obey.


Self-restraint (self-rS-stranf)." Restraint or control imposed on one's self; self-command; self-control.

Self-reverence (self-rev'er-eus), n. Reverence or due respect for one's own character. dignity, or the like.

Self-reverence, self-knowledge, self-control.
These three alone lead life to sovereign power.

Self-reverent (self-rev'er-entX a- Having
reverence or due respect for one's self.
'SelJ-reverent each, and reverencing each.*

Self-righteous (self-rit'yus), a. Righteous in one s own esteem.

Self-righteousness (self-rit'yus-nes). n. Reliance on one s own supposed righteousness; righteousness, the merits of which a person attributes to himself; false or Pharisaical righteousness.

Self-rolled (self raid), a. Coiled on itself. 'In labyrinth of niauy a round self-rolled.' Milton.

Self-ruined (self-ro'iii'l), a. Ruined by one's own conduct

Self-sacrifice (self-sak'rl-fis), n. Sacrifice of one's self or of self-iuterest.

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Self-sacrificing (self-sak'ri-fis-ing). t\.

Yielding up one's own interest, feelings,

Ac.; sacrificing one's self.
Self-same (self'sam), a. [Self here is the

adjective, same, very.] The very same;


And his servant was healed in the self-same hoar. Mat. vni. ■*. The self-same moment I could pray. Cottrtdge.

Self-satisfied (self-sat'is-fid), a. Satisfied with one's self.

No caverned hermit rests seff-sntisfied. Pope.

Self-satisfying (self-sat'is-fi ing). a. Giving satisfaction to one's self. Milton.

Self-scorn (self'skorn), n. Scorn of one's self.

Deep dread and loathing of her solitude
Fell on her, from which mood was bora

Scorn of herself; again from out that mood
Laughter at her seff-storn, Tennyson.

Self-seeker (self'sek-er), n. One who seeks only his own interest 'All great self-seekers trampling on the right.' Tennyson.

Self-seeking (self'sek-ing).a. Seeking one's own interest or happiness; selfish. 'A tradesman; a self-seeking wretch.' Arbuthnot

Self-seeking (self'sSk-ingX n. Undue attention to one's own interest.

Self-slain (selTslau), a. Slain or killed by one's self; a suicide.

For that the church all sacred rites to the self-slain denies. J. Baitlie.

Self-slaughter (self-sla'ter), n. The slaughter of one s self. Shak.

Self-Slaughtered (self sla/terd). a. Slaughtered or killed by one's self. Shak.

Self-styled (self'stild), a. Called or styled by ones self; pretended; would-be. 'Those self-styled our lords' Tennyson.

Self-subdued (self-sub-dud'), a. Subdued by one's own power or means. Shak.

Self - substantial (self-sub-stan'shal), a. Composed of one's own substance. 'Feed est thy life's flame with self-substantial fuel.' Shak. [Rare ]

Self-subversive (self-sub-ver*siv), a. Overturning or subverting itself.

Self-suScience (self-suf-fl'shcns), n. Same as Self-sufficiency.

Self-sufficiency (self-suf-fl'shen-w), n. The state or quality of being self-sufficient: (a) inherent fitness for all ends or purpose*; independence of others; capability of working out one'B own ends. * The srlf-wficiency of the Godhead.' Bentley. (6) An overweening opinion of one's own endowments or worth; excessive confidence in one's own competence or sufficiency.

Self-sufficiency proceeds from inexperience.


Self-sufficient (self-suf-fl'shent), a. 1.Capable of effecting all one's own ends or fulfilling all one's own desires without the aid of others.

Neglect of friends can never be proved rational till we prove the person using it omnipotent and selfsufficient, and such as can never need mortal assistance. South.

2 Having undue confidence in one's own




strength, ability, or endowment*; haughty; overbearing.

This u not to be done in a rash and self-sufficient manner; but with an humble dependence on divine grace. Wans.

Self-sustained (self'sus-tand), a. Sustained by one's self.

Self-taught (self tat), a. Taught by one's self: as, a self-taught genius.

Self-thinking (selfthingk-ing), a. Thinking for one's self; forming one's own opinions irrespective of others.

Our it!f-!hinJhJt£ inhabitants agreed in their estimate of the new family. Mrs. S. C. Hall.

Self-tormenting (self-tormenting).**. Tormenting ones self or itself. 'Self-tormenting tin. Crashaw.

Self-tormentor (self-tor-ineut'er), n. One who torments himself.

Self-torture (self-tor'tUT). n. Pain or torture inflicted on one's self; as, the self-torture of the heathen.

Self-tniflt (selftrust), n. Trust or faith in one's self; self-reliance. Shale.

Self-view (self'vu), n. 1. A view of one's self or of one's own actions and character. 1 Regard orcare for one's personal interests.

Self-violence (self-vi'6-lens), n. Violence to one's »elt Toting,

Self-Till (self'wil), n. One's own will; obstinacy.

In their anger they slew a man, and in thetr self-mill they digged down a wall. Gen. xlix. 6.

Self-willed (self'wild), a. Governed by oue't own will; not yielding to the will or wishes of others; not accommodating or compliant; obstinate.

Presumptuous are they, stlf-ailltd. 3 Pet ii. i a

Self-worship (self-wer'ship), n. The idol

uins of one's self. Self-worshipper (aelf-wer'ship-er), n. One

who idolizes himself. Self-wrong (self rong), n. Wrong done by

a person to himself.

Bot lest mywrf be jpuitty of se/f-wranf

I U Bop mine ears against the mermaid's song. Shmk.

Bellon (sel'i-on), n. [L.L selio, selionis; Fr. eitton, a ridge, a furrow.] A ridge of land rising between two furrows, of a breadth sometimes greater, sometimes less.

Sell t (sel), n. [Also telle, from Fr. seUe, L. teila, a seat, a saddle.] 1. A saddle.

What migbty warrior that mote be Who rode in golden sell with single speare. Spenser.

Some commentators on Shakspere think that the well-known passage in Macbeth, act f. scene 7,

1 have no spur
To prick the sides of ruy intent, but only
Vaulting ambition which o'crleaps itself
And fails on the other,

should read.' Vaulting ambition which o'erleaps Its sell.' 2. A throne; a seat.

A tyrant proud frowned from his lofty sell. Fairfax.

Sell (selX v.t pret. A pp. gold; ppr. selling. [A Sax. sellan, syUan, to give, to deliver up; LG. sellen. Ic«C selja, to sell, to deliver; Goth, saljan. to offer, to sacrifice. The original meaning would seem to have been to give or transfer in a solemn manner.) 1. To transfer, as property, or the exclusive right of possession, to another for an equivalent; to give up for a consideration; to dispose of for something else, especially for money. It is correlative to buy, as one party buys what the other sells, and is now usually distinguished from exchange or barter, in which une commodity is given for another; whereas in telling the consideration is generally money or its representative in current notes.

If thou witt be perfect go and re//that thou hast, and give to the poor. Mat. xix. ax.

1 To make a matter of bargain and sale of; to accept a price or reward for, as for a breach of duty, trust, or the like; to take a bribe for; to betray. Yjo would have seld your king to slaughter. Shak.

X To impose upon; to cheat; to deceive; to befool. [Slang. 1

We could not but laugh quietly at the complete suecrss if the Kaiah's scheme; we were, to use a vulgar ptoaae. • regutirty sold,' W. H. Russell.

—To sell one's life dearly, to cause great loss to those who take one's life; to do great injury to the enemy before one is killed.—To sell one up, to sell a debtor's goods to pay his


Sell (iel). v i 1. To have commerce; to practise selling.

I wuj boy with yon, sell with you; but I will not eat •"■von. Shak.

2. To be sold; as, corn sells ut a good price.

Few writings sell which arc not filled with great names. Addison.

To sell out, (a) to sell one's commission in the army and retire from the service. (6) To dispose of all one's shares in a company.

Sell (sel), ». An imposition; a cheat; a deception; a trick successfully played at another's expense. [Slung.]

Sellanders, Sellenders (aenan-derz, sel'len-derz), n. [Fr. solandres. Comp. malanders.] A skin disease in a horse's hough or pastern owing to a want of cleanliness.

Sella Turcica (sel'la tur'si-ka), n. [So named from its supposed resemblance to a Turkish saddle.] A cavity in the sphenoid bone, containing the pituitary gland, and surrounded by the four clinoid processes.

Selle, * n. A cell. Chaucer.

Selle.t n. A sill; a door-sill or threshold. Chaucer.

Belief (sel). n. [Written also Sell (which see).] 1. A scat; a settle; a throne.

Many a yeoman, bold and free,

Revell'd as merrily and well

As those that sat in lordly selle. Sir W. Scott.

2. A saddle. Seller (sel'er), n. One who sells; a vender.

To things of sale a seller's praise belongs. Shak.

Selters-water (selt'6rz-wa-ter), n, A highlyprized medicinal mineral water found at Nieder- Setters in the valley of the Lahn, Nassau, Germany. It contains chloride of sodium, carbonates of magnesium, sodium, and calcium, and a large quantity of free carbonic acid. Called less correctly Seltzer' water.

Seltzogene (selt'zd-jen), n. Same as Gazogene.

Selvage (sel'vaj), n. See Selvedge.

Selvagee (sel-va-je^ n. Xaut. a skein or hank of rope-yarn wound round with yarns or marline, used for stoppers, straps. <Vc

Selve t (selv), a. Self; same; very. Chaucer.

Selvedge (sel'vej). n. [St;//and edge; lit. an edge formed of the stuff itself, in opposition to one sewed on. Comp. D. zelfkant, zelfegge, zelfeinde, L G. selfkant, selfende,Q. selbende, lit. self-edge, self-end.] 1. The edge of cloth where it is closed by complicating the threads; a woven border or border of close work on a fabric; list.

Meditation is like the selvedge, which keeps the cloth from ravelling. Echard.

2. ifaut. same as Selvagee.—%. The edge-plate of a lock through which the bolt Bhoots.

Selvedged, Selvaged (sel'vejd, sel'vajd), a. Having a selvedge.

Selves (selvz), pi. of self. Our past at ices.' Locke.

Sely t (seli), a Same as Seely.

Selynesat (se'li-nes), n. [From sely or seely, prosperous.] Happiness. Chaucer.

Semaphore (sem'a-fdr), n, [Or. sfma, a sign, and phero, to bear.] A kiud of telegraph or apparatus for conveying information by signals visible at a distance, such as oscillating arms or flags by daylight and lanterns at night. Many kinds of semaphores were in use before the invention of the electric telegraph, and a simple form is still employed on railways to regulate traffic.— Semaphore plant, a name given to Desmod in in gyrans, from the peculiar movements of its leaves. See DKSMODIUM.

Semaphoric, Semaphorical (sem-a-for'ik, sem-a-for'ik-al), a. Relating to a semaphore or to semaphores; telegraphic.

Semaphorlcally (sem - a - for' ik - al - li), adv. By means of a semaphore.

Semaphorist (se-mafor-ist), n. One who has charge of a semaphore.

Sematology (se-ma-tol'o-ji), n. [Gr. sima, 8t*matos, a sign, and logos, discourse.] The doctrine of signs, particularly of verbal signs, in the operations of thinking and reasoning; the science of language as expressed by signs. Smart [Rare]

Semblablet (sera'bla-bl), a, [Fr.] Like; similar; resembling.

It is a wonderful thing to see the semblable coherence of his men's spirits and his. ShaJt.

Semblablet (sem'bla-bl),n. Likeness; representation; that which is like or represents.

His semblable is his mirror. Shak.

His semblable, yea, himself Timon disdains. Shak.

Semblably t (sera'bla-bli), adv. In a similar manner; similarly.

A gallant knight he was, his name was Blunt:
Semblably furnish'd like the king himself. Shak.

Semblance (sem'blans), n. [Fr. semblance, from sembler, to seem, to appear, from L.

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similare, simulare, to make like, from sivtilis, like. Root same as that of £. same.l 1. Similarity; resemblance; hence, mere show or make-believe. 'High words that bore semblance of worth.' Milton—2. External figure or appearance; exterior; show; form.

Their semblance kind, and mild their gestures were. Fairfax He made his Masque what it ought to be, essentially lyrical, and dramatic only in semblance. Afacautay,

3. A form or figure representing something; likeness; image.

No more than wax shall be accounted evil
Wherein is stamp'd the semblance of a devil. Shak.

Semblantt (sem'blant), u. Show; figure;

resemblance Spenser. Semblant (sem'blant), a. l.t Like; resembling. Prior.—2. Appearing; seeming rather than real; specious.

Thou art not true; thou art not extant—only sentblant. Carlyte.

Semblative t (sem'bla-tiv), a. Resembling; seeming.

And all is semblative a woman's part. Shak.

Semblaunt,t Semblanttn. [Fr.semManr.] ■Seeming; appearance. Chaucer. Semble (sern'bl), v.i. [Fr. sembler, to imitate. See Semblance] l.t To imitate; to represent or to make similar; to make n likeness. 'Where sembling art may carve the fair effect.' Prior. —2. In law, used imper.-onally, generally under the abbreviation sem. or semb. for it seems, and commonly prefixed to a point of law (not necessary to be decided in the case) which has not been directly settled, but on which the court indicates its opinion.

Seme (sem'a). a. [Fr., Bown.] In her. a term employed to describe a field Seme of fleur-de-lis. or charge powdered or strewed over with figures, as stars, billets, crosses, dec. It is also called Powdered.

Semecarpus (s6-me-kar'pusX "■ [Gr. simeion, a mark, and karpos, fruit] A small genus of Asiatic and Australian trees, nat order Anacardiacere, so named from the remarkable property possessed by the juice of the fruit, whence it is commonly called marking nut. They have alternate, simple, leathery leaves, and terminal or lateral panicles of small white flowers. & Anaeardium has long been known for the corrosive reBinous juice contained in the nut. This juice is at first of a pale milk colour, but when the fruit is perfectly ripe it is of a pure black colour, and very acrid. It is employed m medicine by the natives of India and to mark all kinds of cotton cloth. The bark is astringent.and yields various shades of abrown dye. A soft, tasteless, brown ish-colouretl gum exudes from the bark. See Malacca. SemeiogTaphy (se-ml-og'ra-fl), r*. [Gi simeion, a mark, a sign, and graphs}, to write. ] The doctrine of signs; specifically, in pathol. a description of the marks or symptoms of diseases.

Semeiologlcal(Be'mi-d-loj"ik-al), o. Relating to semeiology or the doctrine of signs; specifically, pertaining to the symptoms of diseases.

Semeiology (afi-mi-ol'o-jl), n. [Gr. #emeion, a mark, a sign, and logos, discourse] The doctrine of signs: semeiotics. Semeiotlc (sft-ml-ot'ik). a. Relating to semeiotics; pertaining to signs; specifically. relating to the symptoms of diseases; symptomatic

Semeiotics (se-ml-ot'ikB), n. [Gr. semeiou, a mark, a Bign.] 1. The doctrine or science of signs; the language of signs. 2. Inpathol. that branch which teaches how to judge of all the symptoms in the human body, whether healthy or diseased; symptomatology; semeiology.

Semeiiche.t Semely,t a. Seemly; comely. Chaucer.

Semelybede, t n. Seemliness; comeliness. Romaunt of the Hose.

Semen (se'men), n. [L., from root of sero, to sow.] 1. The seed or prolific fluid of mule animals; the secretion of a testicle; sperm. 2. The seed of plants, or the matured ovule.— Semen contra. See Semkncine. Semenclne (sS'men-sin), n. A strong aromatic, bitter drug, which has long been in much repute as on anthelmintic. It consists of the dried flower-buds of a number

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of species of Artemisia. Called also Satonici Semen, Semen Contra, Wormseed, Ac. Semeae (lem-es'), a. [L semi, half, and esuM, eaten, from edo, esum, to eat] Halfeaten. [Rare.J

No; they're sons of jfyps. and that kind of thin^, who feed on the semese fragments of the high table.


Semester (s£-mes'ter), n. [L. semestris, half-yearly —sex, six, and mensis, month] A period or term of six months.

Semi (semi). [L. semi, Gr. himi,] A prefix signifying half; half of; in part; partially. The compounds are generally of very obvious meaning if the latter parts be known, and we give only a certain number of them below.

Semi-acid (sem'i-as-id), n. and a. Half-acid; subacid.

Semi-anrplexlcaul (sem'i-am-plek"si-kal), a. [L. semi, half, amplector, amplexus, to embrace, and caulis, stem.] Partially amplexicaul. In bot. embracing the stem half around, as a leaf.

Semi-angle (sem'i-ans-gl), n. The half of a given or measuring angle.

Semi-annual (sem-i-an'nu-al), a. Halfyearly.

Semi-annular (sem-i-an'nu-ler), a. [L. semi, half, and annulus, a ling.] Having the figure of half a ring; forming a semicircle. N. Grew.

Semi-Arian (sem-i-a'ri-an), n. [See Akian, ] In eecles. hist, a branch of the Arians, who in appearance condemned the errors of Arius but acquiesced in some of his principles, disguising them under more moderate terms. They did not acknowledge the Hon to be consubstantial with the Father, that is. of the same substance, but admitted him to be of a like substance with the Father, not by nature, but by a peculiar privilege.

Semi-Arian (sem-i-a'ri-an), a. Pertaining to Hemi-Arianism.

Semi-Arianlsm (sem-i-a'ii-an-izm), n. The doctrines or tenets of the Semi-Arians.

Sentf-attached<aem'i-at-tacht"),rt. Partially attached or united; partially bound by affection, interest, or special preference of any kind.

We would have been semi-attached as it were. We would have locked up that room in either heart where the skeleton was, and said nothing about it


—Semi-attached house, one of two houses joined together, but both standing apart from others.

Semi - barbarian (sem' 1 - bar - ba" rl - an), a. Half savage; partially civilized.

Semi-barbarian (sem'i-bar-ba"ri-an), n. One who is but partially civilized.

Semi-barbaric <sem'i-bar-bar"ik), a. Half barbarous; partly civilized; as, semi-barbaric display.

Semi-barbarism (sem-i-bar'bar-izm), n. The state or quality of being semi-barbarous or half civilized.

Semi-barbarous (sem-i-bar'ba-rus), a. Half civilized; semi-barbarian; semi-barbaric.

Semibreve (sem'i-brev), n. In music, a note of half the duration or time of the breve. The semibreve is the measure note by which all others are now regulated. It is equivalent In time to two Semibreve. minims, or four crotchets, or eight quavers, or Bixteen semiquavers, or thirty-two demi-semiquavers.

Semlbrieft (sem'i-bref), n. Same as Semibreve.

Semi-bull (sem'i-bul), n. Eecles. a hull issued by a pope between the time of his election and that of his coronation. A semibull has only an impression on one side of the seal. After the consecration the name of the pope and date are stamped on the reverse, thus constituting a double bulL

Semi-calcined (sem-i-kal'slnd), a. Half calcined; as, semi-calcined iron.

Semi-castrate (sem-i-kas'trat), v.t. To deprive of oue testicle.

Semi-castration (sem'i-ka8-tra"shon), n, Half castration; deprivation of one testicle. Sir T. Browne.

Semi-chorus (sem-i-k6'rus), n. A chorus, usually short, or part of a chorus, performed by a few singers.

Ssmicircle (sem'i-ser-kn, n. 1. The half of a circle; the part of a circle comprehended between its diameter ami half of its circumference.—2. An instrument for measuring angles; a graphometer.—3. Any body In the form of a half circle.

Semiclrcled (sem'i-aer-kid), a. Same as

Semicircular. 'A semicircied farthingale.' Sha/c.

Semicircular (sem-1-ser'ku-Ier), a. Having the form of a half circle. — Semicircular canals. In anat. the name given, from their figure, to three canals belonging to the organ of hearing, situated in the petrous portion of the temporal bone, and opening into the vestibule.

Semi - circumference (sem'i-ser-kuni/'ferens), n. Half the circumference.

Semiclrque (sem'i-serk), n. A semicircle; a semicircular hollow. 'The semicirque of wooded hills.' Fraser's Alag.

Upon a semicirque of turf-clad ground.

The hidden nook discovered to our view

A mass of rock. Wordsworth.

Semicolon (sem'i-ko-lon), n, Ingram, and punctuation, the point (;), the mark of a pause to be observed in reading or speaking, of less duration than the colon, and more than that of the comma. It is used to distinguish the conjunct members of a sentence.

Semi-column (sem'i-kolum), n. A half column.

Semi-columnar (sem'i-ko-lum"ner), a. Like a half column; flat on one side and round on the other: a botanical term, applied to a stem, leaf, or petiole. Semi - conscious (sem-i-kon'shus), a. Imperfectly conscious. De Quincey. Semicope t (sera'i-kdp), n. An ancient clerical garment, being a half or short cloak. Chaucer.

Semi-crystalline (sem-i-kris'tal-in),a. Half or imperfectly crystallized. Semlcubical (sem-i-kub'ik-al), a. In conic sections, applied to a species of parabola defined by this property, that the cubes of the ordinates are proportional to the squares of the corresponding abscissas. This curve Is the evolute of the common parabola. Semicubium, Semicupium (aem-i-ko/bium, sem-i-ku'pi-um), n. [L.L., from semi, half, and cupa, a tun, a cask] A half-bath, or one that covers only the lower extremities and hips. [Rare] Semlcylinder (sein-i-sil'in-der), n. Half a cylinder.

Semi-cylindric, Semi-cylindrical (sem'isi-lin"drik. sem'i-si-lin"drik-al), a. Halfcylindrical. — Semi-cylindrical leaf, in bot. one that is elongated, flat on one side, round on the other.

Semi - demi - semiquaver (sem'i-dem-i8em"i-kwa-ver), n. In music, a note of half the duration of a deml-semi- 5EE quaver; the sixty-fourth part of a sf— semibreve.

Semi-detached (sem'i-de-tacht"\ a. Partly separated: applied to one of two houses which are detached from other buildings, and joined together by a single party-wall; as, a semi-detached villa. Semi-diameter (sem'l-di-am"et-er), n. Half a diameter; a radius.

Semi - diapason (sem'i-di-a-pa"zon), n. In music, an imperfect octave, or an octave diminished by a lesser semitone. Semi - diapeiite (sem'i-dl-a-pen"t£), n. In music, an imperfect or diminished fifth. Semi-diaphaneity (sero'i-dl-a-fa-ne"i-ti), n. Half or imperfect transparency. Boyle. Semi - diaphanous (sem'i-dl-af'an-us), a. Half or imperfectly transparent. 'A semidiaphanous grey.' Woodward. Semi-diate8saron(sem'i-dI-a-tes"sa-ron),n. In music, an imperfect or diminished fourth. Seml-ditone (sem'I-dl-tdn), n. In music, a minor third.

Semi-diurnal (sem'i-dl-er"nal). a. 1. Pertaining to or accomplished in half a day or twelve hours; continuing half a day. —2. Pertaining to or accomplished in six hours.— Semi-diurnal arc, in astron. the arc described by a heavenly body in half the time between its rising and setting. Semi-dome (sem'i-dom), n. Half a dome, especially as formed by a vertical section. Semi-double (sem-i-duld), n. An inferior or secondary ecclesiastical festival, ranking next above a simple feast or bare commemoration. Rev. F. G Lee. Semi-double (aem-i-du'bl). a. Tn bot. having the outermost stamens converted into petals while the inner ones remain perfect: said of a flower.

Semi-fable (sero'I-fa-bl), n. A mixture of truth and fable; a narrative partly fabulous and partly true. De Quincey. (Rare.] Semi-flexed (sem'i-flekst), a. Half-bent. Semi-floscular (sem-i-ilos'ku-ler), a. Same as Semi-jtosculous.

Semi-nosculous, Semi-flosculose (scm-ffios'ku-lus, sem-i-noe'ku-los), a. [Semi, and L. Jlosculus, a little flower.] In lot. having the corolla split and turned to one side, as In the ligule of composites. Semi-fluid (sem-i-flu'id), a. Imperfectly fluid. Semi-formed(sem'i-formd),a. Half-formed; imperfectly formed; as, a semi-formed crystal.

Seml-horal (sem-i-ho'ralV a. Half-hourly. Semi-ligneous (sem-l-lig/ne-us), a. Half or partially ligneous or woody. In bot. applied to a stem which is woody at the base and herbaceous at the top, as the common rue, sage, and thyme.

Semi-liquid (■era-i-lik'wid),a. Half-liquid; semi-fluid.

Semi-liquidity (sem'i-lik-wid"i-ti), n. The state of oeiug semi-liquid; partial liquidity. Semilor (sem'i-lor). n. [Prefix semi. Unit, and Fr. Vor, gold.] An alloy, consisting of five parts of copper and one of zinc, used for manufacturing cheap jewelry, &c. Semilunar (sem-1-lu'ner), a. [ft. stmilunaire—'L. semi, half, and luna, the moon ] Resembling in form a half-moon. 'A semilunar ridge.' X. Grew.—Semilunar cartilages, fn anat two flbro-cartilages which exist between the condyles of the os femoris and the articulate surfaces of the tibia.— Semilunar ganglia, fn anat. the ganglia formed by the great sympathetic nerve on its entrance into the abdomen, from which nerves are sent to all the viscera—Semilunar notch, in anat. an indentation iu the form of a half-moon between the eoracoid process and the superior border of the scapula. —Semilujutr valves, in anat. the three valves at the beginning of the pulmonary artery and aorta: so named from their half-moon shape.

Semilunary, Semllunate (sem-i-lu'na-ri). sem-i-lu'nat), a. Semilunar. 'A semilunary form.' Sir T. Herbert. Semi-membranous(sem-l-meml)ra-nus),a. Half or partially membranous. In anat. applied to a muscle of the thigh, from the long flat membraue-like tendon at its upper part. It serves to bend the leg. Semi-menstrual (sem-i-men'stro-al).a. [L. semi, half.and menstrualis,mot\th\y.] Halfmonthly; specifically, applied to an inequality of the tide which goes through its changes every half-month. Semi-metal (sem'i-met-al), n. In old chem. a metal that is not malleable, as bismuth, arsenic, nickel, cobalt, antimony, manganese, Ac.

Semi-metallic (seni'i-me-tal"ik), a. Pertaining to a semi-metal; partially metallic in character.

Semi-minim (sem'i-min-im), n. In music, a half minim or crotchet. Semi-mute (sem'i-mut), a. Applied to a person who, owing to losing the sense of hearing, has lost also to a great extent the faculty of speech, or who, owing to congenital deafness, has never perfectly acquired that faculty.

Semi - mute (sem'i-mut), n. A semi-mutt person.

Seminal (sem'in-al), a. [L. seminalis, from semen, seed. See Semen. ] 1. Pertaining to seed or semen, or to the elements of reproduction. — 2. Contained in seed; germinal; null mental; original.

These are very imperfect rudiments of ' Paradise Lost;' but it is pleasant to see great works in their seminal state, pregnant with latent possibilities of excellence. Johnson.

Seminal leaf, the same as Seed-leaf. Seminalt (sem'in-al).u. Seminal state. "The

seminalsof other iniquities.' SirT. Browne. Seminallty (sem-i-naVi-ti). n. The state of

being seminal; the power of being produced.

Sir T. Browne.
Seminarian. Seminarist (sem-ina'ri-an,

sem'in-a-rist), n. A member of a seminary;

specifically, an English Roman Catholic

priest educated in a foreign seminary.

Seminarists now come from Rome to pervert souls.
She Idem.

Seminary (sem'i-na-ri), n. [Fr. seminaire;
L. seminarium, from semen, seminis, seed,
from root of sero, satum, to sow.] Lt A
seed-plot; ground where seed is sown for
producing plants for transplantation; a
nursery; as, to transplant trees from a semi-
nary. Mortimer. —2.t The place or original
stock whence anything is brought.

This stratum, . . . being the seminary or promptuary, that furnishes forth matter for the formation and increment of animal and vegetable bodies.


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X A place of education; any school, academy, college, or university in which young persons are instructed in the several branches of learning which may qualify them for their future employments. —4.t A seminary priest; a Roman Catholic priest educated in a seminary; a seminarist

A wbfle *£OCC they made me. yea me, to mistake a-. 1. mtaL zealous pursuivant for a Mcmin.iry.

F. Jensen.

Seminary (sem'i-na-H). a. 1. Seminal; be)■ rising to seed. "Seminary Teasels.' Dr. John Smith. —S. Trained or educated in a foreign seminary: aaid of a Roman Catholic priest. 'All Jesuits, seminary priests, and *>lber priests, II alia m. Semlnate' (sem'i-nat), v.t. pret A pp. semimated; ppr. semittating [L semino, semiiut/Mia, to sow. See SEMEN.] To Sow; to spread; to propagate. 'Doctors, who first teutijiated learning.' Waterhouse. Semination (sem-i-na'shon), n. [L. seminatia. teminatvjnu, from semino. See SEMEN.] 1 f The act of sowing; the act of disseminatqpg, Evelyn. —2. in bot. the natural dispersion of seeds; the process of seeding. The seed* of plants are dispersed in various ways. Some are heavy enough to fall directly to the ground; others are furnished with a pappus or down, by means of which they are dispersed by the wind; while others are contained in elastic capsules, which, bursting open with considerable force, scatter the seeds.

Seminedt (se'mind), a. Thick covered, as with seeds. 'Her garments blue, aud setuined with stars.' B. Jotuton. Seminiferous (sem-1-nif er-usX a [L. semen, armtiuf, seed, and/pro, to produce.] Seedbearing; producing seed. Semlnlflc, Seminincal (sem-i-nifik, sem-iniTik-al), a [L. semen, seminis, seed, and /ocui, to make] Forming or producing seed or semen.

Seminiflcation(seni'in-if-i-ka"shon), n. Propagatiun from the seed or seminal parts. Sv if IlaU. [Bare ]

Seminole (sem'i-ndl), n. and a. [Amer. Indian, wild, reckless. ] One of, or belonging to, a tribe of American Indians, originally a vagrant offshoot from the Creeks. They gave great trouble to the settlers in Georgia and Florida, and after a tedious war the remains of the tribe were removed to the Indian territory beyond the Mississippi. Semi-nude (sem'i-nud), a. Partially nude; half naked.

Semi-nymph (sem'i-ninif), n. In entom. the nymph of insects which undergo a slight change only in passing to a perfect state. Sexniogr&phy (se-ml-og'ra-fl), n. Same as Semeitjaraphy.

Semiologicai (se'mi-d-lopk-al), a. Same as SemeuAogical.

Semiology (Be-mi-ol'o-JI). n. [Or. semeion, s sign, and logos, discourse. ] Same as Seawipfifj.

Semi-opacous t (sem'i-6-pa"kus), a. Semiopaque. Boyle.

Semi-opal (sem-i-6'pal), n. A variety of opal not possessing opalescence. Semi-opaque (sem'i-6-pak"), a. Half transparent only; half opaque. Semi-orbicular (*em'i-or-bik''u-ler),a. Having the shape of a half orb or sphere. Semi-ordlnate(sem-i-or'din-at),n. In eonie seetums, see ORDINATE. 3emiotic (se-mS-of ik), a. Same as Semeiotic. Semiotics (semi ot'iks), n. See SemeioTirs.

Semi - palmate, Semi - paima ted (sem-ipafmat, aem-i-pai'mat-ed). a. In tool, having the feet webbed only partly down the toes.

Semi-parabola (sem'I-pa-rab"6-la), n. In math, a curve of such a nature that the powers of its ordinates are to each other as the nest lower powers of its abscissas. Semiped (sem'i-ped). n. [Semi, and L. pes, ptdu. a foot 1 In pros, a half-foot Semi pedal (•^m-i-pe'dal), a. In pros, containing a half-foot

Semi - Pelagian (sero'i-pg-la"Ji-anX «- In tides hist a follower of John Cassfanus, a monk who, about the year 430, modified the doctrines of Pelagius, by maintaining tost grace was necessary to salvation, but that, on the other hand, our natural faculties were sufficient for the commencement of repentance and amendment; that Christ died for all men; that his grace was equally '■fared to all men; that man was born free, tod therefore capable of receiving its influences or resisting them.

Semi-Pelagian (sem'i-pe-la"ji-an), a. Pertaining to the Semi-Pelagians or their tenets.

Semi - Pelagianism (seru'i-De-la"ji-an-izm). n. The doctrines or tenets of the SemiPelagians.

Semi-pellucid (sem'i-pel-]u"sid), a. Partially pellucid; Imperfectly transparent; as, a semi-pellucid gem.

Semi-plantiprade (sem-i-plan'ti-grad), a. In zool. applied to certain families of mammals, as the Viverrida? or civets, and the Mustelida? or weasels, in which a portion of the sole of the hind-feet at least is applied to the ground in walking.

Semi - quadrate, Semi - quartile (aem'ikwod-rat, sem'i-kwar-til), n. [L. semi, and quadrat us, quadrate, or quartus, fourth.] In astrol. an aspect of two planets when distant from each other the half of a quadrant, or 45 degrees.

Semiquaver (sem'i-kwa-ver), n. In music, a note of half the duration of the quaver; the sixteenth of the Semibreve. Semiquavers.


(sem'i-kwa-ver), v. t. To sound or sing in, or as in, semiquavers.

With wire and catgut he concludes the day, Quav'ring and stmtquav'ring care away. Confer.

Semi-Quietist (sem-i-kwl'et-ist), n. One of a sect of mystics who, while maintaining with the Quietists that the most perfect state of the soul is passive contemplation, yet maintains the incompatibility of this state with any external sinful or sensual action.

SemiquintUe (sem'i-kwIn-tflXn. In astrol. au aspect of two planets when distant from each other half of the quintile, or 36 degrees.

Semi-recondite (sem-i-rek'on-dU), a. Halfhidden or concealed; specifically, in zool. applied to the head of an insect half concealed within the shield of the thorax.

Semi-septate (sem-i-sep'tat), a. In bot. halfpartitioned; having a dissepiment which does not project into the cavity to which it belongs sufficiently to cut it off into two separate eel la

Semi-sextile (scm'i-teks-tH), n. In astrol. an aspect of two planets when they are distant from each other the half of a sextile, or 30 degrees.

Semi - smile (sem'i-smll), n. A half laugh; a forced grin. 'A doleful and doubtful semismile of welcome.' Lord Lytton.

SemisouiV" Ahalf-sound;aloworbroken tone. Chaucer.

Semi-spheric, Seini-spherical (sem-isfer'ik, sem-i-sfer'ik-al). a. Having the figure of a half sphere.

Semi-spinal (sem'i-spl-nal), a. In anat applied to two muscles connected with the transverse and spinous processes of the vertebra;.

Semi-Steel (sem'i-stel), n. A name given in the United States to puddled steel.

Semi-tangent (sem'i-tan-jent), n. In math. the tangent of half an arc.

Semite (sem'it), n. A descendant of Shem; one of the Semitic race. See under SEMITIC. Written also Shemite.

Semite (sem'it), a. Of or belonging to Shem or his descendants. Written also Shemite.

Semitendinose (sem-i-ten'din-os), a. In anat. applied to a muscle situated obliquely along the back part of the thigh. It assists in bending the leg, and at the same time draws it a little inwards.

Semi tertian (sem-l-terahi-an), a. In med. applied to a fever possessing both the characters of the tertian and quotidian intermittent. Dunglison.

Semltertian (sem-i-ter'shi-an), n. A semitertian fever.

Semitic (se-mit'ik), a. Relating to Shem or his reputed descendants; pertaining to the Hebrew race or any of those kindred to it, as the Arabians, the ancient Phoenicians, and the Assyrians — Semitic or Shemitic languages, an important group or family of languages distinguished by tnliteral verbal roots and vowel inflection, it com prises three branches—Northern. Aramaean, Aramaic or Chaldean; CentralorCanaanitfsh; and Southern or Arabic. These have been subdivided as follows:—(1)^4 ramatan,including Eastern and Western Aramaean; the Eastern embraces the Assyrian, the Babylonian, from which several dialects originated, as the Chaldafc, the Syro-Chaldaic; and the Samaritan. The Western Aramaean includes the Syriac dialect, the Palmyrene, and the

Sabiau idiom, a corrupted Syriac dialect (2) Canaanitish comprises the Phoenician language, with its dialect the Punic or Carthaginian, and the Hebrew with the Rabbinic dialect. (3) Arabic proper, from which originated the Ethiopian or Abyssinian.

Semitism (sera'it-izm), n. A Semitic idiom or word; the adoption of what is peculiarly Semitic.

Semitone (seni'i-tonX « In music, half a tone; an interval of sound, as between mi and .fa in the diatonic scale, which is only half the distance of the interval between at (do) and re, or sol and la. A semitone, strictly speaking, is not half a tone, as there are three kinds of semitones—greater,lesser, and natural.

Semitonlc (sem-i-ton'ik), a. Pertaining to a semitone; consisting of a semitone or of semitones.

Semi - transept (sem'i-trnn-sept), n. The half of a transept or cross aisle.

Semi-transparency(sem'i-trans-pa"ren-si), ». Imperfect transparency; partial opaqueness.

Semi-tranBparent <sem'i-trans-pa"rent), a. Half or imperfectly transparent

Semi-vitrlncation(8em-i-vit'ri-fl-ka"8hon), n. 1. The state of being imperfectly vitrified.— 2. A substance imperfectly vitrified.

Semi-vitrifled (sem-i-vit'ri-fldx a. Half or imperfectly vitrified; partially converted into glass.

Semi-vocal (sem'i-vd-kal), a. Pertaining to a semi-vowel; half-vocal; imperfectly sounding.

Seml-VOWel (sem'i-vou-el),n. A half-vowel; a sound partaking of the nature of both a vowel and a consonant; an articulation which Is accompanied with an imperfect sound, which may be continued at pleasure, as the sounds of /, m, r. Also, the sign representing such a sound.

Semmit (sem'mitX n. [Perhaps a contr. of fr.cAemufffe.l An undershirt, generally woollen. [Scotch]

SemnopltliecuB (sem'n6-pi-th€"kus),n. [Gr. semnos, august, venerable, and pithfkos, an ape.] A genus of catarhine or Old World apes, having long slender tails, well-developed canine teeth, and tuberculate molars. One of the moBt familiar species, S. Entellus. the sacred monkey of the Hindus, is of a grayish or grayish-brown colour, with black hands, feet, and face. All the species are natives of Asia and Asiatic islands.

Semola, Semolella (seni'o-la, sem-d-lellaX n. Same as Semolina.

Semolina (sem-d-li'na), n. [It. semolino] A name given to the large hard grains retained in the bolting-machine after the fine flour has been passed through it It is of various degrees of fineness, and is ofteu made intentionally in considerable quantities, being a favourite food in France, and to some extent used in Britain for making puddinga See Manna-croup.

Semoule (sa-moT), n. [Fr.] Same as Sem». Una.

Bempervirent (sem-per-vl'rent), a. [L. sem

f't-r, always, and virens, virentis, flourishng] Always fresh; evergreen.

Sempervlve (seni'per-vlv), n. The houseleek. Bacon. See Sempervivtjm.

Sempervivujn(sem-p6r-vrvum),». [L..from semper, always, and vivus, living] A genus of plants which includes the house-leek- See House-Leek.

Sempiternal (sem-pi-ter'nal), o. [Fr. asmpiternel; h. sempiternus—semper, always, and eternus, eternal. J 1. Eternal in futurity; everlasting; endless; having beginning, but no end.

Those, though they suppose the world not to be eternal. ' a parte ante,' are not contented to suppose it to be sempiternal, or eternal, 'a parte post.'

Sir M. Hal*.

2. Eternal; everlasting; without beginning

or end. Sempiternity (sem-pi-ter'ni-ti), n. [L. asm*

piternitas. See SEMPITERNAL.] Future

duration without end. 'The future eternity

or sempiternity of the world.' Sir M. Hale. Semple (sem'pl), a. Simple; low-born; of

mean birth: opposed to gentle. (Scotch.] Sempre (sem'pra). [It] In music, always

or throughout. Sempster (semp'ster), n. A seamster (which


He supposed that Walton had given up his business as a linen-draper and semester. Jtosivtll.

Sempstress (semp'stres), n. [A. Sax. seamestre, a sempstress, with term, -ess.) A woman who lives by needle-work. Swift.




Sempstressy (semp'stres-I), n. See SeamStress v.

Samuncia (se-mun'si-a), n. [L. semi, half, ami uncia, the twelfth part of an as.] A small Roman coin of the weight of four drachma, being the twenty-fourth part of the Roman pound.

Seat (sen), adv. Since.

Senary (sen'a-ri), a. [L. senarius, from seni, six each, from sex, six.] Of six; belonging to six; containing six.

Senate(sen'fit),n. [ft. sfnat, froml*. senatus, from senex, senis, old, aged: Gr. henos, Skr. satins, old.] 1. An assembly or council of citizens invested with a share in the government of a state; as, (a) originally, in ancient Rome, a body of elderly citizens appointed or elected from among the nobles of the state, and having supreme legislative power. The number of senators during the best period of the Roman republic was300. (6)The upper or less numerous branch of a legislature in various countries, as in France, in the United States, in most of the separate states of the Union, and in some Swiss cantons. Hence, (c) in general, a legislative body; a state council; the legislative department of a government. 'The crown, the senate, and the bench.' A. Fonbtanqw. 2. The governing body of the University of Cambridge. It is divided into two houses, named regents and non-regents. The former consists of Masters of Arts of less than five years' standing, and doctors of less than two, and is called the upper house or white-hood house, from its members wearing hoods lined with white silk. All other masters and doctors who keep their names on the college books are non-regents, and compose the lower house or Mack-hood house, from its members wearing black hoods.

Senate - chamber (sen'at-eham-ber), n. A chamber or hall in which a senate assembles.

Senate-house (sen'at-hous), n. A house in which a senate meets, or a place of public council. Shak.

Senator (sen'at-or), n. 1. A member of a senate. In Scotland the lords of session are called senators of the college of Justice, 2. In old English law, a member of the king's council; a king's councillor. Burr ill.

Senatorial (seu-a-to'ri-al).a. 1. Pertaining to a senate; becoming a senator; as, senatorial robes; senatorial eloquence.

Go on, brave youths, till, in some future age,
Whips shall become the senatorial bad^e.

T. Wharton.

2. In the United States, entitled to elect a senator; as, a senatorial district Senatorlally (seu-a-to'ri-al-li), adv. In a senatorial manner; in a way becoming a senator; with dignity or solemnity.

The mother was cheerful; the father senatorialty grave. A. Drnmmond.

Senatorlan (sen-a-to'ri-onX a. Same as Senatorial.

propose your schemed, ye senatorian band. Whose ways and means support the sinking land. Johnson.

SenatOrtoust (sen-a-to'ri-us), a. Senatorial.

Senatorshlp (sen'at-or-shfp), n. The office or dignity of a senator. Richard Carew.

Senatus (se-na'tus), n. [L] A senate; a governing body in certain universities.— Senatus academicus, one of the governing bodies in Scotch universities, consisting of the principal and professors, and charged with the superintendence and regulation of discipline, the administration of the university property and revenuea.subject to the control and review of the university court, and the conferring of degrees through the chancellor or vice-chancellor.—Senatus conHultum, a decree of the ancient Roman senate, pronounced on some question or point of law.

Sencet (sens), n. Sense; feeling; sympathy Spenser.

Send (send), v.t. pret <t pp. sent; ppr. sending. [A. Sax. sendan, to send, pret. ic sende, I sent; O.Fris., Icel. senda, Dan. sende, D. zenden, G. senden, Goth, sandjan, to send, lit. to moke to go; Goth, sinthan, to go, from sinths, A. Sax. slth, a path; cog. Skr. mdh, to go. ] 1. To cause to go or pass from one place to another; to despatch. God Thither will send his winged messengers On errands of supernal grace. Milton.

2. To procure the going, carrying, transmission. Ac, of; to cause to be conveyed or transmitted.

(He) sent letters by posts on horseback.

Est. riii. to.

3. To impel; to propel; to throw; to cast; to hurl; as, this gun sends a ball 2000 yards.

In his right hand he held a trembling dart
Whose fellow he before had sent apart. S/enser.

4. To commission, authorize, or direct to go and act.

1 have not sent these prophets, yet they ran.

Jer. xxtii. si.

6. To cause to take place; to cause to come; to bestow; to inflict. He . . . sendeth rain on the just and on the nnjust. Mat. v. 4$.

The Lord shall send upon thee cursing, vexation, and rebuke. Dent, xxviii. so.

6. To cause to be. 'God send him well' Shak.

Send her victorious,

Happy and glorious, National Anthem.

7. Before certain verbs of motion, to cause to do the act indicated by the principal verb. It always, however, implies impulsion or propulsion; as, to send one packing.

He flung him out into the open air with a violence which sent him staggering several yards. Warren,

Shall we be at once split asunder into innumerable fragments, and sent drifting through indefinitespace. Warren.

The royal troops instantly fired such a volley of musketry as sent the rebel horse flying in all directions. Alacattlay,

—To send forth or out, (a) to produce; to put or bring forth; as, a tree sends forth branches. (6) To emit; as, flowers send forth their fragrance.

Send (sendY v. i. 1. To despatch a message: to despatch an agent or messenger for some purpose.

See ye how this son of a murderer hath sent to take away mine head? 2 Ki. vi. 32.

2. JfauL to pitch precipitately into the hollow or interval between two waves: with tended as pret

She sended forward heavily and sickly on the long swell. She never rose to the opposite heave of the sea again. Mich. Scott.

—To send for, to request or require by message to come or be brought; as, to send for a physician; to send for a coach.

Send (send), n. The motion of the waves, or the impetus given by their motion.

Sendal (sen'dal), n. [O.Fr. and Sp. cendal, sendal; L. L, cendalum, usually derived from Gr. sindon, a fine Indian cloth, from Sindhu, the Sanskrit name of the river Indus, whence the name India is derived.] A light thin stuff of silk or thread.

Sails of silk and ropes of senda/.

Such as gleam in ancient lore. Longfellow.

Sender (send'er). u. One that sends. Shak.

Senebiera (sen e-bl-6"ra), n. [In honour of John de Senebicr, of Geneva, a vegetable physiologist.] A genus of plants, nat. order Crucifera:; sometimes called Coronopus. S. Coronopus (common wort-cress) is a native of Europe and North America, and was formerly eaten as a salad. S. didyma is a native of Great Britain, growing on waste ground near the Bea. S. niloticaia eaten as a salad in Egypt They are insignificant weeds with prostrate diffuse stems, finely divided leaves, and small white flowers.

Seneca (sen'e-ka). n. See Senega.

Seneca-oil (sen'e-ka-oil), n, A name for petroleum or naphtha, from its having originally been collected and sold by the Seneca Indians.

Seneca-root (sen'fc-ka-rbt), n. See Senega.

Senecio (se-ne'shi-o), n. [From L. senex, an old man; the receptacle is naked and resembles a bald head. ] A genus of plants, known by the common names of groundsel nnd ragwort. See Groundsel, Ragwort.

Senectitude (se-nek'ti-tud). n. [L. senectus, old age, from senex, old.] Old age. * Senectitude, weary of its toils.' U. Miller. [Rare.]

Senega, Seneka (sen'e-ga, sen'e-ka), n, A drug consisting of the root of a plant called also senega, seneca, and rattlesnake-root, of the genus Polygalo, the P. Senega, a native of the United States. The drug is said to have been used as an antidote to the effects of the bite of the rattlesnake. It is now almost exclusively used in cough mixtures, being similar in its effects to squill. See Polvqala.

Senegal (scn'e-gal). See Gum-senegal.

Senescence (se-nes'sens), n, [L. senesco, from senex,o\<\.] The state of growing old; decay by time.

The earth and all things will continue in trie stale wherein they now are, without the least senescence or decay. Woodward.

Seneacent(sd-nes'sent).o. Beginning to grow old. 'Now as the night was senescent? K A. Poe.

Seneschal (sen'es-shal), n. [Pr. sin/chat, O.Fr. seneschal, L.L. seneseallus, senesealcus, O.G. senesealh—sene, old = L. senex, and scale, scalh, a servant (seen also in marshal). ] An officer in the houses of princes and dignitaries, who has the superintendence of feasts and domestic ceremonies; a steward. In Borne instances the seneschal was an officer who had the dispensing of justice.

Seneschal is a word rarely used except by persons who affect a kind of refinement of style, which they think is attained by using words of exotic growth rather than words the natural growth of their own soil. Iu poetry and romance writing it is sometimes used for a principal officer in the household of distinguished persons, when it is thought that the word steward would be too familiar. Penny Cyclopedia.

Seneschalship (sen'es-shal-ship), n. The office of seneschal.

Senge.t r.t To singe. Chaucer.

Sengreen (sen'gren), n. [G. singhin, a plant, as periwinkle—sin, a root, signifying strength, force, duration, and griin, green.] A plant, the house-leek, of the genus Sempervivum.

Senile (se'nil), a. [L. senilis, from senex, old. See Senate.] Pertaining to old age; proceeding from age; especially pertaining to or proceeding from the weaknesses usually accompanying old age; as, senile garrulity; senile driveL 'Senile maturity of judgment' Boyle.

Loss of colour of the hair may be accidental, premature, or senile. Copland.

Senility (se-nil'i-ti), Tl The state of being senile; old age. Bostcell.

Senior (se'ni-er), a. [L. senior, compar. of senex, old. ] 1. More advanced in age; older; elder: when following a personal name, as John Smith, senior (usually contracted senr. or sen.), it denotes the eldest of two persons in one family or community of that name. —2. Higher or more advanced in rank, office, or the like; as, a senior pastor, officer, member of parliament, Ax.— Senior wrangler. See Wrangler.

Senior (se'ni-er), n. 1. A person who is older than another; one more advanced in life.

He (Pope) died in May, 1744, about % year and a half before his friem! Swift, who, more than twenty years his senior, had naturally anticipated that be should be Uie first tu depart. Craik.

2. One that is older in office, or whose first entrance upon an office was anterior to that of another; one prior or superior in rank or office.—3. A student in the fourth year of the curriculum in American colleges; also, one in the third year in certain professional seminaries.—4. An aged person; one of the oldest inhabitants. 'A senior at the place replies.' Dryden.

Seniority (se-nl-ort-ti), n. 1. State of being senior; superior age; priority of birth; as. he is the elder brother, and entitled to the place by seniority.—2. Priority or superiority in rank or office; as, the seniority of a pastor or an officer.—3. An assembly or court consisting of the senior fellows of a college.

The dons were not slow to hear of what bad hap

Sened, and tliey regarded the matter in so serious a ■j,lit, that they summoned a seniority for its immediate investigation. Farrar.

Seniorizet (sen'i-er-iz), v.i. To exercise lordly authority; to lord it; to rule. Fairfax.

Senioryt (sen'yer-i), n. Same as Setiwrity.

If ancient sorrow be most reverent.

Give mine the benefit of seniory. Shah.

Senna (sen'nsX n. [at. send, senna] The leaves .of various species of Cassia, the best of which are natives of the East The British Pharmacopoeia recognizes two kinds of senna, the Alexandrian and the Tinnevelly. Altrxandrian senna (Senna Alexandrina) consists of the lance-shaped leaflets of C. lanceolata and the obovate ones of C. obovata, carefully freed from the flowers, pods, and leaf-stalks. It is grown in Nubia and Upper Egypt, and imported in large bales from Alexandria. It is liable to be adulterated hy an admixture of the leaves, flowers, and fruit of the argel (Solenostemma Arget). Tinnevelly or East Indian senna (Senna Indica) is a very fine kind, and consists of the large lance-shaped leaflets of Oblongata. The leaflets of C. obovata ore from their shape called also blunt-leaved senna, and from their place of export Aleppo senna. The true senna leaves are distinctly ribbed and thin, and generally pointed, and axe readily distinguished from the leaves of argel by their unequally oblique hose and

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