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to the rib-band by which, through the shores, it is supported on the slip-way. Surmisalt (ser-iui'zal), n. Surmise. 'This needless surmisal.' Milton. Surmise (ser-niiz'), n. [O.Fr. surmise, accusation, from surmettre, pp. surmis, surmite, to impose, to accuse, from prefix sur, L. super, upon, above, and mettre, L. mittere, to send, to let go, to put forth.] 1. The thought or imagination that something may be, of which however there is uo certain or strong evidence; speculation; conjecture; as, the surmises of jealousy or of envy. Function Is smother'd in surmise, and nothing is But what is not. Shak.

Silent we with blind surmise Regarding, while she read, Tennyson.

2. t Thought; reflection.

Being from the feeling of her own grief brought
By deep surmise of others* detriment. Shak.

Srx Conjecture, guess, supposition, hypothesis, speculation.

Surmise (ser-miz'), v.t. pret <fc pp. surmised; ppr. surmising, [See the noun.] To guess to be the case with but little ground to go upon; to imagine; to entertain in thought upon slightevidence; to conjecture; to suspect

It wafted nearer yet, and then she knew
That what before she but surmis'd, was true.

Dry den. This change was not wrought by altering the form or position of the earth, as was surmised by a very learned man, but by dissolving it. Woodward.

Surmiser (ser-miz'er), n. One who surmises, lip. Fell.

Surmising (ser-iniz'ing), n. The act of suspecting; surmise; as, evil surmising*. ITim. vi. 4,

Surmount (ser-mount',), v.t. {Fr. surmonter—sur, over, above, and monter, to mount.]

1. To mount or rise above.

The mountains of Olympus, Athos, and Atlas, sur. mount all winds and clouds. Raleigh.

2. To conquer; to overcome; as, to surmount difficulties or obstacles. 'To surmount the natural difficulties of the place.' .Sir J. Hamcard.—3. To surpass; to exceed. 'Whn t surmounts the reach of human sense.' Mtiton.

This Hector far surmounted Hannibal. Shak,

Sts. To overtop, conquer, overcome, surpass, exceed, excel, vanquish, subdue.

8unnountaDle(srr-mount'a-bl), a. Capable of being surmounted or overcome; conquerable; superable. 'Several arguments hardly surmountable.* Stackhouse.

Snrmountableness (sermount'a-bl-nes), n. The state of being surmountable.

Surmounted (ser-mount'ed), p. and a. L Overcome; conquered; surpassed.—2. In her. the term used of a charge when it has another charge of a different metal or colour laid over it. When it is an animal that has a charge placed over It debruised is the term used. See Debruised. Surmounted arch or dome, an arch or dome that rises higher than a semicircle.

Surmounter (ser-niount'er), n. One who or that which surmounts.

Surmullet (ser'mul-et), n. [Fr. surtnulet. the red mullet, forsormulet. from O. Fr.sor, Mod. Fr. saur, reddish-brown, sorrel, and mulct, a mullet. See Sore, a hawk, a deer.] The common name for fishes of the family Mullidaj, formerly included in the perch family, but distinguished by haviug two dorsal fins placed at a very wide interval, the first being spinous. Two long barbels hang from the under jaw, or, when not in use, are folded up against it. The typical genus is Mullus. The red or plain surmullet (J/, barbatus or rubcr) inhabits the Mediterranean, and attains a length of about 12 Inches. Its flesh is esteemed very delicious, and was extravagantly prized by the Romans. It is remarkable for the brilliancy of its colours.


common on the southern and south-western shores of England.

Surmulot (ser'mu-Iot), n. [Fr., from wur, O.Fr. sor, reddish-brown, sorrel, and mulot, a field-mouse.] A name given by Button to the brown rat (Mus decumanus).

Surname (ser'nam), n. [Prefix sur, over and above, and name.] 1. An additional name; a name or appellation added to the baptismal or Christian name, and which becomes a family name. Surnames with us originally designated occupation, estate, place of residence, or some particular thing or event that related to the person. Thus William Itufus or red; Edmund Ironsides; Robert Smith, or the smith; William Turner. Surnames seem to have been formed at first by adding the name of the father to that of the son, and in this manner several of our surnames were produced. Thus from Thomas William's sou we have Thomas Williamson; from John's son we have Johnson, &c.

There still, however, wanted something to ascertain gentility of blood, where it was not marked by the actual tenure of land. This was supplied by two innovations, devised in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, the adoption of surnames and of armorial bearings. Hallam.

2. An appellation added to the original name. 'My surname Coriolanus.' Shak Surname (ser'nam), v.t. pret <£ pp. surnamed; ppr. surnaming. To name or call by an appellation'added to the original name; to give a surname to.

Another shall subscribe with his hand to the Lord, and surname himself by the name of Israel.

Is. xliv. 5. And Simon he surnatned Peter. Mark hi. 16,

Plain Surmullet {Mullus barbatus).

The striped or common surmullet (M. surrniUetus) is Bomewhat larger, but equal to the red surmullet in delicacy. It is pretty

Surnomlnal (ser-nom'in-al), a. [Prefix sur, over, above, and L. nomen, nominis, a name. ] Relating to surnames.

Surpass (ser-pas7), v.t [Fr. surpasscr—sur ana passer, to pass beyond.] To exceed; to excel; to go beyond in anything good or bad; as, Homer surpasses modern poets in sublimity; Pope surpasses many poets in smoothness of versification; Achilles surpassed the other Greeks in strength and courage.

She as far sur/asset/t Sycorax

As great'st does least. Shak.

A nymph of late there was.

Whose heav'nly form her fellows did tmrfmju,

STS. To exceed, excel, outdo, outstrip.

Surpassable (ser-paa'a-bl), a. Capable of being surpassed or exceeded.

Surpassing (ser-pas'ing), p. and a. Excellent in an eminent degree; exceeding others. 'O thou that with surpassing glory crown'd.' Milton.

Surpassingly (serpasing-li), oap. In a very excellent manner, or in a degree surpassing others.

Surpassingness (ser-pas'ing-nes), n. The state of surpassing.

Surplice (soph's), n. [¥r.surplis,OFr. surpeliz, Pr. sobrepehtz, L.L. superpellteium, L. super, over, and pellteium, a coat, a tunic, lit. a skin coat, from pellicius, made of skins, from pellis, a skin.] A white garment worn by priests, deacons, and choristers in the Church of England and the Roman Catholic Church over their other dress during the performance of

religious services. It is a loose, flowing vestment of linen, reaching almost to the feet, having sleeves broad and full, and differs from the alb only in being fuller and having no girdle nor embroidery at the foot

Surpliced (ser'plist), a. Wearing a surplice. "The surpliced train." Mallet.

Surplice-fee (ser'plis-fe), n. A fee paid to the clergy for occasional dutleB, as on baptisms, marriages, funerals, Ac. T. Warton.

SurpliB,tn. [Fr.] A surplice. Chaucer.

Surplus (ser'plus), n. [Fr. surplus, from sur, L.#K7>er,overand above, and plus, more.] 1. Overplus; that which remains when use


Surplice. Brass of Prior Nelond, Cowfold, Sussex.

is satisfied; excess beyond what is prescribed or wanted; more than -unices. The word is often used adjectively; as, surplus labour; surplus population, «fec.

It is a surflus of your grace, which never

My life may last to answer. Shak.

2. In law, the residuum of an estate after the debts and legacies are paid.

Surplusage (sfir'plus-aj), u. 1. Surplus; as, surplusage of grain or goods beyond what is wanted.—2. In law, something in the pleadings or proceedings not necessary or relevant to the case, and which may be rejected.—3. In accounts, a greater disbursement than the charge of the accountant amounteth to.

Surprisal (ser-prlz'al), n. [See Surprise ] The act of surprising or coming upon suddenly and unexpectedly.or the state of being taken unawares; a surprise.

This strange surprisal put the knight

And wrathful squire into a fright. Jiudtbras.

Surprise (ser-priz'), n. [Fr. surprise, from surpris, pp. of surprendre, to take by surprise, to surprise—prefix *ur,over,above,and prendre= L. prendere, for prchendere, to lay hold of, to seize (as in apprehend, comprehend, &c.). ] 1. The act of comiug upon unawares.or of taking suddenly and without preparation; as, the fort was taken by surprise.

2. The state of being seized with aslotii&hment; an emotion excited by something happening suddenly and unexpectedly, as something novel told or presented to view; wonder; astonishment; amazement; as, nothing could exceed Ms surprise at the narration of these adventures.

Never was heard such a terrible curse I

But what gave rise

To no littie surprise.
Nobody seemed one penny the worse I

R. H. Rarham.

3. t A dish covered with a crust of raised paste, but with no other contents. 'That fantastic dish some call surprise.' Dr. W. King. Surprise cadence, in music, same as Interrupted or Deceptive Cadence. See under CADENCE.— Surprise party, a party of persons who assemble by mutual agreement, but without invitation, at the house of a common friend. [United States.]

Aunt Pardon wisely said no more of the coming surf rise party. Bayard Taylor.

Surprise (ser-priz'), v.t pret. A pp. surprised; ppr. surprising. [See SURPRISE, n.] I. To come or fall upon suddenly and unexpectedly; to assail unexpectedly; to attack or take unawares. 'By his foe surprised at unawares.' Shak. 'When subtle Greeks surprised King Priam's Troy.' Shak.

The castle of Macduff I will surprise. Shak.

Who can speak The mingled passions that surfris'd his heart? Thomson. One visitor, described as a distinguished man of letters, thinks M. le Goupils has surprised the secret of the sculptors of the sixteenth century

Fraser s Mag.

2.t To seize suddenly; to take prisoner.

Is the traitor Cade surprised* Shak.

3. To confuse; to perplex; to confound. 'The ear-deafening voice o' the oracle so surprised my sense.' Shak.

I am surprised with an uncouth fear. Shak.

4. To strike with wonder or astonishment by something sudden, unexpected, or remarkable either in conduct, words, or Btory, or by the appearance of something unusual; as, we are surprised at desperate acts of heroism. — 5. To lead, bring, or betray unawares. 'If by chance he has been surprised into a short nap at sermon.' Addison.—6. t To hold possession of; to hold.

Not with me
That in my hands surprise the sovereignty.


Surpriser (ser-priz'er), n. One who surprises.

Surprising (ser-priz'ing), p. and a. Exciting surprise; wonderful; astonishing; extraordinary; of a nature to excite wonder and astonishment; as, surprising bravery; surjnising patience; a surprising escape from danger. — Wonderful, Strange, Surprising, Curious. See under Wonderful.

Surprisingly (ser-priz'ing-li), adv. In a surprising manner or degree; ns, he exerted himself surprisingly to save the life of his companion.

Surprisingness (ser-priz'ing-ncs), n. State of being surprising.

Surprizet (ser-pnV). *•*■ [See Surprise.] To seize; to surprise. Spenser.




Surquedous.t Surquedroua t (seYkwedus, ser'kwed-rus), a. [See below.] Conceited; proud; arrogant.

Surquedrie.t Surquedryt (serTtwed-ri), n. 10. Fr. surcuider, to presume, surcuidance, arrogance, presumption, disdain—«ur, over, above, and cuider, to think, from L. cogito, cogitare, to think, to cogitate. Comp. outrecuidance] Overweening pride; arrogance. •Without suspect of surquedry.' Donne.

Surquedyt (serTcwed-i), n. [See SurquedRIE. ] Presumption; insolence. Sir W. Scott.

Surrebut (Ber-re-lmf). "■»'• [Prefix stir, and rebut.) In law. to reply, as a plaintiff, to a defendant's rebutter.

Surrebutter (ser-re-but'er), n. The plaintiff's reply in pleading to a defendant's rebutter.

Surrelnedt (ser-rand*), a. [Prefix sur, ami rein.) Overridden or injured; exhausted by riding too hard; knocked up. 'A drench for surreined jades.' Skak.

Surrejoin (scr-re-join'), v.i. [Prefix sur, and rejoin ) In lam, to reply, as a plaintiff, to a defendant's rejoinder.

Surrejoinder (ser-re-join'deT), n. The answer of a plaintiff to a defendant's rejoinder.

Sur-renal (ser-re'ual), a. In anat. same as Suprarenal.

Surrender (ser-ren'der), v.t. [O.Fr. surrender, to deliver—sur, over, and rendre, to render. See Render.] 1. To yield to the power of another; to give or deliver up possession of upon compulsion or demand; as, to surrender one's person to an enemy; to surrender a fort or a ship.—2. To yield in favour of another; to resign in favour of another; to cease to claim or use; as, to surrender a right or privilege; to surrender a place or an office.—3. To relinquish; to let be taken awayRipe age bade liim surrender late His life and long good fortune unto final fate! Fair/ax.

4. In law, to make surrender of. See the noun. —5. To yield to any influence, passion, or power: with reflexive pronouns; as, to surrender one's self to grief, to despair, to indolence, or to sleep.

Surrender (ser-ren'der), v. i. To yield; to gi ve up one's self into the power of another; as, the enemy, seeing no way of escape, surrendered at the first summons.

This mighty Archimedes too surrenders now.

Surrender (ser-ren'der), n, l. The act of surrendering; the act of yielding or resigning one's person or the possession of something into the power of another; a yielding or giving up; as, the surrender of a castle to an enemy; the surrender of a right or of claims. —2. In insurance, the abandonment of an assurance policy by the party assured on receiving a portion of the premiums paid. The amount payable on surrender of a policy, called surrender value. depends on the number of years elapsed from the commencement of the risk.—3. In law, (a) the yielding up of an estate for life, or for years, to him that has the immediate estate in reversion or remainder, and is either in fact or in law. A surrender in fact must be made by deed, which Is the allowable evidence. Surrejider in law is one which may be implied, and generally has reference to estates or tenancies from year to year, Ac. (6) The giving up of a principal into lawful custody by his bail. (c) The delivery up of fugitives from justice by a foreign state; extradition— Surrender of copyholds, in law, the yielding up of the estate by the tenant into the lord's hands, for such purpose as is expressed In such surrender. It is the mode of conveying copyhold.

Surrenderee (ser-ren'der-e"). "- In law, a person to whom the lord grants surrendered land; the cestui que use; one to whom a surrender is made.

Surrenderor (ser-ren'der-or). n. In law, the tenant who surrenders an estate into the hands of his lord; one who makes a surrender.

SuTTendryt (ser-ren'dri), n. A surrender. 'An entire stn-rendry of ourselves to God.' Dr. H. More.

Surreptlon (ser-rep'Bhon), n. [L. surreptio, surreptionis, from surripio, surreptum, to snatch or take away secretly—sub, under, secretly, and rapio, to snatch. In meaning 2 from L. surrepo, to creep or steal—sub, under, and repo, to creep. 1 1. The act or process of getting in a surreptitious manner, or by stealth or craft.

Fame by sune/tion got
May stead us for the time, but lastcth not.

B. youson. 2. A coming unpercetved; a stealing upon insensibly. 'Sins of a sudden surreption.' II a mmond, [ Rare. ]

Surreptitious (ser-rep-tish'us), a. [L. surreptitius. Sec above.] Done by stealth or without proper authority; made or produced fraudulently; accompanied by underhand dealing. 'Surreptitious practices.' Dr. H. More.

All the other editions are stolen and s

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O ladies! how many of you have surreptitious milliners' bills! Thackeray.

Surreptitiously (ser.rep-tish'us-Ii), adv. In a surreptitious manner; by stealth; in an underhand way; fraudulently.

Surrogate (sur'rd-gat), n. [L. surrogatus, substituted, pp. of surrogo, stirrogatum, to put in another's place— sub, under, and rogo, to ask.] 1. In a general Bense, a deputy; a delegate; a substitute; a person appointed to act for another, particularly the deputy of an ecclesiastical judge, most commonly of a bishop or his chancellor.—2. In some of the American states, an officer who presides over the probate of wills and testaments, and the settlement of estates.

Surrogate (sur'rd-gat). r r [See above] To put in the place of another. [Rare.]

Surrogateshlp (sur 'ro-gat- ship), n. The office of surrogate.

Surrogatlon (Bur-ro-ga'shon). ?». The act of substituting one person in the place of another. Bp. Hull. [Rare ]

Surrogatum (sur-rd-ga'tura). n. [L. See Surrogate, «.] In Scots law, that which comes iu place of something et*e.

Surround (ser-round'J, v.t. [Prefix sur, and round] 1. To encompass; to environ; to inclose on all sides; to inclose, as a body of troops, between hostile forces, so as to cut off means of communication or retreat; to invest, as a city; as, to surrowui a city; they surrounded a body of the enemy. —

2. To lie or be on all sides of; to form an incloBure round; to envirou; to encircle; as, a wall or ditch surrounds the city.

But cloud instead, and ever-during dark
Surrounds me. Milton.

3. To pass round; to travel about; to circumnavigate; as, to surround the globe. Sir W. Temple. Stn. To encompass, encircle, environ, inclose, invest, hem in, fence about.

Surround (serroundO.n. A method of hunting some animals, such as buffaloes, by surrounding them and driving them over a precipice or into a deep ravine or other place from which they cannot escape.

Surrounding (ser-round'ing), n. 1. An encompassing. — 2. Something belonging to those things that surround or environ; an external or accompanying circumstance; one of the conditions environing one: generally in the plural; as, a dwelling and its surroundings.

Did the sensitive, shy genius feci that fn the production dated from each scene there would be some trace of what Yankees call the surroundings amid which it was produced. A. A*. H. Boyd.

[But the word is not specially an Americanism. ]

Surroy (ser'roi). See Clarencbtjx.

Sur-royaJ (ser-roi'al). n. The crown antler of a stag. See Antler.

Sursanure, t n. [Fr. sur, and sain,L sanus, sane, sound] A wound healed outwardly only Chaucer.

Surseancet (ser-se'ans), n. [Fr. See SurCkase.] Subsidence; quiet. 'Peace,silence, and surseance,' Bacon.

Sursolid (ser-sol'id), n. [Prefix sur, and solid.) Iu math, a name given to the fifth power of a number; or the product of the fourth multiplication of a number considered as the root. Thus3x3 = 9, the square of 3, and 9 x 3 = 27, the third power or cube, and 27 x 3 = 81, the fourth power, and 81x3 = 243, which is the sursolid ot S.

Sursolid (ser-sol'id), a. Of, pertaining to, or involving the fifth power.—Sursolid problem, in math, a problem which cannot be resolved but by curveB of a higher kind than the conic sections.

Surtax (ser'taks), n. [Prefix sur, and tax.) A tax heightened for a particular purpose; an extra tax.

Surtout (ser-td'), n. [Fr. sur-tout, overall —sur—L. super, over, and tout = L. tatus, whole] 1. Originally, a man's coat to be worn over his other gnrments; but in modern usage, an upper coat with long wide

skirts; a frock-coat— 2. In her. an escutcheon placed upon the centre of a shield of arms; a shield of pretence.

Surturbrand (seYter-brandX n, [IceL surtarbrandr—svartr, black, and brandr, a firebrand.] Fibrous brown coal or bituminous wood found in the north of Iceland. It has a great resemblance to the black oak found fn bogs, is used for fuel, and is capable of being made Into articles of furniture,

8urveance,t n. [Fr.] Surveyance; superintendence. Chaucer.

Surveillance(ser-val'yans),n, [Fr. See below.] Watch; inspection; oversight; superintendence.

That sort of surveillance of which, in all ages, the young have accused the old. Sir ir~. SeaO.

Surveillant (ser-val'yant), n. fFr, from surveiller, to watch over, from L. super, over, and vigilare, to watch. ] One who watches over; a spy; a supervisor or overseer. (Rare.]

Surveillant (ser-val'yant). a. Watching over another or others; overseeing; observant: watchful. [Rare.]

Survenet (BeT-ven'), vt [ft. survenir— stir, and wnir, to come.] Tosupervene; tocome as an addition. * A suppuration that survenes lethargies.' Harvey.

Survenue t (serVe-nuY n. The act of stepping or coming in suddenly or unexpectedly.

Nor did the fundamentals (of government) alter either by the diversity and mixture of people of several nations in the first entrance, nor from the Danes or Normans in their survenue. A*. Bacon.

Survey (ser-va'), v.t. [O.Fr. surveer, surveeir, surveoir sur, over, and veer, veeir, veoir, Mod. Fr. voir, L. videre, to see.] 1. To inspect or take a view of; to overlook; \< view with attention, as from a high place; as, to stand on a hill and survey the surrounding country.

Far as the breeze can bear, the billows foam. Survey our empire, and behold our home. Byron.

2. To view with a scrutinizing eye; to examine.

With such alter"d looks.

All pale and speechless, he survey'dme round.

3. To examine with reference to condition, situation, and value; to iuspect carefully with a view to discover the real state of; as, to survey a building to determine its value, Ac.

1 am come to survey the tower this day. Shat.

4. To determine the boundaries, form, extent, position, Ac., of. as of any portion of the earth's surface by means of linear and angular measurements, and the application of the principles of geometry and trigonometry; to determine the form, dimensions, Ac., of tracts of ground, coasts, harbours, Ac., so as to be able to delineate their several dimensions, positions, Ac, on paper. See Surveying. 5. To examine and ascertain, as the boundaries and royalties of a manor, the tenure of the tenants, and the rent and value of the same.— 6 t To Bee; to perceive.

The Norwegian lord surveyiur vantage. With furbish'd arms and new supplies of men Began a fresh assault. SMak.

Survey (seYva or ser-va', the latter the original pronunciation), n. 1. A general view; a sight; a prospect; as, he took a survey of the whole landscape 'Time, that takes survey of all the world.' Shak.

Under his proud survey the city lies.


2. A particular view; an examination or inspection of all the parts or particulars of a tiling, with a design to ascertain the condition, quantity, or quality; as, a survey of the stores, provisions, or munitions of a ship; a survey of roads and bridges; a survey of buildings intended to ascertain their condition, value, and exposure to fire.

O that you could turn your eyes toward the naj>es. of your necks, and make but an interior survey of your good selves. Shai.

3. The operation of finding the contour, dimensions, position, or other particulars of any part of the earth's surface, tract of country, coast, harbour. Ac, and representing the same on paper: also, the measured plan, account, or exposition of such an operation. See Surveying, and Ordnance Survey under Ordnance.—4. A district for the collection of the customs, under the insi«ction and authority of a particular officer. [I'nited States.]—Trigonometrical sitrccy. See under Trigonometrical. —syn Review, examination, inspection, retrospect, prospect.

SurveyaV Surveyance t (ser-va'al, ser-vi'ans), n. Survey; a viewing.

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Surveying (ser-va'ing), n- The act of determining the boundaries and area of a portion of the earth's surface by means of measurements taken on the spot; the art of determining the form, area, surface contour, Ac, of any portion of the earth's surface, aud delineating the same on a map or plan. —Land surveying, where the object to be attained is the determination of the area, shape, &c. of a tract of land, usually of no rery great extent—Ma rine or hydrograpkicat surveying consists in determining the forms of coasts and harbours, the positions ■.'■ id distances of objects on the shore, of islands, rocks, and shoals, the entrances of rivers, the depth of water, nature of the bottom Ac— Military surveying. See Rer. .xnaissanck Mining surveying may be either for the purpose of determining the situation and position of the shafts, galleries, and underground excavations of a mine already in existence: or for determining the proper positions for the shafts, galleries, rfe., of a mine yet to be opened.— Plane surveying, where no account is taken of the curvature of the earth, in opposition to geodetic surveying—Railway surveying, where the object is to ascertain the best line of communication, whether by railways, common roads, or canals, between two ■_*■!■ Vcl points; it also includes all surveys for the construction of aqueducts for supplying water to towns, Ac— Topographical surveying, the determination not only of the directions and lengths of the principal lines of a tract to he surveyed, but also of the undulations of the surface, the directions and locations of its water-courses, and all the accidents, whether natural or artificial, that distinguish it from the level plain.—Those extensive operations which have for their object the determination of the latitude and longitude of places, and the length of terrestrial arcs in different latitudes, also fall under the general term surveying, though they are frequently called trigonometrical surveys, or geodetic operations, and the science itself geodesy.

Surveyor (ser-vaYT), n. 1. An overseer; one placed to superintend others. Shak.—2. One that views and examines for the purpose of ascertaining the condition, quantity, or quality of anything; as, a surveyor of roads and bridges; a surveyor of shipping; surveyors of ordnance—3- One who measures land, or practises the art of surveying.

Surveyor - general (ser-va'er-jen"er-al), n.

1. A principal surveyor; as, the surveyorgeneral of the king's manors, or of woods and parks in England. —2. The chief surTeyor of lands; as. the surveyor-general of the fnited States, or of a particular state. I United States.]

Suxveyorshlp (ser-va'er-ship), n. The office of a surveyor.

Surviewt (ser-vu*), v.t. To survey. Spenser.

Surviewt (sefvu), » Survey.

Survise* (ser-viz'), v.t. [Fr. rur=L. super, over, above, and riser, to look.] To look over; to supervise. B. Jonson.

Survival (ser-viv'al), n. (See Survive.] 1 The act of surviving or outliving; a living beyond the life of another person; the outliving of anything or event—2. In archceol. any habit, usage, or belief remaining from ancient times whose origin is often unknown or imperfectly known; the continued existence of some custom, or the like, which has lost the special significance and Importance that formerly belonged to it; thus the habit of wearing finger-rings may he add to be a survival from less civilized times; so the bonfires still kindled at certain times in some parts are a survival from sun or fire worship.— Survival of the Jit test See Jfiatural Selection under SELECTION.

Survivance, Survlvancy (ser-viv'ans, servir'an-ftikn. Survivorship. Burnet. [Rare]

Survive (ser-viv'), v.t. pret. & pp. survived; ppr. surviving. [Fr. snrtn'vre, L. supervivo super, over, beyond, and vivo, to live ] 1 To outlive; to live beyond the life of; as, the wife survives her husband, or a husband survive* bis wife.

I'll J . ■ i:r,■ her of
Her widowhood, be it that she survive roe,
Is ail my lands and leases whatsoever. Shik.

2. To outlive anything else; to live beyond any event; as, many men tin-rive their usefulness or the regular exercise of their rea


Survive (ser-viv/), v.i. To remain alive; to live after the death of another or after anything else that has happened

Yea, though I die, the scandal will survive. Shak.
Try pleasure,
Which when no other enemy survives,
Still conquers all the conquerors. Siry. Denham,

Survivency (ser-viv'en-si), n. A surviving;

survivorship. [Rare.] Surviver (ser-viv'er), n. One who survives

or outlives; a survivor. Surviving (ser-viv'iiig), p. and a. Remaining

alive; yet living; as, surviving friends or

relatives. Survivor (ser-viv'er), n. 1. One who lives

after the death of another, or after some

event or time.

Death is what man should wish. But, ohl what fate Shall on thy wife, thy sad survivor, wait. JioToe.

The survivors might well apprehend that they had escaped the shot and the sword only to perish by famine. Afaca utay.

2. In tow, the longer liver of two joint tenants, or of any two persons who have a joint interest in anything.

Survivorship (ser-viv'er-shlp), n. 1. The state of outliving another, or of living after some event or time; survival

We are now going into the country together, with only one hope for making this life agreeable, stirvit -orsh ip. Steele.

2. In tow, the right of a joint tenant or other person who has a joint interest in an estate to take the whole estate upon the death of the other. When there are more than two joint tenants the whole estate remains to the last survivor by right of survivorship. —Chance of survivorship, the chance that a person of one age has of outliving a person of a different age. Thus, according to the Carlisle tables of mortality, the chance of survivorship for two persons aged twentyfive and sixty-five are eighty-nine and eleven respectively, or about eight to one that the younger will survive the older.

Surya (sor'ya), n. In Hindu myth, the god of the sun.

Sus (sub), n. [L.] A genus of pachydermatous animals, which includes the domestic hog. See SOTOA

Susceptibility (sus-sep'ti-bil"i-ti). n. I. The state or quality of being susceptible; especially, the capability of receiving impressions or change, or of being influenced or affected; sensitiveness.—2. Capacity for feeling or emotional excitement; sensibility.

His character seems full of susceptibility; perhaps too much so for its natural vigour. His novels, accordingly . . . verjje towards the sentimental.


Syn. Capability, sensibility, feeling, emotion. Susceptible (sus-sep'ti-bl), a. [Fr. susceptible, from L. suscipio. susceptum—sus for subs, a form of sub, under, and capio, to take] 1. Capable of admitting anything additional, or any change, affection, or influence; as, a body susceptible of colour or of alteration; a body susceptible of pain.

It sheds on souls susceptible of light.

The glorious dawn of an eternal day. Young.

2. Capable of emotional impression; readily impressed; impressible; sensitive. 'The jealousy of a vain and susceptible child.' Ld. Lytton.

Susceptibleness (sus-sep'ti-bl-nes), n. Susceptibility.

Susceptibly (sus-sep'ti-bli), adv. In a susceptible manner.

Susceptlont (sus-sep'shon), n. The act of taking.

They confessed their sins to John in the susceftion of baptism. Jf*"*- Taylor,

Susceptive (sus-sep'tiv). a. Capable of admitting; readily admitting; susceptible. 'The more susceptive of good impressions.' Barrow.

SusceptlvenessCsus-sep'tiv-nesV n. Quality of being susceptive; susceptibility.

Susceptivity (sus-sep-tiv'i-ti), n. Capacity of admitting; susceptibility.

Nor can we have any idea of matter, which does not imply a natural disccrptibility, and susceptivity of various shapes and modifications. tt'ollaston.

Susceptor (sus-sep'tor), n. [L.J One who undertakes; a godfather. Dr. Puller.

Suscipiency (sus-sip'i-eu-si), n. Reception; admission.

Susclplent (sus-sip'i-ent), a. Receiving; admitting. Barrow.

Susciplent (sus-sip'i-eut), n. One who takes or admits; one that receives.

The sacraments and ceremonies of the Gospel operate not without the concurrent actions, and moral influences of the sincipient. Jer. Taylor.

Suscltabilityt (sus'slt-a-l>n"i-ti). n. The state or quality of being readily roused. raised, or excited; excitability. /; Jonson.

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Suslik {Spermophilus a'tillus).

with white. It is found in Bohemia, and as far north as Siberia, and has a particular taste for flesh, not sparing even its own Bpecies. It is named also the earless marmot.

Suspect (sus-pekf), v.t. [L. susjricio, sitspectum—sus for subs, a form of sub, under, aud specio, to look, to look at. See Species. ]

1. To imagine to exist; to have a vague or slight opinion of the existence of, often on weak evidence or on no evidence at all; to mistrust.

I am surprised with an uncouth fear:
A chilling sweat o'erruns my trembling joints;
My heart suspects more than mine eyes can see.
From her hand I could suspert no ill. Milton.

2. To imagine to be guilty, but upon slight evidence or without proof; as, we often suspect a person who is innocent of the crime.

I do suspect thee very grievously. SMaJb.

3. To hold to be uncertain; to doubt; to


I cannot forbear a story which is so well attested, that I have no manner of reason to suspect the truth. Addison.

4.t To respect; to esteem. 'Not suspecting the dignity of an ambassador, nor of his country.' A'orth. [A Latinism.]—Stn. To mistrust, distrust, surmise, doubt. Suspectt (sus-pekf), v.i. To imagine guilt, danger, or the like.

But, oh! what damned minutes tells he o'er
Who dotes, yet doubts; suspects, yet strongly loves.

Suspectt (sus-pekf t, a. 1. Doubtful; uncertain. Glanville.—2. Suspected. Chaucer.

What I can do or offer is suspect. Milton.

Suspect (sus-pekf), n. l.t Suspicion.

And draw within the compass of suspect
Th' unviolated honour of your wife. ShaS-.

2. t Something suspicious; something causing suspicion. 'And lastly that the novelty, though it be not rejected, yet be held for a suspect' Bacon.—3, A suspected person; one suspected of a crime, offence, or the like.

Whose case in no sort I do forejudge, being ignorant of the secrets of the cause, but take him as the law takes him, hitherto for a suspect.

Arth. Wilson.

Suspecta (sus-pek'ta). n. pi. [L. pp pi. neut. of suspicio, suspectum, to suspect.J One of the three sections into which the colubrine snakes are divided according as they are venomous or otherwise, the other two being Innocua and Venenosa. In this section there are canaliculated fangs placed in front of the superior maxilla; with smaller solid teeth in front of them. The Suspecta comprise certain unimportant snakes, partly aquatic and partly terrestrial in their habits, and all belonging to the Old World.

Suspectable (sus-pekf a-hl), a. Liable to be suspected. [Rare.]

It is an old remark, that he who labours hard to clear himself of a crime he is not charged with, renders himself suspectable.

O'tot. from newspaper by Nares.

Suspectant, Spectant (sus-pekf ant, spekfant), a. In her. looking upwards, the rose bend ways.

Suspectedly (sns-pekt'ed-li), adi;. In a suspected manner; so as to excite suspicion; so as to be suspected. Jer. Taylor.

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Suspectedneaa (sus-pekt'ed-nes), n. State of being suspected or doubted.

Suspecter (sus-pekt'er), n. One who Subpects. 'A base suspecter of a virgin's honour' Beau. <fc FL

Suspectful (sus-pekt'ful). a. 1. Apt to suspect or mistrust — 2. Exciting suspicion. 'The dangerous and suspectful translations of the apostate Aquila.' Milton.

Suspection t (sus-pek'Bhon), n. Suspicion.

Suspectless (sus-pekt'les), a. 1. Not suspecting; having no suspicion. 'Eighty of them being assembled and suspectless of harm.' Sir T. Herbert.—2. Not suspected; not mistrusted.

Suspectless have I travelled all the town through. And in this merchant's shape won much acquaintance. Beau. c> FL

Suspend (suspend'), v. t. [L. suspendo -sits, from subs, collateral form of sub, under, and pendo, to hang, to cause to hang down]

1. To cause to hang; to make to depend from anything; to hang; as, to suspend a ball by a thread; to suspend a body by a cord or by hooka.—2. To make to depend on.

God hath ■ . . suspended the promise of eternal life upon this condition, that without obedience and holiness of life no man shall ever see the Lord.


3. To cause to cease for a time; to hinder from proceeding; to interrupt; to stay; to delay.

If it shall please you to suspend your indignation against my brother till you can derive from him better testimony of his intent, you shall run a certain course. Ska*. The guard nor fights nor flies; their fate so near At once suspend* their courage and their fear. Sir y. Denham.

4. To hold in a state undetermined; as, to suspend one's judgment or opinion.

A man may suspend his choice from being determined for or against the thing proposed, luThc has examined whether it be realty of a nature to make him happy or no. Locke.

5. To debar, usually for a time, from any privilege, from the execution of an office, or from the eujoyment of income.

Good men should not be suspended from the exercise of their ministry and deprived of their livelihood, for ceremonies which are acknowledged indifferent. Bp. Sanderson.

6. To cause to cease for a time from operation or effect; as, to suspend the Habeas Corpus Act.— Suspended animation, a temporary cessation of animation; especially, asphyxia.— Suspended cadence, in music, an interrupted cadence. See CADENCE.— Suspended note, in mime, a note continued from one chord to another to which it does not properly belong, and to a proper interval of which it must eventually give way. See Suspension.—Syn. To hang, interrupt, intermit, stay, delay, hinder, debar.

Suspend (suspend'), o.i. To cease from operation; to desist from active employment; specifically, to stop payment, or be unable to meet one's engagements, uspender (sus-pend'er), n. 1. One that suspends.—2. One of the two straps worn for holding up trousers, Ac.; one of a pair of braces.

Suspensation (sus-pen-sa'shon), n. A temporary cessation.

Suspense (ails-pens'), u. [From L. suspenses, suspended. See Suspend.] 1. The state of having the mind or thoughts suspended; especially, a state of uncertainty, usually with more or less apprehension or anxiety; indeterminatiou; indecision.

Suspense in news is torture, speak them out.

Milton. Long and sharp was the suspense. Diy after day

the folks of Clovcruook would call to know the best or the worst. D. jferroid.

2. Cessation for a time; stop. 'A cool suspense from pleasure or from pain." Pope

3. In fate.suspension; a temporary cessation of a man's right, as when the rent or other profits of land cease by unity of possession of land and rent. —Suspense account, in bookkeeping, an account in which sums received or disbursed are temporarily entered, until their proper placein the books isdetermined.

SuBpenset (ails-pens'), a. 1. Held or lifted up; suspended. 'The great light of day . . . suspense in heaven.' Milton. — 2 Held in doubt or expectation. —3. Expressing or proceeding from suspense or doubt 'Looks suspense.' Milton.

UuspensibiUty (sus-pen'si-biri-ti). n. The capacity of being suspended or sustained from sinking; as, the suspensibility of indurated clay in water.

8uspensible (sus-pen'si-bl), a. Cnpable of being suspended or held from sinking.

Suspension (sus-pen'shon), n. [L. suspensio, suspensionis. See Suspend. ] 1. The act of suspending, hanging up, or of causing to hang by being attached to something above.—2. The act of holding over, delaying, interrupting, ceasing, or stopping for a time; the state of being delayed, interrupted, «Vf.; as with reference (a) to labour, study, pain, and the like; as, a suspension of hostilities. (&) To decision, determination, and the like; as, to plead for a suspension of judgment or opinion until fresh evidence is brought forward, (c) To the payment of claims; as, the suspension of a bank or commercial house, (d) To punishment or sentence of punishment, (e) To the holding of office, power, prerogative, and the like; as, the suspension of an officer or of a clergyman. (/) To the action, operation, or execution of law, or the like; as, the suspension of the Habeas Corpus Act.—3. In rhet. a keeping of the hearer in doubt and in attentive expectation of what is to follow, or what is to be the inference or conclusion from the arguments or observations.— 4. In law, the temporary stop of a man's right, as when a seignory, rent, or other profit out of land, by reason of the unity of possession of the seignory, rent, &c, and of the land out of which they issue, lies dormant for a time.—5. In Scots law, a process in the supreme civil or criminal court, by which execution or diligence on a sentence or decree is stayed until the judgment of the supreme court is obtained on the point.—0. In music, the holding or prolongation of a note or tone in any chord which follows, by which a discord is frequently produced. The first appearance of the note to be suspended is termed its preparation (a, in example); its

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Suspension (i) from above; (?) from below.

presence as a discord, its percussion (&); its removal to a note of concord or rest in key, or some legitimate sound of a sequence, its resolution (e). Percussion usually occurs in the Btrong accent of a bar. When the Sub

ftension is from above, as at (1), a descent B necessary for its resolution; when from below, as at (2), the resolution Is by ascent. 7. The state of solid bodies, the particles of which are held undissolved in a fluid and may be separated from it again by filtration. —Points of suspension, in mech. the points, as in the axis of a beam or balance, at which the weights act, or from which they are suspended. —Suspension bridge. See Bridge. Suspension railway, a railway in which the body of the carriage is suspended from an elevated track or tracks on which the wheels run. Suspension of arms, a short truce or cessation of operations agreed on by the commanders of the contending parties, aa for burying the dead, making proposals for surrender or for peace, <fcc — Suspension and interdict, in Scots law, a judicial remedy competent in the bill chamber of the Court of Session, where the object is to stop or interdict some act or to prevent some encroachment on property or possession, or in general to stay any unlawful proceeding. The remedy is applied for by a note of suspension and interdict See INTERDICT. — Pleas in suspension, in lair, those pleas which show some matter of temporary incapacity to proceed with the action or suit — Syn. Delay, interruption, intermission, stop, withholding.

Suspensive (sus-pens'iv), a. Tending to Buspend or to keep in suspense; uncertain; doubtful 'Psyche ... in suspensive thoughts awhile doth hover.' Beaumont.~~ Suspensive conditions, in Scots law, conditions precedent, or conditions without the purification of which the contract cannot be completed.

Suspensor (sus-pens'or), n. Something which suspends; as,(rt) In «/r«7.abagattached to a strap or belt, used to support the scrotum, as in hernia, &c. (b) In hot a cellular cord by which the embryo of some plants is suspended from the foramen or opening of the seed, (c) The longitudinal ligament of the liver.

Suspensory (sus-pen'so-ri), a. 1. Suspended; hanging; depending.—2. That suspends; suspending; as, a susjtensory muscle.

Suspensory (sus-pen'so-ri), n. See SuspenSor.

Suspicablet (sus'pi-ka-bl), a. [L. suspicabUts, from suspicor, to suspect See SusPect. ] That may be suspected; liable to suspicion. 'Suspicable principles nud . . . extravagant objects.' Dr. U. More.

Suspicion (aus-pi'shon). n. (L. suspicio, suspieionis. See Suspect.] 1. The act of suspecting; the feeling of one who BuspecU; the sentiment or passion which is excited by signs of evil, danger, or the like, without sufficient proof; the imagination of the existence of something, especially some tiling wrong, without or with slight proof.

Suspicion always haunts the guilty mind;

The thief doth fear each hush an officer. Shak. Suspicions among thoughts are like bats among

birds, they ever ny t>y twilight. Bacon.

And oft, though wisdom wake, suspicion sleeps
At.wisdom's gate, and to simplicity
Resigns her charge, while goodness thinks no ill
Where no ill seems. Mtlton.

2.t Regard; consideration. 'Without the

suspicion of expected reward.' Milton.

Syn. Jealousy, distrust, mistrust, doubt,

fear. Suspiciont (sus-pi'shon), r. (. To regard with

suspicion; to suspect; to mistrust; to doubt

South. Suspicious (sus-piBh'us), a. [L. suspiciosus.

See Suspicion] 1. Inclined to suspect; apt

to imagine without proof.

Nature itself, after it has done an injury, will ever be suspicious, and no man can love the person he suspects. South.

2. Indicating suspicion or fear.

A wise man will find us to be rogues by our faces; we have a suspicious, fearful, constrained countenance. Swi/t.

3. Liable to cause suspicion; adapted to raise suspicion; giving reason to imagine ill; as, an author of suspicious innovations; a person met under svspicious circumstances.

I spy a black, suspicious, threat'ning cloud. Shak.

4. Entertaining suspicion; cherishing suspicion; distrustful: with of before the object

Many mischievous insects are daily at work to make men of merit suspicious ty'each other. F*pe.

Syn. Distrustful, mistrustful, Jealous,doubtful, dubious, questionable.

Suspiciously (sus-pish'us-li), adv. 1. In a suspicious manner; with suspicion. — 2, So as to excite suspicion.

Suspiciousness (sus-pish'us-nes), n. The state or quality of being suspicious; as, (a) the being liable to suspicion or liable to i <e suspected; as, the suspiciousness of a man's appearance, of his weapons, or of his actions. (6) The quality or state of being apt to suspect; as, the suspiciousness of a man's temper or mind.

Suspiciousness is as great an enemy to wisdom as too much credulity, it doing oftentimes as hurtful wrongs to friends. Fuller.

Suspiral (Bus-plr'al), n. [See Suspire.]

1. A breathing-hole; a vent or veutiduct

2. A spring; of water passing underground toward a cistern or conduit. [Rare in both Benses. ]

Susplratlon (sus-plr-a'&hon), n. [L. suspiratio, suspirationis. See SUSPIRE.] The act of sighing or fetching nlong and deep breath; a sigh. 'Windy suspvrat ion of forced breath.' Shak.

Suspire (sus-pirO.». i. [L. sttspiro, to breathe out, to sigh—svs tor subs, collateral form of sub, under, and spiro, to breathe (whence expire, inspire, resjrire, Ac.).) 1. To fetch a long, deep breath; to sigh. Shak.—SLt To breathe.

Did he suspire. That light and weightless down perforce must move. Shak.

Suspiret (sus-pir'), n. A deep breath; a


Or if you cannot spare one sad suspire
It docs not bid you laugh them to their graves.

Suspired t (sus-plrd'), a. Earnestly longed for; ardently wished or desired.

O glorious morning, wherein was born the expectation of nations; and wherein the long suspired Redeemer of the world did, as his prophets had cried. rend the heavens, and come down in the vesture of humanity! t fatten.

Sussex Marble (sus'seks mar'hi X n. In

?eol. a fresh-water deposit which constiutes a member of the Wealden group. It occurs in layers varying from a few inches to upwards of a foot' in thickness, the layers being separated by seams of clay or loose friable limestone. It occurs in gTeat abundance in Sussex, hence the name. It is of various shades of gray and bluish-gray.

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mottled with green and yellow. It bears a high polish, and is extensively used for architectural and ornamental purposes. Sustain (sus-tan'), v.t. [O.Fr. sustenir, sosUnir (Mod. Fr. soutenir\ from L. sustineo— sus for tubs, a collateral form of sub, under, and teneo, U> hold (whence contain, retain. At: ) ] 1. To bear up; to uphold; to support; as, a foundation sustains the superstructure; a beast sustains a load. 'The prop that doth sustain my house.' Shah: "Tocrush the pillars that the pile sustain.' Dryden.— 2. To hold suspended; to keep from falling; as, a rope sustains a weight & To keep from sinking in despondence; to support

If he have no comfortable expectations of another life to sustain hun under the evils in this world he is of all creatures the most miserable. Tillatsou.

4 To maintain; to keep alive; to support; to subsist; to nourish; as, provisions to sustain a family or an army; food insufficient to sustain life.—5. To support In any condition by aid; to vindicate, comfort, assist, or relieve. 'His sons, who seek the tyrant to sustain,' Dryden.—-6. To endure without failing or yielding; to bear up against; as, able to sustain a shock.—7- To suffer; to have to submit to; to bear; to undergo. You shall sustain more new disgraces. Shak.

8. To allow to proceed before a court; to hold as well based; to continue; not to dismiss or abate; as, the court sustained the action or suit—9. To establish by evidence; to bear out; to prove; to confirm; to make good; to corroborate; as, such facts sustain the statement; the evidence is not sufficient to sustain the charge.—10. In music, to give the full length or time value to; to continue, as the sound of notes through thuir whole length.— SvN. To bear, support, uphold, prop, subsist nourish, assist, relieve, suffer, uudergo, endure.

Sustain t (sus-tanO. n. That which upholds. * My sustain wa3 the Lord.' Milton,

Sustainable (sus-tan'a-bl), a. Capable of being sustained or maintained; as, the action is not sustainable.

Sustained (sus-taud'). p. and a. Kept up to one pitch or level, especially a high pitch. 'The sustained melody of his verse.' Craik. 'Sustained thought* Edin. Rev.

No other means can be devised of making the councils consistent and sustained. Brougham,

—Sustained note or tone, in music, a note prolonged through several bars while other parts are ascending or descending. It differs from organ or pedal point only in its occurring in the upper or middle parts.organ-point being In the bass.

Sustainer (Bus-tau'er), n. One who or that which sustains; as, (a) a supporter, maintainer. or upholder. 'The first founder, sustainer, and continuer thereof." Dr. H. More. ['.') A sufferer. 'Hast a sustainer been of much affliction.' Chapman.

Sustainxnent (sus-tan'ment), n. The act of sustaining; support. 'Hunting, which was their only sustainmetU.' Milton,

Sustenance fsus'ten-aus), n. [O.Kr. sustenance. See Sustain. ] 1. The act of sustaining; support; maintenance; subsistence; as, the sustenance of life. 'For the sustenance of our bodies many kinds of food.' Hooker.—2. That which supports life; food; victuals; provisions; as. to refuse to take any sustenance. 'Gained for her a scanty sustenance.' Tennyson.

Susteutacle t (sua - ten' ta - kl). n. [ L. sitstentaculum.] Support; sustenance. Dr. H. More.

Sustentation (sus-ten-ta'shon), n. [L. sustentatio, sustentationis, from sustento, to hold up, baton*, of sttstineo. See Sustain] 1. Support; preservation from falling. 'Ascent and sustentation aloft' Boyle—2. Use of food. Sir T. Browne.— 3. Maintenance; support of life. 'Means of life and sustentation.' Bacon.Sustentation fund, a central fund collected from each congregation belonging to the Free Church of Scotland, from which each clergyman in possession of a cure is paid an equal sum annually.

Suster, i n. Sister. Chaucer.

Susurration (su-ser-ra'shon), n. [L. su~ gurratio, susurrationis, front susurro, to whisper.] A whispering; a soft murmur. Howell.

Susurrous (su-sur'rus). a. [L. svsurrus, a whisper.] Whispering; full of sounds resembling whispers; rustling.

High up on the same end of the wall there were •yes peering through, and a gentle, susurrvus whispering. //'. H. Russell.

SuBurrus (su-sur'rus), n, [L] A soft, humming, murmuring, sound; a whisper.

All the halls will be overflowing and buzzing with the matin susumts of courtiers. De Quincey.

Sutile (su'til), a. [L. sutilis. from suo, sutum, to sew.] Done by stitching. 'The fame of her needle work, 'the sutile pictures,' mentioned by Johnson.' Boswell.

Sutler (sut'ler), n. [0. D. soeteler, D. zoetelaar, a sutler, from soetelen, to perform menial offices or dirty work. Allied to G. sudler, a dabbler, a scullion, from sudeln, to splash or puddle about, to soil, to do dirty work. ] A person who follows an army and sells to the troops provisions, liquors, or the like.

Sutling (sut'ling), a. Belonging to sutlers; engaged in the occupation of a sutler.

Silt or (su'tor), n. A syrup made by the Indians of the river Gila, in the United States (Arizona), from the fruit of the Cactus pittahaya.

Sutra (sb'tra), n. [Skr., a thread, a string. The s ultras are leaves held together by strings passed through holes in them.] The name given to certain collections or books of aphorisms in Sanskrit literature, forming the Vedangas, or six members of the Veda, See Vkdanqa.

Suttee (sut-te"), n. [Skr. satt, from sat, good, pure; properly, a chaste and virtuous wife.]

1. A Hindu widow who immolates herself on the funeral pile, either with the body of her husband, or separately, if he died at a distance. —2. The voluntary self-immolation of nindu widows on the funeral pile of their husbands. The origin of this horrid custom is uncertain. It is not absolutely commanded in the sacred books of the Hindus, but they speak of it as highly meritorious, and the means of obtaining eternal beatitude. The practice is now abolished in British India, and is all but extinct in the native states.

Sutteeism (sut-te'izm), n. The practice of self-immolation among Hindu widows.

Suttle (sutl), n. In com. a term applied to weight when the tare has been deducted and the tret has yet to be allowed.

Sutural (su-tu'ral), a. 1. Kelating to a suture or seam.—2. In bot. taking place at a suture; as, the sutural dehiscence of a pericarp.

Suturate (su'tur-at), v.t To join or unite by a suture; to sew or knit together. 'Six several bones . . . suturated among themselves.' Dr. John Smith.

Suture (su'tur), n. [L. sutura, from suo, to sew] 1. The act of sewing; also, the line along which two things or parts are joined, united, or sewed together so as to form a seam, or something resembling a seam.—

2. In sura, the uniting of the lips or edges of a wound by stitching. — Z.inanat. the seam or joint which unites the bones of the skull, or the peculiar articulation or connection of those bones; as, the coronal suture; the sagittal suture. — 4. In bot. the seam of a dehiscent pericarp where the valves unite.— 6. In entom. the line at which the elytra meet, and are sometimes d s, Dans! Suture." confluent—6. In conch, the

line of junction in the whorls of spiral shells, or that line by which two parts join or fit into each other.

Sutured (Bti'turd),a. Having sutures; united.

Suversed (su'verst), n. A mathematical term applied to the supplement of a versed sine, or the difference of a versed sine from the diameter of the circle. See SINE.

Suwarrow-nut(su-war'd-nut), n. The large flat fruit of a tree of the genus Caryocar, the C. nuciferum, nat order Rhizobolacerc. Written also Saouari- and Souari-nut See Caryocar.

Suzerain (su'ze-riin), n. [Fr., formed from prefix sus, above, over, L. sumum, on type of souverain, from L. super, above.] A feudal lord or baron; ft lord paramount

Suzerainty (su'ze-ran-ti), n. [Fr. suzerainU, from suzerain, a lord paramount] The office or dignity of a suzerain; paramount authority or command.

When Philip Augustus began his reign his dominions were much less extensive than those of the English ting, over whom his suzerainty was merely nominal. Brougham.

I hold my kingdom of God and the sword, and will acknowledge no suzerainty beyond that.

M. W. Freeman.

Swa,t adv. [A. Sax.] So. Chaucer.


7- s. Ventral Suture.

Swab (swnb). n [Same word as Sw. swabb, swab, a swan; kindred forms are D. zwabber, G. schwabber, Dan. svabre, a swab, a mop; probably from a verb signifying to splash or dash among water; comp. Prov. E. swab, to splash; G. schwabbeln, schwappeln, to splash; perhaps from the root of sweep (which see).] 1. A mop for cleaning floors, ships' decks, and the like. —2. A bit of sponge, cloth, or the like, fastened to a handle for cleansing the mouth of the sick, or for giving them nourishment —3. In founding, a small tapering tuft of hemp, charged with water, for touching up the edges of moulds.—4. A cleaner or sponge for the bore of a cannon. —5. t A cod or pod, as of beans, pease, and the like.—6. An epaulet, being humorously compared to a swab or mop. [Colloq ]

Swab(swob), v.t. pret. «fc pp. scabbed; ppr. swabbing. To apply a swab to; to clean with a swab or mop; to wipe when wet or after washing; as, to swab the deck of a ship.

Swabber (swob er), n. One who uses a swab to clean a floor or deck; on board of ships of war, an inferior officer, whose business is to see that the ship is kept clean.

Swad (swod), n. [Perhaps a sort of hybrid form based upon squash (peascod) and cod. As to similarity in meanings, comp. squash. In meaning 4 a form of squad.] A pod, as of beans or pease. [Local. ]—2. t A short fat

Serson.—3. A silly or coarse fellow; a country umpkin.

There was one busy fellow was their leader,
A blunt, squat swad, but lower than yourself.

B, J onsen.

4. A lump, mass, or bunch; also, a crowd; a squad. [Vulgar.]

Swaddle (swod'l), v.t pret. <fe pp. swaddled; ppr.swaddling. [O.K. swadil.swadet.swathete, to bind, from A. Sax. sworthil, swethel, a swaddling - band; same origin as swathe, swath. See Swathe.] 1. To bind, as with a bandage; to bind tight with clothes; to swathe: used generally of infauts; as, to swaddle a child.

They rrvaddled me up in my night-gown with long

Eleces of linen till they had wrapped me in about a undred yards of swathe. Addison.

2.t To beat; to cudgel. Beau, d- Fl.

Swaddle (swod'l), n. A cloth or band bound tight round the body of an infant. 'Put to bed fn all my swaddles.' Addison,

Swaddleband (swod'1-band), n. Same as Swaddling-ba nd. Massinger.

Swaddler (swod'ler), n. A contemptuous epithet applied by Roman Catholics in Ireland to Protestants, especially to the more evangelical and active sects, as the Method* ists.

Swaddling - band, Swaddling - cloth (swod'ling-band, Bwod'ling-kloth),». A band or cloth wrapped round an infant. Job xxwiii. 9; Luke ii. 7.

Swaddling-clout (swod'ling-klout), n. A swaddling-band. Spenser.

Swag (swag), v.i. [A form allied to firing, sway, and perhaps Influenced to some extent by sag and wag; comp. Icel. svegja, to make to sway; sveigja, to sway; G. schwanken, to sway; hence swagger.] 1. To sink down by its weight; to lean; to sa<*. A". Qrew.— 2. To move as something heavy and pendent; to sway.

Swag (swag), n. 1. An unequal hobbling motion. [Local.]—2. A large quantity; a lot; hence, plundered property; booty. [Slang.]

Swag-bellied (swagT>el-lid), a. Having a prominent overhanging belly.

Your Dane, your German, and your swag-bellied Hollander arc nothing to your English. ShaJk.

Swag-belly (swag'bel-li), n. 1. A prominent or projecting belly; a swag-bellied person.

Creat overgrown dignitaries and rectors, with rubicund noses and gouty ancles, or broad bloated faces, dragging along great swag-bellies; the emblem* of sloth and indigestion. Smollett,

2. A large tumour developed in the abdomen, and which is neither fluctuating nor sonorous. Dunglisoik

Swage (swaj), v.t [An abbrev. of assuage (which see).] To ease; to soften; to mitigate.

Apt words have power to swage
The tumours of a troubled mindT Milton.

Swaget (swaj), v.i. To abate; to assuage.

Swage (swaj), n. An implement used by blacksmiths and other metal-workers in forging. The tool has a face of a given shape, the counterpart of which is imparted to the heated metal, against which it is forcibly impressed, as by hammering, Ac.

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